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737436UtilisationB,Assignment1 DueWednesday5thSeptember,6pm

Allquestionsworth5markseach
Question1. Athreephaselinehasanimpedanceofj3Ohms.Itfeedstwobalancedthreephaseloadsconnected inparallel.Thefirstloadisstarconnectedwithimpedancesof12Ohmsperphase.Thesecondload isdeltaconnectedwithimpedancesof18Ohmsperphase,andthesupplyvoltageis346.41Vline. Usingthephasevoltageacrossaasthereferenceandwithanabcphasesequence,find: a) Linecurrent,realpowerandreactivepowerdrawnfromthesupply b) Thelinevoltageappliedtotheloads(i.e.346.41Vlinelessthevoltagedropacrossthej3 lineimpedances)

346.41 V line a n c b

j3

18

Question2. a) A synchronous generator driven by a steam turbine runs at 3000 rpm. A synchronous generatordrivenbyahydroturbinerunsat300rpm.Bothgeneratorsgenerate50Hzthree phasevoltages i. Statewhichgeneratorismostlikelytohaveasalientpolerotor,andwhichismost likelytohavearoundrotor.Justifyyouranswer. ii. Statethenumberofpoleseachgeneratorhas. b) Forasynchronousgenerator: i. State one method by which the induced voltage, E (or e), of a generator can be increased.

ii. iii.

Define the synchronous inductance of a synchronous machine in terms of its inductivecomponents. Give one advantage to connecting synchronous generator stator windings in star, ratherthandelta.

Question4. A60MVA69.3kVstarconnectedthreephasesynchronousgeneratorhasasynchronousreactance of15Ohmsperphaseandnegligiblestatorwindingresistance. a) The generator delivers rated power at 0.8 p.f. lagging at the rated terminal voltage to an infinite bus bar. Find the magnitude of the induced voltage, E, per phase and the power angle,. b) Iftheinducedvoltage,E,is36kVperphase,whatisthemaximumpowerthegeneratorcan deliverbeforelosingitssynchronismwiththeinfinitebus. c) The generator is delivering 48 MW to the infinite bus bar at the rated voltage with the current to the field winding adjusted to give an induced voltage, E, of 46 kV per phase. Determinethestatorcurrentandp.f. Question5. DeterminethepowermeasuredbyeachofwattmetersW1andW2,whichareconnectedusingthe twowattmetermethodtomeasurethepowersuppliedtoabalancedstarconnectedloadconsisting ofimpedancesof33+j33Ohmsperphase.Thelinevoltageis122Vandtheabcphasesequenceis used.