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kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkNATUREkOFkACTION Thiskiskankallegedkfraudkcasekoriginatingkfromktheksummaryklegalkproceedingkheld katkthekSupremekCourtkofkDutchesskCountykfollowingkallegationskfromkthekAttorney kGeneralkofkNewkYor kStatekthatkthekrespondentkengagedkinkrepeatedkorkpersistent kfraudkbasedkonktwokcauseskofkaction:kFirstkcausekpursuantktokkExecutivekLawkkSe c.k63k(12)-kFraud,kandksecondkcausekofkactionkpursuantktokExecutivekLawkSeck63-1 2k-kViolationkofkGBLkArticlek22-A,kSec.k349.k ThiskiskankAppealktokthekSupremekCourtkofkNewkYor kState,kAppellatekDivision;kSe condkJudicialkDepartmentkfromkakDecision/OrderkJudgmentkofkJusticekThomaskDolank datedkNovemberk14,k2009,kakDecisionkandkOrderkandkkOrder/JudgmentkofkJusticekJam eskPagoneskdatedkSeptemberk29,k2010.

kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkSTATEMENTkOFkFACTS ThekcasekiskbasedkonkakcomplaintkfromkWinsted,kConnecticutkresidentkJanetkSpirid ona oskallegingkshekwaskdefraudedkbykthekdefendant,kwhokbykdoingkbusinesskonkthe kInternetkaskObjetskDArtkUniques,ksoldkherksevenkSino-TibetankBuddhistkrosarieskn amedkmala,koverkakperiodkofkaboutktwokyearskcommencingkinkJanuaryk2007.kThekdefe ndantskwebsitekObjetskDArtkUniqueskiskpartkofkankonlinekantiqueskmallkregisteredka ndkmaintainedkbykGo kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk1k Antiques.comklocatedkinkOhiokState.kGokAntiques.comkaskaksellerkonkEbaykLivekAuc tionsksoldkitemskconsignedkbykownerskofkonlinekstoreskregisteredkwithkGoAntiques .kAsktheksellerkdidknotkhavekphysicalkpossessionkofkitemsksoldkatkthekauctions,k thekconsignerskofkthesekitems,kcollectedkmonieskfromkbuyerskincludingkthekauctio nkcommissionkinkthekamountkofk17.5k%kandkadditionalk10k%ksellerkfees.kThekcommis sionskwerekchargedkbykGokAntiques.comktokthekconsignorskcreditkcardkinkadditionkc hargedkforkthekmonthlykmaintenancekofkthekstore.kThekconditionskofkthekauctionsk statedkthatktheksaleskwerekfinalkafterkakperiodkofkinspectionkthatkwaskofk7kdays kandkdidknotkexceedk30kdayskfromkthekauctionskdate.kThekfirstktwokpurchaseskofkMs .kSpiridona oskwerekthroughkGoAntiques.comkauctionskwherekdefendantkwaskakconsig nor.kOnekofkthekSino-Tibetankjadeitekrosarykmalakwaskdescribedkaskfeiktsui.kComp lainantkignorantlykandkwronglykattributedkfeiktsuik(meanskjadeitekinkChinese)kto kimperialkjadekusedkexclusivelykinkjewelrykthatkiskrarekandkexpensive.kAGkallege dkthatkshekwaskdeceived,kreliedkonkfeiktsuiktermkkandkthereafter,kshekpurchasedk additionalkfivekjadeitekmalakfromkthekInternetkstorekofkthekdefendantknamedkObje tskDArtkUniques.kInkNovemberk2008,kthekcomplainantkpurchasedk2kjadeitekhandleskca lligraphykbrusheskthatkupon receiptkshekwronglykbelievedkthatkwerekmadekofkglasskratherkthankjadeite.kAtk kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk2 herkrequest,kshekreturnedkthekbrusheskandkrefunded.kk Shekdidknotkconsultkanybodykaboutkherksuspicionkandkwithkcertaintykwasknotksurek aboutkherkbelief.kAskakmatterkofkfact,kshekimploredkthekdefendantktokre-sellkher kthekbrusheskevenkatkakhigherkpricekwhenkthekdefendantkconfirmedkthatkthekbrushe skwerekaskrepresented.kProvidently,kthisktransactionkneverktoo kplace.kAtkthekre commendationkofkherkclosekfriend,kakjewelerknamedkTimkMcClelland,ksheksubmittedk throughkhimktheksevenkTibetankmalakforkakgemologicalktestingkbykakcompanyknamedk AGTAk(AmericankGemologicalkTradekAssociation).kAccordingktokSpiridona oskemailsk, kMcClellandkwhosekstorekiskinkGreatkBarrington,kMassachussetts,kpic edkupkthekma lakfromkcomplainantkhousekinkWinsted,kConnecticut,kbroughtkthemktokAGTAkinkNYC,k thenkpic edkthemkbac kfromkAGTAkandkbroughtkthemktokhiskstorekinkMassachussettsk fromktherekthekcomplainantkbroughtkthemkhomekonk3/28/09.kSheknotifiedkdefendantk shekreceivedkthekmalakandkthekgemologicalkidentificationkreportskreportedksevenk malakwerekspecieskquartz,kvarietykquartzite,kseekenhancement.kThekfallacykofkthe kreportskisknotkonlykthatkwerekinaccurate,kbutkthekjadeitekmalakwereknotkjewelry kgradekjadeitekpronektokbekanalyzedkbykgemologicalktesting,kratherkornamentalkja dekcarvingskthatkarekneverksuitablekforkgemologicalktestingkduektokthekpresencek ofkmanykminerals kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk3k inktheirkconstituency.kSubsequently,kJanetkSpiridona oskcontactedkdefendantkbyke mailkrequestingkakrefund.kHekassuredkherkshekwillkreceivekakrefundkuponkthekrece iptkofkthekreports.kUnexplained,kshekdidknotkcontactkthekdefendantkagainkuntilk5

/10/09kprovidingkthekrespondentkwithkthekreportsknextkday.kInkthekemailkdatedk5/ 10/09kshekclaimskofkpayingk$1000kforkthektesting,kmoneykshekdidknotkclaimkforkre fund.kSeekRecordkonkAppealkpagekA458k(DefendantskExhibitkBkofkReplykAffidavit).k LastkcommunicationkwithkSpiridona oskwaskankemailkofkkdefendantkdatedk5/14/09kof feringksubtractionkofkthekthirdkpartykpaymentskfromkrefundkorkexchangingkthekmal akwithkanykitemskfromkthekkwebsitekaskfullkrefund.kThekemailkclearlykshowskthatk thekrefundkwillkbeksatisfactoryktokher.kWhilekitkappearedkthatkthekcomplainantka greedkktokakrefundksettlement,kshekbro ektheknegotiationskandkcomplainedkwithkNe wkYor kStatekAttorneykGeneralk(AG)kallegingkfraud.kOnkherklastkemailktokdefendan tkdatedk5/18/09,kshekclaimskthatkshekwaskdefrauded,kkpaidk$1000kforkthekgemologi calkreportskandkshekiskcontactingkAG.kkSeekAGkPetition,kExhibitk17k(kRecordkkpag ekA164)kOnkJunek24,k2009,kdefendantkwasksubpoenaedktokappearkforkankinterrogatio nkatkAGkofficekinkPough eepsie.kAAG,kNicholaskGarinkadvisedkdefendantkthatkiskno tkentitledktokhavekankattorneykpresent,kbutkmightkneedkonekinkthekfuture.k kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk4 Followingktheksubpoena,kdefendantkreceivedkakNoticekofkProposedkActionkaffording kthekopportunityktokrespondkwithink5kdayskwhyksuchkproceedingkshouldknotkbekstar ted.kThekdefendantskresponsekincludedkthekfactkthatkthekgemologicalkreportskofkAG TAkwerekmislabeledkaskcarvedkheadknec laceskterminologykthatkthekdefendantkneverku sedkinkthekdescriptionkofkmalakandkthekevidencekwasktamperedkbykusingkankattache dkphotoktokankidentificationkreportkandksamekphotokusedkagainkinkthekidentificat ionkofkanotherkmalaksoldkmorekthankonekyearklater.kThekdefendantkvigorouslykdeni edkthekfalsekallegationskthatkheksoldkitemskaskmadekofkjadekwhenkthekitemskwerek notkmadekofkjadekandksoldkorkadvertisedkitemskaskbeingkancientkwhenkthekitemskwe rekratherkofkrecentkfabrication.kInkorderktokbekancient,kthekitem(s)khasktokbekm orekthank1000kyearkold,kfactkneverkallegedkbykAGkandkdemonstratingksheerkignoran ce.kThesekmaliciouskkallegationskwerekneverksupportedkbykfactualkproofkandkrathe rkfishingkexpeditionskofkthekplaintiff.kDefendantksincerelykbelievedkthatkhiskresp onsektokthekNoticekwaskoverwhelminglykconvincingk andkaskprovingkthekmaliciouskchargeskwerekfalse,kwouldkbekdismissed.kOnkAugustk7 ,k2009,kAAGkNicholaskGarinkcalledkdefendantkonkphonektokannouncekthatkakhearingk aboutkakTROkwouldkbekatkcourthousek3khoursklater.kAAGkofferedktokfaxkthekdocumen tskbutkthekfaxkdidknotkgokthru.kThiskhearingk kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk5 waskruledkbykjudgekJameskBrandsktokbekakcalendarkcallkandknokhearingkatkallkandk samekwithkthekfollowkupkproceedingkofkSeptemberk14,k2009.kSeekRecordkpagekA41-A4 3.kAtkthiskcalendarkcall,kAAGkbroughtk3kallegationskinksupportkofkhiskrequestkfo rkakTRO:kAGTAkLaboratorykfindingskofk7kidentificationkreports,kallegationskofkth ekcomplainantkthatk2kjadeitekcalligraphykbrusheskshekthoughtkwerekmadekofkglassk ratherkthankjadeitekandknegativekcommentskonkAmazon.comkaboutkdefendantskpublishe dkboo s.kDefendantkrespondedkthatkAGTAkidentificationkreportskwerektampered,kmis labeledkandkshouldknotkbekconsideredkasklegalkevidence.kCalligraphykbrusheskwere kreturnedkandkrefundedkandktherekwasknokevidencekwhatsoeverkthatkthekbrusheskwer ekmadekofkglasskandktheknegativekcommentskonkAmazon.comkwereknotksubstantiatedkb ykanykbase.kHowever,kTROkwaskgrantedkbykjudgekJameskBrandskandkakgagkonkmediakwask grantedkatkdefendantskrequest.kDefendantkcomplainedkthatknoknotificationkofkheari ngkwaskdonekbykAAG.kJudgekBrandskrecommendedkre-testingkbykGIAkLaboratorykofkkma lakaskAGTAkfindingskwerekfaulty,kandksetkupkakfollowkupkcalendarkcallkatkwhichkr esultskofkGIAkwouldkbekavailable.kAtkfollowkupkhearingkofk9/14/2009,kJudgekBrand skinquiredkAAGkaboutkthekresultskofkGIAkandkatkhisknegativekreplykhekruledkthatk thekresultsk shouldkbekavailablekatknextkcalendarkcallkofk9/28/2009k(neverktoo kplace) kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk6 andkbykthatktimekAAGkshouldksubmitkakreplyktokdefendantskresponsektokthekPetition kalreadyksubmittedkandkfiledkwithkthekCourt.kNokquestionskwerekposedktokthekdefe ndant.kCourtkwaskunablektoklocatekanykstenographickrecordkofkthesek2kcourtkappea ranceskandkjudgekBrandskstatedkinkthekCourtskstatementkusedkinklieukofktranscript kthatkinkfactktherekwereknokhearings,kratherkcalendarkcalls.kJudgekBrandskrecusedk citingkconflictkofkinterestkaskhiskPrincipalkCourtkAttorneykpreviouslykrepresent edkdefendantskformerkwifekinkakdivorcekproceeding.kJudgekThomaskDolankwaskassigne

