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SERANGOON JUNIOR COLLEGE 2011 JC2 PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION MATHEMATICS Higher 2 Tuesday
Additional materials: Writing paper List of Formulae (MF15)

9740/1 16 Aug 2011

TIME : 3 hours READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST Write your name and class on the cover page and on all the work you hand in. Write in dark or black pen on both sides of the paper. You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams or graphs. Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid. Answer all the questions. Give non-exact numerical answers correct to 3 significant figures, or 1 decimal place in the case of angles in degrees, unless a different level of accuracy is specified in the question. You are expected to use a graphic calculator. Unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are allowed unless a question specifically states otherwise. Where unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are not allowed in a question, you are required to present the mathematical steps using mathematical notations and not calculator commands. You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your answers. The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question. At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together. Total marks for this paper is 100 marks. This question paper consists of 6 printed pages (inclusive of this page) and no blank page.

[TURN OVER]

2 Answer all questions [100 marks]. 1 (i) Find the expansion of the term x2.

(1 + x )2
2 x

in ascending powers of x, up to and including [2]

(ii) Deduce the equation of tangent to the curve

(1 + x )2 y=
2 x

at the point where [1] [1]

x =0. (iii) Find the range of values of x for which the expansion is valid.

A sequence u1 , u2 , u3 ,... is such that u1 =

1 and 6

un+1 = un +

2 , for n 1 . ( n + 1)( n + 2 )( n + 3) 1 . ( n + 1)( n + 2 )


[5]

Use the method of Mathematical Induction to prove that un =

It is given that ln y = 1 + tan 1 x . Show that (1 + x 2 )

d2 y dy + (2 x 1) = 0. 2 dx dx (i) Find the first three terms of the Maclaurins series for y .

[2] [2] [2]

(ii) Hence find the first three terms of the Maclaurins series for e x + tan x .

Let f (r ) =

8 , r 4

r + , r > 4

(i) Show that f ( r ) f ( r + 1) =

8 . ( r 3)(r 4)

[1]
r =5

(ii) Hence find in terms of n, the sum of the series Sn = (iii) Find the exact value of Sn as n .
n 1

(r 3) (r 4) .

16

[3] [1]

(iv) Hence find

r =5

(r 2) (r 3) .

16

[3]

Sketch on the same Argand diagram the set of points representing all complex numbers z that satisfy both the following inequalities: z 2 2i 2 tan 1 ( 2 ) < arg ( z 1 2i ) . and (i) Find the exact area of the region that contains all the points that satisfy the above inequalities. (ii) Find the minimum value of z .

[3] [1] [1] [2]

(iii) Find the exact range of arg ( z ) .

3 6 Find the equations of the asymptotes of the hyperbola

4 x 2 24 x 9 y 2 + 36 y = 36 . Hence sketch the hyperbola, stating clearly the asymptotes. Hence find the range of values of k, such that the equation
4 x 2 24 x 9 ( kx + 4 ) + 36 ( kx + 4 ) 36 = 0 has no real solutions.
2

[3] [3]

(a) A graph with equation y = g( x) undergoes in succession, the following transformations: A: A reflection about the x axis B: A translation of 1 unit in the direction of the positive y axis C: Scaling parallel to the x axis by a factor of 3 x 12 The equation of the resulting curve is given by y = . 2x 9 Find the equation y = g( x) . (b) Given the curves of y = f ( x) and y = f ( x) below, sketch the graph of

[3]

y = f ( x) , stating clearly the turning points, asymptotes and axial intercepts y (if any). y = f ( x)

(1, 3 ) y=1 0
3 2

x=2 y

x=2

3 2

y = 1

y = f ( x)

[3] [TURN OVER]

(i) By means of the substitution y = vx2, show that the differential equation dy x2 = 2 xy + y 2 , where x > 0 dx dv may be reduced to the form v 2 =0. dx (ii) Hence show that the general solution of the differential equation may be x2 expressed as y = , where C is an arbitrary constant. x+C (iii) Sketch and label clearly the family of solution curve of (ii), for C = 1. (a) The function f is defined by f : x 2 x 2 8 x, x a. (i) Find the smallest value of a such that f 1 exists. Hence find f 1 ( x ) in a similar form. (ii) Without the use of the graphic calculator, solve the equation
f ( x ) = f 1 ( x ) exactly.

