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D P R ME TO D F N E EA T N F E E S

Jn 21 u e 02

E R NE GY I E T NT F NV S ME S OR MI I A Y OP R T ONS : LT R E A I
F RFS A Y A 2 1 O IC L E R 0 3
E E G .E E S . O N R YD F N EG V

WA HN T NDC S IG O ..


Preparation of this study/report cost the Department of Defense a total of approximately $191,000 for the 2012 Fiscal Year.
Generated on 2012May03 1508 RefID: A-D38D2E4

ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE


3700 DEFENSE PENTAGON WASHINGTON, DC 20301-3700

OPERATIONAL ENERGY PLANS AND PROGRAMS

On December 11, 2011, General John Allen directed all U.S. forces in Afghanistan to take steps to improve the energy security of the mission. Operational energy, he wrote, is about improving combat effectiveness. Its about increasing our forces endurance, being more lethal, and reducing the number of men and women risking their lives moving fuel. General Allens memo and the Departments May 2011 Operational Energy Strategy send a consistent message: Improvements in military energy security provide the Department with a unique opportunity to improve efficiency while increasing operational effectiveness. As part of my authorities for advancing military energy security (10 USC 138c), I am required to review DoDs proposed annual budget and report to the Secretary of Defense whether the budget is adequate for meeting the goals of the strategy. This report satisfies that requirement for the FY 2013 budget. Last year, the Department consumed 116.8 million barrels (mbbls) of fuel at a cost of $17.2B ($3.51/gallon). For FY 2013, the Department budgeted approximately $16.3B for 104 mbbls of fuel and approximately $1.6B for operational energy initiatives. As the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Operational Energy Plans and Programs, I certify the proposed budgets are adequate for the implementation of the DoD Operational Energy Strategy. The FY 2013 Operational Energy Budget Certification is my second certification effort and the process differed significantly from last year. For the FY 2013 certification, I evaluated the Components budgets against the DoD Operational Energy Strategy and the targets provided in its associated implementation plan. We benefited from the Office of the Director for Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation (CAPE) development and deployment of an Operational Energy Select and Native Programming (SNaP) exhibit, which proved invaluable for the timely collection of the detailed program and funding data. I also formed a Certification Advisory Working Group (CAWG) with representatives from my office, CAPE, the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller), the Joint Staff, the Services, and the Defense Logistics Agency to conduct an assessment of the adequacy of each Components proposed budget and provide certification recommendations. I expect my FY 2014 Operational Energy Budget Certification to be methodologically similar to this one. I do expect that the CAWG will have sufficient information for the first time to make recommendations in regards to investments that can be streamlined or strengthened. In particular, I will task the CAWG to identify gaps or overlaps in investments, insufficient migration from science and technology to deployment, and insufficient attention to legacy system improvements. Improving these areas will benefit mission effectiveness and promote interoperability of equipment as well as potentially saving money.

Sharon E. Burke Attachment: Fiscal Year 2013 Operational Energy Budget Certification Report

Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

TABLEOFCONTENTS FOREWORD.1 EXECUTIVESUMMARY4 APPROACHTOBUDGETCERTIFICATION9 DEPARTMENTOFTHEARMYOPERATIONALENERGYBUDGETCERTIFICATION. 11 DEPARTMENTOFTHENAVYOPERATIONALENERGYBUDGETCERTIFICATION 20 DEPARTMENTOFAIRFORCEOPERATIONALENERGYBUDGETCERTIFICATION 35 DEFENSEAGENCIESANDOFFICEOFTHESECRETARYOFDEFENSE 41

Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

EXECUTIVESUMMARY ThisisthesecondOperationalEnergyBudgetCertification.Itdifferssignificantlyfrom theinauguraleffortandsetsthetoneforsubsequentefforts.TheDepartmentofDefenses OperationalEnergyStrategy,publishedinMay2011,wasnotavailabletoinfluencethe ComponentsdevelopmentoftheproposedFY2013budgets.Nevertheless,Ichosetoevaluate themilitarydepartmentsproposedbudgetsagainsttheDoDOperationalEnergyStrategygiven thegoaloftheDoDOperationalEnergyStrategyistopromotemilitaryenergysecurity,or reliablesuppliesofenergytomilitaryoperation.Thestrategyidentifiesredirectingthedemand forfuel,expandingand/ordiversifyingthesuppliesoffuel,andincorporatingenergysecurity intothefutureforceastheprincipalwaystoreachthatgoal.OperationalEnergyPlansand Programpreparedthiscertificationreporttoreflectthestrategysimplementationplan,which hasseventargetsthatareconsistentwiththemilitarydepartmentsenergystrategies.(See below) MoreFight,LessFuel:Reducethedemandforenergyinmilitaryoperation Target1 MeasureOperationalEnergyConsumption Target2 ImproveEnergyPerformanceandEfficiencyinOperationsandTraining Target3 PromoteOperationalEnergyInnovation Moreoptions,lessrisk:Expandandsecurethesupplyofenergytomilitaryoperations Target4 ImproveOperationalEnergySecurityatFixedinstallations Target5 PromotetheDevelopmentofAlternativeFuels Morecapability,lesscost:Buildenergysecurityintothefutureforce Target6 IncorporateEnergySecurityConsiderationsintoRequirements/Acquisition Target7 AdaptPolicy,Doctrine,ProfessionalMilitaryEducationandCombatant CommandActivities Tosupportthiscertificationeffort,theOfficeoftheDirectorforCostAssessmentand ProgramEvaluation(CAPE)providedanOperationalEnergySelectandNativeProgramming (SNaP)exhibit,whichprovedinvaluableforthetimelycollectionofthedetailedprogramand fundingdata.Finally,IformedaCertificationAdvisoryWorkingGroup(CAWG)with representativesfrommyoffice,CAPE,theOfficeoftheUnderSecretaryofDefense (Comptroller),theJointStaff,theServices,andtheDefenseLogisticsAgencytoconductan assessmentoftheadequacyofeachComponentsproposedbudgetandprovidecertification recommendations.IexpecttocontinuetoevaluatetheproposedbudgetsagainsttheDoD OperationalEnergyStrategy,gaininvaluableinsightsfromCAPEsSNaPOperationalEnergy SNaPexhibit,andusetheCAWGtoevaluatetheproposedbudgetsandprovidemewith recommendations. ForFY2013,DoDbudgetedapproximately$1.6Bforoperationalenergyinitiativesand approximately$16.3Bforfuelpurchases.TheFutureYearsDefenseProgram(FYDP)budget totalforoperationalenergyinitiativesisapproximately$9.0B.
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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

ThedistributionofFY20132017FYDPfundingforoperationalenergyinitiativesacross theappropriationsisshownbelow:
DoDOperationalEnergyFundingFY2013 2017
1% 7%

54%

38%

O&M Procurement RDT&E NDSF

Themajorityoftheoperationalenergyinitiativefunding,approximately54percent,isinRDT&E withProcurementaccountingforapproximately38percentacrosstheFYDP.Operationsand MaintenanceandNationalDefenseSealiftFundaccountfortheremainingeightpercentof operationalenergyfunding. ThefigurebelowshowsDoDsFYDPbudgettotalforOperationalenergyinitiativesarrangedby thethreeOperationalEnergyStrategyObjectives:


DoDOperationalEnergyFundingFY2013 2017
1% 9%

DemandReduction Initiatives SupplyExpansion Initiatives


90%

PlanningforStrategic EnergyUse

Approximately90percentofthefunding,$8.1BFY20132017,isfocusedoninitiativesto reducedemandwithapproximately9percent,$822.9MFY20132017,forsupplyexpansion initiatives.Theremainingonepercentisallocatedtoplanningforstrategicenergyuse.

Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

TheDepartmentoftheArmybudgeted$562.4MinFY2013andapproximately$4.2B acrosstheFYDPforoperationalenergyinitiatives.Approximately89percentofthefunding ($3.7B)acrosstheFYDPisbudgetedfordemandreductioninitiativeswhiletheremaining11 percent($469.0M)isalignedtosupplyexpansioninitiatives.Approximately79percentofthe fundingacrosstheFYDPsupportsTarget#2,ImproveEnergyPerformanceandEfficiencyin OperationsandTrainingwhileapproximately21percentisalignedtoTarget#3,Promote OperationalEnergyInnovation.ArmyinitiativesforimprovingEnergyPerformanceand EfficiencyinOperationsandTraininginclude:generatorsandmicrogridsimprovements; combatvehicleimprovements;animprovedrotarywingedaircraftengine;AviationSimulators GroundSoldierSystems;andnew,moreefficientForceProvidermodulesandassociated equipment.ArmyOperationalEnergyInnovationinitiativesinclude:combatvehicleand automotivetechnologies;aviationtechnologies;Warfighter(Soldier)technologies;andDefense ResearchSciences,e.g.basicresearchefforts.TheDepartmentoftheArmycouldstrengthen itsoperationalenergyeffortsbybudgetingforthedevelopmentandimplementationofthe toolsandsystemsrequiredtoincorporateenergysecurityconsiderationsintoRequirements andAcquisition.Thisisimportantforensuringthatfutureinvestmentsinequipmentand capabilitieswillincorporateimprovedenergysecurity.Additionally,Iremainconcernedabout theDepartmentseffortstowardsimprovingtheenergyperformanceofthefutureground tacticalfleet. TheDepartmentoftheNavybudgeted$402.1MinFY2013andapproximately$2.2B acrosstheFYDPforoperationalenergyinitiatives.TheDepartmentoftheNavysfunding encompassesboththeNavy($337.7MFY2013,$1.9BFYDP)andtheMarineCorps($64.4MFY 2013,$352.1MFYDP).WithintheNavysbudget,approximately83percentofthefunding acrosstheFYDPisbudgetedfordemandreductioninitiativeswiththesupplyexpansion initiativesaccountingfortheremaining17percent.Approximately58percentofthefunding acrosstheFYDPsupportsTarget#2,ImproveEnergyPerformanceandEfficiencyinOperations andTraining,while30percentisalignedtoTarget#3,PromoteOperationalEnergyInnovation. NavyinitiativesforimprovingEnergyPerformanceandEfficiencyinOperationsandTraining include:theHybridElectricDriveDevelopmentandImplementation;ElectricShipsOffice EfficiencyInitiatives;andSimulatorUpgrades,alongwithongoingShipboardIncentivized EnergyConservationProgramandthenewlyestablishedAirEnergyConservationProgram. NavyOperationalEnergyInnovationinitiativesincludebothdemandreductionandsupply expansion.Demandreductioninnovationeffortsinclude:NavalVariableCycleEngine Technology;ElectricShipResearch&DevelopmentConsortium;ShipHydrodynamics;andthe TurbineEngineTechnologyDemonstration.Supplyexpansioninnovationsinclude:Unmanned UnderseaVehicle(UUV)initiatives;EnergyEfficiency&AlternativeEnergyTechnologies;and PowerandEnergyMaterialsResearch.TheUSMCisprimarilyfocusedondemandreduction initiativeswithapproximately89percent($315.6M)acrosstheFYDPforprogramssuchas AdvancedPowerSources,FamilyofSheltersandShelterEquipment,FamilyofExpeditionary WaterSystems,FamilyofMobileElectricPowerEquipment,andMediumTacticalVehicle
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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