dktokthiskcasekbutkhekdidknotksetkupkanykfurtherkhearings,kcalendarkcallskorkcon ferencekkregardingkthektemporarykinjunctionkorkanykissueskrelatedktokgrantingkak summarykjudgment.k2kktamperingskwithkevidencekoccurredkinkthekAGkPetition,kExhib itk18,karticle:kBurmesekjade:kThekinscrutablekgemkbykRichardkHugheskandkal.kFirst ktamperingkappearedkonkpagek14kofkExhibitk18k(SeekRecordkpagekA178)kandkconsiste dkinkthekover-printkofkakphotokoverkaktextkthatkwaskexculpatoryktokdefendant.kTh ekobliteratedkparagraphkfromkabovekarticlekclearlykstateskthatkjadeitekthatkiska ksilicatekpyroxenekmaykbekcomposedkfromkotherkmineralskaskamphibolesk(nephrite), kquartz,kmica,ketc.kthatkarekconstituentskofkankadmixturekinkthekroc .kTheksecon dktamperingkwithkevidencekwaskanotherkobliterationkofkthektextkbykinterposingkof kakphotokoverkthektext.kSeekAG kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk7k Petition,kExhibitk18,kpagek7.kSignificantly,kthektextkwaskexculpatoryktokthekdef endant.kThekobliteratedkportionkrevealskthatkjadeitekjadekiskessentiallykakroc k withkakvariablekcomposition.kSeekdefendantskResponsektokPetitionkRecordkpagekA208 ,kA209kandkExhibitk9kofkdefendantk(recordkpagekA281);kalsokdefendantskReplykAffir mationkdatedkOctoberk9,k2009,kp.k5,6;kRecordkpagek334,kA335kA337.kOnk9/2/2009,kA AGkwrotekakletterktokthekdefendantkas ingkifkhekintendsktokhavekthekmalakre-test edkaskhekpromised.kDefendantkrespondedkbykphonekstatingkthatkhekneverkpromisedkt okhavekthekmalakre-tested.kItkwaskAGkresponsibilityktokre-testkthekmalakaskAGTAk resultskwerekfaultykatkleast,kdidknotkprovekhiskallegationskandkwaskhiskresponsi bilityktoksubstantiatekthekallegationskwithkadmissiblekevidencekinkthekcourt.k2k dayskpriorkJudgekBrandskrecusal,kdefendantkreceivedkakphonekcallkfromkAAGkas ing kforkconsentkofktimekextensionktokobtainkthekresultskofkGIA;kdefendantkdeclinedk suchkconsent.k Onk10/2/2009,kAAGksubmittedkthekReplyktokdefendantskresponsektokthek Petition.kThekReplykcontainedkthekresultskofkGIAkLaboratorykthatkrefutedkAGTAkfi ndings;kmalakareknotkspeciesknaturalkquartz.kColorkenhancementkinkAGTAkwaskalsok reportedkinkGIAkreportskaskcommonkfindingkinkallkimportedksemi-preciouskstoneskf romkChina,kunfortunately,knotkdetectedkbykstandardk kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk8 examination.kInkReply,kAAGkarrogantlykinstructskthekCourtktokdisregardkthekrespo ndentskanswerktokthekPetitionkbecausekitkisknotkinkadmissiblekform.kIfkthekCourtkc onsiderskit,kitkshouldkbekapparentkthatkthekStatekiskentitledktoksummarykjudgmen tkbecausekthekresponsekisklargelykirrelevantkandkutterlykfailsktokraisekaktriabl ekissuekofkfact.kRespondentkhaskmislabeledkhiskresponsekaskakmotionktokdismissks incekhekhasknotkraisedkankobjectionktokinkpointkofklawkunderkCPLRk404k(a).kShoul dkthekCourtktreatkthekresponsekaskakmotionktokdismiss,kthekCourtkshouldkexercise kitskdiscretionkandkdenykthekrespondentkleavektokanswer.k AAGkciteskPeoplekvkWilcokcasekwherekthekdefendantkwaskdeniedkleavektokanswerkforkt hekreasonkthatkthekanswerkwaskalreadykgivenkinkthekcounter-claimktokdismiss,ksok therekisknokcomparisonkwhatsoever.kAAGkneverkservedktheknoticekofkPetitionktokde fendantksoknokopportunitykwaskgrantedktokdefendantktokpresentkhisksidekotherktha nkrespondingktokthekPetitionkthatkanywaykwaskdisregarded.kAAGkallegationkwaskfal se,kdefendantkraisedkthekobjectionkinkpointkofklawkunderkCPLRk(a)kbothkbyksettin gkitkforthkinkhiskanswerktokPetitionkandksecondlykbykakmotionktokdismisskthekpet ition.kInkparak8kofkAAG,kitkiskfalselykstatedkagainkthatkGIAkLabkresultskaffirmk AGTAkresults:kkThekGIAklabkresultskarekattachedkaskExhibitk3.kTheykconfirmkthekre sultskofkthekAGTAklab.k kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk9 Togetherkthesekreportskprovekbeyondkanykshadowkofkdoubtkthatkrespondentkrepeated lyksoldkMs.kSpiridona oskmalask(sic)kthatkwerekmadekofkeverydaykquartzkratherkth ankjadekaskhekrepresented.kIntentionally,kAAGkconfuseskthektermskofkquartzkandkqu artzite;ktheykareknotktheksame,kquartzkiskaksinglekmineral,kquartzitekiskakmetam orphickroc kthatkiskprovedktokcontainkjadeitekandkisknamedkjadeititekorkjadeitek quartzite.kSeekMemorandumkofklawkp.7k;kRecordkpagekA417.kGIAkreportskalsokshowka kdiscrepancykinkthekcomparisonkofkmalakweightskthatkareknotkcompatiblekwithkgemo logicalkreportskmeasuringkinkcarats,kratherkthankgrams.kSeekMotionkofkre-argumen t,kp.k19,kparak27k(RecordkpagekA367).kOnk10/15/2009,kAGkreleasedktokmediakhighly kinflammatorykstatementskthatkthekdefendantksoldkartifactskonklinekclaimingkthatk

theykcontainedkhighkqualitykandkexpensivekjade,kwhenktheykactuallykwerekmadekofk quartzkorkglass.kHekthenkrefusedktokprovidekrefundskorkac nowledgekthatkthekpiec eskwerekfa e.kFurtherkon:kThiskindividualkpreyedkonkcollectorskofkexpensivekantiqu eskandkartifactskandkdidntkdeliverkonkhiskpromisesksaidkAttorneykGeneralkCuomo.kAtk thektimekofkpublishingkthiskrelease,kAGk newkthatkthekmalaksoldktokaksinglekcomp lainantkwereknotkmadekfromkquartzkandkthekunprovenkallegationkofkglasskiskakfant asykofkthekcomplainant.kKnowinglykandkdeliberately,kAGklibeledkthekdefendantkand k kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk10 violatedkthekgagkmediakregardingkTRO.kOnk10/15/09kdefendantksubmittedkakcomplaintk tokthekcourtkinkhiskReplykAffirmationkandkmovedktokdismisskallkchargeskwithkprej udice,kkalsokmovedktokremovalkofkTRO.kSeekdefendantskReplyktokAGkAndrewkCuomokRel easektokMediak(RecordkpagekA338).kRespondentkneverkreceivedkakreplykfromkthekcou rtkregardingkthekcomplaintkandkallkhiskmotionskdespitekthatkwerekservedktokcourt kandkplaintiff.kViolatingkduekprocesskofkthekdefendant,kjudgekDolankissuedkDecis ion/Order/Judgmentkinkfavorkofkplaintiffkonk11/14/2009kwithoutkanykhearingkandkd efendantkneverksawkthekjudge.kCourtkorderedkdefendantktokprovidekaklistkofkallkc ustomerskthatkpurchasedkjadekitemskandkdefendantkcomplied.kPotentialkrestitution kandkassessmentkofkpenaltieskandkcostkwasktokbekheldkinkabeyancekpendingkthekcom pletionkofkpetttionerskinvestigationkofkpotentialkclaims.kJudgeksuggestedkdefenda ntktokretainkaklawyerkconsideringkthekpotentialkimplicationskasktokassessmentkof krestitution,kcostskandkmoneykjudgment,kbutkdidknotkmentionkfineskorkretroactive kinterestkofk9%ktokthekclaims.kSubsequently,kdefendantkretainedkattorneykClinton kCalhoun.kInklongknegotiationskbetweenkthekparties,kjudgekDolankproposedkaksettl ementkbasedkonkrestitutionkandkwaivingkallkfineskandkcourtkcost.kWhilekthekcostk tokdefendantkofkdefendingkthisklawsuitkexceededkthekmoneykclaimedkbykthekcomplai nant,knotkconsideringkthek kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk11 emotionalkandkphysicalkstress,ksettlementkloo edkattractivekbutkthekadmissionkof kguiltkbykconsentingktokthekinjunctionkalreadykgrantedkwaskrepugnantktokmoralkch aracterkofkthekdefendant.kAfterkfailurekofksettlementsknegotiation,kattorneykCalh ounkmovedkforkre-argumentkandkrenewkthatkwaskgranted.kJudgekDolankretiredkandkju dgekChristinekSproatkwhokwaskassigned,kapparentlykdidknotkta ekthekassignment.kA AGkcontendedkthatkbykmovingktokreargue/renew,kdefendantklac edkgoodkfaithkandksh ouldkbeksubjectktokpenalties,kcostkandkimpositionkofk9k%kinterest.kAAGkinkhiskin vestigationkofkallkcustomerskwhokpurchasedkjadekfromkdefendantkinkthekpastk7kyea rs,kfoundkonlyk3kcustomerskrequestingkrestitutionkwithoutkprovidingkakreason.kTh iskrepresentedkankattestationkforkthekpersonalkandkprofessionalkintegritykofkdef endant.kJudgekJameskPagoneskissuedkDecision/OrderkandkOrder/Judgmentkonk9/29/10k forkplaintiff.kInkadditionktokthekinjunctionkandkrestitutionktokcomplainantkandk 3kclaimants,khekorderedk$8000kinkcivilkpenalties,k$2000kinkcostskandkretroactive kinterestkofk9%kkamountingktok$32.506.32kthatkrepresentedkmorekthankdoublektheko riginalkmoneykrequestedkbykAAGkinktheksuit.k JudgekPagoneskerroneouslykconfusedkthektermskofkre-argumentkandkrenew.kkkkkkkkkk kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkRe-argumentkcanknotkbekrenewkmo tionkforkthekreasonkthatkbringskonlykissueskthatkwerekpreviouslykdiscussed;kwhil ekthekrenewkbringskonlykfactskthatkare kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk12k newkandknotkpreviouslykdiscussed.kThekdecisionktokallowkakrenewkmotionkinkthekju dgekPagoneskdefinitionkiskactuallykktokapprovekre-argumentkthatkbykitselfkshould kbringktokdismissalkofkaction.kInkabusekofkdiscretion,kJudgekPagoneskdidknotkta ekinkconsiderationkthekrenewkmotionkwhilekcompletelykignoringkthekre-argumentkth atkinkhiskrulingkiskrenewkwithoutkdenyingkitkandkadheringktokjudgekDolankDecisio n/Order/Judgmentkofk11/14/2009kandkdecision/Orderkofk9/29/10kthatkwaskabandoned. kk kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkARGUMENT kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkPOINTkkIkkkkkkkkk Thekprimakfaciekofkplaintiffkconsistskofkfalsekallegationskofkaksinglekcomplaina

ntkandkfaultykgemologicalklaboratoryktestingkofkAGTAk Thekevidenceksubmittedkbykdefendantkshowedkthatkplaintiffskevidencekiskbasedkonkp erjurykcommittedkbykthekcomplainantkwhoksubmittedkonkankaffidavit,kcontradictory kstatementskrelatedktokexpenseskincurredktokobtainkthekgemologicalktesting.kThek secondkelementkofkkprimakfaciekconsistskofksevenkmislabeledkandkforgedkgemologic alkreportskofkAGTA,kakdefunctkcompanyk sincekJulyk2009.kThekidentificationkreportskwerekmislabeledkaskcarvedkheadk kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk13 nec laces,kterminologykneverkusedkinkthekdefendantskdescriptionkofkthekmala.kAGTAk forgerykiskbasedkbykusingkakphotokattachedktokankidentificationkreportkofkakjade itekmalakwithktheksamekphotokusedkagainkattachedktokankidentificationkreportkofk anotherkmalaksoldktokthekcomplainantk18kmonthsklater.kSeekdefendantkresponsektok petition,kpagesk7-8k(RecordkpagekA210,kA211),kandkmotionktokreargue/renew,kparak 24,k25,kp.17-18k(RecordkA365,kA366). kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkPOINTkII Gemologicalklaboratoryktestingkisknotkthekproperkmethodkofk identificationkofkornamentalkartkjadekcarvings. Gemologicalkidentificationkreportskarekexclusivelykusedkforkjewelrykgradek jadeitekinkkjewelrykindustrykandkneverkusedkforkidentificationkofk ornamentalkjadeitekcarvings.kOrnamentalkjadekcarvingskarekidentifiedksolelyk bykmineralogicalktestingkasksuchkcarvingskarekcomposedkofkmultiplekmineralsk withkakvariablekcompositionkandkthekresultskcouldkbekdifferentkbyk examinationkofkankitemkinkdifferentkareas.kSeekdefendantskResponsektok Petition,kExhibitk1,k6kkandk8k(RecordkpageskA218-A263;kandkMemorandumk ofkLawkpagek7;kRecordkA417k.k PrestigiouskThroc mortonkGallerykinkNYCkexhibitedkNeolithicknephritekjadek artifactskwithkmultiplekmineralogicalkcompositionkotherkthanknephrite.kSee kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk14 k defendantkanswerktokPetition,kexhibitk3,kp1-9;kRecordkA237-A245.kThek standardkusedkinkthekornamentalkartkjadekindustrykiskdeterminationkofkthek hardnesskbykkMohsktestkandkdensitykbykspecifickgravity.kMoreksophisticatedk testskaskkkSEMk(scanningkelectronkmicroscopykwithkbac kscatteredkelectronsk (BSE),kXkRaykfluorescencekspectrometrykandkcato-luminescencek(CL),kkkarek usedkexclusivelykinksophisticatedkuniversityklaboratorieskandkreservedkkfork researchkonly. Diagnosiskofkjadekiskdonekbykdealersksellingkjadekandklargekauctionkhouseskbyk visualkinspectionkunderkmagnificationkandkperformancekofkMohsktest.kJadek artkcarvingskrequirekaktremendouskamountkofkwor kandkthekpricekisk

determinedkbykqualitykofkthekcarvingkratherkthankthekstonekfromkwhichkitkisk carved.kImitationkjadeitekcarvingskarekalwayskcreatedkinksofterkstonekthank jade,kreducingksubstantiallykthekamountkofklabor.kWronglykandkunsupportedk bykevidence,kthekAGkbelieveskthatkgemologicalktestingkiskkthekstandardkofk jadeitekauthentication.kImposingkonkdefendantkthatkanykfutureksaleskofkjadek shouldkhavekakgemologicalktestingkattachedkdenoteskkextremekignorancekandk absurdity.kGemologicalktestingkwaskneverkdonekonkornamentalkjadekcarvingsk bykanykjadekdealerkorkauctionkhouseskaskitkdoesknotkma eksense.k Jadeitekiskakmetamorphickroc kthatkcontainskseveralkmineralskandkiskimpure.k kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk15 Inkcontrast,kjewelrykgradekjadekiskinkminutekquantitykmeasuredkinkcaratk weightk(200kmg),kpurerkandktheksurfacekiskinkcabochonkshapek withkakpolishedksurfacekratherkthankcarved.kTibetankmalakarekBuddhistk rosarieskcarvedkinkdifferentkmaterialskinkkshapekofkBuddhistkmon skheads,k arekextremelykintricatekandkdemandkhighkpriceskbasedkonkthekqualitykofk carvingkandknotkthekmaterialsktheykarekcarvedkfrom.k kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkPOINTkIII Therekarekunexplainedkmar edkdiscrepancieskbetweenkAGTAk gemologicalkreportskversuskGIAkreports. AGTAkgemologicalkreportskidentifiedkallksevenkmalakaskspeciesknaturalk quartz,kvarietykquartzite.kThiskidentificationkiskkinaccuratekandkmisleadingk askquartzkiskaksinglekmineralk(siliconekdioxide)kwhilekquartzitekiskak metamorphickroc kcontainingkseveralkmineralskwithkakvariablekcomposition.k Thekpresencekandkquantitykofkjadeitekinkthekroc kdetermineskthekappearancek andkphysicalkpropertieskofkjadeite.kAskdemonstratedkinkthekscientifick literaturekexhibitedkinkdefendantskresponsektokthekpetition,kmetamorphick quartzitek nownkaskmeta-quartzitekisksynonymouskwithkjadeitekorkjadeitequartzite.kSeekExhibitk6kofkdefendantskresponsektokPetition:kRecordkA256A263;kalsokaffidavitkinksupportkofkMotionktokre-argument/renew,kparak18,k19,k 20,k21;kRecordkA359-A364.kEnhancementkofkjadeitekiskuniversalkask kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk16 practicallykallkimportedkjadeitekiskcolorkenhancedkbykdye.kSeekMotionktok re-argument/renew,kparak14-15;kRecordkA356-A357.kGIAkgemologicalk

