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# Code No: RR410201 Set No.

1
IV B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007
DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING
(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
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1. (a) For each of the following systems, determine whether or not the system is
i. stable
ii. causal
iii. linear
iv. shift-invariant.

A. T [x(n)] = x(n − n0 )
B. T [x(n)] = ex (n)
C. T[x(n)] = a x(n) + b.
(b) A system is described by the difference equation y(n)-y(n-1)-y(n-2) = x(n-
1). Assuming that the system is initially relaxed, determine it s unit sample
response h(n). [8+8]

2. (a) Let x(n) and X(ejw ) represent a sequence and its transform. Determine, in
terms of X(ejw ), the transform of each of the following sequences :
i. k x(n), k = any constant
ii. x(n − n0 ), n0 = a real integer
(b) By explicitly evaluating the transforms X(ejw ), H(ejw )andY (ejw ) correspond-
ing to x(n), h(n) and y(n) specified in part (a) show that Y (ejw ) = H(ejw )X(ejw )
[8+8]

## 3. (a) Distinguish between DFT and DTFT .

(b) Consider a sequence x(n) of length L. Consider its DTFT Xd (w) is sampled
and N is the number of frequency samples. Discuss the relation between L
and N for inverse DTFT = inverse DFT comment on the aliasing problem.
(c) Compute the DFT of x(n) = {1, 0, 0, 0} and compare with Xd (w). [4+6+6]

## 4. An 8 point sequence is given by x(n) = {2,2,2,2,1,1,1,1}. Compute 8 point DFT of

x(n) by

(a) radix - 2 D I T F F T
(b) radix - 2 D I F FF T
Also sketch magnitude and phase spectrum. [16]

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Code No: RR410201 Set No. 1
5. (a) Explain how the analysis of discrete time invariant system can be obtained
using convolution properties of Z transform.
(b) Determine the impulse response of the system described by the difference
equation y(n)-3y(n-1)-4y(n-2)=x(n)+2x(n-1) using Z transform. [8+8]

6. (a) Discuss about the pole locations for the digital Chebyshev filters.
(b) Compare the impulse invariance and bilinear transformation methods. [8+8]

## 7. (a) Draw the frequency response of N-point rectangular window.

(b) Design a fifth order band pass linear phase filter for the following specifications.
i. Lower cut-off frequency = 0.4 πrad/sec
ii. Upper cut-off frequency = 0.6 πrad/sec
iii. Window type = Hamming
Draw the filter structure. [4+12]
1 n

8. (a) Realize an FIR filter with impulse response h(n) given by h (n) = 2
[u (n) − u (n − 5)]
(b) A system is described by it’s transfer function H(Z) given by H (Z) = 4 +
3Z
Z− 1
− Z−1 1 ] [8+8]
2 4

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Code No: RR410201 Set No. 2
IV B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007
DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING
(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

P
1. (a) Prove that a discrete LTI system is stable if and only if |h(n)| < ∞
n=−∞
where h(n) is the unit sample response of the system.
(b) Check the following systems for linearity, causality, time invariance and sta-
bility using appropriate tests.
i. y(n) = n e|x(n)|
ii. y(n) = an cos(2πn/N ) [8+8]
2. (a) Show that the frequency response of a discrete system is a periodic function
of frequency.
(b) Obtain the frequency response of the first order system with difference equa-
tion y(0) = x(n)+10y(n-1) with initial condition y(-1) = 0 and sketch it com-
(c) State and prove the frequency shifting property of Fourier transform. [5+6+5]
3. (a) Compute the discrete Fourier transform of each of the following finite length
sequences considered to be of length N.
i. x(n) = δ(n)
ii. x(n) = δ(n − n0 )where0 < n0 < N
iii. x(n) = an 0 ≤ n ≤ N − 1
(b) Let x2 (n) be a finite duration sequence of length N and x1 (n) = δ(n − n0 )
where n0 < N . Obtain the circular convolution of two sequences. [8+8]
4. (a) Let x(n) be a real valued sequence with N-points and Let X(K) represent its
DFT , with real and imaginary parts denoted by XR (K) and X1 (K) respec-
tively. So that X(K) = XR (K) + JX1 (K). Now show that if x(n) is real,
XR (K) is even and X1 (K) is odd.
(b) Compute the FFT of the sequence x(n) = { 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 } [8+8]
5. (a) Explain how the analysis of discrete time invariant system can be obtained
using convolution properties of Z transform.
(b) Determine the impulse response of the system described by the difference
equation y(n)-3y(n-1)-4y(n-2)=x(n)+2x(n-1) using Z transform. [8+8]
6. (a) Design a second order Digital low pass Butterworth filter using impulse invari-
ance method. The sampling period is “T”. Determine the difference equation
and realize the filter in all possible forms.

