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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.

2012

INTHECOURTOFSH.VINODKUMAR
SPLECIALJUDGEII(P.C.ACT,CBI),ROHINI,DELHI
CCNo.19/2009
(HariNagarAshramPostOffice,Delhi)
CBIVs
(1) KrishanMadhwaSingh
S/oSh.JaiNathSingh
R/oJ130,Sector09,VijayNagar,Ghaziabad.
(2) SohanPalSharma@Panditji
S/oSh.DeepChand
R/oD74,GangaVihar,Delhi94.
(3) LaxmanPrasad@Thakur
S/oLateSh.KalpnathPrasad
R/oC120,StreetNo.5,GangaVihar,Delhi94.
(4) RohtashKanwar(Alreadyconvicted)
S/oSh.ChanderBhan
R/oRZ68,IndiraPark,UttamNagar,
NewDelhi110059.
(5) HarishChander(Discharged)
S/oSh.AttarSingh
R/oB,DakshaRoad,BiswasNagarShahdara,
Delhi110032andC28,EastUttamNagar,
NewDelhi59.
(6) HariNarayanPal@Neta
S/oSh.HariDutt
R/oR1/14,NawadaHosingComplex,
UttamNagar,NewDelhi110059.
(7) SatishPalSingh
S/oSh.KeharSingh
R/oC33,LIGFlats,EastofLoniRoad,
Shahdara,Delhi
(8) AlwarSingh(Expired)
CCNo.19/2009Page1/121

CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

S/oSh.RalhanSingh
R/oRZ15A/1,MainSagarpur,Delhi110046.
Dateofconclusionoffinalarguments:13.8.2012
Dateofjudgement:17.8.2012
JUDGEMENT
1.

Prosecution story as unfolded during the trial is that


genuineKisanVikasPatrasweredespatchedfromNasikSecurity
Press, Nasik to different consignees in India by Railways.
During transit the said KVPs were stolen at various places
includingPatnaJn.RailwayYardbybreakingopenthewagon
in the Railway Yard of Patna Railway Station. The open
deliveryoftheconsignmentwasreceivedbyOfficersofCircle
StampDepotPatnawhoreportedthemattertothePolice.The
theftofKVPswascirculatedthroughoutIndiathroughdifferent
missing/lost circulars. One Naresh Praasad @ Sadhu was
arrestedbyCBIinCBIcaseRC45(E)/98BS&FCNewDelhiand
atpresentheisinjudicialcustody. Inthisregardacasehas
been registered at Patna vide FIR No. 29/99dated 24.2.1998
under Section 468/409 and 120B IPC in GRP Patna and at
Howrah vide FIR No. 105 dated 2.5.1998 under Section
379/411IPCatHowrahGRP.ThesestolenKVPsweresoldby
said Naresh Prasad @ Sadhu, Ramesh Kumar Ramania and

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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

Mohd.Anwartovariouspersons.AccusedK.M.Singh(A1)and
H.N.Pal@Neta(A6)inpursuranceofsaidcriminalconspiracy
procured the stolen KVPs from Afzal Siddiqui and Sehzada
SiddiquifromLucknow.AccusedAfzalSiddiquiisanaccusedin
CBIcaseRCS192000E0001andisfacingtrialintheCourtof
SpecialJudge,TisHazariCourt,Delhi.
2.

Investigation has further revealed that accused K. M.

Singh (A1) in conspiracy with coaccused Laxman Prasad @


Thakur(A3),SohanPalSharma@Panditji(A2),HariNarayan
Pal@Neta(A6),HarishChander(A5),SatishPalSingh(A7)
andAlwarSingh(A8)forgedthestolenKisanVikasPatrasand
got them encashed from Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office.
Accused K. M. Singh (A1), Hari Narayan Pal @ Neta (A6),
Sohan Pal Sharma @ Panditji (A2) and Harish Chander (A5)
obtainedthroughfraudulentmeansidentityslipbookletsfrom
Lodi Road Head Post Office, New Delhi110003. The
stolen/forged KVPs were purported to have been issued from
Char Bagh Lucknow, Jind Head Post Office, Rajaji Puram
LucknowPostOffice,MachhrauliPostoffice,KarnalHeadPost
Office,RajkishoreRajkotPostoffice360001,HataPostOffice&
Batwadi Akola PO 4443021, and presented at Hari Nagar
AshramPostOfficeforencashment.Investigationhasrevealed
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

thataccusedK.M.Singh(A1)andaccusedHariNarayanPal@
Neta(A6)usedtoprocurethesestolenKVPsfromtheirsource
AfzalSiddiquiandSehzadaSiddiquibasedinLucknow.
3.

InvestigationhasrevealedthataccusedK.M.Singh(A1)

and accused Satish Pal Singh (A7) had together worked at


Jangpura Post Office and were known to each other. When
accused Satish Pal Singh (A7) was transferred to Hari Nagar
AshramPostOffice,accusedK.M.Singh(A1),coaccusedH.N.
Pal @ Neta (A6) and accused Sohan Pal Sharma @ Panditji
(A2) met him and hatched a conspiracy to encash the
stolen/forgedKVPsbyforgingtheverificationreportsonNC32
Forms of the issuing Post Offices. Accused Satish Pal Singh
(A7)wasaskedtointercepttheNC32Formsandhandthem
overtoK.M.Singh(A1)orothercoaccusedpersonswhoafter
forgingtheverificationreportswouldagainhandthemoverto
accusedSatishPalSingh(A7).
4.

InvestigationhasrevealedthataccusedSohanPalSharma

@Panditji(A2)infurtheranceofthecriminalconspiracyforged
the body writing of KVPs bearing Nos. 45CC163601 to
45CC163321to45CC163400,31BB007761to31BB007800,
28CC970338 to 28CC970348 and 28CC982031 to 982040
total 277 KVPs in the fictitious name of Hari Prasad. These
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

KVPswereencashedbyaccusedLaxmanPrasad@Thakur(A3)
(whowastheservantofaccusedSohanPalSharma)fromHari
NagarAshram,PostOffice,NewDelhi110014duringtheperiod
between27.3.1998to12.6.1999.
5.

Investigatgion has revealed that the accused Sohan Pal

Sharma@Panditji(A2)infurtheranceoftheconspiracyforged
theabovereferredstolenKVPsandfacilitatedtheencashmentof
KVPs to the tune of Rs.46,36,100/ thereby caused wrongful
gaintohimselfandotheraccusedpersonsandwrongfullossto
theGovernmentofIndia.
6.

Investigation has further revealed that in furtherance to

thesaidcriminalconspiracyaccusedK.M.Singh(A1)directed
accusedSatishPalsingh(A7)thataccusedRohtash(A4)would
reach Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office for encashment of the
KVPs. Accused Satish Pal Singh (A7) informed him tht Post
MasterAlwarSingh(A8)wasgoingfortrainingtoSaharanpur
and therefore he should send Rohtash on the same day.
Accordingly,asperthedirectionofaccusedK.M.singh(A1),
accusedRohtashKanwar(A4)wenttoHariNagarAshramPost
Officeandpresentedthestolen/forgedKVPstothetuneofRs.8
Lacsforencashment.AccusedAlwarSingh(A8)onseeingthe
KVPsaskedaccusedSatishPalSingh(A7)tosendNC32Forms
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

totheissuingPostOfficeandverifytheparitcularsandhimself
wentontrainingtoSaharanpur(UP).AccusedSatishPalSingh
(A7)infurtheranceofcriminalconspiracysignedoneightNC
32Forms andalsoputthestampofHariNagarAshramPost
OfficeandgavethemtoaccusedK.M.Singh(A1)forgetting
the verification forged. These eight NC32 Forms were
recovered from the car of accused K. M. Singh (A1) on his
pointingout.
7.

InvestigationhasrevealedthataccusedSohanPalSharma

(A2) was in possession of three blank NC32 Forms seized


during the search of his house. Investigation has further
revealedthataccusedSohanPalSharma@Panditji(A2)had
met accused Harish Chander (A%) at Gole Dakkhana where
accused Harish Chander (A5) ws working as a Mail Man.
AccusedHarishChander(A5)askedaccusedSohanPalSharma
@Panditji(A2)toforgethebodywritingoftheKVPssothat
theycouldbeencashed.
8.

InvestigationhasrevealedthataccusedK.M.Singh(A1)

and accused H. N. Pal @ Neta (A6) got prepared round


seals/stampwhichwereusedtoforgetheKVPstoshowthemto
havebeenissuedfromtheconcernedPostOffice.
9.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatLaxmanPrasad@

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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadwenttoHari
NagarAshramPostOfficeon23/6/1998andpresentedKVPs
bearingserialno.31BB007761to31BB007770purportedto
havebeenissuedfromRajajiPuramPostOfficeLucknowvide
Regn.No.741dated24.2.94toPostmasterAlwarSingh(A8)
whomadepaymentofRs.81,000/tohimagainsttheseKVPs.
TheseKVPswerepresentedalongwithidentityslipbearingno.
18/43892.
10.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 13.6.98 and presented
KVPs bearing serial no. 31BB007771 to 31BB007780
purportedtohavebeenissuedfromRajajiPuramLucknowPost
OfficevideRegn.No.742dated24.2.94topostmasterAlwar
Singh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.81,000/tohimagainst
theseKVPs.TheseKVPswerepresentedalongwithidentityslip
bearingno.19/43892.
11.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 13.6.98 and presented
KVPs bearing serial no. 31BB007781 to 31BB007790
purportedtohavebeenissuedfromRajajiPuramLucknowPost
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

OfficevideRegn.No.743dated24.2.94topostmasterAlwar
Singh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.81,000/tohimagainst
theseKVPs.TheseKVPswerepresentedalongwithidentityslip
bearingno.20/43892.
12.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 13.6.98 and presented
KVPs bearing serial no. 31BB007791 to 31BB007800
purportedtohavebeenissuedfromRajajiPuramLucknowPost
OfficevideRegn.No.744dated24.2.94topostmasterAlwar
Singh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.81,000/tohimagainst
theseKVPs.TheseKVPswerepresentedalongwithidentityslip
bearingno.21/43892.
13.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 14.8.98 and presented
KVPs bearing serial no. 28CC970301 to 28CC970310
purportedtohavebeenissuedfromRajajiPuramLucknowPost
OfficevideRegn.No.746dated24.2.94topostmasterAlwar
Singh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.1,62,000/tohimagainst
theseKVPs.TheseKVPswerepresentedalongwithidentityslip
bearingno.22/43892.
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

14.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 14.8.98 and presented
KVPs bearing serial no. 28CC970311 to 28CC970320
purportedtohavebeenissuedfromRajajiPuramLucknowPost
OfficevideRegn.No.747dated24.2.94topostmasterAlwar
Singh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.1,62,000/tohimagainst
theseKVPs.TheseKVPswerepresentedalongwithidentityslip
bearingno.23/43892.
15.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 11.9.98 and presented
KVPs bearing serial no. 28CC970321 to 28CC970325
purportedtohavebeenissuedfromRajajiPuramLucknowPost
OfficevideRegn.No.748dated24.2.94topostmasterAlwar
Singh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.86,500/tohimagainst
theseKVPs.
16.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 11.9.98 and presented
KVPs bearing serial no. 28CC970326 to 28CC970330
purportedtohavebeenissuedfromRajajiPuramLucknowPost
CCNo.19/2009Page9/121

CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

OfficevideRegn.No.749dated24.2.94topostmasterAlwar
Singh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.86,500/tohimagainst
theseKVPs.
17.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 11.9.98 and presented
KVPs bearing serial no. 28CC970331 to 28CC970336
purportedtohavebeenissuedfromRajajiPuramLucknowPost
OfficevideRegn.No.750dated24.2.94topostmasterAlwar
Singh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.1,30,800/tohimagainst
theseKVPs.
18.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 11.9.98 and presented
KVPs bearing serial no. 28CC970338 to 28CC970342
purportedtohavebeenissuedfromRajajiPuramLucknowPost
OfficevideRegn.No.752dated24.2.94topostmasterAlwar
Singh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.86,500/tohimagainst
theseKVPs.
19.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 11.9.98 and presented
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

KVPs bearing serial no. 28CC970343 to 28CC970348


purportedtohavebeenissuedfromRajajiPuramLucknowPost
OfficevideRegn.No.753dated24.2.94topostmasterAlwar
Singh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.1,03,800/tohimagainst
theseKVPs.
20.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
toHari NagarAshram Post Office on21.12.98 and presented
KVPs bearing serial no. 28CC982031 to 28CC982035
purportedtohavebeenissuedfromRajajiPuramLucknowPost
OfficevideRegn.No.755dated24.2.94topostmasterAlwar
Singh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.86,500/tohimagainst
theseKVPs.
21.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
toHari NagarAshram Post Office on21.12.98 and presented
KVPs bearing serial no. 28CC982036 to 28CC982040
purportedtohavebeenissuedfromRajajiPuramLucknowPost
OfficevideRegn.No.756dated24.2.94topostmasterAlwar
Singh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.86,500/tohimagainst
theseKVPs.
22.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 16.2.99 and presented
KVPs bearing serial no. 35BB936601 to 35BB936620
purportedtohavebeenissuedfromJindHeadPostOfficevide
Regn.No.565dated16.2.94topostmasterAlwarSingh(A8)
whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohimagainsttheseKVPs.
23.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 16.2.99 and presented
KVPs bearing serial no. 35BB936621 to 35BB936640
purportedtohavebeenissuedfromJindHeadPostOfficevide
Regn.No.566dated16.2.94topostmasterAlwarSingh(A8)
whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohimagainsttheseKVPs.
24.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 17.2.99 and presented
KVPs bearing serial no. 35BB936641 to 35BB936660
purportedtohavebeenissuedfromJindHeadPostOfficevide
Regn.No.567dated16.2.94topostmasterAlwarSingh(A8)
whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohimagainsttheseKVPs.
25.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 19.2.99 and presented


KVPs bearing serial no. 35BB936661 to 35BB936680
purportedtohavebeenissuedfromJindHeadPostOfficevide
Regn.No.568dated16.2.94topostmasterAlwarSingh(A8)
whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohimagainsttheseKVPs.
26.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 19.2.99 and presented
KVPs bearing serial no. 35BB936681 to 35BB936700
purportedtohavebeenissuedfromJindHeadPostOfficevide
Regn.No.569dated16.2.94topostmasterAlwarSingh(A8)
whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohimagainsttheseKVPs.
27.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
toHariNagarAshramPostOfficeon3.3.99andpresentedKVPs
bearingserialno.35BB936301to35BB936320purportedto
havebeenissuedfromJindHeadPostOfficevideRegn.No.528
dated 6.2.94 to postmaster Alwar Singh (A8) who made
paymentofRs.1,86,000/tohimagainsttheseKVPs.
28.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
toHariNagarAshramPostOfficeon3.3.99andpresentedKVPs
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

bearingserialno.35BB936321to35BB936340purportedto
havebeenissuedfromJindHeadPostOfficevideRegn.No.529
dated 6.2.94 to postmaster Alwar Singh (A8) who made
paymentofRs.1,86,000/tohimagainsttheseKVPs.
29.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 34.3.99 and presented
KVPs bearing serial no. 35BB936341 to 35BB936360
purportedtohavebeenissuedfromJindHeadPostOfficevide
Regn. No. 530 dated 6.2.94 to postmaster Alwar Singh (A8)
whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohimagainsttheseKVPs.
30.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
toHariNagarAshramPostOfficeon4.3.99andpresentedKVPs
bearingserialno.35BB936361to35BB936380purportedto
havebeenissuedfromJindHeadPostOfficevideRegn.No.531
dated 6.2.94 to postmaster Alwar Singh (A8) who made
paymentofRs.1,86,000/tohimagainsttheseKVPs.
31.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
toHariNagarAshramPostOfficeon4.3.99andpresentedKVPs
bearingserialno.35BB936381to35BB936400purportedto
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

havebeenissuedfromJindHeadPostOfficevideRegn.No.532
dated 6.2.94 to postmaster Alwar Singh (A8) who made
paymentofRs.1,86,000/tohimagainsttheseKVPs.
32.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 27.3.99 and presented
KVPs bearing serial no. 45CC163321 to 45CC163330
purported to have been issued from Charbagh Lucknow (UP)
Post Office vide Regn. No. 1381 dated 8.3.94 to postmaster
AlwarSingh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohim
againsttheseKVPs.
33.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 27.3.99 and presented
KVPs bearing serial no. 45CC163331 to 45CC163340
purported to have been issued from Charbagh Lucknow (UP)
Post Office vide Regn. No. 1382 dated 8.3.94 to postmaster
AlwarSingh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohim
againsttheseKVPs.
34.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 27.3.99 and presented
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

KVPs bearing serial no. 45CC163341 to 45CC163350


purported to have been issued from Charbagh Lucknow (UP)
Post Office vide Regn. No. 1383 dated 8.3.94 to postmaster
AlwarSingh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohim
againsttheseKVPs.
35.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
toHariNagarAshramPostOfficeon2730.3.99andpresented
KVPs bearing serial no. 45CC163351 to 45CC163360
purported to have been issued from Charbagh Lucknow (UP)
Post Office vide Regn. No. 1384 dated 8.3.94 to postmaster
AlwarSingh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohim
againsttheseKVPs.
36.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 30.3.99 and presented
KVPs bearing serial no. 45CC163361 to 45CC163370
purported to have been issued from Charbagh Lucknow (UP)
Post Office vide Regn. No. 1385 dated 8.3.94 to postmaster
AlwarSingh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohim
againsttheseKVPs.
37.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 30.3.99 and presented
KVPs bearing serial no. 45CC163371 to 45CC163380
purported to have been issued from Charbagh Lucknow (UP)
Post Office vide Regn. No. 1386 dated 8.3.94 to postmaster
AlwarSingh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohim
againsttheseKVPs.
38.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 30.3.99 and presented
KVPs bearing serial no. 45CC163381 to 45CC163390
purported to have been issued from Charbagh Lucknow (UP)
Post Office vide Regn. No. 1387 dated 8.3.94 to postmaster
AlwarSingh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohim
againsttheseKVPs.
39.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 31.3.99 and presented
KVPs bearing serial no. 45CC163391 to 45CC163400
purported to have been issued from Charbagh Lucknow (UP)
Post Office vide Regn. No. 1388 dated 8.3.94 to postmaster
AlwarSingh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohim
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

againsttheseKVPs.
40.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 29.4.99 and presented
KVPs bearing serial no. 45CC163601 to 45CC163610
purported to have been issued from Charbagh Lucknow (UP)
Post Office vide Regn. No. 1394 dated 28.3.94 to postmaster
AlwarSingh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohim
againsttheseKVPs.
41.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 29.4.99 and presented
KVPs bearing serial no. 45CC163611 to 45CC163620
purported to have been issued from Charbagh Lucknow (UP)
Post Office vide Regn. No. 1395 dated 28.3.94 to postmaster
AlwarSingh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohim
againsttheseKVPs.
42.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
toHariNagarAshramPostOfficeon1.5.99andpresentedKVPs
bearingserialno.45CC163621to45CC163630purportedto
havebeenissuedfromCharbaghLucknow(UP)PostOfficevide
CCNo.19/2009Page18/121

CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

Regn.No.1396dated28.3.94topostmasterAlwarSingh(A8)
whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohimagainsttheseKVPs.
43.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
toHariNagarAshramPostOfficeon1.5.99andpresentedKVPs
bearingserialno.45CC163631to45CC163640purportedto
havebeenissuedfromCharbaghLucknow(UP)PostOfficevide
Regn.No.1397dated28.3.94topostmasterAlwarSingh(A8)
whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohimagainsttheseKVPs.
44.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
toHariNagarAshramPostOfficeon1.5.99andpresentedKVPs
bearingserialno.45CC163641to45CC163650purportedto
havebeenissuedfromCharbaghLucknow(UP)PostOfficevide
Regn.No.1398dated28.3.94topostmasterAlwarSingh(A8)
whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohimagainsttheseKVPs.
45.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
toHariNagarAshramPostOfficeon8.5.99andpresentedKVPs
bearingserialno.45CC163651to45CC163660purportedto
havebeenissuedfromCharbaghLucknow(UP)PostOfficevide
Regn.No.1399dated28.3.94topostmasterAlwarSingh(A8)
CCNo.19/2009Page19/121

CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohimagainsttheseKVPs.
46.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
toHariNagarAshramPostOfficeon8.5.99andpresentedKVPs
bearingserialno.45CC163661to45CC163670purportedto
havebeenissuedfromCharbaghLucknow(UP)PostOfficevide
Regn.No.1400dated28.3.94topostmasterAlwarSingh(A8)
whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohimagainsttheseKVPs.
47.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
toHariNagarAshramPostOfficeon8.5.99andpresentedKVPs
bearingserialno.45CC163671to45CC163674purportedto
havebeenissuedfromCharbaghLucknow(UP)PostOfficevide
Regn.No.1401dated28.3.94topostmasterAlwarSingh(A8)
whomadepaymentofRs.74,400/tohimagainsttheseKVPs.
48.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 12.6.99 and presented
KVPs bearing serial no. 45CC163675 to 45CC163680
purported to have been issued from Charbagh Lucknow (UP)
Post Office vide Regn. No. 1402 dated 8.3.94 to postmaster
AlwarSingh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.1,11,600/tohim
CCNo.19/2009Page20/121

CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

againsttheseKVPs.
49.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 12.6.99 and presented
KVPs bearing serial no. 45CC163681 to 45CC163690
purported to have been issued from Charbagh Lucknow (UP)
Post Office vide Regn. No. 1403 dated 8.3.94 to postmaster
AlwarSingh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohim
againsttheseKVPs.
50.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.LaxmanPrasad

@Thakur(A3)personatinghimselfasHariPrasadagainwent
to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 12.6.99 and presented
KVPs bearing serial no. 45CC163691 to 45CC163700
purported to have been issued from Charbagh Lucknow (UP)
Post Office vide Regn. No. 1404 dated 8.3.94 to postmaster
AlwarSingh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohim
againsttheseKVPs.
51.

Investigation has thus revealed that accused Laxman

Prasad@Thakur(A3)haspersonatedhimselfasHariPrasad
andpresentedbeforeaccusedAlwarSingh(A8)PostmasterHari
Nagar Ashram Post Office 477 above referred stolen/forged
KVPs of the face value of Rs.35,70,000/ and cheated the
CCNo.19/2009Page21/121

CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

Government of India by fraudulent means to the tune of Rs.


64,96,100/.
52.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Sohan Pal

Sharma @ Panditji (A2) personating himself as Harpal Singh


went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 29.7.98 and
presented KVPs bearing serial no. 28CC982151 to
28CC982155purportedtohavebeenissuedfromMachharuli
Post Office vide Regn. No. 516 dated 4.1.94 to postmaster
Alwar Singh (A8) who made payment of Rs.86,500/ to him
against these KVPs. These KVPs were presented along with
IdentitySlipNos.15/43893.
53.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Sohan Pal

Sharma @ Panditji (A2) personating himself as Harpal Singh


went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 29.7.98 and
presented KVPs bearing serial no. 28CC982156 to
28CC982160purportedtohavebeenissuedfromMachharuli
Post Office vide Regn. No. 517 dated 4.1.94 to postmaster
Alwar Singh (A8) who made payment of Rs.86,500/ to him
against these KVPs. These KVPs were presented along with
IdentitySlipNos.16/43893.
54.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Sohan Pal

Sharma @ Panditji (A2) personating himself as Harpal Singh


CCNo.19/2009Page22/121

CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 29.7.98 and


presented KVPs bearing serial no. 28CC982161 to
28CC982165purportedtohavebeenissuedfromMachharuli
Post Office vide Regn. No. 518 dated 4.1.94 to postmaster
Alwar Singh (A8) who made payment of Rs.86,500/ to him
against these KVPs. These KVPs were presented along with
IdentitySlipNos.17/43893.
55.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Sohan Pal

Sharma @ Panditji (A2) personating himself as Harpal Singh


went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 29.7.98 and
presented KVPs bearing serial no. 28CC982166 to
28CC982170purportedtohavebeenissuedfromMachharuli
Post Office vide Regn. No. 519 dated 4.1.94 to postmaster
Alwar Singh (A8) who made payment of Rs.86,500/ to him
against these KVPs. These KVPs were presented along with
IdentitySlipNos.18/43893.
56.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Sohan Pal

Sharma @ Panditji (A2) personating himself as Harpal Singh


went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 29.7.98 and
presented KVPs bearing serial no. 28CC982171 to
28CC982175purportedtohavebeenissuedfromMachharuli
Post Office vide Regn. No. 520 dated 4.1.94 to postmaster
CCNo.19/2009Page23/121

CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

Alwar Singh (A8) who made payment of Rs.86,500/ to him


againsttheseKVPs.
57.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Sohan Pal

Sharma @ Panditji (A2) personating himself as Harpal Singh


went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 7.12.98 and
presentedKVPsbearingserialno.35BB922201to35BB922210
purported to have been issued from Karnal Head Post Office
vide Regn. No. 525dated23.3.94 topostmaster Alwar Singh
(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.86,500/ tohimagainst these
KVPs.
58.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Sohan Pal

Sharma @ Panditji (A2) personating himself as Harpal Singh


went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 7.12.98 and
presentedKVPsbearingserialno.35BB922211to35BB922220
purported to have been issued from Karnal Head Post Office
vide Regn. No. 526dated23.3.94 topostmaster Alwar Singh
(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.86,500/ tohimagainst these
KVPs.
59.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Sohan Pal

Sharma @ Panditji (A2) personating himself as Harpal Singh


went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 8.12.98 and
presentedKVPsbearingserialno.35BB922221to35BB922230
CCNo.19/2009Page24/121

CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

purported to have been issued from Karnal Head Post Office


vide Regn. No. 527dated23.3.94 topostmaster Alwar Singh
(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.86,500/ tohimagainst these
KVPs.
60.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Sohan Pal

Sharma @ Panditji (A2) personating himself as Harpal Singh


went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 8.12.98 and
presentedKVPsbearingserialno.35BB922231to35BB922240
purported to have been issued from Karnal Head Post Office
vide Regn. No. 528dated23.3.94 topostmaster Alwar Singh
(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.86,500/ tohimagainst these
KVPs.
61.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Sohan Pal

Sharma @ Panditji (A2) personating himself as Harpal Singh


went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 12.12.98 and
presentedKVPsbearingserialno.35BB922241to35BB922250
purported to have been issued from Karnal Head Post Office
vide Regn. No. 529dated23.3.94 topostmaster Alwar Singh
(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.86,500/ tohimagainst these
KVPs.
62.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Sohan Pal

Sharma @ Panditji (A2) personating himself as Harpal Singh


CCNo.19/2009Page25/121

CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 12.12.98 and


presentedKVPsbearingserialno.35BB922251to35BB922260
purported to have been issued from Karnal Head Post Office
vide Regn. No. 530dated23.3.94 topostmaster Alwar Singh
(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.86,500/ tohimagainst these
KVPs.
63.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Sohan Pal

Sharma @ Panditji (A2) personating himself as Harpal Singh


went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 12.12.98 and
presentedKVPsbearingserialno.35BB922261to35BB922270
purported to have been issued from Karnal Head Post Office
vide Regn. No. 531dated23.3.94 topostmaster Alwar Singh
(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.86,500/ tohimagainst these
KVPs.
64.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Sohan Pal

Sharma @ Panditji (A2) personating himself as Harpal Singh


went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 14.12.98 and
presentedKVPsbearingserialno.35BB922271to35BB922280
purported to have been issued from Karnal Head Post Office
vide Regn. No. 532dated23.3.94 topostmaster Alwar Singh
(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.86,500/ tohimagainst these
KVPs.
CCNo.19/2009Page26/121

CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

65.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Sohan Pal

Sharma @ Panditji (A2) personating himself as Harpal Singh


went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 14.12.98 and
presentedKVPsbearingserialno.35BB922281to35BB922290
purported to have been issued from Karnal Head Post Office
vide Regn. No. 533dated23.3.94 topostmaster Alwar Singh
(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.86,500/ tohimagainst these
KVPs.
66.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Sohan Pal

Sharma @ Panditji (A2) personating himself as Harpal Singh


went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 14.12.98 and
presentedKVPsbearingserialno.35BB922291to35BB922300
purported to have been issued from Karnal Head Post Office
vide Regn. No. 534dated23.3.94 topostmaster Alwar Singh
(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.86,500/ tohimagainst these
KVPs.
67.

Investigation has thus revealed that accused Sohan Pal

Sharma@Panditji(A2)haspersonatedhimselfasChaudhary
HarpalSinghandpresentedbeforeaccusedAlwarSingh(A8)
PostmasterHariNagarAshramPostOffice125abovereferred
stolen/forged KVPs of the face value of Rs.7,50,000/ and
cheated the Government of India by fraudulent means to the
CCNo.19/2009Page27/121

CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

tuneofRs.12,97,500/.
68.

InvestigationhasfurtherrevealedthatSh.RohtashKanwar

personating himself as Ramesh Kumar Sharma went to Hari


NagarAshramPostOfficeon5.3.99andpresentedKVPsbearing
serial no. 34CC579620 to 34CC579629 purported to have
beenissuedfromBatwadiPostOfficeAkola444302videRegn.
No. 975 dated 4.2.94 to postmaster Alwar Singh (A8) who
madepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohimagainsttheseKVPs.
69.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Rohtash

Kanwar personating himself as Ramesh Kumar Sharma again


went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 5.3.99 and
represented KVPs bearing serial no. 34CC579633 to
34CC579642purportedtohavebeenissuedfromBatwadiPost
Office Akola444302 vide Regn. No. 977 dated 4.2.94 to
postmaster Alwar Singh (A8) who made payment of Rs.
1,86,000/tohimagainsttheseKVPs.
70.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Rohtash

Kanwar personating himself as Ramesh Kumar Sharma again


wenttoHariNagarAshramPostOfficeon6.3.99andpresented
KVPs bearing serial no. 34CC579643 to 34CC579652
purported to have been issued from Batwadi Post Office
Akola444302videRegn.No. 978dated4.2.94 topostmaster
CCNo.19/2009Page28/121

CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

AlwarSingh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohim
againsttheseKVPs.
71.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Rohtash

Kanwar personating himself as Ramesh Kumar Sharma again


wenttoHariNagarAshramPostOfficeon6.3.99andpresented
KVPs bearing serial no. 34CC579653 to 34CC579662
purported to have been issued from Batwadi Post Office
Akola444302videRegn.No. 979dated4.2.94 topostmaster
AlwarSingh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohim
againsttheseKVPs.
72.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Rohtash

Kanwar personating himself as Ramesh Kumar Sharma again


went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 69.3.99 and
presented KVPs bearing serial no. 34CC579663 to
34CC579672purportedtohavebeenissuedfromBatwadiPost
Office Akola444302 vide Regn. No. 980 dated 4.2.94 to
postmaster Alwar Singh (A8) who made payment of Rs.
1,86,000/tohimagainsttheseKVPs.
73.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Rohtash

Kanwar personating himself as Ramesh Kumar Sharma again


wenttoHariNagarAshramPostOfficeon9.3.99andpresented
KVPs bearing serial no. 34CC579673 to 34CC579682
CCNo.19/2009Page29/121

CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

purported to have been issued from Batwadi Post Office


Akola444302videRegn.No. 981dated4.2.94 topostmaster
AlwarSingh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohim
againsttheseKVPs.
74.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Rohtash

Kanwar personating himself as Ramesh Kumar Sharma again


went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 910.3.99 and
presented KVPs bearing serial no. 34CC579683 to
34CC579692purportedtohavebeenissuedfromBatwadiPost
Office Akola444302 vide Regn. No. 982 dated 4.2.94 to
postmaster Alwar Singh (A8) who made payment of Rs.
1,86,000/tohimagainsttheseKVPs.
75.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Rohtash

Kanwar personating himself as Ramesh Kumar Sharma again


went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 1011.3.99 and
presented KVPs bearing serial no. 34CC579693 to
34CC579699purportedtohavebeenissuedfromBatwadiPost
Office Akola444302 vide Regn. No. 983 dated 4.2.94 to
postmaster Alwar Singh (A8) who made payment of Rs.
1,30,200/tohimagainsttheseKVPs.
76.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Rohtash

Kanwar personating himself as Ramesh Kumar Sharma again


CCNo.19/2009Page30/121

CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 23.3.99 and


presented KVPs bearing serial no. 57CC823117 to
57CC823126 purported to have been issued from Hata Post
OfficevideRegn.No.1006dated18.3.94topostmasterAlwar
Singh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohimagainst
theseKVPs.
77.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Rohtash

Kanwar personating himself as Ramesh Kumar Sharma again


went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 23.3.99 and
presented KVPs bearing serial no. 57CC823137 to
57CC823146 purported to have been issued from Hata Post
OfficevideRegn.No.1008dated18.3.94topostmasterAlwar
Singh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohimagainst
theseKVPs.
78.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Rohtash

Kanwar personating himself as Ramesh Kumar Sharma again


went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 23.3.99 and
presented KVPs bearing serial no. 57CC823147 to
57CC823156 purported to have been issued from Hata Post
OfficevideRegn.No.1009dated18.3.94topostmasterAlwar
Singh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohimagainst
theseKVPs.
CCNo.19/2009Page31/121

CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

79.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Rohtash

Kanwar personating himself as Ramesh Kumar Sharma again


went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 24.3.99 and
presented KVPs bearing serial no. 57CC823157 to
57CC823166 purported to have been issued from Hata Post
OfficevideRegn.No.1010dated18.3.94topostmasterAlwar
Singh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohimagainst
theseKVPs.
80.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Rohtash

Kanwar personating himself as Ramesh Kumar Sharma again


went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 24.3.99 and
presentedKVPsbearingserialno.35BB940201to35BB920220
purportedtohavebeenissuedfromHataPostOfficevideRegn.
No.1011dated18.3.94topostmasterAlwarSingh(A8)who
madepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohimagainsttheseKVPs.
81.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Rohtash

Kanwar personating himself as Ramesh Kumar Sharma again


went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 24.3.99 and
presentedKVPsbearingserialno.35BB940221to35BB920240
purportedtohavebeenissuedfromHataPostOfficevideRegn.
No.1012dated18.3.94topostmasterAlwarSingh(A8)who
madepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohimagainsttheseKVPs.
CCNo.19/2009Page32/121

CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

82.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Rohtash

Kanwar personating himself as Ramesh Kumar Sharma again


wenttoHariNagarAshramPostOfficeon242627.3.99and
presented KVPs bearing serial no. 57CC823131 to
57CC823136 purported to have been issued from Hata Post
OfficevideRegn.No.1007dated18.3.94topostmasterAlwar
Singh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.1,11,600/tohimagainst
theseKVPs.
83.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Rohtash

Kanwar personating himself as Ramesh Kumar Sharma again


went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 26.3.99 and
presentedKVPsbearingserialno.35BB940241to35BB940260
purportedtohavebeenissuedfromHataPostOfficevideRegn.
No.1013dated18.3.94topostmasterAlwarSingh(A8)who
madepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohimagainsttheseKVPs.
84.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Rohtash

Kanwar personating himself as Ramesh Kumar Sharma again


went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 26.3.99 and
presentedKVPsbearingserialno.35BB940261to35BB940280
purportedtohavebeenissuedfromHataPostOfficevideRegn.
No.1014dated18.3.94topostmasterAlwarSingh(A8)who
madepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohimagainsttheseKVPs.
CCNo.19/2009Page33/121

CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

85.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Rohtash

Kanwar personating himself as Ramesh Kumar Sharma again


went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 26.3.99 and
presentedKVPsbearingserialno.35BB940281to35BB940300
purportedtohavebeenissuedfromHataPostOfficevideRegn.
No.1015dated18.3.94topostmasterAlwarSingh(A8)who
madepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohimagainsttheseKVPs.
86.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Rohtash

Kanwar personating himself as Ramesh Kumar Sharma again


wenttoHariNagarAshramPostOfficeon2.6.99andpresented
KVPs bearing serial no. 46CC855701 to 46CC855710
purported to have been issued from Rajkishore, Rajkot Post
Office360001videRegn.No.346dated21.4.94topostmaster
AlwarSingh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohim
againsttheseKVPs.
87.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Rohtash

Kanwar personating himself as Ramesh Kumar Sharma again


wenttoHariNagarAshramPostOfficeon2.6.99andpresented
KVPs bearing serial no. 46CC855711 to 46CC855720
purported to have been issued from Rajkishore, Rajkot Post
Office360001videRegn.No.347dated21.4.94topostmaster
AlwarSingh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohim
CCNo.19/2009Page34/121

CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

againsttheseKVPs.
88.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Rohtash

Kanwar personating himself as Ramesh Kumar Sharma again


wenttoHariNagarAshramPostOfficeon4.6.99andpresented
KVPs bearing serial no. 46CC855721 to 46CC855730
purported to have been issued from Rajkishore, Rajkot Post
Office360001videRegn.No.348dated21.4.94topostmaster
AlwarSingh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohim
againsttheseKVPs.
89.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Rohtash

Kanwar personating himself as Ramesh Kumar Sharma again


wenttoHariNagarAshramPostOfficeon4.6.99andpresented
KVPs bearing serial no. 46CC855731 to 46CC855740
purported to have been issued from Rajkishore, Rajkot Post
Office360001videRegn.No.349dated21.4.94topostmaster
AlwarSingh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohim
againsttheseKVPs.
90.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Rohtash

Kanwar personating himself as Ramesh Kumar Sharma again


wenttoHariNagarAshramPostOfficeon4.6.99andpresented
KVPs bearing serial no. 46CC855741 to 46CC855750
purported to have been issued from Rajkishore, Rajkot Post
CCNo.19/2009Page35/121

CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

Office360001videRegn.No.350dated21.4.94topostmaster
AlwarSingh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohim
againsttheseKVPs.
91.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Rohtash