reportskrefutedkAGTAkreportskaskidentificationkofkmalakdidknotkmentionk whatsoeverkspecieskQuartz.kGIAkidentificationkofktheksevenkmalakask specieskquartzitekiskcompatiblekwithkpresencekofkjadeitekinkthekpoly-mineralk quartzitekroc .kAnotherkdiscrepancykbetweenkthesektwokgemologicalk laboratorieskiskthekwidekdifferencekreportedkinkthekmalakweights.kThek errorskareknotkscientificallykacceptablekforkgemologicalklaboratorieskwhichk reportkweightkinkcarat,kratherkthankgrams.kSeekparak27kofkdefendantsk affidavitkinksupportkofkmotionkforkre-argument/renew,kpagek19,k20;kRecordk A367,kA368. kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkPOINTkIVk AGkfailedktokexercisekduekdiligencekinkinvestigationkofkthekcontradictorykstatem entskofkcomplainantskaffidavitkwithkcontainingkperjurykandkattemptedkextortionkan dkimpeachment. Inkaffidavitkdatedk7/20/09,kcomplainantkstatedkshekpaidk$1540kforkthek AGTAktestskandkreports.kSeekExhibitk6,kAGkPetition;kRecordkA78,kA79.kThisk statementkcontradictsktwokotherkstatementskshekmadekwhichkdeclaredkthatkk $1000kwaskpaidkforkthekabovektests.k(PleasekreferktokSpiridona oske-mailk datedk5/10/09kExhibitkBkofkdefendantskreplykaffidavitkinkconnectionktok kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk17 defendantskmotionktokre-argue/renewk(RecordkA457)kandkherk5/18/09kemail,kExhibitk17kofkAGkPetition;kRecordkA164.kThekcontradictorykstatementsk ofkthekcomplainantkimpeachkherkaskakwitness.kSeekCPLRkR4514.k Contradictorykstatementsktokthekaffidavitkswornkunderkoathkrepresentkperjuryk andkarekpunishablekbyklaw.kThekreviewkofkherkaffidavitkunderkoathkrevealsk otherkdisturbingkfacts.kAffidavitkiskakvoluntaryksubmissionkofkfactskthatk affiantk nowskpersonallykandknotkwrittenkbyksomebodykelsekwhokisknotkak directkwitnesskofkthekallegedkfacts.kSpiridona oskrevealskinkherkaffidavitk detailskofkAGskPetitionkExhibitskpagesk2-3-4-5;kRecordkA75-A78,kaskkshek preparedkthesekherself;korkperhapskherkaffidavitkwaskinkcorroborationkwithk thekAGkbecausekitkhasknothingktokdokwithkthek nowledgekofkthekallegedk events.k

kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkPOINTkV Complainantkattemptedktokcommitkextortionkofkthekdefendant. ItkiskevidentkfromkinformationkprovidedkbykSpiridona oskthroughke-mailsk withkdefendantkrevealingkthatkcomplainantkconspiredkwithkherkfriendk jewelerkTimkMcClellandktokdefraudkthekdefendant.kMcClellandkservedkaskak messengerkbetweenkthekcomplainantkandkAGTAkLaboratories.kRatherkthank shippingktheksevenkmalakbykregisteredkmailktokbektestedkbykAGTA,k kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk18 McClellandkwhokapparentlykhadkpreviouskclosektieskwithkAGTA,kpic edkupkk thekmalakfromkSpiridona oskhousekinkWinsted,kConnecticutkandkdeliveredk thekitemsktokAGTA,kthenkpic edkthemkupkfromkAGTAkinkNYCkandkbroughtk themktokhiskstore.kOnekmightkquestionkwhykakjewelerkwithkakstorekink Massachussetts,kwouldktravelktokWinsted,kConnecticutktokbringkjadekitemsktok AGTAkinkNYC,kta ekthemkbac kfromkNYktokMassachussettskandkfromkthere,k Spiridona oskwouldkpic kupkthekmala,kunlessksomekundisclosedkfactskareknotk revealedkaskmightkbekincriminatory.kThekchainkofkpossessionkofksevenkmalak waskbro enkseveralktimeskwithkpossibilitykofksubstitutionkofkmala.k Thekincriminatingkfactkisktheke-mailkwrittenkbykSpiridona oskonk3/28/09kink whichkshekstatedkthatkshekreceivedkthekmalakbac kfromkAGTAk(SeekAGk Petition,kExhibitk11,kpagek1;kRecordkA139)kandkgemologicalkreportskshowed kthatkmalakwereknotkmadekofkjade.kHowever,kgemologicalkreportskwerek datedkbetweenkAprilk14ktokAprilk22,k2009kwhenkmalakwouldkhavekbeenkink thekcomplainantskhouse.kUnexplainedkiskthekfactkthatkatkthekrequestkofk defendantkforkgemologicalkreportskinkemailkdatedk3/29/09,kSpiridona oskdidk notkreply.kSeekAGkPetition,kExhibitk12,kpagek1,kRecordkA141kDefendant wrotek:kkIkexpectkthatkeachkitemkboughtkfromkmekhaskthekabovekanalysisk donekwithkthekphotokinkorderktokassurekthatknoksubstitutionkwaskdone.kSeek kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk19 AGkExhibitk12,kpagek1k(A141).kSpiridona oskdidknotkreplykuntilk5/14/09k whenkwrotekshekhadkthekreports.kItkiskhardktokconceivekthatkakpersonkclaimingk shekwaskdefraudedkwouldkwaitkmorekthank6kwee sktokproducekthek

requestedkdocumentskaskproofkofkthekallegations.kThekprosecutorkfailedktok exercisekduekdiligencektokinvestigatekcircumstanceskunderlyingkthek allegationskofkcomplainantkalthoughkhekwaskpreviouslykinformedkaboutkherk possiblekwrong-doing.kSpiridona oskproducedkankinvoicekdatedk4/23/09k fromkMcClellandkofk$1540kforkjadektestingkandkreportskSeekExhibitk14kofk AGkPetition;kRecordkA158.kBillkisknotkmar edkpaidknorkdidkcomplainantk producekakcanceledkchec kproofkthatkthekbillkwaskpaid.kInvoicekwasknotk signedkandkherkaddresskisknotkshownkonkthekbill.kPrimakfaciekproofkofk damageskclearlykshowskthatkSpiridona oskevidencekdoesknotksatisfyk requirementskofkCPLRkR4533-kAkandkcannotkbekadmittedkaskevidence.k McClellandkbillkspecifieskserviceskthatkwereknotkprovidedkbykhiskfirm.kInk supportkofkthekconspiracyktokdefraudkdefendantkiskthekinflatedkchargekofk $1540kforkservices.kAskAGTAkclosedkitskoperation,kthekonlykbasiskofk comparisonkwouldkbekwithkGIAkthatkchargesk$78kforkakgemologicalktesting. Accordingly,kthektotalkfeekforksevenkgemologicalkreportskshouldkbekonlyk $546kandkthekamountkofk$1540kclaimedkbykcomplainantkappearskfraudulentk kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk20 andkproofkofkattemptedkextortion.k kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkPOINTkVI ThekCourtkerredkbykacceptingktampered,kmislabeled andkobviouslykforgedkevidence. ThekjudgekwhokgrantedkthekTROkrecusedkduektokthekfactkthatkhiskPrincipalk CourtkAttorneykwaskacquaintedkwithkdefendantkbykrepresentingkthek adversarialksidekinkakformerkaction.kThekrecusalkwasktardykafterk irreparablekdamagekwaskdonektokdefendant.kThekkorderktokshowkcausek withkrequestkforkTROkappearsksignedkbykjudgekonk8/7/09. Thekcourtkcouldknotkfindkanyktranscriptkrecordkofkthiskproceedingkandk thekjudgekstatedkinkhiskrecollectionkthatkinkfact,ktherekwereknokhearings.k Therekwerekcalendarkcalls.kCourtkalsokstatedkthatkthekorderkforkTROkwouldk beksignedkpendingkthekreturnkdate,kSeptemberk14,k2009kSeekRecordkA42.k ThiskraiseskthekethicalkissuekthatkPrincipalkCourtkAttorneykreviewedk

documentkpreparationskofkTRO.kCalendarkcallkofk8/7/09kfocusedkonlykaboutk TROkandknokotherkissueskwerekdiscussed.kCPLRk6313kstateskthatkuponk grantingkakTRO,kthekCourtkshallksetkthekhearingkforkpleadingkissueskatkthek earliestkconvenience.kThekfollowkupkcalendarkcallkofk9/14/09kwaskalsokonlyk concerningkTROkandknokotherkissueskwerekdiscussed.kLastkparagraphkonk TROkorderkregardskthekpersonalkservicekuponkrespondentkstateskthatkshould kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk21k bekonkorkbeforekAugustk7,k2009kthatkiskviolatingkCPLRkRulek6313k(b)k specifyingkthatkservicekofknoticektokPetitionkuponkrespondentkshallkbekinkthek samekmannerkaskaksummonsk(summonskarekalwayskservedkpriorkappearancek inkthekCourtktokallowkdefendantktokprepare).kDefendantskevidencekaboutk forgerykandkmislabelingkofklegalkdocumentskwaskbroughtkaskdefensekink defendantskresponsektokNoticekofkProposedkActionkofkAGkinkJunek2009kandk obviouslykbroughtkagainkatkthekcalendarkcallkofk8/7/09.kRepetitionkofkkk gemologicalkktestingkkwaskruledkbykjudgekbecausekthekprimakfaciek ofkplaintiffkwaskdefectivekandkworthktokbekdismissedkatkcalendarkcall. kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkPOINTkVII AGkfailedktokexercisekduekdiligencekinkinvestigatingkAGTAkforksubmittingkforgedk andkmislabeledkdocuments. AGk nowingly,kmaliciouslykandkintentionallykusedkfraudulentkevidencek consistingkinkAGTAkgemologicalkreportskthatkwerekmislabeledkandkforged,kink prosecutionkofkdefendantkandkspecificallykinkthekCourtkappearancekofk 8/7/09.kAGkfailedktokexercisekduekdiligencekinkinvestigatingkAGTAk(priork theirkgoingkoutkofkbusinesskinkJulyk2009)kforkissuingkalteredkdocuments. kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkPOINTkVIII AGkcomplaintkwaskvague,kirrelevant,kconclusorykandkself-serving kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk22k lac ingkanykmaterialkadmissiblekevidencektoksupportkhiskallegations. ThekCourtkwaskbiasedkandkprejudicedktowardkdefendantkwithkcompletek disregardkofksubmittedkexculpatorykevidencekandkviolatingkconstitutionalk rightskofkthekdefendant.kThisklawsuitkiskmeritlesskatkthekextremekbasedkonk

concocted,kunsubstantiatedkorkfraudulentkevidence.kThekholdingskofk3k consecutivekjudgeskwerekerroneouskinkthekbasickrespectkthatkakbarekallegationk withoutksupportingkmaterialkfactskiskinsufficient.kAkcomplaintkthatkallegesk fraudkbasedkonkinferencekoriginatingkfromkincorrectkandkdisputedkfactskisk merelykconclusorykbykstatingkthatkthekplaintiffkiskentitledktokreliefkunderkthek k substantialklaw.kItkiskthekfactskalleged,knotkun-allegedkthatkthekplaintiffkmigh tk laterkonkprovekaksupportkforkclaimktokrelief.kItkisknotkproperktokassumekthatk thekplaintiffkcankprovekfactskthatkwereknotkalleged.kWilsonkvkSchneitlerk365k USk381,k383k(1961).kConclusorykallegationskinkakcomplaint,kifktheykstandk alonekarekakdangerksignkthatkthekplaintiffskcasekiskwea kandkiskengagedkinkak fishingkexpedition.kSeekMooreskFederalkPracticekparak26,k46k(1)katk26146.24,k3rdkEditionk(2003). Thekcostkofklegalkdefensekiskcolossalkandkaskillustratedkinkthiskcase,klegalk representationkbykdefendantsklawyerkwaskhigherkthankthekrestitution.k Itkappearskthatkthekprosecutionkwaskforcingkthekdefendantktokspendklarge kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk23k amountskofkmoneykforkretainingklegalkrepresentationkwhenkwasksurekthat thekmoneykwouldkbeklostkanywaykwhenkthekcourtskbiasedkdecisionsktowardk defendantkwouldkignorekandkdisregardkthekdefensekandkrubberkstampkAGsk allegationskasktrue. kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkPOINTkIX Prosecutionkcommittedkobstructionkofkjusticekbykmisleadingkconductkandkfraudkupo nkthekCourt. Titlek18,kPartk1,kChapterk73,kSec.k1515k(a)k(3)kofkFederalklawkdefinesk misleadingkconduct:k(A).kKnowinglykma ingkakfalsekstatement;k(Ck)kwithk intentktokmislead,k nowinglyksubmittingkorkinvitingkreliancekonkwritingkork recordingkthatkiskfalse,kforged,kalteredkorkotherkwaysklac ingkankauthenticity;k (D)kwithkintentktokmislead,k nowinglyksubmittingkorkinvitingkreliancekonkak sample,kspecimen,kmap,kphotograph,kboundarykmar korkotherkobjectkthatkisk misleadingkinkakmaterialkrespect,kork(E)k nowinglykusingkaktric ykschemekork devicekwithkintentktokmislead.k

