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INTERNATIONAL EDITION

MILITARY LAW ENFORCEMENT SECURITY

N0 OCTOBER 2012

TACTICAL BOOK TACTICAL GEAR

LIONS OF KANDAHAR

A TECHNOLOGICAL SMOCK JACKET

PANAMA OUTDOOR ADVENTURE

REPORT FROM

D E M O

FIRE TEST

SPECIAL REPORT DELTA FLIGHT 86

CUSTOM E IN USA MAD


FOCUS ON RLD OF EOD THE CURRENT WO

INSIDE LICE UNIT CZECH SPECIAL PO

The 10th international exhibition focused on the latest developments in the area of soldier equipment, cyber defence, smart defence, communication, critical infrastructure protection, law enforcement, force protection, counter terrorism and military technologies

Fully supported by: Czech Minister of Defence, AFCEA - Armed Forces Communication & Electronics Association, Czech Chamber of Commerce, Defence and Security Industry Association of the Czech Republic, Association of Guns and Ammunition Manufactures and Sellers of the Czech Republic

A DVA N C E D T E CH N OL OG I E S
IN DEFENCE & SECURITY

FOCUSED ON

17 - 19 October 2012 Prague


C Z E C H R E P U B L I C
Meet BUYERS AND DECISION-MAKERS from 60 countries Establish and maintain contacts with HIGH REPRESENTATIVES - NATO HQ (NATO C&I Agency, NATO Support Agency, ACO, ACT), EDA, NATO, EAPC, MD, ICI countries Communicate with JOURNALISTS from 27 countries BE INVOLVED IN THINK TANK: latest topics - Cyber Defence, Smart Defence, Future Soldier, Combat Vehicles FUTURE OF CYBER Conference MAKE YOURSELF VISIBLE WORLDWIDE - 7.000 visitors, 45 official delegations, 135 exhibitors

www. n a t oex h i b i t i on . or g

EDITORIAL EDITORIAL EDITORIAL EDITORIAL EDITORIAL EDI

OUR HISTORY...

THE ITALIAN VERSION EDITION


September 2010: Mr. Mirko Gargiulo, a marketing and communications entrepreneur armed with a strong passion and deep knowledge of military and defense, decided to venture into the difficult world of publishing. The very first step has been initiating the collaboration his lifelong friend Mr. Giovanni Petretta. January 2011: Issue N 1 of Tactical News Magazine, the first Italian magazine dedicated to the world of tactics and operations, goes on sale. Tactical News Magzine is proud to count in its staff current and former members of the Special Forces, the police force, private security experts, ballistics and equipment experts as well as analysts of intelligence and geopolitics. Each month, Tactical News Magazine provides Italian readers with a full 360 degrees of information on this whole specialized sector. August 2012: After only 19 publications, Tactical News Magazine has become a point of reference for operators and general enthusiasts within this specialized field. Sensing the potentially strong international appeal of Tactical News Magazine, Mr. Mirko Gargiulos new challenge is to make his magazine available worldwide. This is a a daring quest shared by his good friend Mr. Danilo Amellotti, a former Special Forces member and together they establish A&G Publishing favoring Germany as the headquarters and offices of this new publishing house. An early decision is to opt for an English language version as the international edition.

TACTICAL NEWS MAGAZINE


INTERNATIONAL EDITION
October 2012: Tactical News Magazine - International Edition is the first and only international magazine written in English, dedicated to the world of tactics and operations covering extensively the role of the man on the ground, his powers, his tools and his psycho-physical condition. Edited by A&G Publishing GmbH, TNM - International Edition offers the reader an unprecedented opportunity to gather information through the following: reviews and field testing of equipment; weapons and accessories; technical sections on armed and unarmed combat; columns on tactical/operational procedures in security plus military environments; a section solely dedicated to the Special Forces; case studies and real-life stories of workers and former workers; exclusive reports from the hottest conflict areas of the globe; sections on Criminology and Forensic Science; articles on the legalities surrounding operational procedures; geopolitical analysis; an historical section examining the continual evolution of special operations and tactics and much more. Our mission is to create a monthly magazine with an international flavor, appealing worldwide to highly trained professionals and interested followers of this unique area. To achieve this, TNM uses experts from many nations who are exemplary in their field of operations. Our team consists of current and former operators of Special Forces from different countries, police officers from operational departments, global experts in security and anti-terrorism, experts in equipment and weapon systems and world-renowned martial Arts instructors. The majority of our employees work in elite departments at major international institutions or government agencies and are fully committed to the fight against crime and terrorism worldwide. We can safely say that TNM is a magazine for and written by professionals and it is only by following this credo that we can truly meet the demanding standards of all our readers. In doing this we also guarantee our sponsors the possibility of reaching a truly exclusive target.

ALE EDITORIALE

INDEX INDEX INDEX INDEX INDEX INDEX INDEX INDEX INDEX

2 EDITORIAL 6 NEWS 12 FUTURE SOLDIER 16 FIRE TEST


CUSTOM MADE IN USA

COMMERCIAL DEMO Military - Law Enforcement - Security n0 - october 2012 www.tacticalnewsmagazine.eu Publishing Director Mirko Gargiulo mirko.gargiulo@tacticalnewsmagazine.eu Advertising Sales Manager & Public Relation Danilo Amelotti danilo.amelotti@tacticalnewsmagazine.eu Art director Matteo Tamburrino tambetti@gmail.com facebook: mt@work Graphic echocommunication.eu Editorial staff Jae Gillentine USA Jeremy Pagan USA Stickman USA Daniel Sharon Israel Robert Shaw UK Stickman USA Zoran Milosevic Serbia Joshua A. Haarbrink USA Bartosz Szolucha Poland
Edit by:

24 INSIDE
URNA CZECH SPECIAL POLICE UNIT

36 SPECIAL REPORT
DELTA FLIGHT 86 FROM NEW YORK TO TEL-AVIV

40 FOCUS ON
THE CURRENT WORLD OF EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL. WHAT IS IT, WHERE IS IT AND WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO YOU?

48 REPORT FROM
PANAMA OUTDOOR ADVENTURE

54 TACTICAL GEAR
A TECHNOLOGICAL SMOCK JACKET

A&G Publishing GmbH Mangoldstr 10A - 78462 Konstanz, Germany www.agpublishing.de


Printed by: Reggiani Spa Via C. Rovera 40 21026 Gavirate (VA) - Italy Partner:

60 TACTICAL BOOK
LIONS OF KANDAHAR

Tutti i diritti di propriet letteraria, artistica e fotografica sono riservati, ne vietata dunque ogni duplicazione senza il consenso scritto della Corno Editore

INDICE INDICE INDICE INDICE INDICE INDICE INDICE INDICE INDIC

AROUND THE WORLD


DEMOCRACY IS A FRONT, A COVER-UP FOR A ROBBERY, SAYS BELARUSIAN PRESIDENT LUKASHENKO BELARUSIAN PRESIDENT LUKASHENKO GIVES INTERVIEW TO THE INDEPENDENT, BBC
President of the Republic of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko gave an interview to the British newspaper Independent and the TV channel BBC on 9 October. The interview focused on various aspects of the countrys foreign and domestic policy, economy, social development. Alexander Lukashenko also answered a number of personal questions. Special attention was drawn to public progress and democracy development. Particularly, speaking about the events in North Africa and the Middle East, the President remarked: The situation in these countries was difficult but as good as the situation in other countries. However, someone needed to set the Arabic arc alight. In the very first days when these revolutions started, I said that the West should be condemned for the interference. Nobody has the right to interfere in domestic affairs of the state, and it is up to them to resolve their problems. Once things settled down in Tunisia, all the excitement went to Libya. There is still worse to come! Today we see where it has ended: the entire arc is alight. Iraq is on the one side and the fire is being fanned into Iran, on the other side there are Tunisia, Algeria, and so on. It is very hot everywhere. But it is surprising that certain countries have not been affected, though the situation in the countries which maintain the tightest relations with the USA is the same. Arent you concerned about it? the head of state said. I know why this is happening. It is obvious to the naked eye that an overseas scenario is in progress. After the situation started unfolding in the way the script writers did not like, they started barefaced bombing. But it is not the point. The point is why it was necessary. I said then where it would lead and it happened exactly that way. Did they want to Islamize the Arab East? No. They are not happy now if they understand what they had been doing and what they are doing now, the President added. The President stressed that nobody needs exported revolutions. Why do they export democracy then? The democracy they meant it to be. Democracy is good, but is the nation ready and are there conditions in the country to accept such a democracy? They saw that it was impossible, that the countries were not ready for such things. What kind of democracy is there in Iraq today if every day bombs are blown up and hundreds of people die there and even worse, thousands of people are crippled? How many people have been killed? Who needs such a democracy? the head of state wondered. They wanted to split Iraq, I know it well, they needed the oil. Can anyone fail to understand it today? Democracy is a front, a cover-up for the robbery. Hence we hear the spiel about democracy. Therefore, democracy is not what they are talking about, Alexander Lukashenko added. The interview took nearly four hours, with Alexander Lukashenko answering over 60 questions.

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CYBER MISCHIEF: BELIEVE NO-ONE AND CHECK EVERYTHING


Espionage Fears Both Huawei and ZTE have struggled to secure contracts in the USA following regular political concerns about allegations that the companies have links to the Chinese government, and especially the army, and that they insert back-doors into their equipment to allow for Chinese spying. The two are among the worlds biggest makers of telecom networking equipment. Huawei is now the worlds second-largest provider of telecommunications equipment, and it does 70% of its business outside China. ZTE has a smaller U.S. footprint, primarily through sales of devices like smartphones. Its sales in the U.S were $30 million last year. State-owned enterprises own 15.68% of the company. Purporting that Huawei is somehow uniquely vulnerable to cyber mischief ignores technical and commercial realities, says Huawei spokesman William Plummer. Can you trust your telecommunications network? American fears may be based on the fact that its leaders know from experience that telecoms companies can be helpful espionage assets. American officials have in the past demanded the installation of back doors in some exports, through which the devices can be accessed

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NATO DEFENSE MINISTERS MAKE PROGRESS ON CAPABILITIES, PLANNING FOR NEW AFGHAN MISSION
NATO Defence Ministers took stock of progress in improving Allied defence capabilities and endorsed the first stage of planning for the post-2014 training and assistance mission in Afghanistan, in a two-day meeting in Brussels. NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen, who chaired the talks at Alliance headquarters on Tuesday and Wednesday (9-10 October 2012), stressed the importance of closer cooperation in defence during the first day of talks. The Secretary General said that more sharing of resources and coordination on multinational projects was the best way to tackle reduced defence budgets. Mr. Fogh Rasmussen said that the ministers made progress on the need for more cooperation between their nations and on the better use of NATOs common funds to improve capabilities. The Secretary General said that the ministers had kept up the momentum on increased cooperation, notably on the implementation of some 20 Smart Defence projects which aim to improve capabilities covering areas such as clearing roadside bombs, sharing smart munitions and pooling maritime patrol aircraft. The Defence Ministers and their counterparts from ISAFpartner nations on Wednesday concluded the first stage of planning for the NATO-led training, advisory and assistance mission in Afghanistan, which is to replace the current combat mission in 2015. The Ministers agreed on a broad framework which will now be forwarded to military planners who are to work on the details of the mission in the coming months. The Secretary General said that he expected Allies and potential partners for the mission to complete the planning for the operation well before the end of 2013. The Secretary General reiterated that insider attacks will not change our strategy, adding that Allies and their ISAF partners would continue to hand over security responsibility to the Afghan security forces. The Defence Ministers also discussed the Alliances KFOR mission. They agreed that the mission continues to play an indispensable role in Kosovo, Mr. Fogh Rasmussen said, adding that the ministers made clear that they remain committed to sustaining that role. He stressed that the Alliance would remain vigilant and strong to improve the security situation. He said that troops could be moved around with a stronger focus on northern Kosovo to take account of the volatile situation seen there recently. The ministerial was also used to announce the approval of US General John Allen, currently the Commander of the ISAF mission, as the new Supreme Allied Commander Europe. Allens final appointment still needs the confirmation of the United States Senate. If approved he will replace US Admiral Jim Stavridis in the Spring of 2013. on the quiet. Huawei clearly might do such things; the question is whether it does. Evidence was presented at DefCon, a big hackers convention held in July, of security vulnerabilities in a couple of Huaweis smaller routers. But such flaws are common. Several years ago, the American government gave warning of similar vulnerabilities found in kit made by Cisco and other Western firms. Years of intense scrutiny by experts have not produced conclusive public evidence of deliberate skulduggery, as opposed to mistakes, in Huaweis wares. Believe no one and check everything, is the right attitude for dealing with Huawei or anyone else, says John Suffolk, now Huaweis global cyber-security officer, previously the British governments chief information officer. Huawei equipment for America and Canada, he says, is independently vetted by Electronic Warfare Associates, an American defence contractor well supplied with security clearances and experience. But absence of evidence is not evidence of absence; flaws in telecoms gear, whether put there deliberately or accidentally, are hard to find. Most security problems we encounter are due to very subtle bugs in code that even the original programmers may miss, says Steven Bellovin of Columbia University. Identifying back doors in hardware is also a really, really hard challenge. So doubts remain.