Replacement.TheDepartmentoftheNavycouldstrengthenitsoperationalenergyeffortsby budgetingforthedevelopmentandimplementationofthetoolsandsystemsrequiredto incorporateenergysecurityconsiderationsintoRequirementsandAcquisition.Thisis importantforensuringthatfutureinvestmentsinequipmentandcapabilitieswillincorporate improvedenergysecurity. TheDepartmentoftheAirForcebudgeted$573.5MinFY2013andapproximately $2.4BacrosstheFYDPforoperationalenergyinitiatives.Approximately93percentofthe fundingacrosstheFYDPisbudgetedfordemandreductioninitiativeswiththesupplyexpansion initiativesaccountingfor6.5percentandplanningforstrategicenergyusetheremaining0.5 percent.Approximately52percentofthefundingacrosstheFYDPsupportsTarget#3,Promote OperationalEnergyInnovation,while48percentisalignedtoTarget#2,ImproveEnergy PerformanceandEfficiencyinOperationsandTraining.AirForceOperationalEnergy Innovationinitiativesinclude:AerospacePropulsionandPowerTechnologies,Aerospace VehicleTechnologies;ADVENTTechnologyMaturation;MaterialsTechnologies;andalternative fuelstechnologydevelopment.AirForceinitiativesforimprovingEnergyPerformanceand EfficiencyinOperationsandTraininginclude:procurementandsustainmentofBasic ExpeditionaryAirfieldResources(BEAR)sets;KC135enginemodificationstoincrease efficiency;KC10dragreductionefforts;andtheAutomaticDependentSurveillanceBroadcast (ADSB)technologyinsertion.TheDepartmentoftheAirForcecouldstrengthenitsoperational energyeffortsbybudgetingforgreaterenergyefficiencyinthelegacyandfuturefixedwing fleetandthedevelopmentandimplementationofthetoolsandsystemsrequiredto incorporateenergysecurityconsiderationsintoRequirementsandAcquisition.Thisis importantforensuringthatfutureinvestmentsinequipmentandcapabilitieswillincorporate improvedenergysecurity. TheDefenseLogisticsAgency(DLA),DefenseAdvancedResearchProjectsAgency (DARPA),andOfficeofSecretaryofDefense(OSD)provideanadditional$102.2MinFY2013 and$256.1MacrosstheFYDP.Theseprogramsprovidevaluableinvestmentsintoalternative fuelscertification,batterymanufacturingtechnologies,operationaleffectivenessviatargeted scienceandtechnologyinvestments,andbiofuelproduction.IhaveconcernsaboutDARPAs eliminationoffundingforenergyprogramsandencouragetheagencytoreconsiderfunding meritoriousprojectsinthisareaalongwithconsideringtheenergyrequiredofexistingprojects. Aftercarefulconsideration,IcertifyeachDoDComponentsproposedbudgetis adequateforimplementationoftheoperationalenergyaspectsoftheirenergystrategy. Nevertheless,Ihavethefollowingconcerns: TheDepartmentneedstodevelopandimplementthetoolsandsystemsrequiredto incorporateenergysecurityconsiderationsintoRequirementsandAcquisition.TheArmy hasnotbudgetedforthesustainmentandimprovementofthe"SustaintheMission" modelingandsimulationtool,whichisafoundationaltoolfortheArmytoevaluatefuel
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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

logisticsplans.NeithertheNavynortheAirForcehasbudgetedforthedevelopmentofthe modelingandsimulationtoolstoenableforceplannerstosimulateandassessthecombat capabilityeffectsofenemyattacksonU.S.logisticsforces. TheDepartmentshouldtakestepstoimprovetheenergyperformanceofthelegacyand futuregroundandfixedwingfleets.TheArmyhasbudgetedforandisworkingonenergy efficiencyimprovementsfortheBradleyandAbramsfleets,buttheHighMobility MultipurposeWheeledVehicle(HMMWV)andMineResistantAmbushProtected(MRAP) fleetshavenoplannedenergyperformanceupgrades.Thefuturegroundtacticalfleet includestheGroundCombatVehicle(GCV)andtheJointLightTacticalVehicle(JLTV)and theArmyhasstatedtheircommitmenttoimprovetheenergyefficiencyofthesesystems overthesystemstheywillreplace.TheAirForcehasfundedimprovementstotheKC10, butmanypotentialimprovementsfortheC130andC17fleetsremainunfunded.

Iexpectmynextbudgetcertificationtobemethodologicallysimilartothisone.The DepartmentwideOperationalEnergyStrategywillshapethedevelopmentofproposed FY2014budgets.WewillworkwithComponentstoimprovetheOperationalEnergySNaP submission,andIwillonceagainusetheCAWGtoprovidemeanalysisandrecommendations. IdoexpectthattheCAWGwillhavesufficientinformationforthefirsttimeintheFY2014 OperationalEnergyBudgetCertificationtomakerecommendationsinregardstoinvestments thatcanbestreamlinedorstrengthened.Inparticular,Iamconcernedthattheremaybegaps oroverlapsinsomeinvestments,insufficientmigrationfromscienceandtechnologyto deployment,andinsufficientattentiontolegacysystemimprovements.Improvingtheseareas willbenefitmissioneffectivenessandpromoteinteroperabilityofequipmentaswellas potentiallysavingmoney.

Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

APPROACHTOBUDGETCERTIFICATION ForthisFY2013budgetcertificationassessment,IevaluatedtheMilitaryDepartments, DefenseAgenciesandOSDsproposedbudgetsagainsttheDepartmentofDefense(DoD) OperationalEnergyStrategy.ThegoaloftheDoDOperationalEnergyStrategyistoensure reliablesuppliesofenergyfor21stcenturymilitarymissions.Thestrategyprovidesthree principalobjectivesforreachingthatgoalandtheImplementationPlanprovidesspecifictargets foreachobjective: Morefight,lessfuel:Reducethedemandforenergyinmilitaryoperations. o Target1:MeasureOperationalEnergyConsumption. o Target2:ImproveEnergyPerformanceandEfficiencyinOperationsand Training. o Target3:PromoteOperationalEnergyInnovation. Moreoptions,lessrisk:Expandandsecurethesupplyofenergytomilitaryoperations. o Target4:ImproveOperationalEnergySecurityatFixedInstallations. o Target5:PromotetheDevelopmentofAlternativeFuels. Morecapability,lesscost:Buildenergysecurityintothefutureforce. o Target6:IncorporateEnergySecurityConsiderationsintoRequirementsand Acquisition. o Target7:AdaptPolicy,Doctrine,ProfessionalMilitaryEducation,andCombatant CommandActivities. Theseoperationalenergyobjectivesandtargetswerethecriteriausedforevaluatingthe certificationoftheDoDComponentsproposedbudgets. ItookanearandfartermapproachtoTarget2:ImproveEnergyPerformanceand EfficiencyinOperationsandTrainingbyfocusingontwobroadareas:SupportCurrent OperationswithEnergyImprovementsandImprovetheOperationalEnergyEfficiencyofthe MilitaryDepartments.Formyevaluation,SupportCurrentOperationswithEnergy Improvementsincludeseffortstoimproveenergyperformanceandefficiencyinoperations, suchasthefieldingoffueldemandmanagementimprovementsbytheMilitaryDepartmentsto Afghanistanandotherlocationsinsupportofcontingencyoperations.Theseimprovements rangefromenergyefficiencymeasurestorenewableenergytechnologies.Generally,these effortsarefundedwithOperationsandMaintenanceorProcurementappropriationsandmay befundedwithinthebaseortheOverseasContingencyOperations(OCO)budget.Improvethe OperationalEnergyEfficiencyoftheMilitaryDepartmentsincludeseffortstoreducethe demandforfuelandincreasecapabilityinbothcurrentoperationsandthefutureforce. Generally,theseeffortsarefundedinProcurementorResearch,Development,Test& EvaluationBudgetActivity47appropriations,fundedwithinthebasebudget,andarean AcquisitionCategoryIIIIprogram.
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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

Target3:PromoteOperationalEnergyInnovationdiffersfromTarget2:Improve EnergyPerformanceandEfficiencyinOperationsandTrainingasitcapturesourscienceand technologyinvestmentssupportingoperationalenergy.Generally,theseeffortsarefundedin theResearch,Development,Test&EvaluationBudgetActivity13appropriationinthebase budget. TheinitiativesfallingwithinTarget4:ImproveOperationalEnergySecurityatFixed InstallationsareoverseenandreportedbytheOfficeoftheDeputyUnderSecretaryof DefenseforInstallationsandEnvironment(DUSD(I&E)).Theseinitiativesareprimarilyfunded withMilitaryConstruction,andOperationsandMaintenance.Toreducereportingredundancy, IhavedeferredcommentsinthisareatotheDUSD(I&E),butOEPPfollowsmissionenergy securityatinstallationsinsupportofDUSD(I&E). Tofacilitatethedocumentationofoperationalenergyfundingattheappropriatelevel ofdetail,mystaffworkedwiththeOfficeoftheDirectorforCostAssessmentandProgram Evaluation(CAPE)todevelopanOperationalEnergySelect&NativeProgramming(OESNaP) exhibitpriortothesubmissionoftheFY20132017ProgramObjectiveMemorandum.The SNaPdisplayprovedinvaluableforthetimelycollectionofthedetailedprogramandfunding dataandwewillrefineitinthecomingmonthstocaptureimprovementssuggestedbythe Components. Finally,IformedaCertificationAdvisoryWorkingGroup(CAWG)withrepresentatives frommyoffice,theOfficeoftheUnderSecretaryofDefense(Comptroller),CAPE,theJoint Staff,theServices,andDefenseLogisticsAgency.TheCAWGspentasignificantamountoftime reviewingandevaluatingeachcomponentsoperationalenergyeffortsandprovided recommendationsontheadequacyofresourcingofeachtarget.IconsideredtheCAWGs recommendationsandmademyassessment,usingastoplightratingchart.AtargetIjudgedto beadequatelyfundedwasratedasgreen;atargetIjudgedtobemarginallyfundedwasrated asyellow;andatargetIjudgedtobeinadequatelyfundedwasratedred.

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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

DepartmentoftheArmyOperationalEnergyBudgetCertification USArmyOperationalEnergyStaff TheDeputyAssistantSecretaryoftheArmyforEnergyandSustainability(DASA(E&S)), reportingtotheAssistantSecretaryoftheArmyforInstallations,Energy,andEnvironment(ASA (IE&E)),istheArmysSeniorEnergyExecutiveresponsibleforintegratingandcoordinatingthe effortsofallArmyinstallationandoperationalenergystakeholders.WithintheODASA(E&S),a Colonel(O6)directsOperationalEnergyactivities,withsupportfromselectedstaffasrequired. Goingforward,theASA(IE&E)planstoestablishaseniorstaffleddirectoratededicatedto OperationalEnergyandContingencyBasingthatwillworkdirectlywiththeArmysDirectorof Logistics(G4)tosupportdevelopmentandexecutionofshortandlongtermenergysolutions acrossDoctrine,Organization,Training,Materiel,Leadership,Personnel,andFacilities (DOTMLPF)domains. TheArmyG4devotesfivepersonneltooperationalenergyeffortsandanticipates increasingthestafftonineinthesecondquarterofFY2012.Additionally,theLogistics InnovationAgency(LIA),theG4FieldOperatingAgency,alsosupportstheArmysoperational energyeffortswithtwodedicatedpersonnelandvariousexpertsassignedbasedonproject requirements.AsofDecember2011,LIAhassixpersonnelassignedtooperationalenergy projects. VariousotherorganizationswithintheArmyStaff,ArmySecretariat,andmajorArmy CommandshavepersonneltosupportOperationalEnergyprogramsandinitiatives.Oneofthe mostsignificantforthelongtermfutureoftheforceistheappointmentofaPhDlevelexpert asthededicatedDirectorforPowerandEnergybytheDeputyAssistantSecretaryoftheArmy forScienceandTechnology,withresponsibilityformanagingtheArmysscienceand technologyportfolioofoperationalenergydevelopmentinvestments.Numerousexpertson operationalenergyrelevantsubjectscanbefoundintheArmyslaboratoriesandacquisition programs.Tobettercoordinateandmanagethescopeofthesetechnicalefforts,theArmy MaterielCommands(AMC)Research,DevelopmentandEngineeringCommand(RDECOM)has appointedaTechnologyFocusTeam(TFT)onPowerandEnergywithtwopersonneldevotedto theTFT,andparttimeeffortsofmorethantwentyArmysubjectmatterexperts.TheTraining andDoctrineCommanddevelopsenergyrelatedrequirementsandtheArmyCorpsof Engineersplaysasignificantroleinfieldingefficientandrenewableenergysolutionsatboth ContinentalUnitedStates(CONUS)andforwardlocations.
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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

USArmyFY2013OperationalEnergyBudget TheArmybudgeted$562.4MinFY2013andapproximately$4.2BacrosstheFYDPfor operationalenergyinitiatives.Thedistributionacrossappropriationsisshownbelow:


USArmyOperationalEnergyFundingFY2013 2017

45% 55%

RDT&E PROC O&M

Themajorityofthisfunding,approximately55percentacrosstheFYDP,isinRDT&E ($359.7MFY2013,$2.3BFYDP).Procurementfunding($201.3MFY2013,$1.9BFYDP)and OperationsandMaintenancefunding($1.4MFY2013,$2.8MFYDP)accountsfortheremaining 45percentofthefundingacrosstheFYDP. ArmyfundingtrackswiththeDoDOperationalEnergyStrategythreeprincipalgoalsasfollows:


USArmyOperationalEnergyFundingFY2013 2017

11%

DemandReduction Initiatives SupplyExpansion Initiatives


89%

PlanningforStrategic EnergyUse

TheArmybudgeted$464.0MofFY2013fundingandapproximately$3.7BacrosstheFYDPto OperationalEnergyDemandReductionInitiatives(StrategicObjective1).FY2013fundingof

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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