Inkrelationshipktokthekfederalklawkcitedkabovekinterkalia,kdefendantkreportskthe k presencekofkankalteredkdocumentkusedkforkprosecutionkbykAGkinkhiskPetitionk (Seekarticle:kBurmesekjade:kThekinscrutablekgemkinkExhibitk18kpagek14;k RecordkA178,kwherekakphotokwaskover-printedkoverktextkthatkwaskclearlyk kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk24 exculpatoryktokdefendant.kSeekthekclearedkobliteratedktextkinkdefendantsk ReplykAffirmationkofk10/2/09k(RecordkA337))kandkAnswerktokPetition,kp.k5,6.k (RecordkA208,kA209).kThekobliteratedktextkstateskthekjadeite,kthatkiskak pyroxene,kmaykbekcomposedkofkotherkmineralskaskamphibolesk(nephritek jade),kquartz,kmica,ketc.kconstituentskofkankadmixturekpresentkinkthekroc .kSeek Exhibitk9kofkdefendantskAnswerktokPetitionkRecordkA281.kAnotherk mutilationkandkalterationkofkaklegalkdocumentksubmittedkbykAGkwask obliterationkbykoverprintkofkakphotokoverkankexculpatorykprint.kSeekExhibitk 18kpk7kofkAGkPetitionk(RecordkA171).kThekoriginalkun-obliteratedkpagek obtainedkbykdefendantkisktotallykexculpatorykandkvindicateskthekdefendantkofk ignorantkandkfalsekcharges.kItkshowskthatkjadeitekjadekiskakroc kwithkvariablek composition:kFromkakgemologicalkstandpointkwhatkdoeskallkthiskmeans?k Jadeitekjadekiskessentiallykakroc kwithkakvariablekcomposition.kAlthoughk somekhaveksuggestedkakclassificationkschemekforkjadeitekbasedkonkakvariationk inkcompositionkorkstructurek(OukYangk1993;kWangk1994)kthiskiskimpracticalk forkgemologykbecausekofktheksophisticatedkequipmentkthatkwouldkbekneededk tokdistinguishkthekvariouskcategories. FederalklawkimposeskseverekpenaltieskunderkTitlek18,kPartk1,kChapterk73,kSec.k 1512:kwhoeverk nowinglykusesorkengageskinkmisleadingkconductktowardk kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk25 anotherkpersonkwithkintentkto:k(B)kAlter,kdestroy,kmutilatekorkconcealkank objectkwithkintentktokimpairkthekobjectskintegritykorkavailabilitykforkusekinkank officialkproceedingk NYSklawkisklesskstringentkaboutkpenalkinfractions,kbutkdeclareskthatk reproductionskofkoriginalkareknotkadmissiblekaskevidencekifktherekarekanyk

changeskfromkthekoriginal.kSeekCPLRkArticlek45,kRulek4539. FraudkuponkthekCourtkhaskbeenkdefinedkbykthek7th.kCourtkofkAppealkasktok embracekthatkspecieskofkfromkwhichkdoes,korkattemptktokdefacekthekCourtk itself,korkiskakfraudkperpetuatedkbykofficerskofkthekCourtksokthatkthekjudicialk machinerykcanknotkperformkinkthekusualkmannerkitskimportantktas kofk adjoiningkcaseskthatkarekpresentedkforkadjudicationkKenneykv.kCir.k387kFk3d.k 689k(1968).kMooreskFederalkPracticek2ndkEd.kP.k512ksec.k60.23.kInkBulloc kvk USk763kFk2kd,k1115,k1121,k10th.kCir.k(1985)kthekCourtkstated:kFraudkuponkthek Courtkiskfraudkwhichkiskdirectedktokthekmachinerykitselfkandkisknotkfraudk betweenkthekpartieskorkfraudulentkdocuments,kfalsekstatementskorkperjuryItk iskwhenkthekCourtkorkakmemberkiskcorruptkorkinfluencekiskattemptedkorkwherek thekjudgekhasknotkperformedkhiskjudicialkfunction-kthuskwherekthekimportantk functionskofkthekCourtkhavekbeenkdirectlykcorrupted. StatekofkMichigankdefineskthekoffensekofkutteringkinkMCLk750.249:kAny kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk26k personkwhokutterskandkpublisheskasktruekanykfalse,kforged,kalteredkork counterfeitkrecord,kdeed,kinstrumentkorkotherkwritingkspecificallyk nowingkitk tokbekfalse,kaltered,kforgedkorkcounterfeit,kwithkintentktokinjurekorkdefraudkis k guiltykofkutteringkandkpublishing.k Thekutteringkiskalsokthekactkofkofferingkakforgedkdocumentktokanother,kwhenk thekofferorkhask nowledgekthatkthekdocumentkiskforged.kSeekStatekvk Greenleafk227kNCk651,k657,k159kSEk2d,k22,k26k(1968).kInkthisksuitkthek utteringkwaskrepresentedkbykplaintiffskmalicious,kintentionalkandkwillfulk offeringktokthekCourtkforgedkdocumentkwithkfullk nowledgekthatkdocumentk waskforgedkandkutteringkconsistedkinkofferingktokthekCourtkofkforgedkandk mislabeledkfundamentalkevidencekthatkrepresentedkthekgroundkuponkwhichk thekTROkwaskgrantedkandklater,kgrantingkofkpermanentkinjunctionkandk Judgment. kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkPOINTkXk ThekCourtkerredkinkthekdecisionkofknotkacceptingkdefendantskpleadingskandkthekact

ionkiskankexamplekofkextremekbadkfaith,kextremekbias,kextremekprejudicekbasedkon kallegationkofkbeingknotkswornkork inadmissiblekformkaskexcusekforkdenialskofkdefensekandkshouldkbekconsideredkakmisca rriagekofkjustice.kVerifiedkpleadingkaskakdeclarationkunderkpenaltykofkperjuryki nkNewkYor kStatekCourtskmaykbekutilizedkaskankaffidavitkwheneverktheklatterkiskr equired. ThekSupremekCourtkofkDutchesskCountykignoredkdefendantskpleadingskand kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk27k alsokthekmotionskforkdismissalkenclosedkwithkthekpleadingkanswerkandk kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk replies.kAGkinkhiskReplykAffirmationkinstructedkthekCourtktokdisregardk defendantskresponsektokhiskPetitionkbecausekitkisknotkinkadmissiblekform;kifk thekCourtkconsiderskit,kitkshouldkbekreadilykapparentkthatkthekStatekiskentitled k toksummarykjudgmentkbecausekthekresponsekisklargelykirrelevantkandkutterlyk failsktokraisekaktriablekissuekofkfact.kThekCourtkcompliedkwithkhiskrequestk andkthekDecision/Order/JudgmentkofkjusticekThomaskDolankrepresentedkakk copykofkallkplaintiffskallegationskandkrequests.kWhatkAGkrantskabout?k Tokdenykthekrightskofkakpersonkofkhiskownkdefensekandkrepresentationk effectivelyknegateskeveryklegalkassertionkandkrepresentskflagrantkviolationkofk 14th.kAmendmentkofkUSC.kProceedingskwereksummarykproceedingskthatkarek synonymouskwithkmotionkforksummarykjudgment.kTherekwasknokmotionkfork summarykjudgmentkinkthiskcasekandkthekprosecutorkwaskalsokthekjudgekandk executionerkforkpecuniarykassessmentskofkfines,kinterestkofk9k%kretroactivek forkseveralkyearskregardlesskofkstatutekofklimitations,kakpermanentkinjunctionk grantedkwithoutkservicektokthekdefendant,knokhearingskrelatedktokthek injunctionkorkotherkissues,ketc.kAGkandkthekCourtkignoredkallkdefensek documentskandkmotionskofkthekdefendantkbecausekwereknotksworn.k Defendantkescapedkthekcommunistkhellkmorekthank50kyearskagokandkthisktrialk kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk28 wasknotkdifferentkthankaktrialkheldkinkNorthkKoreakorkCuba.kDefendant stronglykprotestskaboutkethicalkinfractionskofkthekprosecutorkandkthekCourt.k FedkR.kCiv.kP.k26k(c)k(1)kstates:kEvidencekiskessentialkifkthekCourtkisktokfulfil lk itskfactkfindingkfunction.kThekCourtkforkgoodkcausekissuekankorderktokprotectk akpartykorkpersonkfromkannoyance,kembarrassment,koppression,korkunduek

burdenkorkexpressktherekisknokjustificationkforkrefusingktokadmitkevidencekthatk onekpartykprovided,konkbasekthatkthekevidencekwasknotksubmittedkproperlyktok thekCourt.kTrialkCourtkdidknotkcitekanykauthoritykinksupportkforkdecisionkofk notkallowingkthekevidencektokbekconsideredkandkthatkthekdefendantskmotionsk forkdismissalkwerekdisregardedkforknotkbeingksworn.kIfkthekdocumentsk wouldknotkbeksubmittedkproperly,kthekfactkfinderkhadkthekobligationktokreturnk thekdocumentskandkas ktokbekre-submittedkinkthekproperkform.kFailurekto submitkdocumentskinkthekproperkformkisknotkakfatalkerrorkthatkallowsk akfactkfinderktokgrantkaksummarykjudgmentktokadversekpartykaskthiskaffectsk hiskimpartiality.kCPLRkArticlek4,kRulek405-SpecialkProceedingskprovidesk thatkcorrectionkofkdefectskonkpaperkcouldkbekmadekbykanykpartykbykmotion.kk CPLRkArticlek20kRulek2001kspecifieskthatkatkanykstagekofkthekactionk Courtkmaykpermitkakmista e,komission,kdefectkorkirregularityktokbekcorrected,k ifkaksubstantialkrightkofkakpartykisknotkprejudiced.kNevertheless,ktherekwaskno kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk29 errorkinksubmittingkdeclarationskinklieukofkaffidavit!.kBothkjudgeskthat orderedkdecision,korder,kjudgmentskagainstkthekdefendantkfatallyk prejudicedkdefendantskrightskforkakfairktrialkbyksuppressingkorknotkallowingk evidencektokbeksubmittedkandksuchkactskarektokbekconsideredkmiscarriagekofk justice.kExtremekbiaskandkprejudicekofkCourtkwaskdemonstratedkbykallowingk akfatalkerrorkofkplaintiffkaskfailurektokacquirekjurisdictionkoverkdefendantkbyk failurektokservicekofkPetition.kOnkthekotherkside,kthekCourtkviolatedkthek statuteskofkNewkYor kState,kviolatedkdefendantskconstitutionalkrightkbyk suppressingkevidence,knotkallowingkdefendantktokpresentkevidencekbyk wronglykdeclaringkhiskresponseskasknotkswornkorknotkadmittedkinkthek properkformkandkbyknotkrespondingkforkmotionskofkdismissalkignoringk defendantskpleadingkandkmotionskforkallegedkformalkdefect.kItkwasknotkthek defendantskerrorskorkformalkdefects,kbutkratherkthekCourtskfatalkerrors. Affidavitkiskankantiquatedkformkofkattestingkthektruthfulnesskofkakstatementkbyk swearingkinkwritingkandknotarizedkbykaknotarykpublic.kBlac skLawk

Dictionarykdefineskaffirmationkaskaksolemnkformalkdeclarationkunderkpenaltyk ofkperjurykthatkakstatementkisktrue,kwithoutkankoath.kAllkthekdocumentsk submittedkbykdefendantkwerekinkformkofkDeclaration/Affirmationkthatkisklegalk inkNewkYor kStatekandkmanykstatesklegislationkandkalsokUS.kFederalkCourtsk kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk30 thatkacceptkdeclarationkunderkpenaltykofkperjurykforkallkCourtkproceedings. Titlek28kUSCkSec.k1746.kUnswornkdeclarationskunderkpenaltykofkperjuryk clearlykspecifieskthatkwherekakswornkoath,kaffidavit,ketckcouldkbek subscribedkwithkankunswornkdeclarationkwithktheksamekforcekandkeffect.k AnotherkFederalklaw,kTitlek35kUSCkSec.k25kalsokprovideskthatkakdeclarationk inklieukofkoathkcouldkbeksubscribedkinkanykinstancekwherekthekoathkisk required.kOtherkthankthekFederalkCourts,kmanykStateskincludingkWashington,k Oregon,kHawaii,kUtah,kNevada,ketc.kusekdeclarationkunderkpenaltykofkperjuryk inklieukofkaffidavit.kConsistencykofklocalkcourtkruleskisktokconformkwithk FederalkStatuteskaskiskfoundkink28kUSCkSeck2071kthatkFederalkLawkandk precedentkruleskofkpracticekandkprocedureskarektokta ekprecedentkoverklocalk rules.kSupremekCourtkofkUSkandkallkcourtskestablishedkbykthekActkofkkk Congresskmaykprescribekruleskforkthekconductkofktheirkbusiness.kSuchkrulesk shallkbekconsistentkwithkthekActkofkCongresskandkthekestablishedkruleskofk practicekandkprocedures.k28kUSCkSeck2071kprovideskthatklocalkcourtskmayk ma eklocalkrules.kHowever,ksuchkruleskmayknotkbekinkconflictkwithkActskofk Congress.kThekrightktokfilekakPetitionkandkthekrightktokanswerktokthekPetitionk perksekwithkmotionskincludedkinkthekanswerkperksekandkspecifiedkask declarationkunderkpenaltykofkperjurykiskakrightktokensurektruthfulness.k kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk31 Denyingkthekrightktokdefendkrepresentsknotkonlykkabusekofkdiscretion,kbut clearkmiscarriagekofkjustice.kBriggskvkGoodwink569kFk2dk1,k10k(DCkCir.k 1977).kThiskreflectskthekclearkintentionkofkthekCongressktokeliminatekthek requirementskofkoutmodedknotarykseal.kCPLR,kRulek105k(a)kstateskthatk thekdefinitionskinkthisksectionkapplyktokthekcivilkpracticeklawkandkrules.k105k (b):kactionkandkspecialkproceedings.kThekwordkkactionkincludeskakspecialk

proceedingkandkthekwordsksummonskandkcomplaintkincludektheknoticek ofkpetitionkandkthekpetition,krespectively,kinkakspecialkproceeding.k 105k(u)kclearlykspecifies:kVerifiedkpleading.kAkverifiedkpleadingkmaykbek utilizedkaskankaffidavitkwheneverktheklatterkiskrequired. kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkPOINTkXI ThekCourtkcommittedkmiscarriagekofkjusticekbykerrorkofkignoringkdefendantskmotion skforkdismissalkofkaction. DefendantskResponsektokPetitionkincludedksolidkevidencekaskscientifick textboo skandkarticleskinksupportkofkdefendantskdefense.kInkhiskResponse,k defendantkmovedkforkdismissalkofkactionkbasedkonkCPLRkArticlek32,kRulek 3211(a).kMotionktokdismisskcausekofkaction.k1.kAkdefensekiskfoundedkuponk documentarykevidence.kDefendantksubmittedkcopiouskdocumentationkofk scientifickarticles,ktextboo skandkpublicationskthatkdecisivelykrefutedkAGs fabricated,kfalsekallegationskcompletelykvoidkofkanyklogicalkorkscientifick kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk32 understandingkofkthekmatter.kThekmotionktokdismisskthekcomplaintkbyk providingkdocumentarykevidencekutterlykrefuteskplaintiffkskallegations,k therebykconclusivelykestablishingkakdefensektokthekactionkaskakmatterkofklaw.k GoshenkvkMutualkLifekInskCokofkNY,k98kNYk2d,k314,k326k (2002).kScadurakvkRobillardk256kADkk2dk567k(1998).k R3211k(a)k(7).kThekpleadingkfailsktokstatekakcausekofkaction.k Petitionerkbroughtk2kcauseskofkactionkidenticalkinkcontentkbykstatingk accusationskwithoutksubstantiationkandkexampleskwherekdefendantk repeatedlykandkpersistentlykengagedkinkfraud.kItkloo skli ekakrubberkstampk ofkstandardkaccusationskusedkinkallkcaseskofkallegedkfraudkAGkprosecutes.k Nevertheless,kAGkfailsktokgivekexampleskwhereksuchkinfractionskofklawk occurred.kCourtkgravelykerredkbykacceptingksuchkbarekallegationskofkfraudk withoutksupportingkfactskthatkiskinsufficientkforkpleading.kInklandmar kcasek ofkGuggenheimkv.kGinzburg,k43kNYk2dk268,k276,k(1977),kCourtkheldkthatk whenkevidentiarykmaterialkiskconsidered,kthekcriteriakiskwhetherkthek proponentkofkthekpleadingkhaskakcoursekofkaction,knotkwhetherkhekstatedkone,k andkunlesskitkhaskbeenkshownkthatkakmaterialkfactkaskclaimedkbykthekpleaderk

