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The term or phrase Professional ethics could be directly replaced by Professional responsibility which is exactly what it is supposed to imply. This is because a professional is usually positioned in places such that he/she has the authority to act in situations that other people cant but such decisions made by him may affect many people from the general public.

Case 1: Going beyond Ethics for Profit

National laws dictate that for every built piece of land, a reinforced wall needs to be built, using all structural design criteria to separate between buildings. To our surprise, while excavating the land for the project in hand, the neighboring fence wall collapsed. The engineer then asked for a compensation for the wall that fell as a result of the excavation. When investigating for the cause, it was found that the wall was not designed, engineered or reinforced and was just standing on the surface.

Ethical Analysis:
The engineer or the contracting firm built the wall out of normal masonry bricks. Any excavation is expected to cause a collapse to this wall as what actually happened. That may have happened as a result of: Carelessness or laziness of the engineer to design the wall and underestimating the consequences. To maximize profit by cutting down on reinforcement and appropriate footing construction. Apparently seem to have followed the law (by building a structure that looks like a wall), while cutting down his costs and tossing the responsibility to some one else, who was a victim of excavating the land next to his.

Case 2: Negligence, then attempt to cover up for the negligence

After the water stopper for the tank was installed, it was rejected by the owner representative on site and the job had to be repeated. That was because of improper installation in the first place. The consequences were that the kicker like structure had to be knocked down, a process known had to be made to ensure proper interlocking, and a 10 cm layer of concrete had to be poured over which new kickers were cast so the water stoppers would be installed. That caused a huge amount of losses to the contractor.

Ethical Analysis:
The following ethical issues were involved in this case: Negligence of the site engineer and failure to keep close eyes on the job. Probably happened during site engineers absence. The time he was not available on site was probably a very long duration since the job was almost complete when they repeated the job. The site engineer failed or was not keen enough to realize the flaws in the job even when after complete. Further worse, the site engineer was ready to submit the job as it is if not rejected by the owners representative.

Case 3:
Some engineers worked for clients without having a registered name and not being under any office. That is, the agreement occurs between clients and engineers directly without any official contract. When I asked about the reason, I was told that it was to avoid paying taxes and because they cant own an office before earning their Phds.

Ethical Analysis:
Failure to meet tax laws is illegal and should not happen in any case whatsoever the reason. The owner will have no one to turn to should something go wrong with the design or schedule. The whole agreement relies on mutual trust. Misuse of offices trust to the engineers advantage.