$98.5Mand$469.0MacrosstheFYDPwasbudgetedforSupplyExpansionInitiatives(Strategic Objective2). MoreFight,LessFuel:ReduceDemandforEnergyinMilitaryOperations. Target1:MeasureOperationalEnergyConsumption. TheArmybudgeted$4.1MinFY2013andapproximately$17.7MacrosstheFYDPfor initiativestoaddressTarget1:MeasureOperationalEnergyConsumption.Effortsfunded includetheFuelSystemSupplyPoint(FSSP)AdvancedDevelopmentandTacticalFuelsManager Defense(TFMD)sustainment. TheArmybudgeted$2.7MinFY2013andapproximately$14.9MacrosstheFYDPforthe FSSPAdvancedDevelopmenttodevelopandtestautomatedtankgaugingsolutionsand associateddevicesthattransmitandstoredata,betteraccountforfuel,andinform managementdecisionsfromthetacticalthroughstrategiclevelsofwar.TheArmyalso provided$1.4MinbothFY2013andFY2014forTFMDsustainment.TFMDisanadaptationof thestandardDefenseLogisticsAgencyfuelaccountabilityprogramandArmyhasfieldedTFMD to36locationsinAfghanistan.Itprovidesanautomatedtoolthatallowsforenterprisewide visibilityofpetroleumconsumption,stockavailability,andidentificationofpotentialillegal activitiesatforwardoperatinglocations.TheTFMDpetroleumconsumptiondataprovidedto OASD(OEPP)hasbeenveryhelpfulinunderstandingfueldistributionandconsumption.The resultsofTFMDuseinAfghanistanwillinfluenceArmydecisionsonautomatedpetroleum accountabilityandmanagementforfutureprocurementandprogramming. Also,theArmytracksmileage,hoursandfuelusefortacticalplatformsthroughitsstandard logisticsinformationsystems.ThisinformationisaggregatedintheOperatingandSupport ManagementInformationSystem(OSMIS)relationaldatabaseandavailableforanalysis. Theseeffortsamounttoanacceptablelevelofinvestmentinthisbudgetsubmission. However,Ihaveconcernsaboutthequalityandusefulnessofthegroundandrotarywing fleetsfuelconsumptiondata.Wewillexaminethisissuewithinadataworkinggroupwith representativesfromOSDandtheServices,andreevaluatethelevelofinvestmentinnext yearsbudgetcertification. Target2:ImproveEnergyPerformanceandEfficiencyinOperationsandTraining. TheArmybudgeted$402.4MinFY2013andapproximately$3.3BacrosstheFYDPfor initiativestoaddressTarget2:ImproveEnergyPerformanceandEfficiencyinOperationsand Training.ArmyeffortsalignedtoSupportCurrentOperationswithEnergyImprovementsare fundedwithOverseasContingencyOperations(OCO)and/orreprogrammedappropriated fundingandinclude:
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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

U.S.ArmyCorpsofEngineers(USACE)ElectricalGridProjects.Thesetacticalmicrogrid projectsreplaceinefficientspotgenerators. USACEPowerDistributionandEnergyProjects.Theseeffortsimproveelectrical distributionefficienciesandreducefuelcosts. AdvancedMediumMobilePowerSource(AMMPS).AMMPSgeneratorsreducefuel andmaintenancecosts;theArmyacceleratedprocurementfordistributioninAFG ReduceHybrid12TransportableWindSolar.Thiseffortdeploysasolarmicrogridto reducefuelconsumption. TacticalGarbageToEnergy.ThisWastetoEnergySystemassistswithreducingsolid wastewhileprovidingadditionalpowertothebasecampgrid. Photovoltaic(Pv)IntegratedSolarShades.Solarshadesreduceairconditioning requirements,generatelowlevelsofpower,andreducefuelconsumption. KuwaitEnergyEfficientBaseCampProject.ThisprojectatCampBuehring,Kuwait, includesreplacingselectedtentswithrelocatableenergyefficientstructures,right sizingtheHVACequipment,integratingarealightingandsolarpanelsontheshelters, andbalancingtheexistinggridtoreduceenergydemandsforasemienduringtactical site.

ArmysfundedeffortsalsofallunderTarget2sobjectivetoImprovetheOperationalEnergy EfficiencyoftheMilitaryDepartments,accountingfor$402.4MinFY2013andapproximately $3.3BacrosstheFYDP.Theseeffortsincludegeneratorsandmicrogridimprovements,combat vehicleimprovements,animprovedrotarywingedaircraftengine,AviationSimulatorsGround SoldierSystems,andnew,moreefficientForceProvidermodulesandassociatedequipment. PowerSourceandGenerators($60.4MFY2013and$783.8MFYDP).Thegenerator improvementsincludedevelopmentandprocurementofAdvancedMediumMobile PowerSource(AMMPS),LargeAdvancedMobilePowerSource(LAMPS),andSmall TacticalElectricPower(STEP)generators. CombatVehicleImprovements($192.4MFY2013and$1.5BFYDP).Thiseffortincludes increasingthefuelefficiencyoftheAbramsandBradleyfleet.TheAbramsfleetis incorporatinganAuxiliaryPowerUnit(APU)throughanengineeringchangeproposal. TheAPUprovidespowertotheAbramssystemsduringoperationalwatchperiodsinlieu ofusingtheengine.ItisanticipatedtheAPUwillresultinoverallAbramsfleetfuel savingsofthreepercent.TheBradleyfleetisincorporatinganimprovedtransmission, whichwillalsoresultinfuelsavings.Inaddition,bothofthesechangeswillimprovethe powermanagementofthevehicles,increasingcombatcapabilitieswhileproviding Soldiersanalternativesourceofpowerwhilemounted.Thiswillalsoallowforthe incorporationofnewcommunications,sensing,andnetworkingcapabilities. Altogether,theywillextendtheusefullifeofthesevehiclesbydecades. ImprovedTurbineEngineProgram(ITEP)($8.4MFY2013and$518.6MFYDP).This effortincludesanimprovedenginefortheApacheandBlackhawkhelicopterfleets.Itis
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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

beingdevelopedasareplacementtothecurrentT700engineandisexpectedto producegreaterpoweralongwitha25percentfuelreduction.TheITEPwillimprove operationaleffectivenessbygivingcommandersanimprovedaviationfleetwithlonger loitertime,increasedaltitudelimits,increasedpayload,andlowerfuelandmaintenance costs. AviationSimulators($105.4MFY2013and$369.4MFYDP).Thesesimulatorsenable realistictrainingwhilereducingtrainingcostsandfuelconsumption.TheArmyis procuringadditionalsimulatorsfortheApache,Blackhawk,andChinookhelicoptersto reapthesebenefits. GroundSoldierSystems($25.5MFY2013and$369.4MFYDP).Thisinitiativeincludes theSoldierPowereffort,whichconductsresearchtoimprovebatteryoutput,reduce weight,andtheabilitytorechargebatteriesfromalternativeenergysources.The GroundSoldierEnsemble(GSE)projectlinefundsprocurementofimprovedbatteries, alternativeenergysourcebatterychargingequipment,andmoreefficientbattery chargers.SupportfortheGSEisakeycomponentoftheBradleyengineeringchange proposalandwillextendthetacticalrangeofinfantryunitswhilereducingtheirneed forresupply. EnergyEfficiencyImprovements($10.2MFY2013and$15.5MFYDP).These improvementsprovideForceProvidertentliners,tentshades,LEDlighting,microgrids, improvedwaterheaters,improvedrefrigerators,improvedkitchens,andwastewaterre usesystemstoreducefueluseby50percentandwateruseby75percent.

TheArmyFY2013budgetalsohassignificantfundingforthedevelopmentand procurementoftheGroundCombatVehicle(GCV)andJointLightTacticalVehicle(JLTV).These programsareearlyinthedevelopmentprocessandtheArmyhascommittedtoseekingenergy andfleetefficienciesoverthesystemstheyreplace.IencouragetheArmytoaggressively pursueenergyefficienciesintheseprogramsand/orefficiencieswithinthecombatunit,e.g. BrigadeCombatTeam.Iwillbeexpectingtheseeffortstoberobustlyfundedinfuturebudget submissionsasIhaveconcernsregardingtheimprovementoftheenergyefficiencyofthe futuregroundtacticalfleet. TheArmyalsoisactivelyencouragingtheuseofrenewablebatteriesinlieuofnon rechargeable,disposablebatteries.InFY2012,theArmyexpectstospendmoreon rechargeablethanonnonrechargeable,disposablebatteriesforthefirsttime.TheArmyhas achievedthisthrougheducationandinformation,andbymodifyinglogisticssystemstonotify ItemManagerswhenrequisitionsfornonrechargeable,disposablebatteriesarereceived.Not onlywillthiseffortreduceoperatingcosts,itwilllessentheweightSoldiersneedtocarryasthe ArmydeployssystemssuchastheRucksackEnhancedPortablePowerSystem(REPPS).These systemsallowtherechargingofbatteriesinatacticalenvironmentfromallavailablesources, increasingtherangeandenduranceofdismountedSoldiers.

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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

Target3:PromoteOperationalEnergyInnovation. TheArmybudgeted$155.9MinFY2013andapproximately$869.3MacrosstheFYDP forscienceandtechnologyinitiativesthataddressTarget3:PromoteOperationalEnergy Innovation.Effortsinthistargetincludedemandreductionandsupplyexpansion. Fundingfordemandreductioninnovationeffortsis$83.0MFY2013and$481.6Macross theFYDPandisprimarilyfocusedoncomponenttechnologiesandsystemsthatimproveengine efficiencies.Theseeffortsincludecombatvehicleandautomotivetechnologies,aviation technologies,DefenseResearchSciences,andotherefforts. CombatVehicleandAutomotiveTechnologies($49.4MFY2013and$269.1MFYDP). ThiseffortincludesPowerandMobilityTechnologiesforGroundVehicles,FuelCell AuxiliaryPowerUnit(APU)Development,HybridElectricAdvancedComponentry SystemsIntegrationLab,PowerManagementTechnologies,HighTempPower ElectronicsandHybridElectricComponents,EfficientPowertrainTechnologiesforHigh PowerOnboardElectricGeneration,andothereffortstoenablelightweight,agile, deployable,fuelefficient,andsurvivablegroundvehicles. AviationTechnologies($20.7MFY2013and$110.5MFYDP).Theseinitiativesinclude theFutureAffordableTurbineEngine,FutureAdvancedRotorcraftDriveSystem,Next GenerationRotorcraftTransmission,HighEfficiencyEngineComponentTechnology, AdvancedAffordableTurbineEngine(AATE),andotherefforts. DefenseResearchSciences($9.4MFY2013and$49.0MFYDP).Thisprogramcomprises basicresearchprojectsdesignedtoadvancethestateoftheartinPropulsion,Energetics andFlight;VehiclePropulsionandPower;HighEfficiencyPropulsion;andotherresearch efforts.

Fundingforsupplyexpansioninnovationeffortsis$73.0MFY2013and$383.2Macrossthe FYDP.Theseareprimarilytechnologies,componentsandsystemsthatdevelopnewand/or moreefficientpowersources.Theseeffortscanbebroadlyclassifiedascombatvehicleand automotivetechnologies,Warfighter(Soldier)technologies,andDefenseResearchSciences, e.g.basicresearchefforts. CombatVehicleandAutomotiveTechnologies($15.5MFY2013and$106.8MFYDP). ThisinitiativeincludesNationalAutomotiveCenter(NAC)AlternativeEnergyProgram; HighPowerNonPrimaryPowerforSpinOutTechnologies;HybridElectricComponents forHighPowerDensity;HighPower,HybridElectricPulsePowerSource;JP8FuelCell APUSystemandothereffortsforapplicationincombatandtacticalvehicles.TheArmy alsoaddressestheuseofalternativefuelswithinthiscategoryandbudgeted$3.4Min FY2013andapproximately$22.1MacrosstheFYDPtoassesstheeffectofusing emergingalternativefuelsintactical/combatvehicles,tacticalgeneratorsets,andother deployableassets.Thealternativefuelseffortalsoidentifiesandaddressespotential
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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

changesneededinfuelspecificationstoimplementalternativefuelsintocurrentand futureArmysystems. WarfighterTechnologiesandElectronicDevices($35.3MFY2013and$171.9MFYDP). ThiseffortcapturestechnologiesforSoldierandbasecampapplicationstoinclude PowerSourcesforDismountedSoldiers,MobilePower,EfficientCompactPortable Power,MicrosystemPowerComponentsandotherefforts. DefenseResearchSciences($9.7MFY2013and$49.1MFYDP).Thisprogramincludes NovelMaterialsforCompactPower,AdvancedSoldierPowerResearch,andBioInspired SensingandPower.

