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EMC Solutions Enabler

Version 5.5

INSTALLATION GUIDE
P/N 300-000-733 REV A05

EMC Corporation Corporate Headquarters: Hopkinton, MA 01748-9103


1-508-435-1000 www.emc.com

Copyright 2002, 2003, 2004 EMC Corporation. All Rights Reserved. Printed July, 2004 EMC believes the information in this publication is accurate as of its publication date. The information is subject to change without notice. THE INFORMATION IN THIS PUBLICATION IS PROVIDED "AS IS." EMC CORPORATION MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND WITH RESPECT TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PUBLICATION, AND SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Use, copying, and distribution of any EMC software described in this publication requires an applicable software license. Trademark Information

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Contents

Preface............................................................................................................................. ix Chapter 1 Pre-Install Considerations


Introduction ...................................................................................... 1-2 Before You Begin .............................................................................. 1-3 General Tasks ............................................................................ 1-3 Windows Specific Tasks ........................................................... 1-3 Novell NetWare Specific Tasks ............................................... 1-4 Client or Server Installation............................................................ 1-5 Remote Connection .................................................................. 1-5 Client/Server System Installation .......................................... 1-6

Chapter 2

Installation
Installing Solutions Enabler on UNIX .......................................... 2-2 Step 1: Mount the CD-ROM .................................................... 2-2 Step 2: Run the Install Script ................................................... 2-3 Step 3: Choose the Installation Directories ........................... 2-4 Step 4: Select the Product to Install ........................................ 2-5 Step 5: Select Options ............................................................... 2-6 Step 6: Complete the Installation.......................................... 2-10 Installing Solutions Enabler on Windows .................................. 2-12 Installing Solutions Enabler on OpenVMS ................................ 2-19 Installing Solutions Enabler on Novell NetWare ...................... 2-20 Examples of SYMCLI Use...................................................... 2-20

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Chapter 3

Installation Follow-Up
Enabling Your Software .................................................................. 3-2 License Keys .............................................................................. 3-2 Enabling Components ............................................................. 3-3 Initial Steps for Post Solutions Enabler Install ............................ 3-5 Build the SYMAPI Database ................................................... 3-5 Set Environment Variables ...................................................... 3-5 Set Access Permissions to Directories.................................... 3-5 Starting the SCSI Generic Driver............................................ 3-5 Setting the CLI Path......................................................................... 3-6 Setting the Online Help Path ......................................................... 3-7 Symmetrix Gatekeeper Devices..................................................... 3-8 Choosing a Gatekeeper............................................................ 3-8 gkavoid and gkselect ............................................................... 3-9 Using a Dedicated Gatekeeper ............................................... 3-9 Sizing a Gatekeeper................................................................ 3-10 Database and Gatekeeper Locking.............................................. 3-11 Semaphore Requirements on UNIX..................................... 3-11 Meeting Semaphore Requirements...................................... 3-12 Refreshing the Semaphores................................................... 3-12 De-Allocating Semaphores.................................................... 3-12 Semaphore Identifier.............................................................. 3-12 OpenVMS Locking ................................................................. 3-12 Windows NT/2000 Locking ................................................. 3-13 AS/400 Locking ...................................................................... 3-13 OS/390 Locking ...................................................................... 3-13 Avoidance and Selection Files...................................................... 3-14 Editing and File Format......................................................... 3-14 symavoid ................................................................................. 3-14 inqfile........................................................................................ 3-15 gkavoid and gkselect ............................................................. 3-15 Options File .................................................................................... 3-16 Editing and File Format......................................................... 3-16 Removing Default Options ................................................... 3-18 SYMCLI Through a Remote Server............................................. 3-19 Editing netcnfg File ................................................................ 3-19 Trusted-User Host Access File .............................................. 3-20 Windows Control Panel Service ........................................... 3-20 Starting the Server .................................................................. 3-21 Server Environment Variable................................................ 3-21 Stopping the Server ................................................................ 3-22 Uninstalling the SYMAPI Server (NT only).................................................................................. 3-22

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Oracle Multiple Instances Through Remote Server ................. Client/server RDBMS Environment Variable Behavior... Setting Up Daemons for Distributed Application Support .... Starting Daemons................................................................... Stopping Daemons................................................................. Viewing Daemons .................................................................. Configuring Daemons to Auto-Start on Boot .................... Building a daemon_users File .............................................. Controlling Daemon Behavior ............................................. Configuring and Managing the SMI Provider.......................... Starting and Stopping the Pegasus CIM Server ................ Controlling the EMC SMI Provider at Runtime ................ Configuring and Managing CLARiiON Arrays................ Optional SSL Configuration ................................................. Optional SLP Configuration.................................................

3-23 3-24 3-25 3-26 3-26 3-27 3-27 3-27 3-28 3-30 3-30 3-31 3-32 3-33 3-36

Chapter 4

Uninstalling Solutions Enabler


Overview .......................................................................................... Stopping the Application Processes ...................................... Uninstalling the Software ....................................................... Uninstalling Solutions Enabler from UNIX ................................ Uninstalling Solutions Enabler from Windows .......................... Uninstalling Solutions Enabler from OpenVMS ........................ Uninstalling Solutions Enabler from Novell NetWare .............. Rolling Back an Upgrade ............................................................... 4-2 4-2 4-3 4-4 4-6 4-7 4-8 4-9

Appendix A

Host Specific Issues


HP-UX Issues ................................................................................. A-2 Semaphores for Database and Gatekeeper.......................... A-2 Creating Pseudo-devices for Gatekeepers and BCVs ........ A-3 Sun Solaris Issues .......................................................................... A-6 Compaq/Digital UNIX Issues ..................................................... A-7 Compaq TruCluster Server .................................................... A-7 Digital OpenVMS Issues .............................................................. A-9 IBM AIX Issues ............................................................................ A-13 Memory Access ..................................................................... A-13 Oracle Database Mapping ................................................... A-13 BCV Devices Lost After Reboot .......................................... A-13 NCR UNIX_SV Issues ................................................................. A-15 Gatekeeper ............................................................................. A-15

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Semaphores for Database and Gatekeeper ........................ A-15 Sequent DYNIX Issues ................................................................ A-16 Semaphores for Database and Gatekeeper ........................ A-16 SCO UnixWare Issues .................................................................. A-17 Semaphores for Database and Gatekeeper ........................ A-17 Linux Issues .................................................................................. A-18 Mounting a CD Over a Network......................................... A-18 Installing the Kernal Patch ................................................... A-18 Windows 2000/2003 Issues ........................................................ A-19

Appendix B

Creating Daemon Auto-Start Scripts


Creating an Auto-Start Script for Solaris .................................... Creating an Auto-Start Script for Linux ..................................... Creating an Auto-Start Script for HP-UX ................................... Creating an Auto-Start Script for IBM AIX ................................ Run Level Scripting Installed ........................................... Run Level Scripting Not Installed.................................... Creating an Auto-Start Script for Windows ............................... B-2 B-3 B-4 B-6 B-6 B-7 B-8

Appendix C

Solutions Enabler Directories


UNIX Directories ........................................................................... C-2 Windows Directories ..................................................................... C-3

Index ................................................................................................................................ i-1

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Tables

2-1 3-1 3-2 3-3 3-4 3-5 A-1 C-1 C-2

Installation Temporary Files ...................................................................... 2-10 Solutions Enabler License Keys ................................................................... 3-2 Optional Behavior Parameters for Options File ..................................... 3-16 Supported Solutions Enabler Daemons ................................................... 3-25 EMC SMI Provider Properties ................................................................... 3-31 CIM Configuration File .............................................................................. 3-34 OpenVMS Return Code Interpolation Table ........................................... A-9 UNIX Directories .......................................................................................... C-2 Windows Directories ................................................................................... C-3

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Tables

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Preface

As part of its effort to continuously improve and enhance the performance and capabilities of the EMC product line, EMC periodically releases new versions of both the EMC Enginuity Operating Environment and EMC Solutions Enabler. Therefore, some functions described in this guide may not be supported by all versions of Enginuity or Solutions Enabler currently in use. For the most up-to-date information on product features, see your product release notes. If a Solutions Enabler feature does not function properly or does not function as described in this guide, please contact the EMC Customer Support Center for assistance. This guide provides installation procedures for installing the EMC Solutions Enabler software for your specific platform. The EMC Solutions Enabler software provides your host system with an API shared library and a special command set that comprises the Symmetrix Command Line Interface (SYMCLI). (For OS/390 types, only the SYMAPI server is available.) Organization Here is an overview of where information is located in this guide. Chapter 1, Pre-Install Considerations, explains the tasks that you should perform before installing Solutions Enabler. Chapter 2, Installation, explains how to install Solutions Enabler. Chapter 3, Installation Follow-Up, provides the follow-up procedures for a Solutions Enabler installation. Chapter 4, Uninstalling Solutions Enabler, explains how to uninstall Solutions Enabler.

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Preface

Appendix A, Host Specific Issues, lists the host specific requirements for running Solutions Enabler. Appendix B, Creating Daemon Auto-Start Scripts, explains how to set daemons to automatically start when a system is rebooted. Appendix C, Solutions Enabler Directories, contains the directory list for UNIX and Windows installations. Related Documentation Related documents include:

EMC TimeFinder/Integration Modules Product Guide EMC Solutions Enabler for OS/390 and z/OS Implementation Guide EMC Solutions Enabler Symmetrix Base Management CLI Product Guide EMC Solutions Enabler Version 5.5 Support Matrix EMC Host Connectivity Guides

Conventions Used in this Manual

The following conventions are used in this manual: Every use of the word SYMCLI means Solutions Enabler. Every use of OS/390 in text means OS/390 and z/OS.
A note calls attention to any item of information that may be of special importance to the reader.

CAUTION A caution contains information essential to avoid damage or degraded integrity to storage of your data. The caution might also apply to protection of your software or hardware.

EMC Solutions Enabler Installation Guide

Preface

Typographical Conventions This manual uses the following type style conventions in this guide: bold text Boldface text provides extra emphasis and emphasizes warnings, and specifies window names and menu items in text. Italic text and characters emphasizes new terms, identifies variables in a software syntax (non-literal notation), identifies unique word usage, and applies emphasis in examples and in references to book titles and sections.
A fixed space font identifies files and path names, and is used in command line entries, displayed text, or program listings.

italic text

fixed space courier font

Where to Get Help

EMC Solutions Enabler software products are supported directly by the EMC Customer Support Center and the EMC Developers Program. For Solutions Enabler products, you can contact technical support by calling the EMC Customer Support Center at one of the following numbers: United States: Canada: Worldwide: (800) 782-4362 (SVC-4EMC) (800) 543-4782 (543-4SVC) (508) 497-7901

Follow the voice menu prompts to open a service call and select the applicable product support. If you are a partner in the EMC Developers Program, refer to the EMC Powerlink Web site at: http://powerlink.emc.com Sales and Customer Service Contacts For the list of EMC sales locations, please access the EMC home page at: http://emc.com/contact/ For additional information on the EMC products and services available to customers and partners, refer to the EMC Powerlink Web site at: http://powerlink.emc.com
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Preface

Your Comments

Your suggestions will help us continue to improve the accuracy, organization, and overall quality of the user publications. Please send a message to techpub_comments@emc.com with your opinions of this guide. Your technical enhancement suggestions for future development consideration are welcome. To send a suggestion, log on to http://powerlink.emc.com, follow the path Support, Contact Support, and choose Software Product Enhancement Request from the Subject menu.

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1
Pre-Install Considerations

This chapter explains the tasks that you should perform before installing Solutions Enabler.

Introduction ........................................................................................1-2 Before You Begin ................................................................................1-3 Client or Server Installation..............................................................1-5

Pre-Install Considerations

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Pre-Install Considerations

Introduction
A Solutions Enabler install provides your host with SYMAPI, CLARAPI, and STORAPI shared libraries for use by Solutions Enabler applications, and the Symmetrix Command Line Interface (SYMCLI) for use by Storage Administrators and Systems Engineers. SYMCLI is a specialized library of UNIX formatted commands that can be invoked one at a time. It supports single command line entries and scripts to map and perform control operations on devices and data objects toward the management of your storage complex. It also monitors device configuration and status of devices that make up the storage environment. The target storage environments are typically Symmetrix, but can be CLARiiON when you have a license and work with the mapping SRM component. Solutions Enabler includes a monitoring option for situations on certain hosts where you need to limit the SYMCLI actions to monitor mode only and block all SYMCLI activity from executing any control actions or ones affecting any changes to the Symmetrix array.

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Pre-Install Considerations

Before You Begin


Before you begin to install Solutions Enabler, be sure to complete the tasks listed in this section.

General Tasks

The following tasks apply to all supported platforms: Review the requirements listed in the EMC Solutions Enabler Release Notes. If you are upgrading from a previous version, verify that all application processes that use the Solutions Enabler libraries and binaries are stopped.
For instructions, refer to Stopping the Application Processes on page 4-2.

In the event that you would ever want to roll back to a previous version, create copies of the host database and config directories. The location of these directories differ for each platform:
Platform UNIX Default Directories /var/syampi/db /var/syampi/config C:\Program Files\EMC\symapi\db C:\Program Files\EMC\symapi\config SYMAPI$DB: SYMAPI$CONFIG sys:system\emc\symapi\db sys:system\emc\symapi\config

Windows

OpenVMS

Novell Netware

Windows Specific Tasks

The following tasks are specific to Windows: During the installation process, you will be asked whether you want to install the SYMAPI server. Prepare for this question by reading the information in Client or Server Installation on page 1-5. During the installation process, you will be asked whether you want to install the storapi daemon. Prepare for this question by reading the information in Setting Up Daemons for Distributed Application Support on page 3-25.

Before You Begin

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Pre-Install Considerations

1
Novell NetWare Specific Tasks
The following tasks are specific to Novell NetWare: Verify that your system meets the following minimum requirements: A Windows client running either Windows NT with Service Pack 4, Windows 2002, or Windows 2003. Novell Server version 5.1 or greater During the installation process, you will be asked whether you want to install the SYMAPI Server. Prepare for this question by reading the information in Client or Server Installation on page 1-5. Verify that you have a connection to your Novell server and that you are logged in as admin.

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Pre-Install Considerations

Client or Server Installation


If your computer is locally connected to a Symmetrix array, go to Chapter 2. If your computer is a client or the SYMAPI server, read the following sections.

Remote Connection

You can run SYMCLI as a client to a remote SYMAPI server to manage a remotely-controlled Symmetrix array. Figure 1-1 shows a Symmetrix array in the client/server system.
All Solutions Enabler Component Licenses (SYMAPI Server key, plus other keys) enabled here

Symmetrix

TCP/IP Network

2707

SCSI Bus (or Fibre)

SYMAPI Server SYMCLI Client Hosts

Figure 1-1

Client/Server Connection to Symmetrix

The Solutions Enabler installation procedure installs the client server (symapisrv) in the bin directory. The procedure also installs three files: netcnfg, symapinlck and symapislck in the configuration directory (/var/symapi/config). On both the client host or server host, the editable netcnfg file lists the network services available from that local host or from one or more remote hosts. symapinlck and symapislck are internal files used by the server as a lock file on a server host to guarantee a single port listener for a network service. Do not delete or alter these lock files.

