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SEMINAR REPORT

Topic: INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR STANDARDIZATION (ISO)

Submitted By : Shafeeq (28) Jamsheer (14) Riyas (38) Azhar (03)

MUHAMMED SHAFEEQ - 28

WHAT IS A STANDARD?
A standard is an established norm or requirement It is usually a formal document that establishes uniform technical criteria, methods, processes and practices It may be developed privately or unilaterally, for example by a corporation, regulatory body, military Standards organizations often have more diverse input and usually develop voluntary standards: these might become mandatory if adopted by a government, business contract, etc.

WHAT IS ISO?
The International Organization for Standardization is a global federation of national standards bodies (ISO member bodies), e.g.: British Standard Institution (BSI) in UK National Standards Authority of Ireland (NSAI) American National Standards Institute (ANSI) in USA It launches the development of new standards in response to sectors and stakeholders that express a clearly established global need for them.

WHAT IS AN ISO STANDARD?


ISO standards are developed by technical committees comprising experts from the industrial, technical and business sectors which have asked for the standards. These experts may be joined by representatives of government agencies, testing laboratories, consumer associations, non-governmental organizations and academic circles. It is a normative document, responding to international need which is developed according to consensus procedures, approved by the ISO membership and members of the responsible committee It is adopted by regional & national standards bodies

ROLE OF INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS


International Standards, and their use in technical regulations on products, processes and services play an important role in sustainable development and trade facilitation through the promotion of safety, quality and technical compatibility. Standardization contributes to the basic infrastructure that underpins society including health and environment while promoting sustainability and good regulatory practice.

BENEFITS OF ISO STANDARDS


Business Wide acceptance of products and services Free to compete in broader market

Government Provides technical and scientific underpinnings for health, safety, environmental legislation

Consumers Conformance of products and services provide assurance about quality, safety, & reliability

Trade Remove technical trade barriers Support political trade agreements

Planet Standards for air, water, soil, emissions contribute toward environment

Everyone Contribute to quality of life ensuring transport, machinery and tools are safe

WHAT STANDARDS ARE AVAILABLE?


ISO 26000 - Social responsibility ISO 31000 - Risk management ISO 50001 - Energy management ISO 9000 - Quality management ISO 14000 - Environmental management

JAMSHEER M.P - 14

ISO 26000 - SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY


ISO 26000 is an ISO International Standard giving guidance on social responsibility. It is intended for use by organizations of all types, in both public and private sectors, in developed and developing countries, as well as in economies in transition. It will assist them in their efforts to operate in the socially responsible manner that society increasingly demands. ISO 26000 contains voluntary guidance, not requirements, and therefore is not for use as a certification standard like ISO 9001:2008 and ISO 14001:2004. Importance of ISO 26000 Sustainable business for organizations means not only providing products and services that satisfy the customer, and doing so without jeopardizing the environment, but also operating in a socially responsible manner. Pressure to do so comes from customers, consumers, governments, associations and the public at large. At the same time, far-sighted organizational leaders recognize that lasting success must be built on credible business practices and the prevention of such activities as fraudulent accounting and labour exploitation. On the one hand, there has been a number of high-level declarations of principle related to SR and, on the other, there are many individual social responsibility programmes and initiatives. The challenge is how to put the principles into practice and how to implement social responsibility effectively and efficiently when even the understanding of what social responsibility means may vary from one programme to another. In addition, previous initiatives have tended to focus on corporate social responsibility, while ISO 26000 will provide social responsibility guidance not only for business organizations, but also for public sector organizations of all types. ISOs expertise is in developing harmonized international agreements based on double levels of consensus among the principal categories of stakeholder, and among countries. ISO 26000 will distil a globally relevant understanding of what social responsibility is and what organizations need to do to operate in a socially responsible way.

ISO 31000 - RISK MANAGEMENT


ISO 31000 was published as a standard on the 13th of November 2009, and provides a standard on the implementation of risk management. ISO 31000 is intended to be a family of standards relating to risk management codified by the International Organization for Standardization. The purpose of ISO 31000:2009 is to provide principles and generic guidelines on risk management. ISO 31000 seeks to provide a universally recognized paradigm for practitioners and companies employing risk management processes to replace the myriad of existing standards, methodologies and paradigms that differed between industries, subject matters and regions. Currently, the ISO 31000 family is expected to include:

ISO 31000:2009 - Principles and Guidelines on Implementation ISO/IEC 31010:2009 - Risk Management - Risk Assessment Techniques ISO Guide 73:2009 - Risk Management - Vocabulary

Scope ISO 31000:2009 provides generic guidelines for the design, implementation and maintenance of risk management processes throughout an organization. This approach to formalizing risk management practices will facilitate broader adoption by companies who require an enterprise risk management standard that accommodates multiple silo-centric management systems. The scope of this approach to risk management is to enable all strategic, management and operational tasks of an organization throughout projects, functions, and processes to be aligned to a common set of risk management objectives.

RIYAS P.K - 38

ISO 50001 - ENERGY MANAGEMENT


ISO 50001:2011, Energy management systems Requirements with guidance for use, is a voluntary International Standard developed by ISO (International Organization for Standardization). ISO 50001 gives organizations the requirements for energy management systems (EnMS). ISO 50001 provides benefits for organizations large and small, in both public and private sectors, in manufacturing and services, in all regions of the world. ISO 50001 will establish a framework for industrial plants ; commercial, institutional, and governmental facilities ; and entire organizations to manage energy. Targeting broad applicability across national economic sectors, it is estimated that the standard could influence up to 60 % of the worlds energy use.

