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GRADE 12 OPTIONAL

UNIT 1. VOCABULARY - READING

Period 1
Week: 1 Date: Class:12B12- B13B14

Objectives: By the end of the lesson, ss will be able to: + recognize the sounds + choose the best option (vocabulary & reading passage). Materials: handouts Procedure: Time Content 10 1. Give the meaning and part of speech of the words below.
Vocabulary 1.shift 2.biology biologist 3.project 4.join hands 5.care caring 6.run the household 7.rush 8.be willing to V 9.dish 10.eel 11.attempt 12.pressure 13.household chores 14.responsible responsibility 15.mischievous 16.obedient Meaning READING n Ca (lm vic) n2 n2 n1 v adj1 Sinh hc Nh sinh hc D n Chung tay Quan tm n cn Coi sc vic trong nh Vi v Sn long lm g Mn n Con ln S c gng, s th p lc Vic vt trong nh C trch nhim Trch nhim Vocabulary 17.share 18.hardworking 19.support supportive 20.close-knit 21.mend 22.base based on 23.secure 24.confidence 25.spread 26.frankly 27.flight 28.reserve 29.coach 30.leftovers v adj v2 adj3 adj1 v n v1 adj2 n1 v adv1

Ts & Ss activities
Vietnamese equivalents -T asks ss to find the Vietnamese equivalents of the words in the table. -Ss do the task. -Ss call out their answers. -T helps ss get the right answers.

Meaning Chia s Lm vic tch cc v chu o H tr C tnh h tr Khng kht, gn b Sa cha Nn Da vo An ton, an tm S tin tng Tri rng ra

v adj1 n n n2 n1 n1 adj2 n4 adj1 adj2

Cng rn, thng thn SPEAKING n Chuyn bay v2 n t trc, ng k trc Xe , xe khch

n1 Thc n tha WRITING Cho php Cho php D. lets D. blacksmiths D. raise D. calculators D. lays MC PW -T asks ss to choose the word that is stressed differently from the others -in pairs, ss do the exercise ss call out their answers. T corrects. MC PW -T asks ss to choose the word that has the underlined letter(s) pronounced differently from the others -In pairs, ss do the exercise ss call out their answers. T corrects.

Tinh nghch 31.allow v2 D bo, bit 32.permit v2 vng li 2. Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. A. fills B. adds C. stirs 2. A. shops B. notes C. mouths 3. A. cease B. chase C. increase 4. A. airports B. suitcases C. things 5. A. plays B. says C. pays

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3. Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest. 1. A. decision B. reference C. refusal D. important 2. A. intelligent B. comfortable C. necessary D. secretary 3. A. cooperate B. permanent C. recognize D. industry 4. A. birthday B. cowboy C. enjoy D. pleasure 5. A. expression B. decisive C. dependent D. independence

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4. Write the symbols /z/, /s/, /iz/ for the underlined part of each of the following words. sets parcels practice spectators thanks hobbies houses souvenirs place boxes

MC
-T asks ss to read the statements and choose

prohibits choose

posts pursuits

please accidents

washes oranges

watches classes

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5. Choose the best option A, B, C or D that best completes the following sentences 1. Make sure that the ropes are ________ fastened. A. security B. secure C. securely D. insecure 2. Doctors are under increasing ________ to work longer hours. A. close-knit B. happiness C. pressure D. condition 3. The boys are _________. They enjoy playing tricks and annoying people. A. obedient B. mischievous C. active D. intelligent 4. Our parents _______ hands to give us a nice house and a happy home. A. join B. shake C. give D. hold 5. I am now in my final year at the secondary school, and in my _________ to win a place at university. A. project B. attempt C. belief D. responsibility 6. My mother has to work long hours and once a week she has to work on a night shift. A. during a night B. without sleeping C. all nights of a week D. at midnight 7. I try to help _________ the household chores. A. for B. on C. with D. about 8. Sorry, I couldnt go with you yesterday because I had to ______ my sisters baby. A. look down B. look up C. look on D. look after 9. I have three brothers and theyre spread out all over the place. A. they live in the same place B. they live and work in different places C. they go to many places C. they go everywhere 10. My mother often cooks big meals so we have leftovers for days. A. left food B. much food C. delicious food D. not enough food VII. Choose the item among a, b, c or d that best answers the question about the passage: No More Housework! It is five oclock in the evening when Rene Wagner comes home from work. She walks into the living room and looks at her three children. They are 14,13, and 9 years old. They are watching TV. The living room is a mess. There are dirty socks on the floor, and cookies on the sofa. Games and toys are everywhere. Rene is angry, This place is a mess she tells her children, I cant work all day and then do housework all evening. Im not going to do housework! Rene doesnt do housework . She doesnt clean or wash dishes. She doesnt wash clothes, either. Every evening she sits on the sofa and watches TV. After two weeks, every plate, fork, and glass in the house is dirty: All the childrens clothes are dirty. Every garbage can is full. The house is a mess. Then, one day Rene comes home from work and gets a big surprise. The kitchen is clean. The children clean the kitchen! The next day, the living room is clean, and the children are washing their clothes Rene tells her children, OK, Ill do housework again. But you have to help me. Now Rene and her three children do the housework together. Then they all sit on the sofa and watch TV! 1. When Rene came home from work, how did she find the house? A. It was dirty and untidy. B. It was clean and tidy. C. It was dirty but tidy. D. It was clean but untidy. 2. What did Rene tell her children then? A. She told them to do housework. B. She told them not to do housework. C. She told them that she could do housework. D. She told them that she wouldnt do housework. 3. Two weeks later, how was the house? A. It was very clean. B. It was a mess. C. It was tidy. D. It was rather dirty. 4. Why was the house clean again some days later? A. Because she didnt let it that way. B. Because her children didnt do housework. C. Because her children helped her do housework . D. Because she did housework again.

the best option to complete them -In pairs, ss do the exercise. ss call out their answers. Others give comments. T corrects.

Answer the Questions -T asks ss to read the passage and choose the best option to answer the questions. -In pairs, ss do the exercise. ss call out their answers. Others give comments. T corrects.

UNIT 1 : HOME LIFE ( VOCABULARY AND READING TEXT ) 1. Give the meaning and part of speech of the words below. Vocabulary Meaning Vocabulary Meaning READING 17.share v 1.shift n 18.hardadj working 2.biology n2 19.support v2 n2 adj3 biologist supportive 3.project n1 20.close-knit adj1 4.join hands 21.mend v 5.care v 22.base n adj1 v1 caring based on 6.run the 23.secure adj2 household 7.rush v 24.confidence n1 8.be willing to V adj1 25.spread v 9.dish n 26.frankly adv1 10.eel n SPEAKING 11.attempt n2 27.flight n 12.pressure n1 28.reserve v2 13.household n1 29.coach n chores 14.responsible adj2 30.leftovers n1 WRITING responsibility n4 15.mischievous adj1 31.allow v2 16.obedient adj2 32.permit v2 2. Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. A. fills B. adds C. stirs D. lets 2. A. shops B. notes C. mouths D. blacksmiths 3. A. cease B. chase C. increase D. raise 4. A. airports B. suitcases C. things D. calculators 5. A. plays B. says C. Pays D. lays 3. Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest. 1. A. decision B. reference C. refusal D. important 2. A. intelligent B. comfortable C. necessary D. secretary 3. A. cooperate B. permanent C. recognize D. industry 4. A. birthday B. cowboy C. enjoy D. pleasure 5. A. expression B. decisive C. dependent D. independence 4. Write the symbols /z/, /s/, /iz/ for the underlined part of each of the following words. sets parcels practice spectators thanks hobbies houses souvenirs place boxes prohibits posts please washes watches choose pursuits accidents oranges classes 5. Choose the best option A, B, C or D that best completes the following sentences 1. Make sure that the ropes are ________ fastened. A. security B. secure C. securely D. insecure 2. Doctors are under increasing ________ to work longer hours. A. close-knit B. happiness C. pressure D. condition 3. The boys are _________. They enjoy playing tricks and annoying people. A. obedient B. mischievous C. active D. intelligent 4. Our parents _______ hands to give us a nice house and a happy home.

A. join B. shake C. give D. hold 5. I am now in my final year at the secondary school, and in my _________ to win a place at university. A. project B. attempt C. belief D. responsibility 6. My mother has to work long hours and once a week she has to work on a night shift. A. during a night B. without sleeping C. all nights of a week D. at midnight 7. I try to help _________ the household chores. A. for B. on C. with D. about 8. Sorry, I couldnt go with you yesterday because I had to ______ my sisters baby. A. look down B. look up C. look on D. look after 9. I have three brothers and theyre spread out all over the place. A. they live in the same place B. they live and work in different places C. they go to many places C. they go everywhere 10. My mother often cooks big meals so we have leftovers for days. A. left food B. much food C. delicious food D. not enough food VII. Choose the item among a, b, c or d that best answers the question about the passage: No More Housework! It is five oclock in the evening when Rene Wagner comes home from work. She walks into the living room and looks at her three children. They are 14,13, and 9 years old. They are watching TV. The living room is a mess. There are dirty socks on the floor, and cookies on the sofa. Games and toys are everywhere. Rene is angry, This place is a mess she tells her children, I cant work all day and then do housework all evening. Im not going to do housework! Rene doesnt do housework . She doesnt clean or wash dishes. She doesnt wash clothes, either. Every evening she sits on the sofa and watches TV. After two weeks, every plate, fork, and glass in the house is dirty: All the childrens clothes are dirty. Every garbage can is full. The house is a mess. Then, one day Rene comes home from work and gets a big surprise. The kitchen is clean. The children clean the kitchen! The next day, the living room is clean, and the children are washing their clothes Rene tells her children, OK, Ill do housework again. But you have to help me. Now Rene and her three children do the housework together. Then they all sit on the sofa and watch TV! 1. When Rene came home from work, how did she find the house? A. It was dirty and untidy. B. It was clean and tidy. C. It was dirty but tidy. D. It was clean but untidy. 2. What did Rene tell her children then? A. She told them to do housework. B. She told them not to do housework. C. She told them that she could do housework. D. She told them that she wouldnt do housework. 3. Two weeks later, how was the house? A. It was very clean. B. It was a mess. C. It was tidy. D. It was rather dirty. 4. Why was the house clean again some days later? A. Because she didnt let it that way. B. Because her children didnt do housework. C. Because her children helped her do housework . D. Because she did housework again.

GRADE 12 OPTIONAL

Language focus_ Tenses revision

Period 2
Week: 2 12B12.,13,14

Objective: By the end of the lesson, Ss will be able to review forms and usages of tenses. Date: Class: Teaching Aids: workbook; handout. Time 5 Contents I. WARMER : __ __ __ __ __ __ It contains 6 letters. It is one of the important grammar points to learn a language. Answer key: TENSES II. PRACTICE: (HANDOUT) 10
1. Put the verbs into the correct form 1. Spring (follow) follows winter. 2. Theres a strange smell in here. Mother (cook) is cooking something. 3. Angelina Jolie is a famous actress. She (appear) has appeared in several films. 4.We (live) have been living here for years. 5. This morning while I (wait) was waiting for the bus, the rain (stop) stopped. 6. I couldnt meet him. When I came, he (go) had gone out. 7.By July last year, I ( live) had been living in Paris for 3 years. 8. I (tell) will tell you a secret when I (meet) meet you tomorrow. 9. The Browns (do) will be doing their housework when you (come) come next Sunday. 10. He (finish) will have finished this work before you (leave) leave here tomorrow. 11.By Christmas, we (work) will have been working for Mr. Smith for five years. 2. CHOOSE THE BEST OPTION
1. As you ___________ your car at the moment, can I borrow it? A. don't use B. aren't using C. haven't used D. won't use 2. Come and see me when you_________ your report. A. finish B. finished C. will finish D. had finished 3. I_________ in the hotel twice in the 1980s. A. was staying B. have stayed C. had stayed D. had been staying 4. When I got home I found that water_________ down the kitchen walls A. ran B. was running C. has run D. had been running 5. After he_________ his English course, he went to England to continue his study. A. has finished B. had finished C. was finished D. would finish 6. Someone________ at the door. Can you hear it? A. knocks B. is knocking C. will knock D. was knocking 7. How_________ since we_________ college?
A. are you left B. were you left C. have you been - have left D. have you been - left

Ts and Ss Activities Guessing game


T asks Ss to work in groups and give the word basing on the hint. T gives feedback. T gives Ss handout before and asks Ss to do the exercises in handout. Ss do them at home. Then T corrects them in the class. Before T gives the correct answers, Ss share their answers in pairs. Ss work in 5 ms.

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Multiple Choice -Ss do the task, then compare the answer with their partner. -T calls some Ss to go the blackboard and write their answers. -Then T corrects them with the whole class.

8. I_________ much of you lately. We_________ three months ago. A. haven't seen - last met B. didn't see met C. haven't seen - have met D. didn't see - have met 9. When I arrived at the meeting the first speaker ____________ speaking and the audience ________. A. just finished - were clapping B. had just finished - had clapped C. had just finished - were clapping D. just finished - had clapped 10. He_________ his job last month and since then he_________ out of work. A. lost was B. was lost - has been C. has lost was D. lost has been 11. __________ to the language center when I saw you yesterday morning? A. Have you gone B. Had you gone C. Did you go D. Were you going 12. He said he __________ a book when the robber broke into the house. A. read B. was reading C. had read D. has been reading 13. When I first saw him, he ________ in London. A. has lived B. is living C. was living D. has been living 14. The train ________half an hour ago. A. has been leaving B. left C. has left D. had left 15. Jack ________the door and now his clothes are very dirty. A. has just painted B. paint C. will have painted D. painting 16. I ________Texas State University now.

A. am attending B. attend C. was attending D. attended 17. Christopher Columbus ___________ America more than 500 years ago. A. discovered B. has discovered C. had discovered D. had been discovering 18. He fell down when he ___________ towards the church. A. ran B. runs C. was running D. had run 19. They ___________ table-tennis when their father comes back home. A. will play B. will be playing C. play D. would play 20. By Christmas, I ___________ for Mr. Smith for six years.
A. shall have been working B. shall work C. have been working D. shall be working

21. When you get up tomorrow morning, the sun________. A. shine B. is shining C. will shine D. will be shining 22. I ___________ in the room right now. A. am being B. was being C. have been being D. am 23. I ___________ to New York three times this year. A. have been B. was C. were D. had been 24. Ill come and see you before I ___________ for the States. A. leave B. will leave C. have left D. shall leave 25. London________ the capital of United Kingdom. A. is B. was C. will be D. is being

3. Pick out the mistakes and correct them. 1. The house was very quiet when I get home. Every body had gone straight to bed. got 2. Old man couldnt read a newspaper because he had lose his glasses. lost 3. I am going on holiday Saturday. This time next week I will lie on a beach in the sea. be lying 4. Yesterday I pass by Peters house, but the front door was close. He must have gone out. passed 5. The man sat next to me on the plane is nervous because he hadnt flown before. was 6. I went there once a long time ago and wasnt back since. havent been 7. Mrs. Monty usually teaches the students. However, this week Mr. Tanzer has taught them. is teaching 8. When Carol called last night, I have watched my favorite show on television. was watching

-T asks Ss to pick out the mistakes and correct them. - Ss give answers. - T corrects with the class.

