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ARGUMENTS IN THE EXISTENCE OF GOD Miracle - came from Latin mirari, to wonder at, an event, apparently transcending human

n powers and the laws of nature, that is attributed to a special divine intervention or to supernatural forces. Many religious leaders and foundersincluding Zoroaster, Confucius, Laozi (Lao-tzu), and Buddhahave been credited with miraculous powers. Moses and the prophets of Israel were said to have performed miraculous acts at God's bidding. Muslim tradition includes accounts of the miracles of Muhammad, such as his extraordinary healings. "If you have faith as small as a mustard seed, you can say to this mountain, 'move from here to there' and it will move." (Gospel of Matthew 17:20). Miracles done by God: Raising the dead; transforming water into wine; feeding thousands with a small amount of food; casting out demons; and healing the sick and deformed. The most important miracle of the New Testament is the resurrection of Christ. The significance of the miracle lies in its meaning rather than in the event itself. From this point of view, the primary aim of a miracle story is to show that God directs and intervenes in human history. REVELATION - is the revealing or disclosing of some form of truth or knowledge through supposed communication with a deity or other supernatural entity or entities. - it is the self-communication of God; that is, God's disclosure of divine being or divine will to human beings. In the Abrahamic religions, the term is used to refer to the process by which God reveals knowledge of himself, his will, and his divine providence, to the world of human beings.

Arguments in the Existence of God: Miracles and Revelations

Maricelle C. Vinoya BSE IV-A

Types of Revelation VERBAL Some people hold that God can communicate with man in a way that gives direct, propositional content: This is termed verbal revelation. ARISTOTELIAN RATIONALISM Revelation was the discovery of absolute truths about God, man, and man's place in God's universe, as discovered through logical philosophical inquiry. NATURAL Some people believe that God reveals himself through his creation, and that at least some truths about God can be learned by studying nature, physics, cosmology, etc. NON-VERBAL PROPOSITIONAL Revelation is non-verbal and non-literal, yet it may have propositional content. People were divinely inspired by God with a message, but not in a verbal-like fashion. PROGRESSIVE REVELATION "Continuous revelation" is a term for the theological position that God continues to reveal divine principles or commandments to humanity. RATIONALISM AND DEISM Thomas Paine in The Age of Reason (17941809) develops the theology of deism, rejecting the possibility of miracles and arguing that any revelation can only be considered valid for the original recipient. EXISTENTIALISM In the 20th century, religious existentialists proposed that revelation held no content in and of itself; rather, they hold that God inspired people with his presence by coming into contact with them. Revelation is a human response that records how we responded to God. SYSTEMATIC THEOLOGY Systematic theology is the attempt to formulate a coherent philosophy which is applicable to the component parts of a given faith's system of belief. While a systematic theology must take into account the sacred texts of its faith, it also looks to history, philosophy, science, and ethics to produce as full a view and as versatile a philosophical approach as possible.
Arguments in the Existence of God: Miracles and Revelations Maricelle C. Vinoya BSE IV-A

GENERAL REVELATION - refers to the knowledge of God communicated through the order of nature, a conception that is found in Eastern religion and in some romantic poetry, such as that of the English poet William Wordsworth. SPECIAL REVELATION - refers to the knowledge of God that comes through specific experiences, such as visions, dreams, or events.

ARGUMENTS FROM DESIGN The argument from design focuses on the fact that the universe is fit for human habitation. There are many ways that the universe might have been, the argument from design tells usit might have had different laws of physics; it might have had a different arrangement of planets and stars; it might have begun with a bigger or a smaller big bangand the vast majority of these universes would not have allowed for the existence of life. We are very fortunate indeed to have a universe that does. The fact that the universe is fit for life requires explanation, and an appeal to chance is no explanation at all. It is far more likely that the universe was initiated by a being that intended to create a universe that could support life. The fine-tuning of the universe for life can only be explained with reference to a Creator, as the result of intelligent design. Once all of this evidence is taken into account, the argument from design concludes, there can be no question as to whether the universe just happens to be fit for life or whether it was deliberately created that way; the universe clearly exhibits the marks of intelligent design.

Arguments in the Existence of God: Miracles and Revelations

Maricelle C. Vinoya BSE IV-A