MoreOptions,LessRisk:ExpandandSecureEnergySuppliesforMilitaryOperations. Target5:PromotetheDevelopmentofAlternativeFuels. TheArmyiscommittedtocontributingtoourNation'senergysecuritybyreducing dependenceonforeignoilthroughtheuseofadvancedalternativefuelsastheybecome availableinthemarketplace.ArmyseffortstosupportthisgoalarediscussedaspartofTarget 3:PromoteOperationalEnergyInnovation,asthesearefundedinRDT&EBudgetActivities2 and3.TheRDT&Efundingisadequateforthistargetatthistime. MoreCapability,LessCost:BuildEnergySecurityintotheFutureForce. Target6:IncorporateEnergySecurityConsiderationsintoRequirementsandAcquisition. Thistargetisnotnecessarilydrivenbyfunding,butbypolicyandanalyticaltools. Therefore,theArmysFY2013budgetdoesnotincludespecificfundingtosupportthistarget giventhatsuchprojectsaremostlikelytocomefromcurrentyearunspecifiedoperational funds.Nevertheless,theArmyhasongoingeffortssupportingthisinitiative.Atthemacro level,theArmyhasbegunannualWeaponSystemsReviewswheretheprogrammanagerswill addresstheoperationalenergyconsiderationsoftheacquisitionprograms.Additionally,the ArmyG3hasplannedaCapabilityPortfolioReviewofArmyOperationalEnergyprogramsto ensureinvestmentsarecomplementary,notredundant,andsufficienttoreachenergysecurity goals.Atthemicrolevel,theArmyhasprogramsandprojectssuchastheSustaintheMission Project(SMP)andtheEnergyandResetAnalysis.SMPenablesforceandscenariodependent estimatesofthefullyburdenedcostofenergy(FBCE),water(FBCW),andwaste(FBCWaste solid,hazardousandmedical)toprovideenergyinformeddecisionmakingandcapabilitytrade analysis.EnergyandResetAnalysisinitiativesincludetheSprayPolyurethaneFoam(SPF)Tent InsulationCapabilityBasedAssessment(CBA),ThermoElectricGeneratorCBA,andtactical batteryconsumption. Theseeffortsamounttoacceptablelevelsofinvestmentinthisbudgetsubmission. However,IhaveconcernsaboutwhethertheArmyhasplannedadequatefutureinvestments forthedevelopmentandimplementationofthetoolsandsystemsrequiredtoincorporate energysecurityconsiderationsintoRequirementsandAcquisition.Forexample,theArmyhas
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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

notbudgetedforthesustainmentandimprovementofthe"SustaintheMission"modelingand simulationtool,whichisafoundationaltoolfortheArmytoevaluatefuellogisticsplans.Inthe past,thishasrequiredapproximately$500Kto$1Mperyeartoprovidebasictraining,support andcontentdevelopment.Further,theArmyhasnofundingplanstointegratecombatand logisticscapabilitiesintoacommonmodelingandsimulationtool,forthepurposeofevaluating theeffectofgrowingfuellogisticsdemandsoncombatcapability.TheArmyhasanunfunded planfordevelopingthiscapability,underthetitleMethodologyandAnalysisforEnergySecurity inMilitaryOperations(MAESMO).Thisisavitalcapabilityintheevaluationofmajordefense acquisitionprograms,andinsettingthresholdandobjectivelevelsofenergydemandas requiredbythenewlyrevisedJointStaffinstructionontheJointCapabilityIntegrationand DevelopmentSystem(JCIDS)(CJCSI3170.01HandJCIDSManual). Target7:AdaptPolicy,Doctrine,PME,andCCMDActivities. TheArmysFY2013budgetincludesfundingtosupportthistarget,butitissubsumed withinexistingfundinglines.Thus,itisnotreadilyidentifiableinthebudgetdatabase,andis likely,arelativelysmallamount.TheArmyisdevelopingprogramsofinstructionforPower GenerationEquipmentRepairer(MilitaryOccupationalSpecialty91D)andunitlevelpowerand energymanagementspecialists.TheProgramofInstructionwillensureSoldierscandesign efficientenergygridsandemployenergysavingequipment.Theinitiativeshoulddecrease powergenerationexpenditures,improvedelivery,andreducemaintenancecostsattactical sites.TheArmyalsoisalsoconductingastudyonculturalchangetowardsenergythatwill developavarietyofrecommendations,concepts,andpotentialactionsinkeyareasthatwill affectanenduringculturechangetoreduceoperationalenergyuse.ThewaythatSoldiers thinkaboutanduseenergycanhaveasignificanteffectontheArmy'soverallenergyuse.The resultingchangesintrainingwillbedesignedtoensureSoldiersmakeenergyaconsiderationall tacticalandoperationalactivities.

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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

Summary MyassessmentoftheadequacyofthefundingforimplementingtheDoDOperational EnergyStrategyisshownbelow:

USArmy
OperationalEnergyTargets
Target1:MeasureOperationalEnergyConsumption. Target2:ImproveEnergyPerformanceandEfficiency inOperationsandTraining. Target3:PromoteOperationalEnergyInnovation. Target5:PromotetheDevelopmentofAlternative Fuels. Target6:IncorporateEnergySecurityConsiderations intoRequirementsandAcquisition. Target7:AdaptPolicy,Doctrine,PME,andCCMD Activities.

Rating

G G G G Y G

IcertifytheArmysFY2013budgetasbeingadequatefortheimplementationoftheDoD OperationalEnergyStrategy.Nevertheless,Idohaveconcernsregardingthedevelopmentand implementationofthetoolsandsystemsrequiredtoincorporateenergysecurity considerationsintoRequirementsandAcquisition;andtheimprovementoftheenergy performanceofthefuturegroundtacticalfleet.Theseareasmayrequireadditional investmentsintheFY2014budgetinordertoachieveacertifiedbudget.

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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

DepartmentoftheNavyOperationalEnergyBudgetCertification TheDepartmentoftheNavy(DON)budgeted$402.1MinFY2013andapproximately $2.2BacrosstheFYDPforoperationalenergyinitiatives.Approximately84percentofthis fundingacrosstheFYDPisforDemandReductionInitiatives(StrategicObjective1)with14 percentfocusedonSupplyExpansioninitiatives(StrategicObjective2),andtheremaining2 percentbudgetedforBuildEnergySecurityintotheFutureForce(StrategicObjective3).Navy andMarineCorpsfundingisaddressedseparatelyinthebelowdiscussion. DepartmentoftheNavyOperationalEnergyStaff TheAssistantSecretaryoftheNavy(Energy,InstallationsandEnvironment)(ASN(EI&E)) istheNavysseniorenergyofficial.TheASN(EI&E)executesoperationalenergyoversightand guidancethroughtheDeputyAssistantSecretaryoftheNavyforEnergy(DASN(Energy))who hasaDirector,OperationalEnergy(GS15),andtwoadditionalstaffmembersfocusedon operationalenergyissues. USNavyOperationalEnergyProgram USNavyOperationalEnergyStaff TheNavyofficewithprimaryresponsibilityforoperationalenergyisChiefofNaval Operations,EnergyandEnvironmentalReadinessDivision,NavyEnergyCoordinationOffice (OPNAVN45E),whichisledbyaCaptain(O6)withastaffoffive.N45EreportstoN45,aRear Admiral(O8),whoservesastheNavysSeniorOperationalEnergyOfficialandDirector,Navy TaskForceEnergy(TFE).N45reportstotheDeputyChiefofNavalOperationsforFleet ReadinessandLogistics(N4),aViceAdmiral(O9).Approximatelyfifteenindividualsserveas mainpointsofcontactforTFEWorkingGroups(Aviation,Maritime,Expeditionary,Shore, Fuels),whicharecochairedbythecorrespondingSystemsCommandsandResourceSponsors. CombinedwithstaffsupportfortheWorkingGroupcoleads,thetotalnumberofindividuals regularlyengagingonoperationalenergyissuesNavywideisapproximatelythirty.TheTFE ExecutiveSteeringCommitteeiscomprisedofflaglevelcochairsoftheWorkingGroups,as wellasrepresentativesfromtheOfficeofNavalResearch,SystemCommands,andanumberof otherorganizations,suchastheOPNAVAssessmentDivision(N81),theOPNAVStrategy& PolicyDivision(N51),andtheFleet.

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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

USNavyFY2013OperationalEnergyBudget TheNavybudgeted$337.7MinFY2013andapproximately$1.9BacrosstheFYDPfor operationalenergyinitiatives.Thedistributionacrossappropriationsisshownbelow:


USNavyOperationalEnergyFundingFY2013 2017
6% 6%

RDT&E
34% 54%

Procurement O&M NDSF

Themajorityofthisfunding,approximately54percentacrosstheFYDP,isinRDT&E ($222.2MFY2013,$1.0BFYDP).Procurementfunding($85.6MFY2013,$655.2MFYDP) accountsfor34percentofthefundingacrosstheFYDPwhileO&M($6.2MFY2013,$107.4M FYDP)andtheNationalDefenseSealiftFund($23.7MFY2013,$107.6MFYDP)accountfor approximately6percenteach. TheNavyfundingdistributedacrosstheDoDOperationalEnergyStrategythreeprincipal objectivesisshownbelow:


USNavyOperationalEnergyFundingFY2013 2017

17%

DemandReduction Initiatives
83%

SupplyExpansion Initiatives PlanningforStrategic EnergyUse

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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

TheNavybudgeted$289.1MofFY2013fundingandapproximately$1.6BacrosstheFYDPto OperationalEnergyDemandReductionInitiatives.FY2013fundingof$48.4Mand$321.8M acrosstheFYDPwasbudgetedforSupplyExpansionInitiatives. MoreFight,LessFuel:ReduceDemandforEnergyinMilitaryOperations. Target1:MeasureOperationalEnergyConsumption. TheNavybudgeted$20.9MFY2013andapproximately$108.4MacrosstheFYDPfor initiativestoaddressTarget1:MeasureOperationalEnergyConsumption.Effortsfunded includetheIntegratedConditionAssessmentSystem(ICAS),theFleetReadinessR&DProgram, NavyEnergyUtilizationReportingService(NEURS)Plus,andotherprograms. TheIntegratedConditionAssessmentSystem(ICAS)($3.4MFY2013and$10.5MFYDP) enablesreviewofhull,mechanical,andelectricaldataashore.Itconsistsofsoftware,portable dataterminals,andworkstations.ICASwillinterfacewiththeEnergyDashboardunder developmentbytheFleetReadinessR&DProgram.TheFleetReadinessR&DProgram (FRR&DP)($8.8MFY2013and$59.6MFYDP)focusesontechnologiesthatcanbequickly transitionedtoincreaseenergyefficiencyandreducemaintenancecosts.Thiseffortincludes theEnergyDashboard,SmartVoyagePlanningDecisionAid,andT&Eofvariousinitiatives.The EnergyDashboardisashipwidemonitoringsystemthatconveysthepowerusageofnumerous systemswhileunderwayandinport.SVPDAissoftwareforNavalMaritimeForecastCenters thatuseslocalweather,current,hullform,andpropulsiondatatoplanfuelefficientvoyage routes.TheNavyEnergyUtilizationReportingService(NEURS)Plus($250KFY2013and$1.3M FYDP)isanupdatedversionoftheNEURSthatwillincludeshorepowerdataandimprove accuracy,accountability,andeaseofreporting. Target2:ImproveEnergyPerformanceandEfficiencyinOperationsandTraining. TheNavybudgeted$169.6MFY2013andapproximately$1.1BacrosstheFYDPforinitiativesto addressTarget2:ImproveEnergyPerformanceandEfficiencyinOperationsandTraining. EffortsalignedtoSupportCurrentOperationswithEnergyImprovementsaccountfor$72.3Min FY2013andincludeImprovedEnvironmentalControlUnit(ECU),IntegratedGeneratorand ECU,andSimulatorUpgradesalongwiththeShipboardIncentivizedEnergyConservation Program,AirEnergyConservationProgramandotherprograms.Idohavequestionsabouthow theseinvestmentsalignwithsimilarprogramsandprojectsinotherservices.Iwilltaskthe CAWGtoexaminetheseissuescloselyaspartoftheFY2014OperationalEnergyBudget Certificationprocessanddeveloprecommendationstostreamlineandstrengthenoperational energyinvestments. EnvironmentalControlUnit($2.0MFY2013and$11.1MFYDP).Thisimprovedprogram replacesECUswithmoreenergyefficientunitsthatincorporatevariablespeedfan drivesandmultifrequencydrivecomponents.
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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

IntegratedTrailerECUGenerator(ITEG)($1.0MFY2013and$4.2MFYDP).This initiativeisanintegrated,HMMWVtowableunitthatsupportshighlymobilecommand andcontrolsystemsandotherforwarddeployedoperationscentersandactivities,and providesgreaterperformancewithlowerenergyrequirementsthanexistingunits. SimulatorUpgrades($64.0MFY2013and$331.2MFYDP).Themajorityofthefunding forthistargetisfocusedonsimulatorupgrades.TheNavyAviationSimulatorMaster Plan(NASMP)identifiedcapability(fidelity)andcapacityupgradesrequiredtomaximize trainingandreadiness(T&R)simulationforF/A18A/C,F/A18E/F,EA18G,MH60R/S, andE2Caircraftgivenfiscal,technological,andminimumflighttimelimitations.The NASMPimprovementsinsimulatorcapabilityandcapacitywillpermitFleetsquadrons toaccomplishagreaterdegreeofT&Rinthesimulatorviceintheaircraft,resultingin reductionofFlyingHourProgram(FHP)requirementswithassociatedfuelsavings.

