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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Political_dynasties_in_the_Philippines Politics in the Philippines has been under the control of a few notable families .

It is normal for a politician's son, wife, brother, or other kinsman, to run f or the same or other government office. The term coined by Filipinos to describe this practice is "Political dynasty", the equivalent of an oligarchy in politic al science. One can trace its roots from the Spanish colonial times where favored families o f the mestizo stock, or the Illustrados were given responsibilities of Gobernado rcillo, or Alcalde. As such, these men have wielded some influence in their comm unities, and patronage politics was a common undertaking. After the Philippine-American War, the United States colonial authorities took u nder their wings these Illustrados to join the democratic process. During this p eriod, family names such as Cojuangcos, Lopezes, Marcoses, Osmeas and Aquinos bec ame household names. The 1987 Constitution of the Philippines states in Article II Section 26, "The S tate shall guarantee equal access to opportunities for public service, and prohi bit political dynasties as may be defined by law." Though, political dynasties h ave been a present staple in Philippine political arena. Many have called for the Congress to pass the Anti-Dynasty Law, but this bill ha s been passed over by each Congress since 1987. Some have pointed that oligarchy is the root problem of all the corruption in the Philippine government. Despite the entry of the Party List System in the 11th Congress, the proportion of lawmakers with relatives in elective positions have remained the same in the post-Marcos political scene.[3] The table below illustrates the percentage: Political scientist Dante Simbulan, in a study of the elites of Philippine polit ics from 1946 to 1963 lists 169 prominent families. These families have produced 584 public officials, including seven Presidents, two Vice Presidents, 42 Senat ors, and 147 Representatives. The tables below outlines the demographics of fami lies in politics. In the 14th Congress of the Philippines (from July 23, 2007 to June 4, 2010), it was surveyed that more than 75% of the lawmakers are members of the old politic al families. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Party-list_proportional_representation Party-list proportional representation Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems em phasizing proportional representation (PR) in elections in which multiple candid ates are elected (e.g. elections to parliament) through preferentially-ranked al locations to an electoral list. They can also be used as part of mixed additiona l member systems. In these systems, parties make lists of candidates to be elected, and seats get allocated to each party in proportion to the number of votes the party receives. Voters may vote directly for the party, as in Israel, or for candidates, and th at vote will pool to the party, as in Turkey and Brazil, or for a list of candid ates, as in Hong Kong. The order in which a party's list candidates get elected may be pre-determined b y some method internal to the party or the candidates (a closed list system) or it may be determined by the voters at large (an open list system). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_political_families_in_the_Philippines The following is a list of political families in the Philippines. The Philippine political arena, unlike other democracies, is mainly arranged and operated by f amilies or alliances of families rather than political parties. 1 Abad Family (Batanes) 2 Abalos Family (Mandaluyong City) 3 Acosta Family (Bukidnon) 4 Albano Family (Isabela) 5 (Alonto-Adiong Family) ==(Lanao del Sur and Lanao del Norte) 6 Angara Family (Aurora)

7 Aquino Family (Sorsogon & Agusan del Sur (CARAGA)) 8 Arroyo Family (Negros Occidental) 9 Asistio Family (Caloocan City) 10 Binay Family (Makati City) 11 Cayetano Family (Taguig) 12 Cerilles Family (Zamboanga del Sur) 13 Cojuangco Family (Tarlac) 14 Crisologo Family (Ilocos Sur) 15 Cua Family (Quirino) 16 Cuenco Family (Cebu) 17 Datumanong Family (Maguindanao) 18 Del Mar Family (Cebu) 19 Dimaporo Family (Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur) 20 Dominguez Family 21 Duavit Family (Rizal) 22 Dumlao Family (Nueva Vizcaya) 23 Duremdes Family (Iloilo) 24 Dy Family (Isabela) 25 Enrile Family (Cagayan) 26 Ecleo Family (Dinagat Islands) 27 Escudero Family (Sorsogon) 28 Estrada Family (San Juan City) 29 Fajardo Family (Nueva Ecija / Cavite / Rizal / Manila / Pampanga / Bulacan / Quezon) 30 Fua Family (Siquijor) 31 Fuentebella Family (Camarines Sur/negros) 32 Gaces Family (Southern Leyte) 33 Galicia Family (Davao Region) 34 Garin Family (Iloilo) 35 Gomez Family (Laguna) 36 Gordon Family (Zambales) 37 Imperial Family (Albay) 38 Jaen Family (Leganes,Iloilo) 39 Jalosjos Family (Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga Sibugay) 40 Joson Family (Nueva Ecija) 41 Lacson Family (Negros Occidental, Manila) 42 Lapus Family (Tarlac) 43 Laurel Family (Batangas) 44 Lim Family (Southern Leyte) 45 Lim Family (Palawan) 46 Lobregat Family (Zamboanga City) 47 Lopez Family (Iloilo) 48 Lucero Family (Northern Samar/Zamboanga del Sur) 49 Lim Family (Jimenez, Misamis Occidental) 50 (( Lucman Family (Lanao del Sur)) 51 Magsaysay Family (National)/ZAMBALES/La Union/Batangas/Makati City/Quezon Ci ty/Manila City/Bulacan) 52 Marcos Family (Ilocos Norte) 53 Mangudadatu Family (Sultan Kudarat, Maguindanao ) 54 Macapagal Family (Pampanga) 55 Mendiola/Siojo/Mercado Family (Bulacan, Pampanga, Mindoro, Samar) 56 Nepomuceno (Pampanga) 57 Mitra Family (Palawan) 58 Ortega Family (La Union/Negros Oriental) 59 Osmea Family (Cebu) 60 Plaza Family (Agusan del Sur, Agusan del Norte, Cagayan) 61 Pinili Family ( Dumaguete City, Bais City and Negros Oriental) 62 Rama Family (Cebu) 63 Ramos Family (Pangasinan) 64 Recto Family (Batangas)

65 Remulla Family (Cavite) 66 Revilla Family (Cavite) 67 Reyes Family (Marinduque) 68 Reyes Family (Palawan) 69 Roco Family (Camarines Sur) 70 Romualdez/ Lopez Family (Leyte) 71 Roxas Family (Capiz) 72 Santillan Family (Batangas, Cavite, Manila, Antique, Albay, Pampanga) 73 Sandoval Family (Palawan, Navotas) 74 Singson Family (Ilocos Sur) 75 Sinsuat Family (Maguindanao) 76 Sumulong Family (Rizal) 77 Espinosa/Martinez Family (Cebu/Masbate) 78 Taada Family (Quezon) 79 Ty Family (Surigao del Sur) 80 Uy Family (Isabela) 81 Villar-Aguilar Family (Las Pias City) 82 Villarreal Family 83 Zubiri Family (Bukidnon) Abad Family (Batanes) Jorge Abad Aurora Abad o Florencio Abad Abalos Family (Mandaluyong City) Benjamin Abalos, Sr. - Mayor of Mandaluyong City, Chairman of MMDA, Chairman of COMELEC o Benjamin "Benhur" Abalos, Jr. - incumbent Mayor of Mandaluyong City; son of Benjamin Abalos, Sr. Arsenio Abalos - former Barangay Captain of Hagdang Bato Itaas, incumbent City C ouncilor; older brother of Benjamin Abalos, Sr. Jonathan Abalos - incumbent City Councilor; son of Benjamin Abalos, Sr. Acosta Family (Bukidnon) Socorro Acosta J. Nereus Acosta Albano Family (Isabela) Delfin Albano Rodolfo Albano Jr. o Rodolfo Albano III ARMM (Alonto-Adiong Family) ==(Lanao del Sur and Lanao del Norte) Sultan Alauya Adiong Alonto, first Muslim Senator, Signatory to the 1935 Constit ution Datu Birua Alonto, Mayor, Marawi City, 1938 (Brother) Domocao Alangadi Alonto, Governor,Congressmen, Senator 1958-1961 (Son) Abdul Ghaffur Alonto, Governor, Lanao del Sur, 1960-1964,1964-1967 (Son) Princess Tarhata Alonto-Lucman, Governor, Lanao del Sur 1970-1974, OIC 1987-1988 (Daughter) Masiding Alonto (son) Madrigal Alonto (son) Mamintal Adiong, Congressman and Governor, Lanao del Sur AbulKhayr Alonto, Speaker, ARMM (Grandson) Ansaruddin Alonto Adiong, Assembly and Regional Governor, ARMM (Great Grandson) Mamintal Alonto Adiong Jr. Governor, Lanao del Sur (Great Grandson)- Present Zia Alonto Adiong, Assemblyman 1st District Lanao del sur, ARMM (Great Grandson) Present Yasser Alonto Balindong, Assemblyman 2nd District Lanao Del Sur, ARMM (Great Gra ndson) Present Boyet G. Alonto, 1st District Board Member, (Great Grandson) Present Che Alonto Balindong, Board Member Liga ng Barangay, Lanao Del Sur (Great Grands on) Present

Angara Family (Aurora) Edgardo Angara,[1] Senator (1987-1998, 2001-present), Cabinet Secretary (1999-20 01) o Juan Edgardo Angara,[1] Congressman from Aurora (2004-present) Aquino Family (Sorsogon & Agusan del Sur (CARAGA)) CARAGA Jose C. Aquino Sr. - Governor 1964-1966, Congressman 1967-1969 Jose "Joboy" Aquino II - Incumbent Representative CARAGA (2007Present) SORSOGON Rafael C. Aquino Sr. - Congressman 7th Congress (19691972) Rodolfo N. Aquino - 3 Term Board Member 1st District Rebecca L. Aquino - Current Board Member 1st District Arroyo Family (Negros Occidental) Jose Ma. Arroyo - former Senator, grandfather of Jose Miguel Arroyo Jose Miguel Arroyo - former First Gentleman of the Philippines husband of former President Gloria Arroyo o Pres.Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo - incumbent Representative, 2nd District of Pampanga, former President of the Philippines Rep.Juan Miguel Macapagal Arroyo - (congressman), Representative from 2nd Distri ct of Pampanga, son of Gloria and Jose Miguel Arroyo Rep.Diosdado Macapagal Arroyo - (congressman), Representative from Camarines Sur , son of Gloria and Jose Miguel Arroyo Luli Arroyo- Bernas - only daughter of President Arroyo; topped the foreign serv ice exams; policy office at World Wide Fund (WWF) Rep.Ignacio Arroyo, Jr. - (congressman), Representative from 5th district of Neg ros Occidental, brother of Jose Miguel Arroyo Rep. Maria Lourdes Arroyo - (congresswoman), Party-list Representative, sister o f Jose Miguel Arroyo Asistio Family (Caloocan City) Cornelio Asistio Cordero :mayor (19411944) Macario Asistio, Sr: mayor (19521972) Alejandro Asistio Fider: mayor (19761978) Macario Asistio, Jr: mayor (19801995) Luis Baby Asistio: congressman (19922001, 20042007) Aurora Asistio-Henson: congresswoman (19921997) Macario Asistio III: councilor (2004present) Onet Asistio-Henson: barangay captain (2007present) Albert Asistio-Munoz: former presidential advisor Binay Family (Makati City) Jejomar Binay - Incumbent vice president, Mayor of Makati (19861998, 20012010), MM DA Chairman Jejomar Erwin Binay - Mayor of Makati (on June 30, 2010), councilor, son of Jejo mar Abby Binay - Representative from Makati, daughter of Jejomar Elenita Binay - Mayor of Makati (19982001), wife of Jejomar Cayetano Family (Taguig) Rene Cayetano (former Senator) o Alan Peter Cayetano (former Congressman, Senator; son of Rene Cayetano) o Pia Cayetano (Senator; daughter of Rene Cayetano) o Ma. Laarni L. Cayetano - Taguig City Mayor ; wife of Alan Peter Cayetano o Lino Cayetano - Fort Bonifacio Taguig Barangay Captain; son of Rene Caye tano o Ren Ren Cayetano- Former councilor of Muntinlupa, (2010 congressional ca ndidate 1st District Taguig City); son of Rene Cayetano Cerilles Family (Zamboanga del Sur) (Aurora E. Cerilles) Congresswoman District 1 (2010 to present), former provinci al governor o (Antonio Cerilles) Provincial Governor (2010 to present), former congres sman district II o (Ace William Cerilles) Mun. Mayor (2007 to present), Dumalinao, ZDS