CHINESE AIRCRAFT CARRIER HELPS EXPAND STRATEGIC FRONTIER, SAYS NSPC


Chinese aircraft carrier has caused widespread concern in the world. Major General and deputy secretary-general with National Security Policy Committee under China Association of Policy and Science Peng Guangqian said that the appearance of missile nuclear weapons in the era of globalization greatly constrained the use of traditional aircraft carriers, but their strategic value did not decrease. As comprehensive and informationalized combat system integrated with modern military technology, the aircraft carriers are the important manifestation of the strategic ability of a country. Supported by increasingly strengthened national power and modern defense technology and industrial system, China successfully developed the aircraft carrier. Its huge operational and deterrent effectiveness will not only greatly improve Chinas offshore defense capability but also further promote an all-round transformation of its national defense and military in terms of the military theory, structure of forces, combat methods and personnel training. The combat effectiveness of Chinese aircraft carrier will undoubtedly help expand the strategic frontier of Chinas national security, increase flexibility and initiative of the strategic choice and enhance the strategic quality and stability of Chinas national security. Like having nuclear weapons, Chinas aircraft carrier will not change the defense nature of its defense strategy. China must have the ability of ocean operations and strategic mobility, but its focus of maritime security is still in offshore waters and it will not change the basic strategy of offshore defense though the development of aircraft carrier. The aircraft carrier is one of strategic defense and counterattack means in China. With the aircraft carrier, China will be more calm, confident and rational in making defense policies. It is no exaggeration to say that Chinese aircraft carrier is not only the stability anchor of the maritime security but also Noahs Ark maintaining the world peace and the positive energy favored by all peace-loving people.

Defence industry
BAE TO SUPPLY ADDITIONAL M88A2 RECOVERY VEHICLES TO IRAQI ARMY
BAE Systems has been awarded a foreign military sale (FMS) contract for production and delivery of additional M88A2 heavy equipment recovery combat utility lift evacuation systems (HERCULES) to the Iraqi Army. The $31.8m award covers the delivery of eight M88A2 vehicles and brings the total value of HERCULES programme contracts received by BAE from the US Government to $1.4bn.BAE Systems Vehicle Systems vice president and general manager Mark Signorelli said the company was addressing the armys requirement for a cost-effective, self-supporting, heavy recovery performance vehicle. HERCULES will provide the Iraqi military with a recovery vehicle that has been tested and proven to tow and hoist todays heaviest combat vehicles, Signorelli added. The company has previously supplied eight vehicles to Iraq as part of a contract it was awarded in 2010, taking the total number of M88A2s ordered by the US for Iraqi forces to 16.A variant of the M88 HERCULES, the M88A2 is a self-supportive armoured tank designed for costefficient recovery of 70t vehicles, such as the M1A1, M1A2, Leopard main battle tanks (MBTs), bridging systems, as well as other medium to heavyweight vehicles.Powered by a continental AVDS-1790-8CR V12 air-cooled twinturbo diesel engine, the vehicle features enhanced electrical system, an upgraded hydraulic system and an improved power-assisted braking for towing of an M1A1 tank. The vehicle is also equipped with additional armour protection, to deliver increased towing muscle, lifting strength and winching power to the soldiers and marines in all weather conditions. Work under the contract will start at the companys US facilities in York in Pennsylvania and Aiken in South Carolina in late 2013, and is estimated to be complete in the middle of 2014. BAEs York facility will manufacture new hulls for the M88A2 configuration, while its Aiken plant will be responsible for the production of some vehicle parts

NATO TESTS ITALIAN AN/TPS-77 RADAR FOR BMD SYSTEM


The Italian AN/TPS-77 tactical transportable radar system has successfully completed the Nato Communications and Information (NCI) Agencys Ensemble Test 2, demonstrating its compatibility with the agencys ballistic missile defence (BMD) programme. Conducted in September over Natos Combined Federated Battle Lab Network (CFBLNet), the multinational test witnessed participation from a total of 12 laboratories from five member nations across two continents. BMD programme director Alessandro Pera said the successful tests of the Italian TPS77 demonstrated its ability to serve as a BMD sensor to improve the systems situational awareness. Supervised by Natos ballistic missile defence programme office, Ensemble Test 2 represents the second in a series of tests that aim to lower the programmes technical risks arising due to incremental addition of multiple sensors, weapon and communication systems. The test involved evaluation and integration of a total of 16 Nato and national systems, including US, Dutch and German Patriot missile defence system, Dutch ADCF frigate, surface to air missile (SAM) Operations Centre from Germany, and French and Italian SAMP/T systems. Additional equipment included were Italian horizon principal anti-air missile system (PAAMS) and US Aegis BMD system, C2BMC, AN/TPY-2, as well as shared a early warning system (SEW). Nato has deployed its air command and control system (ACCS), air command and control information services (AirC2IS), CRC system interface (CSI), and interim command and control (ICC) system. ET2 required almost one year of work from planning to execution phase, according to Pera. Thanks to thorough preparation, the test execution phase was actually completed in half the planned time, which saved both time and money for the participants, Pera added. The BMD programme is scheduled to move towards its deployment with Ensemble Test 3, which will be conducted in May-June 2013. Developed by Lockheed Martin, AN/TPS-77 is a 3D solid-sate radar designed to perform long-range airspace surveillance missions of up to 450km.

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PANZER TECHNOLOGIES LIGHT ARMOURED VEHICLES AND VEHICLE CONVERSION KITS


Panzer Technologies manufactures a wide range armoured vehicles and vehicle conversion kits for the military, law enforcement, government and security industries. Our vehicles and conversion kits are designed with a view to providing maximum protection against the threats found on the modern battlefield, namely improvised explosive devices (IEDs), mines and sustained small-arms fire. Our range of armoured vehicles includes: Casspir multirole vehicles Panzer KF Series wheeled light armoured vehicles KK02 remotely-fired vehicle weapon Mamba APC / CIT vehicle Multirole light armoured vehicles The Casspir family is a range of multirole light armoured vehicles ideal for reconnaissance and troop transportation in demanding or hostile environments. The vehicles feature a high degree of commonality and inter-exchangeability of components. Cassmir vehicles are fully protected against sustained small-arms fire and fragmentation, as well as featuring addon protection against landmines, making them the ideal mine-resistant and ambush-protected solution. Integration with a number of EOD systems make it an ideal solution for mine clearance duties, or for safely scouting areas where a high probability of IEDs or mines is suspected. Wheeled light armoured vehicles The KF family of wheeled light armoured vehicles combine carrying capacity and flexibility with a high degree of protection. Fast, light and protected against a range of threat, the KF family can be used for a diverse number of duties, such as light reconnaissance, mobile communications and casualty evacuation. Remotely-fired vehicle-mounted weapon system The Panzer KK02 remotely-fired weapon system allows a vehicle gunner to operate a weapon system from inside the vehicle, removing the risks involved with manning a more traditional pintle-mounted weapon. The KK02 is a light-weight system capable of accommodating a variety of weapons without the need for specialized maintenance personnel, ranging from 5.56mm to 20mm callibres. A variety of sighting systems can be fitted to the system ranging from a basic system (only practical in vehicles with adequate view through the windows) to advanced fiber-optic systems. In all cases the systems are non-electronic but have the capability of accommodating standard-issue night vision and thermal vision equipment. APC and CIT vehicles Panzers Mamba can be used as either an APC or CIT vehicle. It features a monocoque welded steel hull that can accommodate up to eleven occupants. The vehicle is fully protected against the most common small-arms found in the modern day insurgents arsenal, including 7.62mm ball ammunition, IEDs and landmines, and shrapnel or incendiary grenades.

ROYAL THAI ARMY ORDERS TWO AGUSTAWESTLAND AW139 HELICOPTER


AgustaWestland has received a contract to supply its AW139 medium-twin utility helicopters to the Royal Thai Army.The unspecified contract covers the delivery of two helicopters, along with a comprehensive maintenance and training package to assist army in conducting transport and utility operations throughout the country.Commenting on the helicopter, AgustaWestland regional head Vincenzo Alaimo said: Vincenzo Alaimo, Head of Region, AgustaWestland, said It gives us great pleasure to sign this contract with the Royal Thai Army to support their transport requirements. We are confident this model, thanks to its unmatched performance, comfort and safety, has significant potential in Thailand in the future. The deal marks adds Thailand to a growing list of armed forces to have acquired the AW139 for conducting a wide range of missions, including VVIP and government transport, utility, search-and-rescue (SAR), as well as homeland security operations. Powered by two Pratt & Whitney PT6C turboshaft engines, the AW139 is a medium lift helicopter designed primarily for use in law enforcement/ emergency medical service, executive transport, maritime and general utility missions. Operated by a crew of two pilots, the helicopter is capable of transporting 15 passengers in different seating configurations at a cruise speed of 306kph, and features a baggage compartment that provides a 3.4m storage capacity. Additional features include an advanced five-bladed main rotor, a Honeywell Primus Epic fully-integrated avionics system, retractable tricycle landing gear, four-axis digital automatic flight control system (AFCS), GPS and radio navigation system, as well as large flat panel colour displays, with optional icing protection. The company has delivered 500 AW139 helicopters to date, out of total 650 ordered by approximately 170 customers from 50 nations worldwide.

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5.11 Tactical Screen Ops Tactical Gloves. Rugged protection that still allows you to operate touchscreen devices. Heavy-duty Gloves for the modern operator. These feature special fingertips that allow you to use most cell phones, touch screen computers, pads and tablets, GPS, and more - while still providing A1 protection. Kevlar knit fabric and perforated leather knuckle reinforcement makes these true multi-role Gloves for military professionals. Fingertips are specially constructed to enable the wearer to operate capacitive resistance touch screen devices compatible with most cell phones, touch screen computers, pads and tablets, GPS, etc Full Made in USA Kevlar knit fabric and perforated leather knuckle reinforcement for protection and durability. Tactical Touch seamless fingertip construction that provides superior dexterity, fit, and comfort. Seamless goatskin palm and fingers for durability and tactility; Full-length cuff with VELCRO brand closure for a perfect fit.

www.5.11Tactical.com

PRISM 200 DEPLOYED IN OVER 40 COUNTRIES AROUND THE WORLD


Prism 200 is a lightweight, durable and highly sophisticated through-wall radar. It is designed to provide police, special forces and the emergency services with accurate covert intelligence of the location and movement of people in situations where it would otherwise be impossible to gain such insight. Using ultra-wide band radar, Prism 200 provides a 3D view through brick, block and concrete walls, and doors, and over a range of up to 20 metres, providing comprehensive coverage of internal spaces. It can be used for the rapid evaluation of room occupancy or it can be used for more detailed intelligence gathering. It is currently deployed in over 40 countries around the world. Laptop application The Windows based application provides the capability of remotely monitoring and recording the intelligence collected by Prism 200 and then displaying it on a laptop computers screen. It also provides extra features, such as recording and playback of surveillance data for training and post-mission analysis, and historical tracking, providing operators which the ability to monitor long-term movement patterns. This can be used by both operators and command staff to enhance the operational flexibility of the system.

