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SOIL | VERTICAL VILLAGE

Dalia Al-Timimi
PROJECT DESCRIPTION
Dispersed urban growth in the greater Christchurch area is resulting in a loss of connectivity between living and working. What Ive strived to explore in this medium-density housing project is a new way to obtain the attraction of suburban living without occupying the same amount of land as traditional suburbian housing. The proposed building will be a medium to high density housing complex which will also accommodate some mixed use facilities such as retail and offices. Public parks and a plaza are also part of the scheme. The new building with a total height of 28m will be located on the intersection of Hereford Street and Mansfield Street. The buildings structure reflects the connectivity of micro pores of the soil beneath the site. This investigation is based on the 3D voronoi algorithmic system, which can translate the relation of points into interfaces to divide a certain volume into individual cells and demonstrates the complex geometry of the pore pathways. Creating collective dwellings that are not simple stacking of layers, but rather become a more complex yet organized coexistence of unique individual domains in a vertical village. It further combines the two distinctive typologies the increasing Christchurch population demands into a combined suburban home + tower in a vertical village.

FUTURE CHRISTCHURCH
COURSE THE UNIVERSITY OF AUCKLAND ADVISORS

V2

2nd Semester 2012 Design 6 School of Architecture and Planning Camia Young & Jordon Saunders

EXISTING SITE

RESIDENTIAL PLAZA

ENTRANCE PLAZA PUBLIC PLAZA

PROPOSED SITE (CCDU MASTER PLAN)

SITE /CONTEXTUAL RELATIONSHIPS PLAZAS ARE CREATED BY PROJECTING THE VORONOI ON THE GROUND LEVEL. PROGRAMMATIC MAPPING OF THE SURROUNDING BUILDINGS WERE CONDUCTED, CREATING DIRECT PLAZAS.

VIEW FROM HEREFORD STREET VIEW FROM HEREFORD STREET

DESIGN CONCEPT
//THREE BEDROOM
- 0.8 W VL - 1.5 MW VL - 0.8 W VL - 1.5 MW VL - 5.5 W L

//COUPLES APARTMENT

//SINGLE 29 APARTMENTS 23.7m2


29 APARTMENTS 23.7m2

28M HEIGHT RESTRICTION

//THREE BEDROOM
// 878.96M // 878.96M

//COUPLES APARTMENT

//SINGLE

SITE

- 7.0 W

2850M

28M HEIGHT RESTRICTION

- 5.5 W L

- 10.5 W VL

- 7.0 W

2850M

- 10.5 MW L - 10.5 W VL

34 APARTMENTS 84.4m2
// 640M // 640M

31 APARTMENTS 52.3m2
31 APARTMENTS 52.3m2

- 10.5 MW L

- 14.5 W VL

34 APARTMENTS 84.4m2

- 19.0 - 14.5 W VL

15

20

100

metres

- 19.0

PHOTOGRAPHIC MAPPING OF ENVIRONMENT ON SITE


43 3202.19S 172 3836.09 E
// 878.96M // 878.96M

FORMAL INVESTIGATION ON SITE

The geometric complexity of the soil pore pathways found beneath the earth is directly reflected above.

MAXIMUM VOLUME

SUN ORIENTATION

CORE

OFFICES
// 2447.72M // 2447.72M

or
// 640M // 640M

th

og

on

al

Open Space

Commercial

Transport

// 635.25M

// 635.25M

su

rfa

ce

bedro

om

CBD

readin

g room

gs livin
// 2447.72M // 2447.72M

pace

CHRISTCHURCH CBD
553626.42N 125903.85E

0.1 0.2

0.6

kilometer

// 635.25M

// 635.25M

entrance

GENERAL ARRANGEMENT
exploded Plan

CHRISTCHURCH

NODAL MAPPING OF RELATIONS ON SITE

Programmatic mapping of exiting surroundings were conducted as a source of exploration in the observation of possible voronoi patterns. Four main activity nodes (residetnail, recreational, commercial and transportational) were identified and fed into voronoi script to generate overlays of voronoi pattern based on activity nodes.

Opening up various places on the facade creates large covered terraces and brings daylight into the building.

AIR AND LIGHT ACCESS

The light coloured and reflective facade surfaces in the courtyard. Parapet sections are mirrored so the courtyard can act as a light conductor.

HIGH PERFORMANCE GLAZING

PARKS IN TOWERS

COMMERCIAL

HOUSING

A variety of plants will be planted in the 17 outdoor gardens, giving each its own characteristic. Together, the individual gardens will create the effect of a vertical garden 28 metres tall climbing the building.

URBAN STUDY

PROGRAMMING
Organisation

Due to the building work needed for the rebuild of Christchurch, worker numbersin the inner city are expectedto increase rapidly.36,000 workers are expectedto move into the city by theend of 2013. Couple households will increase by 48% by 2031. That is the biggest increase in changing household compositions.In the central city, this demographic takes up almost 70% of the proportion of house-holds. Couples without children,increase in empty nesters. One person households are projected to increase to 602,000 in 2031. There is a rising demand for single unit housing in Christchurch. There is also an incentive of living and working in the city, in the Christchurch Urban Strategy.

