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Teachings of Sura Qadr : Mentioning the fact of the revelation of the Quran Majid and the dignity of the

night in which it was revealed Allah the ever gracious says that He has "revealed the Quran on the night of Qadr. And the dignity of "Shabe Qadr" is greater than that of one thousand months. Jibrail (Am) comes down to the earth along with other angels carrying Allah's orders complete peac stays on this night till sunrise. This Sura Teachers us : 1. Quran is Allah's message : The holy Quran is Allah's message. Allah revealed it on 'Shabe Qadr' and that the entire Quran was revealed on this night at a time. It is learnt from the Hadilh that the entire Quran was first revealed in a place named "BaituMzzah" of the first sky from the "Lauhe-Mahfuz" in this very night. Then by order of Allah it was revealed to Nabi Karim (Sm) gradually and according to necessity in twenty three years. 2. Lailatul Qadr: The night of the revelation of the Quran is a plorious and meaningful night. Decisions on all subjects are given very scientifically on this very night. There is a hint in the Hadith as to which night is "Shabe Qadr". The uneven night of the last ten days of the Ramazan is "Sahbe Qadr". And according to many scholars this night is the 27lh night of the month of Ramazan (At the end of the daytime of 26lh of Ramazan) 3. Thousand months can be gained Ibadat on this night: Ibadat on the "Lailatul Qadr" is better than the Ibadat for one thousand months. It is men tioned in the Hadith Sharif that all the part sins of a person who remains standing on this night for Ibadat with faith and hope for having good results form Allah will be pardoned. 4. Allah opens the doors of His graces : The angels and Jibrail (Am) come dowji to this earth on this gracious night. The carry felicitations, the happy message of peace from the Gracious Allah for His creation, the Human being. The Omnipotent Allah opens the doors of His graeets on this night. Tauba is usually accepted at this time. And a lot of reward/virtue can be gained fir the Ibadat done during this period. 5. Dignity only because the holy Quran : Lailatul Qadr has acquired so much dignity only because the holy Quran was revealed on this night. This shows that (he basic glory and dignity belong to the Quran Majid. There fore, the person, society and the nation that will up hold the Quran Majid with in them selves and will abide by its instructions will possess special dignity and honour. Conclusion: We come to know from this Sura the benefits/good effects and glory of Shabe Qadr'. We understood the significance of this hight we will try to gain Allah's nearness by worshipping mor and mor on this night. Q. 11. Qescribe the 'Shane Nuzul' and meaning of Sura 'Zilzal' 3+7=10 Or, Write down the meaning and teachings of Sura 'Zilzal' 6+4=10 This Sura reveald in Madina. The rumber of Ayat in this Sura is eight. This Sura has been named 'Zilzal' according to the last word of the first Ayat Zilzal (The earth quake). Shane-Nuzul (The back ground): Someone gave some food to a beggar and asksd "will there by any rewurd for this Small act"? Anther person used to consider the Small sins as insignificant. He did not pay any heed to them. Allah reveald this Sura and let all know that sin or virtue how big or Small it may be-reward or panishnmment will be given accordingly. The terrible earthquake which will take place before the doomsday (The Qiamat) and the accounts of worldly activities in the field of hoshar have been described in this Sura. There will be repeated earth quakes before the destruction of the earth will bring forth its internal huge pieces of gold, silver and minerals. S^einigg this situation, human beings will be scured and will ask each other as to what had happened to the earth that all its resources are being brought forth to day. The Sura was revealed inspiring human beings to live lives of justice and truth giving up greed and tust for wealth and riches of this temporal world. Translation/Meanings of Sura Zilzal: In the neme of Allah, the beneficent, the Merciful 1. When the earth will be shaken with its shaking. 2. And the earth will bring forth all its internal burdens. 3. And the Human beings will start saying "what has happened to this earth"? 4. One. that day, the earth will narreite its own story. 5. This is because your profectar will order it. 6. One that day Human beings will come out in different grapes, because they will be shown their own deeds.

7. The person who will do the slightest good thing will also see it himself. 8. And the person who will do the slightest bad thing will also see it himself. Teachings How will be the condition of the earth, after the blowing of the :pipe by Hazfat Israfeel (A)? How will the Human being sec the result of their worldly activities in the life hereafter? This Sura contains nice discussions on these topies. The world is short-lived. Life time of Human beings here is also short. But this temporal worldly life is very precious. All the big and Small activities of life are being recorded. After the dastruction of this world, it will be shaken again with great skoking. Then all the Human beings will rise up from their respective graves and assemble in the field of judgement. (Maidan of Hashar). Then everybody will come to see all his/her respective Small and big activities. We can learn from this Sura: 1. The description of the grave situation on the day of qiyamat. 2. The fact of coming out of the dead bodies from their graves after being alive on the day of qiyamat. 3. The fact of getting the result according to the respective activities of all the people . 4. Deeds ofliiV. conversations. Movements, all should be guided by shariat. 5. Physical strendi, man power, financial sound less-nothing will come to any use in the Akhirat. The wealth and riches, the main root of all sins will be useless in the next world. 6. dood activities, although very Small, should, not be neglected and avoided thinking them to be ting, This is because innumerable good activi ties of this nature, taken together will appear to be verly big good work to Allah. 7. We should not involve ourselves in any Small but sinful activity, taking it to be insignificant, because Small sinful activities lead Human beings to big sinful activities. The holy prophet (Sm.) in this conection, told Ha/xat Aisha (R) "Oh, Aisha. try to keep away from those sins which are regarded as Small because Allah will take accounts of these also (Musnad-e-Ahmad) Conclusion: We will always perform honest and sincere work. Then we will be able to enjoy the good result of it on the day of Qiyamat. : What is called Hadith? How many types of Hadith are there? Introduction: Hadith is the second important source of shariat. It is the explanation of the holy Quran. The basic principles which have been difeliiood in the holy Quran has been explained in Hadith by Hazrat (Sm). Ji'iOv.sj.edt Definiti&tv Hadith means speeches, messages or advice: In the language of sliariat the speeches, activities and the silent agreements of the great prophet (Sm) are culled Hadith. In the same way, the speeches, activities and the silent agreements of the Sahabis and the Tabiins are also called Hadith. The Types of Hadith: Hadith is the second source of Shariat. It was not kept written on any thing during the great prophet's life time as was done in the case of the holy Quran. Later on. different Muhaddis have collected them from different sources applying different methods. Therefore. Hadith has been classified into different categories from different point of views. There are as follows : A) Originality : Form the view point of their origin Hadith are of three kinds. These are as follows. 1. Qawli Hadith : The speeches or messages which have come from the mouth of the holy prophet (Sm) are called "Qawli Hadith" or speech based Hadith. 2. Fili Hadith : The activities which the great prophet (Sm) has done in the capacity of being Rasul, are called 'Fili Hadith' or activity based Hadith. 3. Taqriri Hadith : The sayings and doings of the Sahabis as regards Shariat in presence of Hazrat Muhammad (Sm) who did not oppose them, rather he acknowledged his agreement by keeping silent, are called 'Taqriri Hadith' or agreement based Hadith. B) Sanad or Describeis : In view of the Sanad or describers Hadith are of three kinds. They are as following:

1. Marfu Hadith : Descriptions of those Hadith which reached upto the Allah's Rasul (Sm) from different sources are called 'Marfu Hadith'. 2. Mawquf Hadith : The Hadith whose sources of descriptions could be traced up to the Sahabis. are called the 'Mawquf Hadith'. 3. Maqtu Hadith : The Hadith whose sources of descriptions could be traced upto the Tabieens. are called 'Maqtu Hadith'. C) Authenticity (genuinness): From authenticity point of views1 Hadith are of four kinds which are as follows. 1. Sahih Hadith : Sahih means faultless. The Hadith whose describers are just, truthful, faultless are called "Sahih Hadith". 2. Hasan Hadith : Hasan means good. The Hadith whose describers were a bit weak in sharp memory are called "Hasan Hadith". 3. Jayeef Hadith : Jayeef means weak. The Hadith whose describers were not as religious as the describers of Sahih or Hasan Hadith were, are called "Jayyef Hadith". 4. Mawju Hadith : Mawja means fictitious or fabricated (untrue). The Hadith which were tried to be preached as Hadith by the conspirators for their own interest, are called Mawju Hadith. These are actually not Hadith. D) Number of Describers : As per the number of the describers Hadith are of two kinds. They are as follows. 1. Mutawatir Hadith : The Hadith whose describers are many in number in every stages and every ages and for which agreement on falsehood is impossible, are called "Mutawatir Hadith". 2. Ahad Hadith : The Hadith whose describers were not as many as it was in the case of Mutawatir Hadith, are called Ahad Hadith. E) Hadith Qudsi: There is another kind of Hadith which is called "Hadith Qudsi". The basic fact type about this Hadith is that whatever has messages that have' been received from Aflah which the holy prophet (Sm) has let his own language, are called "Hadith Qudsi". Conclusion : Acquiring knowledge on the above mentioned classification of Hadith is very much important. If not, it will not be possible to follow the teachings of Hadith properly. Without learning Hadith, it is difficult to understand the holy Quran properly. So every Muslim should learn Hadith correctly carefully. Q.13. : What are called Halal and Haram? Explain with example. 3+7=10 [B.B.20O5, Ct. B 1999, S.B. 20O2| tns:| Introduction: The world is a laboratory for Human being. The life in this world is temporary while the life in hereafter will be infinite. Human beings are tested here in the light of Islam which is the complete code of life. To test Human being Allah, the Almighty, has made some objects Halal and some others Haram for them. Definition of Halal: The dictionarical meaning of Halal is legitimate or legal. In the Islamic terminology, Those matter and activities whose legality is proved clearly.by the Quran and the Hadith, are called Halal. The activities or objects whose proof of being Halal is available in the Quran and Hadith are called Hala! Bayin or clear Halal. Allah says in this regard : C^Y^ ^ % ^. \'j ^LJI ^ t, "OhH&manbeings, eat the halal and good things of this world." (Sum Baqara : 168) Hall things are innumerable. So they can not be listed. Allah says in this regard, "If you count the Niamat of Allah, you can not finish counting tliem " (Sum Ibrahim: 34) There fore it is clear that the question of Halal is related with two issues. These are discussed below with examples. Examples of Halal relating to activities: 1. All the Human activities which have not been made haram or illegal in the sariat. 2. Trade and commerce in the way as has been approved by the shariat. 3. Job, Service, marriage and all other worldly activities as are approved by the shariat. Examples of Halal relating to food : 1. The meat of all halal animals such as cows, goats, sheep, camels, deer, fowls, ducks, pegions, fish etc. is halal on condition that they are slaughtered in name of Allah.

2. All the pure edible things are halal. Allah says in this regard, "O Human beings, eat the halal and good things of this world (Sura Ba ;ara: 168) Definition of Haram: The dictionaries meaning of Haram is prohibited or illegal. In Islamic terminology, the matter and activities which are prohibited by the clear instructions of the Quran andSiinnah and which are definitely avoidable and worth giving up, are called haram. It is a serious sin to do haram things knowingly. And to regard haram as halal or halal as haram is kufr Gumbling, housey, lottery are haram in the eyes of Shariat. These are bad and satanic acts. Allah said this regard : ^J| J ^ ; '_J, ^^ "Oh pious people, drinking wine, gambling worshipping images etc. are the evil acts of devils. Therefore keep away from this things So that you achieve welfare." (Sura Maida : 90) Examples of Haram: . The number of halal objects is innumerable. But the number of haram objects is limited. A list of haram objects and activities are given below. 1. It is haram to eat the meat of dead animals. But to eat dead fish is halal. 2. The blood which flows an animal is slaughtered is haram. But the blood which remains in the meat of the halal animals is not haram. 3. To eat pork is haram. 4. To eat Human flesh is haram. 5. The meat of the animals which are sacrificed in the names of the gods and goddesses is haram! is. 6. To eat the meat of the animals killed by strangulation, chopping, throwing down from high places or by a blunt weapon is haram.Blood does not flow in this way and this is absolute cruelty. 7. The meat of ferocious animals, like the lion, the tiger, the fox, tlie dog etc. is haram. 8. The animals which are generally unholy and live on dead animals are also haram thechil etc. is haram. 9. To eat the meat of the animals like the vulture, the crow etc. which are unholy and live on dead animals, is haram. 10. To eat the meat of the animals like the snakes, the scorpions which are troublesome, poisonous and harmful, is haram. 11. To eat the meat of donkey, the mule and the elephant is also haram. 12. To drink the things wine, opium, heroin etc. which cause defects in the brain and intoxication is haram. Conclusion : Halal is approval of Allah, while the Haram is His disapproval. So the things and activities which have been made halal in the shariat should be accepted and the things which have been made haram should be avoided. There lies thes Taqwa or the fear of Allah by the Mumins. Q.14. What is called Hadith? How many types of Hadith are there? Narrate the importance and necessity of Hadith? [B.B.2005, DB.99, CB.99 Ct.B 2003| Or, What do you mean by AlHadith? Narrate different kfnds of Hadith. . [Sb.20Ql, BB.2QQ4, DB.2Q05] Ans: Introduction: Hadith means speech or massage. The place of Hadith is just next to the holy Quran, A brief of these are as follows : Hadith : Hadith is an Arabic word. It means speeches or in the language of Shaiat the messages, activities and the silent agreements of the great prophet (Sm) are called Hadith. In the same way, the speeches, activities and the silent agreements of the Sahabis and the Tabiins are called Hadith. Classification of Hadith : According to the subject matters Hadith is of three types. That is, (a) Qawli (b) Fi'li (c) Taqriri (a) Qawli Hadith : Each and every message coming out of the mouth of the holy prophet (Sm) is called 'Qawli Hadith' or 'Message based' Hadith. Prophet (Sm) said : jU* SL*Ji J>ju V "On who cuts of relationship with the relatives, will not enter into the Jannaf." (b) Fi'li Hadith:

The activity which the great prophet (Sm) himself has done in the capacity of being Rasul are called Fi'li or 'Activity based' Hadith for Example: Hazat Abu Musa (R) it has been mentioned, "I have seen the prophet (Sm) eating chicken." (c) Taqriri Hadith : The Taqriri or agreement-based Hadith are those which the Sahabis used to say about Shariat and do in presence of the great prophet (Sm) who did not oppose them or who acknowledged his agreement by keeping silent. According to San ad or Sources of Hadith describes. Hadith can be divided into three types ' ' (i) Marfu : Descriptions of those Hadith which reached upto Allah's Rasui (Sm) from different sources are called'Marft/Hadith,' -.' (ii) Mawquf : The Hadith whose sources of description cqu&l be traced upto the Sahabis are called the 'Mawquf Hadith'. (iii) Maqtu : The Hadith whose, the sources of description coufd be traced upto the Tabieen are called the 'Maqtu Hadith'. Hadith Qudsi: There is another kind of Hadith which is called the 'Hadith'Qudsi'. In this type of Hadith, whatever messages have been received from Allah, the holy prophet (Sm) has let his Ummat know in his own language. The importance of Hadith : Hadith is the second source of Islamic laws. Its place is next to the holy Quran. It is the explanation of the Quran Majid. A lot of things are mentioned in the holy Quran in brief. Hadith contains the detailed descriptions of these things. For example, it is said in the holy Quran about sal.at (prayer) and zakat : "Establish the practice of prayer and pay zakat." But we can learn the description from Hadith about how to establish the practice of prayer and pay zakat. The importance of Hadith in our lives is enormous for this reason. Allah the most Beneficent said : "Accept what the Rasui (Sm) gives you. And refrain yourself from what he has prohibited" (Hashar : 7) " The great prophet (Sm) has taught us in practice (with demonstration) about how to abide by the religious rules and regulations, He saud, : "You should pray in the same way as you have seen me praying." So, it is very essential for us to learn Hadith. Necessity of Hadith : Allah, the merciful has described all the orders; restrictions, principles, rules and regulations of Islamic Shariat in the Quran Majid. The directions, basic rules and instructions of Shariat have been described very briefly in it. The great prophet (Sm) used to give necessary explanations to implement these short directions and instructions. These explanations and analyses made by the prophet (Sm) are Hadith. For example, orders to establish Salat (prayers) have been given in the Quran Majid. But detailed descriptions as to how many times a day we are required to pray, how many Rakats are to be prayed at each time and how to pray in each Rakat are not given in the holy Quran. In the same way, the matter ofjakat is told in the holy Quran. But in it no mention has been made as to the quantity of jakat to be given. The descriptions of the rules and regulations given by the great prophet (Sm), as per the desire of Allah are the Hadith. This is way, the importance of the Hadith is as enormous as that of the Quran. Allah, the omnipotent said in the regard : "Accept those that the Rasul (Sm) gives you and keep away from those that he prohibits." (Sura Hashar : 7) The great prophet (Sm) himself, hinting at the necessity of the Hadith said : "I am leaving two things amongst you. As long as you hold these two things tight. You will not lose your way. One is 'Allah's Quran and the other is the 'Sunnah' of His Rasul (Sm)" (Mishkat). As each and every Ayat and direction of the Quran gives light to Human beings leading them towards the right way, in the same way, the Hadith of Rasul (Sm) leads the entire mankind towards the path of Justice, truth and peace. As the Quran is ever true, so is Hadith. In this connection, it is declared in the Quran Majid : "Say, do as Allah and His Rasul say. If you do not do so, then know it, Allah does not like the Kafirs" (Sura Al-lmran : 32)

The great prophet (Sm) in his speech on the occasion of his last pilgrimage directed the Muslim Ummat and said, "It is the duty of those who are present he to convey my message to those who are not present today." (Buskari) Conclusion : It is proved in the context of the above discussion that the necessity of the great prophet's (Sm) Hadith in the lives of mankind is beyond any question. We will try to memorize the Hadith, know its meaning and adopt of all sectors of our lives. /" I--""" - Q. 15, What do yoW understand by 'Sihah Sittah'? Write down the titles of the books on 'Pure Hadith', Uns : Introduction Hadith means speech or message. In the terminology of Shariat, the speech, activities and approval of the great prophet (Sm) are called Hadith, Sihah Sittah: The renowned Hadith books are three hi number.'These are called at a time Sihah Sittah. "Sihah" means exclusive and Sittah means six. In this six books the Sahih Hadiths of the great prophet (Sm) are collected, that is why these are called Sihah Sittah. A brief description of these are as follows: 1. Sahih Bukhari: Sahih Bukhari is the most exclusive book amongst the Hadith books. .It is the most exclusive book just after the holy Quran. The name of its compiler is Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn ISmail Bukhari (R). He compiled it selecting from six lac Hadiths. It is divided into 30 paras (parts). 2. Sahih Muslim : The name of its compiler is Abul Hasain Muslim Ibn Hajjaj (R). He compiled it selecting from three iac Hadiths, Its place is next to Sahih Bukhari in the sight of exclusiveness. 3. Sunatie Nasai: The name of its compiler is Ahmad Ibn Shuaib Nasai. The place of Nasai Sharif is just next to Bukhari and Muslim. . 4. Sunan Abu Dawood : The name of its compiler is Abu Dawood Sulaiman Ibn Ashas. He compiled it selecting from five as Hadiths. The process of its placement is of very high quality. 5. Jame Tirmiji : The name of its compiler is Isa Muhammad Ibn Isa Tirmijh. He commented about his book "The person in whose house would be the book', should think that the noble prophet (Sm) is present in his/her house and he himself is speaking in the house. 6. Sunane Ibn Majah : -The name of its compiler-is Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Yeazid Ibn Majah, It has an honourable place amongst the Hadith books. flf.16. $fiat is called 'Ijma'? when did 'Ijma'? When did 'Ijma' originate? 4+6 V^ ;" [C.B.2005,D.B.2002CL.B 2000| Or, What is 'Ijma'? When did 'Ijma' originate? How many typs of Rukons of gjma? what are they? jB.B.lW |Ans;l Introduction : 'Ijma' is the third source of Islamic Shariah. Its place is immediately after the Quran and the Sunnah. That on which all learned companions or a majority of the companions agreed was termed Ijma. They are definition, origin and Rukans as follows; Definition of Ijma: [jma comes from Jam'un or Jama'al meaning collecting, Ittifaq or consensus or gathering together or unanimity. In the terminology of the theologians, Ijma means a consensus of opinion of the companions of the prophet or Muslim jurists (Mujtahids) on a question of law. There, is a great deal of difference with regard to its exact meaning and application, and others hold that Ijma is consensus opinion of the Muslim jurists of a particular age. Some hold it, however, to mean the agreed opinion of the jurists of the first centuries. It can bee seen from what is narrated below that Ijma means a consensus or majority of opinions of the Muslim Jurists at a particular time and of a particular generation. The question is however different whether an Ijma of the first century is binding upon an Ijma of the second century or vice versa. Iman Malek confines Ijma to

Medina people; Whicle the shias confine it to the decisions of Hazrat Aij and his descendats. The greatest saint Hazrat Abdui Qadir Jilani says "It is the duty of a believer to follow Sunnat and Jama' at. .Sunnat is what the Prophet illustrated and Jama'at is upon what the companions of the prophet agreed." Another author says: The people of Sunnat and Jam'at are those who follow the ways of the prophet and his companions with whom Allah was pleased. The great learned ShairWaliullah of Delhi says : Jjma of the companions is correct from the first of them to the last of them and Ijma of compainons' Successors is correct from the first of them to the last of them, and Ijma of the Tab'e Tabeyins is correct from the first of them to the last of them. Ijma has been used here as I have noted above. Mr. Ameer AH holds : Ijmul Ummat implies concordance. Under this collective name are included all apostolic jaws, explanations, glosses and decisions of the leading of the p.ophet, their successors and the principle jurists on theological, civil and criminal matters. Maulana Muhammad AH say : "Ijma is essentially Ijtihad with this distinction that it is Ijtihad on which all or the majority of the Mujtahids of certain generation are agreed." It will thus appear that Ijma has got no reference to a particular age, but it is the consensus of oyinion on a particular subject of the Muslim Jurists in a particular age. Ijma may, therefore, be construed to mean .the sayings, doings, and approbations of the jurists in a particular age. If a thing is done without opposition by the jurists, it acquires the force of law or lima. The origin Of Ijmfl : Muslim society was never inert, inactive and stagnant. This society was always dynamic. When such problems as those whose solutions were not found in the holy Quran, arose during the life time of the great prophet (Sm.) he used to solve them after discussion with the renowned Sahabis (followers). After his death in the ages of khulal'a-e-Rashideen if there were any such problems as having no solutions in the ijuran and the Sunnath, They (Khulafa-e-Rashideen) would solve them after taking , jpinion of the chief Sahabis (followers). During the period of Hazvat Umar (R.A) :ortseusus of the sahabis on many issues was established. For example, by 'Ijma' of he Sahabis. the practice of twenty Rakats of Tarabih prayers in cpngregations on the lights of the month of Ramazan was introduced at that time. New problems were ilso solved in the same way during the period of the Tabiyee. Two Rukons of 'Ijma' I, Azimat: Azimat means determination. It is the determination of the Mtijtahid to say hat they have agreed on some issues or to devote themselves collectively to work if t is an issue related to that work. L Rukhsat: Rukhsat means permission. The majority of the Mujtahid have to agree on, a rcrtain issue and the rest of the Mujtahids have to keep silent on the same issue for ypto three days This silence is the sign of consensus. fonclusion : Conecet documents can be finalized regarding shariat by Ijma'. Ijma cannot e opposed in any way the prophet (Sm) Said : What the Muslims think to be good is also good to Allah" k further said: My followers will not agree on any wrong issue." So Ijma is document." Q.17. What is the meaning of 'Qiyas'? Describe 'Qiyas' 3+7=10 [Ci.B.2005, C.B.2002 3.B 2002| Or, What is the Meaning of 'Qiyas? How many principles are ther Imams used to apply Qiyas? Narrate jJ.B.2000| Ans: Introduction : The world is a ever changing. New questions come up with the changing cireumstanees of the world. New problems are being created and different complexities are cropping up. Islam is capable of facing these problems and answering the questions arising of Che time, This is because Islam is dynamic system of life. Apart from this, Allah, the Creator of this universe, is the Maker of laws of Islamic Shariat. he is quite aware of the present and future of Human beings. As a result, the basic ideas of Shariat have been presented in the Quran and the Hadith in such a way that the future problems can be solved in the light of these ideas. And thir is what is Qiyas. As a document of Shariat the status of Qiyas is next to that of Ijma. Meaning of Qiyas : Qias is the fourth source of Islamic laws. The dictionary meaning of the term Qiyas is to measure guess and compare. In the terminology of Shariat, Qiyas is to apply the previous decisions.'Allah the merciful said in this regard in the holy Quran: "Oh wise people, learn through your deep thought and wisdom".

Allah. The greatest has directed (the thinkers) to do'Qiyas' or measure some objects with other equivalent objects in this Ayat. Qiyas is only applicable to the cases where direct solutions in the Quran. Sunnah and Ijma1 are not available. Here is an example : When Allah's Rasul (Sm) sent asked him. "How will you take decisions when anyproblem will arise?" He answeres, "According to the holy book of Allah." Allah's Rasul (Sm) said, "And if you don't find it there?" He replied,. "According to Rasul's (Sm) Sunnah then." He again asked, "If you do not find it there too?" He then replied that he would decide by using his own conscience and intelligence. Then Allah's Rasu! (Sm) said, "All the praises be to Allah Who made him reply in such words through His messenger as His Rasul (Sm) was pleased." Principles ofQiyas : * The Sahabis (the followers) of Allah'^,Rasul (Sm) used to do Qiyes and solve the newly cropped up problems is-the light of the' Quran and Sunnah. The Imams used to apply Qiyes in the light of the following principles: (a) Qiyes would not be against the Quran, Hadith and Ijma. (b) Formulation of any rule against the basic rules introduced through the Quran, Hadith and Ijma is outside the domain of Qiyas. i (c) The basic principles of Qiyas should be within the limit of Human knowledge, (d) Qiyes is not applicable to those issues whose solutions were found through the Quran, Hadith and Ijma. This Qiyas is based on three considerations - Istehsan or equitable point of view Isteslah or from the point of view of public good and Istedlal or from the customs, usages and unpepealed laws of the former revealed relogions. These are principles of justice, equity and good conscience. Imam Abu Hanifa has therefore made.an important contribution to the domain of law by introducing these principles of equity. Conclusion : These customs and usages have the force of law unless prohibited, because the principle is that everything should be regarded as permissible Unless expressly prohibited. These afterwards acqired the force of Ijma. ! Q.18. How many types of 'Ahkam' of Shariat are there? What are they? I Describe. [DB.2004, RB.2005 CB 1999] Or, What is called 'Ahkame-Shariat are there? What are they? [JB. 1999J |Ans:| Ahkam-e-Shariat: Islam is a complete and permanent code of life. Allah and His prophet (Sm) imposed the rules and regulations of Islam. This rules and regulations are called the 'Shariat' and Ahkam are some of their own terminologies. Islamic Shariat has also its 'own terminologies. It is possible to realize the phase-wise importance of the rules and regulations of Islamic Shariat/Ahkame Shariat through these terminologies. The terminologies of Shariat are four, i.e. (I) Farz (2) Wajib (3) Sunnah and (4) Mustahab. We will now discuss these terminologies in detail. l.Farz: * There are certain rules of shariat which Must be obeyed. To discard those with negligence is an act at faithlessness. And not adhering to these, out of idleness is strongly punishable. Rules and regulations of this kind or called 'Farz'. The activities which according to the documents of the Quran and the sunnah must be performed and not subject to violation, are called Farz. Farz activities can not be discarded in any way. It is a big sin not to perform the 'Farze-Ain and Farz-e-kifaya. Kinds of Farz: It is of two kinds : (a) Farz-e-Ain and (b) Farz-^e-kifaya. (a) Farz-e-Ain : The Farz aclivities which each Muslim has to perform individually are called Farz-e-Ain. Farz-e-Ain Can not be left out without any reasonable Salat five times a day, to observe Saum dursning the month of Ramazan, to pay Zakat etc. It is a serious sin not to adhere to the Farz -e-Ain. (b) Farz-e-kefaya : It some Muslim in a society perform an activitity which is obliatory on all the Muslims the rest are not liable for it, Activities of this kind'are t\nlrd 'Farz-e-kefaya. Farz-e-kefaya which is an obligatory duty on all Muslims with *nis .eservation that if some Muslims would perform it, others would be absolved rrom sin, but if nobody does it, all will be guilty of equal sin of such as to attend a Janaza prayer. Jihad etc. 2. Wajib : Wajib is near to Farz and must be obeyed, ft is not proved by the absolute document or the Quran. It is aJso an injuntion of the Quran, but not in clear terms with convincing proof. As Wajib is near to Farz, it must be performed. It any body dose not obey Wajib. he/she will not be a kafir but it will be a serious sin. It is