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Code No: RR410201 Set No. 2
(b) Compare Bi-linear and Impulse Invariance transformation methods. [12+4]

## 7. (a) What is the principle of designing FIR filters using windows.

(b) Using a rectangular window technique design a low pass filter with pass band
gain of unity, cut-off frequency of 1kHz and working at a sampling frequency
of 5 kHz. The length of the impulse response should be 7. [6+10]

8. (a) What are the advantages in cascade and parallel realisation of IIR systems
(b) The transfer function of a system is given by
3
(1 + Z −1 )
H (Z) =
1 − 41 Z −1 1 − Z −1 + 12 Z −2
 

[6+10]

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Code No: RR410201 Set No. 3
IV B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007
DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING
(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) Find the impulse and step responses for the given system:
y(n)+y(n-1) = x(n)-2x(n-1)
(b) Test the following systems for linearity, time invariance, causality and stability.
i. y(n) = a|x(n)|
ii. y(n) = sin(2nf π/F )x(n) [8+8]

2. (a) Explain magnitude and phase spectrum with reference to frequency response
of system.
(b) Find the impulse response ,frequency , magnitude response and phase response
of the given second order system
3
y(n) − y(n − 1) + 16 y(n − 2) = x(n) − 12 x(n − 1) [6+10]

## 3. (a) Distinguish between DFT and DTFT .

(b) Consider a sequence x(n) of length L. Consider its DTFT Xd (w) is sampled
and N is the number of frequency samples. Discuss the relation between L
and N for inverse DTFT = inverse DFT comment on the aliasing problem.
(c) Compute the DFT of x(n) = {1, 0, 0, 0} and compare with Xd (w). [4+6+6]

4. (a) Implement the Decimation in frequency FFT algorithm of N-point DFT where
N-8. Also explain the steps involved in this algorithm.
(b) Compute the FFT for the sequence x(n) = { 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 } [8+8]

5. (a) With reference to Z-transform, state the initial and final value theorem.
Z 2 +Z
(b) Determine the causal signal x(n) having the Z-transform X(Z) = 1 2
.
( 2 ) (Z− 41 )
Z−
[6+10]

6. Use the Bilinear transformation to convert the analog filter with system function
H(S) = S + 0.1/(S + 0.1)2 + 9 into a digital IIR filters. Select T = 0.1 and compare
the location of the zeros in H(Z) with the locations of the zeros obtained by applying
the impulse invariance method in the conversion of H(S). [16]

7. Design a low pass Finite Impulse Response filter that approximate the following
frequency response:
1 ; 0 ≤ f ≤ 1000 Hz
H(f ) =
0 ; elsewhere in the range 0 ≤ f ≤ fs /2
when the sampling frequency is 8000 sps. The impulse response duration is to be
limited to 2.5 msec. Draw the filter structure. [16]

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Code No: RR410201 Set No. 3
8. (a) Write the difference equations for FIR and IIR system and hence derive the
transfer function of FIR and IIR system.
(b) Realize the following system with minimum number of multipliers

## H (Z) = 0.5+0.75Z −1 +0.8Z −2 +0.9Z −3 +2Z −4 +0.9Z −5 +0.8Z −6 +0.75Z −7 +0.5Z −8

[8+8]

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Code No: RR410201 Set No. 4
IV B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007
DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING
(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

## 1. By explicitly evaluating the convolution sum, evaluate the convolution y(n)=(n)*h(n)

of the sequences
 n
α 0≤n<N
h(n) =
 n−n0elsewhere
0
β , n0 ≤ n
X(n) = [16]
0 , n ≤ n0

2. (a) Prove the modulation and time shifting properties of discrete time Fourier
transform.
(b) A discrete system is given by following difference equation
y(n)-5y(n-1) = x(n) + 4x(n-1)
where x(n) is the input and y(n) is the out put. Determine its magnitude and
phase response as a function of frequency.
[8+8]

3. (a) Define DFT of a sequence x(n). Obtain the relationship between DFT and
DTFS.
(b) Consider a sequence x(n) = {2, −1, 1, 1} and T = 0.5 compute its DFT and
compare it with its DTDT. [8+8]

## 4. (a) Implement the decimation in time FFT algorithm for N=16.

(b) In the above Question how many non - trivial multiplications are required.
[10+6]

5. (a) Explain how the analysis of discrete time invariant system can be obtained
using convolution properties of Z transform.
(b) Determine the impulse response of the system described by the difference
equation y(n)-3y(n-1)-4y(n-2)=x(n)+2x(n-1) using Z transform. [8+8]

## 6. Design a low pass digital filter with the following specifications;

Maximum pass band attenuation αmax = −3db, f or0 ≤ w ≤ 2π/10
Minimum stop band attenuation αmax = −15db, f or3π/10 ≤ w ≤ π
Use following two methods:

## (a) Impulse invariance method

(b) Bilinear transformation method.
Assume T = 0.2 msec. [16]

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Code No: RR410201 Set No. 4
7. Design a band pass Finite Impulse Response filter that approximate the following
frequency
 response:
1 ; 160 ≤ f ≤ 200
H(f ) =
0 ; elsewhere in the range 0 ≤ f ≤ fs /2
when the sampling frequency is 8000 sps. Limit the duration of impulse response
to 2 msec. Draw the filter structure. [16]

## 8. (a) Describe how targets can be decided using RADAR

(b) Give an expression for the following parameters relative to RADAR
i. Beam width
ii. Maximum unambiguous range
(c) Discuss signal processing in a RADAR system. [4+6+4]

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