Client or Server Installation

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Pre-Install Considerations

1
Client/Server System Installation
The following information outlines procedures for installing Solutions Enabler in a client/server system. 1. Install Solutions Enabler software in the machine designated as the client, according to the procedures in Chapter 2. 2. Install the same Solutions Enabler software in the machine designated as the server, according to the procedures in Chapter 2. You need to invoke symlmf and apply the SYMAPI Server license key. On Windows servers, you also need to register a SYMAPI service option if you did not use the default installation. For instructions, refer to Windows Control Panel Service on page 3-20. 3. Edit the netcnfg file in the client machine to include the TCP/IP address of the network service. For instructions, refer to SYMCLI Through a Remote Server on page 3-19. 4. Issue a symapisrv start on the server machine. For instructions, refer to SYMCLI Through a Remote Server on page 3-19. 5. Set environment variables SYMCLI_CONNECT and SYMCLI_CONNECT_TYPE. For instructions, refer to SYMCLI Through a Remote Server on page 3-19.

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Installation

This chapter explains how to install Solutions Enabler. The procedures in this chapter are organized by operating system.

Installing Solutions Enabler on UNIX.............................................2-2 Installing Solutions Enabler on Windows ....................................2-12 Installing Solutions Enabler on OpenVMS...................................2-19 Installing Solutions Enabler on Novell NetWare ........................2-20

Installation

2-1

Installation

Installing Solutions Enabler on UNIX


This section describes how to install Solutions Enabler in a UNIX environment. The following procedure can be used for either a new installation, or to upgrade an existing installation.
Before you start the procedure, be sure to review Chapter 1 of this document and the EMC Solutions Enabler Release Notes.

Step 1: Mount the CD-ROM

To mount the CD-ROM:


If you are installing Solutions Enabler in a Linux on S390 environment, you must mount the CD over a network. For instructions, refer to Mounting a CD Over a Network on page A-18.

1. Log onto the host system as root. 2. Insert the CD into the CD-ROM drive, and then mount it to a subdirectory (for example, /cdrom) by entering the following according to your operating system:
For AIXa Compaq Tru64 UNIX DYNIX/ptx HP-UX Versions 11.0 and above IRIX Enter mount -r -v cdrfs /dev/cd0 /cdrom mount -t cdfs -o [noversion] rrip /dev/disk/cdromxc /cdrom mount -F cdfs -o ro /dev/dsk/cd1 /cdrom mount -F cdfs /dev/dsk/cxtxdx /cdrom If automounter is running, the CD-ROM mounts unattended. To mount the CD-ROM manually, enter: mount -t iso9660 -o ro <device_name> /cdrom mount -o ISO9660,ro /dev/cdrom /cdrom Solutions Enabler should not be loaded on the Celerra File Server Control Station. The Celerra File Server is not a Linux Client. SINIX mount -F hs -o ro <device_name> /cdrom cdmntsuppl -F 0555 /cdrom

Linux

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For Solaris

Enter If automounter is running, the CD-ROM mounts unattended. To mount the CD-ROM manually, enter: mount -F hsfs -o ro /dev/dsk/cxtxdxs0 /cdrom mount -F cdfs -o ro,suid,susp,rrip /dev/dsk/c110t2d0s0 /mnt mount -F cdfs -r -o rrip /dev/cdrom/cdrom1 /cdrom

UNIX_SV UnixWare

a. With AIX, you may get a warning if the device and the directory do not have the same permissions. You can usually ignore these warnings.

Step 2: Run the Install Script

Change directory to the location of the Solutions Enabler kit and run the install script by entering the following:
cd /<CD-ROM mount point>/UNIX ./emc_install.csh Once the installation program starts, you cannot move it to background.

The script displays the following:


#------------------------------------------------------# EMC Installation Manager #------------------------------------------------------Copyright 2004, EMC Corporation All rights reserved. The terms of your use of this software are governed by the applicable contract.

Installing Solutions Enabler on UNIX

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2
Step 3: Choose the Installation Directories
The default responses to the prompts in this section are shown in brackets [].

1. At the following prompt, enter the location of the Solutions Enabler kit. The kit is usually located in the UNIX directory, below the mount point of the CD-ROM (the parent of the INSTALL directory).
Kit Location [/<kit location>/osl_cd]: It is recommend that you use the default location.

2. At the following prompt, enter an installation directory for the software:


Install root directory [/opt/emc]: It is recommended that you install EMC Solutions Enabler on your hosts internal disks and not on a Symmetrix device.

3. At the following prompt, enter a working directory where the data and log files will be written:
Working root directory [/usr/emc]:

If the root directory and working directory do not exist, the installation script will automatically create them, as shown below:
The install root directory /opt/emc does not exist. This directory is necessary for the installation to complete successfully. It will be created now. Is that OK? [y] y ./emc_install : Creating Directory ---- /opt/emc

The working root directory /usr/emc does not exist. This directory is necessary for the installation to complete successfully. It will be created now. Is that OK? [y] y ./emc_install : Creating Directory ---- /usr/emc

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Step 4: Select the Product to Install

After selecting the installation directories, two lists of Solutions Enabler products display:

The first list displays the Solutions Enabler products that the install script detects have already been installed on the host:

#----------------------------------------------------------------------------# The following HAS BEEN INSTALLED in /opt/emc via the emc_install utility. #----------------------------------------------------------------------------# ITEM PRODUCT VERSION #----------------------------------------------------------------------------

The second list displays the products available to be installed:

#----------------------------------------------------------------------------# The following is AVAILABLE TO BE INSTALLED from the selected Kit Location: #----------------------------------------------------------------------------# ITEM PRODUCT VERSION #----------------------------------------------------------------------------01 EMC Solutions Enabler V5.5.0 What would you like to do? Install (i) Uninstall (u) Register (r) Exit (x):

The Register option is not available at this time.

To exit the installation, select exit from the install menu by typing: x

1. At the following prompt, enter i for Install:


What would you like to do? Install (i) Uninstall (u) Register (r) Exit (x): i

2. At the following prompt, enter the item number 01:


Enter item number (from available) to install: 01

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Step 5: Select Options
The default responses to the prompts in this section are shown in brackets [].

1. At the following prompt, specify whether to install the Solutions Enabler libraries:
Install All Solutions Enabler Shared Libraries and Run Time Environment? [Y]

A [Y]es response installs all the libraries. A [N]o response produces the following series of prompts, which allow you to select the libraries to install. If you only want to install Solutions Enablers core functionality, specify N[o] for each of the prompts. Solutions Enablers core functionality includes symapi[mt], Symlvm[mt], Storapi[mt], Symapisrv, Storapid, Storcore, stordaemon, and storpds. BaseStor Library Component ? [Y] A [Y]es response installs StorSil and Storbase. This option provides base storage and host specific functionality, and an interface to storage arrays for features like I/O scan, device listings, statistics, and showings. StorCtrl Library Component ? [Y] A [Y]es response installs StorSil, Storbase, and Storctrl. This option provides the same functionality as the BaseStor option (explained above), but includes storage control functionality for features like Snap, device masking, and device mirroring. BaseMapping Library Component ? [Y] A [Y]es response installs Stormap, which provides Storage Resource Management (SRM) functionality. 2. Solutions Enabler is available in both 32 and 64 bit support on some operating systems. The following prompt only displays if Solutions Enabler can support both 32 and 64 bit versions of the libraries on the host. A [Y]es response installs the 32 and 64 bit libraries.
Install Solutions Enabler 64-bit Shared libraries ? [N] Install the 32 bit Solutions Enabler libraries (/usr/symcli/shlib) and DBMS client libraries for all database daemons, except storora64d.

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3. At the following prompt, specify whether to only install the Solutions Enabler libraries that allow for the monitoring of statistics:
Install Shared Libraries That Will ONLY Allow Monitoring Capability ? [N]

A [Y]es response only installs the libraries that enable Solutions Enablers monitoring functionality. A [N]o response installs Solutions Enablers full functionality, including monitoring and control.
Selecting to only install the monitoring functionality (Yes) will exclude the following from the installation: - Control binaries, including symbcv, symsnap, symclone, symchg, symacl, symmask, symmaskdb, symmir, symreplicate, symrdf, symoptmz, symqos, symconfigure, symchksum, symrslv, symvg, symlv, symioctl, symrdb, symhost, and symhostfs - Database support (daemons and libraries) - Associated MAN pages

4. At the following prompt, specify whether to install the collection of binaries known as SYMCLI. A [Y]es response installs the SYMCLI binaries.
Install Symmetrix Command Line Interface (SYMCLI) ? [Y]

5. If you are installing Solutions Enabler on a host with a DYNIX, Tru64 UNIX, HP-UX, SunOS, or AIX operating system, the following prompt displays, asking whether to install one or more optional database components:
Install Solutions Enabler SRM Database Run Time Components ? [N]

A [Y]es response displays the following prompts, depending on your operating system: SRM Oracle Database Component ? This prompt only displays on operating systems where Solutions Enabler supports Oracle. A [Y]es response installs the optional Oracle daemon. SRM Informix Database Component ? This prompt only displays on operating systems where Solutions Enabler supports Informix. A [Y]es response installs the optional Informix daemon.
Installing Solutions Enabler on UNIX
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SRM Sybase Database Component ? This prompt only displays on operating systems where Solutions Enabler supports Sybase. A [Y]es response installs the optional Sybase daemon. IBM UDB Database Component ? This prompt only displays on operating systems where Solutions Enabler supports UDB. A [Y]es response installs the optional UDB daemon. SMI Provider and cimserver ? A [Y]es response installs the Storage Management Initiative (SMI) Provider and cimserver. Together, these options provide the SMI-compliant Web-Based Enterprise Management (WBEM) interface for EMC Solutions Enabler. For more information, refer to Configuring and Managing the SMI Provider on page 3-30. 6. At the following prompt, specify whether to install the Solutions Enabler Java interface component. You should install this component if your Solutions Enabler application uses a Java interface. A [Y]es response installs the JNI component.
Install Option to Enable JNI Interface for EMC Solutions Enabler APIs ? [N]

The installation program checks for sufficient disk space and unpacks the files related to the options you selected.

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Once complete, the installation program will list EMC Solutions Enabler in the HAS BEEN INSTALLED list, as shown below. If you also have an existing installed base, additional text will display.
You may need to run the license management facility (symlmf). Do not forget to run 'symcfg discover' if this is your first install or whenever your configuration changes.

#----------------------------------------------------------------------------# The following HAS BEEN INSTALLED in /opt/emc via the emc_install utility. #----------------------------------------------------------------------------# ITEM PRODUCT VERSION #----------------------------------------------------------------------------01 EMC Solutions Enabler V5.5.0 #----------------------------------------------------------------------------# The following is AVAILABLE TO BE INSTALLED from the selected Kit Location: #----------------------------------------------------------------------------# ITEM PRODUCT VERSION #----------------------------------------------------------------------------01 EMC Solutions Enabler V5.5.0 What would you like to do? Install (i) Uninstall (u) Register (r) Exit (x):

7. Enter x to exit the install script.


For instructions on uninstalling the Solutions Enabler kit, refer to Uninstalling Solutions Enabler from UNIX on page 4-4.

Installing Solutions Enabler on UNIX

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2
Step 6: Complete the Installation
Cleanup Temporary Files This section explains how to complete your Solutions Enabler installation. During installation, the install script writes out some temporary files to /tmp. In some cases these files will be removed when you reboot your system. If not, you may want to manually remove them to conserve disk space. Table 2-1 lists the temporary files.
Installation Temporary Files Filename /tmp/emc_mount_path Purpose Holds the value that was entered for the Kit Location from the previous installation. This value is used as the default kit location in subsequent installs. For example: EMC_MOUNT_PATH:/cdrom/UNIX Holds the value that was entered for the Install root directory from the previous installation. This value is used as the default install root directory in subsequent installs. For example: EMC_APPLICATION_PATH:/opt/emc

Table 2-1

/tmp/emc_app_path

Unmount the CD

To unmount the CD, enter:


umount mount_point

Install the Kernel Patch

In a Linux on S390 installation, you must download and install a kernel patch. The patch and its documentation can be found on the the EMC ftp site:
ftp://ftp.emc.com/pub/elab/linux/dasd_SuSE_2.4.7.patch ftp://ftp.emc.com/pub/elab/linux/ ReadMe_dasd_SuSE_2.4.7.txt

Once you have installed the patch, you must insert the s390ioctl.o module into the kernel. Otherwise, the symcfg discover command will return error 40 No Devices Found.

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To insert the module into the kernel: 1. Issue the lsmod command to determine if the module is already inserted in the kernel. If it is already inserted, there is no reason to complete this procedure. Otherwise, complete the remaining steps in this procedure. 2. Change directory to the following:
<kit location>/sdk/esl/bin

3. Issue the following command:


insmod s390ictl.o To remove the module from the kernel, issue the command: rmmod s390ioctl The .o extension is required on the insmod command, but cannot be present on the rmmod command.

Enable the Solutions Enabler Components

You must now enable your Solutions Enabler features by entering the appropriate license keys.
For instructions, refer to Enabling Your Software on page 3-2.

Installing Solutions Enabler on UNIX

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Installation

Installing Solutions Enabler on Windows


This section describes how to install Solutions Enabler in a Windows environment. The following procedure can be used for either a new installation, or to upgrade an existing installation.
Before you start the procedure, be sure to review Chapter 1 of this document and the EMC Solutions Enabler Release Notes.

To install Solutions Enabler: 1. Insert the CD into the CD-ROM drive. If autorun is enabled, the installation starts automatically. If autorun is not enabled, run <CD-ROM drive>:\wsk55rt.exe. The Solutions Enabler SYMCLI RT SETUP dialog box opens. 2. Click Setup. WinZip unzips the installation files and starts the InstallShield wizard. The Choose Destination Location 1 dialog box opens, asking you to select an install directory for the db, log, and config directories.

3. Select an installation directory and then click Next.


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The Choose Destination Location 2 dialog box opens, asking you to select an install directory for Solutions Enabler.

4. Select a folder and then click Next.

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2
The Select EMC Solutions Enabler Installation Options dialog box opens, asking you to select installation options.

5. Select the installation options, according to the following: To only install Solutions Enablers core functionality, select Do Not install libraries. Solutions Enablers core functionality includes symapi, Symlvm, Storapi, Symapisrv, Storapid, Storcore, stordaemon, and storpds. To install additional functionality, select from the following:
Option Base Storage Libraries Description Installs StorSil and Storbase. This option provides base storage and host specific functionality, and an interface to storage arrays for features like I/O scan, device listings, statistics, and showings. Installs StorSil, Storbase, and Storctrl. This option provides the same functionality as the Base Storage option, but includes storage control functionality for features like Snap, device masking, and device mirroring. Installs Stormap, which provides base Storage Resource Management functionality.

Control Storage Libraries

Base SRM Libraries

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Option SMI Provider and cimserver

Description Installs the EMC Storage Management Initiative (SMI) Provider and the Pegasus CIM Server. Together, these options provide the SMI-compliant Web-Based Enterprise Management (WBEM) interface for Solutions Enabler. For more information, refer to Configuring and Managing the SMI Provider on page 3-30.

6. Click Next. A second Select EMC Solutions Enabler Installation Options dialog box opens, asking you to select additional options.

