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PUBLICATIONS CATALOGUE

CONSEIL INTERNATIONAL DES GRANDS RESEAUX ELECTRIQUES INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL ON LARGE ELECTRIC SYSTEMS

January/janvier 2003

PRICE LIST

21 RUE DARTOIS, F-75008 PARIS Tel : + (0)1 53 89 12 90 Fax + 33 (0)1 53 89 12 99 http://www.cigre.org

Les prix membres et non membres de l'Association sont indiqus en Euros Member and non-member prices are indicated in Euros
Membership enquiries: e.mail <membership@cigre.org>

Les prix affichs sont des prix HT. Une TVA de 5,5% pour des publications ou de 19.60 % pour des CD-Roms est applicable la France et aux organismes des pays de la CEE qui ne fournissent pas de numro didentification intracommunautaire (NIF). Les autres pays rglent le prix HT.

The prices given are tax free. VAT of 5,5% for publications and 19.60 % for CD Roms is applied to France and organisations from EEC countries who do not provide a VAT registration number. Other countries are tax free.

Envoyer vos commandes : Send your orders to:


Christine Poljakovic Mail Order Sales Manager

CIGRE, 21 rue d'Artois, F 75008 Paris


Renseignements/Enquiries Ligne directe/Direct phone : + 33 (0)1 53 89 12 96 Fax : + 33 (0)1 53 89 12 99 e-mail : sales-meetings@cigre.org ou/or christine.poljakovic@cigre.org
Standard/Switchboard : + 33 (0)1 53 89 12 90 Internet : http://www.cigre.org

Un formulaire de commande est inclus dans cette brochure An order form is included in this brochure Une participation aux frais d'expdition peut tre demande suivant le poids et la destination A participation in forwarding costs may be requested according to weight and distance Envoi par avion + 15 % / Air-mailing + 15 % Factures sur demande / Invoices on request

Paiement de votre commande/Payment of your order


CHECKS must be in Euros drawn on a BANK LOCATED IN FRANCE otherwise the check will be returned. TRANSFERS from your Bank to our Bank should be free of any charges for us CIGRE copyright Ownership of a CIGRE publication, whether in paper form or on electronic support only infers right of use for personal purposes. Are prohibited, except if explicitly agreed by CIGRE, total or partial reproduction of the publication for use other than personal or transfer to a third party; hence circulation on any intranet or other company network is forbidden.

Brochures thmatiques/Technical brochures

TABLE DES MATIERES/CONTENTS


A1 3 MACHINES ELECTRIQUES TOURNANTES/ROTATING ELECTRICAL MACHINES ...................................................... 3 A2 3 TRANSFORMATEURS/TRANSFORMERS .............................................................................................................................. 3 A3 3 EQUIPEMENT A HAUTE TENSION......................................................................................................................................... 3 HIGH VOLTAGE EQUIPMENT................................................................................................................................................. 3 B1 4 CABLES ISOLES/INSULATED CABLES ................................................................................................................................. 4 B2 5 LIGNES ARIENNES/OVERHEAD LINES .............................................................................................................................. 5 B3 7 POSTES/SUBSTATIONS ............................................................................................................................................................ 7 B4 9 CCHT ET ELECTRONIQUE DE PUISSANCE .......................................................................................................................... 9 HVDC AND POWER ELECTRONICS....................................................................................................................................... 9 B5 12 PROTECTION ET AUTOMATISME........................................................................................................................................ 12 PROTECTIONS AND AUTOMATIONS.................................................................................................................................. 12 C1 14 DEVELOPPEMENT ET ECONOMIE DES RESEAUX........................................................................................................... 14 SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT AND ECONOMICS .................................................................................................................... 14 C2 15 CONDUITE ET EXPLOITATION DES RESEAUX................................................................................................................. 15 SYSTEM CONTROLE AND OPERATION.............................................................................................................................. 15 D1 16 MATERIAUX ET TECHNOLOGIES EMERGENTES ............................................................................................................ 16 MATERIALS AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES ............................................................................................................... 16 EX CE/SC 33 16 COORDINATION DE LISOLEMENT DES RESEAUX DENERGIE .................................................................................. 16 POWER SYSTEM INSULATION COORDINATION ............................................................................................................. 16 D2 17 SYSTEMES DINFORMATION ET TELECOMMUNICATIONS.......................................................................................... 17 INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS............................................................................................. 17 EX CE/SC 36 21 COMPATIBILITE ELECTROMAGNETIQUE DES RESEAUX D'ENERGIE ....................................................................... 21 POWER SYSTEM ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY .............................................................................................. 21 EX CE/SC 38 21 ANALYSE ET TECHNIQUE DES RESEAUX......................................................................................................................... 21 POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND TECHNIQUES.............................................................................................................. 21 DOCUMENTS DIVERS 25 OTHER DOCUMENTS 25 ELECTRA 25 PROCEEDINGS 26 COMPTE-RENDU 26 SYMPOSIUMS 27 INDEX 30 DISPONIBILIT DE NOS BROCHURES SUR INTERNET / AVAILABILITY OF OUR BROCHURES ON INTERNET 34 BONS DE COMMANDE/ORDER FORMS 36

Catalogue des publications Cigr - 2003

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Brochures thmatiques/Technical brochures


en anglais/in english 12 Euros
24 Euros

A1 MACHINES ELECTRIQUES TOURNANTES/ROTATING ELECTRICAL MACHINES


ex CE/SC 11 MACHINES TOURNANTES ROTATING MACHINES

Non-members

Static electrification in power transformers


Inerfacial phenomena; methods and devices including test set-ups with plane flow or rotating flow, filter methods; CIGRE test cell : method and device, numerical flow calculation, time characteristic of leakage current, impact of liquid and solid insulating components; mini-static tester : repeatability and reproducibility, impact of temperature and moisture. Evaluation of methods. Standardisation of methods. References. 12 12/15.13, 2000, 84 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Report on large turbine generator maintenance practices.


Preventive maintenance of generators is an important contribution to the improvement of their availability. The number and nature of the maintenance tasks as well as the periodicity depend largely upon the machine type, its design and its duty type. These practices are generally agreed between the manufacturer and the user. CE/SC 11 GT/WG 01, 1987, 38 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 170 21 Euros


42 Euros

Guidelines for conducting design reviews transformers 100 MVA and 123 kV and above.

for

Ref. No. 2 20 Euros


40 Euros

A2 TRANSFORMATEURS/TRANSFORMERS
ex CE/SC 12 TRANSFORMATEURS/TRANSFORMERS

A guide to customers of power transformers for conducting design reviews with manufacturers. A design review is a planned exercise to ensure there is a common understanding of the applicable standards and specification requirements, and to provide an opportunity to scrutinise the design to ensure the requirements will be met, using the manufacturer's proven materials and methodology. The document does not include design limits or parameters. CE/SC 12 GT/WG 22, 2002, 20 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 204 13,00 Euros


26,00 Euros

Thermal aspects of transformers.

Aspects thermiques des transformateurs.

The short circuit performance of power transformers.


Service conditions-questionnaire et conclusions. Design calculations: magnetic field and force calculations; mechanical stress calculations. Design review procedure; description of radial and axial forces; manufacturing issues; references. Monitoring: winding movement detection techniques, standardisation and optimisation techniques, problems of interpretation, winding slackness, on-line monitoring, recommendations, references. Includes: questionnaire, summary of responses, detailed information on failures. CE/SC 12 GT/WG 19, 2002, 44 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Contains chapters on : Heat run test procedure; Direct measurement of the hot-spot temperature; A survey of facts and opinions; Lifetime evaluation; Dissolved gas analysis; Analytical determination of winding hot spot factor; Experimental determination of power transformer hot spot factor; Survey of power transformer overload field practices. CE/SC 12 GT/WG 09, 1995, 180 pp. bilingue/bilingual
Non members

Ref. No. 96 23 Euros


46 Euros

Guide for customers specifications for transformers 100 MVA and 123 kV and above.
This document has been prepared as an aid to customers and manufacturers of power transformers in the preparation of specifications for purchasing transformers. Its aim is to highlight some of the important topics that should be considered for includion in an enquiry document. Wherever possible guidance and other practical information about such topics are provided to explain their purpose and significance in transformer enquiries. Clearly it is not possible to address all the issues that may arise. Neither is the document in any way intended to be a complete and applicable specification. 12 15, 0, 75 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 209 13,00 Euros


26,00 Euros

A3 EQUIPEMENT A HAUTE TENSION HIGH VOLTAGE EQUIPMENT


ex CE/SC 13 APPAREILLAGE DE COUPURE/SWITCHING EQUIPMENT

Ref. No. 156 24 Euros


48 Euros

Line-charging current switching of HV lines. Stresses and testing. Parts 1 & 2.


The brochure deals mainly with line-charging current switching for voltages 72.5 kV and above, by circuit-breakers and switches, provided the latter have a limited time spread between pole contact parting. It does not deal with medium-voltage linecharging current switching even if the basic phenomena are the same. CE/SC 13 GT/WG 03, 1996, 60 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Effect of particles on transformer dielectric strength.


The effect of particles on the dielectric strength of insulating oil has long been recognized by researchers and much effort has been devoted in attempts to characterize this effect. However, only few experiments have been carried out with insulated electrodes and even then, the extrapolation from test set-up to full-size transformers is very difficult given the effect of the oil volume on the probability of breakdown. CE/SC12 GT/WG 17, 2000, 44 pp. Ref. No. 157

Ref. No. 47 18 Euros


36 Euros

Interruption of small inductive currents.


This brochure contains the ELECTRA articles prepared by WG13.02 and it aims at presenting the theoretical background to Catalog of Cigre Publications - 2003

* VAT 5.5 % for countries concerned

Brochures thmatiques/Technical brochures


IEC 1233. The test circuits and test procedures prescribed in the IEC report differ somewhat from those proposed by 13.02. Since they are in principle equivalent, the IEC proposals have been adopted in this brochure. When new experience is available this is taken into account. CE/SC 13 GT/WG 02, 1995, 232 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

reliability etc; legal, environmental and strategic aspects; changes in network condition. CE/SC 13 08, 2000, 140 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 165 24 Euros


48 Euros

Ref. No. 50 26 Euros


52 Euros

Final report of the second international enquiry on HV circuit-breaker failures and defects in service.

Rapport final de la seconde enqute inter-nationale sur les dfaillances et les dfauts des disjoncteurs HT.

User guide for the application of monitoring and diagnostic techniquesfor switching equipment for rated voltages of 72.5 kV and above.
Condition monitoring and diagnostic techniques are playing an increasingly important role in the design, life cycle cost evaluation, commissioning, operation, maintenance and end of life determination of substation equipment. Users need guidance on the applicability and implications of the various techniques and how their benefits can be evaluated.The report gives guidelines for the application of monitoring and diagnostic techniques covering all switching technologies and including disconnectors and earthing switches as well as circuit-breakers. 13 09, 2000, 160 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

The studies include items such as : Use of diagnostics; Maintenance policy; System reliability study data; Kind of operating mechanism; Comparison of metal enclosed versus non metal enclosed reliability; Impact on testing; SF6 gas leakages. CE/SC 13 GT/WG 06, 1994, 176 pp. bilingue/bilingual
Non members

Ref. No. 83 15 Euros


30 Euros

Ref. No. 167 30 Euros


60 Euros

Circuit-breakers for meshed multiterminal HVDC system. Final Report.


HVDC multiterminal (MTDC) Systems permit the exchange of energy between a number of HVDC substations. The particular advantage of the meshed system is that this exchange can continue even when one of the interconnecting lines is out of service. Investigations have shown that the performance of MTDC systems can be improved by installing HVDC circuitbreakers at appropriate locations. CE/SC 13 GT/WG13/14.08, 1997, 115 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

B1 CABLES ISOLES/INSULATED CABLES


ex CE/SC 21 CABLES ISOLES A HAUTE TENSION HV INSULATED CABLES Capacits de transport des cbles pour les rgimes de charge cycliques et de secours d'urgence.

Ref. No. 114 15 Euros


30 Euros

Transient recovery voltages in medium voltage networks.


Items considered : TRV and circuit configuration ; TRV for the first, second and third pole to clear ; Collection of TRV field data ; TRV under short line fault ; TRV in case of transformer fed faults ; TRV in cade of series reactor limited faults ; TRV in case of faults at the secondary side of transformers ; clearing faults near capacitor banks ; arc-circuit interaction ; topology of test circuits to represent realistic system conditions. 13 CC-03, 1998, 113 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Current ratings of cables for cyclic and emergency loads.


Le document donne des mthodes pour le calcul des facteurs de charge cyclique et pour celui de la rponse d'un cble l'application brusque d'un chelon de charge. The document provides methods for calculating rating factors for cyclic loads and for calculating the response of a cable to a suddenly applied step function load. CE/SC 21 GT/WG 02, 1976, 35 pp. bilingue/bilingual
Non members

Ref. No. 5 17 Euros


34 Euros

Ref. No. 134 27 Euros


54 Euros

State of the art of circuit-breaker modelling.


A comprehensive overview on the state of the art. An edition which is a compilation of three reports: Practical application of arc physics in circuit-breakers. Survey of calculation methods and application guide ; Applications of black box modelling to circuit-breakers ; and, Survey on analytical and graphical tools for circuit-breaker behaviour description. 13 GT/WG 13.01, 1998, 90 pp.
Non members

Accessories for HV extruded cables. Types of accessories and terminology.


This work categorises the types of accessory designs available for use on HV cables with extruded insulation for AC transmission voltages of 60 kV and above. The typical types of extruded cable insulation being low density polyethylene (LDPE), high density polyethylene (HDPE), crosslinked polyethylene (XLPE) and ethylene propylene rubber (EPR). CE/SC 21 GT/WG 06, 1994, 100 pp. bilingue/bilingual
Non members

Accessoires pour cbles HT isolation synthtique.

Ref. No. 135 21 Euros


42 Euros

Ref. No. 89 17 Euros


34 Euros

Life management of circuit-breakers.


Current life experience of high and medium voltage circuitbreakers of older and current design; determination and evaluation of residual life expectancy, possibilities and procedures; risk assessment; possibilites for life extension such as monitoring, maintenance procedures, availability and maintainability; testing; economic impact taking into account additional expenditures of preventive measures, reduction of

Comparison of high voltage overhead lines and underground cables. Report and Guidelines.
It is intended that these guidelines will serve as a reference document when overhead and underground options for transmission circuits are being compared and when possible routes are being negotiated with the relevant authorities. The comparison is made under the following headings : system planning and operation, environmental, technical, cost and future perspectives.

Catalogue des publications Cigr - 2003

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Brochures thmatiques/Technical brochures CE/SC21 JWG/GTM21/22.01, 1997, 68 pp. en anglais/in english


Non members

Ref. No. 110 23 Euros


46 Euros

cables.
Although interfaces in joints and terminations of extruded HV cables have been identified as crucial parts, some of the mechanisms related to ageing are not well understood. For this reason, a task force was set up to study the behaviour of interfaces between solid insulating materials in accessories for HV and EHV extruded cables. The results are reported in this brochure. CE/SC 21/15 , 2002, 13 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Partial discharge detection in installed HV extruded cable systems.


Fundamental principles of PD testing, different types of sensors and signal processing functions. Users guide on the practical importance of PDD using circuits with and without integrated sensors, information on safety aspects, selection of measuring frequency, test results, practical recommendations. Description of 8 PD methods with representative impression in present testing options. Future trends - expectations for immediate and more distant future. Fundamental and practical information. User support to understanding the complicated field of on-site PDD. CE/SC 21 16, 2001, 60 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 210 12,00 Euros


24,00 Euros

B2 LIGNES ARIENNES/OVERHEAD LINES


ex CE/SC 22 LIGNES AERIENNES/OVERHEAD LINES

Ref. No. 182 18 Euros


36 Euros

Accessoires pour les cbles HT isolation extrude.

Tower top geometry.


The study is to define clearances between live conductors and earthed structures under the action of wind. This case is particularly significant for suspension towers equipped with Itype suspension insulator sets. In addition to insulator swing the following requirements may also affect the tower top geometry : Clearances between conductors in mid-span; Provisions for conductor galloping and Distances for live line maintenance. CE/SC 22 GT/WG 06, 1995, 48 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Accessories for HV cableswith extruded insulation.

Guide for the selection of accessories for HV cables with extruded insulation for application at AC voltages of 60 kV and above (excluding accessories for submarine cables and DC cables). Includes : A guide to the selection of accessories; Compendium of accessory types and glossary of component names; Summary of worldwide usage of accessories for HV extruded cables. Guide pour le choix des accessoires (cbles sous-marins et CC non compris) ; recueil des diffrents types d'accessoires ; glossaire des noms des composants ; rsum de l'utilisation des accessoires pour cbles HT isolation synthtique extrude dans le monde. CE/SC 21 06, 2001, 280 pp. English or French/Anglais ou franais
Non-members

Ref. No. 48 12 Euros


24 Euros

Foundation testing.
With the change in design philosophy from a deterministic to a probabilistic approach, the necessity for determining the strength distribution for individual components of an overhead transmission line has increased. The report gives recommendations on the procedures to be undertaken during the testing of foundations from the initial planning stage through to test evaluation and acceptance. CE/SC 22 GT/WG 07, 1994, 59 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 177 46 Euros


92 Euros

Insulation coordination for HV AC underground cable systems.


Increasing environmental and aesthetic concerns regarding the utilisation of overhead electrical power transmission lines are resulting in a growing need to progress the use of underground alternatives. This increases the importance of looking for opportunities to further reduce the cost ratio between overhead and underground distribution and transmission. One approach is to address the inherent costs associated wtih the cable system by reducing the required withstand capability in line with the actual service requirements rather than traditional levels in particular the transient overvoltage performance. CE/SC 21 21/33, 2001, 60 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 81 29 Euros


58 Euros

Review of IEC 826 "Loading and strength of overhead lines".