Kanwar personating himself as Ramesh Kumar Sharma again


wenttoHariNagarAshramPostOfficeon7.6.99andpresented
KVPs bearing serial no. 46CC855751 to 46CC855760
purported to have been issued from Rajkishore, Rajkot Post
Office360001videRegn.No.351dated21.4.94topostmaster
AlwarSingh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohim
againsttheseKVPs.
92.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Rohtash

Kanwar personating himself as Ramesh Kumar Sharma again


wenttoHariNagarAshramPostOfficeon7.6.99andpresented
KVPs bearing serial no. 46CC855761 to 46CC855770
purported to have been issued from Rajkishore, Rajkot Post
Office360001videRegn.No.352dated21.4.94topostmaster
AlwarSingh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohim
againsttheseKVPs.
93.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Rohtash

Kanwar personating himself as Ramesh Kumar Sharma again


wenttoHariNagarAshramPostOfficeon7.6.99andpresented
CCNo.19/2009Page36/121

CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

KVPs bearing serial no. 46CC855771 to 46CC855780


purported to have been issued from Rajkishore, Rajkot Post
Office360001videRegn.No.353dated21.4.94topostmaster
AlwarSingh(A8)whomadepaymentofRs.1,86,000/tohim
againsttheseKVPs.
94.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Rohtash

Kanwar personating himself as Ramesh Kumar Sharma again


went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 11.6.99 and
presented KVPs bearing serial no. 46CC855781 to
46CC855790purportedtohavebeenissuedfromRajkishore,
RajkotPostOffice360001videRegn.No.354dated21.4.94to
postmaster Alwar Singh (A8) who made payment of Rs.
1,86,000/tohimagainsttheseKVPs.
95.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Rohtash

Kanwar personating himself as Ramesh Kumar Sharma again


went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 11.6.99 and
presented KVPs bearing serial no. 46CC855791 to
46CC855800purportedtohavebeenissuedfromRajkishore,
RajkotPostOffice360001videRegn.No.355dated21.4.94to
postmaster Alwar Singh (A8) who made payment of Rs.
1,86,000/tohimagainsttheseKVPs.
96.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Rohtash

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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

Kanwar personating himself as Ramesh Kumar Sharma again


went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 16.6.99 and
presented KVPs bearing serial no. 46CC855801 to
46CC855810purportedtohavebeenissuedfromRajkishore,
RajkotPostOffice360001videRegn.No.356dated21.4.94to
postmaster Alwar Singh (A8) who made payment of Rs.
1,86,000/tohimagainsttheseKVPs.
97.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Rohtash

Kanwar personating himself as Ramesh Kumar Sharma again


went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 16.6.99 and
presented KVPs bearing serial no. 46CC855811 to
46CC855820purportedtohavebeenissuedfromRajkishore,
RajkotPostOffice360001videRegn.No.357dated21.4.94to
postmaster Alwar Singh (A8) who made payment of Rs.
1,86,000/tohimagainsttheseKVPs.
98.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Rohtash

Kanwar personating himself as Ramesh Kumar Sharma again


went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 16.6.99 and
presented KVPs bearing serial no. 46CC855821 to
46CC855830purportedtohavebeenissuedfromRajkishore,
RajkotPostOffice360001videRegn.No.358dated21.4.94to
postmaster Alwar Singh (A8) who made payment of Rs.
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

1,86,000/tohimagainsttheseKVPs.
99.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Rohtash

Kanwar personating himself as Ramesh Kumar Sharma again


went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 18.6.99 and
presented KVPs bearing serial no. 46CC855831 to
46CC855840purportedtohavebeenissuedfromRajkishore,
RajkotPostOffice360001videRegn.No.359dated21.4.94to
postmaster Alwar Singh (A8) who made payment of Rs.
1,86,000/tohimagainsttheseKVPs.
100.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Rohtash

Kanwar personating himself as Ramesh Kumar Sharma again


went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 18.6.99 and
presented KVPs bearing serial no. 46CC855841 to
46CC855850purportedtohavebeenissuedfromRajkishore,
RajkotPostOffice360001videRegn.No.360dated21.4.94to
postmaster Alwar Singh (A8) who made payment of Rs.
1,86,000/tohimagainsttheseKVPs.
101.

Investigation has further revealed that Sh. Rohtash

Kanwar personating himself as Ramesh Kumar Sharma again


went to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office on 18.6.99 and
presented KVPs bearing serial no. 46CC855851 to
46CC855860purportedtohavebeenissuedfromRajkishore,
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

RajkotPostOffice360001videRegn.No.361dated21.4.94to
postmaster Alwar Singh (A8) who made payment of Rs.
1,86,000/tohimagainsttheseKVPs.
102.

Investigation has thus revealed that accused Rohtash

KanwarhaspersonatedhimselfasRameshKumarSharmaand
presented before accused Alwar Singh (A8) Postmaster Hari
NagarAshramPostOfficetotalnumberof383abovereferred
stolen/forged KVPs of the face value of Rs.33,30,000/ and
encashed the same by fraudulent means to the tune of Rs.
61,93,800/.
103.

Investigationhasfurtherrevealedthaton19.6.99onthe

directionsofaccusedK.M.Singh,accusedRohtashKanwarhad
gone to Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office, New Delhi and
presentedKVPSworthRs.8lacsapproximatelyforencashment.
Since accused Alwar Singh was proceeding on training to
SaharanpurheaskedaccusedRohtashSinghtogetNC32forms
photocopiedandsubmitthedetailstoaccusedSatishPalSingh
forverification. AccusedSatishPalSinghinpursuancetothe
criminalconspiracysignedthoseeightNC32formsandputthe
stampofHariNagarAshramPostOfficeandhandedoverthe
NC32formstoaccusedK.M.Singhforforgingtheverification.
He did not fill in the details of the KVPs which were to be
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

verified. TheseeightNC32formsbearingonlythesignatures
ofaccusedSatishPalSinghandstampofHariNagarAshram
PostOfficewererecoveredfromthecarofaccusedK.M.Singh
onhispointingout.
104.

Investigation has further revealed that accused Alwar

Singh(A8)postedasSubPostmasterHariNagarAshramPost
Office abused his official position as public servant with
dishonest intention and made payments againt stolen and
forgedKVPsbearingserialno.45CC163601to45CC163700,
45CC163321 to 45CC163400, 35BB936301 to 936400,
34CC579620to34CC579629,34CC579633to34CC579699,
46CC855701 to 855860, 35BB940201 to 35BB940300,
35BB940541 to 35BB940600, 57CC823117 to 823126,
57CC823131to57CC823166,57CC811609to57CC811652,
28CC982151to28CC982175,35BB936601to35BB936700,
35BB922201to35BB922300,31BB007761to31BB007800,
28CC982031to28CC982040,46CC982201to 46CC982300,
28CC970301 to 28CC970336, 28CC970338 to 970348,
35BB940301to940500byintentionallyavoidingverificationof
theKVPsfromLostCircularsissuedbytheDepartmentofPosts
fromtimetotimeand hedeliberatelydidnotfollowthelaid
downproceduresinthePostOfficeSavingsBankManualVol.II
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

regarding encashment of Cash Certificates. Sh. Alwar Singh


also failed to obtain/verify the proof of identity of Laxman
Prasad@Tahkur,SohanPalSharma@PanditjiandRohtash
Kanwar. AccusedAlwarSinghalsodeliberatelydidnotcheck
thattheidentityslipbookletsbearingthesameserialnumber
thatwereobtainedfraudulentlybyaccusedK.M.Singh,Harish
Chander,SohanPalSharmaandHariNarainPal@Netafrom
LodiRoadPostOfficewerethesameusedforRajajiPuramand
MachhrauliPostOfficesatthesametime.AccusedAlwarsingh
also deliberately did not check that the serial number of the
registration number of Char Bagh Post Office on 8.3.94 was
1403 and on 28.3.94 it was showing registration number as
1401 which is not possible. The KVPs bearing serial no.
45CC163671 to 45CC163674 and 45CC163675 to
45CC163680wereencahsedbyhimonthesefaultyregistration
numbers.AccusedAlwarSinghalsodeliberatelyoverlookedthe
factthatKVPbearingserialno.45CC163373wasnotbearing
any registration number and encahsed the same for Laxman
PrasadforRs.1,86,000/. Thusbyabusinghisofficialposition
asaPublicServant,hecausedwrongfullosstoGovernmentof
India to the tune of Rs.1,89,53,700/ entrusted to him and
correspondingunduepecuniaryadvantagetohimselfandforco
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

accusedpersons.
105.

On the above stated allegations charges under Section

13(1)(d) read with Section 13 (2) of PC Act 1998 and


419/420467/468/471IPCwereframedagainstaccusedSohan
PalSharma(A2).

A charge under Section 419/420/467/468/471 IPC was

framedagainstaccusedLaxmanParsad@Thakur(A3).

AchargeunderSection13(1)(d)readwithSection13(2)

ofPCActand409IPCwasframedagainstaccusedAlwarSingh
(A8).

A charge under Section 120 B IPC read with Section

419/420/467/468/471/409IPCand13(1)(d)and13(2)ofPC
ActwasframedagainstaccusedKrishanMadhwa(A1),Sohan
Pal Sharma (A2), Laxman Parasad @ Thakur (A3), Rohtas
Kanwar(A4),HariNarainPal(A6),SatishPalSingh(A7)and
AlwarSingh(A8).

A charge under Section 419/420/467/468/471 IPC was

framedagainstaccusedRohtasKanwar (A4). Alltheaccused


personspleadednotguiltyandclaimedtrial.
106.

Inordertoproveitscase,CentralBureauofInvestigation

hasexaminedasmanyas39witnessesinall. Letmestatein
brief,thestatementsmadebytheprosecutionwitnesses:
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

107.

PW1Sh.IshwarSingh,theofficialfromthePostOffice

MalviyaNagar,testifiedtheprocedureofencashmentofKVPs
byapostoffice.
108.

PW2 Sh. Roop Chand, Asst. Superintendent of Post

Office,ForeignPostOffice,provedthePostOfficeSavingsBank
ManualVolumeIIEx.PA.
109.

PW3 Sh. BDL Srivastava, Senior Superintendent Post

Office, Central Division Meghdoot Bhawan Link Road, New


Delhi. He accorded sanction to prosecute accused Sohan Pal
Sharma(A2)videhisorderEx.PW3/A.
110.

PW4Dr.D.VeenaKumariprovedsanctionunderSection

19ofPreventionofCorruptionActtoprosecuteaccusedAlwar
Singh (A8) and accused Satish Pal Singh (A7), which is
Ex.PW4/A.
111.

PW5 Sh. A. Kharkwal, Director Postal Services, Delhi

Circle,NewDelhi. HeaccordedsanctionunderSection19of
PreventionofCorruptionActtoprosecuteaccusedK.M.Singh
(A1).ThesanctionorderisEx.PW5/1.
112.

PW6Sh.SunilKrishanNagartestifiedthatfromtheyear

1995to2000hewasrunningafirmM/sDataProServicesat
Rajinder Palace and that he used to design as per the
specificationgivenbythecustomers. Hetestifiedthataccused
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

K.M.Singh(A1)alongwithH.N.Pal(A6)cametohisshop
andrequestedhimtodesign3or4designsofstampsofvarious
post offices. He testified that he prepared the designs and
handed over the same to them next day, after getting the
charges.Incrossexaminationhetestifiedthathehadprepared
thedesignsofstampsimpressionand4specimenwereprepared
oneachpaper.
113.

PW7Sh.ManMohanSingh testifiedthataccusedAlwar

Singh(A8)hadgivenhisspecimensignatures.
114.

PW8Sh.LalaRamBhartideposedthatheknewSh.Ram

KumarPaliwalbeingemployedinhisdivisionwhocametohis
office with coaccused Hari Narain Pal @ Neta alonwith one
another person in the year 1996 and asked him by showing
printed sample slip as to whether such slip could be made
available tohim then he(Lala RamBharti) took Ram Kumar
PaliwalinsidetheroomofthePostOffice,LodhiColonywhere
orderly N.K.Joshi was on duty and asked him to give similar
slips after showing him the sample slips
given by the said Ram Kumar Paliwal. Then peon N.K.Joshi
made search for the slips in the store and handed over two
booklets containing similar slips to Ram Kumar Paliwal and
thereafter,hehadaccompaniedwithhimintheirvehicleparked
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

outside the post office, and had some cold drinks with them
(Ram Kumar Paliwal and accused Netaji) and from there
accusedNetajiandPaliwalleftthebuildingofthePostOffice
along with the slip booklets. He further deposed that 1520
days after the above visit accused Hari Narain Pal @ Netaji
accompaniedwithRamKumarPaliwalandsomeotherperson
whowasaccompanyingthematthetimeofhisfirstvisitagain
cametohisofficeatLodhiRoad.OnbeingaskedbyRamKumar
Paliwal, he got 23 more booklets containing the
aforementionedslipswhichtheytookawaywiththem.
He has further stated that his statement was recorded
during the course of investigation by the Investigation officer
standsprovedasEx.PW9/Awhereashisstatementrecordedon
13.9.1999undersection164Cr.P.CbytheLd.M.Misprovedas
Ex.PW9/B.
115.

PW9Sh.DineshChandSharmatestifiedthatintheyear

1999 he was working as Assistant Superintendent Post Office


DivisionintheofficeofSeniorSuperintendent,NewDelhiSouth
EastDivision,NewDelhi.Atthedirectionofhissuperiorofficer
hereachedHariNagarAshramPostOfficeandtookholdofSO
SubOfficeAccountsinwhichallthecashtransactionsofSub
PostOfficewerereflected. Hetestifiedthatheavypaymentof
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

KVPsweremadeatthepostoficeduringtheperiodfromApril
1998toJune,1999. DuringthatperiodaccusedAlwarSingh
(A8) was posted as Sub Post Master and accused Satish Pal
Singh (A7) was posted as Postal Assistant in the said Post
Office. He took hold of the relevant records viz purchase
applicationsofKVPsanddischargeJournalsandfoundthatin
allthecasesKVPswereshowntohavebeenpurchasedinother
circularofPostOfficei.e.outsideDelhi.Itwasalsofoundthat
thepersonnamedinthepurchasedapplicationhadbeenshown
residinginandaroundHariNagarAshramPostOfficeareasand
mostoftheapplicationsofthecertificate wereshowntohave
been transferred from Jind, Charbagh Lucknow, Rajaji Puram
Lucknow, Raj Kishore, Hata, Akola, Machhrauli, Karnal and
Rewa. Onperusaloftheapplicationsitwasrevealedthatthe
certificates were shown to have been received by transfer by
wayofNC32.Heinstructedanotherofficialtogoandverifythe
address giveninthe purchase applications and he alongwith
Sh.G.M.Verma,SSPOwenttoLodhiRoadHeadOfficewith
the requisition letter for paid KVPs from Hari Nagar Ashram
Post Office and also verified the paid certificates from the
Director of Accounts Postal. Telegrams were sent to the
Controlling Offices of the Post office from where these
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

certificates were issued. All the Post Offices responded that


thosecertificateswereneversoldattheirPostOffices. Inthe
meantime Sh. G. S. Yadav reported that either the addresses
writtenonthepurchaseapplicationswerefakeorthepersons
namedintheapplicationwerenotresidingattheaddresses.He
also came to know that no post office with the name of Raj
Kishoreexistedinhisdivision.HeprovedtheletterofSh.C.M.
Verma SSPO as Ex.PW9/A. He proved the the list of KVPs
purportedlyissuedbytheaforesaidpostoffices.Healsoproved
the reports of G. S. Yadav PRIP about the verification of the
addressesofthepersonspurportedlyholdingthesaidKVPs.He
provedtelegramsenttotheaforesaidpostofficesandthereplies
fromtheconcernedpostofficesfromwherethequestionedKVPs
wereissued.
116.

PW10Sh.KrishanMadanSinghistheelderbrotherofK.

M.Singh(A1)andprovedafewpropertydocumentsconcerning
himselfandhiswife.
117.

PW11 Sh. Ravinder Kumar Lal was posted as ASP

Investigationin the officeofChiefPost MasterGeneralPatna


from August 1988 till 12.3.2001. He proved the proforma
Ex.PW11/B. For the period from 23.3.1990 to 29.4.1999 in
whichshort deliveriesofsecuritypaperswerereportedbythe
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

CSDOfficePatna.(originalinCCNo.17/02).
118.

PW12Sh.ShambhuNath wastheAssistantPostMaster

(Treasury)LodhiRoadPostOffice,NewDelhi.Hetestifiedthat
the sub post offices were authorized to maintain a minimum
cash balance ranging between Rs.5000/ to Rs.20,000/. He
testifiedthatintheyear1998,accusedAlwarSiongh(A8)was
postedasSubMasterinHariNagarAshramChowkPostOffice,
NewDelhi.HeprovedtheSOdailyaccountsofvariousdates.
119.

PW13 Sh. Hawa Singh is the Sub Post Master of

Machhrauli Post Office Distt. Jhajjar in the year 1998. He


proved the stock book cum issue register for KVPs w.e.f.
5.11.1988till14.2.1998.HetestifiedthattheKVPsinquestion
purportedlyhavingbeenissuedfromMachhrualit PostOfficer
werenotactuallyissuedfromthesaidpostoffice.
120.

PW14 Sh. M. D. Verma was the Sub Post Master at

CharbaghPostOffice,DistrictLucknowfromFebruary1998till
31.7.2002. Heprovedthestockregisterofhispostofficeand
testifiedthatKVPsinquestionpurportedlyissuedfromthispost
officewereactuallynotissuedfromthispostoffice.
121.

PW15Sh.PritamSingh wasthePostMaster,Jind. He

provedthestockregisterofJindHeadPostOfficeandtestified
that KVPs purportedly were issued from Jind Post Office but
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

actuallywerenotissuedfromthesaidPostOffice.
122.

PW16 Sh. S. J. Mahajan was the Sub Post Master at

Balapur Post office, District Akola, Maharashtra. He also


testifiedthatonebranchofthispostofficeissituatedinvillage
Batwadi.HetestifiedthattheseKVPscouldnotbeissuedfrom
Batwadipostofficebecauseitisonlyabranchpostofficeandis
notauthorizedtoissueKVPs.
123.

PW17Sh.ChanderBhan (Iamnotinclinedtodiscuss

this witness because he is concerned with accused Rohtash


Kanwar (A4), who has already been convicted on his plea of
guilt).
124.

PW18Sh.G.S.Yadav waspostedasPRIPintheDHQ

PostOffice,NewDelhi. Apartfromprovingvariousletters,he
provedhisreportsinrespectoftheverificationofthenamesand
addressesofthepersons,whowerepurportedlytheholdersof
theKVPsinquestion.
125.

PW19Sh.ChhitarmalVermawasSeniorSuperintendent

ofPostOfficesSouthDivision,NewDelhi. Heprovedvarious
lettersincludingtheletterssenttodifferentpostoffices.
126.

PW20Sh.DharamPal wasthetenantofaccusedH.N.

Pal (A6) and proved the ration card and photographs of this
accused.
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

127.

PW21Sh.S.N.Bhardwaj,AssistantPostMastertestified

thatitwasincumbentuponthestafftotallytheKVPsbrought
for encashment with the particulars of the lost/stolen KVPs
mentionedinthecircularbutduetoacuteshortageofstaff,it
wasnotpracticallypossibletocrosscheckdetailsoftheKVPs.
128.

