BIOLOGY 1510

Faculty:

BIOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES

FALL 2009

Prerequisites: Description:

Textbook:

PRS:

Organization: Honor Code: Lectures:

Lecture Exams:

Missed Exams:

Jung Choi (JC) 213 Cherry-Emerson Building tel: 404-894-8423 email: jung.choi@biology.gatech.edu Tonya Shearer (TS) 2155 ES&T Building tel: 404 385-4434 email: tonya.shearer@biology.gatech.edu Good background in high school biology and chemistry. This is an active-learning class that introduces students to basic principles of modern biology, including biomacromolecules, bioenergetics, cell structure, genetics, homeostasis, evolution, and ecological relationships. This course will foster the development of critical scientific skills including hypothesis testing, experimental design, data analysis and interpretation, and scientific communication. Campbell, N.A. et al. (2008). Biology, 8th Edition. Benjamin Cummings, San Francisco. We have arranged special pricing through the bookstore for hardcover, looseleaf-bound and ebook versions of the textbook bundled with a PRS coupon and access to the Mastering Biology website. An Interwrite PRS-RF unit ("clicker") is required and will be used for quizzes and interactive lecture sessions, which will contribute to the "participation" portion of your course grade. The course is organized into five modules, each of which deals with a major area of modern biology. All students are expected to abide by the Academic Honor Code, which can be viewed online at http://www.honor.gatech.edu. Attendance in lecture correlates strongly with performance in Biology 1510. We will make our lecture slides available via T-Square and urge you to download and print them for use in taking notes during lecture. The lectures and readings are complementary and some materials will be presented only in lecture. Please complete each reading assignment before class. Four midterm exams and the final exam. The midterm exams will be held in the evening, are closed-book and will be made up of multiple-choice questions based on topics, materials, and discussions presented in class, in the assigned readings, and in the Mastering Biology assignments. Exams and quizzes may also be given in the laboratory and on-line on Mastering Biology and T-square. If you miss an exam for any reason, you will receive a grade of 0 (zero) on that exam unless you petition us for a makeup exam within 24 h of the start of the missed exam, and we approve your petition. Your petition must be submitted in writing and must include documentation of a legitimate reason for missing the exam. You can, of course, submit your petition before the exam if you know of your scheduling conflict in advance. We will consider each petition individually. Examples of legitimate reasons to miss an exam include illness, illness or death in your immediate family, and participation in official university activities. If we approve your petition, we will remove the missed exam from your grade calculation by using the weighted mean of your other exam scores as your grade for the missed exam, making it completely neutral in your final point total. You

We will use the following procedure in calculating your final grade: 1. We will normalize your score to actual student performance by dividing your raw composite score by the mean score earned by the top 5% of the class. This means that class participation or Mastering Biology is effectively a source of extra credit toward the final grade. 2 potential exam questions.5% of the class. Short quizzes may be administered in lecture. 2. In addition. Your final grade will depend on the following combination of grades: In-class exams: 40% Final exam: 20% Group activities: 10% Mastering Biology: 5% Participation: 5% Laboratory: 25% Note that these components total 105%. and a single slide for a 4-minute overview to be presented in class. each group will be responsible for collaboratively maintaining group class notes. Each group will prepare a scientific poster. though the maximum overall score we will allow in this course is 100%. Laboratory attendance is mandatory and each unexcused absence will lower your final grade by 5%. We will assign final letter grades based on normalized scores using the following scale: A: B: C: D: F: ≥ 90% ≥ 80% and < 90% ≥ 70% and < 80% ≥ 60% and < 70% < 60% . Grades will be based on instructors grades and peer evaluations. All such requests must be submitted in writing with appropriate documentation (e. a letter from a physician or the athletic department) no later than the day after the missed lab. For each module. and group activity and other scores into a raw composite score (0 – 100%) using the weights shown above.g. We will combine your exam.BIOLOGY 1510 BIOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES FALL 2009 Quizzes: Group Activities: Labs: Grading: may also petition for a makeup exam. If we accept your petition. Legitimate reasons to miss a lab include illness. we will administer a makeup exam before the end of the term. illness or death in the immediate family. If you’re in the top 2. and participation in official university activities. 3.. lab and online. We will use the mean score earned by the top 5% of the class as a gauge of real student performance in the class. We cannot accommodate makeup labs and will consider requests for excused absences from lab on a case-by-case basis. your score will be 100%. lab. uploaded to the group's T-square Resources and discussed on the group's T-square Discussion forum. 8-10 groups (4-6 students each) will each research an issue of current interest related to the topic of the module. 4.