Importance of ISO 50001 Energy is critical to organizational operations and can be a major cost to organizations, whatever their activities. An idea can be gained by considering the use of energy through the supply chain of a business, from raw materials through to recycling. In addition to the economic costs of energy to an organization, energy can impose environmental and societal costs by depleting resources and contributing to problems such as climate change. The development and deployment of technologies for new energy sources and renewable sources can take time. Individual organizations cannot control energy prices, government policies or the global economy, but they can improve the way they manage energy in the here and now. Improved energy performance can provide rapid benefits for an organization by maximizing the use of its energy sources and energy-related assets, thus reducing both energy cost and consumption. The organization will also make positive contributions toward reducing depletion of energy resources and mitigating worldwide effects of energy use, such as global warming. ISO 50001 is based on the management system model that is already understood and implemented by organizations worldwide. It can make a positive difference for organizations of all types in the very near future, while supporting longer term efforts for improved energy technologies.

ISO 9000 - QUALITY MANAGEMENT


The ISO 9000 family of standards are related to quality management systems and designed to help organizations ensure that they meet the needs of customers and other stakeholders. The standards are published by ISO, the International Organization for Standardization, and available through National standards bodies while meeting statutory and regulatory requirements. ISO 9000 deals with the fundamentals of quality management systems including the eight management principles on which the family of standards is based. ISO 9001 deals with the requirements that organizations wishing to meet the standard have to fulfill. Third party certification bodies provide independent confirmation that organizations meet the requirements of ISO 9001. Over a million organizations worldwide are independently certified, making ISO 9001 one of the most widely used management tools in the world today. Despite widespread use, however, the ISO certification process has been criticized as being wasteful and not being useful for all organizations. Scope of ISO 9001 ISO 9001 specifies requirements for a quality management system ISO 9001 focuses on the effectiveness of the quality management system in meeting customer requirements ISO 9001 consistently provide product that meets customer and applicable regulatory requirements

Need for implementing ISO 9001:2008 in organizations Without satisfied customers, an organization is in peril! To keep customers satisfied, the organization needs to meet their requirements. The ISO 9001:2008 standard provides a tried and tested framework for taking a systematic approach to managing the organizations processes so that they consistently turn out product that satisfies customers expectations.

AZHAR - 3

ISO 14000 - ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT


ISO 14000 is a family of standards related to environmental management that exists to help organizations (a) minimize how their operations (processes etc.) negatively affect the environment (i.e. cause adverse changes to air, water, or land); (b) comply with applicable laws, regulations, and other environmentally oriented requirements, and (c) continually improve in the above. ISO 14000 is similar to ISO 9000 quality management in that both pertain to the process of how a product is produced, rather than to the product itself. As with ISO 9000, certification is performed by third-party organizations rather than being awarded by ISO directly. The ISO 19011 audit standard applies when auditing for both 9000 and 14000 compliance at once. The requirements of ISO 14000 are an integral part of the European Unions environmental management scheme EMAS. EMASs structure and material requirements are more demanding, foremost concerning performance improvement, legal compliance and reporting duties. The ISO 14000 family addresses various aspects of environmental management. The very first two standards, ISO 14001:2004 and ISO 14004:2004 deal with Environmental Management Systems (EMS). ISO 14001:2004 provides the requirements for an EMS and ISO 14004:2004 gives general EMS guidelines. An ISO 14001:2004-based EMS An EMS meeting the requirements of ISO 14001:2004 is a management tool enabling an organization of any size or type :

To identify and control the environmental impact of its activities, products or services To improve its environmental performance continually To implement a systematic approach to setting environmental objectives and targets, to achieving these and to demonstrating that they have been achieved.

OTHER STANDARDS
ISO 6709:1983, Standard representation of latitude, longitude and altitude for geographic point locations ISO 19101 - Reference model ISO 19102 Overview - deleted ISO/TS 19103 - Conceptual schema language ISO 19104 - Terminology ISO 19105 - Conformance and testing ISO 19106 - Profiles ISO 19107 - Spatial schema ISO 19108 - Temporal schema ISO 19109 - Rules for application schema ISO 19110 - Feature cataloguing methodology ISO 19111 - Spatial referencing by coordinates ISO 19112 - Spatial referencing by geographic identifiers ISO 19113 - Quality principles ISO 19114 - Quality evaluation procedures ISO 19115 - Metadata ISO 19116 - Positioning services ISO 19117 Portrayal ISO 19118 - Encoding ISO 19119 - Services ISO/TR 19120 - Functional standards ISO/TR 19121 Imagery and gridded data ISO/TR 19122 - Qualifications and certification of personnel

ISO 19123 - Schema for coverage geometry and functions ISO/RS 19124 - Imagery and gridded data components ISO 19125 - Simple feature access Part 1-3 ISO 19126 - Profile - FACC Data Dictionary ISO 19127 - Geodetic codes and parameters ISO 19128 - Web Map Server Interface ISO 19129 - Imagery, gridded and coverage data framework ISO 19130 - Sensor and data model for imagery and gridded data ISO 19131 - Data product specification ISO 19132 - Location based services possible standards ISO 19133 - Location based services tracking and navigation ISO 19134 - Multimodal location based services for routing and navigation ISO 19135 - Procedures for registration of geographic information items ISO 19136 Geography Markup Language (GML) ISO 19137 - Generally used profiles of the spatial schema and other schemas ISO 19138 - Data Quality Measures ISO 19139 - Metadata - Implementation Specification ISO 19140 - Technical amendment to the ISO 191 Geographic information series of standards for harmonization and enhancements of similar important