Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 27

Ultraviolet (UV) light is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength shorter than that of visible light, but longer than

X-rays, that is, in the range 10 nm to 400 nm, corresponding to photon energies
from 3 eV to 124 eV. It is so-named because the spectrum consists of electromagnetic waves with frequencies higher than those that humans identify as the colour violet. Tese frequencies are invisible
to humans, but visible to a number of insects and birds. Tey are also indirectly visible, by causing fuorescent materials to glow with visible light.
ATMOSPHERE Nan Wu Owen Xing Pei Wang
Ozone & UV_Christchurch UV levels
UV levels over NZ
The UV Index is a measure of the intensity of UV radiation. The larger the number, the more intense the UV. In
New Zealand, its maximum summer value is generally about 12, but it can exceed 13 in the far North. In winter it
reaches peak values of 1 or 2. Values of 10 or more should be considered as extreme. At high altitude tropical
sites (eg Mauna Loa Observatory, Hawaii), the UV Index can exceed 20.
Increased UV levels
New Zealands location in the remote southern Pacifc and Southern oceans and its low population density mean it
has an exceptionally clean atmosphere over most of the country. For example, New Zealand has little of the par-
ticulates and shorter-lived industrial gases that affect heavily industrialised countries in the northern hemisphere.
Our latitude and clarity of atmosphere mean that high levels of radiation from the sun reach the ground relatively
unhindered. This results in higher levels of UV radiation at ground level in New Zealand than in other developed
countries. Ozone depletion further exacerbates this effect, resulting in increased intensity of the UV radiation that
causes sunburn.
The environmental and health impacts of raised levels of UV can be severe, particularly for New Zealand where
high levels of UV are already experienced. The impacts include increases in the rates of skin cancers and eye
cataracts. Raised levels of UV also suppress human and animal immune systems. Plants can also be affected. For
example, high UV levels reduce the growth of plankton, a critical building block of the marine food chain. Increased
exposure to UV damages some man-made materials such as paints, plastics and construction materials.
UV leveld at Christchurch in different time of a year
Summer
Winter
ATMOSPHERE Nan Wu Owen Xing Pei Wang
Ozone & UV_ Applications of UV
ATMOSPHERE Nan Wu Owen Xing Pei Wang
What is Ozone?
Also called trioxygen
Less stable than dioxygen
Toxic in large doses
Formed by diatomic oxygen reacting with UV photons
Destroyed by reacting again with dioxygen
Ozone & UV
The Ozone Layer
Ozone is naturally present in our atmosphere
Around 10% in the troposphere
The remainng 90% in the stratosphere
Between 10 km and 50 km off the surface
This is the ozone layer
Relative low aboudance of zone in the stratosphere
Uneven abundance around the globe
What does the Ozone layer do?
The ozone layer helps block UVB radiation
It absorbs around 97-99% of this UV radiation
Also helps moderate day and night temperature swings
What is the Ozone Hole?
The area above the Antarctic where ozne is depleted
Not a total absence of ozone, but a reduction
First discovered in 1985 by British scientists
Is at its worst in the spring of the Southern Hemisphere
What is UV?
Ultraviolet (UV) light is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength shorter than that of visible light, but longer than X-
rays
UV light is found in sunlight and is emitted by electric arcs and specialized lights such as black lights
Most ultraviolet is classifed as non-ionizing radiation
Sources of UV
Natural sources and flters of UV
Artifcial sources of UV
Black lights"
Ultraviolet fuoarescent lamps
Gas-discharge lamps
Ultraviolet LEDs
Ultraviolet lasers
Human health-related effects of UV radiation
Harmful effects
Skin cancer
Eye damage such as cataracts
Immune system damage
Damage to the DNA in various life-forms
Possibly other things too that we don't know about at the moment
Benefcial effects
UVB exposure induces the production of vitamin D in the skin
Medical applications
Applications of UV
Sanitary compliance
Biological surveys and pest control
Air purifcation
Analyzing minerals
Chemical markers
Checking electrical insulation
Ozone diagram
Ozone hole
Bug Zapper
ATMOSPHERE Nan Wu Owen Xing Pei Wang
Ozone & UV_ Human health-related effects of UV radiation
Benefcial effects Harmful effects
ATMOSPHERE Nan Wu Owen Xing Pei Wang
Fresnel Equations
The Fresnel equations describe the behaviour of light when moving between media of differing refractive indices
When light moves from a medium of a given refractive index n1 into a second medium with refractive index n2,
both refection and refraction of the light may occur. The Fresnel equations describe what fraction of the light is
refected and what fraction is refracted
The BeerLambert law relates the absorption of light to the properties of the material through which the light is travelling.
The law states that there is a logarithmic dependence between the transmission (or transmissivity), T, of light through a
substance and the product of the absorption coeffcient of the substance, , and the distance the light travels through the
material (i.e., the path length), . The absorption coeffcient can, in turn, be written as a product of either a molar absorp-
tivity (extinction coeffcient) of the absorber, , and the molar concentration c of absorbing species in the material, or an
absorption cross section, , and the (number) density N of absorbers.
