Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 84

A STUDY ON INDUSTRY SAFETY MEASURE IN RENUGA MILLS AND TEXTILES,THENI

PROJECT REPORT

Submitted by

GOWTHAMI PRITHI D Register No. 088001107010


In partial fulfillment for the award of the degree of

MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION


in DEPARTMENT OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES

HINDUSTHAN COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY

COIMBATORE-641 001
MAY 2010 BONAFIDE CERTIFICATE HINDUSTHAN COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY COIMBATORE -641 001 DEPARTMENT OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES

PROJECT WORK MAY 2010

This is to certify that the project entitled

A STUDY ON INDUSTRY SAFETY MEASURE IN RENUGA


MILLS AND TEXTILES,THENI
is the bonafide record of project work done by GOWTHAMI PRITHI D. Register No: 088001107010 Of MBA during the year 2008-2010

Mrs. M.BHUVANESHWARI

MR. SHOBAN K.R HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT

PROJECT GUIDE

Submitted for the Project Viva-Voce examination held on ____________

______________________ INTERNAL EXAMINER

______________________ EXTERNAL EXAMINER

DECLARATION

I affirm that the project work titled A STUDY ON INDUSTRY

SAFETY MEASURE IN RENUGA MILLS AND TEXTILES, THENI


being submitted in partial fulfillment for the award of MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION is the original work carried out by me. It has not formed the part of any other project work submitted for award of any degree or diploma, either in this or any other University.

(Signature of the candidate)

NAME OF THE CANDIDAT0E: GOWTHAMI PRITHI D. REGISTER NO : 088001107010

I certify that the declaration made above by the candidate is true.

(Signature of the guide)

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I may not complete this project work with out the great help from several persons and GOD almighty. I hereby express my hearty thanks to all of them that imparted me the capability to complete the project in the most successful manner.

I am deeply indebted to Dr.V. DURAISWAMY, PRINCIPAL OF HIDUSTHAN COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, for giving me permission to undertake this project and his encouragement and support.

I owe my gratitude and thanks to

MR. K.R. SHOBAN

HEAD OF THE

DEPARTMENT OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES, HINDUSTHAN COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, for his suggestions and support.

express

my

sincere

gratitude

thanks

to

my

guide

Mrs.M.BHUVANESHWARI,MBA.,M.Phil.,PGDCA.,Ph.D., Lecturer my faculty guide for her supportive and valuable help to my project.

I would like to express my sincere thanks to THE MANAGER AND MY ORGANISATION GUIDE OF RENUGA MILLS AND TEXTILES,THENI for his utmost co-operation during the course of the study.

Last but not least, I express my deep, sincere and whole hearted thanks to my parents, relatives and dearest friends for their valuable suggestion and information, which helped me to make this project a successful one.

(GOWTHAMI PRITHI D.)

CONTENTS

S.NO

TITLE BONAFIDE CERTIFICATE DECLARATION ACKNOWLEDGEMENT TABLE OF CONTENTS ABSTRACT LIST OF TABLES LIST OF CHARTS

PAGE NO

INTRODUCTION 1.1 Project introduction. 1.2 Industry profile 1.3 Company profile

MAIN THEME OF THE PROJECT 2.1 Objective of the study 2.2 Need and Scope of the study 2.3 Limitation of the study 2.4 Research Methodology 2.5 Review of literature

3 4 5

ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION FINDINGS SUGGESTION & CONCLUSION BIBLIOGRAPHY

ABSTRACT

The study entitled A Study on industry safety measure in renuga mills and textiles, Theni . This study was undertaken to know the safety level of the employees with special reference to renuga mills and textiles.

The main focus of the study is to measure the level of employee safety in renuga mills and textiles,theni.. This project emphasizes the importance of safety among the workers in achieving gains in human performance and productivity.

Primary data collection was done through structured questionnaire. Secondary data was collected from company records and internet. Research design used in this study was descriptive research study. Stratified sampling method was followed. Conclusions were drawn based on the analysis of data collected from the employees in various grades. Statistical tools applied are simple percentage, and CHI test.

Recommendations were provided for enhancing the quality of the processes and personnel policies of the organization. The steps for improving safety in the organization are identified. The level of individual and safety measures is identified in the organization. This project provides detailed information about safety , where does it reside and what does it do. The industry can implement job enrichment, job enhancement and self development training methods to improve the safety .

