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When we learn how to store electricity, we will cease being apes ourselves.

Thomas Edison, 1910

Zinc Air Incorporated (ZAI)

ZAI

exists to fulfill Edisons vision of providing reliable and

Montana, just miles from the entrance to Glacier National Park.

plentiful storage to the world. We have leveraged simple, clean and efficient energy storage technology which was developed under corporate and the Department of Energy sponsorship. We are bringing our battery to market to fundamentally and permanently change the reliability, stability and efficiency of the existing electrical grid. We are located in the Flathead Valley of

We have brought together a world-class team of scientists,


engineers and business professionals to change the paradigm of how we currently generate, distribute and consume energy. Through cost-effective battery storage, we can facilitate the integration of renewable energy and increase the efficiency of existing infrastructure, improving the quality of life for seven billion people.

GlAcIer NAtIoNAl pArk, MoNtANA

Montana

Montana

remains one of the most majestic and pristine

The

Flathead Valley provides an atmosphere that promotes

places on earth. Conservation is not a political statement but a way of life. We care deeply about our precious resources because so many of us make our living off the land. Wasting anything is not permissable and we especially cannot tolerate that 57% of the worlds energy produced goes unused.

a lifestyle conducive to attracting and retaining quality talent that is dedicated to our mission of completely changing the world of energy into one that is reflective of the way we live every day. Our storage technology not only delivers on that promise but it is a platform to rethink grid stability and energy delivery. And, in Montana, this is what we are about.

Storing and Delivering tomorrows energy

Battery Storage
Renewables are challenged to work on a stand-alone basis, we have an aging grid that looms as a potential devastating financial catastrophe and we currently waste more than 50% of all the energy produced. Battery storage stands as a solution to improve the performance of existing utility assets and renewable energy installations, and this will facilitate global infrastructure development towards a more sustainable energy future. Through cost effective storage, we can dramatically improve the imbalance of supply vs. demand and remove the direct link between generation and demand that exists today. By making better use of the energy generated today, we can lower greenhouse gas emissions, reduce the need for inefficient natural gas peaker plants, and seamlessly integrate renewable energy.

Zinc redox r & D


Our Zinc Redox technology was originally developed under DOE and corporate sponsorship. The technology underwent ten years of foundational research and development, which provided key insights to electrochemical performance, material compatibility, and design improvements for manufacturability. More than $10 million was spent establishing the scientific and economic merits of our Zinc Redox technology. The key differentiators of this technology lie in its safety, abundance of its core raw materials, simplicity of design, and the robust nature of our chemistry. The combination of these factors allows ZAI to manufacture the battery using low cost and readily available construction materials. The Zinc Redox battery is designed to last 20+ years and provide the lowest life cycle cost for any storage technology.

technology commercialization
We have spent three years refining an exceptional technology and making it a viable, commercial product ready for deployment. We have been able to rapidly develop a commercial-grade solution by partnering with leaders in adjacent industries, and leveraging existing technologies, materials and components. ZAI is working with some of the most established and respected corporations and industry professionals to ensure the highest quality and most reliable delivery. This includes our contract manufacturer, Celestica, which is a $7 billion/year, tier-one player providing world class technical expertise supporting our quality standards and projected growth. This positions us well to compete in the short term as well as meet the rapid growth in the coming years.

ready For Deployment


We have met with hundreds of prospective renewables clients in addition to utilities, transmission developers and corporate clientele. Our extensive research has provided us a clear view of the market trends, needs, and concerns. Our go-to-market strategy focuses on early adopters where battery storage provides a clear and defined economic benefit. With many states facing renewable energy portfolio standards, we have found many wind and solar developers looking to storage as a solution to provide firmed renewable energy to the grid and distributed communities. Corporations are also instituting green initiatives in which battery storage can play a key role through peak demand reduction, improved power quality and integration of distributed renewables. Finally, utilities are facing closures of many dated and inefficient power plants. Many utilities see battery storage as a key asset in their future portfolios.

