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BAHAGIAN PENGURUSAN SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH DAN SEKOLAH KECEMERLANGAN KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA

CHEMISTRY TRIAL-EXAM SPM 2012 MARKING SCHEME

PAPER 1 PAPER 2 PAPER 3

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SKEMA KERTAS 1 PENTAKSIRAN DIAGNOSTIK AKADEMIK SBP 2012 CHEMISTRY 4541/1

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25

A A C A A D B A B A B A D C D A B D C B C D D B A

26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

C D C D B B C A C C D A B B D D D A B C B C B D C

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Question 1(a)

MARKING SCHEME CHEMISTRY PAPER 2 SECTION A (4541/2) Mark scheme A: Detergents B: Soap r : sodium salt magnesium ion // or calcium ion r : Mg2+, Ca2+ Soaps are biodegradable Analgesics Psychotherapeutic r: wrong spelling Sugar Aspartame To add / restore the colour of food // To enhance its visual appeal / appearance// more attractive

Sub Mark 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 TOTAL

Total Mark 2

1(b)(i) 1(b)(ii) 1(c)

1(d)(i) 1(d)(ii)

3 9

Question 2(a)(i) 2(a)(ii) Magnesium r:Mg

Mark scheme

Sub Mark 1 1 1 1

Total Mark 2

Has 3 shell occupied with electrons 1. Proton number of chlorine is higher than magnesium // the number of proton of chlorine atom higher than magnesium atom // total positive charged in nucleus higher than magnesium 2. The attractive force between the nucleus and the electrons in chlorine atom stronger than magnesium atom // nuclei attraction towards electrons stronger. Light bulb // in welding process Argon 3 Cl2 (g) + 2 Fe (s) 2 FeCl3(s)

2 (b)

2(c) 2 (d) 2(e)(i) 2(e)(ii)

1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1

Mass iron (III) chloride = 0.05 x 161 // 8.05 g

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2(e)(ii)
Chlorine gas Gas klorin

Heat Panaskan Hot iron wool Wul besi panas

1 Total

1 9

Question 3(a)(i) 3(a)(ii) 3(a)(iii)

Mark scheme 6 To estimate the age of fossils and artifacts C-12 // C-13
13 12

Sub Mark 1 1

Total Mark

C
6

Or

C
6

3(a)(iv) 3(b)(i)

7/6 A: covalent r: covalent bond B: ionic r: ionic bond 2.8.8.1 High melting point and boiling point // conduct electricity in molten or aqueous solution // soluble in water // insoluble in organic solvent. [Any one] 2K + Cl2 2KCl 1. Formula of reactants and products correct 2. Balance the chemical equation

1 1 1 1 1

3(b)(ii) 3(b)(iii)

3(c)(iv)

1 1 TOTAL

6 10

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Question 4(a)(i) 4(a)(ii) 4(a)(iii)

Mark scheme Pipette r: wrong spelling Phenolphthalein // methyl orange r: wrong spelling Phenolphthalein : pink to colourless // methyl orange : yellow to orange 2KOH + H2 SO4 K2 SO4 + 2H2O Formula of reactants and products correct Balance the chemical equation 1. Mol of KOH = (1.0)(25) / 1000 = 0.025 mol 2. Molarity of H2 SO4 = (0.0125)(1000) / 10 = 1.25 mol dm-3 // Molarity of H2SO4 = 0.0125 /0.01 = 1.25 mol dm-3

Sub Mark 1 1

Total Mark

1 1 1

4(b)(i)

2 1 1

4(b)(ii) Or
M aVa a 1 1(25) ; Molarity of H2SO4 = x 2 10 M bVb b

= 1.25 mol dm-3 r: wrong unit or without unit 4(c)(i) 4(c)(ii) Hydrogen ion r: H+ (symbol ion) 1. no water 2. contain of molecule // no hydrogen ion, H+

1 1 1 TOTAL

3 10

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Question 5(a) 5(b)(i) 5(b)(ii)