III. HOMEWORK: Review the forms and usages of the tenses. Do more exercises on the handout.

UNIT 1 : LANGUAGE FOCUS ( TENSES)


Tenses Simple Present Present Continuous Present perfect Present perfect continuous Simple Past Past Continuous Past Perfect Simple Future Future Continuous Future Perfect Future Perfect Continuous Form I, We, They + V He,She, It + V s,es S + do/does not + V S + am/is/are + V-ing S + have /has + V3/ed S + have/has + been + V-ing S + V2/ed S + was/were + V-ing S + had + V3/ed Examples He drinks tea everyday. They dont like cats. She is learning English now. She has just finished her work. They have been working in this company for 10 years. He died last year. When he came, they were waiting for him. Before he came, they had gone. They will go to the US next week. They will be working at 4 p.m tomorrow. By next month, I will have graduated from high school. By next July, I will have been teaching in this school for 10 years. Clues Every + time, today, usually, often, always, generally now, right now, at the moment, at present Look! Listen!... just, recently, already, once, twice, so far, its the first/second time,before. Up to now, until now, Since / for Since / for Last + time; yesterday; in the past At + time (past) When.. / While.. (past) Before + S + V2/ed, S + had + V3/ed After S + had + V3/ed, S + V2/ed S + said / told that + S + (just, recently, once, already) + S + had + V3/ed Next + time; soon, tomorrow, in + time (future); in a week/month/ 10days At + time (future) By / Before + time (future). By + time (future). for + time

S + will + V S + will + be + V-ing S + will + have + V3/ed S + will + have + been V-ing

1. Put the verbs into the correct form 1. Spring (follow) ..................winter. 2. Theres a strange smell in here. Mother (cook) .......................something. 3. Angelina Jolie is a famous actress. She (appear) .....................in several films. 4.We (live) ......................here for years. 5. This morning while I (wait) .....................for the bus, the rain (stop) .................................. 6. I couldnt meet him. When I came, he (go) ...............................out. 7.By July last year, I ( live) .........................in Paris for 3 years. 8. I (tell) ..................you a secret when I (meet) ...................you tomorrow. 9. The Browns (do) .........................their housework when you (come) ....................next Sunday. 10. He (finish) ...........................this work before you (leave) ...................here tomorrow. 11.By Christmas, we (work) ............................for Mr. Smith for five years. 2. CHOOSE THE BEST OPTION 1. As you ___________ your car at the moment, can I borrow it? A. don't use B. aren't using C. haven't used D. won't use 2. Come and see me when you_________ your report. A. finish B. finished C. will finish D. had finished 3. I_________ in the hotel twice in the 1980s. A. was staying B. have stayed C. had stayed D. had been staying 4. When I got home I found that water_________ down the kitchen walls A. ran B. was running C. has run D. had been running 5. After he_________ his English course, he went to England to continue his study. A. has finished B. had finished C. was finished D. would finish 6. Someone________ at the door. Can you hear it? A. knocks B. is knocking C. will knock D. was knocking 7. How_________ since we_________ college? A. are you left B. were you left C. have you been - have left D. have you been - left 8. I_________ much of you lately. We_________ three months ago.

A. haven't seen - last met B. didn't see met C. haven't seen - have met D. didn't see - have met 9. When I arrived at the meeting the first speaker ____________ speaking and the audience ________. A. just finished - were clapping B. had just finished - had clapped C. had just finished - were clapping D. just finished - had clapped 10. He_________ his job last month and since then he_________ out of work. A. lost was B. was lost - has been C. has lost was D. lost has been 11. __________ to the language center when I saw you yesterday morning? A. Have you gone B. Had you gone C. Did you go D. Were you going 12. He said he __________ a book when the robber broke into the house. A. read B. was reading C. had read D. has been reading 13. When I first saw him, he ________ in London. A. has lived B. is living C. was living D. has been living 14. The train ________half an hour ago. A. has been leaving B. left C. has left D. had left 15. Jack ________the door and now his clothes are very dirty. A. has just painted B. paint C. will have painted D. painting 16. I ________Texas State University now. A. am attending B. attend C. was attending D. attended 17. Christopher Columbus ___________ America more than 500 years ago. A. discovered B. has discovered C. had discovered D. had been discovering 18. He fell down when he ___________ towards the church. A. ran B. runs C. was running D. had run 19. They ___________ table-tennis when their father comes back home. A. will play B. will be playing C. play D. would play 20. By Christmas, I ___________ for Mr. Smith for six years. A. shall have been working B. shall work C. have been working D. shall be working 21. When you get up tomorrow morning, the sun________. A. shine B. is shining C. will shine D. will be shining 22. I ___________ in the room right now. A. am being B. was being C. have been being D. am 23. I ___________ to New York three times this year. A. have been B. was C. were D. had been 24. Ill come and see you before I ___________ for the States. A. leave B. will leave C. have left D. shall leave 25. London________ the capital of United Kingdom. A. is B. was C. will be D. is being 3. Pick out the mistakes and correct them. 1. The house was very quiet when I get home. Every body had gone straight to bed. A B C D 2. Old man couldnt read a newspaper because he had lose his glasses. A B C D 3. I am going on holiday Saturday. This time next week I will lie on a beach in the sea. A B C D 4. Yesterday I pass by Peters house, but the front door was close. He must have gone out. A B C D 5. The man sat next to me on the plane is nervous because he hadnt flown before. 6. I went there once a long time ago and wasnt back since. A B C D 7. Mrs. Monty usually teaches the students. However, this week Mr. Tanzer has taught them. A B C D 8. When Carol called last night, I have watched my favorite show on television. A B C D

GRADE 12 OPTIONAL

UNIT 2. VOCABULARY - READING


Week: 3

Objectives: By the end of the lesson, ss will be able to: + recognize the sounds + choose the best option (vocabulary & reading passage). Materials: handouts Procedure: Time Content 10 I. Give the meaning and part of speech of the words below.
Vocabulary READING 1.diversity 2.marriage 3.romantic 4.attract attractive 5.contractual 6.bride 7.groom 8. counterpart 9.suppose 10.survey 11.conduct 12.determine 13.attitude 14.response 15.concern 16.maintain 17.appearance 18.majority 19.wise unwise 20.confide 21.partnership 22.reject 23.approval n2 n1 adj 2 v2 adj 2 adj 2 n n n1 v2 n1 v2 v2 n1 n2 v2 v2 n2 n2 adj adj v2 n1 v2 n2 S a dng Hn nhn Lng mn Thu ht, li cun C tnh li cun, hp dn Theo tha thun C du Ch r i tc Cho l, ngh l = think Cuc kho st, iu tra Tin hnh, thc hin Quyt nh, xc nh Thi S p li, cu tr li Quan tm Duy tr V b ngoi; s xut hin Phn ln, a s Khn ngoan, sang sut Di dt, ko sang sut Tin tng, tin cy S cng tc Phn i; loi b S tn ng, ng tnh 30.generation 31.income 32.groceries Meaning Vocabulary 24.equal 25.sacrifice 26.significant 27.oblige 28. follow precede 29.counterpart adj 1 v1 adj 2 v2 v2 v2 n1 Meaning Bng, cng bng

Period 3

Date Class: 12B12,13,14 Ts & Ss activities


Vietnamese equivalents -T asks ss to find the Vietnamese equivalents of the words in the table. -Ss do the task. -Ss call out their answers. -T helps ss get the right answers.

hy sinh c ngha; quan trng Bt buc

i theo, theo sau i trc i tc; ngi ng trang la SPEAKING Th h Li tc, thu nhp Thc n (bt, ng, tr,..) LISTENING n1 v n n n1 n1 n1 n1 L, nghi l Bao, gi Khay Ngi dn chng trnh T tin, ng b Ba tic ln Phc lnh Bn th n2 n1 n1

33. ceremony 34.wrap 35.tray 36.Master of Ceremony 37.ancestor 38.banquet 39.blessing 40. altar 41. leaf palm leaves 42.rim 43. rib 44. strap 45. conical leaf hat

WRITING n Chic l l c, da, tht lt, .. n n n n1 Vnh, mp Sn, gng Quai (nn) Nn l

II. Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 5
1. A. obliged 2. A. conical 3. A. confide 4. A. engage 5. A. similarity B. contractual B. marriage B. banquet B. ceremony B. independent C. determine C. romantic C. cultural C. majority C. generation D. counterpart D. sacrifice D. attitude D. maintain D. diversity

III. Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest. 15
1. A. precede 2. A. takes 3. A. romantic 4. A. tension 5. A. stopped B. reject B. pens B. marriage B. decision B. talked C. schedule C. boats C. attract C. provision C. married D. wedding D. traps D. private D. precision D. passed

MC PW -T asks ss to choose the word that is stressed differently from the others -in pairs, ss do the exercise ss call out their answers. T corrects. MC PW -T asks ss to choose the word that has the underlined letter(s) pronounced differently from the others -In pairs, ss do the exercise ss call out their answers. T corrects.

IV. Choose the best option.

MC
-T asks ss to read the

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1. John cannot make a _______ to get married to Mary or stay single until he can afford a house and a car. A. decide B. decision C. decisive D. decisively 2. A curriculum that ignores ethnic tensions, racial antagonisms, cultural _____ and religious differences is not relevant. A. diversity B. contacts C. barriers D. levels 3. Some researchers have just ______ a survey of young peoples points of view on contractual marriage. A. sent B. directed C. managed D. conducted 4. It is not easy to _________ our beauty when we get older and older. A. develop B. maintain C. gain D. collect 5. Many young people have objected to _______ marriage, which is decided by the parents of the bride and groom. A. agreed B. shared C. contractual D. sacrificed 6. All parents are _______ to at least try to behave in ways that will give their own children an important protection. A. decided B. supposed C. followed D. rejected 7. It is thought that traditional marriage _______ are important basis of limiting divorce rates. A. appearances B. records C. responses D. values 8. Affected by the Western cultures, Vietnamese young peoples attitudes _________ love and marriage have dramatically changed. A. for B. with C. through D. towards 9. Sometimes she does not agree ________ her husband about child rearing but they soon find the solutions. A. for B. on C. with D. of 10. It will take more or less a month to prepare for the wedding. A. approximately B. generally C. frankly D. simply 11. The more _________ and positive you look, the better you will feel. A. confide B. confident C. confidently D. confidence 12. Mr. Pike held his wifes hands and talked urgently to her in a low voice, but there didnt seem to be any response. A. feeling B. emotion C. reply D. effect 13. Socially, the married _________ is thought to be the basic unit of society. A. couple B. pair C. twins D. double 14. Professor Berg was very interested in the diversity of cultures all over the world. A. variety B. changes C. conversation D. number 15. You are not _________ to say anything unless you wish to do so. A. obliged B. willing C. equal D. attracted

statements and choose the best option to complete them -In pairs, ss do the exercise. ss call out their answers. Others give comments. T corrects.

Gap-fill (MC)
-T asks ss to read the passage and choose the best option to complete them. -In pairs, ss do the exercise. ss call out their answers. Others give comments. T corrects.

V. Read the passage and choose the best option to fill in each numbered blank.
Most Americans eat three meals (1)____ the day: breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Breakfast begins between 7:00 and 8:00 a.m., lunch between 11:00 a.m. and noon, and dinner between 6:00 and 8:00 p.m. On Sundays brunch is a (2)_____ of breakfast and lunch, typically beginning at 11:00 a.m. Students often enjoy a study break or evening snack around 10:00 or 11:00 p.m. Breakfast and lunch tend to be light meals, with only one (3)________. Dinner is the main meal. (4)________ breakfast Americans will eat cereal with milk which are often mixed (5)________ in a bowl, a glass of orange juice, and toasted bread or muffin with jam, butter, or margarine. Another common breakfast meal is scrambled eggs or (6)________ omelet with potatoes and breakfast meat (bacon or sausage). People who are on (7)________ eat just a cup of yogurt. Lunch and dinner are more (8)________. When eating at formal dinner, you may be overwhelmed by the number of utensils. How do you (9)____ the difference between a salad fork, a butter fork and a dessert fork? Most Americans do not know the answer (10)_____. But knowing which fork or spoon to use first is simple: use the outermost utensils first and the utensils closest to the plate last. 1. A. in B. for C. on D. during 2. A. addition B. connection C. combination D. attachment 3. A. course B. food C. menu D. goods 4. A. For B. In C. At D. With 5. A. each other B. together C. one another D. others 6. A. a B. an C. the D. no article 7. A. holiday B. engagement C. diet D. duty 8. A. vary B. variety C. varied D. variously 9. A. say B. talk C. speak D. tell 10. A. too B. either C. so D. neither

UNIT 2. CULTURAL DIVERSITY


Vocabulary 1.diversity 2.marriage -To be/ get married 3.romantic 4.attract attractive 5.contractual 6.bride 7.groom 8. counterpart 9.suppose 10.survey 11.conduct 12.determine 13.attitude 14.response 15.concern 16.maintain 17.appearance 18.majority 19.wise unwise 20.confide 21.partnership 22.reject 23.approval READING n2 n1 adj2 v2 adj2 adj2 n n n1 v2 n1 v2 v2 n1 n2 v2 v2 n2 n2 adj adj v2 n1 v2 n2 Meaning Vocabulary 24.equal 25.sacrifice 26.significant 27.oblige 28. follow precede 29.counterpart Meaning adj1 v1 adj2 v2 V1 v2 n1

SPEAKING 30.generation N3 31.income n1 32.groceries n1 LISTENING 33. ceremony n1 34.wrap v 35.tray n 36.Master of Ceremony n 37.ancestor n1 38.banquet n1 39.blessing n1 40. altar n1 WRITING 41. leaf n palm leaves 42.rim n 43. rib n 44. strap n 45. conical leaf hat n1

II. Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. A. obliged B. contractual C. determine D. counterpart 2. A. conical B. marriage C. romantic D. sacrifice 3. A. confide B. banquet C. cultural D. attitude 4. A. engage B. ceremony C. majority D. maintain 5. A. similarity B. independent C. generation D. diversity III. Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest. 1. A. precede B. reject C. schedule D. wedding 2. A. takes B. pens C. boats D. traps 3. A. romantic B. marriage C. attract D. private 4. A. tension B. decision C. provision D. precision 5. A. stopped B. talked C. married D. passed IV. Choose the best option. 1. John cannot make a _______ to get married to Mary or stay single until he can afford a house and a car. A. decide B. decision C. decisive D. decisively 2. A curriculum that ignores ethnic tensions, racial antagonisms, cultural _____ and religious differences is not relevant. A. diversity B. contacts C. barriers D. levels 3. Some researchers have just ______ a survey of young peoples points of view on contractual marriage. A. sent B. directed C. managed D. conducted