www.cambridgeconsultants.com
TNM 10

A LITTLE 12-GAUGE SHOTGUN FROM TAMPA FLORIDA


The SUPER-SHORTY is based on a Mossberg Maverick (also available on Mossberg 500 or Remington 870 at additional cost) 12-gauge shotgun which came from the factory with a pistol grip. Because of this, the SUPER-SHORTY is considered an AOW (Any Other Weapon) and can be transferred with a $5 stamp! The gun holds two 2-3/4 or 3 shells in the magazine, plus one in the chamber. The 16.5 overall length, 6.5 barrel and spring-locked foregrip, which pivots out of the way when not in use, make for a very compact package. As far as we know, this is the shortest 12-gauge pump shotgun available. All parts for the SUPER-SHORTY are made in-house on our own CNC machinery using materials ideally suited to the task. All welds are done by the TIG process, and the manganese phosphate finish is MIL-spec. The SUPER-SHORTY is currently being used by various law enforcement agencies and military units worldwide. If you like the idea of concealed carry with a 12-gauge, or like a lot of bang in a small package, or just want the most compact breaching weapon available, then this is the gun for you. You wont find a better made AOW pump shotgun than the SUPER-SHORTY!

www.serbu.com

SOD SHELL - VIPER - COMBAT PRO THERMAL FIGHT PARKA


The short cut is studied for giving the maximum compatibility to the use of first articulated lines or rescue shaped belt combat.The frontal closing is submitted to a mighty spiral zipper YKK gr 8 in pattern. A present elastic cordino on the inferior edging allows to optimize the length and therefore the confort. The shaped hood allows great comfort and thermal protection. The hull entirely dressed again of a special plot of transpiring Cordura protects the underlying layers from the abrasion and from the extreme uses. The waterproof and windbreaker pellicle of last generation confer to the Viper characteristics that exceed every specification of the declared heads windbreaker. The reinforcements of cordura 500 in pattern post along the whole perimeter of the jacket, they relieve the outline besides guaranteeing a notable reinforcement in the zones of great usury. The zippers YKKs in pattern regulate and they close the openings under the arms, very comfortable when, besides the Viper, possible ballistic protections are worn. The 3 external pockets and the inside pocket , are closed with zippers YKK in pattern. The pectoral pocket is set to the right for facilitating its use with the aimed weapon. The jacket enjoys of a good transpiration. The seams are insured from nylon threads very resistant. The structure is strengthened in the points of great solicitation up to 64 points and height up to 0,5 cms.

www.sodgear.com

FUTURE SOLDIER FUTURE SOLDIER FUTURE SOLDIER FUTU

FSEC WILL EXPERIENCE A SIMULATED HACKER ATTACK


A simulated hacker attack and defence against it will be one of the major attractions of the Future Soldier Exhibition & Conference. Under the auspices of Deloitte, Andras Kabai, a renowned international IT security expert, will demonstrate a simulated attack during which the hacker will gain access to the computer and with it a possibility of acquiring sensitive information and attacking other computers in the network. Kabai, Deloittes IT Security and Data Protection Manager, will demonstrate that there are many ways to modify or encrypt harmful binary programmes to make them unrecognizable by antivirus programmes so that the attack is undetectable. The hacker attack, which will be demonstrated on 17 October at the Deloitte exposition, dovetails nicely with the main topic of the keynote accompanying event of the exhibition, the twoday Future of Cyber conference, co-organized by AFCEA. It will deal with issues of protection against cyber attacks and all related matters, including the protection of information and personal data and relevant legislation. Under the auspices of Deloitte, a live demonstration of a hacker attack and available defence options that can be used against it will take place directly at the conference. The Future Soldier Exhibition & Conference 2012 is held under direct auspices of the Minister of Defence of the Czech Republic, Defence and Security Industry Association of the Czech Republic, Association of Guns and Ammunition Manufactures and Sellers, Czech Chamber of Commerce, Castle Guard and Military History Institute in Prague. It also offers an exceptional opportunity for personal meetings with important contacts in the field such as top representatives of the supreme command of NATO. This will be the tenth time this international exhibition, which is a display of top-notch military technologies and an important destination of traders from all over the world will take place. In addition to cyber defence, this years event will focus on new personal equipment and gear of soldiers, communication systems, critical infrastructure elements and defence technologies. Defence technology buffs among the general public can visit the exhibition on its last day October 19. Products and technologies of several dozens companies from more than 30 countries will be displayed.
TNM 12

URE SOLDIER FUTURE SOLDIER FUTURE SOLDIER FUTURE SOLDI

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE FUTURE OF CYBER


The conference is organized by AFCEA and Cyber Security Working Group of AFCEA Czech Chapter in cooperation with worldclass experts on cyber security. The conference is under the auspices of the Minister of Defense of the Czech Republic, Dr. Alexandr Vondra. Cyber space knows no limits and we each inhabit it, each of us has another identity there, and sometimes more than one identity. This virtual world impacts more and more on our real, tangible life. Both on the life of an individual and the life of the whole society. Our known human dependencies on air, food and energy are now complemented by the new dependence on technology. There is a new feature of this dependence as it influences the overall functions of our way of life and the governance in our social and economic processes of society. This possibility of influencing the societal values, in particular in view of the fact that we need just small means to do so, has been alerting the governments of all advanced countries to prepare well and consistently for a possible danger involved. In a time of great influence of information on the whole society and the increasing security risks on the Internet and social networks provide speakers and discussion participants a general overview of all the experts dealing with defense and security. During the conference national and international experts will talk about future strategies, missions and business opportunities in defense and security. Performance of new coming cyber security center will be part of the conference. The representatives of the National Cyber Centre will answer questions about the preparing law on cyber security and introduce their aims on Critical Infrastructure Protection, general education and on many others. Integral part of the conference will be practical demo example of cyber attacks, the methodology of attack and defense, presentation of innovative solutions in the area of cyber security and presenting the findings of academic projects dealing with the protection of the communication infrastructure and information technology too. The practical example is organized under the auspices Deloitte & Touche like one of the main partners. And what is ahead? How will individuals, organizations, and governments face new threats? What will they have to do and where to invest? These, and other questions, and more questions, will be answered at the conference. The Future Soldier Exhibition & Conference is held 17-19 October 2012 at the PVA EXPO Praha Letany under direct auspices of the Minister of Defence of the Czech Republic, Defence and Security Industry Association of the Czech Republic, Association of Guns and Ammunition Manufactures and Sellers, Czech Chamber of Commerce, Castle Guard and Military History Institute in Prague. It also offers an exceptional opportunity for personal meetings with, for example, top representatives of the supreme command of the NATO. The international exhibition, which is a display of top-notch military technologies and an important destination of traders from all over the world, will already take place for the tenth time. In addition to cyber defence, this years event will focus on new personal equipment and gear of soldiers, communication systems, critical infrastructure elements and defence technologies. Defence technology buffs among the general public can visit the exhibition on its last day, i.e. October 19. Products and technologies of several dozens of companies from more than 30 countries of the world will be displayed.
TNM 13

A WINDOW ON THE WORLD


Each month Tactical News Magazine International, will be available free of charge in a digital version (flippbook) and in a print version. To advertise in Tactical News Magazine means to reach the whole world.The fully interactive digital version, loaded with videos and animations, will be available for free download. The driving force of the digital version will be our our Facebook fan page which already has 80,000 followers from all over the world. The public profiles of our fans include directors of private security companies, military personnel of rank and specialization, police officers, owners of specialized shops or companies, softgunners and of course enthusiasts. Every week our fan page gets about 1,500,000 direct or indirect views giving a monthly total of almost 6,000,000 views.

PRINTED VERSION
The printed version is available to individuals through subscription and it is delivered by post to a nominated address. As part as our distribution policy we supply armories or equipment stores, police departments, Government entities and private organizations around the world. We also know very well that the Special Forces have a great decision-making autonomy in terms of material purchases, so each month Tactical News Magazine will also be present on the Commanders desks of these Units. Furthermore, the printed version will be distributed free of charge at the most important trade fairs around the world. Our presence at the SHOT SHOW in Las Vegas and at the IWA in Nuremberg is currently confirmed. (A complete list of events attended by Tactical News Magazine will be available by next November).

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BY GUNS & TACTICS AND JEREMY PAGAN (SEATTLE - USA) PHOTO BY STICKMAN

Few acronyms bring to mind such potent images as one in particular: SWAT. Special Weapons and Tactics teams represent the elite of American law enforcement, deployed in situations that are beyond the capabilities of normal patrol officers. Equipped with body armor, top of the line weapon systems, stun grenades, armored vehicles, and a myriad of other specialized gear, these highly trained men and women bring their expertise to bear against anyone who would threaten the public peace. While their primary goal is to end all conflicts peacefully, when the hammer drops, every SWAT officer must be able to rely on their primary weapon, the rifle, to function flawlessly and without pause. In the 70's and 80's SWAT teams primarily employed pistol caliber weapons, especially the Heckler and Koch MP5, made famous by the SAS in the Iranian embassy raid of 1980. However, after the 1994 North Hollywood shootout, involving a pair of heavily armored gunmen, a paradigm shift was needed. While effective against unarmored opponents, sub-machine guns performed inadequately against armored targets, and as more and more criminals donned body armor, law enforcement turned to their bigger brother, the military for inspiration. In their arsenal, they found the weapon they needed: the carbine. The M16 rifles that were initially adopted proved to be effective against body armor, but were designed for war on an open battlefield at medium to long range. SWAT teams conversely, operated in a very different environment, the world of Close Quarters Combat (CQC). Unwieldy 20 barrels proved to be a hindrance, and even the shorter 14.5

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barrels of the M4 carbine proved too long for cramped halls and tight doorways. Teams turned to a very specialized kind of carbine, the Short Barreled Rifle (SBR). Originally the weapon of choice for Special Forces operators, these weapons offered the compact dimensions of a sub-machine gun, with the ballistics of rifle, providing the best compromise of handling and lethality for short range engagements. We had a chance to catch up with Darrion Holiwell, a 12 year SWAT veteran, on one of his practice days and take a look at his duty weapon. W ith 18 years of Law Enforcement experience, he is the assistant SWAT team leader and chief firearms instructor for the largest Sheriffs department in Washington State. Due to the nature of his work, he requires a rifle built for the rough and ready world of high-risk warrants and active shooters, configured to be utterly reliable, regardless of environment. Forming the heart of the rifle is a full Centurion Arms upper receiver group. At its core is 11.5 1-in-7 twist cold hammer forged barrel, chambered in 5.56x45mm NATO. Profiled from barrel blanks usually reserved for M249 machine guns, it has been high pressure tested and magnetic particle inspected, to guarantee flawless construction. Featuring M4 feed ramps, extra thick chrome lining, and mil-spec phosphate coating, this barrel is built to meet and exceed every U.S. Military specification, providing triple the typical service life of a standard barrel. Thanks to the hammer forging process it is exceptionally accurate, despite its short length, and has no issues grouping 1MOA at 100 yards with quality ammunition. Exceptional performance and durability has become the hallmark of Centurion Arms, and this barrel is no exception. Capping the barrel is an Advanced Armament Company (AAC) Blackout muzzle brake. While sonically aggressive, it negates vertical recoil, aiding Darrion in putting multiple rounds downrange accurately in a very short period of time. As an added
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bonus, this brake is suppressor compatible, enabling Darrion to affix any AAC 51 tooth suppressor. While primarily designed to muffle sound signature, suppressors also eliminates flash signature, an important consideration when breaching criminal compounds such as methamphetamine labs, which can be full of flammable vapors. Feeding the rifle is a Centurion Arms bolt carrier group, which has been meticulously machined, magnetic particle inspected, and mil-spec phosphate coated, to ensure utter reliability. Darrion has fired over 10,000 rounds of ammunition through his rifle, with a less than 0.1% stoppage rate, an exceptional metric by any measure. Surrounding the barrel is a Centurion Arms C4 10 free-float quad rail. Designed to work with a stock AR barrel nut, this rail is lightweight, yet extremely strong thanks to its 6061 T6 aluminum construction and mil-spec type-3 hard anodized coating. The long rail to barrel length compliments Darrion's squared up, extended support arm stance, allowing him to grip the end of

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t Forming the hear rifle is a full of the per Centurion Arms up oup. At its core receiver gr cold is 11.5 1-in-7 twist forged barrel, hammer chambered in 5.56x45mm NATO.