[3]

[2] [2]

[3] [2]

(b) The functions g and h are defined as follows:


g : x 7 ( x 2) ,
2

0< x3
18 x 7.

h: x 7 x ,

(i) Show that hg(x) exists. (ii) Express hg(x) in a similar form and find its exact range. 10 The Cartesian equations of two planes 1 and 2 are given by 1 : x 2 y + 2 z = 2

[1] [3]

2 : x 2 y + z = 1.
(i) Find the length of the projection of the vector i + 2 j k onto 1, giving your answer in exact form. (ii) Find the position vector of the foot of perpendicular from the point [2] [3]

P (1, 2,1) to the plane 2.


(iii) A third plane 3 has equation given by ax 3 y + 2 z = 4 , where a is a constant. Given that the two planes 1 and 2 intersect along the line l, with vector equation given by r = (2 + 2t )i + (t 1) j 3k, t , find the value of a if the three planes have no point in common. (You are required to show clearly the workings that support your answer) 2 (iv) The plane 4 has equation given by r 0 = 3. 1

[3]

[2]

5 Find the acute angle between the line l and the plane 4. 11 (a) Show by integration that

x(ln x) 2 dx =

x2 x2 x2 (ln x) 2 ln x + + c , where 2 2 4 [3] [2]

c is an arbitrary constant. 1 dx. (b) Find 1 cos 2 x

(c) The curve C is defined parametrically by x = t 2 and y = ln t , t > 0 . The region bounded by the curve C, the y axis, and the horizontal lines y = ln 2 and y = ln 3 is denoted by R. (i) Sketch the graph of C for 4 x 9 , indicating clearly the coordinates of the end-points. (ii) Without the use of a calculator, find the area of R. (iii) The region enclosed by the curve C, the x axis, the vertical lines x = 4 and x = 9 is denoted by S. Find the volume of the solid generated when S is rotated through 2 radians about the x axis. [2] [3]

[2]

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. 3n+1 Obtain an expression for Un , the nth term of the series and prove that this is a geometric series. (b) An arithmetic progression is grouped into sets of integers as follows: {3} , {7 , 11} , {15 , 19 , 23} , {27, 31 , 35, 39} , where the number of terms is 1 for the first set, 2 for the second set, 3 for the third set, 4 for the fourth set and so forth. n ( n + 1) (i) Show that the total number of integers in the first n sets is , and 2 1 hence show that their sum is n ( n + 1) ( n 2 + n + 1) . 2 (ii) Find the first and the last numbers in the nth set, and show that the sum
of all the numbers in this set is n ( 2n 2 + 1).

(a) The sum of the first n terms of a series, Sn , is given by 5 +

[3]

[3] [3] [2]

(iii) Hence find the smallest set number such that the sum of all the numbers in that set first exceeds 4500.

[TURN OVER]

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(a) 1344 cm3 of paint is poured into an empty hemispherical bowl at a constant rate and is completed in 32 seconds. During the transfer, the volume of the 1 paint in the hemispherical bowl, V cm3 is given by V = h 2 (18 h ) , where 3 h cm is the depth of paint. Find the rate at which h is increasing when h = 2 cm. (b) A manufacturer wants to design a lidless container with a square base and
a capacity of 1000 cm3 . Given that the uniform thickness of the container 4000 4000 is 1 cm, show that the material used is x 2 + 4 x + 4 + + 2 , where x x x is the internal length of the tank. Hence find the value of x, such that the volume of the material used is minimised. [You need NOT prove that the material used is a minimum]
1 cm 1 cm

[4]

x cm

1 cm

1 cm

[5]

END OF PAPER