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REFORMS IN ELECTORAL SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING CORRUPTION

Er. PRADEEP KUMAR KUNCHE kunche_pk@yahoo.com, kunchepk@gmail.com pradeepkunche.blogspot.in www.scribd/pradeep_kunche


Think Social Engineering Think Me

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Todays situation in country, absolutely demand, the need for SOCIAL JUSTICE, SOCIAL EQUALITY AND GENDER EQUALITY, which is very essential in political, electoral system of the country, as it is a bare fact, that LACK OF SOCIAL JUSTICE AND SOCIAL EQUALITY is the PRIMARY ROOT CAUSE OF CORRUPTION AT ALL LEVELS OF GOVERNANCE; AT ALL PLACES, HAMPERING GROWTH & DEVELOPMENT. Because, as of now the elected representatives at all levels are mostly elite, upper echelons of the society, mostly belonging to select few families who are ruling from village to state. It is an open secret that most of the elected representatives of the ruling party, in general are deliberately, discretely promoting spoil system of administration; Also IT IS A FACT THAT LACK OF SOCIAL JUSTICE CREATES CIRCUMSTANCES WHICH, UNAVOIDABLY PROMOTING CORRUPTION, as the people who got the ticket to contest election are mostly belong to minor populated of caste in that area being local elite/ upper echelon of the society, in order to win the election they need majority population castes support, as such they spend excess money in the election, just for the sake of win in the election only, also they need to have some followers to represent them in the respective territory, as such they will encourage the local leaders in villages and mandals to get/fix small contracts and other welfare programmes as money spinning activities for them, also in order to recover the excess money spent in the election they need the support of local administration, as such they do pressure lobbies on the ruling government, being an elected member of the ruling party to have officials who can be biased towards them, will be getting posting in their respective territory for getting control in the territory, getting their works done for their individual self benefit, as well as for their followers. THIS IS THE FUNDAMENTAL REASON THAT MONEY MEANT FOR THE WELFARE SCHEMES, DEVELOPMENT SCHEMES ESPECIALLY AT THE VILLAGE AND MANDAL LEVELS ARE NOT REACHING THE BENEFICIARIES AS INTENDED. It is not me presenting this view of money meant for welfare schemes are not reaching the beneficiaries as intended by the central government, but this view of MIS-UTILISATION OF FUNDS/MONEY MEANT FOR THE WELFARE SCHEMES HAS BEEN EMPHASIZED BY OUR BELOVED CONGRESS PARTY LEADER AND FORMER PRIME MINISTER SHRI RAJIV GANDHI JI ON SEVERAL OCCASIONS, which is situation is still continuing till date, may be there might be some increase in the reach by few pisa of one rupee spent on the welfare schemes. Also this view has been EMPHASIZED BY THE YOUTH ICON OF THE COUNTRY, CONGRESS PARTY SHRI RAHUL GANDHI JI , SEVERAL TIMES IN HIS SPEECHES, ON SEVERAL OCCASIONS, MUCH RECENTLY ON 7 TH DEC 2011 describing Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh governments for lack of development in Bundelkhand and accused them of improper channelization of funds meant for centrallysponsored welfare schemes. In the words of Shri Rahul Ji on 7th Dec 2011 addressing a visiting group from Bundelkhand TODAY, POOR PEOPLE ARE AWARE, THEY KNOW WHAT IS GOOD OR BAD FOR THEM. THE REAL PROBLEM IS THAT GOVERNMENT IS NOT REACHING YOU, THOSE IN UP AND MP SPECIALLY," Recalling the words of his father, our beloved leader and former Prime Minister of India, Shri Rajiv Gandhi Ji, that only 15 paisa of one Rupee sent by the Centre reaches its beneficiary, he assured the people of all possible help from the Centre. IN THE WORDS OF RAHUL JI MY FATHER USED TO SAY THAT ONLY 15 