Comprising 4 different chapters: 1) Questionnaire on use and application of IEC826-2) Application example of IEC 826-3) Analysis of recent transmission line failures; 4) Improved design criteria of O/H transmission lines based on reliability concept. CE/SC 22 GT/WG 06, 1996, 140 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 189 18 Euros


36 Euros

Ref. No. 109 22,87 Euros


46 Euros

Construction - laying and installation techniques for extruded and self contained fluid filled cable systems.
The focus of general public concern on the environment results in the use of underground lines being considered since they offer alternative or interesting complementary solutions for the bulk transmission of electrical energy. This leads to the installation of underground cables in some areas, where overhead lines would automatically have been considered in the past. CE/SC 21 17, 2001, 150 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Refurbishment and upgrading of foundations.


This report provides an outline of good practice on the refurbishment and upgrading of existing overhead transmission line support foundations. Possible reasons for foundation deterioration are reviewed, which may result from such diverses causes as early-age concrete cracking to damage by frost forces. the critical nature of the inspection and testing strategy are considered, with attention focussed on the economics of the inspection/testing regime, the use of alternative strategies and the different levels of foundation inspection together with the actual inspection test methods. CE/SC 22 GT/WG 07, 1999, 160 pp. en anglais/in english Ref. No. 141 38 Euros

Ref. No. 194 46 Euros


92 Euros

Interfaces in accessories for extruded HV and EHV


* VAT extra for countries concerned

Catalog of Cigre Publications - 2003

Brochures thmatiques/Technical brochures


Non members 76 Euros

High voltage overhead lines. Environmental concerns, procedures, impacts and mitigations
Electricity utilities involved in transmission development, maintenance and operation face increasingly severe challenges as a result of heightened environmental awareness, more comprehansive legislation and standards and growing public expectations and concerns. these trends will have a major influence on the approach of companies to the management of both new projects and existing transmission assets. 22 14, 1999, 104 pp. en anglais/in english Non-members Ref. No. 147 30 Euros
60 Euros

With a view to preventing failures this documents serves to describe how critical damage can occur in the filed and the measures that should be taken to avoid such damage. Typical problems are illustrated to show the defects that can be introduced by inappropriate treatment and construction practices, to indicate the possible long term effects of such defects and to assist in their identification to facilitate the rigourous inspection of composite insulators prior to line commissioning. CE/SC 22 03, 2001, 25 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 184 12 Euros


24 Euros

Diaphragms for lattice steel supports.


Following a review of the available standards worldwide, it became obvious to the WG there was little definitive documentation addressing the application, design or requirement for horizontal diaphragms (plan bracing) within lattice steel supports.SC22 compiled a questionnaire concerning the design "rules" currently employed within the industry addressing its scope to self-supporting and guyed lattice steel supports. 21 responses were received and are published in this brochure. CE/SC 22 08, 2002, 41 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Load control devices on overhead transmission lines.


Electricity utilities need to design overhead lines to withstand potential cascade failures of towers which could occur as a result of exceptional icing or rupture of conductors. Some utilities simply design the lines with section towers at frequent intervals and other utilities use special devices called 'load control devices' (LCD) the function of which is to limit the stresses applied to the towers in cases of exceptional longitudinal loads. CE/SC 22 06, 2000, 20 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 174 12 Euros


24 Euros

Ref. No. 196 20 Euros


40 Euros

Diaphragms for lattice steel supports.


Following a review of the available standards worldwide, it became obvious to the WG there was little definitive documentation addressing the application, design or requirement for horizontal diaphragms (plan bracing) within lattice steel supports.SC22 compiled a questionnaire concerning the design "rules" currently employed within the industry addressing its scope to self-supporting and guyed lattice steel supports. 21 responses were received and are published in this brochure. CE/SC 22 08, 2002, 41 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Management of existing overhead transmission lines.


Can you answer the following questions : Can you quantitatively justify investments in you O/H transmission system ? Can you predict the probability of you next O/H transmission line failure event ? Do you collect the right data when you have a failure event ? Do you know the present capability of you OHTL components ? Could you manage these data effectively if you did collect them ? CE/SC 22 13, 2000, 185 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 175 30 Euros


60 Euros

Ref. No. 196 20 Euros


40 Euros

Guidelines for field measurement of ice loadings on overhead power line conductors.
When criteria for ice loading on overhead transmission lines are established, experiences from existing lines and line networks are of great economical value. This document describes the importance of such data and procedures for collecting them. Guidelines for company routines as well as recommendations for tools, training and observation procedures are given. Includes two sets of observation forms : for collecting fundamental and accurate information on ice loadings and shedding on various conductor types and a simplified set for collecting basic information. CE/SC 22 06.01, 2001, 28 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

The design of transmission line support foundations an overview.


Transmission line foundations provide the interlinking component between the support and in-situ soil and/or rock. The interrelationship between the support type and the applied foundation loadings are considered, together with the methods of determining the engineering properties of the in-situ soil and/or rock. Two principal categories of foundations have been considered: separate and compact. The major types applicable to each category are reviewed e.g. monoblock, spead, drilled shaft, pile, anchor, direct embedment of poles, etc CE/SC 22 GT/WG 7, 2002, 75 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 179 12 Euros


24 Euros

Ref. No. 206 26,00 Euros


52,00 Euros

Probabilistic design of overhead transmission lines.


Companion document to "Improved design criteria of overhead transmission lines based on reliability concepts". Contains the technical background of reliability based design in more detail. An output of CIGRE WG22.06 involved in reliability based design of overhead transmission lines for many years. CE/SC 22 06, 2001, 124 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Thermal behaviour of overhead conductors.


In most countries the demand for electric power is constantly increasing, and there is a corresponding requirement to increase the power transferred by transmission and distribution lines. A solution would be to build new lines, but this may not be feasible on account of economic or environmental considerations. Hence, there may be pressure to increase the load transfer capacity of both new and old lines. CE/SC 22 GT/WG 12, 2002, 45 pp. en anglais/in english Ref. No. 207 13,00

Ref. No. 178 35 Euros


70 Euros

Composite insulator handling guide

Catalogue des publications Cigr - 2003

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Brochures thmatiques/Technical brochures

Joints on transmission line conductors : field testing and replacement criteria.


Description of the tests currently available to determine the condition of joints in order to establish their quality and ability for a reliable and continuing service especially when an increase in electrical load is expected. For example when increasing the operating temperature of a line. It should be noted that this is not exclusive to ACSR joints. CE/SC 22 GT/WG 12, 2002, 8 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Choice and application of large variable speed drives in power plants.


The report surveys all practicable types of large variable speed electrical machines (> 200 kW) and their control systems as applied in the past and as used today. The possible circuits are described and the speed torque diagrams are shown. CE/SC 23 GT/WG 08, 1993, 57 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 80 29 Euros


58 Euros

Ref. No. 216 10,00


20,00

Design and maintenance practice for substation secondary systems.


The report deals with the main features of substation secondary systems. It includes in its scope relay-based and computer-based equipment. The emphasis in much of the report is on large-scale transmission substations. However, many of the systems discussed are applicable also to subtransmission and distribution level substations even though they are generally less complex. CE/SC 23 GT/WG 05, 1994, 101 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

B3 POSTES/SUBSTATIONS
ex CE/SC 23 POSTES/SUBSTATIONS

Mechanical effects of short-circuit currents in open air substations.


The s-c current levels in HV and EHV networks have increased considerably in recent decades and further increases may be expected in the future. High levels of short-circuit current in substations results in high mechanical stresses and in some cases, displacements, on bus systems, connections to apparatus, substation equipment and bus supports. CE/SC 23 GT/WG 02, 1987, 103 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 88 19 Euros


36 Euros

Overvoltages and overvoltage protection in the generator main electrical circuit in power stations.
This report deals with overvoltages and overvoltage protection in the generator main electrical circuit in power stations. it includes earthing practice of the generator circuit, such as neutral point treatment of generator and generator transformer. Different kinds of overvoltages are described, together with their origin. Methods for calculation of overvoltages are presented as well as protection systems to minimise the effects of overvoltages. CE/SC 23 GT/WG 08, 1995, 54 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 6 21 Euros


42 Euros

Mise la terre des PSEM. Guide dapplication.

Earthing of GIS. An application guide.

Ref. No. 98 9 Euros


18 Euros

Electra No. 151/1993. Whilst, over the past few years, numerous papers have been written on the subject of transient ground potential rise in GIS and the consequences in relation to earthing, so far as the WG is aware no international document has been published dedicated entirely to the earthing of GIS installations. CE/SC 23 GT/WG 10, 1994, 22 pp. bilingue/bilingual
Non members

The mechanical effects of short circuit currents in open air substation. (Rigid and flexible bus bars). Vol.1. An updated revision. Vol. 2. Data base of reference tests. (Includes a free K7).
A revision of the earlier CIGRE brochure (No.6) published in 1987. The text is based on the former brochure, some parts of which explicitly remain unchanged, other sections have been fully modified and others cancelled because they are no longer relevant. CE/SC 23 GT/WG 11, 1996, 160 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 44 11 Euros


22 Euros

Les rducteurs conventionnelle.

de

mesure

de

technologie

Paper-oil insulated measurement transformer.


The document is a set of papers issued in Electra expected to be complete enough and useful for manufacturers or users of equipment : i.e. General considerations; Design and construction; Checking and monitoring; Failure survey; Endurance testing life test; Non standardised stresses and Quality assurance. CE/SC 23 , 1990, 75 pp. bilingue/bilingual
Non members

Ref. No. 105 23 Euros


46 Euros

SF6 recycling guide. Re-use of SF6 gas in electrical power equipment and final disposal.
All significant aspects of the recycling of SF6 gas used in electrical power equipment. Recommendations for the design of electrical equipment using it to allow ease of recycling, appropriate handling and recycling procedures and essential features of gas handling and recycling equipment. Identifies the origins, quantities and deteriorating effects of contaminants to be expected in SF6 and proposes purity standards to allow safe reuse. A final disposal concept is proposed to remove SF6 from the ecocycle and transform it into environmentally comptatible substances. General recommendations for handling for manufacturers, users and producers. Recommendations for further studies. CE/SC 23 GA/TF 01, 1997, 46 pp. Ref. No. 117 en anglais/in english 14 Euros
Non members 28 Euros

Ref. No. 57 20 Euros


40 Euros

General guidelines for the design of outdoor AC substations.


The purpose of this document is to provide a simple guide to the design of an outdoor, AC substation, from the system requirements, through the selection of the most suitable site, to the design of the equipment to be installed. It gives advice on the general principles, refers to relevant IEC standards and CIGRE reports, and gives an indication of the economic factors involved. CE/SC 23 GT 04, 1992, 25 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 69 18 Euros


36 Euros

* VAT extra for countries concerned

Catalog of Cigre Publications - 2003

Brochures thmatiques/Technical brochures


User guide for the application of gas-insulated switchgear (GIS) for rated voltages of 72.5 kV and above.
WG 23-04 has published general guidelines for the design of outdoor AC substations (Publ.-69). Apart from some minor comments the scope was limited to air-insulated switchgear (AIS). Therefore all points which are specific for GIS for rated voltages of 72.5 kV and above or different from AIS are covered by this new application guide. Includes a selection of most suitable site, area requirements, environmental factors and substation layout. CE/SC 23 GT/WG 10.03, 1998, 83 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

to a great extent is forming the base for this questionnaire. 49 responses were received : 30 from utilities 16 from manufacturers and 3 from consultants. CE/SC 23 01, 2000, 50 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 162 14 Euros


28 Euros

Guide for SF6 gas mixtures.


This guide addresses the issues of using an SF6 mixture where SF6 is diluted by one other gas, typically nitrogen or CF4, added at a concentration in the range of 5 to 90%. The practical application of SF6 mixtures in electrical equipment requires an understanding of their performance, both environmental and functional, as well as methods and equipment for handling gas mixtures. CE/SC 23 02.01, 2000, 50 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 125 19 Euros


38 Euros

An international survey of maintenance policies and trends


General information about the utilities that responded. Quality of information is generally good but it is necessary to bear in mind that due to the nature of the information requested (e.g. replacement costs, type of equipment, age etc) much of the information was estimated. 64 responses were entered into a computerised database. Analysis of the general information obtained. Further details of the construction of the database and calculation of composite size and age factors used in the analysis are also given. The method used for detecting correlation between answers is also given. CE/SC 23/39 , 2000, 112 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 163 14 Euros


28 Euros

Design guidelines for power station auxiliaries and distribution systems.


The objective is to present an overview of the current practice and state of the art of auxiliaries power supplies for electric power stations. It is intended to be a support for design engineers. The overview considers the basic design of auxiliaries power supplies particularly regarding the process of developing the main electrical scheme and selection of rated voltages as required in the development of specifications. CE/SC 23 04, 2002, 50 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 152 46 Euros


92 Euros

Ref. No. 197 14 Euros


28 Euros

Report on the 2nd international survey on high voltage gas insulated substations (GIS) service experience
Reliability, economic advantage for lige cycle cost and physical compactness of HV GIS have resulted in their widespread use over some 30 years. Many Users approach to its application is still rather unique. GIS technology can however contribute very effectively to increasing the relaibility of new substations and to improving the asset life cycle of existing ones. For the user to be able to decide on GIS he needs data on which to judge his investment and maintenance decision. WG 23.02 has created a database to be updated every 5 years with the results being accessible through CIGRE channels. CE/SC 23 , 2000, 150 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Maintenance outsourcing guidelines.


In CIGRE 2000 Session papers concepts of outsourcing were reviewed including business models, assessing the risk through outsourcing exposure and the development of contractor-owner relationships. These guidelines attempt to review these in a systematic manner. Part I discusses the general issues around the development of a service options strategy, Part 2 focuses on the analysis of outsourcing opportunities, Part 3 considers some more general aspects of outsourcing and Part 4 discusses key performance indicators. CE/SC 23/39 14, 2002, 60 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 150 29 Euros


58 Euros

Ref. No. 201 25 Euros


50 Euros

General guidelines for the design of outdoor AC substations. (2nd version).


Evolving techniques and the opening market have contributed to new aspects which have made a revision of the brochure issued in 1992 (Ref. 69). The purpose of this document is to provide a simple guide for designing an outdoor AC substation, considering the systems requirements, the most suitable site, and design of the equipment to be installed. It provides advice on the general principles, relevant IEC standards and CIGRE reports, as appropriate, and also takes the economic factors involved. CE/SC 23 03, 2000, 50 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

General overview on experience feedback methods in the field of electrical equipment.


The reliability of network components and systems is a major concern for manufacturers of electrical equipment and utilities. Reliability techniques, derived from the aeronautical and nuclear industries have been used in the field of electrical systems and have now reached maturity. Thus CIGRE Committees have considered reliability to be an important characteristic of network components and reliability is still the subject of many discussions and exchanges of experience. CE/SC 23/12/13/21/22 GT/WG 16, 2002, 25 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 161 14 Euros


28 Euros

Ref. No. 211 14,00


28,00

Questionnaire concerning aspects on planning design operation and maintenance of future substations.
In Cigr report 23-207 of 1996 The future substation : a reflective approach a number of conclusions were made which

Engineering guide on earthing systems in power stations.


To identify the current practice of safety earthing systems in power stations. To give suggestions and useful proposals for

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Brochures thmatiques/Technical brochures planning, design, calculation and construction of earthing systems in order to provide safe and effective installations. Useful for checking of existing earthing systems. The report is intended to be an engineering guide including reference to different rules and standards as applied in various countries. Special attention is given to current practice for different types of power stations. CE/SC 23 GT/WG 04, 2002, 65 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

discusses the effects of various aspects of interactions between AC and DC systems on the design and performance of DC schemes connected at locations where the AC system appears as high impedance. Part II : Planning guidelines, considers the impact of the interactions and their mitigation on economics and overall system performance. CE/SC 14 GT/WG 07, 1992, 110 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 213 25,00


50,00

Ref. No. 68 37 Euros


74 Euros

The mechanical effects of short-circuit currents in open air substations. Part II. A companion book to Brochure 105.
A technical base for the methods to be suggested in substation design against short-circuit mechanical loading. To understand the technical background behind IEC methods, to think about system design taking into consideration SCC loads at early stage and not simply to verify structures against SCC loads, to give them trends to decrease SCC loading for uprating, refurbishment as well as designing new substations. To help equipment suppliers when providing new design not only for static loads but also for dynamic loading. CE/SC 23 GT/WG 03, 2002, 210 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

A summary of the report on survey of controls and control performance in HVDC schemes.
A survey questionnaire on HVDC controls and control performance was formulated and copies submitted for completion to DC schemes. This report serves as a data collection and summary of general control arrangements, strategies and parameters used in the schemes for which questionnaires were returned. For some schemes having significant and relevant operational experience, control performance was reported on and a summary analysis is contained. CE/SC 14 GT/WG 02, 1994, 198 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 00 21 Euros


42 Euros

Ref. No. 214 40,00


80,00

Voltage and current stresses on thyristor valves for static var compensators.
The application of SVC employing thyristor valves in power transmission systems has been rapidly increasing in the past decade. Nevertheless there is no International Standard for testing of the valves. As an essential step in developing a guideline the TF undertook a thorough review of the electric stresses experienced by the thyristor valves in operation. CE/SC 14 GT/WG 01.02, 1994, 25 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

B4 CCHT ET ELECTRONIQUE DE PUISSANCE HVDC AND POWER ELECTRONICS


ex CE/SC 14 LIAISONS CCHT ET MATERIELS D'ELECTRONIQUE DE PUISSANCE EN COURANT ALTERNATIF HVDC LINKS AND AC POWER ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT

Ref. No. 78 18 Euros


36 Euros

Compendium of HVDC schemes throughout the world.


The Compendium wants to give a detailed survey of the HVDC systems all over the world. Many datas are required for these descriptions and they have not been obtained for many systems. Those systems, for which not all data is available are described as far as possible. It can only be updated if all recipients support the work and send information on latest available data. CE/SC 14 GT/WG 04, 1987, 232 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

DC side harmonics and filtering in HVDC transmission systems.


