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Reference

Calculation

Output

Column Interaction Diagram


y My
b

200

kN/mm2

25

N/mm2

460

m-s

1.15

m-c

1.5

Es

fcu
fy

a2

As2

Mx
h

N/mm2

As1

a1

Bending about Major Axis

As1

16

No of Bars

As2

16

No of Bars

Cover- C1

30

Cover- C2

30

Bending about Minor Axis

mm
mm

As1

16

No of Bars

mm
mm

As2

16

No of Bars

mm

Cover- C1

30

mm

mm

Cover- C2

30

mm

225

mm

225

mm

225

mm

225

mm

Mx

20

kN.m

My

20

kN.m

250
3000

kN
mm

lox

=
=

loy

=
=

250
3000

1.2

1.2

Braced

--

Unbraced

Unbraced

kN
mm

Place 1 to relevent one for following


Braced

--

Unbraced

Unbraced

Biaxial Bending
N / Nuz
n

0.282

(Mx/Mux)

0.721

(My/Muy)

0.721

(Mx/Mux)n+(My/Muy)n

1.379

>

not ok

(Mx/Mux)+(My/Muy)+(N/Nuz)

1.724

>

not ok

1.14

Increase Column Size,Reinforcement


Goal seek
Set following value of axial force to

250 kN by changing the cell here

Do not Change Axial Force

Minor Axis

Major Axis

Minor Axis

250.00

250.00

110.56

110.56

Diameter of Links

DESIGN UNIT

D
E C

EPC DIVISION
C

Change following Cell

Major Axis

mm

As1

402.1

mm2

As1

402.1

mm2

As2

402.1

mm2

As2

402.1

mm2

a1

44

mm

a1

44

mm

a2

44

mm

a2

44

mm

Doc. No.
Designed
Checked
Job Code

Date
Date
Page

Reference

Calculation

Output

Column Interaction Diagram


As1

402.124 mm2

Es

200

kN/mm2

As2

402.124 mm2

fcu

25

N/mm2

a1

44

mm

fy

460

N/mm2

a2

44

mm

m-s

1.15

225

mm

m-c

1.5

225

mm
fs

400

N/mm2

Bending about Major Axis


Braced

Place 1 to

Unbraced =

Relevent
kN.m

Mx

20

lox

=
=

250
3000

1.2

kN
m

ley

0.128

au

28.80

emin

11.25

Nuz

887.01 kN

Nbal

260.45 kN

1.00

3600.00 mm

M/

N/
bhfcu

bh fcu

887

0.00

0.70

0.00

762

10.39

0.60

0.04

745

11.56

0.59

0.04

75.6

160.8

508.8

0.001

0.003

725

12.97

0.57

0.05

55.0

160.8

508.8

0.001

0.003

225

225

649

18.76

0.51

0.07

29.9

160.8

457.9

0.000

0.003

202.5

202.5

566

23.95

0.45

0.08

-1.6

160.8

407.0

0.000

0.003

180

180

475

28.72

0.38

0.10

-42.0

160.8

356.1

-0.001

0.003

157.5

157.5

370

33.39

0.29

0.12

-95.9

160.8

305.3

-0.001

0.002

135

135

254

37.78

0.20

0.13

-160.8

160.8

254.4

-0.002

0.002

112.5

112.5

187

35.53

0.15

0.12

-160.8

143.9

203.5

-0.004

0.002

90

90

90

30.27

0.07

0.11

-160.8

98.0

152.6

-0.006

0.001

67.5

67.5

6.3

101.8

-0.011

0.000

45

45

50.9

-0.025

-0.003

22.5

22.5

Fs1

Fs2

Fc

s1

s2

92.79 160.85 508.78 0.0012 0.0029

-53

20.83

-0.04

0.07

-160.8

-379

-2.20

-0.30

-0.01

-160.8 -269.0

24.46

0.00

0.09

225

270

225

247.5

225

Calculation of M at no axial force


1. When the fs2 has not resched to maximum tensile strength while the fs1
reaches to its maximum
fs.As = fs2.As2 +0.405.fcu.b.x
s2