DESIGN INVESTIGATION
//STRAIGHT STEEL TUBES //INDIVIDUAL KNOT SURFACE POSITION

PLOT NODES

PORE PATHWAYS

VORONOI GEOMETRY GENERATION


//POSITION A

Knot detail Different Views 9m

3D KNOT DETAIL

STRUCTURAL COMPOSITE DETAIL

TUBE NO.2 BRIDGE TUBE NO.1 TEMPORARY ADJUSTMENT TO ATTACH TUBE NO.2 IN POSITION FOR WELDING ON SITE

GENERATE STRUCTURE
FINE SANDS
Soil type

GRAVEL
Soil type

CLEAN SAND
Soil type
KNOT - SHELL //POSITION B

WELDING LINE

FLOOR PANEL METAL SHOE CONNECTION TUBE Knot & floor beam / Detail Perspective view / Exploded drawing TELESCOPIC BEAMS SLOTTED AND SCREWED

//FLEXIBLE KNOT

//TELESCOPIC BEAMS

Knot & floor beam / Exploded drawing Perspective view/ Exploded drawing

Knot & floor beam Perspective view 9m

Example of floor compilation Side view

Plot soil pores using point clouds inside a GEOMETRY GENERATION FROM 3D VORONOI DIVISION box of 4mm x 4mm x My design investigation demonstrates the connectivity of micropores in a 4mm fragment of the main soil types found in Christchurch soils. The investigation is based on the 3D voronoi algorithmic system, which can translate the relation of points into interfaces to divide a certain volume into individual cells and demonstrate the complex 10 mm. geometry of the porepathways. The point clouds represent pores and edges represent interpore throats.
PEAT
Soil type

SILT

Soil type

Pore pathways distances between pores.

ACCENTRIC Use the nodes and pathways to STRUCTURES Rapid prototypes generate the 3d voronoi cells. DETAILS OF SKELETON & FLOOR SYSTEM DETAILS / FLEXIBLE FLOORS Shells envelop the tubes and are connected to telescopic beams. The floor construction is placed n top.

3D Voronoi can translate the relation of points into surfaces to create individual cells. By changing the positions of points I can create various 3D plots and proceed to create the complex geometry of pore pathways.

Because the structures does not rely on floors in terms of stability the floors can be seen as a seperate system which are placed just depending on the use.

INTERIOR CIRCULATION

MATERIAL RESEARCH
//CORE SECTION //AGGREGATE SCALE //MICROPORE SCALE

// 28M

KAIRAKI BEACH

WAINONI HALLSWELL

AVONDALE CBD BEXLEY

BURWOOD

RICHMOND

SPENCERVILLE
CLEAN GRAVELS

profile

profile

profile

profile

profile

profile

Data Soil Profile

Data Soil Profile

Data Soil Profile

Data Soil Profile

Data Soil Profile

Data Soil Profile


- 0.8 D L

Data Soil Profile

Data Soil Profile

Data Soil Profile


- 0.35 D L

Well graded gravels or gravel - sand mixtures, little or no fine

Strong thin platey structure

HIGH POROSITY ANGULAR AND ROUNDED GRAINS, MANY SIZES (POOR SORTING)

// TRADITIONAL HIGH RISE // UNCONVENTIONAL CIRCULATION


GARDEN

0.8 W S 1.5 W VL 2.3 W VS -3.0 W MD 1.3 M VS 1.9 W VL 1.5 W D

0.8 W VL 1.5 MW VL

- 0.8 D

- 0.8 - 1.5 M - 1.0

GRAVELS WITH FINES

- 2.8 M-W F - 3.0 W L 3.0 W VS - 3.5 M S

- 2.2 M VS - 2.9 W VS - 3.1 W L

Silty gravels, gravel-sand-silt mixtures

A loose granular substance carried by running water

- 4.7 W L -5.1 W L 5.5 W L

HIGH POROSITY ANGULAR AND ROUNDED GRAINS, MANY SIZES (POOR SORTING)

- 4.5

MD

- 4.5 W MD

- 4.8 W MD - 5.0 - 5.2 - 5.4 - 5.6 - 5.8 W W W W W MD MD MD MD MD

- 3.5 W VS -6.1 W L 6.0 W MD -7.5 W MD - 7.5 W L 7.0 W 7.5 W 8.0 W L 10.5 W VL F VS 7.0 W L - 8.0 W L - 8.2 W L - 6.0 W MD - 9.0 W D - 9.8 W D - 10.5 W D - 10.5 W MD - 11.7 W MD 10.5 W F 10.5 MW L - 11.2 SW MD - 6.0 W MD - 6.0 W MD - 4.0 W MD

CLEAN SANDS
HIGH POROSITY ROUNDED GRAINS, UNIFORM SIZE (GOOD SORTING)

elevator or escalator
Well graded sands or gravelly sands, little or no fines A loose granular substance

