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Section A

For each question, there are four possible answers, A, B, C and D. Choose the one you consider to be correct.

How many atoms of carbon are present in 18 g of glucose C6H12O6? A B C D 6.0 x 1022 3.6 x 1023 6.0 x 1023 3.6 x 1024

Nitrogen dioxide reacts with iodide ions under acidic conditions according to the equation shown.

NO2 + 2I + 2H+ NO + I2 + H2O

How many moles of electrons are gained by 2 moles of nitrogen dioxide?

A B C D

2 3 4 5

ACJC 2010

8872/01/Aug/10

Preliminary Examination

Thallium(III) ions can oxidize iodide ions to iodine. 25.0 cm3 of a 0.0480 mol dm-3 solution of Tl3+ ions was added to excess potassium iodide solution. The liberated iodine is titrated against 0.106 mol dm-3 sodium thiosulfate. 22.60 cm3 of sodium thiosulfate solution was required to react with iodine in the following reaction. I2 + 2S2O32 2I- + S4O62-

What was the oxidation state of Tl after its reaction with potassium iodide? A B C D -1 0 +1 +2

10 cm3 of a hydrocarbon CxHy was exploded with an excess of oxygen. There was a contraction of 30 cm3. When the product was treated with a solution of sodium hydroxide, there was a further contraction of 40 cm3. What is the molecular formula of the hydrocarbon? [All gas volumes are measured at r.t.p.] A B C D C3H6 C3H8 C4H8 C4H10

ACJC 2010

8872/01/Aug/10

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To determine the percentage of nitrogen present in a snack, 1.0 g of the snack was boiled with concentrated sulfuric acid to convert all the nitrogen into ammonium sulfate. The ammonium salt obtained was then boiled with excess aqueous sodium hydroxide to liberate the ammonia which was passed into 25.0 cm 3 of 0.20 mol dm-3 HCl. The unreacted HCl required 20.0 cm3 of 0.10 mol dm-3 NaOH for complete neutralisation. What is the percentage by mass of nitrogen in the snack? A B C D 2.8% 4.2% 6.4% 8.4%

Which of the following electronic configuration represents an element that forms a simple ion with a charge of 2? A 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 B 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p4 C 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s1 D 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p5

Which of the following particles have more neutrons than protons and more electrons than neutrons? A B C D NO2+
13

CO32

S2 N2+

ACJC 2010

8872/01/Aug/10

Preliminary Examination

Which of the following best describes the change in the bond angle in SO2 when the ion SO32- is formed? A B C D Increase to approximately 120o Increase to approximately 107o Decrease to approximately 120o Decrease to approximately 107o

Which of the following sketches show the correct trend in the stated property, for the elements in the third period of the Periodic Table? A Atomic Radius / nm C First I.E / kJ mol-1

Na Mg Al Si P S Cl

Na Mg Al Si P S Cl

B Melting Point / C

D Electrical Conductivity

Na Mg Al Si P S Cl

Na Mg Al Si P S Cl

ACJC 2010

8872/01/Aug/10

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10

Which statement does not describe the chemical properties of Period 3 compounds? A B C D SiO2 is formed from the hydrolysis of SiCl4. Al2O3 is soluble in both acid and base. P4O10 can be mixed in water to give a solution of pH 9. The acidity of Period 3 chlorides in water increases from NaCl to PCl5.

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An element Z has second ionisation energy higher than that of the element preceding it and the element after it in the Periodic Table. What is the atomic number of Z? A 10 B 13 C 14 D 15

12

An unknown solid melts sharply just above 180oC. It does not conduct electricity in its molten state. It dissolves readily in organic solvents. What is the most likely structure of the unknown solid? A B C D An ionic crystal A metallic crystal A molecular crystal A macromolecular crystal

ACJC 2010

8872/01/Aug/10

Preliminary Examination

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The following is the reaction equation for a compound XY: XY(g) X(g) + Y(g) The rate equation for the reaction is rate = k[XY] and the rate constant. k is ln 2 6.93 s-1. Given that the half-life, t1/2 = , determine the time taken for a k sample of 1.80 mol dm-3 to decrease to 0.225 mol dm-3. A B C D 0.1 s 0.3 s 0.4 s 0.8 s

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For which of the following is the lattice energy likely to have the largest numerical value? A B C D Lithium fluoride Lithium iodide Sodium chloride Sodium fluoride

15

Consider the following equilibrium reaction: 3Fe(s) + 4H2O(g) Fe3O4(s) + 4H2(g)

Which of the following gives the unit for the equilibrium constant Kc? A B C D mol dm-3 mol-2 dm6 mol4 dm-12 Dimensionless

ACJC 2010

8872/01/Aug/10

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16

How much water must be added to 2.0 dm3 of a solution of a strong acid of pH 2.0 in order to increase the pH to 3.0? A B C D 1.0 dm3 10 dm3 18 dm3 20 dm3

17

The bond dissociation energy of HBr is 362 kJ mol-1. In which of the following processes is 362 kJ released? A B C D H(g) + Br(g) HBr(g) HBr(g) H(g) + Br(g) H2(g) + Br2(g) HBr(g) HBr(g) H2(g) + Br2(g)

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Which one of the following is true about the effect of a catalyst? A B C D It affects the position of equilibrium in a reversible reaction. It affects the enthalpy change of a reaction. It increases the rate of forward reaction. It increases the equilibrium constant for the forward reaction.