TheongoingShipboardIncentivizedEnergyConservationProgram(iENCON)($500KFY2013 and$2.9MFYDP)providesshipswithoperationaltechniquestoreducefuelconsumption. NavalSeaSystemsCommandprovidesshipswiththenecessarytraining,tools,andguidance thathelptoreducethecostoftraining/operating(e.g.,fuelefficiency),forimprovedfleet readiness.TheiENCONbestpracticescanimprovefuelefficiencyupto30percentdepending onmissionrequirements.Additionally,CommandersofUnitedStatesFleetForcesandPacific FleethaveidentifiedtheneedtoassisttheFleetinenergyconservationinitiativesthroughthe resourcingofFleetEnergyManagersintheirrespectiveconcentrationareas.FleetEnergy Managersareprovidingshipswiththeeducationandawarenessneededtosupportenergy initiativesinportandunderway.Advancedmetering,integratedwithdigitalcontrolsand supervisorycontrolanddataacquisitionwillalsoaidoperationalforceswheninporttomonitor utilityusageandmodifybehaviortoincreaseefficiencyanddecreaseconsumption.Thenewly establishedAirEnergyConservationProgram($1.6MFY2013and$12.5MFYDP)seeksto identify,validate,disseminate,andincentivizeenergyconservationbestpracticeswithinthe navalaviationcommunity.Targetsincludeculture,fueling,missionplanning,andmaintenance. NavysfundedeffortsimpactingImprovetheOperationalEnergyEfficiencyoftheMilitary Departmentsaccountfor$91.3MinFY2013andincludeHybridElectricDriveDevelopmentand Implementation,EnergyStorageandOtherR&D,AviationEnergyConservationRDTEfocused onF35efficiencies,LM2500EfficiencyImplementation,PropellerCoatings,andotherefforts. HybridElectricDriveDevelopmentandImplementation($16.4MFY2013and$238.3M FYDP).Thisprogramprovidesforanelectricmotorattachedtothemainreductiongear ofDDG51classshipstoprovideanelectricpropulsionmoderesultinginimprovedfuel economy. EnergyStorageandOtherR&D($21.4MFY2013and$63.2MFYDP)andtheAdvanced PowerGenerationModule($7.0MFY2013and$41.1MFYDP).Thesetwosignificant effortsoftheelectricshipsofficeefficiencyprogramstransitionstechnologiesfrom ONR,industry,andfederalpartnersfromS&TtomoreadvancedRDT&Etoprovide
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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

smaller,simpler,moreaffordable,andmorecapablepowersystems.TheAdvanced PowerGenerationModuleisdevelopinganadvancedgasturbinewithahighspeed generatortoprovidebetterfuelefficiency,meetrequirementsforadvancedsensors andfutureweapons,reduceweight,andlowerlifecyclecosts. AviationEnergyConservationRDTE($17.7MFY2013and$142.2MFYDP).This initiativefocusedonF35efficiencies,includingF35EngineEfficiency,F35AirVehicle Efficiency,NewOpportunityStudies,andotherefforts. o F35EngineEfficiency($13.8MFY2013and$71.3MFYDP).Thiseffortseeksto optimizethefuelefficiencyoftheF35enginewithvarioustechnologies, includingAdvancedTechnologyHighPerformanceController(HPC),Optimized TurbineCooling,AdvancedTechnologyHPT,TurbineClearanceControl,andFuel BurnOptimizedControlMode.ThesetechnologieswillbeforwardfitinF35 Block5(2020)andbeyond. o F35AirVehicleEfficiency($402KFY2013and$39.2MFYDP).Thisprojecteffort seekstooptimizethefuelefficiencyoftheF35airvehiclewithattentiontothe PowerThermalManagementSystem(PTMS)PreFlightOperationalMode,GPS ApproachCapability,ConventionalTakeoff&Landing/CarrierVariant(CTOL/CV) NozzleOptimization,andSubsystemStandbyModes.Thesetechnologieswillbe forwardfitinF35Block5(2020)andbeyond. o NewOpportunityStudies($2.6MFY2013and$30.6MFYDP).Thiseffort identifies,evaluates,validatesandadvocatesforimplementationofenergy savingsinitiativesforlegacyaircraftbyengagingtechnicalexpertsfromacross navalaviation,otherservices,alliesindustry,andacademia. LM2500EfficiencyImplementation($0.0MFY2013and$32.2MFYDP).Thisprogram beginsinFY2015andwillmodifytheenginecontroller;reduceleakpathsinthe LM2500compressor;reduceflowlossesintheairintakeandexhaustducts;improvehot section;improvedepotrepairstandards;investigateenergyrecoverystrategiesand automategasturbineonlinewaterwash. PropellerCoatings($500KFY2013and$2.2MFYDP).Thisisanongoingprogramto deployaneasyreleasepropellercoatingsystemwhichallowsamphibiousshipswith longpiersideperiodstoshedpropellerbiofoulingonceunderway.Thistechnologyis currentlyachievingfuelsavingsforMilitarySealiftCommand(MSC)shipsandthe commercialshippingindustry.

Target3:PromoteOperationalEnergyInnovation. TheNavybudgeted$135.9MinFY2013andapproximately$561.5MacrosstheFYDPfor initiativestoaddressTarget3:PromoteOperationalEnergyInnovation.Effortsinthistarget includedemandreductionandsupplyexpansion. Fundingfordemandreductioninnovationeffortsis$98.6MFY2013and$376.9Macrossthe FYDP.ThesekeyeffortsincludeNavalVariableCycleEngineTechnology,ElectricShipResearch


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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

&DevelopmentConsortium,ShipHydrodynamics,andtheTurbineEngineTechnology Demonstration. NavalVariableCycleEngineTechnology($24.2MFY2013and$104.4MFYDP).These effortsidentifyandmaturecritical,relevantvariable/adaptivecyclesystemtechnologies forthenextgenerationcarrierbasedaircraftthatcombinehighperformancewithfuel efficiency.Currenthighperformancemilitaryaircraftenginesarefundamentallyless fuelefficientthancommercialaircraftengines. ElectricShipResearch&DevelopmentConsortium($10.5MFY2013and$54.6MFYDP). Thisinitiativeisaconsortiumofvirtuallylinkedacademicinstitutionswithhardwarein theloopcapabilitycoupledwithphysicsbasedmodelsforsystemdesign,testing,and validation.Maximizingshipboardenergyefficiencyandsupportingfutureweapons systemsrequirenewpowerdistributionconcepts. ShipHydrodynamics($8.8MFY2013and$47.5MFYDP).Theseeffortsprovidedesign toolsforhighperformance,efficient,lowsignaturehullformsandpropulsorsand optimizeintegrationofthehullpropulsorasasystem.Theseeffortswillimprovethe Navysunderstandingofthegoverningphysics,processes,predictionandcontrolofship andsubmarinemotion. TurbineEngineTechnologyDemonstration($9.6MFY2013and$13.6MFYDP).These projectsdesignanddevelopadvancedcomponentsandmodelsusingthetechnologies developedunderTurbineEngineMaterialsResearch.Theadvancedcomponentsare integratedintoadvanceddemonstratorenginesandvalidatedthroughtesting.Existing turbineenginesareinefficientandexpensivetobuildandmaintain.Advancedmaterials contributetohigherengineefficiency,productioncostavoidance,andmaintenancecost reduction.

Fundingforsupplyexpansioninnovationeffortsis$37.3MFY2013and$184.6Macrossthe FYDP.TheseeffortsincludeUnmannedUnderseaVehicle(UUV)initiatives,EnergyEfficiency& AlternativeEnergyTechnologies,PowerandEnergyMaterialsResearch,andotherefforts. UUVinitiatives($10.6MFY2013and$49.8MFYDP).ThisprogramincludestheUUV PowerandEnergy,UUVPowerSystems,andLongDurationUUVprograms,which develophighendurancepowerandairindependentpropulsionforUUVs.Twoofthe biggestchallengesassociatedwithUUVsarepowerandpropulsion.Theseprogramsaim toincreaseenduranceandoptimizeelectricmotordesigntoincreaseefficiencyand reduceweight,volume,andsignature. EnergyEfficiency&AlternativeEnergyTechnologies($7.7MFY2013and$41.3M FYDP).TheseinitiativesincludeeffortsforAlternativeFuels,Photovoltaics,andBiofuel. PowerandEnergyMaterialsResearch($10.3MFY2013and$55.8MFYDP).Thiseffort includesElectrochemicalMaterialsS&T,FunctionalPolymericMaterials,Nanostructured InorganicMaterials,ChemicalDynamics,andNavalFutureFuels.
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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

MoreOptions,LessRisk:ExpandandSecureEnergySuppliesforMilitaryOperations. Target5:PromotetheDevelopmentofAlternativeFuels. TheNavybudgeted$11.1MinFY2013andapproximately$137.3MacrosstheFYDPtopromote thedevelopmentanduseofalternativefuels.NavywilldemonstrateaGreenStrikeGroupin 2012,sailitasthe"GreatGreenFleet"in2016,andhasbudgeted$70MintheFYDPforthe procurementofalternativefuelsforthesedemonstrations.Navyalsohasbudgeted$11.1Min FY2013and$67.2MacrosstheFYDPfortheAlternativeFuelsProgram.ThisistheNavy'sonly investmenttoapproveaircraftandshippropulsionfuelsproducedfromnonpetroleumsources foruseinNavysystems.Theprogramcapturestechnicaldatathroughtheexecutionof laboratory,component,engine,fuelsystem,andweaponsystemtests,evaluatingtheeffectsof changesinfuelchemistryandpropertiesontheperformanceandreliabilityofNavalship, aircraft,andfueldistributionsystems.NavyleadershiphasstatedtheNavyistakingthese stepsinordertobecapableofpurchasingalternativefuelswhensuchfuelsareavailableat marketprices. MoreCapability,LessCost:BuildEnergySecurityintotheFutureForce. Target6:IncorporateEnergySecurityConsiderationsintoRequirementsandAcquisition. TheNavysbudgetdoesnotreflectfundingtosupportthistarget.Nevertheless,theNavyhas takensomeverysignificantactioninthisarea.Inparticular,theAssistantSecretaryoftheNavy (Research,DevelopmentandAcquisition)releasedamemoinJune2011mandatingenergy considerationsinacquisition.Thememoprovidesspecificguidanceregarding: MandatoryCalculationofFullyBurdenedCostofEnergy EstablishmentofanEnergyComponentoftheAffordabilityTarget EnergyConsiderationsinAcquisitionPlans EnergyConsiderationsintheGateReviewProcess EnergyReviewofLegacySystems Inresponsetothispolicydirection,OPNAVN45isleadinganOperationalEnergyinAcquisition Team(ENACQT)toprovideacomprehensiveNavyapproachtointegratingoperationalenergy considerationsintothefullrangeofplanningandforcedevelopmentactivities.Currently,EN ACQTisreviewingenergyefficiencyconsiderationsinJCIDSdocuments,tobefollowedbya reviewoftheMaterielSolutionAnalysisphase.Inaddition,OPNAVN45iscollaboratingwith individualprograms,suchastheOhioclasssubmarinereplacementprogram,LSD(X),Airand MissileDefenseRadar(AMDR),andJointLightTacticalVehicle(JLTV)toensureenergy considerationsareaddressed.UpcomingeffortsareexpectedtoincludeTAO(X),TATS(X),and UCLASS.AsENACQTandothergroupsdefineconceptsanddatarequiredtoimplement ASN(RDA)guidance,theNavywilldetermineresourcesneededtosupportnewanalyticaltools.

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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

Theseeffortsamounttoanacceptablelevelofeffortandinvestmentinthisbudgetsubmission. However,IhaveconcernsastowhethertheNavyhasplannedadequatefutureinvestmentsfor thedevelopmentandimplementationofthetoolsandsystemsrequiredtoincorporateenergy securityconsiderationsintoRequirementsandAcquisition.TheNavyhasnofundingplansto developthemodelingandsimulationtoolstoenableDepartmentoftheNavyforceplannersto simulateandassessthecombatcapabilityeffectsofenemyattacksonU.S.logisticsforces. WhileweunderstandtheSTORMM&StooltheNavyhasadoptedhassomeinnatecapabilityto performsuchsimulations,therearenofundingplanstovetthecapabilityortoemployitto informrequirementsdevelopment,acquisitionprogramperformancecriteriaorfullyburdened costofenergyestimates.Thisisavitalcapabilityintheevaluationofmajordefenseacquisition programs,andinsettingthresholdandobjectivelevelsofenergydemandasrequiredbythe newlyrevisedJointStaffinstructionontheJointCapabilityIntegrationandDevelopment System(JCIDS)(CJCSI3170.01HandJCIDSManual). Target7:AdaptPolicy,Doctrine,PME,andCCMDActivities. TheNavysFY2013budgetincludesfundingtosupportthistarget,butitissubsumedwithin existingfundinglines.Thus,itisnotreadilyidentifiableinthebudgetdatabase,andislikelyto bearelativelysmallamount.Nevertheless,theNavyhasdevelopedamastersprogramin energywithtracksintechnologyandpolicy,aswellasanexecutiveseminarforsenior executivesandFleetleadersattheNavalPostgraduateSchool.Additionally,theNavy continuestoadaptpoliciesinsupportofenergyefficiency.Forexample,theFleetshave establishedaFleetExcellenceAwardrecognizingshipsthatconsistentlymeetestablishedgoals forreducingfuelconsumptionandexecutingenergysavinginitiatives.

