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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Case Study A study of


Working Capital Management -Policies and Practices at SABMiller India

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Author Dr Anubha srivastava Sr. lecturer (Finance) Amity Business School Noida Co-Author
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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Pankaj Ishpujani Management trainee HCL B Serve Noida

Summary
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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Indian beer market is valued at INR 41 billion for the year ending 31 st march 2010 and it is expected to grow at 17.2% for the next year. Indian growth rates compare favorably with the global beer industry. Foreign brewers are eyeing the Indian beer market which is largely untapped and has growth potential. Apart from providing strong growth, India also provides attractive profit margins due to the consolidated nature of the industry. The effect of this consolidation can be seen in the fact that beer prices in India rarely go down with the competitive pressures of new product or brand launches. In the past, whenever beer prices have gone down, it has been due to either the lowering of duties by the
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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

government or the deregulation of distribution (leading to lower margins for the distribution channel partners). The Indian beer market has been growing rapidly over the last 10 years, due to the positive impact of demographic trends and expected changes, like: Rising income levels Changing age profile Changing lifestyles
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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

The case study attempts to calculate various ratios and working capital requirement of SABMiller India and compare it with the market leader (UBL), Since More than 80% of the Indian Beer market is controlled by two major players united breweries limited (48%) and SABMiller (37%). The project is completed at PALS Unit of SABMiller India which is situated in Aurangabad. This study includes secondary data analysis for which data is being collected through the annual reports of both the companies. The information gathered is thoroughly discussed with the concerned employees and experts.
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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Introduction -Globally, over 133 billion litres of beer is sold each year. In comparison, the Indian beer Industry contributes a meagre 1.28% of the global sales. The industry has been witnessing on an average, a steady growth of about 10% per year over the last ten years with volumes crossing 172 million cases in 2008-2009 from 70 million cases in 2002. With a relatively younger population and

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

income levels on the rise, India is seeing an increase in the popularity of beer. Consumption of beer in India is also constrained by lack of adequate market infrastructure. In China for instance, there is one outlet for every 300 persons. In contrast, India has one outlet for every 21,000 persons hampering free availability of beer. Total consumption of beer in China grew by 33.56% between the years 2000 and 2006 to reach a total market volume of 30.47 billion litres. With a per capita consumption of 25 litres, China is one of the largest beer consuming nations in the world. Though beer is a milder form of alcohol, it is taxed by most states on the same basis as Spirits. The charge is on absolute alcohol basis.
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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Globally on per unit of alcohol basis, beer bears approximately 50% of levies imposed on Spirits whereas in India taxation is regressive on beer. India is predominantly a hard liquor market and beer has a minority preference amongst those who consume alcohol. Typically the size of beer volumes in most countries is 7 to 10 times larger than spirits, whereas in India, spirits is larger. The alcoholic beverage industry in India operates under a very complex regulatory environment which is the biggest challenge. In addition to restrictions on advertising, distribution infrastructure and retailing, varied tax

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

structures, controlled pricing and licensing make operations more complex, consequently leading to higher costs, though providing entry barriers for new entrants as well.. . Company Snapshot: SABMiller India, Business Highlights

Brands: Haywards 5000, fosters , Royal challenge, Knock out, Haywards Black, Peroni
SABMiller India is a subsidiary of SABMiller PLC and registered in India as SKOL breweries

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Business strategy SABMiller has ten owned and one contract brewery located
strategically to serve the beer market efficiently

The company has 37% market share and stands in the second position. The company has invested about INR 1250 mn in the past two years for upgrading its breweries to global standards.

This case study has been divided into following sections Page | 14

Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Section I Section II Section III Section IV Section V Section VI

Company profile Nature of Problem Objectives of the study Area of consideration Some key leanings Conclusion & Recommendation
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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Section I -Company profile SABMiller PLC is a Public ltd which was founded in the year 1895 in Johannesburg, South African Republic. It is one of the worlds largest brewing companies with distribution interests in six continents. The headquarters of the company is in city of west minster, London, United Kingdom. The CEO is Graham Mackay and Chairman is J. Meyer Kahn. Company has more than 200 brands of beer with the total employee strength of 70000. SABMiller is listed on London and Johannesburg stock exchanges with a market value of 21 billion Pounds.
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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

The Company is widely spread across the six continents

Latin America- In Latin America Company has 17 breweries and 16 bottling plants with
approximately 25000 employees.

Europe- In Europe Company has 23 breweries with approximately 16000 employees.

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

North America- In North America Company has 8 major breweries with approximately
8600 employees

Africa and Asia In Africa and Asia Company has 41 breweries and 14 bottling plants with
an approximately 14000 employees.

South Africa In South Africa Company has 7 Breweries and 7 bottling plants with
approximately 130000 employees.
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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Historical Background

-This company entered in the Indian market by acquiring Narang

breweries and has since acquired several breweries and brands , the most notable being its acquisition in June 2001 , of Mysore breweries (with Knock out Brand ) and in May 2003 of Shaw Wallace s Beer brands (Royal Challenge and Haywards SABMiller India which is registered with the name SKOL Breweries ltd in India was incorporated on 18th November 1988 as a public limited company under the companies Act 1956; it is a subsidiary of SABMiller Plc and is primarily engaged in the business of brewing, packaging, distribution, marketing
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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

and sale of beer. SKOL Breweries is one of the largest manufacturers of variety of beer brands in India. The company has approximately 37 %( 2009) market share and its biggest competitor is United breweries limited with a 48% (2009) market share.