LIST OF TABLES

S. NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

TITLE Age wise classification of respondent Department Work experience Opinion regarding safety measure in your work spot Providing any personal protective equipment Frequency of the training programme Major consideration in case of accidents by the conservancy The availability of safety equipments in organisation The remedial measure takes by the organisation in case of accidents Major cause of an accident Experienced person does not need training on safety measure Disease affected by the organisation environment Frequent the accidents are happening in organisation department Severity of the accidents caused in organization department Disturbance in work environment Cotton content of the waste effluent The working environment of the organisation is good

PAGE NO

18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25

Methods to improve the safety measure inside the organisation. Organisation providing first aid in case of accident Safety training based on their effectiveness Department is prone to accident Methods will improve the safety measure inside the organisation Facility in th eorganisation Chi square test -1 Chi square test -2

LIST OF CHARTS

S. NO
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

TITLE
Age wise classification of respondent Department Work experience Opinion regarding safety measure in your work spot Providing any personal protective equipment Frequency of the training programme Major consideration in case of accidents by the conservancy The availability of safety equipments in organisation The remedial measure takes by the organisation in case of accidents Major cause of an accident Experienced person does not need training on safety measure Disease affected by the organisation environment Frequent the accidents are happening in organisation department Severity of the accidents caused in organization department Disturbance in work environment

PAGE NO

16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23

Cotton content of the waste effluent The working environment of the organisation is good Methods to improve the safety measure inside the organisation. Organisation providing first aid in case of accident Safety training based on their effectiveness Department is prone to accident Methods will improve the safety measure inside the organisation Facility in th eorganisation

CHAPTER -1 INTRODUCTION I.I PROJECT INFORMATION


HEALTH AND SAFETY MANAGEMENT Safety increases productivity, reduces

accidents, acts as moral booster for employees, enables them to work fearlessly with confidence when they are assured of work safety. Safety measures develop team spirit and the sense of belongingness among employees, as they see no hazards to their lives and health. The Safety Policy of renuga mills.The occupational safety and health are primarily a management function like quality and production, having total participation of all workmen with the objective of reducing deterioration and losses of resources of Men, Machines and Materials ensuring product safety.

The commitment of management towards safety has envisaged constituting safety committee headed by the chief safety officer. The safety policy is published among all employees through play cards, instructions and exhibits.

Methods followed to provide safety to employees in renuga mills 1. Safety Inspections. 2. Job safety analysis. 3. Safety education and training. 4. Investigation of accidents. 5. Wet drills.

Safety Inspection Periodical Inspection of work spots are carried out by the safety officers from the angle of health and safety of employees. Any unusual sound, smell or any other observation are bought to the notice of the concerned department in charge. The work methods of employees are observed and recorded. Also House-keeping, electrical

appliances, high pressure operations and the use of heat and fore are studied with special attention and appropriate warning are issued. The number of fire extinguishers, their maintenance and refill status are observed and recorded. (Once in a month, in concerned department). the

Job Safety Analysis In this the critical jobs are studied in detail especially the jobs causing frequent accidents and damages. All the possible causes of accidents are analyzed and appropriate methods are advised.

Safety Education and Training. Here the employees are informed about the various hazards in the works and the methods of using safety equipments and other personal protective equipments. In addition first-aid training, fire fighting methods are taught to the employees. Safety training programme are conducted at certain intervals by the experts who come from various institutions and employees were sent to attend training programme and seminars conducted by the various institutions at the expenses of the company.

Investigation of Accidents Case studies are being carried out to investigate the various causes of accidents by appropriately choosing accidents cases. In this the causes are broadly classified as 3 Categories as below. 1. Unsafe act of men. 2. Unsafe conditions of machines. 3. Unsafe environment

Wet Drills This is an exercise carried out by the coordinated activities of the personnel in Engineering, Security and Personnel Departments. This is carried out to maintain the preparedness for fire fighting. This is also called mock fire drill.

1.2 INDUSTRY PROFILE

India Textile Industry is one of the leading textile industries in the world. Though was predominantly unorganized industry even a few years back, but the scenario started changing after the economic liberalization of Indian economy in 1991. The opening up of economy gave the much-needed thrust to the Indian textile industry, which has now successfully become one of the largest in the world.

India textile industry largely depends upon the textile manufacturing and export. It also plays a major role in the economy of the country. India earns about 27% of its total foreign exchange through textile exports. Further, the textile industry of India also contributes nearly 14% of the total industrial production of the country. It also contributes around 3% to the GDP of the country. India textile industry is also the largest in the country in terms of employment generation. It not only generates jobs in its own industry, but also opens up scopes for the other ancillary sectors. India textile industry currently generates employment to more than 35 million people. It is also estimated that, the industry will generate 12 million new jobs by the year 2010.

1.3 COMPANY PROFILE

Shri Renuga Textiles Ltd., with a Two Star Export House status and its Towels division Shri Renuga Soft-X Towels, are ISO 9001 certified enterprises. We are among the leading manufacturers of a wide range of textile products, located in Theni, Tamilnadu in the southern part of India. Shri Renuga, with over five decades in the industry runs a self reliant and composite operation. Its operation spans Spinning, Weaving, Yarn Dyeing, Wider Width Fabric Printing, Wider Width Processing and Sewing. Its products range from 100% Cotton & Blended Yarn, Bleached & Dyed Yarn, Bleached & Dyed Terry Towels, Made-ups, Bathrobes, Bed & Table Linen, Non-Sterilized Operation Room Towels, Lap Sponges to Blankets. Shri Renuga has an annual turnover of 1500 million rupees and a 3500 strong work force of skilled and dedicated employees maintaining uncompromising quality & efficiency while meeting ISO 9001 standards.

