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DuraGal

design capacity
tables for structural
steel angles,
channels & flats

JULY 2001

IMPORTANT NOTE
The tables and data contained in this publication have been prepared by OneSteel
Market Mills. As such, they are calculated on criteria that relate to products
manufactured by OneSteel Market Mills. The company cannot accept responsibility
for other manufacturers products. Although every effort has been made to ensure
accuracy, the company cannot accept responsibility for any loss, damage or other
consequence resulting from the use of this publication.
OneSteel Market Mills
(Tubemakers of Australia ABN 50 007 519 646)
Copyright July 2001

CONTENTS
Foreword .................................................................................................................................. ii
Preface ..................................................................................................................................... iii
Acknowledgements ................................................................................................................. iv
Notation .................................................................................................................................... v
Properties of Steel................................................................................................................... ix
References ............................................................................................................................... x

SECTION
1.

PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS

2.

ANALYSIS & DESIGN

3.

SECTION PROPERTIES

4.

SURFACE AREA

5.

FIRE ENGINEERING DATA

6.

SECTION CAPACITIES

7.

MOMENT CAPACITY

8.

WEB BEARING CAPACITY

9.

COMBINED BENDING & SHEAR

10. DEFLECTION
11. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY
12. AXIAL TENSION CAPACITY
13. COMBINED ACTIONS
14. SIMPLY SUPPORTED BEAMS
15. CONTINUOUS BEAMS
16. FIXED ENDED BEAMS
17. CANTILEVER BEAMS
18. TRUSS WEB MEMBERS
APPENDIX A: DESIGN BASIS

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

FOREWORD
The structural design of the DuraGal range of cold-formed angles and channels presents new
challenges to the structural design engineer as a result of the higher yield stress of the formed
sections and their more slender cross-section geometry. Both of these characteristics lead to
higher capacities and efficiencies than conventional hot-rolled angles and channels but require
more sophisticated design rules and procedures. The Australian/New Zealand Standard for
Cold-Formed Steel Structures AS/NZS 4600:1996 has been developed to allow efficient use of
these high strength cold-formed sections including the use of the enhanced yield stress in the
design process. The Australian Steel Structures Standard AS 4100:1990 does not allow for
yield enhancement at this stage and so would not provide efficient designs for the DuraGal
range of angles and channels.
The production of these capacity tables has been performed to AS/NZS 4600:1996 using
advanced computer software which accounts for all of the benefits which can be achieved
using the higher tiers of AS/NZS 4600. The tables provide a thorough explanation of their basis
including detailed formulations and examples in Appendix A. Thorough checking of the design
capacity tables has been performed in the Centre for Advanced Structural Engineering at The
University of Sydney using independently created software.
Ongoing research into the DuraGal range of products is being performed at The University of
Sydney to improve the design methods to maximise the structural capacity which can be used
for design. Already research on cold-formed angles in compression has resulted in some
liberalisation of the design rules which has been incorporated in these tables. Research on both
channels in bearing has also been incorporated in this manual. Research on Angles loaded
parallel with a leg has also been completed and is referenced in the Appendix to this manual.
Cold-formed sections are becoming more popular in the construction industry due to their inherent
efficiency, and their use will continue to grow. These design capacity tables will assist in this
expansion by making routine design easier.

Gregory Hancock
BHP Steel Professor of Steel Structures, and
Chairman, Centre for Advanced Structural Engineering
The University of Sydney
July 2001

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DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


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DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

PREFACE
This publication provides design capacity tables for a new range of DuraGal angles, channels
and flats. These sections are produced by cold-forming and in-line galvanizing. The use of coldformed members in structural design is not new. Structural steel hollow sections are produced
universally in Australia by the cold-forming process. In addition, in Europe, cold-formed open
profiles like angles and channels have been available in a range of tensile strengths for many
years. DuraGal profiles combine the dimensional accuracy and high tensile strength of the coldforming process with the latest generation of steel production by BHP Steel to produce a product
with more than adequate structural ductility for general structural applications.
The patented DuraGal process combines cold-forming technology with a corrosion protection
process that can be used either stand alone, or in conjunction with top coat systems to cover
the majority of corrosion environments included in AS 2312-1984 Guide to the Protection of
Iron and Steel against Exterior Atmospheric Corrosion.
The DuraGal Design Capacity Tables have been prepared for DuraGal angles, channels and
flats in accordance with AS/NZS 4600-1996 Cold-Formed Steel Structures. For ease of use, a
similar but slightly modified format to the AISC Design Capacity Tables has been adopted. Each
group of tables is separated by a divider with a labelled tag so that tables can be more easily
found. Only text relating to the use of the tables is contained with the tables. The design basis of
the tables is contained in Appendix A. A loose leaf format has been adopted for this manual to
allow for future expansion and updating.
For connections where the thickness of all of the connected parts is greater than or equal to
3 mm (2.5 mm for fillet welds), AS/NZS 4600 requires that the connection be designed in
accordance with AS 4100. The majority of DuraGal sizes are in this thickness range.
This manual will be updated as the benefits of research become available.
Originally printed July 1997.
This July 2001 edition includes:
October 1998 amendments to Section 8 - Web Bearing Capacity, adopted from the research[17]
carried out by The University of Sydney.
December 1999 amendments - changes in mechanical properties for angles, t 2.5 mm. The
Sectional Properties tables have been amended to reflect this change. Design capacities for
these thinner angles can be provided upon request.

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

iii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
OneSteel Market Mills wish to acknowledge the contribution of the Centre for Advanced Structural
Engineering at The University of Sydney and RD Structural Engineers in the preparation of this
manual.
The Centre for Advanced Structural Engineering provided assistance with interpretation of the
new limit states Cold-Formed Steel Structures Standard AS/NZS 4600, checking the manual,
and research into the structural behaviour of the DuraGal angles. Funding by the Australian
Research Council for a Collaborative Grant Project between OneSteel Market Mills and The
University of Sydney has provided additional data on the behaviour of DuraGal angles.
RD Structural Engineers were responsible for the presentation, layout and desktop publishing
of the manual.

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DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

NOTATION
Ae

effective area of a cross-section

A, Af

full area of a cross-section

An

net area of a cross-section

flat width of element excluding radii

bc

total width (including radii) of a channel compression flange

be

effective width of a plate element (strength calculations)

bed

effective width of a plate element (deflection calculations)

beL

effective width of the flat portion of the longer leg of an angle

beS

effective width of the flat portion of the shorter leg of an angle

be1, be2

effective width of a stiffened element with stress gradient

bf

total flange width (including corner radius) of a channel

bL

flat width of the longer leg of an angle

bS

flat width of the shorter leg of an angle

bt

total width (including radius) of a channel tension flange

b1

longer leg length of an angle, or


flange projection beyond the web (shear lag calculations)

b2

shorter leg length of an angle

Cb

bending coefficient dependent on moment

Cm

coefficient for unequal end moment

Cs

coefficient for moment causing compression or tension on the shear centre side of the
centroid

C1 to C4

coefficient

Cq

coefficient

distance from the end of a beam to the edge of the load or reaction

overall depth of a channel

de1, de2

effective width of a stiffened element with stress gradient

d1

depth of the flat portion of a web measured along the plane of the web

Youngs modulus of elasticity

distance from the edge of a load or reaction to the edge of the opposite load or reaction

FLR

the maximum segment length for full lateral restraint

fn

critical stress

foc

elastic flexural, torsional and flexural-torsional buckling stress

fox

elastic buckling stress in an axially loaded compression member for flexural buckling about
the x-axis

foy

elastic buckling stress in an axially loaded compression member for flexural buckling about
the y-axis

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

foz

elastic buckling stress in an axially loaded compression member for torsional buckling

fu

minimum tensile strength used in design

fy

minimum yield stress used in design

design stress in the compression element calculated on the basis of the full section when
Appendix F is used and on the basis of the effective section otherwise

fd

design compressive stress in the element being considered based on the effective section at
the load for which deflections are determined

f1 , f2

web stresses calculated on the basis of the effective section specified in Clause 2.2.3.2 of
AS/NZS 4600 or the full section specified in Appendix F of AS/NZS 4600

shear modulus of elasticity (80 x 103 MPa)

Ib

second moment of area of the full, unreduced cross-section about the bending axis

Ie

effective second moment of area

If

second moment of area of the full section

In,Ip

second moment of area of the cross-section about the n- and p-axes

Inp

product of second moment of area of the full section about its n- and p-axes

Iserv

second moment of area required for serviceability design

Iw

warping constant for a cross-section

Ix,Iy

second moment of area of the cross-section about the major principal x- and y-axes

Ixy

product of second moment of area of the full section about its major and minor principal
axes

torsion constant for a cross-section

plate buckling coefficient; or


non-dimensional yield stress

ke

effective length factor

ksm

exposed surface area to mass ratio

kt

correction factor for distribution of forces in a tension member

kv

shear buckling coefficient

actual length of a compression member; or


full span for simple beams; or
distance between inflection points for continuous beams; or
twice the length of cantilever beams; or
unbraced length of a member

lb

actual length of bearing

le

effective length of the member

leb

effective length in the plane of bending

lex, ley, lez effective lengths for bending about the x- and y-axes, and for twisting, respectively
lx, ly, lz

unbraced length of a member about the x-, y- and z-axes respectively

Mb

nominal member moment capacity

Mbx, Mby nominal member capacities about the x- and y-axes, respectively

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DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

Mc

critical moment

Mf

maximum moment for serviceability loads at which the section is fully effective

Mmax

absolute value of the maximum moment in the unbraced segment

Mo

elastic buckling moment

Ms

nominal section moment capacity

Mserv

design serviceability moment

Msxf, Msyf section yield capacity of the full section about the x- and y-axes, respectively
My

moment causing initial yield at the extreme compression fibre of a full section

M1

smaller bending moment at the ends of the unbraced length

M2

larger bending moment at the ends of the unbraced length

M3

absolute value of the moment at quarter point of the unbraced segment

M4

absolute value of the moment at centre-line of the unbraced segment

M5

absolute value of the moment at three-quarter point of the unbraced segment

design bending moment

M x , M y

design bending moment about the x- and y-axes, respectively

Nc

nominal member capacity of a member in compression

Ne

elastic buckling load

Ns

nominal section capacity of a member in compression

Nt

nominal section capacity of a member in tension

design axial force, tensile or compressive

n, p

non-principal axes of the cross section parallel to the shorter and longer leg of angles
respectively

Rb

nominal capacity for concentrated load or reaction for one solid web connecting top and
bottom flanges

Rd

design capacity

Ru

nominal capacity

design concentrated load or reaction in the presence of bending moment

R b

design concentrated load or reaction

radius of gyration of the full, unreduced cross-section

ri

inside corner radius

ro

outside corner radius

ro1

polar radius of gyration of the cross-section about the shear centre

rx, ry

radius of gyration of the cross-section about the x- and y-axes, respectively

plastic section modulus

So

cross-sectional area ot the tensile test specimen

Sx, Sy

plastic section modulus about the x- and y-axes, respectively

design action effect [design action]

nominal base steel thickness of any element or section exclusive of coating

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vii

tw

thickness of a web

Vv

nominal shear capacity of the web

design shear force

applied load

design action

WL

strength limit state design load

WLmax

strength limit state maximum design load

WL1 max

strength limit state maximum design load based on the design section moment capacity and
combined bending and shear capacity of a beam

WL2 max

strength limit state maximum design load based on the design shear capacity of a beam

WS

serviceability limit state design load

WS max

serviceability limit state maximum design load

width of flat bar

x, y

principal axes of the cross-section

xo, yo

coordinates of the shear centre of the cross-section

elastic section modulus

Zc

effective section modulus calculated at a stress Mc/Zf in the extreme compression fibre

Ze

effective section modulus calculated with the extreme compression or tension fibre at fy

Zf

full unreduced section modulus for the extreme compression fibre

Zft

section modulus of the full unreduced section for the extreme tension fibre about the
appropriate axis

Zx, Zy

elastic section modulus about x- and y-axes, respectively

anx, any

moment amplification factor

bx, by

monosymmetry section constant about the x- and y-axes, respectively

angle between the plane of the web and the plane of the bearing surface equal to 90o for
DuraGal channels

l, l1, l2

slenderness ratio

lb

non-dimensional slenderness used to determine Mc for members subjected to lateral


buckling

lc

non-dimensional slenderness used to determine fn

effective width factor

capacity [strength reduction] factor

fb

capacity [strength reduction] factor for bending

fc

capacity [strength reduction] factor for members in compression

ft

capacity [strength reduction] factor for members in tension

fv

capacity [strength reduction] factor for shear

fw

capacity [strength reduction] factor for bearing

stress ratio f1 / f2

viii

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

PROPERTIES OF STEEL
The properties of steel adopted in these tables are listed below:

Property

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

Symbol

Value

Elastic Modulus

200 x 103 MPa

Shear Modulus

80 x 103 MPa

Density

7850 kg/m3

Poissons Ratio

0.25

Coefficient of
Thermal Expansion

aT

11.7 x 10-6 per oC

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

ix

REFERENCES
[1] HERA (1987), Investigation of the Brittle Fracture Resistance of Cold-Formed Rectangular
Hollow Section. (Part 2), HERA Report R4-39, Auckland Industrial Development Division
Department of Scientific and Industrial Research.

[2] Zhao, X.L. and Hancock, G.J. (1994), Tests and Design of Butt Welds and Fillet Welds in
DuraGal RHS Members, Research Report No. R702, Centre for Advanced Structural
Engineering, The University of Sydney. Also in, Zhao, X.L and Hancock, G.J., Welded
Connections in Thin Cold-Formed Rectangular Hollow Sections, Connections in Steel
Structures III, (Eds. Bjorhovde, Colson & Zandonini), Pergamon, 1996.

[3] Popovic, D., Hancock, G.J. and Rasmussen, K.J.R. (1996), Axial Compression Tests of
Duragal Angles, Research Report No. R730, Centre for Advanced Structural Engineering,
The University of Sydney. Also in, Popovic, D., Hancock, G.J. and Rasmussen, K.J.R.,
Axial Compression Tests of Cold-Formed Angles, J. Struct.Eng., ASCE, 125(5), 515523.

[4] SA/SNZ (1996), Cold-Formed Steel Structures, Australian / New Zealand Standard
AS/NZS 4600, Standards Australia / Standards New Zealand.

[5] SA (1998), Steel Structures, Australian Standard AS 4100, Standards Australia.

[6] SA (1989), Minimum Design Loads on Structures (Known as SAA Loading Code), Part 1:
Dead and Live Loads and Load Combinations, Australian Standard AS 1170.1, Standards
Australia.

[7] SA/SNZ (1997), Cold-Formed Steel Structures Commentary, AS/NZS 4600 Supplement
1, Standards Australia / Standards New Zealand.

[8] Talja, A. and Salmi, P. (1994), Simplified Design Expressions for Cold-Formed Channel
Sections, VTT Publications 201, Technical Research Centre of Finland.

[9] Syam, A.A. (1992), Beam Formulae, Steel Construction, Vol. 20, No. 1, Australian Institute
of Steel Construction.

[10] Proe, D.J., Bennetts, I.D., Thomas, I.R. and Szeto, W.T. (1990), Handbook for Fire Protection
Materials for Structural Steel, Australian Institute of Steel Construction.

[11] OneSteel Market Mills (1997), Technical Information - DuraGal Profiles, TS100, OneSteel
Market Mills.

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

[12] Leigh, J.M. and Lay, M.G (1970), Laterally Unsupported Angles with Equal and Unequal
Legs, Project 22/2 Properties of Steel Angles, BHP Melbourne Research Laboratories.

[13] Madungula, M.K.S and Kennedy, J.B (1995), SIngle and Compound Angle Members Structural Analysis and Design, Elsevier Applied Science Publishers Ltd.

[14] Centre for Advanced Structural Engineering (1996) An Executable Module for the Design
of DuraGal Angles and Channels to the Australian / New Zealand standard for ColdFormed Steel Structures AS/NZS 4600:1996, Investigation Report No S1063, The
University of Sydney.

[15] Hogan, T.J and Thomas, I.R (1994), Design of Structural Connections, 4th Edition, Australian
Institute of Steel Construction, (AISC).

[16] Woolcock, S.T and Kitipornchai, S. (1986), Design of Single Angle Web Struts in Trusses,
Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE, Vol 112, No 6, pp. 1327 - 1345.

[17] Young, B., Hancock, G.J. (1999), Design of Cold-Formed Unlipped Channels Subjected
to Web Crippling, Research Report No. R794, Centre for Advanced Structural Engineering,
The University of Sydney. Also in, Young, B and Hancock G.J Tests and Design of ColdFormed Unlipped Channels subjected to Web Crippling 15th International Specialty
Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures, St Louis, MO 2000, pp 43-70.

[18] Young, B., Hancock, G.J. (2000), Experimental Investigation of Cold-Formed Channels
subjected to Combined Bending and Web Crippling, 15th International Specialty Conference
on Cold-Formed Steel Structures, St Louis, MO 2000, pp 71-90.

[19] Young, B., Hancock, G.J. (2000), Web Crippling Behaviour of Channels with Flanges
Restrained, 15th International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures,
St Louis, MO 2000, pp 91-104.

[20] Popovic, D. and Hancock, G.J and Ramussen, K.J.R., Compression Tests of Cold-Formed
Angles Loaded Parallel with a Leg, J. Struct.Eng., ASCE, 127(6), pp 600-607.

DCT DP/01
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xi

Page

1.1

GRADE ............................................................................................................ 1-1

1.2

SURFACE FINISH ........................................................................................... 1-1

1.3

SIZE RANGE ................................................................................................... 1-1

1.4

DESIGNATION ................................................................................................ 1-2

1.5

LENGTH RANGE ............................................................................................ 1-2

1.6

CHEMISTRY .................................................................................................... 1-2

1.7
1.7.1
1.7.2
1.7.3
1.7.4
1.7.5
1.7.6
1.7.7
1.7.8
1.7.9

TOLERANCES ................................................................................................. 1-3


Cross Section ................................................................................................... 1-3
Thickness ......................................................................................................... 1-4
Mass................................................................................................................. 1-5
Straightness ..................................................................................................... 1-5
Twist ................................................................................................................. 1-5
Squareness ...................................................................................................... 1-5
Flatness of Sides.............................................................................................. 1-6
Corner Radii Tolerance ..................................................................................... 1-6
Length .............................................................................................................. 1-6

1.8

CORNER RADII ............................................................................................... 1-6

1.9

WELDING ........................................................................................................ 1-7

1.10

PAINTING ........................................................................................................ 1-7

1.11

WHITE RUST ................................................................................................... 1-7

1.12

PROTECTION OF WELD AFFECTED AREAS ............................................... 1-7

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DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

PRODUCT
SPECIFICATIONS

CONTENTS

PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS

PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS
1.1

GRADE
DuraGal angles, channels and flats are manufactured by a cold forming process which ensures
that it complies with the requirements shown below:

Section

Actual
Thickness

Grade

t
mm

Minimum
Yield
Stress

Minimum
Tensile
Strength

MPa

MPa

Minimum
Elongation as a
proportion of
Gauge Length of
5.65 So
%

Flats

t 6.0
t > 6.0

C400L0
C350L0

400
350

450
400

20
20

Angles

t 2.5
2.5 < t 6.0
t > 6.0

C350L0
C450L0
C400L0

350
450
400

400
500
450

20
16
16

Channels

t 6.0
t > 6.0

C450L0
C400L0

450
400

500
450

16
16

DuraGal profiles comply with the requirements of steel types 5 & 7B in Table 10.4.4 of AS 4100.
L0 indicates that DuraGal profiles have Charpy V-notch impact properties as specified in
TS 100[11]. Table 10.4.1 of AS 4100 Steel Structures permits impact tested L0 grades to have
the following minimum service temperature:

1.2

Actual
Thickness
mm

Lowest one day mean


ambient Temperature
o
C

t 6

-30

6 < t 12

-20

SURFACE FINISH
A minimum of 100 g/m2 coating of zinc is applied by in-line galvanising to a mechanically (shot
blasted) and chemically cleaned bright metal (AS 1627.4 Class 3.0) surface. All profiles, with
the exception of equal angles up to and including 50 mm x 50 mm, are coated with a clear
polymer to protect the galvanising prior to fabrication.

1.3

SIZE RANGE
Equal Angles

Unequal Angles

Channels

Flats

30 x 30 to 150 x 150

75 x 50 to 150 x 100

75 x 40 to 300 x 90

50 to 300

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JULY 2001

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for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

1-1

1.4

DESIGNATION
Typical designations are:

where

1.5

300 x 90 x 8.0 CC DuraGal


150 x 150 x 5.0 CA DuraGal
75 x 50 x 4.0 CA DuraGal
300 x 8.0 CF DuraGal

CC = cold-formed channel
CA = cold-formed angle
CF = cold-formed flat

LENGTH RANGE
DuraGal is generally stocked by distributors in the following lengths.
Section

Size

Equal Angles

30 x 30 to 45 x 45
50 x 50 to 90 x 90
100 x 100 to 150 x 150

Standard Lengths
m
6.0
9.0
12.0

Non-Std Lengths*
m
6.0 to 12.0
6.0 to 12.0
6.0 to 12.0

Unequal Angles

75 x 50
100X 75 to 150 X 100

9.0
12.0

6.0 to 12.0
6.0 to 12.0

Channels

75 x 40 to 125 x 65
150 x 75 to 300 x 90

9.0
12.0

6.0 to 12.0
6.0 to 12.0

Flats

50 to 300

6.0

6.0 to 12.0

* Non-standard Lengths - Minimum order quantities and/or price extras may apply.

1.6

Chemistry

Chemical Composition (Cast or Product)


% max
C

Si

Mn

Al

CE

0.20

0.05

1.60

0.04

0.03

0.10

0.39

The carbon equivalent (CE) in the above is calculated for an actual composition using the following
equation:
CE = C +

Mn
6

Cr + Mo + V
5

Ni + Cu
15

This value is used in AS 1554.1:2000 Welding of Steel Structures, to determine the welding
preheat required. Steels with CE of less than 0.39 in general, do not require preheat.

1-2

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

1.7

TOLERANCES

1.7.1 Cross Section

The permissible variation on dimension bu is shown below:

Dimension bu
mm

Permissible Variation on Dimension bu


mm
Actual Thickness, t (mm)

NOTE:

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

1.5 < t 3

3<t 6

6<t 8

bu 40

0.80

1.00

1.25

40 < bu 100

1.00

1.25

1.50

100 < bu 150

1.25

1.50

1.75

150 < bu 200

1.50

1.75

2.00

In the above table bu applies to b1, b2 or bf.

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

1-3

The permissible variation on dimension d is shown below:


Dimension d
mm

Permissible Variation on Dimension d


mm
Actual Thickness, t (mm)
1.5 < t 3

3<t 6

6<t 8

40 < d 100

0.75

1.00

1.25

100 < d 200

1.00

1.25

1.50

200 < d 400

1.50

1.75

2.00

The permissible variation on dimension w is shown below:


Dimension w
mm

Permissible Variation on
Dimension w
mm

40 < w 100

0.75

100 < w 200

1.00

200 < w 400

1.50

1.7.2 Thickness
The permissible variation on the actual uncoated thickness is +10% to -5%. The relationship of
the nominal thickness to the actual thickness is shown below:
Nominal Thickness

1-4

mm

Actual Thickness
t
mm

2.5

2.4

4.0

3.8

5.0

4.7

6.0

6.0

7.0

7.0

8.0

8.0

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

1.7.3 Mass
The mass of a section should not be less than 0.95 times the nominal mass.

1.7.4 Straightness

For the total length, the maximum out of straightness (u) is limited to:

L
500

The maximum out of straightness (u) applies to camber and sweep for angles and channels,
and to camber for flats.

1.7.5 Twist

Maximum angle of twist (v) permitted is 1 degree per metre of length.

1.7.6 Squareness
The maximum out of squareness (s) of a corner angle is shown below:

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Shorter Leg Length


a
mm

Angular Tolerance
s
degrees

a 50

2.0

50 < a 80

1.5

80 < a

1.0

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

1-5

1.7.7 Flatness of Sides

The flatness of any side (q) is limited to less than 1% of the width of that side.

1.7.8 Corner Radii Tolerance


The inside corner radius tolerance is shown below:
Inside Corner Radius
ri
mm

Tolerance

< 2.5

0.5 mm

2.5

20% of ri

1.7.9 Length
The variation in standard and non-standard lengths is 0 mm to +25 mm.

1.8

CORNER RADII
The corner radii for angles and channels are as follows:

Nominal Thickness

1-6

mm

Inside Corner Radius


ri
mm

2.5

2.5

4.0

4.0

5.0

4.0

6.0

8.0

7.0

8.0

8.0

8.0

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

1.9

WELDING
DuraGal is readily welded. Its thin, evenly applied galvanised coating ensures minimal welding
fumes. However, the ventilation recommendations given in Table 17.2 of Technical Note 7
published by WTIA (Welding Technology Institute of Australia), July 1994 should be observed.
Mechanical dilution ventilation is advised for open work space and mechanical ventilation by
local exhaust system for limited work space and confined space.
DuraGals carbon equivalent of less than 0.39 allows it to be welded in accordance with
AS/NZS 1554.1:2000 Welding of Steel Structures, without preheat. The following are
recommended consumables.
Process

Recommended Consumables

Manual Metal-Arc (AS/NZS 1553.1)

E48XX (Grade 2)

Gas Metal-Arc (AS/NZS 2717.1)

W502

Submerged Arc (AS 1858.1)

W502Y

Flux-Cored Arc (AS 2203.1)

W502X.X

For more advise reference should be made to the DuraGal Welding Guide available from OneSteel
Direct. (refer 1.10 below for contact details)
Further research [1], [2] has shown that the mechanical properties of cold-formed hollow sections
are not reduced by a wide range of welding operations. Research is being undertaken to confirm
the validity of this to DuraGal angles, channels and flats.

1.10 PAINTING
DuraGals unique surface preparation and protective coating means painting and powder coating
are easy and economical, and the result is a smooth, attractive surface. Refer to the DuraGal
Painting Guide available from OneSteel DIrect: Freecall 1800 1 STEEL (1800 1 78335)
Freefax 1800 101 141, or email onesteeldirect@onesteel.com.

1.11 WHITE RUST


If white rust is present, this should be removed before painting. Refer to the DuraGal Painting
Guide for information on the removal of white rust.

1.12 PROTECTION OF WELD AFFECTED AREAS


Advice is given in the Addendum to the DuraGal Painting Guide on the corrosion protection of
the heat affected weld zone.

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

1-7

ANALYSIS & DESIGN


Page

STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS .............................................................................. 2-1


General ............................................................................................................ 2-1
Elastic Analysis ................................................................................................ 2-1

2.2

LIMIT STATES DESIGN .................................................................................. 2-2

2.1
2.1.1
2.1.2

ANALYSIS & DESIGN

CONTENTS

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

ANALYSIS & DESIGN


2.1

STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

2.1.1 General
Clause 1.6.2.1 of AS/NZS 4600 requires two types of limit states to be considered for the
design of structures and their components:

The ultimate (strength and stability) limit state.


The serviceability limit state.
For the strength [ultimate] limit state, Clause 1.6.2.2 of AS/NZS 4600 requires that: "The
design action effects [design actions] (S ) resulting from strength [ultimate] limit state design
loads shall be determined by an elastic structural analysis unless
(i) member strength is established by testing in accordance with Section 6 (of AS/NZS 4600)
or
(ii) it is ensured that any plastic hinges have adequate strength and ductility to perform their
intended purpose, in which case the forces and moments may be determined by plastic
analysis."
For the serviceability limit state the requirements of Clause 1.6.2.4 of AS/NZS 4600 are that:
"The structure and its components shall be designed for the serviceability limit state by controlling
or limiting deflection, vibration, bolt slip and corrosion, as appropriate."
The design loads and load combinations are determined in accordance with the SAA Loading
Code AS 1170 for both strength and serviceability limit states. AS/NZS 4600 does not apply to
the design of structures subject to fire, fatigue and brittle fracture (Clause 1.1). For advice on
fatigue performance and brittle behaviour of DuraGal angles, channels and flats, it is suggested
that reference should be made to AS 4100 Steel Structures.

2.1.2 Elastic Analysis


The elastic structural analysis carried out to find the design action effect should normally be a
first order analysis since second order effects are accounted for within the design equations
(Clause 3.5.1 Combined axial compressive load and bending) in AS/NZS 4600.
Clause 3.5.1 of AS/NZS 4600 allows for second order effects for members subjected to combined
axial compression and bending. When a first order analysis is carried out, the moment
amplification factor (an) is calculated in accordance with Clause 3.5.1 of AS/NZS 4600, and is
included in the combined compression and bending interaction equation:
N
c N c

Cmx M x
b M bx nx

Cmy M y
b M by ny

10
.

If a second order analysis is used to determine the design action effects, it is suggested that the
moment amplification factors (anx and any) and the coefficients for unequal end moments (Cmx
and Cmy) used in this interaction equation are taken as unity.

DCT DP/01
JULY 1997

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

2-1

2.2

LIMIT STATES DESIGN


Limit states design requires structural members and connections to be proportioned such that
the design action effect (S ) resulting from the design action (W ), is less than or equal to
the design capacity (fRu ).
S R u

Design action or design load (W ) is the combination of the nominal actions or loads (e.g.
transverse loads on a beam) imposed upon the structure, multiplied by the appropriate load
factors as specified in AS 1170. These design actions/loads are identified by a superscript (*)
after the appropriate action/load (e.g. WL describes the strength limit state design transverse
load on a beam).
Design action effects (S ) are the actions (e.g. design bending moments, shear forces, axial
loads) computed from the design actions or design loads using an acceptable method of analysis.
These effects are identified by a superscript (*) after the appropriate action effect (e.g. M
describes the design bending moment).
Design capacity (fRu ) is the product of the nominal capacity (Ru) and the appropriate capacity
factor (f) given in Table 1.6 of AS/NZS 4600. Ru is determined from Sections 3 and 5 of
AS/NZS 4600 for members and connections respectively.
Generally the tables provide values of the design capacity. For example, consider the strength
limit state design of a simply supported beam subject to a total transverse design load (W )
distributed uniformly along the beam with full lateral restraint. For bending, the design action
effect (S ) is the design bending moment (M ) which is determined by:

M =
where

W l
8

= span of the beam

In this case the design capacity (fRu) is equal to the design section moment capacity (fbMs),
which is given by:
b M s = b fy Z e
where

fb = the capacity factor


fy = yield stress used in design
Ze = effective section modulus

To satisfy the requirement for strength limit state design the following relationship must be satisfied:
M b M s

It should be noted that in this instance the bending capacity of the beam may not be the only
criteria in the strength limit state which needs to be considered. Other criteria may include
shear capacity, bearing capacity and combined bending and shear.
In Sections 14 to 17 the strength limit state maximum design load (WLmax ) and the serviceability
limit state maximum design load (WS max ) are tabulated. These are the maximum design actions
or design loads which may be applied to a beam for the specified limit states.

2-2

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01
JULY 1997

SECTION PROPERTIES
CONTENTS

Page

3.1

SCOPE ............................................................................................................. 3-1

3.2

DIMENSIONS AND FULL SECTION PROPERTIES ...................................... 3-1

3.3

EFFECTIVE SECTION PROPERTIES ............................................................ 3-1

3.12
3.13
3.14
3.15
3.21
3.22
3.23
3.24
3.25

Dimensions and Full Section Properties for Equal Angles


about Principal x- and y-axes ........................................................................... 3-2
Dimensions and Full Section Properties for Equal Angles
about Non-principal n- and p-axes ................................................................... 3-4
Effective Section Properties for Equal Angles
about Principal x- and y-axes ........................................................................... 3-6
Effective Section Properties for Equal Angles
about Non-principal n- and p-axes ................................................................... 3-8
Section Properties to calculate Member Stability for Equal Angles
about Principal x- and y-axes ......................................................................... 3-10
Dimensions and Full Section Properties for Unequal Angles
about Principal x- and y-axes ......................................................................... 3-12
Dimensions and Full Section Properties for Unequal Angles
about Non-principal n- and p-axes ................................................................. 3-13
Effective Section Properties for Unequal Angles
about Principal x- and y-axes ......................................................................... 3-14
Effective Section Properties for Unequal Angles
about Non-principal n- and p-axes ................................................................. 3-15
Section Properties to calculate Member Stability for Unequal Angles
about Principal x- and y-axes ......................................................................... 3-16

3.31
3.32
3.33

Dimensions and Full Section Properties for Channels ................................... 3-18


Effective Section Properties for Channels ...................................................... 3-19
Section Properties to calculate Member Stability for Channels ..................... 3-20

3.4

Dimensions and Full Section Properties for Flats .......................................... 3-22

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

3.11

SECTION
PROPERTIES

TABLES

SECTION PROPERTIES
3.1

SCOPE
The section property tables include all relevant section dimensions and properties necessary
for drawing, and for designing DuraGal open profile steel structures in accordance with
AS/NZS 4600.
For each open profile section, tables are provided for

Dimensions and full section properties


Effective section properties

3.2

DIMENSIONS AND FULL SECTION PROPERTIES


The Dimensions and Full Section Properties tables give the standard dimensions and full section
properties for angles, channels and flats. For angles, the dimensions and section properties are
provided for both the principal x- and y-axes and for the non-principal n- and p-axes (parallel to
the angle legs).
Full section properties of angles and channels are calculated using the accurate method of
dividing the section into simple elements including bends (AS/NZS 4600 Clause 2.1.1) for all
section properties except for Iw, J, xo, yo, bx, by and ro1 which are calculated in accordance with
Appendix E of AS/NZS 4600. A detailed procedure to calculate the full section properties of
DuraGal angles and channels is presented in Appendix A1.
The full section properties assume that the sections are fully effective and may also be used for
determining section or member capacities and deflection when the compression stresses in the
elements of the cross section are sufficiently low so that local buckling of these elements will
not occur.

3.3

EFFECTIVE SECTION PROPERTIES


The section capacities presented in Section 6 have been calculated in accordance with
AS/NZS 4600 using the effective section properties for angles and channels. For angles the
effective section properties are provided for bending about the principal x- and y-axes, and for
bending about the non-principal n- and p-axes (parallel to the angle legs). The effective section
properties of DuraGal angles and channels are calculated on the basis of the predicted reduction
in capacity due to local buckling behaviour when subject to axial compression or bending. The
method for determining these properties is given in Appendix A2.

