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E KIEM TRA OI TUYEN OLIMPIC 1 Cau I I.

1 Hoan thanh va can bang cac phan ng oxi hoa kh sau bang phng phap thang bang electron: I.1.1 KNO2 + KMnO4 + H2SO4 I.1.2 FexOy + HNO3 NO + I.1.3 P + NH4ClO4 H3PO4 + N2 + Cl2 + H2O I.1.4 Al + HNO3 N2O + NO I.2 Hoan thanh va can bang cac phng trnh phan ng sau bang phng phap ion electron: I.2.1 KNO2 + NaI + H+ NO + I.2.1 NaNOx + Al + KOH + H2O 2+ I.2.1 KCrO2 + HCl + KI Cr + + I.2.1 C6H12O6 + MnO4 + H CO2 + Cau II II.1 Da vao ac iem cau tao va o am ien, giai thch: II.1.1 Tai sao flo khong tao c mc oxi hoa dng trong cac phan ng hoa hoc. II.1.2 Ai lc electron cua Flo nho hn cua clo II.1.3 BF3 ben va co kha nang phan ng vi NH3. II.1.4 HF la mot axit yeu va co kha nang tao muoi axit. II.1.5 Khong ton tai phan t BH3 nhng ton tai phan t BX3 (X la halogen) II.1.6 Co the ton tai phan t B2H6. II.1.7 Co the ton tai Al2Cl6 ma khong ton tai B2Cl6. II.2 Cho biet o pH cua moi trng co anh hng nh the nao en vai tro cua cac chat trong phan ng oxi hoa kh. Neu v du minh hoa. II.3 Dung thuyet lai hoa giai thch s tao thanh cac phan t sau: CO2, NH3, PCl5. II.4 Neu trang thai lai hoa cua nguyen t trung tam va cau truc hnh hoc cua cac phan t va ion sau: SF6, Ni(CN)42-, Ag(NH3)2+, Cu(NH3)42+, ClO4-, HSO3-, XeF4, PCl6-, ZnCl2, BF3, BF4-, ClF3, HClO2, BrF5. Cau III III.1 Tnh pH cua cac dung dch sau: III.1.1 Tron 10 ml dung dch CH3COOH co pH = 3,5 vi 10 ml dung dch Ba(OH)2 co pH = 11,5. III.1.2 Dung dch NaHSO3 0,1 M III.1.3 Pha loang dung dch CH3COOH pH = 2,88. III.1.4 Tron 100 ml dung dch CH3COOH 0,5M vao 300 ml dung dch HCOOH 0,15 M sau o them t t NaOH ran vao en khi axit trung hoa va het. (Coi the tch dung dch thay oi khong ang ke khi them NaOH vao) Cho: CH3COOH co pKa = 4,75; H2SO3 co pK1 = 1,94, pK2 = 7,54; HCOOH co pKa = 3,75. III. 2 Tnh nong o mol /l toi thieu cua NH3 e hoa tan 0,1mol AgCl trong

1 lt dung dch. 10 + Cho TAgCl = 10 va Ag(NH3 )2 Ag+ + 2NH3 , K = 10 7,2 III.3 Cho t t Na3PO4 vao dung dch hon hp (X) gom co AgNO31M va Ca(NO3)2 0,1M III.3.1 Chat nao ket tua trc ?

III.3.2 Chat th hai bat au ket tua th nong o ion chat th nhat con lai bao nhieu . Co the dung phng phap ket tua phan oan tach hai muoi c khong ? 18 29 Biet : TAg PO = 1,8.10 ; TCa (PO ) = 2.10
3 4 3 4 2

III.4 Tnh the tch NaOH 0,1M can cho vao 100 ml dung dch H3PO4 e thu c dung dch co pH = 7,21. Cho H3PO4 co pK1 = 2,67, pK2 7,21; pK3 = 12,54. Cau IV IV.1 14,224 gam iod va 0,112 gam hidro c cho vao bnh kn dung tch 1,12 lt nhiet o 4000C. Toc o ban au cua phan ng la v0 = 9.10-5 mol.lit-1.phut-1. Sau mot thi gian, tai thi iem t nong o cua HI la 0,04 mol.lit-1 va khi phan ng tong hp HI at trang thai can bang th nong o HI la 0,06 mol.lit-1 IV.1.1 Tnh hang so toc o cua phan ng thuan va phan ng ng nghch. IV.1.2 Tnh toc o tao thanh HI tai thi iem t IV.2 Tm nhit to thnh tiu chun ca As2O3 rn bit cc d kin sau: As2O3(r) + 3H2O (l) 2H3AsO3(dd) 7,55kcal H 1(298) =+
0 0 17,58kcal AsCl3(r) + 3H2O (l) H3AsO3(dd) + 3HCl(dd) H 2(298) =+ 3 0 AsCl3(r) As(r) + Cl2 (k) H 3(298) =-71,39kcal 2 0 HCl (dd) HCl (k) + aq H 4(298) =-17,31kcal 1 1 0 H2 (k) + Cl2 (k) HCl (k) H 5(298) =-22,24kcal 2 2 1 0 H2O (l) H2 (k) + O2 (k) H 6(298) =-68,30kcal 2 IV.3 Xet phan ng 2A + B C + D Hang so toc o cua phan ng co n v la mol-1.l.s-1. Ket qua mot so th nghiem sau:

Th nghiem 1 2 3

Nhiet o 25 25 55

Nong o au cua A (mol.l-1) 0,25 0,75 0,25

Nong o au cua B (mol.l-1) 0,75 0,75 1,50

Toc o au cua phan ng (mol.l-1.s-1) 4,0.10-4 1,2.10-3 6,4.10-3

IV.3.1 Xac nh bac cua phan ng theo thc nghiem IV.3.2 Tnh he so nhiet cua toc o phan ng. Cau V V.1 Hoa tan 0,88 hon hp A gom 1 kim loai M hoa tr II va oxit cua M vao dung dch HCl va u thu c 200ml dung dch B cha 2,22 g muoi . V.1 .1 Xac nh kim loai M, biet rang tong so hat trong nguyen t M ln hn 40. V.1 .2 Tnh % khoi lng moi chat trong hon hp A . V.1 .3 Tnh nong o mol/l cua dung dch HCl a dung.

V.2 Hoa tan 3,87 gam hon hp gom kim loai m co hoa tr III va kim loai M co hoa tr II vao 250 ml dung dch cha HCl 1M va H2SO4 0,5 M th thu c dung dch B va 4,368 lt kh ktc. V.2.1 Chng minh rang trong dung dch B van con axit . V.2.2 Tnh khoi lng muoi khan trong B . V.2.3 Xac nh ten 2 kim loai, biet t le mol cua 2 ion kim loai trong dung dch B la 2: 3. Biet M va M la 2 trong cac kim loai sau : Mg=24; Cu= 64; Fe = 56; Ba = 137; Cr = 52; Al =27; Zn = 65. V.2.4 Tnh thanh phan % moi kim loai trong hon hp au.