the Markets We Serve


UtIlItIeS The US wholesale power market has a number of immense challenges before it; efficiency, reliability, and the security of the electric power industry are areas of particular concern. To expand the flexibility and capability of existing generation and transmission assets, there has been a renewed emphasis on energy storage. Energy storage technologies can act as shock absorbers for the grid to improve efficiency and reliability. We live in an on-demand energy world electricity must be produced when it is needed and used once it is produced. Energy storage breaks this linkage by allowing for operators to produce and store electricity for later useas one would in other commodity markets. This strategy has already been proven to be successful in the natural gas industry. By optimizing the existing generation assets, less capital is needed to provide a higher level of service. By deploying batteries with existing generation assets, you can increase utilization, efficiency, and economic returns. coMMercIAl & INDUStrIAl The global economy makes commercial and industrial resource efficiency more important than ever. Today, industry uses batteries for many applications to increase their competitiveness including plant startup, emergency backup and power conditioning. With large-scale storage, we can meet these needs in addition to providing demand reduction, load shifting, backup generation, and integration of distributed generation from renewables. Many corporations in the United States and abroad are exploring options to stabilize power consumption and reduce cost while maintaining the reliability and quality of the power coming into the plant. Target industries for battery storage include mining, manufacturing, cold storage, warehousing and a rapidly growing number of server farms supporting cloud Internet services.

Power Quality Backup Power Firming Black Start

Islanding VAR Support Load Shifting Asset Utilization

Demand Response Demand Reduction Ramp Control Deferment of Transmission

Peak Shaving Arbitrage Ancillary Services Load Shifting

reNeWABle eNerGY Renewables will be a key ingredient in moving our dependence from carbon-emitting energy production to clean energy. For the majority of nations without endless petroleum reserves, energy storage is also a matter of national security. While cost is the single largest hurdle facing renewable energy, variability and unpredictability also limit widespread adoption. To the extent that demand for power does not coincide with the renewable energy generation, storage can be used to stabilize and balance the system. The combination of renewables and storage is a winning combination for residential, commercial, and utility applications. In addition to matching demand versus supply, batteries can be used to reduce the size, scope and cost of renewable installations. Some renewable projects are built to meet specific power needs of a business or community. By supplementing peak power requirements with power from a battery, the project can be right-sized to provide sufficient power with greater reliability.

Batteries and the Impact to the current power Structure


coMpetItIoN Today, the most widely deployed storage technology is pumped hydro. While pumped hydro is a proven and low cost storage solution, its effectiveness is limited by geography, transmission constraints and public opinion. Even in the best case, this solution only represents a small percentage of the storage market where hydro is possible. Grid scale battery storage is coming to the forefront with many companies entering the market to reach for the brass ring. Mature technologies like lead acid, lithium and nickel metal hydride all have a place in their respective areas of consumer electronics and electric vehicles, but they do not translate to grid storage due to their high cost, safety concerns and chemistry limitations. For grid-scale applications, flow batteries are widely accepted as the best solution based upon their ability to store large amounts of energy decoupled from the amount of power they can produce. With flow batteries, you can simply store more energy by building larger storage tanks and pouring in more chemistry. There are several competitors in the flow-battery field, but most of them have failed to make their mark due to cost and the toxic/corrosive nature of their chemistry. Zinc/Bromine, Zinc/Chlorine, and Zinc/Cerium are currently being developed, but concerns for the public safety and developmental setbacks have limited their success and appeal. Another flow battery technology using Vanadium has seen limited success, due to the cost of the raw material being rare and used in the production of steel. To meet the requirements for widespread adoption, a battery must be: low cost Zinc Redox meets the critical price-toperformance threshold Safe Zinc Redox is the greenest battery solution with all reactants being sewerable. The system operates at ambient temperatures and is non-pressurized, non-toxic and non-explosive. Scalable Zinc Redox can be scaled up to 100s of Megawatts. Durable Zinc Redox system expected lifespan is 20 years with scheduled maintenance. Sustainable Zinc Redox uses widely abundant and low cost materials.