The report deals with the harmonic voltages and currents of concern on the DC side of HVDC transmission systems. Its aim is to provide some guidance to both users and suppliers of HVDC links in such a way that a common understanding could be established in the area of DC side harmonics and filtering. CE/SC 14 GT/WG 03, 1995, 94 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 3 26 Euros


52 Euros

Ref. No. 92 18 Euros


36 Euros

AC harmonic filters and reactive compensation for HVDC with particular reference to non-characteristic harmonics.
This paper summarises a report prepared by WG14-03 (Filtering and reactive compensation for HVDC) and is a complement to the paper published in Electra No. 63 (1979). Includes details on : Importance of non-characteristic harmonics, Generation of noncharacteristic harmonics, Impact on AC and DC networks, Disturbance criteria, Transient operating modes, Solutions selected for recent links etc. CE/SC 14 GT/WG 03, 1992, 60 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Guidelines for testing of thyristor valves for static var compensators.


The application of static var compensators using thyristor valves in power transmission systems has been rapidly increasing in the past decade. Nevertheless there is no international standard for testing of thyristor valves for SVC. The scope of the work was limited to SVCs for power transmission systems. SVC for industrial applications (e.g. flicker control, control of voltage fluctuations caused by motor starting) are not in the scope. CE/SC 14 GT/WG 01.02, 1995, 61 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 65 37 Euros


74 Euros

Ref. No. 93 14 Euros


28 Euros

System tests for HVDC installations.


This guide is structured in eight parts and should give potential users guidance, regarding which course of action should be taken in planning commissioning activities. Structure of the tests and a brief statement of the purpose of the individual group of tests is presented. Commissioning an HVDC system is a very complex Catalog of Cigre Publications - 2003

Guide for planning DC links terminating at AC locations having low short-circuit capacities. Part 1. AC/DC interaction phenomena.
Part I of the Guide AC/DC system interaction phenomena, * VAT extra for countries concerned

Brochures thmatiques/Technical brochures


task which may affect more than the actual contract parties. CE/SC 14 GT/WG 12, 1995, 145 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Thyristor controlled series compensation.


The application of power electronic thyristor valves in HVDC and SVC technologies has enabled the development of controllable series devices with rapid response for use in electric power transmission systems. With growing environmental, regulatory and financial constraints facing the electric utility industry, technical advancements and economic solutions which allow increased utilization and relaible operation of transmission systems have potential benefits for utilities and their customers. CE/SC 14 GT/WG 18, 1997, 70 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 97 23 Euros


46 Euros

Commutation failures. Causes and consequences.


Many aspects of the impact and role of the HVDC system on the rest of the power system can be studied and analysed without a detailed knowledge of the actual design and behaviour of the conversion process taking place in the HVDC convertors, but a more detailed scrutiny of a number of phenomena requires a more detailed knowledge and modelling of the HVDC system and of the DC conversion process. CE/SC 14 GT/WG 05, 1996, 75 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 123 18 Euros


36 Euros

Ref. No. 103 18 Euros


36 Euros

Guide for planning DC links terminating at AC system locations having low short-circuit capacities. Part II : Planning guidelines.
Guidance on planning and design of DC links terminating at AC system locations having low short-circuit capacities relative to the DC power infeed. The Guide is limited to those aspects of interactions between AC and DC systems which result from the fact that the AC system is 'weak' compared to the power of the DC link (i.e. AC system appears as a high impedance at the AC/DC interface bus). Some more general aspects of the design and planning of HVDC transmission schemes are described only when this adds to the understanding of the interaction phenomena and for the sake of completeness of the guidelines. CE/SC 14 14.07/1EEE 15.01.01, 1997, 53 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Semiconductor power devices for use in HVDC and FACTS controllers.


During the recent years there has been a growing need for better utilisation of high voltage transmission systems. Power electronic equipment, having an inherent fast controllability, offers solutions to transmission system problems such as load flow and stability. Therefore, engineers are increasingly studying the potential of such equipment to make transmission systems more flexible and adaptive to changing requirements. CE/SC 14 GT/WG 17, 1997, 75 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 112 17 Euros


34 Euros

Ref. No. 115 15 Euros


30 Euros

Test circuits for HVDC thyristor valves.


In conformity with the usual classification of the specified tests into two major categories, dielectric tests and operational tests, the report is in two parts : Part 1 - Dielectric tests which deals principally with test circuits for verifying the high voltage characteristics of the valve, and Part 2 - Operational tests, which deals principally with test circuits for verifying the turn-on, turnoff and current related characteristics of the valve. CE/SC14 GT/WG 01 GA/TF 03, 1997, 99 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Guide for upgrading transmission systems with HVDC transmission


Following the installation of the first HVDC transmission scheme between Sweden and the Island of Gotland in 1954, over 60 HVDC schemes throughout the world have been installed. Since their initial installation many of the HVDC schemes have been upgraded in various ways. By reviewing both what has been achieved in terms of upgrading and what potentially is possible to accomplish in an upgrade, this guide provides direction and the latest information on the subject. CE/SC 14 GT/WG 11, 1998, 60 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 113 22,87 Euros


45.74 Euros

Guide for preliminary design and specification of hydro stations with HVDC unit connected generators.
Several technical and economical reasons strongly suggest that in certain HVDC applications it is of great advantage to simplify the rectifier station via a direct connection of hydro generating sets to 12 pulse converter groups. The proposed arrangement is referred to in HVDC literature as "Unit Connection". CE/SC 14 GT/WG 11/14.09, 1997, 230 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 127 15 Euros


30 Euros

Operational guidelines and monitoring of HVDC systems


Major advances in technology for controlling HVDC systems has led to greater efficiency in operation and maintenance, as well as providing a reduction in staff. The quality and reliability of an HVDC system is directly dependent on the type of monitoring implemented. Recent developments now allow implementation of computer based information systems with significant improvements in the delivery and presentation of data necessary for supporting the operation. CE/SC14 GT/WG23, 1998, 30 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 116 30 Euros


60 Euros

Interaction between HVDC convertors and nearby synchronous machines.Final report.


It is not uncommon that HVDC convertor stations and generators are situated electrically and geographically close to each other. This follows from the fact that HVDC links are often built to transmit power from a generating station to a load centre or another part of the power system. Examples of this are the Itaipu and IPP schemes. In these cases the HVDC and generator stations are designed more or less in parallel which means that overall good design can be achieved by appropriate coordination. CE/SC 14 GT/WG 05, 1997, 43 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 130 10 Euros


20 Euros

Fire aspects of HVDC thyristor valves and valve halls.


Survey of the possible causes of fires in valves and valve halls; assistance to users in the areas of specification, engineering and construction; comparative information on fire detection and protection systems; fire alarm and fire control systems; guidance with fire-fighting, operation and maintenance; guidance to actions after a fire. A reference document for discussion with insurance companies. 14 01.04, 1999, 100 pp. Ref. No. 136

Ref. No. 119 11 Euros


22 Euros

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Brochures thmatiques/Technical brochures en anglais/in english


Non members

23 Euros
46 Euros

Guide to the specification and design evaluation of AC filters for HVDC systems.
The principal purpose of the document is to give guidance to those responsible for : preparing the a.c. filtering aspects of Technical Specifications for HVDC projects ; evaluating the proposed designs, and monitoring the subsequent project. The main objective is to enable informed judgements to be made and future Technical Specifications to be written, such that the resulting a.c. filters are effective yet economical and are non under or over designed. 14 14,30, 1999, 250 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

The result of a dialogue between utilities and manufacturers concerning the application of the unified power flow controller (UPFC). its purpose is to provide comprehensive information on the physical nature of such devices, the functions they can provide, the value of these functions for utilities, the way to implement them in the network, the problems to anticipate and the obstacles that may exist regarding cost-effective implementation. CE/SC 14 27, 2000, 120 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 160 21 Euros


42 Euros

FACTS technology for open access.


Summary of the present state of the art on the key technological developments in the FACTS area, addressing in particular the open access aspects of networks and the scope for the application of FACTS devices therein. Contains the approved terms of reference. Definition of FACTS includes conventional devices such as phase shifting transformers, series capacitors and HVDC links for completeness and the possibility of combining them with FACTS devices to improve HVAC transmission system flexibility and control. CE/SC 14/37/38/39-24, 2001, 80 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 139 38 Euros


76 Euros

Cross-modulation of harmonics in HVDC schemes


Harmonic cross-modulation is a term used to describe the variety of frequency interactions around the two converters that comprise and HVDC link and the effect on and interactions with the DC system and both AC systems. Because there are two converters involved, as well as two AC systems and any number of coupled frequencies, the number of interactions to be considered is infinite. Questions to be answered are : which interactions are the strongest, and whether they are likely to cause steady state or transient problems, and how to determine these interactions. CE/SC 14 GT/WG 25, 1999, 30 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 183 27 Euros


54 Euros

Economic assessment of HVDC links


HVDC has been a viable technique since the 60's and has played a vital part in both long distance transmission and in the interconnection of systems. Its relative economic position has been much discussed over 30 years and this report is both an update of those considerations and a review of the present position. It reviews many aspects of transmission development common to both AC and DC transmission with a concentration on the specific aspects of DC as they give advantage or extra dimension to the long distance transmission of electrical power. CE/SC14 20, 2001, 71 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 143 15 Euros


30 Euros

Static synchronous compensator (STATCOM)


Rapid developments of solid state power electronic devices in the last three decades have led to the development and widespread application of static var compensators (SVCs). These shunt connected reactive compensation equipment provided an important means for enhancing electric power transmission system performance. Continued rapid developments in power electronic devices and control techniques let to utilisation of gate turn-off thyristor (GTO) devices to form new power electronic shunt compensation equipment which offered more robust output. 14 19, 1999, 144 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 186 26 Euros


52 Euros

HVDC stations audible noise.


The principle purpose of this guide is to give specific recommendations to those responsible for preparing the audible noise aspects of technical specifications for HVDC projects, evaluating the proposed designs and monitoring the subsequent project. The main objective is to enable future technical specifications to be written and informed judgements made, such that the resulting outdoor audible noise levels fulfil applicable regulations and standards. CE/SC 14 26, 2002, 100 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 144 34 Euros


68 Euros

Coordination of controls of multiple FACTS/HVDC links in the same system.


Power electronics applications in high-voltage electric power systems date from the early 1970s when converters for HVDC systems bagan using thyristors to replace mercury arc valves. Since the mid-1970s all new HVDC systems have employed thyristor valves. Advances in power electronics have extended the application of fast switching currents to AC systems as well, resulting in the technology commonly known as FACTS, Flexible AC Transmission Systems. This document is intended to provide guideliens into the kinds of interactions that can occur and the means of analysis and design that are available to assure that a coordinated response is achieved and adverse interactions are avoided. 14 14-29, 1999, 135 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 202 25,00 Euros


50,00 Euros

Custom power - State of the art.


Custom power is a concept, based on the use of static controllers in the distribution system or in some instances, rotating machines, for the electric utilities to supply value-added power with the reliability and power quality requested by the customers. It includes consideration of all aspects of power supply that impact individual customers, including harmonics, interharmonics, voltage dips, overvoltages, range of steady state voltage and frequency variations and phase unbalance, in addition to the abover consideration fo reliability. CE/SC 14 GT/WG 31, 2002, 110 pp. en anglais/in english Ref. No. 205 28,00 Euros

Ref. No. 149 30 Euros


60 Euros

Unified power flow controller (UPFC)


* VAT extra for countries concerned

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Brochures thmatiques/Technical brochures


Non-members 56,00 Euros

HVDC converter stations for voltages above +/- 600 kV.


The scope of the work is to review the current state of HVDC converter stations up to 600 kV and the problems associated with it and to investigate in detail what needs to be done to expand the technology to voltages above 600 kV and specifically to 800 kV. Parallel operation of converters is not considered in this document. CE/SC 14 GT/WG 32, 2002, 40 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Use of equipment built-in automatic testing selfchecking and monitoring with a view to improving reliability.
The increasing sizes of power networks with increasing transfer of energy and fault current levels have stressed the importance of reliable fault clearing. Great care is taken in circuit design, selection of components, careful production and quality control to assure reliable fault clearing. Nevertheless components in the fault clearing chain will degrade by time or fail suddenly and cause either failure to operate or incorrect operation. CE/SC 34 GT/WG 03, 1986, 45 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 215 20,00


40,00

Ref. No. 10 14 Euros


28 Euros

B5 PROTECTION ET AUTOMATISME PROTECTIONS AND AUTOMATIONS


ex CE/SC 34 PROTECTION DES RESEAUX ELECTRIQUES ET COMMANDE LOCALE POWER SYSTEM PROTECTION AND LOCAL CONTROL Transformateurs classiques. de courant et de tension non

Evaluation of characteristics and performance of power system protection relays and protective systems.
Intended to provide guidance on the tests required to establish the characteristics and performance of power system protection relays and protective systems, leaving the issuing of a standard to IEC. These functional tests are performed as a part of a type test program. Diversity in protection relays and protective systems prevents the definition of a universal type test programme. CE/SC 34 GT/WG 04, 1986, 101 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Non-conventional current and voltage transformers.


For some years new concepts of current and voltage transformers for HV and EHV transmission systems have been investigated and developed to the stages of laboratory models or prototype units installed for trials on transmission systems. One aim in development was to design measuring devices of improved transient performance, compared with the conventional CTs, CVTs and VTs for reliable and faster fault clearance times. CE/SC 34 , 1980, 173 pp. bilingue/bilingual
Non members

Ref. No. 11 21 Euros


42 Euros

Digital protection functions.

techniques

and

substation

Ref. No. 7 26 Euros


52 Euros

The report summarises the findings and recommendations of WG34.01, dealing with various aspects of digital computer techniques for protection of electric power systems and the impact of an integrated hierarchical structure on all protection and control tasks. An important part of the report is defining the structure for collection and description of significant test cases for protection and control. CE/SC 34 GT/WG 09, 1989, 176 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Harmonisation of protection policies for power stations and generators and of protection policies for HV networks.
The power generating units and the transmission network operate as an interactive system. Faults and switching actions in the network cause electrical system transients which stimulate torsional oscillations along the turbine generator shaft. In the past, the generator three-phase terminal short-circuit was considered as the most critical mechanical stress condition for the turbine generator unit. CE/SC 34 GT/WG 01, 1983, 44 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 38 41 Euros


82 Euros

Adaptive protections and control.


The concept of adaptive protection evolved during the 1980s. By then, digital computer based relaying was well accepted. Most relaying functions have been shown to be amenable to digital computer implementation and the satisfactory field experience with these devices has allayed the fears of protection engineers about the survivability of computer relays in the harsh environment of electric utility substations. CE/SC 34 GT/WG 02, 1995, 124 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 8 26 Euros


52 Euros

Ref. No. 49 23 Euros


46 Euros

Final report on computer based protection and digital techniques in substations.


Digital computer technology has been applied in electric power substations for many years. Data acquisition, alarms, status monitoring and supervisory control systems have all been converted to digital computer systems to some extent, and in many cases these systems are entirely digital in nature. Protection of power apparatus and systems is a function that has been considered for conversion to digital computer technology during recent years. CE/SC 34 GT/WG 02, 1985, 54 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Application guide on protection transmission network configurations.

of

complex

This guide is primarily aimed at the application engineer who has a basic protection knowledge but needs expert assistance to plan and operate the protection of more complex transmission systems. This publication may however, also be of interest to experienced engineers as it contains recent information collected through analysis of the responses to a world-wide survey questionnaire issued in 1989. CE/SC 34 GT/WG 04, 1992, 153 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 9 26 Euros


52 Euros

Ref. No. 64 29 Euros


58 Euros

Application of wideband communication circuits to protection. Prospects and benefits.


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Brochures thmatiques/Technical brochures The document starts with a general introduction dealing with the trend towards digital communication and the need for wideband communication, giving a brief comparison of the different transmission media and an overview of the different types of protection systems. It also gives a short survey of the present practices and future trends and presents some opportunities for new applications. CE/SC 34 GT/WG 05, 1994, 92 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

the previous theoretical approach to the different solutions described. 34 01, 1999, 402 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 140 49 Euros


98 Euros

Reliable fault clearance and back-up protection.


The scope of the work covers back-up protection policies, including breaker failure protection, for lines, transformers and busbars of a primary transmission network. it defines input data and describes a theoretical and reasonable approach to evaluate the necessity and performance of a general back-up protection system assuming the input data is known. A description of the moste wide-spread and near-future back-up protection systems and the principal advantages and disadvantages of each solution. Application of the previous theoretical approach to the different solutions described. 34 01, 1999, 402 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 84 21 Euros


42 Euros

Maintenance and management of protection systems.


The growing size and complexity of power systems generate increasing needs for maintenance and management efforts to optimise investment and renewal costs. On the other hand the rapid development of information technology can provide a new approach to reduce life cycle costs. SC34 has considered these aspects from the point of view of protection and control systems. CE/SC 34 GT/WG 06, 1994, 61 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 87 14 Euros


28 Euros

Ref. No. 140 49 Euros


98 Euros

Teleprotection.
Protective gear in modern power systems often uses information from various distant points on the power system and the transmission of such information involves the use of telecommunication techniques. The document is aimed at reviewing the principal methods of teleprotection having regard to the properties of the various telecommunication systems. CE/SC 34/35 , 1969, 317 pp. bilingue/bilingual
Non members

Analysis and guidelines protection schemes.

for

testing

numerical

Ref. No. 12 18 Euros


36 Euros

The question of how to test numerical relays has become an important topic over the last few years. The protection functions of the relay and the transient currents and voltages are still the same, but it is the present state of technology that offers new possibilities and makes the number of functions in the relay more complex. It is generally agreed that testing numerical protection should be different from older techniques. CE/SC 34 10, 2000, 120 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Protection systems using telecommunication.


Telecommunication connected to or included in protection systems seems to be more common when transmission power systems are extended and developed. The increasing integration of telecommunication in the protections systems necessitates a good overall view of protection and telecommunication problems and of course power system problems as well. This report promotes mutual appreciation of the problems experienced by engineers. CE/SC 34/35 GT/WG 05, 1987, 132 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 159 21 Euros


42 Euros

Communication requirements in terms of data flow within substations.


