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# Bushong: Radiologic Science for Technologists, 10th Edition

PART ONE: BASIC mAs AND TIME CONVERSIONS
Working with Decimal Timers
Exercise 1: Calculating Total mAs Values

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5 mAs
6.4 mAs
1.9 mAs
12.5 mAs
80 mAs
4 mAs
10 mAs
12.8 mAs
30 mAs
3 mAs
25 mAs
60 mAs
80 mAs
1.6 mAs
0.6 mAs
7 mAs
9 mAs
21 mAs
210 mAs
30 mAs
150 mAs
480 mAs
3.6 mAs
4.8 mAs
30 mAs
90 mAs
12 mAs
4.5 mAs
75 mAs
7.5 mAs
45 mAs
1.8 mAs
1.2 mAs
4 mAs
16 mAs
28 mAs
64 mAs
6.4 mAs
132 mAs
320 mAs
280 mAs
2.8 mAs
40 mAs
15 mAs
100 mAs
350 mAs
3.5 mAs
62.5 mAs

## Working with Fractional Timers

Exercise 2: The 100 mA Station

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50 mAs
5 mAs
2 mAs
20 mAs
Approximately 12 mAs
Approximately 1.2 mAs
Approximately 8 mAs
Approximately 0.8 mAs
Approximately 15 mAs
Approximately 7 mAs
2.5 mAs
Approximately 33 mAs
Approximately 3.3 mAs
Approximately 16 or 17 mAs
Approximately 1.6 or 1.7 mAs
Approximately 66 or 67 mAs

## Exercise 3: The 200 mA and 50 mA Stations

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Approximately 24 or 25 mAs
2.5 mAs
40 mAs
4 mAs
Approximately 6 mAs
Approximately 2.4 or 2.5 mAs
Approximately 16 or 17 mAs
Approximately 1.6 or 1.7 mAs
Approximately 4 mAs
Approximately 0.4 mAs
Approximately 7 to 8 mAs
Approximately 14 mAs
5 mAs
Approximately 16 or 17 mAs
Approximately 1.6 or 1.7 mAs
Approximately 66 or 67 mAs
Approximately 6.6 or 6.7 mAs
Approximately 32 to 34 mAs
Approximately 3.2 to 3.4 mAs
Approximately 132 to 134 mAs
Approximately 8 to 9 mAs
Approximately 0.8 to 0.9 mAs
Approximately 0.6 to 0.7 mAs
Approximately 30 mAs

## Exercise 4: The 300 mA Station

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60 mAs
50 mAs
6 mAs
5 mAs
15 mAs
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150 mAs
20 mAs
25 mAs
2.5 mAs
12 mAs
75 mAs
7.5 mAs
Approximately 36 mAs
Approximately 3.6 mAs
Approximately 45 mAs
20 mAs

## Exercise 5: The 400, 500, and 600 mA Stations

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20 mAs (4 sets of 5)
25 mAs (5 sets of 5)
30 mAs (6 sets of 5)
80 mAs (4 sets of 20)
120 mAs (6 sets of 20)
8 mAs (4 sets of 2)
12 mAs (6 sets of 2)
125 mAs (5 sets of 25)
150 mAs (6 sets of 25)
12.5 mAs (5 sets of 2.5)
15 mAs (6 sets of 2.5)
20 mAs (13 of 60, or 6 sets of 3.3)
Approximately 13 mAs (4 sets of 3.3)
Approximately 6.4 mAs (4 sets of 1.6)
Approximately 60 mAs (4 sets of 15)
100 mAs (4 sets of 25)
Approximately 4.8 to 5 mAs (4 sets of 1.25)
Approximately 60 mAs (5 sets of 12)
Approximately 48 to 50 mAs (6 sets of 8)
Approximately 5 mAs (6 sets of .8)
Approximately 40 mAs (5 sets of 8)
Approximately 3.2 to 3.3 mAs (4 sets of 0.8)
Approximately 28 mAs (4 sets of 7)
Approximately 35 mAs (5 sets of 7)
Approximately 16 mAs (4 sets of 4)
Approximately 20 mAs (5 sets of 4)
Approximately 24 mAs (6 sets of 4)
Approximately 120 to 132 mAs (4 sets of 33)

