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# AutoPIPE M-S Stress Level In Code Stress Combinations [TN] - Structural Analysis and ...

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## Structural Analysis and Design

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## AutoPIPE M-S Stress Level In Code Stress Combinations [TN]

Document Information
Document Type: TechNote Product(s): AutoPIPE Version(s): v6.20.09 (and greater) Original Author: Mark Upston

Overview
To illustrate the use of M/S level in combining stresses we will look at combining the sustained stresses with the wind stresses. 1. Absolute sum of the stresses from SUS and stresses from W1. This is the logical and conservative way to calculate the combined stresses but the user could not select M/S=S for W1. Default method in AutoPIPE since the ASME codes state sum the sustained stress with the bending stress due to Wind (occasional load). NOTE: SUS is the maximum sustained stress and equals GR+MaxP when only one sustained stress combination. 2. Absolute sum of the moments & forces from SUS and moments & forces from W1. Based on AutoPIPE's recommendation that M/S=S for SUS, this is not the method AutoPIPE would combine the stresses. For Sus.+W1, AutoPIPE is combining stresses according to method 1 above. The M/S option refers to calculated results - Moment (M) and stress (S) - prior to combining. There are three types of results: 1. Basic load cases, e.g. GR, T1, W1 etc have only moment results and hence (S) does not apply. 2. Category stresses, e.g. Sus., have both calculated stress and moment results. 3. Combinations, e.g. Sus.+W1, have both calculated stress and moment results. The moment results for W1 are used to calculate the stress before combining with the stress results from the sustained category stress (Sus.).

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AutoPIPE M-S Stress Level In Code Stress Combinations [TN] - Structural Analysis and ... Page 2 of 3

Example
Here is another example to illustrate the subtle results using the M/S options. Example: Sus.+W1+T1

Approach 1
Create a combination with (SUS), W1, and T1 using combination method SUM with the following M/S options, (SUS): M/S = S W1: M/S = M T1: M/S = M

Approach 2
First create the combination with (SUS) and W1 using combination method SUM with the following M/S options, (SUS): M/S = S W1: M/S = M Then create a second combination that combines the above combination Sus.+W1 with load case T1 using combination method SUM with the following M/S options, Sus.+W1: M/S = S T1: M/S = M The combined results using Approach 2 is more conservative than using Approach 1 since the stress results are always positive before combining in Approach 2 whereas the algebraic signs in W1 and T1 are considered in Approach 1 when combining moment results before calculating the combined stress.