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Under Guidance: Mr.

RAMESH GIRI Manager (Safety) JP BELA PLANT

Submitted By: ---manish payasi--MBA-HRD APSU REWA (M.P.)

Acknowledgment
I have taken efforts in this project. However, it would not have been possible without the kind support and help of many individuals and organizations. I would like to extend my sincere thanks to all of them. I am highly indebted to Mr. Ramesh Giri sir for their guidance and constant supervision as well as for providing necessary information regarding the project & also for their support in completing the project. I would like to express my gratitude towards my parents & member of JP.Group of industry for their kind co-operation and encouragement which help me in completion of this project. I would like to express my special gratitude and thanks to industry persons for giving me such attention and time. My thanks and appreciations also go to my colleague in developing the project and people who have willingly helped me out with their abilities.

-manish payasiMBA-HRD APSU Rewa (M.P.)

DECLARATION
I, manish payasi student of MBA-HRD APSU Rewa (M.P.), solemnly declare that I have successfully completed research assigned to me as per the part of SAFETY management system. I further declare that this report is outcome of my personal experience, exploration observation and knowledge, which I have acquired through my research period.

-manish payasi MBA-HRD APSU Rewa (M.P.)

PREFACE
The project entitled 'SAFETY management system (JBP, Rewa). The term of study was kept limited to make the title true. The focus of the report is to get the crystal clear understanding of the culture of safety management system in Jaypee Bela Plant Madhya Pradesh. To learn about the safety requirements and their

applications in Jaypee Bela Plant. I have researched about the unsafe condition/unsafe act/near miss safety culture, Safety Rules and Regulations.

I have conducted a survey in Jaypee Bela Plant among employees about their awareness of legal requirement of safety while working in the plant.

--manish payasi-MBA-HRD APSU Rewa (M.P)

CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that Mr.manish payasi is a regular student of MBA-HRD APSU Rewa (M.P.) He has conducted an authentic research on the topic safety management system and has completed her research methodology report successfully under the able guidance of Mr. ramesh giri and cluster incharge Mr.rajesh rai .The report is being taken up as a part of summer research work for Post Graduation Diploma in Business Management & Master Of Business Management 2012 and being submitted thereof.

Manager (Safety ) Mr. RAMESH GIRI

Content
TITLES PAGE No.

1. Company profile 2 . Introduction 3 . Terms & definition 4 . Objective 5 . Scope of the study 6 . Provided measure under factory act 1948 a ) Safety b) Welfare 7 . Provision of welfare for employee in industry 8 . Employee welfare scheme 9. Safety requirement 10 . Safety management system 11. Safety organization 12. General safety rules 13 . Function (P/A) IN JP Bela plant

14 . Research methodology 15 . Conclusion 16 . Problem identification 17 . Suggestion 18 . Bibliography 19 . Questionnaire 20 . Data intepration & analysis of data 21 . Graph representation

The customer is the most important visitor on our premises. He is not dependent on us, we are dependent on him. He is not an interruption on our work he is the purpose of it. He is not an outsider on our business, he is a part of it. We are not doing him a favour by serving him, he is doing us a favour by giving us an opportunity to do so.

Manish payasi

COMPANY PROFILE
Transforming challenges into opportunities has been the hallmark of the Jaypee Group, ever since its inception four decades ago. The group is a diversified infrastructure conglomerate and has a formidable presence in Engineering & Construction along with interests in the power, cement and hospitality. The infrastructure conglomerate has also expanded into real estate & expressways.
ENGINEERING & CONSTRUCTION

The Engineering and Construction wing of the group is an acknowledged leader in the construction of multi-purpose river valley and hydropower projects. It has had the unique distinction of executing simultaneously 13 hydropower projects spread over 6 states and the neighboring country Bhutan for generating 10,290 MW of power. The group has been assigned CR1 grade by ICRA Ltd indicating very Strong Contract Execution Capacity with best prospects of timely completion of projects without cost overruns etc. for projects with average value of Rs.2500 corers. It is the only group in India, which pre-qualifies on its own for the bidding of various projects that are awarded in the country. The company also has the distinction of executing three out of five hydropower projects contracted on an EPC basis in the country till March 2007. Two of these, 300 MW Chamera - II and 520 MW Omkareshwar, have been completed ahead of schedule.

The 900 MW Baglihar (Stage-I and II) hydroelectric projects in Jammu & Kashmir, in the challenging environment of the State with 22 million cubic meters of concrete, has been the largest EPC project executed in the country in hydropower sector, so far. The key non-EPC projects completed/under execution across India are -1450 MW Sardar Sarover Project, the largest water resource project in India, 1000 MW Tehri Dam, Asia's highest rockfill dam, 1000 MW Indira Sagar Power House, second largest surface power house in the country.1500 MW Naphtha Jhakri Power House, the largest underground surface power house in the country. The in house Design and Consultancy Company, Jaypee Ventures Pvt. Ltd. (JVPL), gives JAL a competitive edge over its rivals. The design and engineering arm has been awarded CT1 grade by ICRA with CIDC (The Construction Industry Development Council). This is the highest rating assigned to consultants in the field of engineering.

POWER
Jaypee Group, an integrated power player in the country after having established a strong presence in the Hydro-Power Sector has initiated its entry into Thermal Power Generation, Power Transmission and also forayed into Wind Power. The group with its operational projects of 300 MW Baspa-II (Himachal Pradesh) and 400 MW Vishnuprayag (Uttarakhand) is Indias largest Private sector Hydropower producer. Besides this, 1000 MW Karcham Wang too project (Himachal Pradesh) is under advanced stage of implementation. In addition to these, with 2525 MW projects (2025 MW Lower Siang & 500 MW Hirong) coming up in Arunachal Pradesh and 720 MW (270 MW Umngot and 450 MW Kynshi Stage II) in Meghalaya , the Group will have total hydro-power generation capacity of over 5600 MW. The Group process of is also in the implementing 2 x 660 MW pit head based Nigrie Thermal Power Plant in District Sidhi of M.P. and is setting up through M/s Suzlon, 50 MW of Wind Power in two phases of 25 MW each in Maharashtra. The Group is setting up Transmission System associated with 1000 MW Karcham Wang too Hydro Electric Project. The Transmission Project will consist of a 230 km long transmission line between Wang too in Himachal Pradesh and Abdullapur in Haryana.

HOSPITALITY
The group owns and operates four five star hotels, two in the national capital, New Delhi and one each in Agra and Mussorrie and also a five star Golf resort at Greater Noida, with a total capacity of 675 rooms.

REAL ESTATE AND EXPRESSWAYS


The real estate industry in India has been witnessing strong growth over the last 5 years mainly driven by positive growth in the economy with major areas of development including retail, hospitality, entertainment industries (e.g. hotels, resorts, multi-complexes), economic and social services (e.g. hospitals, schools) and information technology-enabled services (e.g. call centers).

The Group is a pioneer in the development of India's first golf centric Real Estate. Jaypee Greens - a saga, a story - a world class integrated community with a sanctuary of homes with limitless hours of enchantment. Residences sculpted around an international championship 18 hole Greg Norman Golf Course with an integrated sports complex, a spa resort, more than 16 lakes and water bodies, 60 acre nature reserve and other natural greens. A masterful creation spread over 7 million sq.ft. In over 450 acres of land at Greater Noida, it has become the most exclusive address for high-end segment of homeowners. In addition to the construction and operation of 165 km, Noida to Agra expressway, a Ribbon Development of 2500 Hectares of land at five or more locations along the expressway for commercial, industrial, institutional and residential and amusement purposes, will also be undertaken as an integral part of the project. The company plans to develop such installations to international standards with state of the art technology

SOCIAL COMMITMENTS
The group has always believed in growth with a human face and to fulfill its obligations it has set up Jaiprakash Sewa Sansthan (JSS), a not-for- profit trust which primarily serves the objectives of socio economic development, reducing the pain and distress in society and providing education at all levels of the learning curve with sixteen schools, two ITIs and three universities. For over 3 decades now Jaypee Group has supported the socio-economic development of the local environment in which they operate and ensure that the economically and educationally challenged strata of the work surroundings are also benefited from the groups growth by providing education, medical and other facilities for local development. Apart from this sustaining the ecological balance is of paramount importance. Our ecological management approach has led to efficient and optimum utilization of available resources, minimization of waste. Our group has also taken green initiatives, a forestation drives, resources conservation, water conservation, air quality control & noise pollution control and created a green oasis amidst the limestone belt at our cement complex in Rewa. Because we know, the environment is the prime essence of healthy life and healthy living as what we do today will be reaped by the next generation. Last but not the least, It is our dream of a brighter India that gives us the courage to brave the odds and emerge successful. Its no small dream. But then, its not too big either.

