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Aquino, Rio

Dossier 1: Les Uns, les Autres

Lesson 1: Greet and bid farewell De manire formelle (Formal manner) Greeting Bonjour -monsieur (Hello, (Mr./M) Good -madame morning, (Mrs./Mme) good afternoon) mademoisel Bonsoir le (Good (Ms./Mlle) evening) Response Bonjour Bonsoir De manire informelle (Informal manner) Greeting Bonjour! Salut! Cou cou! Response Bonjour! Salut! Cou cou!

Saluer (to greet)

Vous allez bien? (How are you?) Comment allez- vous? (How are you?)

Bien, merci, et vous? (Im fine, thank you, how about you?) Bien, merci(fine, thank you) Tres bien(very well) Response

Comment a va? (How are you?) a va? Tu vas bien? (You alright?)

a va bien, et toi? (Im fine, and you?) a va bien(Im fine)

Prendre conge(to bid farewell)

Greeting -monsieur (Mr./M) -madame (Mrs./Mm Au revoir e) (Good bye) mademois elle (Ms./Mlle)

Greeting Au revoir! Tchao! Salut! Bonne journe(Good day) Bonne Soire! (Good evening) Bon week-end! (Have a great weekend) demain!(See you tomorrow) lundi! (See you on Monday) tout l'heure! (See
you later)

Au revoir (Good bye)

Response Au revoir! Tchao! Salut! Bonne journe(Good day) Bonne Soire! (Good evening) Bon week-end! (Have a great weekend) demain! (See you tomorrow) lundi! (See you on Monday) tout l'heure! (See
you later)

bientt! (See you soon)

bientt! (See you soon)

Aquino, Rio
Lesson 2: Conjugation Regular Verbs are verbs ending in er. To conjugate, remove the er then add the corresponding ending For example: The verb is Aimer (to love). When we remove er, it becomes Aim. Then we conjugate. Pronoun Je Tu Il/Elle/On Nous Vous Ils/Elles Radical Aim Aim Aim Aim Aim aim Ending -e -es -e -ons -ez -ent Jaime Tu aimes Il/Elle/On aime Nous aimons Vous aimez Ils/Elles aiment
Replace (e) with an apostrophe when the radical starts with a vowel. Ex: Je + aime = Jaime Dont forget! Dont forget! Tu: informal :: Vous: formal

However, in French there are exceptions. Case 1: When the final vowel is laccentaigu (). Change laccentaigu () to laccent grave (). But, in nous and vous, do not change it. Example: The verb is prfrer. (et: esprer, rpter, complter) Pronoun Je Tu Il/Elle/On Nous Vous Ils/Elles Radical prfr prfr prfr prfr prfr prfr Ending -e -es -e -ons -ez -ent Je prfre Tu prfres Il/Elle/On prfre Nous prfrons Vous prfrez Ils/Elles prfrent

Case 2: The vowel of the stem changes from a schwa (written e and often ellided) to . The vowel changes occurs: Before non-syllabic endings in the present tense (i.e. except in the nous and vous forms) Example: The verb is acheter. (et: mener, amener, emmener, enlever, peser)

Aquino, Rio
Pronoun Je Tu Il/Elle/On Nous Vous Ils/Elles Radical acht acht acht achet achet acht Ending -e -es -e -ons -ez -ent Jachte Tu achtes Il/Elle/On achte Nous achetons Vous achetez Ils/Elles achtent
Dont forget! Replace (e) with an

apostropheWhen the radical starts with a vowel. Ex: Je + achte = Jachte

Case 3:When using these verbs with particular tenses, the letter "L" or "T" respectively is doubled, and normal conjugation is used. However, you do not double "L" or "T" when using the "nous" or "vous" form. Example: The verb is appeler. (et: jeter) Pronoun Je Tu Il/Elle/On Nous Vous Ils/Elles Radical Appell Appell Appell Appel Appel Appell Ending -e -es -e -ons -ez -ent Jappelle Tu appelles Il/Elle/On appelle Nous appelons Vous appelez Ils/Elles appellent

Case 4: If the radical ends with ger, add (e) after the radical when using nous. If the radical ends with cer, change (c) to then conjugate. Example: The verb is manger. (et: changer, nager, partager) Pronoun Je Tu Il/Elle/On Nous Vous Ils/Elles Radical Mang Mang Mang Mange Mang Mang Ending -e -es -e -ons -ez -ent Je mange Tu manges Il/Elle/On mange Nous mangeons Vous mangez Ils/Ellesmangent

Aquino, Rio
The verb is commencer. (et: avancer, lancer) Pronoun Je Tu Il/Elle/On Nous Vous Ils/Elles Radical commenc commenc commenc commen commenc commenc Ending -e -es -e -ons -ez -ent Je commence Tu commences Il/Elle/On commence Nous commenons Vous commencez Ils/Elles commencent
Ex: Je + achte = Jachte Dont forget! Replace (e) with an

apostropheWhen the radical starts with a vowel.

