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A Course: Fifth level Date: 2011-10-10 Code: 5186

Expansion bus:

An expansion bus is made up of electronic pathways which move information between the internal hardware of a computer system (including the CPU and RAM) and peripheral devices. It is a collection of wires and protocols that allows for the expansion of a computer System Bus:

This bus is also called local bus or internal bus.Its function is to conne ct the CPU with



Data Communication Equipement es el equipo de comunicacin. Generalmente un modem u algn otro dispositivo que establece el enlace fsico y lgico con la red.

The DCE bus on the DAI computer is what makes it more than an standard home computer. The bus offers a structured way to connect peripherials to the computer. Internally the DCE bus is just a 8255 chip. This device offers two 8-bit and two 4-bit I/O ports. Two modes of operation are possible:

Basic mode DCE mode

In basic mode only one device can be connected. The ports can be used any way the designer wishes. This mode is ideal for simple (E)PROM programmers.

In DCE mode the port usage is predefined.

Port A is a bidirectional DATA bus Port B is a address bus (4 bits to select a card, 4 bits to address within a card) The lower part of the C port is used as control bus:
o o o o

bit 0: bus expand (toggles card 0-15 with 16-31) bit 1: write pulse bit 2: read pulse bit 3: not used


Data Terminal Equipement es el equipo terminal de datos, la computadora o terminal que es el extremo final de la red. It is a device that controls data flowing to or from a computer. The term is often used in reference to serial communications defined by the RS232C standard. This standard defines the two ends of the communications channel being a DTE and Data Communications Equipment (DCE) device. In practical terms, the DCE is usually a modem and the DTE is the computer itself, or more precisely, the computer chip UART. For internal modems, the DCE and DTE are part of the same device. All DTE-DCE cables are straight through meaning the pins are connected one on one. DTE-DTE and DCE-DCE cables are cross cables. To make a destiction between all different types of cables we have to use a naming convention. DTE - DCE: Straight Cable DTE - DTE: Null-Modem Cable DCE - DCE: Tail Circuit Cable Interface Mechanica RS232 can be found on different connectors. There are special specifications for this. The CCITT only defines a Sub-D 25 pins version where the EIA/TIA has two versions RS232C and RS232D which are resp. on a Sub-D25 and a RJ45. Next to this IBM has added a Sub-D 9 version which is found an almost all Personal Computers and is described in TIA 457.