CEMENT
Jaypee group is the 4th largest cement producer in the country. The groups cement facilities are located in the Satna Cluster (U.P), which has one of the highest cement production growth rates in India. The group produces Ordinary Portland Cement and Pozzolana Portland Cement. Its cement division has three modern, computerized process control cement plants namely, Jaypee Rewa Cement Plant (JRCP), Jaypee Bela Cement Plant (JBCP) with an aggregate capacity of 7.0 MTPA. With its plans of adding capacities in different regions of the country, the Group is poised to be a 25 MTPA cement producer by the year 2010 and 30.5 MTPA by 2011. Thus, it is likely to be third largest cement producer in the country. Keeping pace with the advancements in the IT industry, all the 120 cement dumps are networked using TDM/TDMA VSATs along with a dedicated hub to provide 24/7 connectivity between the plants and all the 120 points of cement distribution in order to ensure track the truck initiative and provide seamless integration. This initiative is the first of its kind in the cement industry in India. In the near future, the group plans to expand its cement capacities via acquisition and Greenfield additions to maximize economies of scale and build on vision to focus on large size plants from inception. The Group is committed towards the safety and health of employees and the public. Our motto is ' Work For Safe, Healthy, Clean & Green Environment

History of JP Group of industry


With a single minded focus in mind, to achieve pioneering myriads of feat in civil engineering Shri. Jaiprakash Gaur, Founder Chairman of Jaiprakash Associates Limited after acquiring a Diploma in Civil Engineering in 1950 from the University of Roorkee, had a stint with Govt. of U.P. and with steadfast determination to contribute in nation building, branched off on his own, to start as a civil contractor in 1958, group is the 3rd largest cement producer in the country. The groups cement facilities are located in the Satna Cluster (M.P.), which has one of the highest cement production growth rates in India.

Year
1979 1981 1982 1986

Events
Jaiprakash Associates Pvt Ltd formed and sets foot in Iraq. Commenced Hotel Business with first hotel in Delhi Siddharth Hotel Vasant Continental was set up Commissioning of 1st unit of 1 MTPA Jaypee Rewa Plant (JRP) in District Rewa, MP Formation of Jaiprakash Industries Ltd (JIL) by amalgamation of Jaiprakash Associates Pvt Ltd with Jaypee Rewa Cement Ltd Public Issue of JIL. 2,25,00,000 shares issued at a price of Rs. 10/-

1987 1991 1992

JIL listed on Bombay Stock Exchange Commissioning of 2nd unit of 1.5 MTPA Jaypee Rewa Plant Jaiprakash Hydro Power Ltd established to operate 300 MW Baspa II HE Project Jaiprakash Power Ventures Ltd established to operate 400 MW Vishnuprayag HE project

1993 1995

JIL signs MOU to develop & operate 1000 MW Karcham Wangtoo HE Project Bela Cement Ltd incorporated to establish 3rd Cement Plant at Bela Hotel Jaypee Residency Manor set up

1996 1999 2000

Commissioning of the 3rd cement plant 1.7 MTPA Jaypee Bela Plant in District Rewa, MP Hotel Jaypee Palace, Agra set up Jaypee Greens Ltd 458 acre golf centric real estate company comes into being

2001

Jaypee Institute of Information Technology (deemed University since Nov 1 2004) set up at NOIDA All 3 cement plants were brought under one roof by hiving off Cement Business by JIL under Jaypee Cement Ltd

2002

Jaypee Karcham Hydro Corporation Ltd established to operate 1000 MW Karcham Wangtoo HE Project Jaypee University of Information Technology (State university), Waknaghat set up

2003

1st Captive Thermal Power Plant of 25 MW commissioned at JRP Formation of Jaiprakash Associates Ltd (JAL) by merging JIL with Jaypee Cement Ltd Jaypee Institute of Engineering & Technology, Guna Set up Awarded the NOIDA-Agra Expressway project on BOOT basis 300 MW Baspa-II commissioned and begins power generation

2004 2005 2006

Commissioning of 2nd Captive Power Plant of 25 MW at Jaypee Bela Plant Shares of JHPL listed on BSE/NSE. First hydropower company to be listed in the country Setting up of Madhya Pradesh Jaypee Minerals Corporation Ltd (MPJMCL) in JV with MP State Mineral Development Corporation Ltd for Coal Mining at Amelia Coal Block in Sidhi district of MP Setting up of 1320 MW Nigrie Thermal project in Singrauli district in the State of Madhya Pradesh is expected to comprise two 660 MW units, each deploying supercritical technology and is expected to be commissioned in 2013. Commissioning of 3rd Captive Power Plant of 38.5 MW at Jaypee Bela Plant Acquisition of Cement Plants & Assets of UP State cement corporation Ltd (in Liquidation) of 2.5 MTPA capacity Acquisition of Gujarat Anjan Cement Ltd for setting up a green field cement plant of 1.2

MTPA capacity in Bhuj, District Kutch Gujarat 400 MW Vishnuprayag Hydropower Station of JPVL, commissioned and begins power generation MOU signed with Govt of Arunachal Pradesh for setting up of 2700 MW HE project on Siang river and 500 MW HE project on Syon river on BOOT basis 2007 Signing of a joint venture agreement with Steel Authority of India Ltd for setting up a 2.0 MTPA slag based cement plant at Bhilai. Himalayan Expressway Ltd incorporated for implementation of 27.14 km Zirakpur Parwanoo Expressway awarded by NHAI Mandla North Coal Block in District Chindwara allotted to the company for captive requirement of cement business JAL in consortium with Prize Petroleum company Ltd secures the south Rewa block for Oil & Gas exploration under the NELP VI round JHPL signs MOU with PGCIL for formation of a Joint Venture company to lay a 230 km (approx.) long transmission system to evacuate power from the 1000 MW Karcham-Wangtoo Hydro Electric Project in Himachal Pradesh. Jaypee Greens launched Wish Town a historic residential township in India. Slated to be the Indias largest township development in over 1162 acres. Signed an agreement with the Formula One Administration (FOA) to host the very first F1 Race in India in the year 2011. 2008 Jaypee Ganga Infrastructure Corporation Ltd incorporated for implementation of 1047 Km long 8 lane Access controlled expressway between Greater Noida and Ballia in UP Chunar and Dalla cement plants (UPPCL) in UP commissioned 1.5 MTPA Grinding unit at Panipat, Haryana, commissioned Bokaro Jaypee Cement Ltd incorporated for implementation of 2.1 MTPA slag based cement plant at Bokaro, Jharkand in JV with SAIL

2 MTPA cement capacity plant at Sidhi (M.P.) and 1.20 MTPA cement plant at Sewagram (Gujarat) has also been successfully commissioned. Acquired Bina Power Supply Company Limited (BPSCL) from the Aditya Birla Group to set up a 1250 MW coal fired Thermal Power Plant at Bina, Madhya Pradesh. 2009 Amalgamation of four Group Companies, namely, Jaypee Cement Limited, Gujarat Anjan Cement Limited, Jaypee Hotels Limited and Jaiprakash Enterprises Limited with flagship company JAL. Acquired Sangam Power Generation Company Ltd. for setting up 3 x 660 MW Karchana Thermal Power Project (Phase I : 2x660 MW) & Prayagraj Power Generation Company Ltd. for 5 x 660 MW Bara Thermal Power project (Phase I : 3x660 MW) from UP Power Corporation Ltd. on BOO basis. Signing of MOU for setting up a 2.0 million tonnes per annum capacity cement plant in joint venture with Assam Mineral Development Corporation Limited (AMDC). Group is setting up a Jaypee Hitech Casting Centre with capacity of 18,000 TPA at Rewa, M.P. Jaiprakash Associates 2.4 million tonnes per annum capacity cement plant in Sewagram, Kutch, Gujarat was dedicated to the nation. Amalgamation of Jaiprakash Power Ventures Ltd. with Jaiprakash Hydro-Power Ltd.; the name of the Company i.e. Jaiprakash Hydro-Power Ltd. changed to Jaiprakash Power Ventures Ltd. 2010 Commissioning of 2.00 MnTPA Jaypee Himachal Cement Grinding and Blending Plant, Bagheri (H.P.). Commissioning of 1.20 MnTPA Jaypee Wanakbori Cement Grinding Unit, Wanakbori, Gujarat. Commissioning of 2.2 MnTPA Bhilai Jaypee Cement Ltd., Satna (Madhya Pradesh) & Bhilai (Chattisgarh). 1.2 million tonnes Jaypee Roorkee Cement Grinding Unit (JRCGU) at Roorkee, Uttarakhand. Jaypee Infratech Limited listed on NSE/BSE.

Jaypee Rewa Cement Plant and Jaype Bela Cement Plant in Madhya Pradesh of the Group have been awarded with renowned and most prestigious SWORD OF HONOUR award by the British Safety Council, UK. This is a well acclaimed and celebrated international award in the field of Health and Safety management system. 3.00 MnTPA Rewa and 2.40 MnTPA Bela are the only cement plants to be bestowed with this honour in India. 2011 Amalgamation of Jaypee Karcham Hydro Corporation Limited (JKHCL) and Bina Power Supply Company Limited (BPSCL) with Jaiprakash Power Ventures Limited (JPVL) with effect from April 1, 2010, being the Appointed Date.

STEP-BY-STEP FLOW DIAGRAM OF CEMENT MANUFACTURING PROCESS IS AS FOLLOWS.

MINES

LIME STONE CRUSHER

STACKER

PILE

BELT CONVEYOR

LIME STONE HOPPER

IRON ORE HOPPER

ADDITIVE HOPPER

APRON FEEDER

WEIGH FEEDER

BELT CONVEYOR

AIR SLIDE

BY BUCKET ELEVATION

SILO (CAPACITY 23500 TONNES)

PREHEATER

Klin (Temp 1100-1400 0C)

(70m length, 4.7m diameter, capacity 350t/hour)

COOLER

CLINKER STOCK PILE

CEMENT GRINDING MILL

COOLER

CEMENT MILL DEDUSTING

CEMENT SILO

PACKAGING OF CEMENT

TRUCK LOADING (fast automatic) STAGE WISE PROCESS OF CEMENT PRODUCTION

1) MINES: Limestone is taken out from the mines.