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

3-1

Equal Angles

3-2

Table 3.11(a)

DIMENSIONS and
FULL SECTION PROPERTIES
about principal x- and y-axes
Grade C450L0 / C400L0

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DuraGal Equal Angles


DIMENSIONS
Designation
Nominal
Leg Size Thickb1
b2 ness
mm

mm

Actual
Thickness
t

Inside
Corner
Radius
ri

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

kg/m

mm

mm

150 x 150 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0

CA
CA
CA
CA

18.0
15.8
13.6
10.8

8.0
7.0
6.0
4.7

8.0
8.0
8.0
4.0

125 x 125 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

14.9
13.1
11.3
8.95
7.27

8.0
7.0
6.0
4.7
3.8

8.0
8.0
8.0
4.0
4.0

100 x 100 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

11.7
10.3
8.92
7.11
5.78

8.0
7.0
6.0
4.7
3.8

90 x 90 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

10.5
9.24
7.97
6.37
5.18

8.0
7.0
6.0
4.7
3.8

NOTES:

mm

Mass
per
metre

SECTION PROPERTIES
Co-ordinates
of
Centroid
y1 = y4
x2 = x3
mm

x5

Full
Area of
Section
Af
2

About x-axis

Ix
6

Zx1 = Zx4
4

Sx
3

10 mm

rx
3

Iy
6

Zy2 = Zy3
4

Zy5
3

Sy
3

ry
3

mm

mm

mm

10 mm

mm

10 mm

10 mm

10 mm

10 mm

53.5
53.4
53.2
53.4

51.6
51.4
51.3
52.4

2290
2020
1740
1380

8.30
7.34
6.36
5.04

78.3
69.2
59.9
47.6

120
106
91.6
72.4

60.2
60.3
60.5
60.6

1.96
1.74
1.51
1.23

36.7
32.6
28.3
23.0

38.1
33.8
29.4
23.4

58.2
51.3
44.3
35.6

29.3
29.4
29.5
29.9

88.4
88.4
88.4
88.4
88.4

44.6
44.5
44.4
44.5
44.4

42.8
42.6
42.5
43.6
43.4

1890
1670
1440
1140
926

4.73
4.19
3.63
2.89
2.36

53.5
47.4
41.1
32.7
26.7

82.7
73.0
63.1
50.0
40.7

50.0
50.1
50.3
50.4
50.5

1.11
0.981
0.853
0.699
0.572

24.7
22.0
19.2
15.7
12.9

25.8
23.0
20.1
16.0
13.2

39.6
35.0
30.3
24.4
19.9

24.1
24.3
24.4
24.8
24.9

8.0
8.0
8.0
4.0
4.0

70.7
70.7
70.7
70.7
70.7

35.8
35.7
35.5
35.7
35.6

33.9
33.8
33.6
34.7
34.6

1490
1320
1140
905
736

2.36
2.10
1.83
1.46
1.20

33.4
29.7
25.8
20.6
16.9

52.0
46.0
39.8
31.7
25.8

39.8
39.9
40.1
40.2
40.3

0.542
0.483
0.421
0.350
0.287

15.1
13.5
11.9
9.80
8.08

16.0
14.3
12.5
10.1
8.30

24.7
21.8
19.0
15.4
12.6

19.0
19.1
19.3
19.7
19.8

8.0
8.0
8.0
4.0
4.0

63.6
63.6
63.6
63.6
63.6

32.3
32.1
32.0
32.2
32.0

30.4
30.3
30.1
31.2
31.1

1330
1180
1020
811
660

1.70
1.51
1.32
1.06
0.867

26.7
23.8
20.7
16.6
13.6

41.7
36.9
32.0
25.5
20.8

35.7
35.9
36.0
36.1
36.2

0.386
0.344
0.301
0.252
0.207

12.0
10.7
9.41
7.83
6.47

12.7
11.4
9.99
8.06
6.67

19.7
17.4
15.2
12.4
10.1

17.0
17.1
17.2
17.6
17.7

106
106
106
106

10 mm

About y-axis

mm

1. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
2. Full section properties are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Table 3.11(b)

DIMENSIONS and
FULL SECTION PROPERTIES
about principal x- and y-axes
Grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DuraGal Equal Angles


DIMENSIONS

SECTION PROPERTIES

Designation
Nominal
Leg Size Thickb1
b2 ness

Mass
per
metre

Actual
Thickness
t

Inside
Corner
Radius
ri

mm

kg/m

mm

mm

mm

mm

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

8.59
7.59
6.56
5.26
4.29

8.0
7.0
6.0
4.7
3.8

8.0
8.0
8.0
4.0
4.0

53.0
53.0
53.0
53.0
53.0

65 x 65 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

5.62
4.52
3.69

6.0
4.7
3.8

8.0
4.0
4.0

50 x 50 x 6.0
5.0
4.0
2.5

CA
CA
CA
CA

4.21
3.42
2.79
1.81

6.0
4.7
3.8
2.4

45 x 45 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

2.50
1.62

40 x 40 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA
30 x 30 x 2.5 CA

mm

mm

75 x 75 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

NOTES:

Co-ordinates
of
Centroid
y1 = y4
x2 = x3

x5

Full
Area of
Section
Af

Ix

Zx1 = Zx4

Sx

rx

Iy

Zy2 = Zy3

Zy5

Sy

ry

mm

mm2

106mm4

103mm3

103mm3

mm

106mm4

103mm3

103mm3

103mm3

mm

26.9
26.8
26.7
26.8
26.7

25.1
25.0
24.8
25.9
25.8

1090
966
836
670
546

0.957
0.854
0.747
0.601
0.495

18.0
16.1
14.1
11.3
9.34

28.4
25.2
21.9
17.5
14.3

29.6
29.7
29.9
30.0
30.1

0.213
0.190
0.167
0.142
0.117

7.89
7.10
6.26
5.29
4.39

8.46
7.62
6.73
5.48
4.55

13.2
11.8
10.2
8.44
6.93

13.9
14.0
14.1
14.6
14.7

46.0
46.0
46.0

23.1
23.3
23.2

21.3
22.4
22.2

716
576
470

0.477
0.386
0.318

10.4
8.39
6.93

16.2
13.0
10.7

25.8
25.9
26.0

0.104
0.0902
0.0747

4.52
3.87
3.22

4.91
4.03
3.36

7.50
6.24
5.13

12.1
12.5
12.6

8.0
4.0
4.0
2.5

35.4
35.4
35.4
35.4

17.8
18.0
17.9
17.8

16.0
17.1
16.9
17.2

536
435
356
230

0.208
0.170
0.141
0.0930

5.89
4.80
3.99
2.63

9.29
7.53
6.20
4.04

19.7
19.8
19.9
20.1

0.0434
0.0389
0.0324
0.0221

2.44
2.16
1.81
1.24

2.71
2.28
1.91
1.28

4.18
3.56
2.94
1.95

9.00
9.45
9.54
9.79

3.8
2.4

4.0
2.5

31.8
31.8

16.1
16.0

15.2
15.4

318
206

0.102
0.0673

3.19
2.11

4.98
3.25

17.9
18.1

0.0231
0.0159

1.43
0.990

1.52
1.03

2.35
1.57

8.52
8.77

2.20
1.43

3.8
2.4

4.0
2.5

28.3
28.3

14.3
14.3

13.4
13.7

280
182

0.0702
0.0468

2.48
1.65

3.89
2.55

15.8
16.0

0.0157
0.0110

1.10
0.768

1.17
0.801

1.82
1.22

7.50
7.75

1.06

2.4

2.5

21.2

10.7

10.2

134

0.0191

0.902

1.40

11.9

0.00438

0.408

0.431

0.664

5.71

About x-axis

About y-axis

1. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
2. Full section properties are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

3-3
Equal Angles

Equal Angles

3-4

Table 3.12(a)

DIMENSIONS and
FULL SECTION PROPERTIES
about non-principal n- and p-axes
Grade C450L0 / C400L0

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DuraGal Equal Angles


DIMENSIONS
Designation
Nominal
Leg Size Thickb1
b2 ness
mm

mm

mm

Mass
per
metre

Actual
Thickness
t

Inside
Corner
Radius
ri

SECTION PROPERTIES
Coordinates
of
Centroid
pB = nL
pT = nR

kg/m

mm

mm

mm

mm

rn = rp

Product of
2nd Moment
of Area
Inp

About n- and p-axes

In = Ip
6

ZnB = ZpL
4

10 mm

mm

106mm4

5.13
4.54
3.93
3.14

125
111
97.4
79.1

47.2
41.6
35.9
28.4

85.2
75.1
64.8
51.2

47.3
47.4
47.6
47.7

-3.17
-2.80
-2.42
-1.91

2290
2020
1740
1380

Sn = Sp

10 mm

10 mm

ZnT = ZpR

10 mm

mm

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

150 x 150 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0

CA
CA
CA
CA

18.0
15.8
13.6
10.8

8.0
7.0
6.0
4.7

8.0
8.0
8.0
4.0

41.2
40.8
40.4
39.6

125 x 125 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

14.9
13.1
11.3
8.95
7.27

8.0
7.0
6.0
4.7
3.8

8.0
8.0
8.0
4.0
4.0

34.9
34.5
34.1
33.4
33.0

90.1
90.5
90.9
91.6
92.0

1890
1670
1440
1140
926

2.92
2.58
2.24
1.80
1.47

83.5
74.9
65.7
53.8
44.5

32.4
28.6
24.7
19.6
16.0

58.5
51.6
44.6
35.3
28.8

39.2
39.4
39.5
39.7
39.8

-1.81
-1.60
-1.39
-1.10
-0.896

100 x 100 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

11.7
10.3
8.92
7.11
5.78

8.0
7.0
6.0
4.7
3.8

8.0
8.0
8.0
4.0
4.0

28.7
28.3
27.9
27.1
26.8

71.3
71.7
72.1
72.9
73.2

1490
1320
1140
905
736

1.45
1.29
1.12
0.905
0.742

50.6
45.6
40.3
33.4
27.7

20.4
18.0
15.6
12.4
10.1

36.8
32.5
28.2
22.4
18.3

31.2
31.3
31.5
31.6
31.7

-0.910
-0.808
-0.703
-0.555
-0.454

90 x 90 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

10.5
9.24
7.97
6.37
5.18

8.0
7.0
6.0
4.7
3.8

8.0
8.0
8.0
4.0
4.0

26.2
25.8
25.4
24.6
24.3

63.8
64.2
64.6
65.4
65.7

1330
1180
1020
811
660

1.04
0.928
0.809
0.654
0.537

39.8
36.0
31.9
26.6
22.1

16.3
14.5
12.5
10.0
8.16

29.5
26.1
22.7
18.0
14.7

27.9
28.1
28.2
28.4
28.5

-0.657
-0.584
-0.509
-0.402
-0.330

NOTES:

109
109
110
110

Full
Area of
Section
Af

1. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
2. Full section properties are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Table 3.12(b)

DIMENSIONS and
FULL SECTION PROPERTIES
about non-principal n- and p-axes
Grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DuraGal Equal Angles


DIMENSIONS

SECTION PROPERTIES

Designation
Nominal
Leg Size Thickb1
b2 ness

Mass
per
metre

Actual
Thickness
t

Inside
Corner
Radius
ri

Full
Area of
Section
Af

In = Ip

ZnB = ZpL

ZnT = ZpR

Sn = Sp

rn = rp

Product of
2nd Moment
of Area
Inp

mm

kg/m

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm2

106 mm4

103mm3

103 mm3

103mm3

mm

106mm4

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

8.59
7.59
6.56
5.26
4.29

8.0
7.0
6.0
4.7
3.8

8.0
8.0
8.0
4.0
4.0

22.5
22.1
21.7
20.9
20.5

52.5
52.9
53.3
54.1
54.5

1090
966
836
670
546

0.585
0.522
0.457
0.372
0.306

26.0
23.7
21.1
17.8
14.9

11.1
9.87
8.57
6.86
5.62

20.1
17.8
15.5
12.4
10.1

23.1
23.2
23.4
23.5
23.7

- 0.372
- 0.332
- 0.290
- 0.230
- 0.189

65 x 65 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

5.62
4.52
3.69

6.0
4.7
3.8

8.0
4.0
4.0

19.2
18.4
18.0

45.8
46.6
47.0

716
576
470

0.291
0.238
0.197

15.2
13.0
10.9

6.35
5.10
4.18

11.5
9.22
7.56

20.2
20.3
20.5

- 0.186
- 0.148
- 0.122

50 x 50 x 6.0
5.0
4.0
2.5

CA
CA
CA
CA

4.21
3.42
2.79
1.81

6.0
4.7
3.8
2.4

8.0
4.0
4.0
2.5

15.4
14.6
14.3
13.6

34.6
35.4
35.7
36.4

536
435
356
230

0.126
0.104
0.0868
0.0576

8.15
7.14
6.08
4.23

3.64
2.95
2.43
1.58

6.59
5.33
4.39
2.86

15.3
15.5
15.6
15.8

- 0.0823
- 0.0655
- 0.0544
- 0.0355

45 x 45 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

2.50
1.62

3.8
2.4

4.0
2.5

13.0
12.4

32.0
32.6

318
206

0.0623
0.0416

4.79
3.36

1.95
1.27

3.52
2.30

14.0
14.2

- 0.0392
- 0.0257

40 x 40 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

2.20
1.43

3.8
2.4

4.0
2.5

11.8
11.1

28.2
28.9

280
182

0.0430
0.0289

3.65
2.60

1.52
0.999

2.75
1.80

12.4
12.6

- 0.0272
- 0.0179

30 x 30 x 2.5 CA

1.06

2.4

2.5

21.4

134

0.0118

1.37

0.550

0.994

mm

mm

75 x 75 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

NOTES:

Coordinates
of
Centroid
pB = nL
pT = nR

8.61

About n- and p-axes

9.35

- 0.00738

1. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
2. Full section properties are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

3-5
Equal Angles

Equal Angles

3-6

Table 3.13(a)
LIMIT STATE DESIGN

EFFECTIVE SECTION PROPERTIES


about principal x- and y-axes
Grade C450L0 / C400L0
DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES
for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DuraGal Equal Angles


DIMENSIONS

RATIOS

Designation
Nominal
Leg Size Thickb1
b2 ness

Mass
per
metre

mm

kg/m

mm

mm

mm

mm

Actual Outside
Thick- Corner
ness Radius
t
ro

GRADE
Yield
Stress

b1 - ro
t

b 2 - ro
t

EFFECTIVE SECTION PROPERTIES

fy

Effective
Area of
Section
Ae

MPa

mm2

About x-axis

Ae
Af

About y-axis

Iex1 = Iex4

Zex1 = Zex4

Iey2,3

Zey2,3

Iey5

Zey5

106mm4

103mm3

106mm4

103mm3

106mm4

103mm3

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

150 x 150 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0

CA
CA
CA
CA

18.0
15.8
13.6
10.8

8.0
7.0
6.0
4.7

16.0
15.0
14.0
8.7

16.8
19.3
22.7
30.1

16.8
19.3
22.7
30.1

400
400
450
450

1610
1280
929
572

0.701
0.632
0.535
0.416

5.74
4.48
3.22
1.99

60.8
49.4
37.6
25.3

1.56
1.21
0.856
0.544

31.4
25.5
19.3
13.2

1.96
1.74
1.51
1.23

36.7
32.6
28.3
23.0

125 x 125 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

14.9
13.1
11.3
8.95
7.27

8.0
7.0
6.0
4.7
3.8

16.0
15.0
14.0
8.7
7.8

13.6
15.7
18.5
24.7
30.8

13.6
15.7
18.5
24.7
30.8

400
400
450
450
450

1530
1230
902
560
379

0.809
0.736
0.628
0.491
0.409

3.90
3.06
2.20
1.34
0.917

46.9
38.3
29.1
19.4
14.0

1.05
0.824
0.584
0.368
0.248

23.9
19.6
14.8
10.2
7.31

1.11
0.981
0.853
0.699
0.572

24.7
22.0
19.2
15.7
12.9

100 x 100 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

11.7
10.3
8.92
7.11
5.78

8.0
7.0
6.0
4.7
3.8

16.0
15.0
14.0
8.7
7.8

10.5
12.1
14.3
19.4
24.3

10.5
12.1
14.3
19.4
24.3

400
400
450
450
450

1410
1150
859
541
370

0.946
0.872
0.756
0.598
0.502

2.36
1.90
1.38
0.837
0.567

33.4
27.7
21.3
14.1
10.2

0.542
0.483
0.363
0.230
0.154

15.1
13.5
10.7
7.37
5.28

0.542
0.483
0.421
0.350
0.287

15.1
13.5
11.9
9.80
8.08

90 x 90 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

10.5
9.24
7.97
6.37
5.18

8.0
7.0
6.0
4.7
3.8

16.0
15.0
14.0
8.7
7.8

9.25
10.7
12.7
17.3
21.6

9.25
10.7
12.7
17.3
21.6

400
400
450
450
450

1330
1100
834
530
364

1.00
0.936
0.821
0.654
0.552

1.70
1.50
1.10
0.672
0.454

26.7
23.6
18.3
12.2
8.76

0.386
0.344
0.287
0.185
0.123

12.0
10.7
9.10
6.33
4.54

0.386
0.344
0.301
0.252
0.207

12.0
10.7
9.41
7.83
6.47

NOTES:

1. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
2.

Ae is calculated for sections with uniform axial compressive stress fy.

3.

Ie and Ze are calculated with the extreme compression or tension fibres at fy (first yield). Ze is calculated at the extreme tension or compression fibre of the effective section.

4.

Iex1 and Zex1 are for compression at point "1"; Iex4 and Zex4 are for compression at point "4"; Iey2,3 and Zey2,3 are for compression at points "2" and "3"; Iey5 and Zey5 are for compression at point "5".

5.

Effective section properties are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Table 3.13(b)
LIMIT STATE DESIGN

EFFECTIVE SECTION PROPERTIES


about principal x- and y-axes
Grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DuraGal Equal Angles


DIMENSIONS

RATIOS

Mass
per
metre

mm

kg/m

mm

mm

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

8.59
7.59
6.56
5.26
4.29

8.0
7.0
6.0
4.7
3.8

16.0
15.0
14.0
8.7
7.8

7.38
8.57
10.2
14.1
17.7

7.38
8.57
10.2
14.1
17.7

400
400
450
450
450

1090
966
781
508
353

65 x 65 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

5.62
4.52
3.69

6.0
4.7
3.8

14.0
8.7
7.8

8.50
12.0
15.1

8.50
12.0
15.1

450
450
450

50 x 50 x 6.0
5.0
4.0
2.5

CA
CA
CA
CA

4.21
3.42
2.79
1.81

6.0
4.7
3.8
2.4

14.0
8.7
7.8
4.9

6.00
8.79
11.1
18.8

6.00
8.79
11.1
18.8

45 x 45 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

2.50
1.62

3.8
2.4

7.8
4.9

9.79
16.7

40 x 40 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

2.20
1.43

3.8
2.4

7.8
4.9

30 x 30 x 2.5 CA

1.06

2.4

4.9

mm

75 x 75 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

NOTES:

Yield
Stress

EFFECTIVE SECTION PROPERTIES

Designation
Nominal
Leg Size Thickb1
b2 ness
mm

Actual Outside
Thick- Corner
ness Radius
t
ro

GRADE

b1 - ro
t

b 2 - ro
t

fy

Effective
Area of
Section
Ae

MPa

mm2

About x-axis

Ae
Af

About y-axis

Iex1 = Iex4

Zex1 = Zex4

Iey2,3

Zey2,3

Iey5

Zey5

106mm4

103mm3

106mm4

103mm3

106mm4

103mm3

1.00
1.00
0.934
0.759
0.646

0.957
0.854
0.735
0.458
0.310

18.0
16.1
13.9
9.41
6.78

0.213
0.190
0.167
0.125
0.0840

7.89
7.10
6.26
4.84
3.49

0.213
0.190
0.167
0.142
0.117

7.89
7.10
6.26
5.29
4.39

716
487
342

1.00
0.846
0.727

0.477
0.337
0.230

10.4
7.65
5.54

0.104
0.0902
0.0619

4.52
3.87
2.83

0.104
0.0902
0.0747

4.52
3.87
3.22

450
450
450
350

536
435
316
156

1.00
1.00
0.888
0.676

0.208
0.170
0.131
0.0615

5.89
4.80
3.78
1.98

0.0434
0.0389
0.0324
0.0169

2.44
2.16
1.81
1.03

0.0434
0.0389
0.0324
0.0221

2.44
2.16
1.81
1.24

9.79
16.7

450
350

303
152

0.952
0.736

0.102
0.0494

3.19
1.71

0.0231
0.0135

1.43
0.884

0.0231
0.0159

1.43
0.990

8.47
14.6

8.47
14.6

450
350

280
147

1.00
0.806

0.0702
0.0385

2.48
1.45

0.0157
0.0104

1.10
0.740

0.0157
0.0110

1.10
0.768

10.5

10.5

350

132

0.980

0.0191

0.902

0.00438

0.408

0.00438

0.408

3-7

1. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
2. Ae is calculated for sections with uniform axial compressive stress fy.
3. Ie and Ze are calculated with the extreme compression or tension fibres at fy (first yield). Ze is calculated at the extreme tension or compression fibre of the effective section.
4. Iex1 and Zex1 are for compression at point "1"; Iex4 and Zex4 are for compression at point "4"; Iey2,3 and Zey2,3 are for compression at points "2" and "3"; Iey5 and Zey5 are for compression at point "5".
5. Effective section properties are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

Equal Angles

Equal Angles

3-8

Table 3.14(a)
LIMIT STATE DESIGN

EFFECTIVE SECTION PROPERTIES


about non-principal n- and p-axes
Grade C450L0 / C400L0
DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES
for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DuraGal Equal Angles


DIMENSIONS
Designation
Nominal
Leg Size Thickb1
b2 ness
mm

mm

mm

Mass
per
metre

RATIOS
Actual Outside
Thick- Corner
ness Radius
t
ro

kg/m

mm

mm

GRADE
Yield
Stress

b1 - ro
t

b 2 - ro
t

fy

EFFECTIVE SECTION PROPERTIES


Effective
Area of
Section
Ae

About n-and p-axes

Ae
Af

MPa

mm

IenT = IepR
6

10 mm

ZenT = ZepR
3

10 mm

IenB = IepL
6

ZenB = ZepL

10 mm

103 mm3

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

150 x 150 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0

CA
CA
CA
CA

18.0
15.8
13.6
10.8

8.0
7.0
6.0
4.7

16.0
15.0
14.0
8.7

16.8
19.3
22.7
30.1

16.8
19.3
22.7
30.1

400
400
450
450

1610
1280
929
572

0.701
0.632
0.535
0.416

3.17
2.31
1.47
0.791

33.8
26.1
18.1
11.0

5.04
4.32
3.53
2.57

46.8
40.7
34.1
25.9

125 x 125 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

14.9
13.1
11.3
8.95
7.27

8.0
7.0
6.0
4.7
3.8

16.0
15.0
14.0
8.7
7.8

13.6
15.7
18.5
24.7
30.8

13.6
15.7
18.5
24.7
30.8

400
400
450
450
450

1530
1230
902
560
379

0.809
0.736
0.628
0.491
0.409

2.34
1.73
1.11
0.594
0.357

27.8
21.7
15.2
9.13
6.01

2.92
2.57
2.13
1.57
1.20

32.4
28.5
24.1
18.4
14.5

100 x 100 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

11.7
10.3
8.92
7.11
5.78

8.0
7.0
6.0
4.7
3.8

16.0
15.0
14.0
8.7
7.8

10.5
12.1
14.3
19.4
24.3

10.5
12.1
14.3
19.4
24.3

400
400
450
450
450

1410
1150
859
541
370

0.946
0.872
0.756
0.598
0.502

1.45
1.18
0.782
0.421
0.252

20.4
16.9
12.1
7.32
4.81

1.45
1.29
1.12
0.847
0.653

20.4
18.0
15.6
12.0
9.55

90 x 90 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

10.5
9.24
7.97
6.37
5.18

8.0
7.0
6.0
4.7
3.8

16.0
15.0
14.0
8.7
7.8

9.25
10.7
12.7
17.3
21.6

9.25
10.7
12.7
17.3
21.6

400
400
450
450
450

1330
1100
834
530
364

1.00
0.936
0.821
0.654
0.552

1.04
0.928
0.657
0.357
0.214

16.3
14.5
10.8
6.58
4.33

1.04
0.928
0.809
0.629
0.489

16.3
14.5
12.5
9.83
7.82

NOTES:

1.

Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).

2.

Ae is calculated for sections with uniform axial compressive stress fy.

3.

Ie and Ze are calculated with the extreme compression or tension fibres at fy (first yield). Ze is calculated at the extreme tension or compression fibre of the effective section.

4.

IenT and ZenT are for compression at point "T"; IenB and ZenB are for compression at point "B"; IepR and ZepR are for compression at point "R"; IepL and ZepL are for compression at point "L".

5.

Effective section properties are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Table 3.14(b)
LIMIT STATE DESIGN

EFFECTIVE SECTION PROPERTIES


about non-principal n- and p-axes
Grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DuraGal Equal Angles


DIMENSIONS

RATIOS

Designation
Nominal
Leg Size Thickb1
b 2 ness

Mass
per
metre

mm mm mm

kg/m

mm

mm

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

8.59
7.59
6.56
5.26
4.29

8.0
7.0
6.0
4.7
3.8

16.0
15.0
14.0
8.7
7.8

7.38
8.57
10.2
14.1
17.7

65 x 65 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

5.62
4.52
3.69

6.0
4.7
3.8

14.0
8.7
7.8

50 x 50 x 6.0
5.0
4.0
2.5

CA
CA
CA
CA

4.21
3.42
2.79
1.81

6.0
4.7
3.8
2.4

45 x 45 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

2.50
1.62

40 x 40 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA
30 x 30 x 2.5 CA

75 x 75 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

NOTES:

Actual Outside
Thick- Corner
ness Radius
t
ro

GRADE
Yield
Stress

EFFECTIVE SECTION PROPERTIES

fy

Effective
Area of
Section
Ae

MPa

mm2

7.38
8.57
10.2
14.1
17.7

400
400
450
450
450

1090
966
781
508
353

8.50
12.0
15.1

8.50
12.0
15.1

450
450
450

14.0
8.7
7.8
4.9

6.00
8.79
11.1
18.8

6.00
8.79
11.1
18.8

3.8
2.4

7.8
4.9

9.79
16.7

2.20
1.43

3.8
2.4

7.8
4.9

1.06

2.4

4.9

b1 - ro
t

b2 - ro
t

About n- and p-axes

Ae
Af

IenT = IepR

ZenT = ZepR

IenB = IepL

ZenB = ZepL

106 mm4

103mm3

106 mm4

103 mm3

1.00
1.00
0.934
0.759
0.646

0.585
0.522
0.457
0.266
0.162

11.1
9.87
8.57
5.45
3.62

0.585
0.522
0.457
0.372
0.293

11.1
9.87
8.57
6.86
5.51

716
487
342

1.00
0.846
0.727

0.291
0.208
0.129

6.35
4.65
3.13

0.291
0.238
0.195

6.35
5.10
4.17

450
450
450
350

536
435
316
156

1.00
1.00
0.888
0.676

0.126
0.104
0.0821
0.0333

3.64
2.95
2.34
1.08

0.126
0.104
0.0868
0.0560

3.64
2.95
2.43
1.56

9.79
16.7

450
350

303
152

0.952
0.736

0.0623
0.0281

1.95
0.972

0.0623
0.0414

1.95
1.27

8.47
14.6

8.47
14.6

450
350

280
147

1.00
0.806

0.0430
0.0231

1.52
0.856

0.0430
0.0289

1.52
0.9999

10.5

10.5

350

132

0.980

0.0118

0.550

0.0118

0.550

3-9

1. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
2. Ae is calculated for sections with uniform axial compressive stress fy.
3. Ie and Ze are calculated with the extreme compression or tension fibres at fy (first yield). Ze is calculated at the extreme tension or compression fibre of the effective section.
4. IenT and ZenT are for compression at point "T"; IenB and ZenB are for compression at point "B"; IepR and ZepR are for compression at point "R"; IepL and ZepL are for compression at point "L".
5. Effective section properties are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

Equal Angles

Equal Angles

Table 3.15

SECTION PROPERTIES
to calculate MEMBER STABILITY
about principal x- and y-axes
Grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0

DuraGal Equal Angles


Designation
Nominal
Leg Size Thickb1
b2 ness
mm

mm

mm

Mass
per
metre

Torsion
Constant

Coordinate
of
Shear Centre
xo

Polar Radius of
Gyration about the
Shear Centre
ro1

Monosymmetry
Section
Constant
y

kg/m

103mm4

mm

mm

mm

150 x 150 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0

CA
CA
CA
CA

18.0
15.8
13.6
10.8

49.0
32.9
20.8
10.1

51.6
51.8
52.0
52.2

84.3
84.6
84.9
85.2

206
207
208
209

125 x 125 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

14.9
13.1
11.3
8.95
7.27

40.4
27.2
17.2
8.39
4.46

42.8
43.0
43.1
43.4
43.5

69.9
70.1
70.4
70.8
71.1

171
172
173
173
174

100 x 100 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

11.7
10.3
8.92
7.11
5.78

31.9
21.5
13.6
6.66
3.54

33.9
34.1
34.3
34.5
34.7

55.4
55.7
56.0
56.4
56.6

136
136
137
138
139

90 x 90 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

10.5
9.24
7.97
6.37
5.18

28.5
19.2
12.2
5.97
3.18

30.4
30.6
30.8
31.0
31.1

49.7
49.9
50.2
50.6
50.9

122
122
123
124
125

75 x 75 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

8.59
7.59
6.56
5.26
4.29

23.4
15.8
10.0
4.93
2.63

25.1
25.3
25.5
25.7
25.8

41.0
41.3
41.6
41.9
42.2

100
101
102
103
103

65 x 65 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

5.62
4.52
3.69

8.59
4.24
2.26

21.9
22.2
22.3

35.8
36.2
36.4

87.7
88.6
89.2

50 x 50 x 6.0
5.0
4.0
2.5

CA
CA
CA
CA

4.21
3.42
2.79
1.81

6.43
3.20
1.71
0.442

16.6
16.8
17.0
17.3

27.1
27.5
27.8
28.2

66.5
67.4
68.0
69.0

45 x 45 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

2.50
1.62

1.53
0.396

15.2
15.5

24.9
25.3

61.0
61.9

40 x 40 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

2.20
1.43

1.35
0.350

13.5
13.7

22.0
22.4

53.9
54.9

30 x 30 x 2.5 CA

1.06

0.258

10.2

16.6

40.7

NOTES:

3-10

1. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm
fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
2. With the exception of J, properties are calculated assuming a simplified shape where the bends are eliminated and the
section is represented by straight mid-lines in accordance with Clause 2.1.2.1 of AS/NZS 4600.
3. bx is zero for equal angles.
4. Iw is equal to zero for angles.
5. The shear centre is assumed to be located at the intersection of the centre lines of the angle legs.