Yarn: Shri Renuga with its highly modernized state-of-the-art equipment from Reiter and Schlafhorst produces high quality Ring Spun, Compact and Open End (Carded & Combed) Yarn in both 100% Cotton and Blends. With a Spinning Capacity of 100,000 spindles and 384 rotors it can produce 30 tonnes/day of quality Yarn in counts ranging from 6s to 100s. in Singles, Ring Double and TFO. Quality is monitored at various stages using modern testing equipment like Uster AFIS, Uster HVI to ensure the manufacture of high quality yarn that meets international standards. Yarn Dyeing: Shri Renuga to meets its commitment to Quality is equipped with imported High Temperature - High Pressure Micro Processor Controlled Yarn Dyeing machines, RFDryers & MacBeth Color Matching Systems to produce 3000 kgs/day of high quality Bleached & Dyed Yarn using Reactive, Vat or Disperse dyes, in lot sizes ranging from 25 Kgs to 200 Kgs .

Terry Products: Shri Renuga Soft-X with its imported Rapier Looms can produce 20 tonnes/day of Terry Towels with Cotton Dobby Border & Filament Fancy Border. With stringent process control systems and its latest Soft-Flow Dyeing Machines, Kusters Hydraulic Jiggers, Monfort Stenter, European make continuous Tumble Dryer and Calendering facilities can process Bleached & Dyed Terry Towels, Terry Bathrobes, Wider Width Bed Sheets and Pillow covers in 100% Cotton & Blended Fabrics to match international standards for Soft Feel & Color Fastness. Shri Renuga Soft-X can produce Face, Hand, Bath, Beach Towels and Terry Bathrobes with both Carded & Combed yarn in different weights ranging from 350 GSM to 600 GSM. Shri Renuga Soft-X has backed its commitment to quality with a modern lab, equipped with Infra Lab Dyeing machine, Auto Dozer and MacBeth Color Matching Systems. Home Textiles: Shri Renuga Soft-X has a well organized Sewing facility to produce Home Textiles and Terry Products. Its product range includes Bed Linen, Table Linen, Oven Mittens, Pot Holders, Napkins, Aprons, Bed-Entourage, Baby Quilted Beds, Baby Quilted Sleeping Bags and Terry products like Bath Towels, Face Towels, Hand Towels, Beach Towels, Bathrobes, Terry Hooded Towels, Terry Bibs, Placemats, Terry Plaids and Baby Diapers. Bleached, Dyed or Yarn-Dyed Terry products can be produced in different weights ranging from 300 GSM to 800 GSM. Fabric Printing: Shri Renugas fabric printing facilities is well equipped with Brugman & Holland CBR, Bruckner Stenters, Zimmer wider width 12 color printing machines, Kusters Calendaring machines and in-house design and engraving capabilities. It produces about 50,000 mtr/day of high quality printed fabric.

DEPARTMENTS

Production Department
The Production Department is subdivided into five departments, which are as follows, Spinning Department Blow room, Carding and spinning. Weaving Preparatory Department Winding, Warping and Sizing. Processing Department Bleaching, Printing and Dyeing. Weaving Department Loom shed. Warehouse Department Examining, Packing and Baling.

Service Department
The Service Department comprises six departments, namely,

Marketing Department Finance and Accounts Department Purchase and Stores Department Quality Assurance Department Engineering Department Personnel Department

CHAPTER II MAIN THEME OF THE PROJECT

2.1 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

1. To study the various safety measure existing in the company. 2. To understand the problem faced by employee in the organization while operating the machinery. 3. To analyze the causes of accidents. 4. To recommend suggestion to improve safety measure in the organization. 5. To measure the effectiveness of the safety and first-aid training programme provided by the organization.

2.2 NEED AND SCOPE FOR FURTHER STUDY


The sample size taken for this study is only 150; it can be extended to a larger sample. The study can be done by considering some other factors to measure the Industrial Safety Measures inside the Renuga Mills and Textiles. This study can be extended to measure the satisfaction level of employees on Health and Hygiene also.

2.3 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY


The time period of the study is short, so detailed study was not made. Only certain factors are considered in this study to measure the Safety Measure provided inside the RENUGA MILLS AND TEXTILES Some false information might be given by the employees due to fear of their superiors.

2.4 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY


RESEARCH MEANING Research is an art of scientific investigation. According to Redmen and Mary defines research as a systematic effort to gain knowledge. Research methodology is way to systematically solve the research problem. It is a plan of action for a research project and explains in detail how data are collected and analyzed. This research study is a descriptive research study.

