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depression and anxiety, in the general population is around one in six people, and around 40% of people with mental health problems will have symptoms of both anxiety and depression. Drug acting on the central nervous system (CNS) include the centrally acting (mainly opoid) analgesics, anti-epileptics and anti-Parkinson agents, as well as those for psychiatric disorders. Many of such herbal drugs have reached to the stage of clinical trials to validate their potency. The current review is focused on various herbs, which can be used in treatment of various mental disorders along side here efficacy. INTRODUCTION It is globally accepted that the level at which individuals suffering from one disorder or others seeking for the traditional means of cure is something that is amazing despite the ___________ for the patronage given to yje modern means of cure. The degree of efficiency of the traditional are conjure to the modern means of curing a disordered person is what called for out attitude and also the reason why individual suffering from such _______ to take the traditional means of cure to the modern means. The reasons for these serves the basis for research and the findings could/will lead to the research to know about the rehabilitation and acceptance of the patient by the society after the cure.. The prevalence of mental health problems, particularly depression and anxity, in the general population is around one in six people, and around 40% of people with mental health problems will have symptoms of both anxiety and depression. Mental disorder or mental illness are terms used to refer to a psychological or physiological pattern that occurs in an individual and is usually associated with distress or disability that is not expected

as part of normal development or culture. The recognition and understanding of mental disorders has changed over time, which makes it globally accepted that mentally disordered persons would defiantly seek for way to ameliorate their health status. Categories of diagnoses may include mood disorders, anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, eating disorders, developmental disorders, personality disorders, and many other categories. In many cases there is no single accepted or consistent cause of mental disorders, although they are widely understood in terms of a diathesis-stress model and biopsychosocial model. Mental disorders have been found to be common, with over a third of people in most countries reporting sufficient criteria at some point in their life. Mental health services may be based in hospitals or in the community. Mental health professionals diagnose individuals using different methodologies, often relying on case history and interview. Psychotherapy and psychiatric medication are two major treatment options, as well as supportive interventions. Several methods of curing or treating mental disorders vary with the affected individual and the degree of illness. Psychiatric doctors prescribe drugs that are meant to suppress or cure mental disorders and in most cases these drugs contain sleeping doses

HERBAL MEDICINE AS AN ALTERNATIVE AND ITS POTENCY Herbal medicines as a globally known alternative for conventional medicines are commonly used in developed and developing countries in the treatment of psychiatric illness. Over the past decade much has put attention on the use of herbs in the treatment of mental and emotional difficulties. Probably the most well known herb now, because of all of this commotion, is Saint Johns Wort. Drugs of plant origin are important in all these areas, although not usually for self-medication. They are also of historical interest; for example, the antipsychotic drug reserpine, isolated from Rauvolfia species, revolutionized the treatment of schizophrenia and enabled many patients to avoid hospitalization before the introduction of the phenothiazines and the newer atypical antipsychotics, in the same way Phytotherapy has a role in

helping to re-establish a regular pattern of sleep which was disturbed by depression and anxiety the two major causes of mental disorders. Currently, it is estimated that traditional medicine is the only healthcare resource accessible to a third of all Nigerians. Scholars (such as Jegede, 1998; Ogunbodede, 1997; Oyebola, 1987; Aregbeyen, 1996; Owumi, 1998) suggest that the popularity of traditional medicine in Nigeria is not unrelated to its affordability, cultural responsiveness, effectiveness, and geographical accessibility. However, traditional medicine offers a somewhat holistic therapeutic option as it is often sensitive to the beliefs, practices, and sociocultural and livelihood realities of its many users. Furthermore age, gender, class, educational attainment, religious beliefs, and income do not appear to have much inuence on the utilization of traditional medicine which is used to treat a host of health conditions including mental disorder, fractures, insomania, and infertility. Several researches have been carried out to reveal the potency of traditional medicines. What this means is that while Western medicine is only occupied with one function; getting rid of the symptoms, traditional medicine performs three distinct functions: (1) Getting rid of the symptoms, (2) Identifying and removing the causes of the illness, and (3) Maintaining a holistic balance (including spiritual) in the patient. With this, it becomes evident why traditional medicine is wider, deeper and more complex than the Western one. In developing countries like Nigeria, where health care demands are on the high side, and there are inadequate and under-equipped health care centers or hospitals to help tackle the ever increasing need of the masses, sick individuals tend to seek health care elsewhere, mostly from traditional healers or herbalists as it is cheaper and easily assessable, especially when illness cases or conditions defy western medications.

Increasing number of patients express a preference for the use of remedies they perceive to be natural, either recommended by physicians or not. It is becoming increasingly important for physician to be familiar with the herbal remedies commonly used in the patient problems they serve. Since the mental illness are diverse and individual patients are biochemically unique, a larger number of drugs will increase the likelihood of finding a beneficial medication, Hence in future times psychiatric patients will probably have medications with improved effectiveness and with less side effects. Although evidence of the efficacy of the herbal preparation in treating psychiatric conditions is growing. Translating the results of efficacy studies into effective treatment for patients is hampered by the chemical complexity of the products, lack of standardization of commonly available preparation and the paucity of well-controlled studies. This reveals that number of herbal drugs are available for the treatment of various mental disorders but there is a need to explore efficacy of many of them. For this a rigorous study of various traditionally but not scientifically proved herbs must be carried out at the pre-clinical and clinical levels.

REFERENCES Boniel T, Dannon P, The safety of herbal medicines in the psychiatric practice, Harefuah, 2001; Aug; 140 (8): 780 3, 805.

David Winston, Eclectic and Botanical Therapeutics for mental health, Journal of the American Herbalist Guild, 2002, vol 3, #2. Schultz V, Hansel R and Tayler V E, Rational phytotherapy: a physicians guide to herbal medicine, 1998, Berline, Springer Verlag. Sivaraman R, Nootropic effects of some herbal formulations available in India, PhD Thesis, Department of medical elementology and toxicology, Faculty of science, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India, 2002. Vazquez I, Aguera-Ortiz LF. Herbal products and serious side effects: a case of ginseng-induced manic episode. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2002; 105:76, 77.