PAISA OF RS ONE SENT BY THE CENTRE REACHES THE MASSES. WE HAVE TO DO ONE THING IN FUTURE THAT IF WE SEND RS ONE, IT SHOULD REACH YOU AS IT IS," in mawlankar hall New Delhi. As everyone knew that people of the country at all places are agitating against corruption due to various social movements, pro active media, IT IS IDEAL, HIGH TIME FOR THE CONGRESS PARTY TO IMMEDIATELY IMPLEMENT THE SOCIAL JUSTICE, BOTH IN THE PARTY ORGANISATION, ALSO IN REPRESENTING THE PARTY IN VARIOUS ELECTIONS. PARTY SHOULD TAKE THE FIRST PLAYER ADVANTAGE BY INCULCATING, INFUSING IN THE MINDS OF THE
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PEOPLE OF THE COUNTRY THAT CONGRESS PARTY UNDER THE LEADERSHIP OF SMT SONIA GANDHI JI, AND THE YOUTH ICON OF CONGRESS PARTY SHRI RAHUL GANDHI JI, WHO ARE ALWAYS ADVOCATING THE GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF DOWN TRODDEN MOSTLY BELONGING TO SC, ST, OBC, MINORITY, ECONOMICALLY BACKWARD UPPER CASTES PEOPLE, MAKING THEM BELIEVE, THAT CONGRESS PARTY IS COMMITTED FOR THE WELFARE OF THE PEOPLE, ENSURING JUSTICE BEING DELIVERED TO THEM, ESPECIALLY TO THE DOWNTRODDEN. AS MAJORITY FUNDS FOR THE WELFARE SCHEMES AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES IN THE ALL STATES, ARE IS BEING FUNDED BY THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT RULED BY CONGRESS PARTY AND UPA. This measure is very necessary KEEPING IN VIEW OF LONG TERM AND PERMANENT GAINS IN A WIN-WIN ATMOSPHERE FOR PEOPLE OF THE COUNTRY AND CONGRESS PARTY. The PRINCIPLE OF SOCIAL JUSTICE SHOULD BE APPLICABLE TO ALL CANDIDATES WHO WISH TO CONTEST AS AN INDEPENDENTLY, AT ANY LEVEL OF ELECTION, MAKING ELIGIBILITY TO CONTEST THE ELECTION AT ANY LEVEL, ONLY BY CANDIDATES BELONGING TO THE SAME COMMUNITY/ CASTE AS PER THE PERCENTAGE OF POPULATION OF MAJOR CASTE IN THAT TERITORY. As by implementing social justice in the electoral system, certainly there will be reduction in corruption, as on getting the party nomination, miscellaneous election expenditure by the candidate for the elections will certainly, drastically reduced, due to the reason that the candidates own individual caste lobbies will work for their win being there caste having larger population, and in majority cases, the election expenditure is well within the limit determined by election commission. As such, on getting elected, the chances of elected representatives (certain numbers) being fairly honest. As in this process the excess miscellaneous expenditure to be made during the process of election is very limited or only in limited cases, as everything is systematically done within the limit of the election commission, the elected representatives many not show much inclination for corrupt practices. In the regular process (not following social justice), it is an open secret that in elections money will be spent beyond the stipulated limit, by the candidates through their kin, kith and close aides to show the election commission that their expenditure is within the limit. It is the root cause of liaison and lobbying by the kin, kith & close aides to recover their moneys spent by them for the success elected representative. In addition, another most important thing which is very badly and very urgently needed in the political system of the country is TO BRING SOCIAL EQUALITY. As such it should be very ideal and very appropriate to tackle the corruption by BRINGING ELECTORAL REFORMS BY MAKING IT MANDATORY FOR ALL THE POLITICAL PARTIES TO IMPLEMENT SOCIAL EQUALITY IN ALLOCATING THE PARTY TICKETS TO CONTEST ELECTIONS AT ALL LEVEL, ACCORDING TO THE PERCENTAGE OF ECONOMIC CLASS (INCOME GROUP) OF THE PEOPLE, IN ADDITION TO MAINTAINING SOCIAL JUSTICE, WHICH CREATE A LEVEL PLAYING FIELD. More elaborately, all parties should allocate tickets based on the class of income group, I.E LOWER INCOME GROUP CLASS, AND MIDDLE INCOME