UV Related Equations
The Equation
The Relationship between Angle and Refectivity/Absorptivity
BeerLambert law
The Equation
BeerLambert law Diagram
Fresnel Equations indicate that the larger angle between UV and glass, the
more amount of UV would be refected.
BeerLambert law indicate that the lamount of UV been absorped is proportional
to the tpye of glass as well as thickness of glass.
Formal Investigation: With the research, it is clear that the larger angle between UV and glass, the more amount of UV would be refected(Fresnel equations).
In the investigation, a series of studying on relationship bewteen UV levels and diferent types of surfaces have been carried out. By analysis the angles between the points on surface to sun, the colours
been applied to surface indicate diferent UV level.
ATMOSPHERE Pei Wang
07/02/2012 Christchurch
12.40PM
07/06/2012 Christchurch
7.20AM
07/10/2012 Christchurch
2.40PM
Time
UV level Analysis Planar surface
ATMOSPHERE Pei Wang
07/02/2012 Christchurch
12.40PM
07/06/2012 Christchurch
7.20AM
07/10/2012 Christchurch
2.40PM
Time
UV level Analysis Single curved surface
ATMOSPHERE Pei Wang
07/02/2012 Christchurch
12.40PM
07/06/2012 Christchurch
7.20AM
07/10/2012 Christchurch
2.40PM
Time
UV level Analysis Double curved surface
ATMOSPHERE Pei Wang
07/02/2012 Christchurch
12.40PM
07/06/2012 Christchurch
7.20AM
07/10/2012 Christchurch
2.40PM
Time
UV level Analysis Domed surface
ATMOSPHERE Pei Wang
07/02/2012 Christchurch
12.40PM
07/06/2012 Christchurch
7.20AM
07/10/2012 Christchurch
2.40PM
Time
UV level Analysis Extruded Surface (Upper surface heights defned by UV Level)
ATMOSPHERE Pei Wang
07/02/2012 Christchurch
12.40PM
07/06/2012 Christchurch
7.20AM
07/10/2012 Christchurch
2.40PM
Time
UV level Analysis Extruded Surface Box (Surface box heights defned by UV Level)
ATMOSPHERE Pei Wang
07/02/2012 Christchurch
12.40PM
07/06/2012 Christchurch
7.20AM
07/10/2012 Christchurch
2.40PM
Time
UV level Analysis Extruded Surface Box (Surface box heights defned by UV Level)
ATMOSPHERE Pei Wang
07/02/2012 Christchurch
12.40PM
07/06/2012 Christchurch
7.20AM
07/10/2012 Christchurch
2.40PM
Time
UV level Analysis Extruded Surface Box with sphere flled (Surface box heights defned by UV Level)
ATMOSPHERE Pei Wang
07/02/2012 Christchurch
12.40PM
07/06/2012 Christchurch
7.20AM
07/10/2012 Christchurch
2.40PM
Time
UV level Analysis Extruded Surface Box (Surface box heights and cross-sectional areas defned by UV Level)
ATMOSPHERE Nan Wu Owen Xing Pei Wang
Form investigation
From the frst part of studies, I found out Extruded Surface Box
method gives the best shape and result. Ten another series of inves-
tigation have been carried, the idea of new study is to fnd a form that
creating a space having both signifcant low and high UV levels
ATMOSPHERE Nan Wu Owen Xing Pei Wang
Form investigation
ATMOSPHERE Nan Wu Owen Xing Pei Wang
Form investigation
Site and program: the analysis of site given by council blueprint of health precinct as well as a brief of the target guest of the spa hotel
ATMOSPHERE Pei Wang
Site and Program
Christchurch city Plan Proposed Health Precinct Plan Proposed Health Precinct Concept
Hospital
Outpatients Knowledge Campus
Medi-Hotel
Private/Public Health
ATMOSPHERE Pei Wang
Site and Program
Transportation
Sports
Education
Hospital
Centre Precinct
Arts/Library/Culture
Proposed Facilities in Christchurch recovery plan
ATMOSPHERE Pei Wang
Site and Program
Hotel
Motel
Hostel
Backpacker
Existing Hotel in Christchurch city
ATMOSPHERE Pei Wang
Site and Program
Existing Site Map
Botanic Gardens
Christchurch Netball Centre
Christchurch Hospital University of Otago
St Micheals Church
Hagley Park
Avon River,
ATMOSPHERE Pei Wang
Site and Program
New Proposal Site Map
Sun Spa Hotel
Eco-live-work Tree Farm
Carbon Zero Health Knowledge Campus
ATMOSPHERE Pei Wang
Site and Program
Hotel target guest Hotel Faculties Proposal
Sports contestants
Patients families and guest
Uni students and their guest
Other hotel guest
Bedrooms_3550M
2
Restaurant and Food Faculties_1200M
2
Common Rooms_Three common areas_500M
2
Sun Spa and Pool_The Entire Top Level
Entertainment Rooms_550M
2
Gym_300M
2
Internet Cafe_200M
2
Pool hall_200M
2
Game center_150M
2
Resturant_500M
2
Bar_400M
2
Buet_300M
2
20 Single Rooms_50M
2
30 Double Rooms_60M
2
10 Family Rooms_75M
2