Cojuangco Family (Tarlac) Melecio Cojuangco (former Representative, 1st Philippine Assembly) Eduardo Cojuangco Sr. (former provincial governor) o Eduardo Cojuangco Jr. (former 1992 Presidential candidate; former Repres entative, House of Representatives); Chairman, San Miguel Corporation Carlos Cojuangco (Representative, House of Representatives; former town Mayor) Marcos Cojuangco (Representative, House of Representatives) Don Jose "Pepe" Cojuangco, Sr. (former Representative, 10th Philippine Assembly; father of Corazon Aquino) o Jose "Peping" Cojuangco, Jr. (Presidential adviser on Food Security; for mer Representative, House of Representatives; current President of the Philippin e Olympic Committee), brother of Corazon Aquino o Gov. Margarita "Ting-Ting" Cojuangco (Undersecretary for Interior and Lo cal Government; former provincial governor; wife of Jose Jr.) o Pres. Corazon Cojuangco-Aquino (former president) Pres. Benigno Simeon Aquino III (15th President of the Philippines) Mercedes Cojuangco-Teodoro (former Assemblywoman, Batasang Pambansa) o Gilberto Teodoro - former Congressman, 1st District of Tarlac; former Se cretary of Department of National Defense (Philippines); Presidential candidate for the May 10, 2010 Elections; son of Mercedes Cojuangco-Teodoro o Cong.Monica Louise P. Teodoro - Congresswoman, 1st District Tarlac; Spou se of Gilbert Teodoro Mayor Miguel Cojuangco Rivilla (Town Mayor) Crisologo Family (Ilocos Sur) Carmeling Crisologo - former Governor, wife of Floro Floro Crisologo - Congressman, husband of Carmeling Vicente Crisologo - Congressman, 1st District of Quezon City, son Cua Family (Quirino) Junie Cua - Representative, Lone District of Quirino, 9th, 10th, & 12th Congress Ma. Angela E. Cua - Representative, Lone District of Quirino, 11th Congress Dax Cua - Governor of Quirino Cuenco Family (Cebu) Mariano Jesus Cuenco - Member of the Philippine Assembly 1912-1916, Representati ve, 5th District of Cebu, 1916, 1919, 1922, 1925, Speaker of House of Representa tives 1922, Governor of Cebu 1928 and 1931, Secretary of Public Works and Agricu lture, Senator 1912-28, 194164, and President of the Senate Miguel Cuenco - Representative, 5th District of Cebu, 1931, 1944, 1949 Manuel Cuenco - Cebu governor in 1950s Antonio Cuenco - Representative, 2nd District of Cebu, 9th, 10th, & 12th Congres s Nancy R. Cuenco - Representative, 2nd District of Cebu, 11th Congress; wife of A ntonio Cuenco Datumanong Family (Maguindanao) This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (January 2011) Del Mar Family (Cebu) Jose Maria Del Mar- Publisher and journalist; comes from the prominent Del Mar f amily of Pari-an, Cebu's genteel district and enclave of Cebuano elite during th e late 19th Century o Raul Del Mar- Deputy Speaker of the House of Representatives; son of pub lisher and journalist Jose Maria Del Mar Rachel Marguarite Del Mar- Representative of Cebu's North District; Board Member , Movie and Television Review and Classification Board (MTRCB); Board of Trustee , Cultural Center of the Philippines (CCP) Raoul Del Mar- Congressman, Cebu City North District Mike Acebedo Lopez- National Youth Commissioner; MTRCB Board Member; youngest de legate in history to the United Nations General Assembly in New York; grand son of Caridad Duterte Del Mar- Lopez of Cebu and Captain Generoso Lopez of the Lope z- Romualdez family of Leyte.

Romulo Del Mar Neri- former NEDA Secretary Dimaporo Family (Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur) This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (January 2011) Moh. Ali Dimaporo Macacna Dimaporo Monib Dimaporo Naga Dimaporo Dominguez Family Pedro Dominguez, President of Mt.Province 1920's (Governor in present political lingo) Victor Dominguez, Congressman of Mt. Province from 19871998; 20042009 Vice Governor Benjamin Dominguez, Mt. Province Philippines Under Secretary Josephine Dominguez, (Mt. Province Congresswoman 199 8-2001; HR 2002present) Philippine General "Popoy" Dominguez-Fianza Councilor Elaine Dominguez Sembrano, Baguio City 2008Present Duavit Family (Rizal) This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (January 2011) Dumlao Family (Nueva Vizcaya) Cesario Dumlao (elected vice mayor of Bagabag, 1940; appointed mayor of Bagabag, 1945-1946) Patricio Dumlao Sr. (appointed mayor of Bayombong, 1950-1951; elected mayor of B ayombong, 1952-1955, 1956-1959) Patricio Dumlao Sr. (Governor of Nueva Vizcaya) Natalia Dumlao (Vice Governor, Governor of Nueva Vizcaya) Patricio Dumlao Jr (provincial board member of Nueva Vizcaya) Maybelle Blossom Dumlao (municipal councilor of Solano, Nueva Vizcaya; provincia l board member of Nueva Vizcaya) Duremdes Family (Iloilo) Capitan Toribio Duremdes - Capitan del Municipio, the Philippine Municipal Elect ions/the Maura Law was passed to reorganize town governments in 1893 and was eff ective in 1895. Godofredo Duremdes Sr. - Mayor c. 1950s Ramon Divinagracia Duremdes - Mayor of the town of Dumangas for 3 consecutive te rms (1960 1969). He was the longest serving Vice Governor of the Province of Ilo ilo (1972 to 1992). The Divinagracia's of Dumangas written by Dinggol Araneta Di vinagracia - Founder of INM "Ilonggo Nation Movement". (Relative of Senator Fran klin Drilon). Nery De La Gente Duremdes - Presiding Judge - Branch 11, Regional Trial Court, S an Jose, Antique. (Son of Ramon Divinagracia Duremdes) Rose Marie Duremdes Doromal - Former Councilor and Vice Mayor of Dumangas, Socia l Worker, Active Volunteer/ Civic Worker, Street Parliamentarian, First woman pr esiding officer of the Municipal Council of Dumangas, author of the highest numb er of ORIGINAL ordinances and resolutions in the history of the town. (Daughter of Ramon Divinagracia Duremdes) Lorenzo (Monfort Paternal side) Doclaima Duremdes - He served in the Municipalit y of Dumangas before WW II until 1951, served in the Provincial Auditor's office of the Province of Iloilo 1951 - 1970. His mother donated a piece of her land t o Dumangas Protestant Church. (Relative of Ramon Divinagracia Duremdes) (Relativ e of Former Congressman Narciso Dolar Monfort of the Fourth District of Iloilo) (Bloodline of the Montfort's ) (Husband of Encarnacion Duremdes relative of the Lopez's, Lopez's of Iloilo and Silay maternal side. Graciano Lopez Jaena of Jaro Iloilo, Ilonggo National Hero and Founder of "La Solidaridad"). Lorenzo Jamero Duremdes Jr. - Barangay Captain Pandaraonan Nueva Valencia, Guima ras. (Son of Lorenzo D. Duremdes) Domingo Jamero Duremdes - Served at the Municipal Treasurer's office 1957 - 1969

. (Son of Lorenzo D. Duremdes) Gloria Jamero Duremdes - Served at the Municipal Treasurer's office 1966 - 1970. (Daughter of Lorenzo D. Duremdes) Cresenciano Dumdumaya Duremdes - Mayor of the Municipality of Balasan for 2 term s. Cresenciano Bataga Duremdes Jr. - SB Member of the Municipality of Balasan for 3 consecutive terms.(Son Of Cresenciano D. Duremdes) Alonso Bataga Duremdes- SB Member of the Municipality of Balasan and Former Bara ngay Captain of Balanti-an, Balasan. (Son of Cresenciano D. Duremdes) Bernabe Bataga Duremdes- Former Vice Mayor and SB Member of the Municipality of Balasan. (Son of Cresenciano D. Duremdes) Janus Cris Tingson Duremdes- Former SK Chairman of Barangay Balanti-an, Balasan, Iloilo (2002 - 2007) ( Grandson of Cresenciano D. Duremdes) Dy Family (Isabela) Faustino Dy, Sr. - Former Governor of Isabela, 19721992 o Benjamin Dy - Former Governor of Isabela, 19922001, Mayor of Cauayan, Isa bela, 2010present o Faustino Dy, Jr. - Former Governor of Isabela, 20012004 o Fausting Dy, III - Former Mayor of Cauayan, Isabela, 19922001, Representa tive of the 3rd District of Isabella, 20012010, Governor of Isabela, 2010present Enrile Family (Cagayan) Alfonso Ponce Enrile,[2] politician from Gonzaga, Cagayan o Juan Ponce Enrile, son of Alfonso Ponce Enrile, Senator (1987-1992, 1995 -2001, 2004-present), Congressman from Cagayan (1992-1995), Assemblyman (1978-19 86), Cabinet Minister (1970-1986), Cabinet Secretary (1966-1970) Juan "Jack" Castaer Ponce Enrile, Jr.,[3] son of Juan Ponce Enrile, Congressman f rom Cagayan (1998-2007, 2010-present) Sally Ponce Enrile, wife of Jack Enrile, Congressman from Cagayan (2007-2010) Ecleo Family (Dinagat Islands) Ruben Ecleo, Sr. - Former Mayor of San Jose, Dinagat Islands when it was still p art of Surigao del Norte, 1963-1987 Moises Ecleo - Former Governor of Surigao del Norte, 1988-1992 Ruben Ecleo, Jr. - Congressman of Dinagat Islands, 2010-present Geraldine Ecleo Villaroman - Former Governor of Dinagat Islands, 2007-2010 Glenda B. Ecleo - Governor of Dinagat Islands, 2010-present Escudero Family (Sorsogon) Manuel Escudero (former Representative, 4th Philippine Assembly) Salvador Escudero Sr. (former provincial governor, provincial legislative member , town mayor and councilor) Salvador Escudero Jr. (former town mayor and provincial legislative member) Ramon Escudero (town councilor) Antonio Escudero Jr. (provincial vice governor) Salvador H. Escudero III (former Secretary of Agriculture; former Representative , House of Representatives; former Assemblyman, Batasang Pambansa; former Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Food) o Francis "Chiz" Escudero (Representative, House of Representatives; son o f Salvador III; current senator) Oscar Escudero (town mayor) Estrada Family (San Juan City) (husband, wife, 2 sons, nephew) Joseph Estrada (born Jose M. Ejercito) (13th President of the Philippines) Luisa Pimintel Estrada (senator), wife of Joseph o Jinggoy Estrada (born Jose P. Ejercito, Jr.) (senator), son of Joseph an d Luisa o Joseph Victor Ejercito (former mayor), representative of San Juan City, out-of-wedlock son of Joseph o Guia Gomez (mayor) of San Juan City, mother of Joseph Victor Ejercito o Emilio Ramon Ejercito III (former mayor of Pagsanjan, Laguna, governor o f Laguna, nephew of Joseph o Gary Estrada Provincial Board Member Quezon Province, nephew of Joseph