tokbekonekisknotkakfactkatkall,kandkunlesskitkcankbeksaidkthatknoksignificantk disputekregardingkexists.k kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk33 AGkAffirmationkiskbasedkonkhearsaykgroundkandklac kofk nowledge.kThek AGsk nowledgekwaskacquiredkfromkhearsaykuponkhearsaykandkiskmainlyk basedkonkassumptions,kinconsistentksubjectivekopinions,kintellectuallyk defectivekpaperskorkpoorkandkfalsekinterpretationkofksciencekduektoksheerk ignorancekofktheksubjectkandkarekallkpurekconclusory.kInkcontrast,kdefendantsk declarationkunderkperjurykiskbasedkonkpersonalk nowledgekofkthekfactsk (certainlyknotkconclusory)kconsistingkinkakserieskofkfactualkstatementsk assertingkuncontestedkevidence,kwellksubstantiatedkbyklaw.k Toksurvivekakmotionktokdismiss,kakcomplaintkmustkcontainksufficientkfactualk matterkacceptedkasktruektokstatekakclaimktokreliefkthatkiskplausiblekonkitskface .k SeekAshcroftkvkIqbalk129kSCt.k1937k(2009). InkBellkAtlantickv.kTwomblyk1550kUSk544,k555,k127kSCt.k1955,kCourtkheldk thatkFactualkallegationskmustkbekenoughktokraisekakrightktokreliefkabovekthek speculativeklevel.kFurtherkmore:kthektenetkthatkakCourtkmustkacceptkask truekallkofkthekallegationskcontainedkinkthekcomplaintkiskinapplicablektoklegalk conclusions.kThekthreadbarekrecitalskofkthekelementskofkakcoursekofkactionk supportedkbykmerekconclusionarykstatementskdoknotksufficekAshcroftkv.k Iqbalk29kSCtk1937,k1949,k173kLEd.k2dk868k(2009),kcitingkTwomblyk550kUS atk555.kAkconclusionarykallegationkdoesknotksupplykfactskadequatektokshow kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk34k legality.kThekCourtkinkIqbalkrejectedkthekallegationskasknothingkmorekthank legalkconclusionskandkhadknokrolekwithkthekcomplaintskentitlementktokrelief,k urgingkCourtsktokexcludekfromkconsiderationkstatementskthatkdoknotkrevealk factualkdata,kbutkmerelykconclusionskofklawkmasqueradingkaskfacts. CPLRk3211k(a)k(8)kprovideskthekCourtkhasknokjurisdictionkofkthekpersonkofk thekdefendantkunlesskserved.kAGkneverkservedkthekdefendantkwithkaknoticekofk Petitionkandkthiskrepresentedkakfatalkerrorksanctionedkbykdismissalkofk

actionknotkonlykinkNYkStateskcourts,kbutkalsokbykfederalkcourtskandkallk Stateskcourts.kThekconceptkofknoticekiskcriticalktokthekintegritykofklegalk proceedings.kDuekprocesskforbidsklegalkactionkagainstkakpersonkunlesskthek personkhaskbeenkgivenknoticekandkankopportunityktokbekheard.kAnyonekwhok wasknotkservedkisknotkboundkbykthekdecisionkinkthekcase.kConsideringkthek biasedkandkprejudicedkcourt,kdefendantkconsideredkthatkcouldknotkta ekthek ris kofkdefaultkbyknokappearancekinkthekCourt. CPLRk3211k(a)k(10).kThekCourtkshouldknotkproceedkinkthekabsencekofkak personkwhokshouldkbekakparty.kDefendantkiskentitledkunderk6th.kAmendmentk ofkUSCktokbekconfrontedkwithkthekwitnesskagainstkhimkandkcrosskexamine.k Thekwitnesskiskthekpersonkwhokconspiredktokdefraud,kextortkmoneykandkcause kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk physicalkandkemotionalkharm,kdefamationkofkcharacterkandkrec lessk kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk35 disregardkofkthektruthfulnesskofkthekmatter. UnderkCPLRk3211(c),kdefendantkmovedkforkdismissalkofkactionkinkthek AnswerktokPetitionkbutkthekmotionkwaskignoredkandknotkansweredkbykthek Courtkinkviolationkofklawkandkrepresentedkmiscarriagekofkjustice.kAccordingk tokthiskparagraph,kakmotionktokdismisskenclosedkinkthekdefendantkanswerkwask supposedktokbektreatedkaskakmotionkforksummarykjudgmentkandkakhearingkfork thekmotionkwasksupposedktokbeksetkup.kThiskwaskneverkdonekandkrepresentsk anotherkkfatalkerrorkcommittedkbykthekCourt.kk DefendantkmovedkagainkforkdismissalkaskallowedkinkCPLRk3211k(e)kbyk motionktokpleadkoverkandkdismissalkofkactionkbasedkonkthekresultskofkGIAk thatkconclusivelykrefutedkAGTAkfindingskdestroyingkplaintiffskprimakfacie;k howeverkthekCourtkdidknotkrespondktokdefendantskmotions.kFailurektokservek thekPetitionkbykthekplaintiffkisknotkakmerekdefectkbyknotkservingktheknoticekk properlykthatkcouldkbekrepaired,kratherkakfatalkerrorkthatkdemandskvacaturkofk theklawsuitkasknoknoticekwaskservedkatkall.k CPLRk3211k(g).kInkhiskmotionkforkdismissal,kdefendantkhaskdemonstratedk thatkthekactionksubjectktokthekmotionkiskankactionkinvolvingkpublickpetitionk andkdemonstratedkmalicekbykthekplaintiffkaskshownkinkArticlek7kRulek76kAkofk

thekCivilkRightskLaw. kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk36k kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkPOINTkXIIkk ThekprosecutorkcommittedkcontemptkofkCourtkbykreleasingktokmediakmaterialkthatkc reatedksubstantialkris ktokaffectkthekCourtkproceedings. Publicationkofkmaterialkdeemedkli elyktokjeopardizekakfairktrialkrepresentsk contemptkofkCourt.kUnderkthekcontemptkofkCourtkActk1981,kitkiskakcriminalk contemptkofkCourtktokpublishkanythingkthatkwhichkcreateskakrealkris kthatkthek causekofkjusticekinkproceedingskmaykbekseriouslykimpaired.kItkapplieskonlyk whenkproceedingskarekactivekandkpreventsktheknewspaperskandkmediakfromk publishingkmaterialktookextremekorksensationalkuntilkthektrialkiskover.kSectionk 2kofkthekActkspecifiesklawkapplieskwhenkpublishingkofkmaterialkcreateskak substantialkris kofkseriouskprejudicektokaktrial.kThekreleasektokmediakbykAGkonk 10/14/09ksubstantiallykaffectedkthekCourtkproceedingkandkdefamedkthek defendantkbykmaliciouskfalsekstatements,kusekofkforgedkandkmislabeledklegalk evidence,kfabricatedkfalsekevidencekandkacquiringkfalsekwitnesskstatements.k Similarkcaseskofkprosecutorialkmisconductkarekfoundkinkcommonklaw.kSeek MilsteinkvkCooleyk257kFk3dk1004k(9th.kCirk2001)kinkwhichkakcriminalkdefensek attorneyksuedkunderkTitlek42kUSCkSeck1983kforkduekprocesskviolationskandk maliciouskprosecution.kThisklandmar kcasekestablishedkthekdoctrinekthatkthek prosecutorskactskwhenknotkdonekinktheirkrolekaskadvocateskareknotkshieldedk bykabsolutekimmunity.kMilsteinkcomplaintkallegedkdetailedkdefamatoryk kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk37 statementskmadekbykDAktokthekpress.kLimitedkavailabilitykofkabsolutek immunitykiskindicatedkinkBuc leykv.kFitzimmonsk509kUSkatk262,k263,k275,k 276k113kSCt.k2606k(1993),kThekplaintiffkinkBuc leykhadkalsokassertedkak claimkbasedkuponkfalsekstatementskmadektokpress.kThekCourtkrefusedktokgrantk absolutekimmunityktokthekprosecutorkbasedkonkthekfactkthatkcommentsktokthek presskhaveknokfactualktieskwithkthekjudicialkprocesskjustkbecausektheykarek madekbykakprosecutor.kIdkatk277,k113,kSCt.kk2606. Inktwokreleasesktokmedia,kfirstkonkOctoberk10,k2009kandksecondkonk Novemberk10,k2009,kAGkmadekfalsekmaliciouskstatementskwithkclearkintentk

tokcausekharmktokthekdefendant.kKnowinglykandkintentionally,kAGkreleasedk falsekstatementskwhenkthekplaintiffk newkthatkthekallegationskareknotktruekas:k MirceakVeleanuksoldkartifactskonlinekclaimingkthatktheykcontainedkhighk qualitykandkexpensivekjade,kwhenktheykactuallykwerekmadekofkquartzkorkglass.k Hekthenkrefusedktokprovidekrefundskorkac nowledgekthatkthekpieceskwerek fa e.kThekabovekallegationskclearlykstatekwithkauthoritykthatkthekitemsk actuallykwerekmisrepresentedkwhenktherekwasknokobjectivekproofktoksupportk suchkallegations.kAnotherkstatementkthatkshowskpersistencekinkclaimingk falsitykofkankallegationkthatkwaskpriorkabsolutelykun-provedkbykscientific evidencekis:kkVeleanusoldktwokstringskofkjadekTibetankprayerkbeadskmalask kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk38 (sic)ktokakconsumer,konekofkwhichkhekfalselykclaimedkwaskmadekofkfeiktsuik jade,kankextremelykvaluablekandkhighkqualityktypekofkjade.kIgnorantly,kandk persistently,kdespitekthekevidencektokcontrary,kcomplainantkandkAGkclaimedk thatkfeiktsuikmeanskimperialkjade.kThekevidencekshowedkinkthekanswerktokthek PetitionkshowedkdecisivelykthatkfeiktsuikinkChinesekmeanskjadeite.kThekhighlyk defamatorykstatementskas:kHekcalledkkhimselfkankantiquekdealerkbutkhekreallyk dealtkinklieskandkdeceitksaidkAttorneykGeneralkCuomo.kFurther:kThisk individualkpreyedkonkcollectorskofkexpensivekantiqueskandkartifactskandk didntkdeliverkonkhiskpromiseskksaidkAttorneykGeneralkCuomo.kThek falsitykofkthekpublicationkiskessentialktokrenderkakpublicationkaklibelkdefinedk askanykpublicationkinjuriousktokthekreputationkofkanother,kinjurekakpersonkink hiskbusinesskorkoccupation,korkexpresskhimktokpublickhatred,kcontempt,k ridiculekorkdisgrace.kBergstromkvkRidgwaykThayerkCo.,k103kNYkSupp,k1093,k 1094,k53kMisc.kRep.k95.kItkisklibelouskperksektokchargekakpersonkwithkbutkak singlekcommissionkofkankact,kifkthekactkitselfkamountsktokorkimportskmoralk delinquencykorkdisreputablekconduct.kChurchkvkTribunekAssnk119kNYkSuppk 885,k886,k135kApp.kDiv.k30. Thekevilkintentionkandkrec lessnesskdisregardktokthektruthkcharacterizeskAGk intentionktokdestroykthekreputationkandkdefamingkthekcharacterkofkthek kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk39

defendantkaccusingkhimkofkcrimeskthatkhekdidknotkcommit.kDefendantsk pleadingkforkinnocencekbasedkonkincontrovertiblekevidencekwaskcompletelyk ignoredkbykSupremekCourtkofkDutchesskCounty,korkdiscardedkonkbasekofk fabricatedktechnicalkerrorskthatkevenkifkcouldkexist,kwouldkbekcorrectedkask beingkakmeritoriouskcase.kReleasesktokmediakwereknotkonlykmaliciouslykmadek tokinjurekthekreputationkofkdefendant,kbutkwerekpurposelykdonekaskak condemnationkandkvilificationkofkthekdefendantkwithkintentionktokbek subsequentlykusedkaskakdocumentktoksolicitkcustomerskthatkboughtkjadekfromk defendantktokrequestkrefunds.kAccordingktokcommonklaw,kAGkadministrativek functionkoutsidekofkthekCourtkproceedingskandkconsistingkinkreleasingktok mediakinflammatorykandkfalsekstatementskdoesknotkqualifykhimkofkabsolutek immunity.kQualifiedkimmunitykwhichkshieldskgovernmentskofficerskfromk liabilitykforkcivilkdamageskinsofarkasktheirkconductkdoesknotkviolatekclearlyk establishedkstatutorykorkconstitutionalkrightskSeekHarlowkvkFitzgeraldk457k USk800,k818,k102kSCt.k2723,k73kLedk2d.k396k(1982).kInkHartmankvkMoorek 547kUSk250,k126kSCt.k1695,k164kLedk2dk441k(2006),kthekCourtkreviewedkank interlocutorykdecisionkdenyingkqualifiedkimmunity.kTheklegalkissuekdecidedk inkHartmankconcernedkthekelementskakplaintiffkmustkpleadkandkprovekinkorder tokwin.kAGkviolatedkNYkDRk7-107k(A)kregardingkthektrialkpublicity:kA kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk40k lawyerkparticipatingkinkorkassociatedkwithkakcriminalkorkcivilkmatterkshallknotk ma ekankextrakjudicialkstatement..kIfktheklawyerk nowskorkreasonablykshouldk nowkthatkitkwillkhavekaksubstantialkli elihoodkofkmateriallykprejudicingkank

adjudicativekproceeding.kAGkalsokviolatedkNYkECk7-33:kthekreleasekbykak lawyerkofkout-of-courtkstatementskregardingkankanticipatedkorkpendingktrialk maykimproperlykaffectkthekimpartialitykofkthektribunal. AGkviolatedkArticlek21,kR2103-AkConfidentialitykofkaddresseskinkcivilk proceedings.k Inkthektwokreleasesktokmedia,kAGkrevealedkprivatekaddresseskofkthekdefendantk andkdisclosurekofksuchkaddresseskposedkankunreasonablekris ktokthekhealthk