PW22Sh.GovindSinghRattanThakur,Superintendent

ofRMS,LDivision,Bhusawal,DistrictJalGaon,Maharashtra.
HetestifiedthattheKVPsinquetionwerenotissuedfromthe
post offices namely Hata Branch Post Office or Batwadi Post
office.
129.

PW23Mohd.AnwartestifiedthatoneRameshhadgiven

him1000KVPsofdenominationofRs.10,000/eachandthat
heusedtosellthemforaprofittooneD.B.Singh.
130.

PW24 Sh. Roshan Lal Yadav is the Inspector, CBI. He

tookspecimensignaturesofaccusedK.M.Singh(A1)andH.N.
Pal(A6).
131.

PW25 Sh. Ramesh Kumar @ Netaji testified that he

purchasedtheKVPsfromoneRanjitandhadsoldthesameto
oneAnwar.
132.

PW26Sh.S.Balasubhramaniam,DeputySuperintendent

ofPolice,CBI.HetookspecimensignaturesofaccusedLaxman
Prasad (A3) at the instructions of the Investigation Officer in
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

presenceofindependentwitnessnamelyLaxmiNarayan.
133.

PW27 Sh. Nand Kishore Joshi testified that Lala Ram

BhartiwaspostedasPostalAssistantinLodhiRoad,PostOfice
andthathe(PW27)wasapostmaninthesaidPostOffice.He
testifiedthatwhilehewasperformingdutiesinthestockroom
ofthePostOffice,whereNSCs,KVPsetc.usedtobekept,inthe
year1996Sh.LalaRamBhartiapproachedhimfordeliveryof
somepaperidentityslips. Athisrequestheprovidedhimthe
loosesheetsofdefectiveidentityslipslyinginthestockroom.
PW27 testified against that Sh. Lala Ram Bharti visited him
againstafteronemonthandfurtheraskedfortheidentitypaper
bookletbuthe(PW27)refusedtogivehimtheidentityslips.
134.

PW28 Sh. Mahender Pal Sharma testified that K. M.

Singh (A1) had purchased the flat from him and had also
purchasedjewelleryfromhisnephew.
135.

PW29 Sh. Devender Kumar testified that in the year

1996hewaspostedasChowkidaratDadriPostOffice.Inthe
monthofNovember1996,oneRamNiwasintroducedhimwith
onepersoncalled'Neta'.Theymethimtohaveadrinkandon
drinking the wine, his health deteriorated. Thereafter Netaji
askedforthekeysofthePostOffices.Keysweretakenoutfrom
his pocket. They were asking about the date stamps. He
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

testifiedthatboththepersonswentinsidethehallandatthe
timeofleavingmainhallofthepostoffice,theyaskedhimnot
to disclose this incident. He testified that they were holding
bundlesrappedinthenewspapers.Onnextday,hebroughtthe
incidenttothenoticeofPostMaster.OninquiryfromthePost
Master he told that nothing was stolen. He testified that he
foundonestamplyinginopengroundafterthosepersonshad
leftpostoffice.2or3stampswerelyingscatteredpositionnear
thebox.
136.

PW30 Sh. Ram Niwas was working as Packers in Post

Office Surajpur Greater Noida, District Gautam Budh Nagar


from 1989 to 1997. The witness turned hostile and did not
supporttheprosecutioncase.
137.

PW31Sh.JanardhanSinghtestifiedthatacircularofthe

theft/lostKVPswasissuedintheofficeofSeniorSuperintendent
PostOfficeandthereaftersenttoallthePostOffices.
138.

PW32 Sh. Alok Pande was posted as Senior

SuperintendentofPostOffice,Delhi. HetestifiedthatinJuly
1998,oneKadamSinghASPOinformedhimontelephonethat
hehadcheckedtherecordsofMangolPuriPostOfficeandhe
suspectedsomethingfishy. Hesoughtpermissiontocheckthe
records,whichaccountingofficeoftheMangolPuriPostOffice.
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

He also went to Ashok Vihar Post Office. After checking the


records, Kadam Singh reported the encashment of lost KVPs.
AccordinglyFIRwaslodgedwithPSMangolPuri.
139.

PW33Sh.H.C.SharmaisAddl.S.P.inAntiCorruption

branch,CBI.HetestifiedthatheremainedpostedasInspector
CBI,NewDelhifromJune1997toApril2003andhewasthe
InvestigationOfficerofacaseRC4(E)/98/BS &FC/DLI. He
testifiedthatduringthecourseofthisinvestigation,heseized
FIR No. 29/98 from Girinder Mohan, Inspector GRPF, Patna,
whichrelatedtothetheftofKVPsbelongingto46CCseries.
140.

PW34Sh.AjayKumarGautam testifiedthatintheyear

1999,hewasrunningshorkshopinthenameandstyleofM/s
PappuMotors,Sector12,VijayNagar,Ghaziabad. Hegotan
informationaboutanaccidentofavehiclehavingtakenplace
near Hindon River bypass. He rushed to the spot. The
conditionofthevehiclewasdeterioratedandnobodywasfound
present near the vehicle. Thereafter the said vehicle was
broughtathisworkshop.Afterwaitingfortwodays,hestarted
thejobofdenting.After5or7dayssomeCBIofficialscameto
hisworkshopandaskedastowhythisvehiclereachedinhis
workshop.Awritteninstructionwasgiventohimnottodeliver
thevehicletoanyone.Thewitnesswasdeclaredhostile.Inthe
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

cross examination by Ld. Public Prosecutor, he admitted that


CBImadeinquiriesfromhiminrespectofvehicleno.DL3CF
0838 but he denied that he knew accused K. M. Singh (A1).
However he admitted that the vehicle is still lying in his
workshopandcolourofthevehiclehadbeenchangedtolight
green.
141.

PW35Sh.RamKumarPaliwalturnedhostileandstated

thataccusedK.M.Singh(A1)nevermethiminJune1996for
arranging identity slips booklet. In cross examination by Ld.
PublicProsecutor,headmittedthathisstatementwasrecorded
byCBIon18.8.1999.
142.

PW36Sh.YamunaPrasadPandeywasASPintheoffice

ofSuperintendentPostOffice.HeremainedassociatedwithSh.
Kadam Singh in respect of the inquiries about the fraudulent
encashmentoftheKVPs.
143.

PW37Dr.R.Sharma,thehandwritingexpertprovedhis

opinion.
144.

PW38Sh.NareshPrashadtestifiedthatintheyear1999,

hewaspullingrickshawinPatna. Hetestifiedthatheknows
Bharat,RameshandBengali.HetestifiedthatBharattookhim
totheshopofRamesh.Theyaskedhimtotakesomepapersto
Ramesh.Thesaidpaperswereofredcolour. BharatgaveRs.
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

200/tohimasfare.
145.

PW39InspectorV.K.PandeyistheInvestigatingOfficer

ofthiscase.
146.

Statements under Section 313 CrPC of all the accused

personswererecorded. Thiscourtalsoexaminedonewitness
namelySh.GyaneshKumarJainunderSection311CrPC.
147.

In defence accused Satish Pal Singh (A7) & Laxman

Prasad (A3) have examined DW1 Sh. Syed Faizal Huda as a


defencewitness.Afterobtainingpermissionfromthiscourt,he
had randomly taken photographs of disputed & specimen
handwritingfromthejudicialfileandthereafterexaminedthe
disputedwriting/signatureswithspecimenwriting/signaturesof
SatishPalSingh(A7)andLaxmanPrasad(A3).Heprovedthe
reportasEx.DW1/AinrespectofaccusedSatishPalSingh(A7)
andthereportEx.DW1/CinrespectofaccusedLaxmanPrasad
(A3). He testified that the disputed signatures and hand
writings were not written by the writers of the specimen
signatures/writings.

I may add here that Sh. Gyanesh Kumar Jain was

summoned by this Court under Section 311 CrPC in another


connected case i.e. CBI Vs. K. M. Singh etc. (Nirankari Post
Office,CCNo.1/10). Inviewofthedenialofgivingspecimen
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

signaturesbytheaccusedSohanPalSharma(A2)inthiscase,I
deemed it appropriate to examine Sh. Gyanesh Kumar Jain
underSection311CrPC.Hetestifiedthathehadwitnessedthe
takingofspecimensignatures/handwritingsofaccusedSatish
PalSingh(A7)andSohanPalSharma(A2).
148.

ItisnecessarytomentionherethatAccusedAlwarSingh

(A8) died on 10.2.2011 and proceedings against him abated


videorderdated28.3.2011.AccusedHarishChander(A5)was
discharged vide order dated 31.5.2003 and accused Rohtash
Kanwar (A4) was convicted on 11.11.2010 on his voluntarily
pleadingguilty.
149.

Beforediscussingtheroleofeachaccused,Iwouldpoint

thatPW9DineshChandSharma,theAssistantSuperintendent
Post Office, Delhi, PW13 Hawa Singh, PW14 M. D. Verma,
PW15 Pritam Singh, PW16 S. J. Mahajan, PW19 Chitramal
Verma, PW22 Govind Singh Ratan, all postal officials have
provedthattheKVPsinquestionhavenotbeenissuedfromthe
postofficesnamelyCharBaghLucknow,JindHeadPostOffice,
Rajaji Puram Lucknow Post Office, Machhrauli Post Office,
KarnalHeadPostOffice, RajKishoreRajkotPostOffice,Hata
Post Office and Batwadi Akola Post Office. The KVPs
fraudulentlyencashedfromHariNagarAshramPostOfficewere
CCNo.19/2009Page57/121

CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

shown to have been issued from the aforesaid post offices.


None of the accused persons during final arguments has
disputed the fact that these KVPs were not issued from the
aforesaidpostoffices.Thereforeitisnotindisputethatforged
stampsofthesaidpostofficeshavebeenaffixedontheseKVPs,
whichwereencashedinHariNagarAshramPostOffice.

NowItakeupthecaseofeachaccusedseparatelyas

under:
KrishanMadhawaSingh(A1)
150.

As per charge sheet, this accused was one of the main

conspiratorsinthepresentcase.ItisallegedthataccusedK.M.
Singh(A1)andH.N.Pal@Neta(A6)hadprocuredstolenKVPs
fromAfzalSiddiquiandShehzadaSiddiquiebasedinLucknow.
They had also obtained the identity slip booklets from Lodhi
RoadHeadPostOffice,NewDelhi.ItisallegedthataccusedK.
M.Singh(A1)andSatishPalSingh(A7)hadworkedtogether
atJungpuraPostOfficeandwereknowntoeachother.When
accused Satish Pal Singh Singh (A7) was transferred to Hari
NagarAshrmaPostOffice,accusedK.M.Singh(A1),H.N.Pal
(A6) and Sohan Pal Sharma (A2) met him and hatched the
conspiracytoencashthestolenKVPSbyforgingtheverification
reportsonNC32formsofissuingpostoffices.Itisallegedthat
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

accused Satish Pal Singh (A7) was asked to intercepted the


NC32formsandhandthemtoK.M.Singh(A1)andotherco
accusedpersons,whoafterforgingtheverificationreportwould
againhandovertheseformstoaccusedSatishPalSingh(A7).
ItisallegedthataccusedSatishPalSingh(A7)signedoneight
NC32formsandalsoputastampofHariNagarAshramPost
OfficeandgavethemtoaccusedK.M.Singh(A1)forgetting
forgedverificationreport purportedtohave beenissuedfrom
other post offices. It is alleged that these NC32 forms were
recovered from the car of accused K. M. Singh (A1) on his
pointingout.FurtheritisallegedthataccusedK.M.Singh(A1)
and H. N. Pal (A6) got prepared round seals/stamps, which
wereusedtoforgedtheKVPs.
151.

ProsecutionhasexaminedPW6SunilKrishanNagar,who

hastestifiedthataccusedK.M.Singh(A1)andH.N.Pal(A6)
has come to his shop and got the designs of the stamps of
variouspostofficesprepared.PW39InspectorV.K.Pandeyhas
testified that he had recorded the disclosure statement of
accused K. M. Singh on 24.6.1999, 27.6.1999 and 3.7.1999
collectivelyexhibitedas Ex.PW39/A39. Itisfurthertestified
that during the course of investigation, on pointing out of
accused K. M. Singh (A1), 8 NC32 forms (D40 collectively
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

marked as Ex.PW39/A44) bearing the signatures of Ashok


GuptaandSudhaGupta,bearingthestampimpressionofpost
office Hari Nagar Ashram, New Delhi dated 22.6.99 were
recovered from the blue colour Zen Maruti card, which were
lyingunderthemattressbeneathdriverseatinthepresenceof
independent witnesses. All these NC32 forms were lying
wrappedinthenewspapers.Thesewererecoveredvidememo
Ex.PW39/A38. It is pertinent to note that pursuant to
disclosurestatementofaccusedK.M.SinghCBIhadfoundthis
carintheworkshopofAjayKumarGautam(PW34).Pursuant
tohisdisclosurestatementaccusedK.M.Singh(A1)tookthe
InvestigatingOfficertothecarandasperthe Ex.PW39/A38,
the8NC32formsweretakenout,whichwerelyingunderthe
mattress beneath the driver seat of Maruti Zen Car. The
InvestigatingOfficerPW39hastestifiedthatduringthecourse
ofinvestigationthecarbearingno.DL3SF0838wasgivenon
superdari to Ajay Kumar Gautam vide superdaginama
Ex.PW36/A41 dated 11.1.2000 in CC No. 7/09 on the
applicationmovedbyaccusedK.M.Singh. Itissubmittedby
Ld. Public Prosecutor that in this application accused K. M.
Singhhadprayedthathisvehicleshouldbegivenonsuperdari
toSh.AjayKumarGautam. Ld.PublicProsecutorhasdrawn
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

my attention to the superdaginama vide which PW34 Ajay


Kumar Gautam has taken the superdaginama of car no.
DL3CF0838 Maruti 800 pertaining to accused K. M. Singh.
ThisfactwasputtotheaccusedK.M.Singhinquestionno.312
inhisstatementunderSection313CrPCandhehasnotdenied
thisfact.
152.

The NC32 forms, which are collectively exhibited as

Ex.PW39/A44 bear the stamps of Hari Nagar Ashram Post


Office and all are dated 22.6.1997. At the place of the
signaturesoftheholder,therearesignaturesofAshokGuptain
English and SudhaGupta inHindi. On these 8 NC32forms,
accusedSatishPalSinghhaswrittenfortransferincapacityof
postalassistant.AsperthereportofPW37Dr.R.Sharma,the
writingfor transfer in redpen is that of accused Satish Pal
Singh. IwilldiscussthereportofPW37Dr.R.Sharmawhile
discussingtheroleofaccusedSatishPalSingh.Sufficeittosay
thatthehandwritingofSatishPalSinghonthese8KVPsinhis
officialcapacitystandproved.
153.

ItisarguedthattheseKVPshavebeenplantedandthat

thequestionofthese8KVPswasconsideredinotherthreecases
of KVPs scam namely CC No. 13/2008 pertaining to the
fraudulentofencashmentofKVPsinEasternCourtPostOffice,
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

CCNo.7/2009pertainingtoMangolPuriPostOfficeandCC
No.1/2010pertainingtoNirankariColonyPostOffice.Accused
K.M.Singhhasfiledthecopiesofthesaidjudgementsandon
perusingthesame,IwouldsaythatrecoveringoftheseEight
NC32formswasnotarelevantfactinthosecases.Thosecases
pertainedtotheotherpostofficesandnottothepostofficeHari
NagarAshram,whereastheseNC32formshavebeenconnected
by the prosecution with the conspiracy in the present case
pertaining to Post Office Hari Nagar Ashram. Therefore the
acquittalofaccusedK.M.Singhinthosecaseswillnotaffect
thiscase.
154.

Ld.PublicProsecutorsubmitsthataccusedK.M.singhhad

madedisclosurestatementdated3.7.1999inrespectofNC32
formsandstatedthathecangetitrecoveredfromhisMaruti
ZenCar. Ld.PublicProsecutorhasdrawnmyattentiontothe
disclosure statement dated 27.6.1999 in which accused K. M.
Singh had disclosed that he had purchased Maruti Zen
DL3CF0838fromoneTyagiofUttamNagarthroughH.N.Pal
andthatthevehiclewasnottransferredinhisnameandthatit
had met with an accident and that now the car was under
repairsinaworkshopcalledPappuMotors.Itissubmittedby
Ld.PublicProsecutorthatpursuanttothisdisclosurestatement
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

Investigating Officer V. K. Pandey along with accused K. M.


Singh went to the service station on 27.6.1999 andmetAjay
KumarGautam,proprietorofthisworkshopanddirectedhim
nottodeliverthevehicletoanyotherperson.
155.

Ld. Public Prosecutor has drawn my attention to the

disclosurestatementdated3.7.1999ofaccusedK.M.Singhin
whichhedisclosedthaton23.6.1999hemadeatelephoniccall
toaccusedSatish inpostofficeandinquiredabout theNC32
forms. AccusedSatishtoldhimthatthesamewerereadyand
thereafteratabout10:30pmaccusedSatishhandedoverthose
NC32forms. AccusedK.M.SinghdisclosedthattheseNC32
formshavebeenplacedbyhimunderthemattressbeneaththe
driving seat of the Maruti Zen Car. Ld. Public Prosecutor
submitsthatalthoughthiscarwassearchedon27.6.1999atthe
workshopofAjayKumarGautambuttheseNC32formscould
notbetracedbecausethesamewereplacedunderthemattress
beneaththedrivingseat.AccordinglyinthepresenceofSh.M.
M.Sharma, anofficialofStateBankofIndia,CGOComplex,
LodhiRoad,accusedK.M.Singhtookthemtothebluecolour
Maruti zen car and got the NC32 forms recovered. It is
submitted by Ld. Public Prosecutor that accused K. M. Singh
movedanapplicationforreleaseofthisMaruticaronsuperdari.
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

SincetheInvestigatingOfficerhadnotyetseizedthisvehicle,
therefore the vehicle was seized by Investigating Officer on
16.1.2000 and thereafter its custody was given to the garage
ownernamelyPappui.e.AjayKumarGautamontheapplication
of accused K. M. Singh. Although the complete details as
submitted by Ld. Public Prosecutor have not given in the
evidencebutprosecutionhasprovedbyexaminingPW34Ajay
KumarGautam,theproprietorofPappuMotorsthatthevehicle
was found in his custody by CBI. Later on pursuant to the
disclosure statement dated 3.7.1999, the eight NC32 forms
were recovered by the I.O. under the mattress beneath the
drivingseatofthecarinpresenceofaindependentwitness. I
maypointoutthatthese8NC32formswerefoundwrappedin
anewspapers Ex.PW39/A45. Thisnewspapersisofthedate
31.5.1999. Note is taken of the fact that the fraudulent
encashment of the KVPsfrom Hari NagarAshram Post Office
continuedduringtheperiodfrom2.6.1998to18.6.1999.Imay
refer to the SO Journal of this post office Ex.PW37/118
preparedbySubPostMasterAlwarSinghon18.6.1999. The
SO Journal is a composite sheet of the KVPs discharged and
paymentsmade.ThissheetmentionstheKVPs46CC855831to
855860, which were discharged by the Sub Post Master Hari
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

NagarAshram. AperusaloftheseKVPs(collectivelyexhibited
as Ex.PW33/110) also show that these were discharged on
18.6.1999.ThereforethestampontheNC32formsofthedate
22.6.1999 makes it clear that the accused K. M. Singh and
Satish Pal Singh (along with Rohtash Kanwar A4, already
convicted)werethicklyintothisconspiracyevenjustbeforethe
arrestofaccusedK.M.Singhwhichtookplaceon24.6.1999.
RegardingRohtashKanwar,Iwouldonlymentionthatasper
GEQD report, he was the person who had signed as Ramesh
Sharma, purportedly the holder of these KVPs, and had
encashedtheaforesaidKVPs. Hehadpleadedguiltyandhas
alreadybeenconvicted.
156.