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the weapon and exert superior control over muzzle orientation. Featuring generous linear rail space, it has more than enough room to accommodate any accessories Darrion would need to mount. Darrion operates primarily in close quarters situations, and as such has chosen his optic and iron sights to best suit this environment. Choosing a non-magnified Aimpoint T-1 Micro 4MOA red dot as his primary sight, he values its minimal physical profile, light weight, 50,000 battery run time, and legendary durability. Thanks to its diminutive size, Darrion can retain the majority of his peripheral vision, an important consideration in visually cluttered urban environments. The optic is mounted in a unique GG&G absolute co-witness mount, which features flip lens caps, a rare feature in T-1 mounts. While a seemingly nominal feature, they become important during extended standoffs outdoors for their ability to keep the

optic dirt and moisture free, yet remain expedient to remove. The mount is tall enough to still give Darrion a sight picture when wearing a gas mask, and features a quickdisconnect cam locking lever. The mount is designed to hold its zero, and Darrion reports it does so reliably. In case his optic fails, Darrion has mounted Magpul MBUS backup sights. These were chosen for their lightweight, durable design, and easy to deploy spring-loaded action, even while wearing gloves. Target identification is of utmost importance to a SWAT officer, especially in hostage situations. Providing tactical illumination is a Surefire M600C Scout Light, secured with a thumbscrew mount, and activated by a SR07 Remote Dual Switch. CNC machined from high-strength aerospace aluminum and mil-spec anodized, the flashlight is fully weatherproofed and ruggedized to withstand excessive

abuse. The light is so tough that despite its close proximity to the aggressive blast of the muzzle brake, it functions flawlessly. W ith 200 lumens of illumination, this tactical light is not only bright enough to identify a target from dozens of yards away, but to also blind and disorient, aiding the shock and awe tactics employed by Darrion and his SWAT teammates. A Lewis Machine Tool (LMT) Defender 2000 lower receiver forms the basis of the bottom end, and was chosen due to its reputation for reliability, and LMTs excellent customer service. It features an LMT 2-Stage trigger that enables precise shots when needed, and a fast reset when a faster cadence of fire is required. While many SWAT officers employ full-auto weapons, Darrion prefers a semi-auto fire control group. A shooter of his skill level can still manipulate the trigger very quickly, putting seven rounds center mass of a 25 yard target in less than one second, while maintaining strict control on the number of rounds fired. Of particular note is the ambidextrous setup of this rifle, as Darrion is a left-handed shooter. Fulfilling magazine release duties is a Knights Armament Company (KAC) ambidextrous magazine release. Darrion described trying out many other drop-in magazine release designs, but found only the KAC unit featured easily accessible controls, while still maintaining a distinct tactile feel differentiating it from the bolt release. An LMT ambidextrous safety completes his fire controls. To manually manipulate the bolt of his weapon, Darrion selected the new Rainier Arms Raptor ambidextrous charging handle. Made of tough 7075 aluminum, with steel latches and mil-spec anodization, this handle is a unique design manufactured by AXTS Weapon Systems. The Raptor utilizes a novel interlocking latch design that ensures with todays one-handed techniques it will always evenly pull straight back, regardless which side it is being manipulated from. Completing the rifle is a full complement of
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Magpul Industries polymer furniture. Darrion chose the STR stock for its durable construction, superior cheek weld, and battery storage capability. The MIAD pistol grip provides modular capability, allowing him to tailor its size to fit his hands, and the MOE Trigger Guard enhances comfort, while providing an enlarged trigger area for gloved operation. An AFG2 fore grip is mounted at the end of the Centurion Arms rail to complement Darrions shooting style, providing a repeatable index point and enhanced ergonomics. Since Darrion often operates in tight quarters, he prefers a single-point sling setup, using a Magpul MS3 sling, attached to an ASAP sling plate. When a mission calls for the use of both hands, as in maritime or rappelling operations, he attaches a RSA sling plate, giving him
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the capability of converting his sling to a two-point setup and slinging his rifle out of the way. To keep his rifle fed, Darrion dons a Tactical Tailor Fight Light Plate Carrier, with a triple magazine panel full of smooth-pulling Magpul E-Mags. Part of an emerging category of plate carriers, it is a minimal design built to be as lightweight as possible while still providing full SAPI ceramic plate protection. Made of 500 denier Cordura, lined with flame retardant material, and featuring molded foam channels and air mesh for cooling, it is a top of the line carrier designed to be as rugged as it is comfortable. As the actions and gear of criminals have evolved, so have the tactics and equipment of SWAT officers. Centurion Arms, LMT, and many other fine manufacturers have provided the law

enforcement community with the parts to construct an SBR of exceptional performance and pedigree. Best of all, the equipment listed is available to the private citizen (NFA laws notwithstanding), enabling any responsible firearms owner to enjoy the same quality and performance available to Darrion, and all of our top tier law enforcement officers.

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BY ZORAN MILOSEVIC (REPUBLIC OF SERBIA)

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Special unit of the Czech police tvar rychlho nasazen URNA, is nowadays considered to be one of the best units of the same purpose and it represents the ultimate answer of Czech Ministry of Internal Affairs against terrorism, organized crime and other criminal activities. The Czech Republic is the state formed on disintegration of the former Czech Republic, that used to unite two national entities, Czechs and Slovakians. Right upon the independence being established, that is after a quiet separation between Czech and Slovakia, Czech Republic began adjusting to the western capitalistic standard of life and thus approaching its secure safety structures to western Europeans standards. However, as it was the case with all former communist countries, adjusting
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to western standards had its repercussions. Many criminal groups immediately spotted their great chance to take advantage of the new and young democracy. Together with powerful criminal Russian groups,Czech Republic was swarmed with well organized criminal organizations from Turkey,Albania,Bulgaria,Poland, Greece and from Kosovo that fought for its territory and loot division. For the last ten years the Czech Police had to deal with Kosovo mafia,that at the moment is the best organized, most brutal and dangerous drug and prostitution mafia, with approximately 10,000 members. That is why, Czech Republic has a unit for immediate response,founded at the time of Czechoslovakia,named tvar rychlho nasazen, better known in western

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circles under the abbreviation URNA. On the request of the Socialistic Government and certain police forces, it was decided to form one police unit that would be exclusively made by specially selected, trained and equipped men. This new body would be capable to successfully oppose any criminal threats, plane hijackings, kidnapping and terrorist bombing attacks included. Such tasks were earlier under the jurisdiction of the military forces, that werent adequately prepared and trained for that kind of missions. In August 1981, according to the Ministrys decree 52/1980,the unit for immediate response was formed as the most important component of the police force fight against all kinds of criminal activities. The

Unit was named Direktorat and it was settled under the Sboru nrodn bezpenosti SNB command (National security Assembly). To complete it, police force staff was recruited from military elite units too,especially from the paratroops. From1981 to 1985, a longtime process of training started and at the same time the arming of the unit began. Automatic pistols Vz.Skorpion cal. 7,65 Browning were supplied,then assault rifles Vz.58 7,62 and sniper rifles of the Soviet manufacture SVDN-1 Dragunov (Vz.63) 7,62x54 R mm,as well as the domestic modified sniper rifle Vz. 54 7,62,shotguns,grenade launchers RV-85 cl. 26,5 and various kinds of pistols. Recognizable symbol of the unit was a red beret,that the members of the military units brought to the unit. At the beginning, the unit was intended to perform mostly actions against riots and public manifestations but soon great changes happened. Firstly, in 1985 the unit changed its name to Odbor zvltnho uren,meaning department for special interventions and it was put under the command of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. However, these changes negatively reflected on the unit since it was then used by Communist Czech Governement for stopping the protests and manifestations led by numerous anti-government organizations to which a big number of civilians took part; this made the unit act against them using the most cruel methods, especially in the period between 1988 and 1989. After the coup in 1989, when the communist party was removed from power, sudden changes occurred and the unit entered a new phase of its development which lead to a new philosophy.Thus, the focus was on the training for performing interventions in cases of people and vehicle kidnapping,especially against dangerous offenders and organized criminal groups. The department,in the same year, changed its name to Jednotka rychlho
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zsahu Federln policejn sluby JRZ FPS,meaning Unit for immediate interventions of Federal Police Forces. This led to the alteration of the units symbol,so in November 1989 the red beret was replaced by a dark green one. Change in political orientation of the state enabled unit JRZ,in February 1990,to regain the responsibility which motivated its formation and in that same year they participated in an action of freeing hostages. Opening the Republic to the world at the same time brought changes in mentality of an approach in training of units members,so that officers of the unit began to get introduced with activities of their foreign colleagues. They started to travel more abroad, and significant financial resources were invested for purchasing modern western equipment. In 1990 the name of the unit was also changed,this time to tvar rychlho nasazen- URNA (Unit for immediate interventions) of the Czech Police Force and it is still the one in use. ORGANIZATION AND TASKS The main missions given to this specific police unit consist in performing charging actions that require specially trained men, equipped with sophisticated gear and arming, especially in high risk situations that could involve civilians: interventions against terrorist groups, kidnappers, air pirates. interventions against organized criminal groups and dangerous criminals. security and protection of the high governmentpolitics officials, both domestic and foreign,that come to visit the Czech republic. securing Czech diplomatic offices worldwide. repelling prison mutinies. helping citizens hit by natural disasters As a NATO member, Czech republic has also become an important member of the coalition, led by the USA, in the war against international terrorism and it participates in after-war stabilization of the situation in Iraq. URNA teams repeatedly toggled in Iraq,where they assisted in securing the Czech embassy in Baghdad, diplomats and other national interests . The experience acquired in Iraq is very precious when it comes to improving tactics. URNA teams, that usually performed in civilian clothes,many

times were the target of the Islamic terrorists and Iraq guerilla, but Czech specialists proved to be excellent professionals. In future, the unit is going to focus more on how to perform secret operations in civilian clothes,which surely would require a change of tactics and procedures.Today, Czech Republic has eight regional intervention teams, all intended for performing missions out of the domain of antiterrorist combat,but only URNA has the jurisdiction on the complete national territory and abroad as well. As these regional units undergo the jurisdiction of the Intervention Police Force(podkov policie), that is police forces for breaking down riots,URNA is under the organizational authority (slubu kriminln policie a vyetovn) Service of Criminal Police. When it comes to commanding authority, the unit is under the direct
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commandment of the Police Chief but the only person who can issue orders is solely the Minister of Internal Affairs. The Command includes administrative services such as secretaries,drivers, legal issues staff and men whose main target is to perform logistics activities regarding equipment maintenance,preparing the vehicles for programmed activities,weapon use and ammunition stockage. The Operative section (sekce rychlho nasazen), the most powerful and significant part of the unit, consists of three assault teams (zsahov skupiny). Each one has 21 men,divided in subteams of five that have the main task to perform high risk operations. Within operative sections there is a training group intended for candidates training to join the unit .At the head of the assault team,an officer ranking colonel is in charge and has at his disposal EOD specialists, snipers, negotiators,radio communicators and special vehicle drivers. Teams are filled with men of different
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specialties,that stretch from the anti - terrorist chargers up to EOD specialists (Explosive Ordinance Detail) .The unit has 5 trained members for EOD specialties, master diving techniques that enable them to face underwater actions. Specialist service (sekce specilnch slueb) is filled with men of different specialties. In this group there are snipers,specialists for sophisticated comminication systems and the staff in charge to manage unit documentation. There are qualified negotiators hostages situations; they are able to work out the kidnappers profile, his intentions and determine when it is best to intervene. There are also paratroops, drivers, reconnaisance specialists that operate in urban and rural environments. Assault teams alternate duty of intervening team being on call,that is in within 45 minutes ready to act on the territory of Czech Republic. In case that situation requires additional support, another team is called ready to go into an action in

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four hours on the point of calling. For complicated crisis situations,like airplane hijacking or great number of hostages in a building,the rest of the unit is completed within 24 hours. URNA maintains successful cooperation with similar units worldwide.Besides visits and exchanging experience, mutual training sessions are done with British 22 SAS Regiment, French units GIGN and RAID, Belgian SIE, Italian GIS and NOCS, Swedish CTU,Slovakian UOU and occasionally with other Europeans and American units. Likewise, URNA is a member of ATLAS organization and its staff participates in UNMIK mission at Kosovo, actually they are within the UNMIK Special Police team, better known as Special Team 6. Unit is also regularly participating in regional and international competitions such as special Police forces,and they can brag that they in this years competition in shooting with sniper rifles, held in Budapest, Hungary, May 2011, URNA team won second place right after the Chinese.