INtellectUAl propertY Zinc Air has established an impressive intellectual property portfolio with 15 patents pending and five international PTC applications. Recently, the company received notice that its first patent application was allowed, which was critical to our planned cost reductions in the near future. In addition to the filed patents, the company continues to innovate with several additional patent applications in process. The companys fundamental patent filings cover all areas including core chemistry, system design and battery operation. Several of our patent applications are inter-locking providing additional security of our entire patent portfolio. The companys patent strategy is being led by its CTO, Ron Brost, PhD, who headed up Fords Fuel Cell Patent Committee for eight years. Ron is working closely with our patent counsel, Brooks Kushman, P.C., to ensure the proper execution of our patent strategy and intellectual property development. FUll SIMUlAtIoN cApABIlItIeS 1. Fluid Flow Simulations 2. Electrical / Thermal 3. Shunt current Modeling 4. Electrode model 5. Structural Models 6. Manufacturing

oUr teAM
Dave Wilkins CEO 25 years of proven management experience in technology and manufacturing startup environments. Peter Walters PhD, COO 30+ years experience of bringing new technologies to market with HP, Rockwell and Gigoptix, Philips and Wavetronix. Ron Brost PhD, CTO Leader in battery and fuel cell development for Ford, CODA Automotive and Delphi Automotive. patents and conference papers. Greg Hayes Marketing John Lowell VP Manufacturing and Product Development Previously the General Manager of North America for Celestica. 25 years of experience putting new products in the market. 25 years success track record in strategic communications, public affairs and clean technology start-ups. Authored over 30 Craig Wilkins Executive Vice President 25 years proven performance in the development and growth of startup businesses in the communications and finance sectors. Kevin Waldher VP Business Development 25 years of financial expertise in the areas of real estate acquisition/development and consumer finance. Kirk Plautz VP Sales Sales and sales management professional with proven national account experience in business to business transactions.

The Company has assembled a world-class Board of Advisors including the scientists with extensive experience in zinc chemistry, electrochemistry and innovative engineering solutions. The Business Advisory Board is comprised of proven leaders in the renewable, manufacturing, military and utility sectors. Jigar Shah Former CEO of SunEdison and The Carbon War Room. Roger Ballentine Former senior member of Clintons White House Climate Change Task Force. David Green 30 years experience. Former Chief Marketing Officer for McDonalds. Matt Cheney Director of CleanPath Ventures and former CEO of Fotowatio Renewable Ventures. Paul Vallely Retired US Army Major General and Senior Military Analyst. Jim Aivalis Former CEO of ThruBit and 28 years experience in the upstream oil and gas industry. Roy Sweeney CEO Exair Corp with 40+ years experience in manufacturing and distribution. William Rich, PhD 30+ years experience in research, development and marketing in the instrumentation field.

ZAI teAM

Roger Hollandsworth, PhD Original engineer on Zinc Redox development team. 40 years with Lockheed Martin. Robert Selman, PhD Original engineer on Zinc Redox development team. 25+ years at Illinois Institute of Technology. John Cooper, PhD 30+ years with Lawrence Livermore and expert on zinc morphology. Jacob Jorne, PhD Professor of ChemE at University of Rochester. Considered a pioneer of flow batteries.

Ken Huber Former consultant at PJM Interconnections applying storage to smart grid. Joseph Monkowski PhD CEO of Pivotal Systems which builds advanced plating measurement devices. Jerry Elwood PhD Former Director of Climate Change Research Division of DOE and 23+ years with Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Vern DeWitt 40+ years of plastics expertise. Former President of Webster Plastics.

5314 US Highway 2 West Columbia Falls, MT 59912 TEL: (406) 755-ZINC (9462) www.zincairinc.com