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Mdiation sociotechnique au sein de communauts dapprentissage :

lusage de Twitter dans la formation distance

Xavier INGHILTERRA Doctorant en SIC, I3m

Contexte de la recherche
Thse conventionne ANRT (Cifre) Socit : Icademie (Centre de formation Paris Aix-en-Pce FOAD) Laboratoire : I3m (USTV) Direction de thse : Eric BOUTIN

Dispositifs de mdiation socio-technique : le cas des Learning games chez Icademie limmersion ludique + la dynamique communautaire des RSN = de nouvelles modalits dindividualisation des parcours en contexte dindustrialisation de la formation.

JE Twitter & le micro-blogging

#publi3m 11/07/12

Les pratiques de rseautage social ont investi les salles de cours ; comment intgrer cette dynamique en situation dapprentissage & susciter une participation plus active des tudiants en formation ? de pdagogie transmissive pdagogie active Le micro-blogging se prte ce changement de paradigme par : de riches interactions issues dun modle communicationnel singulier pair individu pair groupes

un dispositif adapt aux praxis de la gnration actuelle

instantant et fonction phatique de la communication format court (des messages concis mais structurs) aspect synoptique de la timeline (navigation intuitive & ludique) participe de lapprentissage informel (social learning) propice la srendipit
JE Twitter & le micro-blogging #publi3m 11/07/12

Le micro-blogging vocation ducative dans la littrature

GROSSECK, G. (2008) Can we use Twitter for educational activities ? PARRY, D. (2008) Twitter for academia KIESLINGER, B., EBNER, M., WIESENHOFER, H. (2011) Microblogging Practices of Scientists in E-Learning, A Qualitative Approach CHOMIENNE, E. (2012) Rseaux sociaux et apprentissages collaboratifs luniversite : pratiques innovantes dans une communaute connecte PINTE, J.P. (2010) Vers des rseaux sociaux dapprentissage en ducation

Des usages academiques en pratique : College of Nursing (Denver, 2008) Purdue University (West-Lafayette, 2009) Ecole Centrale de Nantes (2011) London School of Economies & Political Sciences (2011) Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sant Publique (Paris, 2012)
JE Twitter & le micro-blogging #publi3m 11/07/12

