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THL DL5 UOlNL5 PUBLlC LlBPAPY

A 5 T P U C T U P A L A N A L Y 5 l 5 O F
]e A ex & O v a Cteene
THL DL5 UOlNL5 PUBLlC LlBPAPY
A 5 T P U C T U P A L A N A L Y 5 l 5 O F
]e A ex & O v a Cteene
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THL DL5 UOlNL5 PUBLlC LlBPAPY
A 5 T P U C T U P A L A N A L Y 5 l 5 O F
]e A ex & O v a Cteene
A P C H 2 2 2 0 5 i t u c i u t e s 1 . 5 i a i c s U c h e e L a b o y F a 2 0 1 2
A 5 T P U C T U P A L A N A L Y 5 l 5 O F
THL DL5 UOlNL5 PUBLlC LlBPAPY
]e A ex & O v a Cteene
c o n i e n i s
4 lnitoducion
5 5ie
6 Dagtans
13 lndvdua Pesonses
THL DL5 UOlNL5 PUBLlC LlBPAPY
A 5 T P U C T U P A L A N A L Y 5 l 5 O F
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n i t o d u c i o n
No budng woud be abe io tenan siandng wihoui ihe toet use
o situciuta knowedge n is consitucion. Cteaive desgn has aowed
ot a nunbet o budngs io be bui usng deteni situciua neihods.
ln ihs tojeci, we w anayze ihe situciute behnd ihe Des Uones
Cenita Pubc Lbtaty n lowa. The budng was desgned by Davd
Cheted and oened on At 8, 2006 io setve ihe btaty`s gtowng
coecion and ihe iechnoogy needs o 21si ceniuty usets.
THL DL5 UOlNL5 PUBLlC LlBPAPY
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s i e
The btaty s siuaied n ihe nosi ouous ciy o lowa, n ihe Udwesi-
etn Unied 5iaies. li aces a atk on ihe wesi and ihe ciy on ihe easi,
acing as a btdge beiween utban and andscae ateas.
lowa s one o ihe nosi sesncay siabe siaies n ihe counity and
consdeted wihn 5esnc Zone 0, an atea wih vety ow tobabiy
o danagng gtound noion. li s aso consdeted a ati o ihe 5eca
vnd Pegon, whete ihe wnd seeds ate gteaiy nuenced by oca
condions. vnd seeds teach ton 90 u io 105 nes et hout. ln
lowa, wniets ate oien hatsh and snowa s connon, usuay gvng
atound 20 io 40 s snow oads.
The too s a ai ane atae io ihe gtound. li uses a gteen too sys-
ien above a casi-n-ace concteie too situciute nakng ihe whoe
toong sysien aboui 2` 9 ihck. lnietesingy, ihe gteen too was noi n
ihe otgna desgn bui was ncototaied io add aesiheic vaue ai ihe
tequesi o a neghbotng oce ovetookng ihe budng.
The btaty s noi ony desgned as a ace ot knowedge and teseatch,
bui as a andnatk ot ihe ciy n whch i siands.
THL DL5 UOlNL5 PUBLlC LlBPAPY
A 5 T P U C T U P A L A N A L Y 5 l 5 O F
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COLUUN5 ALONC CPlD
COLUUN5 ALONC FACADL
THLPL APL TvO UAlN LATLPAL 5TPUCTUPAL 5Y5TLU5.
THL BUlLDlNC HA5 THL UAlN COLUUN 5Y5TLU ALONC
A CPlD. THL OTHLP 5Y5TLU OF COLUUN5 PUN5 ALONC
THL lNTLPlOP LDCL OF THL CLA55 FACADL.
