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Aminosiloxanes Diamine Monoamine Reactive Alkyl/Alkoxy terminated Hydroxy terminated Non-reactive Amido aminosiloxanes

Silicone quats
Polyetherfunctional siloxanes Epoxy functional Hindered Secondary Amine

CH3 Si CH3 O

CH3 Si O

CH3 Si CH3 O

CH3 Si CH3 m O

CH3 Si CH3

NH2

H N

NH2

Best degree of softness Higher the amine content


Unfortunately it also due to oxidation of this amine that one generates the undesirable yellowing of the textiles in application & so the search for the compromise between softness & yellowing continues. It is true that today there are certain products on the market which are pitched at various points along this line of compromise; in general,

More soft More yellowing Less soft Less yellowing


Textile treated with conventional di-amino functional silicone-emulsion show two big disadvantages: Yellowing at higher temperature and Hydrophobic effects.

NH 2

Here the anti yellowing mechanism i.e. ultra low yellowing mechanism is due to its LOW AMINE VALUE of mono-amino functional silicone. Lower the amine value lesser the yellowing. Being a mono amine it gives ultra low yellowing in comparison to di-amine.

Alkyl/Alkoxy terminated These reactive silicone emulsions functions as a basic component in a silicone elastomer system alongwith silanic hydrogen as cross linking catalyst and organo metallic compound as condensation catalyst. Thus reactive PDMS can undergo chain extension / polymerisation to form highly elastic macro molecules with extensively crosslinked structure; forming a coherent film round the fiber and increasing elasticity. In addition these elastomers are characterized by : Strong durability to washing and dry cleaning &Enhanced resilience. A very pleasant soft handle & excellent spring back effect and bounce.

Alkyl/Alkoxy terminated contd


Improved dimensional stability & improved wash and wear ratings with greatly enhanced wet and dry crease resistance. Improved sewability. These features are especially beneficial for knit goods to improve elastic recovery (stretch recovery); to improve shape retention and to reduce bagging during wear. Furthermore Reactive PDMS are used as resin extenders and confer permanent lustrous effects and bulk elasticity to filling fibers. They are used in finishing of jeans in pigment printing and allow special effects to be obtained in the elastomeric finishing of fiber fill, knits, garments and machine washable wool.

Hydroxy/Methoxy terminated Smooth, full hand Good dimensional stability/flat appearance after wash

Improves flex abrasion & tear strength


Forms elastomeric film, excellent resiliency, inherent flexibility Excellent cutting & sewing characteristics

Higher crease resistance. Improves pile and crush resistance.


Improves durable press performance

R-O

O-R

These are chemically inert trimethyl silyl terminated poly dimethyl siloxanes. These silicone oils are used as is, or in form of aqueous emulsions; neat or in blends with organic softeners, petroleum oils, waxes to produce : Textile softening agents which give specific soft & supple handle with good sew ability, cutting and abrasion resistance in wash and wear finish. Raising and napping agents especially for synthetics. Sewing thread lubricants to improve gliding properties of sewing threads and their resistance to heat (heat shield effect). To reduce friction and ensure rapid dissipation of heat resulting in fewer thread breakages. Yarn lubricants with high heat stability. Antifoams and defoamers to eliminate space rubbing foam. Pigment print additives for improving crack fastness and depth of shade.

CH3 H3C Si CH3 O

CH3 Si O

CH3 Si O

CH3 Si CH3 O

CH3 Si CH3 CH3

NH2

n NH C O R m

Very Low Yellowing Very Good Softness silicones

O NH C R

Less Hydrophobic than Conventional Amino Especially Effective on Poly-cotton Fabrics Micro emulsifiable

Exhaustible/Shear Stable

CH3 R N CH3 Z

CH3 Si CH3 O

CH3 Si CH3 n O

CH3 Si CH3 Z

CH3 N CH3 R

CH3 N R

Excellent softness, exhaustible, durable results in sanforizing process Very low yellowing High level process security Shear stable

CH3

Very good hydrophilicity : Rewettability for optimised

Resistence to alkalis: For mercerised textiles, without an increased risk of stains Temperature resistence : Makes continuous finishing processes secure

CH3 H3C Si CH3 O

CH3 Si CH3 O

CH3 Si (CH2)3 n O (C2H4O)x m O

CH3 Si CH3 O

CH3 Si CH3 CH3

(C3H6O)yH

Enchanced hydrophilicity Water Dispersible Non-yellowing Semi Durable

(C2H4O)x

(C3H6O)yH

Imparts lubricity and moderate softness


Excellent compatibility with finishing bath Shear Stable

Improves physical strength


Improved Soil Release

CH3 H3C Si CH3 O

CH3 Si CH3 O

CH3 Si O

CH3 Si CH3 CH3

x
H2C H2C

CH2 CH CH2

H2C

CH
HC O y

Reactive, Full, natural , bouncy handle


Non-yellowing Good stretch & recovery, Good elasticity & resiliency,

Improves wrinkle recovery


Self Crosslinkable, increases durability

CH3 Me3Si OSi CH3 a

CH3 OSi [CH2]2 b OSiMe3

NH
[CH2]2 O

Primarily it is due to the fact as a highly hindered, 2 amine, the possibility of oxidation of the amine is greatly reduced so that high energy levels would be required to destabilize the chemical structure & cause undesirable yellowing. Further more the electron lone pair on the nitrogen has its charge well distributed within the cyclic structure to which it is attached. Secondarily the hindered amines of this type also have free radical scavenging properties, which prevent oxidation & subsequent yellowing via this mechanism

Product Name Modfluid-KL-1 Modfluid-KL-6 Modfluid-KL-8 Modfluid-KL-20 Modfluid-KL-75 Modfluid-KL-100 Modfluid-KL-401-EM