Fajardo Family (Nueva Ecija / Cavite / Rizal / Manila / Pampanga / Bulacan / Que zon) (father, daughter) Pacifico M. Fajardo, former Congressman of 3rd District of Nueva Ecija in the 9t h, 10th and 11th Congresses Lorelie Fajardo, former Deputy Presidential Spokesperson; Presidential Assistant for Central Luzon of President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo (Heir of Governor General Alonso Fajardo de Entenza y de Guevara, Crdoba y Velasc o, Knight of Alcantara, Lord of Espinardo) Mohammad Omar Fajardo y Albano, former Congressman of Overseas Filipino Workers (OFW) Sector in the 10th, 11th and 12th Congresses; Appointed Board of Director of Al Amana Bank by President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo Fua Family (Siquijor) Orlando B. Fua, Sr., Representative - Lone District; 19871998; 2007-present; Gove rnor; 19982007 o Orlando B. Fua, Jr., Representative - Lone District; 19982007; Governor;2 007-present Orlando B. Fua, III, SK Federation President;2007-present o Andre Jesu Cortes, Vice-Governor; 2007-present; rumored out-of-wedlock s on of Fua Sr. o Orpheus Fua, Mayor, Municipality of Lazi; 2007-present o Orville Fua, SP Member, 2nd District of Siquijor; 2007-present Fuentebella Family (Camarines Sur/negros) Manuel Fuentebella, Representative - 2nd District; 7th and 8th Philippine Legisl ature; 19251931 Jose Fuentebella, Representative - 2nd District; 1st, 2nd, and 3rd National Asse mbly; 19351946 o Felix A. Fuentebella, Representative 2nd District; 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, a nd 7th Congresses. Arnulfo P. Fuentebella, Representative, 3rd District; 9th, 10th, 11th, 13th, and 14th; Representative, 4th District (incumbent) 15th Congress. Felix William B. Fuentebella, Representative, 3rd District; 12th Congressarnufl fuentebella mayor tigaon,evelyn fuentebella mayor sangay Gaces Family (Southern Leyte) Francisco T. Gaces. - Former Mayor (1961-1963,1963-1966,1967), Saint Bernard Sou thern Leyte,Former Vice-Mayor (1987-1995), 1st Municipality of Saint Bernard. Aseclo Gaces Munda -Former Mayor (1987), Saint Bernard Southern Leyte,Former Pro vincial Board Member (1989-1992), Lone District of Southern Leyte Canuto Gaces Tanquezon - Former President-Municipal Senior Citizen Federation,Sa int Bernard Southern Leyte Galicia Family (Davao Region) Atty. Emmanuel D. Galicia - City Fiscal and Councilor, & Majority Floor Leader Hon. Michael O. Galicia - former Provincial Board Member Engr. Paul P. Galicia - Provincial Board Member Garin Family (Iloilo) Oscar Garin Sr. - Representative, 1st District of Iloilo, 9th, 10th, & 12th Cong ress Nimfa S. Garin - Representative, 1st District of Iloilo, 11th Congress Gomez Family (Laguna) Don Feliciano Gomez, former Governor of Laguna, former member of The House of Re presentative Gordon Family (Zambales) James Gordon, Sr. - Mayor of Olongapo, 19631967 Amelia Gordon - Mayor of Olongapo, 19671972 o Richard Gordon - Mayor of Olongapo, 19801983; 19831993, Senator, 20042010 o Katherine Gordon - Representative of the 1st District of Zambales, 198819 95, Mayor of Olongapo, 19952004

o James Gordon, Jr. - Representative of the 1st District of Zambales, 19952 004, Mayor of Olongapo, 2004present o Anne Marie Gordon - Vice Governor of Zambales, 20072010 Imperial Family (Albay) Carlos Imperial - Representative, 2nd District of Albay, 9th, 10th, & 12th Congr ess Norma B. Imperial - Representative, 2nd District of Albay, 11th Congress Harold O. Imperial - Vice-Governor, 2010 - present Nio "Snookie" B. Imperial - Provincial Board Member, 2nd District of Albay Jaen Family (Leganes,Iloilo) Zacarias Jaen, first appointed President of town from 1900 to 1902. Martin Jaen, former mayor. Dr. Mariano Jaen, former Municipal Councilor, former vice-mayor. Atty. Adolfo E. Jaen, former 3-term Mayor, Congressional candidate. Josil P. Jaen, former 3-term Mayor, Gubernatorial candidate. Adolfo D. Jaen II, Incumbent Municipal Councilor. Vicente P. Jaen II, former Municipal Councilor, Vice-mayoral candidate, Incumben t ABC President Antonio S. Jaen Sr., Incumbent Municipal Councilor. Martin D. Jaen III, Incumbent Municipal Councilor. Martin P. Jaen, former Mayor. Paul Jaen-Krafft - former ABC President Jalosjos Family (Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga Sibugay) Romeo G. Jaloslos, former Congressman of the First District of Zamboanga del Nor te. Expelled from the House of Representatives because of conviction. o Cecilia G. Jalosjos-Carreon, representative that succeeded Romeo Jaloslo s representing the First District of Zamboanga del Norte. o Seth Frederick P. Jalosjos, incumbent Representative of the First Distri ct of Zamboanga del Norte. o Cesar Jalosjos, incumbent Representative of the Third District of Zamboa nga del Norte. o Romeo M. Jalosjos, Jr., incumbent Representative of the Second District of Zamboanga Sibugay. o Rommel A. Jaloslos, incumbent Governor of Zamboanga Sibugay. Joson Family (Nueva Ecija) This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (January 2011) Lacson Family (Negros Occidental, Manila) Aniceto Lacson (former President of the Republic of Negros 1898) Arsenio Lacson (former congressman and Mayor of Manila) Daniel Lacson (former Governor of Negros Occidental) Isaac Lacson (former congressman and senator), son of Aniceto Lacson Rafael Lacson (former Governor of Negros Occidental and Mayor of Talisay City) Eusebio Lacson (former Mayor of Tibiao) Jose Carlos Lacson (congressman) Panfilo Lacson Senator, 2nd cousin of First Gentleman Jose Miguel "Mike" Arroyo Lapus Family (Tarlac) Jeci A. Lapus - Congressman, 3rd District of Tarlac Jesli Lapus - former Congressman, 3rd District of Tarlac Laurel Family (Batangas) PresidentJos P. Laurel - 3rd President of the Philippines o Jose Laurel, Jr. - Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philip pines o Salvador "Doy" Laurel - 10th Vice President of the Philippines o Sotero Laurel - Senator o Jos Laurel III - Ambassador to Japan o Peter Laurel -Vice Governor o Lally Laurel-Trinidad - Representative 3rd District of Batangas o Jose Macario Laurel IV - Representative 3rd District of Batangas

Lim Family (Southern Leyte) Mayor and Vice-Mayor siblings Roseller Lim, (February 9, 1915 July 5, 1976) was a Filipino politician who serv ed as a member of the Senate and House of Representatives from 1949 to 1963. He also served as Court of Appeals Justice from his appointment in 1973 until his d eath. Lim was known as the "Great Filibuster," after he filibustered for more th an 18 hours[2] in an attempt to prevent the election of Ferdinand Marcos as Pres ident of the Senate.[3]Roseller Lim was born to Antonio Lim and Mercedes Tarroza . He earned his law degree from Silliman University in 1940, and passed the bar the same year. He married Amy Schuck of Jolo, Sulu and had five children Rosamy, Mercibel, Victoria, Roseller Jr., and Amy.[1] Lim was the first Senator to serv ed from the city of Zamboanga. Roseller Lim was the first and only politician from Zamboanga to be elected to t he Philippine Senate. In March 16, 1982, President Ferdinand Marcos signed the Republic Act No. 183 cr eating the municipality of Roseller T. Lim in the province of Zamboanga del Sur (now in Zamboanga Sibugay) in honor of Lim[5]. A famous boulevard in Zamboanga C ity was named after the latter which has the view of the beautiful Basilan Strai t and the Sulu Sea beginning from the city proper to the industrial complex of t he city. In 2006, the Zamboanga City Council approved Ordinance Number 283 designating Fe bruary 9 as "Dia de Roseller T. Lim" (Roseller T. Lim Day) and a bronze monument was carved at the rotunda of the Normal Road and the R. T. Lim Boulevard. Dan Neri Lim is the Mayor of Tagbilaran City, Bohol, Philippines, from 2004 up t o the present. Jose Lim Tecson (197177), "The Administrator" served as governor of Zamboanga del Sur. Dunga Lim (Fiscal, Shipping Magnate and Major Copra dealer),a direct descendant of one of the first Chinese nationals whose business prospered in St. Bernard fo rmerly known as Himatagon even before the Second World War of Gama Lim . Eugene Lapasaran-Lim, Businessman and one of the pillars of Ozamis City Filipino -Chinese Community, Lapasaran(Go)-Lim are owners of Geegee Mall and 168 Park Mal l Cebu City. Maria Lim (Mayor),St.Bernard, incumbent mayor during the landslide in 2006 and h er heavy equipments helped in the search and rescue operations. Sister of Fiscal Dunga Lim Felix Lim (Vice-Mayor), St. Bernard, brother of Fiscal Dunga Lim in father's sid e. Connie Corominas-Lim, still contested Mayoralty race in Ozamis City (2010), wife of businessman Eugene Lapasaran-Lim, owners of Geegee Mall and 168 Park Mall Ce bu City, Captain in Reservist AFP, from Corominas family of Cebu. Jose Lunsing Lim, (incumbent ABC Vice-Pres. and ex-oficio ABC Pres. Molave, Zamb oanga del Sur), son of Jose Lim Chew,successful Chinese businessman, brother of Jose Gamma Lim of Southern Leyte, belongs to the Espinosa Clan in maternal side. nearest kin of Vice-Gov. Roseller 'Roy' Ariosa of Zambo. Sur, Jose Yuki Lim, ( former councilor and lost the vice-mayoralty race), brother of Jose Lunsing Lim,cousin of Lim Family in Southern Leyte and Ozamis City Donald Lim ( former Sangunniang Kabataan Pres. Molave, Zamboanga del Sur), son o f Jose Lunsing Lim Lim Family (Palawan) The Lim Family of Coron, Palawan hailed from the union of Don Vicente Abe Lim wh ose family originated from Amoy, China, and Dona Socorro Fernandez of Cuyo, Pala wan, Philippines. They produced fourteen (14) children of which eleven (11) surv ived to maturity that started a clan so active in local politics in the Coron ar ea. Political Civil Servants from the Lim Family of Coron Don Vicente Abe Lim Municipal President (American Regime) Hon. Ricardo Fernandez Lim Son of Don Vicente Lim. Municipal Mayor during the Ma rcos Years for almost twenty years.