4. It is not easy to _________ our beauty when we get older and older. A. develop B. maintain C. gain D. collect 5. Many young people have objected to _______ marriage, which is decided by the parents of the bride and groom. A. agreed B. shared C. contractual D. sacrificed 6. All parents are _______ to at least try to behave in ways that will give their own children an important protection. A. decided B. supposed C. followed D. rejected 7. It is thought that traditional marriage _______ are important basis of limiting divorce rates. A. appearances B. records C. responses D. values 8. Affected by the Western cultures, Vietnamese young peoples attitudes _________ love and marriage have dramatically changed. A. for B. with C. through D. towards 9. Sometimes she does not agree ________ her husband about child rearing but they soon find the solutions. A. for B. on C. with D. of 10. It will take more or less a month to prepare for the wedding. A. approximately B. generally C. frankly D. simply 11. The more _________ and positive you look, the better you will feel. A. confide B. confident C. confidently D. confidence 12. Mr. Pike held his wifes hands and talked urgently to her in a low voice, but there didnt seem to be any response. A. feeling B. emotion C. reply D. effect 13. Socially, the married _________ is thought to be the basic unit of society. A. couple B. pair C. twins D. double 14. Professor Berg was very interested in the diversity of cultures all over the world. A. variety B. changes C. conversation D. number 15. You are not _________ to say anything unless you wish to do so. A. obliged B. willing C. equal D. attracted V. Read the passage and choose the best option to fill in each numbered blank. Most Americans eat three meals (1)____ the day: breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Breakfast begins between 7:00 and 8:00 a.m., lunch between 11:00 a.m. and noon, and dinner between 6:00 and 8:00 p.m. On Sundays brunch is a (2)_____ of breakfast and lunch, typically beginning at 11:00 a.m. Students often enjoy a study break or evening snack around 10:00 or 11:00 p.m. Breakfast and lunch tend to be light meals, with only one (3)________. Dinner is the main meal. (4)________ breakfast Americans will eat cereal with milk which are often mixed (5)________ in a bowl, a glass of orange juice, and toasted bread or muffin with jam, butter, or margarine. Another common breakfast meal is scrambled eggs or (6)________ omelet with potatoes and breakfast meat (bacon or sausage). People who are on (7)________ eat just a cup of yogurt. Lunch and dinner are more (8)________. When eating at formal dinner, you may be overwhelmed by the number of utensils. How do you (9)____ the difference between a salad fork, a butter fork and a dessert fork? Most Americans do not know the answer (10)_____. But knowing which fork or spoon to use first is simple: use the outermost utensils first and the utensils closest to the plate last. 1. A. in B. for C. on D. during 2. A. addition B. connection C. combination D. attachment 3. A. course B. food C. menu D. goods 4. A. For B. In C. At D. With 5. A. each other B. together C. one another D. others 6. A. a B. an C. the D. no article 7. A. holiday B. engagement C. diet D. duty 8. A. vary B. variety C. varied D. variously 9. A. say B. talk C. speak D. tell 10. A. too B. either C. so D. neither

GRADE 12 OPTIONAL

CHANGING TENSES

Week: 4 Date: Class: 12B12,13,14

Period 4

Objective: By the end of the lesson, the students will be able to rewrite sentences by changing the tenses from present perfect to simple past tense. Teaching aids: handouts. Procedure:
TIME CONTENT TS & SS ACTIVITIES

Warmer Retell the formation and the usage of the simple past , present perfect, present perfect continuous, past perfect. Presentation Model 1 S+ have/has (not) +V3/ed .+for+ time It is +time+since+S+(last)+V2/ed Ex: 1. I have not gone to the dentist for two years It is two years since I last went to the dentist 2.He hasnt been back to his home town for over twenty years . Its over twenty years since he were last back to his home town. 3. I have written to her for 5 years. It is 5 years since I wrote to her. Model 2 S+have/has + never (not)+V3/ed before This/ It is the first time +S+have/has+V3/ed Ex: 1.My grandfather hasnt been to hospital before. Its the first time my grandfather has been to hospital . 2.I have never read this book before. This is the first time I have read this book. Model 3 S+have/has+not+V3/ed.for+ time since+ time since S+V2/ed S +last+V2/ed. + time +ago in/at+time when S+V2/ed The last time+S+V2/ed+was Ex 1.They have not seen Tom since 2004. The last time they saw Tom was in 2004. They last saw Tom in 2004. 2. I have not gone to visit her for 2 months. The last time I went to visit her was 2 months ago. I last went to visit her 2 months ago. 3. I havent played football since I came to England. The last time I played football was when I came to England. I last played football when I came to England.

Checking old lesson

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+ T gives the form and explains one by one + Sts take notes

Model 4 S +V (started / began ) +V-ing / to V+ time +ago +in/ at + time S +have /has +been +V-ing+ for+ time S +have /has +V3/ed+ since+ time Ex: 1. She started working here five years ago. She has been working here for five years 2. John has played the piano for ten years. John began playing the piano ten years ago Model 5 Before +S +V (s.past)..+S +V (past perfect). After +S +V (past perfect)+S +V (s.past) Ex 1.I went for a walk after having dinner. I went for a walk after I had had dinner. Before I went for a walk , I had had dinner. 2. He watched T .V then he went to bed. Before he went to bed, he had watched TV. After he had watched TV, he went to bed

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PRACTICE REWRITE THESE SENTENCES 1. My father hasnt driven a car before. This is the first time my father drove a car. 2. This is the first time he has behaved so violently. He has never behaved so violently before. 3. My friends started to study English when they were 5. My friends have been studying English since they were 5. 4. It began raining at one oclock. It has been raining since one oclock. 5. He played football but first he did all his homework. Before he played football, he had done all his homework. 6. I havent seen Mary since July. The last time I saw Mary was July. 7. I last saw my friend ten years ago. The last time I saw my friend was ten years ago. I havent seen my friends for ten years. 8. It is two week since I last told her by phone. I have told her by phone for two week. 9. I havent been to England for five years. It is five years since I last went to England. 10. Tom and Mary have got married for five years. It is five years since Tom and Mary got married. HOMEWORK

+ Learn the formation using changing tenses + Do all the exercises again. Transformation + T explains the way how to do the exercises + T models the first sentence. + Sts do exercises in pairs. + T gives feed back.

TENSE TRANSFORMATION EXERCISE: REWRITE THESE SENTENCES 11. My father hasnt driven a car before. This is the first time_______________________ 12. This is the first time he has behaved so violently. He ______________________________________ 13. My friends started to study English when they were 5. My friends have ____________________________ 14. It began raining at one oclock. It has _________________________________ 15. He played football but first he did all his homework. Before he ___________________________ 16. I havent seen Mary since July. The last time___________________________ 17. I last saw my friend ten years ago. The last time________________________________ I havent ________________________________ 18. It is two week since I last told her by phone. I have _______________________ 19. I havent been to England for five years. It is ____________________________________ 20. Tom and Mary have got married for five years. It is _____________________________________

TENSE TRANSFORMATION

EXERCISE: REWRITE THESE SENTENCES 21. My father hasnt driven a car before. This is the first time_______________________ 22. This is the first time he has behaved so violently. He ______________________________________ 23. My friends started to study English when they were 5. My friends have ____________________________ 24. It began raining at one oclock. It has _________________________________ 25. He played football but first he did all his homework. Before he ___________________________ 26. I havent seen Mary since July. The last time___________________________ 27. I last saw my friend ten years ago. The last time________________________________ I havent ________________________________ 28. It is two week since I last told her by phone. I have _______________________ 29. I havent been to England for five years. It is ____________________________________ 30. Tom and Mary have got married for five years. It is _____________________________________

GRADE 12 OPTIONAL

UNIT 3. VOCABULARY - READING

Period 5

Objectives: By the end of the lesson, ss will be able to: + recognize the sounds + choose the best option (vocabulary & reading passage). Materials: handouts Procedure: Time Content

Week: 5 Date: Class: 12B12, 13, 14

Ts & Ss activities

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1. Give the meaning and part of speech of the words below.


Vocabulary Meaning READING 1.socialize v1 giao tip 2.attract v2 thu ht n2 s thu ht attraction attractive 3.attention 4.verbal non-verbal 5.wave 6.signal 7.communicate communication 8.appropriate 9.nod 10.slightly 11.assistance 12.whistle 13.clap 14.rude 15.informality 16.brief 17.suppose 18.approach a2 n1 a1 a2 v n1 v2 n4 a2 v adv1 n2 v1 v a n3 a v2 v2 v hp dn s ch bng li khng li, phi ngn vy tay du hiu giao tip s giao tip ph hp gt u nh s h tr hut so v th bo s thn thin vn tt gi s n ch Meaning SPEAKING 20.compliment v,n khen 21.decent a1 lch s 22.handle v1 cm, nm; gii quyt 23.terrific a2 xut sc LISTENING 24.potential a2 tim tang 25.battleground n1 chin trng 26.argument 27.marvelous 28.regulation 29.absolute 30.maximum 31.instant 32.startling 33.reasonable 34.install 35.object 36.chitchat 37.abrupt 38.departure 39.farewell 40.apology apologize n1 s tranh lun a1 tuyt diu n3 lut l a1 tuyt i a,n1 ti a a1 khn cp a1 lm git mnh a1 c l v2 lp t v2 phn i n,v1 chuyn phim WRITING v2 bt ng; kh th l n2 s khi hnh n2 hnh ng cho tm bit ai n2 s xin li v2 xin li Vocabulary

Vietnamese equivalents -T asks ss to find the Vietnamese equivalents of the words in the table. -Ss do the task. -Ss call out their answers. -T helps ss get the right answers.

19.point to/at

II. Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest 5
1. A. attract 2. A. signal 3. A. allowed 4. A. discuss 5. A. excited B. clap B. slightly B. passed B. jump B. excuse C. wave C. polite C. argued C. argument C. exchange D. hand D. excite D. raised D. public D. example

MC PW -T asks ss to choose the word that is stressed differently from the others -in pairs, ss do the exercise ss call out their answers. T corrects. MC PW -T asks ss to choose the word that has the underlined letter(s) pronounced differently from the others -In pairs, ss do the exercise ss call out their answers. T corrects.

III. Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest 15
1. A. approach 2. A. marvelous 3. A. apologetics 4. A. verbal 5. A. compliment B. attract B. assistant B. communicate B. polite B. absolute C. decent C. maximum C. attention C. common C. fashionable D. install D. argument D. appropriate D. social D. suppose

IV. Choose the best option A, B, C or D that best completes the following sentences.
1. He agreed ______ them on the need for change. A. about B. for C. to D. with 2. While studying he was financially dependent ________ his parents. A. on B. to C. of D. from 3. In many cultures, people signify their agreement by _______ their head. A. turning B. raising C. pointing D. nodding 4. Its rude to point ________ someone. A. on B. out C. at D. up 5. The proposal will go ahead despite strong ______ from the public. A. objections B. refusals C. resistances D. disagreements 6. Although I spoke to him many times, he never paid me any ___________ to what I said. A. notice B. care C. mind D. attention 7. As you _______ to the town, youll see the college on the left. A. come B. advance C. approach D. access 8. After listening to all the _________ I am now of the opinion that there should be no new road.

MC -T asks ss to read the statements and choose the best option to complete them -In pairs, ss do the exercise. ss call out their answers. Others give comments. T corrects.

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A. attitudes B. regulations C. compliments D. arguments 9. Some people think it is ___________ to ask someones age. A. rude B. polite C. courteous D. impolite 10. Body language is a potent form of _______ communication. A. verbal B. non-verbal C. tongue D. oral 11. Our teacher often said, "Who knows the answer? _______ your hand." A. Rise B. Lift C. Raise D. Heighten 12. This is the instance where big, obvious non-verbal signals are appropriate. A. situation. B. attention C. place D. matter 13. Pay more attention _______ picture and you can find out who is the robber. A. to B. for C. at D. on 1. Maria: Im taking my end-of-term examination tomorrow.Sarah: _______________ A. Good luck B. Good day C. Good time D. Good chance 2. We wish you______. A. good luck B. congratulation C. happy D. enjoy yourself

V. Read the passage carefully, then choose the correct answer.


Sometimes people add to what they say even when they dont talk. Gestures are the silent language of every culture. We point a finger or move another part of the body to show what we want to say. It is important to know the body language of every country or we may misunderstand. In the United States, people greet each other with a handshake in a formal introduction. The handshake must be firm. If the handshake is weak, it is a sign of weakness or unfriendliness. Friends may place a hand on the others arm or shoulder. Some people, usually women, greet a friend with a hug. Space is important to Americans. When two people talk to each other, they usually stand about two and a half feet away and at an angle, so they are not too close. They will move back to have their space. If Americans touch another person by accident, they say Pardon me or Excuse me. Americans like to look the other person in the eyes when they are talking. If you dont do so, it means you are bored, hiding something, or are not interested. But when you stare at someone, it is not polite. For Americans, thumbs-up means yes, very good and well-done. Thumbs- down means the opposite. To call the waiter, raise one hand to head level or above. To show you want the check, make a movement of your hands as if you are signing a piece of paper. It is all right to point at things but not at people with the hand and index finger. Americans shake their index finger at children when they scold them and pat them on the head whey they admire them. Learning a cultures body language is sometimes confusing. If you dont know what to do, the safest thing to do is to smile. 1. If you are introduced to a stranger from the USA, you should.. A. greet him with a hug B. place a hand on his shoulder C. shake his hand weakly D. shake his hand firmly 2. American people often A. show their friendship by touching each other B. face each other directly when they are talking C. say Pardon me. to each other when they are talking D. get uncomfortable whey you stand or sit too close to them 3. When your friend gives you a thumbs-up, he, in fact, A. shows his rudeness to you B. shows his anger to you C. expresses his satisfaction to you D. expresses his worries about you 4. Which of the following is NOT true about the culture of the United States? A. Its impolite to look the other person in the eyes while talking. B. Its rude to look at the other person for a long time. C. Pointing at someone is usually considered rude. D. Its all right to raise your hand slightly when you want to attract the waiters attention.

Answer the Questions -T asks ss to read the passage and choose the best option to answer the questions. -In pairs, ss do the exercise. ss call out their answers. Others give comments. T corrects.

UNIT 3. WAYS OF SOCIALIZING


Vocabulary 1.socialize 2.attract attraction attractive 3.attention READING v1 v2 n2 a2 n2 Meaning Vocabulary SPEAKING 20.compliment v,n 21.decent a1 22.handle v1 23.terrific a2 LISTENING Meaning

4.verbal non-verbal 5.wave 6.signal 7.communicate communicatio n 8.appropriate 9.nod 10.slightly 11.assistance 12.whistle 13.clap 14.rude 15.informality 16.brief 17.suppose 18.approach 19.point at

a1 a2 v n1 v2 n4 a2 v adv1 n2 v1 v a n3 a v2 v2 v

24.potential 25.battleground 26.argument 27.marvelous 28.regulation 29.absolute 30.maximum 31.instant 32.startling 33.reasonable 34.install 35.object 36.chitchat 37.abrupt 38.departure 39.farewell 40.apology apologize

a2 n1 n1 a1 n3 a1 a,n1 a1 a1 a1 v2 v2 n,v1 WRITING v2 n2 n2 n2 v2

I. Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest 1. A. attract B. clap C. wave D. hand 2. A. signal B. slightly C. polite D. excite 3. A. allowed B. passed C. argued D. raised 4. A. discuss B. jump C. argument D. public 5. A. excited B. excuse C. exchange D. example II. Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest 1. A. approach B. attract C. decent D. install 2. A. marvelous B. assistant C. maximum D. argument 3. A. apologetics B. communicate C. attention D. appropriate 4. A. verbal B. polite C. common D. social 5. A. compliment B. absolute C. fashionable D. suppose III. Choose the best option A, B, C or D that best completes the following sentences. 1. He agreed ______ them on the need for change. A. about B. for C. to D. with 2. While studying he was financially dependent ________ his parents. A. on B. to C. of D. from 3. In many cultures, people signify their agreement by _______ their head. A. turning B. raising C. pointing D. nodding 4. Its rude to point ________ someone. A. on B. out C. at D. up 5. The proposal will go ahead despite strong ______ from the public. A. objections B. refusals C. resistances D. disagreements 6. Although I spoke to him many times, he never paid me any ___________ to what I said. A. notice B. care C. mind D. attention 7. As you _______ to the town, youll see the college on the left. A. come B. advance C. approach D. access 8. After listening to all the _________ I am now of the opinion that there should be no new road. A. attitudes B. regulations C. compliments D. arguments 9. Some people think it is ___________ to ask someones age. A. rude B. polite C. courteous D. impolite 10. Body language is a potent form of _______ communication. A. verbal B. non-verbal C. tongue D. oral 11. Our teacher often said, "Who knows the answer? _______ your hand."