7. Select the installation options, according to the following:


Option Install Symmetrix Command Line Interface (SYMCLI) SRM Oracle Database Components IBM UDB Database Components SRM SQL Database Components JNI Interface for Solutions Enabler APIs Description Installs the collection binaries known as SYMCLI. Installs the optional Oracle daemon. Installs the optional UDB daemon. Installs the optional SQL daemon. Installs the Java interface component.

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2
8. Click Next. The Monitoring Solutions Enabler Option dialog box opens, asking whether to only install Solutions Enablers monitoring functionality.

9. Click Yes to only install Solutions Enablers monitoring functionality, or No to install Solutions Enablers full functionality, including monitoring and control.
Selecting to only install the monitoring functionality (Yes) will exclude the following from the installation: - Control binaries, including symbcv, symsnap, symclone, symchg, symacl, symmask, symmaskdb, symmir, symreplicate, symrdf, symoptmz, symqos, symconfigure, symchksum, symrslv, symvg, symlv, symioctl, symrdb, symhost, and symhostfs - Database support (daemons and libraries) - Associated MAN pages

Click Next when done. You are prompted to confirm your selection. 10. Click Yes to confirm your selection. The installation program checks for sufficient disk space and unpacks the files related to the selected options.

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If the Symmetrix Integration Utility (SIU) service is not already installed on the system, you are notified that the service is being installed and prompted to start it. The SIU service provides additional Windows disk management functions for working with TimeFinder and SRDF objects.
For more information on the SIU service, refer to the EMC TimeFinder/Integration Modules Product Guide. In previous versions, this manual was known as the ResourcePak for Windows Product Guide.

11. Click Yes to have the installation program start the SIU service for you, or No to manually start it later. You are prompted to install and start the SYMAPI server. The SYMAPI server allows the machine to act as the server for clients on other hosts.
For more information on the SYMAPI server, refer to Client or Server Installation on page 1-5.

12. Click Yes to have the installation program install/start the SYMAPI server for you, or No to manually install/start it later.
For more information on manually installing and starting the SYMAPI server, refer to the symapisrv command description in the EMC Solutions Enabler Symmetrix Base Management CLI Product Guide.

You are prompted to install and start the storapid server.


For more information on the storapid server, refer to Setting Up Daemons for Distributed Application Support on page 3-25.

13. Click Yes to have the installation program start the storapid server for you, or No to manually start it later. If you are installing the SMI Provider cimserver option, you are prompted to install and start the cimserver. Otherwise, the Installation Follow Up dialog box opens, as described on the next page. 14. Click Yes to have the installation program start the cimserver for you, or No to manually start it later.
For more information on manually starting the cimserver, refer to Starting and Stopping the Pegasus CIM Server on page 3-30.

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2
The Installation Follow Up dialog box opens, recommending that you update the environment variable for path to include C:\Program Files\EMC\SYMCLI\bin. Updating this variable will allow you to run the command utilities from any directory.

15. Click Finish to complete the setup and then update the variable for path. Go to Enabling Your Software on page 3-2 when done.

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Installing Solutions Enabler on OpenVMS


This section describes how to install Solutions Enabler in an OpenVMS environment. The following procedure can be used for either a new installation, or to upgrade an existing installation.
Before you start the procedure, be sure to review Chapter 1 of this document and the EMC Solutions Enabler Release Notes.

To install Solutions Enabler: 1. Insert the CD into the CD-ROM drive, and then mount it by entering:
mount/media=cdrom/undefined=(fixed:cr:32256)/over=id dkd600

2. Copy file wsk55rt.sav from the Solutions Enabler directory [other.ovms] to a temporary directory on your machine by entering:
copy /log dkd600:[other.ovms]wsk55rt.sav sys$sysdevice:[EMC.KITS]*.*

3. Extract the command procedure after setting [set DEF SYS$SYSDEVICE:[EMC.KITS] by entering:
backup/select=instcli.com wsk55rt.sav/sav instcli.com;

4. With both files (instcli.com and wsk55rt.sav) in the same temporary directory, run the installation procedure by entering:
@instcli.com

The installation produces a DCL command procedure (EMC_CLI.COM) to be called by the system login.com or by each users login procedure. 5. Ensure that each SYMCLI users login procedure calls the EMC_CLI.COM procedure to establish their proper SYMCLI environment. 6. Each user must have the following privileges for the SYMCLI to properly function. Take care when granting these privileges.
DIAGNOSE Can diagnose devices PHY_IO Can perform physical I/O SHMEM Can create/delete objects in shared memory SYSLCK Can lock system wide resources

7. The installation is complete. Go to Enabling Your Software on page 3-2.


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Installing Solutions Enabler on Novell NetWare


This section describes how to install Solutions Enabler in a Novell NetWare environment. The following procedure can be used for either a new installation, or to upgrade an existing installation.
Before you start the procedure, be sure to review Chapter 1 of this document and the EMC Solutions Enabler Release Notes.

To install Solutions Enabler: 1. Insert the CD into the CD-ROM drive and run either WSK55nvm.exe (to only install Solutions Enablers monitoring functionality), or WSK55NVL.exe (to install Solutions Enablers full functionality, including monitoring and control). 2. Click Setup to unzip the file and start the InstallShield process. 3. Specify a target Novell Server Name at [your-server]. 4. To install SYMCLI in a directory other than the default directory, specify an alternate directory in the target install directory dialog box. 5. You are prompted to install the SYMAPI server. Installing this allows the machine to act as the server for clients on other hosts. For more information, see Client or Server Installation on page 1-5. 6. The installation is complete. Go to Enabling Your Software on page 3-2.

Examples of SYMCLI Use

Telnet to [your_server] or type the following on the console:


load sys:\system\emc\symcli\binaries\symcfg.nlm -version load sys:\system\emc\symcli\binaries\symapisrv.nlm start

Another useful command running on [your_server] that starts and stops the SYMAPI server is:
unload symapisrv.nlm

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3
Installation Follow-Up

Once you have installed Solutions Enabler, you need to perform certain follow-up procedures to enable your softwares features and to establish your commmand environment. This chapter provides the follow-up procedures for a Solutions Enabler installation.

Enabling Your Software ....................................................................3-2 Initial Steps for Post Solutions Enabler Install...............................3-5 Setting the CLI Path ...........................................................................3-6 Setting the Online Help Path............................................................3-7 Symmetrix Gatekeeper Devices .......................................................3-8 Database and Gatekeeper Locking ................................................ 3-11 Avoidance and Selection Files........................................................3-14 Options File.......................................................................................3-16 SYMCLI Through a Remote Server ...............................................3-19 Oracle Multiple Instances Through Remote Server ....................3-23 Setting Up Daemons for Distributed Application Support .......3-25 Configuring and Managing the SMI Provider.............................3-30

Installation Follow-Up

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Enabling Your Software


Before you can use your installed Solutions Enabler components, you must first enable each components functionality in the API by entering the appropriate license keys.

License Keys
Table 3-1

Table 3-1 lists the possible Solutions Enabler keys:


Solutions Enabler License Keys Key Name BASE Configuration Mgr DeltaMark DevMasking Symmetrix Secure Erase Optimizer Double Checksum SRM/Mapping SRDF/Synchronous or SRDF SRDF/A SRDF/Automated Replication SRDF/Consistency Groups SRDF/Cluster Enabler for MSCS SRDF/Data Mobility SYMAPI Server SymmEnabler for Backup Description Enables the Base component Enables the Symmetrix Configuration component Enables the DeltaMark facility Enables the Device Masking component Enables the Symmetrix Secure Erase component Enables the Symmetrix Optimizer control component Enables the Double Checksum Oracle PAK commands Enables the Storage Resource Management component Enables the SRDF component Enables the SRDF/Asynchronous component Enables the Automated Replication component Enables the Consistency Group component Enables the Cluster Enabler component Enables the Data Mobility component Enables the Remote SYMAPI Server (network) operations Enables multiple Solutions Enabler components with a single key

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Table 3-1

Solutions Enabler License Keys (continued) Key Name TimeFinder/Mirror or TimeFinder TimeFinder/Snap or EMC SNAP TimeFinder/Consistency Groups Description Enables the BCV control component Enables the TimeFinder/Snap component Enables Enginuity Consistency Assist (ECA)

TimeFinder/Exchange Integration Module Enables the TEIM TimeFinder/SQL Integration Module CLARiiON Configuration Mgr CLARiiON Device Masking CLARiiON MirrorView CLARiiON SnapView Enables the TSIM Enables the CLARiiON Configuration component Enables CLARiiON device masking Enables CLARiiON MirrorView Enables CLARiiON SnapView

Enabling Components

To enable the components, do the following: 1. Ensure you are still at the install path by entering the following according to your operating system:
Operating System Enter UNIX Windows NT/2000 OpenVMS /usr/storapi/bin C:\Program Files\EMC\SYMCLI\bin SYMCLI$BIN

On AS/400, add SYMCLI to your library list.

2. Invoke the Solutions Enabler License Management Facility (LMF) by entering the following:
symlmf

The LMF displays the following :


E M C S O L U T I O N S E N A B L E R

SOLUTIONS ENABLER LICENSE MANAGEMENT FACILITY

Enabling Your Software

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3
3. At the following prompt, enter y to continue the registration:
Register Solutions Enabler LICENSE Key (y/[n]) ? y

4. At the following prompt, enter the license key of the component you want to enable:
Enter Solutions Enabler License Key:

LMF displays a message indicating success. For example, the following display indicates that the Base component was registered successfully:
The Solutions Enabler License Key for the BASE feature was successfully registered. This message does not display in an OpenVMS environment.

5. At the following prompt, enter y to register another component, or n to quit:


Register Solutions Enabler License Key (y/[n]) ? y

6. Verify that the registered components are in the license file. The location of the license file varies according to the operating system:
Operating System License File Location UNIX Windows NT/2000 OpenVMS /var/symapi/config/symapi_licenses.dat C:\Program Files\EMC\Symapi\config\ symapi_licenses.dat SYMAPI$CONFIG:SYMAPI_LICENSES.DAT

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Initial Steps for Post Solutions Enabler Install


This section describes the initial steps you must consider before you begin using Solutions Enabler SYMCLI commands.

Build the SYMAPI Database

Before using the SYMCLI commands, you need to run the symcfg discover command to build your configuration (SYMAPI) database. This needs to be done once after installation, and after any changes are made to your Symmetrix configuration. Once you have completed the Solutions Enabler installation, you should set the environment variables or paths so you can directly access both the SYMCLI commands and the online help (man pages). The online help path allows you direct access to descriptions (man pages) of the command set. In addition, you can read the hard copy release notes, which describes pertinent information about this release including features, restrictions, and supported platforms. On UNIX platforms, the completed Solutions Enabler installation sets the access permissions on the Solutions Enabler directories to 755, which disables write access to other users beyond the owner. If you desire a different permission scheme, you can change it now. Linux requires that the SCSI generic driver be running. You can either compile it into the kernel or compile it as a loadable kernel module.
For instructions, refer to the README file in the top level directory of you Linux source package.

Set Environment Variables

Set Access Permissions to Directories

Starting the SCSI Generic Driver

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Setting the CLI Path


Before using SYMCLI, append the SYMCLI binary directories to your PATH environment variable according to your operating system. UNIX For UNIX C shell, ensure the following SYMCLI directories are appended to variable PATH:
set path = ($path /usr/storapi/bin;usr/storapi/storbin)

For UNIX Korn shell, ensure the following SYMCLI directories are appended to variable PATH:
export PATH=$PATH:/usr/storapi/bin;usr/storapi/storbin

For UNIX Bourne shell, ensure the following SYMCLI directories are appended to variable PATH:
PATH=$PATH:/usr/storapi/bin;usr/storapi/storbin export PATH

OpenVMS

For OpenVMS, ensure the following SYMCLI directory has been defined for all users (use emc_cli.com in the system login.com):
SHOW LOGICAL SYMCLI$BIN

Windows

For Windows, ensure the following SYMCLI directories are appended to the MS-DOS variable path:

C:\Program Files\EMC\SYMCLI\bin;C:\Program Files\EMC\SYMCLI\storbin

To append the variable path: 1. Do the following according to your operating system: For Windows NT, right-click My Computer and select Properties, Environment. For Windows 2000 Server and Windows 2000 Advance Server, right-click My Computer and select Management, System Information, Software Environment, Environment Variables. For Windows 2000 Professional and Windows 2003, right-click My Computer and select Properties, Advanced, Environment Variables. 2. Append the following to the value of Path:
;C:\Program Files\EMC\SYMCLI\bin;C:\Program Files\EMC\SYMCLI\storbin

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Setting the Online Help Path


A complete set of online help (man pages) is provided for SYMCLI. To access these man pages in your environment, do the following according to your operating system. UNIX For UNIX C shell, ensure the following man page directories are added to variable MANPATH:

setenv MANPATH ${MANPATH}:/usr/storapi/man;/usr/storapi/storman

For UNIX Korn or Bourne shell, ensure the following man page directories are added to variable MANPATH:
export MANPATH=$MANPATH:/usr/storapi/man;/usr/storapi/storman

OpenVMS Windows

For OpenVMS, help pages can be viewed with the DCL utility SYMHELP. For Windows, the manual pages are located, by default, in the following directory:
C:\Program Files\EMC\SYMCLI\man

To open a file, double-click on it and select NotePad from the Open With dialog box.

Setting the Online Help Path

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Symmetrix Gatekeeper Devices


Low level I/O commands executed using SYMCLI are routed to Symmetrix by way of a Symmetrix storage device that is specified as a gatekeeper. The gatekeeper device allows SYMCLI commands to retrieve configuration and status information from the Symmetrix array without interfering with normal Symmetrix operations. A gatekeeper is not intended to store data and is usually configured as a small device (under 10 MB). The gatekeeper must be accessible from the host where the commands are being executed.
CLARiiON storage systems do not use gatekeepers.

Choosing a Gatekeeper

During the installation of a Symmetrix array, the EMC Customer Engineer ensures that a certain number of gatekeepers are assigned. If at some point, a host issuing commands is unable to communicate with a designated gatekeeper, SYMCLI automatically chooses (by default) one of the available devices to function as the gatekeeper. The syminq command will identify the devices that EMC has configured as gatekeepers. The following is sample output for this command. EMC configured gatekeepers display a GK in the type field.

Device Product Device ------------------------ --------- --------------------- -----------------Name Type Vendor ID Rev Ser Num Cap (KB) ------------------------ --------- --------------------- -----------------\\.\PHYSICALDRIVE0 \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE1 \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE2 \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE3 \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE4 \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE5 \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE6 \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE7 \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE8 \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE9 \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE10 \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE11 COMPAQPC DEC DEC EMC EMC EMC EMC EMC EMC EMC EMC EMC DDYS-T09170N HSG80 HSG80 SYMMETRIX SYMMETRIX SYMMETRIX SYMMETRIX SYMMETRIX SYMMETRIX SYMMETRIX SYMMETRIX SYMMETRIX B93E V86P V86P 5568 5568 5568 5568 5568 5568 5568 5568 5567 N/A N/A N/A 02000000 02720008 0271B008 0271C008 0271D008 0271E008 0271F008 00000000 40000000 N/A N/A N/A 7680 4800 4800 4800 4800 4800 4800 7680 7680

GK GK GK GK GK GK

To explicitly designate one or more gatekeepers, use the symgate command to add them to the gatekeeper list within the config database. In the gatekeeper list, you can associate (dedicate) a device

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as the gatekeeper to a device group. SYMCLI routes low level I/O commands to devices in the device group by way of the assigned gatekeeper. To display a list of designated gatekeepers that exist in your config database, use the SYMCLI symgate command. If you define a gatekeeper but do not associate it to the device group, SYMCLI chooses the first gatekeeper on the list. If that device is not accessible or is currently in use, SYMCLI will try using other gatekeeper devices in the gatekeeper list. If you do not define a gatekeeper, SYMCLI selects gatekeepers according to a dynamic selection algorithm. It is recommended to have a designated gatekeeper.

gkavoid and gkselect

The optional gkavoid and gkselect files affect calls to various online type SYMCLI commands that use a gatekeeper to communicate with a Symmetrix array.
gkavoid affects calls to various online type SYMCLI commands which use a gatekeeper to communicate to a Symmetrix array. A gatekeeper whose PdevName matches any of the entries specified in the gkavoid file, will not be chosen as a gatekeeper to communicate with the Symmetrix. This could be useful to designate certain Symmetrix devices that should not be used as gatekeepers. The gatekeeper avoidance file is formatted with physical device names with one PdevName (/dev/rdsk/c2t0d1s2) per line.

