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Evoluo e Especiao

ltima atualizao Qui, 26 de Agosto de 2010 16:09

Crditos: 03 (tericos)

Carga Horria: 45 horas

Periodicidade: Semestral

Professor Responsvel: Dra. Luciane Marinoni

EMENTA. Natureza da evoluo: conceito, histrico. Biologia evolutiva. Conceito de espcie: as vrias escolas. Especiao: seleo natural, mecanismos, padres. Caracteres e propriedades da espcie. Evoluo transespecfica. Filogenia. Co-evoluo.

PROGRAMA

1. Introduo. Objetivos. Natureza da evoluo: conceito, histrico e estado atual.

2. Biologia evolutiva. Teoria sinttica da evoluo.

3. Conceito de espcie: as vrias proposies.

4. Conceito de espcie: consideraes entre as vrias escolas sistemticas.

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Evoluo e Especiao

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4.1. Fentica:

4.2. Evolutiva:

5. Conceito de espcie: consideraes entre as vrias escolas sistemticas (cont.).

5.1. Filogentica:

6. Seleo natural.

7. Caracteres morfolgicos e propriedades biolgicas da espcie

8. Especiao - modelos e padres

9. Especiao - modelos e padres (cont.).

10. Sistemtica e classificao; viso evolutiva.

11. Evoluo transespecfica.; Grandes linhas da evoluo; Origem dos txons superiores.

12. Filogenia. Homologias e analogias.

13. Co-evoluo. Ecologia Histrica.

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Referncias:

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Annimo, 1981b. How true is the theory of evolution? Nature 290: 75-76.

Avers, C.J. 1989a. Natural selection and Adaptation, p. 211-235. In: Processand Pattern in Evolution, viii + 590 p.

Avers, C.J. 1989b. Phylogenetic analysis, p. 331-347. In: Process and Pattern in Evolution, viii + 590 p.

Brooks, D.R. & D.A. McLennan. 1991. Phylogeny, Ecology, and Behavior; a research program in Comparative Biology. Chicago. The University of Chicago Press, 434 p.

Chander, C.R. & M.H. Gromko. 1989. On the relationship between species concepts and speciation processes. Syst. Zool. 32 (2): 116-125.

Coyne, J.A.; H.A. Orr & D.F. Futuyma 1988. Do we need a new species concept ? Syst. Zool. 37 (2): 190-200.

Crowson, R.A. 1970. Classification and Biology. Illinois, Aldine, viii + 350 p.

Denton, M. 1986. The failure of Homology, p. 142-156. In: Evolution: a theory in crisis; new

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developments in science are challenging orthodox darwinism. Bethesda, Adler & Adler, 368p.

Dobzhansky, T. 1972. O homem em evoluo. 2 ed., So Paulo, Ed. Universidade de So Paulo, Ed. Polgono, xiii + 420 p.

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Freire-Maia, N. 1988. Teoria da Evoluo: de Darwin teoria sinttica. So Paulo, Ed. Itatiaia, Ed. Universidade de So Paulo, 415 p.

Hengeveld, R. 1988. Mayr's ecological species criterion. Syst. Zool. 37 (1): 47-55.

Ho, M.W. & P.T. Saunders (eds.), 1984. Beyond Neo-Darwinism; an introduction to the new evolutionary paradigm. London, Academic Press, x + 376 p.

Hennig, W. 1968. Elementos de uma Sistemtica filogentica. Buenos Aires, Ed. Universitria de Buenos Aires, 353 p.

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Jones, J.S. Models of speciation - the evidence from Drosophila. Nature 289: 743-744.

Mayr, E. 1977. Populaes, espcies e evoluo. So Paulo, Ed. Universidade de So Paulo, 485 p.

Mayr, E. 1980. Principles of Systematic Zoology. Reprint, New Delhi, Ed. TMH, 428 p.

Mayr, E. 1985. The species as category, taxon and population, p. 303-320. In: Atran, S. et alii. Histoire du concept d'espce dans les sciences de la vie. Paris, Foundation Singer-Polignal, 324 p.

Mayr, E. 1992. A local flora and the biological species concept. AmericanJournal of Botany 79 (2): 222-238.

Nelson, G. & N. Platnick 1984. Systematics and Evolution, p. 139-158. In: Beyond Neo-Darwinism; an introduction to the new evolutionary paradigm. London, Academic Press, x + 376 p.

Nixon, K.C. & Q. Wheeler 1990. An amplification of the phylogenetic species concept. Cladistics 6:211-233.

Nixon, K.C. & Q. Wheeler 1992. Extincton and the origin of species, 119-143. In: Novacek, M.J. & Wheeler, W.D. Extinction and phylogeny. New York, Columbia University Press, 253 p.

Novacek, M.J. 1992. The meaning of systematics and the biodiversity crisis, p. 101-108. In: Eldredge, N. (ed.). Systematics, Ecology and the biodiversity crisis. New York, Columbia University Press, ix + 220 p.

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Queiroz, K. de & M.J. Donoghue 1988. Phylogenetic systematics and the species problem. Cladistics 4: 317-338.