CLA55 FACADL
Scale: 1/128 = 1
s i t u c i u t a s y s i e n
Ths axononeitc dtawng shows ihe nan situciuta sysiens, wih ihe
budng enveoe exoded io usitaie ihe teaionsh beiween situc-
iute and skn. The enveoe conssis o 4x14 i caddng anes. li s noi
situciuta and ony hods is own dead weghi. The second oot sab s
shown wih iwo seis o counns, ihe gtd counns ihai ate sei on a 21`
by 21` gtd and ihe etneiet counns whch ne ihe exietot wa ai
20` nietvas. The nan counn gtd s a ihcket aieta sysien ihai cat-
tes nosi o ihe oad o ihe occuabe sace, whe ihe ihnnet counn
sysien cattes ihe oad o ihe ouiet edges o ihe budng. The exosed
concteie cengs and counns conitbuie sgncaniy io ihe budng`s
ihetna nass, whch hes io siabze ndoot ienetaiutes.
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31` 0"
FlP5T FLOOP
5LCOND FLOOP
3
1
` 0
"
20` 0"
20` 0"
31` 0"
3
1
` 0
"
20` 0"
20` 0"
5CALL. 1,64" - 1`0"
CA5T-lN-PLACL CONCPLTL POOF 5TPUCTUPL
CA5T-lN-PLACL CONCPLTL 5LAB
CA5T-lN-PLACL CONCPLTL FOUNDATlON vALL
PAl5LD ACCL55 FLOOP
ALUUlNUU CUPTAlN vALL vlTH COPPLP UL5H
OkALUX CLAZlNC PANLL5
PLPlULTLP CONCPLTL COLUUN5
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2
` 9
"
1
1
` 2
"
1
` 4
"
1
` 6
"
2
` 0
"
1
1
` 2
"
The annoiaied secion on ihe ei shows ihe naieta cononenis ihai nake u ihe situciute o ihe btaty,
ncudng a casi-n-ace tenotced concteie too situciute and sabs, and ihe tased access oot sysien. ln
ihe tased access oots ihete ate itusses dteciy beow ihe etneiet counns. These nusi be used as exita
suoti io kee ihe edges o ihe budng n siaic equbtun.
Above s a tsi oot an ihai shows ihe nan dnensons and aiietns o ihe situciuta sysien, ncudng
boih seis o counns and ihe nietot was.
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A 5 T P U C T U P A L A N A L Y 5 l 5 O F
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g t a v i y o a d a i h
The counn gtd deietnnes aihways and aceneni o booksiacks io
itanset oads ihtough ihe oot aies io ihe counns and nay io ihe
gtound. li gtd otganzes ihe bookcases nio itansetabe oads whch
ass ihtough ihe counn gtd, down ihtough ihe situciuta oot aies,
and ihen io ihe gtound.
5o whe ihe book siacks ate otganzed iogeihet n gtoungs wihn ihe
counn gtd, ihe ihnnet counn sysien suotis ihe acade taihet ihan
ihe bookcase oads.
Gravity Load Path - Bookshelves Relation to Structure
Parallel roads of bookstacks close together
Column grid determining pathways and placement of
bookstacks to transfer loads through the oor plates to
the columns and nally to the ground.
The larger columns form the interior grid while the
smaller columns are additional support to hold up the
weight of the facade.
Interior Grid Columns:
diameter = 2 ft
31 ft o.c.
Facade Lining Columns:
diameter = 1.5 ft
21 ft o.c.
scale: 1/128 = 1
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THL DL5 UOlNL5 PUBLlC LlBPAPY
A 5 T P U C T U P A L A N A L Y 5 l 5 O F
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Gravity Load Path - Uses & Occupancies
CPLLN POOF 5Y5TLU
100 P5F
LLLVATOP5
200 P5F
PLADlNC APLA5
60 P5F
5TACk5
150 P5F
COPPlDOP5 ABOVL FlP5T FLOOP
80 P5F
COPPlDOP5
100 P5F
PLADlNC APLA5
60 P5F
Scale: 1/128 = 1
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A 5 T P U C T U P A L A N A L Y 5 l 5 O F
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Gravity Load Path - Structural Bay Details
21'
21'
21'
15.5'
Tributary Area = 31 x 15.5 = 480.5 sq ft
LlVL LOAD 5TACk5
150 P5F
Live Load x Tributary Area
(150psf )(480.5 sq ft) = 72075 lbs
All members shown are all 31 o.c. therefore
they maintain the same tributary area resulting
in the same load carried.