The gatekeeper selection file (gkselect) is formatted with physical device names, with one PdevName (for example, /dev/rdsk/c2t0d1s2) per line. Those devices whose PdevNames match any of the entries specified in the gkselect file will be the only devices used as gatekeepers. This can be useful if you want to only use specific devices as gatekeepers. Creation of the gkselect file is optional, however, doing so will override any gatekeepers defined by the symgate command.
If a device is listed in both the gkavoid file and the gkselect file, the device will be avoided.

Using a Dedicated Gatekeeper

A gatekeeper device can be dedicated or not. If a gatekeeper is dedicated (defined), its Symmetrix device should not be used by the host system for normal data processing.
Symmetrix Gatekeeper Devices
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Sizing a Gatekeeper
When a Symmetrix array is installed, the EMC Customer Engineer selects and configures Symmetrix devices with less than 10 cylinders (less than 5 MB) for use as gatekeeper devices. However, the gatekeeper device must be at least as large as the minimum volume size accessible by your host, which is usually, 6 cylinders, 2.8 MB. Consult your host documentation for the minimum device size accessible by your particular host to determine the minimum gatekeeper device size for your environment. You can determine the storage size of a Symmetrix device using:

The sympd command using the list and show arguments as follows:
list displays a list of physical device names and storage size

(in MBs) for a specific Symmetrix.


show displays the parameters of a specified physical device

that includes the device capacity or size in blocks and megabytes.

The syminq command and specifying the physical device name.

Although the EMC Customer Service Engineer usually configures a few Symmetrix devices for use as gatekeepers, these devices can be distinguished in a list executed by syminq [PdevName], which shows a symbol GK next to PdevName (physical device name). Otherwise, they are not easily distinguished from other devices in other configuration lists, except perhaps by their size, which tends to be smaller than other devices.

For more information about gatekeepers, refer to the EMC Solutions Enabler Symmetrix Base Management CLI Product Guide.

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Database and Gatekeeper Locking


Within a SYMCLI session, gatekeeper and database locks are used to avoid conflicts in accessing a Symmetrix array by way of gatekeepers or the configuration database.
CLARiiON storage systems do not use gatekeepers.

Semaphore Requirements on UNIX

On a UNIX system, SYMCLI allocates a system semaphore for each accessed Symmetrix gatekeeper device and SYMAPI database file. These semaphores are not deallocated from the system, but are re-used whenever these resources are accessed again. An adequate number of semaphores should be configured into the UNIX kernel to meet the SYMCLI semaphore requirements as follows:

One semaphore ID for each Symmetrix gatekeeper device. One semaphore ID for each Symmetrix host database file in use. The number of system-wide semaphores is specified by the UNIX kernel parameter semmns, or its equivalent.

A minimum of three semaphores per semaphore set. The maximum number of semaphores per semaphore set is specified by the UNIX kernel parameter semmsl, or its equivalent.

A minimum of three operations per semop call. The maximum number of operations per semop call is specified by the parameter semopn, or its equivalent.

These requirements are usually within the bounds of the default semaphore parameter settings on a UNIX system. However, for information about maximizing these parameters on your specific platform, see Host Specific Issues on page A-1.

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Meeting Semaphore Requirements
If the requirements are not within the bounds of the default semaphore parameter settings on a UNIX system, the UNIX kernel must be reconfigured. If the UNIX kernel is not reconfigured, the SYMCLI gatekeeper and database locking will fail. For more information about adjusting semaphore parameters for your operating system, see Host Specific Issues on page A-1. After you have reconfigured the UNIX kernel, you may need to reboot the UNIX system to refresh the kernel semaphore structures. You can use the following UNIX command to view the currently allocated system semaphores:
ipcs -s

Refreshing the Semaphores

De-Allocating Semaphores

If you exceed the maximum number of semaphores allocated, you may need to de-allocate system semaphores in order to obtain more semaphores. To de-allocate a system semaphore, use the following UNIX command:
ipcrm -s IpcID

Semaphore Identifier

SYMCLI uses the UNIX function ftok() to derive a semaphore identifier from the gatekeeper or database pathname. The ftok() function generates a unique identifier based on the i-node number of the gatekeeper raw device name or database pathname. The SYMCLI semaphore lock functions depend on the i-node remaining constant during the course of an operation in order to acquire and release a specific lock. In the case of a database lock, if the file is superseded, the i-node will be changed and the lock functions will be unable to release the associated semaphore.

OpenVMS Locking

On OpenVMS, SYMCLI uses the Distributed Lock Manager to accomplish locking. These locks are automatically de-allocated from the system when the last process, which has opened the lock, finishes or is terminated. There is no kernel configuration requirement. The lock name is derived from the gatekeeper or database pathname.

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Windows NT/2000 Locking

On Windows NT/2000, SYMCLI allocates named mutexes to accomplish locking. These mutexes are automatically de-allocated from the system when the last thread which has opened the mutex finishes accessing the mutex, or is terminated. There is no mutex kernel configuration requirement. The mutex name is derived from the gatekeeper or database pathname. On AS/400, SYMCLI uses user space locks for each device in the Symmetrix array. User spaces can be found (of file type *USRSPC) in library SYMAPI. After a SYMCLI session is complete, a user is free to delete these files. On OS/390, SYMCLI uses the standard ENQ/DEQ services to serialize and release resources.

AS/400 Locking

OS/390 Locking

Database and Gatekeeper Locking

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Avoidance and Selection Files


The following files can exist in the SYMAPI configuration directory, and limit the scope or change the performance of SYMCLI online commands, particularly, symcfg discover and syminq:

gkavoid gkselect inqfile symavoid

These files and the following text are for experienced SYMCLI or SYMAPI users and are not a prerequisite for normal use.

These files can be used to customize and streamline command line coding to your specific environment. The files are located in the SYMAPI configuration directory:
/var/symapi/config your_install_directory\config on UNIX systems on OpenVMS and Windows systems

Editing and File Format

These are editable files with device names or Symmetrix IDs you can use to limit SYMCLI or SYMAPI from seeing certain Symmetrix units, devices, or gatekeepers which would otherwise be affected by various commands. The files hold either physical device names (PdevNames) or Symmetrix IDs (Symmids) with line entries having only one device name or ID per line. Lines beginning with a # (comment) are ignored by SYMCLI.

symavoid

The symavoid file affects the operation of symcfg discover so that it skips over looking for devices that belong to the Symmetrix units identified in this file. This may be useful if there are multiple Symmetrix units connected to the host, that you want SYMCLI to avoid. The Symmetrix avoidance file is formatted with 10- to 12-character Symmetrix IDs with one ID per line. To obtain a list of Symmetix IDs, use the following command:
syminq -symmids

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inqfile

inqfile affects calls to syminq and symcfg discover, which will

find only the PdevNames specified in this file. This maybe useful if you want to limit the command(s) to affect only certain Symmetrix devices from your host. The inquiry file is formatted with physical (host) device names with one PdevName (/dev/rdsk/c2t0d2s2) per line.

gkavoid and gkselect

The optional gkavoid and gkselect files affect calls to various online type SYMCLI commands that use a gatekeeper to communicate with a Symmetrix array.
For more information on these files, refer to Symmetrix Gatekeeper Devices on page 3-8.

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Options File
The options file in the SYMAPI configuration directory contains default constants that can be set to change defaults to certain options within various SYMCLI commands and associated SYMAPI calls. It can be used to customize and streamline command line coding to your specific environment.
This file and the following text are for experienced SYMCLI or SYMAPI users and are not a prerequisite for normal use.

The options file must be created and placed in the SYMAPI configuration directory:
/var/symapi/config C:\Program files\EMC\Symapi\config on UNIX systems on Windows systems

your_specific_installation_directory on OpenVMS, AS/400, and OS/390 systems

Editing and File Format

Once this file is created, you can edit it to change the default behavior of certain SYMCLI or SYMAPI command options. The file contains editable parameters to set certain optional defaults in the line entries. SYMAPI ignores lines beginning with a # (comment). Table 3-2 lists the possible parameter entries for this file:

Table 3-2

Optional Behavior Parameters for Options Filea Optional Behavior Parameter SYMAPI_ACC_ADMIN_VIA_SERVER SYMAPI_ACC_DISPLAY_VIA_SERVER SYMAPI_ALLOW_RDF_SYMFORCE SYMAPI_ALLOW_SCRIPTS_VIA_SERVER SYMAPI_APPREG_AUTO_EXPIRATION SYMAPI_APPREG_EXPIRATION_PERIOD SYMAPI_BCV_SINGULA_INTERNAL SYMAPI_CG_TIMEOUT Component Affected Access Control Access Control SRDF TimeFinder Base Base TimeFinder Consistency Groups

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Table 3-2

Optional Behavior Parameters for Options Filea (continued) Optional Behavior Parameter SYMAPI_CG_TIMEOUT_ACTION SYMAPI_COLLAPSE_STRIPED_META_EXTENTS SYMAPI_CTRL_OF_NONVISIBLE_DEVS SYMAPI_CTRL_VIA_SERVER SYMAPI_DATED_LOGFILE_NAME SYMAPI_DB_FILE_COMPRESSION SYMAPI_DEFAULT_BCV_ESTABLISH_TYPE SYMAPI_DEFAULT_BCV_RESTORE_TYPE SYMAPI_DEFAULT_BCV_SPLIT_TYPE SYMAPI_DEFAULT_SNAP_TERM_TYPE SYMAPI_IO_DRAIN_TIMEOUT SYMAPI_IO_THAW_INTERVAL SYMAPI_LOGFILE_DATE_FORMAT SYMAPI_LOGFILE_RETENTION SYMAPI_MAX_CLIENTS SYMAPI_PARALLEL_RA_GROUPS SYMAPI_RDF_RW_DISABLE_R2 SYMAPI_SNAP_CONTROL_INTERVAL SYMAPI_SYNC_DIRECTION SYMAPI_TF_COUNT_MODIFIED_TRACKS SYMAPI_THREE_CHAR_SYMDEVNAME SYMAPI_WAIT_FOR_BCV_BG_SPLIT SYMAPI_WAIT_FOR_BCV_SYNCH SYMAPI_WAIT_ON_LOCKED_GK Component Affected Consistency Groups Mapping Base, (all) Base, (all) Base, (all) Base, (all) TimeFinder TimeFinder TimeFinder TimeFinder Mapping, TimeFinder Mapping, TimeFinder Base, (all) Base, (all) Base SRDF SRDF TimeFinder SRDF, TimeFinder, TimeFinder/Snap TimeFinder Base, (all) TimeFinder TimeFinder Base, (all)

a. For more information on these optional parameters, refer to the Options File description in the EMC Solutions Enabler Symmetrix Base Management CLI Product Guide.

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Removing Default Options
To remove a default option, remove the line entry, rename the file, or comment the line by adding a pound (#) sign at the beginning of the line entry.

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SYMCLI Through a Remote Server


If you intend to use the remote SYMAPI server feature for your SYMCLI interface, you need to be aware of four files: ,netcnfg symapinlck, symapislck, and nethost in the configuration directory. On either the client host or server host, the netcnfg file lists the network services available from that local host or from one or more remote hosts. Do not delete the symapinlck and symapislck files, since they are used as a lock file on a server host to guarantee a single port listener for a network service. To execute a remote SYMCLI session across a TCP/IP network connection, both the client and server netcnfg file must map to the same network services.

Editing netcnfg File

At this point in the install, the netcnfg file is a template and an editable file located in directory:
/var/symapi/config/ \Program Files\EMC\symapi\config\ SYMAPI$CONFIG: on UNIX systems on Windows systems on OpenVMS systems

Using a text editor, a System Administrator must add the network services to the file in the following format:
service_name domain_name network_protocol server_node_name server_network_address port_number

Currently, the domain_name should be unspecified and substituted by a hyphen (-). An unspecified server_node_name or server_network_address can be substituted with a hyphen (-). But at least one must be specified. Both service_name and port_number are mandatory. Currently, the only supported network_protocol is TCP/IP. In the following example, two site specific service names (SYMAPI_SERVER and BACKUP_SERVER) are specified as available by the administrator:
SYMAPI_SERVER BACKUP_SERVER TCPIP node001 12.345.67.89 2707 TCPIP node002 6666

Comment text can be entered by placing a pound sign (#) in the first character space of the comment line.

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Trusted-User Host Access File
An optional file (nethost) for trusted-user host access can also be present in the server configuration directory. When this file exists (maintained by the System Administrator), only the nodes and users listed in this file are allowed to connect to the server to execute remote SYMAPI functions. The following is the format of the trusted host file:
node address * node address * user-1 [, , user-n] user-1 [, , user-n] user-1 [, , user-n] * * *

Windows Control Panel Service

For the Windows server platforms, you must register (install) the SYMAPI server option as a Windows service in the Control Panel Services list. Using the command line of the MS-DOS window, you must add the SYMAPI server option to the Services list using the following SYMCLI command form:
symapisrv install [-service Servicename] | [-node Node][-port Port] | [-address Address][-port Port]

Typically, you do not need to specify any optional argument unless you have a particular network in mind.
For more information on this command, consult your Network Administrator and refer to the EMC Solutions Enabler Symmetrix Base Management CLI Product Guide.

Once the SYMAPI server is installed as a service, it can be controlled with the Windows Services dialog box.
When the service is running, the symapi.dll can not be replaced in the \winnt\system32 directory.

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Starting the Server

Before you begin to use SYMCLI on the client, you must start the remote SYMAPI service using the following command executed from the server side:
symapisrv [-background] start [-service Servicename] | [-node Node][-port Port] | [-address Address][-port Port] For Windows NT, the -background option does not apply.

For OpenVMS, you can automate this process by setting the default to SYMAPI$CONFIG and entering @SYMAPISRV.COM.

At this point, SYMCLI on the client is fully operational.