Core Brands of Skol Breweries Haywards 5000 -Launched in 1983, Haywards 5000 is synonymous with strong beer and is one of the largest Selling beers in India. The hallmark of an original and authentic strong beer, it perfectly
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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

combines strength and quality to meet the high expectation of todays demanding consumers. The Brand has signed up Bollywood superstars Mr. Sanjay Dutt and Mr. Sunil Shetty as brand ambassadors. The macho image of the stars goes well with the strong image of the Brand. The alcohol content in Haywards 5000 beer is approximately 7.5%.
Royal Challenge-Launched in the year 1983, Royal Challenge Premium lager is the second largest

selling mild beer in India. The brand positioning is that this is the beer for the discerning consumer

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

who has the confidence to make choice based on superior taste and knowledge and stand apart rather than be part of a crowd. It offers a difference with an edge besides its international class packaging, premium image and path breaking advertising, what sets the brand apart is a distinctly smooth and easy flowing taste.

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Knock out-Launched in 1984, knock out has clearly carved for itself a distinctive segment- The Strongest Beer and is the 3rd largest selling strong beer brand in the country. It has continued to perform well. The brand has strong presence in most southern and central states in India. The brand has Kannada action hero Mr. Darshan as its ambassador.

Fosters-SABMiller acquired Fosters brand in 2006-07. The brand had not been performing up to its potential before it was taken up by the SABMiller on account of production and distribution
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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

constraints. The brand has not only stemmed but the brand has grown over 45%. The Brand is now available all over India. Fosters is a clear leader in the premium segment both in volume and image terms. It leads the development of what we call the worth more segment in India. Fosters market share YTD March 09 was 11.9% of the mainstream mild beer industry which was a 2.8% market share gain over the previous year. Indus Pride-The brand was launched in the year 2008 09 it has performed very well in Rajasthan. In its very first year it has captured 20% of the market. It has also been well received in Karnataka, where
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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

it was launched in March 2009. Indus pride is a mild segment beer and it is Indias first 100% maltbased beer along with a 100% malt- based beverage. This beer has been specially developed in accordance with research findings to suit the Indian tastes.

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Peroni -Company introduced its global brand Peroni in Mumbai in 2008. Peroni Nastro Azzurro is an intensely crisp, dry and refreshing lager, with a clean character and clarity. It is expertly brewed in Italy to the original recipe in Italy since 1963 and has an unmistakable touch of Italian style. This premium beer uses the finest variety of spring- planted barley and the highest quality maize, malts and hop. It has been very well received in the market. In Mumbai it already has 35% market share of the imported beer market. The brand in India has become the symbol of Italian

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

style in the beer market. It is now available in the cities of Mumbai, Pune, Delhi and Bangalore. Peroni is the most premium beer in the Indian beer Industry.
BREWING PROCESS AT PALS

Brewing: The process of producing beer from malted grains is called brewing. Brewery: - The place where beer is produced, processed and packaged is called a brewery. Brew houses at PALS: -

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

There are two Brew houses at PALS, one is ALFA LAVAL Brew house (old) and the other is BRIGGS Brew house (new). The old Brew house has an adjunct cooker, a MCV, a lauter tun, a wort kettle and a whirlpool. The brew length is of 110 HL. High Gravity brew can produce up to 145 HL of beer. The new Brew house has a MCV, a lauter tun and two wort kettles cum whirlpools. The brew length is of 440 Hl. High gravity brew can produce up to 500 HL of beer. The new Brew house is operated through PLC (Programmable Logical Control). The set points of various parameters such as time, temperature, pressure, flow etc are given to the PLC according to
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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

which the operation is carried out and the whole process is monitored through SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) by the brewer. Section II-Nature of Problem In this case study an effort has been made to find out the practices and process adopted by SAB Miller India for working capital management. The inventory, cash and debtor management along with creditors management has been analyzed and compared to evaluates the and compare the liquidity and

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

efficiency of the company with its rivals Initially the entire brewing process and the financial position of the company were observed. After that the various problems faced by the units are discussed in this case , Further it is a descriptive and analytical case in nature. More business fails for lack of cash than for want of profit. Efficient management of working capital is one of the most important conditions for the success of an enterprise. Better management of working capital means management of working capital in such a way that an adequate amount of working capital is maintained for the smooth functioning of a firm and for the fulfillment of the two
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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

most important objectives of any firm and these are profitability and liquidity. While inadequate amount of working capital impairs the firms liquidity and holding of excess working capital results in the reduction of the profitability. But the proper estimation of working capital actually required, is a difficult task for the management because the amount of working capital varies across firms over the periods depending upon the nature of the business, production cycle, credit policy, availability of raw material etc. Section III-Objectives of the study
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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Objectives -The objectives of the project are To study the financial position of SABMiller India and compare it with market leader (UBL)
To comparative analysis between SAB Miller and UBL

To calculate the gross and Net working capital requirement of both the companies

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

To study the trend of current assets and current liabilities over the last three years and do a comparative analysis Section IV -Area of consideration Need for working capital- The basic objective of financial management is to maximize shareholders wealth. For this it is necessary to generate sufficient profits. The extent to it, which the profit can be earned, largely depends on the magnitude of sales. However sales do not convert into cash. There is

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

invariable the time gap between the sales of goods and receipts of cash. There is, therefore, a need for working capital in the form of current assets to deal with the problem arising. Out of the lack of immediate realization of cash again goods sold. Therefore sufficient working capital is necessary to sustain sales activity. Working capital is needed for the following purpose: For the purchase of raw material, components and spares To incur day to day expenses and overhead costs such as fuel, power and office expenses, etc.
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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

To meet selling costs as packing, advertisement etc To provide credit facilities to the customers. To maintain the inventories of raw material, work in progress, stores and spares and finished goods. To pay wages and salaries