2) CRUSHER: This limestone is then sent to the crusher so that it can be crushed into small pieces of uniform sizes.

3) STACKER: Stacker steps the raw material taken out from the mines crushed by the crusher.

4) RECLAIMER: Reclaimed reclaims the crushed limestone after mixing the low grade limestone so that uniform quality of cement can be produced.

5) HOPPERS: There are four hoppers for limestone 3rd & 4th for latrite respectively from the reclaimer, the limestone is sent to those hoppers through the belt conveyor.

6) RAW MILL: From these hoppers limestone is sent to the raw mill for grinding purpose.

7) ESP: (Electro Static Precipitators) from the raw mill these grinded dust are sent to the ESP so that unwanted gasses can be released in the atmosphere.

8) C.B. SILO: From this dust is sent to silo by air slide or screw conveyor. 9)PREHEATER: From the silo this raw material is passed through the preheating stage where hot gases are coming from the burning of coal in kiln. 10) KILN: From the preheating zone the dust is entered into the kiln where temperature is around 1200-1400 degree Celsius. Here the dust is converted into clinker. 11) CLINKER YARD: After cooling them, this menu material is stored in Clinker yard. 12) C.M. HOPPER: From clinker yard, the clinker is transferred to the C.M. HOPPER where some additives like POZZOLONA (fly ash) and GUPSUM are added. 13) CEMENT MILL: From C.M. HOPPER, the clinker along with is sent to the cement mill. 14) SILO: From the cement mill, cement is stored in silo 15) PACKING PLANT: From the cement silo the cement is sent to additives

CATEGORY OF PRODUCT. CATEGORY / GRADE OF PRODUCT Ordinary Portland Cement (3 grades) 1. OPC 33 Grade OPC 43 Grade OPC 53 Grade 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. Portland Pozzolana Cement PPC (fly ash) Sulphate Resistance Cement (SRPC) Portland Blast Furnace Slag Cement White Cement Oil Well Cement Railway Super Cement Alumina Cement (Calandum Cement) Hydrophobic Cement Low Heat Portland Cement Super Sulphate Slag Cement Masonry Cement Rapid Hardening Cement Quick Setting Cement Low Alkali Cement Acid Proof Cement IS 269-1989 IS 8112-1989 IS 12269-1989 IS 1489-1991 IS 12330-1988 IS 455-1989 IS 8042-1978 IS 8229-1976 IRST-40 IS 6452 IS 8043-1978 IS 12600 IS 6909-1973 IS 3466-1967 IS 8041-1978

SR.NO.

ISI CODE NO.

MAJOR AREAS OF OPERATION CIVIL CONSTRUCTION HYDRO POWER CONSTRUCTION HOTEL AND TOURISM INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION & WELFARE JAIPRAKASH VENTURES LTD. CEMENT MAJOR PRODUCERS Jaiprakash Associates Ltd. (Cement Division) ACC : (Associated Cement Co. Ltd.). GACL : (Gujarat Ambuja Cement Ltd.) GRASIM INDUSTRY LTD. ULTRA TECH CEMENT. MARKET SHARE OF THE MAJOR CEMENT COMPANIES (03-04 in central India)

16%

63%

7% 6% 4% 4%
AMBUJA ULTRA TECH. PRISM ACC

JAYPEE

GRASIM

PROFILE OF JAYPEE GROUP


JAYPEE GROUP Jaiprakash Associates Limited is a premier organization in India, which commenced its activities in 1972, when a group of engineers got together in a partnership firm known as Jaiprakash Associates Limited, under the visionary leadership of Shri Jaiprakash Gaur. Seven years of rapid growth led to its convention into a private limited company in 1979. Further growth continues as a part of diversification, a new company was launched in 1983 to set up a modern cement plant with one million tonne capacity in August 1986 the construction company and the cement were merged into Jaiprakash Associates Limited (JAL). Today Jaypee Group is a well-diversified infrastructure industrial group with a turnover of over 5500 crores.
Jaiprakash Associates Jaiprakash Jaypee Industries IAssociates Ltd. Limited
Jaiprakash Power Ventures Jaypee Cements Ltd

Jaypee Hotels Ltd.

JAYPEE Jaypee GROUP


Cement

Jaypee Ventures Ltd.

Jaypee Greens Ltd.

Jaiprakash Sewa Sansthan

Jaypee Korcham Hydro Corporation

JIL Information Technology Ltd.

CORPORATE PHILOSOPHY Any corporate entity needs to be dynamic and vibrant, responsive to the changing economic scenario and flexible enough to absorb environmental and physical fluctuations. It must harness the inherent strengths of available resources and must possess the capacity to learn from success. More than anything else, it should ensure growth with a human face. MAJOR AREAS OF OPERATION CEMENT CIVIL CONSTRUCTION HYDRO POWER CONSTRUCTION HOTEL AND TOURISM INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION & WELFARE JAIPRAKASH VENTURES LTD.

EDUCATION & WELFARE


Towards the aim of servicing the society and also acknowledging the fact that education for all is the most important dimension in building the nation, the company is running education centers under the aegis of Jaiprakash Sewa Sansthan (JSS) a non-profit organization. Two institutes of IT at Noida (U.P.) & Solan (H.P.). One engineering college at Guna. Two-degree colleges at U.P. Primary & Secondary schools at U.P. & M.P. Jaiprakash Sewa Sansthan (JSS) A total of 17 villages around Jaypee Cement Ltd. Complex have been chosen for all round development of the area under a programme named Comprehensive Rural Development Programme (CRDP). Health care- Free medical treatment, Jaccha baccha camp, Pulse Polio camp, supper to medical college, Eye camp. Health checks up of villagers, health/hygiene awareness programs. Animal care Education Balwadi, adult education, Young girls project. Drinking water Self employment Village roads. Socio Religious activities Temples, Govt, Schools, Barat Ghar Natural Calamity Relief activities Floof relief at Rewa & Gorakhpur, Orissa cyclone relief, Gujrat earthquake relied etc.

JAYPEE BELA PLANT


Jaypee Bela Plant of 2.5 million tonne capacity was commissioned in 1996. A blending unit, first of its kind in the country, having a capacity of 6 lacs tonnes per annum was set up in Sadva Khurd, Distt. Allahabad, (U.P.) in December 2001. A grinding unit with a capacity of one million tonne has already been set up at Tanda, Distt. Faizabad, (U.P.). Through optimization measures, the total cement production of the JAL would be enhanced to 20 million MT per annum by FY 2010. In each of the plants, the equipment, instrumentation and control systems were stateof-the-art when set up. The successive units incorporated improved measures for facilitating easy operation, timely and proper maintenance, higher energy conservation and better pollution control. All the 3 plants have received the ISO 9002 certification from the world renowned accrediting agency BVQI. Mining operations at Jaypee Cement receive utmost attention. For optimal utilization of the limestone reserves and input of right quality limestone to the plants, Jaypee Cement has Computer Aided Deposit Evaluation (CADE), Quarry Scheduling and Optimization (QSO) packages as well as a computerized on-line bulk analyzer. The plants have 100% power backup through a bank of diesel generating sets. A 27 MW capacity coal based captive thermal plant started functioning from August 2003, which has helped the Cement Complex to reduce substantially its expenditure on power. Work on the second 27 MW coal based captive thermal plant has also begun and generation of power from this plant is expected to begin from August 2004. Jaypee Cement Complex is consistently producing world class cement of OPC grades 33, 43, 53, IRST-40, the all popular special blends of pozzolana cement such as 'Buniyad' and 'Buland', and

Super plus PPC all surpassing applicable BIS standards and would shortly be introducing a Low Alkali cement also.

Jaypee Bela Plant, Rewa (M.P) Buland Cement - The only blended cement having a 28 day compressive strength of 55 Mpa certified by IIT Roorkie & IIT Delhi, is today known for its Engineering Quality, Strength and durable Construction and has in a very short time become a leading brand in the markets of M.P., Bihar, Western U.P. and Delhi. Through diligent and continuous efforts, large water reservoirs spread over 33 hectares, with capacity in excess of 20 million cubic meters; have been created in the mining area where mining has been completed, which has helped significantly to improve the depleting water table in surrounding areas. Dense green belts have been developed in the plants, town-ships and the mines. In all about 4 lacs saplings have been planted and are being nurtured. This has indeed converted the Jaypee Cement Complex into a green city. Ever conscious of its social responsibilities and obligations, Jaypee Cement has been regularly organizing medical camps. In addition, Animal Care camps and training programmes on Animal Husbandry have also been organized regularly. As part of the Jaypee Corporate Strategy, lot of emphasis is being laid in the field of education by way of organizing Bal-wades and Adult Education classes in the villages surrounding the plants.

SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY The Company is fully aware of its social responsibilities. After all, the cement complex was established in a backward area of Madhya Pradesh. Thanks to this industrial complex, the city of Rewa has a rail link now. Neighboring villages, which are in a drought prone area, have been provided water through tubewells, free medical aid through medical vans and a hospital with facilities for minor surgeries provide health and family welfare to the villagers. A modern bilingual secondary school provides the residents and villagers free education. The new building has 20 classrooms, a library and a science laboratory. An industrial training institute, a sports complex and a new 30 beds hospital have also been planned. This humane approach will continue to find expression wherever there is an opportunity. THE FOCUS IS ON THE CUSTOMER Jaiprakash Associates Limited is a voracious consumer of cement. The group is well versed in the advantages that flow from high strength and hi-tech cement. It is this experience that guided the Company in making a huge investment to give quality cement that consumers need and deserve. The interests of cement consumers will continue to be of paramount concern to the Company. Every future move of the Company, be it technology of cement

manufacture, quality, addition of capacity, distribution of cement, or post sales service, will reflect this concern for the consumers in its entirety and enormity.