A study of communication requirements in terms of data flow within substations covering communication of all functions usually performed i.e. all tasks of protection, control, monitoring, measuring, disturbance recording etc. The complete definition of all communication requirements has to provide the rating guide for existing/coming communication networks/busses and the basis for the definition of standards. CE/SC 34 03, 2001, 112 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 13 26 Euros


52 Euros

Protection against voltage collapse


A milestone in the actual comprehension of the complex phenomenon called voltage collapse in power transmission systems. Offering an in-depth survey of our present knowledge about this typical system disturbance, restricting the analysis to the so-called long-term variant, the one for which it seems most feasible to develop some sort of system protection to cope with. CE/SC 34 GT/WG08, 1998, 80 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 180 27 Euros


54 Euros

Protection using telecommunications.


Deregulation in both the telecommunication and electric power industry, together with new telecommunication network technologies and advances in numerical protection, has resulted in the need to reconsider traditional methods of delivering teleprotection schemes and their associated bearer services. Fibre-optic technology is commonly deployed in new telecommunication networks for inter-station communication and utility-owned and public telecommunication networks from third parties are available for protection purposes. CE/SC 34 34/35.11, 2001, 175 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 128 18 Euros


36 Euros

Reliable fault clearance and back-up protection.


Covering back-up protection policies, including breaker failure protection, for lines, transformers and busbars of a primary transmission network. it defines input data and describes a theoretical and reasonable approach to evaluate the necessity and performance of a general back-up protection system assuming the input data is known. A description of the moste wide-spread and near-future back-up protection systems and the principal advantages and disadvantages of each solution. Application of * VAT extra for countries concerned

Ref. No. 192 30 Euros


60 Euros

Isolation and restoration policies against system collapse.


This report discusses characteristics of severe system disturbances and describes measures applied by utilities against wide-spread blackouts, including currently applied special Catalog of Cigre Publications - 2003

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Brochures thmatiques/Technical brochures


protection schemes against power system collapse. Normal protective relays used for fault clearance are not considered. Emphasis is placed on: circumstances which could lead to severe disturbances; utilities policies for preventing system collapse; SPS in operation; performance of SPS against disturbances; interaction of SPS and the power system. CE/SC 34 08, 2002, 80 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Interaction between transmission and distribution system planning.


The scope of the WG is defined on three main subjects: 1. Voltage levels for transmission, sub-transmission and distribution systems; 2. Size and density of substations and transformer capacities; 3. Architecture of transmission, sub-transmission and distribution networks. This report is meant to be an executive summary of the work carried out. The Group produced four main technical reports which are added as appendices. CE/SC 37 GT/WG 07, 1995, 156 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 200 35 Euros


70 Euros

Report on survey to establish protection performance during major disturbances.


The objectives of the questionnaire were to review significant disturbances since 1986 (i.e. where load loss exceeded 1 systemminte or generation loss exceeded 10% peak demand) ; identify and categorise the cause and nature of the disturbances ; to collect user experience relating to behaviour of protection and control systems during such disturbances. CE/SC 34 GT/WG 09, 2002, 60 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 99 21 Euros


42 Euros

Methods and techniques for reliability assessment of interconnected systems.


Policies concerning the power sector have been changing in the recent past all around the world and the electricity supply industry (ESI) has entered a period of restructuring. In some countries the process has been almost completed, even if feedback from the experience could modify the "original" framework. In others it is still under way. CE/SC 38 GA/TF 03.11, 1998, 60 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 212 25,00


50,00

C1 DEVELOPPEMENT ET ECONOMIE DES RESEAUX SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT AND ECONOMICS


ex CE/SC 37 PLANIFICATION ET EVOLUTION DES RESEAUX POWER SYSTEM PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT

Ref. No. 129 15 Euros


30 Euros

Impact of increasing contribution of dispersed generation on the power system.


The traditional large power plants are now challenged by dispersed generation whose growth will certainly have consequences on the power systems. Several different scenarios are possible. They much depend on the driving forces (economic, legislation, regulation and environmental obligations). However, many technical effects are awaited. They concern generation, planning the development of the systems or its operation etc. 37 23, 1999, 52 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Methods of forecasting demand for electricity.


The concept of electricity demand forecasting covers a number of diverse activities, corresponding to different purposes. Forecasts may concern either short-term, for budget or actual management purposes, or long-term, to support investment planning. They can be done at national, regional or local levels, being then particularly useful for planning of generation capacities, of the transmission and interconnection network and of distribution networks. CE/SC 37 GT/WG 03, 1987, 10 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 137 14 Euros


28 Euros

Ageing of the system. Impact on planning.


In the past the driving force for system modernisation has been load growth : equipment was replaced because its rating or characteristics were no longer compatible with the changing requirements due to steady and considerable load growth. Nowadays in the low growth environment that prevails in many countries - many assets are rated sufficiently to fulfil their roles in electricity transmission up to the expiry of their lifetimes. CE/SC 37 27, 2000, 150 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 22 10 Euros


20 Euros

Environmental aspects of links between power system planners and decision makers in the energy area.
The report does not focus on the necessity of communication as such, or whether communication actually is desired, but rather addresses means to improve the communicative process and where experiences gained have shown interesting or encouraging results. CE/SC 37 GT/WG 13, 1996, 45 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 176 41 Euros


82 Euros

Ref. No. 56 23 Euros


46 Euros

Quality of supply. Customer's requirements.


The institutional changes taking place in the Electricity Supply Industry all over the world are drastically changing the approach to quality of supply. Where it previous represented a National target it is currently developing towards a purely commercial issue between a supplier and its customers. The aim of the CIGRE WG is to examine quality of supply from the customers point of view instead of from a system approach as has been done in the past. CE/SC 37 28, 2001, 40 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

International experiences in improving the links between power system planners, the general public and decision makers in the energy policy area.
New electric power facilities can be accepted and sited, but only if the dialogue with all those concerned is successful. There is always a risk that permissions and licenses from authorities and energy policy decision makers are revised and changed, if the proper dialogue with the general public has not taken place in advance of authority decisions. CE/SC 37 GT/WG 09, 1992, 66 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 188 18 Euros


36 Euros

Ref. No. 71 26 Euros


52 Euros

Cigre glossary of terms used in the electricity supply industry.


Glossary of: Electrical quantities; electricity systems; system * TVA ajouter pour les pays concerns

Catalogue des publications Cigr - 2003

14

Brochures thmatiques/Technical brochures operation; electricity market; entities in the electricity market; electrical plant primary, secondary and general. Refs. NERC NECA - IEEE. CE/SC 37/38/39 , 2002, 96 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members Non members 52 Euros

Bulk electricity system operational performance. Measurement systems and survey results.
(Disponible galement en Franais, Document 54) This brochure contains information concerning : Objectives for BES operations management; Measurement philosophy; Security measurement system; Survey of utility disturbance performance; Results of disturbance survey; Quality measurement system; Survey of delivery point performance; Results of delivery point survey; Measurement system for BES frequency; Results of frequency quality survey, etc.... CE/SC 39 GT/WG 05, 1990, 26 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 198 20,00 Euros


40,00 Euros

Optimal network structure in an open market environment.


The focus of this report is on network planning in the "new environment" of a liberalised electricity market. The development of the network is viewed from different stakeholders' objectives. The stakeholders in the transmission network are groups or individuals who have a stake in, or an expectation of the development and performance of the network. An open network exists when all market players meet equal admission rights and obligations. This required that the grid be administered through a transparent set of rules such as a grid code. CE/SC 38 05.10, 2002, 40 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 53 13 Euros


26 Euros

Exchange of services between large electricity generating plants and high voltage electric power systems.
Public electricity supply systems have developed into very complex and interconnected systems, with components highly dependent on each other. Careful management of the relationship between the components is crucial for provision of a secure, reliable and economic supply of electricity to the end-user. 39 39/11, 1999, 100 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 203 20 Euros


40 Euros

C2 CONDUITE ET EXPLOITATION DES RESEAUX SYSTEM CONTROLE AND OPERATION


CE/SC 39 EXPLOITATION ET CONDUITE DES RESEAUX POWER SYSTEM OPERATION AND CONTROL

Ref. No. 138 23 Euros


46 Euros

An international survey of maintenance policies and trends


General information about the utilities that responded. Quality of information is generally good but it is necessary to bear in mind that due to the nature of the information requested (e.g. replacement costs, type of equipment, age etc) much of the information was estimated. 64 responses were entered into a computerised database. Analysis of the general information obtained. Further details of the construction of the database and calculation of composite size and age factors used in the analysis are also given. The method used for detecting correlation between answers is also given. CE/SC 23/39 , 2000, 112 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Nuclear power plant performance in power system control. A review of international practice.
Part I of the paper presents an overview of the design principles from a control and performance viewpoint of the power reactors and nuclear steam supply systems adopted for nuclear power stations by 21 countries. Part II is a compilation and analysis of an international survey of the NSSS by reactor and plant type, control systems and the capability of NSSS to withstand load rejection and continued operation at low load. CE/SC 39 GT/WG 04, 1985, 140 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 31 26 Euros


52 Euros

Ref. No. 152 46 Euros


92 Euros

Methodologies in power systems operations planning


Results of an enquiry conducted with some 30 utilities from all over the world, within the activities of WG 39.03. Its aim is to illustrate the methodologies adopted by power industry to set-up generation strategies or schedules, taking due account of the requirements for economy and security of operation. CE/SC 39 GT/WG 03, 1989, 31 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Maintenance outsourcing guidelines.


In CIGRE 2000 Session papers concepts of outsourcing were reviewed including business models, assessing the risk through outsourcing exposure and the development of contractor-owner relationships. These guidelines attempt to review these in a systematic manner. Part I discusses the general issues around the development of a service options strategy, Part 2 focuses on the analysis of outsourcing opportunities, Part 3 considers some more general aspects of outsourcing and Part 4 discusses key performance indicators. CE/SC 23/39 14, 2002, 60 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 33 21 Euros


42 Euros

Control of power systems during disturbed and emergency conditions.


SC32 (later 39) supported a WG on the control of power systems during disturbed or emergency conditions for some 12 years. During that period 9 Papers - some surveys, some giving analysis and developments in the subject - were published in Electra or at Sessions. The brochure summarises their contents. It also refers briefly and selectively to complementary work on reliability of supply. CE/SC 39 , 1989, 42 pp. en anglais/in english * VAT extra for countries concerned Ref. No. 36 26 Euros

Ref. No. 201 25 Euros


50 Euros

The needs and environment of control centre operators during power system restoration. A benchmark questionnaire survey.
A presentation of the results of a questionnaire survey on power system restoration, covering operator needs and the changing industry environment. Responses were received from 36 organisations all over the world and the analyses are presented in two parts: Part I - Business, which deals with organisational and Catalog of Cigre Publications - 2003

15

Brochures thmatiques/Technical brochures


strategic aspects of restoration and the influence of market liberalisation on restoration. Part II - Domain, which anlyses domain specific issues related to restoration: operator problems in restoration, ideal needs and their current availability and the gaps. CE/SC 39 GT/WG 01, 2002, 30 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members Non-members 46 Euros

EX CE/SC 33 COORDINATION DE LISOLEMENT DES RESEAUX DENERGIE POWER SYSTEM INSULATION COORDINATION
Guidelines for representation of network elements when calculating transients.
This report gives guidance to all experts as well as to beginners who have to deal with any kind of electrical transient phenomena in power systems, how to represent network elements to achieve an acceptable accuracy for their calculations. CE/SC 33 GT/WG 02, 1990, 30 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 208 14,00 Euros


28,00 Euros

D1 MATERIAUX ET TECHNOLOGIES EMERGENTES MATERIALS AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES


ex CE/SC 15 MATERIAUX POUR L'ELECTROTECHNOLOGIE MATERIALS FOR ELECTROTECHNOLOGY Rupture dilectrique des gaz dans des champs lectriques uniformes.

Ref. No. 39 21 Euros


42 Euros

Breakdown of gases in uniform fields.

Distortion and attenuation of travelling waves caused by transient corona.


This brochure reports on the results of experimental and analytical studies which were performed during several years of collaboration between EdF and the Polytechnical Institute, Bucarest (Romania). CE/SC 33 , 1990, 75 pp. bilingue/bilingual
Non members

Attenuation de propagation des surtensions due leffet couronne.

Courbes de Paschen pour l'azote, l'air, l'hexafluorure de soufre, l'hydrogne, le dioxyde de carbone et l'hlium. Paschen curves for nitrogen, sulphur hexafluoride, hydrogen, carbon dioxyde and helium. CE/SC 15 GT/WG 03, 1977, 43 pp. bilingue/bilingual
Non members

Ref. No. 4 17 Euros


34 Euros

Ref. No. 55 41 Euros


82 Euros

Statistical analysis of dielectric test results.


The brochure is the attempt of TF15.01.02 to give missing information in the form of a detailed guide for the analysis of the results of any kind of dielectric tests by means of statistical methods based on the principle of the maximum likelihood. The other classical methods, except the most simple graphical method are not considered since the advantages of the likelihood approach have been shown already. CE/SC 15 GA/TF O1.02, 1992, 63 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Parafoudres oxyde mtallique dans les rseaux alternatifs.

Metal oxide surge arresters in AC systems.

Ref. No. 66 35 Euros


70 Euros

The development of the zinc oxide varistors to be applicable to the protection of transient overvoltages in HV systems, introduced an equipment with qualities very much different from the qualities of the up to then well known surge arresters with silicon carbide resistors and series spark gaps. The correct application of this new type of surge arrester needed more detailed knowledge about the transient behaviour of the system and the arrester stresses caused by the system during different operating conditions. CE/SC 33 GT/WG 06, 1991, 87 pp. bilingue/bilingual
Non members

Dielectric diagnosis of electrical equipment for AC applications and its effects on insulation coordination. State of the art report.
The present report prepared after three WG meetings, presents the state of the art of the diagnostic methods available today, to the WG members knowledge, to verify the dielectric conditions of insulating materials used in electrical equipment for AC applications. The WG has taken into account as much as possible all the previous work on the subject performed with CIGRE SC and WG and references to the relevant papers have been made. CE/SC15/33 GT/WG33/15.08, 1990,34pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 60 26 Euros


52 Euros

Guide to procedures for estimating the lightning performance of transmission lines.


The primary aim is to apply modern knowledge about various aspects of the lightning discharge including the striking process, the discharge parameters and the overvoltage disturbance mechanism, as well as the related transmission line overvoltage response in a set of practical engineering procedures, whereby the expected lightning performance of a line may be estimated with a reasonable degree of confidence. CE/SC 33 GT/WG 01, 1991, 61 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 59 11 Euros


22 Euros

Advanced materials - Final Report


The status of materials suitable for cables - switchgear transformers - substation and overhead lines are reviewed. Some opportunities and suggestions are noted. In many cases individual CIGRE Study Committees are focussed on state-of-the-art technology; however new opportunities do exist. Advanced materials issues relate to definition - methods of reporting and proprietary concerns - all of which are addressed. 15 09, 2000, 135 pp. en anglais/in english Catalogue des publications Cigr - 2003 Ref. No. 169 23 Euros

Ref. No. 63 34 Euros


68 Euros

Guidelines for the evaluation of the dielectric strength of external insulation.


Guideline dealing with the dielectric strength of external insulation, namely air gaps and insulators, with special reference to transient overvoltages. The aim is to illustrate the general trends in dielectric strength as a function of the most important influencing parameters and to give methods and criteria for its evaluation. * TVA ajouter pour les pays concerns

16

Brochures thmatiques/Technical brochures CE/SC 33 GT/WG 07, 1992, 87 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 72 26 Euros


52 Euros

polymeric insulators
The report is a review of the current state of knowledge on ageing and pollution tests for polymeric insulators; this review deals with outdoor polymeric insulations including, but not limited to : composite line insulators defined in IEC 1109 ; composite line post insulators defined in IEC project 1952 ; hollow composite insulators defined in IEC project 1462 ; insulators for other applications using similar technology. The test procedures that have been reviewed are also generally applicable for RTV coated ceramic insulators, hybrid insulators and resin based insulators for outdoor use (e.g. expoxy resin). However specific evaluation criteria for these insulators are not discussed. 33 04,07, 0, 45 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Overvoltages on HVDC cables. Final Report.


The number of HVDC projects using long DC cables is increasing, mostly for submarine power transmission. A larger number of such HVDC schemes are already in operation or in planning stage. The economic design of DC cables is very important, because the cost of DC cables is high in proportion to the total cost of HVDC submarine cable transmission. CE/SC33 JWG 33/21/14.16, 1994, 55pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 86 9 Euros


18 Euros

Lightning characteristics relevant for electrical engineering: assessment of sensing, recording and mapping requirements in the light of present technological advancements.
Power systems are always exposed to some extent to lightning caused disturbances. Unfortunately, lightning protection design and protection devices do not always provide the desired reduction of damage. Sometimes, the reason is that designs are based on lightning data which are not always properly used, since records show that parameters can present different values at different geographical locations. CE/SC 33 GT/WG 01.02, 1995, 37 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 142 15 Euros


30 Euros

Guidelines for insulation coordination in live working


The Guide contains the main aspects to be taken into consideration in the assessment of insulation coordination during live working on overhead transmission lines; the basis rules and influence factors for the determination of the minimum distances to be maintained between parts at different potential, including the worker himself, are given as well as for the evaluation of the risk of insulation failure. CE/SC 33 GT/WG 07, 2000, 72 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 94 18 Euros


36 Euros

Ref. No. 151 26 Euros


52 Euros

Monograph on GIS very fast transients.


With the introduction of GIS a new type of overvoltages called fast transients was created. They contain frequencies far above those arising in conventional open-air substations and have thus caused unexpected problems for the GIS insulation or the insulation of other equipment connected to it. CE/SC 33/13 GT/WG 09, 1989, 208 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Polluted insulators : a review of current knowledge.


The performance of insulators used on overhead lines and overhead distribution lines and in outdoor substations is a key factor in determining the reliability of power delivery systems. The insulators not only must withstand normal operating voltage, but also must withstand overvoltages that may cause disturbances, flashovers and line outages. The reduction in the performance of outdoor insulators occurs mainly by the pollution of the insulating surfaces from air-borne depositis that may form a conducting or partially conducting surface layer when wet. 33 04.01, 2000, 170 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 35 37 Euros


74 Euros

Guidelines for the applications of metal oxide arresters without gaps for HVDC converter stations.
This guide for metal oxide arresters without gaps for HVDC converter stations is a supplement to the application guide for insulation coordination and arrester protection of HVDC converter stations published in Electra No.96 (Oct. 1984). It gives basic information about metal oxide material and basic arrester characteristics of value when designing and specifying an arrester protective scheme and specifying the arresters. CE/SC 33/14 GT/WG 05, 1989, 38 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 158 30 Euros


60 Euros

Characterization of lightning for applications in electric power systems.