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

RATIOS ASSOCIATED WITH WORKING CAPITAL MANAGEMENT

SABMiller India (Rs)


S.NO 1 PARTICULARS
OPENING STOCK

2008-09
1,183,482,865

2007-08
774,519,494

2006-07
539,306,405

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

2 3 4

CLOSING STOCK AVERAGE STOCK NET SALES

1,650,081,511 1,416,782,188 13,160,176,239

1,183,482,865 9,790,011,80 10,365,641,037

774,519,494 656,912,950 8,644,700,383

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

NET PROFIT

(648,759,941)

344,777,187

401,891,802

SUNDRY DEBTORS

3,390,344,214

2,536,219,383

1,484,582,230

SUNDRY CREDITORS

1,763,037,875

744,667,154

920,907,472

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

NET CREDIT PURCHASES

7,306,498,230

5,830,587,436

4,128,183,757

9 10

COST OF GOODS SOLD

6,839,899,584

3,059,852,296

2,197,111,990

NET WORKING CAPITAL

1,242,611,005

683,245,298

3,647,457,932

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

11 12

CURRENT ASSETS

6,104,394,695

4,741,406,233

7,091,443,760

CURRENT LIABILITIES

4,861,783,690

4,058,160,935

3,443,985,828

S.NO

SABMILLER RATIOS

2009
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2008

2007

Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Current Ratio

1.26

1.17

2.06

2 3

Liquidity Ratio Inventory turnover Ratio

0.79 9.28

0.74 10.59

1.74 13.16

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

4 5 6

Debtor turnover ratio Creditor Turnover ratio Average collection period

4.44 5.82 81 days

5.16 7 70 days

5.83 5.53 62 days

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

7 9

Average payment period Working capital turnover ratio

62 days 10.59

51 days 15.17

65 days 2.37

10

Current asset turnover ratio

2.16

2.19

1.22

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

11

Stock working capital ratio

1.33

1.73

0.21

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

UNITED BREWERIES LIMITED (Rs)


S.NO PARTICULARS 2008-09 2007-08 2006-07

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Opening stock

1,169,167,000

1,123,634,300

735,963,000

2 3

Closing stock Average stock

1,630,376,000

1,169,167,000

1,123,634,300

1,399,771,500

1,146,400,650

929,798,650

Page | 46

Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

4 5

Net Sales Net profit

16,982,709,000

13,690,611,000

9,984,247,000

624,940,000

624,725,000

650,918,000

Sundry debtors

4,699,634,000

3,244,040,000

2,148,312,000

Page | 47

Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Sundry creditors

1,208,637,000

1,205,662,000

898,379,000

8 9 10

Net purchases Current assets Current liabilities

8,640,762,000 7,710,487,000 2,065,734,000

6,450,325,700
5,257,330,000 2,285,431,000

4,892,839,300
5,520,310,000 2,026,424,000

Page | 48

Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

11

Net Working capital

5,644,753,000

2,971,899,000

3,493,886,000

Page | 49

Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

UNITED BREWERIES LIMITED RATIOS


S.NO RATIOS 2009 2008 2007

Page | 50

Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

1 2 3

Current Ratio Liquidity Ratio Inventory turnover Ratio

3.73 3.18 12.13

2.30 1.61 11.94

2.72 2.09 9.79

Page | 51

Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Debtor turnover ratio

4.28

5.07

5.79

Creditor Turnover ratio

7.16

6.13

5.45

Average collection period

84 days

71days

62 days

Page | 52

Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

7 8

Average payment period Working capital turnover ratio Current asset turnover ratio

50 days 3.00

59days 4.60

66 days 2.85

2.20

2.60

1.81

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

10

Stock working capital ratio

0.29

0.39

0.32

WORKING NOTES
1. Net sales include sale of traded goods and excludes excise duty and discounts.

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

2. For the purpose of calculating current assets, in loans and advances only advances

recoverable in cash or in kind or for value to be received, prepaid expenses, rental deposit and other deposit have been taken as short term advances. 3. The formula used to calculate net purchases is Closing stock opening stock + Cost of goods sold = Net purchases 4. Here net purchases is assumed to be net credit purchases
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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

5. In case of SABMillers COGS the cost of containers is include which is given only for 2008-09. Henceforth the same proportion of containers has been taken for the year 2007-08 and 2006-07. 6. All the purchases and sales are assumed to be on credit bases

NET SALES

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Page | 57

Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

The above graph explains the Net Sales pattern of SABMiller, UBL, the Market size from 2007 till 2009 and also the Estimated Market size for 2010 and 2011. For the years 2010 and 2011 the estimated Market size is Rs. 4100 crores and 4800 crores respectively which means a continuous growth of 17%. For Year Ending 2007- Total market size was Rs. 2350 crores. SABMillers Net Sales were Rs 864 Crores (36.7%) and UBLs Net Sales were Rs. 998 Crores (42.4%).Clearly Both UBL and SABMiller dominated Indian Beer market. For Year Ending 2008- Market Size grew to Rs 3000 crores from Rs 2350 making it a 36% growth in Net sales over the previous year. During this period Sales of
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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

SABMiller crossed Rs. 1000 crores (1036) leading to a 20% growth over the previous year. At this point SABMillers Market share was 34.5% declining from 36.7%. UBLs Net Sales increased from Rs. 998 to Rs. 1369 crores leading to 37% growth of Sales over previous year making a total of 45% of their share in the market. Clearly UBLs growth during the year was better then the industry growth hence their market share improved and on the other hand SABMillers growth was less than the industry growth. Hence their market share declined. For Year Ending 2009 - Total market size increased to Rs. 3500 crores from Rs. 3000 crores which made an approximately 17% increase over the
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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

previous year. SABMillers Net Sales increased to Rs.1316 crores from Rs. 1036 crores leading to a 27% growth over the previous year. Hence SABMillers market share improved to 37.5% from 34.5%.Similarly UBLs Net Sales Increased to Rs. 1698 crores from 1369 crores leading to a 24% growth. UBLs market share rose to 48.5% from 45%.Clearly both companies Share increased more than the industry growth therefore market share also improved.

