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New Yorks Proposed Shale Gas Regulations

The proposed regulations ignore almost all surface uses and all surface property rights completely. The regulations ignore every surface use except for inhabited dwellings, (which does not include housing under construction) and a places of assembly which are defined in New York as public theaters, auditoriums, restaurants etc.

In plain English, this means there are no setbacks for shale gas wells from school yards, daycare centers, out-patient clinics, factories, warehouses, office buildings, play grounds, etc.
Likewise, there are no gas well setbacks from any surface property lines. A shale gas well can be drilled right next to your property. Under New

Yorks Compulsory Integration or the Split Estate, the well can be drilled on your property without your consent.
This willful lack of protection for the built environment makes the regulations a textbook argument for local land use ordinances. It also makes them ripe for litigation either as written or during subsequent challenges. The DEC is fully aware of all this, but would not fail to point it out in writing. The proposed regulations are, of course, wholly out of sync with, and in many places contradictory to the dSGEIS. The regulations are uninformed by any health studies and are completely devoid of any scientific underpinnings. That is because they are in fact drilling regulations, focused on how wells are drilled not on environmental safeguards. New York does not require the operator to submit their entire drilling program for review, they can apply one well at a time, when, in practice, multiple wells may be planned. This ignores the industrialized shale gas forest, for the tree of one well permit application. The regulations are silent on the cumulative impacts

of shale gas infrastructure: gas field processing plants, gas field compressor stations, gas gathering systems or heavy trucking, other than near the well site. There are few changes from the September 2011 draft. The setback of a gas well from a water well has been increased from 100 feet to 500 feet, but there are no peer reviewed studies to indicate that, given Upstates problematic topography and hydrology, anything less than 3,000 feet would suffice to keep a groundwater well from being gassed. On the other hand, they have eliminated the requirement for 2 feet of freeboard in a drilling pit it can now be filled to overflowing. Feel free to use my collection of responses as a guide. http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php?title=NY_Fracking_Regulations If you would like a paper in Word, send me an email. Other groups will publish their responses, they can serve as guides as well. You can copy and paste sections of other peoples responses to the online form or snail mail. Just be sure to add your own input and copy relevant papers. Focus on the most egregiously bad aspects of the regulations: 1. Inadequate protections for buildings The only structures protected by setbacks in the proposed regulations are inhabited dwellings and places of public assembly. Section 560.4 Setbacks Although inhabited dwelling is not defined in the regulations or the ECL, it is defined in various New York state codes as synonymous with a residence which would not include a motel, hotel or hospital. An inhabited dwelling would not include an uninhabited house or apartment under construction. Place of assembly is not defined in the regulations, but it is defined in building and fire codes as being public meeting rooms, auditoriums,

theaters, restaurants, etc. Per the DOH, this does not include the following: Places of public assembly shall not include halls owned by churches, religious organizations, granges, public associations, or free libraries.

This means that office buildings, warehouses, retail stores, playgrounds, public parks, golf courses, organic farms, barns, stables, marinas, factories, out-patient clinics, hospitals, and schools are not specifically protected by the regulations.
The new regulations would enable multiple well pads to vent raw gas for up to two (2) days after completion. (556.2 (a & b) Given the lack of specific setbacks in 560.4, this means that shale gas wells could gas school children, livestock and home owners.

Although a shale gas well can clearly be permitted next to a school yard, etc. under these regulations, the DECs pat response has been We would never do that. If they would never do that, then it should say so in these regulations as named protections, as no drill zones.
The proposed 500 foot setback is on the low end of setback in state and local ordinances. 2. No protections for surface property rights Surface rights are not protected in the regulations, other than the two uses identified in 560.4. In fact, surface rights are virtually ignored in the regulations, since there are no setbacks of HVHF wells from property lines. The only setbacks for drilling pads are for spacing units which are based on subsurface rights, not property lines. See for instance Section 553 Well Spacing.

When the regulations refer to correlative rights they are referring to subsurface rights, mineral rights. They are not referring to surface uses, since

surface rights are not protected in the regulations: there are no HVHF well setbacks proposed from property lines.
3. Inadequate protections for water supplies Setbacks from private water sources (560.4 (a) (1) Setbacks) are limited to 500 feet from private water wells and springs. Unfortunately, given Upstate New Yorks problematic hydrology and topography, that would guarantee that shallow water wells will be contaminated with methane migration from wellbores. Since under those hydrological conditions, high levels of methane contamination are apt to extend up to a kilometer from a shale gas well. Setbacks from aquifers, which are water sources tapped by public and private wells, are limited to Primary Aquifers (560.4 (a) (3)) which only serve large population centers.