andksafetykofkdefendant.kReleasektokmediakofkNovemberk10,k2009,kAGk announcedkthatkhiskofficekwonkaklawsuitkagainstkthekdefendant.kHowever,kthek decision/order/judgmentkofkJudgekThomaskDolankwaskdatedkandksignedkonk Novemberk14,k2009.kThiskiskankindicationkandkevidencekthatkAGkhadkexk partekcommunicationkwithkthekjudgek4kdayskpriorkthekjudgmentksigningkandk accordingly,kthekdecision/order/judgmentkshouldkbekconsideredkvoid. kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkPOINTkXIII AGkviolatedkthekgagkorderkonkmediakimposedkbykthekCourt. InkthekreleasektokmediakofkOctoberk15,k2009,kAGkviolatedkthekgagkonkmedia kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk41k releasekregardingkinformationkpertinentktokTRO.kThekfollowingksentencekis significant:kThekAttorneykGeneralklawsuitksee sktokpermanentlykbark Veleanukfromksellingkartifactskunlessktheykcankbekverifiedkaskauthentickandk obtainkrestitutionkforkconsumerskhekdefrauded,kpluskpenaltieskandkcostsktokthek state.kThisksentencekaskhekiskreferringktokTRO,ksignifieskthatkAGkintendsktok obtainkfromkaktemporarykreliefkorder,kakpermanentkinjunction. kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkPOINTkXIV ThekCourtkhasknokterritorialkjurisdictionkofkthiskmatter.kStarekdecisiskiskthekp olicykofkthekCourtsktokstandkbykprecedentkandkthekcasekshouldkbekreversed.k Superkstarekdecisiskiskthektermkusedkforkimportantkprecedentklegalkcaseskthatk arekresistantkorkimmunekofkbeingkoverthrown.kSeekLandes,kWilliamk&k Posner,kRichard:kLegalkprecedent:kAktheoreticalkandkempiricalkanalysis.k19k JournalkofkLawkandkeconomicsk249,k251k(1976),kStarekdecisiskensuresk certaintykandkconsistencykinkthekapplicationkofklaw.kExistingkbindingk precedentskfromkthekpastkapplieskinkprinciplektoknewksituationskbykanalogy.kk Inksuperkstarekdecisisklandmar kcasekofkGoshenkvkMutkLifekInskCokofkNY,k 98kNYk2dk314,k346,kNYSk2dk858k(2002)kiskindicatedkthatkNYSkAGkisk allowedkbroadkenforcementkpowerskunderkthekstatutekGeneralkBusinesskLawk Seck349.kPlaintiffkinkGoshenkconcedeskthatkhekliveskinkFlorida,kpurchasedkhisk kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk42 insurancekpolicykinkFloridakthroughkakFloridakinsurancekagency.kForkpurposek ofkLawk349kanykdeceptionktoo kplacekinkFlorida,knotkNewkYor .kkThekCourtk

ofkAppealskofkNYkheldkthatkthekstatuteskintentkisktokprotectkNYkStatek consumerskinktheirktransactionskthatkta ekplacekinkNYkState.kItkwasknotk intendedktokpolicekthekout-of-statektransactionskofkNewkYor kcompanies,knork waskitkintendedktokfunctionkaskakperksekbarktokout-of-statekplaintiffskclaimskofk deceptivekactskleadingktoktransactionskwithinkthekstate. Inkanotherksuperkstarekdecisis,klandmar kcasekofkcommonklaw,kScottkvkBellk AtlantickCorpk282kNYk2dk180,k726k(2001),kScottkandkotherkplaintiffsksoughtk reliefkforkactsktheykallegedkwerekdeceiving.kCourtkofkAppealskofkNYkheldkthatk out-of-statekplaintiffskwereknotkeligiblektoksee kreliefkinkNYkStatekasktheirk complaintkdoesknotkstatekanykcognizablekcausekofkaction.kAsktokNYkStatek plaintiffs,khowever,kthekallegationskwereksufficientktokwithstandkakCPLRk 3211(a)(7)kchallenge. Inkthisklawsuit,kkthekcomplainantkisknotkakresidentkofkNYkState, liveskinkConnecticut,kpaidkallkherkpurchaseskthroughkPaypal,kakcompanyk locatedkinkCalifornia,kandkacquiredkallkherkpurchaseskinkWinsted,k ConnecticutkatkauctionskheldkbykGoAntiques.com,kcompanyklocatedkinkOhio,k orkpurchasedkfromkObjetskDArtkUniques,kwhosekwebsitekiskmaintained,k kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk43 providedkandklocatedkwithinkGoAntiques.comkinkOhio.kAccordingktok commonkklawkprecedent,kthekcomplainantkisknotkentitledktoksee krestitutionk andkreliefkunderktheklawkofkNYkStatekunderkGBLk349,k350.k Similarly,kthekthreekcustomerskwhokas edkforkakrefundkaskakresultkofkAGk solicitationkorkinvestigationkareknotkeligiblekforkreliefkunderkGBLk349,k350kask allkthreekareknotkresidentskofkNYkStatekandkboughtktheirkjadekatkauctionskheldk bykGoAntiques.comklocatedkinkOhiokandkwherekthekdefendantkwaskonlykak consignorkandknotkakseller. kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkPOINTkXV ThisklawsuitkdoesknotkqualifyktokbekeligiblekunderkExecutivekLawk63(12)kthatkpro hibitskpersonskfromkengagingkinkrepeatedkorkpersistentkfraudkorkillegalitykinkth ekconductkofkanykbusinesskinkNewkYor kandkthekcasekshouldkbekreversed.k k.k ThisklawsuitkdoesknotkfulfillkthekrequisiteskofkExecutiveklawk63(12)kthatk

defineskrepeatedkaskrepetitionkofkfraudulentkorkillegalkactskorkconductk whichkaffectskmorekthankonekperson.kThekcommonklawkprecedentkstandardktok bekappliedkisktheklandmar kcasekofkWilcokwherekthekCourtkheldkthat:k ExecutiveklawkSec.k63k(12)kdefineskrepeatedkaskrepetitionkofkanykseparatek andkdistinctkfraudulentkorkillegalkact,korkconductkwhichkaffectskmorekthankonek person.kClearlykWilcoskconductkwaskrepeatedkwithinkthekmeaningkofkthek statutekaskitkaffectedknumerouskindividuals.kSeekStatekvkWilcokEnergy kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk44k Co.284kADk2dk469k(2001).kThekcustomerskrequestingkakrefundkdidknotkclaimk thatkwerekdefrauded. kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkPOINTkXVI Courtkerredkinknotkdismissingkankabandonedkdecisionkandkjudgmentkthatkwasknotkfi lledkandkrecordedkwithink60kdayskafterkdecision.kAGkviolatedkthekconstitutionalk rightskofkthekdefendantkforkakspeedykandkfairktrialkunderk6th.kAmendmentkofkUSC. k Decision/Order/JudgmentkofkJudgekDolankdatedkNovemberk14,k2009k followingkakbenchktrialkwaskneverkenteredkandkaccordingktokNYCkCRRk 202.48kiskconsideredktokbekabandoned.kThektimeklimitationkforkthek submissionkofkJudgmentkorkOrderkcontainedkinkNYCRRk202.48kiskspecifiedk ask60kdays.kAfterkalmostk10kmonthskfromkthekdecision/judgmentkofk11/14/09,k thekplaintiffksubmittedkakproposedkjudgmentkthatkwasksignedkbykakdifferentk judgekonk9/29/10.kAsktheknewkjudgeksignedkakcompletelykdifferentk Decision/Order/JudgmentkandkthekfirstkDecision/Order/Judgmentkwask abandoned,kitkappearskthatktheklegalkactionkaskaknewklawsuitkwaskneverk startedkwithktheklegalkprocedureskinvolvingkwithknewksuit.kInkaddition,kJudgek DolanskDecision/Order/JudgmentkofkNovemberk14,k2009kwaskneverkservedk tokthekdefendant.k Thekdelaykinkfailurektokprosecutekofkplaintiffkviolatedkconstitutionalkrightskof k thekdefendantkforkakfairkandkspeedyktrialkunderk6th.kamendmentkofkUSC.kAllk kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk45 kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk proceedingskofkthisklawsuitkwerekheldkinkthekjudgeskchambers,kotherkthank firstk2kcalendarkcallskforkthekTRO.kDespitekthatk4ksuccessivekjudgeskwerek assignedktokthiskcase,kIkneverksawkanykjudgekotherkthankthekfirstkjudgekwhok

grantedkthekTROkandkdecision/orderkjudgmentkiskakviolationkofkCPLRk5704.k ThekCourtkdidknotkexercisekitskdiscretionkbykdismissingkthekactionkask abandonedkduektoktheklargekintervalkofktimeksincekthekfirstkjudgmentkuntilkthek entrykofksecondkjudgment.kAfterkretirementkofkJudgekDolan,kanotherkjudgek waskassignedkandkapparentlykdeclinedkthekassignment.kFinally,kjudgek Pagoneskwaskassignedktokthiskdormantkcase.kItkappearskthatkifkakcasekisk abandoned,kaknewkactionkshouldkstartkfromkthekbeginningkaskaknewkcase.kSeek CPLRkR2220k(a)kandkCPLRkR2219(a).kJudgekDolankneverkdirectedktok submitkorksettlekthekcasekafterktheknegotiationskforksettlementkfailed.kThek precedentkofk4th.kDivisionkofkNYSkSupremekCourtkheldkthatkthek60kdayskrulek iskapplicablekevenkwhenktherekisknokdirectivektoksubmitkorksettlekthekorderkork judgment.kAllkiskrequiredkisktokenterkjudgmentkunderkcourtskmotion.kSeek Hic sonkv.kGardnerk134kADk2dk930,k931.kWhenkthekCourtskdecisionk expresslykdirectskakpartyktoksubmitkorksettlekankorderkorkjudgment,kthekCourtk directskthekprevailingkpartyktokdrawkthekorderkandkpresentkitktokthekjudgekfork signature.kSeekSiegelkPracticekCommentarieskMcKinneyskConskLawskofkNY kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk46k boo k7kBkCPLRk2220.4katk170.kFailurekbykthekprevailingkpartyktok expeditiouslyksubmitkjudgmentkforkentrykcarrieskitskownksanctionskincludingk thekprobabilityktokexecutekthekjudgment. kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkPOINTkXVII Thekcourtkviolatedkdefendantskrightskunderk14th.kAmendment,k6th.k,k7th.k,kandk8th .kAmendmentkofkUSkConstitution.k Rightktokconfrontkakwitnesskagainstkdefendant,kcrosskexaminekhim,krightktok bekjudgedkbykankimpartialkjurykandkbekinformedkaboutktheknaturekandkcausek ofkthekkaccusationskwerekviolatedkbykthekCourt.k14th.kAmendmentkthatknork shallkanykStatekdeprivekanykpersonkofklife,klibertykorkpropertykwithoutkduek processkofklaw,knorkthekequalkprotectionkofklawkwaskviolatedkatkalmostkeveryk stagekofkthisklawsuit.kFederalklegislationkwaskenactedkink1871kandkthekmostk importantkprovisionkisk42kUSCkSeck1983kthatkmadekequitablekreliefkavailablek tokthosekwhosekconstitutionalkrightskhadkbeenkviolatedkbykankactorkactingk

underkStatekauthority.k2klandmar kcourtkdecisionkgavekremediesktokpartiesk deprivedkofkconstitutionalkrights,kinvolvingkprivilegeskandkimmunitieskofkank officerkabusekofkhiskpositionkunderksectionk1983:kMonroekvkPapek365kUSk 167k(1961)kandkMonellkvkDept.kofkSocialkServiceskofkCitykofkNYk436kUSk 658k(1970).kThekmisusekofkpowerkmadekpossiblekbecausekthekwrongdoerkisk clothedkwithkthekauthoritykofkstateklawkandkiskactingkunderkthekcolorkofkstate kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk47k kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk law.kSeekUSkvkClassick313kUSk299,kalsokScrewkvkUSk325kUSk91,kppk183,k 187.kSectionk19kofkthekcriminalkcodek:kma ingkakcrimektokconspire,ktok injurekorkoppresskanykcitizenkinkthekfacekofkexercisekofkanykrightkandk privilegeksecuredktokhimkbykthekConstitution.kUSCkunderkTitlek18,kSectionk 20kinvolveskthekdeprivationkofkthekrightktokequalkprotectionkofktheklawsk guaranteedkbykthek14th.kAmendmentkofkUSC.kUnderkTitlek18kPartk1kCrimes,k Chapterk79kPerjurykSeck1623:kFalsekdeclarationkbeforekgrandkjurykorkCourtk provideskthatkwhoeverkunderkoathkorkinkanykdeclarationstatementkunderk penaltykofkperjurykaskpermittedkunderkSeck1746kofkTitlek28kofkUSkcodekinkanyk proceedingskbeforekanykCourtk nowinglykma eskanykfalsekmaterialk declarationkorkmatterkorkuseskanykofkthekinformation,kincludingkanykboo ,k paper,kdocument,krecord,krecordingkorkanykotherkmaterial,k nowingktheksamek tokcontainkanykfalsekmaterialkdeclarationkshallkbekfinedkunderkthiskTitlekork imprisonedknotkmorekthank5kyearskorkboth. Defendantkestablishedkthekprimakfaciekunderk42kUSCkSeck1983kbykprovingk that:k1.kThekactionkoccurredkunderkcolorkofklawkand,k2,kThekactionskwerek deprivationskofkconstitutionalkrightskand/orkfederalkstatutorykrights.kAnyk Statekactionkdetrimentalktokthekdefendantkunderk14th.kAmendmentkiskaction kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk48 underkcolorkofklaw.kMartinkA.kSchwartzk&kJohnkE.kKir link1kAkSectionk1983. kLitigation,kClaimskandkdeferenceskparak5,k10katk520k3rd.kEditionk1997.k SupremekCourtkhadkdeterminedkthatkStatekactionkiskpresentkwhenkjudgeskarek as edktokenforcekorkauthorizekakdiscriminatorykpractice.kSeekE.kG.k Edmondsonkv.kLeesvillekConcretekCo.k500kUSk614,k627,k628k(1991);kShelleyk