NET PROFIT

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

The above graph explains the Net profit pattern for both the companies for the years ending 2007, 2008, 2009. This is a widely used measure of performance and comparable across companies in similar industries. For the year 2006-07 SABMiller made a Net profit of 40.18 crores which was around 4.65% of Net sales and UBLS Net profit was 65.09 crores which made around 6.52% of Net sales. For the year 2007-08 SABMiller made a Net Profit 34.47 crores which was around 3.32% of Net sales and UBLs Net profit was 62.47 crores which made around 4.56% of Net sales. For the year 2008-09 SABMillers Net Loss was 64.87 crores which made around 4.92% of Net sales and UBLs
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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Net profit was 62.49 crores which made around 3.68% of Net sales. Clearly For both the companies the percentage of Net profit is decreasing however UBL has been outperforming and making a good amount of Net profit. UBL has managed to squeeze in profits in the tough time which holds the key for them and Similarly SABMillers Net profit also declined however for 2008-09 it was worst where the company made a Net loss of 64 crores.

CURRENT ASSETS OR GROSS WORKING CAPITAL

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

The above graph shows the pattern of Current assets or gross working capital for SABMiller and UBL for the year ending 2007, 2008, and 2009. For the year ending 2007 Current assets were 709 crores for SABMiller as compared to 552 crores for UBL. The reason for such high Currents assets for SABMiller is the huge amount of cash and bank balances maintained by the company. Then next year for SABMiller it came down to 474 crores and 526 crores for UBL. During this year companies made huge investments in existing plant and machinery upgrading their capacity due to this the cash reserves came down completely However again the investments in current assets came up for the year 2008-09
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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

for both the companies it was because of increase in the debtors which were consistently increasing for UBL. Sufficient working capital helps the company to avoid stoppage of work and effects on profitability.

CURRENT LIABILITIES

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

The above graph explains the current liabilities pattern for SABMiller and UBL for the year ending 2007, 2008, and 2009. The current liabilities pattern shows that for SABMiller there has been a continuous increase in the three years from 344 crores in 2007 it went to 486 crores in the year 2009.The reason for such an increase is because of the continuous increase in the sundry creditors of the company. This shows that purchases are done heavily on credit basis. On the other hand Current liabilities pattern of UBL has been same in those three years which means that their short term liabilities are less as compared to SABMiller.
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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

NET WORKING CAPITAL

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

The above graph explains the Net working capital pattern for SABMiller and UBL for the years 2007, 2008, and 2009. It is clear that the pattern of Net working capital is fluctuating from high to low and then again high. The trend has been same for both the companies and it is an uneven trend. The year 2007- 08 has the lowest Net working for the both the companies compared to all the three years. The Net working capital measures the liquidity of the firm. The greater the margins better the liquidity of the firm. For the year 2008-09 UBLS Net working capital was 564 crores which were the highest.

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

This is due to the continuous increase in the sundry debtors of UBL. There should be an appropriate amount of Net working capital maintained for the smooth functioning of the business.

CASH & BANK BALANCES

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

The above graph explains the pattern of cash and bank balances for SABMiller and UBL for the years 2007, 2008, and 2009. It is clear that there has been a huge declined in the cash and bank balances from the year 2007 for both the companies. In 2007 where SABMiller had 405 crores as bank balance, UBL had 139 crores as bank balance. Thereafter the balances reduced drastically for both the companies. The lowest bank balance for SABMiller was 31 crores in the year 2008 and for UBL it was 8 crores in 2008. Hence it is ascertained that both the companys Cash balances came down hugely in the year 2008
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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

AVERAGE COLLECTION PERIOD

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

The above graph shows the pattern of Average collection period for SABMiller and UBL for the years ending 2007, 2008, and 2009. There is an increasing pattern of Average collection period for both the companies. It was the lowest in the year 2007 for both the companies. However after that it kept on increasing. In the year 2009 the Average collection period was 81 for SABMiller and for UBL it was 84 Overall the Average collection period is increasing for both the companies year after year which is not a good sign.

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

AVERAGE PAYMENT PERIOD

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

The above graph explains the pattern of Average payment period for SABMiller and UBL for the years ending 2007, 2008, and 2009. It is the relationship between the no. of working days and the creditor turnover ratio. There is a decreasing pattern of Average payment period for both the companies. In the year 2007 where it was highest for both the companies and thereafter decreasing every year. It is noticed that for SABMiller the trend is uneven that is from 65 in 2007 to 51 in 2008 and again increasing 62 in 2009. The above analysis explains that for the year 2009 the Creditors management has been better for SABMiller than UBL.
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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

CURRENT RATIO

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

The above graph explains the pattern of current ratio for SABMiller and UBL for the years 2007, 2008, and 2009. In 2007 both the companies had current ratio better than the ideal ratio however SABMillers current ratio for that period was very close to the ideal ratio. In 2008 SABMillers Current ratio came down from 2.03 to 1.17 which was very low from the ideal ratio comparatively UBLs Current ratio 2.3 was still above the ideal ratio. Hence for 2008 current ratios position was favorable for UBL as compared to SABMiller. In 2009 again the current ratio of SABMiller is quite low than the ideal ratio and comparatively UBLs Current ratio has gone up very high to 3.73 this is
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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

very much above than the ideal ratio. For SABMiller it is essential to reduce their liability otherwise this ratio shows the insolvency of the company.