Bibliography of Research on Twitter & Microblogging = 159 contributions

Adrien Guille, and Hakim Hacid. (2012). A Predictive Model for the Temporal Dynamics of Information Diffusion in Online Social Networks. International Workshop on Mining Social Network Dynamics at the 21st World Wide Web Conference (WWW 2012) . Antenos-Conforti, Enza. (2009). Microblogging on Twitter: Social Networking in Intermediate Italian Classes.In Lara Lomicka and Gillian Lord (Eds.), The Next Generation: Social Networking and Online Collaboration in Foreign Language Learning. (pp. 59-90). Calico Monograph Series, No. 9. (book chapter) Arceneaux, Noah, and Amy Schmitz Weiss. (2010). Seems Stupid Until You Try It: Press Coverage of Twitter, 2006-9. New Media and Society, . (journal article) Bhringer, Martin. (2009). Really Social Syndication: A Conceptual View on Microblogginging. 9(31) (techreport) Bhringer, Martin, and Richter, Alexander. (2009). Adopting Social Software to the Intranet: A Case Study on Enterprise Microblogging. Proceedings of the 9th Mensch & Computer Conference. (pp. 293-302).Berlin September 6-9. (conference paper) Bakshy, Eytan, Hofman, Jake M., Mason, Winter A., and Watts, Duncan J.. (2011). Everyones an Influencer: Quantifying Influence on Twitter. Proceedings of WSDM\'11. Hong Kong, China (conference paper) Barbara Kieslinger, Martin Ebner, and Helga Wiesenhofer. (2011). Microblogging Practices of Scientists in eLearning: A Qualitative Approach. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning iJET, 6 (4). (journal article) Barnes, Stuart J., Bhringer, Martin, Kurze, Christian, and Stietzel, Jacqueline. (2010). Towards an understanding of social software: the case of Arinia. Proceedings of HICSS43.Kauai, HI January 5-8. (conference paper) Barnes, Stuart J., and Bhringer, Martin. (2009). Continuance Usage Intention in Microblogging Services: The Case of Twitter (Konferenzbeitrag). Proceedings of the 17th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS).Verona, Italy June 8-10. (conference paper) Bennato, Davide, Benhotman, Hassen, and Panconesi, Alessandro. (2010). La diffusione delle informazioni online. Il caso Twitter. X Convegno Nazionale AIS (Italian Sociological Association).Milan September. boyd, danah, Golder, Scott, and Lotan, Gilad. (2010). Tweet Tweet Retweet: Conversational Aspects of Retweeting on Twitter. Proceedings of HICSS-43.Kauai, HI January 5-8. (conference paper) Cain, Jeff, Scott, Doneka R., and Smith, Kelly. (2010). Use of social media by residency program directors for resident selection. American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, 67 (19), 1635-1639. (journal article) Castaneda, Linda, costa, Cristina, and Torres-Kompen, Ricardo. (2011). The Madhouse of ideas: stories about networking and learning with twitter. Proceedings of PLE COnference 2011. (conference paper) Cha, Meeyoung, Haddadi, Hamed, Benevenuto, Fabricio, and Gummadi, Krishna P.. (2010). Measuring User Influence in Twitter: The Million Follower Fallacy. Proceedings of ICWSM. AAAI. (conference paper) Charles M. Hinderliter, and Deirdre McCarthy. (2011). New Media in State Legislative Elections: Candidate Usage of Twitter and Facebook in the Missouri 2010 Primary Election. Midwest Political Science Assocation.Chicago April. Chen, Jilin, Nairn, Rowan, Nelson, Les, Bernstein, Michael, and Chi, Ed H.. (2010). Short and Tweet: Experiments on Recommending Content from Information Streams. Proceedings of CHI. (conference paper) Cheong, Mark, and Lee, Vincent. (2009). Integrating webbased intelligence retrieval and decision-making from the twitter trends knowledge base. Proceeding of the 2nd ACM workshop on Social web search and mining. (pp. 1-8). (conference paper) Chew C, and Eysenbach G. (2010). Pandemics in the Age of Twitter: Content Analysis of Tweets during the 2009 H1N1 Outbreak. Plos One, 5 (11), e14118. Between May 1 and December 31, 2009, authors archived over 2 million Twitter posts containing keywords swine flu, swineflu, and/or