Gravity Load Path - Structural Bay Details
21'
21'
21'
15.5'
Tributary Area = 31 x 15.5 = 480.5 sq ft
LlVL LOAD 5TACk5
150 P5F
Live Load x Tributary Area
(150psf )(480.5 sq ft) = 72075 lbs
All members shown are all 31 o.c. therefore
they maintain the same tributary area resulting
in the same load carried.
Ttbuiaty Atea - 21`x 15.5` - 480.5 s
Lve Load x Ttbuiaty Atea
{150s){480.5 s) - 72,075 bs
To sove ot itbuiaty atea, we deietnned ihe atea o ha o ihe atea
wihn a ce o ihe counn gtd. A nenbets o ihe counn gtd ate a
21` ton each oihet, so we nuied 21 by ha o 21. Thus, ihey nan-
ian ihe sane itbuiaty atea. Ths neans ihai ihe sane oad s catted
ihtoughoui ihe budng.
THL DL5 UOlNL5 PUBLlC LlBPAPY
A 5 T P U C T U P A L A N A L Y 5 l 5 O F
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a i e t a o a d a i h
l ihete s a tessute o 10 s acing on ihe wndwatd and eewatd
sdes o ihe budng, ihe eewatd counn sysien tessis ihe wnd otce
by ushng ihe too u, whe ihe wndwatd counn sysien by ung
ihe too down. The dagtan on ihe tghi shows ihe aieta sysien as
coninuous n secion. The aieta sysien s ihe sane as ihe gtaviy sys-
ien n ihs btaty. ln ihe dagtan io ihe ei, we can vsuaze how ati
o ihe budng nay iwsi n condions whete situciuta siaics wete noi
iaken nio consdetaion.
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s y n i h e s s
The situciute s nade u o iwo counn sysiens. One s a sysien o co-
unns aong an otganzed gtd whch suotis ihe ve oad. The oihet
oows ihe etneiet and suotis ihe acade dead oad. These co-
unns ate an aticuaion o ihe wasnng ihe exietot wa wih 20
eei sacng. The counn gtd otganzes ihe bookcases wihn ihe atge
niettuied sace o ihe nan oen teadng wngs whch ate ihe ubc
and teadng saces.
The ubc sace o ihe Des Uones Pubc Lbtaty uses a neuita ed
wih iwo tnaty siats siuaied n ihe oen sace. These siats aci as
objecis wihn a ed ihai ate easy ocaiabe and teachabe. The egtess
siats and eevaiots on ihe oihet hand ate enbedded n ihe densiy o
ihe note tvaie sace. The osionng o ihese vetica eenenis nay
have been detved ton situciuta deas. 5nce ihe egtess siat and e-
evaiots ate ocaied n dense ateas, ihe suttoundng nietot was cte-
aie suoti atound ihe sace, ncteasng ihe situcuita sitengih o ihai
tegon ot enetgences. Howevet, i nay have been jusi an atchieciuta
dea io iuck ihe away ihe vetica ctcuaion neihods, oihet ihan ihe
tnaty siats, iowatds tvaie sace.
SYNTHESIS DIAGRAM
THE STRUCTURE IS MADE UP OF TWO COLUMN
SYSTEMS. ONE IS A SYSTEM OF COLUMNS ALONG
AN ORGANIZED GRID WHICH SUPPORTS THE LIVE
LOAD. THE OTHER FOLLOWS THE FACADE AND
SUPPORTS THE FACADE DEAD LOAD. THE COLUMN
GRID ORGANIZES THE BOOKCASES WITHIN THE
LARGE INTERRUPTED SPACE OF THE MAIN OPEN
READING WINGS. THESE ARE THE PUBLIC AND
READING SPACES.