RESEARCH DESIGN A research design is a plan that specifies the objectives of the study, method to be adopted in the data collection, tools in data analysis and hypothesis to be framed. A research design is an arrangement of condition for collection and analysis of data in a manner that aims to combine relevance to research purpose with economy in procedure.Here my project research design is descriptive in nature

NATURE OF DATA

The primary data are collected from the employees of renuga mills and Textiles through a direct structured questionnaire.

SAMPLING SIZE AND TECHNIQUE

It refers to the number of items to be selected from the universe to constitute as a sample. In this study 150 employees of RENUGA MILLS AND TEXTILES., was selected as size of sample.

Sample design The sampling technique used in this study is simple random sampling method. This method is also called as the method of chance selection. Each and every item of population has equal chance to be included in the sample. Questionnaire The questions are arranged logical sequence. The questionnaire consists of a variety of questions presented to the employees for the response. Multiple questions, rating scale questions were used in constructing questionnaire. choice

STATISTICAL TOOLS USED To analyze and interpret collected data the following statistical tools were used. 1. Percentage method 2. Chi-square analysis

Percentage method: The percentage is used for making comparison between two or more series

of data. It can be generally calculated as

No. of respondents favorable

Percentage of respondent = --------------------------------------------- * 100

Total no of respondents

Chi-square analysis:
Chi-square analysis in statistics is to test the goodness of fit to verify the distribution of observed data with assumed theoretical distribution. Therefore it is a measure to study the divergence of actual and expected frequencies. The formula for computing chi-square is as follows. Chi-square = {(O-E)2 / E}

The calculated value of chi-square is compared with the table of chisquare for the given degrees of freedom at the specified level of significance. If the calculated value is greater than the tabulated value then the difference between the observed frequency and the expected frequency are significant.

DEGREE OF FREEDOM

The formula for computing degree of freedom is as follows,

Degree of freedom= (C-1) (R-1)

The degrees of freedom is (n-2) where n is number of observed frequencies and in case of contingency table the degrees of freedom is (C-1) (R-1) where C is number of columns and R is number of rows.

2.5 REVIEW OF LITERATURE

INTRODUCTION TO INDUSTRIAL SAFETY Life of Industrial workers is becoming more and more prone to danger. The Industries are becoming more in number, size and sophistication. Every year, lakhs and lakhs of workers meet accidents in factories, mines and workshops leading to injuries, permanent disabilities and sometime deaths. Accidents may be caused by unsafe working environments, defective plant and equipments, poor supervision, careless acts etc., Industrial safety management is a vital part of the human resources management in any industry because it ensures job satisfaction, job security and motivates the employees for higher productivity. Also, it helps in loss control for the overall benefit of the organization. Hence, industrial safety is beneficial to the workers as well as management. Introduction An organization is made up of four resources, namely men, material, money and machinery. Of these, the first one is living one and the other three are non-living i.e., nonhuman.It is the human or people that make use of non-human resources. Hence, people are the most significant resources in an organization. It is man who makes all the difference in organizations. According to Peter F. Drucker, man, of all the resources available to man, can grow and develop. Human resources are heterogeneous in the sense that they differ in personality, perception, emotions, values, attitudes, motives and modes of thoughts.

Safety Safety, in simple terms, means freedom from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. Industrial safety or Employee safety refers to the protection of workers from the danger of industrial accidents.

Accidents An Accident, is an unplanned and uncontrolled event in which an action or reaction of an object, a substance, a person, or a radiation results in personal injury.

Causes of Accidents The industrial safety experts have classified the various causes of accidents into three broad categories: 1. Unsafe Conditions 2. Unsafe Acts 3. Other Causes

STATUTORY PROVISIONS FOR INDUSTRIAL SAFETY The International

Labour Organization (ILO) organized a Tripartite Technical Conference in 1948 to formulate a Model Code of Safety Regulations for Industrial Establishments for the guidance of governments and industry. The code covers various areas of unsafe conditions and unsafe acts. In India, The

Factories Act, 1948 lays down safety provisions contained in Sections 21 to 41. These provisions are obligatory on the part of industrial establishments.The various acts involved in Industrial safety are: 1. The Factories Act, 1984. 2. The Employees State Insurance Act 1948. 3. The Indian Explosive Act, 1884. 4. The Explosive Substance Act, 1908. 5. The Inflammable Substance Act, 1952. 6. The Petroleum Act, 1934. 7. The Indian Electricity Act, 1910. 8. The Indian Boilers Act, 1932.

9. The Fatal Accident Act, 1885.

CHAPTER- III ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION

Age wise classification of Respondents Table no:3.1

S.no

Age in year

No of respondent

Percentage

30-40

34

22.6

41-50

46

30.7

51-60

70

46.7

Total

150

100

INTERPRETATION: The above table indicates 22.6 percentages of the respondents belong to 30-40 years old category, 30.7 percentages of the respondents belongs to 41-50 years category, 46.7 percentages of the respondents belongs to 51-60 years category.