(x-a2) .(0.0035)
x

a = 0.045.fcu.b

2261.25

b = E.(0.0035).As2-fs1.As1

120637.16

-12385414.88

= (-)E.a2.As2.-0.0035

X can be calculated by solving above second order polinomial

DESIGN UNIT

D
E C

EPC DIVISION
C

Doc. No.
Designed
Checked
Job Code

Date
Date
Page

Reference

Calculation
When, s2 >=0.002
x
s2

=
=

Output
When , s2 < 0.002

0.00 mm
0.002

Fc

0.00 kN

Fs1

Fs2

160.85 kN
160.85 kN

M1

22.04 kN.m

x
s2

=
=

51.99 mm
0.00054

Fc

117.57 kN

Fs1

Fs2

160.85 kN
43.28 kN

M1

24.46 kN.m

Calculation of Maximum N
Maximum Value of N

891.2303 kN

Balanced failure condition


x

115.18 mm

fs1

400

N/mm2

103.66 mm

fs2

400

s1

0.002

Fs1

160.85

N/mm2
kN

s2

0.002

Fs2

160.85

kN

Fc

260.45

kN

N balance =

260.45 kN

M balance =

37.84

kNm

Bending about Mojor Axis of Column

Bending about Minor Axis of Column

Calculation of additional Moment

Calculation of additional moment

ley/h

16.00

Type of Column = Slender Column


au
=
28.80
Madd
=
7.20 kN.m
=

11.25

mm

M (emin.N) =

2.81

kN.m

27.20

kN.m

emin

Construction of Column Capacity Line


N
M

=
=

250
27.20

N/bhfcu

0.198

M/bh2fcu =

0.096

Length of demand line


Length of capacity line
Demand Capacity Ratio

DESIGN UNIT

D
E C

EPC DIVISION
C

=
=
=

kN
kN.m

0.219
0.284
0.773

Doc. No.
Designed
Checked
Job Code

Date
Date
Page

Reference

Calculation
M/

Output
M/

N/
bhfcu

bh fcu

m'

x1

y1

x12+y12

1/
x12+y12

N/
bhfcu

bh fcu

0.70

0.000

-2.70

0.7

2.07

0.147

0.304

0.11

8.77

0.00

0.00

0.60

0.036

-3.28

0.72

2.07

0.135

0.279

0.10

10.41

0.00

0.00

0.59

0.041

-3.28

0.72

2.07

0.135

0.279

0.10

10.41

0.00

0.00

0.57

0.046

-2.96

0.71

2.07

0.141

0.291

0.10

9.56

0.00

0.00

0.51

0.066

-3.57

0.75

2.07

0.133

0.274

0.09

10.78

0.00

0.00

0.45

0.084

-4.30

0.81

2.07

0.127

0.263

0.09

11.75

0.00

0.00

0.38

0.101

-5.05

0.88

2.07

0.124

0.257

0.08

12.27

0.00

0.00

0.29

0.117

-5.93

0.99

2.07

0.255

0.08

12.43

12.426

0.26

0.12

0.20

0.133

6.78

-0.7

2.07

0.148

0.307

0.12

8.63

0.00

0.00

0.15

0.125

4.14

-0.37

2.07

0.178

0.368

0.17

5.97

0.00

0.00

0.07

0.106

3.40

-0.29

2.07

0.218

0.451

0.25

3.99

0.00

0.00

-0.04

0.073

3.19

-0.27

2.07

0.246

0.508

0.32

3.14

0.00

0.00

-0.30 -0.008

3.20

-0.27

2.07

0.243

0.503

0.312

3.21

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.123

0.086

Max (x12+y12)

12.426

Coordinates of Intersection point of Column intreraction diagram and


Capacity Line
N/bhfcu

0.26

M/bh2fcu

0.12

For the Section subjected to byaxial bending


N
Mux

250.00

kN

37.72

kN.m

0.0021

Mx/Mux

0.721

400.00 N/mm2

N/Nuz

0.28

400.00 N/mm2

x
s1

=
=

110.56 mm
-0.0022

s2

fs2
fs1
y
Fs2

=
=

160.85 kN

Fs1

160.85 kN

Fc

250.00 kN

250.00 kN

M
N/bhfcu

37.72 kN.m

0.198

M/bh2fcu =

0.132

99.50 mm

Doc. No.
Designed
Checked
Job Code

DESIGN UNIT

D
E C

EPC DIVISION
C

Reference

Calculation

Date
Date
Page
Output

Reference

Calculation

Output

Column Interaction Diagram


As1

402.124 mm2

Es

200

kN/mm2

As2

402.124 mm2

fcu

25

N/mm2

a1

44

mm

fy

460

N/mm2

a2

44

mm

m-s

1.15

225

mm

m-c

1.5

225

mm
fs

400

N/mm2

Bending about Major Axis


Braced

Place 1 to

Unbraced =

Relevent
kN.m

My

20

loy

=
=

250
3000

1.2

kN
m

ley

0.128

au

28.80

emin

11.25

Nuz

887.01 kN

Nbal

260.45 kN

1.00

3600.00 m

M/

N/
bhfcu

bh fcu

887

0.00

0.70

0.00

762

10.39

0.60

0.04

508.8

0.0012

0.003 270.00

225

745

11.56

0.59

0.04

75.6

160.8

508.8

0.001

0.003

247.5

225

725

12.97

0.57

0.05

55.0

160.8

508.8

0.001

0.003

225

225

649

18.76

0.51

0.07

29.9

160.8

457.9

0.000

0.003

202.5

202.5

566

23.95

0.45

0.08

-1.6

160.8

407.0

0.000

0.003

180

180

475

28.72

0.38

0.10

-42.0

160.8

356.1

-0.001

0.003

157.5

157.5

370

33.39

0.29

0.12

-95.9

160.8

305.3

-0.001

0.002

135

135

254

37.78

0.20

0.13

-160.8

160.8

254.4

-0.002

0.002

112.5

112.5

187

35.53

0.15

0.12

-160.8

143.9

203.5

-0.004

0.002

90

90

90

30.27

0.07

0.11

-160.8

98.0

152.6

-0.006

0.001

67.5

67.5

6.3

101.8

-0.011

0.000

45

45

50.9

-0.025

-0.003

22.5

22.5

Fs1

Fs2

92.79 160.85

-53

20.83

-0.04

0.07

-160.8

-379

-2.20

-0.30

-0.01

-160.8 -269.0

24.46

0.00

0.09

Fc

s1

s2

225

Calculation of M at no axial force


1. When the fs2 has not resched to maximum tensile strength while the fs1
reaches to its maximum
fs.As = fs2.As2 +0.405.fcu.b.x
s2