ACJC 2010

8872/01/Aug/10

Preliminary Examination

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For the equilibrium HSO4-(aq) + HPO42-(aq) SO42-(aq) + H2PO4-(aq)

Which one of the following is a Bronsted-Lowry acid-base pair?

Base A B C D HPO42HPO42HSO4HSO4-

Conjugate acid H2PO4SO42HPO42SO42-

20

How many alcohol structural isomers does molecular formula, C4H10O have? A B C D 1 2 3 4

21

Alkanes undergo free radical substitution with Cl2 in the presence of ultraviolet light. Which of the following could have been a possible starting material for 2chloro-2-methylpentane? A B C D CH3CH2CH2CH2CH3 CH3CH(CH3)CH2CH2CH3 CH3CH2CH(CH3)CH2CH3 CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3

ACJC 2010

8872/01/Aug/10

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10

22

Halogenalkanes have a wide variety of commercial uses. For which group of compounds is the breaking of the carbon-halogen bond a cause of a major environmental problem? A B C D Anaesthetic CFCs Flame retardants Plastics

23

A compound X, of molecular formula C5H8O3, showed the following behaviour: It gave orange precipitate with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine It gave yellow precipitate when warmed with alkaline aqueous iodine It showed no reaction with Fehlings reagent It reacted with Na2CO3 and gave off a colourless and odourless gas which formed white precipitate when passed through limewater

Determine the structural formula of X. A B C D CHOCH2CH2CH2CH3 CHOCH2CH2CH2COOH CH3CH2COCH2COOH CH3COCH2CH2COOH

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A sample of ethanal is treated with HCN in the presence of traces of NaCN. The organic product is then refluxed with LiAlH4 in dry ether. What will be the final product? A B C D CH3CH(OH)CH2NH2 CH3CH(OH)COOH CH3CH(OH)CONH2 CH3COCOOH

ACJC 2010

8872/01/Aug/10

Preliminary Examination

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25 Ethanedioic acid can be produced by the following steps:


H C H C H H H H C OH H O O C OH

Stage I

C OH

Stage II

HO

Which reagents are used for stages I and II? Stage I A B C D Cold alkaline KMnO4 Cold alkaline KMnO4 Cold alkaline KMnO4 Cold alkaline KMnO4 Stage II Acidified K2Cr2O7, distil Acidified K2Cr2O7, heat under reflux Acidified KMnO4, distil Acidified KMnO4, heat under reflux

ACJC 2010

8872/01/Aug/10

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12

Section B

From questions 26 to 30, one or more of the three numbered statements 1 to 3 may be correct. Decide whether each of the statements is or is not correct (you may find it useful to put a tick against the statements that you consider to be correct). The responses A to D should be selected on the basis of A 1, 2 and 3 are correct B 1 and 2 are correct C 2 and 3 are correct D Only 1 is correct

No other combination of statements is used as a correct response.

26

Which of the following contains two covalent chlorides and two covalent oxides? 1 2 3 SiCl4 BCl3 SCl2 BeCl2 AlCl3 CsCl SiO2 Al2O3 TiO2 NO2 Cl2O BaO2

27

Which of the following statements correctly describe the characteristics of the elements within any one particular group of the Periodic Table? 1 The first ionisation energy of the elements generally decreases with increasing atomic number. The melting point of the elements generally increases with increasing atomic number. The elements are either all metals or all non-metals.

ACJC 2010

8872/01/Aug/10

Preliminary Examination

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A 1, 2 and 3 are correct

B 1 and 2 are correct

C 2 and 3 are correct

D Only 1 is correct

No other combination of statements is used as a correct response.

28

Which of the following properties can be attributed to hydrogen bonding? 1 2 3 Ammonia is very soluble in water. The relative molecular mass of ethanoic acid is 120 in benzene. Ice is less dense that water.

29

OH

CH 3 is added to concentrated H SO at about 170 oC. When 2 4 What product(s) is/are formed?

Cl

OH

CH 3

Cl

CH 3

Cl

CH 3

ACJC 2010

8872/01/Aug/10

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14

A 1, 2 and 3 are correct

B 1 and 2 are correct

C 2 and 3 are correct

D Only 1 is correct

No other combination of statements is used as a correct response.

30

Compound Y occurs in bananas and compound Z in pears.


CH3 CO2CH 2CH2 CHCH3 CH 3 Y Z CH3 CO2CH 2CH2 CH 2 CH 2CH 3

Which statements are correct? 1 2 3 Y and Z are both esters Y and Z are structural isomers Y and Z have identical physical properties

ACJC 2010

8872/01/Aug/10

Preliminary Examination