Age wise classification of Respondents Chart no:3.1

Departments Table no:3.2

S.no

Department

Frequency

Percentage

cording

32

21.3

weaving

27

18

comber

29

19.3

drawing

24

16

simplex

18

12

spinning

20

13.3

Total

150

100

INTERPRETATION: The above table indicates 21.3 percentage of the respondents belong to cording department, 18 percentage of the respondents belong to Weaving

department, 19.3 percentage of the respondents belong to comber department, 16 percentage of the respondents belong to drawing department, 18 percentage of the

respondents belong to simplx department, 13.3 percentage of the respondents belong to spinning department

Departments Chart no:3.2

Work Experience Table no:3.3

S.no

Work experience

Frequency

Percentage

Below 10years

14

9.3

10-20years

39

26

20-30years

41

27.3

More than 30

56

37.3

Total

150

100

INTERPRETATION: The above table indicates 9.3 percentage of respondent belong to below 10 years, 26 percentage of respondents belong to 10-20 years, 27.3 percentage of respondents belong to 21-30 years, 37.3 percentage of respondents belong to above 30 years of service in the organization.

Experience Chart no:3.3

Opinion regarding safety measure in your work spot Table no:3.4

S.no

Safety measure

Frequency

Percentage

Yes

57

38

No

93

62

Total

150

100

INTERPRETATION The above table indicates the 38 percentage of respondents says yes this organisation have goos safety measure and the remains respondent says no this organisation doesnt have good safety measure. 62 percentage of

Opinion regarding safety measure in your work spot Chart no:3.4

Providing any personal protective equipment Table no:3.5

S.no

Organisation providing personal productive equipment

Frequency

percentage

Yes

106

70.7

No

44

29.3

Total

150

100

INTERPRETATION: The above table indicates 70.7 percentages of the respondents says that the organization is providing personal protective equipments and 29.3 percentages of the respondents says that the organization does not provide any personal protective equipment.

Providing any personal protective equipment Chart no:3.5

Frequency of the Training programme Table no:3.6

S.no

Training programme

Frequency

Percentage

Monthly

34

22.7

Quartly

39

26

Half early

47

31.3

Annually

30

20

Total

150

100

INTERPRETATION: The above table indicates 22.7 percentages of the respondents says that every month the training on safety and first-aid programme is conducted, 26 percentages of the respondents says that every quarter the training on safety and first-aid programme is conducted, 31.3 percentages of the respondents says that half yearly once the training on safety and first-aid programme is conducted, 20 percentages of the respondents says that annually once the training on safety and first-aid programme is conducted..

Frequency of the training programme Chart no:3.6

Conservancy in case of accidents Table no:3.7

S.no

Case of accidents

Frequency

Percentage

1 2

Loss of production Disability of labour

27 94

18 62.7

Analysis of the causes of accidents Total

29

19.3

150

100

INTERPRETATION: The above table indicates that 18 percentages of the respondents says loss of production, 62.7 percentages of the respondents says disability of labour and 19.3 percentages of the respondents says analysis of the causes of accidents will be the considerations of the management in the case of accidents.

Conservancy in case of accidents Chart no:3.7

Availability of Safety equipments Table no: 3.8

S.no

Availability of equipment

frequency

percentage

Abundant

10

6.7

Sufficient

60

40

Good

48

32

lacking Total

32 150

21.3 100

INTERPRETATION: The above table says that 6.7 percentages of the respondents says abundant, 40 percentages of the respondents says sufficient, 32 percentages of the respondents says good. 21.3 percentages of the respondents says lacking.

Availability of Safety equipments Chart no: 3.8

Remedial measures taken by organization Table no: 3.9

S.No.

Remedial Measures

Frequency

Percentage

1 2 3 4

Highly satisfied satisfied good poor Total

23 47 68 12 150

15.3 31.3 45.4 8 100

INTERPRETATION: The above table indicates 15.3 percentages of the respondents are highly satisfied, 31.3 percentages of the respondents are satisfied, 45.4 percentages of the respondents says good and 8 percentages of the respondents says poor regarding the remedial measures taken by the organization in case of accidents.

Remedial measures taken by organization Chart no: 3.9

Major causes of accidents Table no:3.10

S.no 1 2

Accidents unsafe act of men unsafe condition of machines

Frequency 58 26

Percentage 38.7 17.3

3 4

unsafe environment Improper implementation of safety measures Total

44 15

29.3 10

150

100

INTERPRETATION:

The above table indicates 38.7 percentages of the respondents says unsafe act of men, 17.3 percentages of the respondents says unsafe condition of machines, 29.3 percentages of the respondents says unsafe environment, 10 percentages of the

respondents says improper implementation of safety measures were the major causes of accidents.