Server Environment Variable

To use SYMCLI through a remote SYMAPI service, you should set environment variable SYMCLI_CONNECT to an available service name of the server connection (defined in netcnfg). For example, for service name SYMAPI_SERVER, set the environment variable as follows:
setenv SYMCLI_CONNECT SYMAPI_SERVER for UNIX C shell set SYMCLI_CONNECT=SYMAPI_SERVER for Windows NT/2000

To determine what network services are available, (or to read the netcnfg file), enter:
symcfg list -service

Connection variable SYMCLI_CONNECT_TYPE should define the local/remote mode of the local host (client). Possible values for the client are:
REMOTE

Defines a client operation in which all the remote SYMCLI commands are strictly executed on the server, and the Symmetrix database is strictly read and updated remotely.
REMOTE_CACHED

Defines a client operation in which the remote database is modified remotely but cached in memory locally. Those functions that are control operations or which modify the
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database are executed remotely. These modifications to the remote database are then cached locally. This mode is not supported on the AS/400 platform.
LOCAL

Defines a local connection to the Symmetrix. (Not used for a client-server connection.) For example, to set the connection environment variables for a locally-cached remote operation, enter:
setenv SYMCLI_CONNECT_TYPE REMOTE_CACHED

Stopping the Server

To stop the remote SYMAPI service from the client or server side, use the following command:
symapisrv stop [-service Servicename] | [-node Node][-port Port] | [-address Address][-port Port]

Uninstalling the SYMAPI Server (NT only)

To uninstall the SYMAPI Server: 1. From MS-DOS, change directories to the SYMAPI server installation directory, by default:
C:\Program Files\EMC\SYMCLI\bin

2. Stop the SYMAPI server, by entering the following:


symapisrv stop

3. Enter the following:


symapisrv uninstall

The SYMAPI Server is uninstalled and no longer appears in the Windows NT list of Services.

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Oracle Multiple Instances Through Remote Server


If you have the Storage Resource Management (SRM) license and intend to perform database mapping calls from your host to a remote server that has more than one Oracle instance, you must execute the following procedure: 1. With the remote SYMAPI service stopped, set the remote server UNIX environment variables ORACLE_HOME and ORACLE_SID for the system requirements. When set, re-start symapisrv. 2. Configure Oracle SQL*Net (V7) or Net8 to include other instance names (TNS names) in a network service. The TNS names are located in the $ORACLE_HOME/network/admin/tnsnames.ora file. The Oracle instance to which your ORACLE_HOME points to is the only instance that must have the TNS names registered. 3. Configure the Oracle listener service for the other Oracle instances with which you need to work. 4. Test your Oracle environment for a valid configuration by running $ORACLE_HOME/bin/sqlplus as follows:
sqlplus user/passwd@service

where:
user/passwd describes your Oracle user name and password service is the TNS name you registered for the Oracle

instance.
For more information about configuring SQL*Net or Net8, refer to the appropriate Oracle documentation.

5. Set the EMC environment variable SYMCLI_RDB_CONNECT to describe your user name, password, and service name with the format usr/passwd@service to the instance of choice.

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Client/server RDBMS Environment Variable Behavior
The commands symioctl and symrdb scan the clients current environment variables and apply them across the client/server connection. For example, when the following is invoked from the client:
symrdb -type oracle list symrdb will search for ORACLE_HOME and ORACLE_SID on the client side. If found, the variables are passed to the SYMAPI server and used with subsequent database mapping calls.

Set the LD_LIBRARY_PATH environment variable for all databases except Oracle and SQL Server.

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Setting Up Daemons for Distributed Application Support


To improve performance on a number of applications or scripts running at once, you can employ Solutions Enabler daemons (services) that run in the background with root privileges to a local Symmetrix storage resource. Applications do not have to run as a privileged user. A base daemon (storapid) can be used to coordinate all Symmetrix locks and parallel application syscalls to your operating system kernel, which optimizes their operations (such as TimeFinder-type actions). For storage resource management (SRM) applications, there are a number of vendor-specific database daemons available to improve the speed of database access or mapping operation. SRM database performance is improved by using a persistent database connection, a fast communication mechanism, and parallel operations. For SRM, a single database daemon can support connections to multiple instances/databases. When your host is locally-connected to the Symmetrix array, applications and daemons must reside in that host. However, for client/server systems, the storage management applications reside in the client, but the daemons must reside in the SYMAPI server. On Windows platforms, daemons run as services. After you install the service, it appears in the service list dialog box and can be accessed from the Windows Services control panel. The service will not restart at boot unless you modify the startup options through the service list dialog box. Table 3-3 lists the possible Solutions Enabler daemons.
Table 3-3

Supported Solutions Enabler Daemons Daemon stororad storora64d storudbd storifmxd storsqld Function or Specific Application Oracle Database support Oracle Database 64-bit support DB/UDB support Informix Database support SQL Server Database support

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Table 3-3

Supported Solutions Enabler Daemons (continued) Daemon storsybs11d storsybs12d storsybs12.5d storsybs12.5_64d Function or Specific Application Sybase 11 Database support Sybase 12 Database support Sybase 12.5 Database support Sybase 12.5 (64-bit) Database support

You can start and stop a daemon at any time. If an application is already connected by way of the daemon and the daemon is stopped, the application continues to run (using the database engine binaries), but may experience degraded performance. If an application is already connected without the daemon and the daemon is started, the application automatically starts using the daemon.

Starting Daemons

To implement daemons for distributed application support, you must start each of the daemons you need by applying the following command:
stordaemon start DaemonName [-wait Seconds] [-inst Instance] The stordaemon command requires a path of /usr/storapi/storbin.

By default, the stordaemon command waits 30 seconds to verify that the daemon is running. To override this, use the -wait option. For example, to start an SRM daemon for an Oracle database and wait five seconds for it to come up, enter:
stordaemon start stororad -wait 5

If you also wanted to target a specific instance to the Oracle database with this command, you could add the -inst option to specify the instance name.

Stopping Daemons

To stop a daemon, apply the following command:


stordaemon shutdown DaemonName|all [-wait Seconds] [-immediate]

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Viewing Daemons

To view what daemons are present, enter either of the following:


stordaemon list [-running] [-all] [-v]

or:
stordaemon show

For the database daemons, an instance identifier is appended to the daemon name. For example, a stororad daemon started with the instance name ords would display as stororadords.

Configuring Daemons to Auto-Start on Boot Building a daemon_users File

If you want daemons to automatically start upon reboot of your system, you can create an auto-start script. For information on creating auto-start scripts, refer to Appendix B. The storapid daemon runs with root/administrator privileges, which enable it to handle the tasks required by SYMCLI commands (and any SYMAPI call) that require privileged access. This enables non-privileged users to run the SYMAPI application. For example, when a SYMAPI call attempts to open a gatekeeper (which requires a privileged user), the request is actually passed to the storapid process, which will open the gatekeeper device. If you were to run adb and check the per-process file table, the open files would appear in the storapid process, not in the user process. From this point on, the transfer CDB requests are passed to storapid since it is the process that opened the gatekeeper. By default, storapid only accepts connection requests from root and administrator type users. For non_root users to use this feature, you need to create a special file (daemon_users) with a list of allowed usernames. The daemon_users file is an editable template file located in directory:
/var/symapi/config/ \Program Files\EMC\symapi\config\ SYMAPI$CONFIG: on UNIX systems on Windows systems on OpenVMS systems

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Using a text editor, a System Administrator can add entries to this file using either of the following formats:
smith storapid \ENG\smith stororad smith storora* Local user smith is authorized to use the storapid daemon. Windows local user smith in the ENG domain is authorized to use the storapid daemon. The * is a wildcard. Local user smith is authorized to use any daemon whose name begins with storora. For example, the SRM Oracle DB daemons. Local user smith is authorized to perform freeze and thaw operations via the stororad daemon. The third column consists of a coma separated list of operations that the user is authorized to perform. Valid values are: freeze: The user is authorized to to perform DB freeze and thaw operations. startup_instance: The user is authorized to start a DB instance. shutdown_instance: The user is authorized to shutdown a DB instance.

smith stororad freeze,...

There is no reason to add privileged users to this file, as they are automatically authorized.

For more information, refer to the daemon_user file.

Controlling Daemon Behavior

The daemon_options file contains parameters to control the behavior of the various Solutions Enabler daemons. As each daemon starts, it reads this file and applies all applicable settings. CAUTION These parameters are intended for experienced Solutions Enabler users. In most cases, the daemon default settings will be sufficient.
For information on the parameters for each daemon, refer to the daemons documentation.

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The daemon_options file is an editable template file located in directory:


/var/symapi/config/ \Program Files\EMC\symapi\config\ SYMAPI$CONFIG: on UNIX systems on Windows systems on OpenVMS systems

Using a text editor, a System Administrator can add lines to this file using either of the following formats:
NAME = VALUE stororad:NAME = VALUE storora*:NAME = VALUE Sets the parameter NAME for all daemons that understand this parameter. Sets the parameter NAME for only the stororad daemon. Sets the parameter NAME for all daemons whose name begins with storora. The * is a wildcard that can be used to match the remainder of a daemons name.

For more information, refer to the daemon_options file.

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Configuring and Managing the SMI Provider


The Solutions Enabler Storage Management Initiative (SMI) Provider has been paired with the Pegasus CIM Server1 to provide an SMI-compliant Web-Based Enterprise Management (WBEM) interface for EMC Solutions Enabler products. If you installed the optional EMC SMI Provider and SMI Libraries, this section explains how to start and stop the Pegasus CIM Server, optionally configure the SSL, and manage the EMC SMI Provider.
For information on supported operating systems, hardware, software, profiles, and subprofiles, refer to the EMC Solutions Enabler V5.5 Support Matrix.

Starting and Stopping the Pegasus CIM Server


The Pegasus CIM Server runs in both Windows and UNIX environments. Upon completing the installation, the Pegasus CIM Server is started automatically. You can use the following commands to manually stop and restart the service should the need arise. Windows On Windows, the CIM Server runs as a service and can be controlled through the Windows Services control panel. The service will not restart at boot unless you modify its startup property in the Services control panel to start automatically. The service name is EMC_SMI_Provider and it displays as Pegasus CIM Object Manager - EMC_SMI_Provider in the Services control panel. The cimserver.exe file in the Solutions Enabler storbin directory implements the CIM Server. Use the following command to stop the CIM Server:
cimserver -stop EMC_SMI_Provider

Use the following command to start the CIM Server:


cimserver -start EMC_SMI_Provider

1. The Pegasus CIM Server is developed independently of EMC and therefore is a dependency of the SMI Provider.

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UNIX

On UNIX, the CIM Server runs as a daemon in the background. Use the following command from the SYMAPI home directory (./storbin/) to stop the CIM Server:
cimserver -s

Use the following command from the SYMAPI home directory (./storbin/) to restart the CIM Server:
cimserver

Controlling the EMC SMI Provider at Runtime


The EMCProvider.properties file allows you to configure the behavior parameters of the EMC SMI Provider. This file is located in the Windows storbin directory or the UNIX storbin directory.
Table 3-4

EMC SMI Provider Properties = <OptValue | DefaultValue> [filename] | <empty> Description Specifies the Solution Enabler database filename. If empty, will use the default database file. Specifies whether a one time discover is done, upon a cimserver start, prior to processing the first request received by the CIM Server. Note when the CIM Server is started the EMC SMI Provider is not loaded until it is requested from the CIM Server. Specifies the logging level for FAULT and STATUS messages. Possible values are: 0 FATAL 1 ERROR 2 WARNING 3 INFORMATION If none is specified, the default value is used.

EMC SMI Provider Properties com.emc.storage.provider.database.filename

com.emc.storage.provider.database.discover

true | false

com.emc.storage.provider.log.fault.level

0, 1 | 2

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Table 3-4

EMC SMI Provider Properties = <OptValue | DefaultValue> 0, 1, 3 | 2 Description Specifies the logging level for FAULT and STATUS messages. Possible values are: 0 FATAL 1 ERROR 2 WARNING 3 INFORMATION If none is specified, the default value is used. Specifies whether trace logging should be enabled. Specifies whether informational logging should be enabled. Specifies the log directory. If unset or empty, the EMC SMI Provider log file will go to the default location, which is the log directory of the EMC Solutions Enabler. The filename will take the format:
emc_provider-yyyymmdd.log

EMC SMI Provider Properties com.emc.storage.provider.log.status.level

com.emc.storage.provider.log.trace.enabled com.emc.storage.provider.log.informational com.emc.storage.provider.log.directory

true | false false | true [directory] | /var/symapi/log/

Configuring and Managing CLARiiON Arrays

To fully discover information associated with a CLARiiON array, the username and password for each for the CLARiiON Storage Processor (SP) must be supplied prior to attempting a discovery. This information is provided via the symcfg authorization command. For detailed information about the symcfg command, refer to the symcfg manpage or the Solutions Enabler Symmetrix Base Management CLI Product Guide. If you fail to provider valid username and password information for the SP, a discovery will not return metalun, clone, and remote mirror information.

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Optional SSL Configuration

Some SAN topologies implement additional security by utilizing SSL verification. You can optionally use your CIM Server via SSL. If you choose to, you can configure the CIM Server to use an SSL server certificate and private key youve created using a tool such as OpenSSL. Once you have created the server certificate, place the public certificate in the server.pem file and the private key in the key.pem file, which are located in the ../symapi/config Solutions Enabler installation directory. These files can be replaced with new files by simply overwriting the old ones. For added security, the private key can be stored in a separate location from the certificate file by configuring the CIM Server configuration file, cimserver_planned.conf, which is located in program files\emc\symcli. For more information on the cimserver_planned.conf file, refer to CIM Server Configuration File on page 3-34. The client uses a store of server certificates to identify trusted servers. This store is maintained in the trusted.crt file, which is located in the symapi/config Solutions Enabler installation directory. After completing the installation, this file only contains the EMC CIM Server certificate. To add additional server certificates, append the trusted.crt file with the additional certificates content using any text editor.

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CIM Server Configuration File On startup, the CIM Server accesses the cimserver_planned.conf file to obtain connectivity values. The following properties can be configured:
CIM Configuration File = <OptValue | DefaultValue> [any_valid_path] |
/var/symapi/config/server.pema

Table 3-5

Parameter sslCertificateFilePath sslKeyFilePath

Description Identifies the path to the server.pem file. If not set, the private key is expected to be in the same file as the server certificate. If set to TRUE, the CIM server will start on the secure port using SSL. If set to FALSE, no secure ports are available. Identifies the secure port on which the server should start. If set to TRUE, the CIM server will start on the non-secure port. If set to FALSE, no non-secure ports are available. Identifies the non-secure port on which the server should start. Used in conjunction with enableRemotePrivilegedUser parameter. When set to TRUE, a valid CIM username and password is required to perform any operation. CIM users can be created with the cimuser CLI utility as described in Creating a CIM User on page 3-35. Refer to the enableAuthentication parameter. When set to TRUE, the cimserver will register and activate the SLP Server Agent daemon.

[any_valid_path] |
/var/symapi/config/key.pema

enableHttpsConnection

FALSE | TRUE

httpsPort enableHttpConnection

[valid port number] | 5989 FALSE | TRUE

httpPort enableAuthentication

[valid port number] | 5988 TRUE | FALSE

enableRemotePrivilegedUserAccess slp

TRUE | FALSE TRUE | FALSE

a. The path shown is a UNIX-specific default installation path; your actual install path may differ.

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Creating a CIM User

The cimuser command is an optional utility to add, modify, remove and list CIM users.
Note: It is only necessary to create CIM Users if you have optionally chosen to use SSL and the enableAuthentication and enableRemotePriviledgedUserAccess parameters are set to true in the cimserver_planned_conf file. For more information on the cimserver_planned_conf file, see CIM Server Configuration File on page 3-34.