Membranes. All exam questions will be based on material and concepts presented in the readings and lectures assigned to all students: no questions will depend exclusively on any particular Mastering Biology assignment. such optional work will not count towards the course grade. interactive tutorials and simulations. the textbook publisher's web site. or may be purchased separately from the publisher. The two lecture sections this semester will have different assignments in Mastering Biology. We think the most ethical approach is to allow students the option to access and perform any of the assignments. However. this semester. We will analyze the midterm and final exam scores to determine whether use of Mastering Biology makes a difference in student learning. for each course module. Mastering Biology offers animations. The Mastering Biology assignment scores are recorded. and Metabolism • Genetics • Biomedicine 4 5 Mastering Biology Efficacy Study We will be conducting an efficacy study of Mastering Biology. . and will comprise 5% of the overall course grade. videos. Chemiosmosis in respiration and photosynthesis Diversity of metabolic pathways Mendelian genetics DNA and genomics Gene regulation in prokaryotes and eukaryotes Recombinant DNA technology & bioethics Genetic diseases as model biological systems Immunology Course synthesis 3 • Molecules. as well as practice quizzes and an on-line version of the textbook.BIOLOGY 1510 BIOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES FALL 2009 Biology 1510 Module Themes and Teaching Goals Module Intro 1 2 Major theme • Course intro • Evolution • Ecology Teaching Goals • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Scientific method Earth history History of life on Earth Mechanism of evolution Behavior and evolution Simple population models Community structure Mass and energy flow through ecosystems Overview of biomolecules Introduction to bioenergetics: respiration and photosynthesis. Only the officially assigned Mastering Biology activities will count towards the course grade. Individual access codes for Mastering Biology are included with each new textbook. even if they are in the other section for that module.

Predation.3: 510-519 25.3-25.1: 507-510 28 Aug 25. drift. mutualism Keystone species Island Biogeography 52: 1148-1171 TS TS 51.1: 487-492 TS 31 Aug 22: 452-466 TS 2 Sep 4 Sep 7 Sep 9 Sep 11 Sep 23: 468-484 TS 24: 487-504 TS TS => M2 14 Sep 16 Sep 17 Sep 18 Sep 21 Sep Start Module 2: Ecology Intro to Ecology Physical Environment Behavioral ecology Foraging and defense against predation Mate choice and sexual selection Kin selection and altruism Exam #1 (evening) Population ecology Structure. Patterns of biological diversity over time Life and changes in the physical environment Biological classification Evolution and life on Earth Gradualism Descent with modification Historical biogeography Mechanisms of evolution Genetic variation Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium Mutation. dynamics. Miller & Urey experiment History of life on Earth Life in the remote past. human resistance to HIV Holiday Species and speciation What is a species Mechanisms of speciation Adaptive radiation Group activity 1 Platt (1964) 1. & regulation of populations Life histories Human populations through history Population management Community ecology Competition.2-25. .1-2: 1120-1128 51:4-5: 1133-1142 Module 1 53: 1174-1195 TS 23 Sep 25 Sep 54: 1198-1219 TS 1 Textbook readings given as Chapter #: page range in Campbell & Reese.6: 514-531 24. selection Case study: HIV drug resistance. 8th ed.3: 18-24 1: 1-24 TS TS TS TS 25. parasitism.BIOLOGY 1510 BIOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES FALL 2009 Date 17 Aug Lecture Topics Course overview Introduction to instructors Readings1 Lecturer All => M1 19 Aug 21 Aug 24 Aug 26 Aug Start Module 1: Evolution What is science? What is the scientific method? What is life? What is evolution? An evolutionary framework for biology Earth history Origin of life RNA world.