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Unequal Angles
[ BLANK ]

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

3-11

Unequal Angles

3-12

Table 3.21

DIMENSIONS and
FULL SECTION PROPERTIES
about principal x- and y-axes
Grade C450L0 / C400L0

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DuraGal Unequal Angles


DIMENSIONS
Designation
Nominal
Leg Size Thickb1
b2 ness

Mass
per
metre

mm

mm

mm

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

Actual
Thickness
t

Inside
Corner
Radius
ri

kg/m

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

5.38
4.34
3.54

6.0
4.7
3.8

8.0
4.0
4.0

50.0
50.6
50.8

39.2
38.4
38.3

14.9
14.4
14.1

25.3
26.1
26.1

17.8
18.5
18.3

Coordinates of Centroid

y1

y4

x2

Tan

x3

x5

0.472
0.462
0.464

SECTION PROPERTIES
Designation
Nominal
Leg Size Thickb1
b2 ness
mm

mm

mm

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA
NOTES:

Mass
per
metre

Full
Area of
Section
Af
2

About x-axis

Ix
6

kg/m

mm

10 mm

5.38
4.34
3.54

686
553
451

0.464
0.378
0.312

Zx1
4

Zx4
3

10 mm

10 mm

9.29
7.47
6.15

11.9
9.83
8.15

About y-axis

Sx
3

rx
3

Iy
6

10 mm

mm

10 mm

15.7
12.7
10.4

26.0
26.2
26.3

0.0731
0.0631
0.0524

Zy2
4

10 mm
4.89
4.38
3.71

Zy3
3

Zy5
3

10 mm

10 mm

2.89
2.42
2.01

4.10
3.42
2.87

Sy
3

ry
3

10 mm

mm

5.97
4.96
4.08

10.3
10.7
10.8

1. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
2. Full section properties are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Table 3.22

DIMENSIONS and
FULL SECTION PROPERTIES
about non-principal n- and p-axes
Grade C450L0 / C400L0

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DuraGal Unequal Angles


DIMENSIONS

SECTION PROPERTIES

Designation
Nominal
Leg Size Thickb1
b2 ness

Mass
per
metre

nR

Full
Area of
Section
Af

mm

kg/m

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm2

5.38
4.34
3.54

25.7
24.8
24.4

49.3
50.2
50.6

12.7
12.0
11.7

37.3
38.0
38.3

686
553
451

mm

mm

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA
NOTES:

pB

Coordinates
of
Centroid
pT
nL

About n-axis

In

ZnB

ZnT

Sn

106mm4 103 mm3 103mm3 103mm3


0.393
0.323
0.266

15.3
13.0
10.9

7.98
6.43
5.26

rp

Product of
2nd Moment
of Area
Inp

mm

106mm4

14.5
14.6
14.8

-0.151
-0.120
-0.0991

About p-axis

14.2
11.5
9.43

rn
mm
23.9
24.2
24.3

Ip

ZpL

ZpR

Sp

106mm4 103mm3 103mm3 103mm3


0.144
0.119
0.0983

11.4
9.86
8.44

3.87
3.12
2.57

6.97
5.56
4.54

1.Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
2. Full section properties are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

3-13
Unequal Angles

Unequal Angles

3-14

Table 3.23
LIMIT STATE DESIGN

EFFECTIVE SECTION PROPERTIES


about principal x- and y-axes
Grade C450L0 / C400L0
DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES
for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DuraGal Unequal Angles


DIMENSIONS
Designation
Nominal
Leg Size Thickb1
b2 ness
mm

mm

mm

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA
NOTES:

Mass
per
metre

RATIOS
Actual Outside
Thick- Corner
ness Radius
t
ro

kg/m

mm

mm

5.38
4.34
3.54

6.0
4.7
3.8

14.0
8.7
7.8

GRADE
Yield
Stress

b1 - ro
t

10.2
14.1
17.7

b 2 - ro
t

6.00
8.79
11.1

fy

EFFECTIVE SECTION PROPERTIES


Effective
Area of
Section
Ae

About x-axis

Ae
Af

MPa

mm

450
450
450

658
472
334

Iex1
6

0.960
0.854
0.741

Zex1
4

10 mm

10 mm

0.464
0.286
0.185

9.29
6.17
4.30

About y-axis

Iex4
3

10 mm
0.464
0.378
0.309

Zex4
4

Iey2,3
3

10 mm

10 mm

9.29
7.47
6.10

0.0731
0.0631
0.0520

Zey2,3
4

10 mm
2.89
2.42
1.99

Iey5
3

Zey5
4

10 mm

103mm3

0.0731
0.0631
0.0524

2.89
2.42
2.01

1. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
2. Ae is calculated for sections with uniform axial compressive stress fy.
3. Ie and Ze are calculated with the extreme compression or tension fibres at fy (first yield). Ze is calculated at the extreme tension or compression fibre of the effective section.
4. Iex1 and Zex1 are for compression at point "1"; Iex4 and Zex4 are for compression at point "4".
Iey2,3 and Zey2,3 are for compression at points "2" and "3"; Iey5 and Zey5 are for compression at point "5".
5. Effective section properties are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Table 3.24
LIMIT STATE DESIGN

EFFECTIVE SECTION PROPERTIES


about non-principal n- and p-axes
Grade C450L0 / C400L0

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DuraGal Unequal Angles


DIMENSIONS

RATIOS

Designation
Nominal
Leg Size Thickb1
b2 ness

Mass
per
metre

mm

kg/m

mm

mm

5.38
4.34
3.54

6.0
4.7
3.8

14.0
8.7
7.8

mm

mm

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA
NOTES:

Actual Outside
Thick- Corner
ness Radius
t
ro

GRADE
Yield
Stress

b1 - ro
t

10.2
14.1
17.7

b 2 - ro
t

6.00
8.79
11.1

EFFECTIVE SECTION PROPERTIES

fy

Effective
Area of
Section
Ae

MPa

mm2

450
450
450

658
472
334

About n-axis

Ae
Af

0.960
0.854
0.741

About p-axis

IenT

ZenT

IenB

ZenB

IepR

ZepR

IepL

ZepL

106mm4

103mm3

106mm4

103mm3

106mm4

103mm3

106mm4

103mm3

0.393
0.243
0.153

7.98
5.29
3.59

0.393
0.323
0.266

7.98
6.43
5.26

0.144
0.119
0.0909

3.87
3.12
2.43

0.144
0.119
0.0967

3.87
3.12
2.55

1. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
2. Ae is calculated for sections with uniform axial compressive stress fy.
3. Ie and Ze are calculated with the extreme compression or tension fibres at fy (first yield). Ze is calculated at the extreme tension or compression fibre of the effective section.
4. IenT and ZenT are for compression at point "T"; IenB and ZenB are for compression at point "B";
IepR and ZepR are for compression at point "R"; IepL and ZepL are for compression at point "L".
5. Effective section properties are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

3-15
Unequal Angles

Table 3.25

SECTION PROPERTIES
to calculate MEMBER STABILITY
about principal x- and y-axes
Grade C450L0 / C400L0

Unequal Angles

DuraGal Unequal Angles


Designation
Nominal
Leg Size Thickb1
b2 ness

Mass
per
metre

Torsion
Constant

mm

kg/m

103mm4

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

5.38
4.34
3.54

8.23
4.07
2.17

17.3
17.6
17.7

16.2
16.2
16.2

36.6
36.9
37.2

39.2
39.2
39.3

79.2
80.2
80.8

mm

mm

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA
NOTES:

3-16

Coordinates
of
Shear Centre
xo
yo

Polar Radius of
Gyration about the
Shear Centre
ro1

Monosymmetry
Section
Constants
x
y

1. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450
MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
2. With the exception of J, properties are calculated assuming a simplified shape where the bends are eliminated and the
section is represented by straight mid-lines in accordance with Clause 2.1.2.1 of AS/NZS 4600.
3. Iw is equal to zero for angles.
4. The shear centre is assumed to be located at the intersection of the centre lines of the angle legs.

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Channels

[ BLANK ]

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

3-17

Channels

3-18

Table 3.31

DIMENSIONS and
FULL SECTION PROPERTIES
about principal x- and y-axes
Grade C450L0 / C400L0

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DuraGal Channels
DIMENSIONS
Designation
Nominal
Thickd
bf
ness
mm

mm

mm

Mass
per
metre

Actual
Thickness
t

SECTION PROPERTIES

Inside
Corner
Radius
ri

Depth
Between
Flanges
d - 2t

Coord.
of
Centroid
xL

Full
Area of
Section
Af
2

About x-axis

Ix
6

Zx
4

10 mm

About y-axis

Sx
3

kg/m

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

10 mm

300 x 90 x 8.0 CC
7.0 CC
6.0 CC

28.5
25.1
21.6

8.0
7.0
6.0

8.0
8.0
8.0

284
286
288

20.3
19.9
19.5

3630
3190
2750

44.2
39.2
34.0

294
261
227

10 mm
359
317
275

250 x 90 x 6.0 CC

19.2

6.0

8.0

238

21.6

2450

21.9

176

210

230 x 75 x 6.0 CC

16.9

6.0

8.0

218

17.5

2150

15.7

137

166

200 x 75 x 6.0 CC
5.0 CC

15.5
12.4

6.0
4.7

8.0
4.0

188
191

18.8
18.1

1970
1580

11.2
9.18

112
91.8

135
109

180 x 75 x 5.0 CC

11.6

4.7

4.0

171

19.1

1480

7.16

79.5

150 x 75 x 5.0 CC

10.5

4.7

4.0

141

20.9

1340

4.67

62.3

117

rx
3

mm

Iy
6

ZyR
4

ZyL
3

ry
3

10 mm

10 mm

10 mm

10 mm

2.44
2.17
1.89

35.0
30.9
26.8

120
109
96.6

62.1
54.6
47.1

25.9
26.1
26.2

94.6

1.79

26.2

83.3

46.4

27.1

85.5

1.05

18.2

59.8

32.2

22.0

75.5
76.4

1.00
0.812

17.9
14.3

53.4
44.9

31.8
25.3

22.6
22.7

93.7

69.5

0.787

14.1

41.2

25.1

23.1

72.5

59.0

0.743

13.7

35.6

24.8

23.5

15.1

110
111
111

125 x 65 x 4.0 CC

7.23

3.8

4.0

18.3

921

2.25

36.1

41.8

49.5

0.388

8.32

21.2

100 x 50 x 4.0 CC

5.59

3.8

4.0

92.4

14.3

712

1.08

21.7

25.4

39.0

0.174

4.86

12.2

75 x 40 x 4.0 CC

4.25

3.8

4.0

67.4

12.1

541

0.457

12.2

14.4

29.1

0.0840

3.01

NOTES:

Sy
3

1. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 (for t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
2. Full section properties are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

6.93

mm

20.5

8.78

15.6

5.46

12.5

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Table 3.32
LIMIT STATE DESIGN

EFFECTIVE SECTION PROPERTIES


about principal x- and y-axes
Grade C450L0 / C400L0

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DuraGal Channels
DIMENSIONS
Designation
Nominal
Thickd
bf
ness
mm

mm

mm

RATIOS

Mass Actual Outside Depth


per Thick- Corner Between
metre ness Radius Flanges (d - 2ro)
t
ro
d - 2t
t

GRADE
Yield
Stress

(b - ro)
t

de
(d - 2ro)

be
(b - ro)

Ae
Af

EFFECTIVE SECTION PROPERTIES

fy

Effective
Area of
Section
Ae

Iex

Zex

IeyR

ZeyR

IeyL

ZeyL

MPa

mm2

106mm4

103mm3

106mm4

103mm3

106mm4

103mm3

About x-axis

About y-axis

kg/m

mm

mm

mm

300 x 90 x 8.0 CC
7.0 CC
6.0 CC

28.5
25.1
21.6

8.0
7.0
6.0

16.0
15.0
14.0

284
286
288

33.5
38.6
45.3

9.25
10.7
12.7

0.915
0.835
0.712

1.00
0.929
0.801

0.950
0.879
0.763

400
400
450

3450
2810
2100

44.2
38.3
32.0

294
253
206

2.44
2.17
1.46

35.0
30.9
22.4

2.44
2.17
1.89

35.0
30.9
26.8

250 x 90 x 6.0 CC

19.2

6.0

14.0

238

37.0

12.7

0.825

0.801

0.831

450

2040

20.5

158

1.41

22.2

1.79

26.2

230 x 75 x 6.0 CC

16.9

6.0

14.0

218

33.7

10.2

0.879

0.925

0.906

450

1950

15.4

132

1.05

18.2

1.05

18.2

200 x 75 x 6.0 CC
5.0 CC

15.5
12.4

6.0
4.7

14.0
8.7

188
191

28.7
38.9

10.2
14.1

0.968
0.797

0.925
0.741

0.955
0.787

450
450

1880
1240

11.0
8.37

108
79.5

1.00
0.560

17.9
11.0

1.00
0.812

17.9
14.3

180 x 75 x 5.0 CC

11.6

4.7

8.7

171

34.6

14.1

0.863

0.741

0.820

450

1220

6.50

68.4

0.550

11.0

0.787

14.1

150 x 75 x 5.0 CC

10.5

10.9

0.743

13.7

4.7

8.7

141

28.2

14.1

0.977

0.741

0.869

450

1160

4.22

52.9

0.532

125 x 65 x 4.0 CC

7.23

3.8

7.8

117

28.8

15.1

0.966

0.705

0.845

450

779

2.00

29.8

0.256

6.24

0.388

8.32

100 x 50 x 4.0 CC

5.59

3.8

7.8

92.4

22.2

11.1

1.00

0.875

0.944

450

672

1.04

20.1

0.164

4.67

0.174

4.86

75 x 40 x 4.0 CC

4.25

3.8

7.8

67.4

15.6

1.00

1.00

1.00

450

541

0.457

12.2

0.0840

3.01

0.0840

3.01

NOTES:

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

8.47

Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 (for t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
de and be are the effective widths of the web and flange respectively.
de, be and Ae are calculated for sections with uniform axial compressive stress fy.
IeyL and ZeyL are for compression at point "L"; IeyR and ZeyR are for compression at point "R".
Effective section properties are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

3-19
Channels

Table 3.33

SECTION PROPERTIES
to calculate MEMBER STABILITY
about principal x- and y-axes
Grade C450L0 / C400L0

DuraGal Channels
Designation
Nominal
Thickd
bf ness

Channels

mm

mm

mm

Mass
per
metre

Torsion
Constant

J
kg/m

103mm4

Warping
Constant

Iw

Coordinate
of
Shear Centre
xo

Polar Radius of
Gyration about the
Shear Centre
ro1

Monosymmetry
Section
Constant
y

109mm6

mm

mm

mm

300 x 90 x 8.0 CC
7.0 CC
6.0 CC

28.5
25.1
21.6

77.4
52.2
33.0

37.7
33.7
29.6

43.4
43.7
44.0

122
123
123

338
339
340

250 x 90 x 6.0 CC

19.2

29.4

19.2

47.8

110

273

230 x 75 x 6.0 CC

16.9

25.8

9.48

37.8

96.7

254

200 x 75 x 6.0 CC
5.0 CC

15.5
12.4

23.7
11.6

6.78
5.52

40.2
40.6

89.0
89.7

217
218

180 x 75 x 5.0 CC

11.6

10.9

4.29

42.4

84.9

197

150 x 75 x 5.0 CC

10.5

9.87

2.77

45.4

78.3

171

125 x 65 x 4.0 CC

7.23

4.43

1.01

40.0

67.0

145

100 x 50 x 4.0 CC

5.59

3.43

0.285

30.1

51.8

113

75 x 40 x 4.0 CC

4.25

2.60

0.0760

24.4

40.1

NOTES:

3-20

85.9

1. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 (for t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
2. With the exception of J, properties are calculated assuming a simplified shape where the bends are eliminated and the
section is represented by straight mid-lines in accordance with Clause 2.1.2.1 of AS/NZS 4600.
3. bx is zero for channels.

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Flats
DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Table 3.4(a)

DIMENSIONS and
FULL SECTION PROPERTIES
about principal x- and y-axes and baseline axis
Grade C400L0 / C350L0

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DuraGal Flats
DIMENSIONS
Designation
Nominal
Width Thickw
ness

GRADE

Mass
per
metre

Actual
Thickness
t

Yield
Stress

kg/m

mm

300 x 8.0 CF
6.0 CF
5.0 CF

18.8
14.1
11.1

250 x 8.0 CF
6.0 CF
5.0 CF
200 x 8.0 CF
6.0 CF
5.0 CF

mm

mm

150 x 8.0
6.0
5.0
4.0
NOTES:

CF
CF
CF
CF

SECTION PROPERTIES
About
1-axis

fy

Full
Area of
Section
Af

I1

Ix

Zx

Sx

rx

Iy

Zy

Sy

ry

MPa

mm2

106mm4

106mm4

103mm3

103mm3

mm

106mm4

103mm3

103mm3

mm

103mm4

8.0
6.0
4.7

350
400
400

2400
1800
1410

72.0
54.0
42.3

18.0
13.5
10.6

120
90.0
70.5

180
135
106

86.6
86.6
86.6

0.0128
0.00540
0.00260

3.20
1.80
1.10

4.80
2.70
1.66

2.31
1.73
1.36

51.2
21.6
10.4

15.7
11.8
9.22

8.0
6.0
4.7

350
400
400

2000
1500
1180

41.7
31.3
24.5

10.4
7.81
6.12

83.3
62.5
49.0

125
93.8
73.4

72.2
72.2
72.2

0.0107
0.00450
0.00216

2.67
1.50
0.920

4.00
2.25
1.38

2.31
1.73
1.36

42.7
18.0
8.65

12.6
9.42
7.38

8.0
6.0
4.7

350
400
400

1600
1200
940

21.3
16.0
12.5

5.33
4.00
3.13

53.3
40.0
31.3

80.0
60.0
47.0

57.7
57.7
57.7

0.00853
0.00360
0.00173

2.13
1.20
0.736

3.20
1.80
1.10

2.31
1.73
1.36

34.1
14.4
6.92

9.42
7.07
5.53
4.47

8.0
6.0
4.7
3.8

350
400
400
400

1200
900
705
570

2.25
1.69
1.32
1.07

30.0
22.5
17.6
14.3

45.0
33.8
26.4
21.4

43.3
43.3
43.3
43.3

0.00640
0.00270
0.00130
0.000686

1.60
0.900
0.552
0.361

2.40
1.35
0.828
0.542

2.31
1.73
1.36
1.10

25.6
10.8
5.19
2.74

9.00
6.75
5.29
4.28

About x-axis

Torsion
Constant

About y-axis

1. Steel grade C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa).
2. Section properties are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

3-21

3-22

Table 3.4(b)

DIMENSIONS and
FULL SECTION PROPERTIES
about principal x- and y-axes and baseline axis
Grade C400L0 / C350L0

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DuraGal Flats
DIMENSIONS
Designation
Nominal
Width Thickw
ness
mm

Actual
Thickness
t

Yield
Stress

fy

SECTION PROPERTIES
Full
Area of
Section
Af
2

About
1-axis

About x-axis

I1
6

Ix
4

10 mm

Zx
4

10 mm

Sx
3

rx
3

10 mm

Iy

Zy
3

1.73
1.36
1.10

9.36
4.50
2.38

0.600
0.368
0.241

0.900
0.552
0.361

1.73
1.36
1.10

7.20
3.46
1.83

0.000649
0.000343

0.276
0.181

0.414
0.271

1.36
1.10

2.60
1.37

18.8
18.8

0.000562
0.000297

0.239
0.156

0.359
0.235

1.36
1.10

2.25
1.19

14.4
14.4

0.000433
0.000229

0.184
0.120

0.276
0.181

1.36
1.10

1.73
0.915

mm

10 mm

130 x 6.0 CF
5.0 CF
4.0 CF

6.12
4.80
3.88

6.0
4.7
3.8

400
400
400

780
611
494

4.39
3.44
2.78

1.10
0.860
0.696

16.9
13.2
10.7

25.4
19.9
16.1

37.5
37.5
37.5

0.00234
0.00112
0.000594

0.780
0.479
0.313

100 x 6.0 CF
5.0 CF
4.0 CF

4.71
3.69
2.98

6.0
4.7
3.8

400
400
400

600
470
380

2.00
1.57
1.27

0.500
0.392
0.317

10.0
7.83
6.33

15.0
11.8
9.50

28.9
28.9
28.9

0.00180
0.000865
0.000457

75 x 5.0 CF
4.0 CF

2.77
2.24

4.7
3.8

400
400

353
285

0.661
0.534

0.165
0.134

4.41
3.56

6.61
5.34

21.7
21.7

65 x 5.0 CF
4.0 CF

2.40
1.94

4.7
3.8

400
400

306
247

0.430
0.348

0.108
0.0870

3.31
2.68

4.96
4.01

50 x 5.0 CF
4.0 CF

1.84
1.49

4.7
3.8

400
400

235
190

0.196
0.158

0.0490
0.0396

1.96
1.58

2.94
2.38

1. Steel grade C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa).
2. Section properties are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

10 mm

10 mm

1.17
0.718
0.469

MPa

ry

10 mm4

10 mm

Sy

mm

mm

mm

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Flats

Torsion
Constant

About y-axis

kg/m

NOTES:

mm

Mass
per
metre

GRADE

SURFACE AREA
CONTENTS
4.1

Page

SCOPE ............................................................................................................. 4-1

TABLES
Surface Area for Equal Angles ......................................................................... 4-2
Surface Area for Unequal Angles..................................................................... 4-3
Surface Area for Channels ............................................................................... 4-4

SURFACE AREA

4.1
4.2
4.3

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

SURFACE AREA
4.1

SCOPE
Surface area data may be used in estimating quantities of additional protective coatings. Tables
4.1 to 4.3 include values of external surface area per metre length and external surface area per
tonne.

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

4-1

Equal Angles

Table 4.1

SURFACE AREAS
Grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0

DuraGal Equal Angles


Designation
Nominal
b1
b2 Thickness
mm mm

mm

Mass
per
metre

Profile
Distance

Profile
Surface
Area

Profile
Surface
Area

kg/m

mm

m2/m

m2/tonne

150 x 150 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0

CA
CA
CA
CA

18.0
15.8
13.6
10.8

590
590
591
595

0.590
0.590
0.591
0.595

32.7
37.3
43.3
55.1

125 x 125 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

14.9
13.1
11.3
8.95
7.27

490
490
491
495
495

0.490
0.490
0.491
0.495
0.495

32.9
37.5
43.5
55.3
68.1

100 x 100 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

11.7
10.3
8.92
7.11
5.78

390
390
391
395
395

0.390
0.390
0.391
0.395
0.395

33.2
37.8
43.8
55.5
68.4

90 x 90 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

10.5
9.24
7.97
6.37
5.18

350
350
351
355
355

0.350
0.350
0.351
0.355
0.355

33.4
37.9
44.0
55.7
68.5

75 x 75 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

8.59
7.59
6.56
5.26
4.29

290
290
291
295
295

0.290
0.290
0.291
0.295
0.295

33.7
38.2
44.3
56.0
68.8

65 x 65 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

5.62
4.52
3.69

251
255
255

0.251
0.255
0.255

44.6
56.3
69.1

50 x 50 x 6.0
5.0
4.0
2.5

CA
CA
CA
CA

4.21
3.42
2.79
1.81

191
195
195
197

0.191
0.195
0.195
0.197

45.3
57.0
69.8
109

45 x 45 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

2.50
1.62

175
177

0.175
0.177

70.1
109

40 x 40 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

2.20
1.43

155
157

0.155
0.157

70.5
110

30 x 30 x 2.5 CA

1.06

117

0.117

111

4-2

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Table 4.2

SURFACE AREAS
Grade C450L0 / C400L0

Designation
Nominal
b1
b2 Thickness
mm mm

mm

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Mass
per
metre

Profile
Distance

Profile
Surface
Area

Profile
Surface
Area

kg/m

mm

m2/m

m2/tonne

5.38
4.34
3.54

241
245
245

0.241
0.245
0.245

44.7
56.4
69.2

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

Unequal Angles

DuraGal Unequal Angles

4-3

Table 4.3

SURFACE AREAS
Grade C450L0 / C400L0

DuraGal Channels
Designation
Nominal
d
bf Thickness

Mass
per
metre

Profile
Distance

Profile
Surface
Area

Profile
Surface
Area

Profile Distance
Less
1 Flange Face

kg/m

mm

m2/m

m2/tonne

mm

300 x 90 x 8.0 CC
7.0 CC
6.0 CC

28.5
25.1
21.6

923
926
929

0.923
0.926
0.929

32.4
37.0
43.0

849
851
853

0.849
0.851
0.853

29.8
34.0
39.5

250 x 90 x 6.0 CC

19.2

829

0.829

43.1

753

0.753

39.1

230 x 75 x 6.0 CC

16.9

729

0.729

43.2

668

0.668

39.6

200 x 75 x 6.0 CC
5.0 CC

15.5
12.4

669
680

0.669
0.680

43.2
55.0

608
613

0.608
0.613

39.3
49.6

180 x 75 x 5.0 CC

11.6

640

0.640

55.0

573

0.573

49.3

150 x 75 x 5.0 CC

10.5

580

0.580

55.1

513

0.513

48.8

Channels

mm mm

mm

Profile Surface Area


Less 1 Flange Face
m2/m

m2/tonne

125 x 65 x 4.0 CC

7.23

492

0.492

68.1

435

0.435

60.2

100 x 50 x 4.0 CC

5.59

382

0.382

68.4

340

0.340

60.9

75 x 40 x 4.0 CC

4.25

292

0.292

68.8

260

0.260

61.3

4-4

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

FIRE ENGINEERING DATA


CONTENTS

Page

5.1

SCOPE ............................................................................................................. 5-1

5.2

DESIGN METHOD ........................................................................................... 5-1

TABLES
Exposed Surface Area to Mass Ratio (ksm)
Equal Angles with Vertical Leg Down ............................................................... 5-2
Unequal Angles with Long Leg Down .............................................................. 5-3
Channels .......................................................................................................... 5-4

FIRE ENGINEERING
DATA

5.1
5.2
5.3

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

FIRE ENGINEERING DATA


5.1

SCOPE
To assist in the design of DuraGal angles and channels for fire resistance, values of the exposed
surface area to mass ratio (ksm) are tabulated for various cases shown in Figure 5.1(1).

5.2

DESIGN METHOD
In the absence of Fire Design rules in AS/NZS 4600, reference has been made to Section 12 of
AS 4100 .
For unprotected structural sections the value of ksm corresponding to four- and three- sided
exposure should be taken as those corresponding to Cases 1 and 4 respectively. In these
instances fire protection is necessary where a fire rating is required.
For members requiring the addition of fire protection materials, the Handbook of Fire Protection
Materials for Structural Steel published by AISC[10] may be consulted to determine the thickness
of proprietary material required for given value of ksm and Fire-resistance level. In the AISC
handbook, the exposed surface area to mass ratio (E) may be taken as equivalent to ksm.

Case 1 = Profile-protected
Case 2 = Total Perimeter, Box-protected, No Gap
Case 3 = Total Perimeter, Box-protected, 25 mm Gap
Case 4 = Top Flange Excluded, Profile-protected
Case 5 = Top Flange Excluded, Box-protected, No Gap
Case 6 = Top Flange Excluded, Box-protected, 25 mm Gap
Figure 5.1(1) Cases for Calculation of Exposed Surface Area to Mass Ratio

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

5-1

Table 5.1
Equal Angles

FIRE ENGINEERING
DATA
Vertical Leg Down
Grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0

DuraGal Equal Angles


Designation
Nominal
b1
b2 Thickness
mm mm mm

Mass
per
metre
kg/m

150 x 150 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0

CA
CA
CA
CA

18.0
15.8
13.6
10.8

32.7
37.3
43.3
55.1

33.3
37.9
44.0
55.6

44.4
50.5
58.7
74.1

125 x 125 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

14.9
13.1
11.3
8.95
7.27

32.9
37.5
43.5
55.3
68.1

33.6
38.2
44.4
55.9
68.8

100 x 100 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

11.7
10.3
8.92
7.11
5.78

33.2
37.8
43.8
55.5
68.4

90 x 90 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

10.5
9.24
7.97
6.37
5.18

75 x 75 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

EXPOSED SURFACE AREA TO MASS RATIO ksm (m2/tonne)


Exposure Type
3
4

25.3
28.8
33.4
42.0

25.0
28.4
33.0
41.7

30.5
34.7
40.4
51.0

47.1
53.5
62.1
78.2
96.3

25.6
29.1
33.7
42.3
52.0

25.2
28.7
33.3
41.9
51.6

31.9
36.3
42.1
53.1
65.3

34.1
38.7
44.9
56.3
69.2

51.1
58.1
67.3
84.4
104

26.1
29.5
34.2
42.7
52.4

25.6
29.0
33.7
42.2
51.9

34.1
38.7
44.9
56.3
69.2

33.4
37.9
44.0
55.7
68.5

34.4
39.0
45.2
56.5
69.5

53.4
60.6
70.2
88.0
108

26.3
29.8
34.4
42.9
52.6

25.8
29.2
33.9
42.4
52.1

35.3
40.1
46.4
58.1
71.4

8.59
7.59
6.56
5.26
4.29

33.7
38.2
44.3
56.0
68.8

34.9
39.5
45.7
57.0
70.0

58.2
65.9
76.2
95.1
117

26.8
30.3
35.0
43.4
53.1

26.2
29.7
34.3
42.8
52.5

37.8
42.8
49.5
61.8
75.8

65 x 65 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

5.62
4.52
3.69

44.6
56.3
69.1

46.3
57.5
70.5

81.9
102
125

35.5
43.8
53.6

34.7
43.1
52.9

52.5
65.2
80.0

50 x 50 x 6.0
5.0
4.0
2.5

CA
CA
CA
CA

4.21
3.42
2.79
1.81

45.3
57.0
69.8
109

47.6
58.6
71.6
111

95.1
117
143
221

36.8
44.9
54.7
83.9

35.7
43.9
53.7
82.9

59.5
73.2
89.5
138

45 x 45 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

2.50
1.62

70.1
109

72.1
111

152
235

55.2
84.4

54.1
83.3

94.2
145

40 x 40 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

2.20
1.43

70.5
110

72.8
112

164
251

55.9
85.0

54.6
83.8

100
154

30 x 30 x 2.5 CA

1.06

111

114

303

86.9

85.3

180

EXPOSURE TYPES:
1 = total perimeter, profile protected
2 = total perimeter, box protected, no gap
3 = total perimeter, box protected, 25 mm gap
4 = top horizontal leg excluded, profile protected
5 = top horizontal leg excluded, box protected, no gap
6 = top horizontal leg excluded, box protected, 25 mm gap

5-2

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Table 5.2

FIRE ENGINEERING
DATA
Long Leg Down
Grade C450L0 / C400L0

Designation
Nominal
b1
b2 Thickness
mm mm mm
75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

Mass
per
metre
kg/m

5.38
4.34
3.54

44.7
56.4
69.2

46.4
57.6
70.6

EXPOSED SURFACE AREA TO MASS RATIO ksm (m2/tonne)


Exposure Type
3
4
83.6
104
127

38.0
46.9
57.3

37.2
46.1
56.5

55.7
69.2
84.7

EXPOSURE TYPES:
1 = total perimeter, profile protected
2 = total perimeter, box protected, no gap
3 = total perimeter, box protected, 25 mm gap
4 = top horizontal short leg excluded, profile protected
5 = top horizontal short leg excluded, box protected, no gap
6 = top horizontal short leg excluded, box protected, 25 mm gap

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

5-3

Unequal Angles

DuraGal Unequal Angles

Table 5.3

FIRE ENGINEERING
DATA
Grade C450L0 / C400L0

Channels

DuraGal Channels
Designation
Nominal
d
bf Thickness
mm mm mm

Mass
per
metre
kg/m

300 x 90 x 8.0 CC
7.0 CC
6.0 CC

28.5
25.1
21.6

32.4
37.0
43.0

27.4
31.1
36.1

34.4
39.1
45.4

250 x 90 x 6.0 CC

19.2

43.1

35.3

230 x 75 x 6.0 CC

16.9

43.2

200 x 75 x 6.0 CC
5.0 CC

15.5
12.4

43.2
55.0

180 x 75 x 5.0 CC

11.6

150 x 75 x 5.0 CC

10.5

125 x 65 x 4.0 CC

EXPOSED SURFACE AREA TO MASS RATIO ksm (m2/tonne)

7.23

Exposure Type
3
4

29.8
34.0
39.5

24.2
27.5
31.9

27.7
31.5
36.6

45.7

39.1

30.7

35.9

36.1

48.0

39.6

31.7

37.6

35.5
44.5

48.5
60.7

39.3
49.6

30.7
38.4

37.2
46.5

55.0

43.9

61.1

49.3

37.4

46.0

55.1

42.8

61.8

48.8

35.6

45.1

68.1

52.6

80.2

60.2

43.6

57.4

89.5

60.9

44.7

62.6

61.3

44.7

68.3

100 x 50 x 4.0 CC

5.59

68.4

53.7

75 x 40 x 4.0 CC

4.25

68.8

54.2

101

EXPOSURE TYPES:
1 = total perimeter, profile protected
2 = total perimeter, box protected, no gap
3 = total perimeter, box protected, 25 mm gap
4 = top flange excluded, profile protected
5 = top flange excluded, box protected, no gap
6 = top flange excluded, box protected, 25 mm gap

5-4

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

SECTION CAPACITIES
CONTENTS

Page

6.1

SCOPE ............................................................................................................. 6-1

6.2
6.2.1
6.2.2
6.2.3

DESIGN METHOD ........................................................................................... 6-1


General ............................................................................................................ 6-1
Angles in Bending ............................................................................................ 6-1
Channels in Bending ........................................................................................ 6-1

Section Capacities for Equal Angles about Principal x- and y-axes ................ 6-2
Section Capacities for Equal Angles about Non-principal n- and p-axes ......... 6-3

6.21
6.22

Section Capacities for Unequal Angles about Principal x- and y-axes ............ 6-4
Section Capacities for Unequal Angles about Non-principal n- and p-axes .... 6-5

6.3

Section Capacities for Channels ...................................................................... 6-6

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

6.11
6.12

SECTION CAPACITIES

TABLES

SECTION CAPACITIES
6.1

SCOPE
The tables in this chapter provide design section capacities of DuraGal angles and channels.
The design action effects considered are:

axial tension
axial compression
bending moment
shear
Tables for web bearing capacity of DuraGal channels are provided in Section 8.

6.2

DESIGN METHOD

6.2.1 General
Design section capacities are the maximum capacities, based on the effective section properties,
which can be used for design. In such cases the members (channels and angles) are not
subject to behaviour or influences which reduce their maximum load carrying capacity. For
example:

members subject to axial tension do not have penetrations or holes and have full perimeter
welded end connections.

members subject to axial compression are restrained so that flexural or flexural-torsional


buckling will not occur.

beams are restrained and are not subject to flexural-torsional buckling.


Using the tables is simply a matter of selecting the value for a particular member size and
design action effect. The tables assume that axial loads are applied through the centroid of
the effective section and that loads causing bending and shear are applied through the
shear centre. Refer to Section 3 of this manual for the location of the centroid and the shear
centre of the sections. The method of derivation of the design section capacities in the tables is
given in Appendix A3.

6.2.2 Angles in Bending


Design section capacities are provided for bending about both the principal x- and y-axes and
the non-principal n- and p-axes. The direction of the load causing bending has been taken into
account. This determines which part of the angle is in compression and hence the design
capacity.

6.2.3 Channels in Bending


As well as design section capacities about the x-axis, two sets of design section capacities are
provided for bending about the y-axis, one where compression occurs in the web of the channel,
and one where tension occurs in the web.