(x-a2) .(0.0035)
x

a = 0.045.fcu.b

2261.25

b = E.(0.0035).As2-fs1.As1

120637.16

-12385414.88

= (-)E.a2.As2.-0.0035

X can be calculated by solving above second order polinomial

DESIGN UNIT

D
E C

EPC DIVISION
C

Doc. No.
Designed
Checked
Job Code

Date
Date
Page

Reference

Calculation
When, s2 >=0.002
x
s2

=
=

Output
When , s2 < 0.002

0.00 mm
0.002

x
s2

=
=

51.99 mm
0.00054

Fc

0.00 kN

Fc

117.57 kN

Fs1

Fs1

Fs2

160.85 kN
160.85 kN

Fs2

160.85 kN
43.28 kN

M1

M1

22.04 kN.m

24.46 kN.m

Calculation of Maximum N
Maximum Value of N

891.2303 kN

Balanced failure condition


x

115.18 mm

fs1

400

N/mm2

103.66 mm

fs2

400

s1

0.002

Fs1

160.85

N/mm2
kN

s2

0.002

Fs2

160.85

kN

Fc

260.45

kN

N balance =

260.45 kN

M balance =

37.84

kNm

Bending about Mojor Axis of Column

Bending about Minor Axis of Column

Calculation of additional Moment

Calculation of additional moment

lex/h

16.00

Type of Column = Slender Column


au
=
28.80
Madd
=
7.20 kN.m
=

11.25

mm

M (emin.N) =

2.81

kN.m

27.20

kN.m

emin

Construction of Column Capacity Line


N
M

=
=

250
27.20

N/bhfcu

0.198

M/bh2fcu =

0.096

Length of demand line


Length of capacity line
Demand Capacity Ratio

DESIGN UNIT

D
E C

EPC DIVISION
C

=
=
=

kN
kN.m

0.219
0.284
0.773

Doc. No.
Designed
Checked
Job Code

Date
Date
Page

Reference

Calculation
M/

Output
M/

N/
bhfcu

bh fcu

m'

x1

y1

x12+y12

1/
x12+y12

N/
bhfcu

bh fcu

0.701

0.000

-2.70

0.70

2.07

0.147

0.304

0.114

8.768

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.602

0.036

-3.28

0.72

2.07

0.135

0.279

0.096

10.410

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.589

0.041

-3.28

0.72

2.07

0.135

0.279

0.096

10.410

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.573

0.046

-2.96

0.71

2.07

0.141

0.291

0.105

9.564

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.513

0.066

-3.57

0.75

2.07

0.133

0.274

0.093

10.777

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.447

0.084

-4.30

0.81

2.07

0.127

0.263

0.085

11.746

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.375

0.101

-5.05

0.88

2.07

0.124

0.257

0.081

12.272

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.293

0.117

-5.93

0.99

2.07

0.255

0.080

12.426

12.43

0.26

0.12

0.201

0.133

6.78

-0.70

2.07

0.148

0.307

0.116

8.627

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.147

0.125

4.14

-0.37

2.07

0.178

0.368

0.168

5.969

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.071

0.106

3.40

-0.29

2.07

0.218

0.451

0.250

3.993

0.00

0.00

0.00

-0.042

0.073

3.19

-0.27

2.07

0.246

0.508

0.319

3.135

0.00

0.00

0.00

-0.299 -0.008

3.20

-0.27

2.07

0.243

0.312

3.209

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.000

0.123

0.086

Max (x12+y12)

12.426

Coordinates of Intersection point of Column intreraction diagram and


Capacity Line
N/bhfcu

0.26

M/bh2fcu

0.12

For the Section subjected to byaxial bending


x
s1

110.56 mm
-0.00223

N
Muy

250.00

kN

37.72

kN.m

s2

0.00211

My/Muy

0.721

fs2

400.00 N/mm2

N/Nuz

0.28

fs1

400.00 N/mm2

y
Fs2

160.85 kN

Fs1

160.85 kN

Fc

250.00 kN

250.00 kN

M
N/bhfcu

37.72

M/bh2fcu

0.132

99.50

mm

kN.m

0.198

Doc. No.
Designed
Checked
Job Code

DESIGN UNIT

D
E C

EPC DIVISION
C

Reference

Calculation

Date
Date
Page
Output