This document evolves as a continuation of a previous report (No. 94). Both documents are aimed at providing insight into lightning parameters for application in the electric power industry. It now discussed the role that different lightning parameters play in the creation of surge overvoltages that may produce line insulation flashover. The possibility to use lightning current estimates as the base predictor of other parameters is addressed both for negative and positive flashes. An overview of protection design is described. CE/SC 33 33.01.02, 2000, 34 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 34 20 Euros


40 Euros

Lightning exposure of structures and interception efficiency of air terminals.


A review of lightning parameters derived from field measurements of real and triggered lightning and experimental data published in the scientific literature, defining the parameters needed for the simulation of lightning phenomenon. In particular the relationship between the negative charge in the downward leader channel and the lightning current amplitude of the first stroke is derived. CE/SC33 GT/WG 01.03, 1997, pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 172 18 Euros


36 Euros

D2 SYSTEMES DINFORMATION ET TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS


CE/SC 35 Catalog of Cigre Publications - 2003

Ref. No. 118 14 Euros


28 Euros

Natural and artificial ageing and pollution testing of


* VAT extra for countries concerned

17

Brochures thmatiques/Technical brochures


TELECOMMUNICATIONS ET TELECOMMANDE DES RESEAUX DENERGIE POWER SYSTEM COMMUNICATION AND TELECONTROL Mmorandum sur les systmes courants porteurs sur lignes dnergie. CE/SC 35 GT/WG 01, 1987, 143 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 18 26 Euros


52 Euros

Overall impact of digital techniques for transmission systems (Substation control).


This report does not attempt to give a precise description of the possible solutions but is rather a guide for persons working in this field rather than a collection of definitive recommendations. Although confirmed to transmission application, many of the techniques discussed are applicable to distribution systems. CE/SC 35 GT/WG 06, 1989, 54 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Memorandum on power line carrier systems.

The memorandum is intended to provide information on the already extensive and growing use of high frequency power line carrier systems by the power authorities in many countries. Since such telecommunications systems are operated over open wire lines designed for the bulk transmission of energy, there can in principle be some radiation of high frequency energy and conversely the communication system may itself suffer interference from other systems. CE/SC 35 GT/WG 04, 1974, 60 pp. bilingue/bilingual
Non members

Ref. No. 19 26 Euros


52 Euros

Ref. No. 14 18 Euros


36 Euros

Guide for planning of power telecommunications networks.

utility

digital

Guide sur les courants porteurs. The increasing complexity and interconnection of power networks has resulted in the continuing development and application of power line carrier in many countries. There is a need to supplement and bring up to date existing information on PLC and to incorporate information on the current state of the art, together with a sufficient theoretical treatment of the subject towards a better understanding of the basic aspects of PLC communication. CE/SC 35 , 1979, 274 pp. bilingue/bilingual
Non members

The planning guide does not propose exact recommendations for network selections or equipment selections. However descriptions of possible alternative solutions and evolution paths are postulated. Particularly the guide attempts to highlight the various items to be considered when a power utility is planning the transition to a digitally based network. CE/SC 35 GT/WG 02, 1989, 129 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 37 35 Euros


70 Euros

Guidelines for software project control.


The purpose of the report is to provide guidelines for customer and supplier project control to ensure quality in developing software for telecontrol system projects. The report is focusing on project management from a software point of view and is therefore intended as practical manual for the software management, rather than as a general project management manual. CE/SC 35 , 1994, 75 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 15 26 Euros


52 Euros

Guide for planning of telecommunication networks.

power

system

The objective of this guide is to bring together information on the varieties of services required for power system telecommunications networks and on the typical properties of the various possible methods in order to assist in the choice of method and thus to facilitate the planning of future networks. The design of a power authority telecommunications network may differ widely from one country to another as dictated by the geographic conditions, the economics . CE/SC 35 GT/WG 04, 1985, 44 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 40 15 Euros


30 Euros

New telecontrol systems architecture. Open systems.


The power utilities are undergoing significant changes including deregulation, increased competitions, take-overs, mergers and down sizing. Top utility management is emphasing innovative approaches to better planning and operations. As power utilities transform into the 90s, the business of operating a power system has become very complex and is changing rapidly. Environmental concerns lead to emissions trading and operating constraints. CE/SC 35 GT/WG 01, 1995, 45 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 16 26 Euros


52 Euros

Guide on mobile radio for the electricity utilities.


A reliable and effective communications network is an essential feature of an electricity undertakings operational and engineering functions, contributing to the safety of personnel, the public and plant, and optimising the available resources of the organisation. As a result, the quality of service to the customer is considerably enhanced. Mobile radio enables the communication network to be extended to the man in the field. CE/SC 35 GT/WG 04, 1987, 149 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 41 11 Euros


22 Euros

Mobile radio systems in power utilities.


SC35 published a first Guide on Mobile Radio in Power utilities in 1985. Since that date many new mobile radio systems have been introduced or are planned. This new brochure takes care not to repeat the earlier works and therefore readers will need to refer back to the original guide on matters of principle and for the details and descriptions of basic and conventional systems. CE/SC 35 , 1994, 145 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 17 26 Euros


52 Euros

Structure of telecontrol centres and overall systems.


The methods for designing telecontrol systems vary very much in different countries due to different conditions, e.g. power production and grid, as well as of an organisational nature. One is also dependent on the techniques and economics of the control system components, e.g. computers and communication equipment. Giving the most common methods for designing telecontrol systems, but other methods could and will be applied in the future.

Ref. No. 42 37 Euros


74 Euros

Telecommunication network management in power utilities.


This report includes a description of telecommunication networks and their use in power utilities, the needs, reasons and requirements for telecommunications network management; * TVA ajouter pour les pays concerns

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Brochures thmatiques/Technical brochures Descriptions of existing telecommunication network management systems; a description of trends in management, the concept of an integrated network management system. CE/SC 35 GT/WG 02, 1994, 105 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 43 32 Euros


64 Euros

years. It provided high speed display response at reasonable cost and was sufficient and flexible enough for many implementations, particularly in the field of transmission telecontrol. CE/SC 35 GT/WG 01, 1992, 44 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 76 18 Euros


36 Euros

Optical fibre planning guide for power utilities.


All information required by a power utility not schooled in the technology to plan and define an optical telecommunications system. Power utilities may be considering optical telecommunications systems for their own technical and business requirements or for third party business ventures outside the needs of the utility. CE/SC 35 GT/WG 04, 1994, 85 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

The use of the transport layer in telecontrol systems.


An overview of the possibilities and implications of the introduction of a transport layer in telecontrol systems in the context of the ISO seven layer architecture for the interconnection of open systems. CE/SC 35 GT/WG 03, 1993, 26 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 45 15 Euros


30 Euros

Ref. No. 79 13 Euros


26 Euros

Availability of telecontrol systems. Questionnaire on availability.


The growing use of computerised control systems in electric power networks has increased the importance and interest of their availability performance and maintenance arrangements. This paper describes the results of a study on this subject which has been carried out by WG01 of SC35. CE/SC 35 GT/WG 01, 1990, 86 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Power system communication in the high speed environment.


The brochure focuses on the present high speed transport and access technologies being considered and employed by various utilities. Special attention is given to the operational services, their requirements and how they can be realised on top of these technologies. It is noted that the technologies have not reached full maturity, that the standardisation process is still incomplete and that the employment of these technologies needs special attention. CE/SC 35 GT/WG 07, 1997, 114 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 52 24 Euros


48 Euros

Evaluation of the questionnaire : Fibre optics for power utilities communications.


The information given ranges from general aspects to applications, parameters of typical systems, optical fibre cables and also to commercial and legal questions. These results will be used for the future activities of the Working Group. CE/SC 35 GT/WG 04, 1990, 25 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 107 20 Euros


40 Euros

Business opportunities for power utilities in the telecommunications market.


The purpose of this brochure is to provide the telecommunications managers of power utilities with information on the business opportunities for their organisation to enter the telecommunications market, the potential benefits to the core utility business, the risks involved and the steps necessary to plan and implement a successful entry into the market. It is intended to enable those decision makers to formulate a strategic response that best meets the needs of their utility. CE/SC 35 GT/WG 08, 1997, pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 58 16 Euros


32 Euros

Requirements and performance of packet switching networks with special reference to telecontrol.
Power utilities are already using packet switching networks for many purposes, ranging from real-time to administrative data and from inter-utility to intra-utility communications and there is a general interest in this kind of network. Nevertheless there are no requirements yet set for such technology in the field of telecontrol. CE/SC 35 GT/WG 03, 1991, 25 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 108 17 Euros


34 Euros

Database management for telecontrol systems.


To perform real-time control it is necessary to handle information. Progress in technology allowed a tremendous increase in the use of microprocessors in industrial equipment, hence information began to appear organized in databases structures and the software and control centres became more elaborated, increasing the number of applications with specific requirements in terms of information performance. CE/SC 35 GT/WG 01, 1997, pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 62 16 Euros


32 Euros

Renewal of existing telecontrol systems.


The utilisation of digital computers in electric power control systems is now widespread around the world. On the basis of the acquired experience the operating life of a telecontrol system ranges from 10 to 15 years. Several factors intervene over the years to render the telecontrol system obsolescent. The hardware is certainly one of the main reasons. CE/SC 35 GT/WG 01, 1992, 31 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 46 11 Euros


22 Euros

Ref. No. 67 18 Euros


36 Euros

New opportunities for optical fibre technology in electricity utilities.


The brochure provides utilities with ideas for maximising the utilisation of deployed optical cables. In addition, widespread deregulation of the telecommunications service industry has meant that utilities are now able to offer telecommunications services to external customers and many utilities have already sought additional business opportunities by developing their networks beyond the requirements for their own business. CE/SC 35 GT/WG 04, 1997, 59 pp. Ref. No. 106 Catalog of Cigre Publications - 2003

Man machine interface using full graphics.


A major change in technology is in progress in the energy control centres today, and this will reflect in the use of work stations with full graphics in the man-machine interface. Semi-graphics display technology has been used in the power industry for some * VAT extra for countries concerned

19

Brochures thmatiques/Technical brochures


en anglais/in english
Non members

17 Euros
34 Euros

CE/SC 35 04, 2000, 40 pp. en anglais/in english


Non-members

Ref. No. 133 18 Euros


36 Euros

Knowledge based applications in SCADA/EMS. A practical approach


Computer technology is now at a state where providing fully supported real-time intelligent alarm processing will help control centre operators with incident analysis and service restoration. Many intelligent applications installed in operational control centres have been for test and development purposes. This has advanced the technology and this report fills a need to distribute the lessons learnt to allow practical application. 35 13.02, 1999, 20 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Use of GSMph2+ as mobile radio system for power utilities.


The impressive commercial success of GSM and the widespread use of mobile communications have made it essential to investigate the possibilities for power utilities to use either public GSM networks or mainstream commerical mobile technology based on the GSM standard for their internal radio communication needs. GSM networks are available in more than 140 countries and serve more than 100 million GSM terminals per year in a great variety of designs. CE/SC 35 05, 2000, 75 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 146 12 Euros


24 Euros

The use of IP technology in the power utility environment.


Addresses the new issues presented by internetworking technologies, with emphasis is on the application of these technologies for power utility applications. A comprehensive explanation of the IP technology has been included. Special interest has been devoted to those aspects that are relevant for the implementation of IP networks in the power utilities environment. It mainly develops the IP over ATM models since they are the most commonly used in present and future implementations. Other emerging architectures such as IP over SDH or OP over Dark Fibre are also mentioned. 35 07, 0, 107 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 173 26 Euros


52 Euros

Optical fibre cable selection for electricity utilities.


An assessment of the range of optical fibre cable solutions available, by type e.g. OPGW, ADSS, rather than by design. it examines the key issues which will influence an electricity utilities decisions and proposes a method of evaluating the options to identify the one which most closely matches the utilitys critical needs, with measurements against time, cost and quality targets. CE/SC 35 04, 2001, 86 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 153 30 Euros


60 Euros

Ref. No. 132 24 Euros


48 Euros

Report on digital power line carrier.


Technology aspect defining a digital PLC. Coexistence of digital PLC and analogue PLC in the same network. Application side and what can be gained with the new solutions. Planning and performance parameters. List of the requirements that are applicable for a digital PLC, guidelines on how to specify them and remarks about transmission parameters. CE/SC 35 09, 2000, 50 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Wavelength multiplexing for electricity utilities using optical fibres


This brochure provides an overview of the principles and current state of the art for Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing of the optical transmission carriers and provides guidance to enable a utility to judge the benefit of increasing the capacity and/or flexibility of their network using the described technology. CE/SC 35 , 2001, 66 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 131 27 Euros


54 Euros

Ref. No. 164 14 Euros


28 Euros

Alarm handling techniques


Alarm processing is an area with a low level of standardisation. Current systems from different providers have customisation possibilities that make alarm applications completely different on each implementation. Summary of the current situation for alarm processing and the different techniques with the intention of having a reference to improve this area of control systems. It focuses on alarm handling for system operation but adds new ideas for use of alarms in other areas. CE/SC 35 13, 2001, 25 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Communication concepts for control systems.


SCADA systems have been in service for many years in power utilities for operation and control of their electrical systems. Traditionally data communications for telecontrol within SCADA systems for electricity utilities is based on well proven solutions. Nevertheless they continue to evolve due to recent developments in telecommunications, computers and standardisation areas which have allowed the addition of more features and flexibility, finally challenging the traditional solution. CE/SC 35 13,13,03, 2000, 90 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 193 12 Euros


24 Euros

Ref. No. 168 21 Euros


42 Euros

Wavelength multiplexing for electricity utilities using optical fibres


This brochure provides an overview of the principles and current state of the art for Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing of the optical transmission carriers and provides guidance to enable a utility to judge the benefit of increasing the capacity and/or flexibility of their network using the described technology. CE/SC 35 , 2001, 66 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Preventive and corrective maintenance for optical cables on overhead power lines.
The use of overhead power line routes by electricity utilities to develop a telecommunications right of way has now become common place throughout the world. The aerial optical fibre cabling technology used to exploit these rights are either additional to or replacement for the existing earth wires or phase conductors and in these situations form an integral part of the power transmission system.

Ref. No. 131 27 Euros


54 Euros

The benefits of mobile data - How can they be realised?


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Catalogue des publications Cigr - 2003

20

Brochures thmatiques/Technical brochures The aim is to provide utility company managers and technical staff with a view of what has been achieved to date using a range of telecommunications technologies and to look at emerging technologies and understand what options will be available in the foreseeable future. The report is not restricted to the telecommunications elements of mobile data - it seeks to look at the business drivers within utility companies and to explain how these needs can be met by the implementation of new technology. CE/SC 35 GT/WH 07, 2002, 66 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Cases of close proximity of high voltage structures and metallic pipelines become more and more frequent. Therefore there is a growing concern about possible hazards resulting from the influence of electrical systems : safety of people making contact with the pipeline, damage to the pipeline and to cathodic protection equipment. All these problems can be mastered but this control requires a serious consideration of the influences. CE/SC 36 GT/WG 02, 1995, 135 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 95 26 Euros


52 Euros

Ref. No. 217 35,00


70,00

Magnetic fields in HV cable systems. 1. Systems without ferromagnetic component.


Considerable work has been done on the magnetic fields due to overhead lines, but relatively little has been published on the fields from underground cable systems. The report details the levels of magnetic field that occur in various typical situations. The analysis is restricted to underground cable systems without ferromagnetic component; for which analysis is relatively easy. CE/SC 36 JTF 01.21, 1996, 30 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

EX CE/SC 36 COMPATIBILITE ELECTROMAGNETIQUE DES RESEAUX D'ENERGIE POWER SYSTEM ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY
Interferences produced by corona effect of electric systems. Description des phnomnes. Guide pratique de calcul. Description of phenomena. Practical guide for calculation. CE/SC 36 GT/WG 01, 1974, 113 pp. Ref. No. 20 bilingue/bilingual 18 Euros
Non members 36 Euros

Perturbations engendres par l'effet de couronne des rseaux de transport.

Ref. No. 104 9 Euros


18 Euros

Guide on EMC in power plants and substations.


As electrical generating stations, substations, control centres and networks have become more complex, their required standards of reliability have become more demanding. These needs have been met by the widespread use of electronic systems, based on increasingly high-speed and low-power semiconductor technology. These systems provide the major computing power and the readily accessible information that make on-line automation possible. CE/SC 36 GT/WG 04, 1997, 177 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Electric and magnetic fields produced by transmission systems.Description of phenomena. Practical guide for calculation. CE/SC 36 GT/WG 01, 1980, 139 pp. Ref. No. 21 bilingue/bilingual 35 Euros
Non members 70 Euros

Champs lectriques et magntiques engendrs par les rseaux de transport. Description des phnomnes. Guide pratique de calcul.

Ref. No. 124 30 Euros


60 Euros

EX CE/SC 38 ANALYSE ET TECHNIQUE DES RESEAUX POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND TECHNIQUES
An annotated bibliography on UHV AC substation equipment. (1968-1985).
Contains sections concerning: Insulation co-ordination; Switchgear; Shunt reactors; Surge arresters; Power transformers; Current and voltage measuring equipment, Station design and operating experience, Testing facilities, Index of authors. CE/SC 38 GT/WG 04.03, 1985, 56 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Addendum to Doc.20 : Interferences produced by corona effect of electric systems.