Mark scheme Chemical formula that shows the simplest whole number ratio of atom of each element in the compound. Mass of Mg = 2.4 g Mass of O = 1.6 g Mole of Mg = 2.4 / 24 = 0.1 Mol of O = 1.6 / 16 = 0.1 Mg : O = 1 : 1 MgO to allow oxygen enter the crucible Repeat the process heating, cooling and weighing until a constant mass is obtained.
crucible Magnesium ribbon

Sub Mark 1

Total Mark 1

1 1 1 1 1 1 6

5(b)(iii) 5(b)(iv) 5(b)(v) 5(c)

Heat

5(d)(i) 5(d)(ii)

Apparatus set-up correct and functional Labeled : magnesium ribbon, heat Zinc oxide // aluminium oxide r: formula Silver is less reactive / not reactive metal

1 1 1 1 TOTAL

2 2 11

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Question 6(a) 6(b) 6(c)(i) Hydrogenation C4H8 + H2 C4H10

Mark scheme

Sub Mark 1 1 1

Total Mark

Mole of butene = 2.8 /56 = 0.05 mol 6(c)(ii) P1. 1 mol of butene burns in oxygen gas produce 4 mol of carbon dioxide. Therefore 0.05 mol of butene burns in oxygen gas produce 0.2 mol of carbon dioxide // C4H8 : CO2 1 : 4 0.05 : 0.2 P2. volume of CO2 = 0.2 x 24 = 4.8 dm3 P1: 2 cm of but-2-ene and 2 cm of butane gas are filled in two different test tubes. P2 : 2 -3 drops of acidified potassium manganate (VII) solution is added to both test tubes. P3: But-2-ene decolourises purple acidified KMnO4 Purple acidified KMnO4 in butane remains unchange. Or P1: 2 cm3 of but-2-ene and 2 cm3 of butane gas are filled in two different test tubes. P2 : 2-3 drops of bromine water is added to both test tubes. P3: But-2-ene decolourises brown bromine water. Brown bromine water in butane remains unchange. A: unvulcanised rubber B: vulcanised rubber Rubber type B/ vulcanised rubber is more elastic than rubber type A/ unvulcanised rubber
3 3

1 5

6(d)

1 1 1 Or 1 1 1 1 1 1 TOTAL 3

6(e)(i) 6(e)(ii)

3 11

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SECTION B
Question Mark scheme Mark Mark

7 (a)

(i) Ascending order : Cu, Y,X, W (ii) P1 : Positive terminal : Cu P2 : Potential difference : 1.3V P3: Copper is less electropositive // X is more electropositive correct value and unit
Experiment I : Pb 2+, ClExperiment II: H + . OH- , Cl

1 1 1

1 1 2

7 ( b) (i)

r: lead(II) ion, chloride ion Hydrogen ion, hydroxide ion, chloride ion

Experiment 1

Experiment II

Product at anode: Chlorine gas

Products at cathode: Oxygen gas

1+1

Reason: P1: Cl is discharged P2: the only


7(b)(ii)
-

Reason: P1:OH- is selected to be discharged P2:the position of OH- is lower than Cl- in electrochemical series
1+1

anion presence and discharged at anode

1+1

.Half equation: 2Cl- Cl 2 + 2e P1:Correct formula of reactant and product : P2: Balance equation

. Half equation: 4OH- 2 H2O + O2 + 4e


1+1

P1: Correct formula of reactant and product P2: Balance equation

10 1+1

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P1: Positive terminal: R P2: Negative terminal:Cu


7(c)

1 1 1 1 4

P3: Suitable metal for R : Silver P4: Suitable solution for R : Silver nitate solution

Total

20

Question

Mark scheme

Mark

Mark

8(a)

P1. Smaller size has larger total surface area. P2. Absorb heat faster. P3. Bigger size has smaller total surface area. P4. Absorb heat slower

1 1 1 1 4 1

(b)(i) (b)(ii)

Copper(II) sulphate 1. Experiment I Rate of reaction = 40/2 = 20 cm3 min-1 2. Experiment II Rate of reaction = 60/2 = 30 cm3min-1

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2

(b)(iii)

P1. Rate of reaction in Experiment II is higher than Experiment I. P2. Substance X used in Experiment II is a catalyst. P3. Catalyst provided an alternative path with requires a lower activation energy. P4. More particles are able to achieve lower activation energy. P5. Frequency of effective collisions between zinc atoms and hydrogen ions are higher.