A. Rise B. Lift C. Raise D. Heighten 12. This is the instance where big, obvious non-verbal signals are appropriate. A. situation. B. attention C. place D. matter 13. Pay more attention _______ picture and you can find out who is the robber. A. to B. for C. at D. on 1. Maria: Im taking my end-of-term examination tomorrow.Sarah: _______________ A. Good luck B. Good day C. Good time D. Good chance 2. We wish you______. A. good luck B. congratulation C. happy D. enjoy yourself IV. Read the passage carefully, then choose the correct answer. Sometimes people add to what they say even when they dont talk. Gestures are the silent language of every culture. We point a finger or move another part of the body to show what we want to say. It is important to know the body language of every country or we may misunderstand. In the United States, people greet each other with a handshake in a formal introduction. The handshake must be firm. If the handshake is weak, it is a sign of weakness or unfriendliness. Friends may place a hand on the others arm or shoulder. Some people, usually women, greet a friend with a hug. Space is important to Americans. When two people talk to each other, they usually stand about two and a half feet away and at an angle, so they are not too close. They will move back to have their space. If Americans touch another person by accident, they say Pardon me or Excuse me. Americans like to look the other person in the eyes when they are talking. If you dont do so, it means you are bored, hiding something, or are not interested. But when you stare at someone, it is not polite. For Americans, thumbs-up means yes, very good and well-done. Thumbs- down means the opposite. To call the waiter, raise one hand to head level or above. To show you want the check, make a movement of your hands as if you are signing a piece of paper. It is all right to point at things but not at people with the hand and index finger. Americans shake their index finger at children when they scold them and pat them on the head whey they admire them. Learning a cultures body language is sometimes confusing. If you dont know what to do, the safest thing to do is to smile. 1. If you are introduced to a stranger from the USA, you should.. A. greet him with a hug B. place a hand on his shoulder C. shake his hand weakly D. shake his hand firmly 2. American people often A. show their friendship by touching each other B. face each other directly when they are talking C. say Pardon me. to each other when they are talking D. get uncomfortable whey you stand or sit too close to them 3. When your friend gives you a thumbs-up, he, in fact, A. shows his rudeness to you B. shows his anger to you C. expresses his satisfaction to you D. expresses his worries about you 4. Which of the following is NOT true about the culture of the United States? A. Its impolite to look the other person in the eyes while talking. B. Its rude to look at the other person for a long time. C. Pointing at someone is usually considered rude. D. Its all right to raise your hand slightly when you want to attract the waiters attention.

GRADE 12 OPTIONAL

REPORTED SPEECH Objective: By the end of the lesson, the students will be able to report sentences. Teaching aids: handouts. Procedure:
TIME CONTENT

Week: 6 Date: Class:

Period 6

TS & SS ACTIVITIES

I. Warmer Complete the table

Checking old lesson

Direct speech HT HTTD HTHT / QK Will / can / may/ have to / must / am / is / are going to Should / might / could II. Practice 1. Choose the best option
1.

Reported speech

-Tasks Ss to write the forms of Reported Speech on the B. -Ss give the answer. _T checks with the class.

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How long _____ here ?, asked Jane. A. you have been B. you had been C. had you been D. have you been 2. She wanted to know ______. A. what was happening B. was happening C. it was happening D. what happened D. was happening what 3. Do you know ______ ? asked the man. A. where is the ticket office B. where the ticket office is C. the ticket office is D. where was the ticket office 4. The teacher asked Mary ______ the previous match. A. who wins B. who is winning C. who had won D. that won 5. My father asked me _____ of the film. A. what do you think B. what I think C. what did you think D. what I thought 6. Why hasnt Minh phoned? she wondered A. she wondered why Minh hasnt phoned B. she wondered why Minh didnt phone C. she wondered why Minh hadnt phoned D. she wondered why hadnt Minh phoned 7. Could you tell me how to get to the airport? A. he asked me how to get to the airport B. he said if I could tell him the airport C. he told me how to get to the airport D. he asked me to tell how to get to the airport 8. Have you heard of her marriage? A. she asked me if I hear of their marriage D. B and C B. she asked me whether I had heard of their marriage C. she asked me if I had heard of their marriage 9. Cindy said that I havent seen John since last month. A. Cindy said she hasnt seen John since the previous month B. Cindy said she hadnt seen John since the previous month C. Cindy said she wasnt seen John since the previous month D. Cindy said she doesnt see John since the previous month 10. The little boy said two and two make four. A.The little boy said that two and two made four. B.The little boy said that two and two have made four. C.The little boy said that two and two had made four. D.The little boy said that two and two make four.

Multiple Choice -T asks ss to read the statements and choose the best option to complete them -In pairs, ss do the exercise. - Ss call out their answers. - Others give comments. - T corrects.

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2. Change the following sentences into reported speech Did the mechanic finish repairing my car ? , said the woman . ........................................................ I worked very hard when I was young, Mrs Pike said . ....................................................... Have you signed your name yet ?, said the manager . ........................................................ Who were you talking to an hour ago ?, said the police . .......................................................... I havent heard from Jim for more than 10 years, said Bill . ......................................................... Dont tell my parents about my absence, Ann I told her . ......................................................... How long have they lived in this town ? , said the man . ........................................................

Transformation + T explains the way how

to do the exercises + T models the first sentence. + Sts do exercises in pairs. + T gives feed back.

Bring the camera with you when you go on holiday next week, she told her brother . ....................................................... Did you phone me yesterday ? Tom asked Mary . ........................................................ We bought this house in 1990, they said to me.
................................................................

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Answer keys: The woman asked if the mechanic had finished repairing his car. Mrs Pike said that she had worked very hard when she had been The manager asked me if I had signed my name yet The police asked who I had been talking to an hour before. Bill told her that he hadnt heard from Jim for more than 10 years. I told Ann not to tell my parents about my absence. The man asked her how long they had lived in that town. She told her brother to bring the camera with him when he went on holiday the following week. 9. Tom asked Mary if she had phoned him the day before. 10. They told me they had bought this house in 1990. 3. Identify the one underlined part that must be changed in order to make the sentence correct. 1. They asked him washing the glassware in the laboratory carefully 2. They said that they had a lift but very often it doesnt work . 3. They said that they went to the supermarket before coming home. 4. David asked me telling him the time. 5. I warned them not climb the mountain in such bad weather. 6. They said that they voluntarily spend their vacations teaching illiterate people to read & write. 7. The policeman ordered the suspect to not remove his hands from the car. 8. My sister reminded me locking the door before going to school. 9. He warned us to be careful of strangers and not going out at night. 10. He told me what time I had returned home from work the day before. * Answer keys: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. washing to wash doesn t work didnt work went had gone telling to tell climb to climb 6. spend had spent 7. to not remove not to remove 8. locking to lock 9. not going not go 10. told asked

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Multiple Choice - T asks SS to identify the one underlined part that must be changed in order to make the sentence correct. -Ss work in pairs to do the task. -Ss give answer. - T corrects with the class.

III. HOMEWORK: Do all the exercises again.

REPORTED SPEECH STATEMENT


S + said told + O (that) + S + V

IMPERATIVE

asked S + told + O (not) to inf Advised

1. Choose the best option 1. How long _____ here ?, asked Jane. A. you have been B. you had been C. had you been D. have you been 2. She wanted to know ______. A. what was happening B. was happening C. it was happening D. what happened 3. Do you know ______ ? asked the man. A. where is the ticket office B. where the ticket office is C. the ticket office is D. where was the ticket office 4. The teacher asked Mary ______ the previous match. A. who wins B. who is winning C. who had won D. that won 5. My father asked me _____ of the film. A. what do you think B. what I think C. what did you think D. what I thought 6. Why hasnt Minh phoned? she wondered A. she wondered why Minh hasnt phoned B. she wondered why Minh didnt phone C. she wondered why Minh hadnt phoned D. she wondered why hadnt Minh phoned 7. Could you tell me how to get to the airport? A. he asked me how to get to the airport B. he said if I could tell him the airport C. he told me how to get to the airport D. he asked me to tell how to get to the airport 8. Have you heard of her marriage? A. she asked me if I hear of their marriage B. she asked me whether I had heard of their marriage C. she asked me if I had heard of their marriage D. B and C 9. Cindy said that I havent seen John since last month. A. Cindy said she hasnt seen John since the previous month B. Cindy said she hadnt seen John since the previous month C. Cindy said she wasnt seen John since the previous month D. Cindy said she doesnt see John since the previous month 10. The little boy said two and two make four. A.The little boy said that two and two made four. B.The little boy said that two and two have made four. C.The little boy said that two and two had made four. D.The little boy said that two and two make four.

2. Change the following sentences into reported speech 1. Did the mechanic finish repairing my car ? , said the woman . ........................................................ 2. I worked very hard when I was young, Mrs Pike said . ....................................................... 3. Have you signed your name yet ?, said the manager . ........................................................ 4. Who were you talking to an hour ago ?, said the police . .......................................................... 5. I havent heard from Jim for more than 10 years, said Bill . ......................................................... 6. Dont tell my parents about my absence, Ann I told her . ......................................................... 7. How long have they lived in this town ? , said the man . ........................................................ 8. Bring the camera with you when you go on holiday next week, she told her brother . ....................................................... 9. Did you phone me yesterday ? Tom asked Mary . ........................................................ 10. We bought this house in 1990, they said to me. ................................................................ 3. Identify the one underlined part that must be changed in order to make the sentence correct. 1. They asked him washing the glassware in the laboratory carefully 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. They said that they had a lift but very often it doesnt work . They said that they went to the supermarket before coming home. David asked me telling him the time. I warned them not climb the mountain in such bad weather. They said that they voluntarily spend their vacations teaching illiterate people to read & write. The policeman ordered the suspect to not remove his hands from the car. My sister reminded me locking the door before going to school. He warned us to be careful of strangers and not going out at night.

10. He told me what time I had returned home from work the day before.

GRADE 12 OPTIONAL

UNIT 4. VOCABULARY - READING

Period 7
Week: 7 Date: Class: 12b12, 13, 14

Objectives: By the end of the lesson, ss will be able to: + recognize the sounds + choose the best option (vocabulary & reading passage). Materials: handouts Procedure: Time 10 Content 1. Give the meaning and part of speech of the words below:
Vocabulary 1. system 2. fact 3. compulsory 4. consist 5. term 6. academic Meaning READING n1 h thng n s kin, s vic adj2 p buc. v2 n adj3 gm c hc k thuc hc vin, c tnh cht hc thut. ring bit song song trng thi hng loi cp, trnh . chng trnh ging dy li, im trung tm. chnh ph mi trng giy chng nhn hc ph s bt buc chi tit Vocabulary 20. effectively 21. nursery 22. kindergarten 23. optional 24. similarity 25. tearaway 26. disruptive 27. methodical 28. actually 29. public 30. struggle 31. result 32. current 33. algebra 34. statistic 35. typical 36. advance 37. annual 38. conference Meaning SPEAKING adv2 c kt qu n1 nh tr n1 lp mu gio adj1 ty n3 s ging nhau LISTENING n1 adj2 adj 2 adv1 n1 v1 n2 adj1

Ts and Ss Activities
Vietnamese equivalents

7. separate 8. parallel 9. state 10. category 11. level 12. curriculum 13. core 14. government 15. environment 16. certificate 17. tuition 18. force 19. detail

adj1 adj1 n n1 n1 n2 n n1 n2 n2 n2 n n1

ngi hung h v v trch nhim ph v c phng php tht s, hin nay. cng chng, cng cng. u tranh kt qu hin hnh

- T asks Ss to give the part of speech and meaning of these words. -T asks Ss to work individually to do the exercise at home - Ss share the answers in pairs. - T gives feedback.

LANGUAGE FOCUS n1 i s hc n2 adj1 n2 adj1 n1 thng tin c thng k tiu biu, in hnh. s tin ln hng nm hi ngh

2. Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced Multiple Choice differently from the rest - Ss work individually 1. A. student B. education C. tuition D. curriculum to do the exercise. 2. A. certificate B. state C. break D. grade - Ss share the answers 3. A. primary B. divide C. examine D. science in pairs. 4. A. compulsory B. certificate C. secondary D. category - T gives feedback.
5. A. technology 1. A. 2. A. 3. A. 4. A. 5. A. B. chemistry B. B. B. B. B. C. children C. C. C. C. C. D. school D. D. D. D. D.

3. Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest


government education essential require academic selective compulsory average select advanced January technology promotion follow achievement primary intelligent deliver divide aggressive

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4. Choose the best option A, B, C or D that best completes the Multiple Choice following sentences - Ss work individually 1. The state school system can be divided __________ two levels of education: primary to do the exercise. education and secondary education. - Ss share the answers A. in B. into C. up D. with in pairs. 2.____________ the end of the school year, students take an exam in each subject. - T gives feedback. A. On B. To C. In D. At
3. Children are required to be in full-time education ____________ 16. the ages of 5 and

A. at B. from C. between D. by 4. In Britain it is ___________for children to attend school between the ages of five and sixteen. A. enforced B. compulsory C. obliged D. made 5. This school has the highest ____________ standards in the area. A. learning B. intelligence C. academic D. study 6. In spite of his poor ____________ , he was a most articulate speaker. A. education B. appearance C. condition D. performance 7. Students usually ___________ their GCSEs at the age of sixteen. A. pass B. make C. take D. follow 8. By the age of twenty-five he had __________ his ambition of becoming a pianist. A. reached B. completed C. obtained D. achieved 9. The school day is divided into 6 - 7 lessons in different _____________. A. curriculums B. subjects C. schedules D. syllabuses 10. The school year normally has three ____________, with exams at the end of the year. A. terms B. semesters C. seminars D. Systems 11. As an ____________, Mr. Pike is very worried about the increasing of juvenile delinquency. A. educate B. education C. educator D. educative 12. In England, primary education is provided by state schools run by the government and by __________ fee-paying schools. A. independent B. independently C. depended D. independence 13. The United Nations Secretary-General has often spoken of the need for individual ___________and human rights in his speeches. A. free B. freedom C. freely D. freeing 14. ______________ is the study of the events of the past. A. Geography B. History C. Arts D. Literature 15. English is an important ____________that is required in several national examinations. A. language B. test C. evaluation D. subject 16. ____________is the study of the Earth's physical features and the people, plants, and animals that live in different regions of the world. A. Science B. Geography C. History D. Technology

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5. Choose the word or phrase among A, B, C or D that best fits Multiple Choice the blank space in the following passage - Ss work individually Children in (1) ___________Netherlands must be at least four years old to (2)___________primary education. Almost all 4-year-olds (99.3%) in the country indeed to do the exercise. attend primary school, (3)_________this is not compulsory until children reach the age - Ss share the answers (4)___________ 5. Primary school is free of charge. In most schools, children are in pairs. grouped by (5) ___________in mixed ability classes, with one teacher for all subjects. - T gives feedback.
Primary school (6)_____________ of 8 groups, thus schooling (7)_____________for 8 years. During the first two years, which (8)___________ kindergarten, children receive an average of 22 hours of (9)____________, during the, last 6 years children receive an average of 25 hours per week. Schools are open 5 days a week, but children are free on Wednesday afternoon. At the end of primary school, or in group 8, schools advice on secondary school choice. Most schools use a national test to support this advice, for instance the 'Citotoets', a test (10)____________ by the Central Institute for Test development. 1. A. a B. an C. the D. No article 2. A. afford B. enter C. come D. run 3. A. although B. despite C. in spite D. due to 4. A. of B. on C. in D. for 5. A. old B. elderly C. aging D. age 6. A. includes B. contains C. consists D. composes 7. A. spends B. lasts C. lengthens D. takes 8. A. also called B. is also called C. is called also D. is also calling 9. A. educate B. educative C. educator D. education 10. A. develop B. to develop C. developed D. Developing

