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by

S Choudhary

SIZING A SUBSONIC FLARE STACK


Project Client Unit No. Item Name Prepared by Reviewed by Ref Code Date BASIC DATA Mass Flow Rate EIL Job No. Location Tag No. Qty

API 521 Fifth Edition Jan 2007 & Addendum, May 2008

qm P2 M T Z Ma u F K r

kg/h kPa K kgJ/kg m/s

45360 101.3 Fig. 7 Flame Length Vs Heat Release 46.1 422 1 0.2 50000 8.9 0.3 1 6.3 45.7

Absolute Pr within flare tip, Average Molecular Mass Flowing Temperature Compressibility Factor Mach No. at flared tip Heat of combustion Wind Velocity Fraction of Heat radiated Fraction of radiated heat trans thru atm. Maximum allowable radiation Grade Distance from CL of flare stack to point being considered

kW/m m/s

k Ration of specific heatts in the gas 1.4 CALCULATION OF FLARE TIP DIAMETER Flare tip inside diameter d m 0.4677577 CALCULATION OF FLAME LENGTH Heat Liberated Q kW 630000 Flame Length ( from Fig 7 of API 521) L m 50 CALCULATION OF FLAME DISTORTION CAUSED BY WIND VELOCITY qvap m3/s Vapour Volumetric Flow rate 9.463841148 Exit velocity at flare tip From fig 9 of API 521 From fig 9 of API 521 uj u/uj y/L x/L y x m/s 55.1005451 0.161522903 0.36 0.85 18 42.5

Fig. 9 Approx. Flame Distortion due to lateral wind

CALCULATION OF FLARE STACK HEIGHT Min. distance from the epicentre of the flame to the object being considered

Overall Height of Stack

D r' h' h

m m m m

48.87264093 24.45 42.31704777 33.31704777 Fig C.1 Dimensional references for Flare stack

CALCULATION OF NOISE LIMIT Speed of sound in the gas abs. Static Pr upstream of the Restriction abs. Static Pr upstream of the Restriction Pressure Ratio Noise Level from Fig 18 10*ln(0.5*qm*c2/3600) Noise Level at 30 m Distance from the sound source (tip) Sound Pressure at distance r

L L30 r Lp

m/s psia psia Pr dB dB dB m dB

326.486042 48 16 3 54 76.28936831 130.2893683 120 102.5634811

CALCULATION OF GROUND LEVEL CONCENTRATION Specific Voume of Toxic Gas V Cuft/lb Wt Discharge of Pollutant Component M TPD Dz Vertical Diffusion Coefficient Horizontal Diffusion Coefficient Air Velocity at Grade Stack Height Environmental Factor Cocentration at Grade Dist from stack to the point of max concent. Dy mu H Cmax X mph ft ppm m

12.03259803 1088.64 0.13 0.13 5 109.3078995 0.25 810.6250958 2.865708405

CALCULATION OF AIR REQUIREMENT FOR SMOKELESS FLARING Air Flow rate kgmole/hr Air Flow rate kg/hr Efficiency of Blower Power Rating of Blower kW CALCULATION OF STEAM REQUIREMENT FOR SMOKELESS FLARING

1712.34 178768296 0.5 57.8085984