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A stone is dropped from the upper observation deck (the Space Deck) of the CN Tower, 450m above the ground. (a) Find the distance of the stone above ground level at time t. (b) How long does it take the stone to reach the ground? (c) With what velocity does it strike the ground? (d) If the stone is thrown downward with a speed of 5 m/s, how long does it take to reach the ground

A baloon ascending at the rate of 12 ft/sec is at a height of 80 ft when a package is dropped. How long does it take until the package hits the ground?

A bead on a wire moves so that its velocity, after t seconds, is given by v(t) = 3 cos 3t. Given that it starts 2 cm to the left of the midpoint of the wire, find its position after 5 seconds. You are lling a bucket with water and the height H cm of the water after tseconds isgiven by H(t)=(4t)2 3.How fast is the water rising 30 seconds after you start lling the bucket? Explain your answer. 1. A rock is thrown upward with an initial velocity of 90ft/sec from the top of a building that is 97 ft high. Find: S(t), the distance from the ball to the ground at time t. The time it takes the ball to reach the ground; and The maximum height of the ball. 2. A toy is moving in a straight line and has acceleration a(t) = 10t2 cm/s2. Find its velocity at the end of 7 s. if it has an initial velocity of 9 cm/s. 3. A rocket launcher has been installed on a cliff. The vertical velocity (in feet/ sec) of the rocket at the time t seconds after launch is given by: v t 32t 320 with

## v 0 corresponding to upward motion.

Find an expression for the position of the rocket at any time t .

Find an expression for the acceleration at any time. What is the velocity of the rocket after 2.5 seconds.

A stone is dropped from a 150 ft high building. Find, as a function of time, its position and velocity. When does it hit the ground, and what its the velocity when t 3 sec. ? A rock is thrown upward with an initial velocity of 50 ft/sec from the top of a building that is 100 ft high. Find: s(t), the distance from the ball to the ground at time t. Solution: - Data: g = -32 ft/s2 (assumed from the units used in the problem) v0 = 50 ft/sec s0 = 100 ft Procedure: s(t) = -32, with s(0) =50 and s(0) = 100 *Remember that initial position and initial velocity happen when t = 0 sec.

By simple inspection, the general antiderivative of s ''(t ) 32 is s '(t ) 32t C Given that s '(0) 50 , substitute in the general antiderivative: s '(t ) 32t C 0 C 50 s '(0) 32(0) C 50 C 50 s '(0) 0 C 50 Therefore, the first particular antiderivative would be:
s '(t ) 32t 50

## Then, find the antiderivative of s '(t ) 32t 50 . By simple inspection, it is

s (t ) 16t 2 50t C

## s(t ) 16t 2 50t C s(0) 16(0) 2 50(0) C 100

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s(0) 0 C 100 Therefore, the final particular antiderivative would be: s (t ) 16t 2 50t 100 that satisfies the given conditions.

0 C 100 C 100

Example 1: A ball is thrown downward from a height of 512 feet with a velocity of 64 feet per second. How long will it take for the ball to reach the ground?

## The distance is zero when the ball reaches the ground or

hence, the ball will reach the ground 4 seconds after it is thrown. Example 2: In the previous example, what will the velocity of the ball be when it hits the ground? Because v( t) = 32( t) 64 and it takes 4 seconds for the ball to reach the ground, you find that

hence, the ball will hit the ground with a velocity of 192 ft/sec. The significance of the negative velocity is that the rate of change of the distance with respect to time (velocity) is negative because the distance is decreasing as the time increases. Example 3: A missile is accelerating at a rate of 4 t m/sec2 from a position at rest in a silo 35 m below ground level. How high above the ground will it be after 6 seconds? From the given conditions, you find that a( t) = 4 t m/sec2, v0 = 0 m/sec because it begins at rest, and s0 = 35 m because the missile is below ground level; hence,

After 6 seconds, you find that hence, the missile will be 109 m above the ground after 6 seconds.

Problem : Suppose a dog named Tika is chasing a duck in a straight line. If the duck's speed is given by d'(t) = 5 feet per second and Tika's speed by T'(t) = 2t feet per second, how far has Tika traveled when her speed is equal to the duck's speed? If the duck gets a 100 foot head start, how far has Tika traveled when she catches the duck?

Figure %: The Dog Tika Chasing a Duck Solution for Problem 1 >> Tika's speed is equal the duck's speed after 5/2 seconds. To compute the distance she has traveled in this time, we integrate her speed from 0 to 5/2 :

## 2tdt = (t 2|0 5/2) =

To find how far Tika must run to catch the duck, we must find the functions that give the distance traveled by Tika and by the duck in the first t seconds. These are just antiderivatives of the velocity functions: d (t) = 5t , T(t) = t 2 . Since the duck gets a 100 foot head start, we should solve the equation 100 + 5t = t 2 for t . The quadratic formula gives t = (5 + 5 about 164 feet. )/2 . Substituting into T(t) , we find that Tika must run a total of