LIQUIDITY RATIO

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

The above graph explains the pattern of Liquidity ratio for SABMiller and UBL for the years 2007, 2008, and 2009. The pattern for Liquidity ratio is fluctuating for the past three years. In
2006-07 liquidity ratio for SABMiller was 1.74 and for UBL was 2.09 this is clearly above the ideal ratio which shows their ability of both the companies to cover their short term liabilities. For the year 2007-08 the ratio falls for both the companies and for SABMiller it was 0.74

which was less than the ideal ratio this shows that the liquidity position was not good for that year. And for UBL it was 1.61 which was above the ideal ratio and shows a good liquidity position for the

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

company for the year 2008-09 the ratio increased for both the companies however the increase for SABMiller was marginal leading it to 0.79 from 0.74 and for UBL the increase was heavy which led the ratio to 3.18 from 1.61.Clearly UBL has better liquidity position than SABMiller.

STOCK OR INVENTORY TURNOVER RATIO

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

The above graph shows the pattern of Inventory turnover ratio for SABMiller and UBL for the years 2007, 2008, and 2009 Stock turnover ratio- Net Sales/Average inventory In 2006-07 the Stock turnover ratio For SABMiller was 13.16 and for UBL it was 9.79 In 2007-08 the Stock turnover ratio For SABMiller it was 10.59 and for UBL it was 11.94. In 2008-09 the Stock turnover ratio For SABMiller it was 9.28 and for UBL it was 12.13. It is said that a high turnover ratio indicates the efficient management of inventory more frequently stocks are sold there is an opposite pattern for Inventory turnover ratio for both the companies, clearly only for 2006-07 SABMiller has outperformed
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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

its competitor and thereafter the ratio has been declining for SABMiller and increasing for UBL for the next two year

WORKING CAPITAL TURNOVER RATIO

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Page | 91

Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

The above graph explains the pattern of Working capital turnover ratio for SABMiller and UBL for the year ending 2007, 2008, and 2009. The working capital ratio has been the lowest for the year 2006-07 for both the companies, more the ratio, better it is for the company. In the year 2007-08 where the ratio has been highest for SABMiller (15.17), comparatively it was 4.6 for UBL. In the year 2008-09 again the ratio was significant for SABMiller as it was 10.59 as compared to 3 for UBL. The above analysis signifies that working capital is better utilized in SABMiller as compared to UBL.

CURRENT ASSET TURNOVER RATIO


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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

The above graph explains the current assets turnover ratio for SABMiller and UBL for the years ending 2007, 2008, 2009. There is an uneven trend which is followed by both the companies however current assets turnover has been lowest in 2006-07 for both the companies and maximum in 2007-08. It is to be noted that in all the years UBLs ratio is more than SABMillers. Hence it shows that current assets are more efficiently used in UBL than SABMiller.

STOCK WORKING CAPITAL RATIO

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Page | 95

Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

The above graph explains the pattern of Stock working capital ratio for SABMiller and UBL for the years ending 2007, 2008, and 2009. The analysis explains that stock working ratio has been good for UBL as compared to SABMiller for the past three years. It is noticed that the performance has been consistent for UBL and for SABMiller there was an uneven trend. In the year 2007 SABMillers STR was better than UBL and in the year 2009 it increased to 1.33 which is way above the ideal ratio.

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Total & Net Operating Cycle Period for SABMiller & UBL (2009) Cycle Calculation SABMiller UBL
RMCP RMCP Average Raw material stock X 360 Total Raw material consumption 491730522 X 360 6651961523 = 27 DAYS 336039000 X 360 2141148000 = 24 DAYS

RAW MATERIAL CONVERSION PERIOD

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

WPCP

WPCP Average Work-in-progress X 360 Total cost of production 153874210 X 360 4256201006 = 13 DAYS ASSUMED

WORK IN PROGRESS CONVERSION PERIOD

= 13 DAYS

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

FGCP

FGCP Average Finished Goods Total Cost of goods sold X 360 679832914 X 360 6839899584 = 36 DAYS 603385500 X 360 6092195000 = 36 DAYS

FINISHED GOODS CONVERSION PERIOD

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

RCP

RCP Average Receivable X 360 Total Credit sales 2963281799 X 360 13,160,176,239 = 81 DAYS (RMCP+WPCP+FGCP+RCP) 3971837000 x 360 16982709000 = 84 DAYS

RECEIVEBLE CONVERSION PERIOD TOCP

157 DAYS

157 DAYS

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

DP

DP Average Creditors Total Credit purchase X 360 62 DAYS 50 DAYS

DEFFERED PERIOD NOCP

TOCP LESS DP

= 95 DAYS

= 107 DAYS

NET OPERATING CYCLE PERIOD

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

OPERATING CYCLE PERIOD

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Page | 103

Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

The above Line graph shows the Total & Net Operating Cycle period for SABMiller & UBL for the year 2009. Working capital majorly depends on the length of operating cycle and shorter the cycle net operating cycle period, better it is for the company. For the year 2009 the Raw material conversion period was 27 days for SABMiller and 24 days for UBL. Work in progress conversion period (13 Days) and finished goods conversion period (36 Days) was same for both the companies. Receivables conversion period for SABMiller was 81 days and for UBL it was 84 days.