The cimuser command enables the management of CIM users. CIM users must be valid users on the local system. If the password is not specified at the command line, the user will be prompted for it. The following syntax applies:
cimuser cimuser cimuser cimuser -a -u username [ -w password ] -m -u username [ -w password ][ -n newpassword] -r -u username -l

Note: This command can be executed by privileged user(s) only.

The cimuser command recognizes the following options:


-a

Indicates that a CIM user is to be added.


-m

Indicates that a CIM user's password is to be modified.


-r

Indicates that a CIM user is to be removed.


-l

Displays the names of the CIM users.


-u username

Indicates a specific user name.


-w password

Indicates the password for the specified user name.


-n newpassword

Indicates the new password for the specified user name.

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Optional SLP Configuration
The WBEM Discovery using the Service Location Protocol (SLP) specification (DMTF document DSP0205) defines WBEM discovery using the SLP Version 2. SLP is a discovery infrastructure defined by the Internet Engineering Task Force in RFC 2608. The user is expected to have a working knowledge of SLP and WBEM discovery using SLP. 1. Stop the cimserver 2. Set slp=true in the cimserver_planned.conf file. The default is false. 3. Start the cimserver. 4. View the PegasusStandard.log file to verify that the SLP registration is an SA. The following is an example of the SLP registration entry in the log file:
06/21/04-10:00:19 INFO cimserver: SLP Registration Initiated

5. Verify that your SLP Client User Agent (which is not provided with Solutions Enabler) can query for a URL and attributes and that the Server Agent responds. Below is an example of a command line client User Agent request and Server Agent response. It does not reflect an exact syntax of requests and responses:
slptool findsrvs service:wbem service:wbem:http://168.159.80.147:5988,65520 service:wbem:https://168.159.80.147:5989,65520 slptool findattrs service:wbem:http://168.159.80.147:5988 (template-url-syntax=http://168.159.80.147:5988), (service-location-tcp=168.159.80.147), (service-id=PEG:19745D5D-2F2A-45D0-B6A3-00E01C7B1391), (service-hi-description=Pegasus CIM Server Version 2.3.2), (service-hi-name=Pegasus),(template-type=wbem), (template-version=1.0),(template-description=This template describes the attributes used for advertising Pegasus CIM Servers.), (InteropSchemaNamespace=root/emc), (FunctionalProfilesSupported=Basic Read,Basic Write,Schema Manipulation, Instance Manipulation,Association Traversal,Qualifier Declaration, Indications),(MultipleOperationsSupported=FALSE), (AuthenticationMechanismsSupported=Basic), (CommunicationMechanism=cim-xml), (ProtocolVersion=1.0),

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(Namespace=root,root/PG_Internal, root/emc,root/PG_InterOp),classinfo, (RegisteredProfilesSupported=SNIA:Array,SNIA:Array:Cluster, SNIA:Array:Access Points,SNIA:Array:Disk Drive,SNIA:Array:Location, SNIA:Array:LUN Mapping and Masking, SNIA:Array:Pool Manipulation Capabilities and Settings, SNIA:Array:Extent Mapping,SNIA:Array:LUN Creation, SNIA:Array:Software,SNIA:Server)

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Uninstalling Solutions Enabler

This chapter explains how to uninstall Solutions Enabler.


Overview .............................................................................................4-2 Uninstalling Solutions Enabler from UNIX ...................................4-4 Uninstalling Solutions Enabler from Windows.............................4-6 Uninstalling Solutions Enabler from OpenVMS ...........................4-7 Uninstalling Solutions Enabler from Novell NetWare .................4-8 Rolling Back an Upgrade ..................................................................4-9

Uninstalling Solutions Enabler

4-1

Uninstalling Solutions Enabler

Overview
To uninstall Solutions Enabler, you must first shutdown the application processes that use the Solutions Enabler libraries and binaries, and then uninstall the software.

Stopping the Application Processes

To stop the application processes: 1. Issue the following command to stop the Solutions Enabler daemons:
stordaemon shutdown -all For more information on this command, refer to Stopping Daemons on page 3-26.

2. Issue the following command to verify that the daemon(s) have stopped:
stordaemon list -all For more information on this command, refer to Viewing Daemons on page 3-27.

3. Issue the following command to stop the SYMAPI service:


symapisrv stop For more information on this command, refer to Stopping the Server on page 3-22

4. Issue the following command to verify that the SYMAPI service has stopped:
ps -ef | grep symapisrv

5. For UNIX, you can also issue the following command to identify any other applications using the Solutions Enabler libraries:
fuser /usr/lib/libsym* /usr/lib/libstor*

For AIX, issue:


fuser -x -f /usr/symcli/shlib/library_name

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Uninstalling the Software

To uninstall the Solutions Enabler software, refer to the following:

For UNIX, refer to Uninstalling Solutions Enabler from UNIX on page 4-4. For Windows, refer to Uninstalling Solutions Enabler from Windows on page 4-6. For OpenVMS, refer to Uninstalling Solutions Enabler from OpenVMS on page 4-7. For Novell NetWare, refer to Uninstalling Solutions Enabler from Novell NetWare on page 4-8.

Overview

4-3

Uninstalling Solutions Enabler

Uninstalling Solutions Enabler from UNIX


To uninstall Solutions Enabler from UNIX: CAUTION Take care when removing Solutions Enabler, as it may be a prerequisite for other installed products. 1. Verify that all application processes that use the Solutions Enabler libraries and binaries are stopped.
For instructions, refer to Stopping the Application Processes on page 4-2.

2. Run the installation program. 3. At the following prompt, enter u.


What would you like to do? Install (i) Uninstall (u) Register (r) Exit (x): u

4. In the HAS BEEN INSTALLED list, determine the item number of the product you want to uninstall:
#----------------------------------------------------------------------------# The following HAS BEEN INSTALLED in /opt/emc via the emc_install utility. #----------------------------------------------------------------------------# ITEM PRODUCT VERSION #----------------------------------------------------------------------------01 EMC Solutions Enabler V5.5.0

and enter it at the following prompt:


Enter product number (from HOST) to uninstall: 01

5. At the following prompt, enter y to confirm your selection or n to cancel.


The following application will be uninstalled: EMC Solutions Enabler (Run-time), V5.5.0 Is this correct? (y/n): y

The install script reminds you that the product is a prerequisite of other installed products, for example:
The application to uninstall is required for: EMC ControlCenter Do you still want to continue? [n]: y

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6. Enter y to uninstall. The product is removed from the HAS BEEN INSTALLED list. 7. If you are satisfied, enter x at the following prompt to exit the script:
What would you like to do? Install (i) Uninstall (u) Register (r) Exit (x): x

Uninstalling Solutions Enabler from UNIX

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Uninstalling Solutions Enabler

Uninstalling Solutions Enabler from Windows


To uninstall Solutions Enabler from Windows: CAUTION Take care when removing Solutions Enabler, as it may be a prerequisite for other installed products. 1. Verify that all application processes that use the Solutions Enabler libraries and binaries are stopped.
For instructions, refer to Stopping the Application Processes on page 4-2.

2. Use the Windows Add/Remove Programs Properties dialog box to remove Solutions Enabler. If UnInstallShield detects that a service or library is in use, it will display a message similar to the following. In which case, you should click OK to abort the uninstall process, close the application using the service or library, and then restart UnInstallShield.

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Uninstalling Solutions Enabler from OpenVMS


To uninstall Solutions Enabler from OpenVMS:

CAUTION Take care when removing Solutions Enabler, as it may be a prerequisite for other installed products. 1. Verify that all application processes that use the Solutions Enabler libraries and binaries are stopped.
For instructions, refer to Stopping the Application Processes on page 4-2.

2. Delete all the files from the installation directory.

Uninstalling Solutions Enabler from OpenVMS

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Uninstalling Solutions Enabler

Uninstalling Solutions Enabler from Novell NetWare


To uninstall Solutions Enabler from Novell NetWare: CAUTION Take care when removing Solutions Enabler, as it may be a prerequisite for other installed products. 1. Verify that all application processes that use the Solutions Enabler libraries and binaries are stopped.
For instructions, refer to Stopping the Application Processes on page 4-2.

2. Using the NetWare ConsoleOnes file manager, delete all files under the directory sys:system\emc\symapi.

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Rolling Back an Upgrade


To roll back your upgrade, you must have created copies of the host database and config directories, as explained in Before You Begin on page 1-3. 1. Verify that all application processes that use the Solutions Enabler libraries and binaries are stopped.
For instructions, refer to Stopping the Application Processes on page 4-2.

2. Export all device groups from the current SYMAPI database: a. Issue a symdg list command to list all the device groups. b. Issue a symdg export command to export the device groups.
This export is necessary because older versions of Solutions Enabler may not be able to read a database once a newer version of Solutions Enabler has converted it.

For more information on these commands, refer to the EMC Solutions Enabler Symmetrix Base Management CLI Product Guide.

3. Install the desired version of Solutions Enabler.


During the installation process, you will be asked to confirm that you want to install an older version than the version currently installed. You must answer Yes to this message.

4. Once the installation is complete, issue a symcfg list command to verify that the SYMAPI database can be used by the older version: If the database can be used, the rollback is done. If the database cannot be used, issue a symcfg discover command to create a Symmetrix host database file, symapi_db.bin, and import all the exported device groups. The rollback is complete.

Rolling Back an Upgrade

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A
Host Specific Issues

This section describes the issues in running Solutions Enabler on various hardware platforms. You will find additional information in the Release Notes, which are distributed in hard copy with the Solutions Enabler kits. The information in this section is organized by hardware platform and operating system.

HP-UX Issues.....................................................................................A-2 Sun Solaris Issues ..............................................................................A-6 Compaq/Digital UNIX Issues.........................................................A-7 Digital OpenVMS Issues ..................................................................A-9 IBM AIX Issues ................................................................................A-13 NCR UNIX_SV Issues ....................................................................A-15 Sequent DYNIX Issues ...................................................................A-16 SCO UnixWare Issues .....................................................................A-17 Linux Issues .....................................................................................A-18 Windows 2000/2003 Issues ...........................................................A-19

Host Specific Issues

A-1

Host Specific Issues

HP-UX Issues
This section describes the HP-UX system issues concerned with compatibility with the SYMCLI/SYMAPI database file, gatekeeper, and BCV device requirements.

Semaphores for Database and Gatekeeper

The following instructions pertain to examining and/or maximizing semaphore parameters, which control access to the database file and gatekeepers: To examine or maximizes semaphore parameters for SYMAPI compatibility on HP-UX: 1. Login as root and run SAM 2. Select Kernel Configuration, Configurable Parameters, and examine and/or maximize the following kernel parameters: maxdsize sema semmni semmns semmnu semume semaem semmap semvmx shmmax shmmni shmseg 1280 1 128 256 30 10 16384 130 32767 67108864 200 120

Or select Actions, Apply Tuned Parameters Set; General OLTP/Database Server System to maximize a complete set of parameters. 3. Reboot the system to have any modifications take affect.

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Creating Pseudo-devices for Gatekeepers and BCVs

If the device you want to use as a gatekeeper or BCV device is accessed through the HP-PB (NIO) SCSI bus controller and you want the device to be visible to your host, you must create a pseudo-device for that device. (A pseudo-device is necessary for every device you want visible to the host.)
Your HP-UX operating system may require a patch to support the HP-PB (NIO) SCSI board. Patches for the HP-PB SCSI Pass-Thru driver (spt0) are available for HP-UX V11.0 and higher from HP on an Extension Media CD. Consult your HP representative about spt drivers for your specific system.

If your HP system is configured with an HSC fast-wide differential SCSI interface board and a device accessed through the HSC SCSI bus is available, you can specify the gatekeeper devices through the procedure outlined in the EMC Solutions Enabler Symmetrix Base Management CLI Product Guide.

To create pseudo-devices and specify devices as gatekeepers and BCV devices, do the following: 1. Execute the ioscan command and find the full pathnames of the gatekeeper and BCV devices. For example, the full pathname of the Symmetrix volume designated to be the gatekeeper is /dev/rdsk/c1t2d1. 2. Enter the lsdev command and note the output. For example:
lsdev -d spt0 Character Block 75 -1 Driver spt0 Class spt

The wide SCSI Pass-Thru driver is identified as spt0. If there is no output in response to this command, the spt0 driver is missing. Install the proper driver before proceeding.

Note that there is also an spt driver. The spt driver will not work in this environment.

3. Create the device node for the gatekeeper device.


This step creates a pseudo-device that is incapable of functioning like a normal device. It can only be used as a gatekeeper device or to process TimeFinder control functions directed to a BCV device.

HP-UX Issues

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Host Specific Issues

A
For example, to create the device node:
mknod /dev/rdsk/pseudo_c1t2d1 c 75 0x012100

Where:
/dev/rdsk/pseudo_c1t2d1 is the full pathname of the pseudo-device associated with /dev/rdsk/c1t2d1. c specifies character (raw) device node creation 75 is the character value from the output of the lsdev command. This is the major number of the device file. 0x012100 is the minor number of the device file. The

individual values of the minor number are:


0x indicates that the number is hexadecimal. 01 is the hexadecimal number of the controller referenced

by /dev/rdsk/c1t2d1
2 is the hexadecimal number of the target ID referenced by /dev/rdsk/c1t2d1 1 is the hexadecimal number of the LUN referenced by /dev/rdsk/c1t2d1 00 must be the last two digits of the minor number.

4. Repeat step 3 for all BCV devices and alternate gatekeeper devices.

CAUTION Do not perform I/O through the device (/dev/rdsk/cxtxdx) associated with the pseudo-device, nor use the pseudo-device as a normal device. If you do, you have two paths to the same device from two different device drivers. Unknown results may occur. 5. To create the mapping information of standard devices to pseudo-devices, create the file:
/var/symapi/config/pseudo_devices

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Host Specific Issues

For each gatekeeper and BCV device, add a mapping to a psuedo-device. For example, in the pseudo_devices file, add the following line to map the pseudo-device filename (in bold), to the Symmetrix device file.
/dev/rdsk/c1t0d0 /dev/rdsk/pseudo_c1t0d0

SYMAPI will then use this pseudo-device instead of the physical device file name. When the SymDiscover() function is used, the pseudo-device mappings get posted in the log file (/var/symapi/log/symapi*.log).

HP-UX Issues

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Host Specific Issues

Sun Solaris Issues


The following instructions pertain to examining and/or maximizing semaphore parameters, which control access to the database file and gatekeepers: To examine or modify semaphore parameters for SYMCLI/SYMAPI compatibility on Solaris, reference or add semaphore parameters at the end of /etc/system. For example:
set set set set set set semsys:seminfo_semmni=600 semsys:seminfo_semmns=600 semsys:seminfo_semume=600 semsys:seminfo_semmnu=600 shmsys:shminfo_shmmax=524288 shmsys:shminfo_shmmni=600

For Solaris 8 and above, set shmsys:shminfo_shmmax=1048576

If parameter values have been modified, reboot the system to have them take affect.

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Host Specific Issues

Compaq/Digital UNIX Issues


The following instructions pertain to examining and/or maximizing semaphore parameters, which control access to the database file and gatekeepers.