TRAINING SESSIONS Selection of the candidates represents a long and hard process for the unit,that asks for great deprivation and even bigger effort for an individual the potential member of the URNA team. Units training is designed so as to satisfy requirements essential for successful performance of units task against the terrorism,providing service to the Department for Suppressing the Organized Crime and especially in arresting dangerous offenders. Police officers that apply the course for vacancies,have to pass one rigorous process of selection and training in order to pick the officers that would be the ideal for realization of these complex highly risk operations. Therefore, police officers are sought that would fit one series of requirements regarding physical fitness, emotional stability and capability of analyzing the situation. URNA unit accepts all police forces sergeants on voluntary basis,minimal age 23 up to maximum of 30 years,with a police work experience of at least three years plus additional vocational education and training,at least high school education,of good health and full physical preparedness,a swimmer and a B category driving license.
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Candidates that satisfy basic requirements,form a group that needs to attend check ups divided in three stages with expelling rate,so that a candidate who doesnt pass one phase is automatically expelled form the training course. The first stage covers one thorough medical examination,with the aim to determine the candidates limit when it comes to their capability of dealing with extreme physical efforts. The econd test is actually a written examination,lasting from 6 to 8 hours,i ntended to gain a personal psychological profile that indicates stress endurance,capability in adjusting,team work tolerance,intelligence and flexibility in task performing. Those who pass these probes move onto the third trial that serves to pick the most ideal candidates when it comes to physical fitness. Therefore, candidates need to pass physical checks like: 60 meters running, time of transition at 500 m lane is measured,how many push ups they can do in one minute,perform max number of chin-ups and abs in two minutes,400 meter length swimming,climbing the rope of 4,5 meters height,crossing the obstacle path,two lapses in 4 minutes. Those who succeed the first phase form a small group and move onto the second stage. This includes six day tests of endurance during which th psycho-physical state of each candidate is being inspected,as well as their behavior in hard conditions of fatigue and exhaustion .Also,their resistance to the physical effort is tested,capability to endure constant stress for a long time,making decisions in critical situations,team work, devotion and motivation. Candidates need to do repeatedly orientation marches,loaded with heavy back-packs,solve tasks focused on endurance,skills,strength and knowledge and they are deprived from sleeping as an additional
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stress factor so that all the positive and negative aspects of a candidate are clearly expressed after the short sleeping time allowed. Each activity of the course member is being controlled and has a time limit,which of course is unfamiliar to candidates and it is monitored by the instructors and senior members of the unit. All exercises and activities are done under medical supervision. If the candidate has passed the first two stages,a third knockout phase is awaiting him and that includes a personal interview with some members of the URNA council. The Council has the task to check how the candidate performed during the first stages of selections,his motivation and reasons for joining the team.This personal contact with a trainee enables the council to make precise decisions at the moment of selecting the potential future specialists. Suitable traits that are sought from the candidates are: above average intelligence, capability of learning, defining and solving the problems in stressful situations ambition and self-discipline flexibility and adjustment,non-conventional thinking,innovation, capability to improvise maturity,free of impulsive behavior, exaggeration, nave inner discipline, psychological stability that refers to the emotional one,which means that the candidate cant be a subject of psychological issues emotional stability, capability of dealing with any criticism, patient,not too rigid and that he can suppress his feelings emotional mood,optimistic,with a good sense of humor

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social adjustment,pleasant,and to possess a capability of communication with other people,to accept the teams initiative aggressive and courageous,to manifest aggression but to be able to control it as well tolerance-capability for staying operative and focused on fulfilling the aims though there are some alerting influences, moral-ethical behavior, to act in accordance to social rules and values,to have a strong sense for justice, honesty, responsibility and positive working motivation. For a commanding officer, who chooses which of the candidates will be selected,an interview is the right way to find out what each individual can offer and how hell fit in the team. At the end of this first selection,only 15% of the candidates pass. If the candidate passes successfully an interview with the commanding officer, a very versatile,intensive and hard training is awaiting for him and it will last for a couple of months. During that period,a trainee studies subjects such as: special tactical preparation,that is solving hostage situation in buildings, planes,trains,bus etc... They are trained for various kinds of shooting,performing training sessions in climbing and mutual action with choppers,selfdefence in terms of marshal arts accompany all these activities with a physical preparation.The area that has a polygon for hostage practice is 75 km from Prague,on the grounds of fa ormer Soviet military base. A special part of the training is given to the specialists: candidates attend courses of parachute training,topographic tuition,medical education,basic and special engineering course, sniper training, diver,VIP course, driving training etc...They, likewise, learn how to use the special equipment that is at the units disposal,study law and psychology,etc Having done the basic training,the chosen ones get a qualification,get sent to the operative teams and start to participate in the collective exercises This means that they start to participate in real arresting actions or antiterrorist operations,but at the beginning they do so just as observers or support to older and more experienced colleagues on the expense of the Direction for the Organized Crime, that is the Anti-drug Brigade of the Czech Police Force. SPECIAL EQUIPMENT Nature and typology of the URNA activities require special individual gear on a high level, that includes all elements necessary for performing crisis situations such as abductions,VIP protection and arresting armed dangerous criminals or terrorists. URNA weapon arsenal presents a mixture of the western and domestic arming.Main URNA weapon intended for a great number of cases is still done by an automatic weapon,in this
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case as with many other countries units,a famous German automatic Heckler and Koch MP-5 caliber 9x19 mm Parabellum of different manufactures . Ammunition,which is found here,is Canadian non deadly ammunition SIMUNITION, then Czech Sellier Bellot with an armor grain weighing 7,5 and 8,5 grams and ammunition of Mag tech type 3D.One of the models which is in great usage is A5 with an expending butt and shooting range of three bullets.Weapon is equipped with a rail that is placed below the rifle barrel done by a Swiss manufacturer Brugger & Thomet and a rail placed upon the upper part of the weapon is made by a domestic manufacturer SGB Praga.It is possible to attach different accessory devices such as battery flash, American holographic pointer EOTech or domestic SGB OKO, useful in actions when fast aiming is necessary, or a Trijicon device ACOG TA11 3,5x35 compact telescopic sights with with tritium illuminated reticle patterns for use in low light or at night. Certain items are modified so as to carry an excellent German enhancing optics x4 Zeiss Hensoldt for precise shooting up to a 100 metres range.This group of accessory devices is also joined by a laser pointer in the visible IC range. Apart for the A5 version, URNA uses an integrated version with a silencer SD-6, whereas a third version of this weapon MP-5KA4-PDW(Personal Defence Weapons), with a butt of american manufacturer CHOATE MACHINE &TOOL is normally used within the mission of VIP protection. When it comes to small weapons, URNA members chose quality Austrian pistols GLOCK 17, which uses the same ammunition as MP-5.It is possible to attach a flashlight to this gun Insight type M3X.Besides this
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model, unit has at its disposal a more heavier pistol Glock 19.URNA can also use other semi-automatic pistol models they dispose with, such as German Walther P99 or domestic Czech Zbrojovka Z-75D Compact , Z-75 and Z-85, all in caliber 9x19 mm Parabellum. In the URNA arsenal there can still be found automatic weapons such as VZ61Scorpio of the Czech manufacture CZ caliber 7,65x17mm Beowning( 32 APC), weapon with an extremely great firing range, with a cadence of 850 bullets per minute.This weapon is adequate for secret carrying under the suit and it is also possible to attach a silencer for more discrete usage. For the same purpose, the unit has at its disposal several Israeli automatic weapons IMI Mini UZI, caliber 9mm. One more automatic weapon at the URNA arsenal is a Belgian Fabrique Nationale Herstal, type P-90 of a revolutionary caliber 5,7x28mm, with a transparent magazine of 50 bullets type SS190, which successfully goes through a ballistic vest. For a more specific purpose during their actions, such as smashing the lock or door hinges for an easier intrusion in the room or stopping the cars, URNA members use shotguns caliber 12mm of Italian manufacturer Franchi and Benelli.The most recognizable and one of the most used shotguns in special force units is Italian Benelli model M3T, with a possibility for using the Magnum ammunition. Czech version of the Kalashnikov VZ.58 caliber 7,62x39mm is used in situations where a weapon of strong caliber is needed, for combat actions in Iraq, when arresting and in raids of dangerous criminals, road blockage etc..This gun is modified by

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implementing couple of accessories produced by an Israeli company TDI. Units arsenal is completed with an excellent charging rifle Heckler and Koch G-36 in versions G-36Export, with a possibility of attaching a round magazine with 100 bullets, and a compact G-36KV equipped with a fixed optical pointer HK with a magnifying power x3,5, with a front grip and a flash battery Laser Products. Likewise, it is possible to modify the weapon by removing the ordinary grip and switching it with an aluminum one with four rails Picatinny, which is possible to be attached with a pistol grip or strong flash battery of American production Streamlight TLR-1. Lately, URNA members can be seen with a new charging rifles H&K-416 purchased in a limited number, probably to replace out-of date VZ.58 guns. At its formation, URNA has 10 supremely trained snipers that act upon the actions requiring high precision.They are equipped with one model of sniper rifle of domestic production, and with three models of foreign manufacture that are regarded as the worlds best weapons . The first model is a domestic rifle bull-pup configuration and it is done according to the requirements of the URNA team.It uses the system of locking CZ Mauser 98, caliber.308 Winchester and it is equipped with a domestic optics magnifying power x6. Russian Dragunov 7,62x54 R is another model of sniper weapon used by URNA, not very precise weapon but with an efficient and strong firing power.This weapon is usually used by the teams set around the Czech Embassy in Kabul and Baghdad. Swiss sniper rifle Sig Sauer SSG-3000 caliber 7,62x51mm (.308 Win.) is used for shooting up to more than 600 metres range.This weapon, which is 1180mm long and weighing around 5 kilos, has an ergonomic and adjusting butt and a barrel of 23.5 inches that enables an excellent precision. When it comes to optics, for a daily aiming Leupold Vari-XIIII is used, magnifying 6,5-20x50mm, and for night aiming Norwegian Simrad Optronics KN252F is used, with a barrel 2a Generation Plus. The rifle of the highest quality in URNA arsenal is definitely Finish SAKO TRG-22 caliber .308 Winchester with a barrels length of 26 inch, that was recently accompanied with a rifle of the same caliber and same manufacturer, that is SAKO TRG-42 caliber 8,6 x70mm (.338 Lapua Magnum), intended for shooting up to 1500 metres range.This weapon has an attachment of optical pointer Scmidt&Bender PMII (Police Marksman) 5-25x56mm. When it comes to rest of the arms, the unit has a grenade launcher 40mm Granatpistole H&K, weapon easily used and it uses various kinds of ammunition 40x46 such as CS/15P, CS/1-D, Impact SIGN, Sound and Flash, accompanied by the old outdated model RV85 caliber 26,5mm.For operations in conditions of low visibility and at night URNA disposes with systems such as Norwegian Simrad KN252F, barrel 2a Generation

Plus, monocular night vision glasses of the same production, series GN, barrel 3rd generation. Personal equipment includes overalls with a digital camouflage pattern, based on the American uniform ACU, intended for usage in urban areas. Interventions are ordinarily done in black overalls, domestically made, XENA from Prague. This is actually dark blue, again domestic manufacturer made in combination of materials Nomex/Goretex.It is interesting to mention that according to Czech law, police forces cannot wear uniforms that military use. Agents, during the intrusions, usually wear a ballistic vests Petris Model P2023, and on top of it a tactical vest handmade by DASTA, type MOLLE. The rest of the gear includes headpiece of Petris model P3001, helmet Pro-Tech, boots Magnum type HI-Tec Midnite and Puma, protection goggles ESS, knee and elbow pads HATCHCenturion, protection gloves HATCH Opertor in combination with Nomex-kevlar, pistol holster Safariland, MARS belts, all accessory holsters for spare magazines and rest of MARS gear, protetective mask MAR-95 NBC, British ballistic shields Bristol etc.. Personal equipment is supplemented by a winter suit Vvoj Tet ECWCS 2000, camouflage suits Ghillei FADEN for conditons in thick green vegetation, LEAVES for autumn conditions and HEJKAL for winter ones.
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Incident Report, September 2009

FROM NEW YORK TO TEL-AVIV


BY DANIEL SHARON (ISRAEL)
Daniel Sharon - retired 56 year old Israeli Police Commander from Northern Israel. Danny has over 25 years of police and military training and served as a reservist for 11 years in the Israeli Army Alpine Anti-Terror Ski Patrol Unit on the Syrian-Lebanese Border at Mt Hermon.