Hon. Luis Fernandez Lim Barangay Captain then Municipal Vice-Mayor, then Mayor o f Coron, Palawan. Hon. Jim Gerald Lim Pe Sangguniang Bayan Member then Sangguniang Panlalawigan (P rovincial Board Member ( Councilor's League of Palawan President) Hon. Melchor Zaldy Lim Sangguniang Bayan (Kabataang Barangay President)during th e Marcos years. Hon. Nelson Reyes Lim Sangguniang Bayan Member. Hon. Arthur Echague Pe. Sangguniang Bayan Member. Hon. Dr. Shatter Cruspero Lim Sangguniang Bayan Member. Hon. Dr. Christopher Cruspero Lim Sangguang Kabataan Federation President then f ull Sangguniang Bayan Member. Hon. Dr. Bryan Lim Palanca Sangguniang Bayan Member (Sangguang Kabataan Federati on President) Hon. Fabiana Timbangcaya Lim- Sangguniang Bayan Member then Barangay Captain of Barangay Poblacion 5. Hon. Ricardo Sebastian Lim Barangay Kagawad, Barangay 5. Hon. Jocelyn Lim Alcaraz Barangay Kagawad, Barangay 5. Hon. Ricardo Cruz Uy Barangay Kagawad, Barangay 5 and Vice-Pres. Sangguniang Kab ataan Federation. Hon. Prime Kenneth Lim De Vera - Barangay Kagawad, Barangay 3. HH Datu Dr. Fernando Macolor Cruz - ennobled member of the Lim Family of Coron, Palawan. Educator, poet, columnist and civic leader. Lobregat Family (Zamboanga City) Don Pablo R. Lorenzo, father of Zamboanga City Mayor Maria Clara Lobregat. Serve d as Mayor of Zamboanga City from 1939 to 1940. o Maria Clara Lobregat, first woman mayor of Zamboanga City from 1998 unti l her death in 2004. Mother of the incumbent Mayor of Zamboanga City, Celso L. L obregat. Celso L. Lobregat, former Congressman representing the defunct Lone District of Zamboanga City and incumbent Mayor of Zamboanga City. Lucero Family (Northern Samar/Zamboanga del Sur) 2 siblings, 5 cousins Wilmar Lucero (former Congressman), brother of Antonio Antonio Lucero (Vice-Governor), brother of Wilmar Albert Lucero (Board Member), cousin Glicerio Caparroso (Municipal Councilor), cousin Luzviminda Caparroso (Municipal Councilor), cousin Jesus Caparroso Cepeda (Municipal Councilor), cousin Florencio Batula (Mayor), cousin Lydia Lucero Vice Mayor - Bayog, Zamboanga del Sur (1986-1992) Nerrisa Lucero - Corilla - Vice Mayor - Bayog, Zamboanga del Sur (1992-1995) Mary Ann Lucero - Cartalla - Mayor - Bayog, Zamboanga del Sur (2001-2010) Mark Anthony Lucero-Anlap - SK Chairman - Poblacion, Bayog, Zamboanga del Sur (2 004-2007) Alvin Rex Lucero - President, WMSU Student Council (the largest student organiza tion in Mindanao) Lim Family (Jimenez, Misamis Occidental) J. Antonio Lim Sr.+ (1995-2004 Mayor of Jimenez)[4], Eldest Son of Benito Lim Rogelio Yabo (SB Member of Jimenez)[5], Brother in Law of Antonio Lim+ o Norma Lim (2004-Present Vice Mayor of Jimenez)[6], Daughter in Law of An tonio Lim Rosenda S.Lim [7](President, RB Jimenez, Former First Lady) o Lina Luzana LimQuimbo(Local Tourism Chair, niece of Rosenda) Ranulfo LimQuimbo(2004-Present Mayor of Jimenez, Husband of Lina)[8] (( Lucman Family (Lanao del Sur)) Rashid Datudacula Lucman, Sultan of Bayang and Congressman, Lanao del Sur 1961-1 965, 1965-1970 &Princess Tarhata Alonto-Lucman, Governor, Lanao del Sur, 1970-1974, OIC 1987-19 88

Normala Alonto Lucman, Vice Governor, (daughter) Norodin Alonto Lucman, Deputy-Governor, ARMM, (son) Haroun Al Rashid Alonto Lucman Jr., Secretary, DILG-ARMM (son) Gasanara Lucman, Vice Governor, (Cousin) Jamil Lucman, Assemblyman (Nephew) Alibashir Lucman, OIC Mayor and Speaker, ARMM (Nephew) Pacaambung Lucman, Mayor (Cousin) Magsaysay Family (National)/ZAMBALES/La Union/Batangas/Makati City/Quezon City/M anila City/Bulacan) NATIONAL Ramon Magsaysay - 7th President of the Philippines; Secretary of Department of N ational Defense (ZAMBALES) o Ramon Magsaysay, Jr. - former Senator; son of Pres. Ramon Magsaysay (ZAM BALES) Genaro Magsaysay- former Senator (ZAMBALES) Eulogio "Amang" Rodriguez Magsaysay- Congressman, AVE Partylist (ZAMBALES) Milagros Gaerlan Aquino-Magsaysay- Nominee, Coalition of Associations of Senior Citizens Partylist (LA UNION) wife of Casto Calixto Raymond Rivera Magsaysay of San Marcelino, Zambales ZAMBALES Vicente Magsaysay - 28 years Governor of Zambales, years 1967-1973, 19731979,19791986, 19982007 was the youngest governor in 1967 at 27 year s old . was elected 1978 Assemblyman and was reappointed as Governor again at 19 78 -1986 Maria Milagros Habana-Magsaysay -Congresswoman, 1st District of Zambales Antonio Magsaysay Diaz - former Congressman, 2nd District of Zambales Enrique "Iking" Magsaysay- former Mayor of Castillejos Carla Magsaysay-Mercado- former Councilor, Castillejos, Zambales MAKATI CITY Marcelino Magsaysay, Former Mayor of Makati City (19011903) Jose Magsaysay, Former Mayor of Makati (19131916) BATANGAS Mario Caraig Magsaysay Sr-former Mayor-San Pascual, Batangas-1986-1998 Mario Magsaysay Jr.- former Mayor, San Pascual, Batangas - 1998-2007 Pedro Caraig Magsaysay, Former Barangay Captain Del Pilar, San Pasual, Batangas Marcela Cusi Magsaysay, Former Barangay Councilor Del Pilar, San Pascual, Batang as Carlito Masangcay Magsaysay, Barangay Chairman Del Pilar, San Pascual, Batangas - 2001 Present Raquel Cusi Magsaysay, former SK Chairman Del Pilar, San Pascual, Batangas Arvin Ramos Magsaysay, former SK Chairman Del Pilar, San Pascual, Batangas LA UNION Joseph Benedict "JB" Aquino Magsaysay- Barangay Captain, Ili Sur, San Juan, La U nion, Former Actor Michael "Miko" Magsaysay- Former Sangguniang Kabataan Chairman, Ili Sur, San Jua n, La Union Mark William Aquino Magsaysay, Former Sangguniang Kabataan Chairman, Ili Sur, Sa n Juan, La Union Miguel Corleone "Migz" B. Magsaysay - Sangguniang Kabataan Chairman, Ili Norte, San Juan, La Union QUEZON CITY Vic Rivera Magsaysay, former Barangay Kagawad of Palanan, Quezon City Lita Magsaysay-Alano, former Barangay Kagawad of Palanan, Quezon City MANILA CITY/BULACAN Roberto Magsaysay Oca, former assembly man of Manila and former Mayor of Pandi, Bulacan Marcos Family (Ilocos Norte) (father, son, 2 grandchildren, granddaughter-in-law, 5 great-grandchildren and s omebody-in-law) Fabian Marcos (appointed Mayor of Batac during the American occupation)