Unit 4 . SCHOOL EDUCATION SYSTEM


1. Give the meaning and part of speech of the words below Vocabulary 1. system 2. fact 3. compulsory 4. consist 5. term 6. academic 7. separate 8. parallel 9. state 10. category 11. level 12. curriculum 13. core 14. government 15. environment 16. certificate 17. tuition 18. force 19. detail Meaning READING n1 n adj2 v2 n adj3 adj1 adj1 n n1 n1 n2 n n1 n2 n2 n2 n n1 Vocabulary Meaning SPEAKING 20. effectively adv2 21. nursery n1 22. kindergarten n1 23. optional adj1 24. similarity n3 LISTENING 25. tearaway n1 26. disruptive adj2 27. methodical adj 2 28. actually adv1 29. public n1 30. struggle v1 31. result n2 32. current adj1 LANGUAGE FOCUS 33. algebra n1 34. statistic n2 35. typical adj1 36. advance n2 37. annual adj1 38. conference n1

2. Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest 1. A. student B. education C. tuition D. curriculum 2. A. certificate B. state C. break D. grade 3. A. primary B. divide C. examine D. science 4. A. compulsory B. certificate C. secondary D. category 5. A. technology B. chemistry C. children D. school 3. Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest 1. A. government B. selective C. January D. primary 2. A. education B. compulsory C. technology D. intelligent 3. A. essential B. average C. promotion D. deliver 4. A. require B. select C. follow D. divide 5. A. academic B. advanced C. achievement D. aggressive 4. Choose the best option A, B, C or D that best completes the following sentences. 1. The state school system can be divided __________ two levels of education: primary education and secondary education. A. in B. into C. up D. with 2.____________ the end of the school year, students take an exam in each subject. A. On B. To C. In D. At 3. Children are required to be in full-time education ____________the ages of 5 and 16. A. at B. from C. between D. by 4. In Britain it is ___________for children to attend school between the ages of five and sixteen. A. enforced B. compulsory C. obliged D. made 5. This school has the highest ____________ standards in the area. A. learning B. intelligence C. academic D. study 6. In spite of his poor ____________ , he was a most articulate speaker. A. education B. appearance C. condition D. performance

7. Students usually ___________ their GCSEs at the age of sixteen. A. pass B. make C. take D. follow 8. By the age of twenty-five he had __________ his ambition of becoming a pianist. A. reached B. completed C. obtained D. achieved 9. The school day is divided into 6 - 7 lessons in different _____________. A. curriculums B. subjects C. schedules D. syllabuses 10. The school year normally has three ____________, with exams at the end of the year. A. terms B. semesters C. seminars D. Systems 11. As an ____________, Mr. Pike is very worried about the increasing of juvenile delinquency. A. educate B. education C. educator D. educative 12. In England, primary education is provided by state schools run by the government and by __________ fee-paying schools. A. independent B. independently C. depended D. independence 13. The United Nations Secretary-General has often spoken of the need for individual ___________and human rights in his speeches. A. free B. freedom C. freely D. freeing 14. ______________ is the study of the events of the past. A. Geography B. History C. Arts D. Literature 15. English is an important ____________that is required in several national examinations. A. language B. test C. evaluation D. subject 16. ____________is the study of the Earth's physical features and the people, plants, and animals that live in different regions of the world. A. Science B. Geography C. History D. Technology 5. Choose the word or phrase among A, B, C or D that best fits the blank space in the following passage. Children in (1)___________Netherlands must be at least four years old to (2)___________primary education. Almost all 4-year-olds (99.3%) in the country indeed attend primary school, (3)_________this is not compulsory until children reach the age (4)___________ 5. Primary school is free of charge. In most schools, children are grouped by (5) ___________in mixed ability classes, with one teacher for all subjects. Primary school (6)_____________ of 8 groups, thus schooling (7)_____________for 8 years. During the first two years, which (8)___________ kindergarten, children receive an average of 22 hours of (9)____________, during the, last 6 years children receive an average of 25 hours per week. Schools are open 5 days a week, but children are free on Wednesday afternoon. At the end of primary school, or in group 8, schools advice on secondary school choice. Most schools use a national test to support this advice, for instance the 'Citotoets', a test (10)____________ by the Central Institute for Test development. 1. A. a B. an C. the D. No article 2. A. afford B. enter C. come D. run 3. A. although B. despite C. in spite D. due to 4. A. of B. on C. in D. for 5. A. old B. elderly C. aging D. age 6. A. includes B. contains C. consists D. composes 7. A. spends B. lasts C. lengthens D. takes 8. A. also called B. is also called C. is called also D. is also calling 9. A. educate B. educative C. educator D. education 10. A. develop B. to develop C. developed D. Developing

GRADE 12 OPTIONAL

PASSIVE VOICE

Period 8
Week: 8 Date: Class: 12B12, 13, 14

Objective: By the end of the lesson, students will able to: - remember forms of passive voice and use them correctly - change sentences into passive voice. Teaching aids: handouts. Procedure:

Time 5

Contents I. Warmer: Rearrange these words to make meaningful sentence. 1. car / a / Tom / buys / new. 2. Tom / car / new / bought / a / by / is 1. Tom buys a new car. 2. A new car is bought by Tom. II.Review: Form : Active: Passive: S+V+O S + be + V(ed, 3) + by + O

Ts & Ss activities Sentence building -T asks Ss to work in pairs and write meaningful sentence. -T gives the correct answer -T analyses the above sentence and asks Ss to remind the form of the passive voice.

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Notes: Adverbs of time are usually put at the end of the passive sentences. Sometimes they can be put at the beginning of the passive one. Adverbs of place are put before by + O. The passive can be used, also, in various tenses. Tenses Active Form Passive Form 1. Present simple Vo / s / es am / is / are + V3 / ed 2. Present perfect have / has + V3 / ed have / has + been + V3 / ed 3.Present progressive am / is / are + V- am / is / are + being + V3 / ed ing 4. Past simple V2 / ed were / was + V3 / ed 5. Past perfect had + V3 / ed had + been + V3 / ed 6. Past progressive were / was + V-ing were / was + being + V3 / ed 7. Future simple will + vo will + be + V3 / ed - T gives examples, explains and gives forms.

* Special cases 1. Verbs of perception


S + see / hear / watch / notice / smell / look / feel...+ O + V/Ving S + BE + seen / heard / watched / noticed / smelt / looked / felt...+to V/Ving + (BY O)

Ex: They saw her come in.

She was seen to come in. Ex: Mary sent me a telegram. Ex: I was sent a telegram by Mary.
A telegram was sent to me by Mary.

2. 2 objects S + V + Op + Ot S (Op) + BE + Ved3 + Ot + (BY O)


S (Ot) + BE + Ved3 + prep. + Op + (BY O)

3. BEGIN, CONTINUE
S + continue/begin + to V + O Ex: Well continue to use this computer. S + continue/begin + to be + Ved3 + (BY O) Ex: This computer will continue to be used.

4. MAKE
S + make + O + V... Ex: They made us work until the evening. S + BE + made + To V + (BY O) Ex: We were made to work until the evening.

5. LET S + let + O + V... Ex: They let us smoke here. 6. Causative form: HAVE, GET
S + have + Op + V + Ot get + + To V Ex: I
had the mechanic repair got the mechanic to repair

S + BE + let + V + (BY O) S + BE + allowed + To V + (BY O) Ex: We were let smoke here. We were allowed to smoke here.
S + have / get + Ot + VeD.3rd + (BY Op)

my car

Ex: I had / got my car repaired by the mechanic.

ACTIVE PASSIVE 1. People sell newspapers everywhere in the city. _______________________________ 2. People dont keep those books for reference.__________________________________ 4. Thieves broke into our house while we were on holiday. ______________________ 5. Nobody has seen him since last week. ______________________________ 7. They had prepared a dinner before we came. _______________________________ 8. They will hold the meeting before May Day. __________________________________ 5. The chief engineer was instructing all the workers of the plant. ____________________ 8. My father is planting trees in the garden. ___________________________________ 9. Im writing her a letter. She________________________________ A letter__________________________ 10. I will get someone to translate this letter for you. I will have someone_______________________________________ I will have this letter______________________________________ 11. People rumor that Tom won the lottery. It ____ Tom ________________________________________________ 12. People saw him steal your car. _______________________ 13. People will continue to drink Coca-Cola in the 21st century. ____________________________________________

ACTIVE PASSIVE 1. People sell newspapers everywhere in the city. _______________________________ 2. People dont keep those books for reference.__________________________________ 4. Thieves broke into our house while we were on holiday. ______________________ 5. Nobody has seen him since last week. ______________________________ 7. They had prepared a dinner before we came. _______________________________ 8. They will hold the meeting before May Day. __________________________________ 5. The chief engineer was instructing all the workers of the plant. ____________________ 8. My father is planting trees in the garden. ___________________________________ 9. Im writing her a letter. She________________________________ A letter__________________________ 10. I will get someone to translate this letter for you. I will have someone_______________________________________ I will have this letter______________________________________ 11. People rumor that Tom won the lottery. It ____ Tom ________________________________________________ 12. People saw him steal your car. _______________________ 13. People will continue to drink Coca-Cola in the 21st century. ____________________________________________

GRADE 12 OPTIONAL

UNIT 5. VOCABULARY - READING

Period 9
Week: 9 Date : Class

Objectives: By the end of the lesson, ss will be able to: + recognize the sounds + choose the best option (vocabulary & reading passage). Materials: handouts Procedure: Time Content 10 I. Give the meaning and part of speech of the words below.
Meaning READING campus n1 khun vin trng fight for/ back exp. chin u cho / chng li tear n nc mt blame v li daunting adj1 lm nn lng amazing adj2 lm ngc nhin scary adj1 s hi challenge n1 s th thch thoroughly adv1 hon ton project n1 k hoch , d n creativity n3 s/ c sng to mate n bn inflation n2 s lm pht SPEAKING admission n2 s chp nhn tertiary institution n1-3 trng i hc application form n3 n xin vic identity card reference letter original n2 n1 n2 cmnd th gii thiu bn gc Vocabulary Vocabulary proportion tutorial appointment agriculture rural local shy make use of deal with undergraduate Meaning LISTENING n2 s cn i n2 (thuc) gia s

Ts & Ss activities
Vietnamese equivalents -T asks ss to find the Vietnamese equivalents of the words in the table. -Ss do the task. -Ss call out their answers. -T helps ss get the right answers.

n2 cuc hn, s b nhim n1 nng nghip adj1 thuc nng thn adj1 thuc a phng adj mc c exp. s dng exp. i mt n3 sv cha tt nghip WRITING accommodation n4 qu trnh iu chnh proficiency n2 s ti gii, thnh tho LANGUAGE FOCUS philosophy n2 trit hc sociology n3 x hi hc geographical adj3 thuc/ lien quan n a l archaeology n3 kho c hc psychology n2 tm l hc entrance n2k thi tuyn examination 4 thief n trm socio-linguistics n5 thuc ngn ng x hi hc

II. Choose the word whose main stress is placed differently from the others.
1. A. university B. international 2. A. available B. certificate 3. A. lecturer B. identity 4. A. tertiary B. reference 5. A. considerable B. engineering C. agricultural C. opportunity C. socially C. insurance C. economics D. philosophy D. tutorial D. calendar D. thoroughly D. academic

III. Choose the word that has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.
1. A. blame 2. A. course 3. A. achieved 4. A. admission 5. A. explanation B. amaze B. daunt B. advanced B. measure B. experience C. scary C. taught C. required C. decision C. existence D. inflation D. college D. replied D. pleasure D. exciting

MC PW -T asks ss to choose the word that is stressed differently from the others -in pairs, ss do the exercise ss call out their answers. T corrects. MC PW -T asks ss to choose the word that has the underlined letter(s) pronounced differently from the others -In pairs, ss do the exercise ss call out their answers. T corrects.

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IV. Choose the one word or phrase A, B, C, or D that best completes the MC sentence.
1. My brother is 20. Hes still __________ university in York. A. in B. on C. at D. for 2. She has got a degree __________ Biochemistry from London University. A. in B. for C. on D. of 3. Students have to apply __________ a place at the university while doing the A level. A. in B. on C. from D. for 4. The college he __________ to has accepted him. A. submitted B. required C. applied D. decided 5. Success should not be measured solely by __________ achievement. A. educated B. educating C education D. educational 6. For this course a pass in English at grade B is __________. A. acceptable B. available C. accessible D. decisive

-T asks ss to read the statements and choose the best option to complete them -In pairs, ss do the exercise. ss call out their answers. Others give comments. T corrects.

15

7. Several students failed to reach the __________ standard. A. require B. required C. requisite D. requirement 8. To be offered a place at such a good university is quite a(n) __________. A. proficiency B. preference C. achievement D. benefit 9. Whenever something goes wrong, everyone __________ it on me. A. blames B. charges C. insists D. accuses 10. He got an excellent grade in his exam ________ the fact that he had not worked particularly hard. A. on account of B. in spite of C. because of D. even though 11. You can meet Mr. Pike, who is __ behalf __the university to solve the problems of foreign students. A. on / of B. in / for C. with / at D. for / at 12. ________ colleges and ________ universities are the main institutions that provide tertiary education. A. The / B. / the C. The / the D. / 13. The making of good habits ________ a determination to keep on training your child. A. require B. requires C. requirement D. required 14. He was the only ________ that was offered the job. A. apply B. applicant C. application D. applying

10

VI. Read the passage and choose the best option to fill in each numbered blank.
Heres some advice for trying to find the university that works for you. 1. You need to examine (1) ________ and your reasons for going to university before you start your search. Why are you going? What are your abilities and strengths? What are your weaknesses? What do you want out of life? Are you socially self-sufficient (2) ________ do you need warm, familial (3) ________? Talk with your family, friends and high-school counsellors as you ask these questions. The people (4) ________ know you best can help you the most with these important issues. 2. Very few high-school students have enough information or (5) ________ to choose a major. You need to be well (6) ________ to determine your interest and aptitude. Many students (7) ________ their minds two or three times before they settle on a major. 3. If you do not have to go university right (8) ________ it is never too late. There is no such thing as the perfect time to start university. Some students benefit from a year off to work, study or travel, and these experiences (9) ________ them to be better, more engaged students. Some students choose to apply to university and gain admission and then defer their entrance, while others wait for to apply until after they have had (10) ________ alternative experience. 1. A. you B. your C. yours D. yourself 2. A. or B. but C. nor D. either 3. A. support B. bringing C. feeding D. growth 4. A. which B. whom C. who D. whose 5. A. expenditure B. experience C. experiment D. expert 6. A. prepare B. prepared C. preparation D. preparative 7. A. transform B. translate C. change D. convert 8. A. for B. up C. over D. away 9. A. allow B. make C. let D. advise 10. A. a B. an C. the D. no article

Gap-fill (MC) -T asks ss to read the passage and choose the best option to complete them. -In pairs, ss do the exercise. ss call out their answers. Others give comments. T corrects.

Unit 5 . HIGHER EDUCATION

I.

Give the meaning and part of speech of the words below.

Vocabulary 1.campus 2.fight for/ back 3.tear 4.blame 5.daunting 6.amazing 7.scary 8.challenge 9.thoroughly 10.project 11.creativity 12.mate 13.inflation 14.admission 15.tertiary institution 16.application form 17.identity card 18.reference letter 19.original 38.thief READING n1 exp. n v adj1 adj2 adj1 n1 adv1 n1 n3 n n2 SPEAKING n2 n1-3 n3 n2 n1 n2 n

Meaning

Vocabulary LISTENING 20.proportion 21.tutorial 22.appointment 23.agriculture 24.rural 25.local 26.shy 27.make use of 28.deal with 29.undergraduate

Meaning

n2 n2 n2 n1 adj1 adj1 adj exp. exp. n3 WRITING 30.accommodation n4 31.proficiency n2 LANGUAGE FOCUS 32.philosophy n2 33.sociology n3 34.geographical 35.archaeology 36.psychology 37.entrance examination 39.socio-linguistics adj3 n3 n2 n1-4 n5

II. Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. A. university B. international C. agricultural 2. A. available B. certificate C. opportunity 3. A. lecturer B. identity C. socially 4. A. tertiary B. reference C. insurance 5. A. considerable B. engineering C. economics D. academic

D. philosophy D. tutorial D. calendar D. thoroughly

III. Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest.