Major causes of accidents Chart no:3.10

Experienced person doesn't need training Table no: 3.11


Experienced doesnt need training 1 Yes 59 39.3

S.no

Frequency

Percentage

No

91

60.7

Total

150

100

INTERPRETATION: The above table indicates 39.3 percentages of the respondents agrees that the experienced person doesnt need training on safety and 60.7 percentages of the respondents oppose it.

Experienced person doesn't need training Chart no: 3.11

Diseases affect you in work environment Table no:3.12

S.no

Disease affect by work environment

frequency

Percentage

1 2 3 4

Skin disease Ear disease Eye disease Others Total

68 37 20 25 150

45.3 24.7 13.3 16.7 100

INTERPRETATION: The above table indicates 45.3 percentages of the respondents affected by Skin diaease. 24.7 percentages of the respondents affected by skin diseases, 13.3 percentages of the respondents gets eye affection and 16.7 percentages of the respondents gets affected with other types of diseases such as ear problems.

Diseases affect you in work environment Chart no:3.12

Frequency of Accidents happening Table 3.13


S.no Frequency of accident Frequency percentage

Monthly

29

19.3

Quartly

38

25.3

Half yearly

19

12.7

annually

64

42.7

Total

150

100

INTERPRETATION: The above table indicates 19.3 percentages of the respondents says every month, 25.3 percentages of the respondents says every quarter, 12.7 percentages of the respondents says half yearly once and 42.7 percentages of the respondents says annually once the accidents are happening in their department.

Frequency of Accidents happening Chart 3.13

Severity of Accidents caused Table no:3.14


s.no 1 Severity of accident Major Frequency 53 Percentage 35.3

Minor

42

28

Fatal

24

16

disability

31

20.7

Total

150

100

INTERPRETATION: The above table indicates 35.3 percentages of the respondents says major, 28 percentages of the respondents says minor, 16 percentages of the respondents says fatal, 20.7 percentages of the respondents says disability regarding the severity of the accidents.

Severity of Accidents caused Chart no:3.14

Causes of great disturbance in work environment Table no:3.15

S.no

Causes of great disturbance in work environment

Frequency

Percentage

1 2 3 4

Air pollution Noise pollution Water pollution All the above Total

59 45 29 17 150

39.3 30 19.3 11.4 100

INTERPRETATION:

The above table indicates 39.3 percentages of the respondents says Noise pollution, 30 percentages of the respondents says Air pollution, 19.3 percentages of the respondents says water pollution and 11.4 percentages of the respondents says all the above as the great disturbance in their work environment.

Causes of great disturbance in work environment Chart no:3.15

Cotton content of Waste/Effluent Table no:3.16


s.no Cotton content of waste 1 2 3 4 Highly harmful Harmful Permissible limit Harmless Total 12 59 44 35 150 8 39.3 29.3 23.4 100 frequency Percentage

INTERPRETATION: The above table indicates 8 percentages of the respondents says as highly harmful, 39.3 percentages of the respondents says as harmful, 29.3 percentages of the respondents says as permissible limit and 23.4 percentages of the respondents says as harmless regarding the chemical content of the waste/Effluent.

Cotton content of Waste/Effluent Chart no:3.16

Working conditions provided by organization are good Table no:3.17


s.no Working condition in the organization 1 Strongly agree 30 20 Frequency Percentage

Agree

57

38

Strongly disagree

39

26

disagree

24

16

Total

150

100

INTERPRETATION: The above table indicates 20 percentages of the respondents strongly agree, 38 percentages of the respondents agree, 26 percentages of the respondents strongly disagree and 16 percentages of the respondents disagree.

Working conditions provided by organization are good Chart no:3.17

Safety measures in organization Table no:3.18

s.no

Safety measures in organization

Frequency

Percentage

1 2 3 4

Highly satisfied Good Average poor Total

53 30 39 28 150

35.3 20 26.0 18.7 100

INTERPRETATION: The above table indicates 35.3 percentages of the respondents are very much satisfied, 20 percentages of the respondents are satisfied, 26 percentages of the respondents are dissatisfied and 18.7 percentages of the respondents are very much dissatisfied.

Safety measures in organization Table no:3.18

Organization provide training on safety and first aid measure Table no:3.19
S.no Organization provides training on safety and safety and first aid measure yes Frequency Percentage

94

62.7

no

56

37.3

Total

150

100

INTERPRETATION: The above table indicates 62.7 percentage of respondents says the organization have first aid measure and remains 37.3 percentage of respondents says the organization doesnt have the first aid measure

Organization provide training on safety and first aid measure Chart no:3.19

Safety Training Table no:3.20


S.no Safety training based on the effectiveness Class room On the job P.P.T Audio visual Total Frequency Percentage

1 2 3 4

22 56 42 30 150

14.7 37.3 28 20 100

INTERPRETATION The above table indicates the 14.7 percentage of respondents says that the organization giving training by class room and 37.3 percentage of respondent says training provided by on the job and 28 percentage of respondent says training provided by PPT and 20 percentage of respondents says training giving by class room

