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About Madhya Pradesh

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Madhya Pradesh

State Profile:
Madhya Pradesh is located in the heart of India. It is well connected by air, rail and
road. All important roads and rail lines from North to South and from East to West pass
through the State. This includes national highways and some of the busiest railway lines.
Major container facility is available in the State at Indore. The most easily accessible seaports
are Kandla and Mumbai on the western coast and Vishakhapatnam on the eastern
coast. Administratively, the State is divided into 10 divisions covering 50 districts spread
over 318 tehsils, 313 blocks and 55393 villages. There are 14 Municipal Corporations and 86
Municipalities and 236 Nagar Panchayats. It is one amongst the first Indian States to
implement the three tier Panchayat Raj System in the country and has 50 Zila Panchayats,
313 Janpad Panchayats and 23040 village panchayats having their own elected
representatives with 33% reservation for women.
The State has a geographical area of 308.14 lakh ha. It is second largest Indian State in size
covering more than 9% of the total Geographical area of the country. Over 94.69 lakh ha area
in the State is under forest constituting about 30.73% of its Geographical area. Agroclimatically, the State falls in Zone-VII (Eastern Plateau and Hills Zone), Zone-VIII (Central
Plateau and Hills Zone) and Zone-IX (Western Plateau and Hills Zone) and is sub-divided into
11 sub agro-climatic zones. These regions are endowed with the best soils. The major types
of soil in the regions are alluvial in the north, medium and deep black soils in the west and
central regions, mixed red and black soils in the east and north eastern regions and shallow
and medium black soils in the southern region of the State.The average rainfall in the State is
1089.3 mm with over 94% precipitation during July-October, the peak being in September.
Heavy precipitation in a short span of three months results in heavy surface run-off, thus,
depriving sufficient water supply for irrigation and domestic purposes for the remaining
months. Most of the surface water in the State provides protective irrigation during kharif
season and subsequently, little irrigation is available during rabi and summer seasons. This
explains low cropping intensity in the State.
Madhya Pradesh is amongst the less populated States of the country with a population
density of 196 per sq. km as compared to 324 per sq. km for the country as a whole. The total
population of the State as per Census 2001 is 603.48 lakh. Out of the total population, 443.81
lakh reside in rural area (74%) and 159.67 lakh reside in urban area (26%). The total
population comprises of 314.49 lakh male (52%) and 289.04 lakh of female (48%). Thus, the
sex ratio (females per thousand males) works out to 919 which is lower than all India
average of 933. The rate of growth of population in the State during last decade (1991-2001)
was 24.3% as compared to the national average of 21.5%.
Madhya Pradesh has a sizeable scheduled tribe population. According to census 2001, the
total population of MP is 603.48 lakh of which the tribal population constitutes about 122.33
lakh which is 20.3% of the total population. There are 30 districts in the state which have a
share of ST population higher than the national average. It has wide variety of tribal
communities. There are 46 recognized Scheduled Tribes and three of them viz. Bharia,
Saheria, and Baigas have been identified as "Special Primitive Tribal Groups" in the State. The
main tribal groups in Madhya Pradesh are Gond, Bhil, Baiga, Korku, Bhadia, Halba, Kaul,
Mariya, and Sahariya. Dhar, Jhabua and Mandla districts have more than 50 percent tribal
population. In Khargone, Chhindwara, Seoni, Sidhi and Shahdol districts 30 to 50 percent
population is of tribes. Maximum population is that of Gond tribes. As per the revised norms
of GOI, for below poverty line (BPL) survey, the percentage of BPL population in MP was