essential to give "Sijdah Sahu" in case of giving up the wajib activities in salat. other wise, it-is wajib to pray again It is wajib to say Eidul Fitr. Eidul Azha and Witr Salat. 3. Sunnat: The activities whicli oughtXv be performed by the Muslims as directed by the .-great prophet (Sm) and his sahabis (R) are called sunnat. There are Some acts which the great prophet (Sm) himself performed and which he insisted that His Ummat Should perform; but he did not introduce the provision of panishment for not performing them. These acts are known as the prophets (Sm) Sunnah. . , . Kinds of Sunnat: Sunnat is of two kinds : {a),Sunnat-e-Muakkada And (b) Sunnat-e-Zaida or Gair Muakkada (a) Sunat-e-Muakkada : The Ibadat which the great prophet (Sm) always used to perform by himself and insisted on others performing are called sunnat-e-Muakkada. Since it is neat the wjild it should be per formed. It is a sin to give up sunat-eMuakkada without any reason: For example, to Azan say Eqamat, Prayer for two' Rakats before Farz of Fajr prayer etc. (b) Sunnat-e-Gair Muakkada : The activities which the great prophet (Sm) Sometines used to perform and scrutinies gave up and did not insist on doing are called Sunnat-e-Gair Muakkada. For example; to say prayer for four Rakats befor Farz of A'sr and Isha prayers is Sunnat-e-Grair Muakkada. 4. Mustahab : Allah's Rasul (Sm) has inspired his Ummat to perform. some:activities. it is a virtue to perform these activities, but there js no sin four rakats befor Farz of A'sr and Isha prayers is SunnaC-c-Grair Muakkada. . . .,, Ibadat in addition to Farz, Wajib and Sunnaf are regarded as Mustahab, Mustahab is also known as "Nafal" or "Mandub" Nafal is an optional thing. For example, Salat of Tahazzud, Ishraq etc. Conclusion : We know the Ahkame sliariat are there kinds. We will understand the terminology of shariat. We will adopt it our lives. Th.en our lives will be fine. Q. Write down the meaning and teaching of the following Hadith. |Ans : .(L*JI*V) -UJU b JUi tfl UJI Meaning : "(The results of) all activities are dependent an the intentions. "{Biiskhari) Teachings: There is at least some purpose behind every action of Human beings. Nobody does any work without any purpose. We can learn about the nature of the purposes or objectives of our work from this Hadith. Success of work depends o'i the intention (Niyyal). Honest intentions bring good results. No good can be achieved from any work, if the intentions are not good. For example, it is described in the latter part of this Hadith that a person gains the pleasure of Allah and His Rasul (Sm). If he/she travels (goes on Hizrat) for Allah and His Rasuls (Sm) pleasure. And if a person travels for having any worldly material gain or for marrying any woman, he will gain exactly that. For example, a woman named Umme Qais accepted Islam and travelled to Madina. Then 'an unknown person travelled to Madina with the intention of marrying that woman. Hearing this news, the great prophet (Sm) narrated this important Hadith. One can gain a virtue (Sawab) whenever one intends to do some good work. For the importance of this intention (Niyyat), heaven (Jannat) for the pious (Mumin)-' and hell (Jahannam) for the sinners (Kafirs) have been earmarked. ] Q. Write down the meaning and teaching of the following Hadith. Antj fay'y*yy&\'*^tiy^\^ Meaning : "Islam is based on five pillars, to give evidence that there is no god but Allah and Muhammad (Sm) is'Allah's Rasul, to establish prayers (Salat), to give Jakat, to perform Hajj (the pilgrimage) and. to fast during the month of Ramazan." (Buskhari and Muslim) Teachings: The great prophet (Sm) mentioned fundamentals of Islam in this Hadith. Islam does not become complete without coordination of these five objects. Faith in Allah & Rasul (Sm) is one of these five pillars. In this

Hadith, Islam has been compared with a tent made of five pillars. The pillar in the middle of the tent is very important. This pillar is the faith in Allah and Rasil (Sm). The other pillars of the tent are also very essential. A tent remains standing when all these pillars are present. For want of one. the others fall down. For becoming a complete Muslim, coordination of these five things within oneself is essential for everybody. Inthis Hadith all kinds of physical Ibadat (worships) are hinted at by mentioning. Salat (prayers) and Saum (fasting). And Salat is such an Ibadat which prevents Human beings from all sorts of obscene and unfor activities. Salat is the pillar of rehfion. Saum is such a physical Ibadat which is done for expressing allegiance to Allah only. Those is no possibility of any Ria (display) in it. By mentioning Jakat such kinds of Ibadat are made to understand that people perfirm by spending wealth and with it express gratitude to Allah. Therefor, it is essential to express our gratitude to the Almighty through our mouth, body and wealth. Q. Write down the meaning and teaching of the following Hadith. . . [RB.20Q5.DB.2001I . |Ans :| (*U Ji) -Lis. j jl $\ fiia fc i^ Meaning : "The person who has learnt the holy Quran himself and has taught others is the best amongst you." (Ibn-Mazah) Teaching: The Quran Majid is the message of Allah the greatest. It is the source of all knowledge and science and Hedayst (rectification). It is the proper guide to the mankind and the preserver and carrier of Human welfare in the earthly world and the world hereafter. We arerequired to learn and know how to acquire this invaluable wealth of the holy Quran. In this Hadith the learner of the holy Quran has been mentioned as more honourable than any other learner. Because, he has devoted himself to acquiring knowledge of such a book in which there is no scope of any doubt. This book will improve his character and release him from greed and lust, jealousy and malice, and beastly behaviour. This will make him sympathetic towards the poor, distressed and the helpless people. This will inspire him to struggle for eradicating injustics and oppression form society. In the same way, the teacher who devotes himself to the teaching of the holy Quran is the best teacher in society. The analysis of history shows that the teachings of the Quran have salvaged a nation drowned at the extreme bottom of darkness. They (teachings) brought it to the light of knowledge from the darkness of illiteracy (jaheHiyyat). The people of this nation were once regarded as great teachers of the world. The darkness of Europe has been removed by the very light of the Quran. The Muslim society can achieve greatness in the world even today by devoting themselves to the study, teaching and research of the Quran, and by applying its (the Quran's) teachings in their own lives. Therefore, We will learn the Quran and engage ourselves in the task of teaching it. [Q. Write down the meaning and teaching of the following Hadith. |DB. 2004,2000] EnO u^ji JL-JI }i > ii* yr LJ ^ ;,>_ 31 u > > >; ^ ^ (uU Jiai) -OJJ? O ij jlf '111 Meaning ; "If a Muslim plants a tree or grows a crop and if a bird or a man or four-footed animal eats that it will be regarded as the alms or gift for him." (Bukhari and Muslim) Teachings : This Hadith of the great prophet (Sm) is an epochmaking. Hadith in the field of socio-economic development of Human society. In this Hadith the great prophet (Sm) has encouraged us for planting trees and farming. Because, these two are the most essential things for all Human beings in one way or another depend on treeplantation and cultivation of agricultural fields. JThis Hadith has taught us that plantation of frees is pious and virtuous work. There is no shame in it. In the same way. producing crops is virtuous work. Whoever is benefited by this, the work of the labourers does not go in vain. Rather he acquires virtue (Sawab) in exchange for this. We will plant more trees, take care of there and try to produce more crops in the fields. Q. Write down the meaning and teaching of the following Hadith. (U.H.;OOID.B. 2OOO) | Meaning: The marks or features of a hypocrite are three : "He lies when he speaks. He breaks the promise he makes and he misappropriates what is placed in his custody." (Bukhari and Muslim). Source and sumary : This Hadith has been taken from the holy kitab Bukhari and Muslim. This hadith has been described from Hazrat Abu-Huraira (R) who was a great shahabi and described more hadith. Teaching:

The character of the hypocrites has been exposed in this hadith. Three terrible . short comings are seen in their character. Ijaa ( ) means 'When" using Ijaa before each characteristics, it is meant that each of them are different. That means it any one does any of these he/she becomes Munafiqs and their characteristics are "Ttruthfidness gives cman cipation and falsehood brings destruction ". About this the prophet (Sm) Says: a) Always tell lies b) Break promises , c) Misappropniates what is placed in his custody. 1. Always tell lies : "He/she tells He when he/she speaks" A lie is the root of all evils. Lies destroy the Human beings. Liars are heated in society, in Quran Mazid it is stayed in Sura 'Sauf by Allah: , ; --,,., ,: ,i- ,- \u,' .".,,>> -$1 jJUifllW y jti 01 *"' JJ* \SAA jS "It is most hateful in the sight of Allah that you say that which you do not "(Saff-03) In another Hadith it is mentioned by Nabikarim (Sm) that: "Truthfidness gives, emancipation and falsehood brings dectruction." About this the prophet (Sm) says : "Be truthful. Because truthfulness leads towards the path ofvirrces and virtues lead towards the path of heaven. Because lies move fawards wrong doings and wrong doings move foward Jahannam." When a person tills lie then he is written to Allah as a liar. So, it is must avoided by muslim." . ' 2. Break promises : Breaking promises is a dangerous fault. The person who breaks promises can never achieve success in any work. He faces big problems in business and commerce, tranactions etc. The great prophet (Sin) Said, "The person who does not keep his promise, has no religion at all". It is one kind of lie to break promise. But it is mentioned seperately because breaking promise is greater sin than telling lies. Allah said in this regard:' "You- always keep your promises Because you will be asked about these". (Sura Bani Is rail) So, all the muslims have to save promise 3. Misappropriates what is placed in his custody : Cheating at the thing placed in one's custody is a serious disgusting thing . Nobody has any respect for the person who is engaged in SilCh activity. The holy prophet (Sm) has said : ,, "The person who does not maintain trust has no complete faith" , Again Allah said: "Of course Allah instructs you. You to renern the deposited things to the owner lir property " (Sura An-Nisa: 58). We must appropriate treasures. Because it is a part of Iman. The person who misappropriates measures become munafiq and the place of munafiq is at the lowest level of Jahannam. Allah Said: J -, ., ^ , "The place of the Munafiqs is certainly at the lowest liea of Jahannam." (Suran Nisa: 145). Conclusion : The speech, activity and intention of a hypocrite have been hirted at by mentioning these three traits of him. It co- ordination of these three traits takes place in a person she/he becomes a real hypocrite. He/she will have to face serious consequences. We will always save ourselves from hypocrisy. We will try to lead our lives as pious Mumins. Q. Write down the meaning and teaching of the following Hadith. 4+6=10 [JB.2005.DB. 2002,CB,2002] |Ans:| Meaning : "Every created being is Allah's near and dear one. Therefore, he is the dearest to Allah who has helped his family." (Baihaqi) Teachings : The whole of the universe is like Allah's family. He rears all and provides for them. He did not make all His creation equal. This is His test Amongst the members of His family, the person who is kind to His creation is dearer to Him. Human beings, animals livestock and birds are all His creation. This Hadith inspires us to be kind to all the creation of Allah. Allah graces the person who graces Allah's creation.