As far as we know, the corona phenomena and its consequences are a very complicated problem. Since decades, the engineers are concerned with this question and the actual solutions are more or less adequate. Partial electrical discharges in air at the atmospheric pressure around overhead line conductors and under all the possible weather conditions are a real complex exercise. CE/SC 36 GT/WG 01, 1997, 120 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 61 18 Euros


36 Euros

Ref. No. 23 11 Euros


22 Euros

Electric Power Transmission and the Environment : Fields - Noise and Interference.
It is well known that the operation of the electrical systems and equipment can alter the electromagnetic conditions in their vicinity and that this can lead to various effects. The annoying effects reported result mainly from electrostatic or electromagnetic induction in metallic objects or structures not well connected electrically to the ground. CE/SC 36 GT/WG 01, 1993, 63 pp. bilingue/bilingual
Non members

Le transport de l'nergie lectrique et l'environnement : Champs - Bruits et Perturbations.

Static var compensators.


The rapid development of semiconductor devices and control techniques within the last two decades have enabled the development of controllable shunt reactive compensation devices with rapid response for electric power system applications. In recognition of the potential applications and the impact of such a flexible system design tool on future electric power systems SC31 decided to form an Ad-Hoc Group to review the progress on the subject. CE/SC 38 GT/WG 01.02, 1986, 125 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 74 18 Euros


36 Euros

Ref. No. 25 40 Euros


80 Euros

Guide on the influence of high voltage AC power systems on metallic pipelines.


* VAT extra for countries concerned

Power system guide.Part I.

reliability

analysis.

Application

Catalog of Cigre Publications - 2003

21

Brochures thmatiques/Technical brochures


The document is intended as an application guide to power system reliability analysis. It presents an overview of system reliability concepts and an outline of the methodologies whereby these concepts are applied. It concerns the application of analytical methods to power system reliability evaluation based on pragmatic concepts and principles. Its purpose is to cover reliability aspects in the fields of power generation and transmission from the system point of view. CE/SC 38 GT/WG 03, 1987, 142 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

solving system problems. CE/SC 38 GT/WG 01.06, 1996, 90 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 51 15 Euros


30 Euros

Composite power system reliability evaluation. Vol.II


This guide supplements Part I (Doc. 26) as an example and comparison of results for combined generation and transmission network reliability evaluations. The key new materials presented here are the results of combined transmission and generation reliability analysis of an actual operating power system. The report presents a complete example, including the data required, the assumptions to be made and the techniques available for the analysis. CE/SC 38 GA/TF 03.10, 1992, 170 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 26 43 Euros


86 Euros

Methods for reactive power optimisation.


Three questions arise with regard to the problem of organization techniques and modelling : a) Which methods are available for solving an optimization problem ? b) How can these methods be used in reactive power planning ? c) Are these methods sufficiently efficient for solving the general reactive problem, or is there any need for new methods and tools to be established ? CE/SC 38 GT/WG 01.03, 1987, 6 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 70 46 Euros


92 Euros

Ref. No. 27 9,91 Euros


19.82 Euros

An International survey of the present status and perspective of long-term dynamics in power systems.
Objectives of the survey are: (1) Experience of major disturbances in various countries; (2) Needs and objective of LTD analysis; (3) Current status and perspective of analytical tools. CE/SC 38 GT/WG 02.08, 1992, 150 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Advanced analytical tools in evaluating power system dynamic and security performance. Results of a questionnaire.
Answers to the questionnaire are divided into the following subjects : a) Load flow aspects. Analytical techniques. State estimation, Contingency evaluation, Operators load flow, Sensitivity analysis, Optimal load flow, Stochastic load flow. Multiple solutions. b) Stability aspects. Voltage stability, Steady state stability, Transient stability, Long term stability. CE/SC 38 GT/WG 02.04, 1987, 69 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 73 34 Euros


68 Euros

Modelling of voltage collapse including dynamic phenomena.


The brochure describes modelling and simulation techniques for voltage stability analysis. Dynamic analysis is clearly required for fast forms of voltage collapse. Fast or transient voltage collapse usually involves induction motor loads and motor stalling (or re-acceleration difficulty) following faults. CE/SC 38 GT/WG 02.10, 1993, 150 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 28 18 Euros


36 Euros

An international survey of the present status and the perspective of expert systems on power system analysis and techniques.
The growing needs for supplying vast amounts of electric energy with high quality have necessitated more sophisticated approaches to power system planning, operation and control. The above requirements have so far been achieved partly by great efforts of experienced operators and partly by the introduction of partially automated systems which have become possible by the active application of advanced analysis techniques. CE/SC 38 GT/WG 02.07, 1988, 246 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 75 37 Euros


74 Euros

Analysis and optimisation of SVC use in transmission systems.


The thyristor controlled static var compensator is in widespread use in power transmission systems, although it is a relatively new shunt reactive power compensation device. With the aim to enlighten the possibilities and limitations of employing SVC's for voltage control and stability improvement a study has been performed. CE/SC 38 GT/WG 05, 1993, 53 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 29 30 Euros


60 Euros

Ref. No. 77 26 Euros


52 Euros

Reactive power compensation analyses and planning procedure.


The brochure is a summary of a report which has been prepared by WG38.01. It contains chapters concerning : Analysis and planning procedure, Reactive power sources, Load demand and modelling, Planning against voltage collapse, Reactive power optimization methods and techniques. CE/SC 38 GT/WG 01.03, 1989, 90 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Use of DC converters for var control.


This brochure is intended as an application guide for system planners and operators as well as equipment engineers who want to evaluate control strategies for DC converters. It starts with an explanation of DC converter capabilities and how this can be evaluated for var control. CE/SC 38 GT/WG 01.05, 1994, 90 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 30 14 Euros


28 Euros

Ref. No. 82 29 Euros


58 Euros

Load flow control in high voltage systems using FACTS controllers.


The brochure is an overview on the impact of different FACTS controllers on the system and presents examples of their use in the system. It is written for engineers to understand the basic interactions between the FACTS equipment and the system when Catalogue des publications Cigr - 2003

Ultra high voltage technology.


A presentation of the state of the art of UHV technology with focus on : UHV system planning, performance and reliability aspects; UHV transmission lines; substations and equipment; testing facilities and new technology.

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22

Brochures thmatiques/Technical brochures CE/SC 38 GT/WG 04, 1994, 31 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 85 9 Euros


18 Euros

The use of expert systems for power system restoration.


The brochure comprises: A survey of the already developed expert systems for restoration; a study on strategy in restoration expert systems; and finally the lessons learned from the development of these systems. It may be useful for power system operation and control experts, when considering the possible applications of expert systems to assist the operators during restoration. CE/SC 38 GT/WG 06.04, 1995, 103 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

relative to one another. The electromechanical modes involving these masses usually occur in the frequency range of 0.1 to 2 Hz. Particularly troublesome are the intra-area oscillations, which typically are in the frequency range of 0.1 to 1 Hz. CE/SC 38 GT38.01.07, 1997, 200 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 111 27 Euros


54 Euros

Methods and tools for transmission costs.


Many countries have experimented with several transformations in their power sectors. These transformations have one or more of the following characteristics: improvement in the efficiency of the electric power sector; introduction of competition in generation under the hypothesis that this competition will lead to technological improvements, better services and least cost. CE/SC 38 GT/WG 04.03, 1997, 138 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 90 19 Euros


38 Euros

Indices predicting voltage collapse including dynamic phenomena.


Most voltage collapses turn out to have a critical time scale of the order of a few minutes. This is just slow enough to be within the scope of what an operator can handle, but leaves absolutely no time to waste before appropriate action should be taken. Hence the world-wide interest in reliable early detection of voltage instability risks and accurate indication of the endangered areas. CE/SC 38 GT/WG 02.11, 1995, 94 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 120 26 Euros


32 Euros

Application of optimisation techniques to study power system network performance.


The focus is on the application of optimisation methods and techniques to improve the planning and operation of the network. The search for an optimal solution can consist of several steps of which some are done automatically and some require user interaction for the selection of next step. Seen from a very broad point of view it is possible to define the whole process as optimisation (the definition is constrained to those parts which can be formulated mathematically). CE/SC 38 GT/WG 04.02, 1997, 115 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 91 18 Euros


36 Euros

Assessment of fast transient stability methods: performance comparison.


Power systems are increasingly being planned with heavier loading on existing transmission circuits to cope with increasing power transfers without constructing new lines. This has meant that the system is planned and operated closer to the transient stability limits. This Phase II report covers a. Stability limits on power flows; b. Higher-order machine models and c. AVR and governor models. CE/SC 38 GT/WG 02.09, 1995, 28 pp. Ref. No. 100 en anglais/in english 9 Euros
Non members 18 Euros

Ref. No. 122 19 Euros


38 Euros

New trends and requirements for dynamic security assessment.


Power system security can be defined as the art and science of the "survival" of power systems. In order to ensure their survival, power systems are operated within certain power transfer limits, commonly referred to as security limits. If such limits depend on steady state feasibility or adequacy criteria, they are called steady-state or static security limits; otherwise, if such limits depend on transient or long-term stability criteria, these are referred to as dynamic security limits. CE/SC 38 GT/WG 02.13, 1997, 100 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Criteria and countermeasures for voltage collapse.


Based on many incidents that have been experienced, the electric power industry is increasingly concerned with bulk power system voltage instability and collapse. There is now a large literature on voltage stability analysis methods. Production grade simulation software is also now available. There is relatively little information available however on reliability criteria and effective voltage collapse countermeasures. CE/SC 38 GT/WG 02.12, 1995, 118 pp. Ref. No. 101 en anglais/in english 18 Euros
Non members 36 Euros

Ref. No. 121 18 Euros


36 Euros

Methods and techniques for reliability assessment of interconnected systems.


Policies concerning the power sector have been changing in the recent past all around the world and the electricity supply industry (ESI) has entered a period of restructuring. In some countries the process has been almost completed, even if feedback from the experience could modify the "original" framework. In others it is still under way. CE/SC 38 GA/TF 03.11, 1998, 60 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Long term dynamics. Phase II. Final Report.


The aim of the second phase of TF38.02.08 was 1. To proceed to a practical assessment of the performances of simulation tools; 2. To provide the researchers or practicioners with benchmarks or test systems to be used for the assessment of existing tools or of new developments in the field of LTD. CE/SC 38 GT/WG 02, 1995, 374 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 129 15 Euros


30 Euros

Ref. No. 102 38 Euros


76 Euros

Unit commitment
The Unit Commitment problem is the problem of scheduling the generation units to be operated and their power output, during a certain time period (typically from one day to one week). Generating units should meet the demand for electricity at each point in time (typically each hour), at the lowest total production cost, and without violating their technical constraints. Catalog of Cigre Publications - 2003

Analysis and control of power system oscillations.


Power systems contain many modes of oscillation due to a variety of interactions among its components. Many of the oscillations are due to synchronous generator rotors swinging * VAT extra for countries concerned

23

Brochures thmatiques/Technical brochures


CE/SC38 TF04.01, 1998, 100 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 126 21 Euros


42 Euros

Non-members

92 Euros

Advanced angle stability controls.


This report provides industry guidance in solving stability problems with new or relatively new technologies. The technologies include control theory and applications, power electronics, microprocessor controllers, signal processing, digital and optical transducers and telecommunications. There is great opportunity for synergism in these areas. The goals are new control strategies that are effective and robust. Effective in an engineering sense means "cost-effective". Control robustness is the capability to function appropriately for a wide range of power system operating and disturbance conditions. CE/SC 38 02,17, 2000, 210 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Planning against voltage collapse.


Extensive version with all appendices. It is well known that transmission of active power is dependent on the voltages at both the sending and receiving ends of a transmission system. The most well known steady state limitation to power transmission on a system occurs when the electrical angle between the voltage sources at the two ends reaches 90. CE/SC 38 GT/WG 01.03, 1986, 61 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 24 18 Euros


36 Euros

Modeling of power electronics equipment (FACTS) in load flow and stability programs : a representation guide for power system planning and analysis
The document covers the following devices : SVC, STATCOM, BESS, SMES, TCSC, SSSC, TCPAR, UPFC, HVDC, SCDC. Each section has been written so that it can be read independently from each other; A survey on existing tools and practices on FACTS is given before the descriptions of the various FACTS device models in the succeeding sections. 38 01.08, 1999, 106 pp. en anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 155 35 Euros


70 Euros

Advanced angle stability controls.


This report provides industry guidance in solving stability problems with new or relatively new technologies. The technologies include control theory and applications, power electronics, microprocessor controllers, signal processing, digital and optical transducers and telecommunications. There is great opportunity for synergism in these areas. The goals are new control strategies that are effective and robust. Effective in an engineering sense means "cost-effective". Control robustness is the capability to function appropriately for a wide range of power system operating and disturbance conditions. CE/SC 38 02,17, 2000, 210 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 145 24 Euros


48 Euros

Analysis and modelling needs of power systems under major frequency disturbance. Final report.
The content of the task force final report is certainly not an extensive or exhaustive inventory of all the theoretical and practical frequency related topics but the result of the shared experience of the task force members in that field. Due to their relatively disperses geographical origin and related power system size, it represents a reasonable overview of today's situation in the matter. 38 02-14, 1999, 110 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 155 35 Euros


70 Euros

Long term operation planning of hydro-thermal power systems


A wide range of methods for long-term operation of both thermal and hydro systems have been in use for many years. Many of the methods are based on the same basic algorithm principles but quite different in implementation. Various approximations are used tailored to system characteristics. This report addresses the state-of-the-art methods for long-term operation planning in pure hydro - pure thermal and in hydro-thermal systems. The focus is on optimization methods. 38 04.04, 2000, 110 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 148 27 Euros


54 Euros

Techniques for uncertainties.

power

system

planning

under

Until recently transmission planning used to be a very well defined set of methods and tools for deciding reinforcements to the transmission system. Traditional sources of uncertaintly existed (demand growth, fuel prices, security of fuel supplies, lines and generator breakdowns). In some cases, deterministic criteria were used so that the system could be operated at all load levels to withstand some unscheduled contingencies without instability, cascading or interruption of load. In other cases uncertainties were taken into account, with known probability laws. This time has gone 38 05,08, 0, 40 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 171 27 Euros


54 Euros

Methods and tools for contracts in a competitive framework.


Electric utilities all over the world have been undergoing radical changes in their market and regulatory structure. A basic trend in this restructuring process has been the replacement of traditional expansion planning and operation procedures, based on centralised optimisation, by market oriented approaches. CE/SC 38 05.09, 2001, 74 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 154 18 Euros


36 Euros

Ref. No. 181 24 Euros


48 Euros

Impact of interactions among power system controls.


Survey on power system control systems, both continuous and discrete - the tools and techniques used in their analysis and the methodologies used in their design; Examine and compare the tools, techniques and design methodologies identified; Propose guidelines on the coordination of control systems with overlapping spheres of influence. CE/SC 38 02.16, 2000, 294 pp. en anglais/in english Ref. No. 166 46 Euros

Modeling new forms of generation and storage


Several new generation and storage technologies have the potential to significantly impact power system performance. Most of these new technologies are well suited for distributed generation and storage applications and are connected at the MV distribution level. This form of generation is termed Dispersed Generation or Embedded Generation; On-site generation is another term frequently used in the USA. It should be noted however that new generation technologies are also found in

Catalogue des publications Cigr - 2003

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24

Brochures thmatiques/Technical brochures larger installations of some 100 MWs, e.g. recent development of off-shore Wind Energy Conversion Systems. CE/SC 38 01,10, 2001, 185 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 185 30 Euros


60 Euros

System protection schemes in power networks.


System protection schemes have been used in power networks for many years. Probably all utilities have used for instance frequency controlled load shedding to avoid collapse of the system in case of major production deficits. However these first generation schemes were based on local measurements and local control which limited the use of such schemes. With the development of reliable and fast communication means came the idea of using remote signals such as breaker positions resulting in a second generation of system protective schemes. CE/SC38 02.19, 2001, 190 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

A distillation of many discussions on the possible impacts of superconducting power cables in power transmission systems in the future. Only oxide superconductors are discussed. In order to clarify the possibility of using SC cables, the Task Force collected and discussed worldwide background data concerning underground (or undersea) cables and analyzed the trend of SC cable applications in future power grids. CE/SC 38 01.11, 2002, pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 199 28 Euros


56 Euros

DOCUMENTS DIVERS OTHER DOCUMENTS


Vingt-cinq Sessions de la CIGR (1921-1974). Index bibliographique gnral.

Ref. No. 187 34 Euros


68 Euros

Methods and tools for costing ancillary services.


An overview of ancillary service concepts and practices in a number of markets and a description of means by which the costs of various services can be measured, quantified and allocated. General methodology for the allocation of ancillary service costs for services that can be considered as common goods. Tools based on notions of allocation based primarily on an extension of marginal costing to situations where revenue reconciliation is necessary. Many markets operate successfully with the need for guaranteed allocation of fixed costs but there are circumstances that suggest the use of allocation methods for the recovery of certain expenses. CE/SC38 05.07, 2001, 130 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Twenty-five CIGR Sessions (1921-1974). General bibliography.


La bibliographie comprend trois parties principales : Liste des rapports de 1921-1974, Liste des auteurs, Liste de rapports publis dans Electra. Containing three main parts : List of papers from 1921-1974, List of authors and list of Papers published in Electra. CIGRE , 1974, 185 pp. bilingue/bilingual
Non members

Ref. No. 1 8 Euros


16 Euros

Ref. No. 190 23 Euros


46 Euros

Rapport final du Groupe Ad Hoc UHT.

Final report of the UHV Ad Hoc Group.


The report shows how the question was asked by the IEC, how the Ad Hoc Group was formed, how it worked, and what were the main results. It has been worded from seven detailed reports by 7 CIGRE Study Committees, which, in their own scope, have had the possibility of bringing parts of the answer to the specific problem. UHV Ad Hoc Group, 1972, 33 pp. bilingue/bilingual
Non members

Methods to consider customer interruption costs in power system analysis.