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

After adding all the Total operating cycle period for SABMiller and UBL comes up to 157 days. Deferred payment period for SABMiller was 62 days and for UBL it was 50 days. Hence Net operating cycle period for SABMiller was 95 days and for UBL it was 107 days. The cycle period was less for SABMiller as compared to UBL. Section V -Some key leanings

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

From the first analysis of Net Sales it is concluded that in order to compete with UBL and improve market share. SABMiller has to make sure that every year the growth in the Net Sales is more than the Industry growth otherwise there are greater chances that market share of SABMiller may decline in the coming years. This is because there is a huge potential for beer market in coming years. For example From the analysis and Interpretations it is found that In the year 2007-08 the Net Sales growth in Beer market was 36% and SABMillers growth was only 20% hence their share decreased to 34.5% from 36.7%. Keeping this in mind and looking at the estimated growth in beer market for 2010 and 2011
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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

which is 17%. It is very important for SABMiller to grow with minimum of 17%.The Net sales of SABMiller for the year ending 2008-09 were Rs. 1316 crores and their market share was 37.5%. For the company to maintain the same market share the Net sales for the year ending 2010 and 2011 should be1. 2.

For the year ending 2010 ( 1316+ 17% 0f 1316) =Rs 1539 crores For the year ending 2011- (1539 + 17% of 1539) = Rs 1800 crores
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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

This is the minimum amount of Net sales that the company should have in order to maintain the existing market share of 37.5%. However this is the minimum level of Net Sales and Beer market is set to flourish in the coming years where major foreign players are ready to enter this untapped Indian beer market and there are greater chances that market may grow more than 17%. It is recommended that company should look to improve beyond these figures and try best to improve the market share. It is also found that this can be possible as the company has a diversified portfolio. Hence SABMillers Net Sales should be more than Rs1539 crores for the year ending 2010 and Rs 1800 crores for the year
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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

ending 2011. This will lead to companys consistent growth just like UBL and help them to compete in the market. The analysis of net profit concludes that the performance of SABMiller was poor in the year 2008-09 and that is why the company went into losses and on the other hand UBL was consistent with the profit even though there were so many fluctuations in the Market. The reasons for Net Loss in the year 2008-09- The company justified two reasons for losses in the year 2008 -09 and these are-

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

1.

One time Charge of Rs 34 crores during the year due to change in the accounting policy

to align accounting as per income tax for treatment of containers.


2. 3.

The temporary suspension of Charminar Brewery for 38 days in peak season.

Cost analysis The cost analysis explains the reason why company went into losses. It is found

that for the year 2008-09 cost for various segments were more for SABMiller than UBL. COST DISTRIBUTION
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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Page | 111

Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

The pie chart shows the cost distribution for both the companies for the year ending 2008-09. This will explain the difference in the occurrence of cost in different departments. The comparison is done keeping Net Sales for the year as the base for both the companies.
1. Cost of material which include (Cost of traded goods sold, raw material and packing material,

Malt processing charges) were 51.8% of Net sales for SABMiller and for UBL they were 48.2%.

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

2. Other Expenses

which include (Sales scheme expenses, Commission on sales, Freight

outward, Advertisement and publicity, Management fees, Travel and conveyance, Rent, Repairs, Telephone and other communication, Training and development, Printing and stationary etc) were approximately 37.3% of Net sales for SABMiller and for UBL they were just 29% approximately.

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

3. Personnel expenses which include (Salaries, Bonus, Wages, Contributions to provident funds

and other funds, Staff welfare expenses etc.) were 7.5% of Net sales for SABMiller and for UBL they were 5.1%. 4. Borrowing cost which include (Interest, Bank charges, foreign exchange loss) were just 3.4% of Net Sales for SABMiller and for UBL they were 5.2% of Net Sales.

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

5. Miscellaneous segment in UBLs Pie diagram include (deprecation, provision and also the Net profit) and on the other hand this segment doesnt exist for SABMiller because the first four costs account for 100% of Net sales The amount of current assets is also insignificant for SABMiller as compared to UBL clearly because of which the current ratio of the company is way below than the ideal ratio of 2:1. Another reason for that cause can be continuous increase in the current liabilities of the company for the last three years. For the year ending 2009 the current ratio of SABMiller was 1.26 which was way below the Ideal ratio
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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

of 2:1. Another finding is that the current ratio of UBL for the year ending 2009 was 3.73:1, which is way above the ideal ratio. It shows that there was more than required blockage in the current assets because of which the working capital required was more and henceforth the Borrowing cost of UBL was more than SABMiller. Hence it is important for the SABMiller to increase the current ratio and maintain a minimum of 2:1. So that it maintains a good liquidity in order to meet its short term liabilities. Current Ratio can be improved only if there is an increase in current assets of the company and decrease in the current liabilities. It is to be noted that the current liabilities of company are
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Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

continuously increasing. Net working capital was very less for SABMiller as compared to UBL for the year ending 2009. A higher working capital always shows a better a liquidity position for the company. The reason for decline in the Net working capital is the reduction in the cash & bank balances and certainly because of which the liquidity ratio (.79:1) was also below the ideal 1:1. Hence there is a greater need for the company to maintain a bit higher cash balances so that the liquidity ratio reaches to 1:1 from 0.79:1. The Stock turnover ratio of SABMiller is also decreasing every year. In 2007 where it was 13.16 it came down to 9.28 in the year 2009. The conversion period of stock
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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

through sales is increasing year after year. From the working capital turnover ratio it can be concluded that there is a better utilization of working capital as compared to UBL. However it is also found that the average collection period for the companies is increasing over the years and for SABMiller from 62 days in 2007 it has gone to 81 in 2009. For 2009 the average collection period for UBL was 84 days which means SABMillers average collection from debtors was better than UBL. The average payment period has an uneven trend for SABMiller and for UBL it has a decreasing trend in the year 2009 where Average payment period was 62 days for SABMiller it was 50 days for UBL.
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India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

. Section VI -Conclusion and Recommendation It can be concluded that UBL follows a liberal strategy towards its debtors and creditors in order to maintain better relationship. The above analysis shows that the trend followed by both the companies in past three years has been more or less the same and both have made efforts to increase plant size in

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A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

order to produce more. However the following are the major areas that SABMiller should focus in the near future in order to improve its market share and earn a sustainable profit. Increase the amount of cash and bank reserve so that a better liquidity ratio is maintained. Company has to reduce its Raw material conversion period from 27 days as it is too high. Companys stock turnover ratio is quite poor it should focus on improving it.