1. A. blame B. amaze C. scary D. inflation 2. A. course B. daunt C. taught D. college 3. A. achieved B. advanced C. required D. replied 4. A. admission B. measure C. decision D. pleasure 5. A. explanation B. experience C. existence D. exciting IV. Choose the best option. 1. My brother is 20. Hes still __________ university in York. A. in B. on C. at D. for 2. She has got a degree __________ Biochemistry from London University. A. in B. for C. on D. of 3. Students have to apply __________ a place at the university while doing the A level. A. in B. on C. from D. for 4. The college he __________ to has accepted him. A. submitted B. required C. applied D. decided 5. Success should not be measured solely by __________ achievement. A. educated B. educating C education D. educational 6. For this course a pass in English at grade B is __________.

A. acceptable B. available C. accessible D. decisive 7. Several students failed to reach the __________ standard. A. require B. required C. requisite D. requirement 8. To be offered a place at such a good university is quite a(n) __________. A. proficiency B. preference C. achievement D. benefit 9. Whenever something goes wrong, everyone __________ it on me. A. blames B. charges C. insists D. accuses 10. He got an excellent grade in his exam ________ the fact that he had not worked particularly hard. A. on account of B. in spite of C. because of D. even though 11. You can meet Mr. Pike, who is __ behalf __the university to solve the problems of foreign students. A. on / of B. in / for C. with / at D. for / at 12. ________ colleges and ________ universities are the main institutions that provide tertiary education. A. The / B. / the C. The / the D. / 13. The making of good habits ________ a determination to keep on training your child. A. require B. requires C. requirement D. required 14. He was the only ________ that was offered the job. A. apply B. applicant C. application D. applying V. Read the passage and choose the best option to fill in each numbered blank. Heres some advice for trying to find the university that works for you. 4. You need to examine (1) ________ and your reasons for going to university before you start your search. Why are you going? What are your abilities and strengths? What are your weaknesses? What do you want out of life? Are you socially self-sufficient (2) ________ do you need warm, familial (3) ________? Talk with your family, friends and high-school counsellors as you ask these questions. The people (4) ________ know you best can help you the most with these important issues. 5. Very few high-school students have enough information or (5) ________ to choose a major. You need to be well (6) ________ to determine your interest and aptitude. Many students (7) ________ their minds two or three times before they settle on a major. 6. If you do not have to go university right (8) ________ it is never too late. There is no such thing as the perfect time to start university. Some students benefit from a year off to work, study or travel, and these experiences (9) ________ them to be better, more engaged students. Some students choose to apply to university and gain admission and then defer their entrance, while others wait for to apply until after they have had (10) ________ alternative experience. 1. A. you B. your C. yours D. yourself 2. A. or B. but C. nor D. either 3. A. support B. bringing C. feeding D. growth 4. A. which B. whom C. who D. whose 5. A. expenditure B. experience C. experiment D. expert 6. A. prepare B. prepared C. preparation D. preparative 7. A. transform B. translate C. change D. convert 8. A. for B. up C. over D. away 9. A. allow B. make C. let D. advise 10. A. a B. an C. the D. no article

GRADE 12 OPTIONAL

CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

Period
Week: Date: Class: 12B12, 13, 14

Objective: By the end of the lesson, the students will be able to: give the correct form of the verbs make conditional sentences from the situation given Teaching aids: handouts. Procedure:
TIME CONTENT

TS & SS ACTIVITIES

I. Warmer Give the form, usage and signals of conditional clauses. Suggested answer
Type 1 S + V(-to)S/ES , S+ V (-to) 2 S + Ved/2nd (bewere) , S + would could might +V(-to) If-clause Main clause will can may V (-to)S/ES + V(-to) Use iu kin c tht, iu c th xy ra hin ti hoc tng lai. iu kin khng c tht hin ti Adv of time Tomorro w, next in the future, Now, right now, at the moment, at present, at once, today, Yesterday , last, ago, in the past,

Checking old lesson

+ T gives the form and explains one by one. + Sts take notes.

S+ had+ Ved/3rd ,

S + would could might

+ have +Ved/3rd

iu kin khng c tht trong qu kh

II. EXERCISES
Exercise 1. Put the verbs in bracket into the correct tenses: 1. If I see him, I (give) ____________him a gift. 2. If I had a typewriter, I (type) ______________it myself. 3. If I had known that you were in hospital, I (visit) ______________you. 4. You could make better progress if you (attend)____________class regularly. 5. If I (know) ______________his telephone number, Id give it to you. Answer key 1.will give 3.would have visited 5.knew 2.would type 4.attended Exercise 2. Make conditional sentences according to the facts provided: 1. Study English hard or youll fail the exam. If you dont study English hard, youll. 2. Dont make noise or you will wake the baby up. If you make noise, you .) 3. Because you dont leave immediately, I call a policeman. If you left immediately, I wouldnt call a policeman.

Transformation + T explains the way how

5. His friends were so late, so they missed the train.


If his friends hadnt been so late, they wouldnt have missed the train. Exercise 3. Use Unless instead of If: 1. If you are not careful, you will cut yourself with that knife. Unless you are careful, you will cut yourself with that knife. 2. If she does not hurry, shell be late. Unless she hurries, shell be late. 3. If we had more rain, our crop would be better. Unless we had more rain, our crop wouldnt be better. Exercise 4. Rewrite the following sentences without using If.

to do the exercises + T models the first sentence. + Sts do exercises in pairs. + T gives feed back.

1. If I were you, Id accept the job. Were I you, Id accept the job. 2. If you had told me that he never paid his debts, I wouldnt have lent him money. Had you told me that he never paid his debts, I wouldnt have lent him money. III. CHOOSE THE BEST OPTION 1. If I _________ time, Ill help you. A. have B. had C. had had D. will have 2. If I _________ a lot of money now, I _________ buy a new car. A. have / will buy B. have / would buy C. had / will buy D. had / would buy 3. If I _________ you, I _________ do that. A. am / will B. were / will C. were / would D. had been / would 4. The coffee was too hot for me to drink. A. If the coffee were so hot, I can't drink it. B. If the coffee hadnt been so hot, I wouldnt have drunk. C. Had the coffee been so hot, I could drink. D. Unless the coffee had been so hot, I could have drunk it. 5. If I _________ to the party last night, I _________ tired now. A. had gone / would be B. had gone / would have been C. went / would be D. went / would have been 6. Tom got to the station in time. If he _________ the train, he _________ late for his interview. A. missed / would have been B. had missed / would be C. missed / would be D. had missed / would have been 7. Its good that Ann reminded me about Toms birthday. I _________ if she _________. A. would forget / hadnt reminded B. would have forgotten / didnt remind C. would forget / didnt remind D. would have forgotten / hadnt reminded 8. You wont pass the examination _________ you study more. A. as long as B. unless C. if D. whether 9. Joe cant hear _________ you shout. A. if B. providing C. unless D. whether 10. You can use my car _________ you drive carefully. A. whether B. until C. unless D. as long as 11. She was tired, so she didnt enjoy the party.
A. If she were tired, she wouldnt enjoy the party. B. If she hadnt been tired, she would have enjoyed the party. C. If she werent tired, she would enjoy the party. D. If she had been tired, she wouldnt have enjoyed the party.

Choose the best option T asks ss to choose the best option to complete the sentences. In pairs, ss do the task. T checks and corrects.

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IV. PICK OUT THE MISTAKE 1. If I am a film director, I would make more films about children.
A B C D

2. Unless it rains, we will stay at home.


A B C D

3.

If had I known she was in financial difficulty, I would have lent her some money.
A B C D

4.

If we had a big house, we can invite our friends to stay.


A B C D

V. HOMEWORK+ Do all the exercises again.

Finding mistakes T asks ss to read the sentences, find the mistakes and correct them. Ss do the exercise. T checks and correct them.

CONDITIONAL SENTENCES Exercise 1. Put the verbs in bracket into the correct tenses: 1. If I see him, I (give) ____________him a gift. 2. If I had a typewriter, I (type) ______________it myself. 3. If I had known that you were in hospital, I (visit) ______________you. 4. You could make better progress if you (attend)____________class regularly. 5. If I (know) ______________his telephone number, Id give it to you. Exercise 2. Make conditional sentences according to the facts provided: 1. Study English hard or youll fail the exam. If 2. Dont make noise or you will wake the baby up. If 3. Because you dont leave immediately, I call a policeman. If 5. His friends were so late, so they missed the train. If Exercise 3. Use Unless instead of If: 1. If you are not careful, you will cut yourself with that knife. Unless 2. If she does not hurry, shell be late. Unless 3. If we had more rain, our crop would be better. Unless Exercise 4. Rewrite the following sentences without using If. 1. If I were you, Id accept the job. 2. If you had told me that he never paid his debts, I wouldnt have lent him money. Exercise 5. CHOOSE THE BEST OPTION 1. If I _________ time, Ill help you. A. have B. had C. had had D. will have 2. If I _________ a lot of money now, I _________ buy a new car. A. have / will buy B. have / would buy C. had / will buy D. had / would buy 3. If I _________ you, I _________ do that. A. am / will B. were / will C. were / would D. had been / would 4. The coffee was too hot for me to drink. A. If the coffee were so hot, I can't drink it. B. If the coffee hadnt been so hot, I wouldnt have drunk. C. Had the coffee been so hot, I could drink. D. Unless the coffee had been so hot, I could have drunk it. 5. If I _________ to the party last night, I _________ tired now. A. had gone / would be B. had gone / would have been C. went / would be D. went / would have been 6. Tom got to the station in time. If he _________ the train, he _________ late for his interview. A. missed / would have been B. had missed / would be C. missed / would be D. had missed / would have been 7. Its good that Ann reminded me about Toms birthday. I _________ if she _________. A. would forget / hadnt reminded B. would have forgotten / didnt remind C. would forget / didnt remind D. would have forgotten / hadnt reminded 8. You wont pass the examination _________ you study more. A. as long as B. unless C. if D. whether 9. Joe cant hear _________ you shout. A. if B. providing C. unless D. whether 10. You can use my car _________ you drive carefully.A. whether B. until C. unless D. as long as 11. She was tired, so she didnt enjoy the party. A. If she were tired, she wouldnt enjoy the party. B. If she hadnt been tired, she would have enjoyed the party. C. If she werent tired, she would enjoy the party. D. If she had been tired, she wouldnt have enjoyed the party. Exercise 7. PICK OUT THE MISTAKE 1. If I am a film director, I would make more films about children. 2. Unless it rains, we will stay at home. 3. If had I known she was in financial difficulty, I would have lent her some money. 4. If we had a big house, we can invite our friends to stay.

GRADE 12 OPTIONAL

UNIT 6. VOCABULARY - READING

Period 11
Week: Date : Class: 12B12, 13, 14

Objectives: By the end of the lesson, Ss will be able to: + recognize the sounds + choose the best option (vocabulary & reading passage). Materials: handouts Procedure: Time Content 10 I. Give the meaning and part of speech of the words below.
Vocabulary 1. casual 2. humour 3. stressful 4. particularly 5. impression 6. interviewer 7. vacancy 8. application 9. candidate 10. recommendation 11. previous 12. jot down 13. qualification 14. relate (to) 15. neatly 16. concentrate 17. technical 18. aspect 19. enthusiasm 20. keenness 21. disappointed READING adj1 n1 adj1 adv4 n2 n1 n1 n3 n1 n4 adj1 phr v n4 v2 adv1 adj1 adj1 n1 n2 n1 adj3 Meaning ngu nhin, cu th s hi hc, tm trng cng thng 1 cch ring bit n tng ngi phng vn ch trng s ng dng ngi ng c s gii thiu trc, u tin vit vi, vit nhanh phm cht lin h gn gng tp trung chuyn mn din mo, kha cnh s hng hi s sc bn tht vng Vocabulary 22. comment 23. shortcomings n1 n1 Meaning li bnh lun li, thiu st

Ts & Ss activities
Vietnamese equivalents -T asks Ss to find the Vietnamese equivalents of the words in the table. -Ss do the task. -Ss call out their answers. -T helps Ss get the right answers.

SPEAKING 24. imaginary 25. imagine 26. customer 27. construct 28. irrigation 29. rewarding 30. fascinating 31. fantastic 32. workforce 33. retail 34. wholesale 35. category 36. sector 37. accompany 38. willingness 39. available 40. arrow adj2 o v2 tng tng n1 khch hng v2 lm xy dng n3 s ti adj2 b ch, tha mn adj1 hp dn, li cun adj2 k qui LISTENING n1 lc lng lao ng n1, s bn l, bn l v2 n1, v s bn s, bn s n1 hng loi n1 khu vc, lnh vc WRITING v2 i theo, ph thm n1 adj2 n1 s bng lng c sn, c gi tr tn, mi tn

II.Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest.
1. A. wear 2. A. application 3. A. rsum 4. A. advantage 5. A. Character B. clear B. education B. retail B. adventure B. challenge B. retail B. qualify B. category B. irrigation B. experience C. Real C. addition C. reduce C. advertise C. technical C. repair C. recommend C. vacancy C. electrician C. financial D. gear D. question D. remember D. advice D. psychology D. relate D. interview D. rsum D. receptionist D. technique

III. Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest.
1. A. reduce 2. A. advertise 3. A. enthusiasm 4. A. manufacture 5. A. confidence

15

IV. Choose the best option.


1. Since he went to university, Mike has become very interested ______ environment issues. A. in B. on C. at D. for 2. It's piecework, so how much you earn depends ____________ how fast you can work. A. in B. on C. of D. to 3. She has been ___________ for an interview for the manager's job. A. called B. carried C. hold D. brought 4. The agency will let you know if they have any suitable ____________. A. redundancies B. vacancies C. abilities D. capabilities 5. One condition of this job is that you must be _____________ to work at weekends. A. available B. capable C. acceptable D. accessible 6. A skilled ___________ will help candidates feel relaxed. A. interview B. interviewing C. interviewee D. interviewer 7. The company employs a ____________ of nearly 5000.

MC PW -T asks Ss to choose the word that is stressed differently from the others -in pairs, Ss do the exercise Ss call out their answers. T corrects. MC PW -T asks Ss to choose the word that has the underlined letter(s) pronounced differently from the others -In pairs, Ss do the exercise Ss call out their answers. T corrects.

MC
-T asks Ss to read the statements and choose the best option to complete them -In pairs, Ss do the exercise. Ss call out their answers. Others give comments. T corrects.