RegardingtheallegationofplantingoftheNC32forms,I

would say that as per testimony of PW39, the recovery was


made vide memo Ex.PW39/A38 at the disclosure and the
pointingofaccusedK.M.Singh.Thisrecoverymemobearsthe
signaturesofaccusedK.M.SinghatpointBandrecoverywas
effectedinpresenceofanindependentwitnessnamelyM.M.
SharmaanemployeeofStateBankofIndia. Itispertinentto
notethatalltheeightNC32formsaswellasthenewspaperhas
been signed by accused K. M. Singh with the date 3.7.1999.
Accusedhasnotbeenabletoconvincethiscourtastohowhis
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

signatures dated 3.7.1999 are available on them. These


signatures support the prosecution case that these were
recoveredattheinstanceofaaccusedK.M.Singhasatokenof
which,hehadputhissignaturesontherecoverymemoaswell
asontheNC32formsandthenewspaper.ThereforeIhaveno
reasontodisbelievethetestimonyofInvestigatingOfficerinthis
regard. Ld.PublicProsecutorhassubmittedthathadtheCBI
wantedtoplantadocument,theycouldhaveevenplantedthe
documents upon him in other three cases in which he was
acquittedbythecourt.ItissubmittedthatCBIcouldevenhave
showntherecoveryoftheseformsfromthehouseorfromthe
personofaccusedK.M.Singh. ButthiswasnotdoneasCBI
neverresortstosuchpractices.Iagreewiththesubmissionsof
Ld. Public Prosecutor. Accordingly, the prosecution has been
abletoprovebeyonddoubtfollowingfactsagainstaccusedK.
M.Singh:
(1) His disclosure whereby he disclosed the names of other
conspiratorsnamelyA1toA8.
(2) PW6provedthat accusedK. M.Singhgotthreeorfour
designsofvariouspostofficesprepared. AccusedK.M.Singh
doesnotexplainastoforwhatpurposehegotpreparedthese
designsofstamps.
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

(3) PursuanttodisclosureofK.M.Singh,eightNC32forms
wererecoveredbyI.O.

What is the effect of all these circumstances, would be

discussed by me after discussing the role of Satish Pal Singh


(A7).
SatishPalSingh(A7)
157.

Satish Pal Singh has assailed the sanction order to

prosecutehim.ImaypointoutthatPW4Dr.D.VeenaKumari
hadaccordedsanctionunderSection19(1)(C)ofPreventionof
CorruptionActforprosecutingaccusedSatishPalSingh. Itis
submittedthatPW4wasnotcompetenttoremovehimandthat
nodocumenthasbeenprovedbyprosecutiontoplaceonrecord
her competency to accord sanction under Section 19 of
PreventionofCorruptionAct.Idisagreewiththissubmission.
PW4hastestifiedthatshewaspostedasSeniorSuperintendent
ofPostOffice,NewDelhi,SouthDistrictandaccusedSatishPal
Singh was working as Postal Assistant and that she was
competent to remove him from the service. In cross
examination accused Satish Pal Singh has nowhere given the
suggestionthatshewasnotcompetenttoaccordsanctionunder
Section19ofP.C.Act. AccusedSatishPalSinghhasalsonot
brought any evidence in defence to show as to who was
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

competenttoremovehimfromserviceortoaccordsanction.In
view of clear unrebutted assertion of PW4 that she was
competenttoremovehimfromtheservice,ithastobeaccepted
thatshewascompetenttoaccordsanction.
158.

It is argued that the request letter sent by CBI to the

sanctioningauthorityhasnotbeenproved. Thereforeitisnot
brought on record by the prosecution as to what documents
weresentbyCBItoPW4forherperusal. Inabsenceofthis
requestletter,itisargued,ithastobepresumedthatneither
therewasanyrequestletternoranydocumentsweresentand
thereforesanctioningauthorityaccordedthesanctiononadraft
of sanction without examining the factual correctness of the
actualdocuments.Idisagreewiththissubmission.InStateof
KarnatakaVsAameerJan(2007)11SupremeCourtCases
273, it is held that the order granting sanction must be
demonstrative of the facts that there had been proper
applicationofmindonpartofsanctioningauthority. Ihave
perusedthisjudgement,citedbytheaccused,andIfindthatthe
sanctioning authority had accorded the sanction simply on a
reportandnomaterialcollectedagainsttheaccusedwasplaced
beforethesanctioningauthorityandthereforeitwasheldthat
the sanction suffered from non application of mind. On the
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

otherhandinthepresentcase,thesanctionorder Ex.PW4/A.
Thesanctionordermentionsthefactofthecaseandinpara19
ofthisordershehasspecificallystatedastowhatmaterialwas
examinedbyherbeforeaccordingthesanction. Irefertoher
testimonybeforethiscourtinwhichshehasstatedthatshehad
accordedthesanctionaftercarefulexaminationofthematerial
includingthestatementsofwitnessrecordedunderSection
161 and 164 CrPC and documents collected by the
InvestigatingOfficer,whichhadbeenplacedbeforeherwith
regardtoallegationsandcircumstancesofthecase.Incross
examinationbyaccusedSatishPalSingh,shetestifiesthat if
NC32formbearingthestampofpostofficeandsignatures
ofconcernedofficialofpostaldepartmentisthere,itmeans
thattheformhasgonethroughthatparticularemployeeof
the postal department. I had seen the documents before
granting sanction though I do not recollect what those
documentswere. Thistestimonyshowsthatatthetimeof
according sanction, she was fully conscious of the facts and
documents which are appearing against accused Satish Pal
Singh.ThereforeIdonotfindanydefectinthesanctionorder.
159.

TheaccusedSatishPalSinghhasarguedthattheexpert

report Ex.PW15/1 andreasoningEx.PW15/3 arenotavailable


CCNo.19/2009Page69/121

CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

inthisfileandeventruecopiesarenotplacedonthejudicial
file. It is submitted by Ld. Public Prosecutor that a large
numberofKVPsweregotencashedfromdifferentpostoffices
with the active collusion of the postal officials. Therefore
initiallythehandwritingofallthesuspectsweretakenandsent
forcomparisontoGEQD.Whenthereportcame,thecaseswere
filed post office wise. But there is a common GEQD report
relevanttoallthecases.Thisreporthasbeenmentionedinlist
of documentsof each case includingthe present one andthe
copy of the same was also supplied to each accused. It is
pertinenttonotethatPW37provedtheaforesaidreportsinthe
courtinthiscaseandaccusednotonlycrossexaminedhimon
thisreport/opinion/reasoningbutalsoexaminedahandwriting
expertinhisdefence.ThereforethereportsofGEQDhadbeen
thesubjectmatterofthistrialandwerehotlycontested.Though
Iagreethatitwouldhavebeenmoreconvenientforthepurpose
oftrialtoplaceacopyofthesereportsonthisfileanditcould
havebeengivenadifferentexhibitnumber. Evenifitisnot
done,thesaidreportsstandprovedandhavetobeconsidered
bythiscourt.
160.

Accusedhastakenthepleathataspertheprosecution,the

questioneddocumentsandstandardhandwritingsweresentto
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

GEQDShimla,whereasthesignaturesofDr.R.Sharma(PW37)
showthathehadsignedthesameinChandigarhon20.7.2001.
It is submitted that it is nowhere explained as to how these
documents, which were sent to Shimla, had reached
Chandigarh. Ld. Public Prosecutor submits that the office of
GEQDCFIissituatedinShimlaanditsonebranchissituatedin
Chandigarh and court can take judicial notice of this fact. I
haveperusedthereportandIfindthatthereportEx.PW15/1is
preparedontheletterheadofGEQD,CentralForensicInstitute,
GovernmentofIndia,ShimlabutithadbeensignedbyPW37at
Chandigarh. Itakejudicialnoticeofthisfactthatthebranch
office of GEQD, Shimla is situated at Chandigarh. Here the
question is not as to at which office the documents were
examined.Thequestionbeforethiscourtisthatastowhether
theopinionofprosecutionexpertiscorrectornot.
161.

Asdiscussedaboveitstandsprovedthatthe8NC32forms

wererecoveredfromthecarofaccusedK.M.Singh(A1)athis
instanceandpursuanttohisdisclosure.Asperchargesheet,in
furtherance of criminal conspiracy, accused K. M. Singh (A1)
directedaccusedSatishPalSinghthataccusedRohtashKanwar
wouldreachHariNagarAshramPostOfficeforencashmentof
KVPs.AccusedSatishPalSinghinformedhimthatpostmaster
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

AlwarSinghwasgoingfortrainingtoSaharanpurandtherefore
hewouldsendRohtashKanwaronthesameday. Actuallyas
perthedirectionofaccusedK.M.Singh(A1),accusedRohtash
KanwarwenttoHariNagarAshramPostOfficeandpresented
thestolen/forgedKVPstothetuneofRs.1lacforencashment.
AccusedAlwarSinghonseeingtheKVPsaskedaccusedSatish
Pal Singh to send NC32 forms to the issuing post office and
verify the particulars and himself went on training to
Saharanpur. ItisallegedthataccusedSatishPal Singhin
furtheranceofcriminalconspiracywrotefortransferon8
NC32formsandalsoputthestampofHariNagarAshram
PostOfficeandgavethemtoaccusedK.M.Singh(A1)for
getting the verification forged. These NC32 forms were
recovered from the car of accused K. M. Singh (A1) on his
pointingout.
162.

These 8 NC32 forms (collectively exhibited as

Ex.PW39/A44)werewrappedinanewspapersEx.PW39/A45
andwereplacedunderthemattressbeneaththedrivingseatof
thebluecolourZenMaruticarattheinstanceofaccusedK.M.
Singh(A1)vidememoEx.PW39/A38.OntheseNC32forms,
thewordsfortransferarewritteninredpenandbeneathit
thereareinitialsinredpen.Thishandwritingandinitialisat
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

Q1871,Q1876,Q1881,Q1886,Q1894,Q1890,Q1903and
Q1898.Oneachoftheforms,theroundstampofHariNagar
AshramPostOfficeisaffixedandthestampofsubpostmaster
withaninitialisalsofixed.Ontheinitialsofthesubpostmaster
adate22.6.1999iswritten. Intheroundstampalsothedate
22.6.1999isvisible. Asperthereportofhandwritingexpert
Ex.PW15/A(onpage28),itiswrittenthatabovestatednoted
questioned writings have been written by the same person
whosespecimenhandwritingisfoundonS515,S536toS539
and S541 to S545. These specimen hand writings are
Ex.PW39/A3(D124)andpertainstoaccusedSatishPalSingh
andthesamehavebeentakeninpresenceofanindependent
witness namely Sh. Gyanesh Kumar Jain. (examined by this
courtunderSection311CrPC)
163.

As per charge sheet, in his disclosure statement dated

27.6.1999 accused K. M. Singh (A1) stated that he had


purchasedoneMarutiCarNo.DL3CF0838fromoneTyagiof
UttamNagarandthatthevehiclehasnotbeentransferredinhis
nameandthatthisvehiclemetwithanaccidentandwasunder
repairinaworkshopcalledPappuMotors. Inthisdisclosure
statement,hehasalsodisclosedthenameofSatishPalSingh.
In his disclosure statement dated 3.6.1999, he disclosed that
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

accusedSatishPalSinghhandedovertohimNC32formsand
hekeptthesameunderthemattressbeneaththedrivingseatof
blue colour Maruti Zen car. At his instance, the said NC32
formsweretakenoutfromthesaidvehicle.Asperprosecution
caseform32arerequiredwhenKVPsaretobetransferredfrom
onepostofficetoanotherpostoffice.AsperRule37(1)ofPost
OfficeSavingBankManualVolumeII,whenanapplicationfor
transfer of a certificate in the prescribed form (NC32) is
receivedinanofficeforregistrationeitherdirectorthroughthe
officetowhichtransferisdesired,thepostmasteroftheoffice
ofregistrationmustsatisfyhimselfthatcertificatesoughttobe
transferredactuallystandsinapplicant'sname........Therefore
itisallegedthataccusedSatishPalsinghfacilitatedandactedin
conspiracywithaccusedK.M.Singh(A1)byhandinghimover
theblank form 32afterwritingfortransferandputting his
initials beneath it. It is pertinent to note that these 8 NC32
formsbearthestampofsubpostmasterandhisinitialsaswell
asastampofHariNagarAshramPostOfficebearingthedate
22.6.1999. The remaining columns which should contain
particularsofKVPsetc.areblank.
164.

NowItakeupthereportofGEQDaswellastheopinion

oftheexpertwitnessnamelyDW1SyedFaizalHudaexamined
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

byaccusedSatishPalSingh. Thedefencewitnesshasproved
hisopinionasEx.DW1/A.Heprovedtheenlargedphotographs
of the disputed signatures and specimen signatures as
Ex.DW1/B. Hehasopinedthatthedisputedwritingandthe
signatures and the specimen writing/signatures (of accused
SatishPalSingh)havebeenwrittenbydifferentpersons.Ihave
perusedhisopinion.Hehasobservedthatspecimensignatures
have been written fluently in a graceful manner and show
superiordegreeofpenmanship.Similarlyhehasconsideredthe
alignment, slant and natural variations and the proportion of
lettersincludingthespacingbetweentheletters.Idisagreewith
his opinion on the aforesaid points because perusal of the
specimen hand writing/signatures and the disputed hand
writing/signaturesshowsequaldegreeofpenmanshipandIdo
not find any difference in alignment, slant, natural variations
andproportionsoftheletters. NowItakeuphisopinionon
individualcharacteristics,whichisreproducedasunder:
INDIVIDUAL CHARACTERISTICS OF
WRITINGS (for Transfer): Formation of
individuallettersofthedisputedwritingsshows
fundamentaldifferenceswiththeformationof
individual letters of specimen writings in the
followingmanner:
a)
Letterf:Inwordfor,thebeginning
stroke is extended and the formation of
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012
triangular loop is prominent in specimen
writing(e.g.S515,S536)butnotindisputed
writings (Q1881, Q1886), demonstrated at
pointaontheenlargedphotographs.
Inwordfourletterfmakesroundedtopin
disputed writings (Q1898, Q1903) whereas
loop formation in specimen (S536, S515,
S537)writingsand suggestthedissimilarities
ofindividualhabits,demonstratedatpointaon
theenlargedphotographs.
Inwordtransferletterfistendedtowards
the left side in disputed writings (Q1890,
Q1894)whereasitisverticallyplacedtotend
towards the right side in specimen writings
(S538,S522)demonstratedatpointaonthe
enlargedphotographs.
b)
Letter o: It is written in fully
developed manner and style of formation in
specimenwritings(e.g.S515,S536)butnot
in disputed writings (e.g. Q1890, Q1894),
demonstrated at point b on the enlarged
photographs.
c)
Letters u, r: in word four it is
vertically placed in specimen writings (S538,
S522) but tended towards the left side in
disputed writings (Q1898, Q1903),
demonstrated at point c on the enlarged
photographs.
d)
LetterT:ThebarofletterTismore
rounded instyleindisputedwritings(Q1890,
q1894)ascomparedtothespecimenwritings,
demonstrated at point d on the enlarged
photographs.
e)
See the presence of additional cursive
stroke in letters r, a, n, and s of word
Transferinspecimenwritings(S538,S522)
whichisnotprominentinthedisputedwritings
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012
(Q1898,Q1903),demonstratedatpoint e on
theenlargedphotographs.
f)
Terminal stroke of letter r of word
Transfer goesupwardlyindisputedwritings
(e.g. Q1871, Q1876) but horizontally in
specimen writings (e.g. S515, S542) and
suggest the different individual habits of the
writers.

165.

NowIreproducetherelevantGEQDopinion Ex.PW15/3

inthisregardasunder:

My opinion that the writings in the


enclosedportionsstampedandmarkedQ1871,
Q1876, Q1881, Q1886, Q1890, Q1894,
Q1898, Q1903; S515, S536 to S539 and
S541toS545havebeenwrittenbyoneand
thesameperson,isbaseduponthecumulative
considerations of the similarities both in the
generalandindividualwritinghabitsoccurring
inthem.

Inter se comparison of the standard


writings reveals that they are freely written,
show natural variations and have inter
consistencyamongthemselves.Thequestioned
writings also exhibit these qualities similarly.
Theyalsoagreeinthegeneralwritinghabitsof
movement, skill, speed, alignment, spacing,
relativesizeand proportionofthelettersand
theircombination,nature of commencingand
terminal stroke, simplification etc. Both
questionedandstandardwritingsalsoagreein
the minute and inconspicuous details of
formation of letters and their combinations,
some of such similarities in the individual
writinghabitsare:mannerofexecutionofletter
'f'withthenatureofstart;natureandlocation
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012
of upper body part as well as nature and
location of downward stroke with similar
variation;natureandmanneroflinkingletters
'o'and'r',executionofletter'T'withthenature
andlocationofhorizontalandverticalstroke;
nature and location of next succeeding
characterandmannerofconnectingwithnext
succeeding character with similar variation
observed tobesimilarwithsimilarvariation;
mannerofexecutionofletter's'withthenature
andlocationofupperandlowerbodypartand
mannerofjoiningitsterminalstrokewithletter
'f';natureandlocationofthecommencement,
body part as well as nature and location of
finish in the execution of last character were
also observed to be similar variation int he
questionedandstandard.

All the significant features as occurring


in the questioned writings are found similar
exemplified at one or the other place in the
standardwritings.

There is no divergence between


questionedandstandardwritingsandthereis
no sign of imitation in the production of the
questioned writings. The above discussed
similarities in the writing habits between the
questioned and standard writings are
significant and sufficient and will not
accidentally coincide in writings of two
different persons and when considered
collectivelyleadmetotheaforesaidopinionof
commonauthorship.

166.