Human being is the best of all the created beings, i.e. Ashraful Makhluqat. For this reason they have to be kind to other living beings. Kindness to lives is in fact a great vertue also. Therefore We have to be kind to all the objects of this universe. Q. 23. Write down the meaning and teaching of the following Hadith. IJB.2Q05.DB.2QO2.CH.2002] Meaning : "Help your brother, even if he is an oppressor or an oppressed. If he is an oppressor, try to prevent him from oppressing others : And if he is an oppressed, help him (save him) from the cruelty of oppressor." [Hazrat Zabir (R), Durami] Teaching: In this Hadith Allah's prophet (Sm) has directed us to help both the oppressor and the oppressed. He termed both the oppressor ad the oppressed as brothers of Muslims. It is a duty of a Muslim to save his brother from danger. When a 'MaziunV (an innocent helpless victim) or an oppressed person is a prey to oppression, his brother can never keep quiet and sit idle. He must oppose and resist it. Because, a Muslim nation is a just nation. They have been created to establish justice and resist injustice. It is his religious duty to resist the injustice with all his might, ability and strength when any unjust or hateful incident takes place in' society. For this, he has to struggle and fight it out, if necessary. We have a responsibility to even the person who is an oppressor and oppresses others. Because, he is our brother. His oppression has to be hated, but the oppressor can not be hated, Rather his character has to be rectified. The prophets, Rasuls and the great men have thus eradicated oppression from society and turned the oppressor into a good person. Therefore, we will try to rectify the oppressors, terrorists and the bad people in our society and come forward to helping the oppressed and helpless persons. Q. Write down the meaning and teaching of the following Hadith. fCB.Q2, DB 03] \ns : Meaning : "A Muslim is the brother of another Muslim. He can neither oppress him, nor hand him over to the enemy. Allah fulfil the need of the person who tries to fulfil the need of his Muslim brother." (Bukhari and Muslim, Hazrat Abdullah Ibn Umar (R) Teaching: Muslims are brothers to each other. Islam directs that one will help the other in times of danger, save his prestige, honour, life and property. He can never oppress his other Muslim brother and hand him over to his enemy. The great Prophet (Sm) has said in this regard, "The virtuous (Imandars) people are like a single body in mutual kindness, love and sympathy. The whole body becomes sick if any part of it is sick. It is essential on the part of a Muslim to respond to the call of his other Muslim brother to fulfil his need Therefore, we will always devote ourselves to the service of Humanity. Q. 25. Write down the meaning and teaching of the following Hadith.[CiB.2005] Meaning : "Faithful and truthful traders will accompany the martyrs in the day of judgement (Qiyamat)." (Hakim's Mustadrik) Teaching: Trade and commerce is a holy profession. The main aim of the person involved in this profession is to serve the people, to reach the essential commodities at the door steps of the people and to ensure the arrangement of collection and proper distribution of commodities. If the trade and commerce may be achieved. And if the trader is dishonest, the basic aim of business will be destroyed and people will be cheated at every step. For this reason, the great prophet (Sm) mentioned the rare status of the Muslim traders as henest, just and truthful and said that they would be with the martyrs on the day of judgement. The martyr acquires the rare status of Shahadat (martyrdom) by letting the fresh blood of his chest flow on to the path of Allah. To do business with honesty and justice in the age of dishonesty and cheating is equivalent to Jihad and to fight against the instincts is the best Jihad. It is very difficult to carry out business and trade with honesty and faithfulness, based on Islam in an atmosphere of interest based business and transactions. A Muslim business person can only participate in the struggle against this unfavourable atmosphere. And Allah will then offer him/her, in exchange (the life hereafter). Therefore, we will be honest in trade and commerce. I Q, Write down the meaning and teaching of the following Hadith. Meaning : "There are two sentences which are very dear to Allah the merciful. There are very easy to pronounce^ but very heavy oh the weig'mg scales. The two sentences are 'Subhanaltahi wa-bihamdihi,' 'Subhanallahil-Azim.' "The Holies! Allah, all praise be to Him the Holiest Allah, He is Evergrat." Teaching : In this Hadith two sentences are mentioned, whose recitation (Zikr) is very dear to Allah. Also they are easy for the people to read and they can acquire a lot of virtues by reading them.

Allah the rnercifuliFfree from all"errors and omissions. He has no want. He is not dependant on anybody. This huge world is His creation. He has no partner in the matter of His creation. When we look at the huge sky and the earth, the saying 'Subhanallahi-wa-bihamdihi' spontaneously comes out of our hearts. Allah is the Holiest and all the praises be to Him. He is the protector of the whole world. We live in His endless kindness and grace. Everything in this world. We live in His endless kindness and grace. Everything in this world is for His praise. He is Great Holy Allah. He is Evergreat. Therefore, through these two holy Kalimah (sentences) we will always remember Allah and the scale of our virtue will be heavy in the world hereafter. Objective Question 8-Whal is the consequence of denouncing the 'Farz'? I<!niif/<ic rf <hir*i*it]l ffl 0nc becomes "kafir' (disbeliever) I sources 01 snanaii (b) 0ne becomes Munafiq Kill in the circle of the correct Answer : (c) One'has to be killed 1. Which is the original source of Shariat? (d) Nothing happens. E0 Quran Majid (d) Bukhari Sharif 9. How many kinds of Sunnat are there? (c)Ijtihad (d) Qiyas H]TWO (b) Three 2. How many years did the revelation of (c) Four (d) Six the Quran Majid take? 10. What is the consequence if Something (a) 15 years (b) 20 years 'Haram' is done taking it to he 'Halal'? Q 23 years (d) 30 years (a) One becomes *Munafiq 3. Who made the collection of the . S3] One becomes kafir Quran Majid? (c) One becomes a sinner ED Hazrat Uthman (R.A) (d) Nothing happens (bj Hazrat UmarFaruq (R.A) H. What is called "Taqriri Haditb"? (c) Hazrat Ali (R.A) (<0 The messages of Allah's Rasul (Sm) (d) Hazrat Ibn -Yousuf ^The silent consent of Allah's Rasul (Sm) 4. Whom did Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A) (c> Tne aivites of Allah's Rasu! (Sm) entrust with the responsibility of (d> The messages of the Sahabis witing down the holy Quran in the l2- What is 'Marfu Hadith'? form of a book'' (a) Hadith described from Sahabis (a) Hazrat Uthman (R.A) ijj) Hadi[h described from tabiyee US Hazrat Zayid-Ibn-Sabit(R.A) D Hadith described from the great (c) Hazrat Ibn-Abbas (R.A) prophet (Sm) (d) Hazrat Abdullah Ibn-Maswood W) The messages of Tab-i-Tabiyeen. (RA) direction to write 5. Which is the feature of aMakki down the Hadith officially Sura? " (a) Calipha Umar Faruq (R) tii) The Ayats are lengthy. SB CaliPn Umar-Ibn-Abdui Aziz (R) 93 U is short in length,(c) Amir Muabia (R) (c) There is discussion on the Munafiqs, (d> Hajjaj-Ibn-Yousuf. (d) Mention of the criminal procedure ^^^_^^^^^^^^^^ code is made in it. ^B3E^3E3[E3I9GE^5IE^B 6. What is the meaning oljma? 14, How many sources of shariat are then:? IB Consensus (b) Guessing (a) Three 33S F""'' (c) Firm determination(c) five (b) Seven ul) Disagreement of opinions 15. What is the second source of shariat? 7. What is the meaning of 'Qiyas'? (a) Al-Quran (b) Ijma 10] Guessing (b) Agreement of opinions ^Sunnah (d) Qiyas fc) Example (d) Desires 16. Which one is the explanation of Al- 24. "The most effective Ibadai of any Ummai Quran? is the recitation of Quran Majid" - from i \ n,, iw\ T ; which book it has been taken? fa) Quran (b) 1 ma , , _ ,, , ,, ., . , ) i/i. RFB o u (a) Bukhan (b) Ibn Majah (c) Qiyas nfiij Sunnah Mn ., )J(T- 7 TI, i i . *T i SffiBaihaqi (d)Tirmiji

13. Who gave the

17. The rules and regulations of Islam 25 What is ^ number of Madani Suras? ate called_ (a)2Q (b)25 (c)2? [gj]28 (a) Complete code ot lite 26. From 'Lauhe Mahfuj' the entire Quran (b) Tternal code of life Majid was reavled in which place? Q Shariat (d) Ad-din sky (b) 3rd sky 18. Which one is the main source of J| Baitul Ijjah (d) Sidratul Muntaha Shariat? 27. To maintain the Serial of ayats of (a) Bukhariharif 331 Quran Majid the Quran Majid is what? (c) Misqatharif (d) Hadith (a) Mustahab (b) Sunnat 19. Which one is the third source of (c) Farz EB Wajib shariat? 28. Success of nation depends on what? BSE Ijma (b) Qiyas M Recitation of Quran (c) Quran (d) Hadith <b> StudV of Hadith <c) Study of nove! 20. For the well-being of human-being <d) Searching knowledge , , , ,, , A 29. Who was the mam (Message)Ohi Writer? who has imposed the rules and - , ,,. ,,. ., , . ,n, . ,-T , (a) Hazrat Ah Muabia (R) regulations ot Islam > K ' , , , ' (a) Allah (b) Rasul ffl Hazrat Aba *** ^ D^ B] Allah & his Rasul (d) the angles D Ha2rat Za,d lbn Sab'ln<R> it (UU- L. . *-u i- u (d) Hazrat Umar Faruq (R) 21. Which ayatot the following is \n Hl .lc , . . ,, ,. i . r 30. What is the meaning of A-Furqun? related with the completeness of . .n.rr , v, 1 , , .. ,?, (a) Differentiates between light & dark (b) Differentiates between day & night a) Sura An-Nasr g$ Differentiates between truth and (b) Sura An-Ntsa: 115 falsehood. 2S Sura Al-Maida: 3 (d) Differentiates between Mumin &kafir (d) Sura An-Nahl : 89 3L Which one is not the name of Al-Quran? I ^ ,| (a) Al-Kitab M Al-Karim Quran Majid | (c) An-nur (d) Az-zikir j 32. The initiative to make a copy of Quran by 22. The main has is of Shariat is Hazrat Uthman(R) was taken inHijri? dependent on what? fa) 12th Hijri -(b) 20th Hijri (a) On Hadith (b) On Ijma & Qiyas 333 24"' Hijri (d) 22,h Hijri 35 On Quran-Majid 33. What is Nazira Tilawat? (d) On Fikah M To read Quran bV seeinS 23. In which Hizri the battle of ^ To read Quran in loud vorice Yamama took place? <c> To read Quran in the rhythm of music (a) !0'!l Hijri M 12th Hijri ^ To read Quran with very a,tention (c) 11th Hijri (d) 17'" Hijri and don't knowing it's meaning

(a) 2nd

34. How many features of Madani Suras 44. Which khalifa formed a board to prepare arc there? a documentary edition of Quran? (a) Three B^Five (a) Hazrat Abu-Bakr (R) (c) Four (d) Seven (b) Hazrat Umar (R) . 35. Who added harkat in the Quran Majid? JJ Hazrat Uthman (R) (a) Umar Ibn Abdul Aziz (R) (d) Caliph Umar Ibn Abdul.Aziz (b) Hazrat Umar (R) 45.Which Shahabi was worried about HJHazzazBin Yousuf losing of Quran? (d) Hazrat Uthman (R) (a) Hazrat Abu Bakr (R) 36. "I have certainly reavled.the holy Quran QQJ] Hazrat Umar (R) in the Arabic language. So, that you (c) Hazrat Uthman (R) may understand it easily"-From which / J-J '73\(\ jhn Sibit Sura this ayat has been taken? 46 Wha js ^ meaning orjamiul Quran-.? m Sura Yusuf (b) Sura yunus ^ Preserver of Quran (c) Sura reel (d) Sura Lahab g] compiler/collector of Quran

37. What is the meamng of Tilawat? (c) Co-ordinator of Quran (a) To hear (b) To accept (d) Foower of Quran. (c) To follow EB To read 4?_ Fmm whic(l verb rQOl the W()rd 38. How many Makki Suras are there in Quran has come? Num5Si? EBQurun' " (b) Qirun (a) 22 IE 86 (c)28 (d) 92 Qiratun (d) Qaraun 39. The Suras which have been reavled 48 Who js MusailamatuI Kajjab? before the H.jratthey are called., Cherstian (b) Musnrj (a) Hijri Sura M Madani Sura g Fa!se pmphet (c) Big Sura (d) Makk. Sura(d) Enemy of the he[ (Sm) 41. What is the meamng of Quran? 49 In lhe first message how s (a) To read (b) Should be read were reaved? Q What is read (d) Included in reading , ^ Four TjJ Fjve 42. Where the first message was reavled ,c> jhree (d) Six on prophet (Sm)? 50 In whjch medja the Quran was ^^^ (a) Nrar the kaba (a) In dream (b) ,n Ilham B in the mosque Nabibi (c) Through meditation ' In the cave of Hera 0) Through the angel Jibrail (Am) (d) In the music ot song , 5, Thc first Quran jn me form Qf b(K)k 43. Who made the collection of Quran were kep( under the preserva(ion of _ MaJ|d? which person? 03 Hazrat Uthman (R) (a) Hazrat Hafsa (R) (bj Hazrat Umar (R) Jfl Hamt Abu.Bakar (R) (c> Hazrat Ah (R) (c) Zayed Bin_SabJt (R) (d) Hazrat Zayed Bin Sabit (d) Ha2rat Umar (R) 52. Rewriting ihe written document of 60. The all knowledge and science of the Quran was given to whom? world are included in which book? (a) Hazrat Talha(R) (a)Bibel (b) Bedh (b) Ha/rat Umar (R) B] Quran (d) Puran 0] Ha/rat Zayed Ibn Sabit (R) 61. How is the language of Quran? (d) Hazrat Billat (R) M Simple (b) Jard 53.During which war 70 Hafez-e-Quran (c) Unmatchid was kitled? (d) Hard & difficult to urderstand. (a) Badar - (b) Uhud 62. Collecting the scattered pan of the BSE Yamatna (d) Hunain Quran what did Hazrat Uthman (R) did? 54. Which Sura was first reavled to the M Made an arrangement to bern them prophet (Sm)? (b' KcPl them undcr soiI (a) Sura fatiha M Sura Alaq ^ Made im arrangement to preserve at a time (c) Sura Baqara (d) Sura falaq ' <d> Hc torned lhem55. Where the description of general .W"a<is the st rcad book in the woM princpales of Shariat and good charactes EB ^uran (b) BlbeI & their characteristics has give? <c) Puran <d) Ramayan 0] In Makki Sura (b) In Madani Suraj^ 64- Read the Quran Majid by seeing is (c)Inljma (d) In Qiyas called what? 56. "Why the entire Quran Majid was' (a) Tiawar B31 Tilawat-e-Nazira treavled to this man at a time- (c) Recetation (dj None of them whose comment is this? 65- What is the meaning of "Shan"? (a) Sahabis 33] Kafirs M Reason (b) Condition (c)Munafiqs (d) Mushriq . (c) Situation (d) Time 57. "I have certainly Made the holy Quran suimple in your language (Arabi). So I Cl,-^a A A T^nlia 1 that ihey can receive your advice" _ | SUra Ad-UUPa j this aya. has taken from which Sara? 66 Whal is me meiining 0f Ad-Duha? (a) Sura Baqara (b) Sura Yasin (a) Aftemoon JJ Fore noon