H1N1. using Infovigil, an infoveillance system. This study illustrates the potential of using social media (journal article) Crawford, Kate. (2009). These Foolish Things: On Intimacy and Insignificance in Mobile Media.In Goggin, Gerard and Hjorth, Larissa (Eds.), Mobile Technologies: From Telecommunications to Media. (book chapter) Crawford, Kate. (2009). Following you: Disciplines of listening in social media. Journal of Media & Culture Studies, 23 (4), 525-535. (journal article) Cuneyt Gurcan Akcora, Murat Ali Bayir, Murat Demirbas, and Hakan Ferhatosmanoglu. (2010). Identifying Breakpoints in Public Opinion. Proceedings of SOMA\'10 SIGKDD. (pp. 5). (conference paper) Cuneyt Gurcan Akcora, and Murat Demirbas. (2010). Twitter: Roots, Influence, Applications. (techreport) Daniel Gayo-Avello. (2012). \"I Wanted to Predict Elections with Twitter and all I got was this Lousy Paper\" -- A Balanced Survey on Election Prediction using Twitter Data. (unpublished) David A. Shamma, Lyndon Kennedy, and Elizabeth F. Churchill. (2011). Peaks and Persistence:. Proceedings of the ACM 2011 conference on Computer supported cooperative work. (pp. 355--358). ACM. (conference paper) Deller, Ruth A. (2011). Twittering on: audience research and participation using Twitter. Participations, 8 (1). (journal Devin Gaffney. (2010). #iranElection: quantifying online activism. Proceedings of the WebSci10.Raleigh, NC April 26-27th. Diakopoulos, N. A., and Shamma, D. A.. (2010). Characterizing Debate Performance via Aggregated Twitter Sentiment. CHI 2010.Atlanta, Georgia Du, Hongly, Rosson, Mary Beth, Carroll, John M., and Ganoe, Craig. (2009). I felt like a contributing member of the class: increasing class participation with classcommons. Proceedings of the ACM 2009 international conference on Supporting group work. (pp. 232-242). (conference paper) Dunlap, J.C., and Lowenthal, P. (2009). Tweeting the Night Away: Using Twitter to Enhance Social Presence. Journal of -USENIX 12th International Middleware Conference Vasileios Lampos, and Nello Cristianini. (2010). Tracking the flu pandemic by monitoring the Social Web. 2nd International Workshop on Cognitive Information Processing.Elba Island, Italy June. Vasileios Lampos, and Nello Cristianini. (2011). Nowcasting Events from the Social Web with Statistical Learning. ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology (TIST), x(x). Accepted for Publication. (journal article) Vasileios Lampos, Tijl De Bie, and Nello Cristianini. (2010). Flu Detector - Tracking Epidemics on Twitter. ECML PKDD 2010.Barcelona, Spain September. Check Flu Detector\'s website: http://geopatterns.enm.bris.ac.uk/epidemics/ Vicari Stefania. (2012). Twitter and Public Reasoning Around Social Contention: The Case of #15ott in Italy.In Benjamin Tejerina and Ignacia Perugorria (Eds.), From Social to Political. New Forms of Mobilization and Democratization. (pp. 277-292). Bilbao: Servicio Editorial de la Universidad del Pais Vasco. (book chapter) Wagner, Claudia, and Strohmaier, Markus. (2010). The Wisdom in Tweetonomies: Acquiring Latent Conceptual Structures. Semantic Search Workshop at WWW2010. (conference paper) Weisbuch, Max, Ivcevic, Zorana, and Ambady, Nalini. (2009). On being liked on the web and in the 'real world': Consistency in first impressions across personal webpages and spontaneous behavior. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45 (3), 573 - 576. (journal article) Wohn, D. Y., and Na, E.-K.. (2011). Tweeting about TV: Sharing television viewing experiences via social media message streams. First Monday, 16 (3). (journal article) Wu, Shaomei, Hofman, Jake M., Mason, Winter A., and Watts, Duncan J.. (2011). Who Says What to Whom on Twitter. Proceedings of WWW\'11. Hyderabad, India (conference paper) Yardi, Sarita, and boyd, danah. (2010). Tweeting from the Town Square: Measuring Geographic Local Networks. Proceedings of the International Conference on Weblogs and Social Media.Washington, DC (conference paper)

Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sant Publique

Usage de Twitter en cours dpidmiologie (en amphi.) @ehesplive Intrts du dispositif : #ehespfonda

participation facilite dans les conditions dun auditoire important dynamique dans le cours interactivit avec le confrencier viter la perte de temps lie au passage de micro viter les prises de parole longues ou non pertinentes viter le bruit

Particularit de la population :

95% des tudiants navaient jamais encore utilis Twitter.

JE Twitter & le micro-blogging #publi3m 11/07/12

Hotseat Purdue
Le micro-blogging renforce la participation et lintrt en cours



Objectif : les apprennants ncoutent plus un cours de faon passive mais y prennent part. Le pertinage modifie la dynamique pdagogique sans perturber le droulement des cours (enqute Educause Quarterly / 2000 rpondants). Particularit du dispositif : les tudiants peuvent intragir sur Hotseat via leur compte Twitter, Facebook, ou nimporte quelle messagerie IRC.

JE Twitter & le micro-blogging

#publi3m 11/07/12

Ecole Centrale de Nantes

Twitter comme vecteur relationnel entre tudiants, anciens lves & partenaires industriels @CentraleNantes
Intrts :


communaut ouverte outils de veille temps rel mlange des genres limit (vie prive / professionnelle)
Usages expriments :

soutien du prsentiel animation pdagogique hors temps universitaire changes en continu suivi de projets de fin dtude

JE Twitter & le micro-blogging

#publi3m 11/07/12

Twitter comme dispositif de mdiation
Une population initie aux modalits de formation distante : Bachelors Tronc Commun : Gestion de linformation & de la relation : Rseaux sociaux Dees Communication & Dees Webmastering : Culture de limage & Ligne ditoriale pour le Web Des usages rcurents :

une dynamique communautaire sinstaure naturellement, au premier jour des communauts de pratique (groupes de rvision) sorganisent par la suite un intrt grandissant pour se rencontrer IRL (localisation des profils / LMS)
Des objectifs pdagogiques :

Mdiation auprs des communauts dapprenants (> mode demploi TICE) Sensibilisation aux enjeux de la prsence en ligne (e-rputation) Articulation avec le blog (focus sur certaines ressources pdagogiques) Connexions aux rseaux socio-professionnels via les Retweet (offres de stages, offres demplois, vnementiels, challenges Etudiants) Fdrer les changes entre Etudiants > Jeunes diplms > Professionnels Potentialits de mtacognition du dispositif (prothse cognitive des TIC)
JE Twitter & le micro-blogging #publi3m 11/07/12

Le dispositif : un ensemble doutils conjugus Twitter

la plateforme LMS accessible ATAWAD (Moodle) + Widget le blog ddi Apprenants (Wordpress) + Widget des listes de signets thmatiques & groupes communautaires (Diigo) des plug-in pour automatiser le partage & la publication (Firefox/Yoono)


JE Twitter & le micro-blogging

#publi3m 11/07/12

Plateforme pdagogique ExpertLearning

11 11
JE Twitter & le micro-blogging #publi3m 11/07/12

le Blog eClub Icademie


JE Twitter & le micro-blogging

#publi3m 11/07/12

le compte Twitter eClub Icademie


JE Twitter & le micro-blogging

#publi3m 11/07/12

Rsultats observs : Regain dintrt et valorisation du cours (+ dassiduit aux confcall) Prolongation de la dynamique instaure en confcall hors temps acadmique Canal informel pertinent (des changes riches au sein dune population varie) Freins : Clivage entre rseau personnel & rseau acadmique Population trs htrogne en Bachelor (peu ou prou aguerris aux TIC) Les pro Facebook napprcient pas que Twitter leur soit impos Les nophytes sont rticents lutilisation des rseaux sociaux numriques Premier bilan : Mutation du modle Enseignant > Etudiants (nouveau paradigme en FOAD) Dconstruction du mythe des Digital Natives (Albro, 2010) Linstitution doit rentrer dans le flux des pratiques des tudiants (Pinte, 2011) Une formation prliminaire aux outils du web 2.0 est indispensable pour certains profils (Le Deuff, 2007).
JE Twitter & le micro-blogging #publi3m 11/07/12


Exprimentations venir : Bachelor Communication (en fvrier 2013) : mettre en place ce dispositif en cours (Icademie Aix-en Provence) avant les confcall : initier la dynamique sociale en prsentiel (IRL) prolonger les interactions distance (URL) Master Communication numrique Stratgies publicitaires & Communication numrique ( la rentre 2012) : dans quelle mesure le background des tudiants modifie lappropriation du dispositif et influe sur la dynamique sociale ? Mthodologie : 02/2011 : Approche empirique + observation participante courant 2012-13 : Analyse quantitative (200 tudiants) & analyse qualitative (25 tudiants) Enqutes en cours : Utilisation des ressources / Confcall : 197 rpondants
JE Twitter & le micro-blogging #publi3m 11/07/12

Contact : xavier.inghilterra@gmail.com Sur Twitter :

@avi_rex @eClub_Icademie

Blogs :

Merci de votre attention !