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

6-1

Table 6.11
Equal Angles

LIMIT STATES DESIGN

SECTION CAPACITIES
DuraGal
about principal x- and y-axes

DuraGal Equal Angles


Designation

Mass

Nominal

b1

b2

Thick.

mm mm mm

per

AXIAL
TENSION

AXIAL
(1)

MOMENT

COMPRESSION

x-axis

SHEAR
y-axis

x- and y-axes

metre

tNt

cNs

bMsx1 = bMsx4

bMsy2,3

bMsy5

vVvx = vVvy

kg/m

kN

kN

kNm

kNm

kNm

kN

150 x 150 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0

CA
CA
CA
CA

18.0
15.8
13.6
10.8

790
694
664
526

547
434
355
219

21.9
17.8
15.2
10.2

11.3
9.18
7.81
5.36

13.2
11.7
11.5
9.30

349
308
299
243

125 x 125 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

14.9
13.1
11.3
8.95
7.27

652
574
549
436
354

521
417
345
214
145

16.9
13.8
11.8
7.85
5.69

8.60
7.04
6.01
4.11
2.96

8.91
7.93
7.78
6.36
5.22

284
251
244
200
163

100 x 100 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

11.7
10.3
8.92
7.11
5.78

515
453
434
346
281

481
390
329
207
141

12.0
9.97
8.63
5.72
4.12

5.45
4.87
4.33
2.98
2.14

5.45
4.87
4.80
3.97
3.27

219
194
189
157
128

90 x 90 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

10.5
9.24
7.97
6.37
5.18

460
405
388
310
252

454
374
319
203
139

9.61
8.49
7.42
4.93
3.55

4.30
3.86
3.69
2.56
1.84

4.30
3.86
3.81
3.17
2.62

193
171
167
140
114

75 x 75 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

8.59
7.59
6.56
5.26
4.29

377
333
320
256
209

372
329
299
194
135

6.49
5.80
5.64
3.81
2.74

2.84
2.56
2.54
1.96
1.41

2.84
2.56
2.54
2.14
1.78

154
137
134
114
93.6

65 x 65 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

5.62
4.52
3.69

274
220
180

274
186
131

4.21
3.10
2.24

1.83
1.57
1.15

1.83
1.57
1.30

112
97.0
79.7

50 x 50 x 6.0
5.0
4.0
2.5

CA
CA
CA
CA

4.21
3.42
2.79
1.81

205
166
136
70.5

205
166
121
46.3

2.38
1.95
1.53
0.625

0.989
0.874
0.734
0.325

0.989
0.874
0.734
0.391

79.2
71.2
58.8
30.9

45 x 45 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

2.50
1.62

122
63.2

116
45.2

1.29
0.539

0.581
0.278

0.581
0.312

51.8
27.4

40 x 40 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

2.20
1.43

107
55.8

107
43.8

1.01
0.456

0.445
0.233

0.445
0.242

44.9
24.0

30 x 30 x 2.5 CA

1.06

41.1

39.2

0.284

0.128

0.128

17.2

NOTES:

1. Tension capacities are for fully welded ends and are governed by tension fracture in accordance with Clause 3.2 of
AS/NZS 4600 unless noted.
2. fbMsx1 is for compression at point "1";
fbMsx4 is for compression at point "4";
fbMsy2,3 is for compression at points "2" and "3";
fbMsy5 is for compression at point "5".
3. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm
fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
4. Capacities are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

6-2

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Table 6.12
Equal Angles

LIMIT STATES DESIGN

SECTION CAPACITIES
about non-principal n- and p-axes

DuraGal Equal Angles


Designation

Mass

Nominal

b1

b2

Thick.

mm mm mm

per

AXIAL
(1)

TENSION

AXIAL

MOMENT

SHEAR

COMPRESSION

n- and p-axes

n- and p-axes

metre

tN t

cNs

bMsnT = bMspR

bMsnB = bMspL

vVvn = vVvp

kg/m

kN

kN

kNm

kNm

kN

150 x 150 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0

CA
CA
CA
CA

18.0
15.8
13.6
10.8

790
694
664
526

547
434
355
219

12.2
9.38
7.35
4.44

16.8
14.6
13.8
10.5

247
218
212
172

125 x 125 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

14.9
13.1
11.3
8.95
7.27

652
574
549
436
354

521
417
345
214
145

10.0
7.80
6.15
3.70
2.43

11.7
10.3
9.76
7.46
5.87

201
177
173
142
115

100 x 100 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

11.7
10.3
8.92
7.11
5.78

515
453
434
346
281

481
390
329
207
141

7.33
6.10
4.91
2.96
1.95

7.33
6.48
6.31
4.88
3.87

155
137
134
111
90.8

90 x 90 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

10.5
9.24
7.97
6.37
5.18

460
405
388
310
252

454
374
319
203
139

5.88
5.20
4.39
2.67
1.75

5.88
5.20
5.07
3.98
3.17

136
121
118
99.0
81.0

75 x 75 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

8.59
7.59
6.56
5.26
4.29

377
333
320
256
209

372
329
299
194
135

4.01
3.55
3.47
2.21
1.46

4.01
3.55
3.47
2.78
2.23

109
96.8
94.9
80.8
66.2

65 x 65 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

5.62
4.52
3.69

274
220
180

274
186
131

2.57
1.88
1.27

2.57
2.07
1.69

79.3
68.6
56.3

50 x 50 x 6.0
5.0
4.0
2.5

CA
CA
CA
CA

4.21
3.42
2.79
1.81

205
166
136
70.5

205
166
121
46.3

1.47
1.19
0.946
0.342

1.47
1.19
0.983
0.492

56.0
50.3
41.6
21.8

45 x 45 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

2.50
1.62

122
63.2

116
45.2

0.789
0.306

0.789
0.400

36.6
19.4

40 x 40 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

2.20
1.43

107
55.8

107
43.8

0.616
0.270

0.616
0.315

31.7
17.0

30 x 30 x 2.5 CA

1.06

41.1

39.2

0.173

0.173

12.1

NOTES:

1. Tension capacities are for fully welded ends and are governed by tension fracture in accordance with Clause 3.2 of
AS/NZS 4600 unless noted.
2. fbMsnT is for compression at point "T";
fbMsnB is for compression at point "B";
fbMspR is for compression at point "R";
fbMspL is for compression at point "L".
3. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm
fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
4. Capacities are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

6-3

Table 6.21
LIMIT STATES DESIGN

SECTION CAPACITIES
about principal x- and y-axes

Unequal Angles

DuraGal Unequal Angles


Designation
Nominal

b1

b2

mm

mm

Mass
per

AXIAL

AXIAL
(1)

TENSION

MOMENT

COMPRESSION

x-axis

SHEAR
y-axis

x-axis

y-axis

Thick.

metre

tNt

cNs

bMsx1

bMsx4

bMsy2,3

bMsy5

vVvx

vVvy

mm

kg/m

kN

kN

kNm

kNm

kNm

kNm

kN

kN

5.38
4.34
3.54

262
211
172

252
180
128

3.76
2.50
1.74

3.76
3.02
2.47

1.17
0.981
0.805

1.17
0.981
0.813

110
94.4
77.5

91.1
79.6
65.5

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA
NOTES:

1. Tension capacities are for fully welded ends and are governed by tension fracture in accordance with Clause 3.2 of
AS/NZS 4600 unless noted.
2. fbMsx1 is for compression at point "1";
fbMsx4 is for compression at point "4";
fbMsy2,3 is for compression at points "2" and "3";
fbMsy5 is for compression at point "5".
3. fvVvx is the design shear capacity perpendicular to the x-axis.
4. fvVvy is the design shear capacity perpendicular to the y-axis.
5. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 (for t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
6. Capacities are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

6-4

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Table 6.22
LIMIT STATES DESIGN

SECTION CAPACITIES
about non-principal n- and p-axes

Designation
Nominal

b1

b2

mm

mm

per

AXIAL

AXIAL
(1)

TENSION

MOMENT

COMPRESSION

n-axis

SHEAR
p-axis

n-axis

p-axis

Thick.

metre

tNt

cNs

bMsnT

bMsnB

bMspR

bMspL

vVvn

vVvp

mm

kg/m

kN

kN

kNm

kNm

kNm

kNm

kN

kN

5.38
4.34
3.54

262
211
172

252
180
128

3.23
2.14
1.45

3.23
2.60
2.13

1.57
1.26
0.984

1.57
1.26
1.03

94.9
80.8
66.2

56.0
50.3
41.6

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA
NOTES:

Mass

1. Tension capacities are for fully welded ends and are governed by tension fracture in accordance with Clause 3.2 of
AS/NZS 4600 unless noted.
2. fbMsnT is for compression at point "T";
fbMsnB is for compression at point "B";
fbMspR is for compression at point "R";
fbMspL is for compression at point "L".
3. fvVvn is the design shear capacity perpendicular to the n-axis.
4. fvVvp is the design shear capacity perpendicular to the p-axis.
5. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450
MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
6. Capacities are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

6-5

Unequal Angles

DuraGal Unequal Angles

Table 6.3
LIMIT STATES DESIGN

SECTION CAPACITIES
about x- and y-axes

DuraGal Channels
Designation

Channels

Nominal

Mass
per

AXIAL
TENSION

AXIAL
(1)

MOMENT

COMPRESSION

x-axis

SHEAR

y-axis

x-axis

y-axis

Thick.

metre

t N t

cNs

bMsx

bMsyR

bMsyL

vVvx

vVvy

mm

kg/m

kN

kN

kNm

kNm

kNm

kN

kN

300 x 90 x 8.0 CC
7.0 CC
6.0 CC

28.5
25.1
21.6

1250
1100
1050

1170
954
803

106
91.0
83.6

12.6
11.1
9.07

13.3
11.8
11.5

494
435
423

273
242
236

250 x 90 x 6.0 CC

19.2

938

779

64.1

8.99

11.2

345

236

230 x 75 x 6.0 CC

16.9

823

746

53.5

7.36

7.77

314

190

200 x 75 x 6.0 CC
5.0 CC

15.5
12.4

754
603

720
474

43.8
32.2

7.23
4.47

7.64
6.10

267
222

190
162

180 x 75 x 5.0 CC

11.6

567

465

27.7

4.45

6.02

198

162

150 x 75 x 5.0 CC

10.5

513

445

21.4

4.41

5.87

162

162

352

298

12.1

2.53

3.56

108

113

bf

mm

mm

125 x 65 x 4.0 CC

7.23

100 x 50 x 4.0 CC

5.59

272

257

8.16

1.89

2.08

83.1

83.1

75 x 40 x 4.0 CC

4.25

207

207

4.93

1.22

1.29

58.5

63.4

NOTES:

6-6

1. Tension capacities are for fully welded ends and are governed by tension fracture in accordance with Clause 3.2 of
AS/NZS 4600 unless noted.
2. fbMsyR is for compression at point "R";
fbMsyL is for compression at point "L".
3. fvVvx is the design shear capacity perpendicular to the x-axis.
4. fvVvy is the design shear capacity perpendicular to the y-axis.
5. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450
MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
6. Capacities are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Page

7.1

SCOPE ............................................................................................................. 7-1

7.2
7.2.1
7.2.2
7.2.3
7.2.4
7.2.5
7.2.6

DESIGN METHOD ........................................................................................... 7-1


General ............................................................................................................ 7-1
Full Lateral Restraint ........................................................................................ 7-1
Effective Length................................................................................................ 7-2
Bending Coefficient .......................................................................................... 7-2
Coefficient for Unequal End Moments ............................................................. 7-3
Shear Lag......................................................................................................... 7-3

7.3

EXAMPLE ........................................................................................................ 7-4

TABLES & GRAPHS


fbMb) for beams without full lateral restraint
Design Member Moment Capacity (f
7.11
7.12
7.13
7.21
7.22
7.23
7.24
7.31
7.32
7.33
7.34
7.35
7.36
7.37
7.38

Equal Angles bending about Principal x-axis for Cb = 1.0 ............................... 7-6
Equal Angles bending about Principal y-axis (Tips in Compression)
for Cm = 1.0 ...................................................................................................... 7-8
Equal Angles bending about Principal y-axis (Corner in Compression)
for Cm = 1.0 .................................................................................................... 7-10
Unequal Angles bending about Principal x-axis
(Long Leg Tip in Compression) for Cm = 1.0 .................................................. 7-12
Unequal Angles bending about Principal x-axis
(Short Leg Tip in Compression) for Cm = 1.0 ................................................. 7-13
Unequal Angles bending about Principal y-axis (Tips in Compression)
for Cm = 1.0 .................................................................................................... 7-14
Unequal Angles bending about Principal y-axis (Corner in Compression)
for Cm = 1.0 .................................................................................................... 7-15
Channels bending about Principal x-axis for Cb = 1.0.................................... 7-16
Channels bending about Principal x-axis for Cb = 1.14.................................. 7-18
Channels bending about Principal x-axis for Cb = 1.67.................................. 7-20
Channels bending about Principal x-axis for Cb = 2.38.................................. 7-22
Channels bending about Principal y-axis (Web in Compression)
for Cm = 1.0 .................................................................................................... 7-24
Channels bending about Principal y-axis (Web in Compression)
for Cm = 0.6 .................................................................................................... 7-25
Channels bending about Principal y-axis (Flange Tips in Compression)
for Cm = 1.0 .................................................................................................... 7-26
Channels bending about Principal y-axis (Flange Tips in Compression)
for Cm = 0.6 .................................................................................................... 7-27

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

MOMENT CAPACITY

CONTENTS

MOMENT CAPACITY

MOMENT CAPACITY
7.1

SCOPE
This section covers angles and channels without full lateral restraint bending about the principal
x- and y-axes. The tables and graphs give the design member moment capacity (fbMb) for a
range of effective lengths (le), and for the following range of moment distributions:

Equal Angles:

bending about x-axis


bending about y-axis

Cb = 1.0
Cm = 1.0

Unequal Angles: bending about x-axis Cm = 1.0


Channels:

bending about y-axis

Cm = 1.0

bending about x-axis

Cb = 1.0
Cb = 1.14
Cb = 1.67
Cb = 2.38
Cm = 1.0
Cm = 0.6

bending about y-axis

Values of the design section moment capacity (fbMs) and the shear capacity (fvVv) are also
included in the tables for reference.
The values in the tables are based on the assumption that the load is applied through the
shear centre of the section.

7.2

DESIGN METHOD

7.2.1 General
To obtain the design member moment capacity (fbMb) from the tables for beams without full
lateral restraint, the designer must first determine the effective length of the beam and the
distribution of moment along the beam resulting from the loads applied.
A discussion on full lateral restraint and effective length is given in Sections 7.2.2 and 7.2.3
respectively.
The distribution of moment along a beam is represented by a bending coefficient (Cb) for bending
about the principal x-axis of the equal angles and channels as discussed in Section 7.2.4. A
coefficient for unequal end moment (Cm) is used to allow for beam end moment for unequal
angles and for equal angles and channels bending about the principal y-axis, as discussed in
Section 7.2.5.

7.2.2 Full Lateral Restraint


The tables in this chapter assume that the angles and channels do not have full lateral restraint,
and so may be subject to lateral buckling. A beam has full lateral restraint if the compression
element is restrained against lateral movement and twisting, in which case the design moment
capacity is equal to the design section moment capacity (fbMs).

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

7-1

7.2.3 Effective Length


The elastic buckling moment of a beam, and hence the design member moment capacity (fbMb),
is dependent on the effective length (le) for bending about the principal x- and y-axes (lex and ley
respectively), and for twisting (lez) of the beam or the beam segment. AS/NZS 4600 gives very
little guidance on the determination of effective lengths. Research is in place at The University
of Sydney to establish design procedures to determine the effective length of a beam.

7.2.4 Bending Coefficient


The bending coefficient (Cb) applies in the following cases:

Equal angles:

bending about the principal x-axis

Channels:

bending about the principal x-axis

The bending coefficient (Cb) is dependent on the moment distribution along the member and is
used to determine the elastic buckling moment (Mo) of a beam. Moment distributions and the
corresponding values of Cb presented in the tables in this section are given in Figure 7.2(1).
Higher values of Cb correspond to larger member moment capacities.

Note: All Supports are assumed to provide full or partial restraint

Figure 7.2(1) Examples of bending coefficients (Cb) used in the tables


Clause 3.3.3.2(a) of AS/NZS 4600 specifies that a value of Cb = 1.0 should be used for the
following cases:

Cantilevers or overhangs where the free end is unbraced.


Members subject to combined axial load and bending moment.
For information on calculating values of bending coefficient for other cases, refer to Appendix A4.
Alternatively, AS/NZS 4600 permits the use of Cb = 1.0 for all cases.

7-2

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

7.2.5 Coefficient for Unequal End Moments


The coefficient for unequal end moments (Cm) applies in the following cases:

Equal angles:

bending about the principal y-axis

Unequal Angles: bending about the principal x- and y-axes


Channels:

bending about the principal y-axis

The coefficient for unequal end moment (Cm) is dependent on the member end moments and is
used to determine the elastic buckling moment (Mo) of a beam. End moment ratios and the
corresponding values of Cm are given in Figure 7.2(2). M1 is the smaller of the two end moments.

Figure 7.2(2) Examples of coefficients for unequal end moments (Cm)


Clause 3.3.3.2(a) of AS/NZS 4600 specifies that a value of Cm = 1.0 should be used for the
following cases:

If the bending moment at any point within an unbraced length is larger than that at both ends
of this length.

Members subject to combined axial load and bending moment.


A value of Cm = 1.0 may conservatively be used.

7.2.6 Shear Lag


The shear lag effect is usually applicable to short span beams supporting concentrated loads.
This effect is not considered in the tables provided in this manual. Where relevant, the designer
should check the shear lag effect in accordance with Appendix A4.

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

7-3

7.3

EXAMPLE
A single span simply supported beam of 5.0 m span is required
to support a design central point load of 16 kN. Lateral restraint
is provided at the location of the load which is applied through
the shear centre of the section.
The effective length of the member ley = lez = 2.5 m.
What size DuraGal channel bending about the x-axis is required
to support this load?

Solution:
Moment Capacity

Design bending moment

M x =

Pl
4

16 5.0
4

= 20.0 kNm
ley = lez = 2.5 m

Effective length

Cb = 1.67 (Fig. 7.2(1))

Bending Coefficient

The member moment capacity (fbMbx) for channels bending about the x-axis with Cb = 1.67 is
obtained from Table 7.33.
For a 180 x 75 x 5.0 CC DuraGal
fbMbx = 23.7 kNm

> 20.0 kNm

Shear Capacity
V = 8.0 kN

Design shear force

The shear capacity (fvVv) for channels bending about the x-axis
is obtained from either Table 7.33 or Table 6.3.
For a 180 x 75 x 5.0 CC DuraGal
fvVv = 198 kN

> 8.0 kN

The 180 x 75 x 5.0 CC DuraGal is satisfactory for this load case.


Note: If an allowance has not been made for the self-weight of the beam in the design load, this
should be included in the design load now to ensure that the moment capacity and shear
capacity of the channel is still greater than the design moment and design shear.
Additional design checks which should be performed include:

Interaction of shear and bending (Section 9)


Bearing (Section 8 if applicable)
Deflection (Section 10)

7-4

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

[ BLANK ]

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

7-5

7-6

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

100 x 100 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

90 x 90 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

NOTES:

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

125 x 125 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

0.25

9.61
8.49
7.42
4.93
3.55

12.0
9.97
8.63
5.72
4.12

16.9
13.8
11.8
7.85
5.69

9.61
8.49
7.42
4.93
3.55

12.0
9.97
8.63
5.72
4.12

16.9
13.8
11.8
7.85
5.69

21.9
17.8
15.2
10.2

0.5

9.61
8.49
7.42
4.93
3.55

12.0
9.97
8.63
5.72
4.12

16.9
13.8
11.8
7.85
5.69

21.9
17.8
15.2
10.2

1.0

9.61
8.49
7.37
4.80
3.35

12.0
9.97
8.57
5.56
3.89

16.9
13.8
11.7
7.63
5.37

21.9
17.8
15.1
9.93

1.5

9.53
8.32
7.04
4.53
3.11

11.9
9.78
8.20
5.26
3.61

16.8
13.5
11.2
7.20
4.97

21.8
17.5
14.5
9.36

2.0

9.15
7.94
6.71
4.26
2.87

11.5
9.45
7.82
4.94
3.32

16.3
13.1
10.7
6.77
4.57

21.2
16.9
13.8
8.79

2.5

8.77
7.56
6.36
3.98
2.61

11.0
9.10
7.43
4.62
3.02

15.8
12.6
10.2
6.32
4.15

20.5
16.3
13.2
8.20

3.0

8.39
7.17
6.01
3.69
2.34

10.5
8.75
7.03
4.29
2.72

15.3
12.2
9.67
5.86
3.72

19.9
15.7
12.5
7.59

3.5

8.01
6.78
5.65
3.39
2.10

10.0
8.39
6.62
3.94
2.44

14.8
11.7
9.13
5.39
3.33

19.3
15.2
11.8
6.98

4.0

7.63
6.39
5.28
3.10
1.91

9.56
8.00
6.20
3.60
2.22

14.3
11.2
8.57
4.93
3.04

18.6
14.5
11.1
6.37

4.5

7.25
6.00
4.80
2.84
1.76

9.08
7.51
5.76
3.31
2.05

13.8
10.7
8.00
4.54
2.80

18.0
13.9
10.3
5.86

5.0

6.87
5.62
4.33
2.63
1.63

8.61
7.03
5.33
3.08
1.90

13.2
10.2
7.44
4.22
2.60

17.3
13.3
9.63
5.45

6.0

6.11
4.84
3.61
2.30
1.43

7.66
6.06
4.52
2.70
1.67

12.1
9.19
6.52
3.72
2.29

16.0
12.0
8.47
4.80

7.0

5.35
4.15
3.09
1.98
1.28

6.72
5.20
3.87
2.41
1.50

10.8
8.21
5.83
3.34
2.06

14.5
10.8
7.60
4.31

8.0

4.69
3.64
2.71
1.73
1.15

5.88
4.55
3.39
2.16
1.36

9.45
7.30
5.28
3.04
1.87

13.2
9.78
6.91
3.93

193
171
167
140
114

219
194
189
157
128

284
251
244
200
163

349
308
299
243

kN

vVvx

Design
Shear
Capacity

1. The values in the table are based on le = ley = lez.


2. The moment distribution considered is for the unbraced length.
3. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
4. Capacities are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

10.5
9.24
7.97
6.37
5.18

11.7
10.3
8.92
7.11
5.78

14.9
13.1
11.3
8.95
7.27

18.0
15.8
13.6
10.8

21.9
17.8
15.2
10.2

kNm

kg/m

CA
CA
CA
CA

mm

mm

mm

Effective Length, le (m)

bMsx

Nominal

Thick.

150 x 150 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0

b2

b1

DESIGN MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY


bMbx (kNm)

Mass
per
metre

Section
Moment
Capacity

Designation

DuraGal Equal Angles

Beams without full lateral restraint


bending about principal x-axis

Cb = 1.0

MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

Table 7.11(a)

Equal Angles

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

7-7

Nominal

4.21
3.42
2.79
1.81

2.50
1.62

2.20
1.43

1.06

CA
CA
CA
CA

50 x 50 x 6.0
5.0
4.0
2.5

45 x 45 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

40 x 40 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

30 x 30 x 2.5 CA

0.5

1.0

0.284

1.01
0.456

1.29
0.539

2.38
1.95
1.53
0.625

4.21
3.10
2.24

6.49
5.80
5.64
3.81
2.74

0.284

1.01
0.456

1.29
0.539

2.38
1.95
1.53
0.625

4.21
3.10
2.24

6.49
5.80
5.64
3.81
2.74

0.283

1.01
0.454

1.29
0.537

2.38
1.95
1.53
0.623

4.21
3.10
2.24

6.49
5.80
5.64
3.81
2.74

0.250

0.926
0.416

1.19
0.493

2.35
1.87
1.44
0.572

4.16
3.01
2.12

6.49
5.80
5.60
3.70
2.60

0.217

0.832
0.376

1.07
0.446

2.21
1.72
1.33
0.519

3.91
2.83
1.97

6.43
5.64
5.31
3.50
2.41

1.5

0.184

0.737
0.333

0.950
0.397

2.06
1.57
1.19
0.463

3.65
2.65
1.81

6.18
5.38
4.96
3.28
2.22

2.0

0.152

0.643
0.280

0.829
0.346

1.91
1.43
1.04
0.404

3.40
2.47
1.64

5.92
5.11
4.62
3.06
2.02

2.5

0.127

0.549
0.234

0.708
0.299

1.77
1.28
0.888
0.354

3.14
2.25
1.47

5.66
4.85
4.28
2.83
1.81

3.0

0.109

0.471
0.200

0.607
0.256

1.62
1.14
0.761
0.316

2.89
1.99
1.31

5.40
4.59
3.93
2.59
1.62

3.5

0.412
0.175

0.531
0.224

1.47
0.998
0.666
0.280

2.63
1.75
1.16

5.14
4.32
3.59
2.35
1.47

4.0

0.366
0.156

0.472
0.199

1.33
0.887
0.592
0.248

2.38
1.55
1.03

4.89
4.06
3.25
2.10
1.35

4.5

Effective Length, le (m)

0.25

bMsx

kNm

DESIGN MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY


bMbx (kNm)

Section
Moment
Capacity

0.329
0.140

0.425
0.179

1.19
0.798
0.533
0.224

2.14
1.40
0.930

4.63
3.79
2.93
1.89
1.25

5.0

0.274
0.117

0.354
0.150

0.995
0.665
0.444
0.186

1.79
1.17
0.775

4.11
3.26
2.44
1.58
1.05

6.0

0.235
0.100

0.304
0.128

0.853
0.570
0.381
0.160

1.53
0.999
0.664

3.60
2.80
2.09
1.35
0.897

7.0

0.206

0.266
0.112

0.747
0.499
0.333
0.140

1.34
0.874
0.581

3.15
2.45
1.83
1.18
0.784

8.0

17.2

44.9
24.0

51.8
27.4

79.2
71.2
58.8
30.9

112
97.0
79.7

154
137
134
114
93.6

kN

vVvx

Design
Shear
Capacity

Equal Angles

1. The values in the table are based on le = ley = lez.


2. The moment distribution considered is for the unbraced length.
3. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
4. Capacities are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

5.62
4.52
3.69

65 x 65 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

NOTES:

8.59
7.59
6.56
5.26
4.29

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

75 x 75 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

Thick.

kg/m

b2

Mass
per
metre

mm mm mm

b1

Designation

DuraGal Equal Angles

Beams without full lateral restraint


bending about principal x-axis

Cb = 1.0

MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

Table 7.11(b)

7-8

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

100 x 100 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

90 x 90 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

NOTES:

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

125 x 125 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

0.25

4.30
3.86
3.69
2.56
1.84

5.45
4.87
4.33
2.98
2.14

8.60
7.04
6.01
4.11
2.96

4.30
3.86
3.54
2.25
1.40

5.45
4.76
4.03
2.47
1.44

8.28
6.52
5.06
2.73
1.45

10.3
7.85
5.64
2.74

0.5

4.30
3.86
3.54
2.25
1.40

5.45
4.76
4.03
2.47
1.44

8.27
6.52
5.06
2.73
1.45

10.3
7.85
5.64
2.74

1.0

4.30
3.86
3.53
2.25
1.40

5.45
4.75
4.02
2.47
1.44

8.27
6.51
5.05
2.73
1.45

10.3
7.84
5.63
2.73

1.5

4.30
3.85
3.52
2.24
1.39

5.45
4.73
4.01
2.46
1.43

8.25
6.50
5.04
2.72
1.44

10.3
7.83
5.62
2.73

2.0

4.30
3.83
3.50
2.23
1.38

5.45
4.71
3.99
2.44
1.42

8.23
6.48
5.02
2.70
1.44

10.2
7.81
5.60
2.72

2.5

4.30
3.80
3.48
2.21
1.37

5.42
4.68
3.97
2.43
1.41

8.21
6.46
5.00
2.69
1.43

10.2
7.80
5.58
2.71

3.0

4.30
3.78
3.46
2.19
1.35

5.39
4.65
3.95
2.41
1.40

8.18
6.44
4.98
2.67
1.43

10.2
7.77
5.56
2.71

3.5

4.30
3.75
3.43
2.17
1.33

5.36
4.62
3.92
2.39
1.38

8.15
6.41
4.95
2.65
1.42

10.2
7.74
5.53
2.70

4.0

4.27
3.72
3.40
2.15
1.32

5.32
4.58
3.89
2.37
1.36

8.11
6.38
4.92
2.63
1.41

10.1
7.71
5.50
2.68

4.5

4.24
3.68
3.37
2.13
1.30

5.28
4.55
3.86
2.34
1.34

8.07
6.35
4.88
2.60
1.40

10.1
7.68
5.46
2.67

5.0

4.21
3.65
3.33
2.10
1.27

5.24
4.51
3.83
2.31
1.32

8.03
6.31
4.85
2.58
1.39

10.0
7.64
5.42
2.66

6.0

4.14
3.58
3.24
2.05
1.23

5.16
4.42
3.76
2.25
1.29

7.94
6.24
4.76
2.52
1.37

9.94
7.56
5.33
2.62

7.0

4.07
3.51
3.16
1.99
1.18

5.07
4.34
3.69
2.19
1.25

7.85
6.16
4.68
2.46
1.35

9.84
7.47
5.23
2.59

8.0

4.00
3.44
3.07
1.93
1.13

4.99
4.25
3.61
2.12
1.21

7.73
6.07
4.58
2.40
1.32

9.73
7.37
5.13
2.55

193
171
167
140
114

219
194
189
157
128

284
251
244
200
163

349
308
299
243

kN

vVvy

Design
Shear
Capacity

1. The values in the table are based on le = lex = lez.


2. The end moments considered are for the unbraced length.
3. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
4. Capacities are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

10.5
9.24
7.97
6.37
5.18

11.7
10.3
8.92
7.11
5.78

14.9
13.1
11.3
8.95
7.27

18.0
15.8
13.6
10.8

11.3
9.18
7.81
5.36

kNm

kg/m

CA
CA
CA
CA

mm

mm

mm

Effective Length, le (m)

bMsy

Nominal

Thick.

150 x 150 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0

b2

b1

DESIGN MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY


bMby (kNm)

Mass
per
metre

Section
Moment
Capacity

Designation

DuraGal Equal Angles

Beams without full lateral restraint


bending about principal y-axis (tips in compression)

Cm = 1.0

MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

Table 7.12(a)

Equal Angles

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

7-9

Nominal

4.21
3.42
2.79
1.81

2.50
1.62

2.20
1.43

1.06

CA
CA
CA
CA

50 x 50 x 6.0
5.0
4.0
2.5

45 x 45 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

40 x 40 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

30 x 30 x 2.5 CA

0.5

1.0

0.128

0.445
0.233

0.581
0.278

0.989
0.874
0.734
0.325

1.83
1.57
1.15

2.84
2.56
2.54
1.96
1.41

0.128

0.445
0.224

0.581
0.259

0.989
0.874
0.723
0.290

1.83
1.52
1.06

2.84
2.56
2.54
1.85
1.23

0.128

0.445
0.224

0.581
0.258

0.989
0.874
0.721
0.290

1.83
1.52
1.06

2.84
2.56
2.53
1.85
1.22

0.128

0.445
0.222

0.579
0.256

0.989
0.874
0.715
0.288

1.83
1.51
1.05

2.84
2.56
2.52
1.84
1.22

0.126

0.445
0.219

0.570
0.254

0.989
0.874
0.705
0.285

1.83
1.49
1.04

2.84
2.56
2.51
1.83
1.21

1.5

0.123

0.438
0.216

0.561
0.250

0.989
0.870
0.694
0.282

1.83
1.48
1.03

2.84
2.56
2.49
1.82
1.20

2.0

0.120

0.430
0.212

0.551
0.246

0.989
0.858
0.682
0.277

1.82
1.46
1.02

2.84
2.56
2.46
1.80
1.19

2.5

0.117

0.422
0.207

0.540
0.242

0.989
0.845
0.669
0.273

1.81
1.44
1.01

2.84
2.56
2.44
1.78
1.18

3.0

0.114

0.413
0.201

0.529
0.237

0.989
0.832
0.655
0.267

1.79
1.42
0.996

2.84
2.56
2.41
1.77
1.16

3.5

0.111

0.405
0.195

0.518
0.232

0.981
0.818
0.641
0.262

1.76
1.39
0.981

2.84
2.53
2.38
1.75
1.15

4.0

0.108

0.396
0.189

0.507
0.227

0.970
0.804
0.627
0.256

1.74
1.37
0.966

2.84
2.51
2.36
1.73
1.13

4.5

Effective Length, le (m)

0.25

bMsy

kNm

DESIGN MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY


bMby (kNm)

Section
Moment
Capacity

0.105

0.387
0.184

0.496
0.222

0.959
0.791
0.613
0.250

1.72
1.35
0.949

2.83
2.49
2.33
1.70
1.11

5.0

0.370
0.172

0.473
0.211

0.936
0.763
0.584
0.238

1.68
1.30
0.915

2.79
2.44
2.27
1.66
1.07

6.0

0.353
0.159

0.450
0.195

0.913
0.735
0.555
0.225

1.64
1.25
0.880

2.74
2.40
2.21
1.61
1.03

7.0

0.335
0.147

0.427
0.180

0.890
0.708
0.526
0.211

1.59
1.20
0.843

2.70
2.35
2.14
1.56
0.982

8.0

17.2

44.9
24.0

51.8
27.4

79.2
71.2
58.8
30.9

112
97.0
79.7

154
137
134
114
93.6

kN

vVvy

Design
Shear
Capacity

Equal Angles

1. The values in the table are based on le = lex = lez.


2. The end moments considered are for the unbraced length.
3. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
4. Capacities are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

5.62
4.52
3.69

65 x 65 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

NOTES:

8.59
7.59
6.56
5.26
4.29

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

75 x 75 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

Thick.

kg/m

b2

Mass
per
metre

mm mm mm

b1

Designation

DuraGal Equal Angles

Beams without full lateral restraint


bending about principal y-axis (tips in compression)

Cm = 1.0

MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

Table 7.12(b)

7-10

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

100 x 100 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

90 x 90 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

NOTES:

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

125 x 125 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

0.25

4.30
3.86
3.81
3.17
2.62

5.45
4.87
4.80
3.97
3.27

8.91
7.93
7.78
6.36
5.22

4.30
3.86
3.81
3.17
2.62

5.45
4.87
4.80
3.97
3.27

8.91
7.93
7.78
6.36
5.22

13.2
11.7
11.5
9.30

0.5

4.30
3.86
3.81
3.17
2.62

5.45
4.87
4.80
3.97
3.27

8.91
7.93
7.78
6.36
5.22

13.2
11.7
11.5
9.30

1.0

4.30
3.86
3.81
3.17
2.62

5.45
4.87
4.80
3.97
3.27

8.91
7.93
7.78
6.36
5.22

13.2
11.7
11.5
9.30

1.5

4.30
3.86
3.81
3.17
2.62

5.45
4.87
4.80
3.97
3.27

8.91
7.93
7.78
6.36
5.22

13.2
11.7
11.5
9.30

2.0

4.30
3.86
3.81
3.17
2.62

5.45
4.87
4.80
3.97
3.27

8.91
7.93
7.78
6.36
5.22

13.2
11.7
11.5
9.30

2.5

4.30
3.86
3.81
3.17
2.62

5.45
4.87
4.80
3.97
3.27

8.91
7.93
7.78
6.36
5.22

13.2
11.7
11.5
9.30

3.0

4.30
3.86
3.81
3.17
2.62

5.45
4.87
4.80
3.97
3.27

8.91
7.93
7.78
6.36
5.22

13.2
11.7
11.5
9.30

3.5

4.30
3.86
3.81
3.17
2.62

5.45
4.87
4.80
3.97
3.27

8.91
7.93
7.78
6.36
5.22

13.2
11.7
11.5
9.30

4.0

4.30
3.86
3.81
3.17
2.62

5.45
4.87
4.80
3.97
3.27

8.91
7.93
7.78
6.36
5.22

13.2
11.7
11.5
9.30

4.5

4.30
3.86
3.81
3.17
2.62

5.45
4.87
4.80
3.97
3.27

8.91
7.93
7.78
6.36
5.22

13.2
11.7
11.5
9.30

5.0

4.30
3.86
3.81
3.17
2.62

5.45
4.87
4.80
3.97
3.27

8.91
7.93
7.78
6.36
5.22

13.2
11.7
11.5
9.30

6.0

4.30
3.86
3.81
3.17
2.62

5.45
4.87
4.80
3.97
3.27

8.91
7.93
7.78
6.36
5.22

13.2
11.7
11.5
9.30

7.0

4.30
3.86
3.81
3.16
2.57

5.45
4.87
4.80
3.97
3.27

8.91
7.93
7.78
6.36
5.22

13.2
11.7
11.5
9.30

8.0

4.30
3.86
3.81
3.06
2.47

5.45
4.87
4.80
3.89
3.15

8.91
7.93
7.78
6.36
5.22

13.2
11.7
11.5
9.30

193
171
167
140
114

219
194
189
157
128

284
251
244
200
163

349
308
299
243

kN

vVvy

Design
Shear
Capacity

1. The values in the table are based on le = lex = lez.


2. The end moments considered are for the unbraced length.
3. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
4. Capacities are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

10.5
9.24
7.97
6.37
5.18

11.7
10.3
8.92
7.11
5.78

14.9
13.1
11.3
8.95
7.27

18.0
15.8
13.6
10.8

13.2
11.7
11.5
9.30

kNm

kg/m

CA
CA
CA
CA

mm

mm

mm

Effective Length, le (m)

bMsy

Nominal

Thick.