Electrical power utilities have to continually make decisions regarding the level of investment that should be provided in their systems. Low levels of investment can result in generally unreliable supplies while excessive investment can result in unnecessary expenditures with a resulting increase in the cost of electricity energy to customers. These considerations have always been of considerable importance to utilities. The restructuring and privatisation of many electricity supply systems has however imposed additional considerations on many utilities. CE/SC38 06.01, 2001, 100 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. No. 32 10 Euros


20 Euros

Major achievements of CIGRE Resulting from the work of our 15 Study Committees over the past 20 years shows the contribution of CIGRE to the development of electrical energy in the world and includes an executive summary by Mr. Chamia, former President of CIGRE. CIGRE 1999, 100 pp. En anglais/in english
Non members

Ref. No. 191 20 Euros


40 Euros

Portfolio and risk management for power producers and traders in an open market.
Electricity markets in Europe, South America, Australia and the USA have been liberalised or will be opened in the near future, respectively. In consequence the power business undergoes a fundamental change. In the past electricity markets were monopolies. After the liberalisation power producers as well as customers face a market risk with prices which can be very volatile. CE/SC 38 38,05,12, 2001, 125 pp. en anglais/in english
Non-members

Ref. MAC 15 Euros


30 Euros

ELECTRA
30 years of electra on CD-ROM 30 ans d'electra sur CD-ROM No.1 (mars/March 1967) to No. 190 (juin/June 2000) Members 76 Euros
Non members 152 Euros

Ref. No. 195 22 Euros


44 Euros

Superconducting cables. Impact on network structure and control.


* VAT extra for countries concerned Catalog of Cigre Publications - 2003

25

Brochures thmatiques/Technical brochures

PROCEEDINGS COMPTERENDU
Session 2002

SET OF PAPERS + SET OF PROCEEDINGS


Members
Non members

100 Euros
200 Euros

PAPERS ONLY
Members Npn members 75 Euros 150 Euros

PROCEEDINGS ONLY
Members Non-members 50 Euros 100 Euros

Catalogue des publications Cigr - 2003

* TVA ajouter pour les pays concerns

26

Symposiums

Electrical power systems in developing countries

SYMPOSIUMS

DAKAR, COTE D'IVOIRE/IVORY COAST, 25-27/11/1985 The development of electric power systems in countries where consumption per head is low gives rise to specific technical and economic problems. Which means of generation should be chosen and for which type of consumption ? What type of transmission, interconnection and distribution systems ? Why rely on any particular security of supply criterion rather than any other, in the planning and operation of these systems ? How can major constraints to be observed be identified ? What will be the future developments in the techniques used ? CE/SC 37 - UPDEA Rapports/Papers
Non members

Prix h.t.*/Prices excl VAT*


Les lignes de transport et l'environnement

Transmission lines and the environment


STOCKHOLM, SUEDE/SWEDEN, 23-25/06/1981

The aim of the Symposium was to provide guidance on the design of transmission lines based on an examination of present knowledge of the various phenomena which result from the relationship between the lines and the environment. Of interest to Researchers, Scientists and Engineers concerned with theoretical or applied work. CE/SC 22 Rapports/Papers
Non members

78 Euros
156 Euros

58 Euros
116 Euros

Discussions
Non members

12 Euros
24 Euros

Matriaux nouveaux l'lectrotechnologie

et

amliors

pour

New and improved materials for electrotechnology


VIENNE, AUTRICHE/AUSTRIA, 5-7/05/1987 The limits of current technology are frequently set by the availability or otherwise of suitable materials. Materials may be used for constructional purposes or in more active roles as a consequence of their special electrical, magnetic, insulating, dielectric or other physical properties. Concerns are new or improved materials and their applications in electrical apparatus. Solids, liquids or gases with novel properties that can be utilised in electrotechnology. Information on their performance. CE/SC 12,15,21. Rapports/Papers
Non members

Les applications de la contrle-commande la scurit des rseaux lectriques

Control applications for power system security


FLORENCE, ITALIE/ITALY, 26-28/09/1983

The aim of the Symposium was to assess the state of the art of centralized and decentralized control of electric power systems, in particular the impact of control computers, application programmes, interactive schemes, new concepts and devices on the security of supply and to widen the discussion and interaction among scientists, industrial researchers, consultants and users. CIGR-IFAC Rapports/Papers
Non members

72 Euros
144 Euros

52 Euros
104 Euros

Transport courant continu et courant alternatif. Interactions et comparaisons

Alternateurs synchrones

hydrauliques

et

compensateurs

AC/DC Transmission. Interactions and comparisons


BOSTON, ETATS UNIS/UNITED STATES, 28-30/09/1987

Hydraulic generators and synchronous compensators


RIO DE JANEIRO, BRESIL/BRAZIL, 22-24/11/1983 Topics covered by the Symposium include : Outstanding achievements of the last decade; Technical problems specific for hydrogenerators - Interface with the turbine; Quality and reliability of hydrogenerators and synchronous compensators; Trends in hydro electric construction. CE/SC 11. Rapports/Papers
Non members

Discussion of methods of analysis and modelling related to the interaction between HVDC converter stations and their controls with their associated AC systems. Discussion of methods of application of static var compensators to meet stability and voltage control requirements of AC/DC transmission systems. Comparison of the techniques, economics and reliability of AC and DC transmission systems. CE/SC 14,36,37,38,39 Rapports/Papers
Non members

52 Euros
104 Euros

72 Euros
144 Euros

Discussions
Non members

24 Euros
48 Euros

High currents in power systems under normal emergency and fault conditions
BRUXELLES, BELGIQUE/BELGIUM, 3-5/06/1985 Aim : To assess and discuss the present situation, future needs and developments in the field of high continuous and temporary service currents, high short-circuit and earth fault currents in HV, EHV, UHV grids and power station primary circuits. CE/SC 13,22,23. Rapports/Papers
Non members

Courants de forte intensit dans les rseaux dans des conditions normales - d'urgence et en prsence de dfauts

Digital technology in Opportunities - Impact

Techniques numriques dans les rseaux d'nergie. Besoins - Possibilits - Impact

power

systems.

Needs

BOURNEMOUTH, ROYAUME UNI/UNITED KINGDOM, 12-14/06/1989 Examination of present and expected needs for and opportunities offered by digital techniques in the fields of power system operation, communication, protection and control. Presentation and discussion of experiences arising from the implementation of digital techniques in power systems covering hardware and software aspects. Technical and organisational impact of the increased use of digital technology on power utilities and manufacturing industries. CE/SC 23,34,35,39. Catalog of Cigre Publications - 2003

66 Euros
132 Euros

Les rseaux lectriques dveloppement

dans

les

pays

en

* VAT extra for countries concerned

27

Symposiums
Rapports/Papers
Non members

70 Euros
140 Euros

Discussions
Non members

15 Euros
30 Euros

Operation of electric power systems in developing countries


BANGKOK, THAILANDE/THAILAND, 20-22/11/1989 Establishment of a knowledge and experience base for operation and maintenance of electric power systems in developing countries. Discussion levels of control technology relative to operational objectives and dispatching complexity. Discussion of the role of system study tools for operation and control. Discussion of the organisational structures and staffing objectives. Discussion of appropriate methods for the education and training of craftsmen and professionals for operation and maintenance of electric power systems within established or proposed organizational structures. CE/SC 38,39. Rapports/Papers
Non members

Exploitation des rseaux lectriques dans les PVD

means the elementary components of the networks : breakers, switchgear, transmission lines, transformers etc...); Impact of maintenance and diagnostic requirements on component design practices. Maintenance strategies of utilities : targets, guidelines and constraints; Diagnostic and maintenance techniques for substations and Consequences on the power system. CE/SC 12,13,14,15,23,33,34 Rapports/Papers
Non members

61 Euros
122 Euros

Discussions
Non members

30 Euros
60 Euros

La compatibilit lectromagntique et les rseaux d'nergie lectrique

Power system electromagnetic compatibility.


LAUSANNE, SUISSE/SWITZERLAND, 18-20/10/1993

70 Euros
140 Euros

Discussions
Non members

15 Euros
30 Euros

Rduction d'encombrement des lignes ariennes

Compacting overhead transmission lines


PARIS (FRANCE), 08/1991 (ex. Leningrad)

The aim of the Symposium was to discuss problems of power system electromagnetic compatibility. In addition to being subject to interferences of external origin, electric power systems are also potential victims of disturbances generated within the power system itself. In the present context of increasing use of electronic and digital technologies in power systems, it is particularly important to discuss the issues involved and exchange knowledge at an international level. This symposium provided an international forum for discussion of all aspects of electromagnetic compatibility relevant to power systems. CE/SC 33,34,35,39 Rapports/Papers
Non members

64 Euros
128 Euros

Compacting overhead transmision lines enables reducing space occupation for the same transmissible electric power, or increasing the transmissible power for the same space occupation. The space occupation of overhead lines is determined by the air clearances which should : comply with the line caracteristics; withstand the applied stresses; keep within acceptable limits the phenomena which may unfavourably affect the environment; comply with construction and operational requirements CE/SC 22,33,36. Rapports/Papers
Non members

Discussions
Non members

30 Euros
60 Euros

L'lectronique lectriques

de

puissance

dans

les

rseaux

Power electronics in electric power systems.


TOKYO, JAPON/JAPAN, 22-24/05/1995 With the increasing use of power electronic technologies in power systems, it is of particular importance to discuss the issues involved concerning : a) The system planner's view on needs of the power system and how power electronics can contribute to solving the problems at hand; b) Help in understanding the properties and behaviour of power electronic controllers and how they can be modelled to study the behaviour of power systems (not only transmission systems; c) Increased awareness of engineers with regard to ongoing developments in power electronic controllers and power devices. CE/SC 14,37,38 Rapports/Papers
Non members

58 Euros
116 Euros

La fiabilit des rseaux lectriques

Electric power system reliability


MONTREAL, CANADA, 16-18/09/1991

The Symposium is part of the continuing examination of the questions dealing with electric power system reliability. It was first discussed jointly by the three Study Committees during the 1986 General Session; then followed by a Round Table discussion during the 1988 Session. The Symposium presented an opportunity to discuss the latest progress including results of studies dealing with composite system analysis and expert system developments. Its aims were focused towards practical applications dealing with problem areas in power system planning, design and operation. CE/SC 37,38,39 Rapports/Papers
Non members

76 Euros
152 Euros

Discussions
Non members

23 Euros
46 Euros

Systmes intgrs tlcommunication.

de

commande

et

de

61 Euros
122 Euros

Integrated control and communication systems.


HELSINKI, FINLANDE/FINLAND, 28-30/08/1995 Increasing communication between control centres, power stations and substations presents new challenges to information architecture design. Advances in ditigal technology enable designers to centralise or decentralise equipment and functions in a way which optimises information flow. However, operational requirements such as speed and reliability must be carefully considered. Integrated systems require standardization of signalling and equipment interfaces in order to avoid unnecessary overheads. Changes in utility structures and advent of multi user * TVA ajouter pour les pays concerns

Discussions
Non members

28 Euros
56 Euros

Les techniques de diagnostic et la maintenance.

Diagnostic and maintenance techniques.


BERLIN, ALLEMAGNE/GERMANY, 19-21/04/1993

The Symposium was centred around : Diagnostic and maintenance techniques for electrical components (components Catalogue des publications Cigr - 2003

28

Symposiums

environments also create new needs for education and end user training. CE/SC 35,39 Rapports/Papers
Non members

79 Euros
158 Euros

Comportement des quipements lectriques en milieu tropical/

Behaviour of electrical equipment and components in tropical environment.

et

composants

CAIRNS, AUSTRALIE/AUSTRALIA, 03-07/09/2001 Stresses characteristic of tropical environments. Insulation aspects. Thermal, mechanical and structural aspects. Operation and maintenance. Part of the CIGRE initiatives for scientific and technical exchanges undertaken so far in a number of countries. Reflects the CIGRE endeavours to ever better respond to the needs of developing social-economical systems. CE/SC 12,13,15,21,22,33. CD-ROM
Non members

Impact de l'ouverture des marchs fonctionnement des systmes lectriques.

sur

le

Impact of open trading on power systems.


TOURS, FRANCE, 8-10/06/1997

The scope of the Symposium is to define the role of the system operator in realtion to the operation and planning in generation, transmission and distribution in function of industry structural changes; To discuss the impact from and on the generation units including IPP, embedded generation etc...; To define the role of system planners in the same context; To discuss the impact on analysis of power systems and to define the need for new tools to analyse power systems faced with new organisational changes; To discuss methods to organize open trading, ancillary services and transmission pricing. CE/SC 11, 37, 38, 39 Rapports/Papers
Non members

46 Euros
92 Euros

46 Euros
92 Euros

Discussions
Non members

23 Euros
46 Euros

Impact of DSM, IRP and distributed generation on power systems.


NEPTUN, ROUMANIE/ROMANIA, 18-19/09/1997 Brief review of the available technologies for DSM, storage and distributed generation, making reference to their technicoeconomical characteristics, experiences of application, strategic programs. It will then focus on how these issues impact on power system planning and operation and on IRP applicability, by trying to identify new strategies and business opportunities for the ESI. Consideration of the possible new market of providing ancillary services (reserve, frequency and voltage control etc) in connection with DSM and distributed generation applications. CE/SC 11, 34, 35, 37, 38, 39 Rapports/Papers
Non members

Impact sur les rseaux de la matrise de la demande (MD), de la planification intgre des ressouces (PIR) et de la production dcentralise.

46 Euros
92 Euros

Working Plant and Systems Harder. Enhancing the management and performance of plant and power systems. (Pour des performances accrues des systmes lectriques).
LONDON, ROYAUME UNI/UNITED KINGDOM, 07-09/06/1999 To define the state of the art on innovations in maximising the capabilities of transmission and generation plants. This includes new plant technologies, dynamic rating of equipment, new methods of analysing, planning, controlling, communicating, protecting, monitoring, maintaining and operating power systems as well as non-technical aspects like financial constraints, open networks, new structures in power industry, environmental and other externalities. Finally to discuss how these conditions will influence the trend of "Working Plant and Systems Harder". CE/SC 11,13,14,23,34,35,37,38,39. Rapports/Papers
Non members

91 Euros
182 Euros

* VAT extra for countries concerned

Catalog of Cigre Publications - 2003

29

Index

INDEX A
A summary of the report on survey of controls and control performance in HVDC schemes. Ref. No. 00, CE/SC 14 AC harmonic filters and reactive compensation for HVDC with particular reference to non-characteristic harmonics. Ref. No. 65, CE/SC 14 Accessories for HV cables with extruded insulation. Accessoires pour cbles HT isolation synthtique extrude. Ref. No.177, CE/SC 21. Accessories for HV extruded cables. Types of accessories and terminology. Ref. No. 89, CE/SC 21 AC/DC Transmission. Interactions and comparisons, Symposium Boston, 1987, CE/SC 14,36,37,38,39 Adaptive protections and control. Ref. No. 49, CE/SC 34 Addendum to Doc.20 : Interferences produced by corona effect of electric systems. Ref. No. 61, CE/SC 36 Advanced analytical tools in evaluating power system dynamic and security performance. Results of a questionnaire. Ref. No. 28, CE/SC 38 Advanced angle stability controls. Ref. No. 155, CE/SC 38 Advanced materials - final report. ref. No. 169, CE/SC 15 Ageing of the system. Impact on planning. Ref. No. 176, CE/SC 37 Alarm handling techniques. Ref. No. 193. CE/SC 35. An annotated bibliography on UHV AC substation equipment. (1968-1985). Ref. No. 23, CE/SC 38 An international survey of maintenance policies and trends. ref. No. 152? CE/SC 23/39. An International survey of the present status and perspective of long-term dynamics in power systems. Ref. No. 73, CE/SC 38 An international survey of the present status and the perspective of expert systems on power system analysis and techniques. Ref. No. 29, CE/SC 38 Analysis and control of power system oscillations. Ref. No. 111, CE/SC 38 Analysis and guidelines for testing numerical protection schemes. Ref. No. 159, CE/SC 34 Analysis and modelling needs of power systems under major frequency disturbance. Final report. Ref. No. 148, CE/SC 38. Analysis and optimisation of SVC use in transmission systems. Ref. No. 77, CE/SC 38 Application guide on protection of complex transmission network configurations. Ref. No. 64, CE/SC 34 Application of wideband communication circuits to protection. Prospects and benefits. Ref. No. 84, CE/SC 34 Application of optimisation techniques to study power system network performance. Ref. No. 122, CE/SC 38. Assessment of fast transient stability methods : performance comparison. Phase II. Ref. No. 100, CE/SC 38 Availability of telecontrol systems. Questionnaire on availability. Ref. No. 52, CE/SC 35

Compendium of HVDC schemes throughout the world. Ref. No. 3, CE/SC 14 Composite insulator handling guide. Ref. No. 184, CE/SC 22. Composite power system reliability evaluation. Vol.II. Ref. No. 70, CE/SC 38 Construction, laying and installation techniques for extruded and selfcontained fluid filled cable systems. Ref. No. 194. CE/SC 21. Control applications for power system security, Symposium Florence, 1983, CIGR-IFAC Control of power systems during disturbed and emergency conditions. Ref. No. 36, CE/SC 39 Coordination of controls of multiple FACTS/HVDC links in the same system. Ref. No. 149. CE/SC 14. Criteria and countermeasures for voltage collapse. Ref. No. 101, CE/SC 38 Cross modulation of harmonics in HVDC schemes. ref. 143, CE/SC 14 Current ratings of cables for cyclic and emergency loads. Ref. No. 5, CE/SC 21 Custom power State of the art. Ref. No. 205, CE/SC 14.