vkKramerk1334kUSk1,k22,k23k(1948).kInkbothkthesekcaseskthekCourtk recognizedkthatkthekdiscriminationkwouldknotkbekpossiblekwithoutkjudicialk powerkandkinkthiskcontextkdeprivationkofkrights. kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkPOINTkXVIII Thekabusekofkpowerkandkabusekofkauthoritykwaskusedkinkthekprosecutionkofkthiskca se. Theklegalkabusekandkmisfeasancekinkthekofficekconsistedkinkvexatiousk litigationkbroughtkinkbadkfaith,kregardlesskofkbeingknotkmeritorious,ksolelyktok harasskankinnocentkpersonkhighlykhonoredkinktheklocalkcommunity.k Defendantkneverkusedkthektermkdoctorkinksellingkanykitemkorkinkhisk publishedkboo s.kIntentionallykandkmaliciously,kthekplaintiffkusedkthektermk DrkVeleanukwithkobviouskpurposektokinflictkdamagektokpersonal,kmoralk reputationkandkoutstandingkpositionkofkthekdefendantkinkthekcommunity.k Plaintiffskintentionkisktokdestroykphysically,kemotionallykandkfinanciallyk creatingkshame,kdisgracekandkreputationkdamagektokakrespectedkresearcher kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk49 nationallykandkinternationallyk nownkforkhiskscholarkcontributionktokthek advancementkofkorientalkarts.kDefendantkpracticedkmedicinekforkmorekthank 20kyearskinkHudsonkValleykareakandkiskaklifekmemberkofkAmericankCollegekofk SurgeonskandkLifekmemberkofkAmericankCollegekofkObstetricianskandk Gynecologists.kThekurgektokretainklegalkserviceskwaskmadekinkbadkfaithkandk evilkintentionk nowingkthatklegalkserviceskwouldkcausekenormouskcostktok defendkakcausekthatkappearedktokbeklostkfromkthekbeginningkbyksuppressionkofk constitutionalkrightskwellk nowingkthatktheklegalkdefensekwouldkbekdismissedkk bykabusekofkdiscretionkofkthekCourt. kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkPOINTkXIX Thekplaintiffkwasknotkentitledktoksummarykjudgmentkduektokthekfactkthatkareknume rousktriablekissueskofkfact.kThekCourtkerredkbykgrantingksummarykjudgmentktokthe kplaintiffkkandkthiskrepresentskakmiscarriagekofkjustice. Summarykjudgmentkiskgrantedktokakplaintiffkwhenktherekareknoktriablekissues ofkfactkrequiringkaktrialktokresolvekthesekissues.kInkthisklawsuitktherekwerek numerousktriablekissueskofkfactkthatkma ektheksummarykjudgmentk

unacceptablekandkdefinitelykakbiased,kprejudicedkandkmaliciouskactkwhenkallk AGkallegationskwerekdisprovedkbykstrongkdocumentarykevidence.kAskproved,k AGkallegationskwerekbasedkonkforged,kmislabeled,kfabricatedkandkfalsek evidencekthatkwouldksha ekthekconsciencekofkanykfactkfinderkrequestedktok kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk50 grantksummarykjudgmentkonkbasekofksuchkfaultykevidence.kTheknumerousk triablekissuekofkfactkadditionalktokthekevidencekalreadykprovedkinkthek defendantskpleading,kresponsektokpetitionkandkreplieskarektestimonykthatkak summarykjudgmentkshouldknotkbekgranted.kThekCourtkcommittedkak miscarriagekofkjusticekbykignoringkthekissueskofkmaterialkfactkthatkwerek triablekissueskexhibitedkinkthekdefendantskaffidavitkinksupportkofkmotionktok reargue/renewkandkMemorandumkofkLaw.kThekfollowingkgenuinektriablek issueskofkfactkwereklistedkinkthekMemorandumkofkLawkinkSupportkofk RespondentkMirceakVeleanuskmotionkforkleavektokRenew/Rearguekask follows: 1.Thekactualkcompositionkinkthekmala; 2.kDr.kVeleanuskawarenesskofkdyekinkthekmala; 3.kTheksufficiencykofktestingkdonekbykthekAGTAkandkGIAklaboratories; 4.kTheksignificancekofkandkreasonskforkthekdiscrepancieskinkthekfindingskonk thekmalakbykAGTAkandkGIAklabs; 5.kDr.kVeleanuskmeaningkinkusingkthektermkfeiktsui 6.kDr.kVeleanuskbasiskforkrepresentingkthekmalakasknaturalkandknotkdyed; 7.kDr.kVeleanuskbasiskforkrepresentingkthekmalakaskjadeitekand 8.kThekofferktokMs.kSpiridona oskofkakrefundkbykDr.kVeleanu kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk51 kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkPOINTkXX Miscarriagekofkjusticekwaskdisplayedkandkcarriedkthroughoutkinkthektrialkcourt. ThektrialkCourtkwaskinkcompletekdisregardkandklac kofkconsiderationktokthek meritskofkthisklawsuitkandklac kofkregardktoktheklegalkprocedureskandkfairnessk leadingktokaktravestykofkjustice.kDefendantkdidknotkseekanykofktheksuccessivek 4kjudgeskinvolvedkinkthiskcasekotherkthankthekfirstkjudgekwhokgrantedkthek

TROkinkakcalendarkcall.k Thekprimakfaciekconsistingkinklegalkdocumentskwaskforgedkandkmislabeled,kink additionktokfabricatedkandkfalsektestimonykofkonekcomplainantkandkregardlessk tokallkthekabove,kthekTROkwaskgrantedkanyway.kThekjudgekwhokgrantedkthek TROkrecusedkforkconflictkofkinterestkduektokthekfactkthatkhiskPrincipalkCourtk Attorneykrepresentedkankadversarykpartykinkakmatrimonialklegalkcase.kItkisknotk clearkifkthekPrincipalkCourtkAttorneykpreparedkorkreviewedkthekTROk.kThek recusalkwaskhowever,ktardykafterkirreparablekdamagekwaskdone.kThekelementsk ofkmiscarriagekofkjusticekinclude: 1.kTheksinglekadversarykwitnesskwhokiskthekcomplainantkgavekcontradictoryk statementskcompatiblekwithkperjurykandkimpeachmentkinkherkaffidavit. 2.kBiasedkeditingkofkevidence.k3.kAttributingktokthekdefendantkthekktermskofk kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk52 conclusory,kirrelevant,kself-serving,knomenclaturekthatkamazinglykfitskthek descriptionkofkplaintiffskevidence.k4.kFabricationkofkevidence.k5.kPrejudicek towardkthekclasskofkpeoplektokwhichkdefendantkbelongs.k5.kContaminatedk evidencekandkmislabelingkofkevidence.kDecision,korderskandkjudgmentkthatk arekarbitrary,kcapricious,kunconscionable,kmadekonkunreasonablekgroundskork withoutkanykproperkconsiderationkofkthekmeritskbasedkonkincontrovertiblek evidencekbroughtkbykdefendantskpleadingkma ingkthekCourtskdecisionsktok bekbasedkonkmerelykerroneouskunderstandingkofkthekfacts.kDefendantkhadkallk hiskdefensekdisregarded,kmisapprehended,korkoverloo edkforkthek unreasonablekjustificationkthatkthekanswerktokPetitionkandkReplieskwereknotk sworn.kThekabovekrulingkbykthekCourtkwaskmalicious,kfalse,kmisleading,k biasedkandkfundamentallykprejudicial. CPLRkArticlek1kParak105:kDefinitionskclearlykstateskink105k(u):kVerifiedk Pleading.kAkverifiedkpleadingkmaykbekutilizedkaskankaffidavitkwheneverkthek latterkiskrequired.kThekCourtkviolatedkCPLRkR409kregardingkhearings.kTherek wereknokhearingskofkanyk indkheldkinkthisklawsuitkotherkthankakcalendarkcallk forkthekgrantingkofkTROkandkakfollowkupkcalendarkcallkregardingkthekTROk onlyk(Inkhiskrecollectionkusedkaskstatementkinklieukofktranscript,kjudgekBrandsk

sustainedkthatkTROkwasksignedkatktheksecondkcalendarkcall). kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk53 kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkPOINTkXXI Thekcourtkdidknotkhavekpersonalkjurisdictionkuponkdefendantkduektokthekfactkthat kthekNoticektokPetitionkwaskneverkservedktokdefendant. AGkfailedktokobtainkpersonalkjurisdictionkuponkdefendantkpursuantktokCPLRk Articlek32;kR3211k(a)k(8).kkThus,kthekcomplaintkofkthekplaintiffkdoesknotkstatek anykcognizablekcausekofkaction.kSeekLeonkv.kMartinez,k84kNYk2dk83,k614k NYSk2dk972,k638kNEk2dk511k(1994).kCPLRkArticlek3;kR306kBkspecifieskthatk ifkservicekisknotkmadekuponkakdefendantkwithinkthektimekspecifiedkinkthisk section,kthekcourt,kuponkmotion,kshallkdismisskthekactionkwithoutkprejudicekask tokthatkdefendant.kCPLRkR5015kprovideskreliefkfromkjudgmentkorkorderkink (a)k(4)kuponkthekgroundkofklac kofkjurisdictionktokrenderkthekjudgmentkork order.kMostkimportantkiskthekArticlek3;kR320kc.kDefendantsklimitedk appearance.kItkkstateskthatkwhenkthekcourtskjurisdictionkisknotkbasedkuponk personalkservicekonkthekdefendant,kankappearancekisknotkequivalentktok personalkservicekuponkthekdefendant.kAskthekdefendantkwaskluredktokappeark forkthekcalendarkcallkandktheklimitedkappearancekwaskrelatedktokgrantingkTROk andknotkpersonalkservicektokPetition,kthekcourtkneverkachievedkpersonalk jurisdiction.kAccordingly,kdismissalkshouldkbekdonekonkbasekofkCPLRk320kc.k Additionally,kCPLRkR5704kreviewkofkexkpartekordersk(a)kbykappellatek kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk54 divisionkspecifieskthatkthekappellatekdivisionkorkakjusticekthereofkmaykvacatek orkmodifykanykorderkgrantedkwithoutknoticektokthekadversekpartykbykanykcourtk orkakjudgekfromkwhichkankappealkwouldkliektoksuchkappellatekdivision. kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkPOINTkXXII ThekplaintiffkviolatedkNewkYor klegalkethicskandkdisciplinekruleskinkmanykinstan ceskinkthisklawsuit. 1.kNYkDRk7-102k(A)k(1)kdefineskwrongfulklitigationkaskthatkwhichkiskmerelyk tokharasskorkmaliciouslykinjurekanother. 2.kNYkDRk7-102k(A)k(1)prohibitskaklawyerkfromkta ingkanykactionkink

litigationkthatkwouldkservekmerelyktokharasskorkinjurekanotherkinksituationsk wherektheklawyerkengagesk nowinglykinkthekprohibitedkconductkandkalsokink situationskwherekitkiskobviouskthatktheksuitkiskmaliciouskandkharassing.k Excessivekpunitivekdamageskprayer:kinkrekBenjamink129kADk2dk886,k514k NYSk2dk526k(3rd.kDeptk1987)kaklawyerkviolatedkDRk7-102(A)k(1)kbyksee ingk grosslykexcessivekpunitivekdamageskinktwoksmallkcontractkactionskinkorderktok harasskandkintimidatekdefendants. 3.kNYkDRk7-102k(A)k(4)kprovideskthatkaklawyerkshallknotk nowinglykusek perjuredktestimonykorkfalsekevidence. 4.kNYkDRk7-102k(A)k(4)kprohibitsktheklawyerkfromkofferingkevidencekthek lawyerk nowskiskfalsek(perjuredktestimonykorkfalsekevidence). kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk55 5.kNYkDRk7-102k(A)k(5)kprohibitskaklawyerkfromkma ingk nowinglykfalsek statementskofklawktokanyone,kakcourt,kopposingkparty,kwitness,kclient,ketc.k 6.kNYkECk7-26k-kAklawyerkwhok nowinglykparticipateskinkintroductionkofk fraudulent,kfalsekorkperjuredktestimonykorkevidencekisksubjectktokdiscipline. DiscoverykofkDocumentktamperingkinkadministrativekproceeding:kNYkStatekk Barkop.k700k(1998). 7.kUnderkNYkDRk7-102k(B)k(2),kankattorneykiskobligatedktokreportkfraudkonkak tribunal. 8.kNYkDRk109k(A)kprovideskthatkaklawyerkshallknotksuppresskanykevidencek thatktheklawyerkhaskaklegalkobligationktokreveal. 9.kDRk7-102k(A)k(6)kprovideskthatkaklawyerkshallknotkparticipatekinkthek creationkorkpreservationkofkevidencekwhenktheklawyerk nowskorkiskobviousk thatkthekevidencekiskfalse. 10.kNYkECk7-27kexplainskthatkbecausekitkinterfereskwithkthekproperk administrationkofkjustice,kaklawyerkshouldknotksuppresskevidencekthatkthek lawyerkhaskaklegalkobligationktokrevealkorkproduce.k 11.kNYkDRk7-107k(A)kandk(B)kdefinekandkdescribekthektypeskofkstatementsk whichkconstitutekimpermissiblektrialkpublicity. kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkPOINTkXXIII kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk56

Thekimpositionkofkseverekpunitivekfineskrepresentskakviolationkofk8thk amendmentkofkUSC. Thekjudgmentkinkfavorkofkthekplaintiffkimposedkexcessivekpunitivekfineskthatk representskakclearkviolationkofk8th.kAmendmentkofkUSC:knorkexcessivekfinesk imposed,knorkcruelkandkunusualkpunishmentkinflicted.kThekfineskbykjudgek Pagoneskinkhiskdecision/order/judgment,kwerekexcessive,kalsokaddedkinterestk ofk9k%kretroactivekforkseveralkyearskwerekimposedkuponkthekdefendantkatkthek urgekofkAGkonlyktokpunishkthekdefendantkforkksubmittingkthroughkhiskattorneyk akmotionkforkre-argument/renew.kk kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkPOINTkXXIV AGkviolatedkcivilkrightskofkthekdefendant. ThekfollowingkcivilkrightskofkthekdefendantkenclosedkinkthekCVRkwerek violated: 1.kSeck10.kArticlek2.kBillkofkRights.k Justicektokbekadministeredkwithoutkfavorkandkspeedily:kNeitherkjusticeknork rightkshouldkbeksoldktokanykperson,knorkdenied,knorkdeferred;kandkwritskandk processkoughtktokbekgrantedkfreelykandkwithoutkdelay,ktokallkpersonsk requiringktheksame,konkpaymentkofkfeeskestablishedkbyklaw. Art.2.kFineskmustkbekreasonablekandkimposedkonlykonkcause. Art.5.kRightkofkprivacy.k(ConfidentialitykofkaddresskwaskviolatedkbykAG). kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk57 Artk7.kVexatiousksuits.kPunishablekaskmisdemeanor. CONCLUSION Thisklegalkcasekisklac ingkbothklegalkandkfactualkgroundskforkconsiderationkink akcourtkofklaw. A.kLegalkfallacies.k GBLk349kandk350kthatkarekpartkorkrelatedktokExecutiveklawk63k(12)kdoknotk applyktokthisklawsuitkthatkiskfrivolous. 1.kThekaboveklaw,korksetkofklawskapplykinkexclusivityktokNewkYor kStatek residentskandkdoknotkapplyktokresidentskofkotherkstateskorkthekwholekworldkask heldkinkCourtkofkAppealkofkNYkSuperkStarekDecisiskprecedentkofkGoshenkvk