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(b)(iv)

1. Label of axes and unit 2. Correct curve and label Volume of gas / cm3
Exp II

1 1

Exp I

2 (v)

Time / min 1 1

1. Correct formula of reactants and product 2. Balanced equation Zn + 2H Zn + H2


+ 2+

(vi)

1. Rate of reaction using sulphuric acid is higher. 2. Volume of hydrogen gas released is doubled. 3. Sulphuric acid is a diprotic acid. 4. Concentration of hydrogen ions in sulphuric acid is double than that in hydrochloric acid. Total

1 1 1 1 4 20

10

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Question 9(a)

Mark scheme P1: Magnesium atom undergoes oxidation P2: oxidation number increases from 0 to 2+ P3: Copper (II) ion undergoes reduction P4: oxidation number decreases from +2 to 0 P5: The reaction involving oxidation and reduction

Mark

Mark

1 1 1 1 1 MAX 4

(b)

Experiment I
1

L can reduce copper(II) oxide// L can react with copper(II) oxide L is more reactive than copper. Experiment II M can reduce copper(II) oxide//M can react with copper(II) oxide M is more reactive than copper. Experiment III M cannot reduce L oxide // M cannot react with L oxide. M is less reactive than L//L is more reactive than M.

1 1 6 1 1 Max 5

The arrangement in order of increasing reactivity toward oxygen is Cu, M and L.

(c)

Procedure : P1. Pour 2 cm3 of potassium bromide solution into a test tube. P2. Add 2 cm3 of chlorine water to the test tube and shake the mixture. P3. Add 2 cm3 of 1,1,1 trichloroethane to the test tube and shake the mixture. P4. Record the observation 1 P5. Repeat steps 1-4 using another halogens and halide solution. 1 . 1 1 1

11

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Result :

Chlorine water Potassium chloride Potassium bromide Potassium iodide

Bromine water X

Iodine water X

X 1 1

Ionic equation:

1. Cl2 + 2Br- 2Cl- + Br2 2. Cl2 + 2I- 2Cl- + I2 3. Br2 + 2I- 2Br- + I2

1 1 1

10 20

12

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Question 10(a)

Mark scheme Precipitation / double decomposition reaction Barium nitrate solution/barium chloride solution [Any sulphate solution] Example: sodium sulphate, potasium sulphate, sulphuric acid Reject : Lead(II) sulphate, calcium sulphate Ba2+ + SO42 BaSO4 Cation : Iron(II) ion / Fe2+ Anion: Chloride ion / Cl

Mark

Mark

1 1 1 1 4 1 1 2

10(b)(i)

Test for NO3 P1: Add 2 cm3 of dilute sulphuric acid into the test tube follow by 2 cm3 of iron(II) sulphate solution. P2: Add a few drops of concentrated sulphuric acid P3: carefully and slowly along the side of slanting test tube into the mixture. P2: A brown ring is formed. Procedure: P1. Add zinc nitrate solution to sodium carbonate solution in a beaker. P2. Stir the mixture. P3. Filter the white precipitate/solid zinc carbonate formed. P4. Add zinc carbonate to sulphuric acid in a beaker until some zinc carbonate solid no longer dissolve. P5. Filter the mixture. P6. Transfer the filtrate to a evaporating dish. P7. Heat the filtrate(zinc sulphate solution) until saturated// Heat the filtrate to about one-third (1/3) of its initial volume P8. Allow the saturated solution to cool at room temperature. P9. Filter the crystals formed. P10. Dry the crystals by pressing it between two sheets of filter papers. Total 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10 20 1 1 1 1 4

10(b)(ii)

10(c)

13

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