150 x 150 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0

b2

b1

DESIGN MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY


bMby (kNm)

Mass
per
metre

Section
Moment
Capacity

Designation

DuraGal Equal Angles

Beams without full lateral restraint


bending about principal y-axis (corner in compression)

Cm = 1.0

MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

Table 7.13(a)

Equal Angles

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

7-11

Nominal

4.21
3.42
2.79
1.81

2.50
1.62

2.20
1.43

1.06

CA
CA
CA
CA

50 x 50 x 6.0
5.0
4.0
2.5

45 x 45 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

40 x 40 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

30 x 30 x 2.5 CA

0.5

1.0

0.128

0.445
0.242

0.581
0.312

0.989
0.874
0.734
0.391

1.83
1.57
1.30

2.84
2.56
2.54
2.14
1.78

0.128

0.445
0.242

0.581
0.312

0.989
0.874
0.734
0.391

1.83
1.57
1.30

2.84
2.56
2.54
2.14
1.78

0.128

0.445
0.242

0.581
0.312

0.989
0.874
0.734
0.391

1.83
1.57
1.30

2.84
2.56
2.54
2.14
1.78

0.128

0.445
0.242

0.581
0.312

0.989
0.874
0.734
0.391

1.83
1.57
1.30

2.84
2.56
2.54
2.14
1.78

0.128

0.445
0.242

0.581
0.312

0.989
0.874
0.734
0.391

1.83
1.57
1.30

2.84
2.56
2.54
2.14
1.78

1.5

0.128

0.445
0.242

0.581
0.312

0.989
0.874
0.734
0.391

1.83
1.57
1.30

2.84
2.56
2.54
2.14
1.78

2.0

0.128

0.445
0.242

0.581
0.312

0.989
0.874
0.734
0.391

1.83
1.57
1.30

2.84
2.56
2.54
2.14
1.78

2.5

0.128

0.445
0.242

0.581
0.312

0.989
0.874
0.734
0.391

1.83
1.57
1.30

2.84
2.56
2.54
2.14
1.78

3.0

0.128

0.445
0.242

0.581
0.312

0.989
0.874
0.734
0.391

1.83
1.57
1.30

2.84
2.56
2.54
2.14
1.78

3.5

0.128

0.445
0.242

0.581
0.312

0.989
0.874
0.734
0.391

1.83
1.57
1.30

2.84
2.56
2.54
2.14
1.78

4.0

0.124

0.445
0.237

0.581
0.308

0.989
0.874
0.734
0.390

1.83
1.57
1.30

2.84
2.56
2.54
2.14
1.78

4.5

Effective Length, le (m)

0.25

bMsy

kNm

DESIGN MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY


bMby (kNm)

Section
Moment
Capacity

0.121

0.445
0.230

0.581
0.300

0.989
0.874
0.734
0.381

1.83
1.57
1.30

2.84
2.56
2.54
2.14
1.78

5.0

0.114

0.425
0.217

0.555
0.284

0.989
0.869
0.705
0.361

1.83
1.57
1.28

2.84
2.56
2.54
2.14
1.77

6.0

0.107

0.405
0.204

0.530
0.267

0.989
0.838
0.673
0.340

1.83
1.52
1.22

2.84
2.56
2.54
2.09
1.69

7.0

0.385
0.191

0.504
0.250

0.989
0.807
0.640
0.319

1.83
1.46
1.17

2.84
2.56
2.54
2.02
1.62

8.0

17.2

44.9
24.0

51.8
27.4

79.2
71.2
58.8
30.9

112
97.0
79.7

154
137
134
114
93.6

kN

vVvy

Design
Shear
Capacity

Equal Angles

1. The values in the table are based on le = lex = lez.


2. The end moments considered are for the unbraced length.
3. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
4. Capacities are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

5.62
4.52
3.69

65 x 65 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

NOTES:

8.59
7.59
6.56
5.26
4.29

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

75 x 75 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

Thick.

kg/m

b2

Mass
per
metre

mm mm mm

b1

Designation

DuraGal Equal Angles

Beams without full lateral restraint


bending about principal y-axis (corner in compression)

Cm = 1.0

MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

Table 7.13(b)

7-12

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

mm

mm

mm

Thick.

NOTES:

5.38
4.34
3.54

kg/m

Mass
per
metre

3.76
2.50
1.74

0.25

3.76
2.46
1.64

0.5
3.74
2.41
1.60

1.0
3.51
2.29
1.50

1.5
3.27
2.16
1.39

3.03
2.01
1.26

2.0
2.78
1.86
1.13

2.5
2.53
1.68
1.02

3.0
2.28
1.47
0.934

3.5
2.04
1.30
0.846

4.0
1.83
1.17
0.762

4.5

Effective Length, le (m)

bMsx

kNm

DESIGN MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY


bMbx (kNm)

Section
Moment
Capacity
5.0
1.66
1.06
0.693

6.0
1.39
0.896
0.587

7.0
1.20
0.775
0.509

8.0
1.06
0.683
0.449

110
94.4
77.5

kN

vVvx

Design
Shear
Capacity

1. The values in the table are based on le = ley = lez.


2. The end moments considered are for the unbraced length.
3. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
4. Capacities are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

b2

b1

Nominal

Designation

DuraGal Unequal Angles

Beams without full lateral restraint


bending about principal x-axis (long leg tip in compression)

Cm = 1.0

MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

Table 7.21

Unequal Angles

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

7-13

mm

mm

Nominal

mm

Thick.

NOTES:

5.38
4.34
3.54

kg/m

Mass
per
metre
0.5

1.0

3.76
3.02
2.47

3.76
3.02
2.47

3.76
3.02
2.47

3.76
3.02
2.47

3.76
3.02
2.47

1.5
3.76
3.01
2.28

2.0
3.52
2.59
1.85

2.5
3.12
2.17
1.49

3.0
2.72
1.83
1.25

3.5
2.36
1.58
1.07

4.0

2.08
1.39
0.943

4.5

Effective Length, le (m)

0.25

bMsx

kNm

DESIGN MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY


bMbx (kNm)

Section
Moment
Capacity

1.86
1.24
0.840

5.0

1.53
1.02
0.689

6.0

1.31
0.865
0.584

7.0

1.14
0.752
0.506

8.0

110
94.4
77.5

kN

vVvx

Design
Shear
Capacity

Unequal Angles

1. The values in the table are based on le = ley = lez.


2. The end moments considered are for the unbraced length.
3. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
4. Capacities are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

b2

b1

Designation

DuraGal Unequal Angles

Beams without full lateral restraint


bending about principal x-axis (short leg tip in compression)

Cm = 1.0

MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

Table 7.22

7-14

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

mm

mm

mm

Thick.

NOTES:

5.38
4.34
3.54

kg/m

Mass
per
metre

1.17
0.981
0.805

0.25

1.17
0.981
0.790

0.5
1.17
0.981
0.790

1.0
1.17
0.981
0.787

1.5
1.17
0.981
0.782

1.17
0.981
0.777

2.0
1.17
0.981
0.770

2.5
1.17
0.973
0.763

3.0
1.17
0.964
0.755

3.5
1.17
0.955
0.747

4.0
1.17
0.945
0.738

4.5

Effective Length, le (m)

bMsy

kNm

DESIGN MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY


bMby (kNm)

Section
Moment
Capacity
5.0
1.17
0.935
0.728

6.0
1.15
0.915
0.708

7.0
1.13
0.895
0.688

8.0
1.12
0.875
0.667

91.1
79.6
65.5

kN

vVvy

Design
Shear
Capacity

1. The values in the table are based on le = lex = lez.


2. The end moments considered are for the unbraced length.
3. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
4. Capacities are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

b2

b1

Nominal

Designation

DuraGal Unequal Angles

Beams without full lateral restraint


bending about principal y-axis (tips in compression)

Cm = 1.0

MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

Table 7.23

Unequal Angles

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

7-15

mm

mm

Nominal

mm

Thick.

NOTES:

5.38
4.34
3.54

kg/m

Mass
per
metre
0.5

1.0

1.17
0.981
0.813

1.17
0.981
0.813

1.17
0.981
0.813

1.17
0.981
0.813

1.17
0.981
0.813

1.5
1.17
0.981
0.813

2.0
1.17
0.981
0.813

2.5
1.17
0.981
0.813

3.0
1.17
0.981
0.813

3.5
1.17
0.981
0.813

4.0

1.17
0.981
0.813

4.5

Effective Length, le (m)

0.25

bMsy

kNm

DESIGN MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY


bMby (kNm)

Section
Moment
Capacity

1.17
0.981
0.813

5.0

1.17
0.981
0.813

6.0

1.17
0.981
0.813

7.0

1.17
0.981
0.813

8.0

91.1
79.6
65.5

kN

vVvy

Design
Shear
Capacity

Unequal Angles

1. The values in the table are based on le = lex = lez.


2. The end moments considered are for the unbraced length.
3. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
4. Capacities are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

b2

b1

Designation

DuraGal Unequal Angles

Beams without full lateral restraint


bending about principal y-axis (corner in compression)

Cm = 1.0

MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

Table 7.24

7-16

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

NOTES:

1.
2.
3.
4.

1.25

1.5

1.75

4.93

8.16

12.1

21.4

27.7

43.8
32.2

53.5

64.1

106
91.0
83.6

4.39

7.70

12.0

21.4

27.7

43.8
32.2

53.5

64.1

106
91.0
83.6

4.01

7.16

11.4

21.0

27.0

42.9
31.4

52.1

64.1

106
91.0
83.6

3.62

6.58

10.8

20.1

25.7

40.9
29.8

49.6

62.5

104
89.6
81.1

3.24

5.98

10.0

19.0

24.3

38.7
28.0

46.6

59.9

100
86.3
77.5

2.86

5.31

9.25

17.9

22.7

36.3
26.1

43.5

57.1

95.4
82.5
73.5

2.23

4.02

7.54

15.5

19.2

30.7
21.7

35.8

50.7

85.0
74.0
64.3

2.5

1.83

3.22

6.08

12.9

15.4

24.5
17.1

27.7

43.3

73.9
63.5
53.6

1.55

2.69

5.11

10.8

12.7

19.8
13.9

22.1

35.6

62.2
52.1
42.7

3.5

1.35

2.32

4.31

9.17

10.5

16.5
11.4

18.4

29.1

51.4
42.5
34.5

1.07

1.81

3.28

6.92

7.81

12.5
8.42

13.7

21.1

37.8
30.8
24.5

Effective Length, le (m)

bMsx

kNm

DESIGN MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY


bMbx (kNm)

Section
Moment
Capacity

The values in the table are based on le = ley = lez.


The moment distribution considered is for the unbraced length.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 (for t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
Capacities are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

4.25

75 x 40 x 4.0 CC

10.5

150 x 75 x 5.0 CC

5.59

11.6

180 x 75 x 5.0 CC

7.23

15.5
12.4

200 x 75 x 6.0 CC
5.0 CC

100 x 50 x 4.0 CC

16.9

230 x 75 x 6.0 CC

125 x 65 x 4.0 CC

19.2

kg/m

250 x 90 x 6.0 CC

mm

28.5
25.1
21.6

mm

mm

Thickness

Nominal

Mass
per
metre

300 x 90 x 8.0 CC
7.0 CC
6.0 CC

bf

Designation

DuraGal Channels

Beams without full lateral restraint


bending about x-axis

Cb = 1.0

MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

Table 7.31

Channels

0.890

1.49

2.66

5.57

6.22

10.0
6.66

11.0

16.5

29.9
24.1
18.9

0.761

1.27

2.24

4.67

5.18

8.42
5.52

9.14

13.5

24.8
19.8
15.4

0.665

1.11

1.93

4.03

4.45

7.26
4.72

7.85

11.5

21.2
16.8
12.9

0.590

0.981

1.70

3.55

3.90

6.38
4.13

6.88

10.0

18.5
14.6
11.2

0.531

0.881

1.52

3.17

3.47

5.70
3.67

6.14

8.85

16.4
12.9
9.87

10

58.5

83.1

108

162

198

267
222

314

345

494
435
423

kN

vVvx

Design
Shear
Capacity

Channels
DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

7-17

7-18

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

NOTES:

1.
2.
3.
4.

1.25

1.5

1.75

4.93

8.16

12.1

21.4

27.7

43.8
32.2

53.5

64.1

106
91.0
83.6

4.52

7.84

12.1

21.4

27.7

43.8
32.2

53.5

64.1

106
91.0
83.6

4.18

7.37

11.6

21.3

27.4

43.5
31.8

52.9

64.1

106
91.0
83.6

3.84

6.87

11.1

20.5

26.3

41.8
30.5

50.7

63.4

106
90.8
82.3

3.51

6.35

10.4

19.6

25.0

39.8
28.9

48.1

61.2

102
87.9
79.2

3.18

5.80

9.73

18.6

23.6

37.7
27.2

45.3

58.7

98.0
84.6
75.7

2.54

4.57

8.26

16.5

20.5

33.0
23.4

38.9

53.0

88.9
77.2
67.7

2.5

2.08

3.66

6.76

14.2

17.1

27.6
19.1

31.5

46.7

79.1
68.4
58.4

1.77

3.06

5.69

12.0

14.1

22.5
15.6

25.2

39.7

68.8
58.3
48.1

3.5

1.54

2.63

4.90

10.3

11.9

18.8
13.0

20.9

33.0

58.4
48.3
39.1

1.22

2.06

3.73

7.87

8.87

14.2
9.56

15.6

23.9

43.0
35.0
27.9

Effective Length, le (m)

bMsx

kNm

DESIGN MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY


bMbx (kNm)

Section
Moment
Capacity

The values in the table are based on le = ley = lez.


The moment distribution considered is for the unbraced length.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 (for t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
Capacities are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

4.25

75 x 40 x 4.0 CC

10.5

150 x 75 x 5.0 CC

5.59

11.6

180 x 75 x 5.0 CC

7.23

15.5
12.4

200 x 75 x 6.0 CC
5.0 CC

100 x 50 x 4.0 CC

16.9

230 x 75 x 6.0 CC

125 x 65 x 4.0 CC

19.2

kg/m

250 x 90 x 6.0 CC

mm

28.5
25.1
21.6

mm

mm

Thickness

Nominal

Mass
per
metre

300 x 90 x 8.0 CC
7.0 CC
6.0 CC

bf

Designation

DuraGal Channels

Beams without full lateral restraint


bending about x-axis

Cb = 1.14

MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

Table 7.32

Channels

1.01

1.70

3.02

6.33

7.07

11.4
7.57

12.4

18.7

34.0
27.4
21.5

0.865

1.44

2.54

5.31

5.89

9.57
6.27

10.4

15.4

28.1
22.5
17.5

0.755

1.26

2.20

4.58

5.05

8.25
5.36

8.91

13.1

24.0
19.1
14.7

0.670

1.11

1.94

4.03

4.43

7.25
4.69

7.82

11.4

21.0
16.6
12.7

0.603

1.00

1.73

3.60

3.94

6.48
4.17

6.97

10.1

18.7
14.7
11.2

10

58.5

83.1

108

162

198

267
222

314

345

494
435
423

kN

vVvx

Design
Shear
Capacity

Channels
DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

7-19

7-20

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

NOTES:

1.
2.
3.
4.

1.25

1.5

1.75

4.93

8.16

12.1

21.4

27.7

43.8
32.2

53.5

64.1

106
91.0
83.6

4.83

8.16

12.1

21.4

27.7

43.8
32.2

53.5

64.1

106
91.0
83.6

4.60

7.87

12.1

21.4

27.7

43.8
32.2

53.5

64.1

106
91.0
83.6

4.37

7.53

11.7

21.4

27.5

43.8
32.0

53.2

64.1

106
91.0
83.6

4.14

7.19

11.3

20.8

26.7

42.5
30.9

51.5

64.0

106
91.0
83.2

3.91

6.83

10.9

20.1

25.8

41.1
29.8

49.6

62.4

104
89.5
80.8

3.46

6.10

9.89

18.8

23.7

38.1
27.2

45.6

58.6

98.1
84.5
75.4

2.5

3.02

5.33

8.86

17.3

21.5

34.9
24.4

41.1

54.4

91.4
78.9
69.2

2.60

4.50

7.80

15.7

19.1

31.2
21.4

35.9

49.8

84.4
72.9
62.4

3.5

2.26

3.87

6.79

14.2

16.7

27.4
18.4

30.7

45.0

77.3
65.9
55.1

1.79

3.03

5.41

11.3

13.0

20.8
14.1

22.9

35.1

62.8
51.4
40.9

Effective Length, le (m)

bMsx

kNm

DESIGN MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY


bMbx (kNm)

Section
Moment
Capacity

The values in the table are based on le = ley = lez.


The moment distribution considered is for the unbraced length.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 (for t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
Capacities are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

4.25

75 x 40 x 4.0 CC

10.5

150 x 75 x 5.0 CC

7.23

11.6

180 x 75 x 5.0 CC

5.59

15.5
12.4

200 x 75 x 6.0 CC
5.0 CC

100 x 50 x 4.0 CC

16.9

230 x 75 x 6.0 CC

125 x 65 x 4.0 CC

19.2

kg/m

250 x 90 x 6.0 CC

mm

28.5
25.1
21.6

mm

mm

Thickness

Nominal

Mass
per
metre

300 x 90 x 8.0 CC
7.0 CC
6.0 CC

bf

Designation

DuraGal Channels

Beams without full lateral restraint


bending about x-axis

Cb = 1.67

MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

Table 7.33

Channels

1.49

2.50

4.44

9.31

10.4

16.8
11.1

18.3

27.5

49.9
40.2
31.6

1.27

2.12

3.74

7.81

8.65

14.1
9.22

15.3

22.6

41.4
33.0
25.7

1.11

1.85

3.23

6.73

7.42

12.1
7.88

13.1

19.2

35.3
28.1
21.6

0.986

1.64

2.85

5.92

6.51

10.7
6.89

11.5

16.7

30.9
24.4
18.7

0.886

1.47

2.55

5.29

5.80

9.52
6.13

10.2

14.8

27.5
21.6
16.5

10

58.5

83.1

108

162

198

267
222

314

345

494
435
423

kN

vVvx

Design
Shear
Capacity

Channels
DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

7-21

7-22

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

NOTES:

1.
2.
3.
4.

1.25

1.5

1.75

4.93

8.16

12.1

21.4

27.7

43.8
32.2

53.5

64.1

106
91.0
83.6

4.93

8.16

12.1

21.4

27.7

43.8
32.2

53.5

64.1

106
91.0
83.6

4.86

8.16

12.1

21.4

27.7

43.8
32.2

53.5

64.1

106
91.0
83.6

4.70

7.95

12.1

21.4

27.7

43.8
32.2

53.5

64.1

106
91.0
83.6

4.54

7.71

11.9

21.4

27.7

43.8
32.2

53.5

64.1

106
91.0
83.6

4.38

7.46

11.6

21.1

27.1

43.1
31.4

52.3

64.1

106
91.0
83.6

4.06

6.97

10.9

20.1

25.7

41.1
29.6

49.5

62.1

104
89.1
80.2

2.5

3.75

6.47

10.2

19.1

24.2

38.9
27.7

46.5

59.1

99.3
85.2
76.0

3.45

5.96

9.48

18.1

22.6

36.6
25.7

43.4

56.0

94.4
81.1
71.3

3.5

3.14

5.43

8.75

17.0

20.9

34.3
23.6

39.9

52.7

89.3
76.8
66.3

2.55

4.32

7.27

14.9

17.5

29.0
19.2

32.5

45.8

79.2
67.2
55.7

Effective Length, le (m)

bMsx

kNm

DESIGN MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY


bMbx (kNm)

Section
Moment
Capacity

The values in the table are based on le = ley = lez.


The moment distribution considered is for the unbraced length.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 (for t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
Capacities are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

4.25

75 x 40 x 4.0 CC

10.5

150 x 75 x 5.0 CC

7.23

11.6

180 x 75 x 5.0 CC

5.59

15.5
12.4

200 x 75 x 6.0 CC
5.0 CC

100 x 50 x 4.0 CC

16.9

230 x 75 x 6.0 CC

125 x 65 x 4.0 CC

19.2

kg/m

250 x 90 x 6.0 CC

mm

28.5
25.1
21.6

mm

mm

Nominal

Thickness

Mass
per
metre

300 x 90 x 8.0 CC
7.0 CC
6.0 CC

bf

Designation

DuraGal Channels

Beams without full lateral restraint


bending about x-axis

Cb = 2.38

MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

Table 7.34

Channels

2.12

3.56

6.11

12.7

14.5

23.9
15.7

26.1

38.6

69.0
56.8
45.0

1.81

3.03

5.28

10.9

12.3

20.1
13.1

21.8

32.2

59.0
47.1
36.6

1.58

2.64

4.60

9.60

10.6

17.3
11.2

18.7

27.4

50.4
40.0
30.8

1.41

2.34

4.06

8.44

9.28

15.2
9.83

16.4

23.8

44.0
34.8
26.7

1.26

2.10

3.63

7.54

8.26

13.6
8.74

14.6

21.1

39.2
30.8
23.5

10

58.5

83.1

108

162

198

267
222

314

345

494
435
423

kN

vVvx

Design
Shear
Capacity

Channels
DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

7-23

7-24

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

NOTES:

1.
2.
3.
4.

0.5

0.75

1.0

1.29

2.08

3.56

5.87

6.02

7.64
6.10

7.77

11.2

13.3
11.8
11.5

1.29

2.08

3.56

5.87

6.02

7.64
6.10

7.77

11.2

13.3
11.8
11.5

1.29

2.08

3.56

5.87

6.02

7.64
6.10

7.77

11.2

13.3
11.8
11.5

1.29

2.08

3.56

5.87

6.02

7.64
6.10

7.77

11.2

13.3
11.8
11.5

1.29

2.08

3.56

5.87

6.02

7.64
6.10

7.77

11.2

13.3
11.8
11.5

1.25

1.29

2.08

3.56

5.87

6.02

7.64
6.10

7.77

11.2

13.3
11.8
11.5

1.5

1.29

2.08

3.56

5.87

6.02

7.64
6.10

7.77

11.2

13.3
11.8
11.5

1.75

1.29

2.08

3.56

5.87

6.02

7.64
6.10

7.77

11.2

13.3
11.8
11.5

2.0

1.29

2.08

3.56

5.87

6.02

7.64
6.10

7.77

11.2

13.3
11.8
11.5

2.5

1.29

2.08

3.56

5.87

6.02

7.64
6.10

7.77

11.2

13.3
11.8
11.5

3.0

Effective Length, le (m)

bMsy

kNm

DESIGN MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY


bMby (kNm)

Section
Moment
Capacity

The values in the table are based on le = lex = lez.


The end moments considered are for the unbraced length.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 (for t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
Capacities are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

4.25

75 x 40 x 4.0 CC

10.5

150 x 75 x 5.0 CC

5.59

11.6

180 x 75 x 5.0 CC

7.23

15.5
12.4

200 x 75 x 6.0 CC
5.0 CC

100 x 50 x 4.0 CC

16.9

230 x 75 x 6.0 CC

125 x 65 x 4.0 CC

19.2

kg/m

250 x 90 x 6.0 CC

mm

28.5
25.1
21.6

mm

mm

Nominal

Thickness

Mass
per
metre

300 x 90 x 8.0 CC
7.0 CC
6.0 CC

bf

Designation

DuraGal Channels

Beams without full lateral restraint


bending about y-axis (web in compression)

Cm = 1.0

MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

Table 7.35

Channels

1.29

2.08

3.56

5.87

6.02

7.64
6.10

7.77

11.2

13.3
11.8
11.5

3.5

1.29

2.08

3.56

5.87

6.02

7.64
6.10

7.77

11.2

13.3
11.8
11.5

4.0

1.29

2.08

3.56

5.87

6.02

7.64
6.10

7.77

11.2

13.3
11.8
11.5

5.0

1.29

2.08

3.56

5.87

6.02

7.64
6.10

7.77

11.2

13.3
11.8
11.5

6.0

63.4

83.1

113

162

162

190
162

190

236

273
242
236

kN

vVvy

Design
Shear
Capacity

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

7-25

NOTES:

1.
2.
3.
4.

0.75

1.0

1.29

2.08

3.56

5.87

6.02

7.64
6.10

7.77

11.2

13.3
11.8
11.5

1.29

2.08

3.56

5.87

6.02

7.64
6.10

7.77

11.2

13.3
11.8
11.5

1.29

2.08

3.56

5.87

6.02

7.64
6.10

7.77

11.2

13.3
11.8
11.5

1.29

2.08

3.56

5.87

6.02

7.64
6.10

7.77

11.2

13.3
11.8
11.5

1.29

2.08

3.56

5.87

6.02

7.64
6.10

7.77

11.2

13.3
11.8
11.5

1.25

1.29

2.08

3.56

5.87

6.02

7.64
6.10

7.77

11.2

13.3
11.8
11.5

1.5

1.29

2.08

3.56

5.87

6.02

7.64
6.10

7.77

11.2

13.3
11.8
11.5

1.75

1.29

2.08

3.56

5.87

6.02

7.64
6.10

7.77

11.2

13.3
11.8
11.5

2.0

1.29

2.08

3.56

5.87

6.02

7.64
6.10

7.77

11.2

13.3
11.8
11.5

2.5

1.29

2.08

3.56

5.87

6.02

7.64
6.10

7.77

11.2

13.3
11.8
11.5

3.0

Effective Length, le (m)

0.5

bMsy

kNm

DESIGN MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY


bMby (kNm)

Section
Moment
Capacity

Channels

The values in the table are based on le = lex = lez.


The end moments considered are for the unbraced length.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 (for t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
Capacities are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

5.59

4.25

10.5

150 x 75 x 5.0 CC

75 x 40 x 4.0 CC

11.6

180 x 75 x 5.0 CC

100 x 50 x 4.0 CC

15.5
12.4

200 x 75 x 6.0 CC
5.0 CC

7.23

16.9

230 x 75 x 6.0 CC

125 x 65 x 4.0 CC

19.2

kg/m

250 x 90 x 6.0 CC

mm

28.5
25.1
21.6

mm

mm

Nominal

Thickness

Mass
per
metre

300 x 90 x 8.0 CC
7.0 CC
6.0 CC

bf

Designation

DuraGal Channels

Beams without full lateral restraint


bending about y-axis (web in compression)

Cm = 0.6

MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

Table 7.36

1.29

2.08

3.56

5.87

6.02

7.64
6.10

7.77

11.2

13.3
11.8
11.5

3.5

1.29

2.08

3.56

5.87

6.02

7.64
6.10

7.77

11.2

13.3
11.8
11.5

4.0

1.29

2.08

3.56

5.87

6.02

7.64
6.10

7.77

11.2

13.3
11.8
11.5

6.0

Channels

1.29

2.08

3.56

5.87

6.02

7.64
6.10

7.77

11.2

13.3
11.8
11.5

5.0

63.4

83.1

113

162

162

190
162

190

236

273
242
236

kN

vVvy

Design
Shear
Capacity

7-26

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

NOTES:

1.
2.
3.
4.

0.5

0.75

1.0

1.22

1.89

2.53

4.41

4.45

7.23
4.47

7.36

8.99

12.6
11.1
9.07

1.22

1.89

2.53

4.41

4.45

7.23
4.47

7.36

8.99

12.6
11.1
9.07

1.22

1.89

2.53

4.41

4.45

7.23
4.47

7.36

8.99

12.6
11.1
9.07

1.22

1.89

2.53

4.41

4.45

7.23
4.47

7.36

8.99

12.6
11.1
9.07

1.20

1.88

2.53

4.41

4.45

7.23
4.47

7.36

8.99

12.6
11.1
9.07

1.25

1.18

1.84

2.49

4.41

4.45

7.23
4.47

7.36

8.99

12.6
11.1
9.07

1.5

1.17

1.82

2.44

4.37

4.45

7.23
4.47

7.36

8.99

12.6
11.1
9.07

1.75

1.15

1.79

2.40

4.30

4.40

7.23
4.45

7.36

8.99

12.6
11.1
9.07

2.0

1.13

1.74

2.31

4.18

4.29

7.04
4.34

7.23

8.94

12.6
11.1
9.07

2.5

1.11

1.69

2.24

4.07

4.19

6.85
4.24

7.01

8.77

12.6
11.1
8.93

3.0

Effective Length, le (m)

bMsy

kNm

DESIGN MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY


bMby (kNm)

Section
Moment
Capacity

The values in the table are based on le = lex = lez.


The end moments considered are for the unbraced length.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 (for t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
Capacities are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

4.25

75 x 40 x 4.0 CC

10.5

150 x 75 x 5.0 CC

5.59

11.6

180 x 75 x 5.0 CC

7.23

15.5
12.4

200 x 75 x 6.0 CC
5.0 CC

100 x 50 x 4.0 CC

16.9

230 x 75 x 6.0 CC

125 x 65 x 4.0 CC

19.2

kg/m

250 x 90 x 6.0 CC

mm

28.5
25.1
21.6

mm

mm

Nominal

Thickness

Mass
per
metre

300 x 90 x 8.0 CC
7.0 CC
6.0 CC

bf

Designation

DuraGal Channels

Beams without full lateral restraint


bending about y-axis (flange tips in compression)

Cm = 1.0

MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

Table 7.37

Channels

1.09

1.66

2.18

3.98

4.09

6.68
4.15

6.83

8.61

12.5
10.8
8.77

3.5

1.08

1.62

2.13

3.90

4.01

6.55
4.06

6.68

8.45

12.3
10.6
8.61

4.0

1.04

1.57

2.04

3.77

3.88

6.34
3.92

6.44

8.19

11.9
10.2
8.33

5.0

1.01

1.51

1.97

3.67

3.77

6.19
3.81

6.27

7.97

11.7
9.91
8.08

6.0

63.4

83.1

113

162

162

190
162

190

236

273
242
236

kN

vVvy

Design
Shear
Capacity

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

7-27

NOTES:

1.
2.
3.
4.

0.75

1.0

1.22

1.89

2.53

4.41

4.45

7.23
4.47

7.36

8.99

12.6
11.1
9.07

1.22

1.89

2.53

4.41

4.45

7.23
4.47

7.36

8.99

12.6
11.1
9.07

1.22

1.89

2.53

4.41

4.45

7.23
4.47

7.36

8.99

12.6
11.1
9.07

1.22

1.89

2.53

4.41

4.45

7.23
4.47

7.36

8.99

12.6
11.1
9.07

1.22

1.89

2.53

4.41

4.45

7.23
4.47

7.36

8.99

12.6
11.1
9.07

1.25

1.22

1.89

2.53

4.41

4.45

7.23
4.47

7.36

8.99

12.6
11.1
9.07

1.5

1.22

1.89

2.53

4.41

4.45

7.23
4.47

7.36

8.99

12.6
11.1
9.07

1.75

1.22

1.89

2.51

4.41

4.45

7.23
4.47

7.36

8.99

12.6
11.1
9.07

2.0

1.22

1.86

2.47

4.39

4.45

7.23
4.47

7.36

8.99

12.6
11.1
9.07

2.5

1.21

1.85

2.43

4.33

4.40

7.23
4.44

7.36

8.99

12.6
11.1
9.07

3.0

Effective Length, le (m)

0.5

bMsy

kNm

DESIGN MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY


bMby (kNm)

Section
Moment
Capacity

Channels

The values in the table are based on le = lex = lez.


The end moments considered are for the unbraced length.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 (for t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
Capacities are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

5.59

4.25

10.5

150 x 75 x 5.0 CC

75 x 40 x 4.0 CC

11.6

180 x 75 x 5.0 CC

100 x 50 x 4.0 CC

15.5
12.4

200 x 75 x 6.0 CC
5.0 CC

7.23

16.9

230 x 75 x 6.0 CC

125 x 65 x 4.0 CC

19.2

kg/m

250 x 90 x 6.0 CC

mm

28.5
25.1
21.6

mm

mm

Nominal

Thickness

Mass
per
metre

300 x 90 x 8.0 CC
7.0 CC
6.0 CC

bf

Designation

DuraGal Channels

Beams without full lateral restraint


bending about y-axis (flange tips in compression)

Cm = 0.6

MEMBER MOMENT CAPACITY

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

Table 7.38

1.20

1.83

2.39

4.27

4.35

7.22
4.39

7.36

8.98

12.6
11.1
9.07

3.5

1.19

1.82

2.36

4.23

4.31

7.14
4.34

7.28

8.89

12.6
11.1
9.02

4.0

1.17

1.80

2.32

4.16

4.23

7.02
4.26

7.13

8.75

12.6
11.1
8.86

5.0

1.15

1.78

2.28

4.11

4.18

6.93
4.20

7.03

8.63

12.6
10.9
8.73

6.0

63.4

83.1

113

162

162

190
162

190

236

273
242
236

kN

vVvy

Design
Shear
Capacity

[ BLANK ]

7-28

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

WEB BEARING CAPACITY


8.1

SCOPE ............................................................................................................. 8-1

8.2
8.2.1
8.2.2

DESIGN METHOD ........................................................................................... 8-2


Web Bearing Capacity ..................................................................................... 8-2
Bending and Bearing Interaction ...................................................................... 8-2

8.3

EXAMPLE ........................................................................................................ 8-3

TABLES
fwRb)
Design Web Bearing Capacity (f
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4

Channels with Single Load or Reaction for c < 1.5d1 ....................................... 8-6
Channels with Single Load or Reaction for c 1.5d1 ...................................... 8-7
Channels with Two Opposite Loads or Reactions
for c < 1.5d1 and e < 1.5d1 ............................................................................... 8-8
Channels with Two Opposite Loads or Reactions
for c 1.5d1 and e < 1.5d1 ............................................................................... 8-9

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

WEB BEARING
CAPACITY

Page

CONTENTS

WEB BEARING CAPACITY


8.1

SCOPE
The tables in this section provide the design web bearing capacity (fwRb) perpendicular to the
x-axis for channels for the four load types and positions shown below.