Mariano Marcos (assemblyman), son of Fabian Ferdinand Marcos (10th President of the Philippines), son of Mariano Imelda Marcos (Governor of Metro Manila, Minister of Human Settlements, Congress woman), wife of Ferdinand Ferdinand Marcos, Jr. (provincial governor),(senator 2011) son of Ferdinand and Imelda Imee Marcos (congresswoman), daughter of Ferdinand and Imelda Pacfico Marcos (provincial board member), younger brother of Ferdinand Elizabeth Marcos-Keon (former provincial governor), sister of Ferdinand Michael Marcos Keon (provincial board member), son of Elizabeth Angelo Marcos Barba (provincial board member), nephew of Ferdinand Fidel Ramos (President, 19921998), cousin of Ferdinand Marcos Mangudadatu Family (Sultan Kudarat, Maguindanao ) o Congresmman Sultan Pax S. Mangudadatu - Former 3 term Mayor of Lutayan, Governor of Sultan Kudarat and Congressman of 1st District of Sultan Kudarat o Governor Suharto T. Mangudadatu - Former Mayor, Congressman and Incumben t Governor of Sultan Kudarat o Mayor Bing Mangudadatu Mayor of Lutayan, Sultan Kudarat o Congressman Raden Sakaluran Congressman of 1st district of SK - son-in l aw of pax o Governor Esmael " TOTO" Mangudadatu 3 term mayor of Buluan, Board Member of Maguindanao and incumbent Governor of Maguindanao - nephew of Pax Mangudadat u o Mayor Ibrahim Mangudadatu Mayor of Buluan, Mangudadatu o Mayor Freddie Mangudadatu Mayor of Mangudadatu, Maguindanao o Mayor Z. Mangudadatu mayor of Pandag, Maguindanao o Assemblyman Khadaffeh Mangudadatu Assymblyman of ARMM o Vice - Mayor King Jazzer Mangudadatu Vice Mayor of Buluan, Maguindanao o Vice - Mayor Prince Dilangalen Vice Mayor of Pandag, Maguindanao nephew of Gov. Toto o Bai Elizabeth Mangudadatu ABC President of Mangudadatu Municipality o Bai Gina Mangudadatu ABC President of Buluan, Maguindanao Macapagal Family (Pampanga) (father, 2 daughters, grandson and somebody-in-law) Diosdado Pangan Macapagal (9th President of the Philippines) o Cielo Macapagal-Salgado (former provincial vice governor), daughter of D iosdado and elder sister of Gloria o Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (14th President of the Philippines), daughter of Diosdado Jose Miguel Arroyo (former First Gentleman), husband of Gloria and son-in-law of Diosdado Juan Miguel Macapagal Arroyo - (congressman), Representative, 2nd District of Pa mpanga; son of Gloria and Jose Miguel Arroyo Diosdado Macapagal Arroyo - (congressman) Representative from Camarines Sur, son of Gloria and Miguel Arroyo Mendiola/Siojo/Mercado Family (Bulacan, Pampanga, Mindoro, Samar) Alfredo Lim y Siojo -former Senator of the Philippines (2004), Mayor of the City of Manila (19921998, 2007present), former NBI Director. Don Miguel Siojo- Municipal President of San Miguel de Mayumo, Bulacan (19081912) , owner of Siojo Mansion of Bulacan. Atty.Felipe Siojo Buencamino- a lawyer and former member of the Malolos Congress . Atty. Marcelo Dungca Mendiola- former Mayor of Floridablanca, Pampanga (19561959) , former Clerk of Court of Pampanga. Son of Don Felix Mendiola y Siojo Sr., a co usin of Mayor Alfredo Lim. Jose Dungca Mendiola- former Mayor of Floridablanca, Pampanga (19681971), a broth er of Atty. Marcelo Mendiola, grandson of Doa Marcela Mendiola y Siojo de Buencam ino-Francisco and the great composer Francisco Buencamino y Beltran. Tito Morales Mendiola- former Mayor of Floridablanca, Pampanga (19861992), PhilHe

alth Vice President. Son of Atty. Marcelo Mendiola. Felmar "Jojo" Mendiola- Councilor of Floridablanca, Pampanga (2004present), grand son of Atty Marcelo Mendiola. Don Martin S. Mercado- Municipal President of Minalin, Pampanga (19071910) Don Simplicio Tolentino-Mendiola - Capitan Municipal, the equivalent of Mayor, ( 1881) of Kuliat (now Angeles City) Mario "Gene" Mendiola- former mayor of San Jose, Mindoro Occ. and current Vice G overnor of Occidental Mindoro. Pedro T. Mendiola Sr. - former congressman of Occidental Mindoro. Don Benito de Mendiola - Alcalde-Mayor de Pampanga(c. 1598), notary of Spanish f leet-successor of Don Diego Lopez. Don Pedro Muoz de Mendiola- Captain and Sargento-Mayor in the royal camp of Manil a(c. 1627) and Gobernador de Moluccas 1636-1640. Seor Gil Lopez y Mendiola - engineer who oversaw building of bridges and roads ac ross the Visayas and Mindanao, many of which are still used to this day. Pedro K. Mendiola- representative of Samar Province (19161922). Nepomuceno (Pampanga) Francisco 'Quitong' G. Nepomuceno - former Pampanga governor, congressman and ci ty mayor of Angeles City Juanita 'Saning' L. Nepomuceno - former Pampanga governor, assemblywoman, congre sswoman Robin 'Bongbing' L. Nepomuceno - former Pampanga vice-governor,former ABC Presid ent/City Councilor, former Barangay Captain of Cutcut, Angeles City (one of the Nepomuceno's bailiwicks and vote rich barangay in the city) Francis 'Blueboy' L. Nepomuceno - former Angeles City vice-mayor, former 1st dis trict - Pampanga congressman, former city mayor of Angeles City. Cecilia C. Nepomuceno - presently barangay captain, Cutcut, Angeles City Atty. Bryan C. Nepomuceno - presently city councilor, Angeles City Council Mitra Family (Palawan) Ramon V. Mitra - former Senator, Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines, representative from Palawan Ramon Mitra III - soldier, son, candidate for the 2010 General Elections Abraham Kahlil B. Mitra - son, legislator 12, 13 and 14th Congress, now governor of palawan. Ortega Family (La Union/Negros Oriental) Joaquin Ortega - former Governor of La Union appointed by the Taft Commission on August 15, 1901 and served until 1904 o Joaquin L. Ortega, Jr. - son of Joaquin, former Councilor, Provincial Bo ard member, Representative of the 1st District of La Union to the 7th Congress o f the Philippines ( 19691972) and Batasang Pambansa (19781986) and as a Provincial Governor (19881992) o Francisco L. Ortega - son of Joaquin, former Representative of the 1st D istrict of La Union to the 10th Philippine Legislature (19341935), 3rd National A ssembly (19411946), 3rd (19531957), 4th (19571961), and 5th Congress of the Philipp ines (19611965), was a Councilor and Mayor of San Fernando, La Union. Sons of Francisco: Victor Francisco Ortega - current Representative of the 1st District of La Union to the 14th Philippine Congress, former Representative to the 8th (19871992), 9t h (19921995), 10th (19951998), and former Governor of La Union (20012007); o Mary Jane Ortega - wife of Victor, former Mayor of San Fernando City, La Union (19982007) Manuel Ortega - current Governor of La Union, former Representative of the 1st D istrict of La Union to the 11th (19982001), 12th (20012004), 13th (20042007) Congre ss of the Philippines; o Alfredo Pablo R. Ortega - son of Governor Manuel C. Ortega, current Coun cilor of San Fernando City who chairs the Committee on Social Services and Commi ttee on Information Technology and Communication. o Jennifer Joan O. Manquiat - daughter of Manuel, who served as his father 's Chief political affairs officer at the House of Representatives o Francisco R. Ortega III - son of Manuel, former Provincial board member

(19982001) and former Councilor (20012007) of San Fernando City, La Union Pablo Ortega - current Mayor of the capital of La Union, San Fernando City, form er Councilor (19982001), Provincial board member (20012004) and Councilor (20042007 ); Mario C. Ortega - Barangay captain of San Fernando, up to present; Robert C. Ortega - former Councilor, Baguio City (19982001l); o Roberto Ortega Jr. - son of Robert, former Councilor of Manila (19952007) Francisco C. Ortega Jr. - current Councilor of San Fernando City, La Union (20012 007); Jose Ma. C. Ortega - former Barangay chairman in Bauang, La Union; Provincial bo ard member of La Union (20042007); Ramon C. Ortega - Executive assistant of the City Government of San Fernando up to present; Others: Justo O. Orros, Jr. - former Governor of La Union (19922001) and Ambassador to Me xico, grandson of Joaquin Ortega to Joaquina Ortega. Jonathan Justo Orros - former Provincial board member of La Union (20012007). John Orros - Councilor of San Fernando City (20012007). Osmea Family (Cebu) Sergio Osmea, 4th President of the Philippines and patriarch of the Osmea clan. o Sergio Osmea, Jr., Philippine Senator Sergio Osmea III, Philippine Senator Tomas Osmea, Cebu City Mayor Georgia Osmea o Emilio V. Osmea John Henry Osmea, Philippine Senator John Gregory Osmea, Cebu Vice Governor Emilio Mario Osmea Christian Alexander V. Osmea, Senator of the Associated Students of the Universit y of California Annabelle R. Osmea-Aboitiz, real estate developer Plaza Family (Agusan del Sur, Agusan del Norte, Cagayan) Democrito Plaza (former governor 1992-1995) Valentina Plaza (governor 1971-1988; 19982001) o Democrito Plaza II (Mayor of Butuan City 1992-2001; 20042010) o Leonides Theresa Plaza (Mayor of Butuan City 2001-2004) o Rodolfo Rodrigo Plaza (Congressman of Agusan del Sur 2001-2010) o Adolph Edward Plaza (Governor of Agusan del Sur 2001-2007; 2010Present) o Ma. Valentina Plaza (Governor of Agusan del Sur 2007-2010) ''' Pinili Family ( Dumaguete City, Bais City and Negros Oriental) Hermenegildo Regis Tan Bindo Villanueva Sr. ( 18671870 ) Bais Gobernadorcillo Anatalio Villamil Teves ( 18811884) Bais Gobernadorcillo Doroteo M. Teves (18811897 ) Dumaguete Gobernadorcillo Don Pedro Teves (19031907; 19341940) Mayor of Dumaguete Hermenegildo Bindoy Teves. Villanueva 1903-1906 Bais Mayor, 19071911; 1931-1935 Gov ernor of Neg. Oriental Congressman of Neg. Oriental, 1938-1941 Senator, Sec. Dep t. of Labor during Quezon Adm.Pres. Adviser on Labor Quezon Adm. Atty. Deogracias Teves Pinili- 1946-1953 First City Mayor, Dumaguete Chartered c ity Francisco Pinili Jr.- 1948-1951 First City Councilor, Dumaguete Chartered city Eligio Teves-Villanueva- 1901-1903 Bais Councilor Juan Teves Villanueva- 1922-1924 Bais Vice Mayor, 1919-1921 Bais Councilor Hermenegildo G. Villanueva - 1956-1968 Bais City Mayor,1948-1951 Bais City Counc ilor Hector Tata C. Villanueva-1998-2010 Bais City Mayor, 1986-1987 OIC Mayor of Bais Karen V. Villanueva-2010-2013 Bais City Mayor Estela Estrada Alviola- Bindoy Town Vice Mayor, 1970s Prov. Board Member Jaime Jesus JJ E. Villanueva -1979-1980 Mayor of Bindoy Jessica Jane Villanueva -2009-2013 Board Member, 1st district Negros Oriental

