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Reproduction

The diagram shows a process which occurs in the female reproductive system.

In which of the following parts of the female reproductive system does the process
occur?
A

Vagina

Uterus

Ovary

Fallopian tube
(PMR 2004)

The diagram shows an experiment to study the conditions in the germination of seeds.

Which test tube will show the germination of seeds after three days?
A

P and Q only

P and R only

Q and R only

Q and S only
(PMR 2004)

The diagram shows a cross section of a flower.

Which of the following parts of the flower produce male and female reproductive cells?
Part of the flower
Male reproductive cell

Female reproductive cell

N
(PMR 2004)

The diagram shows some human organs, A, B, C and D.


Which organ produces sperms?

(PMR 2005)

The following information is about the sexual reproduction of flowering plants.


P - The formation of zygotes
Q - The fusion of male gametes and female gametes
R - The formation of seedlings
Using the information, choose the correct flow chart of sexual reproduction of flowering
plants.

(PMR 2006)

6.

Which of the following pairs are correct methods of birth control for a male and female?

A
B
C
D

Male
Cut and tie the sperm duct
Take hormone pills
Use diaphragm
Use rhythm

Female
Use spermicide
Use IUCD
Cut and tie the fallopian tubes
Take birth control pills

(PMR 2007)
7

The following information describes a problem of a husband and wife.

Unable to have children


Infertility

This information refer to:


A

Fertilization

Implantation

Sterility

Ovulation
(PMR 2008)

1.

Diagram 6.1 shows bottles, P, Q, R and S containing green pea seeds in different conditions.
(PMR 2006)

Thick black
paper

Damp
sawdust

Damp
sawdust

Bottle Q

Bottle P

Layer of oil
Dry
sawdust

Cooled boiled
water

Bottle S

Bottle R
Diagram 6.1
(a)

Give one reason why the size of the seeds in bottle Q increases and the testa burst
after 24 hours.
....
.
(1 mark)

(b)

After two days the seeds in bottle P and bottle Q germinate but the seeds in bottle S do
not germinate.
What are the effects of using the following substances in bottle S?
(i) Oil
..
........................................................................................................................
(1 mark)
(ii)

Cooled boiled water


..............................
.......................................................................................................................
(1 mark)

(c)

What should be done so that the seeds in bottle S germinate?


.............................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................
(1 mark)

(d)

Why do the seeds in bottle P germinate although the bottle is covered with thick black
paper?
..............................................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................................

(e)

(1 mark)
The dry sawdust in bottle R is replaced by damp newspaper.
It was found out that the green pea seeds in bottle R germinate after two days. Why?
...............................................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................................
(1 mark)

(f)

Give two ways in which a farmer can store the vegetable seeds so that the seeds do
not germinate.
..............................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................

(2 marks)

2.

Diagram 7 shows four types of plants that reproduce vegetatively.


(PMR 2007)

Diagram 7

a) State the parts of the plants that can reproduce vegetatively.


i)

Ginger

: .

ii)

Bryophyllum

: ..

iii)

Potato

: .

iv)

Banana tree

:
(4 marks)

b) Classify the plants in Diagram 7 into two groups based on their common
characteristics.

Ginger, Bryophyllum, Potato, Banana


tree

Common
Characteristic

Name the
plants
(4 marks)
3.

a) Diagram 2.1 shows the apparatus set-up to investigate and identify the stimuli
detected by the plants.
(PMR 2008)

Diagram 2.1

i)

In the coloured region in diagram 2.1, draw an arrow to show the direction
of growth of the shoots after 5 days.
(1 mark)

ii)

Give one reason for the answer in 3 (a) (i)

iii)

(1 mark)
What type of tropism is shown by the shoots?

iv)

(1 mark)
State one importance of the tropism in 3(a) (iii) to plants

(1 mark)

b) Diagram 2.2 shows the germinated seeds in three different beakers Q, R and
S.

i)

Diagram 2.2
Why do the roots in Q and R grow towards the directions shown in
Diagram 2.2?
(1 mark)

ii)

Why is the growth of the roots in beaker S known as positive geotropism?


(1 mark)

..

Reproduction
Paper 1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

D
A
B
C
A
A
C

Paper 2
1. a) The seeds absorbed water, swelled and caused the testes to split
b) i) To prevent oxygen in the air from dissolving in the water
ii) Boiled water will contain no dissolved oxygen.
c) Place the seeds in location with air, water and warmth.
d) Germination of seeds require water, air and suitable temperature only. No sunlight
needed
e)The damp newspaper provided water for germination
f) 1. Store in dry places
2. Store in a cold place like refrigerator
3. Store in an air tight container
2. a) i)

ii) The shoot of the plants grow towards the sunlight.


iii) Phototropism

iv) Phototropism is important for the process of photosynthesis which needs sunlight
to produce food.
b)

i) Roots Q and R grow towards direction of water, which shows positive hydrotropism.
ii) Because there is no water in beaker S which makes the roots attracted to gravity
or positive geotropism.