With a view to assess the aforesaid opinion, I have

perused the enlarged photographs of the questioned and


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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

disputedhandwritingsfiledbyDW1inthecourtandwhichare
exhibitedasEx.DW1/B.Onseeingtheseenlargedphotographs,
therecannotbetwoopinionsthatthesamehavebeenwritten
byoneandthesameperson.Theformationsof'f','r','T','s'are
similarandIhavenodoubtabouttheaccuracyoftheopinion
givenbythePW37Dr.R.Sharma. Accordinglytheopinionof
thedefenceexpertwitnesshastoberejected. Iwouldliketo
reproduce the cross examination of PW37 by Ld. Counsel of
accusedSatishPalSinghasunder:
Q.
I draw your attention to questioned
documentno.1898and1903,inwhichstarting
f is different from starting f inquestioned
writing1890,1894.Isitcorrect?
Ans. It is correct. Vol. the same habit of
writingletterfisalsoappearinginspecimen
writings.
Q.
Isitcorrectthatinviewoftheaforesaid
difference in letter f, it would be correct to
saythatbothwerewrittenbytwopersons?
Ans. Itiscorrect.
Q.
Do you find difference of alignment
between questioned as well as specimen
writings?
Ans. Idonotfindanydifference.
Q.
I suggest that in question writing no.
1898, there is ascending alignment, whereas
thesameisnotinspecimenwriting. Whatdo
youwanttosay?
Ans. It is correct that there is ascending
alignment in questioned writing no. 1898. I
want to explain that in other questioned
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012
writings, the alignments vary with each other
and the same were reflected in specimen
writings.
Q.
I suggest to you that in all questioned
writings, there is ascending alignment with
smallvariationbutinallspecimenwritingsthe
alignmentisstraight?
Ans. Itiscorrectthatinquestionwritingthere
isascendingalignmentswithvariationsbutin
all specimen writing the alignment is not
preciselystraightthereisavariation.
Q.
Do you find backward slant in all
questioned writing whereas forward slant in
specimen writing, this is major difference
betweentwo?
Ans.Itiscorrect.
Q.
Do you find backward slant in starting
letterFandTQ.1894andQ.1886?
Ans. Itiscorrect.
Q.
Is it correct that there is difference in
spacinginasmuchasitismoreinbetweenthe
words for and transferred in specimen
writing, whereas less in questioned writing
Q1871,Q1876,Q1881,Q1886andQ1894?
Ans. Itisincorrect.Thespacingbetweenthe
words for and transferred were similarly
foundinthespecimenwritings.

ItiswrongtosuggestthatIamdenying
thefacts.
Q.
Didyounoticeanydifferenceinstarting
letterFwithtriangularloopatthebottomin
between the specimen writing but not in
questionedwriting?
Ans. Idonotfindasthesameisappearingin
specimenwithnaturalvariations.
Q.
Do you find in the terminal stroke of
letterrofwordtransfer,whichgoesupwardly
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012
inthequestionedwritingbuthorizontallyinthe
specimenwriting?
Ans. No.
Q.
DoyoufindletterTofwordtransfer
is more curved in style in questioned writing
i.e. Questioned Q1871, Q1881, Q1886 and
Q1894, whereas less curved in style in
specimen?
Ans. No.
Q.
I put it to you that the similarities as
mentioned and pointed out in your report is
onlypictorialresemblanceintheoutwardform
ofletters?
Ans. Thesimilaritiesmentionedinmyreports
are based on the scientific examination and
comparisonofquestionedandspecimen.

167.

This part of cross examination shows that there is no

substance in the plea of the accused that his specimen


handwritingsdonottallywiththequestionedhandwriting. I
furtherpointoutthatthereportofdefenceexpert Ex.DW1/A
has opined that the formation of the letters in the disputed
writing is different from the specimen writings. I totally
disagreewiththisopinionbecauseperusalofthespecimenand
disputed handwriting would show the striking similarities
between the two and therefore I fully agree with the report
given by PW37 that the handwriting on these NC32 forms is
thatofaccusedSatishPalSingh.
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

Theinferenceof8NC32formsrecoveredattheinstanceof
K.M.Singh(A1)

I have already held that eight NC32 forms bearing the

writingfortransferandsignaturesofSatishPalSingh(A2),
thepostalassistant,werefoundattheinstanceofaccusedK.M.
Singh. These forms bear the date stamp having the date
22.6.1999.IhavealreadymentionedthataccusedK.M.Singh
wasarrestedon24.6.1999.Asarleadydiscussed,thelastbunch
of KVPs were fraudulently encashed on 18.6.1999. I have
alreadydiscussedthattheNC32formsissentbyapostofficeto
the issuing post office, mentioning all the particulars of the
KVPs,whichhavebeenpresentedtosuchpostoffice. Thisis
doneforthepurposeofverificationoftheKVPsbytheissuing
post office. The NC32 forms collectively exhibited as
Ex.PW39/A44areblankinallrespectexceptthesignaturesof
some Ashok Gupta and Sudha Gupta and the signatures of
Satish Pal Singh with the endorsement for transfer and the
stamp of Hari Nagar Ashram Post Office bearing the date
22.6.1999alongwiththestampsandinitialsofSubPostMaster.
AccusedSatishPalSinghhasnotbeenabletoexplainastowhy
theendorsementfortransferinhishandalongwiththedate
stampareavailableontheseforms. Theonlyinferenceisthat
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

these forms were to be used for the purpose of filling the


particularsofstolenKVPsandputtingthefakestampsofother
post offices on the same and thereafter getting the same
encashedfromtheHariNagarAshramPostOffice.Imaypoint
outthatPW6SunilKrishanNagarhastestifiedthataccusedK.
M. Singh has come to his shop and got various designs of
variouspostofficesprepared. ThisprovesthataccusedK.M.
SinghandSatishPalSinghwereinconspiracywitheachother
incommissionofthistypeofoffences. Itneedstobestressed
thattheaforesaidfactshavetobeseeninoverallbackdropof
thecircumstancesinthiscase. ThestolenKVPsarefilledwith
the forged particulars. The offenders are impersonating as
holders of the KVPs and getting the same encashed from the
postoffices. Forthispurposetheyareadoptingtwotypesof
methods.Firsttheyarepreparingfakeidentityslipspurported
tohavebeenissuedbythepostofficefromwheretheKVPswere
showntohavebeenpurchasedandonthebasisofsuchidentity
slips,thepostalofficialsencashedthoseKVPs.Secondmethod
istopreparefakeNC32formsrequiredfortransferofKVPsfrom
onepostofficetoanotherpostoffice.Inthiscasefakeidentity
slips were prepared to get the KVPs encashed. The another
method of getting fake NC32 forms was under the way just
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

beforethearrestofaccusedK.M.Singh.Althoughthisisavery
small fact but it goes far away backwards. This exposes the
entirestoryastohowalltheKVPswereencashedfraudulently
byactiveinvolvementofpostalofficialnamelySatishPalSingh.
It proves that accused K. M. Singh was one of the active
conspirators inthe conspiracy whichinvolved, apart from the
other co accused persons, the postal officials including Satish
PalSingh.
SohanPalSharma(A2)
168.

ItisarguedbySh.KedarYadav,Ld.DefenceCounselthat

thespecimenhandwritingofaccusedSohanPalSharmawas
takenbytheInvestigatingOfficerwithoutthepermissionofthe
Magistrateandthereforethesameisnotadmissibleinevidence
against him. I disagree with his submissions. There were
divergentviewsofourownHighCourtonthisissuebutnowin
BhupenderSinghVs.State,thefullBenchofDelhiHighCourt
consistingHon'bleChiefJusticeDeepakMishra,Mr.JusticeAnil
KumarandMr.JusticeSanjivKhanna,whiledecidingCriminal
Appeal No. 1005/2008 (vide order dated 30.09.2011) upheld
the view taken by the single judge of Hon'ble High Court of
Delhi in Sunil Kumar @ Sonu Vs. State of NCT of Delhi
(CriminalAppealNo.446of2005decidedon25.3.2010)and
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

rejected the ratio of the decision of the Division Bench in


SatyawanVs.State(CriminalAppealNo.34/2001decidedon
9.7.2009).InSatyawanVsState,theDivisionBenchofHon'ble
HighCourthadheldthattakingspecimenwritingwithoutthe
orderofthecourtisnotlegalandwouldnotbeadmissiblein
evidenceagainstaccused. In BhupenderSinghVs.State the
fullBenchofHon'bleHighCourtofDelhiclearlyheldthatthe
viewexpressedinthedecisionsnamely SatyawanVsState is
notthecorrectview. Henceitisclearthatthespecimenhand
writing can be taken from an accused by the Investigating
Officerandsamewouldbeadmissibleinevidenceevenifsuch
specimen hand writing had been taken by the Investigating
OfficerwithoutpermissionoftheMagistrate. Further,thereis
nothing on record to show that specimen handwriting of
accusedSohanPalSharmawastakenundercoercion,threator
pressure. Therefore,thespecimenhandwritinghasbeengiven
bytheaccusedvoluntarily.
169.

Ld.DefenceCounselarguesthatitwouldbehighlyunsafeto

convictapersonsolelyonthebasisoftheopinionofthehandwriting
expert.Hehasreferredtothefollowingjudgmentsinhissupport:
1. IshawariPrasadV.Mohd.Isa,AIR1963SC1728.
2. SashiKumarv.SubodhKumar,AIR1964SC529.
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

3. StateofGujaratVsVinayaChandraChhotaLalPatniAIR778,
1967SCR(1)249.
4. BalakrishnaDasV.RadhaDeviAIR1989AII133.
5. State of Maharashtra V. Sukhdeo Singh AIR 1992 SC 2100
(2116):(1992)3SCJ330.
6. StateofU.P.V.CharlesGurmukhSobhraj,CriLJ3844:(1996)9
SCC472:1996SCC1065.
7. StateofHimachalPradeshVsJaiLal&Ors.AIR1999SC3318,
199(2)ALDCri855.
8. PiaraSinghVs.JagtarSinghAIR1987Punj93.
9. VandavasiKarthikeyaaliasKrishnamuthryv.S.KamalammaAIR
1994AP102at114.
10.RamChandraandAnr.Vs.StateofUttarPradeshAIR1957SC
381,1957CriL.J.559
11.KanchanSinghv.StateofGuj.AIR1979SC1011:1979CriLJ889.
12.MaganBehariLalv.StateofPb.AIR1977SC1091:1977CriLJ
711.
Ontheotherhand,Ld.PublicProsecutorhasreferredto JaipalVs
State and Rajender Vs State and submitted that handwriting expert's
reportisenoughtoconnectapersonwiththecrime.Ihaveconsideredthe
submissions.Iamoftheopinionthatanexpert'sopinionisanevidencein
itself.Section45ofIndianEvidenceActlaysdownthatwhenthecourthas
toformanopinionastotheidentityofhandwritingorfingerimpressions,
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

the opinions upon that point of the persons expert in that science are
relevantfacts.Ifthetwohandwritingsmatchwitheachother,thisitself
isanevidenceasperthetheIndianEvidenceAct.Tosayitdifferently,the
matching of two handwritings is itself a substantial evidence u/s 45 of
IndianEvidenceActandtheopinionofthehandwritingexpertissought
onlytofacilitatethecourttoformanopiniononthispoint.Therefore,to
saythat convictioncanbeorcannotbebasedsolelyuponthereportof
handwritingexpertwouldbemisleading.Theappropriateinterpretationof
Section45ofIndianEvidenceActisthatcourtiscompetenttoformitsown
opiniononthepointofidentityofhandwritingandforthatpurposethe
court may call for the report of a handwriting expert. Therefore, the
relevant fact before this court is the matching or non matching of the
handwriting. If the handwritings match there cannot be any hitch in
convicting the accused even if further corroborative evidence is not
available.IfullyagreewiththeLd.PublicProsecutorandquotefromthe
judgmentdated05.07.2011passedbytheDivisionBenchofHon'bleMr.
JusticeS.RavindraBhattandHon'bleMr.JusticeG.P.Mittalin JaipalVs
State Criminal Appeal No. 137/98 and Rajendra Vs State Criminal
AppealNo.181/98asunder:
ItistruethatexceptthehandwritingExpert'sreport
Ext.PW4/Athereisnocorroborationthattheransom
letterExt.PW12/AwasinthehandwritingofAppellant
Jaipal.ThequestionwasdealtindetailbytheSupreme
CourtinMurariLalv.StateofM.P.,AIR1980SC531.
Thecourtobservedthathandwritingexpertisnotan
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

accompliceandthereisnojustificationforcondemninghis
opinionevidence.ItwasheldthatiftheCourtisconvinced
fromthereportofanexpertthatthequestioned
handwritingwasoftheaccused,thereisnodifficultyin
relyingupontheexpert'sopinionwithoutany
corroboration.
It is pertinent to note that Hon'ble High Court had relied upon
MurariLalv.StateofM.P.,AIR1980SC531whereinHon'bleSupreme
Courtheldthattherewasnoruleoflawnoranyruleofprudencethatthe
evidenceofhandwritingexpertmustnotbeactedupon,unlesssubstantially
corroborated.
170.

Inviewoftheabovestatedlaw,Iamoftheopinionthatwhen

a case is being pressed by the prosecution solely on the basis of


handwritingexpert,thecourtshouldbeverycautiousandthereasons
fortheexpertopinionmustbecarefullyexamined. Incasewhere
reasonsforopinionareconvincingandthereisnoreliableevidence
throwingadoubtuponit,thetestimonyofhandwritingexpertmay
beaccepted.

171.

ItisfurtherarguedbyLd.DefenceCounselthatthereisno

evidencethathehasbeenbenefitedfromthiscrimeandthat
prosecution has been unable to prove any motive for
commissionoftheseoffences. Idonotfindanysubstancein
thesesubmissions.Ifthereisevidencethatanaccusedhasbeen

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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

apartofconspiracywhereinforgedKVPshadbeenencashed,
the inescapable consequence would be that such accused has
donesowithaviewtogetwrongfulgaintohimselforwrongful
loss to the government. Ld. Defence Counsel argues that
neitheranyingredientofsection467IPChasbeenprovednor
anyingredientofSection468IPChasbeenproved.Itisargued
thatcheatingisanecessaryingredientoftheoffencesofforgery
andsinceprosecutionhasbeenunabletoprovethataccusedhas
cheatedanyone,hecannotbeconvictedu/s467&468IPC. I
disagreewithhissubmissions.Forgingthehandwrittenportion
ofKVPsinalargenumberofsuchKVPSitselfshowsthatthe
forgery has been done with an intention to cheat the
Government/PostalAuthorities.
172.

Ld.PPsubmitsthatinitiallyonlyonecasewasregistered

inwhichthespecimensignaturesoftheaccusedpersonswere
taken. Later on, these cases were saggregated in four, post
officewise. Therefore,thespecimensignaturesarerelevantto
eachcaseofthesefourconnectedcases.
173.

Iamoftheopinionthatthereisnolawwhichprohibits

the prosecution from taking any material of one case and


puttingthesameinanothercase.Ifamaterialofonecasealso
formsapieceofevidenceagainstanaccusedinanothercase,
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

thesamemaybeprovedbytheprosecutioninothercasesalso.
174.

Ld. Defence Counsel has drawn my attention to the

specimensignaturesExt.PW15/A1andsubmitsthatinitiallythe
InvestigatingOfficerhaswrittenthenameofSatishPalSingh
and thereafter he wrote Sohan Pal Sharma after cutting the
nameofSatishPalSingh.Ihaveseenthespecimensignatures.
On seeing the sheet Ext.PW15/A1, it is clear that an
inadvertentmistakehasbeencorrected.Itbearsthesignatures
ofSohanPalSinghatpointA. Itispertinenttonotethaton
furthersheetsExt.PW15/A2toExt.PW15/A158,thesignatures
ofSohanPalSharmaarepresentatpointAofeachsheetand
perusalofthesamewouldshowthatthesignaturesatpointA
onExt.PW15/A1andtheothersheetsareofthesameperson.
Accusedhasnowhereshownorprovedthatthesignatureson
thespecimensheetsatpointAdonotpertaintohim. Ipoint
outthatasperprosecutioncasethesespecimensignatureswere
takeninthepresenceofGyaneshKumarJain.Thiswitnesswas
examinedbymeu/s311CrPCasacourtwitnessandhehad
proved his signatures at point B on each sheet. In these
circumstances,Iamoftheopinionthatprosecutionhasproved
beyond doubt that the specimen handwriting of Sohan Pal
Sharmawastakenonthesesheets.Evenifthereissomecutting
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

ononesheetExt.PW15/A1,thesameisinadvertentandis a
correctionofamistake.Hence,nobenefitofitcanbegivento
theaccused.
175.

As per the prosecution case, accused K. M. Singh was

arrestedon 24.6.1999 andhe madea disclosure in which he


made disclosure of the role of Sohan Pal Sharma. He made
disclosure statements on 24.6.1999 and 27.6.1999. In these
disclosure statements, he disclosed the name of Sohan Pal
Sharmaasbeingactiveparticipantintheconspiracy. Accused
SohanPalSharmawasarrestedon2.7.1999andthereforehis
disclosure statement was recorded on 6.7.1999. In his
disclosurestatementhedisclosedabouthisinvolvementinthe
conspiracy and having encahsed the KVPs. He specially
disclosed about the encashing of various KVPs. As per
prosecutioncase,heimpersonatedasChaudharyHarpalSingh
holderof125KVPsbearingno.28CC982151to28CC982175
and 35BB922201 to 35BB922300 amounting to Rs.
12,97,000/andgottheaforesaidpayment.Itisallegedthathe
had fraudulentlysignedasChaudharyHarpalSinghonthese
KVPs.
176.

Aspertheprosecutioncasetheaforesaidwritingsonthe

body part and the signatures of Harpal on these questioned


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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

documentstallywiththehandwritingsoftheperson,whohas
S1toS158,whicharethespecimenhandwritingsofaccused
SohanPalSharma.
177.

On125KVPsbearingno.28CC982151to28CC982175

and 35BB922201 to 35BB922300 has the signatures of one


HarpalSinghsignifyingthereceiptoftheencashedamount.As
perprosecutioncasethespecimensignaturesasHarpalSinghof
accused Sohan Pal Sharma were taken on the sheets S74 to
S83 (Ex.PW15/A74toEx.PW15/A83). AccusedSohanPal
SinghhasgiventhesespecimenhandwritingbywritingHarpal
Singh in Hindi language. As per the expert's report
Ex.PW15/3 (Page11,whichisthereasonsfortheopinion),
theexperthasgiventheopinion,relevantportionofwhichisas
under:

Intersecomparisonofthestandardwritingsrevealsthattheyarefreelywritten,show

naturalvariationsandhaveinterconsistencyamongthemselves.Thequestionedwritingsalso
exhibitthesequalitiessimilarly.Theyalsoagreeinthegeneralwritinghabitsofmovement,skill,
speed,alignment,spacing,relativesizeandproportionofthelettersandtheircombination,
natureofcommencingandterminalstroke,simplificationetc.

Bothquestionedandstandardwritingsalsoagreeintheminuteandinconspicuousdetails

offormationoflettersandtheircombination,someofsuchsimilaritiesintheindividualwriting
habitsare:mannerofexecutionofHindiletter'ra'withthenatureandlocationofitsstartnature
andlocationofitsbodycurvaturewiththeformationloopatthemiddleanddirectionoffinish;
relativesize,natureandlocationofthevowelsignof'Aakar';commencementofletter'ma',
natureandlocationofitsdiagonalstrokeandmannerofitsjoiningwiththesecondverticalstaff
anddirectionoffinish;movementintheexecutionofthevowelsignof'ikar','okar','chandra

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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012
bindu'etcwithsimilarvariation;executi9onofletter'sa',natureandlocationofitsbodypartand
finish;natureandstartofletter'ha'.........