(c) Sura Yusuf EJ Sara Ad-dukhan (c) Last of night (d) noon 58. "Quran ,S a laboratory of science for the 6? Sura Ad.Duha was reavied in which scientist a dictionary lor the linguists, , . place" m'iniiQr books for the mammarians and an , ... ,. . encyclopedia of laws''- who's comment is ^ Madina 533 Makka this? (c) Taef . (d) Seria (a) Ibn Sina EJ] A French Sclolar 68' For whose bad comment the Sura (c) Hazrat Uthman (R) Ad-Duha was reavled(d) Hazrat Muhammad (Sm) gj Maimuna (b) Hinda 59. Which Sahabi found deference in 2$ Umme Jamila <d) Kisfan the receding style of Quran? 69.What is the meaning of La-Taqhar? (a) Hazrat Muaz (R) (b) Hazrat Uthman (R) M Do t'be rade (b) Don't Scold Q Hazrat Huzaifa (R) (d) Zaed Ibn sabft.(R) (<') D"'t quarrel (d) don'l tell his 70. In childhood the prophet (Sm) was - 79. In which Sura i[ is told that the latter Jfl Orphan f b) rich periad of (Sm) is better than the former? (c) Dwi-cs of wealh(d) Helpless IB Sura Ad-Duha (b) Sura At tin 71. In childhood the prophet (Sm) lost (c) At- Inshisah (d) Sura At Qadr whom7^"- ^or man>' fights Umme Jamil didn'l see (a) (hand parents (b) Uncle -aunts Jebrail <A) co lo PmPhet <SmJ? Parents (d) Brother & Sister <a> Three ni-hls W* rwo or threc mSllls 72. In the Sura Ad-Duha what advice <c> Two mShts (d> Three n[he* Allah has given lo prophet (Sm) ,' , , , (a) Not to Quardi | Sura Al-Inshira (b) Not to cause arty sorrow for other. *---_-_- ._ _-._ ._- ._.-._/' B Not to be rude to the orphan81 To conso|e His het Allah (d) None of there reav]ed which Sura? 71 In which Sura the graces of Allah on (a) Sura Ad.Duha JJ Sura A|-Inshirah prophet (Sm) hare metmed? (c) Sura At_[in (d) SLira Al_Qadr. (a) Sura Inshmih H3E Sura Ad-Duha g2 What jg tf)e me;)mng of Be2mn? . (c) Sura At tm (d) Sura Qadr (a) pa|nJJ B[J|.den 74. How many teachings do we get (cJ Straegh[ (d) C|icst from Sura Ad-Duha? g3 Whm is the meanmc 0f Eusrun? (a) three (bjfour (a) Rest B] Peace Drive (d) Seven (c) Better (d) Best 75. In wbeh it is told that "Not to curse g4 What is the me;min ()f Inshirah? to the beggers"? (a) To cover JjJ ()pened (a) Zilzal (b) Sura Inshirah (c) To escape (d) To recj[e ic) At -tine EB Sura Ad-Duha g5 In Sura ]nshjrah wMl js toJd [Q the 76. Fa Animal Yatima fala taqhar pmphe| m do jn his frce tjme? what ts the meaning of this ayat? (a) To bc patient (b) To do Jihad (a) Yocuhould beat the orphans /c, yQ sjeeD 3IB So Don't be rude to the orphans FJJ To ]n vo]ye jn ibadat (c) Don't Scold the orphans out (d) You shauld push the orphans out fr _ - ~^~~~ 77 Who was Umme -Jamil? At-TJll (a) Wre of Abu-Zehel ' EB Wife of Abu-Lahab 86. What is the meaning of At-tin? if) Wife of Abu -Sufian (a) Date & khurma (b) Grape nil Relative of Abu-Musa ', (c) Orange type frut 7S, How many ayats are there in Sura SSE 'Anjir' or A fruit like fig Ad-Duha? 87. How many ayats are there in Sura .Mien 53] Eleven At-tin? jNine (d) Eight (a) 12 (b) 11 D8 (d)9 i

| Slira

88. What is Baladul Amin? 98. Allah has created whom in theirbest jg] Secured city of Makka shape? (b) Baitul Haram (a) Zin (b) Angles (c) Madina(d) Taef [fi] Human being (d) Fairies 89. Where Sura At-tin was reavled? 99. Why human being is considered as 0 Makka (b) Madina the worst from best? (c) Taelf Taef (d) Riad ^ Because of wrong duings 90. In Sura At tin it has been pledged in (b) Because of kufr the name of how many fruits? (c) Because of Shirq El 2 (b)3 (c)4 (d)5 (b) Because of being Munafiq 91. By Tin and Zaitun which region was 100. In which place Allah has sent referred? innumerable Rasuls? IB] Mishor (eggpt) and syrea JB Syria & Yemen (b) Syria and palestine (b) Syria & Palestine (c) Iraq & palestine (d) Zaziratul Arab (c) Palestine & Yemen 92. What is the meaning of Ad-din? (d) Kufa & Bahrain (a) The day of Qiymet 101. In which Sura a call has given to fb) The day of Result human being to bring Iman and (c) Code of life QEE AH perform good deeds? 93. The foundation of Makka was laid JJE Sura At-tin (b) Sura Al-Inshirah down by whom? (c) Sura Ad-Duha (d) Dura Zilzal S3] Hazrat Ibrahim and Ismail (A) 102. In which mountain Musa (A) was (b) Hazrat Muha Mmad (Sm) given propethood? (c) Hazrat Ismil (A) (a) Senai (b) Uhud (d) Hazrat Ibrahim (A) HJTur (d) Safa 94. In which mountain Musa (A) taked ,. i . _ with Alhlh? I Sura Al-QadrJ P Tur (b) Zabal * > * (c) Uhud (d) Saur , 103 Which Sura consists of five ayats? 95. Where blood shed is prohibited? (a) Al-Zilzal [0] Al-Qadr (a) Baitul Maqaddas (c) inshirah (d) Al-Lahab . O Baitul Haram 104. Which night is the night of (c) Madina (d) Makka. rcvealation of Quran? 96.Who is the besUmong all Judges? [g] Lailatul Qadr (b) Lailatul Barat (a) Angles EJ Allah (c) Lailatul Miraj (4) Lailatul Eid (c) Rasul (d) Hazrat Umar 105p The significance of the Night Qadr is97. What is the meaning of "Amalus (a) Better than thousand nights Salehat"? (b) Better than thousand years (a) Honest behaiviors Q Better than thousand months (b) Honest Character (d) Better than mellion nights. [81 Honest activities (d) Step brother 106. What is the meaning of khaerun 115. What is the meaning of Sharrun (a) Night (b) Month Q SiniBad (b) Good-deeds (c) Name EE Best (c) Bad Correlation (d) Good 107. In the lailatul Qadrby the order of 116. Small sins led human being Allah to Angles come down to towards what? which place? 0 Towards grevious sins (a) In Makka 331 'n Cne world (b) Towards doing more evil works (c) In the Sky (d) In the holy place (c) Towards sins (d) Towards guhy ners 108. Upholding the glory' importance 117. What is the subject mater of Sura ZiUai? and dignity of Quran Majid which (a) Peace of heaven Sura was reavled? (b) Punishment of grave HI Sura Al-Qadr (b) Sura At tin O The great shaking of Qiyamat (c) Sura Zilzal (d) Sura Ad-Duna (d) About resurrcctionof 109. In Sura Al-Qadr who has termed as 118. In which Sura it has told to give up soul (Ruh)? .the leading luxearious worldly life (a) Hazrat Mikai! (A) and to lead virtous life?

S Hazrat Ishrafil (A) (a) Sura Qadr S3! Sura Zilzal Hazrat Zibrail (A) . (c) Sura taqasclr (b) Sura kariah (d) Hazrat Hizqil (A) 110. What is the meaning of matlatm (a) End(b)Down ( _ | (c) Peace M Rise [| Al-Hadlth 111. Which one is the glorious night? (a) 27th Rajab- JH 27th Ramadan 119. What is the meaning of Hadith? (c) 15th Shaean (d) 10th Mahram {a) Deeds 33] Speech -i"i y. (c) Verse (d) Agreement Sura Zilzal 120, What is ca31ed Hadith in ,he ' " terminology of Shariah? 112. In which Sura it is said about the M The messages, aclivcies and silent shaking of earth? , agreement of prophets (sm) H Sura Zilzal (b) Sura Al-Irishirah ' (b) Speeches of Shahabis (c) Sura Al-Qadr (d) Sura At-tin <c) Speeches and activites of Aawha 113. "And die person who will do the <d> Speeches of Tabiens lightest bad thing will also see it him 121 .In how many parts Hadith has been self.' From which Sura it has taken? dilidcd . (a) Sura Baqara [EJ] Sura Zilzal <a) four < b)five ^ Sin EB Three (c) Sura Al-Qadr (d) Sura At-tin j^- What 1S ca,led Q;mh H:idlth? 114. Where Sura Zilzal was reavled? m Messages of prophet (Sm) S Syria (b) Makka ^b) Messages of Sahabus Madina {d)Tasf (c) Messages of Allah (d) Messages of other prophets 123. What is Fili Hadith 131. "Help your brother, even if he is (a) Speeches of prophet (Sm) t ' oppressor or an oppressed"-who's , J{J Aclivities based Hadith of prophet (Sm) message is this? (c) Agreements of prophet (Sm) (a) Allah (b) Angles (d) Speeches of salahbies j$ Prophet (sm) (d) Greatpir 124. What is MaiTu Hadith? 132. The truthful buisness man will stay [Hi Description of So Hadith, which with whom at the day of Qiyamat? reached up to prophet (Sm) (a) Atem (b) OH (b) Description of which riached up to Imam fW Martyrs (d) Prophets (c) Description of which reached up to 133. what is the relation of one Muslim shahabies other?. (d) None of this (a) frjenci t0 each other 125. Messages coming out of the mouth (b) Helper to each' other of holy prophet (Sm) is called what? (c) Welfare oriented to each other Q Qawli Hadith (b) Fili Hadith. JJ Brother to each other (c) Taqriri Hadith (d) Hadith-e-kudsi134. what is the meaning of Niaat? 126. The description of Hadith from (a) Determination JB Intention individual to individual is what? (c) Occasion (d) Work (a) Matan (b) Gist 135. How many swabs can be gained if M Sanad (d) Riwuat one wills to do a good work? 127. The gist of Hadith is called what? (g]One (b) two (c) Three (d) five 00 Sanad (b) Dirawat 135. T the purpose (intention) is good H Matan (d)Riawat then what can begained? 128. Which one is the first pure Hadith (a) Reward Eg Virtue book? (C) j0y (dj Punishment Bj Muwatta (b) Ibn Mazah 137, Producing crops is what kind of job? (c) Bukhari (d) Muslim (a) holy deed (b) Allah's deed 129. The Muslim will nqt be the JJ Virtous Job (d) Social Job follower of wrong path if they can 138.How many antences are there


put belief on two things? which are very dear to Allah? (a) ljmaand Qiyas (b) Halal andHaram (a) Three (b) Four (c) Five 0jTwo (clDarbish and prophet 139. Who gave orders to write down EB Quran and Sunnah Hadith at the official level? 130. Who are best among human being? JgJJ Hazrat Umar Ibn Abdul Aziz (R) 01 Those who learn to read Quran and ,(b) Hazrat Abu-Bakar (R) teach others (c) Hazrat Ali (R) (d) Hazrat Aziz (R) (b) Those who read Quran but don't 140. Which period is called the period teach others of publication of Hadith? (c) Those who only serues good works (a) Hajri i st Century (b) Hijri 2nd Century to Society[EE Hijri 3rd Century (d) Those who try to establish insaf (d) Hijiri 4th and 3rd Century 141. Six exclusive books on Hadith are 151. Breaking promises after making is called what? the feature of which person? S Bukhari Sarif (b) Hadith-e-kudsi (a) Kafir (b) Mushriq Sihah Sittah (d) Marfu Hadith (c) Mumin . EE Munafiq 142. Breaking promise is what? 152. Who is dearest to Allah? (a) Mark of famous man (a) who is the dishonest ummat of (b) Feature of Kafir (c) Kufuri work prophet (Sm) JFfi Feature of Murafiq ' (b) Prothet(Sm) (c) Angles 143. What is meaning of Bahimatun? |EE He who is kind to Allah's creation (a) Sit down (b) rise 153. Who published Bukhari sarif? (c) Eating Efi four-footed animal [5] Imam Muhammad Ibn Ismail (R) 144. Who are included in Allah's family? (b) Imam Azam (R) (c) Imam Muslim (R) (a) Human Being J5 Every Creation (d) Imam Malek (R) (c) Zins (d) Quardrupt animals 154. What is called Taqriri Hadith? 145. When six exclusive Hadith book (a) Speches of prophet (Sm) was published?., (b) Activities of prophet (Sm) (a) Hijri 2nd Century [H3 Silent agreement of prophet (Sm) flS Hijri 3rd Century (d) Speeches of sahabis (c) Hijri 5th Century 154. Which one Ijma is the third source (d) Hijri 8th Century of shariat? 146. Who published Muwatta? (a) Quran (b) Sunnah (a) Imam Abu Hanifa (R) (c) Qiyas GEE lJ (b) Imam Muslim (R) 155. How many rukuns of Ijma are there? (c) Imam Zufar (R) El 2 (b) 3 (c) 4 (d) 5 [EE Imam Malek (R) 156. What is the dictionary meaning of 147. Who is the writer of Sunani Nasai? Ijma? (a) Hazrat Abu Hurairar (R) [SI Consensus (b) Permission S Imam Muhammad (R) (c) get together (d) friendly Abdur Rahman Ibn Shuaib (R) 157. About Ijma what prophet (Sm) has (d) Imam Shafai (R) said? 148. Who is the writer of Jame Tirmiji? (a) My support Will a] ways.remain with (a) Imam Abu-Hanifa (R) the Ummat (b) Imam Shafai (R) (c) Imam Malek (R) (b) Ummats wiil say what I have said EH] Imam Isa Muhammad Ibn Isa 0 what the muslims think to be good is 149. Whai is the meaning of Shiah Sittah? also good to Allah O Exclusive Six Hadith book (d) Muslims never make mistakes (b) Six history (c) Six fikah books 158. When Ijma established? (d) Six medical books JjJ After the death of prophet (sm) 150. How many features of Munafiq are (b) Before the death of prophet (sm) there? (c) In the age of the shahabis (a) Four (b)Two Q Three (d) Five (d) During the Khilafat of Hazra! Abu BakarfR)