Job V. Villaluz - 2009-2013 Sibulan Councilor Renato B. Villanueva - First Town Mayor of Mabinay Jose Pepe Pinili Martinez - 1941-1945 Mayor of Dumaguete (during Japanese occupati on),1941-1942 Prov. Board Member Juan Villacampa - 1906-1908 Bais Mayor Vicente Teves-Villanueva - 1908-1910 Bais Councilor, Lt. Governor of Siquijor Enrique Eking Cayetano Teves-Villanueva - 1925-1931 Congressman, 1916-1925 Governo r of Neg. Oriental, 1914-1916 Mayor of Bais Francisco M. Romero - ( 19161925 ) Prov. Board Member, 19251931 David Rubio Larena, Sr. -1935-1937 Sibulan Vice Mayor Demetrio R. Larena, Jr. -1945-1949 Bais Mayor Manuel Villanueva Larena -1973-1981 Bais City Councilor David Villanueva Larena, Jr.- 1967-1971 Municipal Councilor, San Jose Negros Ori ental Josefino Villanueva Larena, Sr.- 1967-1983 Barangay Captain, Sra. Acion, San Jos e Negros Oriental Gemma Larena Reambonanza - 1988-1992 Bais City Councilor, 1985-1987 SK Federatio n Chairman, Bais City Santiago Villanueva Goi - Barangay Captain, Talungon, 1987-1988 ABC President Leonardo Teves-Villanueva Sr. - 1902-1904 Bais Councilor Jose Peping E. Romero, Sr. - 1925-1931 Prov. Board Member, 1931-1941 Rep. 2nd dist rict of Neg. Oriental (3 terms)1934 Majority floor leader & Delegate to the Phil ippine 1st Constitutional Convention 1935-1938 National Assy. Member during Comm onwealth, 1946-1949 Philippine Senator 1950 Ambassador to the Court of St. James , London - Secretary of Education Jose Villanueva-Romero, Jr. - Philippine Ambassador to Italy, Former Undersecret ary, Dept. of Agriculture, Former Chairman, Philippine Coconut Authority Dr. Jose Victor Vicente Imbo- Dumaguete City Councilor 2010-2013 Francisco Kiko Z. Villanueva - (19521955, FebruaryApril 1945 ) Bais City Councilor Francisco Boy G. Villanueva - 1988-1991; 20042007 Bais Vice Mayor, 1991-1998 Bais M ayor Sonny Tam - 1992-1998 Bais City Councilor Guillermo Zosimo Teves-Villanueva -1942-1944 Congressman, 1941-1944 Governor of Neg. Oriental Praxedes Eddy Daniel Teves-Villanueva - 1946-1951 Governor of Neg. Oriental, 19161921 Bais Mayor Praxedes Pinili Villanueva Jr. - 1951-1956 Bais Mayor Praxedes G. Villanueva III -1992-2001 Bais City Councilor Christopher V. Nolan - 2010-2013 Bais City Councilor Genaro B. Goi - Outstanding City Mayor of the Philippines, 19681986; 1987-1991 Bai s City Mayor Jeremiah Jesus Jed Teves Goi - 2007-2010 Bais City Councilor Clemente Damian Villanueva Goi - 1992-1999 Bais Vice Mayor, 1986-1992 Bais City C ouncilor Oscar Pinili Villanueva - 1950s-1960s Provincial Board Member Negros Oriental Mercedes Merci Teves Goi -1999-2001 Bais City Councilor Philippe Jones Lhuillier - Former Philippine Ambassador to Italy Rodolfo Odol Gonzalez, Sr. -1962-1971 Valencia Mayor, Negros Oriental Rodolfo Villanueva Gonzalez, Jr. - 2001-2010 Valencia Mayor Judge Candelario Villanueva Gonzalez - 1988-1992 Prov. Board Member Negros Orien tal Enrique Ricky Villanueva Gonzalez - 2010-2013 Mayor of Valencia Negros Oriental William Zacharias Billy Villanueva-Villegas -1972-1978 Governor of Neg. Oriental Lorenzo G. Teves -1979 -1987 Governor of Neg. Oriental (elected),1978-1979 Gover nor of Neg. Oriental (appointed),1966-1972 Senator 1954-1965 Congressman 1st dis trict, Neg. Oriental, 1944-1945 Governor of Neg. Oriental (appointed),1935-1937 Councilor of Dumaguete Herminio G. Teves -1998-2007 Congressman, 3rd district, Neg. Oriental, 1987-1990 Governor of Neg. Oriental 1986-1987 OIC Governor, Neg. Oriental, 1969-1973 Cong ressman, 3rd district, Neg. Oriental,1965-1968 Congressman, 1st District, Neg. O

riental Margarito Gary B. Teves - 2000-2010 Chairman, Land Bank of the Phils., 2009 Named A sias Best Finance Minister by Londons The Banker 2005-2010 Secretary of Finance, 19 87-1998 Congressman 3rd district, Neg. Oriental (3 terms),succeeded by his fathe r, Herminio G. Teves. 1971-1972 Delegate to Phil. Constitutional Convention Henry Pryde A. Teves - 2010-2013 Re-elected Congressman, 3rd district, Neg. Orie ntal, 20072010 Congressman, 3rd district, Neg. Oriental preceded by Herminio G. T eves, 20012004- Board Member of Negros Oriental Geroncio Rosing Mapeso Pinili - October 29-December 31, 1953 Mayor of Dumaguete, 1 952-1954 Dumaguete Vice Mayor Edgar Y. Teves - 1998-2001 Vice Governor Negros Oriental, 1989-1998 Mayor of Val encia Negros Oriental Jaime Arnaiz Ponce de Leon - 1980-1985 Prov. Board Member, Neg. Oriental Carmelo Emmanuel Martinez Remollo - 2010-2013 San Jose Mayor, 20072010 SanJose Vi ce Mayor, 2004-2007 Councilor Celerino Leon Pinili Martinez - 1956-1975 Prov. Board Secretary, Neg. Or. during the adm. of Govs. Serafin L. Teves, Mariano F. Perdices & William Villegas, 195 11953; 1953-1955 Dumaguete City Councilor Fermin Pinili Martinez - 1922-1925 Congressman, Neg. Oriental Severino Pinili Martinez -1980-1986 Mayor of Bayawan Segundina Amistad Pinili Martinez - Prov. Board member Negros Oriental Raul Oling Pinili Martinez - 2002-2004 Exec. Asst. to the Office of Gov. George Ar naiz, 2nd City Councilor Dumaguete City 1988-1992 Mayor (elected),1983-1992 Muni cipal Mayor (by succession),1980-1982 Bayawan Vice Mayor Ismael Pempo Martinez -2013- 2016 Bayawan Vice Mayor, 2010-2013 Bayawan City Vice Mayor,1988-1992 Board Member, Bayawan Councilor John Teves Raymond Jr. - 2006-2008 Bayawan City Councilor Atty. Joe Kenneth Arbas - 2010-2013 Dumaguete City Councilor Jose Teves Pastor - 1925-1931 Mayor of Dumaguete Estanislao Taning Martinez - 1946-1955 Mayor of Jimalalud Mario Credo Pinili -2008-2010 Vice Mayor of Zamboanguita Negros Oriental Vicente Pinili - 1948-1952 Mayor of Zamboanguita Negros Oriental Atty. Juan Lupisan, Jr. -1987-1988 Actg. Governor & Caretaker, Govt. of Neg. Ori ental Arnulfo"Arnie" Teves -Provincial Board being the Federation President of the Ass ociation of Barangay Captains in Negros Oriental. Lt. Col. Nicolas Colas Pinili Lasola -The Military was Nicolas full-time career. 19 17 Joined the Military after graduating college in Silliman U. 1918 Graduated fr om PMA; appt. 3rd Lt.; then promoted to 1st Lt.1926 1st Lt., PC (Phil. Army) whe n he married Sisay in Jolo, Sulu 1940 Retired as 1st Lt. at age 50 & settled in Pagadian with family 1941 Recalled for duty when WWII broke out; was assigned in Bataan; was Captain then became Major.1942 Escaped Death March after Fall of Ba taan in April 1942 & returned to Pagadian; joined USAFFE & was retired for the 2 nd time with rank of Lt. Colonel.*Decorations: PC, Victory (WW II), Mindanao cam paign.*Nicolas was active in Pagadians Knights of Columbus German Pinili Sarana -2001-2010 City Mayor of Bayawan Negros Oriental Miguel Real -1992-1998 - 2010-2013 City Councilor of Bais Negros Oriental Rama Family (Cebu) Vicente Rama (Senator / Mayor / Congressman) Osmundo Rama (Governor - Cebu) Napoleon Rama (Constitutional Commission Floor Leader) Eduardo L. Rama, Sr. (Governor / Congressman - Agusan del Norte) Enrique Rama (Vice Governor - Cebu) Michael L. Rama (Mayor / Vice Mayor / City Councilor - Cebu) Eduardo R. Rama, Jr. (City Councilor - Cebu) George Rama (City Councilor / Barangay Chairman - Cebu) Fernando Rama (City Councilor - Cebu) Haley Rama Sy (Barangay Councilor - Cebu) Pancreasus Rama (Barangay Councilor - Cebu) Edmundito N. Rama (Vice Mayor - Kiblawan, Davao del Sur)