A. workload B. workman C. workforce D. workout 8. With so much ___________, I'm lucky to be in work. A. employees B. employers C. employment D. unemployment 9. She is not very keen ___________ going to Spain again so soon for holidays. A. for B. on C. of D. to 10. There's a rumour that the National Bank is going to _________ the company I work for. A. take on B. take out of C. take off D. take over 11. He was offered the job despite his poor ___________. A. achievements B. preparations C. qualifications D. expressions 12. In addition to a competitive salary, the company offers attractive __________ benefit. A. employing B. employee C. employer D. employment 13. The questions are the central point of the whole interview procedure and should be planned __________. A. in consequence B. in time C. in advance D. in conscience 14. I shall do the job to the best of my ___________. A. capacity B. ability C. knowledge D. talent 15. Although we've been interviewing all day, we haven't managed to find a __________applicant. A. suitable B. self-confident C. successful D. appropriate 16. People usually use more ____ language when they're in serious situations like interviews. A. formal B. informal C. serious D. solemn 17. I am so ___________ that I cannot say anything, but keep silent. A. nerve B. nervous C. nervously D. nervousness

10

V. Read the passage and choose the best option answer the questions. MC
Susan was very nervous about her interview . For at least before it she was worried about it . She really wanted the job but she knew that a lot of people wanted to do that too .She had been told that there were a great many applicants for it , so she prepared herself . She made notes of what she might be asked and of what she wanted to ask . When the day came , she arrived half an hour early . There were ten other people waiting to be interviewed . They all looked much more confident than she did . One by one , the others were called . Each of them came out looking satisfied . Susan was the last one to be called into the interview room. The three interviewers were all very serious and they didnt seem to be interested in her. She forgot all the answers she had prepared and said the first thing that came into her head . Afterwards she was sure she wouldnt get the job , but two days later she got a letter telling her she had been chosen because she had been the only one who acted naturally . 1. Before the interview , Susan ________ . A. took care of her appearance B. made notes of what she might be asked C. paid much attention to her gestures D. looked for the information concerning the job she wanted 2. At the waiting room , Susan ________ . A. looked more confident than the other applicants B. seemed less confident than the other applicants C. looked as confident as the other applicants D. didnt look so nervous as the other applicants 3. What is not true about Susan ? A. She felt that she had nothing to lose C. She was confident of her ability B.She said the first thing that came into her head D. She felt so relaxed at the interview room 4. What was the attitude of the three interviewers to Susan? A. They seemed interested in talking to Susan. B. They were very cheerful. C. They kept smiling. D. They seemed indifferent and were very serious. 5. Why was Susan chosen for the job ? A. She was lucky when being interviewed . C. She was so confident of her ability B. She could answer all the questions thoroughly. D. She spoke out naturally during the interview. -T asks Ss to read the text and choose the best option to answer the questions. -In pairs, Ss do the exercise. Ss call out their answers. Others give comments. T corrects.

HOMEWORK Learn vocabulary by heart. Prepare next part.

Unit 6. FUTURE JOBS


I. Give the meaning and part of speech of the words below. Vocabulary Meaning Vocabulary Meaning READING 22. comment n1 1. casual adj1 23. shortcomings n1 2. humour n1 SPEAKING 3. stressful adj1 24. imaginary adj2 4. particularly adv4 25. imagine v2 5. impression n2 26. customer n1 6. interviewer n1 27. construct v2 7. vacancy n1 28. irrigation n3 8. application n3 29. rewarding adj2 9. candidate n1 30. fascinating adj1 10. recommendation n4 31. fantastic adj2 11. previous adj1 LISTENING 12. jot down phr v 32. workforce n1 13. qualification n4 33. retail n1, v2 14. relate (to) v2 34. wholesale n1, v 15. neatly adv1 35. category n1 16. concentrate adj1 36. sector n1 17. technical adj1 WRITING 18. aspect n1 37. accompany v2 19. enthusiasm n2 38. willingness n1 20. keenness n1 39. available adj2 21. disappointed adj3 40. arrow n1
II. Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest.

1. A. wear B. clear C. Real D. gear 2. A. application B. education C. addition D. question 3. A. rsum B. retail C. reduce D. remember 4. A. advantage B. adventure C. advertise D. advice 5. A. Character B. challenge C. technical D. psychology III. Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. A. reduce B. retail C. repair D. relate 2. A. advertise B. qualify C. recommend D. interview 3. A. enthusiasm B. category C. vacancy D. rsum 4. A. manufacture B. irrigation C. electrician D. receptionist 5. A. confidence B. experience C. financial D. technique IV. Choose the best option. 1. Since he went to university, Mike has become very interested ______ environment issues. A. in B. on C. at D. for 2. It's piecework, so how much you earn depends ____________ how fast you can work. A. in B. on C. of D. to 3. She has been ___________ for an interview for the manager's job. A. called B. carried C. hold D. brought 4. The agency will let you know if they have any suitable ____________. A. redundancies B. vacancies C. abilities D. capabilities 5. One condition of this job is that you must be _____________ to work at weekends. A. available B. capable C. acceptable D. accessible 6. A skilled ___________ will help candidates feel relaxed. A. interview B. interviewing C. interviewee D. interviewer 7. The company employs a ____________ of nearly 5000. A. workload B. workman C. workforce D. workout 8. With so much ___________, I'm lucky to be in work.

A. employees B. employers C. employment D. unemployment 9. She is not very keen ___________ going to Spain again so soon for holidays. A. for B. on C. of D. to 10. There's a rumour that the National Bank is going to _________ the company I work for. A. take on B. take out of C. take off D. take over 11. He was offered the job despite his poor ___________. A. achievements B. preparations C. qualifications D. expressions 12. In addition to a competitive salary, the company offers attractive __________ benefit. A. employing B. employee C. employer D. employment 13. The questions are the central point of the whole interview procedure and should be planned __________. A. in consequence B. in time C. in advance D. in conscience 14. I shall do the job to the best of my ___________. A. capacity B. ability C. knowledge D. talent 15. Although we've been interviewing all day, we haven't managed to find a __________applicant. A. suitable B. self-confident C. successful D. appropriate 16. People usually use more ____ language when they're in serious situations like interviews. A. formal B. informal C. serious D. solemn 17. I am so ___________ that I cannot say anything, but keep silent. A. nerve B. nervous C. nervously D. nervousness VII. Read the following passage and choose the best answer : Susan was very nervous about her interview . For at least before it she was worried about it . She really wanted the job but she knew that a lot of people wanted to do that too .She had been told that there were a great many applicants for it , so she prepared herself . She made notes of what she might be asked and of what she wanted to ask . When the day came , she arrived half an hour early . There were ten other people waiting to be interviewed . They all looked much more confident than she did . One by one , the others were called . Each of them came out looking satisfied . Susan was the last one to be called into the interview room. The three interviewers were all very serious and they didnt seem to be interested in her. She forgot all the answers she had prepared and said the first thing that came into her head . Afterwards she was sure she wouldnt get the job , but two days later she got a letter telling her she had been chosen because she had been the only one who acted naturally . 1. Before the interview , Susan ________ . A. took care of her appearance B. made notes of what she might be asked C. paid much attention to her gestures D. looked for the information concerning the job she wanted 2. At the waiting room , Susan ________ . A. looked more confident than the other applicants B. seemed less confident than the other applicants C. looked as confident as the other applicants D. didnt look so nervous as the other applicants 3. What is not true about Susan ? A. She felt that she had nothing to lose B.She said the first thing that came into her head C. She was confident of her ability D. She felt so relaxed at the interview room 4. What was the attitude of the three interviewers to Susan? A. They seemed interested in talking to Susan. B. They were very cheerful. C. They kept smiling. D. They seemed indifferent and were very serious 5. Why was Susan chosen for the job ? A. She was lucky when being interviewed . C. She was so confident of her ability B. She could answer all the questions thoroughly. D. She spoke out naturally during the interview

GRADE 12 OPTIONAL

RELATIVE CLAUSE

Period
Week: Date: Class: 12b12, 13, 14

Objective: By the end of the lesson, the students will be able to: Use relative pronouns Teaching aids: handouts. Procedure:
TIME CONTENT

TS & SS ACTIVITIES

Warmer N(ngi) +

who / that

+V

Checking old lesson

N(ngi) + whom / who / that / + S + V N(vt) + which / that + V N(vt) + which / that / + S + V N + whose + N Gii t whom (ngi) on / in/ which (vt) ngi & vt i t bt nh (someone, ..) ALL/ ONLY/ VERY So snh nht N S TT (the first, ..) Danh t ring This / that / My / your / N + cm gii t EXERCISES
I. Complete the following sentences with all possible relative words. Put commas where necessary. 1. She likes the teacher whom/ who/ that/ she learnt history with in high school. 2. His children enjoy the cake which / that/ Mr. Rice made for them. 3. Have you been to the York Art Gallery? It was a new exhibition which/ that includes the works of several artists. 4. The scientist who / that was doing a research on biology was a great one. 5. The operation which / that / the surgeon performed on my uncle was very dangerous. 6. Could you show me someone that knows the answer? 7. The Titanic, which sank in 1912, was supposed to be unsinkable. 8. Do you remember the day when we first met? 9. Have you ever visited An Giang , where I was born? 10. Sickness was the reason why Mary was absent from school.

+ T elitcits the way to use relative pronouns. + Sts take notes.

that

, relative pronoun , THAT

Gap-fill

II. Combine each pair of sentences by using relative clauses.


1. I bought a cell phone. I can use it to send and receive e-mail. I bought the cell phone which I can use to send and receive e-mail. 2. The man and his dog came back. They hunted many things. The man and his dog that hunted many things came back. 3. The girl is smiling at me. Do you know her.? Do you know the girl who is smiling at me? 4. The man is my father. I respect his opinion most. The man whose opinion I respect most is my father. 5. A roommate has never been on the Internet. She is afraid of computers. The roommate who is afraid of computers has never been on the Internet. 6. Some people dream of a job. They can do the job without technology. Some people dream of the job which with they can do without technology.

-T asks Ss to fill in each blank with a suitable pronoun. -Ss work in pairs. -ss give answers. -T corrects.

13

7. The man is a computer expert. You were talking to him. The man whom you were talking to is a computer expert. 8. This is the house. We often stay in this house in the summer. This is the house where we often stay in the summer. 9. That was the time. He managed the enterprise at that time. That was the time when he managed the enterprise. 10. I do not know the reason. She left school for it. I do not know the reason why she left school.

Transformation + T explains the way how

III. Choose the best option.


1. Mr. Green is the man_________ I was talking about. A. who B. whom C. which D. A and B 2. That is the place_________ the accident occurred. A. which B. in that C. where D. in where 3. There was a time_________ movies cost a dime. A. which B. at that C. when D. at when 4. Tom quit his job at the advertising agency, _________ surprised everyone. A. which B. that C. who D. that it 5. The mathematics book_________ was a little expensive. A. that I bought it B. I bought that C. what I bought D. I bought 6. Paul O'Grady, _________ died a few years ago, was a kind and loving man. A. that B. who C. whom D. whose 7. Sally lost her job, _________ wasn't surprising. A. it B. that C. where D. which 8. A waiter served us. He was impolite and impatient. A. The waiter served us who was impolite and impatient. B. A waiter who served us he was impolite and impatient. C. The waiter that served us was impolite and impatient. D. A waiter he served us who was impolite and impatient. 9. I can't remember the name of the garage. I had the car serviced there. A. I can't remember the name of the garage which I had the car serviced there. B. I can't remember the name of the garage where I had the car serviced. C. I can't remember the name of the garage where I had the car serviced there. D. I can't remember the name of the garage I had the car serviced there. 10. What is the name of the man? You borrowed his car. A. What is the name of the man who you borrowed his car? B. What is the name of the man you borrowed whose car? C. What is the name of the man whose car you borrowed him? D. What is the name of the man whose car you borrowed? IV. Pick out the mistakes and correct them. 1. I enjoyed the story which you told me to read it. (read)
A B C D

to do the exercises + T models the first sentence. + Sts do exercises in pairs. + T gives feed back.

Choose the best option T asks ss to choose the best option to complete the sentences. In pairs, ss do the task. T checks and corrects.

10

2. I still remember the man whom taught me to play the guitar when I was A B C small. (who) 3. The man about who I was talking about suddenly walked into the room. A B C D (whom/ who/ that / ) 4. A man brought in a small girl who hand had been cut. (whose)
A B C D

5. Please post these letters which I wrote them this morning. ()


A B C D

6. The old woman and her dogs which were stuck in the collapsing house were unhurt.
A that B C D

HOMEWORK+ Do all the exercises again.

Finding mistakes T asks ss to read the sentences, find the mistakes and correct them. Ss do the exercise. T checks and correct them.

RELATIVE CLAUSES I. Complete the following sentences with all possible relative words. Put commas where necessary. 1. She likes the teacher _________________she learnt history with in high school. 2. His children enjoy the cake ______________ Mr. Rice made for them. 3. Have you been to the York Art Gallery? It was a new exhibition ____________ includes the works of several artists. 4. The scientist _____________ was doing a research on biology was a great one. 5. The operation _______________ the surgeon performed on my uncle was very dangerous. 6. Could you show me someone _______________knows the answer? 7. The Titanic, _______________sank in 1912, was supposed to be unsinkable. 8. Do you remember the day ____________ we first met? 9. Have you ever visited An Giang , _____________ I was born? 10. Sickness was the reason _________________ Mary was absent from school. II. Combine each pair of sentences by using relative clauses. 1. I bought a cell phone. I can use it to send and receive e-mail. 2. The man and his dog came back. They hunted many things. 3. The girl is smiling at me. Do you know her.? 4. The man is my father. I respect his opinion most. 5. A roommate has never been on the Internet. She is afraid of computers. 6. Some people dream of a job. They can do the job without technology. 7. The man is a computer expert. You were talking to him.

8. This is the house. We often stay in this house in the summer. 9. That was the time. He managed the enterprise at that time. 10. I do not know the reason. She left school for it. III. Choose the best option. 1. Mr. Green is the man_________ I was talking about. A. who B. whom C. which D. A and B 2. That is the place_________ the accident occurred. A. which B. in that C. where D. in where 3. There was a time_________ movies cost a dime. A. which B. at that C. when D. at when 4. Tom quit his job at the advertising agency, _________ surprised everyone. A. which B. that C. who D. that it 5. The mathematics book_________ was a little expensive. A. that I bought it B. I bought that C. what I bought D. I bought 6. Paul O'Grady, _________ died a few years ago, was a kind and loving man. A. that B. who C. whom D. whose 7. Sally lost her job, _________ wasn't surprising. A. it B. that C. where D. which 8. A waiter served us. He was impolite and impatient. A. The waiter served us who was impolite and impatient. B. A waiter who served us he was impolite and impatient. C. The waiter that served us was impolite and impatient. D. A waiter he served us who was impolite and impatient. 9. I can't remember the name of the garage. I had the car serviced there. A. I can't remember the name of the garage which I had the car serviced there. B. I can't remember the name of the garage where I had the car serviced. C. I can't remember the name of the garage where I had the car serviced there. D. I can't remember the name of the garage I had the car serviced there. 10. What is the name of the man? You borrowed his car. A. What is the name of the man who you borrowed his car? B. What is the name of the man you borrowed whose car? C. What is the name of the man whose car you borrowed him? D. What is the name of the man whose car you borrowed? IV. Pick out the mistakes and correct them. 1. I enjoyed the story which you told me to read it. 2. I still remember the man whom taught me to play the guitar when I was small. 3. The man about who I was talking about suddenly walked into the room. 4. A man brought in a small girl who hand had been 5. Please post these letters which I wrote them this morning. () 6. The old woman and her dogs which were stuck in the collapsing house were unhurt.