37.06% in rural areas and 38.44% in urban areas (2000-01). In rural areas out of 83.51 lakh
families, 30.94 lakh families were identified as BPL families. Poverty alleviation is most
important agenda of the State Govt. The draft paper to the eleventh Plan proposes to bridge
the gap between the poverty ratio of the State and national average. Of the total 258 lakh
workers as per 2001 Census, 74% are main workers (those who work gainfully for more than
183 days in a year) and 26% are marginal workers. Work participation in the State is 42.7%,
of which that for women is 37.2% which is much higher than all India average of 31.6%. of
the total workforce, 71.5% is dependent on agriculture {cultivators (42.8%) and agricultural
labourers (28.7%) }
During the year 2007-08, the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) has increased by 5.25%
over last year (base prise - 1999-2000). Primary sector which covers agriculture, animal
husbandry, forest produce, fisheries, mining, etc. contributed 22.45% in the Gross State
Domestic Product (GSDP) during 2007-08. Agriculture and allied activities continued to be
the mainstay of the States economy with about 74% of the total population dependent on it
for their livelihood, although share of primary sector in the total GSDP has declined over the
years from 29.75% in 1990-00 to 22.45% in 2007-08. The State is lagging behind in
infrastructure development. The infrastructure index for the State was 75 benchmarked
against 100 for all India. On Human Development Index (combined Rural and Urban for the
year 2001) Madhya Pradesh ranked 12th among all Indian States. The State was lagging
behind the all India average in respect of many basic and social infrastructure indicators such
as road density per 100 sq. km., irrigated area to net cropped area, number of telephone lines
per hundred population, child mortality rates, no of primary health centres/ hospitals, etc.
The national average for all types of road network is 81.22 km/100 sq. km., whereas in M.P.
it is only 53.68 km/100 sq. kms. The per capita income during 2007-08 (QE) at current
prices in Madhya Pradesh was Rs. 18051 as against all India average of Rs 33228. Thus, MP
can be classified as a low income State in the company with Bihar, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh and
Rajasthan. MP has extensive mineral and forest resources, rich and fertile soil and
reasonably abundant water resources. But it is an industrially backward State. Bhopal,
Gwalior, Indore, Katni and Jabalpur districts lead in industrialisation in the State. There are
over 26 industrial development centres and more then 575 heavy and medium industries in
the state. There are 4.54 lakh small scale industrial units in the state. MP ranks first in
cement production in India.
Average size of the land holding in the State is 2.22 ha. (all India 1.57ha.) Small/Marginal
farmers hold 65% (all India 75%) of total land holdings but operate only 26% of area.
Disparities in land holdings is further brought about by the fact that medium and large
farmers own 35% of holdings and operate 74% of area.
The gross irrigated area of the State has increased from 65.43 lakh ha in 2006-07 to 65.67
lakh ha in 2007-08 witnessing 0.37% growth. The net irrigated area also witnessed 0.83%
growth as it increased from 63.65 lakh ha in 2006-07 to 64.18 lakh ha in 2007-08. Net
irrigated area constituted 43.39% of the net sown area (147.90 lakh ha) during 2007-08.
About 66% of the irrigation in the State is through groundwater resources. As far as area
already brought under cultivation is concerned, bulk of area is still rainfed and irrigation
potential in the State is still underutilised.
The power position in the State is not better than in most of the other States of the country.
The power capacity available as on 31.03.09 was 9658.45 megawatt as compared to 9458.08
megawatt as on 31.03.08. The share of thermal power with 2857.50 megawatt is maximum in
total power capacity of the state followed by capacity of Narmada Power Project with
2356.50 megawatt. During the year 2007-08, 36071 million units of electricity was produced
and 31.68% electricity was used for Agricultural purposes. As per new norms, the extent of
rural electrification is around 64% in the State.
Nine major perennial rivers of the State namely Mahi, Narmada, Tapti, Chambal, Betwa, Sone,
Wainganga, Ken, Pench originate in MP and flow to the five bordering States. The estimated
annual surface and groundwater run-off is about 116 lakh ham. Out of this, the water
available for use is around 81.5 ham in MP. The State has so far developed irrigation potential
of 25.74 lakh ha, which is 17.40% of net sown area.
MP is one of the eight mineral rich states of country. The state used to provide a large