Safety Training Chart no:3.20

Accident departments Table no:3.21


s.no Department which is prone to accident Mixing Blow room Carding Comber Total Frequency Percentage

1 2 3 4

22 34 25 69 150

14.6 22.7 16.7 46 100

INTERPRETATION: The above table indicates the 14.6 percentage of respondent says accident came from mixing department and 22.7 percentage of respondent says accident occurred in blow room only and 16.7 percentage of respondent says accident occurred in carding department and remaining 46 percentage of respondent says accident occurred comber department

Accident departments Chart no:3.21

Method will improve the safety measure inside the organization Table no:3.22
S.no Method will improve the safety measure inside the organization Poster slogans Wearing safety equipment Above all Total Frequency Percentage

1 2 3 4

35 24 40 57 150

23.3 16 22.7 38 100

INTERPRETATION: The above table indicates the 23.3 percentage respondents says the organization providing safety measure by wearing safety equipment and 16 percentage respondents says safety method by slogans and 22.7 percentage of respondent says safety method given by slogans and remaining 38 percentage of respondent says safety method given by above all.

Method will improve the safety measure inside the organization Chart no:3.22

Facilities in the organization Table no:3.23


S.no Facilities in the organization First aid facility Frequency Percentage

57

38

2 3 4

Safety training facility Machines availability work environment Total

47 20 26 150

31.3 13.3 17.3 100

INTERPRETATION: The table indicate the 38 percentage of respondent says the organization have first aid facility and 31.3 percentage of respondent says the organization have safety training facility and 13.3 percentage of respondent says the organization have efficient machines and the remaining 17.3 percentage of respondent says the organization have good environment.

Facilities in the organization Chart no:3.23

Chi-Square Analysis of Training on Safety & First-aid and Met with accidents Null Hypothesis:
HO There is no significant relationship between the training on first aid and occuarce at accidents.

OBSERVED FREQUENCY
Training of safety and first aid Met with any accident Yes Yes 36 No 21 57 Total

No

58

35

93

Total

94

56

150

CHI- SQUARE ANALYSIS


S.no Observed frequency 36 Expected frequency 35.72 O-E (O-E)2 (O-E)2/E

0.28

0.0784

0.002195

21

21.28

-0.28

0.0784

0.003684

58

58.28

-0.28

0.0784

0.001345

35

34.72

0.28

0.784

0.002258

Calculated chi-square value

0.009482

DEGREES OF FREEDOM:
=(m-1) * (n-1)

=(2-1) * (2-1)

=1*1

=1

Tabulated value of degrees of freedom (1) @ 5% level of significance = 3.841 The Calculated value < The Tabulated value. Therefore H0 is accepted.

INFERENCE
There is no significant difference between the training on safety and first aid and employees meet with accidents.

Chi-Square Analysis of Providing personal protective equipments and Methods to improve safety measures

Null Hypothesis: HO There is no relationship between protective measure and safety.

OBSERVED FREQUENCY
Providing personal productive equipment Poster Methods to improve safety Slogans Wearing safety equipments Yes 18 19 22 49 106 Above all Total

No

17

12

10

44

Total

35

24

34

57

150

CHI- SQUARE ANALYSIS

S.no

Observed frequency(O)

Expected frequency(E)

(O-E)

(O-E)2

(O-E)^2/E

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Total

18 19 22 47 17 5 12 10 150

24.73333 16.96 24.02667 40.28 10.26667 7.04 9.97333 16.72 150

-6.73333 2.04 -2.20667 6.72 6.73333 -2.04 2.026667 -6.72

45.33778 4.1616 4.107378 45.1584 45.33778 4.1616 4.107378 45.1584

1.833064 0.245377 0.170951 1.121112 4.416017 0.591136 0.411836 2.700861 11.490354

DEGREES OF FREEDOM
=(m-1) * (n-1) =(2-1) * (2-1) =1*1 =1 Tabulated value of degrees of freedom (1) @ 5% level of significance = 3.841 The Calculated value < The Tabulated value. Therefore H0 is accepted.

INFERENCE
The above table indicates the various facilities provided by the organization to the workers. According to the opinion, given by the workers all like slogan, posters and equipment used to improve the safety measure in the organization.

CHAPTER IV FINDINGS OF THE STUDY

The most significant findings of the study are the high level of awareness about the various available safety measures among all the classes of the respondents. 50 percentages of the employees lies above the age of 50 and their experience in This organization is found to be above 20 years. The training on safety and first aid are given to 70 percentages of the respondents. The managements conservancy in the case of accidents lies on the disability of the labors and also the respondents are satisfied with the remedial measures taken by the organization.