GROUP CLASS (LOWER MIDDLE, MIDDLE MIDDLE, UPPER MIDDLE CLASS) AND UPPER CLASS IN THE RESPECTIVE TERRITORY SIMULTANEOUSLY MAINTAINING THE PROPORTIONATE ALLOCATION OF TICKETS AS PER THE PERCENTAGE OF POPULATION OF CASTES IN THAT RESPECTIVE TERRITORY.. For Example in the village having 1000 population with total no 10 of seats for panchayat, with 600 people belong to lower income group class, 300 people belong to middle income group class, and 100 people to upper income group class, then allocation of tickets should be in ratio of 60:30:10 to contest election, similarly the same stand should be applied for the Mandal, Zillaparishand, assembly and parliament elections, allocating tickets proportionate to the percentage of income groups i.e
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lower income group, middle income group, upper income group existing in that respective territory, simultaneously maintaining the ratio of distribution of tickets proportionate to the percentage of castes, creating it a level playing atmosphere/field in all Castes and classes. THIS MEASURE WILL CERTAINLY ELIMINATE CORRUPTION TO A MAXIMUM EXTENT; WILL CERTAINLY CREATE CONFIDENCE IN THE PEOPLE OF THE COUNTRY TOWARDS THE POLITICS AND PARLIAMENTARY DEMOCRACY, BY ELIMINATING FROM THEIR MINDS, WHICH POLITICS IS NOT BELONGING TO UPPER CLASS OF THE SOCIETY ALONE, BUT FOR ALL ECONOMIC CLASSES AS WELL AS ALL SECTIONS OF PEOPLE OF THE COUNTRY, AND ALSO THAT POLITICS/POLITICAL ORGANISATIONS ARE NOT MONEY MAKING BUSINESS ORGANISATIONS, BUT SERVICE ORIENTED ORGANISATIONS. This principle of same income group is applicable to independent candidates also. ALL CANDIDATES WHO WISH TO CONTEST AS INDEPENDENT CANDIDATE ARE ALLOWED TO CONTEST THE ELECTION AT THAT RESPECTIVE LEVEL IF INCOME GROUP ONLY. i.e any individual belonging to same income group is allowed to compete with other counter parts of the same income group only. Also it should be made mandatory through electoral reforms that fixed terms of representation in the elections from village to parliament. It should be made that AN INDIVIDUAL CAN BE ALLOWED TO REPRESENT MAXIMUM OF TWO TIMES AT THE VILLAGE OR MANDAL OR DISTRICT ANY SINGLE LEVEL NOT MORE THAN TWO TERMS IRRESPECTIVE OF POLITICAL PARTY IN THE INDIVIDUALS REPRESENT. i.e if the individual representing any party in the election won the election at that level two times and takes the oath on two occasions at that level as member of that level, the individual is not eligible to contest third term in the same level, but is eligible to contest any next higher level only, than earlier representation level, further subjected to the next level maximum two terms of representation clause . This is applicable only to local body elections i.e gram panchayat/ ward, mandal parishad/block, zillaparishad/municipal Corporation. ALSO IT SHOULD BE FIXED THAT ANY INDIVIDUAL CAN REPRESENT MAXIMUM OF FOUR TERMS FOR ASSEMBLY IN HIS LIFE TIME IRRESPECTIVE OF PARTY HE REPRESENTS DURING HIS LIFE TIME i.e FOUR TERMS INCLUDING BOTH DIRECT AND INDIRECT ELECTIONS i.e LOWER HOUSE AND UPPER HOUSE OF THE STATE AS A MEMBER OF LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY/ LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL. SIMILARLY AN INDIVIDUAL CAN REPRESENT MAXIMUM OF SIX TERMS FOR PARLIAMENT INCLUDING BOTH DIRECT AND INDIRECT ELECTIONS i.e LOWER HOUSE AND UPPER HOUSE OF THE PARLIAMENT AS A MEMBER OF LOK SABHA / RAJYA SABHA. ALSO THE MAXIMUM AGE LIMIT THAT ONE CAN REPRESENT IN THE ELECTIONS SHOULD BE SHOULD BE 65 YEARS AT THE TIME OF CONTEST OF ELECTION AT ANY ELECTION i.e FROM GRAM PANCHAYAT TO PARLIAMENT. The maximum terms of representation clause are applicable to all independent candidates. This is very ideal and necessary as the country has around seventy percent of the population is youth which needs a future vision. Also