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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

Summary MyassessmentoftheadequacyofthefundingforimplementingtheDoDOperationalEnergy Strategyisshownbelow:

USNavy
OperationalEnergyTargets
Target1:MeasureOperationalEnergyConsumption. Target2:ImproveEnergyPerformanceandEfficiency inOperationsandTraining. Target3:PromoteOperationalEnergyInnovation. Target5:PromotetheDevelopmentofAlternative Fuels. Target6:IncorporateEnergySecurityConsiderations intoRequirementsandAcquisition. Target7:AdaptPolicy,Doctrine,PME,andCCMD Activities.

Rating

G G G G Y G

IcertifytheNavysFY2013budgetasbeingadequatefortheimplementationoftheDoD OperationalEnergyStrategy.Nevertheless,Idohaveconcernsregardingthedevelopmentand implementationofthetoolsandsystemsrequiredtoincorporateenergysecurity considerationsintoRequirementsandAcquisition.Thisareamayrequireadditional investmentsintheFY2014budgetinordertoachieveacertifiedbudget.

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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

USMCOperationalEnergyProgram USMCOperationalEnergyStaff TheUSMCofficewithprimaryresponsibilityforoperationalenergyistheExpeditionary EnergyOffice(E2O).DesignatedbytheSecretaryoftheNavyastheSeniorUSMCOfficialfor operationalenergyinaccordancewiththeNationalDefenseAuthorizationActforFY2009,E2O isaDirectorlevelofficewithinHQSMarineCorps,reportingtotheAssistantCommandantof theMarineCorps(ACMC).TheDirector,E2O,aColonel(O6),hasastaffoffivepersonnelto includeaGS15DeputyDirector,andthreeMarines. InadditiontoE2O,theUSMCEnergyStrategyandImplementationPlanningGuidancetasks keyprocessownersacrosstheMarineCorpstosupporttheUSMCexpeditionaryenergy strategytoinclude: Director,EnergyandCounterIEDSystemsDivision,SIATMarineCorpsSystems Command(MARCORSYSCOM),isleadforenergymattersinacquisition. LogisticsIntegrationDivision,withintheDeputyCommandantforCombatDevelopment andIntegration(DCCD&I),isdesignatedleadtocoordinatesupportforcombat developmentandrequirements.DC/CD&Ialsoleadstraininganddoctrine development. OfficeofNavalResearchsupportsUSMCscienceandtechnologyrequirementsandthe ViceChiefofNavalResearchistheCommanderoftheMarineCorpsWarfightingLab. MarineCorpsWarfightingLab(MCWL)chairstheExperimentalForwardOperatingBase (ExFOB)ExecutiveIntegratedProcessTeam. USMCFY2013OperationalEnergyBudget TheUSMCbudgeted$64.4MinFY2013and$352.1MacrosstheFYDPforoperational energyinitiatives.Thedistributionacrossappropriationsisshownbelow:
USMCOperationalEnergyFundingFY2013 2017

21%

21%

O&M Procurement
58%

RDT&E

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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

Themajorityofthisfunding,approximately58percentacrosstheFYDP,isinProcurement ($31.0MFY2013,$204.6MFYDP).Operation&Maintenancefunding($14.1MFY2013,$74.5M FYDP)accountsfor21percentofthefundingwhileRDT&E($19.4MFY2013,$73.0MFYDP) accountsfortheremaining21percentacrosstheFYDP.TheUSMCfundingdistributedacross theDoDOperationalEnergyStrategythreeprincipalobjectivesisshownbelow:


USMCOperationalEnergyFundingFY2013 2017

10%

DemandReduction Initiatives SupplyExpansion Initiatives PlanningforStrategic EnergyUse

90%

TheUSMCbudgeted$57.4MofFY2013fundingand$315.6MacrosstheFYDPtoOperational EnergyDemandReductionInitiatives.FY2013fundingof$7.0Mand$36.6MacrosstheFYDP wasbudgetedforPlanningforStrategicEnergyUseinitiatives. MoreFight,LessFuel:ReduceDemandforEnergyinMilitaryOperations. Target1:MeasureOperationalEnergyConsumption. MarineCorpsinvestmentsinthistargetarea,aswithothertargets,arefundedwithin theE2Obudget,butarerecognizedunderTarget6IncorporateEnergySecurity ConsiderationsintoRequirementsandAcquisition.TheE2Ohasestablishedaninitial OperationalEnergyConsumptionBaselinefortheUSMC,continuestocollectconsumption data,andhasdevelopedtoolstobuilduponthebaseline.Theinitialbaselinewasderivedfrom theactualEquipmentDensityList(EDL)andfuelconsumptiondatafromtheIMEF(FWD) deploymenttotheAfghanistantheaterofoperationsin2010.TheUSMCtrackstacticalfuel deliverydatatotheForwardOperatingBase(FOB)levelviatheMarineExpeditionaryForce (MEF)BulkPetroleumContingencyReport.InearlyFY2012,theExperimentalForward OperatingBase(ExFOB)completedacomprehensivedatacollection/analysisofPBBoldak,in AFG.TheE2OhasdevelopedtheMarineAirGroundTaskForce(MAGTF)PowerandEnergy Model(MPEM)tobuildupontheOperationalEnergyConsumptionBaseline.TheMPEMisused tomodeltheuseofequipment,andtheimpactofinvestmentsontheMAGTFenergy performance.Also,theUSMChaspublishedformalMarineCorpsRequirementsforoperational energymanagement,meteringandmonitoring.TheExpeditionaryEnergyWaterandWaste
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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

CBA/ICDidentifiesfive"Tasks"requiringmeteringcapability.Fivepriority"gapscallforthe capabilitytomeasure,meterandmonitor;italsoidentifiesbothmaterielandnonmateriel solutions.TheserequirementsprovidetheessentialjustificationthattheMarineCorpsusesto identifyanddevelopcapabilities,andthenfundprogramstoclosethegaps. Target2:ImproveEnergyPerformanceandEfficiencyinOperationsandTraining. TheUSMCbudgeted$52.0MinFY2013andapproximately$288.3MacrosstheFYDPfor initiativestoaddressTarget2:ImproveEnergyPerformanceandEfficiencyinOperationsand Training.FY2013effortsalignedtoSupportCurrentOperationswithEnergyImprovements total$26.7MwhileeffortstoImprovetheOperationalEnergyEfficiencyoftheMilitary Departmentsaccountfor$25.3M. ThemajorityoftheUSMCsFY2013fundingtoSupportCurrentOperationswithEnergy ImprovementsisfocusedonAdvancedPowerSources($16.7MFY2013and$86.3MFYDP), whichprovidesthedevelopment,procurement,andsustainmentofprogramssuchastheSolar PortableAlternativeCommunicationsEnergySystem(SPACES),GroundRenewable ExpeditionaryEnergySystem(GREENS),onboardpowermanagement,andradiopower adapters.Whiletheseprogramsaredeployingnow,theyarealsopartoftheUSMCequipment baseline,andaredesignedtosupportthefutureforce.Othereffortsinclude: FamilyofSheltersandShelterEquipment($8.0MFY2013and$39.3MFYDP).These initiativesseektodecreaseshelterweightandincreaseinsulation,replacecurrent fluorescentshelterlightswithenergyefficientlights,anddecreasefuelconsumptionby usingenergyefficientheatingsystems. FamilyofExpeditionaryWaterSystems($2.0MFY2013and$11.3MFYDP).This programdeploystechnologyupgradestoincreasepotablewateroutputwhilereducing systemenergydemandsinordertoprovideexpeditionarypointofproductionwaterat midtosmallforwardoperatingbases.Thisreducesresupplyefforts.

USMCsfundingtoImprovetheOperationalEnergyEfficiencyoftheMilitaryDepartments ($25.3MFY2013and$151.4MFYDP)includesMobilePowerEquipment,MediumTactical VehicleReplacement(MTVR),EnvironmentalControlEquipment,andFamilyofFieldMedical Equipment.Idohavequestionsabouthowtheseinvestmentsalignwithsimilarprogramsand projectsinotherservices.Again,intheFY2014OperationalEnergyBudgetCertification processIwilltasktheCAWGtoexamineinvestmentsinthisareaacrossthetotalforceand developrecommendationstostreamlineandstrengthenoperationalenergyinvestments. ThemajorityoftheUSMCsFY2013fundingtoImprovetheOperationalEnergyEfficiencyof theMilitaryDepartmentsisfocusedontheFamilyofMobileElectricPowerEquipment($13.9 FY2013and$45.9MFYDP)whichconsistsofskidandtrailermountedtacticalgenerators. Fundsareincludedforthedevelopment,procurement,andoperationandmaintenanceof
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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

stateoftheartequipmentthatismoreenergyefficient,highlyreliable,andoperationally suitableforthehighlyexpeditionarynatureofUSMCoperations. Othersignificanteffortsinthisareainclude: EnvironmentalControlEquipment($7.2MFY2013and$62.7MFYDP).Effortsinclude environmentalcontrolunits(ECUs)whichdemonstrateuptoa17percentfuelefficiency improvementoverexistingECUs. MediumTacticalVehicleReplacement(MTVR)($1.5MFY2013and$38.3MFYDP). USMCeffortsontheMTVRincludedevelopinganddemonstratingafuelefficiency improvementof15percentovertheexistingMTVRwhilemaintainingaffordability, mobility,andsurvivability.USMChasalsofundedtheprocurementofprototypesofthe OnBoardVehiclePowersourcestoenablefuelreductionsduringperiodswhen operationalrequirementsdemandextendedidletimes. FamilyofFieldMedicalEquipment($2.7MFY2013and$4.5MFYDP).USMCefforts includeprocurementofLEDsurgicallightingandotherenergyefficientmedical equipment,energyefficientmedical/surgicalsterilizersystem,energyefficientdigitalx raysystems,andLEDdentallights.

Target3:PromoteOperationalEnergyInnovation. TheUSMCleveragestheinnovationeffortsandinvestmentsofboththeNavyandArmy alongwithbudgeting$5.5MinFY2013andapproximately$27.3MacrosstheFYDPfor operationalenergyinnovationinitiatives.Effortsinthistargetinclude: FuelEfficiencyandPortableElectricEnergyAdvancedTechnologyDemonstrations ($3.8MFY2013and$20.2MFYDP).Effortsincludehybridizationandmicrogridconcepts forsmall(3kWto10kW)powersources;alternativeJP8andwastetoelectric conversiontechnologies;energyefficientelectronicdevices(radios);andadvanced vehicletransmission,powerandpropulsiontechnology,includinghybridization. PortableElectricEnergyandWaterPurification($1.4MFY2013and$6.9MFYDP). Researcheffortsincludemetalairbatteries,JP8fuelcellcatalysis,electrochemical ultracapacitors,wearablepowerdistribution,andkineticandsolarenergyharvesting. Researchisalsoconductedinenergyefficientsmallunitwaterpurificationtechnologies (filtration,desalination,sanitation)andvehiclefuelalternatives,vehiclepropulsion,and vehiclebatterytechnologies. FootMobileCharger(FMC)/SquadElectricPowerNetwork(SEPN)($250KFY2013and $250KFYDP).FMCseekstodevelopalightweight,Marineportablesystemcapableof acceptingavarietyofenergyinputsthatcancharge/powerelectricaldeviceswornor employedbyaMarinetoincludecommonbatterytypessuchastheBB2590,AA,and CR123,allwhileonthemove.
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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

MoreOptions,LessRisk:ExpandandSecureEnergySuppliesforMilitaryOperations. Target5:PromotetheDevelopmentofAlternativeFuels. TheUSMCdeferstotheNavyastheleadforthiseffort. MoreCapability,LessCost:BuildEnergySecurityintotheFutureForce. Target6:IncorporateEnergySecurityConsiderationsintoRequirementsandAcquisition. USMCeffortstosupportthistargetincludetheExpeditionaryEnergyOffice(E2O)and theExperimentalForwardOperatingBase(ExFOB).Thebudgetfortheseprogramsis$7.0Min FY2013and$36.6MacrosstheFYDP.E2OistheUSMCSeniorOfficialforOperationalEnergy andistaskedbytheCommandant,MarineCorpstoanalyze,develop,anddirecttheMarine Corps'energystrategyinordertooptimizeexpeditionarycapabilitiesacrossallwarfighting functions.TheExFOBisasemiannualprocesstoevaluatetechnologiestosupportMarine CorpsExpeditionaryEnergyStrategygoalsofincreasedcombateffectivenessandreduced dependenceonliquidlogisticsonthebattlefield. Inadditiontotheseprograms,theUSMChaspublisheditsExpeditionaryEnergy StrategyandImplementationPlan;ExpeditionaryEnergy,Water,andWaste(E2W2)Capability BasedAssessment(CBA)InitialCapabilitiesDocument(ICD);anditsS&TStrategicPlan,which enabletheincorporationofenergysecurityconsiderationsintorequirementsandacquisitions. Target7:AdaptPolicy,Doctrine,PME,andCCMDActivities. MarineCorpsinvestmentsinthistargetareaarefundedintheE2Oofficebudget.The E2Odevelopsandpromulgatesoperationalenergypolicyandassistsinthedevelopmentof Doctrine,Organization,Training,Materiel,LeadershipandEducation,PersonnelandFacilities (DOTMLPF)solutionstosupportitsstrategy.TheCorpshasalsoestablishedanEnergy Efficiency(E2)CellattheMarineCorpsEngineeringSchoolinFY2011andisconducting DoctrineandTraining&ReadinessManualreviews.TheUSMCisintegratingoperational energyintotheCommandersCourseandExpeditionaryWarfareSchool,forexample,andwill participateintheNavalPostgraduateSchools(NPS)newlyestablishedenergyMasters program.TheyexpecttograduatethreeMarinesinFYs2012and2013.