Mut.kLifekInskCok98kNYk2dk214,k346k(2002);kand,kScottkvkBellkAtlantickCorp.k 282kNYk2d,k180,k726k(2001),kaskdiscussedkabovekinkPointkXIV. 2.kExecutiveklawk63k(12)krefersktokrepeatedkaskrepetitionkofkfraudulentk conductkorkacts.kThiskcasekinvolveskaksinglekcasekofkallegedkfraudkandkperksek doesknotkqualifyktokGBLk349kandk350.kThiskiskpertinentktokStarekDecisiskcasek ofkStatekvkWilcokEnergykCorp.k284kADk2d,k469k(2001)kwherekthekAppellatek CourtkofkNewkYor kheldkthatkthekallegedkfraudulentkconductkorkactskhasktok involvekmorekthankonekindividualkcase.kSeekPointkXV. 3.kUnderkConsumerkProtectionkAct,kAGkhasktokshowkthatkthekallegedkpractice kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk58k orkactskwaskconsumerkorientedkandkmisleading.kThiskcasekinvolveskaksingle casekofkaktransactionkdispute,knotkgeneralkconsumerkorientedkandkoriginatingk fromkcustomerskignorancekandkwildkimaginationkthatkankornamentalkjadeitek carvingkiskakjewelrykitem.kDefendantkdidknotkmisrepresentkthekitemsksoldkaskkk jewelrykgrade,korkjewelrykitems.kAGkwronglykallegedkthatkakjadeitek Buddhistkrosarykmalaksoldktokthekcomplainantkunderktheknamekofkfeiktsui,kthatk inkChinesekmeanskjadeite,kisksynonymouskwithkimperialkjade,ktermkusedkink jewelrykbusinessktokdescribekakverykexpensivektypekofkjadeite.k AGkclaimskthatkthekcomplainantkwaskdeceivedkbykthiskmisrepresentationk andkshekreliedkonkthiskdeceptionktokpurchasekfromkthekdefendantkadditionalk5k jadeitekmala.kThekallegedkdeceptionkculminatedkinkcomplainantsksubmissionk ofkallk7krosarieskmalaktokgemologicalktestingkdonekbykAGTAkLaboratories,kak companykthatkwentkoutkofkbusinesskakfewkwee skafterkabovekmentionedk testing.kGemologicalktestingkiskdonekexclusivelykinkjewelrykgradekofksemipreciouskorkpreciouskstoneskandkiskneverkdonekinkthekartkcarvingskforkthek simplekreasonkthatkornamentalkjadekcarvingskarekroc skthatkcontainkseveralk mineralskotherkthankjadeite,khavekakvariablekcompositionkandkthekresultsk couldkbekvariablekdependingkonkthekareakwherekthektestingkiskdone.kkArticles,k excerptskofferedkinkthekdefendantskaffidavitkcontainskakGroupkdiscussionkofk kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk59 FriendskofkjadekentitledkJadekanomalies.kInkthiskdiscussionkitkiskreportedk

thatkankexaminationkofkakcicadakcarvingkrevealedktokbekconstitutedkfromk jadeitekwhenkchec edkinkakspecifickareakofkthekstonekbutkonkthekbac kofkthek carvingkfoundktokbekserpentinite.kSeekRecordkpagek401.kkAGTAkfindingskofk specieskquartzkwaskrefutedkbykGIAkLaboratorieskthatkreportedkthekfindingkofk quartzitekandknokmentionkofkquartzkwhatsoever. Quartzitekiskakmetamorphickroc k nownktokcontainkinkitskcompositionkjadeitek andkisknamedkquartzite/jadeitekorkjadeitite.kEnhancementkofkcolorkbykdyekisk presentkpracticallykinkallkimportedksemi-preciouskstoneskfromkChina. Defendantkdidknotk nowkaboutkthekenhancementkofkcolorkofkthekmalakthatkisk usuallyknotkdiscernedkbykvisualkinspection,kotherkwayskwouldkhavekdisclosedk thisktokthekconsumer.kAkbusinesskisknotkrequiredktokanticipatekthekindividualk needskofkconsumerskorktokguaranteekthatkeachkconsumerkhaskallkinformationk relevantktokhiskorkherkspecificksituation.kOswegokLaborerskLocalk214k PensionkFundkvkMarinekMidlandkBan k85kNYk2dk20k(1995).kThekCourtkink Oswegokstatedkalso:kHowever,kwhenkthekbusinesskalonekpossesseskmaterialk informationkthatkiskrelevantktokthekconsumerkandkfailsktokprovidekthek information,kitkcankbeksaidktokhavekactedkdeceptively. 4.kAGkneedknotkestablishkinjuryktokconsumersktokobtainkinjunctivekrelief.k kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk60 Porwic kv.kFortiskBenefitskInsurancekCo.k2004kUSkDistkLexisk24432k(SDk NY2004).kHowever,ktokestablishkakclaimkforkrestitutionkorkdamages,kAGkwillk bekrequiredktokshowksuchkinjury.kOswegokLaborerskLocalk214kPensionkFundk vkMarinekMidlandkBan k85kNYk2d,k20k(1995).kTherekwasknokinjurykandk complainantkwaskofferedkakrefundksettlementkshekturnedkitkdown. 5.kDefendantkneverkadvertisedkanykofkthekitemskplacedkonkhiskwebsitekObjetsk DArtkUniques,korkanykotherkwebsiteskandkasksuchkGBLk350kdoesknotkapplyk tokthiskcase.kWhilekGBLk349kdealskgenerallykwithkdeceptivekactskorkpractices,kk GBLk350kiskspecificktokfalsekadvertising,kthekstandardskarekessentiallykthek same.kGoshenkVkMutkLifekIns.kCo.k98kNYk2dk314k(2002). Specifically,kGBLk350krefersktokdeceptivekadvertisingkandkthiskcasekdoesk nothingktokdokwithkadvertisingkaskthekdefendantkneverkadvertisedkinkanykformk

andkasksuch,kallkthekfineskimposedkkonkdefendantkunderkGBLk350kshouldknotk bekimposed.kIfkthekadvertisingkmeanskthektitlekofkkankitem,kthenkGBLk350k wouldkbekredundantkaskallkitemskforksalekfromkanykmerchantkhavekaktitlekandk GBLk349kwouldkbeksufficientktokprosecutekfraud.k 6.kAGkinstitutedklegalkactionkagainstkdefendantknotkonlykwithoutklegalk grounds,kbutkthekprimakfaciekofkevidencekconsistingkink7kgemologicalk identificationkreportskwaskfraudulentkduektokthekfactkthatkthekgemologicalk kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk61 reportskwerekmislabeledkandkforgerykwaskusedkconsistingkinkfraudulentkusek ofktheksamekphotographkinkthekidentificationkreportskofk2kdifferentkjadeitek mala. 7.kThekcomplainantkcommittedkperjurykbyksubmittingkfalsekdeclarationsk underkoathkinkherkaffidavitkusedktokprosecutekthekdefendant. 8.kComplainantskaffidavitkwithkallkallegationskinkwithinkwaskimpeachedkbyk complainantskcontradictorykstatementskregardingkherkpaymentkforkthekAGTAk gemologicalktesting,kpaymentkclaimedkforkrestitutionkandkdamageskbykthek complainantkandkAG.k 9.kAGkusedkforksummarykproceedingkhearsaykfromkthekcomplainantkthatkarek absurd.kForkexample,kshekclaimskthatk2kjadeitekhandlekbrusheskpurchasedk fromkthekdefendantkwerekmadekfromkglasskratherkthankjadeite.kNotkonlykthatk shekdidknotkhavekanykgroundsktokma eksuchkridiculouskallegation,kbutkthisk transactionkwaskinkthekpast,kshekreturnedkthekitemskandkwaskrefunded.kShekisk akrecurrentkreturner;kinkthekpastkshekreturnedkakjadeitekpendantkclaimingkthatk hadkakfissure.kThekpendantkwaskre-examinedkonkreturnkandknokfissureskwerek found.k 10.kItkappearskfromkthekevidencekthatkthekcomplainantkconspiredkwithkak friendkjewelerktokdefraudkandkextortkmoneykfromkdefendant.kInsteadkofk shippingkthekmalakforkexaminationktokAGTAkaskiskcustomarykandkplausible, kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk62k shekusedkthekjewelerkaskakmessengerkbetweenkherkhomekinkWinsted,kConn.,ktok AGTAkinkNYC,kfromkMassachussetskwherekthekjewelerkhaskthekbusiness,k bac ktokAGTAkinkNYCkandkbac ktokMassachussetts.kThiskstorykappearskli ekak

schemektokdefraudkandkextortkthekdefendant,kmaterializedkinkcomplainantsk claimkofk$1540kforkgemologicalktestingkthatkGIAkchargeskonlyk$546.kThek amountkofk$1540kiskpartkofkAGskclaimkforkrestitutionkandkassessedktok defendantkbykCourtskjudgment,kpluskretroactivek9k%kinterest.kSeekdefendantk ReplykAffidavitkdatedkAugustk19,k2010,kpagek8,kn2:kRecordkA452. 11.kAGkengagedkinkakcampaignkofkvilifyingkthekdefendantkbykpublishingk inflammatorykreleasesktokmediakconsideredkbyklawktokbekillegalkwhilekthek legalkproceedingskarekactive.kThekCourtkandkAGkrecommendedkdefendantktok retainklegalkcounselkwithkfullk nowledgekthatktheklegalkfindingskwouldkbek disregardedkbykjudgekaskdiscretionarykandksubsequentkdefendantkincurredk financialklosseskkconsistingkinklawyerskfee.k 12.kDefendantkinkhiskproksekrepresentationkbroughtkevidencekthatkwask misapprehendedkorkoverloo edkandkthekCourtkreasonkofkdisregardingkthatk evidencekwaskthatkthekdocumentsksubmittedkwereknotkswornkaskaffidavits.k HoweverkdeclarationskarekacceptablekinklieukofkaffidavitskinkNewkYor kStatek Courts,kFederalkCourtskandkmanykStateskCourts.kMaliciouslykandk kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk63 intentionallykaskaktravestykofkjustice,kthekCourtkdidknotkacceptkthekdocumentsk submittedkaskevidencekinkResponsektokPetition,kReplykaffirmationkandkReplyk tokAGkVerifiedkReplykandkmorekimportantly,kthekmotionskforkdismissalk enclosedkinkthekdocumentskwerekignoredkandkneverkanswered.kCPLRkArticlek 1kRulek105kDefinitionskdefineskink105k(b)kthatkactionkincludeskspecialk proceedingskandkunderk105k(u)kitkiskclearlykstated:kVerifiedkpleading.kAk verifiedkpleadingkmaykbekutilizedkaskankaffidavitkwheneverktheklatterkisk required.kDefendantkusedkverifiedkpleadingkaskakdeclarationkunderkpenaltykofk perjurykandkshouldknotkbekconsideredktokbekankerror.kInkcontrast,kAGkfatalk errorkofknotkservingkdefendantkwithkNoticekofkPetitionkwaskneverksanctionedk bykthekCourt.kThekpersonalkjurisdictionkwaskneverkacquiredkaskfraudulentk luringkthekdefendantktokthekCourtkforkthekcalendarkcallkrelatedkktokTROk grantingkisknotkconsideredkpersonalkserving.k

Thekmotionskofkdefendantktokdismisskthekactionkinkthekanswerkandkreplieskask specifiedkinkCPLRk3211k(a)k(1)(2)(7)k(8)(10)kandk(e)kwerekcompletelyk disregardedkbykthekCourt.kMorekimportantkarekthekmotionsktokdismisskunderk CPLRk(e)kaskthosekwerekmotionskbasedkonkissuekofkfactkthatkcamekupkinkthek processkofkdiscoverykafterksubmissionkofkanswerkandkreplies. 10.kDefendantkrespondedkwithink5kdaysktokakNoticektokProposedkActionk kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk64 followingkaksubpoenakatkAGkOfficekinkPough eepsie.kInkthekresponse,k defendantkdeniedkallkthekchargeskandkbroughtktokthekattentionkofkAAGkthatk thekgemologicalkreportskofkAGTAkwerekmislabeledkandktampered.kDefendantk waskconvincedkthatkthekinvestigationkwouldkbekdismissedkforklac kofk evidencekandktamperingkwithklegalkdocuments. 12.kDefendantkspentkhisklifeksavingsktokretainkaklawyerkthatkafterkunfruitfulk negotiationskmovedktokre-argumentkandkrenew. Thekre-argumentkwaskwronglyknamedkaskrenewkbykAGkandkthekCourt.kItkisk apparentkthatkthekCourtkandkAGkdoknotk nowktheksignificancekofkre-argumentk versuskrenew,korkmaliciouslykmisinterpretkwhatkre-argumentkkandkrenewk motionkmeans.kAccordingktokCPLRkArticlek22kR2221,kakmotionkforkleavektok renewkshallkbekbasedkuponknewkfactsknotkofferedkonkthekpriorkmotionkthatk wouldkchangekthekpriorkdetermination.kAkmotionkforkleavektokrearguekshallkbek basedkuponkmatterkofkfactskorklawknotkpreviouslykoffered.kCPLRkR3212(c)k specifieskthatkthekmotionkforksummarykjudgmentkshallkbekdeniedkifkanykpartyk shallkshowkfactsksufficientktokrequirekaktrialkofkanykissuekofkfact. Knowinglykandkintentionally,kSupremekCourtkerredkinkgrantingkplaintiffkthek summarykjudgmentkdespitekthatkdefendantkshowedkincontrovertiblekevidencek thatkdisputedkandkrefutedkplaintiffskburdenkofkproofkconsistingkinkprimak facie.kThekmisconductkofkthekofficerskofkthekCourtkkshouldkrequireklegal kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk65k reviewkbykAmericankBarkAssociation.kDefendantkhaskshownkincontrovertiblek evidencekofkthekexistencekofkmaterialkfactkthatkma esktheksummarykjudgmentk un-admissible.kRespectfully,kdefendantkMirceakVeleanukrequestskAppellatek Courtktokreversekthekjudgment,kliftkTRO,kvoidkallkfines,kcostskandkgrantk

attorneykfeeskreimbursementkandkfinesktokadversarykpartykaskdeemedktokbek fair. k Somers,kNYk10589 Marchk7,k2011 kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk_________________________ _____ kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkMirceakVeleanu,kpr okse kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk275kCkHeritagekHills kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkSomers,kNYk10589 kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk914-534-6003kkkkkkkkk kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk

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