spectrum of mineral resources right from the minerals of key sectors (Lime stone, dolomite,
bauxite) and energy sector (Coal) to diamonds and gem stones. Coal is the largest available
mineral resource in the State. Phosphorite deposits are available in Chhatarpur, Sagar and
Jhabua districts in MP. Besides diamond bearing areas are Panna belt in the State.
Agriculture in the state is still traditional, it is mostly rainfed along with the impeding factors
of soil erosion due to rolling topography, practice of keeping land fallow during kharif and
taking only one crop in rabi, existence of large area of cultivable waste land, high portion of
low value crop with low productivity etc. Agriculture faces uncertainties caused by
fluctuations in rainfall, flood, droughts and other natural calamities. Such uncertainties are
particularly severe in the rainfed areas. Rainfed area constitutes about 70% of the total
cultivated area of the State.
Banking Network:
The State has wide network of banks. There are 39 Commercial Banks (CBs) in public and
private sectors, 08 Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) ,1 State Cooperative Bank (MPSCB), 38
District Central Cooperative Banks (DCCBs), 1 State Cooperative Agriculture and Rural
Development Bank (MPSCARDB) and 38 District Cooperative Agriculture and Rural
Development Banks (DCARDBs) operating in Madhya Pradesh as on 31 March 2009. The CBs
together have a network of 2857 branches in the State. The area of operation of 08 RRBs
covers the entire State through a network of 1074 branches. The SCB and 38 DCCBs together
have 854 branches in the State with 4526 Primary Agriculture Credit Societies (PACS)
affiliated to them. The MPSCARDB with 38 DCARDBs operate in all the 50 districts through
their 373 branches. Of the total 5158 bank branches in the State, 2429 branches (47%) are
rural branches. The CBs and RRBs account for 55% and 21% respectively of the total branch
network in the State. The aggregate deposits of all banks in the State stood at Rs. 108366.17
crore as on 31 March 2009 as compared to Rs. 89604.37 crore as on 31 March 2008,
recording a growth of 21%. The share of Commercial banks, RRBs and Cooperatives in total
deposit was Rs. 91855.39 crore (85%), Rs. 8087.17 crore (7.5%) and Rs. 8423.61 crore
(7.8%) respectively. The growth rate of deposits of the CBs (22%) has been better than that
of the RRBs (21%) and the Cooperatives (9%). The average per branch deposit of CBs as on
31 March 2009 was Rs. 32.15 crore as compared to Rs. 6.86 crore for DCCBs and Rs. 7.53
crore for RRBs. The area wise composition of deposits indicates that 12.6% of the total
deposits was contributed by rural areas, where as 27% by semi-urban areas and 60.4% by
urban areas.The total loans outstanding as on 31 March 2009 for all agencies together was
Rs. 67974.85 crore as against Rs. 60057.93 crore as on 31 March 2008 registering an
increase of 13.2% during the year.
The agriculture credit provided by Co-operative banks, Commercial Banks (CBs) and RRBs
increased from Rs. 10612.38 crore during 2007-08 to Rs. 12074.39 crore during 2008-09
indicating a growth of 13.77%. The CBs recorded maximum growth of 33.89% during the
year followed by RRBs at 2.39%. However, the Cooperative Banks both ST and LT had shown
negative growth of (-)22.83% and (-) 1.30% respectively. The share of CBs in total
agriculture loans issued during 2008-09 was maximum at 63.58% followed by the
Cooperative Banks who had a share of 21.46% and RRBs with 14.31%. The agriculture loan
disbursement in the State has increased during the last couple of years.
The combined CD ratio of all agencies (CBs, RRBs and DCCBs) as on 31 March 2009 remained
at 62%. The deposits and advances of SCARDBs/ DCARDBs have been excluded while arriving
at the combined CD ratio.However, CD Ratio of 8 districts viz. Dindori, Shahdol, Annupur,
Umaria, Rewa, Sidhi, Jhabua and Mandla was found below 40%. The recovery of DCCBs had
improved during 2008-09. The recovery of DCCBs was 65.22 % as on 30 June 2009. During
the corresponding period last year, recovery of DCCBs was 48.53%. The income recognition,
asset classification and provisioning norms have been made applicable to all banks to make
their financial position more transparent. These changes have had their impact on the
financial position and working results of these banks calling for more efficient management
of their assets. Therefore, it would be advisable that while formulating recovery strategy,
recovery of chronic dues of the banks should be given top priority. The mechanism for regular
monitoring and supervision of the loan accounts should also be strengthened at the bank
level. Banks would have to pursue measures for recovery of the chronic overdues with active
support from State Government.
There are approximately 200 Non Government Organisations (NGOs) working in Madhya