159. Middlle path/just followers or 168. "What Muslims think to be good is Ummate Muhammadi has also good to Allah"-whose message mentioned in which book? is this? (a) Hadith QQfi Quran BERasul <Sm) (b)Allah (c)Ijma (d)Qiyas (c) Shahabi (d) Angles 160. Muslim society is always-? LB) Dynamic ^ (b) follower of middle path | ^. | (c)slow (d) peaceful I ^lyBS | 16). During the lifetime of prophet {Sm) if he didn't find the solution of any problem 169. What is the dictionary meaning of in the Quran what did he used to do? Qiyas? (a) Qiyas (b) Waited for message _jj To measure (b) To take weight (c) Remain silent (c) guessing equal (d) thinking supreme _J Discussed with shahabis & salved 170. Who has given the tenets of shariat? 162. During who's period practice of (a) Rasul (Sm) JJJ Allah twenty Rakats of Tarabih prayers in (c) Angles (d) Prophets congregation was intraluced? 171. Which one is the fourth source of _5 Hazral Umar (R) shariat? (b) Hazrat Abu Bakar (R) (a) Ijma __ Qiyas (c) Hazat Uthman (R) (d) Hazat Ali (R) (c) Quran (d) Hadith 163. What is the meaning of Azimat? 172. "Oh, wise people learn through your (a) Curiosity (b) Will deep thought and wisdom"- in this ayat (c) Permission _]] Determination whaC has been accented as document? 164. Keeping silence is what? <a) li M Q'yas _J] Sign of consensus (b) Disagreement <c) Farz <d> Wazib (c) showing intelligence (d) Perfection 173-In whicn re8in Pphet (sm) sent 165. What is the order of ljma? Muaz Been Jaba! (R> as Qazi? (a) Obligatory (b) Optional EE Yemen (b) Sena (c)Farz (c) Iraq(d) Palestine _1 ljma can't be opposed in any way 174' After the deaCn of ProPnel <Sm> 166. "My Ummat will not agree on any sahabis solved new problems in the wrong issue"-it is the document of what? light of which ideas? (a) Quran __ v)ma ^ 'Jma DH Q'yas (c) Hadith (d) Qiyas (c) Sunnah 167. During the period of Tabeen (d) According to their own vieus problems were solved by which 175. The Imams applied Qiyas in the following what? light of how many principals? _J Through Ijam (b) Through Qiyas (a) Two (b) Three (c) Through Quran & sunnah _E Fo,-ir (d) Five (d) Through liitihad 176. In which case Qiyas is applicable? 184. How many kinds of Farz are there? (a) when the solvation of any problem is (a) Three (b) Four found directly in Quran and Sunnah. jp]Two (d) Five ^ When solvation of any problem is not 185. How many kinds of Sunnah are found directly in Quran and Sunnah. there? (c) When solvation is found in Quran flffl Two '(b) Three andljmah. (c) Four (d) Which is not included in Quran 186. Giving Zakat is what? 177. Soivation of which problem has (a) SUnnat (d) wazib done by Quran. Hadith and Ijma in (c) Mustahab O Farz that case what is not applicable? 187. Jf anyone refuse Harz then what D Qiyas (b) Ijma does he become? (c) Imagination (d) Compare . (a) Sinner (b) Munafiq 178. Hazrat Muaz (R) was sent at ft Kafir(c) Nafarman Yemen in which post? 18K. Wnich one of the following is


(a) Administrator 33] Qazi (jadge) Farz-e-Kifaya? (c) Ambassador (d) Prime Minister /& Salat (b) Ibadat 179. To mease, to guess and compare theseQ jihad(d) Qurbani three are the meaning of which word? lgQ Wf]ich one is Wajjb? (a) Hadith (b) Ijma (a) Order to do good work (c) Shanat EB Qiyas Jg SaIat of Eid.ul.Fitr 180. In the holy Quran what Allah has {c) Jihad (d) t0 do business said Jibout Qiyas? , 190 Another name of Mustahab(a) You research ^,Zair (b) Halal (b) You do work after thinking JJ Mandub (d) Makruh Tahrihi Q| Larn through your deep thought and l9lu anyone doestl.( perform Far2 wesaonworks then what happens/what type (d) You acquire deep knowledge of sin is it'? 181. What is the meaning of Mujtahid? (a} kufuri * (b) GLinah.e.sagirah (a) w,se and skilled (b) pious (clMakruh Tahrimi DJ Researcher (d) Research JgJ Gunahe-kabira 182. In the age of Tab.eens how new ]92 Bjtar prayer and Eid.prayer are cropped up problems were solved? wha[ kinds ()f work? (a) By Ijma [Q Qiyas ^ Farz-e-Aein (b) Farz-e-kefaya (c) Quran & Sunnah (d)Byljtihad gg Wajib (d) Sunna[s ( ' '" ]| 193. Which one of the following is The terminology of Shanat | nearer to Farz? 183. What is the meaning of Farz? (a) Sunnats JJWajib (a) Not obligatory (c) mustahab (d) Halal Jg] Obligatory/Must (c) to maintain (d) Not to maintain What does Ibadat mean? Describe the significance and purpose of Ibadat. |BB.2O05, 2003,2001, DB.2001,1999, CB. 1999, JB&RB.1999| 4+3+3=10 |Ans. :1 Introduction : Among all the creations of Allah the mankind are the his best ci canon or 'Ashraful Makhlukat'. Allah has created us and given us innumerabl e gifts. We are all his servants. We have been told what to do and what not to do through Quran and Hadith. As servants we have to follow his instructions. This is the way through which we can gain worldly peace as well as salvation in the life hereafter. Therefore Ibadat plays an insignificant role in human life. Meaning of Ibadat: . ^ {, The term Ibadat has come from the Arabic word Abdun ( _>-^f}. So Ibadat ( J3J>1^ c ) means to serve, to submit, to adore, or to worship. In the Islamic terminology, Ibadat means to serve or to submit to the Almighty Allah in every sphere of human life for his satisfaction. Ibadat is an essential function of Islam, For example Salat, Saum, Zakat, Hajj etc. In broader sense, to lead life according to the ways given by Allah and his Rasuls (snt) is called Ibadat. Allah says in this regard : "J have orated Jin and human beings for saying My prayer only" (2Uiriat: 56) Significance and purpose of Ibadat: Allah's is aer lord. We should abide by all his instructions. Only by Ibadat* Allah instructions can be obeyed. So for the following reasons Ibadat is significant: 1. The satisfaction of Allah : The main target of Ibadat is to achieve the satisfaction of Allah. So, far attaining the satisfaction of Allah whatever good deed we perform is Ibadat. That is to say, all the activities performed according to the direction given by the Almighty Allah and His prophet {sm) are regarded as Ibadat. About this the Almighty Allah SayS: -o^Si 4*>ft & '* $ 4 y & & >} & c# J* "Be submissive to Allah and his prophet {sm) and you turn away from it, then listen, Allah do not like he the Kafirs or unbelievers" (sura Imran : 32) 2. Aimed at obeying Allah's order :

The sole duty of human beings is to do Ibadat, Allah himself says : "I have created Jinns and human beings for saying My prayers only." So. by doing Ibadat Allah's order is obeyed. 3. Representative of Allah proved ; Human beings are representative of Allah on earth. Allah says, "I have created human beings as My representative. And I have created all other living things for the benifit of mankind. Man will abide by My orders. He will perform the duty of my representatives." Only duty of the representatives is to carry out the mission of the sender. Ibadat by human beings is that mission of Allah. 4. Establishes Allah's uniqueness ; Allah is the sole authority of the universe. He is unique. No one else except Him should be worshiped. By Ibadat the uniqueness of the Almigh'ty Allah is established. 5. Means to remember Allah : Allah wants mankind to remember Him. Allah says to them. (You remember me and I will remember you (Sura Bakarah). Ibadat is the means to remember Allah. Salat or prayer is a kind of Ibadat to remember Allah. 6. Means to get Allah's favour: Ibadat does not means the prayer only. It includes all the works done as per the direction of Allah says"After performing Salat you spread in the earth, try to acquire the favour of Allah. ". And remember Allah so much that you can be successful." (Sura Jumua : 10) 7. Means to be successful: ( As "Ashraful Makhlukat" human beings should be successful. That success comes through Ibadat. It ensures peace in the world and salvation in the life here after. Conclusion : In Conclusion it can be said that, Ibadat is not only some formal prayer. It covers ail the activities of human beings as per direction of the Quran and Hadith All the good works are Ibadat. Even removing thorn from the streat is also Ibadat. It ensures welfare in earth as well as in the life here after. p*fiSs Discuss the right of Allah (Haqqutlah) and the rights of his servants (Haqqul Ibad) from Islamic point of view. 5+5=10 [CB.2005, 2000, D8.2004,2Q02,2000, J IS .2004,2002,2000, Ct.B.2002,2000, SB.2003,20011 JAns. :| Introduction : The Almighty Allah has sent human beings as His representatives to this world for doing his Ibadat only. We do his Ibadat to get His satisfaction. Allah Himself haa directed now we ought to perform His ibadat and what work we have to do. in our daily life the Ibadats we do for the satisfaction of Allah are of two phases. \ (a) Haqqullah (b) Haqqul Ibad Haqqullah ^ & , By Haqqullah (' fdb\ (J?-^) we rnean that that is fixed for Allah. Such as Salat, Saum etc. Allah has created innumerable thing for the benefit of mankind. So human beings have some duties and responsibilities to Allah. This is called Haqqullah or right of Allah. "Haqqullah" in Islamic point of view : Allah has some rights over the mankind. These are as follows : 1. To be admitted as the sovereign power : Allah is the sole creator of the universe. So the sovereignty lies with him. So this is Allah's right that no other power should be admitted paralleled with him 2. To be admitted as unique entity : Allah's another right is to be admitted that He is unique. There is no other Hah or Lard except Him. He has no share. 3. No partnership : Allah has the right to be believed that He has no partner in the running universe. He has not been from any one nor has He given birth to anyone. 4. Authority : Allah is omnipotent. So all the author lies with Him. He has the control over everything the universe. Many times Allah says in the Quranul Karim "And Allah is fully powerful over all the matters." 5. Obeying Allah's order : Allah wants mankind to abide by all the orders of Him in every sphere of life, personal, familial and spcial life of mankind should be led as per order of Allah.

