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TEST 2 MARK SCHEME PART A MARK SCHEME PART A p. 3 1.

(a) (i) (ii) (b) C [1 mark] B [1 mark]

Calculating Weight W = m g = 15 10 formula &/V substitution [1/2 mark] W = 150 N calculation & unit [1/2 mark] 150 N Value for Normal Reaction [1/2 mark] 150 N Vertical arrow for Normal vector [1/2 mark] Same size as Weight (by eye) [1/2 mark] Vertical arrow for Weight vector [1/2 mark]

Accept unit anywhere in diagram if missing in Weight answer Ignore absence of unit in diagram if present in Weight answer Ignore absence of calculation for Weight if value present on diagram

p. 4 & 5 2. (a) (i) Indication of using gradient (e.g. triangle on graph etc.) [1/2 mark] OR a = (v u) / t using formula [1/2 mark] a = (15 5) / 5 substitution [1/2 mark] award [1 mark] for correct substitution even if first step wrong or missing a = 2 m/s2 calculation [1/2 mark] unit [1/2 mark] FResult = m a = 900 2 formula &/V substitution (ecf from (i)) [1 mark] FResult = 1800 (N) calculation [1/2 mark] FResult = FForw FResist => 1800 = FForw 1100 formula &/V substitution (ecf) [1/2 mark] FForw = 1800 + 1100 rearrangement [1/2 mark] FForw = 2900 (N) calculation [1/2 mark] Indication of calculating area [1/2 mark] of correct triangle [1/2 mark] Area = (base height) / 2 = (5 15) / 2 formula &/V substitution [1/2 mark] Area = Distance = 37.5 calculation & unit [1/2 mark] Any factor affecting the car from [1 mark] Condition of tyres / brakes (or similar) Road condition (rain / ice / gravel / oil spills etc.) (or similar) Aerodynamic car (or similar)

(ii)

(b)

(i)

(ii)

YEAR 5 TRIPLE SCIENCE PHYSICS

TEST 2 MARK SCHEME PART A p. 6 & 7 3. (a) The gases exert a force of 100 000 N forward on the aircraft gases & aircraft [1/2 mark] 100 000 N (accept equal) & forward (accept opposite) [1/2 mark] a = (v u) / t => 1.2 = (70 0) / t formula &/V substitution [1/2 mark] t = 70 / 1.2 rearrangement [1/2 mark] I = 58.3 s = 58 s calculation [1/2 mark] unit [1/2 mark] There are resistive forces Resultant force smaller => acceleration smaller => time increases One of the resistive forces = Air resistance As speed increases => Air resistance increases Until Forward thrust = Resistive forces => a = 0 => v = const Level Marks 1 1 2 Mentions resistive forces, perhaps names friction or air resistance Mentions balance of forces at terminal velocity 2 3 4 Mentions air resistance as a resistive force Identifies dependence of air resistance on speed Refers to balanced forces and a = 0 at terminal velocity

(b)

* (c)

YEAR 5 TRIPLE SCIENCE PHYSICS

TEST 2 MARK SCHEME PART B MARK SCHEME PART B p. 3 1. (a) (b) (c) D [1 mark] B [1 mark] (i) (ii) 250 000 (J) (ignore absence of unit) [1 mark] Work = F s => 250000 = F 80 formula &/V substitution [1/2 mark] F = 250000 / 80 rearrangement [1/2 mark] F = 3125 N calculation [1/2 mark] unit [1/2 mark]

p. 4 & 5 2. (a) m = 1.8 1000 = 1800 kg conversion [1/2 mark] GPE = m g h = 1800 10 1.5 formula &/V substitution [1/2 mark] GPE = 27 000 J calculation [1/2 mark] unit [1/2 mark] KE = (1/2) m v2 => 27000 = (1/2) 1800 v2 formula &/V substitution [1/2 mark] v2 = 2 27000 / 1800 rearrangement [1/2 mark] v2 = 30 => v = (30) = 5.48 m/s = 5.5 m/s = 6 m/s calculation [1/2 mark] unit [1/2 mark] Any one from [1 mark] No energy losses (in the form of heat / sound etc.) Energy is conserved / Law of Conservation of Energy All GPE converted to KE (or similar) Same [1 mark] AND Any one from [1 mark] Mass cancels out in calculations All objects fall freely with the same acceleration etc.

(b)

(c)

(d)

YEAR 5 TRIPLE SCIENCE PHYSICS

TEST 2 MARK SCHEME PART B p. 6 & 7 3. (a) mA uA + mB uB = (mA + mB) v => 800 6 + 900 (10) = 1700 v formula &/V substitution [1 mark] award only [1/2 mark] if both velocities have the same sign v = 4200 / 1700 = 2.47 m/s calculation [1/2 mark] sign / left (as direction) [1/2 mark] allow ecf in direction F = (m v m u) / t formula [1/2 mark] F = (1100 20 0) / 0.8 substitution [1/2 mark] F = 27 500 N calculation [1/2 mark] unit [1/2 mark] Feature = Crumple zones Additional feature = air bags / safety belts Increase time of impact / to come to a halt Resultant force decreases Level Marks 1 1 2 Refers to at least two of the following Mentions crumple zones Mentions at least one of the additional features May refer to safety features absorbing energy / momentum etc. 2 3 4 Relates at least three of the following Refers to a larger impact time May quote formula or refer to part (b) Refers to relationship between time and force Refers to how safety features affect impact time

(b)

* (c)

YEAR 5 TRIPLE SCIENCE PHYSICS