For versions 5.0 and later, use the provided system utility dxkerneltuner to modify these values. For versions prior to version 5.0, reference or add semaphore parameters at the end of path /etc/sysconfigtab. For example:
ipc: shm-max=2118123520 shm-seg=32 sem-aem=16384 sem-mni=200 num-of-sems=200 sem-msl=200 sem-opm=200 sem-ume=200 sem-vmx=32767

If parameter values have been modified, reboot the system to have them take affect.

Compaq TruCluster Server

For Compaq Tru64 UNIX Clusters (utilizing clustered filesystems), the executable images can be shared but the Solutions Enabler database, log, and config files must be unique for each node in the cluster. In this environment, each node in the cluster has local needs. An example post-install script provided in this section should be run as a post installation step of the EMC Solutions Enabler software. It will determine if the node executing the script is part of a Cluster. The system administrator should take the defaults, during the installation, and then execute this script afterward or just execute the command interactively if they know this is a Tru64 Cluster environment. For each node, the script creates a private area in the cluster for the files that are unique for Solutions Enabler. Use the following Compaq command (mkcdsl) to invoke the script:
/usr/sbin/mkcdsl -a -f /var/symapi

Compaq/Digital UNIX Issues

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Host Specific Issues

A
where:
-a

Specifies all members.


-f

Forces the overwriting of the existing CDSL or member-specific file or directory. When the force option is used with a copy option, mkcdsl will overwrite an existing member-specific file or directory. Without the force (-f) option, mkcdsl issues an error or message whenever the physical path of the target differs from the specified targetname (for example, when targetname resolution traverses a symbolic link), or when the source for a specified copy option cannot be found. Unless the -f option is specified, mkcdsl will exit when it encounters a situation that would generate an error message. The mkcdsl command issues a warning message if the specified sourcename differs from the calculated sourcename. However, you do not need the -f option to stop mkcdsl from exiting when it encounters a situation that generates a warning message. Cluster Script Example
#!/usr/bin/ksh /sbin/sysconfig -q generic clu_active_member >/dev/null 2>&1 cluster_member=$? if [[ $cluster_member -eq 0 ]] then /usr/sbin/mkcdsl -f -a -c /var/symapi fi

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Host Specific Issues

Digital OpenVMS Issues


The following instructions pertain to examining SYMCLI return codes for the OpenVMS operating system. A set of return codes for the various conditions possible with each SYMCLI/CLARCLI command are provided for UNIX and Windows NT platforms. However, for the OpenVMS platforms, discernible return codes are not yet available and, therefore, require interpolation or special processing of the returned hexadecimal value (resulting from a $STATUS query). This is because the format of the OpenVMS return value also includes a severity level field in the three least significant bits (00-02). The return code is described in the next field (03-15). Table A-1 describes the set of possible return hex values and their associated meaning with SYMCLI/CLARCLI on OpenVMS.
Table A-1

OpenVMS Return Code Interpolation Table OpenVMS Severity Level 1 (S) 4 (F) 2 (E) 2 (E) 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I)

Returned Hex Value1 %X1FFF0001 %X1FFF000C %X1FFF0012 %X1FFF001A %X1FFF0023 %X1FFF002B %X1FFF0033 %X1FFF003B %X1FFF0043 %X1FFF004B %X1FFF0053 %X1FFF005B %X1FFF0063 %X1FFF006B %X1FFF0073

SYMCLI Return Code 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14

SYMCLI Name SUCCESS FAIL DB_FILE_IS LOCKED SYM_IS_LOCKED NOT_ALL_SYNCHRONIZED NONE_SYNCHRONIZED NOT_ALL_UPDATED NONE_UPDATED NOT_ALL_PINGED NONE_PINGED NOT_ALL_SYNCHED NONE_SYNCHED NOT_ALL_RESTORED NONE_RESTORED NOT_ALL_VALID

Digital OpenVMS Issues

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A
Table A-1

OpenVMS Return Code Interpolation Table (continued) OpenVMS Severity Level 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I) 2 (E) 2 (E) 2 (E) 2 (E) 2 (E) 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I)

Returned Hex Value1 %X1FFF007B %X1FFF0083 %X1FFF008B %X1FFF0093 %X1FFF009A %X1FFF00A2 %X1FFF00AA %X1FFF00B2 %X1FFF00BA %X1FFF00C3 %X1FFF00CB %X1FFF00D3 %X1FFF00DB %X1FFF00E3 %X1FFF00EB %X1FFF00F3 %X1FFF00FB %X1FFF0103 %X1FFF010B %X1FFF0113 %X1FFF011B %X1FFF0123 %X1FFF012B %X1FFF0133 %X1FFF013B

SYMCLI Return Code 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39

SYMCLI Name NONE_VALID SYM_NOT_ALL_LOCKED SYM_NONE_LOCKED ALREADY_IN_STATE GK_IS_LOCKED WP_TRACKS_IN_CACHE NEED_MERGE_TO_RESUME NEED_FORCE_TO_PROCEED NEED_SYMFORCE_TO_PROCEED NOT_IN_SYNC NOT_ALL_SPLIT NONE_SPLIT NOT_ALL_SYNCINPROG NONE_SYNCINPROG NOT_ALL_RESTINPROG NONE_RESTINPROG NOT_ALL_SUSPENDED NONE_SUSPENDED NOT_ALL_FAILED_OVER NONE_FAILED_OVER NOT_ALL_UPDATEINPROG NONE_UPDATEINPROG NOT_ALL_PARTITIONED NONE_PARTITIONED NOT_ALL_ENABLED

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Table A-1

OpenVMS Return Code Interpolation Table (continued) OpenVMS Severity Level 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I) 2 (E) 2 (E) 2 (E) 2 (E) 2 (E) 2 (E) 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I) 2 (E) 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I) 3 (I) 2 (E)

Returned Hex Value1 %X1FFF0143 %X1FFF014B %X1FFF0153 %X1FFF015B %X1FFF0163 %X1FFF016B %X1FFF0173 %X1FFF017A %X1FFF0182 %X1FFF018A %X1FFF0192 %X1FFF019A %X1FFF01A2 %X1FFF01AB %X1FFF01B3 %X1FFF01BB %X1FFF01C3 %X1FFF01CB %X1FFF01D3 %X1FFF01DA %X1FFF01E3 %X1FFF01EB %X1FFF01F3 %X1FFF01FB %X1FFF0202

SYMCLI Return Code 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64

SYMCLI Name NONE_ENABLED NOT_ALL_SYNCHRONIZED_AND_ENABLED NONE_SYNCHRONIZED_AND_ENABLED NOT_ALL_SUSP_AND_ENABLED NONE_SUSP_AND_ENABLED NOT_ALL_SUSP_AND_OFFLINE NONE_SUSP_AND_OFFLINE WONT_REVERSE_SPLIT CONFIG_LOCKED DEVS_ARE_LOCKED CLI_C_MUST_SPLIT_PROTECT CLI_C_PAIRED_WITH_A_DRV CLI_C_PAIRED_WITH_A_SPARE CLI_C_NOT_ALL_COPYINPROG CLI_C_NONE_COPYINPROG CLI_C_NOT_ALL_COPIED CLI_C_NONE_COPIED CLI_C_NOT_ALL_COPYONACCESS CLI_C_NONE_COPYONACCESS CLI_C_CANT_RESTORE_PROTECT CLI_C_NOT_ALL_CREATED CLI_C_NONE_CREATED CLI_C_NOT_ALL_CREATED CLI_C_NONE_CREATED CLI_C_STD_BKGRND_SPLIT_IN_PROG

Digital OpenVMS Issues

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A
Table A-1

OpenVMS Return Code Interpolation Table (continued) OpenVMS Severity Level 2 (E) 3 (I) 3 (I)

Returned Hex Value1 %X1FFF020A %X1FFF0213 %X1FFF021B

SYMCLI Return Code 65 66 67

SYMCLI Name CLI_C_SPLIT_IN_PROG CLI_C_NOT_ALL_COPYONWRITE CLI_C_NONE_COPYONWRITE

1. For OpenVMS, use write sys$output $status to view return code. The following special DCL program can automatically convert these OpenVMS values to the proper SYMCLI/CLARCLI return codes: [SAMPLE-DCL] $ $ $ $ $ $ $ ! Example: Convert SYMCLI return codes. ! a = ( %x0000ffff .and. 'p1) ! Mask off bits 16-31. a = ( a/8 ) ! Shift 3-15 right. write sys$output 'a ! Print return code without ! severity level. !

For example, an OpenVMS %X1FFF002B value converts to a 5 return code.

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IBM AIX Issues


On IBM AIX systems for SYMCLI/SYMAPI database and gatekeeper access, the upper parameter limits are preset to 4096 for semaphore and shared memory mechanisms (IDs). These are controlled by data structures, which are allocated and deallocated on demand by the kernel. Therefore, there are no optional controls to modify these limits.

Memory Access

The two principal limits of concern are set to 4096 for the maximum number of semaphore and shared memory IDs. Oracle 8 database mapping with SYMCLI is supported on 32-bit AIX V4.3 and above. You may need to create the Oracle library, libclntsh.so. To determine if the library exists for Oracle 8, execute the following:
ls $ORACLE_HOME/lib/libclntsh.so

Oracle Database Mapping

If the library does not exist, execute the following make command:
make -f $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/lib/ins_rdbms.mk client_sharedlib

The Oracle 8 OCI executable is linked dynamically. You must set the following environment variable as follows:
setenv LIBPATH $ORACLE_HOME/lib

BCV Devices Lost After Reboot

When a system comes back up after a reboot, it will not recognize your mapped BCVs. To work around this problem, you should run the following special BCV script (mkbcv):
cd / ./inq.AIX | more (look for no gaps in the numbers, ie.. rhdisk0, rhdisk1, rhdisk3... - rhdisk2 is missing) cd /usr/lpp/Symmetrix/bin ./mkbcv -a ALL cd / ./inq.AIX | more (look for no gaps in the numbers, ie.. rhdisk0, rhdisk1, rhdisk2... - rhdisk2 is not missing)

IBM AIX Issues

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Host Specific Issues

A
It is recommended to have ./mkbcv -a ALL in your AIX boot procedures.
inq.AIX can be found on the EMC FTP site.

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Host Specific Issues

NCR UNIX_SV Issues


This section addresses the NCR UNIX_SV issues.

Gatekeeper

Do not use LUN 0 as a gatekeeper device on a Symmetrix array with an NCR host. The following instructions pertain to examining and/or maximizing semaphore parameters, which control access to the database file and gatekeepers: To examine or modify semaphore parameters for SYMCLI/SYMAPI compatibility on UNIX_SV, adjust the following parameters using the /etc/conf/bin/idtune utility. Check current values in /etc/conf/cf.d/mtune and stune.
SEMAEM SEMMAP SEMMNI SEMMNS SEMMNU SEMOPM SEMUME SEMMSL SEMVMX SHMMAX SHMMIN SHMMNI SHMSEG 16384 25 50 300 256 10 10 250 32767 2621440 1 100 6

Semaphores for Database and Gatekeeper

If parameter values have been modified, rebuild the kernel by executing /etc/conf/bin/idbuild and then reboot the system to have them take affect.

NCR UNIX_SV Issues

A-15

Host Specific Issues

Sequent DYNIX Issues


This section addresses the Sequent DYNIX issues.

Semaphores for Database and Gatekeeper

The following instructions pertain to examining and/or maximizing semaphore parameters, which control access to the database file and gatekeepers: To examine or modify semaphore parameters for SYMCLI/SYMAPI compatibility on Sequent DYNIX, adjust the following parameters using the menu utility. Check current values by selecting: System Administration Kernel Configuration
/dev/vx/dsk/ROOTVOL

k to change kernel visibility for parms A to select all or use the arrow key to scroll down to individual parms S to set a new value where required
SEMAEM SEMMAP SEMMNI SEMMNS SEMMNU SEMMSL SEMOPM SEMUME SEMURT SEMVMX SHMMAX SHMMIN SHMMNI SHMSEG 16384 750 1024 4096 50 1024 10 25 5 32767 4294967000 1 100 3500

If parameter values have been modified, recompile the kernel (select c on previous menu) and then reboot the system to have them take effect.

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SCO UnixWare Issues


This section addresses the SCO UnixWare issues.

Semaphores for Database and Gatekeeper

The following instructions pertain to examining and/or maximizing semaphore parameters, which control access to the database file and gatekeepers: To examine or modify semaphore parameters for SYMCLI/SYMAPI compatibility on SCO UnixWare, adjust the following parameters using the /etc/conf/bin/idtune utility. Check current values in /etc/conf/cf.d/mtune and stune.
SEMAEM SEMMAP SEMMNI SEMMNS SEMMNU SEMOPM SEMUME SEMMSL SEMVMX SHMMAX SHMMIN SHMMNI SHMSEG SHMALL 16384 0 (autotuned) 60 0 10 10 150 32767 524288 1 100 6 512

If the parameter values have been modified, rebuild the kernel by executing /etc/conf/bin/idbuild and then reboot the system to have them take affect.

SCO UnixWare Issues

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Host Specific Issues

Linux Issues
This section addresses the Linux issues.

Mounting a CD Over a Network

To install Solutions Enabler in a Linux on S390 environment, you must mount the CD over a network. To do this, place the CD in the CD-ROM drive of another host, and make it available for sharing. For example: 1. From a Solaris host, enter the following in /etc/dfstab:
share -F nfs -o ro -d SYMCLI/cdrom/cdrom0

2. Issue the command:


shareall

3. From the Linux for S390 host, enter the following command to mount the remote CD:
mount -t nfs -o ro hostname:/cdrom/cdrom0/mnt The CD is now mounted. Continue the installation with Step 2: Run the Install Script on page 2-3, specifying /mnt for the <CD-ROM mount point>.

Installing the Kernal Patch

In a Linux S390 installation, you must download and install a kernal patch. For instructions, refer to Install the Kernel Patch on page 2-10.

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Host Specific Issues

Windows 2000/2003 Issues


For Windows 2000/2003 platforms in a clustered environment, the disk drive (device) in the Symmetrix array that you assign as gatekeeper must be a minimum of 8 MB in size and have a signature. In a non-clustered environment, gatekeeper devices smaller than 8 MB will show up in the new Disk Manager as devices with no available information. (Disk Manager just displays the Disk number and a blank bar.) The devices are still addressable at the SCSI level, and SYMCLI scripts continue to work. (There may be some implications for device naming, since the Device Manager of Windows 2000/2003 does not create some of the normal device objects for devices smaller than 8 MB.

Windows 2000/2003 Issues

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EMC Solutions Enabler Installation Guide

B
Creating Daemon Auto-Start Scripts

This appendix explains how to set daemons to automatically start when a system is rebooted.
The procedures in this appendix use the stororad daemon as an example. To use these procedures with other Solutions Enabler daemons, simply replace stororad with the name of another daemon.

For more information on Solutions Enabler daemons, refer to Setting Up Daemons for Distributed Application Support on page 3-25.

The procedures in this appendix are organized by operating system.