should be mandatory in the electoral system of the country to be followed by the all political parties, THAT EIGHTY PERCENTAGE OF THE TICKETS TO CONTEST, AT THE VILLAGE / WARD LEVEL ELECTION SHOULD BE GIVEN TO FRESH/FIRST TIME CANDIDATES SUBJECTED TO MAXIMUM TERMS OF REPRESENTATION CLAUSE. AS FAR AS THE MANDAL LEVEL ELECTIONS ARE CONCERNED 30 PERCENTAGE OF THE TICKETS SHOULD BE GIVEN TO FRESH CANDIDATES TO CONTEST THE ELECTION AND SEVENTY PERCENT OF TICKETS SHOULD BE GIVEN FOR THE EXPERIENCED VILLAGE LEVEL ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES BOTH SERVING AND RETIRED. AS FAR AS THE ASSEMBLY ELECTIONS ARE CONCERNED THIRTY PERCENTAGE OF THE TICKETS SHOULD BE GIVEN TO FRESH CANDIDATES TO CONTEST THE ELECTION AT ASSEMBLY LEVEL AND SIXTY PERCENTAGE OF THE TICKET TO CONTEST THE ASSEMBLY ELECTION SHOULD BE GIVEN TO VILLAGE & MANDAL LEVEL ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES BOTH SERVING AND
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RETIRED IN EQUAL PROPORTIONS i.e SERVING AND RETRIED IN EQUAL RATIO. Out of the 70 %, the village representatives serving & retired should be given 10% of the tickets and 60 % of the tickets to the representatives from the mandals serving/retired individuals. AS FAR AS THE PARLIAMENT ELECTIONS ARE CONCERNED SEVENTY PERCENTAGES OF THE TICKETS TO CONTEST THE PARLIAMENT ELECTIONS SHOULD BE GIVEN FROM THE ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES FROM ASSEMBLY, MANDAL SITTING/RETIRED. Out of 70 %, individuals from assembly 55 % of the tickets and 10 % of the tickets to mandal serving and retired individuals and 5% from the Village elected representatives) this measure will enable that at all level a mix of well experienced promotes and talented young direct representatives a truly successful combination. This WILL CERTAINLY MAKE ALL THE VILLAGE/ MANDAL/ ASSEMBLY LEVEL ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES TO WORK DEDICATEDLY IN THEIR RESPECTIVE TERRITORY WITH THE HOPE THAT THEY WILL GET AN OPPORTUNITY to represent at the NATIONAL/ STATE / DISTRICT LEVEL. Also the REASON FOR GRADUAL INCREASE IN THE NUMBER OF TERMS OF REPRESENTATION AT THE ELECTIONS IS BECAUSE THE NUMBER OF SEATS FOR PARLIAMENT is limited IN EACH STATE SINGLE OR DOUBLE DIGIT NUMBERS only, where as the ASSEMBLY SEATS ARE IN DOUBLE AND TRIPLE DIGIT NUMBERS DEPENDS UP ON THE STATE, and LOCAL BODIES SEATS RUNNING IN HUNDREDS AND THOUSANDS IN NUMBERS DEPENDING ON THE STATES. AS SUCH, MORE OPPORTUNITY AT THE ENTRY LEVEL OF PEOPLES REPRESENTATION , where more NUMBER PEOPLE HAVE THE OPPORTUNITY OVER YEARS, fulfilling maximum number of peoples wish to represent the respective territory. In addition, THE IDEA OF GRADUAL INCREASE OF NUMBER OF TERMS FROM LOCAL BODY TO PARLIAMENT IS TO HAVE MOST EXPERIENCED IS NEEDED AT THE NATIONAL LEVEL FOR MAKING THE POLICIES FOR THE WHOLE COUNTRY, MODERATE EXPERIENCE AT THE STATE LEVEL FOR MAKING POLICIES AT STATE IS REQUIRED, COUPLED WITH FRESH YOUNG BLOOD AT THE LOCAL BODIES. The ABOVE MEASURES MINIMIZES THE POSSIBILITIES OF ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES INCLINATION TOWARDS CORRUPT PRACTICES, AS ALL ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES AT THE GROSS ROOTS WILL WORK MORE DEDICATEDLY IN THEIR RESPECTIVE TERRITORY, TO GROW IN CARRIER, TO REPRESENT ZILLA, ASSEMBLY AND PARLIAMENT. Also it should be MANDATORY ELECTORAL REFORM, RESTRAINING ALL POLITICAL PARTIES TO ISSUE TO PARTY TICKETS TO REPRESENT PARTY TO ONLY ONE PERSON IN THE FAMILY IN ELECTION, AT ANY ONE LEVEL OF CHOICE, . i.e either Husband, or wife or father or mother or son or un married daughter or son-in-law or daughter-in-law, one brother, one sister in a family are eligible to contest one election at any level from gram panchayat to parliament, i.e only one person in the family can be eligible to contest