2.

INTRODUCTION:

Safety and welfare measures are inevitable to any organization where workers are involved. An organizations responsibility to its employees extends beyond th payment of wages for their services. The employees safety and welfare on and off the job within the organization is a vital concern of the employer. Providing a safe and healthy environment is a pre-requisite for any productive effort. This research deals with the study on the welfare measures provided to the employees at JP CEMENT INDUSTRIES PVT. LTD. The bureau of Indian standards has formulated a standard for occupational health and safety management systems. This standard is known as is 18001:2000 occupational health and safety management system. Any OHS management system adopted by an organization should incorporate all the requirements specified in this standard. The bureau of Indian standards has formulated a standard for occupational health and safety management systems. This standard is known as is 18001:2000 occupational health and safety management system. Any OHS management system adopted by an organization should incorporate all the requirements specified in this standard.

3.

TERMS & DEFINITIONS

safety

The condition of being safe; freedom from danger, risk, or injury. The state of being certain that adverse effects will not be caused by some agent under defined conditions. Occupational safety is concerned with risks in areas where people work; offices, manufacturing plants, farms, construction sites, and commercial and retail facilities. Public safety is concerned with hazards in the home, in travel and recreation, and in other situations that do not fall within the scope of occupational safety.

welfare
Anything done for the intellectual, physical, moral and economic betterment of the workers, whether by employers, by government or by other agencies, over and above what is laid down by law or what is normally expected of the contractual benefits for which workers may have bargained. Well-doing or well-being in any respect, the enjoyment of health and the common blessings of life; exemption from any evil or calamity; prosperity; happiness. HAZARDS: Any source, situation, or act with a potential to cause harm in terms of human injury or ill health, or a combination of these. TYPES OF HAZARD: There are 4 types of hazards Physical Chemical Biological Ergonomics

Explanation:
1.Physical:

Noise, Vibration, Radiation, Temperature, Electricity, Physical Characteristics, Pressure, Velocity, Height. 2. Chemical: Explosives, Flammable Liquids, Corrosives, Oxidizing Materials, Gases And Air Particulate, Toxic, Carcinogenic, Substances. 3. Biological: Viruses, Bacteria, Parasites, Insects, Drugs (Antibiotics,Marijuana), Biological Wastes(Blood, Fluids), Poisonous Or Diseased Plants, Animals. 4. Ergonomics(a) Physical (b) Environmental (c) Psycho-social Poor Work, Task Design, Repetitive Motion, Prolonged Sitting, Poor Lay-Out, Poor Posture, Improper Lifting and Handling. Poor lighting, glare, poor ventilation, poor temperature control, poor humidity control. Work rest cycles, violence, ciscrimination, extraneous stress, UN even work load, lack of personnel space, poor inter staff relationship.

Hazard identification: It is a process of recognizing hazards which exist in the workplace and defining its characteristics

{HAZARD IDENTIFICATION IS EVERYONES RESPONSIBILITY AND AUTHORITY} Risk: Combination of the likelihood of an occurrence of a hazardous event or exposure(s) and the severity of injury or ill health that can be caused by the event or exposure(s). [RISK = COMBINATION OF SEVERITY AND PROBABILITY] Risk assessment: Process of evaluating the risk(s) arising from a hazard(s), taking into account the adequacy of any existing controls, and deciding whether or not the risk(s) is acceptable. Using sound concepts to Detect, HAZARDS and Estimate the Risk they Pose. {The overall process of identifying all the risks to and from an activity and assessing the potential impact of each risk} UNSAFE CONDITION: Any condition in the workplace which makes the workplace unsafe. It is the most leading indicator.

Unsafe behaviour: The behavior / activity of a person which creates an unsafe workplace for himself or for others.

{UNSAFE ACTS GETS TRANSFORMS INTO INCIDENTS} WHAT IS SAFETY? Safety is the degree of protection given to process, system, machinery, plant, product or mankind from the underlying hazards and associated risks [Safety Explained in one sentence is THE BEST & CORRECT WAY OF WORKING] [Safety Explained in one word is CULTURE] INTRODUCTION: Safety is the state of being "safe" (from French sauf), the condition of being protected against physical, social, spiritual, financial, political, emotional,

occupational, psychological, educational or other types or consequences of failure, damage, error, accidents, harm or any other event which could be considered nondesirable. This can take the form of being protected from the event or from exposure to something that causes health or economical losses. It can include protection of people or of possessions

4. Objectives of the study

Primary Objective: To study the level of satisfaction of employees regarding welfare measures at Lanco Industries pvt ltd.

Secondary Objective: To study the perception of the employees regarding the welfare measures provided to them. To analyze if the level of satisfaction is different among the various categories of employees and departments. To suggest provision of more welfare measures to improve the performance of the employees.

5. Scope of the study


This study would give an overview of the welfare measures existing at JP cement industries. Since safety and welfare are two important elements essential for improving the productivity of an organization, a study on the existing welfare measures would help the organization perform better. This study would throw light on the perception of the employees regarding safety and welfare.JP Cement industries can identify the areas where it can improve so as to improve the performance of the employees. Scope Safety Systems supply edge protection systems for on-site fall prevention. Our team thoroughly understand the requirements for onsite compliance with local statutory regulations. As each site and state will have its own requirements our team work directly with customers to devise the best system to provide a safe working environment. Once the most effective system is devised our team will work with customers to arrange delivery and installation where appropriate. Customers can work directly with Scope Safety Systems or simply include their requirements in their roof order. Just one phone call.

6.

6a. Safety Measures


1. Introduction

Increasing number of accidents involving workers has drawn our attention towards safety measures in the factories. Accidents not only affect workers loosing their livelihood but also employers in terms of compensation to be paid to the workers. Accidents are a significant cause of dispute between workers and management. With the coming in of new set up of industries e.g., steel production, engineering, fertilizers, chemicals and petro-chemicals, oil refining etc., and increasing use of machine power, industrial complexities in terms of process of production have increased. This has given rise to hazards and risks. Safety measures are to be adopted against such risks and hazards. The Factories Act, 1948 has laid down certain measures for the safety of workers employed in the factories. In this lesson, we shall study about the safety measures in factories. 2. Objectives After studying this lesson, you will be able to: explain the need for adopting safety measures in factories;

describe the safety measures provided for in the Factories Act;

understand the relationship between safety measures and efficiency of workers.

3. Need for safety measures

Safety measures result in improving the conditions under which workersare employed and work. It improves not only their physical efficiency,but also provides protection to their life and limb. Inadequate provisionof safety measures in factories may lead to increase in the number ofaccidents. Human failure due to carelessness, ignorance, inadequate skill and improper supervision have also contributed to accidents, and the consequent need for safety measures. Other factors giving rise to the need for safety measures are: rapid industrialization with its complexities in manufacturing process and layout; expansion or modifications in existing factories; setting up of new industries involving hazards not known earlier; lack of safety consciousness on the part of both workers and management; inadequate realisation of the financial implications of accidents. 4. Safety Measures Safety measures which are provided in the Factories Act, 1948, are considered to be minimum in terms of adequacy. Such measures are required to be effectively implemented. In addition to implementing safety measures provided in the Factories Act, there is also need for providing training in safety to workers, and installing safety equipment in the factories. Employers should take the initiative in providing training in safety to employees. Workers unions should take interest in safety promotion. Periodic training courses in accident prevention can be organised. Safety should become a habit with employers and the workers alike. The Factories Act provides for the following safety measures:

(i) Fencing of Machinery In every factory, measures should be taken for secured fencing of machinery. Safeguards of substantial construction must be raised and constantly maintained and kept in position while the parts of machinery (they are fencing) are in motion or in use. Fencing is necessary in respect of: every moving part of a prime mover; headrace and tailrace of every water-wheel and water turbine; every part of an electric generator, a motor or a rotary convertor; every part of transmission machinery; and every dangerous part of any other machinery. (ii) Work on or near Machinery in Motion Where in any factory, it becomes necessary to examine any part of machinery, while the machinery is in motion, such examination shall be carried out only by specially trained adult male workers. Such workers shall wear tight fitting clothing and their names shall be recorded in the register prescribed in this connection. The machinery in motion with which such workers would otherwise be liable to come in contact during the course of itsexamination, shall be securely fenced to prevent such contact. No woman or young person shall be allowed to clean, lubricate or adjust any part of a prime mover or transmission machinery, while the machinery is in motion. (iii) Employment of Young Persons on Dangerous Machines The Factories Act prohibits employment of young persons on certain types of machines as specified under Sec.23 of the Act. They can work only after they have been fully instructed as to the dangers arising in connection with the machines and the precautions to be observed. They should have received sufficient training in work at

such machines. They should be under adequate supervision by a person who has a thorough knowledge and experience of the machines.