6. Establishing Allah's law : This is another main task under Haqqullah. Only the lows of Allah will prevail on Allah's earth. There is no place of other lows over Allah's. So this is compulsory to establish the law.of Allah. Haqqul Ibad : Haqqul Ibad means the right of the servants of Allah. Human being live in society together with their parents, relatives and neighbours. They are mutually -depended with each other in their sorrows and sufferings. Because of this dependence, one man has some right over others. In Islam this is called Haqqul Ibad. Haqqul Ibad in Islamic point of view : Haque or right of people over the people are of eight categories. These are stated below 1. The rights of the relatives : The rights of father and mother are on the top on the top of the chart of Haqqul Ibad. Allah's order is -JL^I jiuyjwtj "And Behave well with your father and mother." Besides this other aloes relatives have rights to get help and sympathy in sorrows and distress. 2. The right of distant relatives ; Not' only the close relatives, other distant relatives also have some rights Allah says in the Quranul Karim : "They are the real parhejgar who love Allah and donate wealth to the relatives so to help the relatives and to look after them are similar to Ibadat." 3. The rights of neighbours : Rasul (sm) has paid much importance to the rights of neighbors. He says : "He whose neighbour passes the night in hunger is not the real mumin." 4. The rights of the citizen of the caentry : An Islam state is the place where all the citizens can enjoy all the rights. One citizen must come foruwoard to another citizen in this sorrows and distress. 5. The rights of the ruler and the ruled : In Islamic stade the ruler has the right to be obeyed by the citizens even if the ruler is a slave. He is the leader of the Muslim on the other hand the citizens have the right to get equal treatment from the ruler. 6. The right of the ordinary Muslim : In Islamic state the ordinary Muslims enjoy some special rights as the Jihad is compulsory for them. 7. The rights of the needy people : The needy people have the right to be helped by the rich. The Zakat based economic system ensures poverty alleviation of the needy people. 8. The rights of the non- Muslim : The non- Muslims also have the rights over the Muslims. They are the neighbours of the Muslims. They have the rights to get the neighbourly treatment from the Muslims: Conclusion : Haqqullah and Haqqul Ibad are Ibadat. There are many instructions as regards these in the holy Quran and Hadith. Following these instructions worldly and afterworld peace and success can be achived. >". V^ 4 1 i Q.3. Discuss the religious and socialimportance of Salat. 5+5=10 f [DB. and JB 2005,2003,2001, SB.2005, C.t.B.2005,2003, RB.2004,2002, BB.2002.J Or. What do you understand by Salat? Describe the religious and Social importance of Salat. [CB. 2000, Ct.B.2000] 5+5=10 lAns. :| Introduction : Islam is based on five Rukans or pillars. These are Kalima, Salat, Saum, Hajj and Zakat. So this is the second pillar of Islam. Salat inspires people to sland firm on Allah's path. It makes them abide by the rules of Allah has ordered again and again to establish Salat. What is Salat: The term Salat is an Arabic word. It means prayer. The is the best way of expressing submission to the Almighty Allah. In Islamic terminology praying in specific'time in particular manner or all conditions and rules is called Salat. Five times prayer are compulsory for Muslims. Their are four types of Salat, They are Farj, wajib, Sunnatan and Nafal. In Islam Salat is very important. It have both religious and social importance. Allah the Highest says in this regard : -5'JLAJI t'JJSt "Establish Salat." Religious importance of Salat: Salat is an Ibadat. So it's religious importance gets priority for the following . reason : 1. Carring out Allah's order : In the Quranul Karim Allah has ordered eighty two times to establish Salat. He says, "Establish Salat." Here Allah dose not only to

read Salat, but establish it. Salat should be established in congregation not alone Aliah said : "Perform your Ruku with the assembled people" (Sura Baqara : 43) So, Salat encourages and ensures carring out Allah's order. 2. The second pillar of Islam : Islam stands firm on five pillars. Salat is the second of the pillrs. without Salat Islam can not go on. Rasul (Sm) said : "Salat is the pillar of Din" ~J>-^ '^ 5>W 3. Key to haven : A mumin prefers afterworld peace to worldly one. AFterworid peace prevails in heaven or Jannat. But without Salat no one will go to Jannat. Rasul (Sm) said : .'-?. ,". '., ,-*,-. "Salat is the key to Jannat." 4. Expression of loyalty and slavery : Salat is the medium of layelty and slavery to Allah. Human beings bow their heads by "Ruku" and "Sijda" in Salat. Allah said : "The mumins who are bowed in Salat are successful in life." 5. Disciminator between Iman and kufar : An Imandar or believer offers prayer while a kafir or disbeliever does not. Not to believe in Salat and to leave it willingly are the acts of kufr. Rasul (Sm) Says : "Avoiding Salat is the difference between Mumin slave and kafir." 6. Path to gain Allah's nearness : Allah has reminded again and again to offer prayer. So offering prayer pleases Allah much Rasul (Sm) said, Allah, says. "When the servant does "Sijda" I became the nearest to him." 7. keeps away from sin : Salat is the "Jikir" of Allah and it is offered to remember Him. Therefore it keeps the mumin away from commiling sins. Allah in this regard : "Certainly Salat keeps people away from speaking ill of others and evil doings." Sura Ankabut: 45) 8. Means to pardon : Salat is an Ibadat which slaves have been reminded repeatedly. So, Allah's pardon can be gained by it. Rasul {Sm) said : "Five times pray Salat are the compensations for the sins commited in between then." 9. Miraj of Mumin ; Mamins meet Allah directly by Salat. Though they do not see Him but Allah does. Rasul (Sm) said : . J^ j^tr^uJlflyJill "Salat are Miraj of Mumin'' Sacial Importance : Salat is an Ibadat. But as it is offered by the human beings living in the society. Social importance of performing Salat congregational is very great. So, it has also social importance for the following reasons. L Symbol of Social unity : The Muslims get together in the Mosque Five times a day to offer prayer. As a result there creates a feelings of unity among the Muslims and grows a Mosque based society in the locality. 2. Creats brotherhood : Allah says, Certainly the Mumins are brother of each other. You Solve your brothers problem mutually. As the Muslims get present in the Mosque five times a day to offer Salat they can make inquiries of each other problems. Thus Salat arouses a feeling of brotherhood among the Muslims. 3. Feeling of equality : During the time of offering prayer in Jamat the rich and the poor, the little and the grown up the king and the subjects - all stands shoulder to shoulder in the same line. Thus removing the class discrimination Salat stirs up -. feelings of equality among the Muslims. 4. Teaches loyalty to leaders : To offer prayer in Jamat one Imam or leader is needed. He leads the Muktadis follow the Imam in saying prayer. Thus Salat leaches the Muslims Joyalty to leader. 5. Teaches punctuality : Allah says, "Certainly Salat has been made compulsory upon the Mumins attaching to particular times." Every Muslim has to offer Salat five times a day. In offering''Salat in differant times the Muslims gets the teaching of punctuality." 6. Teaches discipline : There are some set rules to offer Salat. All the Muslims offer Salat almost in the same manner under some set rules. This teaches.them discipline. 7. National unity reflects : In performing Salat with Jamaat there prevail no discrimination among men. Emperor subject, rich-poor, elder-younger, educated - non educated sv nd in one line. National unity reflects through it. We are human beings, all of LIS will have to go to Allah in the same condition. This lesson can be learnt from Salat in Jamaat. ' Conclusion :

Under the rules and regulations of Islami Shariat offering Salat and remind others to offer Salat are Farj. A society based on Salat get's Allah's Rahmat or grace. Salat keeps.human beings away from evil works and thus it ensures peace and happiness in the society and the Jannat in the life here after. We shall offer Salat in time accordingly. Then Allah will be pleased on us. / Describe the significance and purpose of Saum from religious and social point Of View. [J.B.2004, Ct.B.2004, S.13.2004, R.B.2003,D.B.1999, B.B.2001. | What is Saum? Describe the significance and purpose of Saum from I religious and Socil point of View. |DB.2002,c.B. 20O3.CI.B 2002. S.B2001 ] Ans : Introduction : Saum is one of the five Rukons of CM- pillars of Islam. Saum means to refrain from doing Somthing. In the Islamic terminology, from eating drinking and satisfying sexual appetites from down to dusk with Nizyat for the satisfaction of Allah is called Saum. Saum is Farz for every adult Muslim man or woman. About this it has been zed in the holy Quran : "Saum is made Farz for you, as it was Farz for the previous followers (Ummat) So rluit you can aquire Taqwa " (Sura Batqara: 183) Religious Significance : * 1. Observing saum is Farz : Observing Saum of the Month of Ramazan is Farz for Muslim, Allah Said: "O you who believe? Saum is Made Farz for you" The person WI.J denies it, is kafir, If any body dose not observe saum without caus, he/she will be Fasigq or sinner." 2. Saum was Farz in every Shariat: It was compulsory for all of the previous Umtnats. It is mentioned in the Quranul Karim : ,* - , , > "As it was farz of for the Uminars before you" 3. Saum is like a Shield : It is described in Hadith: "Saum is like a shield! That means saum is a weopon for saving oneself in figting against vicees. A man observing fast is able to control all his vices. 4. Saum is acquiring Taqwa : The main aim of Saum is acquiring Taqwa, being perhejgar. Allah says: "So that you can acquire Taqwa. Taqwa means fear of Allah. The person in whose mind there is fear of Allah can neither do sinful deed, nor him to others. 5. Month of patience : The month of Ramazan is a month on month, patience of a servant of Allah is tested. Being pleased, Allah will place His fasting sarvant in Jannat. The prophet (Sm) says: "Ramazan is a month of patience and the return of patience is Jannat". Social Significance: 1. Sympathy : General people are apt to enjoy life. They want to utilize their wealth for their own benefits only. They can never feel the pangs of hunger, thirst, want and scarcity. As Saum is Farz for both rich and poor, the rich can feel the suffering of hunger. So they become sympathetic with the poor. 2. Avoiding bad habits : There are some despicable habits in human beings like jealousy, malice and tendency to speak ill of others. But a person who observes saum, tries to give up these bad habits, Thus peace and ordencome back in the society. 3. Strengthening social relationship : While observing Saum, people call each other for taking Sahri and Iftar (The meal taken in ihe last half of the night and the food taken for breaking fast) for fitting Sawab (reward). They send Ifter to each other's house. Thus the' social relationship is strengthened. Inspite of alt these, there is unlimited economic importance fn observing Saum. While observing Saum the fasting people give away ample alms for getting much reward from Allah.

Q. 5. Discuss the significance and purpose of Hajj in our social content. Or, What is Hajj? Describe its spirtual and social teachings. [C.B. 2004.R.B 1999| |Ans :| Introduction ; Hajj is the fifth Rukon of Islam. Hajj is an important Ibudrt. Its means to determine or wish. In the Islamic terminology Hajj means to perform certain functions directed by Allah and His Rasul in the holy ka'ba and at some definite places on some particular days. This are described spirtual and social teachings below: Introduce of Hajj : The dictionary meaning of the term Hajj' is the determination to visit some holy places. In the terminology of Shariat. it means to stay and perform some formalities in Khana-e-Ka'ba (the holy Ka'ba) and in certain other places according to the instructions of Allah and His rasul (Sm) on some particular days. The particular places are- the holy Mecca, neighbouring Mina, Arafa and Muzdalifa. The period of Hajj is from the 8lh to the 12lh of the Zilhaj month. Hajj is obligatory to every healthy, adult, intelligent and wealthy Muslim, both male and female once in a life -time. Hajj for more than once will be regarded as Yiafl' (additional) Ibadat (Worship). This is highly virtuous or rewarding. Allah the Merciful said regarding Hajj: "It is the duty of the able persons among the human being, to visit and perform liajj in the holy Ka'ba for the cause of Allah "(3 Al-lmran : 97) This means Hajj at Baitullah (the holy Ka'ba) is the most gracious Allah's right. Hajj is obligatory to those people who have the physical abiliy to visit Mecca and are able to bear the Hajj expenses upto their return, utter meeting the basic family expenses. Spiritual teaching : Tn a Hadith it is described that the prophet <Sm.) says, "The person who performs Hajj for the satisfaction of Allah and does not take part in any unjust action or act of sin. will return home so innocent as if he/she has just come out of his/her mother's wonb. "Hajj is Farz for the rich Muslims. If anyone denies it. he/she will become an infidel (Kafir). A performer of Hajj is very dear to Allah. Allah forgives all his/her crimes. The prophet (Sm.) says, "As water washes away all dirts, so Hajj washes away all impurity from the human mind." Social teachings : Through Hajj universal Muslim fraternity is expressed. Muslims of all parts of the world gather together in this place of unity. Hajj is Muslims universal gathering. Millions of Muslims from different parts of the world having different languages, features, complexions take part in celebrating Hajj, wearing the same dress, observing the miserliness and lavishness. And for being economical, poverty is removed and economical balance is maintained. Our society honour the performers of Hajj (Hajjis) very much. Ordinary people regard the Hajj is for their Tawaf of the house of Allah. To comply with the orders of Allah and to get His blessing all the rich Muslims should perform Hajj as early as possible. Conclusion : Hajj is the greatest congregation of the Muslims of the world. The real evidence that all the Muslims of the world are of the same "Ummat" can be found during the period of Hajj in Mecca. This facilitotes the opportunity of Meeting among one another of the peoples of all the countries of the world. Thus Hajj brings Muslim fraternity and brotherhood in the Muslim woild. We will perform Hajj according to its principls. Q. 6. What is Zakat? Describe the social importance of Zakat. 3+7=10 [DB.2004, Ct.B.2004. JB.2002, RB.2000, CB.1999. SB.2003.1 Or, What do you understand by Zakat? Discuss the importance of Zakat. 5+6 JDB.200U |Ans : Introduction : Zakat fs the third pillar of Islam. In respect of importance its position is next to Iman and Salat. It has been set up with a view to helping the poor. By Zakat Allah has determined the share of the poor in the wealth of the rich. Definition : Zakat literally means purity, clarity and rectification. In the terminology of Shariat, Zakat is the a fixed part (2.5 percent) of the surplus wcaliii of a Sahib-e-Nisab Muslim, which has to be given at the end of the every year to the. sectors determined by Allah. According to the famous dictionary composer Ragib. "The money which is collected from the rich and given to the poor is called Zakat."