Case 5: When the radical ends with (y), change y to (i) then conjugate, except when the pronoun is nous and vous. Example: The verb is payer. (et: envoyer) Pronoun Je Tu Il/Elle/On Nous Vous Ils/Elles Radical pai pai pai pay pay pai Ending -e -es -e -ons -ez -ent Je paie Tu paies Il/Elle/On paie Nous payons Vous payez Ils/Elles paie

Lesson 3: Negation To make sentences negative, simply put ne and pas around the verb. When the verb is in reflexive form, put ne between the two vous and nous. Example: Regina ne parle pas bien franais. (Regina does not speak French well) Polo necoute pas. (Polo does not listen) Nico nest pas homosexuel.(Nico is not gay) Polo et moi naimons pas Nico. (Polo and I do not love Nico) Vous ne vous appelez pas Isabel.(You are not called Isabel)
Dont forget! Replace (e) with an apostrophe when the verb starts with a vowel. Ex: necoute, nest

Aquino, Rio
Lesson 3: Interrogation You can change a declarative sentence to an interrogative sentence by changing the intonation. Example: Vous parlez anglais. (You speak English) Vous parlez anglais? (You speak English?)
Dont forget! In French, the first letters on the days of the week and months are not capitalized.

Lesson 4: Days of the Week

Table 1: Les jour de la semaine

Ex: lundi, juin

Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday day week today yesterday tomorrow next

lundi mardi mercredi jeudi vendredi samedi dimanche le jour la semaine aujourd'hui hier demain prochain / prochaine dernier / dernire avant-hier

Lesson 5: Months
Table 2: Months

January February March April May June July August

janvier fvrier mars avril mai juin juillet aot

September October November December month year decade century

septembre octobre novembre dcembre le mois l'an / l'anne la dcennie le sicle

Dont forget! Q: Quest-ce que vous avez dans votre sac? (What do you have inside your bag?) A: Jai un stylo (I have a ball pen)

last day before yesterday

Aquino, Rio
Lesson 6: Determining the Gender: Masculine and Feminine

In French, there is no specific rule on determining the gender of a word. You just have to memorize. However, there are some clues which would make help you determine the gender of that word. Masculine -age Le fromage -ment Le gouvernment -eau Le gateau -phone Le tlphone -scope Le tlscope -isme Le tourisme Feminine -tion -sion -t -ette -ance La station La dcision La beaut La bicyclette Lesperance

Lesson 7: Definite and Indefinite Articles Articles and adjectives must agree in number and gender with the nouns they modify. Articles have to be expressed even though they aren't always in English; and you may have to repeat the article in some cases. Demonstratives are like strong definite articles. Use definite article if you are referring to a specific object, otherwise use indefinite article. Definite Articles (The) Feminine Before Vowel la pomme l'oiseau (the apple) (the bird) Indefinite Articles (A, An, Some) Feminine une pomme (an apple)

Masculine le lit (the bed)

Plural les gants (the gloves)

Masculine un lit (a bed)

Plural des gants (some gloves)

Lesson 8: Present yourself Bonjour! Je mappelle Regina Isabel Olaguer Aquino. Je suis philippine. Jhabite Manille. Jai 16 ans. Je suis ne le 24 aot. Jetudie la psychologie luniversit des philippines. Je parle tagalog, anglais et franais. Hello! My name is Regina Isabel Olaguer Aquino. Im a Filipina. I live in Manila. I am 16 years old. My birthday is on the twenty-fourth of August. I study psychology at the University of the Philippines. I can speak Filipino, English and French.

Aquino, Rio
Lesson 9: Ask politely and Ask for the cost Demander poliment (Ask politely) Je voudrais des informations. (I would like to have information)

Demander le prix de quelque chose (Ask for the cost) Q: Combien a cote? a cote combien?(How much?) A: a cote(It costs)

Lesson 10: Ask and give personal information Questions French Quel est votre nom? Quel est votre prnom? Vous avez quel ge? Quel est votre numro de tlphone? Quelle est votre adresse lectronique? Quelle est votre date de naissance? Quelle est votre adresse? Quelle est votre nationalit? Vous tudiez quelle matire? Quelles langues vous parlez? English What is your surname? What is your first name? You have what age? What is your telephone number? What is your e-mail address? What is the date of your birth? What is your address? What is your nationality? What do you study? What languages do you speak? French Mon nom est Mon prnom est Jai ___ ans Mon numro de telephone est le Mon adresse lectronique est le Je suis n(e) le Mon adresse est Je suis Jtudie Je parle Answers English My surname is My first name is I have ___ years of age My telephone number is My e-mail address is I was born on My address is I am I study I speak