Type Reactive Diamine Reactive Diamine Reactive Diamine Reactive Diamine Reactive Monoamine Reactive Diamine Reactive Diamine Reactive Diamine Reactive Diamine Amido Reactive Diamine Non-Reactive Diamine Reactive Diamine Reactive Diamine

Amine Value(mgKOH/gm) 18 2 24 2 30 2 20 2 60 2 100 2 21 2

Refractive Index 1.403 - 1.409 1.403 - 1.409 1.403 - 1.409 1.403 - 1.409 1.408 - 1.414 1.403 - 1.409 1.403 - 1.409

Viscosity in cps 500 - 1500 500 - 1500 500 - 1500 500-1500 25 - 100 500 - 2000 1000-2500

Competitors

----

GE-41EM

Modfluid-KL-909
Modfluid-KL-1003 Modfluid-KL-1016 Modfluid-KL-1025 Modfluid-KL-1030 Modfluid-KL-1035 Modfluid-KL-1100

91
16 2 16 2 25 2 30 2 27 2 11 2

1.403 - 1.409
1.403 - 1.409 1.405 - 1.410 1.403 - 1.409 1.403 - 1.409 1.403 - 1.409 1.403 - 1.409

6,000 14,000 500 3000


800-2000 500 - 1500 100 200 5000 - 10000 3000 - 8000

WR-1100
WR-1300 ------GE-01530 ----

Product Name Modfluid-KL-1500 ES Modfluid-KL-21637 Modfluid-KL-2500-T Modfluid-KL-3803 Modfluid-KL-4910 Modfluid-KL-5015 Modfluid-KL-7027 Modfluid-KL-8004

Type Reactive Diamine Reactive Diamine Reactive Triamine Reactive Diamine Reactive Diamine Reactive Diamine Reactive Diamine Reactive Diamine Reactive Diamine Reactive Diamine Reactive Diamine Reactive Diamine Reactive Diamine

Amine Value (mgKOH/gm) 14 2 16 2 25 2 18 2 21 2 15 2 27 2 15 2

Refractive Index 1.403 - 1.409 1.403 - 1.409 1.403 - 1.409 1.403 - 1.409 1.403 - 1.409 1.403 - 1.409 1.403 - 1.409 1.403 - 1.409

Viscosity in cps 1000 - 6000 500 - 1500 500 - 2500 1400-2500 800-1200 3000 - 8000 7000-10000 500-3500

Competitors

GE-3830 GE-4901

GE-7027 DC-8040

Modfluid-KL-8014
Modfluid-KL-8251

10 1
28 2

1.403 - 1.409
1.403 - 1.409

500 - 2500
500 - 1500

DC-8041

Modfluid-KL-8282
Modfluid-KL-8290 Modfluid-KL-8406

25 2
28 2 32 2

1.403 - 1.409
1.403 - 1.409 1.403 - 1.409

500 - 2000
800 - 2000 500-1500 DC-8209 DC-8460

Product Name Modfluid-KL-8417 Modfluid-KL-8445 Modfluid-KL-8468 Modfluid-KL-8603 Modfluid-4730 Modfluid-4780 Modfluid-1020-SE Modfluid-1040-SE Modfluid-SQ-1117 Modfluid-KL-721 Modfluid-SQ-1135

Type Reactive Diamine Reactive Diamine Reactive Diamine Reactive Monoamine Reactive Diamine Reactive Diamine Non reactive Non reactive Non reactive Non reactive Non reactive

Amine Value (mgKOH/gm) 32 2 45 2 22 2 16 2 35 2 20 2 20 2 40 2 17 2 14 1 32 2

Refractive Index 1.405 - 1.410 1.403 1.409 1.403 - 1.409 1.403 - 1.409 1.403 - 1.409 1.403 - 1.409 1.413 -1.420 1.413 -1.420 1.408 1.414 1.403 1.409 1.408 1.414

Viscosity in cps 800 - 1500 500 - 1500 500-1200 500 - 3500 800 - 1300 500-1000 500 - 4000 500 - 4000 500 - 2000 200 100 500 - 2000

Competitors DC-8417

DC-8468 DC-8630 GE-4703 GE-4708

Modfluid-SF Prolube-AOP Prolube-HAM

Quaternary Quaternary Piperizine blocked

61 15 2 12 2

1.403 - 1.409 1.405 - 1.410 1.405 - 1.410

100 - 900 1000-2000 1500-3000

---Wetsoft-AOP Wetsoft-AF-21

Product Name

Type

Amine Value (mgKOH/gm)

Refractive Index

Viscosity in cps

Competito rs

Prolube-3877

Linear polyquaternarypolysiloxanepol yalkyleneoxide copolymer


Linear polyquaternarypolysiloxanepol yalkyleneoxide Copolymer Linear polyquaternarypolysiloxanepol yalkyleneoxide copolymer Hindered amine

12 2

---

---

MagnasoftTP-3877

Prolube-SIQ

13 2

---

---

RucofluidSQM

Prolube-CJS

19 2

---

1000015000

MagnasoftCJS

Prolube-HA

72

---

15003000

Rhodorsil21645

POLYDIMETHYL SILOXANE Product Name Type Amine Value (mgKOH/gm) Refractive Index Viscosity in cps Competitors

Modfluid-KL-350 Polydimethyl siloxane


Modfluid-KL1000 Modfluid-KL12000 Modfluid-KL30000 Modfluid-KL60000 Polydimethyl siloxane Polydimethyl siloxane Polydimethyl siloxane Polydimethyl siloxane

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1.4010-1.4040
1.4010-1.4040 1.4010-1.4040 1.4010-1.4040 1.4010-1.4040

300-400
900-1100 11500 12500 29000 31000 59000 61000

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