D
Database management for telecontrol systems. Ref. No. 46, CE/SC 35 DC side harmonics and filtering in HVDC transmission systems. Ref. No. 92, CE/SC 14 Design and maintenance practice for substation secondary systems. Ref. No. 88, CE/SC 23 Design guidelines for power station auxiliaries and distribution systems. Ref. No. 197, CE/SC 23 Diagnostic and maintenance techniques., Symposium Berlin, 1993, CE/SC 12,13,14,15,23,33,34 Diaphragms for lattice steel supports. ref. No. 196. CE/SC 22. Dielectric diagnosis of electrical equipment for AC applications and its effects on insulation coordination. State of the art report. (Session 1990).Ref. No. 59, CE/SC 15/33 Digital protection techniques and substation functions. Ref. No. 38, CE/SC 34 Digital technology in power systems. Needs - Opportunities - Impact, Symposium Bournemouth, 1989, CE/SC 23,34,35,39. Distortion and attenuation of travelling waves caused by transient corona. Ref. No. 55, CE/SC 33

E
Earthing of GIS. An application guide. Ref. No. 44, CE/SC 23. Economic assessment of HVDC links. Ref. No. 186, CE/SC 14. Effect of particles on transformer dielectric strength. Ref. No. 157, CE/SC 12 Electric and magnetic fields produced by transmission systems. Ref. No. 21, CE/SC 36 Electric power system reliability, Symposium Montreal, 1991, CE/SC 37,38,39 Electrical power systems in developing countries, Symposium Dakar, 1985, CE/SC 37 - UPDEA Electric Power Transmission and the Environment : Fields - Noise and Interference. Ref. No. 74, CE/SC 36. Engineering guide on earthing systems in power stations. Ref. No. 213, CE/SC 23. Environmental aspects of links between power system planners and decision makers in the energy area. Ref. No. 56, CE/SC 37 Evaluation of characteristics and performance of power system protection relays and protective systems. Ref. No. 11, CE/SC 34 Evaluation of the questionnaire : Fibre optics for power utilities communications. Ref. No. 58, CE/SC 35 Exchange of services between large electricity generating plants and high voltage electric power systems. Ref. No. 138, CE/SC 39

B
Breakdown of gases in uniform fields. Ref. No. 4, CE/SC 15 Bulk electricity system operational performance. Measurement systems and survey results. Ref. No. 53, CE/SC 39 Business opportunities for power utilities in the telecommunications market. Ref. No. 108, CE/SC 35

C
Characterization of lightning for applications in electric power systems. Ref. No. 172, CE/SC 33. Choice and application of large variable speed drives in power plants. Ref. No. 80, CE/SC 23 Cigr glossary of terms used in the electricity supply industry. Ref. No. 197, CE/SC 37. Circuit-breakers for meshed multi-terminal HVDC systems. Final Report. Ref. No. 114, CE/SC 13. Communication concepts for control systems. Ref. No. 168. CE/SC 35 Communication requirements in terms of data flow within substations. Ref. No. 180, CE/SC 34 Commutation failures. Causes and consequences. Ref. No. 103, CE/SC 14 Compacting overhead transmission lines, Symposium Leningrad, 1992, CE/SC 22,33,36. Comparison of high voltage overhead lines and underground cables. Report and Guidelines. Ref. No. 110, CE/SC 21

F
FACTS technology for open access. Ref. No. 183, CE/SC 14. Final report of the second international enquiry on HV circuit-breaker failures and defects in service. Ref. No. 83, CE/SC 13 Final report of the UHV Ad Hoc Group. Ref. No. 32. Final report on computer based protection and digital techniques in substations. Ref. No. 9, CE/SC 34 Fire aspects of HVDC thyristor valves and valve halls. Ref. no. 136, CE/SC 14 Foundation testing. Ref. No. 81, CE/SC 22

G
* TVA ajouter pour les pays concerns

Catalogue des publications Cigr - 2003

30

Symposiums

General guidelines for the design of outdoor AC substations. Ref. No. 69, CE/SC 23 (1992) General guidelines for the design of outdoor AC substations. Ref. No. 161, CE/SC 23 (2000). General overview on experience feedback methods in the field of electrical equipment. Ref. No. 211, CE/SC 23. Guide for customers specifications for transformers 100 MVA and 123 kV and above. Ref. No. 156, CE/SC 12. Guide for planning DC links terminating at AC locations having low shortcircuit capacities. Part 1. AC/DC interaction phenomena. Ref. No. 68, CE/SC 14 Guide for planning DC links terminating at AC system locations having low short-circuit capacities. Part II: Planning guidelines. Rf No. 115. CE/SC14. Guide for planning of power system telecommunication networks. Ref. No. 16, CE/SC 35 Guide for planning of power utility digital telecommunications networks. Ref. No. 37, CE/SC 35 Guide for preliminary design and specification of hydro stations with HVDC unit connected generators. Ref. No. 116, CE/SC 14. Guide for upgrading transmission systems with HVDC transmission. Ref. No. 127, CE/SC 14 Guide for SF6 gas mixtures. Ref. No. 163, CE/SC 23 Guide on EMC in power plants and substations. Ref. No. 124, CE/SC 36. Guide on mobile radio for the electricity utilities. Ref. No. 17, CE/SC 35 Guide on power line carrier. Ref. No. 15, CE/SC 35 Guide on the influence of high voltage AC power systems on metallic pipelines. Ref. No. 95, CE/SC 36 Guide to procedures for estimating the lightning performance of transmission lines. Ref. No. 63, CE/SC 33 Guide to the specification and design evaluation of AC filters for HVDC systems. Ref; No. 139, CE/SC 14 Guidelines for conducting design reviews for transformers 100 MVA and 123 kV and above. Ref No. 204? CE/SC 12. Guidelines for field measurement of ice loadings on overhead power line conductors. Ref. No.179, CE/SC 22 Guidelines for insulation co-ordination in live working. Ref. No. 151, CE/SC 33. Guidelines for representation of network elements when calculating transients. Ref. No. 39, CE/SC 33 Guidelines for software project control. Ref. No. 40, CE/SC 35 Guidelines for testing of thyristor valves for static var compensators. Ref. No. 93, CE/SC 14 Guidelines for the applications of metal oxide arresters without gaps for HVDC converter stations. Ref. No. 34, CE/SC 33/14 Guidelines for the evaluation of the dielectric strength of external insulation. Ref. No. 72, CE/SC 33

Integrated control and communication systems., Symposium Helsinki, 1995, CE/SC 35,39 Interaction between HVDC convertors and nearby synchronous machines. Final Report. Ref. No. 119, CE/SC 14. Interaction between transmission and distribution system planning. Ref. No. 99, CE/SC 37. Interfaces in accessories for extruded HV and EHV cables. ref. No. 210, CE/SC 21/15. Interferences produced by corona effect of electric systems. Ref. No. 20, CE/SC 36 International experiences in improving the links between power system planners, the general public and decision makers in the energy policy area. Ref. No. 71, CE/SC 37 Interruption of small inductive currents. Ref. No. 50, CE/SC 13 Isolation and restoration policies against system collapse. Ref. No. 200, CE/SC 34.

J
Joints on transmission line conductors: field testing and replacement criteria. Ref. No. 216, CE/SC 22.

K
Knowledge based applications in SCADA/EMS. A practical approach. Ref. No. 146, CE/SC 35

L
Life management of circuit-breakers. Ref. No. 165, CE/SC 13 Lightning characteristics relevant for electrical engineering: assessment of sensing, recording and mapping requirements in the light of present technological advancements. Ref. No. 94, CE/SC 33 Lightning exposure of structures and interception efficiency of air terminals. Ref. No. 118, CE/SC 33. Line-charging current switching of HV lines. Stresses and testing. Parts 1 & 2. Ref. No. 47, CE/SC 13 Load control devices on overhead transmission lines. Ref. No. 174, CE/SC 22 Load flow control in high voltage systems using FACTS controllers. Ref. No. 51, CE/SC 38 Long term dynamics. Phase II. Final Report. Ref. No. 102, CE/SC 38 Long-term operation planning of hydro-thermal power systems. Ref. No. 171, CE/SC 38

M
Magnetic fields in HV cable systems. 1. Systems without ferromagnetic component. Ref. No. 104, CE/SC 36 Maintenance and management of protection systems. Ref. No. 87, CE/SC 34 Maintenance outsourcing guide. Ref. No. 201, CE/SC 23. Major achievements of CIGRE, Divers/Others, Cigr. Management of existing overhead transmission lines. Ref. No. 175. CE/SC 22 Man machine interface using full graphics. Ref. No. 76, CE/SC 35 Mechanical effects of short-circuit currents in open air substations. Ref. No. 6, CE/SC 23 Memorandum on power line carrier systems. Ref. No. 14, CE/SC 35 Metal oxide surge arresters in AC systems. Ref. No. 60, CE/SC 33 Methodologies in power systems operations planning. Ref. No. 33, CE/SC 39 Methods and techniques for reliability assessment of interconnected systems. ref. No. 129, CE/SC 38 Methods and tools for contracts in a competitive framework. Ref. No. 181, CE/SC 38. Methods and tools for costing ancillary services. Ref. No. 190, CE/SC 38. Methods and tools for transmission costs. Ref. No. 120. CE/SC 38. Methods for reactive power optimisation. Ref. No. 27, CE/SC 38 Methods of forecasting demand for electricity. Ref. No. 22, CE/SC 37. Methods to consider customer interruption costs in power system analysis. Ref. No. 191, CE/SC 38. Mobile radio systems in power utilities. Ref. No. 42, CE/SC 35 Modelling new forms of generation and storage. Ref. No. 185, CE/SC 38. Modelling of power electronics equipment (FACTS) in load flow and stability programs : a representation guide for power system planning and analysis. Ref. No. 145, CE/SC 38 Modelling of voltage collapse including dynamic phenomena. Ref. No. 75, CE/SC 38 Monograph on GIS very fast transients. Ref. No. 35, CE/SC 33/13

H
Harmonisation of protection policies for power stations and generators and of protection policies for HV networks. Ref. No. 8, CE/SC 34 High currents in power systems under normal - emergency and fault conditions, Symposium Bruxelles, 1985, CE/SC 13,22,23. High voltage overhead lines. Environmental concerns, procedures, impacts and mitigations. ref. No. 147, CE/SC 22 HVDC converter stations for voltages above +/- 600 kV. Ref. No. 215, CE/SC 14. HVDC stations audible noise. Ref. No. 202, CE/SC 14. Hydraulic generators and synchronous compensators, Symposium Rio de Janeiro, 1983, CE/SC 11.

I
Impact of DSM, IRP and distributed generation on power systems., Symposium Neptun, 1997, CE/SC 11, 34, 35, 37, 38, 39 Impact of increasing contribution of dispersed generation on the power system. Ref. no. 137, CE/SC 37 Impact of interactions among power system controls. Ref. No. 166, CE/SC 38 Impact of open trading on power sytems., Symposium Tours, 1997, CE/SC 11, 37, 38, 39 Important achievements of CIGRE, Ref. No. 1999, Cigr Indices predicting voltage collapse including dynamic phenomena. Ref. No. 91, CE/SC 38 Insulation coordination for HVAC underground cable systems. Ref. No. 189, CE/SC 21.

* VAT extra for countries concerned

Catalog of Cigre Publications - 2003

31

Index

N
Natural and artificial ageing and pollution testing of polymeric insulators. Ref. No. 142, CE/SC 33 New and improved materials for electrotechnology, Symposium Vienne, 1987, CE/SC 12,15,21. New opportunities for optimal fibre technology in electricity utilities. Ref. No. 106, CE/SC 35 New telecontrol systems architecture. Open systems. Ref. No. 41, CE/SC 35 New trends and requirements for dynamic security assessment. Ref. No. 121, CE/SC 38. Non-conventional current and voltage transformers. Ref. No. 7, CE/SC 34 Nuclear power plant performance in power system control. A review of international practice. Ref. No. 31, CE/SC 39

Requirements and performance of packet switching networks with special reference to telecontrol. Ref. No. 62, CE/SC 35 Review of IEC 826 "Loading and strength of overhead lines". Ref. No. 109, CE/SC 22

S
Semiconductor power devices for use in HVDC and FACTS controllers. Ref. No. 112, CE/SC 14 SF6 recycling guide. Re-use of SF6 gas in electrical power equipment and final disposal. Ref. No. 117, CE/SC 23. Static electrification in power transformers. Ref. No. 170, CE/SC 12. Static synchronous compensator (STATCOM). Ref. No. 144, CE/SC 14 Static var compensators. Ref. No. 25, CE/SC 38 Statistical analysis of dielectric test results. Ref. No. 66, CE/SC 15 Structure of telecontrol centres and overall systems. Ref. No. 18, CE/SC 35. Superconducting cables. Impact on network structure and control. Ref. No.199, CE/SC 38. System protection schemes in power networks. Ref. No. 187, CE/SC 38. System tests for HVDC installations. Ref. No. 97, CE/SC 14

O
Operation of electric power systems in developing countries., Symposium Bangkok, 1990, CE/SC 38,39. Operational guidelines and monitoring of HVDC systems. Ref. No. 130, CE/SC 14. Optical fibre planning guide for power utilities. Ref. No. 45, CE/SC 35. Optimal network structure in an open market environment. Ref. No. 203, CE/SC 38. Overall impact of digital techniques for transmission systems (Substation control). Ref. No. 19, CE/SC 35 Overvoltages and overvoltage protection in the generator main electrical circuit in power stations. Ref. No. 98, CE/SC 23 Overvoltages on HVDC cables. Final Report. Ref. No. 86, CE/SC 33

T
Techniques for power system planning under uncertainties. Ref. No. 154, CE/SC 38. Telecommunication network management in power utilities. Ref. No. 43, CE/SC 35 Teleprotection. Ref. No. 12, CE/SC 34/35 Test circuits for HVDC thyristor valves. Ref. No. 113, CE/SC 14. The benefits of mobile data. How can they be realised? Ref. No. 217, CE/SC 35. The design of transmission line support foundations an overview. ref. No. 206, CE/SC 22. The mechanical effects of short circuit currents in open air substation. (Rigid and flexible bus bars). Vol.1. An updated revision. Vol. 2. Data base of reference tests. Ref. No. 105, CE/SC 23. The mechanical effects of short-circuit currents in open air substations. Part II. A companion book to Brochure 105. Ref. No. 214, CE/SC 23. The needs and environment of control centre operators during power system restoration. A benchmark questionnaire survey. Ref. No. 208, CE/SC 39. The short circuit performance of power transformers. Ref. No. 209, CE/SC 12. The use of expert systems for power system restoration. Ref. No. 90, CE/SC 38 The use of IP technology in the power utility environment. Ref. No. 153, CE/SC 35. The use of the transport layer in telecontrol systems. Ref. No. 79, CE/SC 35 Thermal aspects of transformers. Ref. No. 96, CE/SC 12 Thermal behaviour of overhead conductors. Ref. No. 207, CE/SC 22. Thyristor controlled series compensation. Ref. No. 123, CE/SC 14. Tower top geometry. Ref. No. 48, CE/SC 22 Transient recovery voltages in medium voltage networks; Ref. No. 134, CE/SC 13. Transmission lines and the environment, Symposium Stockholm, 1981, CE/SC 22 Twenty-five CIGR Sessions (1921-1974). General bibliography. Ref. No. 1.

P
Paper-oil insulated measurement transformer. Ref. No. 57, CE/SC 23 Partial discharge detection in installed HV extruded cable systems. Ref. No. 182, CE/SC 21 Planning against voltage collapse. Ref. No. 24, CE/SC 38 Polluted insulators : a review of current knowledge. Ref. No. 158, CE/SC 33. Portfolio and risk management for power producers and traders in an open market. Ref. No. 195. CE/SC 38. Power electronics in electric power systems., Symposium Tokyo, 1995, CE/SC 14,37,38 Power system communication in the high speed environment. Ref. No. 107, CE/SC 35 Power system electromagnetic compatibility, Symposium Lausanne, 1993, CE/SC 33,34,35,39 Power system reliability analysis. Application guide.Part I. Ref. No. 26, CE/SC 38 Preventive and corrective maintenance for optical cables on overhead power lines. Ref. No. 133, CE/SC 35. Probabilistic design of overhead transmission lines. Ref. No. 178, CE/SC 22. Protection against voltage collapse. Ref. No. 128, CE/SC 34. Protection systems using telecommunication. Ref. No. 13, CE/SC 34/35. Protection using telecommunications. Ref. No. 192, CE/SC 34.

Q
Quality of supply. Customers requirements. Ref. No. 188, CE/SC 37. Questionnaire concerning aspects on planning, design, operation and maintenance of future substations. Ref. No. 162, CE/SC 23

U
Ultra high voltage technology. Ref. No. 85, CE/SC 38 Unified power flow controlled (UPFC). Ref. No. 160, CE/SC 14 Use of DC converters for var control. Ref. No. 82, CE/SC 38 Use of equipment built-in automatic testing - self-checking and monitoring with a view to improving reliability. Ref. No. 10, CE/SC 34 Use of GSMph2+ as mobile radio system for power utilities. Ref. No. 173, CE/SC 35 User guide for the application of GIS for rated voltages of 72.5 kV and above. Ref. No. 125, CE/SC 23. User guide for the application of monitoring and diagnostic techniques for switching equipment for rated voltages of 72.5 kV and above. Ref. No. 167, CE/SC 13 Unit committment. Ref. No. 126, CE/SC 38.

R
Reactive power compensation analyses and planning procedure. Ref. No. 30, CE/SC 38 Refurbishment and upgrading of foundations. ref. 141, CE/SC 22. Reliable fault clearance and back-up protection. ref. No. 140, CE/SC 34 Renewal of existing telecontrol systems. Ref. No. 67, CE/SC 35 Report on digital power line carrier. Ref. No. 164, CE/SC 35 Report on large turbine generator maintenance practices. Ref. No. 2, CE/SC 11. Report on survey to establish protection performance during major disturbances. Ref. No. 212, CE/SC 34. Report on the 2nd international survey on high voltage GIS service experience. ref. No. 152, CE/SC 23.

V
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Symposiums

Voltage and current stresses on thyristor valves for static var compensators. Ref. No. 78, CE/SC 14

W
Wavelength multiplexing for electricity utilities using optical fibres. Ref. No. 131, CE/SC 35.

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Catalog of Cigre Publications - 2003

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Index

Ref. 000 001 002 003 004 005 006 007 008 009 010 011 012 013 014 015 016 017 018 019 020 021 022 023 024 025 026 027 028 029 030 031 032 033 034 035 036 037 038 039 040 041 042 043 044 045 046 047 048 049 050 051 052

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* * * * *

* * * * * * * * * *

Ref 053 054 055 056 057 058 059 060 061 062 063 064 065 066 067 068 069 070 071 072 073 074 075 076 077 078 079 080 081 082 083 084 085 086 087 088 089 090 091 092 093 094 095 096 097 098 099 100 101 102 103 104 105

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

* * * * * * * * * * * *

Ref 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158

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* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

Ref 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

INTER NET
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