Figure 8.1(1) Type and Position of Loads or Reactions for determining Design Web
Bearing Capacity.
In accordance with Clause 3.3.6 of AS/NZS 4600, these tables are only applicable to channels
with:
lb
t

lb

and
where

d1
lb
d1
t

=
=
=

210

3.5

the actual length of bearing


the depth of the flat portion of the web
the thickness of the web

Additional geometrical limitations, which are satisfied by all the DuraGal channel sizes in these
tables, included in Clause 3.3.6 of AS/NZS 4600 are:
d1
t
ri

and
where
DCT DP/01/REV 2
JULY 2001

ri

200

the inside corner radius


DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES
for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

8-1

8.2

DESIGN METHOD

8.2.1 Web Bearing Capacity


The web bearing capacity (fwRb) of a channel is determined in accordance with Clause 3.3.6 of
AS/NZS 4600 and latest research carried out at The University of Sydney[17],[18],[19] and is
discussed in more detail in Appendix A4 of this manual. The tables are provided for the four load
arrangements described in Section 8.1.
Once the appropriate table has been selected based on the load arrangement given in
Figure 8.1(1), the design web bearing capacity can be read from the tables for a range of bearing
lengths.

8.2.2 Bending and Bearing Interaction


Bending and bearing interaction may need to be checked when bending moment and bearing
forces occur at the same location. The design equation for beams without transverse web
stiffeners from Clause 3.3.7 of AS/NZS 4600 is provided in this section.
The design bearing capacity (fwRb) determined from the tables may be significantly reduced
when the section is subject to a large bending moment at the same location. According to Clause
3.3.7 of AS/NZS 4600, channels with single unstiffened webs subject to a concentrated load
or reaction (R*) and a bending moment (M*), must satisfy:

R M
107
.
.
142
+
wR b b M s
where

fb M s =
fwRb =

design section moment capacity given in Table 6.3


design web bearing capacity given in Tables 8.1 to 8.4

However, Clause 3.3.7 of AS/NZS 4600 and AS/NZS 4600 Supplement 1[7] state that the above
interaction of combined bending and bearing need not be checked for the interior support of the
continuous span beam shown in Figure 8.2(1).

Figure 8.2(1) Exception to Clause 3.3.7 of AS/NZS 4600

8-2

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 2
JULY 2001

8.3

EXAMPLE
A simply supported 180 x 75 x 5.0 CC DuraGal with a single
span of 5.0 m is required to support a design central point load
of 16 kN. The load is applied over the full width of the flange for
a length of 50 mm along the channel. The bearing length at the
support is 70 mm.
Check the bearing capacity of the DuraGal channel.

Solution:
At the applied load
R = 16.0 kN

Design bearing force

lb = 50 mm

Bearing length

For a 180 x 75 x 5.0 CC DuraGal,


1.5 d1 = 244 mm (Table 8.1)

e = 2500 - 25 - 35
> 1.5 d1

= 2440

Therefore a table for a single load or reaction must be used.

c = 2500 - 25 + 35
= 2510

1.5 d1

>

In this case the web bearing capacity (fwRb) for channels


bending about the x-axis is obtained from Table 8.2.
For a 180 x 75 x 5.0 CC DuraGal with a bearing length lb = 50 mm
fwRb = 81.7 kN

> 16.0 kN

The 180 x 75 x 5.0 CC DuraGal is satisfactory for this load case.


Check for combined bending and bearing:

Design bending moment

M x =

Pl
4

16 5.0
4

= 20.0 kNm
Section moment capacity

fbMsx = 27.7 kNm (Table 6.3 or Table 8.2)

R M
16.0 20.0
107
.
.
= 107
+
+

. 27.7
817
wR b b M s

= 0.932

< 1.42

The 180 x 75 x 5.0 CC DuraGal is satisfactory for this load case.

DCT DP/01/REV 2
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

8-3

At the support
Design bearing force
Bearing length

R = 8.0 kN

lb = 70 mm

A table for a single load or reaction must be used.

c = 0.0

< 1.5 d1

In this case the web bearing capacity (fwRb) for channels bending about the x-axis is obtained
from Table 8.1.
For a 180 x 75 x 5.0 CC DuraGal with a bearing length lb = 70 mm
fwRb = 46.0 kN

> 8.0 kN

The 180 x 75 x 5.0 CC DuraGal is satisfactory for this load case.


There is no need to check for combined bending and bearing at the support because the bending
moment is zero.
Note:These calculations must be repeated to include the self-weight of the beam in the design
bending moment and the design bearing force at the support.

8-4

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 2
JULY 2001

[ BLANK ]

DCT DP/01/REV 2
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

8-5

Channels

8-6

Table 8.1
LIMIT STATE DESIGN

WEB BEARING CAPACITY


Single Load or Reaction
perpendicular to the x-axis

c < 1.5 d1
DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES
for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DuraGal Channels
Designation
Nominal

bf

mm mm

Mass
per
metre

Section
Moment
Capacity

Bearing Length, lb (mm)

f bMsx

1.5 d1

Thickness
mm

DESIGN WEB BEARING CAPACITY


wRbx (kN)

kg/m

mm

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

125

150

175

200

250

300

kNm

300 x 90 x 8.0 CC
7.0 CC
6.0 CC

28.5
25.1
21.6

402
405
408

67.6
50.4
39.3

71.6
53.3
41.6

75.6
56.3
43.9

79.6
59.2
46.2

83.5
62.2
48.5

87.5
65.2
50.9

91.5
68.1
53.2

95.5
71.1
55.5

99.4
74.1
57.8

109
81.5
63.6

119
88.9
69.3

129
96.3
75.1

106
91.0
83.6

250 x 90 x 6.0 CC

19.2

333

38.0

40.6

43.2

45.8

48.4

51.0

53.7

56.3

58.9

65.4

72.0

78.5

64.1

230 x 75 x 6.0 CC

16.9

303

37.0

39.7

42.5

45.2

47.9

50.7

53.4

56.2

58.9

65.8

72.6

53.5

200 x 75 x 6.0 CC
5.0 CC

15.5
12.4

258
274

35.1
32.5

38.0
35.2

40.9
37.9

43.9
40.7

46.8
43.4

49.7
46.1

52.6
48.8

55.5
51.5

58.5
54.2

65.8
61.0

73.1
67.8

43.8
32.2

180 x 75 x 5.0 CC

11.6

244

31.6

34.5

37.4

40.3

43.1

46.0

48.9

51.8

54.6

61.8

69.0

27.7

150 x 75 x 5.0 CC

10.5

199

29.7

32.8

35.9

39.1

42.2

45.3

48.4

51.6

54.7

62.5

70.3

21.4
12.1

125 x 65 x 4.0 CC

7.23

164

18.0

20.2

22.4

24.6

26.7

28.9

31.1

33.3

35.5

40.9

100 x 50 x 4.0 CC

5.59

127

16.5

18.9

21.3

23.6

26.0

28.4

30.7

33.1

35.5

8.16

75 x 40 x 4.0 CC

4.25

14.6

17.2

19.7

22.3

24.8

27.4

29.9

4.93

NOTES:

1.
2.
3.
4.

89.1

d1 is the depth of the flat portion of the web.


Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 (for t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
Capacities are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600 and research conducted at The University of Sydney.[17],[18],[19]
Values to the left of the solid line were verified during testing at The University of Sydney[17],[18],[19]. Values to the right of the solid line have been extrapolated from the test results.

DCT DP/01/REV 2
JULY 2001

DCT DP/01/REV 2
JULY 2001

Table 8.2
LIMIT STATE DESIGN

WEB BEARING CAPACITY


Single Load or Reaction
perpendicular to the x-axis

c 1.5 d1
DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES
for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DuraGal Channels
Designation
Nominal

bf

mm

mm

Mass
per
metre
1.5 d1

Thickness
mm

Section
Moment
Capacity

DESIGN WEB BEARING CAPACITY


wRbx (kN)

f bMsx

Bearing Length, lb (mm)

kg/m

mm

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

300 x 90 x 8.0 CC
7.0 CC
6.0 CC

28.5
25.1
21.6

402
405
408

163
121
94.8

167
124
97.1

171
127
99.4

175
130
102

179
133
104

183
136
106

187
139
109

191
142
111

195
145
113

205
153
119

215
160
125

250 x 90 x 6.0 CC

19.2

333

90.3

92.9

95.5

101

103

106

109

111

118

230 x 75 x 6.0 CC

16.9

303

87.4

90.1

92.9

95.6

98.4

107

109

200 x 75 x 6.0 CC
5.0 CC

15.5
12.4

258
274

81.9
75.9

84.8
78.6

87.7
81.3

90.6
84.0

93.6
86.7

101
96.5
89.4

104
99.4
92.1

102
94.9

105
97.6

180 x 75 x 5.0 CC

11.6

244

73.1

75.9

78.8

81.7

84.6

87.4

90.3

93.2

96.1

150 x 75 x 5.0 CC

10.5

98.2

100

125

150

175

200

250

300

kNm

225
167
131

106
91.0
83.6

124

131

64.1

116

123

113
104

120
111

53.5

43.8
32.2

103

110

27.7

100

108

21.4

12.1

199

67.2

70.3

73.4

76.6

79.7

82.8

85.9

89.1

92.2

125 x 65 x 4.0 CC

7.23

164

39.8

42.0

44.2

46.4

48.6

50.8

52.9

55.1

57.3

100 x 50 x 4.0 CC

5.59

127

35.5

37.8

40.2

42.5

44.9

47.3

49.6

52.0

54.4

8.16

75 x 40 x 4.0 CC

4.25

29.9

32.4

35.0

37.5

40.1

42.6

45.2

4.93

NOTES:

1.
2.
3.
4.

89.1

62.8

d1 is the depth of the flat portion of the web.


Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 (for t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
Capacities are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600 and research conducted at The University of Sydney.[17],[18],[19]
Values to the left of the solid line were verified during testing at The University of Sydney[17],[18],[19]. Values to the right of the solid line have been extrapolated from the test results.

8-7
Channels

Channels

8-8

Table 8.3
LIMIT STATE DESIGN

WEB BEARING CAPACITY


Two Opposite Loads or Reactions
perpendicular to the x-axis

c < 1.5 d1 and e < 1.5 d1


DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES
for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DuraGal Channels
Designation
Nominal

bf

mm

mm

Mass
per
metre

Section
Moment
Capacity

Bearing Length, lb (mm)

f bMsx

1.5 d1

Thickness
mm

DESIGN WEB BEARING CAPACITY


wRbx (kN)

kg/m

mm

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

125

150

175

200

250

300

kNm

300 x 90 x 8.0 CC
7.0 CC
6.0 CC

28.5
25.1
21.6

402
405
408

43.8
32.6
25.4

47.7
35.5
27.7

51.7
38.5
30.0

55.7
41.5
32.4

59.7
44.4
34.7

63.6
47.4
37.0

67.6
50.4
39.3

71.6
53.3
41.6

75.6
56.3
43.9

85.5
63.7
49.7

95.5
71.1
55.5

105
78.5
61.3

106
91.0
83.6

250 x 90 x 6.0 CC

19.2

333

24.9

27.5

30.1

32.7

35.3

38.0

40.6

43.2

45.8

52.3

58.9

65.4

64.1

230 x 75 x 6.0 CC

16.9

303

24.4

27.1

29.9

32.6

35.3

38.1

40.8

43.6

46.3

53.2

60.0

53.5

200 x 75 x 6.0 CC
5.0 CC

15.5
12.4

258
274

23.4
21.7

26.3
24.4

29.2
27.1

32.2
29.8

35.1
32.5

38.0
35.2

40.9
37.9

43.9
40.7

46.8
43.4

54.1
50.1

61.4
56.9

43.8
32.2

180 x 75 x 5.0 CC

11.6

244

21.3

24.2

27.0

29.9

32.8

35.7

38.5

41.4

44.3

51.5

58.7

27.7

150 x 75 x 5.0 CC

10.5

199

20.3

23.4

26.6

29.7

32.8

35.9

39.1

42.2

45.3

53.1

60.9

21.4
12.1

125 x 65 x 4.0 CC

7.23

164

12.6

14.7

16.9

19.1

21.3

23.5

25.6

27.8

30.0

35.5

100 x 50 x 4.0 CC

5.59

127

11.8

14.2

16.5

18.9

21.3

23.6

26.0

28.4

30.7

8.16

75 x 40 x 4.0 CC

4.25

10.8

13.4

15.9

18.4

21.0

23.5

26.1

4.93

NOTES:

1.
2.
3.
4.

89.1

d1 is the depth of the flat portion of the web.


Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 (for t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
Capacities are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600 and research conducted at The University of Sydney.[17],[18],[19]
Values to the left of the solid line were verified during testing at The University of Sydney[17],[18],[19]. Values to the right of the solid line have been extrapolated from the test results.

DCT DP/01/REV 2
JULY 2001

DCT DP/01/REV 2
JULY 2001

Table 8.4
LIMIT STATE DESIGN

WEB BEARING CAPACITY


Two Opposite Loads or Reactions
perpendicular to the x-axis

c 1.5 d1 and e < 1.5 d1


DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES
for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DuraGal Channels
Designation
Nominal

bf

mm

mm

Mass
per
metre
1.5 d1

Thickness
mm

Section
Moment
Capacity

DESIGN WEB BEARING CAPACITY


wRbx (kN)

f bMsx

Bearing Length, lb (mm)

kg/m

mm

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

300 x 90 x 8.0 CC
7.0 CC
6.0 CC

28.5
25.1
21.6

402
405
408

175
130
102

179
133
104

183
136
106

187
139
109

191
142
111

195
145
113

199
148
116

203
151
118

207
154
120

217
161
126

227
169
132

250 x 90 x 6.0 CC

19.2

333

102

105

107

110

113

115

118

124

102

105

96.8

99.5

100

125

150

175

200

250

300

kNm

237
176
138

106
91.0
83.6

131

137

64.1

230 x 75 x 6.0 CC

16.9

303

93.7

96.4

99.2

107

110

113

116

122

129

53.5

200 x 75 x 6.0 CC
5.0 CC

15.5
12.4

258
274

87.7
81.3

90.6
84.0

93.6
86.7

96.5
89.4

99.4
92.1

102
94.9

105
97.6

108
100

111
103

118
110

126
117

43.8
32.2

180 x 75 x 5.0 CC

11.6

244

78.2

81.1

84.0

86.9

89.7

92.6

95.5

101

108

116

27.7

150 x 75 x 5.0 CC

10.5

105

113

21.4

12.1

98.4

199

71.9

75.0

78.1

81.3

84.4

87.5

90.6

93.8

96.9

125 x 65 x 4.0 CC

7.23

164

42.6

44.8

46.9

49.1

51.3

53.5

55.7

57.8

60.0

100 x 50 x 4.0 CC

5.59

127

37.8

40.2

42.5

44.9

47.3

49.6

52.0

54.4

56.7

8.16

75 x 40 x 4.0 CC

4.25

31.8

34.3

36.9

39.4

42.0

44.5

47.1

4.93

NOTES:

1.
2.
3.
4.

89.1

65.5

d1 is the depth of the flat portion of the web.


Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 (for t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
Capacities are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600 and research conducted at The University of Sydney.[17],[18],[19]
Values to the left of the solid line were verified during testing at The University of Sydney[17],[18],[19]. Values to the right of the solid line have been extrapolated from the test results.

8-9
Channels

[ BLANK ]

8-10

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 2
JULY 2001

COMBINED BENDING & SHEAR


CONTENTS

Page

9.1

SCOPE ............................................................................................................. 9-1

9.2

DESIGN METHOD ........................................................................................... 9-1

9.3

EXAMPLE ........................................................................................................ 9-1

GRAPH
Combined Bending and Shear for Channels
bending about the Principal x-axis ................................................................... 9-2

COMBINED
BENDING & SHEAR

9.1

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

COMBINED BENDING & SHEAR


9.1

SCOPE
A graph is provided to show the interaction of bending moment and shear for channels bending
about the x-axis.

9.2

DESIGN METHOD
The design web shear capacity given in the tables in Sections 6 and 7 may be significantly
reduced when the section is subjected to a large bending moment at the same location. For
beams without transverse stiffeners, Clause 3.3.5 of AS/NZS 4600 requires that the design
bending moment (M*) and the design shear force (V*) shall satisfy:
M

bM s

where

V
+

vVv

10
.

fbMs = design section moment capacity given in Table 6.3


fvVv = design web shear capacity given in Table 6.3

The graph allows any combination of bending moment and shear to be checked for all DuraGal
channels.
Designers are directed to Clause 3.3.5 of AS/NZS 4600 for combined bending and shear in
channels with transverse web stiffeners.

9.3

EXAMPLE
What size DuraGal channel is required to resist the following design moment and shear force at
the same location on a beam?
Design bending moment

M x = 20.0 kNm

Design shear force

V = 8.0 kN

Solution:
From Figure 9.1 it can be seen that the moment-shear interaction line for the 150 x 75 x 5.0 CC
DuraGal is above the intersection of the values for design bending moment and design shear,
so the 150 x 75 x 5.0 CC DuraGal is satisfactory.

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

9-1

Channels

9-2

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

10

DEFLECTION
CONTENTS

Page

10.1

SCOPE ........................................................................................................... 10-1

10.2

DEFLECTION CALCULATIONS ................................................................... 10-1

10.3

SECOND MOMENT OF AREA ..................................................................... 10-1

10.4
EXAMPLES ................................................................................................... 10-2
10.4.1 Simply Supported beam ................................................................................ 10-2
10.4.2 Continuous Beam ........................................................................................... 10-2

TABLES
Maximum Moment for Sections to be Fully Effective (Mf)
Equal Angles bending about n- and p-axes ................................................... 10-4

10.2

Unequal Angles bending about n- and p-axes ............................................... 10-5

10.3

Channels bending about x- and y-axes .......................................................... 10-6

10

DEFLECTION

10.1

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DEFLECTION

10

10.1 SCOPE
This section provides a list of common methods which may be used to calculate elastic beam
deflections. It also provides tables of the maximum moment for which the full second moment of
area may be used in the deflection calculations for DuraGal angles and channels.
For some of the common beam and load configurations, the tables in Sections 14 to 17 provide
the maximum design loads for angles and channels limited by a maximum deflection of span / 250.

10.2 DEFLECTION CALCULATIONS


Common methods for calculating the elastic deflection of a beam include:
(1)

Integration of M / EI diagram

(2)

Moment area

(3)

Slope deflection

(4)

Published solutions for particular cases

(5)

Approximate or numerical methods (e.g. finite elements)

A comprehensive set of beam deflection formulae is published in the AISC technical journal
Steel Construction, Volume 26, No. 1, February 1992.

10.3 SECOND MOMENT OF AREA


A simplified approach presented in this section may be used to determine the second moment
of area for beam deflection calculations. A detail explanation of this method is given in
Appendix A5. Tables 10.1 to 10.3 give values of the maximum moment (Mf) for which the sections
are fully effective. If the design serviceability moment (Mserv) resulting from serviceability loads
is less than or equal to the value of Mf, then the full second moment of area should be used for
the deflection calculations.
For Mserv Mf

use I = If (full second moment of area tabulated in Section 3)

If the design serviceability moment (Mserv) is greater than the value of Mf, then the effective
second moment of area should be used for the deflection calculations.
For Mserv > Mf

use I = Ie (effective second moment of area tabulated in Section 3)

The value of effective second moment of area (Ie) tabulated in Section 3 may be used to calculate
a conservative estimate of the deflection, or alternatively a more accurate value of Ie (intermediate
between the tabulated values of If and Ie) computed at the actual serviceability stress level may
be determined using the methods in Appendix A5.
For beams with positive and negative bending moments (reverse curvature such as in continuous
beams and fixed ended beams), the stiffness of the beam at the support (negative moment)
has an effect on the beam deflection. Effective second moment of area is calculated at the
maximum positive as well as the maximum negative moment and the lower of the two values is
used for the deflection calculations for the entire beam.
DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

10-1

10.4 EXAMPLES
10.4.1 Simply Supported Beam
A single span simply supported beam has a calculated design moment for serviceability loads,
Mserv = 15.0 kNm. The calculated minimum second moment of area required for deflection is
Iserv = 5.0 x 106 mm4. What size DuraGal channel is required for bending about the x-axis?

Solution:
Select a channel with a full second moment of area equal to or greater than that required.
Choose a 180 x 75 x 5.0 CC DuraGal from Table 3.31

Ix = 7.16 x 106 mm4

> Iserv = 5.0 x 106 mm4

Check if the full second moment of area may be used by comparing the design serviceability
moment with the maximum moment for the channel to be fully effective from Table 10.3.

Mfx = 14.1 kNm

< Mserv = 15.0 kNm

Therefore the full second moment of area Ix = 7.16 x 106 mm4 (Table 3.3-1) cannot be used.
The effective second moment of area Iex = 6.50 x 106 mm4 (Table 3.3-2) may be used to give a
conservative estimate of the deflection. Alternatively a more accurate value of Iex computed at
the actual serviceability level may be determined using the methods given in Appendix A5.
Because Iex > Iserv = 5.0 x 106 mm4, the 180 x 75 x 5.0 CC DuraGal is satisfactory for deflection.

10.4.2 Continuous Beam


The calculated minimum second moment of area required for
deflection of a continuous beam is Iserv = 2.0 x 106 mm4, and
the maximum design moments for serviceability loads are:
Maximum positive moment (between supports)

Mserv =

5.0 kNm

Maximum negative moment (at a support)

Mserv =

12.0 kNm

What size DuraGal equal angle with the vertical leg up is required?

Solution:
Select an equal angle with a full second moment of area equal to or greater than that required.
Choose a 125 x 125 x 6.0 CA DuraGal from Table 3.12(a)

In = 2.24 x 106 mm4

> Iserv = 2.0 x 106 mm4

Check if the full second moment of area may be used by comparing the design serviceability
moment with the maximum moment for the equal angle to be fully effective from Table 10.1.

10-2

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Positive moment (tips of vertical leg in compression)

MfnT = 3.66 kNm

< Mserv = 5.0 kNm

Negative moment (horizontal leg in compression)

MfnB = 6.76 kNm

< Mserv = 12.0 kNm

Therefore the full second moment of area In = 2.24 x 106 mm4 cannot be used, and it is
recommended that the minimum effective second moment of area for positive or negative moment
be used to conservatively estimate the beam deflection.
The effective second moments of area of the 125 x 125 x 6.0 CA DuraGal for positive and
negative moments are obtained from Table 3.14(a) and are respectively:

IenT = 1.11 x 106 mm4

< Iserv = 2.0 x 106 mm4

IenB = 2.13 x 106 mm4

> Iserv = 2.0 x 106 mm4

Because IenT is less than the calculated minimum second moment of area, a larger section is
required.
Choose a 125 x 125 x 7.0 CA DuraGal from Table 3.12(a)

In = 2.58 x 106 mm4

> Iserv = 2.0 x 106 mm4

Check if the full second moment of area may be used by comparing the design serviceability
moment with the maximum moment for the equal angle to be fully effective from Table 10.1.
Positive moment (tips in compression)

MfnT = 5.86 kNm

> Mserv = 5.0 kNm

Negative moment (horizontal leg in compression)

MfnB = 10.7 kNm

< Mserv = 12.0 kNm

For the maximum positive moment the section is fully effective and use of the full second moment
of area for estimating the deflection is satisfactory, but for the maximum negative moment the
section is not fully effective and use of the full second moment of area for estimating the deflection
is not satisfactory. The effective second moment of area of the 125 x 125 x 7.0 CA DuraGal for
maximum negative moment is obtained from Table 3.14(a):

IenB = 2.57 x 106 mm4

> Iserv = 2.0 x 106 mm4

Therefore the 125 x 125 x 7.0 CA DuraGal is satisfactory.


In this case the smaller value of In for positive moment and IenB for negative moment must be
used.
Use I = 2.57 x 106 mm4 for all deflection calculations.

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

10-3

Table 10.1
Equal Angles

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

MAXIMUM MOMENT for


SECTIONS to be FULLY EFFECTIVE
bending about n- and p-axes
Grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0

DuraGal Equal Angles


Designation
Nominal

b1

b2

Thick.

mm mm mm

Mass

MAXIMUM MOMENT for SECTIONS to be FULLY EFFECTIVE

per

n- and p-axes

metre

MfnT = MfpR

MfnB = MfpL

kg/m

kNm

kNm

150 x 150 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0

CA
CA
CA
CA

18.0
15.8
13.6
10.8

8.57
5.70
3.57
1.63

15.6
10.5
6.67
3.08

125 x 125 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

14.9
13.1
11.3
8.95
7.27

8.81
5.86
3.66
1.65
0.869

15.8
10.7
6.76
3.09
1.65

100 x 100 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

11.7
10.3
8.92
7.11
5.78

8.15
6.11
3.81
1.69
0.886

16.2
10.9
6.91
3.11
1.66

90 x 90 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

10.5
9.24
7.97
6.37
5.18

6.53
5.78
3.89
1.71
0.895

15.9
11.0
6.99
3.12
1.66

75 x 75 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

8.59
7.59
6.56
5.26
4.29

4.45
3.95
3.86
1.75
0.916

10.4
9.47
7.19
3.15
1.68

65 x 65 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

5.62
4.52
3.69

2.86
1.79
0.935

6.83
3.18
1.70

50 x 50 x 6.0
5.0
4.0
2.5

CA
CA
CA
CA

4.21
3.42
2.79
1.81

1.64
1.33
0.983
0.229

3.67
3.21
1.74
0.422

45 x 45 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

2.50
1.62

0.877
0.232

1.76
0.424

40 x 40 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

2.20
1.43

0.685
0.236

1.64
0.428

30 x 30 x 2.5 CA

1.06

0.192

0.439

NOTES:

10-4

1. Values of Mf are limited to the yield stress fy in the extreme compression fibre.
2. MfnT is for compression at point "T";
MfnB is for compression at point "B";
MfpR is for compression at point "R";
MfpL is for compression at point "L".
3. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm
fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
4. Moments are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Table 10.2
LIMIT STATE DESIGN

MAXIMUM MOMENT for


SECTIONS to be FULLY EFFECTIVE
bending about n- and p-axes
Grade C450L0 / C400L0

DuraGal Unequal Angles

Nominal

b1

b2

mm

mm

MAXIMUM MOMENT for SECTIONS to be FULLY EFFECTIVE

per

n-axis

p-axis

Thick.

metre

MfnT

MfnB

MfpR

MfpL

mm

kg/m

kNm

kNm

kNm

kNm

5.38
4.34
3.54

3.59
1.70
0.891

6.88
5.85
3.11

1.74
1.40
1.01

3.86
1.74
0.949

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA
NOTES:

Mass

Unequal Angles

Designation

1. Values of Mf are limited to the yield stress fy in the extreme compression fibre.
2. MfnT is for compression at point "T";
MfnB is for compression at point "B";
MfpR is for compression at point "R";
MfpL is for compression at point "L".
3. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 (for t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
4. Moments are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

10-5

Table 10.3
LIMIT STATE DESIGN

MAXIMUM MOMENT for


SECTIONS to be FULLY EFFECTIVE
bending about x- and y-axes
Grade C450L0 / C400L0

DuraGal Channels
Designation

Channels

Nominal

bf

mm

mm

Mass
per

MAXIMUM MOMENT for SECTIONS to be FULLY EFFECTIVE


x-axis

y-axis

Thick.

metre

Mfx

MfyL

MfyR

mm

kg/m

kNm

kNm

kNm

300 x 90 x 8.0 CC
7.0 CC
6.0 CC

28.5
25.1
21.6

118
80.1
49.8

35.0
23.9
15.4

14.0
12.4
8.02

250 x 90 x 6.0 CC

19.2

38.5

19.9

7.95

230 x 75 x 6.0 CC

16.9

46.6

17.3

8.18

200 x 75 x 6.0 CC
5.0 CC

15.5
12.4

38.3
16.2

21.3
9.73

8.04
3.56

180 x 75 x 5.0 CC

11.6

14.1

11.3

3.54

150 x 75 x 5.0 CC

10.5

11.0

14.7

125 x 65 x 4.0 CC

7.23

5.60

8.36

3.51
1.87

100 x 50 x 4.0 CC

5.59

6.18

5.48

1.97

75 x 40 x 4.0 CC

4.25

5.48

3.12

1.36

NOTES:

10-6

1. Values of Mf are limited to the yield stress fy in the extreme compression fibre.
2. MfyR is for compression at point "R";
MfyL is for compression at point "L".
3. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 (for t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
4. Moments are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY


CONTENTS
11.1

11

Page

SCOPE ........................................................................................................... 11-1

11.2
DESIGN METHOD ......................................................................................... 11-1
11.2.1 Design Axial Compression Force ................................................................... 11-1
11.2.2 Effective Length.............................................................................................. 11-2
11.3
EXAMPLES ................................................................................................... 11-4
11.3.1 Equal Angle .................................................................................................... 11-4
11.3.2 Channel .......................................................................................................... 11-5

TABLES & GRAPHS


Design Axial Compression Force (Nc*)
11.1

Equal Angles: lesser of flexural buckling about y-axis and flexural-torsional


buckling about x- and z-axes.......................................................................... 11-6

11.2

Unequal Angles: flexural-torsional buckling about x-, y- and z-axes .............. 11-9

11

AXIAL
COMPRESSION
CAPACITY

11.31 Channels: flexural-torsional buckling about x- and z-axes ........................... 11-10


11.32 Channels: flexural buckling about y-axis ...................................................... 11-12

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY

11

11.1 SCOPE
This section contains tables and graphs which give the maximum design member force (N c ) for
angles and channels subject to axial compression for the following cases:

Equal Angles:

flexural buckling about the y-axis (based on ley) or flexural-torsional buckling


about the x- and z-axes (based on lex = lez)

Unequal Angles: flexural-torsional buckling about x-, y- and z-axes (based on lex = ley = lez)
Channels:

flexural-torsional buckling about x- and z-axes (based on lex = lez)


flexural buckling about y-axis (based on ley)

The tables assume the angles and channels are concentrically loaded all loads act through
the centroid of the effective section as per Clause 3.4 of AS/NZS 4600. However, latest
research[3] shows that for the purpose of the design of angles using Clause 3.4 of AS/NZS
4600, the axial loads can be assumed to be applied through the centroid of the full section.

11.2 DESIGN METHOD


11.2.1 Design Axial Compression Force
The maximum design member force ( N c ) is calculated in accordance with Clause 3.4 of
AS/NZS 4600, and can be read directly from the tables or graphs for a range of effective lengths.
The design compression capacity for angles and channels is based on the least of the elastic
stresses resulting from:
Equal angles and channels - flexural buckling about the y-axis
- flexural-torsional buckling about the x- and z-axes
Unequal Angles

- flexural-torsional buckling about the x-, y- and z-axes

The effective length must be determined for each axis about which buckling may occur. Guidance
on the selection of the appropriate effective length to use for design is given in Section 11.2.2.
Local buckling is included by the use of effective area (Ae) in computing the section capacity
(fcNs) and the member capacity (fcNc).
For angles, all possible buckling modes are taken into account in a single table, assuming that
the effective lengths lex, ley and lez for buckling about each of the x-, y- and z-axes respectively,
are equal. However, if the actual effective lengths are not equal, then the larger of lex, ley and lez
should be used as the effective length (le) in the tables.
According to AS/NZS 4600, angles must be designed for the design axial force (N*) acting
simultaneously with a moment equal to N l /1000 about the y-axis causing compression in the
angle tips where l is the unbraced length of the member in compression. Latest research[3] has
concluded that this additional moment of N l /1000 need only be applied to slender angles
(Ae/Af < 1.0 refer to the tables in Section 3). The tables have been produced on the basis of
this research with the additional moment N l /1000 applied to slender angles only.

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

11-1

For channels, two tables are provided. Table 11.31 takes into account the flexural-torsional
buckling modes about the x- and z-axes assuming that the effective lengths (lex and lez) about
these axes are equal. Table 11.32 takes into account the flexural buckling mode about the yaxis.
Channels are designed for axial compression by checking the flexural-torsional buckling about

in Table 11.31) and the flexural buckling about the y-axis (N cy


in
the x- and z-axes (N cxz
Table 11.32). The effective length (le) used in Table 11.31 is equal to the larger of lex and lez.
For Table 11.32 the effective length (le) used is equal to ley. The maximum design member
and N obtained from Tables 11.31 and 11.32 respectively.
force (N c) is the minimum of N cxz
cy
A detailed discussion of the axial compression capacity calculations is included in Appendix A6.

11.2.2 Effective Length


The effective length of a compression member for flexural buckling about the principal x- and
y-axes (lex and ley respectively) and for twisting (lez) depends on the translational and the rotational
restraints at the ends of the member, and may be either smaller or larger than the actual length.
Guidance on determining the effective length for flexural buckling is provided in Notes 1 and 2 in
Clause 3.4.2 of AS/NZS 4600.
For members braced against sidesway and for truss members the effective length is equal
to the unbraced length. However, a rational analysis may be used to justify smaller effective
lengths with the exception of truss members for which the effective length is always equal to the
unbraced length.
For unbraced members the effective length is calculated using a rational method but should
not be less than the unbraced length.
Since AS/NZS 4600 allows the use of a rational analysis to justify a smaller effective length it is
recommended that to determine the effective length for members with idealised end restraints,
the method in Clause 4.6.3 of AS 4100 (Figure 11.1(1)) be adopted. However, for truss members
the effective length is always equal to the unbraced length.
For flexural buckling about the principal x- and y-axes the effective lengths (lex and ley) are
determined using the following formula:
le
where ke
l

= ke l

= effective length factor


= unbraced length of the compression member

The member effective length factor (ke) can be determined using Clause 4.6.3 of AS 4100 or by
a rational frame buckling analysis. Alternatively, for idealised end restraints, values of ke may be
taken from Figure 11.1(1).
The torsional effective length (lez) is usually assumed to be the distance between points of
torsional restraint. More detailed guidance to calculate the torsional effective length (lez) is given
in Figure 11.1(2) for channels, adapted from Talja and Salmi[8].

11-2

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Figure 11.1(1) Flexural Effective Length Factor (ke) for Members with Idealised End
Restraints

Figure 11.1(2) Torsional Effective Length Factor (ke) for Channels with Idealised End
Restraints

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

11-3

11.3 EXAMPLES
11.3.1 Equal Angle
What size DuraGal equal angle with an unbraced length of 1.5 m is required to resist a design
axial compression force of 80 kN? The member is pin ended and is unrestrained against torsional
buckling along its length. The member is concentrically loaded (the load passes through the
centroid of the effective section). The member is fully braced against sidesway.