Pradesh. These are directly or indirectly involved in the field of SHG formation. However,
presence of NGOs is not uniform across the districts. So far, 102 NGOs have been sanctioned
grant assistance of Rs. 328.63 lakh for promotion and credit linkage of 14440 SHGs
respectively, in 33 districts of MP. Apart from promotional grants, NABARD is also extending
support to NGOs who have adequate experience in formation, nurturing, credit linking of
SHGs for skill upgradation of SHGs and trainers training to Government officials to take up
training activity in a planned manner.
Minority Concentration District
Bhopal district has been identified as minority concentrated district in Madhya Pradesh (RBI
circular No. RPCD/SP.BC.12/09.10.01/2007-08 dtd. 05.07.2007). NABARD has sanctioned
one Skill Development Programme in Bhopal during the year 2009-10 for providing training
to youth in computer hardware repairing and networking. NABARD has sanctioned 14 REDPs
to RUDSETI in Bhopal for the year 2009-10. Revival Package under the STCCS
The GoI Revival Package for STCCS is being implemented in the state as per the MOU
executed by the State Government with the GoI and NABARD on 07 November 2006 for a
period of 3 years.
The State Level Implementation Committee (SLIC) has approved the Recapitalization
assistance for 4520 PACS aggregating Rs 1814.69 cr comprising GOI Share of Rs 1501.90 cr,
State Govt share & PACS share of Rs 113.88 cr & Rs 198.91 respectively.
Total assistance of Rs 1055.02 cr consisting of GOI assistance of Rs 985.10 cr & State Govt
assistance of Rs 69.92 cr has been released for 3134 PACS comprising of 2371 A category &
763 B & C category PACS.
Special Audits of all the DCCBs-* completed by departmental Auditors and further certified
by Chartered Accountants as required under the package, have been recommended by
DLIC/SLIC. GOI assistance of Rs 146.34 cr & State Govt assistance of Rs 44.16 cr has been
approved by SLIC for 37 DCCBs. The Recapitalization assistance of the remaining one DCCBs
is being put up in forthcoming SLIC meeting for approval.
Apex Bank Training College, Bhopal was appointed as the Nodal Agency for conducting
Training Programmes for the functionaries of STCCS. Capacity Building Training Programmes
for 8032 Board members and 7522 PACS functionaries have been completed in all 38 DCCBs.
RCS has issued instructions to PACS as per the guidelines issued by NABARD for adoption of
CAS from the year 2007-08. Training Programmes on CAS/MIS for Supervisors/ Accountants
of all the 38 DCCBs and Cooperative auditors of all the districts have been conducted by
NABARD RO officers. The trained DCCB officers provide hand holding support to PACS
functionaries in stabilization of CAS/MIS in PACS. Total 211 officers of DCCBs/ Cooperation
Departmental Auditors have been provided training.
As decided by the NIMC, the SLIC has recommended for adoption of software package for
computerization in PACS to be supplied by NABARD.
There are 780 ineligible PACS in 38 DCCBs. The State Govt. has to take a decision for
closure/merger of these PACS.
Out of 38 DCARDBs, review of 36 DCARDBs have been done, of which 19 DCARDBs have
reported to be in profit of Rs. 33.19 crore. 17 DCARDBs have reported to be in loss of Rs.
60.47 crore. 27 DCARDBs have accumulated losses of Rs. 409.88 crore.

Date of Formation

1 Nov, 1956

Total Geographical Area

3, 08,144 sq. km

Forest Area

95,221 km

Latitude (Bhopal)

23.17 N

Longitude (Bhopal)

77.21 E



No. of Districts


No. of Lok Sabha seats


No. Rajya Sabha seats


No. of Vidhan Sabha seats


No. of villages


No. of towns


Population (2001)


Male population


Female population


Population Density

196 per sq. km

Sex Ratio

920 females per 1000 males

Literacy rate



Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism

Official language (s)


Road Length

67,600 km

National Highway Length

3700 km


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2001 :


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Anuppur District situated in the north eastern part of Madhya Pradesh, This District came
into existenace on 15th August 2003 by re-organising Shahdol District. Anuppur District has total
area of 3701 sq. km, extends 80 km from east to west and 70 km from north to south.
District anuppur is surrounded by Koria District (C.G.) in east, Shahdol & Umaria District
in west, Shahdol District in North and Dindori (M.P.) Bilaspur (C.G.) in the south.

Geographical Scenario
District anuppur is predominantly hilly district. It is picturesque with certain pockets and
belt of sal and mixed forests. the river Narmada originates from amarkantak situated on the
maikal hills which gives beautifull view to the District. River Son & Johilla also orginate from the
maikal Hills. Total Geographical area of the district is 3701 sq. KM. Adjacents to the district
anuppur are the boarding district Bilaspur Koria (C.G.) Shahdol,Umarai & Dindori.

According to 2001 census, the total population of Anuppur district is 667155, Out of
which 309624 are Scheduled Tribes and 48376 are Scheduled Castes, In this manner, Anuppur
District is a Tribal Dominated District.