Edgar Rama (Mayor - Poro, Cebu) Ramos Family (Pangasinan) Narciso Ramos, Minister of Foreign Affairs o Fidel Ramos, 9th President of the Philippines o Leticia Ramos-Shahani, Senator of the Philippines Ranjit Ramos-Shahani, (Former Representative of the 6th District of Pangasinan i n the Tenth Congress of the Philippines Congressman) Current Board Member 6th Di strict Pangasinan Recto Family (Batangas) Claro M. Recto - (Former Senator 1945-1946;19531960 and Representative of the 3rd District of Batangas 1919-1928) o Rafael R. Recto - (Former Assemblyman, Batasang Pambansa 1984-1986), son of Claro M. Recto Richard Recto - (Former Vice Governor of Batangas 1995-2001; 20042007) Ralph G. Recto - (Former Representative of the 4th District of the Philippines 1 992-2001 current Senator 2001-2007 and 2010present), son of Rafael Recto Vilma Santos Recto - (Former Mayor of Lipa, Batangas 1998-2007, current Governor of Batangas 2007present), husband of Ralph Recto Remulla Family (Cavite) Juanito Remulla - Former Governor; Vice-Governor; Provincial Board Member o Jonvic Remulla - Governor of Cavite / Former Vice-Governor/ BoardMember o Gilbert Remulla - former Congressman,Senatorial Candidate 2010 o Jesus Crispin Remulla - Congressman (3rd term), 7th district-Cavite/ For mer BoardMember Revilla Family (Cavite) (father, children, in-laws, and grandson) Ramon Revilla Sr. (Senator) o Ramon Revilla Jr. (SENATOR of the Philippines/ Governor of Cavite),Son Lani Mercado-Revilla(daughter-in-law) Congresswoman-Lone District of Bacoor,Cavi te o Strike Revilla (Former Board Member of Cavite / Mayor of Bacoor, Cavite) , son o Rowena Bautista-Mendiola (Councilor of Imus), daughter o Robert Jaworski (Senator), son-in-law Robert Jaworski Jr. (Former Councilor/ Congressman of Pasig), grandson o Casimiro Yares III (Governor of Rizal), son-in-law Reyes Family (Marinduque) (father, mother, son) Edmundo Reyes, Sr. (Former Commissioner), father Carmencita Reyes (Former Congresswoman) 1987-1998,2007-2010 / (Former Assemblywo man) 1984-1986 / (Governor) 1998-2007,2010present o Edmundo Reyes, Jr. (Former Congressman) 1998-2007 Reyes Family (Palawan) Don Francisco Paquito Reyes. Municipal Mayor of Coron during the Second World War. Mario Reyes Sr. Son of Don Paquito. Municipal Mayor of Coron by appointment duri ng the administration and presidency of H.E. Corazon C. Aquino. Joel Tolentino Reyes. Son of Mario Reyes, Sr. Provincial Board Member, then Vice -Govenor of Palawan, then Governor of Palawan with the untimely demise of Govern or Salvador Socrates which he retained for the next three full terms. Mario T. Reyes, Jr. Son of Mario Reyes, Sr. and brother to Gov. Joel T. Reyes. S angguniang Bayan Member of Coron, Palawan, then Municipal Vice-Mayor, then Munic ipal Mayor of Coron, Palawan. Clara Espiritu Reyes. Wife of Ex-Governor Joel T. Reyes. Vice-Governor of the Pr ovince of Palawan. Roco Family (Camarines Sur) Raul Roco - former Senator Romualdez/ Lopez Family (Leyte) Don Francisco Lopez of Granada, Spain- Grand Patriarch and founder of the LopezRomualdez Clan of Leyte; Spanish friar and silversmith; founded Tolosa town in L eyte. He built the Pandacan Church in Manila where he served as parish priest, a

nd installed the Santo Nio de Cebu as the patron of the parish. He owned vast tra cks of land in Leyte and Manila, including the land where the Malacaang Park comp ound currently stands (the Bahay Pangarap, current residence of President Benign o S. Aquino III, is located within the same compound), until his grand children by his only daughter, Trinidad Lopez, donated it to the Philippine government. Doa Trinidad Lopez-Romualdez (Romualdez line Matriarch) Daniel Romualdez Sr (Romualdez line Patriarch) o Justice Norberto Lopez Romualdez - former Chief Justice of the Supreme C ourt of the Philippines; Father of the National Language. o Miguel Lopez Romualdez - Assemblyman, Mayor of Manila during World War I I Daniel "Danieling" Z. Romualdez II - former Speaker of the House of Representati ves of the Philippines Eduardo Romualdez - Central Bank of the Philippines Governor Alberto Zialcita Romualdez Albert G. Romualdez - Secretary of the Department of Health of the Philippines Rep.Luigi Romualdez Quisumbing - Representative of the 6th District of Cebu, Hou se of Representatives. o Vicente Orestes Lopez Romualdez - Provincial Sheriff of Leyte; father of Imelda Romualdez- Marcos. Rep.Imelda Romualdez-Marcos- Philippine First Lady; Minister of Human Settlement s; Governor of Metro Manila; currently representative of Ilocos Norte. Gov.Imee Romualdez Marcos - incumbent Representative of the 2nd Legislative Dist rict of Ilocos Norte Sen.Ferdinand Romualdez Marcos, Jr. - Senator, 15th Congress Benjamin Romualdez - Ambassador, Governor of Leyte, Assemblyman during the Regul ar Batasang Pambansa; Brother of Imelda Marcos Rep. Ferdinand Martin G. Romualdez - Representative of the 2nd Legislative Distr ict of Leyte during the 14th and 15th Congress Mayor Alfredo "Bejo" Romualdez - Mayor of Tacloban; Brother of Imelda Marcos Rep. Alfred S. Romualdez - Representative of the Legislative District of Leyte d uring the 11th Congress; Son of Mayor Bejo Romualdez Cristina "Kring-kring" Gonzales-Romualdez - City Councilor of Tacloban City; wif e of Alfred S. Romualdez Don Antonio Lopez (Lopez line patriarch)- managed the Lopez family's vast coconu t and abaca plantations in Leyte o Seor Gil Mendiola Lopez- engineer who oversaw building of bridges and roa ds across the Visayas and Mindanao, many of which are still used to this day Captain Generoso Lopez - World War II veteran; captain of Philippine Airforce; o ne of the very first commercial pilots in the Philippines (Philippine Airlines); ran for governor of Leyte but, although leading in the surveys, backed out in f avor of his cousin, Norberto Romualdez Jr. Ian Lopez Veneracion - actor, artist, pilot. Michael Acebedo Lopez - Mainstay Panelist in ABS-CBN's The Bottomline, the Asian Television Awards 2011 Best Talk Show in Asia. The youngest Most Outstanding Al umnus conferee in USC's 400-year history, he was recognized in Japan by Crown Pr ince Naruhito as one of only five 'The Outstanding Young Persons' of the World f or 2007. He made history as: President Gloria Arroyo's youngest appointee as Nat ional Youth Commissioner; the youngest board member in the history of the Movie and Television Review and Classification Board (MTRCB); the youngest official Fi lipino delegate to the United Nations General Assembly in New York. A grand son of Caridad Duterte Del Mar- Lopez of Cebu and Captain Generoso Lopez of Leyte, h e is a member of the Lopez-Romualdez clan of Tacloban (Granada, Spain), the Del Mar family of Pari-an, Cebu, and the Acebedo family, known for the largest optic al chain in the country. Nina Rica Lopez Terol-Zialcita - a communicator, connector, idea curator, and cha ngemaker. Aside from being a co-founder of Writers Block Philippines, she was form erly editor-in-chief of asianTraveler, the Philippines longest-running travel mag azine, and is currently President and Deputy Editor of ProPinoy.net, winner of t

he 2010 Philippine Blog Awards for the Society, History, and Politics category. Her work has been published in the dailies Manila Bulletin and Philippine Daily Inquirer; in the glossies asianTraveler, Condo Living, Cosmopolitan Philippines, Expat Travel & Lifestyle, Illustrado, Maven, MEGA, Metro, Metro Society, MyHome , Spark, Starfish, Travelife, Vault; and in the travel websites ClicktheCity.com , OfficiallyPhilippines.com, and CNNGo.com. Nia has also written books and public ations published by the Asian Development Bank, the Direct Selling Association o f the Philippines, the National Youth Commission, and the TAYO Awards Foundation .A grand daughter of Caridad Duterte Del Mar- Lopez of Cebu and Captain Generoso Lopez of Leyte, he is a member of the Lopez-Romualdez clan of Tacloban (Granada , Spain), the Del Mar family of Pari-an, Cebu. Ena Marie Lopez Terol - International Professional Photographer Travel, Lifestyl e, Events, Weddings, Websites, Catalogs, Advertisements, Magazines, Food, Fashio n, Corporate Her work has been published in the dailies University of Asia and T he Pacific,ECCI Group (International), Official Photographer of Reebok Philippin es, OPT Philippines,AIM (Asian Institute of Management), BMW, Glupathione, Promi na, SASS (Sex and Sensibilities), Writers Block Philippines, Lick Condoms (Premi er Condoms), Sarawak Tourism Board (Malaysia) Borneo Jazz and Rainforest World M usic Festival, Metro Magazine, Mega Magazine, Luxe Magazine, Expat Travel and Li fe Magazine, Asian Traveler Magazine, Vault Magazine, Menshealth Magazine, FHM M agazine, Philippine Daily Inquirer, Philippines Star, Manila Times, ourawesomepl anet.com, clickthecity.com, femalenetwork.com, artofchangemaking.com, mati.gov.p h, cdm.aim.edu, nikkasarthou.com, ninaterol.com.A grand daughter of Caridad Dute rte Del Mar- Lopez of Cebu and Captain Generoso Lopez of Leyte, he is a member o f the Lopez-Romualdez clan of Tacloban (Granada, Spain), the Del Mar family of P ari-an, Cebu. Roxas Family (Capiz) Manuel Roxas (former Speaker, former Senate President and 5th President of the P hilippines) o Gerardo Roxas (former Representative 1st District of Capiz, former Senat or; son of Manuel) o March Roxas (former Representative, 1st District of Capiz, Senator; son of Gerry) o Dinggoy Roxas (former representative, 1st District of Capiz; son of Gerr y) Santillan Family (Batangas, Cavite, Manila, Antique, Albay, Pampanga) o Lauro L. Santillan - Appointed Barangay Lieutenant(Barangay Chairman)Brg y.San Fernando,Malvar, Batangas/ Municipal Councilor c. 1950 o Jose P. Santillan - Cavite 1973 Constitutional Convention Delegate o Errol T. Santillan - Antique Candidate for Provincial Vice-governor 2010 o Oscar Santillan - Legazpi City Councilor 2010 o Erwin "EJ" C. Santillan -2010 Sanguniang Kabataan City of Manila 5th Dis trict Brgy.693 Zone 75 o Jonn Santillan, Jonathan Santillan Wong - Candidate Representative of th e 3rd [Legislative District of Batangas]2004; Provincial Board Member 3rd Distri ct of Batangas 2001 o Gregorio M. Santillan Sr. - Elected Mayor of San Simon, Pampanga 1953 1956 Singson Family (Ilocos Sur) Chavit Singson - former Governor Eric Singson - Representative, 2nd District of Ilocos Sur, 9th, 10th, & 12th Con gress Grace G. Singson - Representative, 2nd District of Ilocos Sur, 11th Congress Sinsuat Family (Maguindanao) The patriarch of the SINSUAT clan of Maguindanao and Cotabato City was DATU SINS UAT BALABARAN. He was the most powerful leader in Mindanao during his time. Acco rdingly, he was the 1st Muslim Senator. The generations next to him maintained t he power established by him because they too held high-ranking positions, to wit :