- 7.5 W D

pedestrian

- 10.7 W MD

SANDS WITH FINES


HIGH POROSITY ROUNDED GRAINS, MANY SIZES (POOR SORTING)

apartment

- 11.4 W MD - 11.6 S MD

Silty sands, sand-silt mixtures


- 13.0 W MD 15.0 W MD 13.5 W D

loose granular substance, slightly weathered

foyer

- 15.0

- 15.0

- 15.0 W D - 14.8 W MD - 17.0 W VD - 15.3 W MD

14.5 W VL 15.0 W VSt

SILT SOILS

VERY LOW POROSITY ANGULAR GRAINS, MANY SIZES (POOR SORTING)

19.0 - 19.0 W VD 22.0

- 17.3 W D

Fine sand carried by running water and deposited as a sediment.

loose granular substance, highly weathered

CIRCULATION
The sole reliance of vertical lifts in conventional towers have been replaced with an extensive use of escalators, stairs and ramps. This encourages human interaction and gives visual and aural cues as to what is happening. Staggering floor plates between cells emphasize this. The overall atmosphere internally will be one of openness and interactivity and spontaneity. Being able to make decisions to destination on visual cues is vital in increasing the urban street life in a skyscraper.

- 19.3 W D

Soil Description SPT/Particle Size

Soil Description SPT/Particle Size

Soil Description SPT/Particle Size

Soil Description SPT/Particle Size

Soil Description SPT/Particle Size

Soil Description SPT/Particle Size

Soil Description SPT/Particle Size

Soil Description SPT/Particle Size

Soil Description SPT/Particle Size

PEAT SOILS
HIGH POROSITY ROUNDED GRAINS, MANY SIZES (POOR SORTING)

Colour

Colour

Colour

Colour

Colour

Colour

Colour

Colour

Colour

A soil like material consisting of partly decomposed vegetable matter

Material characteristic of boggy, acid ground consisting of partly decomposed vegetable matter.

2 cm

BASE ISOLATION

CHARACTERISTICS OF CHRISTCHURCH SOIL


The main soil types of Christchurch consist of granular substances such as sands, gravels, non-plastic soils and their mixtures. These granular soils are the main reason for liquefaction. These soils derive their stiffness and strength through grain to grain contact stresses. Shallow soils have small grain to grain contact stresses, so they are relatively soft and weak. Soils at great depth have large grain to grain contact stresses so they are GEOMETRY GENERATION FROM 3D VORONOI DIVISION relatively stiff and strong.
This is why loose soils are particularly prone to liquefaction and show very severe consequences of liquefaction. Very Dense soils are rare in the borehole samples. Very dense soils will allow for limited tendency for densification and hence produce low excess pore water pressures and therefore would have a much higher liquefaction resistance. Clays are not evident in Christchurch soils. Clayey soils in general, derive stiffness and strength from an additional mechanism (cohesion) and hence are considered non-liquefiable.

STRUCTURE AND POROSITY OF MAIN SOIL TYPES


White colour assigned to pore and black to soil.

The main soil types of Christchurch consist of granular substances such as sands, gravels, non-plastic soils and their mixtures. These granular soils are the main reason for This is why loose soils are particularly prone to liquefaction and show very severe consequences of liquefaction. Very Dense soils are rare in the borehole samples. Very dense soils will liquefaction. These soils derive their stiffness and strength through grain to grain contact stresses. Shallow soils have small grain to grain contact stresses, so they are relaallow for limited tendency for densification and hence produce low excess pore water pressures and therefore would have a much higher liquefaction resistance. Clays are not evident The soil types evident in the borehole samples are loose. Loose soils have more voids in their inherent structure (since they were not well tivelycompacted when deposited) Hence, when shaken, they show large tendency for densification (contraction) which in turn leads to rapid pore water Christchurch soils. Clayey soils in general, derive stiffness and strength from an additional mechanism (cohesion) and hence are considered non-liquefiable. soft and weak. Soils at great depth have large grain to grain contact stresses so they are relatively stiff and strong. in The soil types evident inliquefaction samples severely Loose soils have more voids in their inherent structure (since they wereandwell compacted when deposited) Hence, (compressible), the borehole will be are loose. manifested and will result in very large ground movements not nearly complete loss of load carrying when shaken, they show large tendency for densification (contraction) which in turn leads to rapid pore water pressure build up and eventual liquefaction in only few cycles capacity. of strong shaking. Since these soils are loosely packed and are highly deformable (compressible), liquefaction will be severely manifested and will result in very large ground movements and nearly complete loss of load carrying capacity.

STRUCTURE AND POROSITY OF MAIN SOIL TYPES


White colour assigned to pore and black to soil.

Because of the complicated angled wall and roof faces, nothing would move in the same direction during seismic loading. That means you can't let the joints move during an earthquake. Therefore the only way to reeinforce would be to only allow the building to move all elements together.

pressure build up and eventual liquefaction in only few cycles of strong shaking. Since these soils are loosely packed and are highly deformable

LONGITUDINAL SECTION