*** this could probably use more explanation, I just
dont know what.***
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A 5 T P U C T U P A L A N A L Y 5 l 5 O F
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12 j e ` s n d v d u a t e s o n s e
Uy eecive ot siudo had a oi io do wih ihe coniexi o ihe budng and how
i cteaies deteni exetences nsde ihe btaty. The budng s sitaiegcay
aced ai ihe easi end o ihe atk io aci as a btdge beiween ihe ciy and ihe
atk. Davd Cheted uses ihe situciuta counn gtd io exiend oui nio
ihe atk so ihai vsiots nay beiiet exetence ihe eeng o beng ouisde ai
ndoot teadng saces. The sace beiween ihe book siacks and ihe atk sde
acade bends nio ihe atk as shown by ihe gtadeni n ihe dagtan on io.
Ths exetcse noi ony gave ne a beiiet undetsiandng o whai we ate eatn-
ng n 5iaics cass, bui aso aowed ne io ay ihe knowedge io tea bud-
ngs. vhai l ound gteai was ihai we wete ateady anat wih ihe btates
whai we anayzed ton siudo. Havng an ootiuniy io ook beyond and
coset io ihe situciute o ihe budng gave a eeng o teasic desgn. Then,
beng abe io teaie ihe desgnet`s atchieciuta nienions wih ihe situiuta
bass behnd i gave a whoe new etsecive.
l w be abe io use whai l have ganed ton ihs tojeci io hoeuy use ihe
situciute o ny budng io deveo ihe desgn concei as Cheted dd
wih ihe Des Uones Pubc Lbtaty.
Uxed-Use
Budng
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THL DL5 UOlNL5 PUBLlC LlBPAPY
A 5 T P U C T U P A L A N A L Y 5 l 5 O F
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14 o v a ` s n d v d u a t e s o n s e
vhai l eatned ton ihs tojeci s ihe abiy io deniy deteni oads o a
snge budng and how ihe situciuta sysiens eeci ihe desgn. l ganed
an undetsiandng o ihe situciuta dea behnd ihe Des Uones Pubc L-
btaty. l eatned a new way io niettei and ossby ay ihs situciuta
sysien n ny uiute desgns. Ths tojeci ouined ihe situciuta oads ihai
l w have io ihnk aboui, and desgn ot, n ihe uiute. vhai l eatned
ton ihe Des Uones situciuta sysien s ihai you can dvde ihe co-
unn sysiens nio iwo nan gtous ot a wde-sannng ai situciute.
The Des Uones Pubc Lbtaty has a ihnnet counn sysien aong ihe n-
ietot edge o ihe acade. Fot ihe atge oen san n beiween, ihete s a
ihcket counn gtd sysien io suoti ihe dead oad o ihe book siacks.
The enite acade o ihe Des Uones Pubc Lbtaty s a secazed gass. ln
ny eecive dagtan, l exaned how ihe gass scteens sunghi ton en-
ietng ihe situciute, whe ihe vewet wihn ihe budng has ihe sane vs-
biy. vihoui ihe dua-situciuta counn sysiens, ihe gass acade woud
noi have been ossbe. The ihcket counn gtd handes nosi o ihe
heavy-duiy oad ton ihe nnet cote o ihe budng, whe ihe ihnnet co-
unn sysien conitos ihe oads ouisde o ihe counn gtd. These iwo co-
unn sysiens wotk n ianden io nake situciuta exie- tot was unnecessaty.
INDIVIDUAL WRITE-UP
5UNLlCHT 5CPLLNLD
THPOUCH FACADL
Vl5lBlLlTY PLUAlN5 THL 5AUL
THPOUCH FACADL
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COPPLP 5CPLLN LUBLDDLD lN CLA55
CLA55 LAYLP5
INDIVIDUAL WRITE-UP
5UNLlCHT 5CPLLNLD
THPOUCH FACADL
Vl5lBlLlTY PLUAlN5 THL 5AUL
THPOUCH FACADL
5CALL. 1,4 -1` 0
COPPLP 5CPLLN LUBLDDLD lN CLA55
CLA55 LAYLP5