Thereisnodivergencebetweenquestionedandstandardwritingsandthereisnosignof

imitationintheproductionofthequestionedwritings.Theabovediscussedsimilaritiesinthe
writinghabitsbetweenthequestionedandstandardwritingsaresignificantandsufficientand
willnotaccidentallycoincideinwritingsoftwodifferentpersonsandwhenconsidered
collectivelyleadmetotheaforesaidopinionofcommonauthorship.

178.

Afterperusingthespecimenandquestionedhandwritings,

Ifullyagreewith this report and the reasoning ofthe expert


witness PW37. Thus prosecution has proved that accused
SohanPalSinghnotonlyimpersonatedasHarpalSingh(afake
holderofKVPs)andtherebycheatedthepostaldepartmentbut
hasalsoreceivedthemoneyafterencashingtheseKVPsbecause
he has signed on the KVPs as the recipient of the encashed
amount.
LaxmanPrasad@Thakur(A3)
179.

As per charge sheet during the period 2.6.1998 to

12.6.1998,hehadimpersonatedasHariPrasadholderof527
KVPs bearing no. 45CC 163601 to 163700, 45CC 163321 to
163400, 35BB 936301 to 936400, 35BB 936601 to 936700,
31BB 007761 to 007800, 28CC 570301 to 570336, 28CC
970338to970348,28CC982031to982040,28CC970351to
970400 total amounting to Rs.64,96,100/ and encashed the
same on various dates. It is stated that as per the report of
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

GEQD,thesignaturesoftherecipientoftheKVPsamoutasHari
PrasadhasbeenforgedbyaccusedLaxmanPrasad.Imaypoint
outthatspecimenhandwritings/signaturesweretakenbythe
Investigating Officer on the sheets from S546 to S619.
HoweverhisspecimensignaturesasHariPrasadaretakenfrom
S552toS565.
180.

As per the GEQD report Ex.PW15/1, the hand writing

videwhichtheamounthasbeenwritteninnumeralsaswellas
inwordsinthecolumnofRECEIPTOFDISCHARGEandthe
signatures of Hari Prasad beneath it as recipient of the
amount/holderofKVPstallieswiththespecimenhandwritings
and signatures of accused Laxman Prasad. This opinion has
been given on page 1 to 4 of the report Ex.PW15/1. The
reasoningfortheopinionasappearinginEx.PW15/3atpage1,
2and3,whichisreproducedasunder:(therelevantportion)

Inter se comparison of the standard


writings and signatures reveals that they are
freelywritten,shownaturalvariationsandhave
inter consistency among themselves. The
questionedwritingsandsignaturesalsoexhibit
thesequalitiessimilarly.Theyalsoagreeinthe
general writing habits of movement which is
wristpredominantwithsomeactionofforearm,
skill, speed, alignment, spacing, relative size
and proportion of the letters and their
combination, nature of commencing and
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012
terminal stroke, simplification, movement of
strokesintheformationofletterandsignatures
etc.Bothquestionedandstandardwritingsand
signatures also agree in the minute and
inconspicuous details of formation of letters
and their combinations, some of such
similaritiesintheindividualwritinghabitsare:
mannerofexecutionofletter'S'withthenature
andlocationofitsstart,natureandlocationof
upperandlowerbodypartandmannerofits
joiningwiththesucceedingletter'i',natureand
startofletter'e',natureandlocationofitseye
let and direction of finish; commencement of
letter'E',natureandlocationofitsupperand
lowerbodycurvatureandmannerofitsjoining
with the succeeding letter 'i'; nature and
locationofidot;combinationofletter'g'h'
and't'intheletter'eight';mannerofexecution
ofletter'n'withthenatureandlocationofits
body part and finish; combination of letter 't'
and'h''u'and's'intheword'thousand',startof
letter'o' withthenature of itsbody partand
finish; simplified execution of letter 'd' nature
andlocationofitsdownwardverticalstaffand
finish'bifurcationintheexecutionofletter'r';
combination of letter 'o' 'n' 'I' 'y' in the word
'only'; start o letter 'N' with the nature of its
diagonalstrokeandmannerofitsjoiningwith
second vertical staff and direction of finish;
nature and location of the vertical and
horizontalstrokeintheexecutionofletter'T';
execution of letter 'H' with the nature and
location of its horizontal stroke as well as
manner ofitsjoiningtothe verticalstaff and
direction of finish; nature and location in the
formation of body part of letter 'p' ; start of
letter'a'natureandlocationofitovalpartand
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mannerofitsjoiningtothesucceedingletter;
manner of execution of commonly occurring
figuressuchas:'I''4''6''9'andcombinationof
figures '00' & '29' are observed similar in the
questioned and standard. All the significant
featuresasoccurringinthequestionedwritings
andsignaturesarefoundsimilarexemplifiedat
oneortheotherplaceinthestandardwritings
andsignatures.

There is no divergence between


questionedandstandardwritings&signatures.
Thereisnosignofimitationintheproduction
ofthequestionedwritingsandsignatures.The
above discussed similarities in the writing
habits between the questioned and standard
writings and signatures are significant and
sufficientandwillnotaccidentallycoincidein
writings of two different persons and when
consideredcollectivelyleadmetotheaforesaid
opinionofcommonauthorship.

181.

Ontheotherhand,accusedhasexaminedhishandwriting

expert,whohasgivenadifferentopinionandhasstatedinhis
report Ex.DW1/C that the question hand writings/signatures
and the specimen hand writings have been written by two
differentwriters. Heselecteddisputedwritingandsignatures
randomly.

In this report, the defence expert has selected Q2405,

Q2410, Q2415, Q2420, Q2425, Q5615, Q5619, Q5623,


Q11633,Q11636,Q11641,Q11645,Q11649whicharethe
disputed hand writings vide which the amount encahsed on
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discharge of KVP has been written in numerals as well as in


words. He randomly selected disputed signatures Q2407,
Q2411, Q2416, Q2421, Q2426, Q5616, Q5620, Q5624,
Q11634, Q11637, Q11642, Q11646 and Q11650.
Photographs of the above stated question hand writings and
signatures were taken and endorsed. As per this report, the
specimensignaturesshowabetterdegreeofpenmanshipas
comparedwiththatofthedisputedsignatures.Furtheritis
opined that the disputed signatures have been written by a
medium skilled writer andthese signatures donotshow well
definedmotionandfluencyinthemannerofexecutionandthat
curvaturesofstokearenotwellformedandeventheindividual
lettersaredifferentintheircurvesandjoiningandplacingof
strokes on the point of signatures. The expert witness has
furtheropinedasunder:
COMPARISON OF SIGNATURES
(H.PRASAD):
A comparison of class and individual
characteristic in disputed and specimen
signaturesisasunder:
1)
MOVEMENT: The disputed signatures
(Q2407, Q2411) have been written with
advancefingermovementduetolowerorderof
writing skill, unsymmetrical letter formation
andilldefinedconnectionsbetweentheletters.
But specimen signatures (e.g. S551, S552)
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have been written with wrist cum forearm
movementduetofairdegreeofwritingspeed,
angular connection, well defined curves and
smoothconnectionsoftheletters.
2)
LINEQUALITY:Linequalityissmooth,
flowingandfluentinspecimensignatures(e.g.
S555, S556) due to continuity inmovement
andwellgradedstrokesbutontheotherhand
disputed signatures (e.g. Q11642, Q11646)
showlowerorderoflinequalityincomparison
to the specimen signatures and this is due to
the reason of less fluency and rhythm of the
stokesoflettersandtheircurvatures.
3)
SPEED: The speed is rapid order in
specimensignatures(e.g.S553,S554)dueto
welldefinedcurvesandangleofthestrokesof
the letters but it is slow to medium order in
disputedsignatures(e.g.Q5620,Q5624)due
to halting formation of the letters and their
strokesaswellasconnectionofthelettersin
themannerofexecution.
4)
SKILL: The skill observed in disputed
signatures (e.g. Q11646, Q11650) is of
comparatively inferior order than that of the
specimen signatures (e.g. S556, S557) and
writings because no writer can show a better
degree of penmanship than one is actually
possess.
5)
STYLE: Both specimen (e.g. S553,
S554)anddisputedsignatures(e.g.Q11642,
Q11646)showsangularandroundedstylebut
itislabouredindisputedsignaturesandflying
andspeedyinspecimensignatures.
6)
AHDING, PEN PRESSURE AND PEN
POSITION: The correct examination of these
factorsisnotpossibleinphotocopiesandball
pen writings. This can be examined only in
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fountain pen writing because in those writing
thereissplitofnib.
7)
NATURAL VARIATIONS: Disputed
signatures (e.g. Q11642, Q11646) shows
unnatural variations with the specimen
signatures (e.g. S553, S554) due to the
presenceofinconsistenciesintheformationof
letters.Onlyspecimensignaturesshownatural
variations interse in the form of slight
divergencesincurves,loops,anglesandinitial
andterminalstrokesoftheletters.
8)
SIZE AND PROPORTIONS OF
LETTERS: The size and proportion of the
letters are not similar in their relative
proportions in disputed signatures (e.g.
Q2407,Q2411)whentheyarecomparedwith
thespecimensignatures(e.g.S556,S557)due
tothepresenceofdifferentheightandwidthof
theletters.e.g.Theheightoftheletterssuchas
HandPismoreindisputedsignaturesbut
lessinspecimensignatures.
9)
DISGUISE: There is no evidence of
disguiseindisputedandspecimensignatures.
10) COORDINATION OF WRITING
MUSCLES:Thereisaperfectcoordinationin
writing muscles in specimen signatures (e.g.
S556, S557) due to wrist cum forearm
movementofthehand.Butitisnotperfectin
disputedsignatures(e.g.Q2407,Q2411)due
to slow to medium order of speed and
unsymmetrical stokes formation between the
letters.
11) PEN SCOPE: Due to the presence of
advance finger movement in disputed
signatures(Q2407,Q2411)thepenscopeis
limited. Butitismuchextendedinspecimen
signatures (e.g. S553, S554) due to the
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012
presenceofwristcumforearmmovementofthe
hand.
INDIVIDUAL CHARACTERISTICS OF
SIGNATURES (H. PRASAD): Formation of
individual letters of the disputed signatures
shows fundamental differences with the
formation of individual letters of specimen
signaturesinthefollowingmanner:
a)
LetterH:Themannerandexecution
of letter H is different in disputed and
specimen signatures. It is written in more
fluency, rhythm and continuous manner in
specimen signatures (e.g. S553, S554)
whereas in disputed signatures (Q2407,
Q2411) the deposition of the ink is
discontinuous at unusual places in the
execution of this letter which suggest the
different writing habits of different persons,
demonstrated at point a on the enlarged
photographs.
The first and second vertical staff and their
joining withthe middle connecting stroke are
similarly executed in well defined manner in
specimen signatures but not in disputed
signaturesdue to differentpen operation and
unevendensityofink.Itiswritteninthreepen
operationinspecimensignaturesbutmorethan
threeindisputedsignatures.
b)
Letterp: Thedesignandmannerof
executionof letterpisdifferent indisputed
andspecimensignatures. Theinitialstrokeof
the body loop is extended and makes joining
withthemiddleconnectingstrokesofletterH
in most of the disputed signatures (e.g.
Q11642, Q11646) whereas the initial stroke
of the body loop is short and makes joining
mostly with the second vertical staff of letter
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012
Hinspecimensignatures(e.g.S553,S554),
demonstrated at point b on the enlarged
photographs.
c)
Letter r: Formation of letter r is
differentindisputedandspecimensignatures.
The ink is uniform and written in fully
developed manner and style of formation in
specimen signatures (e.g. S553, S554)
whereasthedepositionoftheinkismoreand
slowlyexecutedduetodifferentpenoperation
employedbythewriterindisputedsignatures
(e.g. Q11642, Q11646), demonstrated at
pointcontheenlargedphotographs.
d)
Letter a: The design and style of
formationofletteraisdifferentindisputed
and specimen signatures. The body oval is
circular to elliptical in shape in specimen
signatures(e.g.S553,S554)whereasmostly
elliptical in shape in disputed signatures (e.g.
Q11642, Q11646), demonstrated at point d
ontheenlargedphotographs.
e)
Letters:Theexecutionoflettersis
differentindisputedandspecimensignatures.
The body stroke is written in widely spread
manner in specimen signatures (e.g. S556,
S557) than that of the disputed signatures
(e.g. Q11646, Q11650) and suggests the
dissimilarities of individual habits,
demonstrated at point e on the enlarged
photographs.
f)
2ndLettera

:Themannerofexecution
of letter a is different in disputed and
specimensignatures.Thebodyovalisopenas
well as closed and makes loop in disputed
signatures (Q2407, Q2411) whereas it is
mostlyclosedand doesnotmakeanyloopin
specimen signatures (e.g. S553, S554),
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012
demonstrated at point f on the enlarged
photographs.
g)
Letter d: Formation of letter d is
differentindisputedandspecimensignatures.
The body oval, formation of loop and the
finishing of its downward stroke is similarly
executed in well defined manner in specimen
signatures(e.g.S553, S554)due touniform
density of ink but not in disputed signatures
(e.g.Q11642, Q11646) due todifferentpen
operation,unevendensityofinkandmovement
ofthewriter,demonstratedatpoint g onthe
enlargedphotographs.
h)
EmbellishmentStroke:Thevariationin
thewidthofstroke,itsstartingandfinishingis
inwelldefinedmannerinspecimensignatures
(e.g. S553, S554) but not in disputed
signatures (e.g. Q2407, Q2411) due to
unusualpenpausesandsuddendeparturesin
the lines which suggest the lower writing
movement employed by the writer,
demonstrated at point h on the enlarged
photographs.
COMPARISONOFWRITINGS:

The specimen writings (e.g. S600,


S601)oncarefulexaminationshowthatthey
havebeenwrittenandsignedfreely,carelessly
and unconsciously with complete natural
writing action, freedom of flow and
smoothness. All these specimen writings are
written by the skilled writer and they shows
natural variations with each other due to the
presenceofslightdivergencesincurves,loops,
angles and initial and terminal strokes of the
letters.

The disputed writings (e.g. Q2405,


Q2410)oncarefulexaminationshowthatthey
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012
havealsobeenwrittenbyaskilledwriterand
free from any line quality defects such as
hesitationonthepartsofthestrokes,unnatural
penpauseinthemiddleofthestrokesand a
careful joining of the strokes at the starting,
middleandendingconnectionofthelettersetc.
Butthesedisputedwritingsaredifferentinthe
manner and making of individual letters,
curves,joiningandplacingofstrokesandtheir
connectionetc.whentheyarecomparedwith
thespecimenwritings.

Because both specimen and disputed


writingsarewrittenbytheskilledwritersand
noattemptismadetosimulate/copyandtrace
from a model in disputed writings therefore
some class characteristics features such as
movement,speed,skill,penscope,coordination
ofwritingmuscles,linequalitydefectssuchas
hesitation,penlifts,penpause,retouchingetc.
hasnosignificantvalueincomparisonprocess.

There are some superficial similarities


between the disputed and specimen writings
but careful and minute examination show
differences in the formation of letters, which
suggest that the disputed writings have not
been written by the writer of the specimen
writings.

A comparison of other class and


individualcharacteristicsbetweenthedisputed
andspecimenwritingsisasunder:
1)
SLANT: The degree of slant of the
lettersismoreforwardindisputedwriting(e.g.
Q5615,Q5619)ascomparedtothespecimen
writing(e.g.S600,S601).
2)
NATURALVARIATIONS:Thelettersof
thedisputedwritings(e.g.Q2425,Q5615)do
notshownaturalvariationswiththespecimen
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writings(e.g.S602,S603)duetothepresence
ofdifferentmannerandexecutionoftheletters.
Onlythelettersofthespecimenwritingsshow
naturalvariationsinterseintheformofslight
divergencesincurves,loops,anglesandinitial
andterminalstrokesoftheletters.
3)
SIZE AND PROPORTIONS OF
LETTERS: The size and proportion of the
letters are not similar in their relative
proportionsindisputedwritingswhentheyare
compared with the specimen writings due to
the presence of different height and width of
theletters.e.g.Theheightoftheletterssuchas
E,g,h,s,eetc.ismoreinspecimenwriting
(e.g.S604,S605)butlessindisputedwritings
(e.g.Q2425,Q5615).
4)
SPACING:Therelativespacingbetween
the wrods and letters is more in specimen
writings but less in disputed writings . e.g.
BetweenthewordsEighteenandthousandthe
spacing is less in disputed writing (e.g.
Q11641, Q11645) but more in specimen
writings(S604,S605).
INDIVIDUAL CHARACTERISTICS: Formation
of individual letters of the disputed writings
shows fundamental differences with the
formation of individual letters of specimen
writingsinthefollowingmanner:
a)
LetterE:TheupperloopofletterE
inwordeighteenisbiggerinshapeinspecimen
writing(e.g.S604,S605)ascomparedtothe
disputed writing. The terminal stroke makes
retraced joining with the staff of letter i in
disputedwriting(e.g.Q2425,Q5615)butnot
inspecimenwritings,demonstratedatpoint a
ontheenlargedphotographs.
b)
Letteri:Itismoretendedtowardsthe
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012
right side in disputed writing (e.g. Q11641,
Q11645)ascomparedtothespecimenwritings
(e.g.S600,S601),demonstratedatpointbon
theenlargedphotographs.
c)
Letterq:Thelowerloopisbiggerin
shapeandtheterminalmakescrossingonthe
upper portion of its body staff in specimen
writing(e.g.S604,S605)whereasthelower
loopissmallerinshapeandtheterminalmakes
crossingonthemiddleportionofitsbodystaff
in disputed writing (e.g. Q2425, Q5615),
demonstrated at point c on the enlarged
photographs.
d)
Letter h: It is more tended towards
therightsideandmakesloopinthebodystaff
in disputed writings (e.g. Q11641, Q11645)
whereas it is vertically placed and makes
retracing with the body staff in specimen
writing (e.g. S600, S601), demonstrated at
pointdontheenlargedphotographs.
e)
Letter n: In word Eighteen, it is
moretendedtowardstherightsideindisputed
writingswhereasverticallyplacedinspecimen
writings (e.g. S604, S605). In word
thousand it is written in fully developed
manner and style of formation in disputed
writing (e.g. Q2425, Q5615) but not in
specimen writing (e.g. S600, S601),
demonstrated at point e on the enlarged
photographs.
f)
Letter t: In word thousand, it is
writtenincontinuationmannerwiththestaffof
letter h in disputed writings (e.g. Q11641,
Q11645) whereas written separately in
specimenwriting(e.g.S600,S601).Itisalso
writteninuppercasemannerinQ5615,Q5619
and Q5623, demonstrated at point f on the
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enlargedphotographs.
h)
Letter i: In word sixteen, the
diacritic mark is tented type in specimen
writings(e.g.S600,S601)whereasdottype
indisputedwritings(e.g.Q11641,Q11645),
demonstrated at point h on the enlarged
photographs.
i)
LetterS:Inwordsixteen,thelower
loop is elliptical in shape in disputed writing
(e.g.Q2425,Q5615)whereasmostlycircular
in specimen writings (e.g. S604, S605),
demonstrated at point i on the enlarged
photographs.
j)
Letter x: In word sixteen, the
beginningstrokeiscurvedinstyleinspecimen
writing (e.g. S600, S601) whereas straight
strokeformationofmannerindisputedwritings
(e.g. Q11641, Q11645), demonstrated at
pointjontheenlargedphotographs.