## Exercise 6: Complex Fractions

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40 mAs
Approximately 14 mAs (2 sets of 7)
Approximately 21 mAs
15 mAs (3 sets of 5)
35 mAs
150 mAs
80 mAs (2 sets of 40)
120 mAs
160 mAs
60 mAs
140 mAs
Approximately 28 to 30 mAs (2 7 2)
Approximately 42 mAs (2 7 3)
30 mAs (3 sets of 10)
70 mAs
160 mAs (2 sets of 80)
240 mAs

## 18. 320 mAs

19. 120 mAs (3 40)
20. 280 mAs
21. 200 mAs
22. 120 mAs (2 60)
23. 180 mAs
24. 240 mAs
25. 90 mAs
26. 210 mAs (7 30)
27. 40 mAs (2 20)
28. 60 mAs
29. 45 mAs (3 15)
30. 60 mAs
31. 140 mAs
32. 200 mAs
33. 150 mAs
34. 700 mAs ([7/5] 500)
35. 75 mAs (3 25)
36. 240 mAs (2 120)
37. 360 mAs
38. 180 mAs (3 60)
39. 90 mAs (3 30)
40. 120 mAs*
(*Note that on question 40 you may simply take
double the answer you would get at the 300 mA station. If
you have memorized that 15 s and 20 s go together at the
300 mA station, then a fifteenth at 600 would be double
20 or 40. Then take 3 sets of 40. Many problems at the
600 mA station can be solved this wayby just doubling
the answer you would get at 300 mA. Also, many mAs
values can be figured at the 400 mA station in a similar
manner by doubling numbers you are familiar with using
at the 200 mA station.)
Timers: Converting Fractions into Decimals
and Vice Versa
Exercise 7: Converting Fractions Into Decimals

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0.75
0.667
0.25
0.2
0.167
0.142
0.125
0.083
0.0667
0.05
0.04
0.033
0.025
0.02
0.0167
0.0125
0.01
0.005
0.7
0.133
0.15
0.4
0.6

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0.8
0.33
0.2
0.35
0.0067
0.375
0.3125

## Exercise 8: Converting Decimals Into Fractions

1. 120
2. 130 (common denominator is 333)
3. 15
4. 34
5. 140
6. 23
7. 17 (common denominator is 143)
8. 1500
9. 450
10. 16 (common denominator is 167)
11. 18
12. 35
13. 116
14. 1120 (common denominator is 833)
FINDING mA AND TIME COMBINATIONS FOR A
DESIRED mAs
Exercise 9: Warm-up Calculations

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2 sets of 40
3 sets of 15
2 sets of 33
3 sets of 25
3 sets of 60
3 sets of 40 or 2 sets of 60
2 sets of 80 or 4 sets of 40
3 sets of 80 or 4 sets of 60
3 sets of 30
4 sets of 80

## Exercise 10: Calculations Using Fractions

1. 125
2. 140
3. 23 (2 sets of 33)
4. 115
5. 16
6. 112
7. 130
8. 160
9. 180
10. 1120
11. 25 (2 sets of 20)
12. 130
13. 120
14. 12
15. 18
16. 15
17. 35 (3 sets of 40)
18. 140
19. 140
20. 215 (2 sets of 7)

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50
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15
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120
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20 (3 sets of 15)
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5 (3 sets of 60)
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5 (4 sets of 60)
1
4 (cut in half twice)
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3
5 (3 sets of 80)
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## Exercise 11: Calculations Using Decimals

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0.04
0.025
0.67
0.07
0.16
0.08
0.033
0.017
0.4
0.05
0.025
0.125
0.2
0.6
0.025
0.0125
0.07
0.17
0.02
0.07
0.6
0.25
0.2
0.6

Exercise 12: Applying the 15% Rule for kVp, Applying
the Rule in Steps, Applying the Rule in Portions

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4.5
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2.5
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10.5
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16.5
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Approximately 5
6
Approximately 4
Approximately 7
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102 kVp
46 kVp
64 to 65 kVp
74 kVp
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## PART TWO: MATHEMATICS OF RADIOGRAPHIC

TECHNIQUES
Exercise 13: Adjusting for Distance Changes, the
Inverse Square Law, the Square Law: Rules of Thumb
for Distance Changes

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Approximately 75
Approximately 30
Approximately 30
Approximately 36
15
10
15
25
68 to 70
Four times
Two times
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62.5
3.47
0.77
0.28
70
12 in
30 in
40 in
60 in
1.17
4.34
8.1
0.31
0.69
1.93
0.56

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