Reid, R.G.B. 1985. Introduction, p. 1-11. In: Evolutionary theory; an unfinished synthesis. Ithaca, Cornell University, 405 p.

Scudder, G.G.F. 1974. Species concepts and speciation. Can. J. Zool. 52: 1121-1134.

Simpson, G.G. 1971. Princpios de taxonomia animal. 2 reempresso, Lisboa. Fundao Caloste Gulbenkian, 254 p.

Sneath, P.H.A. 1976. Phenetic taxonomy at the species level and above. Taxon 25 (4): 437-450.

Sneath, P.H.A. & R.R. Sokal, 1973. Numerical Taxonomy. San Francisco, Freedman and Company, 573 p.

Sokal, R.R. 1974. The species problem reconsidered. Syst. Zool. 22: 360-374.

Stebblins, G.L. 1970. Processos de evoluo orgnica. So Paulo, Ed. Universidade de So Paulo, Ed. Polgono, 250 p.

Stevens, P.F. 1980. Evolutionary polarity of characters states. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 11: 333-358.

Vrba, E.S. 1984. Pattern in the fossil record and evolutionary process, p. 115-139. In: Beyond

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Neo-Darwinism; an introduction to the new evolutionary paradigm. London, Academic Press, x +376 p.

Wiley, E.O. 1981. Phylogenetics; the theory and pratice of phylogenetic systematics. New York, Wiley Sons, xv + 439 p.

Wilson, E.O. 1985. Time to revive systematics. Science 230 (4731): 1227.

Bibliografia complementar

Almeida, P.R. de 1988. Um darwinista heterodoxo - Sttephen Jay Gould e a sobrevivncia dos (cientistas) mais aptos. Ciencia e Cultura 40 (12): 1154-1163.

Amorim, D.S. (no prelo). "Uma explicao para a dissemetria das filogenias: uma compreenso do problema da micro e macroevoluo" Cladistics

Brooks, D.R. 1983. What's going on in evolution? A brief guide to some new ideas in ivolutionary theory. Can. J. Zool. 61: 2637-2645.

Brooks, D.R. & E.O. Wiley 1986. Evolution as Entropy, toward a unified theory of Biology, 2 ed., Chicago, The University Press.

Cain, A.J. 1970. Las espcies animales y su evolucin. Barcelona, Ed. Labor, 205 p.

Darwin, C. 1979. A origem das espcies. Traduo Eduardo Fonseca, So Paulo, Hemus, 471 p.

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Ehrlich, P.R.; R.W. Holm & P.H. Haven (org.) 1969. Papers on evolution. Boston, Little, Brown & Co., xii + 564 p.

Eldredge, N. & S.J. Gould. 1972. Punctuated Equilibria: an alternative to phyletic gradualism, p. 82-115. In: Schoff, T.J.M. Models in Paleobiology. So Francisco, Freeman Cooper.

Gould, S.J. 1987. Darwin e os grandes enigmas da vida. 1 ed., So Paulo, Martins, 274 p.

Jong, G. de (ed.) 1988. Population Genetics and evolution. Berlin, Springer-Verlag, 282 p.

Hennig, W. 1981. Insect phylogeny. Translated by A.C. Pont, Chichester, John Wiley & Sons, xvii + 514 p.

Lambert, D.M.; B. Michaux & C.S. White 1987. Are Species self-defining? Syst. Zool. 36 (2): 196-205.

Lerner, I.M. 1968. Heredity, Evolution and Society. So Francisco, W.H. Freeman and Co., xvi + 307 p.

Lewin, R. Evolucionary theory under fire. Science, 210: 883-887.

Mayr, E. 1963. Animal species and evolution. Cambridge, Belknap Press of Harward University.

Mayr, E. 1981. Biological Classification: toward a synthesis of opposing methodologies. Science, 214: 510-516.

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Mettler, L.E. & T.G. Gregg, 1972. Gentica de las poblaciones y evolution. Mxico, UEHA, xiii + 245 p.

Nelson, G.J. 1970. Outline of a thery of Comparative Biology. Syst. Zool. 19: 373-384.

Reid, R.G.B. 1985. Evolution without selection, p. 50-67. In: Evolutionary theory; an unfinished synthesis. Ithaca, Cornell University, 405 p.

Ridley, M. 1986. Evolution and classification: the reformation of the cladism. Hong Kong. Longman Scientific & Technical, v + 201 p.

Sacarro, G.F. 1978. Espcie e essncia. Arquivos do Museu Bocage, 12: 1-37.

Shorrocks, B. 1980. O origem da diversidade; as bases genticas da evoluo. So Paulo, Ed. Universidade de So Paulo, xv + 181 p.

Masters, J.C. & H.G. Spencer 1989. Why we need a new genetic species concept ? Syst. Zool. 38 (3): 270-279.

Vanzolini, P.E. 1970. Zoologia sistemtica geogrfica e a origem das espcies. So Paulo, Universidade de So Paulo, 56 p.

Principais peridicos:

American Naturalist Cladistics Evolution Nature

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Psyche Science Systematic Entomology Systematic Zoology Taxon

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