Delta flight 86 to Tel Aviv took off on time and without any special hitches. To go wrong was the passengers check-in: Delta security in-fact allowed on the plane an estranged a 36 years old Palestinian/American woman who, later on during the flight, almost forced the pilot to an emergency landing. This was avoided by the intervention of a passenger (Daniel Sharon, a retired SWO Israeli Police) who noticed her threatening behavior even when in the terminal, before boarding the aircraft; her BPR (Body Language) didnt escape Mrs Sharon attention. I am Mr sharon and this is the account of the incident I witnessed that day. The passenger was a Palestinian woman from Chicago, with regular US citizenship, apparently on a trip to meet her family in Ramallah, the West-Bank and North of Jerusalem. I was waiting to board at Gate 6 in JFK Airport and, as I usually do, I was observing those around me. Boarding started roughly one hour before the flight was due to take off; this was due to
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the fact that there is a second security check with X-ray scanning for passengers going to Tel Aviv, the regular TSA checking is not considered enough. Checking operations were handled by Delta personnel and they failed to spot the Palestinian woman whose behavior should have set alarm bells ringing; her behavior highly suspect ands, to an expert eye, it was obvious that once on the plane she would have endangered the flight. There would have been the need of an emergency landing, causing a delay, the hassle of having to organize an hotel stay for the 250 passengers, extra fuel costs and unnecessary surcharges for the plane. I restrained her using limited force, then I alerted the crew and some doctors who were travelling to Israel. There were no Air Marshals on the plane to assist me in restraining the woman who kept being problematic during the whole flight. I was asked wether I needed to cuff her with plastic restraints but I declined as I was able to guard her till we

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got to destination where she would have been handed over to the authorities. All started when we were flying above Ireland, 500 miles west in midAtlantic: I started to suspect the woman as I sat almost next to her and we started a conversation; she told me that someone from the Ramallah aere would have collected her at the airport and took her to her family. This alerted me immediately as the Israeli Security Forces have closed all access from the West Bank to Gaza early morning before the beginning of any major Jewish holiday. She was lying. While we were chatting, she took out a Koran and started to read it so I overheard her saying Ana Bechabak Islam and after a minute or so Allah hu Akbar Falestin. I immediately readied myself for action! She got up from her seat after kissing the Khoran and started to move towards the flight assistant who was serving drinks. I pushed the woman to the floor, held her wrists tight and searched for a weapon which I found in her right

hand. It was a small box cutter with a razor edged blade. I removed it from her and snapped the blade so it couldnt wound me or anyone else. After the incident I recollected her saying earlier that she was an epileptic; this was probably true and could explain her behavior, also taking into consideration that in the morning she had had a seizure. I asked for assistance to the crew but was told that the company -unlike EL AL- does not have any marshals covering flights. Furthermore, I was asked wether in the past I had been an EL AL Sky marshal; they were extremely impressed with the coolness and speed with which I restrained the woman and pinned her to the floor. Once we had finally landed, I was thanked by the crew and the Delta station manager for preventing a major incident on the plane and the relative financial loss that and emergency landing creates. They didnt overlook the possible embarrassment of the company security either. The week before the incident, my son (an Israeli Government Security Agent) flew out to New York on the outgoing Delta flight that left Tel-Aviv Ben Gurion Airport on September 17th at 11:00am. He was going there to prepare The security arrangements aimed to protect the Israeli Prime Minister and, as he is allowed to carry a weapon on EL AL flights, he was told to leave leave it in the security bay of the plane like. EL AL is the official company for our personnel and always declares to have Air Marshals but this is actually not true as I declared during and after the incident on the Delta flight 086 on the 26th September.
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Wasnt September 11th 2001 enough for America? Why does Delta have to lie on the presence of Air Marshals on their flights? This goes against the trust between our nations and exposes a serious lack of security. I felt the need to expose the truth and wrote a report that will be forwarded to the Israeli Secret Service, Israeli Airports Authority, Delta Security Bureau and to the TSA offices. I regard what has happened a true scandal. No matter the circumstances, the woman -also taking into consideration her medical condition- should not have been allowed to travel without any assistance. Had she been a terrorist, matters could have turned out differently. I like to point out that, when searching for her passport, I found none. I now wonder on the concept of security and personal responsibility: what if it was someone else and not I, a professionally trained

Police officer, to spot that woman? Would a normal person have taken such a risk? Or, more to the point, SHOULD he/she have taken such a risk? Security must not end at the boarding gate, security must travel with us.

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the current world of explosive ordnance disposal


what is it, where is it and what does it mean to you?
BY ROBERT SHAW MSc (U.K.)
The world of Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) forces and services and that of existing traditional security are in many ways synergetic and have increased its visibility and importance as a skill set since 9/11 and the opening of the Global War on Terror (GWOT). More than ever before, across the globe, military and civilian EOD organisations, intelligence agencies and commercial or humanitarian EOD companies are improving their capabilities through organisational change,
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seconds to go, the operator cuts another wire to stop the clock and save the world (or at least him and his team mate). Another image that might come to mind is that of the image made famous in World War 2, that of the operator leaning over an enemy aircraft bomb, normally with a stethoscope to see if the fuse is ticking. Or maybe its the engineer, lifting mines from a minefield by hand. The realities of EOD operations are, of course, very different to that portrayed in the movies and some techniques and equipment have certainly moved on from WW2, even if its just the variety of enemy weapons and their tactics! So what is EOD as we understand it today? The current world of EOD consists of the following fields: Demining and improved training and smart Battlefield Area Clearance (BAC), equipment acquisition. But what Conventional Munitions Disposal does this mean to you? What exactly is EOD and what fields does (CMD) and Counter Improvised Explosive Device (C-IED) which it consist of? contains Improvised Explosive The immediate image that most people have when someone thinks Device Disposal (IEDD), Counter Terrorist Search and Weapons of EOD is that of the Improvised Intelligence (WIT/WTI or WIS). Explosive Device Disposal (IEDD) Underpinning these fields are the operator, who, in the movies, strands of training, personnel and is typically leaning over an improvised explosive device (IED) equipment which add up to the that has curly wires (coloured red capability of the EOD force. and blue)leading to an electronic Although normally not associated with EOD, the field of ammunition timer. The operator always has to decide which wire to cut, which he storage and ammunition stockpile management has grown closer. will discuss with his team mate It is now associated with EOD (who is invariably sat next to him) due to the security concerns of and then they end up tossing a coin anyway! Having cut a wire, the governments that do not want unsecured or even surplus clock adds to the excitement by ammunition items of countries counting down even quicker than before, until finally, with single falling into terrorist hands to be

used in IEDs, or as part of complex attacks, such as a hand held surface to air missile (SAM) being used against commercial airliners. The effort to prevent the spread of military grade ordnance into terrorist or even criminal hands is known as counter proliferation. All fields of EOD are more and more under the spotlight recently due to the current focus on counter insurgency across the world and the lasting legacy and long term impact of explosive remnants of war (ERW) from previous conflicts and the way these two aspects have been connected in recent times. This means the spectrum of EOD is relevant right across the board from post conflict countries and developing countries to those of the first world, and encompasses operations of military, civilian, commercial and intelligence forces. DEMINING AND BAC There are legacy mine and battlefield area clearance tasks dating from World Wars One and Two through to the Vietnam War and Falklands conflicts and to modern Afghanistan and Korea. Each of the mine issues has evolved as the weapons and mines in use have developed in each conflict and the ground over which the conflict occurred. For example in World War One when we say mines, we are not talking about minefields but actually tunnels that were dug beneath the surface by specialist engineer units with personnel drawn from the coal and other mineral extraction industries.

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clearance operations, some of these mines are still presenting a hazard, such as modern day Libya where hundreds of kilometres of British, German and Italian mines on the border with Egypt are left in place due to the dry weather conditions preserving the mines, and the fact that it was not deemed necessary to conduct clear-up operations since there was a sparse population in the affected area and the minefields were perceived to preserve border integrity! As weapon systems evolved, so did the task of demining which had to encompass area clearance of ERW on the surface. Munitions such as those that are air delivered at first became larger due to the constantly increasing lift capability of military aircraft. But not only have they got progressively smaller due to increasing accuracy and the desire to avoid collateral damage, but sub munitions also came into more widespread use. The fusing systems on both aircraft bombs and sub munitions also evolved to become smarter to increase the time that it takes the EOD force to clear them. Sub munitions tend to be delivered by air to create an explosive obstacle similar to a minefield. Within the field of demining is also Mine Risk Education and resettlement of mine victims. The demining tasks in contaminated countries will be slowly completed through humanitarian demining companies, but they traditionally By WW2, mines had evolved from The tunnelling companies dug have very limited resources, tunnels filled with explosive underneath their own front line due to funding, so the rate of across no mans land, and onwards charges to fields of mines designed clearance will always ebb and underneath the enemies positions. to provide or enhance an obstacle flow. Other factors in the time to enemy personnel and armoured it takes to clear land of mines There they filled the end of the tunnel with large amounts of vehicles. The mines within these and ERW is the type of ground, explosive that were subsequently obstacles evolved from metal which dictates whether the use of detonated on the eve of large scale casings to wooden as typical mechanical clearance equipment counter measures like search attacks to destroy trenches and is feasible, whether clearing by concrete emplacements and create equipment (metal detectors), hand is the only option, and the gaps in the wire obstacles that also evolved. Despite the passage security of company personnel. couldnt be achieved with artillery. of time and immediate post war Funding for these activities is a

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mix of international donors, like governments and the UN, through to humanitarian projects and commercial clearances paid for by companies (such as oil, gas or construction) that require land to be assessed and cleared prior and /or concurrently with other expensive building activities. Apart from commercial companies requiring clearance activities, due to the downsizing of military forces worldwide alongside the increased demand for housing, there is now an ongoing requirement for clearance of ranges and training areas globally. Humanitarian demining and battlefield area clearance is a use of EOD skill sets in a post conflict environment by civilian EOD operators and their staff. AMMUNITION MANAGEMENT AND COUNTER PROLIFERATION Traditionally, the storage of ammunition and weapon systems

has also connected to EOD. A countrys own storage facilities were a logistical function, but when it came to dealing with large scale captured enemy stocks and ammunition storage areas (ASAs), in wartime, then it was the job of the military EOD force. As well as dealing with stocks of enemy ammunition, the EOD operator would also have to deal with any unexploded ordnance fired in the fighting for the ASA, which could also include air craft bombs that have failed to detonate. The clearance of these areas can be a long term operation, a problem now faced in Libya where their ASAs were hit hard by NATO aircraft bombs and most of the bunkers are now unusable. The areas are also covered with UXO, are sometimes surrounded by protective minefields, and have unexploded NATO aircraft bombs in them as well! Humanitarian and commercial demining companies

have had to move into the field of the ASAs and ammunition management as the current post conflict countries they are clearing up contained a large amount of ammunition stockpiles. The countries of Iraq, Afghanistan and Libya all contained stocks on a scale beyond that which was required for national defence and the size of their armed forces. This, in part, was due to the large stock being a status symbol for the countrys leaders and to intimidate their neighbours throughout the region. Of course, arms companies and foreign governments exacerbated the issue by pushing the sale of large amounts of ammunition and weapon systems as well. This situation, has brought the clearance of ASAs into the realm of a counter proliferation issue, as during any post conflict power vacuum, there are genuine concerns that the ammunition and weapon stockpiles will fall

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into the hands of insurgents and terrorists to increase their capabilities. This includes, not just simple ready use items, such as small arms ammunition (SAA) and RPGs but, more worryingly, military grade plastic explosive, man portable air defence systems (MANPADS) and even chemical and biological ammunition. This situation is currently seen in Syria, where extremist Islamic
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terrorists fighting to overthrow the government might well gain access to and control the countries chemical weapons. These could then, in theory, be sold and smuggled across the world to be used in IEDs against European nations or the USA. CONVENTIONAL MUNITIONS DISPOSAL (CMD) Conventional Munitions Disposal

is really the basis of the skill sets used in wartime by military forces and in peacetime by the humanitarian or commercial EOD companies. Conventional munitions are those manufactured by the state and range from nuclear weapons, conventional aircraft delivered bombs and sub munitions, through to rockets, missiles and artillery shells to mortar bombs, grenades and SAA.