GRADE 12 OPTIONAL

TRANSFORMATION

Objective: By the end of the lesson, the students will be able to: Use because, because of, although and despite Change clauses into phrases or vice versa. Teaching aids: handouts. Procedure: Time Content I. Warmer: 6 -Complete these sentences 1.I / late / school /yesterday/ because /it /rain. I was late for school yesterday because it rained. 2.I/ go/ school/ yesterday/ though/ it / rain / heavy. I went to school yesterday though it rained heavily. -Rewrite using because of, despite 1.I was late for school yesterday because of the rain. = I was late for school yesterday because it rained. 2. I went to school yesterday despite the heavy rain. = I went to school yesterday despite raining heavily. 5
II. Revision

Week: Date: Class:12B12, 13, 14

Ts & Ss activities Building sentence T writes these cue words on BB T asks Ss to complete and rewrite them using because of, despite. Ss write their sentences on BB T gives feedback T leads to new lesson T asks Ss to give the form orrally

Because + S + V. Because of + N / V+ing Though / Although / Even though +S +V In spite of / Despite +N /V+ing (mac du) ( Despite the fact that/In spite of the fact that) III. Practice Fill in the blanks with because/ because of / though( although)/ Gap-fill T gives handouts and asks Ss to discuss with

despite( in spite of) 1.In spite of the difficulties, they continued their plan. 2. Though Sarah is clever, she never passes the English Exam. 3. I didnt really listen to my friends story though it seemed very interesting. 4. Despite his wealth, he seldom helps the poor. 5.Because they didnt have enough money, they took a short vacation last year. 6.The baseball game was postponed because of the disgusting weather. 7.Because of your poor grades in maths , you will have to take summer school this year. 8.Because the price of natural gas has risen too high, many peoples energy bills will soar this winter.
CHOOSE THE BEST OPTION

their friends to know how to use these structures. T asks sts to do the exercises individually and then write them on the board T corrects the exercises and gives explanation. MC-PW -T asks Ss to complete the sentences by choosing the best option. -Ss do the task and then give answers. -T corrects with the class.

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1.Jane didnt go to school _____ it was raining. A. because B. because of C. so that D. although 2.Sometimes we cannot buy the right thing that we want ____ advertisement. A. because of B. because C. although D. since 3.We had to delay our trip because ___ A. the rain B. it was raining C. rain D. it will rain 4.They were sacked ____ their carelessness A. because B. because of C. although D. despite 5.The mother got angry because ____ A. her son behaved badly B. her son s bad behaviour C. her son ll behave badly D. her son bad behaving 6._____ the bad weather , the plane landed safely. A. In spite B. In spite of C. Despite of D. Though 7.Daisy was late ______ her car was broke down. A. if B. whether C. because D. while 8.We could not sleep last night ______the noise next door. A. although B. since C. because D. because of 9.We can not see the road ______the fog. A. because of B. although C. because D. despite 10.The boy was punished ______he went to school late. A. in spite of B. because C. even though D. as if
REWRITE THESE SENTENCES

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1. My sister gets high pay because she works well. Because of working well, 2. We had to wait because the fog was thick. Because of the thick fog, 3. She ate a lot because she was hungry. Because of her hunger, 4. The boy was punished because he behaved badly. Because of his bad behaviour, 5. Because the tree grew slowly, the little boy was sad. Because of the slow growth of the tree, 6. Because there is a lot of work, I have to work all day. Because of a lot of work, 7. He cannot sleep because it is noisy. Because of the noise,
IV. Homework

Transformation T asks sts to do the exercises individually and then write them on the board T corrects the exercises and gives explanation.

-Do these exercises again

BECAUSE BECAUSE OF ALTHOUGH / EVEN THOUGH DESPITE / IN SPITE OF I. Fill in the blanks with because/ because of / though( although)/ despite( in spite of) 1.______________ the difficulties, they continued their plan. 2. ______________Sarah is clever, she never passes the English Exam. 3. I didnt really listen to my friends story ___________ it seemed very interesting. 4. ______________ his wealth, he seldom helps the poor. 5._____________ they didnt have enough money, they took a short vacation last year. 6.The baseball game was postponed _______________ the disgusting weather. 7.________________your poor grades in maths , you will have to take summer school this year. 8.___________ the price of natural gas has risen too high, many peoples energy bills will soar this winter.
II. CHOOSE THE BEST OPTION

1.Jane didnt go to school _____ it was raining. A. because B. because of C. so that D. although 2.Sometimes we cannot buy the right thing that we want ____ advertisement. A. because of B. because C. although D. since 3.We had to delay our trip because ___ A. the rain B. it was raining C. rain D. it will rain 4.They were sacked ____ their carelessness A. because B. because of C. although D. despite 5.The mother got angry because ____ A. her son behaved badly B. her son s bad behaviour C. her son ll behave badly D. her son bad behaving 6._____ the bad weather , the plane landed safely. A. In spite B. In spite of C. Despite of D. Though 7.Daisy was late ______ her car was broke down. A. if B. whether C. because D. while 8.We could not sleep last night ______the noise next door. A. although B. since C. because D. because of 9.We can not see the road ______the fog. A. because of B. although C. because D. despite 10.The boy was punished ______he went to school late. A. in spite of B. because C. even though . as if

III. REWRITE THESE SENTENCES

1. My sister gets high pay because she works well. Because of 2. We had to wait because the fog was thick. Because of 3. She ate a lot because she was hungry. Because of 4. The boy was punished because he behaved badly. Because of 5. Because the tree grew slowly, the little boy was sad. Because of 6. Because there is a lot of work, I have to work all day. Because of 7. He cannot sleep because it is noisy. Because of

GRADE 12 OPTIONAL

UNIT 8. VOCABULARY - READING

Period:
Week: Date : Class: 12B12, 13, 14

Objectives: By the end of the lesson, ss will be able to: + recognize the sounds + choose the best option (vocabulary & reading passage). Materials: handouts Procedure: Tim Content e

Ts & Ss activities

10

I. Give the meaning and part of speech of the words below.


Vocabulary 1.pessimistic pessimist 2.optimistic optimist 3.depression 4.economic depression 5.corporation 6.wipe out 7. terrorist terrorism 8.breathe 9. medical 10. domestic chores 11. burden 12. labour saving 13. device 14.micro technology 15. telecommunication 16.influent 17.bound 18.efficient 19. space shuttle READING a3 n1 a3 n1 n2 n3, 2 n3 v n1 n1 v adj 1 n2 n1 a1,1 n1 n2, 2 n1 v1 a n2 n2 v2 Meaning bi quan ngi bi quan lc quan ngi lc quan s khng hong s khng hong kinh t nghip on lm sch k khng b s khng b th thuc v y khoa vic ni tr gnh nng tit kim sc lao ng thit b Cng ngh vi m vin thng nh hng n Chc chn c hiu qua phi thuyn con thoi mong i Vocabulary 21. unexpected 22. contribute contribution 23.confident 24. better 25. astronaut 26. declare 27. cure 28.citizen 29. fatal 30. disease 31. incredible 32.centenarian 33.eternal 34.eradicated 35.expectancy 36.predict 37.mushroom 38.conflict 39.h armony 40.materialistic Meaning a3 bt ng v2 ng gp n3 s ng gp a1 t tin v1 lm tt hn SPEAKING n1 phi hnh gia tuyn b cha tr, s cha tri cng dn nh hng n tnh mng n2 bnh tt LISTENING a2 n3 a2 a2 n2 v2 khng th tin c, v l ngi sng 100 tui vnh cu b loi b s ch mong tin on v2 v,n n1 a1

Vietnamese equivalents -T asks ss to find the Vietnamese equivalents of the words in the table. -Ss do the task. -Ss call out their answers. -T helps ss get the right answers.

n,v nm, bnh trng WRITING n1 S mu thun n1 Ha thun, ph hp n5 Duy vt, thin v vt cht

20.expect

II. Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 5
1. A. economy 2. A. different 3. A. future 4. A. development 5. A. threaten B. experience B. terrorist B. burden B. security B. appear C. relationship C. contrary C. device C. pessimistic C. modern D. renovation D. domestic D. certain D. particular D. instance

III. Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest. 15
1. A. improve 2. A. future 3. A. chore 4. A. threaten 5. A. wipe B. introduce B. mature B. technology B. earth B. allow C. move C. pasture C. much C. healthy C. powerful D. lose D. nature D. exchange D. breathe D. answer

MC PW -T asks ss to choose the word that is stressed differently from the others -in pairs, ss do the exercise ss call out their answers. T corrects. MC PW -T asks ss to choose the word that has the underlined letter(s) pronounced differently from the others -In pairs, ss do the exercise ss call out their answers. T corrects.

MC
-T asks ss to read the statements and choose the best option to complete them -In pairs, ss do the exercise. ss call out their answers. Others give comments. T corrects.

IV. Choose the best option.


1. In the future many large corporations will be wiped out and millions of jobs will be lost. A. companies B. services C. supermarkets D. farms 2. Someone who is _______ thinks that bad things are going to happen. A. optimistic B. pessimistic C. threatened D. hopeful 3. The bomb attacks have been attributed to a group of international _____________. A. terrorism B. terrorists C. terrorists D. terrorization 4. Domestic chores are no longer a _________ thanks to the inventions of electronic devices. A. bound B. weight C. burden D. load 5. The construction of the new road is ________ winning the support of local residents. A. thanks to B. reliant to C. dependent on D. responsible to 6. The use of ______ devices in homes, offices, and in factories added to the amount of leisure time people had. A. labour-saving B. hi-tech C. hand-held D. sophisticated 7. The workers welcome the new regulations, which become ________ on the first of the next month. A. effective B. efficient C. influential D. efficacious 8. Many of the jobs which have been created in this area can be directly ________ to tourism. A. supported B. dedicated C. contributed D. attributed

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9. Mary is so ________ that people tell her all their troubles. A. dependent B. confident C. pessimistic D. sympathetic 10. Modern _________ perhaps causes more problems than it solves. A. technique B. technician C. technical D. technology 11. Im deeply pessimistic ________ the future. A. in B. on C. to D. about 12. Parental involvement contributes significantly ________ childrens learning. A. on B. to C. for D. in 13. During the crisis, many companies will be wiped ______ and millions of jobs will be lost. A. out B. off C. down D. away 14. The country is experiencing a severe economic ______________. A. development B. cooperation C. depression D. reform 15. Ive always had a fairly ___________ outlook on life. A. optimist B. optimistic C. optimism D. optimistically 16. During the recession, many small companies were eradicated. A. run on B. taken over C. wiped out D. set up 17. It is quite incredible that he is unaware of such basic facts. A. unbelievable B. difficult C. disappointed D. imaginable 18. Unemployment ___________ directly to homelessness. A. attributes B. creates C. provides D. contributes.

Gap-fill (MC)
-T asks ss to read the passage and choose the best option to complete them. -In pairs, ss do the exercise. ss call out their answers. Others give comments. T corrects.

V. Read the passage and choose the best option to fill in each numbered blank.
Living in the country is something that people from the city often dream about. However, in reality, it has both advantages and (1) .. .There are certainly many advantages to living in the country. First of all, you can enjoy peace and quiet. Moreover, people tend to be friendlier. A further advantage is that there is less (2) .. , so it is safer for young children. However, there are certain drawbacks to life outside the city. Firstly, because there are few people, you are (3) .. to have few friends. In addition, entertainment is difficult to find, particularly in the evening. Furthermore, the fact that there are fewer shops services means that it is hard to find work. In conclusion, it can be seen that the country is (4) .. suitable for some people than others. On the whole, it is often the best place for those who are retired or who have young children. In (5) .. , young people who have a career are better provided for in the city. 1. A. benefit B. difficulty C. hardship D. disadvantages 2. A. cars B. motors C. traffic D. vehicles 3. A. like B. likely C. like hood D. possibly 4. A. more B. many C. most D. much 5. A. contrary B. convert C. contrast D. conversion

Unit 8. LIFE IN THE FUTURE

I. Give the meaning and part of speech of the words below.

Vocabulary READING 1.pessimistic a3 n1 pessimist 2.optimistic a3 n1 optimist 3.depression n2 4.economic depression n3,2 5.corporation n3 6.wipe out v 7. terrorist n1 n1 terrorism 8.breathe v 9. medical adj 1 10. domestic chores n2 11. burden n1 12. labour saving a1,1 13. device n1 14.micro technology n2,2 15. telecommunication n1 16.influent v1 17.bound a 18.efficient n2 19. space shuttle n2 20.expect v2 1. A. economy 2. A. different 3. A. future 4. A. development 5. A. threaten 1. A. improve 2. A. future 3. A. chore 4. A. threaten 5. A. wipe

Meaning

Vocabulary 21. unexpected 22. contribute contribution 23.confident 24. better

Meaning

a3 v2 n3 a1 v1 SPEAKING 25. astronaut n1 26. declare v2 27. cure v,n 28.citizen n1 29. fatal a1 30. disease n2 LISTENING 31. incredible a2 32.centenarian n3 33.eternal a2 34.eradicated a2 35.expectancy n2 36.predict v2 37.mushroom n,v WRITING 38.conflict n1 39.harmony n1 40.materialistic n5 C. relationship C. contrary C. device C. pessimistic C. modern C. move C. pasture C. much C. healthy C. powerful D. renovation D. domestic D. certain D. particular D. instance D. lose D. nature D. exchange D. breathe D. answer

II. Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest.

B. experience B. terrorist B. burden B. security B. appear B. introduce B. mature B. technology B. earth B. allow

III. Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest.

IV. Choose the best option.

1. In the future many large corporations will be wiped out and millions of jobs will be lost. A. companies B. services C. supermarkets D. farms 2. Someone who is _______ thinks that bad things are going to happen. A. optimistic B. pessimistic C. threatened D. hopeful 3. The bomb attacks have been attributed to a group of international _____________. A. terrorism B. terrorists C. terrorists D. terrorization 4. Domestic chores are no longer a _________ thanks to the inventions of electronic devices. A. bound B. weight C. burden D. load 5. The construction of the new road is ________ winning the support of local residents. A. thanks to B. reliant to C. dependent on D. responsible to 6. The use of ______ devices in homes, offices, and in factories added to the amount of leisure time people had. A. labour-saving B. hi-tech C. hand-held D. sophisticated 7. The workers welcome the new regulations, which become ________ on the first of the next month. A. effective B. efficient C. influential D. efficacious

8. Many of the jobs which have been created in this area can be directly ________ to tourism. A. supported B. dedicated C. contributed D. attributed 9. Mary is so ________ that people tell her all their troubles. A. dependent B. confident C. pessimistic D. sympathetic 10. Modern _________ perhaps causes more problems than it solves. A. technique B. technician C. technical D. technology 11. Im deeply pessimistic ________ the future. A. in B. on C. to D. about 12. Parental involvement contributes significantly ________ childrens learning. A. on B. to C. for D. in 13. During the crisis, many companies will be wiped ______ and millions of jobs will be lost. A. out B. off C. down D. away 14. The country is experiencing a severe economic ______________. A. development B. cooperation C. depression D. reform 15. Ive always had a fairly ___________ outlook on life. A. optimist B. optimistic C. optimism D. optimistically 16. During the recession, many small companies were eradicated. A. run on B. taken over C. wiped out D. set up 17. It is quite incredible that he is unaware of such basic facts. A. unbelievable B. difficult C. disappointed D. imaginable 18. Unemployment ___________ directly to homelessness. A. attributes B. creates C. provides D. contributes.
VI. Read the passage and choose the part (A, B, C or D) that best fits each numbered blank.

Living in the country is something that people from the city often dream about. However, in reality, it has both advantages and (1) .. .There are certainly many advantages to living in the country. First of all, you can enjoy peace and quiet. Moreover, people tend to be friendlier. A further advantage is that there is less (2) .. , so it is safer for young children. However, there are certain drawbacks to life outside the city. Firstly, because there are few people, you are (3) .. to have few friends. In addition, entertainment is difficult to find, particularly in the evening. Furthermore, the fact that there are fewer shops services means that it is hard to find work. In conclusion, it can be seen that the country is (4) .. suitable for some people than others. On the whole, it is often the best place for those who are retired or who have young children. In (5) .. , young people who have a career are better provided for in the city. 1. A. benefit B. difficulty C. hardship D. disadvantages 2. A. cars B. motors C. traffic D. vehicles 3. A. like B. likely C. like hood D. possibly 4. A. more B. many C. most D. much 5. A. contrary B. convert C. contrast D. conversion