(iv) triking Gear and Devices for cutting off Power In every factory (1) Suitable striking gear or other efficient mechanical appliances shall be provided and maintained, and used to move driving belts to and from fast and loose pulleys which form part of transmission machinery. Such gear or appliances shall be so constructed, placed and maintained as to prevent the belt from creeping back on to the fast pulley. (2) driving belts when not in use, shall not be allowed to rest or ride upon shaft in motion. In every factory, suitable devices for cutting off power in emergencies from running machinery shall be provided and maintained in every workroom. (v) Self-acting Machine No traversing part of a self-acting machine in any factory, and no material carried thereon shall, if the space over which it runs, is a space cover which any person is liable to pass, whether in the course of his employment or otherwise, be allowed to run on its outward or inward traverse within a distance of eighteen inches from any fixed structure which is not a part of the machine. This is to safeguard the workers from being injured by selfactingmachines. (vi) Casing of New Machinery Every set screw, bolt or key on any revolving shaft, spindle, wheel, or pinion shall be so sunk, encased or otherwise effectively guarded as to prevent danger in all machinery driven by power and installed in the factory. The State government is authorised to make rules specifying further safeguards to be provided in respect of any dangerous part of any particular machine or class or description of machines in this connection. (vii) Prohibition of Employment of Women and Children near Cotton openers

No women or child shall be employed in any part of a factory where pressing a cottonopener is at work.

(viii) Hoists and Lifts In every factory (1) hoists and lifts shall be of good mechanical construction, sound material and of adequate strength; (2) they shall be properly maintained, and shall be thoroughly examined by a competent person at least once in every period of six months. A register shall be kept containing the prescribed particulars of each such examination; (3) every hoistway and liftway shall be sufficiently protected by an enclosure fitted with gates, and the hoist or lift and every such enclosure shall be so constructed as to prevent any person or thing from being trapped between any part of the hoist or lift and any fixed structure or moving part. (4) the maximum safe working load shall be plainly marked on every hoist or lift, and no load greater than such load shall be carried thereon. (5) the cage of every hoist or lift used for carrying persons shall be fitted with a gate on each side from which access is afforded to a landing. (6) every gate shall be fitted with interlocking or other efficient device to secure that the gate cannot be opened except when the cage is at the landing and that the cage cannot be moved unless the gate is closed. Where in the hoists and lifts used for carrying persons, the cage is supported by rope or chain, there shall be at least two ropes or chains separately connected with the cage and balance weight, and each rope or chain with its attachments shall be capable of carrying the whole weight of the cage together with its maximum load. Efficient devices shall be provided and maintained capable of supporting the cage together with its maximum load in the event of breakage of the rope, chain or attachments. An efficient automatic device shall be provided and maintained to prevent the cage from overrunning

(ix) Lifting Machines, Chains, Ropes and Lifting Tackles Lifting machine means any crane, crab, winch, teagle, pulley block, gin wheel, and runway. Lifting tackle means chain slings, rope slings, hooks, shackles and swivels. In every factory, following safety measures shall be adopted in respect of every lifting machine (other than a hoist and lift) and every chain, rope and lifting tackle for the purpose of raising or lowering persons, goods or materials:(a) All parts including the working gear of every lifting machine and every chain, rope or lifting tackle shall be of good construction, sound material and adequate strength, and free from defect; properly maintained ; an thoroughly examined by a competent person at least once in every period of twelve months. (b) No lifting machine and no chain, rope, or lifting tackle shall be loaded beyond the safe working load which shallbe plainly marked on it. (c) While any person is employed or working on or near the wheel track of a travelling crane in any place where he would be liable to be struck by the crane, effective measures shall be taken to ensure that the crane does not approach within twenty feet of that place.A lifting machine or a chain, rope or lifting tackle shall be thoroughly examined in order to arrive at a reliable conclusion as to its safety. (x) Revolving Machinery Effective measures shall be taken in every factory to ensure that the safe working peripheral speed of every revolving vessel, cage, basket, flywheel, pulley disc or similar appliance driven by power is not exceeded. A notice indicating the maximum safe working peripheral speed of every revolving machinery shall be put up in every room in a factory in which the process of grinding is carried on. (xi) Pressure Plant If in any factory, any part of the plant or machinery used in a manufacturing process is operated at a presure above atmospheric pressure, effective measures shall be taken to ensure that the safe working pressure of such part is not exceeded.

(xii) Floors, Stairs, and Means of Access In every factory (a) all floors, steps, stairs and passages shall be of sound construction and properly maintained, and where it is necessary to ensure safety, steps, stairs, and passages shall be provided with substantial hand rails; (b) there shall, so far as is reasonably practicable, be provided, and maintained safe means of access to every place at which any person is at any time required to work. (xiii) Pits, Sumps, openings in floor etc. which may be a source of danger, shall be either securely covered or securely fenced.Securely fencing a pit means covering or fencing it in such away that it ceases to be a source of danger. (xiv) Excessive Weights No person shall be employed in any factory to lift, carry or move any load so heavy as to be likely to cause him an injury. (xv) Protection of Eyes If the manufacturing process carried on in any factory is such that it involves (a) risk of injury to the eyes from particlesthrown off in the course of the process or (b) risk to the eyes by reason of exposure to excessive lights, effective screens or suitable goggles shall be provided for the protection of persons employed on, or in the immediate nearness of, the process.

(xvi) Precautions against Dangerous Fumes and use of Portable Light1 (1) No person shall enter any chamber, tank, vat, pit, pipe or other confined space in a factory in which dangerous fumes are likely to be present to such an extent as to cause risk of persons being overcome thereby; (2) No portable electric light of voltage exceeding twenty fourvolts shall be permitted in any factory for use inside anyconfined space. Where the fumes present are likely to beinflammable no lamp or light, other than of flame proofnature, shall be allowed to be used. (3) No person in any factory shall be allowed to enter any confined space, until all practicable measures have been taken to reverse any fumes which may be present and to prevent any ingress of fumes. (4) Suitable breathing apparatus, reviving apparatus and belts and ropes shall be kept in every factory for instant use. All such apparatus shall be periodically examined and certified by a competent person to be fit for use. (5) No person shall be permitted to enter in any factory, any boiler, furnace, chamber, tank, pipe, or other confined space for the purpose of working or making any examination until it has been sufficiently cooled by ventilation or otherwise to be safe for persons to enter. (xvii) Explosive or Inflammable Dust, Gas etc. If any manufacturing process in the factory produces dust, gas,fume, or vapour of such a nature as is likely to explode on ignition, measures shall be taken to prevent any such explosionby: effective enclosure of the plant or machinery used in the process; removal or prevention of the accumulation of such dust, gas, fume or vapour; exclusion or effective enclosure of all possible source of ignition. Measures shall also be adopted to restrict the spread and effects of the explosion by providing in the plant or machinery of chokes, baffles, vents, or other effective appliances.

(xviii) Precautions in case of fire (1) Every factory shall be provided with such means of escape in case of fire as may be prescribed;i) In every factory, the doors affording exit from any room shall not be locked so that they can not be easily and immediately opened from the inside while any person is within the room, and all such doors, unless they are of sliding type, shall be constructed to open outwards. (2) Every door, window or other exit affording a means to escape in case of fire shall be distinctively marked in a language understood by the majority of the workers. Such marking should be in red letters of adequate size or by some other effective and clearly understood sign. (3) An effective and clearly audible means of giving warning, in case of fire, to every person shall be provided in the factory. (4) A free passageway giving access to each means of escape in case of fire shall be maintained for the use of all workers in the factory. (5) Effective measures shall be taken to ensure that in every factory all workers are familiar with the means of escape in case of fire and have been adequately trained in the routine to be followed in such a case. (xix) Safety of Building and Machinery In case it appears that any building, machinery or plant in a factory is in such a condition that it is dangerous to human life or safety, the manager of the factory may be served an order specifying measures to be adopted as prescribed. Further, in case it appears that the use of any building, machinery or plant in a factory involves imminent danger to human life or safety, an order may be served prohibiting the use of such building or machinery, until it has been repaired or altered. Safety measures and efficiency of workers There is a close relationship between safety measures and the efficiency of workers. Efficiency results in increasing the average output per worker. It is reflected in increased productivity. Safety measures are concerned not only with the physical

efficiency, and safety of the workers, but also his general well being. Being related with welfare, lack of safety exposes workers to health hazards. It also involves occupational health risks. Indian workers are generally considered to be less efficient as comparedto workers in other countries. Such a statement does not reflect any inherent deficiency on the part of workers. It is stated to be due to longer hours of work, low wages, and poor living conditions. Health and safety measures provided in factories are also of poor standard. This may be stated as the basic reason for the inefficiency of workers in India. Climatic factors, illiteracy, low standard of living may also affect the efficiency adversely, but the poor working conditions happen to be the main reasons. Working environment in the factory is not conducive to increased efficiency of worker. Under unhealthy surroundings, we cannot expect workers to put in hard and sustained work. Safety measures as listed above partly prevent workers from being exposed to the risk of accidents, and protection against dust and fumes and inflammable gases, etc. These are partly welfare in nature e.g., preventing employment of young persons on dangerous machines. Other safety measures reduce the strain from working under difficult conditions. 5. What you have learnt There is a close relationship between safety measures andefficiency of workers. Increase in number of accidents and declining efficiency has led to adoption of safety measures in factories. The Factories Act, 1948 has laid down certain measures to be adopted for the safety of workers employed in factories. The safety measures result in increasing the efficiency of workers. It results in increasing the productivity. It improves not only workers physical efficiency, but provide for protection against risks of injury and ill-health. Safety measures in factories include provision for fencing and prohibition of work on or over the machinery in motion; provision of striking gear and devices for cutting off power; casing of new machinery; hoist and lifts; protection of eyes; precaution against dangerous fumes; explosions and inflammable dust and gas, fire, and provision of safety of buildings and machinery.