182.

Ihaveperusedthereportsofprosecutionexpertandthe

defence expert and I have also perused the questioned


documents and the specimen handwritings/signatures. The
standardwritingsofaccusedLaxmanPrasadarefromS546to
S619 Ex.PW26/1 toEx.PW26/74. Inthesestandardwritings
his signatures as Hari Prasad have been taken on S550 to
S565.Similarlyhisstandardhandwritingsinnumeralsandin
wordsmentioningtheamountistakenonS600toS605. I
taketheexampleoftheKVPno.45CC163660Ex.PW14/D59.

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On this KVP, Q9868 is the handwriting of the amount of Rs.


18600/andEighteenthousandandsixhundredwiththedate
8.5.1999. ThesignaturesofrecipientonthisKVPisatpoint
Q9869. Thestandardhandwritingofthesignaturesavailable
from S550 to S565 fully matches with Q9869. Similarly
perusalofstandardhandwritingatS600 Ex.PW26/55 namely
Eighteen thousand five hundred only would show that it
unmistakably matches with Q9868 (except the word six
because in the sample handwriting word five has been
written.) At S602/1 Ex.PW26/58, the word Sixteen
thousandhasbeenwritten. Fromthisspecimenhandwriting,
thewordsix written in theaforesaid KVPat Q9868 can be
compared. Theveryperusalofboththesewordsspeciallythe
mannerofwriting'S'iswithoutanydoubtsimilar.
183.

Imaypointoutthatthehandwritingexperthasexamined

largenumberofdocumentsallegedlyforgedbyaccusedLaxman
Prasad but as per his opinion as many as 527 questioned
handwritingsontheKVPsandidentityslipsmatchedwithhis
specimenhandwritings/signatures.
184.

I would again revert to the opinion of defence expert,

which is Ex.DW1/C. In his opinion he has stated that the


specimen handwriting have been written by a skilled writer,
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whereas the questioned handwritings show a lesserdegree of


penmanship. I disagree with his opinion because both the
writings showequaldegreeofpenmanship. Sinceadifferent
pen was used in writing the specimen and the questioned
documents, itappearsthatsuchdifferencehasbeen takenby
the defence expert as different degrees of penmanship.
Regardingtheopinionofexpertonthemovement,linequality,
speed and style, I would say that the defence expert has not
considered the fact that, whereas the specimen
handwriting/signatures were written on broad sheets having
amplespace,thequestionedhandwritingsandsignatureswere
writtenonaverysmallspaceavailableontheKVPs.Hencethis
difference. Ontheformationofletters,Iwouldsaythatthere
hastobenaturalvariationsinthehandwritingofapersonbut
thatwouldnotleadtotheconclusionthatthesamehavebeen
writtenbytwodifferentpersons.
185.

Ontheotherhand,PW37inhisopinionhasreferredto

thetypicalhabitsofthewriterofboththehandwritings,which
arenatureandlocationofidot,bifurcationintheexecutionof
letter 'r', start of 'o', start of letter 'n' with the nature of its
diagonalstroke,formationof'H'and'p'etc.Eventhenumerals
inthequestionedhandwritingontheKVPsalsomatchwiththe
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CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

standardhandwriting.
186.

HenceIrejectthereportofthedefenceexpertandaccept

theopinionofPW37andholdthattheKVPsinquestionhave
notonlybeenforgedbyLaxmanPrasadbutalsosincehehas
putthesignaturesofafakeholdernamelyHariPrasadasthe
receiverofthecashamount,Iholdthathehasalsocheatedthe
postaldepartmentbyimpersonation.
EvidencequaaccusedHariNarayanPal@Neta(A6)
187.

It is argued bySh. Kedar Yadav, adv. Ld. Amicus Curie

thatPW29DevenderKumar,whoisaChowkidarinDadariPost
Office,LalaRamBharti(PW8)andNandKishoreJoshi(PW27),
arehighlydoubtfulwitnesses. FurtherthetestimonyofSushil
KrishanNagar(PW6)isalsounworthyofcredence.Itisargued
thatDevenderKumar,LalaRamBhartiandNandKishoreJoshi
are postal officials and it appears that they have actively
colluded in commission of the offence. Further more their
testimoniesarenotcorroboratedbyindependentevidence.Itis
arguedthatthetestimonyofPW6SushilKrishanNagarisvery
vague.Ld.DefenceCounselarguesthatPW8LalaRamBharti,
who was posted in Post Office, Lodhi Road, New Delhi, has
testifiedthataccusedH.N.PalhadcomewithonePaliwaland
had taken a booklet of identity slips. It is argued that this
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evidencedoesnotconnectH.N.Palwiththecommissionofthe
presentoffencebecauseitisnotknownastohowthisbookletof
identity slips was used in the commission of the offence
pertaining to Post Office Hari Nagar Ashram. It is further
argued that PW27 Nand Kishore Joshi, the postman in Lodhi
RoadPostOffice,doesnotinanymannernameaccusedH.N.
Palhavingreceived the identityslipsbookletfrom him. Itis
further argued that PW29 Devender Kumar, who was a
chowkidar at Dadri Post Office, does not testify as to what
accusedH.N.Palhaddoneinsidethepostoffice.
188.

Ontheotherhand,Ld.PublicProsecutorarguesthatthis

courthadrelieduponthetestimoniesoftheaforesaidwitnesses
whileconvictingaccusedH.N.PalinCCNo.1/2010pertaining
tothesimilarfraudcommittedinNirankariColonyPostOffice.
Ld.PublicProsecutorhasarguedthatPW27NandKishoreJoshi
has testified that the Lala Ram Bharti, the postal assistant
posted in his post office namely Lodhi Road Post Office, had
taken the loose sheets of identity slip lying in the defective
papersinthestockroomfromhim. ItissubmittedthatPW8
LalaRamBhartihastestifiedthathehadsuppliedtheidentity
slips to accused H. N. Pal. PW29 Devender Kumar, the
chowkidarinDadriPostoffice,hastestifiedthataccusedH.N.
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Pal along with a view other persons had come to Dadri Post
Officeatabout8:30pmandmadehimtodrinkliquordueto
whichbebecameintoxicated.Theytookoutthekeysfromhis
person and they were asking about the date's stamps.
Thereafter they went inside the hall and when he gained
consciousness,hefoundthatinthemainhallofthepostoffice,
onestampwaslyingongroundandtwoorthreepersonwere
lyinginscatteredpositionnearbox. FurtherSh.SunilKrishan
Nagar(PW6)hastestifiedthataccusedK.M.SinghandH.N.
Pal had come to his shop and had requested him to prepare
designs of three or four various post offices for post office
department.
189.

I have considered the testimonies of all these witnesses

and I say that their testimonies are truthful. PW27 Nand


Kishore Joshi as well as PW8 Lala Ram Bharti, both have
testifiedhavingsuppliedtheidentityslipstoaccusedH.N.Pal.
PW8DevenderKumar,thechowkidarinDadriPostOffice,also
testifiesthatH.N.Palalongwithhisaccompliceshadtakenout
thekeyfromhispersonandwasaskingforthedate'sstampand
when they left, PW8 found that one stamp was lying on the
groundandotherstampswerelyinginscatteredposition.Itis
clearthataccusedH.N.Palwasuptosomemischief.However
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withaviewtoconnecthimwiththeforgeriesandconspiracyin
thepresentcasepertainingtoHariNagarAshramPostOffice,
prosecutionmustprovesomethingmoretoconnectthisaccused
tothehilt.
190.

ImaypointoutthatinthecaseCCNo.1/2010,which

pertainedtoasimilarfraudcommittedinNirankariColonyPost
Office, I had relied upon the testimonies of the aforesaid
witnessesbuttherewasalsoanunmistakableevidenceofhand
writing expert, which proved that he had forged many KVPs.
However this is not the case here. Apart from the aforesaid
witnesses, there is no evidence to show that the booklet of
identitysliptakenbyaccusedH.N.PalfromLalaRamBharti
andusingthestampsofDadriPostOfficeontheKVPs,thefraud
wascommittedinHariNagarAshramPostOffice.Thereforethe
handsoflawreachuptothisaccusedbutfallshortofcatching
hisneck.AccordinglyIgivebenefitofreasonabledoubttothis
accusedandacquithim.
Conspiracy
191.

Ithasbeenarguedbyalltheaccusedpersonsthatthereis

noevidencethattheaccusedpersonshaveevermeteachother.
Henceitisarguedthatnooffenceofconspiracyisdisclosed.I
disagreewiththedefencesubmissions.Onarrest,accusedK.M.
CCNo.19/2009Page112/121

CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

Singh had disclosed the names of accused Sohan Pal Sharma


(A2),LaxmanPrasad(A3)andSatishPalSingh(A7)alongwith
the other accused persons including Rohtash Kanwar (since
convicted) having actively taken part in forgery of KVPs and
getting the same encashed fraudulently from the Post Office
Hari Nagar Ashram. Pursuant to disclosure statement,
investigationstartedandduringinvestigationseightblankNC32
forms with the handwritingof accused Satish PalSingh were
recoveredattheinstanceofaccusedK.M.Singh. Thisaspect
hasalreadybeendealtbymeinearlierpartofthisjudgement.
Further the disclosed fact of accused Sohan Pal Sharma and
Laxman Prasad @ Thakur (and also Rohtash Kanwar) having
forged and having encashed the stolen KVPs stand proved by
handwritingexpertsasdiscussedabove.Imaymentionthatin
hisdisclosurestatementdated27.6.1999accusedK.M.Singh
had disclosed the name of one Thakur who was a close
confidante of Sohan Pal Sharma. In his disclosure statement
Ex.PW39/A40 accused Sohan Pal Sharma had disclosed the
name of Laxman Prasad @ Thakur as a conspirator. I may
mention here that in his statement under Section 313 CrPC
accused Laxman Prasad in answer to question no. 317 has
statedthathewasatenantofSohanPalSharma,whichfortifies
CCNo.19/2009Page113/121

CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

theprosecutioncaseandthedisclosurestatementofK.M.Singh
thatLaxmanPrasadwasacloseconfidanteofaccusedSohanPal
Sharma. Asstatedearlier,thehandwritingofLaxmanPrasad
also matched with the questioned handwritings. In these
circumstances, prosecution has proved a complete chain that
accused Sohan Pal Sharma has impersonated as Chaudhary
Harpal Singh and got encashed 125 KVPs, accused Laxman
PrasadhasimpersonatedasHariPrasadafakeholderofthe
KVPsandgot encahsed 527 KVPs. It needs to bementioned
here that accused Rohtash Kanwar was charged with having
impersonatedasRameshKumarSharmaandfraudulentlygot
encashed383KVPsandhewasconvictedonhispleaofguilt.
The entire conspiracy originates from accused K. M. Singh.
Though there is no direct evidence of the accused persons
havingmeteachotherbutthechainofcircumstancesleavesno
other option but to hold that they were colluding with each
otherincommissionoftheseoffences. AccusedK.M.Singhis
thehiddenfacebehindtheentireconspiracy,whereasaccused
Sohan Pal Sharma and Laxman Prasad (as well as Rohtash
Kanwar,A4)werethefrontmenexecutingtheconspiracy. At
thecostofrepetition,Iwouldsaythatrecoveryofblankforms
NC32havingbeendulystampedwiththestampofHariNagar
CCNo.19/2009Page114/121

CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

AshramPostOfficewiththeendorsementandinitialsofaccused
Satish Pal Singh (A7) leaves me in no doubt that entire
conspiracy was being executed with active aid of Satish Pal
Singh, who was postal assistant in that post office. I would
repeat again that the only inference that can be drawn from
theseblankKVPsdulystampedandendorsedfortransferis
that the particulars of stolen KVPs were to be filled in these
formssothataftermakingthefakeverificationoftheseKVPs,
thesamemaybepresentedtoHariNagarAshramPostOffice
andsuchstolenKVPsaregotencashedfromthesaidpostoffice.
Needless to say that KVPs are valuable securities within the
definitionofSection30IPCandforgeryofthesamefallswithin
thefourcornersofSection467IPC.
192.

Inviewofabovediscussions,accusedHariNarainPal(A6)

stands acquitted. However I convict Krishan Madhwa Singh


(A1), Sohan Pal Sharma @ Panditji (A2), Laxman Prasad @
Thakur(A3)andSatishPalSingh(A7)underSection120BIPC
read with Section 419/420/467/471 IPC read with Section
13(1)(d)readwithSection13(2)ofPreventionofCorruption
Act1988.
193.

I further convict accused Sohan Pal Sharma @ Panditji

(A2)andLaxmanPrasad(A3)underSection419/420/467/471
CCNo.19/2009Page115/121

CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

IPC.
194.

IfurtherconvictaccusedSatishPalSinghunderSection

13(1)(d)readwithSection13(2)ofPreventionofCorruption
Act1988becausehehadabusedhispowersbyhandingoverto
accused K. M. Singh the blank NC32 forms by making
endorsementoffortransferandputtingastampofhispost
office.
Announcedintheopen
courton17.8.2012.
(VINODKUMAR)
Spl.Judge,CBIII
Rohini,Delhi

CCNo.19/2009Page116/121

CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

INTHECOURTOFSH.VINODKUMAR
SPLECIALJUDGEII(P.C.ACT,CBI),ROHINI,DELHI
RCNo.S19/1999/E0001/SPE/SIUIX
CCNo.19/2009
(HariNagarAshramPostOffice,Delhi)
CBIVs
(1) KrishanMadhwaSingh
S/oSh.JaiNathSingh
R/oJ130,Sector09,VijayNagar,Ghaziabad.
(2) SohanPalSharma@Panditji
S/oSh.DeepChand
R/oD74,GangaVihar,Delhi94.
(3) LaxmanPrasad@Thakur
S/oLateSh.KalpnathPrasad
R/oC120,StreetNo.5,GangaVihar,Delhi94.
(4) SatishPalSingh
S/oSh.KeharSingh
R/oC33,LIGFlats,EastofLoniRoad,
Shahdara,Delhi
18.8.2012
ORDERONSENTENCE
1.

ItisarguedbySh.KedarYadav,adv.,Ld.AmicusCuriefor
convictKrishanMadhwaSinghthatheis56yearsoldandisthe
sole bread winner and that it is his first conviction. It is
submitted by Sh. Kedar Yadav, adv. that convict Sohan Pal
Sharma, aged69years,hasonlyoneson,whohasalsobeen
convictedinanothercaseofKVPfraudandnowbothareinjail.

CCNo.19/2009Page117/121

CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

It is submitted that wife of convict Sohan Pal Sharma has


alreadyexpired,thereforeonlyhisdaughterinlawisleftinthe
familytolookaftertwomentallyretardedchildrenofhisson.It
isfurtherarguedbySh.KedarYadav,adv.,Ld.AmicusCuriefor
convict Laxman Prasad that he is 60 years old having three
childrenandhasonlybeenconvictedinoneanothercaseofKVP
scaminwhichonlyasentenceofthreeyearswasawardedto
him.
2.

ItisfurtherarguedbySh.KedarYadav,adv.,Ld.Amicus
CuriethatconvictSatishPalSinghhassixchildren,outofwhich
fouraredaughtersofmarriageableageandifheissentenced,
hisentirefamilywouldcomeonroad.

3.

Itisthereforeprayedthatalenientviewmaybetakenand
minimumsentenceshouldbeawarded.

4.

Ld.PublicProsecutorhoweverpraysformaximumdozeof
sentenceinviewofthegravityoftheoffence.

5.

I have considered the submissions. The offences are


indeed very serious and the facts submitted by Ld. Defence
Counselarenotweightyenoughtotakealenientview.

6.

I therefore sentence convict Krishan Madhwa Singh to


rigorousimprisonmentforsevenyearsandafineinthesumof
Rs.1000/ under Section 120B IPC read with Section

CCNo.19/2009Page118/121

CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

419/420/467/471 IPC read with Section 13(1)(d) read with


Section13(2)ofPreventionofCorruptionAct1988.Indefault
of payment of fine heshallundergosimple imprisonmentfor
onemonth.
7.

I sentence convict Sohan Pal Sharma @ Panditji and


LaxmanPrasad@Thakurtorigorousimprisonmentforseven
years andafineinthesumof Rs.1000/ underSection120B
IPCreadwithSection419/420/467/471IPCreadwithSection
13(1)(d)readwithSection13(2)ofPreventionofCorruption
Act 1988. In default of payment of fine they shall undergo
simpleimprisonmentforonemontheach.

8.

I sentence convict Sohan Pal Sharma @ Panditji and


LaxmanPrasad@Thakurtorigorousimprisonmentforseven
years andafineinthesumof Rs.1000/ underSection 467
IPC. Indefaultofpaymentoffinetheyshallundergosimple
imprisonmentforonemontheach.

9.

I sentence convict Sohan Pal Sharma @ Panditji and


LaxmanPrasad@Thakurtorigorousimprisonmentforthree
years andafineinthesumof Rs.1000/ underSection 419
IPC. Indefaultofpaymentoffinetheyshallundergosimple
imprisonmentforonemontheach.

CCNo.19/2009Page119/121

CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

10.

I sentence convict Sohan Pal Sharma @ Panditji and

LaxmanPrasad@Thakurtorigorousimprisonmentforthree
years andafineinthesumof Rs.1000/ underSection 420
IPC. Indefaultofpaymentoffinetheyshallundergosimple
imprisonmentforonemontheach.
11.

I sentence convict Sohan Pal Sharma @ Panditji and

LaxmanPrasad@Thakurtorigorousimprisonmentforthree
years andafineinthesumof Rs.1000/ underSection 471
IPC. Indefaultofpaymentoffinetheyshallundergosimple
imprisonmentforonemontheach.
12.

I sentence convict Satish Pal Singh to rigorous

imprisonment for seven years and a fine in the sum of Rs.


1000/ under Section 120B IPC read with Section
419/420/467/471 IPC read with Section 13(1)(d) read with
Section13(2)ofPreventionofCorruptionAct1988.Indefault
of payment of fine heshallundergosimple imprisonmentfor
onemonth.
13.

I sentence convict Satish Pal Singh to rigorous

imprisonment for seven years and a fine in the sum of Rs.


1000/ under Section 13(1)(d) read with Section 13(2) of
PreventionofCorruptionAct 1988. Indefaultofpaymentof
fineheshallundergosimpleimprisonmentforonemonth.
CCNo.19/2009Page120/121

CBIVsK.M.Singhetc.Judgementdt.17.8.2012

14.

Allthesentencesshallrunconcurrently. Incaseanyof

the convicts had remained in judicial custody in this case,


benefitunderSection428CrPCmaybegiventohim.
15.The sentence warrants be prepared and file be consigned to
recordroom.
Announcedintheopen
courton18.8.2012.
(VINODKUMAR)
Spl.Judge,CBIII
Rohini,Delhi

CCNo.19/2009Page121/121