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or another technique, and blow them up in place. Alternatively, the items for disposal may not have been fired at all and might be surplus or obsolescent stock. These means of disposal usually take place on a licensed demolition ground and in large quantities. This part of CMD is known as logistic disposal. Both types of CMD require procedures that limit the amount of expensive, serviceable high explosive used to initiate the unserviceable or blind items and minimise the amount of fragmentation and debris created by the detonation. Where the filling of the ammunition is chemical or biological, then specific procedures and equipment are used and this field is termed Biological and Chemical Munitions Disposal (BCMD). If the weapon is a nuclear one, then it is termed Nuclear Weapons Disposal (NWD). In both the cases of BCMD and NWD the items to be disposed of are state manufactured and have fusing systems that provide safety in storage, transit and firing. If they are used with a different, improvised fusing system, then that comes under the realm of the Improvised Explosive Device (IED). C-IED, IEDD, SEARCH AND WEAPONS INTELLIGENCE C-IED is a relatively new term that has been coined and developed during the GWOT. In the past, IEDs were used by indigenous criminal and terrorist groups with some spread of technology but were used in relatively small numbers. The campaign by Irish nationalist groups, such as the Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA), in Northern Ireland is a case in point. In more recent campaigns, such as Iraq and Afghanistan, where the conflict was more that of an insurgency, the IED has become the weapon and tactic of choice, used in ever greater numbers, to cause casualties to

All of the ammunition items that normally carry high explosive (HE) can, of course, carry biological and chemical fillings. These items are normally termed Unexploded Ordnance (UXO) or blinds. This means they have been fired, either in wartime or in training on ranges and have not functioned as intended. As the items are generally unsafe to move, the EOD operator will use a donor charge,

coalition forces, whilst reducing the casualties of the insurgents, which would lose the fight in any symmetrical battle due to our technological edge. To protect the security forces against the increased use of IEDs, forces are trained from the early stages of their careers, through pre-deployment training to constant refresher training during operations in all necessary skill sets: counter insurgency mission planning, urban and rural patrolling, vulnerable point (VP) search, patrol search,5 and 20 m checks isolation drills, suicide devices, insurgent tactics and weaponry (including IEDs), vehicle check points (VCPs), medical and EOD reporting, mine awareness, the use of Electronic Counter Measures (ECM) and incident management. The ethos of C-IED is to prevent casualties by thorough training, to protect our forces by providing them with the right equipment to mitigate IED effects, to detect IEDs before they have detonated with the right tactics and search equipment and finally to exploit the information presented by recovered devices and other forms of intelligence, which in turn, leads us to develop tactic, techniques and procedures (TTPs) that help us prevent, protect, detect and exploit! As part of the protect field we have the skill of IEDD, which is where the EOD operator uses specific equipment and knowledge to disrupt the IED and tries to safely recover as much of the component parts (in the form of evidence)as possible to feed into the intelligence chain. Where as an EOD operator dealing with conventional ammunition has a recognised fusing system and munitions to deal with and thereby has a standard Render Safe Procedure (RSP), the IEDD operator has to assess the IED he faces and create his own and
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ROBERT SHAW MSC

unique RSP to match the unique device. To protect the operator, he generally wears a protective suit and where possible uses remote means (robotics) to disrupt the device. However, in assault IEDD, where the operator is seamlessly integrated into a Special Forces (SF) assault team, the use of the suit and robotics is inappropriate and therefore specialist training is required. Another sub field of IEDD is that of CBRNe. This is where chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear material is used in an IED instead of purely HE and fragmentation. In some cases these devices would have to be dealt with by assault IED forces, especially if they were located in a non permissive environment. Again, the skills and equipment used to safely disrupt these types of devices is very specialist and requires intensive and long term training. Weapons Intelligence

(WIS/WTI/WIT) is the term generally given to those forces, concerned with post attack scene investigation. Made up of IEDD operators, intelligence and police personnel, their job is to collect components or even complete IEDs and, once rendered safe, ensure they are exploited for any intelligence, which is then fed into the lessons learnt domain where it influences future friendly TTPs and equipment acquisition. SUMMARY The world of EOD is quite large and its operators can be specialists in all aspects of its fields or, more normally, specialise in one or two of them. All of the fields are equally pertinent and are in constant use in conflict, post conflict and peacetime by military and civilian assets. In the next article we will look more closely at the training of EOD operators and their skill sets.

I am currently a training consultant and director of Optimal Risk EOD Services, running capabilities and training in various fields of EOD, Security and Intelligence. As a member of the Territorial Army, I run training in Patrolling and Close Quarter Combat. My previous post was managing a multicultural C-IED training department for ISAF in Afghanistan which has the responsibility for analysing insurgent weapons, tactics, techniques, technology and procedures, developing these into force protection and security training packages and then delivering them to ISAF and ANSF forces. The branch was a mix of military and civilian personnel, drawn from ISAF nations. In 2009 I completed a MSc in Global Security at Cranfield University. During this period I have been able to put my tactical experience of challenging and multicultural/ multiagency operations into context with the strategy and theory of Security policies. The course also included a breadth of disciplines from international relations, diplomacy, arms control and intelligence all the way down to applications of current and future weapons technology. My previous employment with the UN in Kabul and its provinces was as a project manager within a Security Sector Reform and disarmament project. I expertly oversaw the successful smooth running of a major project and led a multiethnic/ multicultural team to complete this project on time and within budget. My post broadened my experience of mentoring and advising senior government ministers and persuading different agencies with conflicting priorities to work together to a common aim. By improving the understanding of the project amongst all stakeholders I was able to both extend and increase the projects international funding. I also assisted CSTC-A and the US State Department in the design and implementation of national EOD training policy. During my Army career, I worked as an ATO and HT IEDD/ WIS Operator requiring the management and coordination of personnel of all arms, in various fields, in support of Airborne Forces, Special Forces and Defence Intelligence. Whilst in Afghanistan, my post included developing and maintaining close working relationships with various members of the international intelligence and military community to ensure alignment and coordination of efforts on a variety of Security Operations issues.

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GatorMachete markside

by Joshua a. haarbrink (usa)

Not far from where the famous and to some, infamous U.S. Army Jungle Operations Training Center once operated, lies the beautiful Caribbean Panama coastline locally referred to as Costa Arriba. When I first arrived a few years ago, this ecological blend of Caribbean beaches and tropical rainforest was a sleepy, sparselypopulated collection

of small towns that hugged the shore along the coast from the busy main port city of Colon to the legendary San Blas Islands of the Guna Yala. Since then, I have walked the tenuous lines of survival and experience, business and personal development and the challenges of tactically adapting and overcoming problems on a daily basis. The rapidly developing

country of Panama called to me as I was working my way out of a reasonably successful career that included investigations and security consulting/ services. I knew that my focus was going to be on

developing businesses in a very new environment, but I did not consider how much of an asset my prior tactical training and knowledge would be as I dove into the experience with eyes wide open. The first experience to snap me into the zone was 6 months spent in a farmhouse nestled up the hills as I began work on my first project, an eco-adventures company

Led lenser H7
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called Panama Outdoor Adventures, from which I developed a few important guidelines for myself regarding equipment and preparation: Carry only as little and as much as you need Travel modularly, be organized Invest in your life/ livelihood with quality gear Take care of your gear and your gear will take care of you

Carry only as little and as muCh as you need Luckily for me, I have had the joy of experiencing Panama in a Hyundai Galloper (a barebones but tough mid-size 4x4 SUV) in which I have been able to keep my gear most of the time when Im on

the move. Even then, I never leave my gear in the vehicle for any extended amount of time as folks seem to succumb quite easily to the temptation to break a window in for an opportunistic grab. As any survivalist whether in nature or the urban jungle will attest to,

there is a balance between understanding how much or how little you can get away with carrying. Whether its counting out magazines for a nighttime patrol, measuring food/ water for a cross-country hunt, or spending the day exploring old logging roads on horseback; it

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Led lenser MT7 Standup

is imperative to create a process around analyzing your objective to effectively build your kit. A growing selection of next-generation materials and designs allow for lighter and more efficient equipment like the Leatherman multitools that I carry which include the Skeletool CX - made with carbon

fiber components and travels with me in the tech bag, the MUT designed for combat but highly effective at maintaining machinery in the field, and the OHT allowing buttsaving one-handed access to the right tool, right now. No matter what your loadout is, youre going to have to drag this stuff around so its just as important to
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MUT Silver Open

consider how that gear is stashed. travel modularly, be organized Regardless of whether you are running to catch a flight, or running code to catch up with a flight-risk suspect, seconds count when youre moving with speed and purpose while expecting your gear to keep up with you. As with the equipment itself; a creative variety of bags, packs and cases offer endless configurations for hauling your precious cargo, but the key is to develop an organized system that allows muscle-memory retrieval of what you need when you need it. I do this by breaking things down into three principal bags:

My Tactical Tailor backpack holds a small dry-bag containing a towel and change of light clothing, a stocked medical kit, mini Pelican case with batteries and other stay-dry incidentals, SteriPen water treatment kit, Leatherman MUT multi-tool, Led Lenser MT7 flashlight, Led Lenser H7 headlamp, Gerber Gator Machete Jr., and a variety of other general use items including toiletries, camera, GPS, etc. depending on need.

MUT Utility Silver Clsd La

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Using the external webbing points on the bag, I can also mount other pouches or equipment as well as tether tools via paracord or retractable cables. This bag is effectively my overnight bag and aside from food, it can sustain me for days on end in most scenarios. Cleverly disguised

as a computer bag, my tech pack carries my laptop, various cables and adaptors, a notebook with sleeves for documents, pens, Leatherman Skeletool CX, 5.11 ATAC PLx flashlight and a small locking pouch for money, receipts or sensitive documents. Professional and functional, this bag is all about business and goes with me into meetings and the office. Known as a bail-outbag or grab-bag (and to my friends as my man-purse), my 5.11 PUSH Pack carries the essentials in an accessible, compact and comfortable platform. The external webbing makes for easy mounting of my 5.11 Soar Polarized sunglasses case, Fenix TK15 flashlight, and Leatherman OHT. The variety of pouches on the outside as well as the compartments inside provide for plenty of room to stash additional quick-access

items including radio equipment, a water bottle, gloves, small notebook, Fujifilm XP water/shock/dust/ freeze-resistant camera, keys, bug spray, sunblock and other small necessities. These bags are both redundant and complimentary to each other. Some types of items are duplicated (such as lights and multitools) but the packs also allow for scalability with regard to the function of the tools (smaller lights vs. larger lights). I have also configured the bags so that they can all be easily worn and carried at the same time while leaving my hands free. Maintaining organization within the bags is important in allowing me to be able to access any item quickly and accurately, even without looking when out of reach or in the dark. invest in your life/ livelihood with quality gear While heroic feats abound and the tactical techniques of operators are now becoming primetime entertainment in the form of reality TV shows and competitions, many would have to agree that the tools that we equip ourselves with do make the difference between success and failure and even life and death. So while our opinions on which tool outperforms the others may differ sometimes, I think most of us that depend on our gear