6b.
1. Introduction

WelfareMeasures

The term Labour Welfare refers to the facilities provided to workers in and outside the factory premises such as canteens, rest and recreation facilities, housing and all other services that contribute to the wellbeing of workers. Welfare measures are concerned with general wellbeing and efficiency of workers. In the early stages of industrialisation, welfare activities for factory workers did not receive adequate attention. Employers were not inclined to accept the financial burden of welfareactivities. Wherever employers provided for such amenities, it was more with a paternalistic approach to labour rather than a recognition of workers needs. Hence the state had to intervene, in discharge of its welfare responsibility, by using its persuasive powers and/or by enforcing legislation, where persuasion failed. Compulsory provisions are thus incorporated in the Factories Act, 1948 with respect to the health,safety and welfare of workers engaged in the manufacturing process. In the previous lesson you have studied the nature and characteristics of factories. In this lesson, you will come to know about the health and welfare measures for workers in factories. 2. Objective After studying this lesson, you will be able to: describe the provisions regarding health of workers in factories ,and explain the provisions relating to various welfare measures in factories. 3 Provisions regarding health of factory workers To take care of the health of workers in factories, the Factories Act, 1948 has provided for certain measures which are stated below: (i) Cleanliness of the factory premises Every factory shall be kept clean and free from effluvia arising from any drain, privy or other nuisance. It is specifically provided that in a factory:-

accumulations of dirt and refuse shall be removed daily, by sweeping or any other method, from the floors and benches of work rooms and from stair cases and passages, and disposed off in a suitable manner; the floor of every room shall be cleaned. This shall be done at least once every week by washing, using disinfectant or by some other effective method; where a floor is liable to become wet in the course of any manufacturing process to such an extent as is capable of being drained, effective means of drainage shall be provided. all inside wall and partitions, all ceilings or tops of rooms and all walls, sides and tops of passages and staircases shall (a) Be painted or varnished, and repainted and revarnished at least once in a period of five years; where they are painted or varnished, be cleaned at least once in a period of 14 months by such methods as may be prescribed by the Government. (b) Where painting or varnishing is not required, be kept white washed or colourwashed, and the white washing or colourwashing shall be carried out at least once in every periodof 14 months. (ii) Disposal of Wastes and Effluents Effective arrangement shall be made for the disposal of wastes and effluents arising out of manufacturing process in the factories. (iii) Ventilation and Temperature Provision to be made for ventilation and regulation of temperature in the factories. Effective and suitable measures shall be adopted for securing and maintaining in every room adequate ventilation by the circulation of fresh air, and such a temperature as will secure to workers reasonable conditions of comfort, and prevent injury to health, and in particular the walls and roofs shall be of such material and so designed that such temperature shall not exceed but kept within reasonable limits.The state government shall prescribe the standards of adequate ventilation and reasonable temperature for any factory or part thereof.

(iv) Dust and Fume In every factory, where due to manufacturing process, dust or fume or other impurity arise which is likely to be injurious to the health of workers employed, effective measures shall be taken to prevent its inhalation, and accumulation in any workroom. If it is necessary to instal exhaust appliances, it would be installed near the point of origin of the dust, fumes, or other impurity. Measures shall be taken to enclose such points. (v) Artificial humidification Artificial creation of humidity is employed in India in cotton textile mills and in cigarette making factories. In respect of factories, where humidity of the air is artificially increased, it is provided to makerules prescribing standard of humidification; regulating the methods used for artificially increasing the humidity of the air; directing prescribed tests for determining the humidity of the air to be correctly carried out and recorded, and prescribing methods to be adopted for securing adequate ventilation and cooling of the air and the work rooms. (vi) Overcrowding No room in any factory shall be overcrowded to such an extent which becomes injurious to the health of the workers employed therein. The Chief Inspector of factories by order in writing shall fix the maximum member of workers to be employed in each room in the factory. (vii) Lighting The Factories Act provides for sufficient and suitable lighting, natural or artificial where workers are working or passing through. Provisionof cleaning of inner and outer surface is provided for all glazed windows and skylights used for the lighting of the workrooms. In every factory, effective provision shall be made for the prevention of

(a) glare, either directly from a source of light or by reflection from a smooth or polished surface; (b) the formation of shadows to such an extent as to cause eyestrain or the risk of accident to any worker. (viii) Drinking Water In every factory, effective arrangement shall be made at suitable places for sufficient supply of wholesome drinking water. Such places shall be legibly marked Drinking Water in a language understood by a majority of the workers employed in the factory. In case of factories employing more than 250 workers, provisions shall be made for cooling drinking water during hot weather by effective means, and for its distribution. (ix) Latrines and Urinals The Factories Act requires that provision should be made for :(a) sufficient latrine and urinal accommodation conveniently situated and accessible to workers while they are in the factory; (b) separate enclosed accommodation for male and female workers; (c) such accommodation being adequately lighted and ventilated; (d) all such accommodation being maintained in a clean and sanitary condition; (e) sweepers being employed to clean latrines, urinals and washing places;

(x) Spittoons Sufficient number of spittoons must be provided in every factory and maintained in clean and hygienic condition. No person shall spit within the premises of a factory except in the spittoons. A notice containing this provision and the penalty for its violation shall be prominently displayed at suitable places in the factory premises.

7. PROVISION OF WELFARE FOR EMPLOYEE IN INDUSTRY


Employment & Compensation The labor market matches individuals with skills and knowledge to job vacancies requiring particular skills and abilities. The result is employment in which effort is exchanged for compensation. Upjohn Institute researchers have studied many aspects of this basic transaction between employer and employees. Health Insurance since World War II in the U.S., health insurance has been an important component of many workers compensation. Factors such as the escalating cost of health care and the pressures of international competition are causing the employment-based health insurance system to be overburdened. Research done by or sponsored by the Upjohn Institute will help to inform the debate around a restructured system. Job Security Accelerating technological advancements and global competition have caused Job Security to be a concern for most workers. Research done at the Upjohn Institute has found that training can have a substantial payoff for dislocated workers. Another dimension of the issue is job stability, which has been examined for low-wage workers in recent books from the Upjohn Institute Press. Nonstandard Work Arrangements A fairly recent trend, especially in the manufacturing sector of the economy, has been the usage of nonstandard work arrangements, such as workers from temporary help agencies. Several studies conducted by Susan Houseman and others at the Upjohn Institute document the pervasiveness of these arrangements and their potential advantages and disadvantages. Retirement & Pensions Retirement & pensions is another substantial component of overall compensation, and is becoming a more and more important topic in labor market considerations because of the aging of the workforce. Upjohn Institute research contributes substantially to each of the following aspects of the issue:

Employer strategies Pensions Retiree health benefits Retirement decisions

Education & Training One of the purposes of the education and training system in the United States is to impart skills and knowledge to individuals that will prepare them to have productive careers. Early Childhood Traditionally, education is thought of as spanning kindergarten to college (K-16), but early childhood care and education affects the labor force and economy in 3 ways: 1. The child care and preschool sectors employ a large number of individuals. 2. Child care issues must be resolved in order to facilitate the employment of parents, especially single parents. 3. High quality preschool and early education programs have long-run impacts on the economies of localities and regions.f return to localities and regions. K-12 Education K-12 education is a huge enterprise that greatly influences employment and labor markets. Because this system develops many of the skills needed to be productive in the labor force, it has been studied by Upjohn Institute researchers who have made policy recommendations aimed at its general improvement. In addition to its mission of delivering education to young individuals, it should be recognized that embedded within the educational system is an entire labor market for teachers and administrators that faces issues of fairness and compensation. Postsecondary Education Many, if not most, American workers extend their education beyond grade 12 and pursue postsecondary education or private sector training. Education and training beyond high school can take many forms from 2- and 4-year institutions to apprenticeships to certificated proprietary institutions. Furthermore, rapid changes in

the workplace have resulted in a realization that lifelong learning is required in many occupations. Upjohn Institute researchers have conducted many studies examining the effectiveness of the education and training that occurs after K-12 in terms of labor market outcomes. Unemployment, Disability, & Poverty Upjohn Institute staff members conduct applied research aimed at employment-related policy. This research strives to improve public policies, such as those targeted at poverty alleviation or social insurance. Poverty & Income Support In the area of poverty and income support, Upjohn Institute researchers have studied

Aspects of income support programs such as TANF and SNAP(Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program - formerly food stamps) How employment opportunities could be improved in low wage labor markets Whether tax policy can be used to help reduce the burdens of poverty

8. EMPLOYEE WELFARE SVHEMES


Organizations provide welfare facilities to their employees to keep their motivation levels high. The employee welfare schemes can be classified into two categories viz. statutory and non-statutory welfare schemes. The statutory schemes are those schemes that are compulsory to provide by an organization as compliance to the laws governing employee health and safety. These include provisions provided in industrial acts like Factories Act 1948, Dock Workers Act (safety, health and welfare) 1986, Mines Act 1962. The non statutory schemes differ from organization to organization and from industry to industry. STATUTORY WELFARE SCHEMES The statutory welfare schemes include the following provisions: 1. Drinking Water: At all the working places safe hygienic drinking water should be provided. 2. Facilities for sitting: In every organization, especially factories, suitable seating arrangements are to be provided. 3. First aid appliances: First aid appliances are to be provided and should be readily assessable so that in case of any minor accident initial medication can be provided to the needed employee. 4. Latrines and Urinals: A sufficient number of latrines and urinals are to be provided in the office and factory premises and are also to be maintained in a neat and clean condition. 5. Canteen facilities: Cafeteria or canteens are to be provided by the employer so as to provide hygienic and nutritious food to the employees. 6. Spittoons: In every work place, such as ware houses, store places, in the dock area and office premises spittoons are to be provided in convenient places and same are to be maintained in a hygienic condition. 7. Lighting: Proper and sufficient lights are to be provided for employees so that they can work safely during the night shifts. 8. Washing places: Adequate washing places such as bathrooms, wash basins with tap and tap on the stand pipe are provided in the port area in the vicinity of the work places.