Living Standard Of The Tribes

The living standard of tribals is very simple. their houses are made of mud, bamboo sticks, paddy straw and
local tiles. Tribal men wear Dhoti, Bandi, Fatohi and head gear. Women wear saree named kaansh saree in
the local dialect. The saree is always of body colour. women in tribal community prefer to get their body
parts hands, legs and neck encovered with colours, They wear different kinds of ornaments made of
bamboo, seeds and metals

Your browser does not Ashoknagar is located on the northern-eastern part of Malwa Platue between
support inline frames or is Sindh and the Betwa. Mathematically the District is situated between the
currently configured not to latitude 24.34 N and longitude 77.43 E . The eastern and western boundaries
of the District are well defined by the rivers. The Betwa flows along the
display inline frames.
eastern boundary separating from Sagar District, and Lalitpur and Jhansi
District of Uttar Pradesh. The Sindh is the main river flowing along the
western boundary. Chanderi is famous for its exquisite and delicate muslin
industry is a part of the district


Ashoknagar District is divided into four Blocks and has population of 688940
spread over area of 4673.94 sq.Km. The details of the Block wise population
& Area as shown in Table -

Name of Block

Area in Sq. Km.


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display inline frames.
Total Villages
Habitat Villages
Inhabitat Villages
Forest Villages
Police Station
Police Choky


Janpad Panchayat

Gram Panchaya

Revenue Inspector
Patwari Circle






Total Population




District Barwani was formed on 25th May 1998. It was carved out of
West-Nimar, Khargone district. Barwani is situated on the south-west
side of Madhya Pradesh as well as holy river Narmada is its northern
border. District is surrounded by Satpuda (in South) and
Vindhyachal (in North) forest ranges.
The name Badwani originated from the forests of Bad which had
surrounded the city in old times. Wani is the old word for the Garden.
and hence city got its name Badwani which means Garden of Bads.
Barwani is still pronounced as Badwani but it spells Barwani.

Town Barwani was the capital of old Barwani State before 1948.
This small State was spared by British, Mughals and Marathas because
of its rocky terrain and less productive soil. The Rana dynasty ruled
the state throught the history. The history of this dynasty goes back to
13th century.
Town Barwani was also know as Badnagar and Siddha Nagar. The
place is also famous for Chool Giri, Jain pilgrimage centre of
Barwani has a Historic Symbol which is known as TIR-GOLA. It is
located at Khandwa-Baroda Road, in front of Sagar Vilas Palace and
was built in the memory of late son of Raja Ranjit Singh.
Before Independence Barwani was known as 'The Paris of Nimar'

District is situated between Latitudes 2137' to 2222' North and
State of Maharashtra in South, Gujarat in far West, district Khargone
on the East and district Dhar on the North from boundaries of Barwani.
District is triangular in shape with the highest point in West.
The town Barwani is situated near the left bank of the Narmada


Population of Barwani is 8,32,422 (1991 census) and 10,81,039 (2001

census) with 29.87% growth in the decade.

Airport : The nearest airport is Devi Ahilyabai Holkar Airport Indore,
which is 150 KM from Barwani, provides connectivity to Mumbai, Delhi,
Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Bangalore, Pune, Raipur and Nagpur
in India with major airlines operating on these routes.
Railways : Barwani has Western Railway Reservation Counter
(Ratlam Mandal) at Ambedker Park on Rajghat Road. The nearest
railway station is situated at Indore, which is one of the major
commercial railway station of western railway. Another nearer railway
station is Khandwa, which is 180 km from Barwani. Khandwa is
situated on Central Railway and it is connected with Barwani via State
highway Number 26.
Roads : Barwani is fairly well connected to other parts of Madhya
Pradesh and India with national and state highways. The city is
connected to the Agra-Bombay NH-03 by Khandwa-Baroda SH-26 at
the distance of 45 KM at Julwaniya. There are bus services to and from
all major and minor cities near Barwani. The major cities are Indore,
Khandwa, Ujjain, Dewas, Dhar, Ratlam, Khargone, Mumbai,
Ahmedabad, and Baroda.
Area of the District
Population of th District (2001)
Male Population
Female Population
Rural Population (2001)
Urban Population (2001)
Shedule Tribe(2001)
Male ST
Female ST
Shedule Cast(2001)
Male SC
Female SC
Density of the Population
Growth rate.
Literacy Rate

10043 Sq.Km.

Male Literacy Rate

Femal literacy Rate
Sub Divisions
Gram Panchyats
Tehsils in the District
Development Blocks.

Integrate Child Development

Janpad Panchat
Nagar Palika
Nagar Panchayat
Parlementary seats
Assembly seats

1.Betul. 2. Multai. 3.Bhainsdehi. 4.
Shahapur. 5.Amla.
1.Betul. 2.Shahapur. 3. GhoraDongri.
4.Chicholi. 5. Bhimpur. 6. Bhainsdehi.
7.Athnar. 8.Amla. 9.Multai.
10. (Same As Above)
10. (Same as Above)
1. Betul. 2. Sarani. 3. Amal.
1. Multai. 2.Bhainsdehi. 3.Betul Bazar.