Solution:
Design axial compression force

N = 80.0 kN

lx = ly = lz = 1.5 m

Unbraced length
Restraint conditions

- Pin ended with torsional restraints (about z-axis) at the ends


- Unrestrained against torsional buckling along its length
- Braced against sidesway

Effective Length Calculations


For flexural buckling (lex = ley)
Effective length factor

ke = 1.0 (Figure 11.1(1))


lex = ley = 1.0 x 1.5

Effective length

= 1.5 m

For torsional buckling


Effective length factor

ke = 1.0 (Figure 11.1(2))

Effective length

lez = 1.0 x 1.5


= 1.5 m

Maximum Design axial compression force (N c )


Using le = 1.5 m
75 x 75 x 6.0 CA DuraGal (6.56 kg/m)
N c = 92.7 kN (Table 11.11(b))
> N = 80.0 kN
90 x 90 x 5.0 CA DuraGal (6.37 kg/m)
N c = 99.1 kN (Table 11.11(a))
> N = 80.0 kN
Both angles are satisfactory for this load case.
Select 90 x 90 x 5.0 CA DuraGal because of the lower mass.

11-4

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

11.3.2 Channel
What size DuraGal channel is required for the
bottom chord of the truss shown with lateral
restraints at the quarter (node) points and
without restraints at the quarter points? The total
length of the bottom chord is 12.0 m and the
maximum design axial compression in the chord
under wind uplift is 100 kN. The truss web
members are assumed to provide torsional restraint to the chords. The load
can be assumed to be compression only (no moment) applied through the
centroid of the effective section.

Solution:
(a) Lateral and torsional restraints at quarter points
Design axial compression force
Unbraced length

N = 100 kN

lx = ly = lz = 3.0 m

Effective length = unbraced length (AS/NZS 4600 Clause 3.4.2 Note 1 - truss member)
Effective length

lex = ley = lez = 3.0 m

For flexural-torsional buckling about the x- and z-axes, use Table 11.31 with le = 3.0 m.
Select a 150 x 75 x 5.0 CC DuraGal

= 156 kN > N = 100 kN


N cxz

For flexural buckling about the y-axis, use Table 11.32 with le = 3.0 m.

= 122 kN > N = 100 kN


Check the 150 x 75 x 5.0 CC DuraGal N cy

The 150 x 75 x 5.0 CC DuraGal is satisfactory for this load case.

(b) Torsional restraints but no lateral restraints at quarter points


Design axial compression force
Unbraced lengths

N = 100 kN
ly = lz = 3.0 m
lx = 12.0 m

Effective length = unbraced length (AS/NZS 4600 Clause 3.4.2 Note 1 - truss members)
Effective lengths

ley = lez = 3.0 m


lex = 12.0 m

For flexural-torsional buckling about the x- and z-axes, use Table 11.31 with le = 12.0 m.
Select a 230 x 75 x 6.0 CC DuraGal

= 120 kN > N = 100 kN


N cxz

For flexural buckling about the y-axis, use Table 11.32 with le = 3.0 m.

= 171 kN > N = 100 kN


Check the 230 x 75 x 6.0 CC DuraGal N cy

The 230 x 75 x 6.0 CC DuraGal is satisfactory for this load case.


DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

11-5

Equal Angles

11-6

Table 11.1(a)
LIMIT STATE DESIGN

AXIAL COMPRESSION FORCE


LESSER of flexural buckling about y-axis and
flexural-torsional buckling about the x- and z-axes
DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES
for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DuraGal Equal Angles


Designation
Nominal

b1

b2

mm

mm

Mass
per
metre

Thick.

MAXIMUM DESIGN AXIAL COMPRESSION FORCE


N c (kN)

cNs

Effective Length, le (m)

kg/m

kN

0.25

0.5

0.75

1.0

1.25

1.5

1.75

2.0

2.25

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

150 x 150 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0

CA
CA
CA
CA

18.0
15.8
13.6
10.8

547
434
355
219

340
235
148
69.3

336
233
146
68.8

333
231
145
68.3

329
228
144
67.8

324
225
142
67.2

318
222
141
66.6

312
218
139
65.9

305
214
137
65.2

296
209
135
64.5

285
203
132
63.7

247
190
126
61.9

195
162
119
59.7

152
132
105
57.3

122
106
88.0
54.4

125 x 125 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

14.9
13.1
11.3
8.95
7.27

521
417
345
214
145

368
268
179
83.7
44.0

363
265
177
83.0
43.6

357
261
175
82.2
43.2

350
256
172
81.3
42.8

342
251
169
80.2
42.4

331
244
165
79.1
41.9

317
236
161
77.8
41.3

293
226
156
76.4
40.8

255
211
150
74.7
40.1

215
184
143
72.9
39.4

153
134
113
68.5
37.9

114
100
85.9
61.5
36.0

88.8
77.8
66.8
50.5
33.8

71.0
62.2
53.4
41.5
29.9

100 x 100 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

11.7
10.3
8.92
7.11
5.78

481
390
329
207
141

369
288
211
106
55.5

361
282
208
104
54.8

350
275
203
102
54.1

335
265
197
100
53.3

308
252
190
97.7
52.3

255
225
179
94.5
51.1

208
184
158
90.7
49.8

167
148
129
86.0
48.3

134
119
103
77.3
46.5

110
97.3
84.6
66.0
44.4

77.6
68.9
59.9
48.0
36.2

57.8
51.3
44.7
35.9
28.2

44.8
39.8
34.6
27.9
21.9

35.7
31.7
27.6
22.3
17.6

90 x 90 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

10.5
9.24
7.97
6.37
5.18

454
374
319
203
139

356
285
220
117
61.9

354
277
215
115
61.0

351
267
209
112
60.0

338
253
200
109
58.7

287
218
188
105
57.2

234
175
157
99.1
55.3

185
137
121
90.9
53.0

142
107
94.3
74.5
50.3

112
85.9
75.5
61.1
45.4

90.8
70.4
61.8
50.1
38.8

63.1
49.7
43.7
35.5
28.2

46.3
37.0
32.5
26.5
21.1

35.5
28.6
25.1
20.5
16.4

28.0
22.8
20.0
16.4
13.1

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

NOTES:

mm

Design
Section
Capacity

The effective length exceeds 200ry for values to the right of the solid line.
Values are not listed when the effective length exceeds 300ry.
The values in the table are based on le = lex = ley = lez.
The force is assumed to be applied through the centroid of the effective section.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
6. Axial compression forces are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Table 11.1(b)
LIMIT STATE DESIGN

AXIAL COMPRESSION FORCE


LESSER of flexural buckling about y-axis and
flexural-torsional buckling about the x- and z-axes

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DuraGal Equal Angles


Designation
Nominal

b1

b2

Mass
per
metre

Thick.

mm mm mm

Design
Section
Capacity

MAXIMUM DESIGN AXIAL COMPRESSION FORCE


N c (kN)

cN s

Effective Length, le (m)

kg/m

kN

0.25

0.5

0.75

1.0

1.25

1.5

1.75

2.0

2.25

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

8.59
7.59
6.56
5.26
4.29

372
329
299
194
135

315
264
222
130
74.5

313
262
214
126
72.8

291
258
202
122
70.7

240
214
171
115
67.8

188
168
127
101
63.9

139
124
92.7
77.3
57.8

102
91.4
69.3
57.9
45.9

78.2
70.0
53.8
45.0
36.2

61.8
55.3
43.0
36.0
29.0

50.0
44.8
35.1
29.4
23.7

34.7
31.1
24.7
20.8
16.8

25.5
22.9
18.4
15.4
12.5

19.5
17.5
14.2
11.9
9.67

65 x 65 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

5.62
4.52
3.69

274
186
131

212
135
82.2

210
130
79.6

190
122
75.9

142
101
70.3

98.4
71.4
56.7

68.3
50.6
41.1

50.2
37.8
30.7

38.4
29.3
23.9

30.4
23.4
19.1

24.6
19.1
15.6

17.1
13.4
11.0

12.6
9.98
8.17

50 x 50 x 6.0
5.0
4.0
2.5

CA
CA
CA
CA

4.21
3.42
2.79
1.81

205
166
121
46.3

176
130
88.2
27.2

153
127
82.4
26.2

106
91.2
64.0
24.6

63.8
57.2
40.4
22.3

40.9
36.6
26.5
16.7

28.4
25.4
18.7
12.0

20.8
18.7
13.9
9.01

16.0
14.3
10.8
7.00

12.6
11.3
8.59
5.60

10.2
9.15
7.01
4.58

45 x 45 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

2.50
1.62

116
45.2

85.5
28.9

77.0
27.4

48.8
25.0

29.2
18.8

19.1
12.5

13.5
8.88

10.0
6.63

7.75
5.14

6.17
4.11

5.03
3.35

40 x 40 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

2.20
1.43

107
43.8

83.7
30.0

70.0
27.8

41.2
22.0

23.2
13.5

14.8
8.87

10.3
6.28

7.56
4.68

5.79
3.62

2.89

30 x 30 x 2.5 CA

1.06

39.2

28.2

18.9

3.68

2.59

75 x 75 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

NOTES:

9.69

5.63

11-7

The effective length exceeds 200ry for values to the right of the solid line.
Values are not listed when the effective length exceeds 300ry.
The values in the table are based on le = lex = ley = lez.
The force is assumed to be applied through the centroid of the effective section.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
6. Axial compression forces are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Equal Angles

11-8

Table 11.2
LIMIT STATE DESIGN

AXIAL COMPRESSION FORCE


flexural-torsional buckling about the x-, y- and z-axes

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DuraGal Unequal Angles


Designation
Nominal

b1

b2

mm

mm

Thick.
mm

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA
NOTES:

Mass
per
metre

Design
Section
Capacity

MAXIMUM DESIGN AXIAL COMPRESSION FORCE


N c (kN)

cNs

Effective Length, le (m)

kg/m

kN

0.25

0.5

0.75

1.0

1.25

1.5

1.75

2.0

2.25

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.38
4.34
3.54

252
180
128

190
121
75.3

166
111
70.4

124
92.2
61.8

83.3
67.8
48.9

56.0
46.8
36.9

40.1
33.9
27.2

30.1
25.6
20.8

23.5
20.0
16.3

18.8
16.1
13.1

15.4
13.2
10.8

10.9
9.31
7.65

The effective length exceeds 200ry for values to the right of the solid line.
Values are not listed when the effective length exceeds 300ry.
The values in the table are based on le = lex = ley = lez.
The force is assumed to be applied through the centroid of the effective section.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
6. Axial compression forces are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Unequal Angles

Channels
DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Table 11.31
LIMIT STATE DESIGN

AXIAL COMPRESSION FORCE


flexural-torsional buckling about the x- and z-axes

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DuraGal Channels
Designation
Nominal

bf

mm

mm

Mass
per
metre

MAXIMUM DESIGN AXIAL COMPRESSION FORCE

(kN)
N cxz

cNs

Thick.
mm

Design
Section
Capacity

Effective Length, le (m)

kg/m

kN

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

5.0

6.0

7.0

8.0

9.0

10.0

12.0

14.0

16.0

300 x 90 x 8.0 CC
7.0 CC
6.0 CC

28.5
25.1
21.6

1170
954
803

1070
879
736

853
711
586

654
537
429

526
406
305

447
332
240

399
290
205

368
264
183

345
247
169

327
233
158

311
222
150

279
203
138

243
184
128

207
164
118

250 x 90 x 6.0 CC

19.2

779

706

553

392

282

229

199

180

166

155

146

129

112

120

96.1

230 x 75 x 6.0 CC

16.9

746

652

465

323

250

214

193

178

166

155

144

98.2

79.7

200 x 75 x 6.0 CC
5.0 CC

15.5
12.4

720
474

615
413

424
298

305
192

242
143

209
119

187
106

169
96.1

153
88.6

137
82.1

122
76.0

94.9
64.3

74.2
53.4

58.9
44.1

180 x 75 x 5.0 CC

11.6

465

399

276

180

136

115

101

91.4

83.0

75.3

68.1

55.0

44.1

35.7

150 x 75 x 5.0 CC

10.5

156

122

102

445

362

235

88.7

77.5

67.7

59.0

51.4

39.3

30.5

24.2

125 x 65 x 4.0 CC

7.23

298

226

131

86.2

67.8

56.9

48.7

41.7

35.7

30.6

26.3

19.7

15.1

100 x 50 x 4.0 CC

5.59

257

173

103

74.9

58.2

45.2

35.1

27.6

22.0

17.9

14.8

75 x 40 x 4.0 CC

4.25

207

125

53.7

35.1

24.0

17.3

13.0

10.1

NOTES:

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

83.3

The effective length exceeds 200rx for values to the right of the solid line.
Values are not listed when the effective length exceeds 300rx.
The values in the table are based on le = lex = lez.
The force is assumed to be applied through the centroid of the effective section.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 (for t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
Axial compression forces are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

11-9

Channels

11-10

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Channels
DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Table 11.32
LIMIT STATE DESIGN

AXIAL COMPRESSION FORCE


flexural buckling about y-axis

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DuraGal Channels
Designation
Nominal

bf

mm

mm

Mass
per
metre

MAXIMUM DESIGN AXIAL COMPRESSION FORCE


(kN)
N cy

cNs

Thick.
mm

Design
Section
Capacity

Effective Length, le (m)

kg/m

kN

0.25

0.5

0.75

1.0

1.25

1.5

1.75

300 x 90 x 8.0 CC
7.0 CC
6.0 CC

28.5
25.1
21.6

1170
954
803

1160
949
799

1140
933
785

1100
908
762

1060
873
731

995
830
694

924
778
649

838
715
600

250 x 90 x 6.0 CC

19.2

779

775

762

740

712

676

634

230 x 75 x 6.0 CC

16.9

746

739

720

688

646

593

200 x 75 x 6.0 CC
5.0 CC

15.5
12.4

720
474

714
471

696
460

666
442

620
419

563
390

180 x 75 x 5.0 CC

11.6

465

461

451

434

411

383

150 x 75 x 5.0 CC

10.5

2.0

2.25

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

745
649
547

651
577
492

560
497
430

399
354
309

293
260
227

224
199
174

588

537

482

415

293

216

165

529

451

375

304

246

171

126

96.2

495
357

425
320

356
282

292
236

236
191

164
133

121
97.6

92.3
74.7

350

313

270

228

185

129

94.6

72.4

175

122

445

442

432

415

389

358

324

287

250

213

125 x 65 x 4.0 CC

7.23

298

295

286

272

250

224

196

168

140

113

100 x 50 x 4.0 CC

5.59

257

252

236

212

183

148

113

75 x 40 x 4.0 CC

4.25

207

199

177

146

112

NOTES:

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

79.1

54.9

89.3

68.3

91.4

63.5

46.6

35.7
16.0

83.4

63.8

50.4

40.9

28.4

21

40.4

30.9

24.4

20

13.7

10.1

The effective length exceeds 200ry for values to the right of the solid line.
Values are not listed when the effective length exceeds 300ry.
The values in the table are based on le = ley.
The force is assumed to be applied through the centroid of the effective section.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 (for t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
Axial compression forces are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

11-11

Channels

11-12

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

[ BLANK ]

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

11-13

12

AXIAL TENSION CAPACITY


CONTENTS

Page

12.1

SCOPE ........................................................................................................... 12-1

12.2

DESIGN METHOD ......................................................................................... 12-1

12.3
EXAMPLES ................................................................................................... 12-1
12.3.1 Angle Connected Through One Leg Only ...................................................... 12-1
12.3.2 Channel Connected Through Web Only ......................................................... 12-2

TABLES

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

AXIAL TENSION
CAPACITY

Design Axial Tension Capacities (tNt) for Equal Angles ............................... 12-3
Design Axial Tension Capacities (tNt) for Unequal Angles ........................... 12-4
Design Axial Tension Capacities (tNt) for Channels ...................................... 12-5

12

12.1
12.2
12.3

AXIAL TENSION CAPACITY

12

12.1 SCOPE
This section contains tables which give the design capacity for angles and channels subject to
axial tension. These tables provide axial tension capacities for the following end connection
configurations:

Angles

fully welded ends


bolted or welded connection to one leg only

Channels fully welded ends


bolted or welded connection to the web only
bolted or welded connection to both flanges

12.2 DESIGN METHOD


The design axial tension capacity (ftNt) is calculated in accordance with Clause 3.2 of
AS/NZS 4600, and can be read directly from the tables for the end connection configurations
listed in Section 12.1.
The design axial tension capacities given in the tables for bolted angles and channels assume
a bolt hole diameter of 18 mm or 22 mm. If the member end connection has a bolt hole diameter
smaller than the diameter specified in the table, the design axial tension capacity given in the
table can be used conservatively. Alternatively, the design axial tension capacity may be calculated
accurately using the method given in Appendix A7.

12.3 EXAMPLES
12.3.1 Angle Connected Through One Leg Only
Design a DuraGal equal angle tension member connected at the ends with a single row of M16
bolts (18 mm hole size) through one leg only, with a design tension force of 100 kN.

Solution:
Design axial tension force
Bolt hole diameter

N = 100 kN
= 18 mm

Using Table 12.1 for a single row of M16 bolts in one leg, the required angle size is:
50 x 50 x 5.0 CA DuraGal

ftNt = 114 kN
> N = 100 kN

The 50 x 50 x 5.0 CA DuraGal is satisfactory for this load case.


For the angle selected, block shear rupture needs to be checked in accordance with Clause
5.6.3 of AS/NZS 4600 as outlined in Appendix A7.

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

12-1

12.3.2 Channel Connected Through Web Only


Design a DuraGal channel tension member connected at the ends with two rows of M20 bolts
(22 mm hole size) through the web only, with a design tension force of 400 kN.

Solution:
Design axial tension force
Bolt hole diameter

N = 400 kN
= 22 mm

Using Table 12.3 for two rows of M20 bolts in the web, the required channel size is:
180 x 75 x 5.0 CC DuraGal

ftNt = 414 kN
> N = 400 kN

The 180 x 75 x 5.0 CC DuraGal is satisfactory for this load case.


For the channel selected, block shear rupture needs to be checked in accordance with Clause
5.6.3 of AS/NZS 4600 as outlined in Appendix A7.

12-2

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Table 12.1
Equal Angles

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

AXIAL TENSION CAPACITIES


Fully Welded / One Leg Connected

DuraGal Equal Angles


Designation

Mass
per

Nominal

b1

b2

metre

ONE LEG CONNECTED


Welded

Bolted

No Holes

Hole

tNt (kN)

tNt

tNt

Diameter

kg/m

kN

kN

mm

Thickness

mm mm mm

FULLY
WELDED

No. of Bolt Rows

150 x 150 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0

CA
CA
CA
CA

18.0
15.8
13.6
10.8

790
694
664
526

671
590
564
447

22
22
22
22

620
545
521
413

568
500
478
380

125 x 125 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

14.9
13.1
11.3
8.95
7.27

652
574
549
436
354

554
488
467
371
301

18
18
18
18
18

512
451
432
343
279

470
414
397
316
257

100 x 100 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

11.7
10.3
8.92
7.11
5.78

515
453
434
346
281

437
385
369
294
239

18
18
18
18
18

395
348
334
267
217

90 x 90 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

10.5
9.24
7.97
6.37
5.18

460
405
388
310
252

391
344
330
264
215

18
18
18
18
18

348
307
295
236
192

75 x 75 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

8.59
7.59
6.56
5.26
4.29

377
333
320
256
209

320
283
272
218
177

18
18
18
18
18

278
246
237
190
155

65 x 65 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

5.62
4.52
3.69

274
220
180

233
187
153

18
18
18

198
160
131

50 x 50 x 6.0
5.0
4.0
2.5

CA
CA
CA
CA

4.21
3.42
2.79
1.81

205
166
136
70.5

174
141
116
59.9

18
18
18
18

139
114
93.5
48.7

45 x 45 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

2.50
1.62

122
63.2

103
53.7

18
18

40 x 40 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

2.20
1.43

107
55.8

91.0
47.4

18
18

30 x 30 x 2.5 CA

1.06

41.1

35.0

18

NOTES:

1. Tension capacity is governed by tension fracture in accordance with Clause 3.2 of AS/NZS 4600 unless noted.
2. Block shear rupture may need to be checked in accordance with Clause 5.6.3 of AS/NZS 4600.
3. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm
fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
4. Capacities are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

12-3

Table 12.2
LIMIT STATE DESIGN

AXIAL TENSION CAPACITIES


Fully Welded / One Leg Connected

Unequal Angles

DuraGal Unequal Angles


Designation

Mass
per

Nominal

b1

b2

mm

mm

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA
NOTES:

12-4

metre

LONG LEG CONNECTED


Welded

Bolted

SHORT LEG CONNECTED


Welded

Bolted

No Holes

Hole

tNt (kN)

No Holes

Hole

tNt (kN)

t N t

tN t

Diameter

Bolt Rows

tNt

Diameter

Bolt Rows

kg/m

kN

kN

mm

kN

mm

5.38
4.34
3.54

262
211
172

223
180
147

18
18
18

188
152
124

197
159
129

18
18
18

166
134
110

Thickness
mm

FULLY
WELDED

1. Tension capacity is governed by tension fracture in accordance with Clause 3.2 of AS/NZS 4600 unless noted.
2. Block shear rupture may need to be checked in accordance with Clause 5.6.3 of AS/NZS 4600.
3. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450
MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
4. Capacities are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Table 12.3
LIMIT STATE DESIGN

AXIAL TENSION CAPACITIES


Fully Welded / Web Connected / Flange Connected

DuraGal Channels
Mass
per
Nominal

FULLY
WELDED

metre

WEB CONNECTED
Welded
No Holes

Hole

FLANGE CONNECTED

Bolted

Welded

tNt (kN)

No Holes

tNt (kN)

t N t

t N t

Diameter

kg/m

kN

kN

mm

kN

mm

300 x 90 x 8.0 CC
7.0 CC
6.0 CC

28.5
25.1
21.6

1250
1100
1050

1060
934
895

22
22
22

1010
889
852

959
844
809

908
799
766

1060
934
895

22
22
22

959
844
809

250 x 90 x 6.0 CC

19.2

938

797

22

754

711

668

797

22

711

bf

mm

mm

Thickness
mm

tNt

Bolted
Hole

No. of Bolt Rows

Diameter Bolt Rows

230 x 75 x 6.0 CC

16.9

823

699

22

657

614

699

22

614

200 x 75 x 6.0 CC
5.0 CC

15.5
12.4

754
603

641
512

22
22

598
479

555
445

641
512

22
22

555
445

180 x 75 x 5.0 CC

11.6

567

482

22

448

414

482

22

414

150 x 75 x 5.0 CC

10.5

513

436

18

408

381

436

18

381

352

299

18

277

299

18

255

125 x 65 x 4.0 CC

7.23

100 x 50 x 4.0 CC

5.59

272

231

18

209

231

18

75 x 40 x 4.0 CC

4.25

207

176

18

154

176

18

NOTES:

1. Tension capacity is governed by tension fracture in accordance with Clause 3.2 of AS/NZS 4600 unless noted.
2. Block shear rupture may need to be checked in accordance with Clause 5.6.3 of AS/NZS 4600.
3. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 (for t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
4. Capacities are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

12-5

Channels

Designation

[ BLANK ]

12-6

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

CONTENTS

Page

13.1

SCOPE ........................................................................................................... 13-1

13.2

COMBINED AXIAL COMPRESSION AND BENDING ................................. 13-1

13.3

COMBINED AXIAL TENSION AND BENDING ............................................ 13-3

13.4
EXAMPLES ................................................................................................... 13-4
13.4.1 Channel subject to Combined Axial Compression and Bending .................... 13-4
13.4.2 Angle subject to Combined Axial Tension and Bending ................................. 13-7

TABLES
13.11 Elastic Buckling Load for Equal Angles buckling about x-axis ..................... 13-10
13.12 Elastic Buckling Load for Equal Angles buckling about y-axis ..................... 13-12
13.21 Elastic Buckling Load for Unequal Angles buckling about x-axis ................. 13-14
13.22 Elastic Buckling Load for Unequal Angles buckling about y-axis ................. 13-15
13.31 Elastic Buckling Load for Channels buckling about x-axis ........................... 13-16
13.32 Elastic Buckling Load for Channels buckling about y-axis ........................... 13-17

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

COMBINED
ACTIONS

13

13

COMBINED ACTIONS

13

COMBINED ACTIONS
13.1 SCOPE

This section contains the interaction formulae which are used to calculate the design capacity
of a member subject to combined axial force and bending. Tables are provided for the elastic
buckling loads for angles and channels buckling about the principal x- and y-axes. The elastic
buckling loads are used to determine the moment amplification factors in the combined axial
compression and bending interaction equations.
Additional tables are provided in Section 18 for the special case of eccentrically loaded single
angles used as web members in trusses.

13.2 COMBINED AXIAL COMPRESSION AND BENDING


For a member subject to combined axial compression and bending, the design axial compression
force (N ), and the design bending moment (M x and M y ) about the x- and y-axes must satisfy
the following interaction equations from Clause 3.5.1 of AS/NZS 4600:
N

(a)

c N c
N

(b)

If

c N s

N
c N c

Cmx M x

b M bx nx
M x
b M bx

Cmy M y
b M by ny

M y
b M by

10
.

10
.

0.15 , the following interaction may be used in lieu of items (a) and (b):

N
c N c

where

M x
b M bx

M y
b M by

10
.

= design axial compression force

fcNc = design member axial compression capacity (Section 11)


fcNs = design section axial compression capacity (Section 6)
M x

= design bending moment about the x-axis

M y

= design bending moment about the y-axis


For angles, AS/NZS 4600 requires that M y shall be taken either as the
required flexural moment, or the required flexural moment plus N l 1000
about the y-axis causing compression at the tips of the angle legs, whichever
results in a lower value of N where l is the length of the member. Latest
research[3] indicates that this additional eccentricity of N l 1000 need only
be applied to slender sections (Ae Af < 10
. refer to Section 3).

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

13-1

fbMbx = design member moment capacity about the x-axis calculated using Cb or
Cm = 1.0 (Section 7)
fbMby = design member moment capacity about the y-axis calculated using
Cm = 1.0 (Section 7)
fc

= 0.85 (AS/NZS 4600 Table 1.6)

fb

= 0.95 for channels bending about the y-axis with the web in compression
= 0.9 for angles bending about the x- or y-axis, and for channels bending
about the x-axis or about the y-axis with the flange tips in compression
(AS/NZS 4600 Table 1.6)

Cmx

= coefficient for unequal end moment about the x-axis

Cmy

= coefficient for unequal end moment about the y-axis


Values of Cm are calculated in accordance with Clause 3.5.1 of
AS/NZS 4600 as follows:
(i) For compression members in frames subject to joint translation
(side-sway):

Cm = 0.85
(ii) For restrained compression members in frames braced against joint
translation and not subject to transverse loading between their supports
in the plane of bending:
Cm = 0.6 0.4(M 1 M 2 )

M1/M2 is the ratio of the smaller to the larger moment at the ends of
that portion of the member under consideration which is unbraced in
the plane of bending. M1/M2 is positive if the member is bent in reverse
curvature and negative if it is bent in single curvature.
(iii) For compression members in frames braced against joint translation in
the plane of loading and subject to transverse loading between their
supports, the value of Cm may be determined by rational analysis.
However, in lieu of such analysis, the following values may be used:
(A) For members whose ends are restrained:

Cm = 0.85
(B) For members whose ends are unrestrained:
Cm = 10
.

anx, any = moment amplification factors


N

= 1
Ne

Ne = elastic buckling load (given in the tables in this section)


=

Ib

2 EI b
2
leb

= second moment of area of the full section about the bending axis

leb = effective length in the plane of bending

13-2

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

13.3 COMBINED AXIAL TENSION AND BENDING


For members subject to axial tension and bending, the following interaction equations from
Clause 3.5.2 of AS/NZS 4600 must be satisfied:
M x
b M bx

N
t N t
where

M y
b M by

M x
b M sxf

N
t N t

M y
b M syf

10
.

10
.

= design axial tensile force

ft

= 0.9 (AS/NZS 4600 Table 1.6)

ftNt

= design section capacity of the member in tension (Section 12)

fb

= 0.95 for channels bending about the y-axis with the web in compression
= 0.9 for angles bending about the x- or y-axis, and for channels bending
about the x-axis or about the y-axis with the flange tips in compression
(AS/NZS 4600 Table 1.6)

M x

= design bending moment about the x-axis

M y

= design bending moment about the y-axis

fbMbx = design member moment capacity about the x-axis calculated using Cb or
Cm = 1.0 (Section 7)
fbMby = design member moment capacity about the y-axis calculated using
Cm = 1.0 (Section 7)

Msxf

= section yield capacity of the full section about the x-axis


= fbZftxfy

Msyf

= section yield capacity of the full section about the y-axis


= fbZftyfy

Zft

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

= section modulus of the full unreduced section for the extreme tension
fibres about the appropriate axis (Section 3)

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

13-3

13.4 EXAMPLES
13.4.1 Channel subject to Combined Axial Compression and Bending
Check the ability of a 3.0 m long 180 x 75 x 5.0 CC DuraGal to resist the combined design axial
compression force and the design biaxial bending moments shown. The member is braced
against sidesway and is not subjected to any transverse loading between supports. For bending
about the y-axis, the channel web is in compression. The axial compression force is assumed to
act through the centroid of the effective section. The loads causing the moments are assumed
to act through the shear centre.
the effective lengths are given as:
lex = ley = lez = 3.0 m

Axial compression
Bending about x-axis

ley = lez = 3.0 m

Bending about y-axis

lex = lez = 3.0 m

Solution:
Design action effects:
Axial compression force

N = 60.0 kN

Bending moment about x-axis M x = 5.0 kNm


Bending moment about y-axis M y = 1.0 kNm

Axial compression
For 180 x 75 x 5.0 CC DuraGal:
Design section axial compression capacity
fcNs = 465 kN (Table 6.3)

13-4

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

Design member axial compression capacity


for flexural-torsional buckling about the x- and z-axes

= 180 kN (Table 11.31)


fcNcxz = N cxz

for flexural buckling about the y-axes

= 129 kN (Table 11.32)


fcNcy = N cy

fcNc = 129 kN

Use the smaller value


N
N c

60.0

129

= 0.465 > 0.15

Therefore the interaction equations to be used are:

N
c N c
N

and

c N s

Cmx M x

b M bx nx

M x
b M bx

Cmy M y
b M by ny
M y

b M by

10
.

10
.

Bending about x-axis


For 180 x 75 x 5.0 CC DuraGal:
Design member moment capacity

fbMbx = 15.4 kNm (Table 7.31)

(using bending coefficient Cb = 1.0 for combined axial load and bending moment in accordance
with Clause 3.3.3.2(a) of AS/NZS 4600)
End moment ratio M1 / M2 = 0
The coefficient for unequal end moments to be used in the interaction equations is:

Cmx = 0.6
Moment amplification factor
where

Nex

N
nx = 1

N ex

= 1570 kN (Table 13.31)


60.0
nx = 1
= 0.962
1570

Bending about y-axis


For 180 x 75 x 5.0 CC DuraGal:
Design member moment capacity

fbMby = 6.02 kNm (Table 7.35)

(using coefficient for unequal end moments Cm = 1.0 for combined axial load and bending
moment in accordance with Clause 3.3.3.2(a) of AS/NZS 4600)

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

13-5

End moment ratio M1 / M2 = -1.0


The coefficient for unequal end moments to be used in the interaction equations is:

Cmy = 0.6 - 0.4 (-1.0)


= 1.0 (AS/NZS 4600 Clause 3.5.1)
N
ny = 1

N ey

Moment amplification factor


where

Ney

= 173 kN (Table13.32)
60.0
ny = 1
= 0.653
173

Axial compression and bending interaction


N
c N c

Cmx M x
b M bx nx

Cmy M y
b M by ny

60.0
129

0.6 5.0
15.4 0.962

10
. 10
.
6.02 0.653

.
= 0.922 < 10
N
c N s

M x
b M bx

M y
b M by

60.0
465

5.0
15.4

10
.
6.02

.
= 0..620 < 10
The 180 x 75 x 5.0 CC DuraGal is satisfactory for this load case.

13-6

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

13.4.2 Angle subject to Combined Axial Tension and Bending


Design a DuraGal equal angle to resist a design axial tension force combined with the design
bending moments about the x- and y-axes as shown. Bending about the minor principal y-axis
results in compression at the tips of the angle. The effective length of the member in bending
about the x- and y-axes (lex and ley) and twisting (lez) is 2.0 m. Both legs are welded at each end
connection. The loads causing the moments are assumed to act through the shear centre.

Solution:
Design action effects:
N = 300 kN

Axial tension force

Bending moment about x-axis M x = 2.0 kNm


Bending moment about y-axis M y = 0.5 kNm

Interaction Equations:
M x
b M bx

and

N
t N t

M y
b M by
M x

b M sxf

N
t N t
M y

b M syf

10
.

10
.

Try a 90 x 90 x 8.0 CA DuraGal:

Axial tension
Design axial tension capacity ftNt = 460 kN (Table 12.1 or Table 6.11)

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

13-7

Bending about x-axis


fbMbx = 9.15 kNm (Table 7.11(a))

Design member moment capacity

(using bending coefficient Cb = 1.0 for combined axial load and bending moment in accordance
with Clause 3.3.3.2(a) of AS/NZS 4600)

Msxf = Zft fy

Section yield capacity


where

Zft

= Zx1 = 26.7 x 103 mm3 (Table 3.11(a))

fy

= 400 MPa

Capacity (strength reduction) factor for bending fb = 0.9 (AS/NZS 4600, Table 1.6)
fbMsxf = 9.61 kNm

Bending about y-axis


fbMby = 4.30 kNm (Table 7.12(a))

Design member moment capacity

(using coefficient for unequal end moments Cm = 1.0 for combined axial load and bending
moment in accordance with Clause 3.3.3.2(a) of AS/NZS 4600)

Msyf = Zft fy

Section yield capacity


where

Zft

= Zy5 = 12.7 x 103 mm3 (Table 3.11(a))

fy

= 400 MPa

Capacity (strength reduction) factor for bending fb = 0.9 (AS/NZS 4600, Table 1.6)
fbMsyf = 4.57 kNm

Axial tension and bending interaction


M x
b M bx

M y
b M by

N
t N t

2.0
9.15

0.5

4.30

300
460

= 0.317 < 10
.
N
t N t

M x
b M sxf

M y
b M syf

300
460

2.0
9.61

0.5
4.57

= 0.970 < 10
.
The 90 x 90 x 8.0 CA DuraGal is satisfactory for this load case.