9. Changing rooms: Adequate changing rooms are to be provided for workers to change their cloth in the factory area and office premises. Adequate lockers are also provided to the workers to keep their clothes and belongings. 10.Rest rooms: Adequate numbers of restrooms are provided to the workers with provisions of water supply, wash basins, toilets, bathrooms, etc. NON STATUTORY SCHEMES Many non statutory welfare schemes may include the following schemes: 1. Personal Health Care (Regular medical check-ups): Some of the companies provide the facility for extensive health check-up 2. Flexi-time: The main objective of the flextime policy is to provide opportunity to employees to work with flexible working schedules. Flexible work schedules are initiated by employees and approved by management to meet business commitments while supporting employee personal life needs 3. Employee Assistance Programs: Various assistant programs are arranged like external counseling service so that employees or members of their immediate family can get counseling on various matters. 4. Harassment Policy: To protect an employee from harassments of any kind, guidelines are provided for proper action and also for protecting the aggrieved employee. 5. Maternity & Adoption Leave Employees can avail maternity or adoption leaves. Paternity leave policies have also been introduced by various companies. 6. Medi-claim Insurance Scheme: This insurance scheme provides adequate insurance coverage of employees for expenses related to hospitalization due to illness, disease or injury or pregnancy. 7. Employee Referral Scheme: In several companies employee referral scheme is implemented to encourage employees to refer friends and relatives for employment in the organization.

9.

SAFETY REQUIREMENT

Many safety standards use the concept of a safety requirement to ensure that the system carries out the functions needed to make it acceptably safe. For the safety requirements to achieve this (in terms of the risk reduction being both sufficient and necessary), an adequate risk assessment must have been carried out.

Safety requirements may relate to the frequency of various failure modes of components of a system, any of the other possible layers of protection intended to prevent a failure from turning into an accident, or processes involved in the development of a system.

A safety requirement in AS 61508 "Functional safety of electrical/electronic/programmable electronic safety-related systems" has two components: a safety functions requirement (which details how the system should avoid the occurrence of a hazard), and a safety integrity requirement(which details how often the function can fail and allow the hazard to occur). Between the two components, the safety requirements for a system state are used to derive how often all the hazards of the system can occur, and from this if the system is acceptably safe. Some other safety standards are less restrictive about what a safety requirement is, making general statements about safety requirements being those requirements needed to reduce the risk to an acceptable level.

10. WHAT IS SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS (SMS)?

Safety Management System (SMS) is a term used to refer to a comprehensive business management system designed to manage occupational safety and health elements in the workplace.

Explanation:
Plan: Establish the objectives and processes necessary to deliver results in accordance with the organization's policy. Do: Implement the processes.

Check: Monitor and measure processes against environmental policy, objectives, targets, legal and other requirements, and report the results. Act: Take actions to continually improve performance of the OHS management system. A safety management system (SMS) is a business approach to minimize safety risks. It uses procedures, practices and policies to manage safety. The term is most commonly used in the transportation industries. Health and safety are important aspects of an organizations smooth and effective functioning. Good health and safety performance ensures an accident-free industrial environment. Safety Management Is About Protection Against Undesired Outcomes Or LossesAnd Of Course Flight Safety, Or Not Having An Accident. Safety is not a naturally occurring state, if you want it, you have to organise for it and continuously pursue it. An effective sms makes the difference between knowing that you are safe (and what that means) versus believing or hoping that you are.

DESCRIPTION OF SMS (SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM)

A SMS provides a systematic way to identify hazards and control risks while maintaining assurance that these risk controls are effective. SMS can be defined as: A businesslike approach to safety. It is a systematic, explicit and comprehensive process for managing safety risks. As with all management systems, a safety management system provides for goal setting, planning, and measuring performance. A safety management system is woven into the fabric of an organization. It become part of the culture, the way people do their jobs. For the purposes of defining safety management, safety can be defined as: the reduction of risk to a level that is as low as is reasonably practicable. There are three imperatives for adopting a safety management system for a business - these are ethical, legal and financial.

SAFETY MANAGEMENT ACTIVITIES

BENEFITS OF HEALTH AND SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

Taking a systematic approach to management makes managing your business both easier and more effective. You work out the best way to handle each key activity and make sure that everyone uses the same approach every time. A consistent approach like this reduces the number of mistakes and the cost of correcting problems. It also reduces the level of risk and ensures that you comply with legislation. This can positively influence your business:

Improved health and safety performance by your business will reduce the costs associated with accidents and incidents.

Improved awareness of regulatory requirements reduces the chance that you will commit any offences. The Health & Safety Executive (HSE) will generally regulate your business with a lighter touch if it is well managed.

If employees see that you are actively looking after their health and safety, relations and morale will improve.

The public see that you are taking a responsible attitude towards your employees. This improves your image and helps generate positive PR for your business.

Improving the efficiency of your business reduces your costs. You can demonstrate to your insurers that you are controlling risk effectively. This may help lower your insurance premiums.

Banks and investors will be more willing to finance your business if you can show that it is well managed.

11. Safety organization

A safety director and a safety committee be set up by an organization .The safety organization works as: ---The following facts should be given due consideration in any safety organization programme :(a) Safety programme must have top management approval sanction and support. (b) Responsibility for the safety must rest with the supervisory personnel (c) Safety must be given equally important consideration with that of other factors of production. (d) Provision must be made for prompt action in the elimination of mechanical and personal hazards. (e)A definite safety programme must be developed to educate all employees in safety and to secure their active cooperation in the effort to eliminate accidents.

TYPES OF SAFETY ORGANISATION :1. There shall be safe and healthy system of work and to maintain plant accordingly 2. Absence of mills in conjunction with the handling, storage and transport of

articles. 3. 4. Provision of information, instruction, training and supervision. Provision of a safe place of work, including access and egress and very

important/a healthy and safe working environment.

SAFETY TERMS
There is a frequent question relating to the meaning of various terms used on courses, and in safety profession in general the main terms and the techniques that they refers to 1. SAFETY TOURS :-A safety tour is simplest of all the techniques ,it is

unscheduled tour of the work place carried out by a range of personnel from directors to safety committee members, typically at about three month intervals .It has among the its objectives the restatement of the company and its management to safety in the work place and seeks to ensure that standards of safety are being observed and maintained at an acceptable level 2. SAFETY SURVEY:-It is a detailed examination of a narrower field of activity

usually under four broad heading, Administration, Environment, Industrial safety and fire protection .survey can be carried out on a companywide or departmental basis as and when required ,ideally annually alternating with the adult work place. Trained observer record the number of defect observed, against a pre-printed list ,along a predetermined route., this sample takes only 25 min, and are conducted at weekly intervals SAFETY SAMPLING:-This is a specific technique employed by individual department and is designed to assess the accident potential in the defect observed, against a pre-printed list ,along a pre-determined route., this sample takes only 25 min, and are conducted at weekly intervals. 3. ABSENTEEISM AND SAFETY:-The link between absenteeism and safety

are sometimes difficult to conceive and to establish ,the circumstances surrounding the absent worker and his replacement a number factors become

4.

SAFETY CONTACT:- Accident nearly always accused by people and they

happen to people .There are few accident which cannot be traced back to an act or omission on somebodys part ,somewhere down the line people have been careless. It might be argued that errors resulting in accident are sometimes made because of ignorance but this often implies inadequate training 5. SAFETY INSPECTION:- It is the commonest form of safety activity and is often referred to as an audit\.It is in fact a routine scheduled inspection of a department or operating unit and it s typically conducted at monthly intervals. The inspection would check on maintenance, working practices and procedure

,machinery safe frauds, housekeeping standards etc .It may also be used in respect of new or modified plants and meet the standard s required by law. 6. SAFETY AUDITS:-ideally carried out annually, a safety audit subject s each are of a companys activity to a systematic critical examination, with the overall objective of determing the true state of safety within the company, and thus minimizing the potential for loss to occur . An audit aims to discover the strength and weakness and the main areas of vulnerability or rislk, and is carried out by appropriately qualified personnel, including safety professionals. 7. OFF THE JOB AND FAILY SAFETY :-The number of off the job accident

workers and accidents to workers and accidents to member of worker families in the home is far greater than the number of on the job industrial accidents that occurs each year. 8. SAFETY PROMOTION:- The promotion of good safety attitudes a nd

safety7 awareness is an important and essential part of any safety programee ,providing an opportunity for the total workforce to become involved in some aspect of safety in the workplace.

12.

General Safety Rules

Working Practices
a. Employees must not use any equipment unless they have been trained and authorised to do so. b. Employees must report immediately any fault or damage to equipment. c. Employees must use all substances, chemicals, liquids etc in accordance with all written instructions and should familiarise themselves with relevant Hazard Data Sheets and Risk Assessments. d. Employees must return all substances, chemicals, liquids etc to their designated safe storage area when not in use.