Creating an Auto-Start Script for Solaris ....................................... B-2 Creating an Auto-Start Script for Linux ........................................ B-3 Creating an Auto-Start Script for HP-UX ...................................... B-4 Creating an Auto-Start Script for IBM AIX ................................... B-6 Creating an Auto-Start Script for Windows .................................. B-8

Creating Daemon Auto-Start Scripts

B-1

Creating Daemon Auto-Start Scripts

Creating an Auto-Start Script for Solaris


To create an auto-start script for Solaris, do the following: 1. Create a file named stororad and add the following to it:
#!/bin/sh #Where the stordaemon utility resides. BINDER=/usr/storapi/storbin case $1 in start) echo Starting stororad $BINDER/stordaemon start stororad ;; stop) echo Stopping stororad $BINDER/stordaemon shutdown stororad -wait 10 ;; *) echo [stororad start script] Usage: $0 {start|stop} exit 1 ;; esac exit 0

2. Copy the file to /etc/init.d and make sure that it is owned by root and that root has read/execute access to it by entering the following as root:
cp stororad /etc/init.d chmod a+x /etc/init.d/stororad

3. Create links to the file from /etc/rc.d/rc3.d by entering the following:


ln /etc/init.d/stororad /etc/rc3.d/S999stororad ln /etc/init.d/stororad /etc/rc3.d/K999stororad To create symbolic links instead of hard links, use the ln -s option. Use any runlevel (3 and above) appropriate for your environment. The priority lever (999 and above) is not critical and can be replaced with a different value.

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Creating Daemon Auto-Start Scripts

Creating an Auto-Start Script for Linux


To create an auto-start script for Linux, do the following: 1. Create a file named stororad and add the following to it:
#!/bin/sh #Where the stordaemon utility resides. BINDER=/usr/storapi/storbin case $1 in start) echo Starting stororad $BINDER/stordaemon start stororad ;; stop) echo Stopping stororad $BINDER/stordaemon shutdown stororad -wait 10 ;; *) echo [stororad start script] Usage: $0 {start|stop} exit 1 ;; esac exit 0

2. Copy the file to /etc/rc.d/init.d and make sure that it is owned by root and that root has read/execute access to it by entering the following as root:
cp stororad /etc/rc.d/init.d chmod a+x /etc/rc.d/init.d/stororad

3. Create links to the file from /etc/rc.d/rc3.d by entering the following:


ln -s/etc/rc.d/init.d/stororad /etc/rc.d/rc3.d/ S99stororad ln -s/etc/rc.d/init.d/stororad /etc/rc.d/rc3.d/ K99stororad Use any runlevel (3 and above) appropriate for your environment. The priority lever (99 and above) is not critical and can be replaced with a different value.

Creating an Auto-Start Script for Linux

B-3

Creating Daemon Auto-Start Scripts

Creating an Auto-Start Script for HP-UX


To create an auto-start script for HP-UX, do the following: 1. Create a file named stororad and add the following to it:
#!/bin/sh #Where the stordaemon utility resides. BINDER=/usr/storapi/storbin case $1 in start) echo Starting stororad $BINDER/stordaemon start stororad ;; stop) echo Stopping stororad $BINDER/stordaemon shutdown stororad -wait 10 ;; start_msg) echo Start the SYMCLI stororad daemon ;; stop_msg) echo Stop the SYMCLI stororad daemon ;; *) echo [stororad start script] Usage: $0 {start|stop} exit 1 ;; esac exit 0

2. Copy the file to /sbin/init.d and make sure that it is owned by root and that root has read/execute access to it by entering the following as root:
cp stororad /sbin/init.d chmod a+x /sbin/init.d/stororad

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EMC Solutions Enabler Installation Guide

Creating Daemon Auto-Start Scripts

3. Create links to the file from /sbin/rc3.d by entering the following:


ln -s/sbin/init.d/stororad /sbin/rc3.d/S999stororad ln -s/sbin/init.d/stororad /sbin/rc3.d/K999stororad Use any runlevel (3 and above) appropriate for your environment. The priority lever (999 and above) is not critical and can be replaced with a different value.

Creating an Auto-Start Script for HP-UX

B-5

Creating Daemon Auto-Start Scripts

Creating an Auto-Start Script for IBM AIX


The procedure for creating an auto-start script for IBM AIX depends on whether you have the run level scripting feature installed.

Run Level Scripting Installed

If you have the run level scripting feature installed, do the following to create the auto-start script: 1. Create a file named stororad and add the following to it:
#!/bin/ksh #Where the stordaemon utility resides. BINDER=/usr/storapi/storbin case $1 in start*) echo Starting stororad $BINDER/stordaemon start stororad ;; stop) echo Stopping stororad $BINDER/stordaemon shutdown stororad -wait 10 ;; *) echo [stororad start script] Usage: $0 {start|stop} exit 1 ;; esac exit 0

2. Copy the file to /etc/init.d and make sure that it is owned by root and that root has read/execute access to it by entering the following as root:
cp stororad /etc/init.d chmod a+x /etc/init.d/stororad

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Creating Daemon Auto-Start Scripts

3. Create links to the file from /sbin/rc2.d by entering the following:


ln -s/etc/init.d/stororad /etc/rc2.d/S999stororad ln -s/etc/init.d/stororad /sbin/rc2.d/K999stororad Use any runlevel (2 and above) appropriate for your environment. The priority level (999 and above) is not critical and can be replaced with a different value.

Run Level Scripting Not Installed

If you do NOT have the run level scripting feature installed, insert an entry into the /etc/inittab file:
mkitab stororad:2:once:/usr/storapi/bin/stordaemon start stororad If a stororad entry already exists in the table, you can use rmitab stororad to remove it.

Use any runlevel (2 and above) appropriate for your environment. If appropriate, you can specify multiple runlevels.

Creating an Auto-Start Script for IBM AIX

B-7

Creating Daemon Auto-Start Scripts

Creating an Auto-Start Script for Windows


In Windows, Solutions Enabler daemons run as services. To create an auto-start script for Windows, do the following: 1. Start the daemon at least once to ensure that it is registered as a service:
stordaemon start stororad By default, services are configured with a Manual startup mode.

2. Invoke the Service Manager by selecting Control Panel, Services in Windows NT or Control Panel, Administrative Tools, Services in Windows 2000/2003. 3. Double-click the stororad service and change the startup type from Manual to Automatic. 4. Click OK to save the changes.

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EMC Solutions Enabler Installation Guide

C
Solutions Enabler Directories

This appendix contains the directory list for UNIX and Windows installations.

UNIX Directories............................................................................... C-2 Windows Directories ........................................................................ C-3

Solutions Enabler Directories

C-1

Solutions Enabler Directories

UNIX Directories
Table C-1 lists the directories for UNIX platforms. Your directories may differ from this list since the location of these directories is configurable at installation.
Table C-1

UNIX Directories Details STORCLI binaries SYMCLI binaries All shared libraries IBM database engine Informix database engine Oracle database engine Sybase database engine Java language interface XML examples for C programmers XML API header files XML shared libraries Jar files for XML XML examples for Java programmers XML schema files JNI examples and Java docs STORCLI manpages STORAPI manpages SYMCLI manpages SYMAPI and CLARAPI manpages Location of the database deamons Contains the configuration database file(s) for SYMAPI, CLARAPI, and STORAPI Includes licenses, avoidance, options, and server network files XML properties files for SYMAPI and STORAPI Contains log of significant events

Contents Binaries for executables Shared libraries Database engines

Directories /usr/storapi/storbin /usr/storapi/bin /usr/storapi/shlib /usr/storapi/shlib/sql/IBMUDB/ /usr/storapi/shlib/sql/INFORMIX/ /usr/storapi/shlib/sql/ORACLE/ /usr/storapi/shlib/sql/SYBASE/

Language interfaces /usr/storapi/interfaces/java/ /usr/storapi/interfaces/xml/c_xml/examples/ /usr/storapi/interfaces/xml/c_xml/include /usr/storapi/interfaces/xml/shlib/ /usr/storapi/interfaces/xml/java_xml/ /usr/storapi/interfaces/xml/java_xml/examples/ /usr/storapi/interfaces/xml/schemas /usr/storapi/interfaces/xml/jni/ SYMCLI manpages /usr/storapi/storman/man1 /usr/storapi/storman/man3 /usr/storapi/man/man1 /usr/storapi/man/man3 /usr/storapi/deamons/ /var/symapi/db/

Daemons Configuration database file(s) SYMAPI environment and system files XML Properties SYMAPI log files

/var/symapi/config

/var/symapi/interfaces/xml/java_xml/ /var/symapi/log

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EMC Solutions Enabler Installation Guide

Solutions Enabler Directories

Windows Directories
Table C-2 lists the default directories for Windows. Your directories may differ from this list since the location of these directories is configurable at installation.
Table C-2

Windows Directories Details STORCLI binaries SYMCLI binaries All shared libraries IBM database engine Oracle database engine SQL server database engine Java language interface XML examples for C programmers XML API header files XML shared libraries Jar files for XML XML examples for Java programmers XML schema files JNI examples and Java docs STORCLI manpages STORAPI manpages SYMCLI manpages SYMAPI and CLARAPI manpages Location of the database deamons Connecivity related binaries, data, and database libraries

Contents Binaries for executables Shared libraries Database engines

Directory c:\Program Files\EMC\SYMCLI\storbin c:\Program Files\EMC\SYMCLI\bin c:\Program Files\EMC\SYMCLI\shlib c:\Program Files\EMC\SYMCLI\shlib\sql\IBMUDB c:\Program Files\EMC\SYMCLI\shlib\sql\Oracle c:\Program Files\EMC\SYMCLI\shlib\sql\SQLSERVER

Language interfaces c:\Program Files\EMC\SYMCLI\interfaces\java c:\Program Files\EMC\SYMCLI\interfaces\xml\c_xml\examples c:\Program Files\EMC\SYMCLI\interfaces\xml\c_xml\include c:\Program Files\EMC\SYMCLI\interfaces\c_xml\shlib c:\Program Files\EMC\SYMCLI\interfaces\dotnet_xml\examples c:\Program Files\EMC\SYMCLI\interfaces\java_xml\examples c:\Program Files\EMC\SYMCLI\interfaces\schemas c:\Program Files\EMC\SYMCLI\interfaces\jni SYMCLI manpages c:\Program Files\EMC\SYMCLI\storman\man1 c:\Program Files\EMC\SYMCLI\storman\man3 c:\Program Files\EMC\SYMCLI\man\man1 c:\Program Files\EMC\SYMCLI\man\man3 c:\Program Files\EMC\SYMCLI\daemons c:\Program Files\EMC\SYMCLI\conn c:\Program Files\EMC\SYMCLI\conn\bin c:\Program Files\EMC\SYMCLI\conn\data c:\Program Files\EMC\SYMCLI\conn\etc c:\Program Files\EMC\SYMCLI\conn\nt_lib c:\Program Files\EMC\SYMAPI\db

Daemons Connectivity directories

Configuration database file(s)

Contains the configuration database file(s) for SYMAPI, CLARAPI, and STORAPI

Windows Directories

C-3

Solutions Enabler Directories

C
Table C-2

Windows Directories (continued) Details Includes licenses, avoidance, options, and server network files XML properties files for SYMAPI and STORAPI Contains log of significant events

Contents SYMAPI environment and system files XML Properties SYMAPI log files

Directory c:\Program Files\EMC\SYMAPI\config

c:\Program Files\EMC\SYMAPI\interfaces\xml\java_xml c:\Program Files\EMC\SYMAPI\log

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EMC Solutions Enabler Installation Guide

Index

A
AS/400 locking 3-13 autorun, CD-ROM 2-12 avoidance files 3-14

database locks 3-11 Digital UNIX issues A-7 Distributed Lock Manager, OpenVMS 3-12

E C
CD-ROM mounting in UNIX 2-2 unmounting from UNIX 2-10 Windows autorun 2-12 CIM Server configuration file 3-34 installation option 2-15 starting 3-31 stopping 3-31 CIM Server, starting and stopping 3-30 CIM user, creating 3-35 CLARiiON, discovery setup 3-32 CLI path, setting 3-6 client installs 1-5 Compaq issues A-7 component, enabling 2-11 environment variables, setting 3-5

F
files avoidance 3-14 license 3-4 network services 3-19 options 3-16 selection 3-14 semaphore locks 3-19

G
gatekeeper devices choosing 3-8 dedicated 3-9 definition 3-8 locks 3-11, A-2 sizing 3-10

D
daemon_options file 3-28 daemon_users file 3-27 daemons 3-25 setting to auto-start at boot B-1 starting 3-26 stopping 3-26 viewing 3-27 database file A-2

H
help path, setting 3-7 HP-UX issues A-2

I
installation help files 3-7
EMC Solutions Enabler Installation Guide

i-1

Index

man pages 3-7 mutexes for Windows NT 3-13 Novell NetWare 2-20 OpenVMS 2-19 rolling back 4-9 semaphore requirements for UNIX 3-11 UNIX 2-2 UNIX directories 2-4 Windows 2-12 instance identifier 3-27

installing in 2-20 uninstalling from 4-8

O
OpenVMS installing in 2-19 issues A-9 locking 3-12 unistalling from 4-7 optional behavior parameters 3-16 optional libraries installing in UNIX 2-6 installing in Windows 2-14 options file 3-16 Oracle multiple instances 3-23 Oracle on AIX issues A-13 Oracle remote server 3-23 OS/390 locking 3-13

J
Java interface component 2-8

K
kernel, S390 patch 2-10

L
license file 3-4 license keys 3-2 License Management Facility (LMF) invoking 3-3 Linux issues A-18 starting the SCSI generic driver 3-5 Linux on S390 installing the kernel patch 2-10 mounting the CD over a network A-18 lock file 3-19 locking AS/400 3-13 OpenVMS 3-12 OS/390 3-13 Windows 3-13

P
parameters, optional behavior 3-16 permissions, setting 3-5 private key, SSL 3-33 pseudo-devices, creating A-3 public key, SSL 3-33

R
requirements 1-3

S
s390ioctl.o module, inserting into the kernel 2-10 SCO UnixWare issues A-17 SCO UnixWare semaphores A-17 SCSI generic driver, starting 3-5 semaphore identifier 3-12 semaphores 3-11, 3-19, A-2 de-allocating 3-12 refreshing 3-12 requirements 3-12 Sequent DYNIX issues A-16 Sequent DYNIX semaphores A-16 server installs 1-5 Service Location Protocol (SLP) 3-36 SLP, configuraiton 3-36

M
man pages 3-7

N
NCR UNIX_SV issues A-15 NCR UNIX_SV semaphores A-15 netcnfg file 3-19 network services 3-19 Novell NetWare
i-2

EMC Solutions Enabler Installation Guide

Index

SMI Provider 3-30 installation option 2-15 parameters, runtime 3-31 Solutions Enabler components, enabling 2-11 SSL 3-33 certificate usage 3-33 configuring 3-33 private key 3-33 storapid daemon building a non_root user id file 3-27 Sun Solaris issues A-6 SYMAPI database, building 3-5 SYMAPI server 3-19 uninstalling 3-22 SYMAPI Server installs 1-5 symapinlck 3-19 symcfg discover command 3-5 symcfg discover command, error 2-10 SYMCLI 1-2 syminq command 3-8 sympd command 3-10

U
uninstall 4-2 UNIX CD-ROM mount commands 2-2 installation directories 2-4 installing in 2-2 mount point 2-3 uninstalling from 4-4 upgrade Novell NetWare 2-20 OpenVMS 2-19 rolling back 4-9 UNIX 2-2 Windows 2-12

W
WBEM Discovery 3-36 Windows installing in 2-12 issues A-19 locking 3-13 uninstalling from 4-6

T
temporary files 2-10

EMC Solutions Enabler Installation Guide

i-3

Index

i-4

EMC Solutions Enabler Installation Guide