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believe that it is worth it to pay for quality. Our budgets may expose us to a range of those quality products, but it is the important mindset of truly valuing the tools that we carry that ensures that we are as equipped as possible for any situation. take Care of your gear and your gear will take Care of you It can be quite frustrating to be presented with the challenge of opening a rusty multi-tool screwdriver when trying to remove the screws to an electrical panel around the house, but it is quite another thing to do a forced entry on a warrant search and realize that you havent checked the batteries on your weapon light for a couple weeks as it flickers out. When I invest in quality equipment, I know that my investment will continue to serve me as long as I maintain it. One of the most impressive experiences in the Caribbean coastal rainforest is the incredible rate at which everything grows, as well as the balance found in the incredible rate at which everything decays. Even treated metals rapidly disintegrate in the tropical mix of moisture, heat and salt. So whether in the desert, the snow or the concrete jungle, respect your gear and keep up on cleaning, lubing, securing, organizing, recharging and reloading. It will count when it counts.
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TACTICAL GEAR TACTICAL GEAR TACTICAL GEAR TACTICAL

GEAR TACTICAL GEAR TACTICAL GEAR TACTICAL GEAR TACTICA

A TECHNOLOGICAL

SMOCK
TEXT AND PHOTO BY BARTOSZ SZOLUCHA (POLAND)
Smock jackets are one of the most characteristic piece of combat clothing, almost immediately associated with United Kingdom armed forces (and also to all the other Commonwealth countries). Smocks have been by airborne and special forces troops since World War II fabrics and camouflages were often changed but the cut was arely modified . The unique, generous cut of this hooded parka with plenty of pockets allowing to carry the complete survival or first line kit, soon became its trademark. Smocks have always been the symbol of elite forces and a piece of gear that all international partners of SAS or Royal Marines wanted to have. The issued smocks, which apparently are one of the best of military clothing ever developed, not always fit to the custom requirements of all users and naturally, a commercial market has developed multiple derivatives of smocks manufactured by lot of companies including such brands as Arktis or SASS. Since the introduction of British new Multi-Terrain Pattern camouflage and Personal Clothing System (PCS) in February 2011, smocks are now a widely issued part of equipment for every British Soldier. Of course, the updated version includes many new features (sleeve pockets which werent common in the past) but in overall, its still the good ole smock. In the other countries, especially in France, Germany and Scandinavia, smocks are also very popular for use in reconnaissance and among mountain infantry units. In past few years, the smock fashion also arrived to the United States, were the unique features of such piece of clothing were finally appreciated. Most of new projects were very traditional but there are some with incredible innovative solutions, both in cut and fabrics. First, widely presented US Smock was technically advanced to VertX Smock by VertX, a smart design company that has quickly became widely recognized thanks to its low-profile tactical pants. During the SHOT Show 2011 VertX debut the new concept of smock: the wearable go-bag.
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FEATURES VertX Smock has a traditional generous cut which might be tightened down, if necessary, in the middle and at the bottom with an elastic shock cord. There are plenty of pockets, ten in all. The main zipper is a solid two-way YKK additionally concealed with wind flap that provides protection against wind, rain or snow when most zippers would fail. Both sleeves are gusseted and articulated allowing any unstrained movements. Under both arms, in the armpits, there are very long two way zippers that work as ventilation for the core during heavy endurance. The material used is a very soft mesh which keeps snow and debris from entering the jacket. The collar is very generous polo-neck chosen to protect against harsh weather conditions. There is detachable hood with a very short brim which might be attached with three Canadian-style slotted buttons. If not used, it might be folded down and kept in one of the pockets. The interior of the hood is lined with fleece to provide additional warmth in low temperature conditions. This generous hood might be cinched down in two places if necessary. As mentioned in the beginning of this article, there are ten pockets in the VertX Smock. First of all, two large Napoleon-style chest pouches with vertical concealed zippers. These are
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really huge, bellowed at the bottom and sides for extra capacity. Inside every chest pocket there is small compartment which might be used to keep a notepad, a mobile, a wallet or even an M4/M16 30 round magazine. Below there are two cargo pockets with flaps and Canadian-style slotted buttons closures. These are also fleece-lined and serve as hand warmers. Pockets are bellowed at the bottom for extra capacity. Two additional huge pockets with entry zippers are sewn to the sleeves near the biceps their size is about 24 x 18 cm so they are capable to carry even a large first aid dressings like Olaes. On the lower back the are two large cargo pockets,

sometime called poacher pockets with slanted entries. Inside and in the chest pockets there are magazine compartments too. The most interesting of the lot are two pocket sewn between the lower front and the lower back pockets: these are internal magazine pouches with Velcro flaps, capable to carry a single M4/M16 or even HK G36 and AK magazines! On both arms there are large parts of Velcro loops for ID patches. FABRICS The VertX smock is made up of a highly advanced 2-way stretch soft shell laminate called Delta 40D

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from Schneider Mills printed in Crye Precision Multicam by Duro Industries. It is a micro-ripstop textured 40D nylon 2-way stretch soft shell which is IR treated and has a completely matte (even when wet) and pretty soft feel, ideal for soft shell jackets. It is laminated in the inside with a moisture wicking and anti-bacterial knit which allows for quick drying comfort. To be more specific, it is bacteria-static: bacterias will grow only to a certain level and then this will stay constant. The surface of the Delta fabric is Schoeller NanoSphere treated. The NanoSphere DWR coating is very water-resistant and slick to the touch, even though the fabric is textured. Water beads slide on the surface so that it doesnt get wet, not even when soaked for long periods. The nano-particles in the NanoSphere finish form a fine structure on the textile surface. Water and substances such as oil or ketchup simply run off the NanoSphere surface that is self-cleaning and any residue can easily be rinsed off with a little water. The NanoSphere coating has a high level of abrasion resistance and its protective function is retained even under heavy-duty use. The jacket therefore requires less frequent washings at lower temperatures (wash resistance is up to 100 washings). No fabric softener or dryer sheets have to be used. Delta 40D is almost completely windproof but the priced paid is a lower air permeability. Looking at the test report for the Delta fabric, available online, the air permeability is zero, which means that this fabric is completely windproof. MVT is in the low range, not very breathable. It seems it was designed for a high warmth/weight ratio and it accomplishes it by trapping the body heat inside. For these reasons, Id consider the Velocity model most suitable just for cool weather use and not for hot or humid climates. The elbows are reinforced with patches of lightweight Cordura 330D in Crye Precision Multicam which will protect them against wear and tear in harsh conditions. Currently, VertX is working on two solid colored versions of its smocks; one will be black and the other in Ambush color, similar to Coyote Brown. The main fabric of those smocks will be of a different type and it will have almost the same structure and performance but it will cost less. Currently, the price is very high due to the cut and the fabrics used but lets keep in mind that its a very specific clothing item and all soldiers just do not need such highly technological stuff.
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One of the most critical battles of the Afghan War is now revealed as never before. Lions of Kandahar is an inside account from the unique perspective of an active-duty U.S. Army Special Forces commander, an unparalled warrior with multiple deployments to the theater who has only recently returned from combat. Southern Afghanistan was slipping away. That was clear to then-Captain Rusty Bradley as he began his third tour of duty there in 2006. The Taliban and their allies were infiltrating everywhere, poised to reclaim Kandahar Province, their strategically vital onetime capital. To stop them, the NATO coalition launched Operation Medusa, the largest offensive in its history. The battlefield was the Panjwayi Valley, a densely packed warren of walled compounds that doubled neatly as enemy bunkers, lush orchards, and towering marijuana stands, laced through with treacherous irrigation ditches. A mass exodus of civilians heralded the carnage to come. Dispatched as a diversionary force in support of the main coalition attack, Bradleys Special Forces A-team and two others, along with their longtime Afghan Army allies, watched from across the valley as the NATO force was quickly engulfed in a vicious counterattack. Key to relieving it and calling in effective air strikes was possession of a modest patch of high ground called Sperwan Ghar. Bradleys small detachment assaulted the hill and, in the midst of a savage and unforgettable firefight, soon learned they were facing nearly a thousand seasoned fightersfrom whom they seized an impossible victory. Now Bradley recounts the whole remarkable story as it actually happened. The blistering trek across Afghanistans infamous Red Desert. The eerie traces of the elusive Taliban. The close relations with the Afghan people and army, a primary mission focus. Sperwan Ghar itself: unremitting waves of fire from machine guns and rocket-propelled grenades; a targeted truck turned into an inferno; the death trap of a cutoff compound. Most important: the men, Americans and Afghans alike the shaky medic with nerves of steel and a surgeons hands in battle; the tireless sergeant who seems to be everywhere at once; the softspoken intelligence officer with laser-sharp insight; the diminutive Afghan commander with a Goliath-sized heart; the cool maverick who risks all to rescue a grievously wounded comradeeach unique, all indelible in their everyday exercise of extraordinary heroism.

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Dalton Fury - New York Times bestselling author of Kill Bin Laden

"A rAw And Authentic wAr story About untAmed Green berets in Action. brAdley And mAurer crush it! mr. President, GrAb A coPy - this is A sure bet sPeciAl Forces exit strAteGy. unleAsh more oF these brAve lions Across AFGhAnistAn And AmericA will win this wAr".

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About Major Bradley Major Rusty Bradley was wounded during the Battle of Sperwan Ghar in command of a Special Forces A-team, on his third combat tour as a Special Forces team leader. A native of North Carolina, he graduated from Mars Hill College and enlisted in the Army in 1993, serving as an infantryman for six years before earning his commission from Officer Candidate School in 1999.

TALK WITH

MAJOR BRADLEY
LIONS OF KANDAHAR is your first book, and you are the first Special Forces soldier to write a book while on active duty. Why did you decide that it was time to pick up the pen, and how has the military community reacted to it so far? The thought of writing a book actually crossed my mind during the battle. I remember thinking, No one will ever believe this. Later, when I had returned to the U.S. and was in and out of the hospital, I realized the true magnitude of what had happened and the sacrifices of the men there. I decided that the story had to be told. I do a lot of professional writing in the Army, but it was fun to step out of the constraints of military reports and try and tell this story. My goal was to help readers understand combat and the brotherhood of those who fight. And I wanted the American public to see the heroism of my teammates who amaze me every day. I have been pleasantly surprised at the positive feedback from the military community. Most of us talk about writing a book, but few will sit down and actually to put pen to paper. Four years ago, when we started this project, my co-author Kevin Maurer and I approached the United States Army Special Operations Command simply to ask permission to write the book. What evolved was a collaborative partnership among the special operations community to help tells this incredible story. I think I earned the trust of my command, the community and the Army in general by asking permission and keeping them involved every step of the way. I made it clear there were no hidden agendas, issues that sometimes appear in books after people retire. This has nothing to do with agendas; it is about the men and the mission. LIONS OF KANDAHAR chronicles the heroic actions of the men you led in the battle of Sperwan Ghar, including Sergeant Greg Stube, who volunteered to go with you and was badly injured. What will you remember most from this battle? And once it was
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over, were you able to stay in contact with the men who fought with you? What will remember most? That is a really big question. There are things you cannot understand unless you have walked that ground. When I close my eyes I can see Jude Voss desperately trying to rescue Greg next to a vehicle burning out of control. I remember the desperation in Gregs eyes as he thought he might die. I can see the A-10 pilot flying just above tree top level letting us know he was watching over us. These are images I will live with for the rest of my life. I have been very fortunate to stay in touch with the heroes I served with. We have a bond from serving not only at Sperwan Ghar, but on close-knit Special Forces teams. These men are as close to me as my own family. We fight for the guys to our left and right, and we understand that while I protected them during the battle, they also protected me. How does LIONS OF KANDAHAR contribute to the literature of the war in Afghanistan and the war on terror? What do you want readers to take away from this book? LIONS OF KANDAHAR is not a battle book. While the battle is the centerpiece of the story, what I want readers to take away from it is what the battle means now and the unique light it sheds on our current situation in Afghanistan. Movies tend to focus on the sexy quick strike. The real beast of burden is the day-to-day struggle to win the will of the people and defeat the insurgency. This summer, the key battles in southern Afghanistan will be fought on the same battlefield as the battle of Sperwan Ghar. And there, in some way, the fate of the war will be decided. That will be where the Taliban will make its final stand. I want readers to know that the events depicted in LIONS OF KANDAHAR are a prime example of what America can do when it sets its jaw and refuses to bow its back. This book is not about failure, or even sheer escape. Its about victory in absolute defiance of the odds in the face of an overwhelming enemy.

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