Working Conditions/Environment
a. Employees must make proper use of all equipment and facilities provided to control working conditions/environment. b. Employees must keep all areas clear and in a clean and tidy condition. c. Employees must dispose of all rubbish, scrap and waste materials using the facilities provided. Chemical, radioactive and biological waste must be disposed of through the Safety Office in accordance with the relevant Code of Practice. d. Employees must clear up any spillage of liquids immediately.

Protective Clothing and Equipment


a. Employees must use all items of protective clothing/equipment provided as instructed. b. Employees must not misuse or wilfully damage any item of protective clothing/equipment provided. c. Employees must report any damage, loss, fault or unsuitability of protective clothing/equipment to their supervisor.

Vehicles
a. Employees must not drive any company vehicle for which they do not hold an appropriate driving licence or company authorisation. b. Employees must not carry unauthorised passengers. c. Employees must not use company vehicles for unauthorised purposes. d. Employees must not operate vehicles whilst suffering from a medical condition or illness that may affect their driving ability.

Health
Employees must report to their appropriate superior any medical condition which could affect the safety of themselves or others.

13.
FUNCTION OF (P&A) IN JAYPEE BELA PLANT

Establishment:1. Maintenance of Personal File. & Service book. 2. Performance Appraisal of employees working on the rolls.

Welfare:1. Insurance Related activity. 2. Compensation Related activity. 3. Medical Checkup

Safety: 1. Enforcement of legal Requirement under Factory ACT Ex. (A.) Renewal. of Factory leisence Reporting of accident to garment authority , 2. Ex. (B) Identification of unsafe Condition & ACT in the plant & Taking necessary action according to it

Time office: 1. Preparation of muster Roll 2. Maintenance of Leave Record.

3. Maintenance of Time Record. 4. Preparation of Pay Roll, O.T. statement Administration:1. Disciplinary Action 2. Maintenance of Township, Labour camp &. Accommodation of Family Accommodations &. Bachelor Accommodation 3. Transfer order 4. Looking after Estate department (A.) Mess Related activity (B.) Township Related activity

14. Research Methodology


Introduction: Research methodology is a way to systematically solve the research problem it may be understood as a science of studying how research is done scientifically. In we study the various steps that are generally adopted by researcher in studying his research problem along with the logic behind them. It is necessary for the researcher to know not only the research method/Techniques but also the method along. How to calculate the mean, the mode, the median or the standard deviation or chi-square, how to apply particular research techniques but they also need to know which of these methods or techniques, are relevant and which are not, and what would, they mean and indicate and why. Researchers also need to understand the assumptions underlying various techniques and they need to know the criteria by which they can decide that certain techniques and procedures will be applicable to certain problem and other will not. Research methodology has many dimensions and research methods do constitute a part of the research methodology.

Field of the study:My study is to be conducted in the workmen of the jaypee bela plant, jaypeepuram, rewa, (m.p.).

Methods of Data Collection:The method of data collection begins after a research problem has been defined and researcher should keep in mind two types of data i.e. Primary data. Secondary data

Primary data:I collect primary data during the course of doing experiments in an experimental research but in case we do research of the descriptive type and perform survey under primary data. Questionnaires Interview Schedules.

Secondary Data:It is second hand data, I collect secondary data with the help of various magazines, newspapers, Internet & law books.

15. CONCLUSION
Jaypee has made such a huge name in Safety & Health management system in such a small time. Company is fulfilling all the necessities which are concerned with Occupational Health and Safety by providing ppes to the employees. As per my observation, management of the company is taking care of all the workers working in the factory to protect them from various hazards and underlying risks. I have also observed that incidents have many hurdles in the progress of the organization and the nation as a whole. I have observation that all employees are aware their roles during emergency Healthy and safe work environment can only be inculcated by imparting training and awareness in effective manner.

During the research it was found that most of the employees are satisfied with the general job conditions in JayPrakash Ltd. Rewa. The working conditions and working environment in the work place are at a satisfactory level. In a nut shell, I would like to conclude that all employees are provided with social security measures and employee benefit schemes which play an important role in raising their efficiency and in turn increases the production.

16. Problem Idenfication


Unlike other industries, the employees of the JP industry are often exposed to different and new which they may not have been familiar with earlier. The employees have to deal huge machinery. The unfamiliarity in the nature of materials they handle and the danger involved I handling them make the employees prone to higher degree of risk.Satisfying or fulfilling the safety and security needs of the workers, would give them a better motivation and more time to concentrate on job performance. A voluntary approach on the part of the management to offer welfare programmes which are over and above what is laid down by the law would boost the morale of the employees and motivate them to perform better.A preliminary study conducted by the researcher with respect to welfare showed that there was scope for improvement in certain areas. This formed the basis of the research problem.

17. SUGGESTIONS
Suggestion from employee's family:1. 2. 3. LTA amount should be raised - Gross. Company should organize the functions like annual day, picnic or outings. Company should provide the employees children with aid for participating in entire circular activities. 4. Employees children should also scholarship etc.

Suggestions from employee's:1. The present system of dealing with the cases is quite satisfactory. However it needs further improvement in the sense that at present there is no integration HR department, which causes delay in the processing. It should be checked and both the departments should work coherently for smooth functioning of the establishment matters. 2. Some of the respondents feel that the system should be revised at regular intervals. It should be simplified and implemented honestly. 3. Personnel procedures and information regarding internal circulars etc. should be communicated to the workers at the right time and should be easily available. 4. 5. Some employees feel that medical facilities should be improved. The cases related to establishment maters pass through various channels of processing and hence are delayed. These processes should be made more simplified and channels should be reduced.

18. BIBLIOGRAPHY
1. Personnel Management 2. Industrial Relation & Personnel Management 3. Personnel Management 4. Industrial law 5. Mercantile law C.B. Memory P.C. Tripathi. K. Ashwat thape H.L. Kumar R.C. Chawla,

Magazines 1. Jaypee Samachar 1. Website. (I.) (II.) www.jalindia.com www.Google.com

19.

Questionnaire
This information is considered confidential. We need this information because we care enough to want to know, and your answers will help us determine if chiropractic can help you. please be as neat and accurate as possible while completing this form. Thank you. Name_______________________________

E.C

Grade

Marital Status______________________

Date of birth___________

Home Phone________________

Address____________________________

City __________________

State___

Who referred you to our office? _______________

Business Phone________________

Company Name____________________

Location______________________

History Do you have a current workers' compensation Policy in force? (Yes or No)

Have you had any workers' compensation claims over the past five years? (Yes or no)

Do you have an Experience Modification Factor? (Yes or No)

General Information
Yes / No 1. 2. Does applicant own, operate or lease aircraft/watercraft? Do past or present operations involve storing, treating discharging, applying, disposing, or transporting of hazardous material? (e.g. landfills, asbestos, wastes, fuel tanks, etc. Any work performed underground or above 15 feet? Any work performed on barges, vessels, docks, bridge over water? Is applicant engaged in any other type of business? Are sub-contractors used? (If yes, what % of work is subbed?) Any work sublet without certificates of insurance? Is a formal safety program in operation? Any group transportation provided? Any employees under 16 or over 60 years of age? Any seasonal employees? Are athletic teams sponsored? Are physicals required after offers of employment are made? Any other insurance with this insurer? Any prior coverage declined/cancelled/non-renewed (Last 3 yrs.)? Are employee health plans provided? Is there a labour exchange with any other business/subsidiary? Do you lease employees to or from other employers? Do any employees work predominantly at home?

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19.

20.

21.
GRAPH REPRESENTATION OF QUESTIONNAIRE DATAS
ANSWER. 1

NO

YES
Series1

ANSWER.2
Availability of P.P.E 0 20 40 60

Answer 2

NO

YES

ANSWER-3
Series1

Trainning on health and safety 0 20 40 60

ANSWER 3
NO

ANSWER-4

YES

Knowledge about accident innsurance 0 10 20 30 40

ANSWER 4

(f) Negligence in work (e) Due to fast moving of goods (d) not having sufficent knoweledge of safety (c) Electrical shocks (b) Working at height (a) Due to non availibilty of PPE Series3 Series2 Series1

Type of frequent accident takes place in working area 0 10 20 30 40 50

ANSWER-5

NO

YES

Series1

Do you know the joint safety committee and about its working

10

20

30

40

ANSWER-6

(f) All the above

(e) Availabilty of helper

(d) Hook the safety belt properly

(c) Use of proper types of safety belts

Series1

(b) Use of proper platforms

(a) Use of safety belts Precaution or safety neasures should be taken at working at height 0 10 20 30 40 50

ANSWER 7

NO

YES

Series2 Series1

Is work permit required at height /electric work

10

20

30

40

ANSWER8

answered all

Answered 2 Series2 answer 1 Series1

What safety measures should be taken for electrical safety 0 5 10 15 20 25

ANSWER 9

answered all

Answered 2 or 3 Series2 answer 1or 2 Series1

What safety measures should be taken for electrical safety 0 5 10 15 20 25 30

ANSWER 10

(e) All the above (d) Cash benefits (c) Full medical benefits (b) Ambulance (a) First aid Series2 Series1

10

20

30

40

50

60

ANSWER 11

Yearly

Half yearly

Series2 Series1

Frequency of medical checkups

10

20

30

40

ANSWER12

NO

YES

Series2 Series1

Awareness about the safety of other employees

10

20

30

40

50

60

ANSWER13

not knows knows both knows only OHSAS knows only ISO ISO-14001 &OHSAS-18001 stands for 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35

Series1