BIOLOGY 1510 Date 28 Sep 30 Sep 2 Oct 5 Oct BIOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES Readings 55: 1222-1242 FALL 2009 Lecturer TS TS Lecture Topics Ecosystems Energy and material flow through ecosystems Biogeochemical cycles Human impact on ecosystems Group activity 2 Holiday: Fall break Modules 1 & 2 => M3 7 Oct 8 Oct 9 Oct Start Module3: Molecules. Membranes.acceptor Metabolic diversity LUCA and prokaryotes glycolysis.6 180-182 10: 10. osmosis.2 185-198 10: 10. JC JC 12 Oct 7: 125-139 JC 14 Oct 8: 142-159 JC 27.4 170-177 9: 9. fermentation Cellular respiration Pyruvate oxidation Citric acid cycle Electron transport chain Chemiosmotic generation of ATP Eukaryote respiration Mitochondrial origins Amino acid and lipid breakdown Feedback regulation Photosynthesis Overview: reduce CO2 to organic C Pigments and light absorption Origin of photosynthesis: single PS.3: 564-565 9: 9. and CAM photosynthesis Recap: compare and contrast respiration & photosynthesis. Exam 3 (evening 5: 68-89 Modules 1 & 2 6:6. and enzymes Redox reactions Membrane potential Glycolysis and fermentation Oxidation of food and reduction of an e. 9. active transport Energetics and enzymes Thermodynamics and free energy Catalysis and kinetics. mitochondria & chloroplasts.2-6.1-10.1-9. 198-199 10: 10. C4.4 200-203 Module 3 JC 21 Oct JC 23 Oct JC 26 Oct JC 28 Oct 29 Oct JC .3-9.5 98-122 94. cyclic photophosphorylation Carbon fixation Evolution of PSII & noncyclic photophosphorylation Calvin-Benson cycle Energetics and stoichiometry of C fixation Photosynthetic strategies C3.2.5 162-169. Metabolism Biomolecules Basic building blocks Major classes of macromolecules Exam #2 (evening) Cellular Structure Lipid bilayer membranes Archaeal membranes Serial endosymbiosis and eukaryote evolution Membrane function and transport systems Membrane composition and adaptation Membrane proteins Transport: passive diffusion. facilitated diffusion.177-179 JC 16 Oct 19 Oct 9: 9.3 185-189. substrate-level phosphorylation regeneration of NADH.

Cystic Fibrosis Group activity 5 Course wrap-up and review Final Exams (see exam schedule for dates and times) Comprehensive 20.BIOLOGY 1510 Date 30 Oct => M4 BIOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES Readings FALL 2009 Lecturer JC Lecture Topics Group activity 3 Start Module 4: Genetics Chromosomes & Cell division Mitosis Meiosis Mendelian genetics Mendel’s model genetic system Monohybrid and dihybrid crosses Sex-linkage and pedigree analysis Probabilities of genetic outcomes Genetics of human disease DNA as the basis of inheritance Experimental evidence for role of DNA DNA structure Semi-conservative replication of DNA Gene expression: DNA to protein Basics of transcription and translation Prokaryotic and eukaryotic genomics Genome size and organization Mammalian genomes Genome evolution Group activity 4 Exam 4 (evening) 12: 12.1-12.1: 396-405 20.4: 412-423 43: 930.4 426-427.3-20.3 286-296 16: 305-317 JC 2 Nov 4 Nov 6 Nov 9 Nov TS TS JC 11 Nov 13 Nov 15 Nov 18 Nov 19 Nov JC JC JC JC 17: 325-348 18: 351-356 21: 21.2 228-238 13: 248-258 16: 16.3-21.3 320-323 14: 262-279 15: 15.1. 432-438 Module 4 => M5 20 Nov 23 Nov 25 Nov 27 Nov 30 Nov 2 Dec 4 Dec 7 Dec 11 Dec Start Module 5: Biomedicine Recombinant DNA Stem cells. 21. Thalassemia. cloning and bioethics Immunology and infectious diseases Thanksgiving Holiday Human health and evolution Balancing selection Sickle cell.946 JC JC JC JC JC All .1-15.

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