59 percentages of the respondents says that the air pollution is the major disturbance in their work atmosphere and the chemical content of the

waste/Effluent are of permissible limits. The skin disease is the major disease which affects the most of the workers working inside the organization.45.3 percentage of respondents affected by the skin disease. Building and machinery not built safety. All the building and machinery are old and there is lot of danger of human life or safety. And 49 percentage of respondents says this organization have old machines it may affect the employee those who are working without wearing safety equipment. Above 80 percentages of the respondents feels that all the employees must be given proper training on safety and first aid. From the chi-square analysis one, it is found that there is no significant relationship between the training on first aid provided by the organization and employees met with any accidents. From the chi-square analysis it is found that providing personal protective equipments is one the methods to improve the safety inside the organization.

SUGGESTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS The organization should provide sufficient personal protective equipments to employees working in all the departments. Every fatal accident should thoroughly be enquired into and given wide publicity among workers. The Organization should arrange for the medical check- ups at regular period of time. If the Organization follows material handling principles and the machines are guarded properly there is a chance to reduce majority accidents happening inside their organization. The factory inspectorate should advise and assist employers in drawing up induction and training programme in safety. Workers reluctance to use safety equipment either because it is inconvenient or because it has been used by others should be removed through education. Analyzing each accident and including what safety practice was violated. Management must come forward to reward the department which considerably reduced the number of accidents in addition to some financial incentive etc. The using of exhaust fans will reduce the steam inside the weaving preparatory department.

CONCLUSION
The Study on Industrial Safety Management in RENUGA MILLS AND TEXTILES,THENI tells that most of the employees are dissatisfied with the safety

management practiced inside the organization. The organization has to concentrate more on safety measures and can provide safety equipments like shoes, masks, etc., to improve the safety inside the organization.

The safety training must be given properly and compulsorily to avoid accidents inside the organization. The first aid training must be given to both the labour and supervisors who are working in various departments. This will improve the safety of the organization.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Khanka, S.S., Human Resource Management (Text & Cases), New Delhi, S. Chand & Company Ltd., 2003. Kharbanda, V.K., Commentaries on The Factories Act, 1948, Allahabad, Law Publishing House, 1996. Kothari C.R., Research methodology, Tata Mc Graw-Hill Publishing Company Ltd., 1982. Websites www.safety.com www.renuga.renuga.in

A STUDY ON INDUSTRAIL SAFETY MEASURE IN RENUGA MILES AND TEXTILES,THENI


QUESTIONNAIRE

1) Name: _______________________________

Code No.: _____________

2) Designation: __________________________

Dept.:_________________

3) Age A)20-30 b) 31 40 yrs b) 41 50 yrs. c) 51 60 yrs

4)Experience a) Below 10 yrs. b) 10 20 yrs. c) 20 30 yrs. d) Above 30yrs

5)What is your opinion regarding safety measures in your work spot? a) Very much satisfied b) satisfied c) Dissatisfied d) Very much dissatisfied

6)Whether the organization is providing any personal protective equipment? If yes specify, a) Yes b) No Specify ____________

7) Whether the organization provides you training on safety & first-aid measures? a) Yes b) No

8) How frequent the safety & first-aid training programme is conducted? a) Monthly b) Quarterly c) Half yearly d) Annually

9) Which of the following is the major consideration in case of accidents by the conservancy?

a) Loss of Production b) Loss of materials c) Disability of labour d) Analysis of the Causes of Accident

10) Rank the following safety training, based on their effectiveness? a) Class room b) On the job c) P.P.T d) Audio-visual

11) The availability of safety equipments in your organization is a) Abundant b) Sufficient c) Good d) Lacking

12) The remedial measures taken by the organization in case of accidents are a) Highly satisfactory b) Satisfactory c) Good d) Poor

13) What is the major cause of an accident? a) Unsafe act of men b) Unsafe condition of machines c) Unsafe environment

d) Improper implementation of safety measures

14) which department is prone to accident? a) mixing b) blow room c)carding d)comber d)drawing

15) whether the organization providing any first aid in case of accident? a) yes b)no

16) Which of the following methods will improve the safety measures inside the organization? a) Posters b) Slogans c) Wearing safety equipments d) above all

17) Do you think that the experienced person doesnt need training on safety measures? a) Yes b) No

18) Which of the following disease affects you in your work environment? a) ear disease b) Skin disease c) Eye affection d) Others

19) How frequent the accidents are happening in your department? a) Monthly b) Quarterly c) Half yearly d) Annually

20) The severity of the accidents caused in your department is a) Major b) Minor

21) Which of the following causes great disturbance in your work environment? a) Noise Pollution b) Air Pollution c) Water Pollution d)All the above

22) The Chemical content of the Waste/Effluent are a) Highly Harmful d) Harmless b) Harmful c) Permissible limit

23) The working environment of the organization is good a) yes b)no

24) Rate the following facilities in your organization? Factor First aid facility Safety training facility Machines/tools availability Work environment Excellent Very good Good Fair Poor

25) Considering the above answers the safety measures in your organization are a) excellent b)satisfied c)average d)poor