both in direct (lower house) and indirect elections (upper house) at any level from village to national i.e from gram panchayat to parliament... In case of married daughters if the in-laws family i.e husband, father in law, mother-in law, brother-in law, sister- in law are not representing the same party then, even thought father or mother or brother is an elected representative of the party, the married daughter can be given ticket by the party for being the surname changed respecting the Indian culture and tradition. No two brothers or no two sisters born for single parents, should be given ticket at any level, restricting only one brother should be allowed if other family members are not representing the same party. THIS PRINCIPLE HOLDS GOOD FOR INDEPENDENT CANDIDATES ALSO. I.E OF ANY RECOGNISED POLITICAL PARTY PROVIDES TICKET TO ANY INDIVIDUAL OF THE FAMILY, ANY OF THE REMAINING FAMILY MEMBERS NOMINATION AS INDEPENDENT CANDIDATE IS BARRED
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TO CONTEST ELECTION AT ANY LEVEL. Similarly if any candidate represents as a elected member at any level, family members belong to that individual is restrained to represent any political party/ to contest as an independent candidate in any election during the valid term of the elected candidate irrespective of whether the candidate is independent or representing any political party. THIS MEASURE WILL BE APPLICABLE TO INDEPENDENT CANDIDATES CONTESTING INDEPENDENTLY.. IN CASE IF THE ANY INDIVIDUAL REPRESENTS ANY LEVEL AS AN ELECTED MEMBER, THEN THE OTHER FAMILY MEMBERS OF THE INDIVIDUAL ARE RESTRAINED TO CONTEST ELECTION AS AN INDEPENDENT CANDIDATE AT ANY OTHER LEVEL OF ELECTION DURING THE PERIOD OF THE VALIDITY OF TERM OF THE INDEPENDENT MEMBER. THIS MEASURE IS NECESSARY TO CONTROL CORRUPTION BY MONOPOLISING THE DISTRICTS, STATE BY MANY NUMBER OF FAMILIES IRRESPECTIVE OF POLITICAL PARTIES. Also this measure will allow lot of fresh and new blood to come into politics. Also it should be MANDATORY THROUGH ELECTORAL REFORMS, RESTRAINING ALL POLITICAL PARTIES TO PROVIDE TICKET, TO THE MAXIMUM NUMBER OF TERMS OF REPRESENTATION OF THAT LEVEL, TO CONTEST ELECTION AT THE LEVEL, TO THE CANDIDATES BELONGING TO SAME FAMILY, WHOSE FAMILY MEMBER ALREADY COMPLETED MAXIMUM PERMITTED NUMBER OF TERMS ALLOWED BY LAW AT THAT LEVEL AS ELECTED MEMBER OF THAT LEVEL. i.e in case of local body level i.e gram panchayat/ward, mandal perishad/block, zilla parishad/municipal corporation, if any individual completes two terms at any single level, for example at the gram panchayat level, the family members of the individual who completed two terms as a member of gram panchayat, are restricted to contest the same gram panchayat for next two terms i.e for 10 years in general. Likewise if an individual completes maximum permitted term of four terms as MLA, the family members of the individual should be restrained to contest the same MLA constituency next four terms i.e next 20 years, where the individual completed maximum permitted terms. Similarly for the parliament elections if the individual completes maximum permitted terms of representation i.e six terms as Member of Parliament or attains the retirement due to age restriction, the family members of the individual should be restrained to contest from the same parliament constituency for next six terms i.e next 30 years. Also in case any individual gets into next level without completing maximum number of terms permitted at that level, as long as he is is member, other family members are restrained from contesting elections at any level. in case the individual who represents as member at any level dies without completing the term, the remaining period of that term should be given to the immediate family member of the deceased individual, and restraining the family member who is