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INTRODUCTION Shelter is a basic and indispensable need for society to be productive and stable.

The provision of adequate shelter will enhance and support national economic and social development. Housing serves as a catalyst for overall economic activity. - Hon. Corazon C. Aquino (former President of the Philippines) The Philippine Housing in Context The housing problem in the country is manifested in various forms- the proliferation of informal housing arrangements (e.g. squatting, ownership of structure with no lease on site), the poor quality of dwelling and infrastructure services, the growth in room letting creating enormous congestion, unregulated housing and zoning and land use conflicts. Two major conditions contribute to this situation: one, over urbanization; and two, relatively inelastic supply specifically at the lower end of the housing market. Over urbanization has been defined as a stage where higher degree of urbanization exists relative to the rates warranted by their degrees of industrialization. The country subscribes to this over urbanization phenomenon. There has been a considerable high degree of urbanization in the country but such levels have not been matched by high per capita income as well as shift of labor employment from low to high productivity areas. Rapid urbanization tend to produce large shifts in demand of housing frequently outstripping supply while low per capita income would mean a high ratio of unit housing cost to income. Trends in Government Housing Strategies The National Shelter Program (NSP) represents the Philippine action agenda for housing. The Program has three key program areas that contain the various policy instruments in housing. The key areas are the following: production, regulation and finance.

Production: This component entailed the development of site or service homelots and the construction of residential buildings for low to middle-income households. The functions related to production are the following: (1) ensuring a continuous supply of housing construction, which include accreditation and franchising of private developers, constructors, fabricators and suppliers who shall directly participate in the actual construction of identified housing projects; and (2) accreditation of housing technologies. Finance: The shelter finance system is operated under four major schemesguarantees and tax incentives, development financing, homebuyers or end-user financing and community-based financing. Funds are mainly sourced from budgetary appropriations and from savings of pension funds members. Regulatory: The regulatory component involves a continuous rationalization of building standards and regulations governing housing construction and subdivision development including real estate trade in the country. The other regulatory component is the rent control law, which has been adopted to protect tenants from unreasonable increases in rental prices and eviction. Unlike land

developments, however, no agency specifically monitors compliance to the rental law. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Rapid urbanization is occurring around the world. Soon, more than 50% of the worlds population will be found in cities and urban centers. This fast and unplanned development results in serious problems due to scarcity of land, congestion and poverty. The area we have been studying is located in Valenzuela, a city in Metro Manila. It was once a vacant lot beside a creek and near both residential and agricultural land. It has been developed by the government to be a relocation site for families who has no permanent dwellings, they are from the railroad (in Malinta), and families who are affected by the widening/extension of the North Luzon Expressway (NLEX) in Ugong, Valenzuela City. At present there are ___ families in ___ structures living there. The National Housing Authority signed a memorandum of agreement with the landowner and the residents are currently paying the land amortization on a regular monthly basis. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM Metro Manilas urban poor have increased considerably in the last few decades starting from the 1960s due to the deficiency of job opportunities in the rural areas. In the Philippines, there are 1.4 million informal settler families, and Metro Manila has a large 51% share of these informal settlers. The squatters, and there are thousands in Metro Manila, have frustrated much of the MMDAs (Metro Manila Development Authority) goals. They are found all over the place: by the riverbanks, along the walls of Manila Bay, under and over bridges, in public parks and along railroad tracks. Many have organized themselves into slums that have withstood pressures from either the city or municipal halls and the rightful landowners. The more durable slums have survived for many decades in the 17 towns and cities. At least 85,000 squatter families have congregated in the greater Manila area due to the pull of the city, poverty in the hometown, the governments failure to develop the regions and its hollow policy on land and home ownership. Politicians have tolerated slums because the squatters constitute a big voting precinct. In summary, despite government efforts to relocate them, at times by forceful means of demolition and abrupt eviction, these informal settlers have in the process gained a strong political will and have learned to defend themselves of their inviolable right to shelter and housing. Various attempts have been made at relocating these slum dwellers. However, about 30 to 40% of the resettlers returned from their tenement houses back to their place of origin. In the long term, the percentage increased even up to 80% in the 1990s due to few job opportunities & their other needs are not met at these relocation sites. Therefore, the problem the study aimed to address was: Is socialized housing project for the unprivileged complying with the requirements set forth by the government specially BP 220 and PD957? What are the issues/problems that affect the quality of these requirements?


SCOPE AND DELIMITATION This paper hopes to tackle whether or not the Northville 2 housing project in Valenzuela City comply with the requirements provided by the government and the issues/problems that affect the comfort and safety of the residents. The Northville 2 project was the only site to be studied and an assessment is made through the quality of life of that relocation site, measured in terms of space allocation and provision of amenities vis--vis the minimum standards set by the BP 220/BP344 and assessing its appropriateness. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY Majority of the data is taken from desk research and mapping inventory from pertinent websites. Excerpts from the UN Habitat Agenda, the UN Millennium Goals, as well as the World Urban Forum 4 (held in November 2008 at Nanjing, China) will serve as backgrounder and rationale for the intent to humanize and harmonize these housing programs. Excerpts from the Humanizing Socialized Resettlement Housing Programs: A Challenge towards Sustainability Practices in Urban and Rural Communities, as well as Sustainable Housing in Navotas, the Philippines - A Minor Field Study on Low-income Housing in Disaster Prone Areas and 14th SGRA seminar on urban-rural gap and sustainability shared growth. Interviews or focused group discussions with the heads or representatives of the residents and an ocular inspection were conducted to complete the study. An assessment is made of the quality of life that the relocation sites provide, also measured in terms of space allocation and provision of amenities, looking into the minimum standards set by the BP 220/BP344 and assessing its appropriateness.


LOCATION: Northville 2, Bignay, Valenzuela City, Philippines USERS: Families who has no permanent dwellings, they are from the railroad (in Malinta), and families who are affected by the widening/extension of the North Luzon Expressway (NLEX) in Ugong, Valenzuela City. SCALE/SIZE: 32 sq. m per unit/house II. ARCHITECTURAL ANALYSIS CONCEPT: To build a low-cost structure that will provide the housing needs of the people. ARCHITECTURAL FEATURES: Some of dimensions used are not standard like: Door (entrance): Width = .70m (the standard width of the door is .90m)

Windows Width= .70m (the standard width of the window is .60m) Height of the house (roof not included) = 2.40m (the standard height is 2.70m) SUSTAINABLE FEATURES: The house maximizes the use of natural light and ventilation. SPACES:

Toilet and bathroom

dining area Bedroom

laundry area

Living area Kitchen C. FINDINGS / ANALYSIS The Northville 2 is a project of National Housing Authority (NHA) made to act as the relocation site for the families who dont have their own house and lot properties. Families who live at the railroad ( in Malinta) and Families who are affected by the widening/ extension of the North Luzon Expressway (NLEX).

Problems of the site: The site is located near the creek that causes easy flooding.

Not accessible to market, school, hospital and other establishments. They dont have their own water line. They just depend on the delivery of water.

But despite of the problems discuss, the residence are more comfortable to live here than before because they already have their own house and lot property. And they just pay 250 a month. The size of the house is 32sq.m. This lot area is enough for a small family.
Bignay, Valenzuela city community is a very peaceful place until it became the relocation site of people from home along the railroad: Northville 2

D. RECOMMENDATIONS/ CONCLUSIONS Construct a well build bridge across the creek to have easy access for the user. Vegetation is needed to control the smell from creeks. Construct a flood control system near the creek to avoid flooding along the area that has a low ground level.

Construct a water line that will supply the needs of water of the people living there.