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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

Summary MyassessmentoftheadequacyofthefundingforimplementingtheDoDOperational EnergyStrategyisshownbelow:

USMarineCorps
OperationalEnergyTargets
Target1:MeasureOperationalEnergyConsumption. Target2:ImproveEnergyPerformanceandEfficiency inOperationsandTraining. Target3:PromoteOperationalEnergyInnovation. Target5:PromotetheDevelopmentofAlternative Fuels. Target6:IncorporateEnergySecurityConsiderations intoRequirementsandAcquisition. Target7:AdaptPolicy,Doctrine,PME,andCCMD Activities.

Rating

G G G
N/A

G G

IcertifythattheMarineCorpsFY2013budgetisadequatefortheimplementationoftheDoD OperationalEnergyStrategy.

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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

DepartmentoftheAirForceOperationalEnergyBudgetCertification USAirForceOperationalEnergyStaff TheUnderSecretaryoftheAirForceservesastheSeniorEnergyOfficialandisthe SeniorOperationalEnergyOfficialoftheAirForce.TheAssistantSecretaryoftheAirForcefor Installations,Environment,andLogistics(SAF/IE)isresponsibleforsupportingtheSeniorEnergy Officialandoverseeingtheenergyprogramdevelopmentandimplementation.TheDeputy AssistantSecretaryofAirForceforEnergy(SAF/IEN)providesguidance,direction,andoversight ofAirForcemattersrelatedtoenergyandexecutesthedaytodayguidanceoftheAirForces SeniorEnergyOfficial.TheDeputyAssistantSecretaryofAirForceforEnergyisanSESandhas astaffofeightpersonnel,oneofwhichisfocusedonOperationalEnergy.Additionalstaff membersareappliedtotheoperationalenergyeffortsasrequired.TheChiefofStaffoftheAir ForcedesignatedtheDeputyChiefoftheAirForceforOperations,PlansandRequirements (A3/5)ashisleadonoperationalenergy.TheA3/5hasnostafffocusedonoperationalenergy issues. AirForceregulationsdirectthecreationofagovernancestructureattheDepartment, MajorCommand,DirectReportingUnit,andInstallationlevelstomanageenergy.The structureprovidescrossfunctionalconstructstoestablishdirectionfromthestrategicto tacticallevel,aswellasresolveissuesimpactingmorethanoneorganizationorfunctionalarea. AttheDepartmentoftheAirForcelevel,theUnderSecretaryoftheAirForceandtheVice ChiefofStaffoftheAirForcecochairtheAirForceEnergyCouncil.Thiscouncilissupportedby fivesteeringgroupsandaColonel'sActionGroup. USAirForceFY2013OperationalEnergyBudget TheAirForcebudgeted$573.5MinFY2013andapproximately$2.4BacrosstheFYDP foroperationalenergyinitiatives.Thedistributionacrossappropriationsisshownbelow:
USAirForceOperationalEnergyFundingFY2013 2017

20%

52% 28%

RDT&E PROC O&M

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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013


Themajorityofthisfunding,approximately52percentacrosstheFYDP,isinRDT&E($344.4M FY2013,$1.3BFYDP).Procurement($95.9MFY2013,$674.3MFYDP)accountsfor28percent ofthefundingthroughtheFYDPwhileO&M($133.2MFY2013,$482.9MFYDP)accountsfor theremaining20percentofthefundingacrosstheFYDP.TheAirForcefundingdistributed acrosstheDoDOperationalEnergyStrategythreeprincipalobjectivesisshownbelow:


USAirForceOperationalEnergyFundingFY2013 2017
.5% 6.5%

DemandReduction Initiatives
93%

SupplyExpansion Initiatives PlanningforStrategic EnergyUse

TheAirForcebudgeted$536.7MFY2013andapproximately$2.2BacrosstheFYDPfor OperationalEnergyDemandReductionInitiatives.FY2013fundingof$33.0Mand$157.1M acrosstheFYDPwasbudgetedtoSupplyExpansionInitiatives.Theremainingfundingof$3.8M inFY2013and$13.7MacrosstheFYDPwasbudgetedforPlanningforStrategicEnergyuse. MoreFight,LessFuel:ReduceDemandforEnergyinMilitaryOperations Target1:MeasureOperationalEnergyConsumption TheAirForcehasanumberofinitiativesongoingtoincludetheAirForceTotal OwnershipCost(AFTOC)databaseandtheAirForceEnergyDashboard.TheAFTOCdatabase capturesdetailedfuelconsumptiondataamongothercostsattheaircrafttailnumberlevel. TheEnergyDashboardprovidesvisibilityonenergyconsumptionacrosstheAirForceby collectingVehicledatamonthlyandAviationdataquarterly.Theseeffortsamounttoan acceptablelevelofeffortandinvestmentatthistime. Target2:ImproveEnergyPerformanceandEfficiencyinOperationsandTraining TheAirForcebudgeted$232.7MinFY2013andapproximately$1.2Bacrossthe FYDPforinitiativestoaddressTarget2:ImproveEnergyPerformanceandEfficiencyin OperationsandTraining.EffortsalignedtoSupportCurrentOperationswithEnergy Improvementsaccountfor$196.1MwhileeffortsalignedtoImprovetheOperationalEnergy
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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

EfficiencyoftheMilitaryDepartmentsaccountfor$36.7MinFY2013. FundedeffortsalignedtoSupportCurrentOperationswithEnergyImprovements ($196.1MFY2013,$957.8MFYDP)includeprocurementofvehiclessupportingtheAirForce deployableunitsalongwiththeprocurementandsustainmentofBasicExpeditionary AirfieldResources(BEAR)sets.Idohavequestionsabouthowtheseinvestmentsalignwith similarprogramsandprojectsinotherservices.IwilltasktheCAWGtoexaminethese issuescloselyaspartoftheFY2014OperationalEnergyBudgetCertificationprocessand developrecommendationstostreamlineandstrengthenoperationalenergyinvestments. FundedeffortsalignedtoImprovetheOperationalEnergyEfficiencyoftheMilitary Departmentsincludefunding($29MFY2013,$159.5MFYDP)fortheKC135for procurementof93CFMProductUpgradeProgram(CPUP)kitsinFY13and100kitsperyear inFY1417thatmodifyenginestoincreasefuelefficiency.AdditionaleffortsincludeKC10 dragreductionefforts($0.2MFY2013,$26.1MFYDP)andtheAutomaticDependent SurveillanceBroadcast(ADSB)TechnologyInsertionPlan(TIP)program($7.5MFY2013, $7.5MFYDP)whichwillprovideaircraftwithADSBcapabilitytooperatemoreefficientlyin theNationalAirspaceSystem(NAS)throughoptimumflightrouting. Theseinvestmentsamounttoanacceptablelevelofeffortandinvestmentinthis budgetsubmission.However,IhaveconcernswithregardtothelevelofinvestmenttheAir Forceismakinginimprovingtheenergyefficiencyofthelegacyandfuturefixedwingaircraft fleet.ThisfleetisthesinglelargestconsumeroffuelintheDoDinventory.Manyopportunities forenergyefficiencyupgrades,withfavorablereturnsoninvestments,areavailable, particularlyfortheC130andC17fleets. Target3:PromoteOperationalEnergyInnovation TheAirForcebudgeted$336.9MinFY2013andapproximately$1.2BacrosstheFYDP forinitiativestoaddressTarget3:PromoteOperationalEnergyInnovation.Effortsinthis targetincludebothdemandreductionandsupplyexpansion. Fundingfordemandreductioneffortsis$303.9MFY2013and$1.1BacrosstheFYDP. TheseeffortsincludeAerospacePropulsionandPowerTechnologiesandAerospaceVehicle Technologies,AdaptiveEngineTechnologyDevelopment,MaterialsTechnologies,andother efforts. AerospacePropulsionandPowerTechnologiesandAerospaceVehicleTechnologies ($74.9MFY2013,$432.2MFYDP).Theseeffortsincludethedevelopmentofthe AdaptiveVersatileTurbineEngine,HighlyEfficientEmbeddedTurbineEngine(HEETE), andtheIntegrated VehicleEnergyTechnology(INVENT)programs,alongwiththe developmentofblendedwingdesigns,lightweightcompositestructures,andaero efficiencyimprovements. AdaptiveEngineTechnologyDevelopment(AETD)TechnologyMaturation($181.9M
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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

FY2013,$294.7MFYDP).ThisinitiativeleveragesADVENTtechnologiestomature enginedesignandaircraftintegrationtoenablelowerrisk,lowerdevelopmentalcost, andquickeracquisition. MaterialsTechnologies($14.7MFY2013,$63.0MFYDP).Thisprogramwilldevelop hightemperaturematerialsforturbineenginesanddirectionallytailoredthermal managementmaterials.

Fundingforsupplyexpansioneffortsis$33.0MFY2013and$157.1Macrossthe FYDP.Theseeffortsincluderesearchintoenergyharvestingandsolarcells($10.8MFY 2013,$52.9MFYDP)alongwithresearchandevaluationofalternativefuels($20.1MFY 2013,$89.5MFYDP)andaircraftenginecompatibility($2.1MFY2013,$14.7MFYDP). MoreOptions,LessRisk:ExpandandSecureEnergySuppliesforMilitaryOperations Target5:PromotetheDevelopmentofAlternativeFuels. TheAirForcehascompletedextensivetestingandfuelsqualification.Thereiscurrently nofundingbeyondFY2011otherthefundingnotedunderTarget3:PromoteOperational EnergyInnovation.TheAirForcehassetatargettoprocureupto50%ofitsfuelfrom alternativesourcesby2016,ifthefuelismarketpriced. MoreCapability,LessCost:BuildEnergySecurityintotheFutureForce. Target6:IncorporateEnergySecurityConsiderationsintoRequirementsandAcquisition. TheAirForceFY2013budgetincludesfunding($3.8MFY2013,$13.7MFYDP)tostaff theAFPetroleumAgency(AFPA)andJointOilAnalysisProgram.TheAirForcePetroleum AgencyistheservicecontrolpointforallDefenseLogisticsAgencyfuelrelatedsupportissues andassuchprovidesinputintofuelrequirementsandacquisition,toincludedeveloping, evaluating,andrecommendingneworimprovedtechnologiestoenhanceeffectivenessand efficiencyoffueloperationalsupportcapabilities,anddevelopingfuelquality assurance/surveillancestandardsandfuelproductspecifications.TheJointOilAnalysis Program(JOAP)providesanumberofservices,toincludethemostcosteffectivemeansof determiningtheconditionoflubricants,fluids,andmechanicalsystems.AirForcesHAFEnergy AssessmentTool(HEAT)isamodelingandsimulation(M&S)effort,whichmodelsfutureenergy consumptionbymajorweaponsystemandprovidesfeedbackonresearchanddevelopment efforts. Theseeffortsamounttoanacceptablelevelofeffortandinvestmentinthisbudget submission.However,IremainconcernedastowhethertheAirForcehasplannedadequate futureinvestmentsforthedevelopmentandimplementationoftoolsandsystemsto incorporateenergysecurityconsiderationsintoRequirementsandAcquisition.TheAirForce hasnofundingplanstodeveloptheM&Stoolstoenabletheirforceplanningandrequirements developmentcommunitytosimulateandassessthecombatcapabilityeffectsofenemyattacks
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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