Wealth cannot be concentrated in the hands of any particular individual. It Zakat is paid out of this, it goes to the bands of different people. This causes the overall economic development of the society. In this consideration, Zakat means "the increase. The donors heart becomes holy from the dirt of miserliness", if Zakat is cleared off. The poor people have the right over the wealth of the rich. So. when others share is given, the remaining portion of the wealth becomes pure for its owner. Considering this point of view, Zakat means holiness. Allah the merciful provids 'barkat' is the increase, to the wealth, if Zakat is given. The social importance of Zakat: In respect of importance Zakat is next to Salat. Allah said : "Perform your Salat and give Zakat." On the basis of the economic condition, the whole society is divided into two groups such as the rich and the poor. The rich are solvent where the poor, stricken by poverty, are helpless. So the rich mist help the poor. Zakat is the compulsory means of helping the poor by the rich. Therefore Zakat bears a great socio-economic importance. These are presented below. 1. Removes the distinction between the rich and the poor : The possession of wealth has divided the society into two groups- the rich and the poof. The poor are wealth less. By the system of Zakat the poor become the shareholder of the wealth possessed by the rich. And thus lessening the wealth of the rich and increasing the wealth of the poor. Zakat remove the distinction between the poor and the rich. 2. Main object of economic balance : One'of the main objectives of Zakat is to maintain economic balance. Islam has made Zakat obligatory for the wealthy people to maintain economic balance among all the classes of people. The holy prophet (sni) said : "Allah the omnipote has made 'sadaq' (zakat) compulsory [Fart) for people. That will be realised from the rich and distributed among the poor and distressed." (Bukhari and Muslim) 3. Removes poverty : Zakat empowers the poor to have the due share of the wealth possessed by the rich. In this way the poor in the society get rid of the poverty. The existing difference between the rich and the poor is thus diminished in the society through Zakat. 4. Rouses (awaken) the feeling of brotherhood : Zakat is an economic responsibility by the rich to the poor. Bv the system of giving and taking Zakat a feeling of brotherhood grows between the rich and the poor. It is a bridge between the rich and the poor. The prophet (sm) said : "Zakat is the bridge of Islam". 5. Generates a cooperative atmosphere : No body is self reliant in the society. The poor are depended on the rich as the rich are on the poor. The rich give Zakat to the poor. Out of gratitude, the poor come forward to the help of the rich generating a cooperative atmosphere in the society. 6. Drives the capitalism away : In the capitalistic society capitalists build the heap of wealth depriving the labourers of their due share. Zakat compels the capitalists grubbing wealth in their hands. 7. Amplifies (increase) the dignity : The rich "'ho give Zakat are elevated to a dignified position in the society. Everybody regards and honours them as well-wishers of the poor. They become favourite to all. 8. Source for government income : In the Islamic state Zakat is collected by the state and deposited in the Government treasury. Later on this money or wealth is spent in the eight channels determined by the Shariat. 9. Generates employment: In the Islamic state Zakat is collected by the state and deposited in the Government treasury. The state can invest them in the industrial sectors and other income generating projects. Thus Zakat generates new fields for employment removing the crisis of unemployment. 10. Sets debtors free from debt: The poor in the society are insolvent. So the debt is their inevitable lot. By distributing Zakat to the debtors, the load of their debt can be removed. Thus Zakat set the debtors free from their debt. 11. Attracts the non-Muslim to Islam: Zakat has ^et up the share of the poor in the wealth of the rich. Zakat is not a matter of charity to the poor by the rich. It is Allah's order and an obligatory function of the rich in Islam. Allah '-ays. Perform your Salat and give Zakat'. This thing attracts the non-Muslims, who are this or that way exploited, to Islam. 12. Welfare activities can be done : A lot of public beneficial and welfare activities can be done even after meeting the needs of the poor. Many service oriented organisations for the poor, age Orphanage, chartable dispensary etc. can be established. Wonderful success was achieved by taking such steps at the early age of

Islam. The period of Hazrat Umar Faruq (KA). the second caliph of Islam, can be cited as can example. It was very difficult to find out people for receiving Zakat during his time. Conclusion : Zakat is the central gem (jewel of Islam. The main aim of it is to change the economic condition of the poor in the Society. Lessening the disparity between the rich and the poor Zakat contributes to save the society from disorder. So every 'Sahib-e-Nisab' Muslim must give Zakat as has been directed in the Quran and Sunnah. We will clear off Zakat properly. This will reduce the difference between ihe rich and the poor in the society. Economic conditions of the Muslim society will improve. Q.7. What is Jihad? Discuss its significance. 3+7=10 Or, What is Jihad? Discuss the importance of Jihad in the Islamic Society, DB. 2005.2000, Ct.B. 2003, 2001. SB. 2002. JB. 2003,2001. RB. 2003 Ans: Introduction : Islam is not mere a worship house based religion. It is the complete code of life. Jihad is the reviving power of that code. Without laborious and heroic implementation of Jihad Islam could not exist in the past and will not be able to exist in the days to come. So it is an essential Ibadat of Islam. Definition of Jihad : The word 'Jihad' ( ) is derived from the Arabic word 'Jahadun' ( ) It means nard labour, effort and perseverance. Strong endeavour to deploy all the strength. In the Islamic terminology, to make the 'Din' (Islam) of Allah victorious., trying hard using physical, mental, economic and intellectual capacity against all unfavourable forces is called Jihad. It is done only to keep the Din of Allah in the highest place. No worldly purpose can have any place there. Allah says in this regard: "77I<? Imanilars jtgiu in Hie putli oj Amtn and the kafirs jight on the path of Satan." (sura An-Nisa : 76) Kinds of Jihad : Jihad is of two kinds. These are (1) Zahiri or open Jihad and (2) Batini or secret Jihad. 1. Zahir or open Jihad : The permanent enemies of Islam are the Kafirs, Mushriks, Minafiques. the Charistians and the Jews etc. They always try to wipe away Islam form this world. To fight openly against these forces who are against Allah is called open Jihad. The Almighty Allah says, "Oh-prophet! Fight against the Kafirs and the Munafiques and he harsh against them." (Sura Tauba : 73) 2. Batini or secret Jihad : Iblis and evil tendency are the deadly enemies to human beings. They always fall into the trap of these enemies. Fighting against these deadly enemies [blis and evil-tendencies (Nats) is called secret Jiliad, The prophet (sm) declared this is the Jihad-e-Akbar. He says : "Fighting against Nafs are evil tendencies is called the greatest JUiad." The significance of Jihad : Without Jihad the D,n of Allah can nit exist in this world. It is essential to implement Islam in personal, social and international level. The significance of Jihad are discussed below : J. Lnsures the victory of Allah's Din : The permanent enemies to Islam always try to rub away (wipe away) Islam from this world. This evil effort is still going on in the name of so called democracy and human rights. It is essential to do Jihad to stop their evil efforts with a view to making Allah's Din victorious. The holy prophet (sm) Said : "The person who struggles for the victory of Allah's Din is the path of Allah." 2. Gets Allah's kalima elevated : Allah's kalima or message is the greatest which is the only salvaging ideology for the world humanity. To make this ideology victorious over the other invalid and rejected ones Jihad is an obligatory duty. Jihad has to r-j continued until Allah's Kalima is established totally. Allah said : "And you will continue struggle against them, until the 'Fitna' is driven away and Allah's religion is established completely." (Sura Anfal: 39) 3. Keets up (protects) Imaii : Satan or evil tendency always try to entrap the . Imandars' conscience and make them do sinful activities which spoil the Iman. If Jihad is not done against this evil tendency Imandar lose their Iman. So this type of Jihad is called Jihad-e-Akbar or the greatest Jihad. 4. An essential Ibadat: Only performing Saiat, fasting and doing all other Ibadals are not Islam. Isiam must be kept safe from its enemies. This to be done only by the Muslims themselves. So Jihad is also part of Ibadat. 5. Destroy the conspiracy of the Kafirs : The Kafirs are always conspiring lo wipe away islam from the land of Allah. To get their conspiracy destroyed, there is no other alternative to Jihad.

6. Keeps the home land safe : Islamic State is the main target of the anti Islamic forces. So only the Jihadi attitude of the Muslim can defend their home land and independence. Allah's Rasul (sm) said. : "Guarding the border for a day and night is better than passing a whole month in fasting during day time and performing nafs. Ibadat at nights." (Muslim) 7. Means of salvation in the life hereafter : By dint of fighting on the path of Allah a Muslim can have his sins pardoned in the life hereafter. Allah says in this regard. 'He (Allah) shall forgive your sins and make enter into Jaunt,!' (Sura Sqf'a: 12). Rasu! (sm) said, -.JJt jSu? c^j aiiJi 4-i^i ji "Know it well that the door if the Jannat are of course, under the Shadow of the sword." (Muslim) 8. Helps acquire Allah's love : Jihad is the means of protecting Allah's Din in this world. So those who go on fighting on the path of Allah are loved by him. Allah says in this regard, 'Certanly Allah loves them who are on the path of Allah in order.' 9. Helps gain dignity : Those who fight on the path of Allah and become 'Shahid' are remembered with honour and solemnity (dignity). Moreover Allah says in "Do not call them dead who die for the cause of Allah. They are alive although you cannot realize that." (Sura Baqara : 154) Conclusion : The anti-Islamic forces term Jihad as war and blood Shedding. This is a defaming effort against Jihad and Islam as well. With a view to implementing Allah's Din in this world Jihad is an Ibadat. On one hand it discourages the anti-islamic forces to harm Mam and on the other hand it protects the Muslims form different types of evil tendencies and Satan as well. So to be a true Muslim Jihad has no other alternative. We will participate in Jihad under certain circumstances. If needed, we will endeavour by all our efforts to safeguard religion even at the cost of our lives. What are the rights of parents over their children? Discuss in detail. [RB.1999, Ct.B.2003. CB.1999, JB.2003, SB.2003] ^escribe the rights of parents in the light of the holy Quran and the Hadith. [RB.2004, JB.2QQ21 |.\ns.:| Introduction : The Almighty Allah has created us. He controls everything about human beings. Because of parents human beings come to this beautiful world. Parents are nearest and dearest ones with infinite love, sympathy and affection they rear their children. There is no limit of their sacrifice. When a child is born, it is very helpless.At that time parents rear it with great fondness and care fulfilling all its needs. So the parents also have some rights over their children which are discussed below : Rights of parents : The duties and responsibilities of the children towards their parents are described with great importance in the holy Quran. We can discuss the right of parents over children by two means. A. Rights after the livelihood of parents B. Rights after the death of parents. A. Rights during the livelihood of parents : Everybody should take care of their parents during their livelihood. These are as follows. 1. Well behaviour : Children should talk to their parents respectfully. Parents have the rights to get well behaviour from their children. Allah has given direction to fulfill the rights of parents after Him. To perform the Ibadat of Allah, not to do any shirk and behave well with parents are equally important for man and women. About it the Almighty Allah says: -UL^-I 'j> -U3J bj & <uy/Jj'r} si)i >i#) "You perform the Ibadat of Allah, do not make anything His sharer (Sharik) and behave well with your parents." (Sura An-Nisa ." 36) 2. Not 10 be rude to them : When parents become old, children should not letter a single word of annoyance in their presence. They should not givs them any hint that they are in trouble because of them and they should not talk in a threatening tone.

3. Obedience to them : It is the bounded duty of every son and daughter to abide by the decisions of their parents. But if the parents order them to do anything against Islam or give pressure for doing that, in 'hat case children have to refuse to carry out the order of the parents and follow the order of Allah. Even in that case also children should not abandon their parents. Disobedience to parents is an unforgivable crime. Allah says in the holy Quran about its punishment. "The Almighty Allah forgives all the sins of His servants according to his will. But He will not forgive disobedience to parents. Rather He punishes such sinners in this worldly life before death." 4. To keep them satisfied : Satisfaction of parents is the satisfaction of Allah. In the Hadith sharif it is said, "Allah is satisfied it parents are satisfied and, Allah is dissatisfied it parents are dissatisfied." So everybody should take care so that the parents can lead their lives in peace and happiness. 5. To take care of them : Everyone should be submissive to their parents. They should not do any thing or utter any word that might hurt them. 6. To serve them with care when they are old : When parents become old, weak children, they should be taken care of more. They should stretch their helpful hands towards them with sympathy, They should devote themselves to their service. Prophet (sm) said : "Heaven for a child ties under the feet of its mother." B. Rights after the death of parents : Hazrat Abu Usaid (R) has said about the right of parents after their death, Once one person asked Hazrat Muhammad (sm), "OhTProphet, How we can serve our parents even after the'r death?" He replied, "There arc four ways." These are described beiow : 1. To make arrangement for their grave properly : After the death of any one of them children should make proper arrange ment for their Janaza prayer as well as to grave them with due respect. 2. To pray for them : Every child should pray to Almighty Allah for the soul of their parents. They have to pray by remembering all the contribution of their parents during their childhood wholeheartedly like this. "Oh Allah! in i:iy childhood my parents reared me with much love and care, Show that love and care to them." (Sura Bani Israil: 25) 3. To pay all the debt of their parents : Children have to pay their parents debt made during their livelihood, More over it parents made any promise in their livelihood to give someone something, children have to fulfil that. 4. To do good behaviour all the relatives and friends of parents : It is the certain duty of every child to show due respect to the friends and relatives of parents after their death. Conclusion : To get peace in the worldly life and to get unbounded happiness in heaven in the world hereafter, one must be submissive to one's parents. The total welfare of our worldly life lies in the satisfaction of the parents. So under no circumstances parents . should be inflicted with pain and it is our duly to always treat them well. We will abide by the decisions of our parents and take care of them for our own welfare. Q. 9. What are the rights of the relatives? Discuss the significance of the rights of the relatives in the social context. 3+7=10 [SB.2005,2002, DB.2O03.JB.20O0.I999] Or, What do you understand by relatives? Describe the duties of a Muslim towards his relatives in the light of the holy Quran and Hadith. |CB.2003,_JB.2Q00, RB.2002| |Ans.| Rasul (Sm) said "One who outs the relationship with the relatives, will not enter in to heaven." From this statement we can realise the inportance of maintaining relationship with relatives. Naturally to live in a society every man has to make a bond of relationship. At present time not to meintain the relationship with relatives is the main cause of distress, in the family and social life, So in Islam importance has been given on the relationship with relatives. Definition of relatives :

Generally by relatives we mean those with whom we have relationship of soul. But in other word relatives those with whom we have relations of blood. Marriage and friendship. So by relatives we mean, father, mother, brothers, sisters, grandfathers, grand mothers, uncles and aunts and there are many more from the Material side. Right of relatives : In Islamic livelihood, there are institutions to observe the rights of these relatives properly. Allah said :s ,r _ "You perform your duty towards your Relatives" Allah says : "You observe the right of the relatives and be conscious about the relatives and be conscious about their right justice." Prophet (sm) says : "What you expense, expense for your parents, relatives, orphans an poor." The right of the relatives in social field is described below : 1. To contain good relation : Prophet (sm) says about those who breach relationship with relatives "One who cuts of relationship with relatives, will not enter into heaven."