Datu Blah Sinsuat - Son of Datu Sinsuat Balabaran Espinosa/Martinez Family (Cebu/Masbate) Celestino Espinosa Martinez Jr., (mayor and congressman), Bogo City, Cebu Celestino Martinez III, mayor Clavel Asas-martinez, Congresswoman of 3rd district Cebu Emilio Espinosa, Congressman of then lone district of Masbate and House Deputy S peaker Moises Espinosa Sr., mayor of masbate City Moises Espinosa Jr., Congressman of Masbate Tito Espinosa, Congressman of Masbate Roseller 'Roy' Ariosa, Vice-Governor of Zamboanga del Sur, belongs to the Espino sa Clan of Cebu/ Masbate, head of Espinosa Clan Mindanao Javier Ariosa, Mayor of Molave, Zamboanga del Sur 1951, founding member of the E spinosa Clan Mindanao, father of Vice-Governor Roseller ' Roy ' Ariosa Taada Family (Quezon) Lorenzo M. Taada,former Senator(19471971),former Solicitor General and opposition leader during Marcos Dictatorship Wigberto Taada,former senator,Representative of Quezon's 4th District during 10th Congress(19951998) & 11th Congress Lorenzo Taada III,Incumbent Representative of the Quezon's 4th District(2004presen t) Ty Family (Surigao del Sur) (mother, children and grandchilren) Doa Adela Serra-Ty (Mayor / Governor) o Don Mario Serra-Ty (Mayor / Assemblyman / Congressman / Chair. committee on Health in the house of representatives / Author of Republic Act No. 7901 whi ch created Caraga Region on February 25, 1995), son of Adela o Felicidad Ty-Pimentel (Vice-Governor / Governor), daughter of Adela Marybeth Ty-Delgado (Vice-Mayor / Mayor) Vicente Ty-Pimentel (Mayor / Governor), son of Felicidad Johnny Ty-Pimentel (Vice-Governor), son of Felicidad Alexander Ty-Pimentel (Vice-Mayor / Mayor), son of Felicidad Larry Ty-Montesclaros (provincial board member) Uy Family (Isabela) Jose V. Uy (Mayor / Vice-mayor 1960s- 1970s Gamu Isabela) Tomas Tobon Uy (Mayor 1980s- 1990s Gamu Isabela) o Edwin C. Uy (Congressman 2nd district / 2001-2010) o Nestor M. Uy (Sk President/ ABC President Brgy. Capt./ Councilor present 2010-2013 Gamu Isabela) Carlito M. Uy (Vice-mayor 1989-1992 Burgos Isabela) Arthur M. Uy (Councilor present 2010-2013 Gamu Isabela) William T. Uy (Mayor present 2010-2013 Aurora Isabela) Charlton L. Uy (Councilor present 2010-2013 Cabatuan Isabela) Antonio J. Uy (Councilor present 2010-2013 Ilagan Isabela) Christopher B. Uy (Vice-Mayor present 2010-2013 Tumauini Isabela) Villar-Aguilar Family (Las Pias City) Filemon Aguilar - Representative of Legislative district of Las Pias-Muntinlupa d uring 8th Congress of the Philippines o Manuel "Manny" Villar - Incumbent Senator in the 14th Congress of the Ph ilippines; Representative of the Legislative district of Las Pias City during the 11th Congress; Representative of Legislative district of Las Pias-Muntinlupa dur ing 9th and 10th Congress of the Philippines o Cynthia Aguilar-Villar - Representative of the Legislative district of L as Pias City during the 12th, 13th, and 14th; wife of Sen. Manny Villar Mark Villar - Representative of the Legislative district of Las Pias City during the 15th Congress of the Philippines; son of Sen. Manny & Cynthia Villar o Vergel Aguilar - incumbent Mayor of Las Pias City o Imelda Aguilar - former Mayor of Las Pias City o ((Domingo Dado)) - former former Villarreal Family

Cornelio T. Villareal Sr. (House Speaker of the Philippines) Cornelio Villareal Jr. (Governor) Raoul Villareal (Congressman) Juelita Villareal (Congressman) Christopher Villareal (Provincial Board Member; Mayor) Roy Villareal - Seeres (former ambassador; NLRC Chairman) Zubiri Family (Bukidnon) Jose Ma. R. Zubiri, Jr. - Incumbent Governor of Bukidnon o Juan Miguel Zubiri - Senator [2007-2011, resigned post due to allegation s of poll fraud]; son of Jose Ma. R. Zubiri, Jr. o Jose Zubiri III - Representative, 3rd District of Bukidnon http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Politics_of_the_Philippines Politics of the Philippines The Politics of the Philippines takes place in an organized framework of a presi dential, representative, and democratic republic whereby the president is both t he head of state and the head of government within a pluriform multi-party syste m. This system revolves around three separate and sovereign yet interdependent b ranches: the legislative branch, the executive branch, and the judicial branch. Executive power is exercised by the government under the leadership of the presi dent. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two-chamber con gressthe Senate (the upper chamber) and the House of Representatives (the lower c hamber). Judicial power is vested in the courts with the Supreme Court of the Ph ilippines as the highest judicial body.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_political_parties_in_the_Philippines List of political parties in the Philippines Political parties in the Philippines are of diverse ideologies and are plentiful in number. Most of these parties do not have actual grassroots membership among ordinary voters but rather that of political figures and leaders. The Philippines has a multi-party system with numerous political parties, in whi ch no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments for political expediency and conv enience. Since no political parties have sustaining membership to which party le aders are developed, most of the political parties have the rise-and-fall-and-ri se character. There are three types of parties in the Philippines and these are: major parties , who correspond typically to traditional political parties, minor parties or pa rty-list organizations, who rely on the party-list system to win Congressional s eats and regional or provincial parties, who corresponds to a region-wide or pro vince-wide organization, respectively. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corruption_in_the_Philippines

Corruption in the Philippines The Republic of the Philippines suffers from widespread corruption.[1] Means of corruption include graft, bribery, embezzlement, backdoor deals, nepotism, patro nage. Corruption levels According to a World Bank study in 2008, corruption in the Philippines is consid ered to be the worst among East Asias leading economies and the country has sunk even lower among those seen to be lagging in governance reforms.[3] The 2009 Cor ruption Perceptions Index published by global watchdog Transparency Internationa l, showed that the situation in the country had improved slightly but still rema ined serious.[4] The Philippines ranked 139th among 180 countries included in the index, up from its previous 141st ranking in 2008. The nation scored 2.4 in the TI index, compa red to 2.3 in 2008, which ranked it equal to Pakistan, Bangladesh and the Baltic state of Belarus. Corruption by country Afghanistan Albania Angola Armenia Bahrain Chile China Colombia Congo Cuba Ghana India Indonesia Iran Ireland Kenya Kyrgyzstan Nigeria Pakistan Papua New Guinea Paraguay Philippines Russia South Africa Ukraine United States Venezuela Zimbabwe Bribery Cronyism Kleptocracy Economics of corruption Electoral fraud Nepotism Slush fund Plutocracy Political scandal Corruption Improvements As of 2011, the Philippines came in at 129 with a 2.6 CPI in Transparency Intern ational's list that ranks 178 countries and territories based on how corrupt the ir public sector is perceived to be. This is better than the Philippines' 134th ranking in 2010 with a 2.4 CPI. The C PI score indicates the perceived level of public sector corruption on a scale of

0 - 10, where 0 means that a country is perceived as highly corrupt and 10 mean s that a country is perceived as very clean. Transparency International-Philippines said some of the factors that contributed to the Philippines' (2.6) slight jump are the improvement in government service , and cutting red tape. The group believes that the government's efforts to prosecute former President G loria Macapagal-Arroyo may positively affect the perception on corruption as thi s shows the government means business. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_political_scandals_in_the_Philippines List of political scandals in the Philippines 1960s Jabidah massacre, 1968 - the murder of 28 Moro Muslims, who were clandestinely b eing trained on the island of Corregidor to instigate a rebellion on Sabah, Mala ysia. 1970s Dovie Beams Tapes Scandal, 1970 - sex scandal involving Pres. Ferdinand Marcos Rolex 12, 1972 - controversy involving Pres. Ferdinand Marcos' favoring certain Generals to propagate his terms of office. Coco Levy Fund Scam 1980s Manila Film Center Accident and cover up. Bataan Nuclear Power Plant bribery and graft case. Imelda Marcos' shoe collection Operation Big Bird, 1986 - the bungled plan of the Philippine Government to retr ieve the alleged ill-gotten wealth of the Marcoses in Swiss banks. 1990s PEA Amari Scam Subic Bay Leadership Dispute, 1998 - Pres. Joseph Estrada's Executive Order No. 1 orders the removal of Richard Gordon as Chairman of the Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority (SBMA), and replaces him with Felicito Payumo. Textbook Scam & Nepotism - Pres. Estrada appoints relatives to government positi ons, and intervenes in their behalf. Hot Cars Scandal - Pres. Estrada assigns seized vehicles by the Bureau of Custom s to his Cabinet secretaries and favored political allies. 2000s BW Resources scandal - Pres. Estrada and associates profit from an alleged stock manipulation scheme. Estrada Midnight Cabinet - Chief of Staff Aprodicio Laquian jests in a press con ference that he is the only one sober during the President's "Midnight Cabinet," drinking and gambling sessions in Malacaan Palace. Juetengate, 2000 - Chavit Singson expos on Pres. Joseph Estrada receiving jueteng payoffs and bribes. This led to the impeachment of Estrada and eventual downfal l. Hello Garci scandal, 2004 - scandal involving Pres. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo on c ommitting electoral fraud during the 2004 National Elections. Fertilizer Fund scam, 2004 - controversy involving accusations that Agriculture Undersecretary Jocelyn Bolante diverted PhP 728 million in fertilizer funds to t he 2004 election campaign of President Arroyo. GSIS-Meralco bribery case, 2008 Philippine National Broadband Network controversy, 2008 - (also referred to as t he NBN/ZTE deal or NBN/ZTE mess) involved allegations of corruption in the award ing of a US$329 million construction contract to Chinese telecommunications firm ZTE for the proposed government-managed National Broadband Network (NBN). Euro Generals scandal, 2008 - involves Eliseo de la Paz and several Philippine N ational Police officials who went to Russia on October 2008 to attend the Interp ol conference. De la Paz was detained for carrying a large sum of undeclared mon ey. Pimentel III vs. Zubiri Senate Electoral Protest, 2008 2009 National Artist Controversy, 2009 - controversial proclamation as National Artists of the Philippines of four individuals via the Presidential prerogative

of Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, when the four have not been nominated by the selecti on committee, composed of representatives from National Commission for Culture a nd the Arts (NCCA) and the Cultural Center of the Philippines (CCP). http://polintika.blogspot.com/2009/03/oligarchy-in-philippines.html The Oligarchy in the Philippines Forget issues on population, education, environment, pollution, crime & recessio n. The number one problem in the Philippines is the prevalent oligarchy: the concen tration of power in a few members of the elite. To be clear, let me enumerate whom I think are the modern members of Philippine oligarchy: Political families that have members in different positions in local or national government for generations. Politicians and their relatives who have been there for the past 4 administratio ns (since the time of Marcos). Movie, TV, Sports celebrities/politicians. The richest families in the country that support some or all the political parti es equally to make sure their interests are protected. The emerging "Lords": Drug Lords, Kidnap Lords, Smuggling Lords & 'Praise the Lo rd's. The leaders of different churches and religious sects. The business sector leaders