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A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Current liabilities of SABMiller are increasing every year as compared to UBLs consistent current

liabilities. So SABMiller should focus on reducing the amount of current liabilities. Another major area of concern for the company is the amount of bottle loss that it is bearing. In bottling Industry the most critical factor is the acquisition and handling of bottles. Since Bottle market is always fluctuating so it is very difficult to control the cost however the factor that can be controlled is the bottle breakage loss.

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India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Recommendations-The following are the ways in which the Sales of the company can be increased.
Tamil Nadu is one of the biggest beer markets in India and No brand of SABMiller is sold in

that region just because of the governments Policy. This market can certainly be targeted with contract brewing in Tamil Nadu. This way the policy of Tamil Nadu government will be followed and a major market can also be captured.

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India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Not only just Tamil Nadu rather company should target more on the following five major states

of Beer consumption in India to improve its sales figure As strong beer has 74% market share in India. Company should focus on developing new strong beer brands as Indian consumers drink beer as an alternative to spirits. This can enhance the sales.
Concept of Dumping can help SABMiller to Improve SalesPage | 123

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India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Other Recommendations

It is recommended that SABMiller should focus on giving more discounts for on spot payment. This way buyer would be attracted and hence cash balances would increase because it is important for company to increase its current cash balances.

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India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Company should also focus on increasing the Average collection period because currently the period is 81 days which is less than UBLs period. Hence by increasing the Average collection period the sales of the company will increase because more buyers would be attracted.

Discussion QuestionsQ. What selling techniques can be used by SABMiller to enhance there sales in order to increase their market share?

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India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Q. What is the appropriate level of Working capital ratio that should be maintained by the brewing companies in order to have an optimum level liquidity? Q .How the current ratio of SABMiller is being affected by the continuous increase of current liabilities over the past three years? Q. What plan should be adopted by SABMiller in order to maximize their production so that wastage can be prevented and demands can be met during season time?

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India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

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India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

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India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

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A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

ANNEXURES
SABMILLER INDIA BALANCE SHEETS

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A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

SOURCES OF FUNDS Shareholder's Funds Share Capital Reserves and surplus Share application

As at 31st March 2009

As at 31st March 2008

As at 31st March 2007

2,311,837,450 6,140,637,748

2,311,837,450 6,406,852,856

1,979,158,880 4,610,316,326 1,863,000,000

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A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

money pending allotment of shares Loan Funds Unsecured Loans Deferred tax liability, net 6,170,031,896 3,774,422,006 63,744,046 4,652,648,467

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A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

TOTAL APPLICATION OF FUNDS Fixed assets Gross Block

14,622,507,094

12,556,856,348

13,105,123,673

13,556,110,406

10,973,596,079

8,795,466,503

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India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Less; Accumulated depreciation Less; Provision for impairment of fixed assets Capital work-in -progress

[2,397,970,441] [143,814,725]

[2,074,943,657] [156,563,671]

[1,525,150,636] [52,523,898]

506,703,130

1,491,630,978

756,309,965

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A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

11,521,028,370 Investments Current Assets, loans and advances Inventories Sundry debtors 1,650,081,511 3,390,344,214 11,359,225

10,233,719,729 11,359,225

7,974,101,934 2,178,050

1,183,482,865 2,536,219,383

774,519,494 1,484,582,230

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A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Cash and bank balances Loans and advances

317,395,443 1,176,231,356 6,534,052,524

311,251,107 1,242,942,582 5,273,895,937 4,741,406,233

4,047,462,855 1,202,005,377 7,508,569,956 7,091,443,760

Actual current assets

6,104,394,695

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A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Current liabilities and provisions Current liabilities Provisions 4,861,783,690 421,930,244 5,283,713,934 Net current assets 1,250,338,590 4,058,160,935 361,193,684 4,419,354,619 854,541,318 3,443,985,828 457,868,326 3,901,854,154 3,606,715,802

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A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Amalgamation adjustment reserve account Debit balance in Profit and loss account Less; Balance in general reserve

1,457,236,076

1,457,236,076

1,457,236,076

1,600,944,149

1,296,961,395

[1,218,399,316]

[1,232,069,584]

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India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

account 382,544,833 TOTAL 14,622,507,094 12,556,856,348 64,891,811 13,105,123,673

SABMILLER INDIA PROFIT AND LOSS ACCOUNTS


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India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

PROFIT AND LOSS ACCOUNT INCOME Sale of manufactured goods, gross Sale of traded goods, gross

For the year ended 31st march 2009

For the year ended 31st march 2008

For the year ended 31st March 2007

21,622,215,155 96,894,530

17,120,144,115 296,758,472

13,384,952,487 100,449,130

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A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

21,719,109,685 Less; Excise duty Less; Discounts Sales, Net Income from contract bottling [7,518,279,022] [1,040,654,424] 13,160,176,239 143,573,120

17,416,902,587 [6,307,912,578] [743,348,972] 10,365,641,037

13,485,401,617 [4,840,701,234]

8,644,700,383

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A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Other income Income from marketing operations TOTAL EXPENDITURE Cost of material