There are no protections, no setbacks for the rest of the states aquifers. There is no scientific rationale for the disparate treatment, it is simply a case of environmental gerrymandering.
There is a setback from 100 year floodplains but, in Upstate New York, 100 year floodplains are breached with increasing regularity, so, until they are redefined, this should be the 500 year floodplain. 4. Lack of protections for state lakes and rivers

There is a new loophole (Section 52.3) that would allow horizontal well laterals to be drilled under every lake in the state except the New York City reservoirs, and every river and major stream.
Since there are no specific setbacks for many of these water bodies, that means wells could be drilled on the shoreline hard by the stream or lake insuring that they would be contaminated with run-off, spills and methane mobilized by aging wellbores. To form spacing units, adjacent properties next to the lake, river or

stream could be compulsively integrated against their will. The state agency that would lease the rights under the lake or river, permit the drilling and compulsively integrate the adjacent owner is all one in the same: the DEC. This loophole needs to be closed no laterals should be allowed under state lakes, rivers and streams. 5. Lack of protections for state parks and forests

A new loophole (190.8) allows gas wells to be drilled laterally under state parks and forests from outside. Since there are no property line setbacks in the regulations, this means that a park or forest could be ringed by drilling rigs. The proximity of shale gas wells would increase the likelihood of groundwater contamination from drilling, spills, run-off and methane migration.
To form spacing units, adjacent properties next to the park or forest could be compulsively integrated against their will. The state agency that would lease the rights under the park, permit the drilling and compulsively integrate the adjacent owner is all one in the same: the DEC. This loophole should be closed and state parks and forests protected from shale gas industrialization. 6. Failure to address the cumulative impact of multiple well infrastructures The regulations do not require the operator to submit their entire drilling program for multiple wells. See for instance Section 552.1 (a). Other states require the entire drilling program to be submitted for review. The regulations do not address gas field processing plant, gas field compressor stations in the field, gas field gathering systems, or trucking activities other than at the well site. 7. Inadequate Environmental Oversight

Under a loophole in the regulations, (550.2) New York is one of the few states that tasks its minerals management agency, the Division of Mineral Resources, (DMR) with environmental oversight for the gas well permits it issues.

Since the DMRs mission is primarily to promote drilling, this compromises their objectivity as an environmental steward. New York has no autonomous environmental oversight over shale gas industrialization.
This is evidenced in the regulations themselves they do not protect the built environment, water supplies or the natural environment. Environmental oversight over drilling should be removed from DMR to another department. 8. The regulations represent an unfunded burden on state agencies and local government The State of New York will derive no direct benefit from HVHF wells since it has no state tax on gas or oil production. The state proposes a token fee for well permit applications $2380 for a 6,000 foot well. This is insufficient to cover the costs of a comprehensive review of the application, much less offset the negative impacts of the well itself. This means that the state will have no funds to repair roads damaged by frack trucks, no funds to mitigate environmental damages, and no funds to assist counties and towns on the negative impacts of shale gas industrialization. 9. Failure to disclose fracking chemicals poses a health risk

Under a loophole, 560.3 Proprietary Fracking Fluids, are exempt from disclosure. Nothing should be exempt from disclosure, since if the frack fluids sicken someone, the victim and their doctor needs to know what chemicals they have been exposed to.
10. No preparations for frack waste disposal

There are not adequate facilities to dispose of HVHF frack waste in New York, since there are no disposal wells in the state. Section 554.1 (c) would allows frack waste to be disposed of anywhere the DEC deems appropriate, with no objective standard other than this: the department will take into consideration the known geology of the area, the sensitivity of the surrounding environment to such fluids 11. Inadequate protections for groundwater The DECs well construction standards focus almost entirely on the casing, the steel tubing, (See for instance 560.6 (13) while ignoring the fact many gas wells leak from outside the casing, via the cement and the well bore itself, gassing groundwater and that horizontal shale gas wells are particularly apt to mobilize methane into groundwater. 12. Absence of seismic testing regulations The conspicuous lack of any seismic testing regulations is emblematic of how ill-equipped New York is to regulate HVHF or even address comprehensively all the operations and risks entailed. It is indicative of the DECs indolent approach to regulating the industry.