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COMPARE AND CONTRAST CLASSICAL/TRADITIONAL POLITICAL ANALYSIS WITH MODERN OR CONTEMPORARY ANALYSIS

AN ASSIGNMENT ON INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL ANALYSIS (PSD2561) PRESENTED TO REV.FR. EMMA OKPARA DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL SCIENCES VERITAS UNIVERISITY, ABUJA (OBEHIE CAMPUS)

BY ASUWE MARK MSUGHTER VUG/POL/10/272

FEB, 2012.

TABLE OF CONTENT 1 INTRODUCTION 2 WHAT IS POLITICAL ANALYSIS? 3 TRADITIONAL/CLASSICAL POLITICAL ANALSIS 4 MODERN / CONTEMPORARY POLITICAL ANALYSIS 5 SIMILARITIES 6 DIFFERENCES 7 CONCLUSIONS 8 REFERENCES

INTRODUCTION
Every nation in the world needs a government, and its the government that runs the affairs of that state, and without a government in state, the state would be a lawless society and anarchy would prevail in the state or society . Because it is government who controls the affairs of the state. And it is the people who builds ups the institutions of the states.

WHAT IS POLITICAL ANALYSIS?


Political analysis, could be said to be the situation of analysis political phenomenon. It could be said to be the process of considering something in other to understand and explain what it is. Political analysis could also be the process in which one try to break things down for easy and speeding understanding. According to J.C Johari, political science involves political imperial method of investigating the political phenomenon.

CLASSICAL/TRADITIONAL POLITICAL ANALYSIS


Classical / traditional political analysis is one of the oldest form of political analysis because it enhances was on the state. institutions such as the organs which makes ups this institution. It also stresses on the constitution forms of government which include presidential, unitary, and federal. It never stress on the political system and process because the mode of analysis never get to know about their origin composition which are it merit and demerit it features and differences. The traditional/ classical political analysis is also normative in nature. It asks questions of a valuable kind, and seeks to identify what is a good or better with the view to recommending what we ought to want. It will ask, for instance, whether, when, and why we ought to value freedom, or democracy or equality and why should we obey state. Being normative also in character, it stresses on the character of human beings and the values which are applied. Traditional political analysis is value laden in nature. It is prescriptive because it describe should be and what ought not to be. In traditional political analysis, it left man behind, man who ought to be the controller of institution was left behind. It is also man who builds up institution. Man plays the central role in politics, the basic socio political unit is man. So the proper understanding of the political system is man because without man there would be no political structures on ground and it is man who builds up those structures.

MODERN/ CONTEMPORARY POLITICAL ANALYSIS


Modern / contemporary political analysis is a form of analysis which is base on empirical methods of analysis. It deals with the scientific rules of analysis political situation. It try to compare the political system and arrangement of government. Unlike the traditional political analysis which did not involved man in the in it, modern political analysis gave man it rightful place of belonging in the institution. This method is a method of studying politics as a result base on criticism as a result of the dis- satisfaction over traditional political analysis. Modern political analysis is base on modernize type of system of approach. Because about the system is one how to make things work out well .

SIMILARITIES

Traditional/ classical and modern / contemporary political analysis might not have many similarities as such, but it focuses on the state as its institution and the type of government which could be more suitable for the state. Both traditional/classical and modern/contemporary political analysis try to lay emphasizes on the state, because without a state government cannot be formed. There would be no institution and structures which would be put in place, and thus there will be no agencies to regulate the affairs of the state.

DIFFERENCE
One of the major differences about political analysis is that the institution of tradition / classical political analysis left man. It never gave man a sense of belonging. But the modern / contemporary political analysis gave man it own self of belonging. Because it is seen as the founder of the institutions and the structures of the government. modern / contemporary political analysis is that it makes uses of empirical methods which are use in explaining fundamental political problems. This theory what use in other to criticize and the dissatisfaction with fellow method of traditional / classical political analysis.

modern/ contemporary political analysis makes use of theories which are use which are use to explain and comparing political system and groups. But it traditional/ classical political analysis do make use of theories.

CONCLUSION
To conclude this essay, man cant do without analysis in his day life he tries to analyze and also profound remedies in any analysis which is carried out. Political analysis tries to build up a foundation in other to make government or any organization moves on well.

REFERENCES: Robert A. Dahl (1963), Modern Political Analysis published by prentice Hall Oklahoma U.S.A. Steven J. Albert (1989), Introduction to Political Analysis published by McGraw Hills New Delhi Indian. Vincent T. James (1990), Analytical Study of World Politics published by Steven prince ltd Canada U.S.A. Williams R. Coleman (1975), Strategic Study of Political Analysis published by Maxwell ltd Texas U.SA.