185,950,917

281,767,214 219,335,661

179,188,724 331,222,390 9,155,111,497

13,489,700,276

10,866,743,912

6,839,899,584

3,059,852,296

2,197,111,990

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A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Personnel cost Other expenses Depreciation Provision for impairment of fixed assets

974,679,780 4,982,476,471 651,299,955 [7,066,845]

804,928,296 5,469,854,808 858,090,043 117,306,243

603,282,581 5,064,541,864 625,247,195 [101,662,427]

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A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Opening adjustment for returnable containers Borrowing cost [LOSS]/ PROFIT BEFORE TAX Provision for tax

340,493,099 433,651,970 [725,733,738] 148,166,541 408,545,685 313,366,314 453,223,980

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A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

-Current tax -Pertaining to earlier years [reversal] -fringe benefit tax -deferred tax [credit/charge] [48,582,678] 35,160,648 [63,744,036] [37,573,724] 30,320,522 70,783,158

[375,737,24]

[13,758,454]

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A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

-wealth tax [LOSS]/PROFIT AFTER TAX Debit balance in profit and loss account brought forward Debit balance in profit and loss account carried

192,269 [648,759,941] [952,184,208]

238,542 344,777,187 [1,296,961,395] 401,891,802 [1,698,853,197]

[1,600,944,149]

[952,184,208]

[1,296,961,395]

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A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

over to balance sheet EARNINGS PER SHARE Basic earnings per share [2.81] Diluted earnings per share [2.81] 1.52 1.49 2.14 2.13

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India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

UNITED BEWERIES LIMITED BALANCE SHEETS


SOURCES OF FUNDS Shareholder's Funds
Page | 148

As at 31st march 2009

As at 31st march 2008

As at 31st March 2007

Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Share Capital Reserves and surplus Share application money pending allotment of shares Loan Funds Secured loans

2,709,048,000 8,106,431,000

2,685,043,000 3,427,554,000

2,685,043,000 2,891,310,000

4,410,559,000

4,538,387,000
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4,340,644,000

Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Unsecured Loans Deferred tax liability, net Deferred credit Total Sources

1,753,006,000 173,122,000

809,985,000 90,302,000

416,988,000 60,715,000 4,044,000

17,152,166,000

11,551,271,000

10,398,744,000

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A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

APPLICATION OF FUNDS Fixed assets Gross Block Less; Accumulated depreciation 9,272,547,000 [2,294,917,000] 7,149,646,000 [1,547,755,000] 5,090,062,000 955,018,000

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A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Less; Provision for impairment of fixed assets Net block Capital work-in progress Investments 6,977,630,000 865,308,000 1,940,957,000 5,601,891,000 1,576,089,000 1,040,709,000 4,135,044,000 1,127,308,000 590,699,000

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A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Current Assets, loans and advances Inventories Sundry debtors Cash and bank balances Other current assets 1,630,376,000 4,699,634,000 417,733,000 140,769,000 1,169,167,000 3,224,040,000 78855000 2,282,000
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1,123,643,000 2,148,312,000 1,392,732,000 10,202,000

Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Loans and advances

2,728,788,000 9,617,300,000

1,171,620,000 5,645,964,000

1,972,175,000 6,647,064,000

Current liabilities and provisions Current liabilities 2,065,734,000 2,291,592,000 2,026,424,000

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Case Study

A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Provisions

183,295,000 2,249,029,000

124,143,000 2,415,735,000 3,332,582,000

74,947,000 2,101,371,000 4,545,693,000

Net current assets Amalgamation adjustment reserve account

7,368,271,000

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A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Debit balance in Profit and loss account Less; Balance in general reserve account Total applications 17,152,166,000 11,551,271,000 10,398,744,000

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A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

UNITED BREWERIES LIMITED PROFIT AND LOSS ACCOUNTS PROFIT AND LOSS ACCOUNT INCOME Sale of manufactured goods, gross 24,604,481,000 19,802,844,000 14,264,437,000 For the year ended 31st march 2009 For the year ended 31st march 2008 For the year ended 31st March 2007

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India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Less; Excise duty Sales, Net Other income TOTAL INCOME EXPENDITURE Cost of Sales

7,621,772,000 16,982,709,000 492,991,000 17,475,700,000

6,112,233,000 13,690,611,000 257,948,000 13,948,559,000

4,280,190,000 9,984,247,000 764,491,000 10,748,738,000

10,472,894,000

8,672,344,000

6,596,961,000

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A study of Working capital management of Hisar Project- Reliance Infrastructure Limited

India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Other expenses Interest and finance charges Depriciation and Amortization PROFIT BEFORE TAX Provison for tax

4,327,570,000 896,377,000 762,150,000 1,016,709,000

3,303,517,000 428,282,000 612,276,000 932,140,000

2,536,711,000 279,788,000 385,352,000 949,926,000

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India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

-Current tax - fringe benefit tax - deferred tax [ credit]/charge PROFIT AFTER TAX Dividend

{294,549,000} {14,400,000} {82,820,000} 624,940,000 {170,912,000}

{264,889,000} {12,000,000} {30,526,000} 624,725,000 {86,658,000}

{294,129,000} {19,880,000} {15,001,000} 650,918,000 {146,689,000}

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India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

538,067,000 Transfer to General Reserve Profit carried to balance sheet Profit brought from previous year {65,000,000} 389,028,000 489,385,000 55,156,000 {70,000,000}

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India

Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

Profit carried forward to the balance sheet EARNINGS PER SHARE Basic/Dilluted) 2.29

1,027,452,000 2.49

489,385,000 2.62

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Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.

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Author Dr. Anubha Srivastava Sr. Lecturer (Finance) Amity Business school Noida- 201301, U.P.