onU.S.logisticsforces.WhileweunderstandtheSTORMM&StooltheAirForcehasusedover thepastseveralyearshassomeinnatecapabilitytoperformsuchsimulations,thereareno fundingplanstovetthecapabilityortoemployittoinformrequirementsdevelopment, acquisitionprogramperformancecriteria,orfullyburdenedcostofenergyestimates. Target7:AdaptPolicy,Doctrine,PMEandCCMDActivities TheSAF/IENofficeisupdatingtheAirForcesenergypolicyandenergystrategicplanto includeOperationalEnergy.InordertosupporttheoverallAFenergygovernanceandthe strategicwayforward,SAF/IENinvested$1.8MthroughMarch2012tosupportsixkeyareas withanoperationalenergyimpact: 1. Strategicenergyplanning,programandpolicy,andoversighthumancapital development:providedsupportandproductstocontinuouslyimprovetheAirForces energyprogram. 2. StrategicevolutionofAirForcegovernanceandpolicydevelopment:supportedAir Forceenergygovernancestructuredatadrivendecisionprocesses. 3. Strategicpolicydevelopmentofemergingenergyenvironmentstoincludemodelingand analysis,operationalenergy,energysecurity,criticalassetriskmanagement development:developpolicyrecommendationsrelatedtoemergingenergyareas 4. Acquisitionmanagement,requirementsdetermination,businesscaseanalysisand energyprocurementdevelopment:addressenergyinlegacyupgradesandfuture platformacquisition. 5. Aviationfuelandcoordinationwithoperationsdevelopment:conductbaseline assessment,followedbystrategiestoaccomplishtheAirForceenergygoals. 6. Strategiccommunication,marketingandenterprisewidedevelopment:designand implementamultiphasedstrategiccommunicationscampaign. TheAirForcehasincludedspecificenergylanguageineachofthe12CoreFunction MasterPlansandtheAnnualPlanningandProgrammingGuidancedocuments.Thelanguage addressesallaspectsofenergytoincludeoperationalenergy.Thesedocumentsinstruct HeadquartersAirForceandMajorCommandsinthedevelopmentoftheirbudgets. Additionally,theAFisconductinganenergyfocusedtabletopwargame,whichwilltakeplace inFY2012aspartofanongoingefforttoincludeenergyinwargamingactivities. Inadditiontothesevenkeyareas,SAF/IENteamedwiththeAirForceResearch Laboratoryandprovided$400kofcongressionalfundsforanefforttodefineandmanage operationalenergythroughouttheAirForce.Partofthiseffortistoidentifyactionable operationalenergygapsandsolutionstoimproveoperationalenergyefficiencyacrosstheAF andtodevelopanoperationalenergytechnologydevelopmentstrategywithrecommendations forimmediateRDT&EprogramsandfutureS&Tgaps.Thiseffortwilltakeplaceover12 months,andwasinitiatedinMarch2012.

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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

Summary MyassessmentoftheadequacyoftheAirForcesfundingfortheDoDOperational EnergyStrategyisshownbelow:

USAirForce
OperationalEnergyTargets
Target1:MeasureOperationalEnergyConsumption. Target2:ImproveEnergyPerformanceandEfficiency inOperationsandTraining. Target3:PromoteOperationalEnergyInnovation. Target5:PromotetheDevelopmentofAlternative Fuels. Target6:IncorporateEnergySecurityConsiderations intoRequirementsandAcquisition. Target7:AdaptPolicy,Doctrine,PME,andCCMD Activities.

Rating

IcertifytheAirForce'sFY2013budgetasbeingadequatefortheimplementationofthe DoDOperationalEnergyStrategy.However,Ihaveconcernsinregardstothelevelof investmenttheAFismakinginimprovingtheenergyefficiencyofthelegacyandfuturefixed wingaircraftfleet,andthedevelopmentandimplementationoftoolsandsystemsrequiredto incorporateenergysecurityconsiderationsintoRequirementsandAcquisition.

G Y G G Y G

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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

DefenseAgenciesandOfficeoftheSecretaryofDefense FY2013OperationalEnergyBudgetCertificationReport DefenseLogisticsAgency(DLA) DLAprocuresfuelforDoDthrougharevolvingfund.Therefore,DoDcomponents,not DLA,budgetfortheirfuelpurchases.Nevertheless,DLAdoeshavetwoRDT&Eeffortswith operationalenergyimpacts:EnergyReadinessProgram(ERP)andBatteryNetwork.ERP($4.0M FY2013,$13.3MFYDP)supportsAlternateEnergyDevelopment(AED)toincludetestand certificationtosupporttheadditionofsyntheticandalternativefuelstomobilityfuel specifications.BatteryNetwork($2.0MFY2013,$10.1MFYDP)isamanufacturingtechnology programfocusedonimprovingthesupplyandreducingthecostsofbatteriesusedinfielded weaponssystems. ICertifyDLAsFY2013budgetisadequatefortheimplementationoftheDoD OperationalEnergyStrategy. DefenseAdvancedResearchProjectsAgency(DARPA) DARPAdidnotfundanyoperationalenergyprojectsintheFY2013budget,focusinginstead onotherareas.DuringFY2012,DARPAwillcloseoutortransitionallremainingoperational energyprogramstoinclude: BiofuelAlternativeFeedstockProgram.Thisinitiativeseekstobroadentheportfolioof nonfoodcompetitivefeedstocktoalgal,cellulosic,andothermaterialssuitablefor affordableandhighlyefficientproductionofalternativestopetroleumderivedJP8. LowcostLightweightPortablePhotovoltaics(POP).Thisprogramdemonstratesman portable,rugged,lightweight,andlowcostphotovoltaicstoaddressremotepower supplyrequirements.Ihaveconcernsastowhetherthisprojecttransitionedfullyto otherperformersandwillseektoaddresstheconcernswithDARPA. TacticalAdvancedPower(TAP).Thisprogramseekstoeliminatetheconstraints batteriescanimposeondismountedwarfightersbyenablingdirectelectrochemical conversionofenergydensefuels;developinghybridsystemstomaximizeruntime;and validatingshortrangewirelesspowertransmissionsystemtocreateaWiFilikepower distributionhub. VULCAN.ThiseffortseekstobuildandtestPressureGainCombustion(PGC)technology thatdemonstratesa20percentreductioninspecificfuelconsumptionformarineand aviationturbines

IrecognizethechallengesDARPAfaceswithareducedFY2013budgetandcommendthe Agencyforitsinvestmentinprioreffortswithoperationalenergyimpacts,whicharebeing transitioned.GiventheoperationalenergyinnovationbeingfundedinotherDoDComponents, thelackofinvestmentbyDARPAisprobablywithintheacceptableriskrange.Inaddition, operationalenergyinnovationisintegraltootherDARPAprojectssuchasVULTUREUAS.


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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

However,IencouragetheDARPAleadershiptoreconsiderfutureinvestmentsinoperational energyinitiativesgiventhatsomeoftheirpastinvestmentsinenergyinnovationsuchasPOP havedirectlybenefitedoperationaleffectiveness. TheOfficeoftheSecretaryofDefense(OSD) WithinOSD,theAssistantSecretaryofDefenseforOperationalEnergyPlansand Programs(ASD(OEPP)),theAssistantSecretaryofDefenseforResearchandEngineering (ASD(R&E)),andtheDeputyAssistantSecretaryofDefenseforManufacturingandIndustrial BasePolicy(DASD(MIBP))eachexecuteprogramswithoperationalenergyimpacts. TheASD(OEPP)sOperationalEnergyCapabilityImprovementeffortprovides$26.2MFY 2013and$162.8MacrosstheFYDPtoimprovetheDepartmentsoperationaleffectivenessvia targetedscienceandtechnologyinvestmentsthatareintendedtoimprovetheenergy performanceofkeyelementsofourforces.Asdefensewidefunding,itincentivizeslongterm changeinthescienceandtechnologyportfoliooftheDepartmenttobemoreinlinewiththe DepartmentwideOperationalEnergyStrategyandfostersgenerallyneededinnovationsto improveoperationalenergyperformance.ThiseffortwasanewstartinFY2012andtheinitial effortsinclude: InnovativeCoolingEquipment(ICE)Development/DemonstrationProgram.ICEisa jointprogrambetweenArmysCommunicationsElectronicsResearchDevelopmentand EngineeringCenter(CERDEC),OfficeofNavalResearch(ONR)andArmyResearch Laboratory(ARL)toidentifyandimplementimprovements(TRL5toTRL7)inHVAC, controls,thermodynamics,andwasteheatrecovery,whichwillresultinastateofthe artfleetofEnvironmentalControlUnits(ECUs). NavyExpeditionaryTechnologyTransitionProgram(NETTP).NETTPwillleverage AdvancedResearchProjectAgencyEnergy(ARPAE)researchanddevelopmentheating andcoolingtechnologyeffortstotransitionadvancedsystemsfromthepiloteffort,to reducefuelconsumptionforheatingandcoolingby2050percent. Advanced,EnergyEfficientShelterSystems(AEESS)forContingencyBasingandOther Applications.AEESSisajointArmy/AirForceprogramtoaddressenergyinefficiencies associatedwithsheltersystems,particularlytents.Itwilldevelopanddemonstrate technologiesforanewgenerationofenergyefficientshelters. SuperEnergyEfficientContainerizedLivingUnit(SuperCLU)DesignandDevelopment. SuperCLUisaNavyFacilitiesEngineeringCommandledprogramwithU.S.Africa Command(AFRICOM)participation.Thisprogramseekstoimprovetheenergy efficiencyofcurrentContainerizedLivingUnits(CLUs)anddevelopingahighlyenergy efficientCLU,calledaSuperCLU. TransformativeReductionsinOperationalEnergyConsumption(TROPEC).TROPECisa PacificCommand(PACOM)ledprogramwithparticipationoftheMarineForcesPacific ExperimentationCenterandDoELaboratoriesthatwillbuildawidereaching,
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Report on Operational Energy Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013

sustainableprogramtoidentifyandassessnewandexistingtechnologiesthatwould reducetheenergydemandofexpeditionaryoutposts. OperationEnduringFreedomEnergyInitiativeProvingGround(OEFEIP).OEFEIPwill establishaquantitativebaselineforenergyuseinactualexpeditionaryoperationsin Afghanistanandevaluatetheimpactofenergyefficienttechnology. WastetoEnergy(W2E)forForwardOperatingBases.TheStrategicEnvironmental ResearchandDevelopmentProgram(SERDP)willdevelopinnovativeapproachesto decreasethesizeandincreasetheefficiencyofabattalionscalewastetoenergy convertergasificationsystemthatcanworkwithexistingtacticalgenerators.

TheASD(R&E)pursuesinitiativesacrossmultipleRDT&EProgramElementswith potentialoperationalenergyimpacts.Ongoingorrecentlycompletedeffortsinclude: JointCapabilityTechnologyDemonstration(JCTD)PE0603648D8Z:NetZeroPlus (FY11),SPIDERS(FY1112),alongwithFY12&FY13COCOMprioritieswhichmayinclude energyefficiencyprojects. QuickReactionSpecialProjectsPE0603826D8ZProjectP826:S150FuelCharging System(FY11);AfghanistanMicrogridProject(AMP)(FY11);andAlternativeEnergy,and EnergyEfficiencyandReductionTechnologies(FY1213). QuickReactionSpecialProjectsPE0603826D8ZProjectP828:SubmergedLaunch SystemforaFuelCellPoweredLongEnduranceExpendableUASforISR(FY11),and AluminumCombustor(FY11). ForeignComparativeTestPE0605130D8Z:MicrosmoothCoatingSystem(Navy)(FY11 12),MultiFuelSubmersibleOutboardEngines(FY11),PyrolisSolidWasteDisposalwith EnergyRecovery(Army)(FY11),UltraHighEnergyRechargeableBattery(Army)(FY11) FCTFY12andFY13Plans.

IcertifytheASD(R&E)sFY2013budgetisadequatefortheimplementationoftheDoD OperationalEnergyStrategy.DuringFY2012,ASD(R&E)andASD(OEPP)willconductan assessmentofoperationalenergyscienceandtechnologyinvestmentswhichwillinformfuture budgetcertifications. TheDASD(MIBP)isresponsiblefortheDefenseProductionActTitleIIIprogram.This programallocatesupto$70MinFY2013forAdvancedDropInBiofuelProduction.The AdvancedDropInBiofuelProductionprojectsprincipalobjectiveistomeetaNavy requirementthroughagovernmentindustrypartnershipfortheconstructionorretrofitof multipledomesticcommercialorprecommercialscaleadvanceddropinplantsandrefineries. Theseplantswillhavethecapabilitytoproduceready,dropinreplacementadvancedbiofuels meetingmilitaryspecificationatapricecompetitivewithpetroleumingeographicallydiverse locationsforreadymarketaccess,whilehavingnosignificantimpactonthesupplyof agriculturalcommoditiesfortheproductionoffood.IcertifytheDASD(MIBP)sFY2013budget isadequatefortheimplementationoftheDoDOperationalEnergyStrategy.
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