representing the deceased to the maximum permitted terms of representation at that level, counting the term of the deceased also. For example an MLA died in the middle of the third term, then his family members are allowed to contest from the same seat, but on successful completion of the third term, the member from the same family will be allowed to represent for only one more term for the same assembly constituency. This measure is necessary to free the constituency from monopoly of the family. THIS PRINCIPLE WILL BE APPLICABLE TO INDEPENDENT CANDIDATES ALSO, RESTRICTING THE FAMILY MEMBERS OF THE INDEPENDENT CANDIDATES TO CONTEST THAT LEVEL OF ELECTION, TO THE MAXIMUM PERMITTED TERMS AS PER THE ABOVE PRINCIPLE. Also it should be MADE MANDATORY THROUGH ELECTORAL REFORMS THAT ANY INDIVIDUAL SHALL BE ALLOWED TO CONTEST AT ANY LEVEL, ONLY IN THE TERRITORY OF RESIDENCE/LIVING OF THE INDIVIDUAL. i.e if the individual is living in an area, he is eligible to contest only to the gram panchatay/ward, only to the mandal, only to the assembly constituency, only to the parliament constituency where the residential address is falls under/
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covered by the respective territory i.e gram panchayat, mandal parishad, assembly segment, parliament segment (the individual who wish to contest should be living in that area where his statutory government ID cards are obtained with the address falling in that territory for more than 7 years before the contest of the election ). ALSO IT SHOULD BE MANDATORY THAT THE INDIVIDUAL SHOULD BE LOCAL IN THAT TERRITORY WHERE HE WISHES TO CONTEST, I.E RESIDING MORE THAN SEVEN YEARS IN THAT TERRITORY WHERE HE WISH TO CONTEST ANY LEVEL ELECTION. This principle will be applied to direct election only. THIS PRINCIPLE IS APPLICABLE TO INDIRECT ELECTIONS ALSO. i.e upper house i.e legislative council and rajya sabha of parliament, ONLY INDIVIDUALS BELONGING TO THE RESPECTIVE STATE I.E RESIDENT OF THE STATE/DISTRICT FOR OVER SEVEN YEARS ONLY SHOULD BE ELIGIBLE TO REPRESENT THE STATE IN THE UPPER HOUSE. THIS PRINCIPLE WILL BE APPLICABLE TO ALL CANDIDATES WHO ARE CONTESTING INDEPENDENTLY. As such, I strongly believe, there is great urgency and need for reforms in electoral system of country making it mandatory for ALL POLITICAL PARTIES ALLOCATE TICKETS, PROPORTIONATE TO PERCENTAGE OF INCOME GROUP MAINTAINING SOCIAL EQUALITY, SIMULTANEOUSLY MAINTAINING ALLOCATION OF TICKETS PROPORTIONATE TO THE POPULATION OF CASTES MAINTAINING SOCIAL JUSTICE, AND ALSO MAINTAINING GENDER EQUALITY for AND ALSO MAINTAINING THE MAXIMUM NUMBER OF TERMS OF REPRESENTATION IN THE ELECTIONS AT ALL LEVELS, ALLOWING ONLY ONE MEMBER FROM THE FAMILY , WITH LOCAL RESIDENTIAL REPRESENTATION, Will certainly reduce the corruption from day one of the electoral process i.e from nomination for the election, till the last day in power. As fresh young blood at the entry level will work more dedicatedly at the grassroots, As the need for spending excess money other than allowed by election authority is much less, because of mix of experienced candidates from that part of the territory who are familiar to the locals as an elected representative for mandal, assembly and parliament elections, the caste/community equations which makes candidates near to the majority of people, after success in election, most of them certainly work in the direction ensuring the reach of welfare schemes are much effective and fairer manner as they are more aware of the problems of their income class, caste and gender. THIS REFORM WILLS UN-DOUGHTILY REDUCE THE SOCIO- ECONOMIC DISPARITIES IN THE COUNTRY AT ALL LEVELS AND IS CERTAINLY A GAME CHANGER IN THE POLITICAL DEMOCRACY OF THE COUNTRY.

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JAI HIND

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