13-8

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

[ BLANK ]

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

13-9

13-10

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

125 x 125 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

100 x 100 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

90 x 90 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

NOTES:

18.0
15.8
13.6
10.8

0.5

13400
11900
10400
8340
6840

18700
16600
14400
11500
9450

37300
33100
28700
22800
18700

65600
58000
50200
39800

1.0

3350
2980
2600
2080
1710

4660
4140
3610
2880
2360

9330
8270
7170
5710
4670

16400
14500
12500
9960

1.5

1490
1330
1160
926
760

2070
1840
1600
1280
1050

4150
3670
3190
2540
2070

7290
6440
5580
4430

2.0

838
746
650
521
428

1170
1040
901
720
590

2330
2070
1790
1430
1170

4100
3620
3140
2490

2.5

537
478
416
333
274

746
663
577
461
378

1490
1320
1150
913
746

2620
2320
2010
1590

1. Elastic buckling loads are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

10.5
9.24
7.97
6.37
5.18

11.7
10.3
8.92
7.11
5.78

14.9
13.1
11.3
8.95
7.27

kg/m

CA
CA
CA
CA

mm

mm

mm

Nominal

Thickness

Mass
per
metre

150 x 150 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0

b2

b1

Designation

3.0

373
332
289
232
190

518
460
401
320
262

1040
919
797
634
518

1820
1610
1390
1110

274
244
212
170
140

381
338
294
235
193

762
675
585
466
381

1340
1180
1020
813

3.5

210
187
163
130
107

291
259
225
180
148

583
517
448
357
292

1020
906
784
622

4.0

166
147
128
103
84.5

230
205
178
142
117

461
408
354
282
230

810
715
619
492

4.5

Effective Length, lex (m)

ELASTIC BUCKLING LOAD


Nex (kN)

DuraGal Equal Angles

buckling about x-axis

ELASTIC BUCKLING LOAD

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

Table 13.11(a)

5.0

134
119
104
83.4
68.4

187
166
144
115
94.5

373
331
287
228
187

656
580
502
398

5.5

111
98.7
86.0
68.9
56.5

154
137
119
95.2
78.1

309
273
237
189
154

542
479
415
329

6.0

93.2
82.9
72.3
57.9
47.5

130
115
100
80.0
65.6

259
230
199
159
130

455
402
348
277

79.4
70.6
61.6
49.3
40.5

110
98.1
85.3
68.2
55.9

221
196
170
135
110

388
343
297
236

6.5

68.4
60.9
53.1
42.5
34.9

95.2
84.6
73.6
58.8
48.2

190
169
146
116
95.2

335
296
256
203

7.0

Equal Angles

8.0

52.4
46.6
40.7
32.6
26.7

72.9
64.7
56.3
45.0
36.9

146
129
112
89.2
72.9

256
226
196
156

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

13-11

5.62
4.52
3.69

4.21
3.42
2.79
1.81

2.50
1.62

2.20
1.43

1.06

65 x 65 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

CA
CA
CA
CA

50 x 50 x 6.0
5.0
4.0
2.5

45 x 45 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

40 x 40 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

30 x 30 x 2.5 CA

604

2220
1480

3210
2120

6570
5360
4460
2940

15100
12200
10100

30200
27000
23600
19000
15600

0.25

151

554
369

802
531

1640
1340
1110
734

3770
3050
2510

7550
6750
5900
4750
3910

0.5

67.2

246
164

356
236

730
596
495
326

1680
1350
1120

3360
3000
2620
2110
1740

0.75

37.8

139
92.3

200
133

411
335
279
184

942
761
629

1890
1690
1480
1190
977

1.0

24.2

88.7
59.1

128
85.0

263
215
178
118

603
487
402

1210
1080
944
760
625

1.25

1. Elastic buckling loads are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

8.59
7.59
6.56
5.26
4.29

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

75 x 75 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

NOTES:

kg/m

mm

mm

Nominal

Thickness

Mass
per
metre

mm

b2

b1

Designation

16.8

61.6
41.0

89.1
59.0

183
149
124
81.6

419
338
279

839
750
656
528
434

1.5

12.3

45.2
30.1

65.5
43.4

134
109
91.0
60.0

308
249
205

617
551
482
388
319

1.75

9.44

34.6
23.1

50.1
33.2

103
83.8
69.6
45.9

236
190
157

472
422
369
297
244

2.0

6.04

22.2
14.8

32.1
21.2

65.7
53.6
44.6
29.4

151
122
101

302
270
236
190
156

2.5

Effective Length, lex (m)

ELASTIC BUCKLING LOAD


Nex (kN)

DuraGal Equal Angles

buckling about x-axis

ELASTIC BUCKLING LOAD

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

Table 13.11(b)

4.20

15.4
10.3

22.3
14.8

45.6
37.3
31.0
20.4

105
84.6
69.9

210
187
164
132
109

3.0

3.08

11.3
7.54

16.4
10.8

33.5
27.4
22.7
15.0

76.9
62.2
51.3

154
138
120
96.9
79.8

3.5

2.36

8.66
5.77

12.5
8.30

25.7
21.0
17.4
11.5

58.9
47.6
39.3

118
105
92.2
74.2
61.1

4.0

1.51

5.54
3.69

8.02
5.31

16.4
13.4
11.1
7.34

37.7
30.5
25.1

75.5
67.5
59.0
47.5
39.1

5.0

Equal Angles

1.87

6.84
4.56

9.90
6.56

20.3
16.6
13.8
9.07

46.5
37.6
31.0

93.3
83.3
72.9
58.6
48.3

4.5

1.05

3.85
2.56

5.57
3.69

11.4
9.31
7.74
5.10

26.2
21.1
17.5

52.5
46.8
41.0
33.0
27.1

6.0

13-12

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

125 x 125 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

100 x 100 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

90 x 90 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

NOTES:

18.0
15.8
13.6
10.8

0.25

12200
10900
9500
7950
6540

17100
15200
13300
11000
9070

34900
31000
26900
22100
18100

62000
54900
47600
38700

0.5

3050
2720
2380
1990
1640

4280
3810
3330
2760
2270

8730
7740
6730
5520
4520

15500
13700
11900
9680

0.75

1350
1210
1060
883
727

1900
1690
1480
1230
1010

3880
3440
2990
2450
2010

6890
6100
5290
4300

1.0

761
679
594
497
409

1070
953
831
690
567

2180
1940
1680
1380
1130

3880
3430
2980
2420

1.25

487
435
380
318
262

685
610
532
442
363

1400
1240
1080
883
723

2480
2200
1910
1550

1. Elastic buckling loads are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

10.5
9.24
7.97
6.37
5.18

11.7
10.3
8.92
7.11
5.78

14.9
13.1
11.3
8.95
7.27

kg/m

CA
CA
CA
CA

mm

mm

mm

Nominal

Thickness

Mass
per
metre

150 x 150 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0

b2

b1

Designation

1.5

338
302
264
221
182

476
423
369
307
252

969
860
748
613
502

1720
1530
1320
1080

249
222
194
162
133

349
311
271
225
185

712
632
550
450
369

1270
1120
972
790

1.75

190
170
148
124
102

267
238
208
173
142

545
484
421
345
282

969
858
745
605

2.0

150
134
117
98.1
80.7

211
188
164
136
112

431
382
332
272
223

766
678
588
478

2.25

Effective Length, ley (m)

ELASTIC BUCKLING LOAD


Ney (kN)

DuraGal Equal Angles

buckling about y-axis

ELASTIC BUCKLING LOAD

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

Table 13.12(a)

2.5

122
109
95.0
79.5
65.4

171
152
133
110
90.7

349
310
269
221
181

620
549
476
387

3.0

84.6
75.5
66.0
55.2
45.4

119
106
92.4
76.7
63.0

242
215
187
153
126

431
381
331
269

3.5

62.1
55.4
48.5
40.5
33.4

87.3
77.8
67.9
56.3
46.3

178
158
137
113
92.2

316
280
243
198

47.6
42.4
37.1
31.0
25.5

66.9
59.5
52.0
43.1
35.4

136
121
105
86.2
70.6

242
215
186
151

4.0

37.6
33.5
29.3
24.5
20.2

52.8
47.0
41.1
34.1
28.0

108
95.6
83.1
68.1
55.8

191
170
147
120

4.5

Equal Angles

5.0

30.5
27.2
23.8
19.9
16.4

42.8
38.1
33.3
27.6
22.7

87.3
77.4
67.3
55.2
45.2

155
137
119
96.8

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

13-13

5.62
4.52
3.69

4.21
3.42
2.79
1.81

2.50
1.62

2.20
1.43

1.06

65 x 65 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

CA
CA
CA
CA

50 x 50 x 6.0
5.0
4.0
2.5

45 x 45 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

40 x 40 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

30 x 30 x 2.5 CA

138

497
346

729
502

1370
1230
1020
698

3300
2850
2360

6710
6010
5270
4480
3700

0.25

34.6

124
86.5

182
125

343
307
256
174

825
712
590

1680
1500
1320
1120
925

0.5

15.4

55.2
38.4

81.0
55.7

152
136
114
77.5

367
316
262

746
668
586
498
411

0.75

8.64

31.1
21.6

45.6
31.3

85.6
76.7
64.0
43.6

206
178
147

420
376
330
280
231

1.0

5.53

19.9
13.8

29.2
20.1

54.8
49.1
40.9
27.9

132
114
94.4

269
240
211
179
148

1.25

1. Elastic buckling loads are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

8.59
7.59
6.56
5.26
4.29

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

75 x 75 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

NOTES:

kg/m

mm

mm

Nominal

Thickness

Mass
per
metre

mm

b2

b1

Designation

3.84

13.8
9.61

20.2
13.9

38.1
34.1
28.4
19.4

91.7
79.1
65.5

186
167
146
124
103

1.5

2.82

10.1
7.06

14.9
10.2

28.0
25.0
20.9
14.2

67.4
58.1
48.1

137
123
108
91.5
75.5

1.75

2.16

7.76
5.41

11.4
7.84

21.4
19.2
16.0
10.9

51.6
44.5
36.9

105
93.9
82.4
70.0
57.8

2.0

1.71

6.14
4.27

9.00
6.19

16.9
15.2
12.6
8.61

40.7
35.2
29.1

82.9
74.2
65.1
55.3
45.7

2.25

Effective Length, ley (m)

ELASTIC BUCKLING LOAD


Ney (kN)

DuraGal Equal Angles

buckling about y-axis

ELASTIC BUCKLING LOAD

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

Table 13.12(b)

1.38

4.97
3.46

7.29
5.02

13.7
12.3
10.2
6.98

33.0
28.5
23.6

67.1
60.1
52.7
44.8
37.0

2.5

1.14

4.11
2.86

6.02
4.14

11.3
10.1
8.46
5.77

27.3
23.5
19.5

55.5
49.7
43.6
37.0
30.6

2.75

0.960

3.45
2.40

5.06
3.48

9.52
8.52
7.11
4.85

22.9
19.8
16.4

46.6
41.7
36.6
31.1
25.7

3.0

0.705

2.54
1.77

3.72
2.56

6.99
6.26
5.22
3.56

16.8
14.5
12.0

34.2
30.7
26.9
22.9
18.9

3.5

Equal Angles

0.818

2.94
2.05

4.31
2.97

8.11
7.26
6.06
4.13

19.5
16.9
14.0

39.7
35.6
31.2
26.5
21.9

3.25

0.540

1.94
1.35

2.85
1.96

5.35
4.79
4.00
2.73

12.9
11.1
9.22

26.2
23.5
20.6
17.5
14.5

4.0

13-14

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

mm

Thickness

NOTES:

5.38
4.34
3.54

kg/m

Mass
per
metre

14700
11900
9860

0.25

3670
2980
2460

0.5
1630
1330
1100

0.75
917
746
616

1.0
587
477
394

1.25

1. Elastic buckling loads are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

b2

mm

b1

mm

Nominal

Designation

407
332
274

1.5
299
244
201

1.75
229
186
154

2.0
147
119
98.6

2.5

Effective Length, lex (m)

ELASTIC BUCKLING LOAD


Nex (kN)

DuraGal Unequal Angles

buckling about x-axis

ELASTIC BUCKLING LOAD

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

Table 13.21

102
82.9
68.5

3.0

74.8
60.9
50.3

3.5

Unequal Angles

4.0
57.3
46.6
38.5

4.5
45.3
36.8
30.4

5.0
36.7
29.8
24.6

6.0
25.5
20.7
17.1

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

13-15

mm

mm

Nominal

mm

Thickness

NOTES:

5.38
4.34
3.54

kg/m

Mass
per
metre

2310
1990
1660

0.25

577
498
414

0.5
257
222
184

0.75
144
125
103

1.0
92.4
79.7
66.2

1.25

1. Elastic buckling loads are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

b2

b1

Designation

64.1
55.4
46.0

1.5
47.1
40.7
33.8

1.75
36.1
31.2
25.9

2.0
23.1
19.9
16.6

2.5

19.1
16.5
13.7

2.75

Unequal Angles

28.5
24.6
20.4

2.25

Effective Length, ley (m)

ELASTIC BUCKLING LOAD


Ney (kN)

DuraGal Unequal Angles

buckling about y-axis

ELASTIC BUCKLING LOAD

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

Table 13.22

16.0
13.8
11.5

3.0

13.7
11.8
9.80

3.25

11.8
10.2
8.45

3.5

9.02
7.79
6.47

4.0

13-16

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

NOTES:

901

2140

4450

9220

14100

22200
18100

31100

43300

87200
77300
67200

1.0

577

1370

2850

5900

9040

14200
11600

19900

27700

55800
49500
43000

1.25

401

950

1980

4100

6280

9860
8060

13800

19300

38700
34400
29900

1.5

294

698

1450

3010

4610

7240
5920

10100

14100

28500
25200
21900

1.75

2.0

225

534

1110

2300

3530

5550
4530

7760

10800

21800
19300
16800

1. Elastic buckling loads are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

4.25

75 x 40 x 4.0 CC

150 x 75 x 5.0 CC

5.59

11.6

10.5

180 x 75 x 5.0 CC

7.23

15.5
12.4

200 x 75 x 6.0 CC
5.0 CC

100 x 50 x 4.0 CC

16.9

230 x 75 x 6.0 CC

125 x 65 x 4.0 CC

19.2

kg/m

250 x 90 x 6.0 CC

mm

28.5
25.1
21.6

mm

mm

Nominal

Thickness

Mass
per
metre

300 x 90 x 8.0 CC
7.0 CC
6.0 CC

bf

Designation

144

342

712

1480

2260

3550
2900

4970

6930

13900
12400
10700

2.5

100

237

494

1020

1570

2460
2010

3450

4810

9680
8590
7460

3.0

73.6

174

363

753

1150

1810
1480

2540

3540

7120
6310
5480

3.5

56.3

134

278

576

883

1390
1130

1940

2710

5450
4830
4200

4.0

Effective Length, lex (m)

ELASTIC BUCKLING LOAD


Nex (kN)

DuraGal Channels

buckling about x-axis

ELASTIC BUCKLING LOAD

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

Table 13.31

Channels

36.0

85.5

178

369

565

887
725

1240

1730

3490
3090
2690

5.0

25.0

59.4

124

256

393

616
504

863

1200

2420
2150
1870

6.0

18.4

43.6

90.8

188

288

453
370

634

884

1780
1580
1370

7.0

14.1

33.4

69.5

144

221

347
283

485

677

1360
1210
1050

8.0

11.1

26.4

54.9

114

174

274
224

383

535

1080
954
829

9.0

9.01

21.4

44.5

92.2

141

222
181

311

433

872
773
672

10.0

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

13-17

NOTES:

663

1370

3060

5870

6220

7930
6410

8250

14200

19200
17100
14900

0.5

295

609

1360

2610

2760

3520
2850

3670

6300

8550
7610
6620

0.75

166

343

766

1470

1550

1980
1600

2060

3540

4810
4280
3730

1.0

106

219

490

939

994

1270
1030

1320

2270

3080
2740
2380

1.25

1.5

73.7

152

340

652

691

881
713

917

1570

2140
1900
1660

1. Elastic buckling loads are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

5.59

4.25

10.5

150 x 75 x 5.0 CC

75 x 40 x 4.0 CC

11.6

180 x 75 x 5.0 CC

100 x 50 x 4.0 CC

15.5
12.4

200 x 75 x 6.0 CC
5.0 CC

7.23

16.9

230 x 75 x 6.0 CC

125 x 65 x 4.0 CC

19.2

kg/m

250 x 90 x 6.0 CC

mm

28.5
25.1
21.6

mm

mm

Nominal

Thickness

Mass
per
metre

300 x 90 x 8.0 CC
7.0 CC
6.0 CC

bf

Designation

41.4

85.6

192

367

388

495
401

516

886

1200
1070
931

2.0

26.5

54.8

123

235

249

317
257

330

567

770
684
596

2.5

18.4

38.1

85.1

163

173

220
178

229

394

535
475
414

3.0

Effective Length, ley (m)

Channels

54.1

112

250

479

507

647
523

674

1160

1570
1400
1220

1.75

ELASTIC BUCKLING LOAD


Ney (kN)

DuraGal Channels

buckling about y-axis

ELASTIC BUCKLING LOAD

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

Table 13.32

13.5

28.0

62.5

120

127

162
131

168

289

393
349
304

3.5

10.4

21.4

47.9

91.7

97.1

124
100

129

221

301
267
233

4.0

6.63

13.7

30.6

58.7

62.2

79.3
64.1

82.5

142

192
171
149

5.0

4.60

9.52

21.3

40.8

43.2

55.0
44.5

57.3

98.4

134
119
103

6.0

3.38

6.99

15.6

29.9

31.7

40.4
32.7

42.1

72.3

98.2
87.3
76.0

7.0

2.59

5.35

12.0

22.9

24.3

31.0
25.0

32.2

55.4

75.2
66.8
58.2

8.0

[ BLANK ]

13-18

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

14

SIMPLY SUPPORTED BEAMS


SCOPE........................................................................................................... 14-1

14.2
DESIGN ASSUMPTIONS .............................................................................. 14-1
14.2.1 Full Lateral Restraint ...................................................................................... 14-1
14.2.2 Loading Through the Shear Centre ................................................................ 14-1
14.3
14.3.1
14.3.2
14.3.3

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOAD ............................................................................ 14-2


General .......................................................................................................... 14-2
Strength Limit State........................................................................................ 14-2
Serviceability Limit State ................................................................................ 14-2

14.4

ADDITIONAL DESIGN CHECKS .................................................................. 14-2

14.5
OTHER LOAD CONFIGURATIONS .............................................................. 14-3
14.5.1 Equivalent Uniformly Distributed Loads for Strength Limit state .................... 14-3
14.5.2 Beam Deflection Calculations ........................................................................ 14-4
14.6

EXAMPLE ...................................................................................................... 14-5

TABLES
Equal Angle Beams with Full Lateral Restraint
14.11
14.12
14.13
14.14

Strength Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Leg Down ............................. 14-6
Serviceability Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Leg Down ..................... 14-8
Strength Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Leg Up ............................... 14-10
Serviceability Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Leg Up ....................... 14-12

Unequal Angle Beams with Full Lateral Restraint


14.21
14.22
14.23
14.24
14.25
14.26
14.27
14.28

Strength Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Long Leg Down .................. 14-14
Serviceability Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Long Leg Down .......... 14-15
Strength Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Long Leg Up ...................... 14-16
Serviceability Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Long Leg Up .............. 14-17
Strength Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Short Leg Down ................. 14-18
Serviceability Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Short Leg Down ......... 14-19
Strength Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Short Leg Up ..................... 14-20
Serviceability Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Short Leg Up .............. 14-21

Channel Beams with Full Lateral Restraint


14.31 Strength Limit State Maximum Design Loads - bending about x-axis .......... 14-22
14.32 Serviceability Limit State Maximum Design Loads - bending about x-axis .. 14-23

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

SIMPLY SUPPORTED
BEAMS

14.1

Page

14

CONTENTS

SIMPLY SUPPORTED BEAMS

14

14.1 SCOPE
The tables in this section apply to single span simply
supported beams with full lateral restraint and with a
uniformly distributed load. Separate tables are provided for
the strength limit state and the serviceability limit state
(deflection limit = span / 250). Tables are provided for the
following cases:

Angles bending about the n- and p-axes with:


long leg down
long leg up
short leg down
short leg up

Channels bending about the x-axis

14.2 DESIGN ASSUMPTIONS


14.2.1 Full Lateral Restraint
The beam span tables in this section assume that the beam has full lateral restraint. Full lateral
restraint means that the beam is restrained continuously or at such close spacing that flexuraltorsional buckling of the beam will not occur, and the design section moment capacity may be
used to calculate the maximum design load.
Full lateral restraint is automatically provided for channels when the compression flange is
firmly connected to floor decking, roof sheeting, floor joists or roof trusses or rafters, provided
the spacing of the connections does not exceed the full lateral restraint (FLR) value given in the
strength limit state tables. Research is in progress at The University of Sydney to determine the
FLR values for angles.

14.2.2 Loading Through the Shear Centre


The tables assume the load is applied through the shear centre of the beam. In practice this
does not always occur with angles and channels, but if the beam has full lateral restraint as
assumed in these tables, twisting due to the load being eccentric to the shear centre may be
prevented. In such cases these tables may be used, but caution should be taken to ensure that
the lateral restraints are capable of preventing twisting of the beam.

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

14-1

14.3 MAXIMUM DESIGN LOAD


14.3.1 General
The strength limit state design load (WL ) and the serviceability limit state design load (WS ) are
determined from the load combinations given in AS 1170.1 SAA Loading Code[6]. These design
loads must not exceed the strength limit state maximum design load (WLmax ) and the
serviceability limit state maximum design load (WS max ), which are provided in the tables.
For strength:

WL (calculated) WLmax (tabulated)

For serviceability:

WS (calculated) WS max (tabulated)

BEAM SELF WEIGHT: For all tables, the self weight of the beam has NOT been deducted.
The designer must include the self weight of the beam as part of the dead load when
calculating the design load WL or WS .

14.3.2 Strength Limit State


The strength limit state maximum design load (WLmax ) is the lesser of:

the maximum design load (WL1 max ) based on the design section moment capacity (fbMs) and
the combined moment and shear capacity of the beam, and

the maximum design load (WL2 max ) based on the design section shear capacity (fvVv) of the
beam.

WLmax = min. [ WL1 max ; WL2


max ]

Values of WL1 max and WL2 max are given in the strength limit state design tables.

14.3.3 Serviceability Limit State


The serviceability limit state maximum design load (WS max ) given in the tables is the load that
will cause an elastic deflection of span / 250 in the beam. In the tables provided, the maximum
compressive stress under service load used to calculate the maximum design load (WS max ) is
limited to the yield stress (fy).
For beams with deflection limits smaller than span / 250, e.g. span / 500, these tables can
be used conservatively to pro rata the maximum serviceability design load (WS max ). For beams
with deflection limits larger than span / 250, e.g. span / 125, these tables can not be used to
pro rata the maximum serviceability design load (WS max ). For such cases refer to Section 10 for
deflection calculations of the beam.

14.4 ADDITIONAL DESIGN CHECKS


The following design action effects have not been taken into account in the tables, and should
also be checked if appropriate.

Web Bearing (Section 8)


Combined bending and bearing (Section 13)
Shear lag effects - short spans (Appendix A4)

14-2

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

14.5 OTHER LOAD CONFIGURATIONS


14.5.1 Equivalent Uniformly Distributed Loads for Strength Limit State
The tables in this section may also be used for single span simply supported beams with other
load configurations by converting the loads to equivalent uniformly distributed loads, provided
the beams have full lateral restraint. Figure 14.5(1) provides equivalent uniformly distributed
) for the strength limit state for several point load configurations for single span
loads (WEM
simply supported beams.
To use the tables in this section, the following design checks are required for the bending and
shear strength limit states:

WL1 = WEM
WL1 max

WL2 = WEV
WL2
max

Fig. 14.5(1) Equivalent Uniformly distributed Loads

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

14-3

14.5.2 Beam Deflection Calculations


The deflection calculations of beams subject to load configurations not covered in this manual
can be performed using standard deflection formulae. Some of the frequently used deflection
formulae are given in Figure 14.5(2). A more comprehensive set of beam deflection formulae is
published by the AISC[9].
The second moment of area (I ) to be used in these deflection calculations can be determined
using the method given in Section 10.3.

NOTE: D is the elastic deflection

Fig. 14.5(2) Deflection Formulae

14-4

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

14.6 EXAMPLE
Design a DuraGal channel floor joist spaced at 600 mm centres
and a single span of 6.0 m to support a timber floor in a domestic
house where the floor loads are:
Dead load G = 0.4 kPa
Live load Q = 1.5 kPa
The desired deflection limit for serviceability loads is span / 250.

Solution:
Design loads and load combinations:
Strength:

1.25G + 1.5Q = 1.25 x 0.4 + 1.5 x 1.5


= 2.75 kPa
WL = 2.75 x 6.0 x 0.6
= 9.90 kN

Design load

Serviceability:

G + 0.7Q = 0.4 + 0.7 x 1.5


= 1.45 kPa
WS = 1.45 x 6.0 x 0.6
= 5.22 kN

Design load

Select a channel size:


Strength: (Table 14.31)
Select 100 x 50 x 4.0 CC DuraGal

WL1 max = 10.9 kN > WL = 9.90 kN


WL2 max = 166 kN

> WL = 9.90 kN

Serviceability: (Table 14.32)


Check 100 x 50 x 4.0 CC DuraGal
WS max = 1.85 kN < WS = 5.22 kN

Select 150 x 75 x 5.0 CC DuraGal


WS max = 7.97 kN > WS = 5.22 kN

Strength: (Table 14.31)


Check 150 x 75 x 5.0 CC DuraGal
WL1 max = 28.6 kN > WL = 9.90 kN
WL2 max = 323 kN

> WL = 9.90 kN

The 150 x 75 x 5.0 CC DuraGal is satisfactory for these strength and serviceability limit states.
Additional checks may be required as listed in Section 14.4 and to include the self-weight of the
beam.

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

14-5

Equal Angles

14-6

Table 14.11(a)
STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


for
beams with full lateral restraint
bending about n- or p-axis (leg down)

DuraGal Equal Angles


DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES
for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

Designation
Nominal

b1

b2

mm

mm

Mass
per
metre

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)

Thickness

(m)
(kN)

Span, l (m)
kg/m

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

5.5

6.0

6.5

7.0

8.0

150 x 150 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0

CA
CA
CA
CA

18.0
15.8
13.6
10.8

270
234
221
168

135
117
111
83.9

89.9
78.1
73.7
55.9

67.4
58.5
55.3
41.9

53.9
46.8
44.2
33.5

44.9
39.0
36.9
28.0

38.5
33.5
31.6
24.0

33.7
29.3
27.7
21.0

30.0
26.0
24.6
18.6

27.0
23.4
22.1
16.8

24.5
21.3
20.1
15.2

22.5
19.5
18.4
14.0

20.7
18.0
17.0
12.9

19.3
16.7
15.8
12.0

16.8
14.6
13.8
10.5

494
435
423
344

*
*
*
*

125 x 125 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

14.9
13.1
11.3
8.95
7.27

187
164
156
119
93.9

93.3
82.0
78.1
59.6
46.9

62.2
54.7
52.0
39.8
31.3

46.6
41.0
39.0
29.8
23.5

37.3
32.8
31.2
23.9
18.8

31.1
27.3
26.0
19.9
15.6

26.6
23.4
22.3
17.0
13.4

23.3
20.5
19.5
14.9
11.7

20.7
18.2
17.3
13.3
10.4

18.7
16.4
15.6
11.9
9.39

17.0
14.9
14.2
10.8
8.53

15.5
13.7
13.0
9.94
7.82

14.3
12.6
12.0
9.18
7.22

13.3
11.7
11.2
8.52
6.71

11.7
10.3
9.76
7.46
5.87

402
355
345
283
231

*
*
*
*
*

100 x 100 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

11.7
10.3
8.92
7.11
5.78

117
104
101
78.1
61.9

58.7
51.8
50.5
39.0
30.9

39.1
34.6
33.6
26.0
20.6

29.3
25.9
25.2
19.5
15.5

23.5
20.7
20.2
15.6
12.4

19.6
17.3
16.8
13.0
10.3

16.8
14.8
14.4
11.2
8.84

14.7
13.0
12.6
9.76
7.73

13.0
11.5
11.2
8.67
6.87

11.7
10.4
10.1
7.81
6.19

10.7
9.43
9.18
7.10
5.62

9.78
8.64
8.41
6.50
5.15

9.02
7.98
7.76
6.00
4.76

8.38
7.41
7.21
5.58
4.42

7.33
6.48
6.31
4.88
3.87

310
274
267
222
182

*
*
*
*
*

90 x 90 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

10.5
9.24
7.97
6.37
5.18

94.1
83.3
81.2
63.7
50.7

47.0
41.6
40.6
31.8
25.3

31.4
27.8
27.1
21.2
16.9

23.5
20.8
20.3
15.9
12.7

18.8
16.7
16.2
12.7
10.1

15.7
13.9
13.5
10.6
8.44

13.4
11.9
11.6
9.10
7.24

11.8
10.4
10.1
7.96
6.33

10.5
9.25
9.02
7.08
5.63

9.41
8.33
8.12
6.37
5.07

8.55
7.57
7.38
5.79
4.61

7.84
6.94
6.77
5.31
4.22

7.24
6.40
6.25
4.90
3.90

6.72
5.95
5.80
4.55
3.62

5.88
5.20
5.07
3.98
3.17

273
242
236
198
162

*
*
*
*
*

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

NOTES:

mm

FLR

1. Maximum design load WLmax is the LESSER of WL1max and WL2 max .
2.
3.

WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity.

4. FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.
5. * Research is currently in progress to determine the FLR values for angles.
6. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
7. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Table 14.11(b)
STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


for
beams with full lateral restraint
bending about n- or p-axis (leg down)

DuraGal Equal Angles


DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES
for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

Designation
Nominal

b1

b2

mm

mm

Mass
per
metre

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)

Thickness
mm

FLR
(m)
(kN)

Span, l (m)
kg/m

0.25

0.5

1.0

1.25

1.5

1.75

2.0

2.25

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

8.59
7.59
6.56
5.26
4.29

128
114
111
89.0
71.4

64.1
56.8
55.5
44.5
35.7

42.7
37.9
37.0
29.7
23.8

32.0
28.4
27.8
22.2
17.9

25.6
22.7
22.2
17.8
14.3

21.4
18.9
18.5
14.8
11.9

18.3
16.2
15.9
12.7
10.2

16.0
14.2
13.9
11.1
8.93

14.2
12.6
12.3
9.88
7.93

12.8
11.4
11.1
8.90
7.14

10.7
9.47
9.25
7.41
5.95

9.16
8.12
7.93
6.35
5.10

8.01
7.10
6.94
5.56
4.46

7.12
6.31
6.17
4.94
3.97

6.41
5.68
5.55
4.45
3.57

217
194
190
162
132

*
*
*
*
*

65 x 65 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

5.62
4.52
3.69

82.3
66.1
54.0

41.1
33.1
27.0

27.4
22.0
18.0

20.6
16.5
13.5

16.5
13.2
10.8

13.7
11.0
9.00

11.8
9.45
7.71

10.3
8.27
6.75

9.14
7.35
6.00

8.23
6.61
5.40

6.85
5.51
4.50

5.88
4.72
3.86

5.14
4.13
3.37

4.57
3.67
3.00

4.11
3.31
2.70

159
137
113

*
*
*

50 x 50 x 6.0
5.0
4.0
2.5

CA
CA
CA
CA

4.21
3.42
2.79
1.81

47.1
38.2
31.5
15.7

23.6
19.1
15.7
7.87

15.7
12.7
10.5
5.25

11.8
9.56
7.87
3.94

9.43
7.65
6.29
3.15

7.86
6.37
5.24
2.62

6.73
5.46
4.50
2.25

5.89
4.78
3.93
1.97

5.24
4.25
3.50
1.75

4.71
3.82
3.15
1.57

3.93
3.19
2.62
1.31

3.37
2.73
2.25
1.12

2.95
2.39
1.97
0.984

2.62
2.12
1.75
0.875

2.36
1.91
1.57
0.787

112
101
83.1
43.6

*
*
*
*

45 x 45 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

2.50
1.62

25.3
12.8

12.6
6.41

8.42
4.27

6.31
3.20

5.05
2.56

4.21
2.14

3.61
1.83

3.16
1.60

2.81
1.42

2.53
1.28

2.10
1.07

1.80
0.915

1.58
0.801

1.40
0.712

1.26
0.641

73.3
38.8

*
*

40 x 40 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

2.20
1.43

19.7
10.1

9.86
5.03

6.57
3.36

4.93
2.52

3.94
2.01

3.29
1.68

2.82
1.44

2.47
1.26

2.19
1.12

1.97
1.01

1.64
0.839

1.41
0.719

1.23
0.629

1.10
0.559

0.986
0.503

63.4
34.0

*
*

30 x 30 x 2.5 CA

1.06

2.77

1.85

1.39

1.11

0.924

0.792

0.693

0.616

0.554

0.462

0.396

0.346

0.308

0.277

24.3

75 x 75 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

NOTES:

14-7

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

5.54

0.75

Maximum design load WLmax is the LESSER of WL1max and WL2 max .
WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity.
FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.
* Research is currently in progress to determine the FLR values for angles.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

Equal Angles

Equal Angles

14-8

Table 14.12(a)
SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


for beams with full lateral restraint
bending about n- or p-axis (leg down)
DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

DuraGal Equal Angles


DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES
for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

Designation
Nominal

b1

b2

mm

mm

Mass
per
metre

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)

Thickness
kg/m

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

5.5

6.0

6.5

7.0

8.0

150 x 150 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0

CA
CA
CA
CA

18.0
15.8
13.6
10.8

1120
960
786
577

284
242
200
146

133
114
94.3
69.0

77.2
66.3
55.2
40.6

50.4
43.5
36.3
26.8

35.1
30.7
25.8
19.1

25.8
22.8
19.3
14.4

19.7
17.4
14.9
11.2

15.6
13.8
11.9
8.97

12.6
11.2
9.66
7.36

10.4
9.22
7.99
6.15

8.76
7.75
6.71
5.22

7.47
6.60
5.72
4.48

6.44
5.69
4.93
3.89

4.93
4.36
3.77
3.01

125 x 125 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

14.9
13.1
11.3
8.95
7.27

670
575
473
349
268

173
149
124
91.2
69.7

79.6
69.2
58.1
43.1
33.0

44.8
39.7
33.7
25.2
19.4

28.7
25.4
22.0
16.6
12.8

19.9
17.6
15.3
11.8
9.13

14.6
13.0
11.3
8.80
6.84

11.2
9.92
8.61
6.83
5.33

8.85
7.84
6.81
5.45
4.27

7.17
6.35
5.51
4.41
3.50

5.92
5.25
4.56
3.65
2.92

4.98
4.41
3.83
3.06
2.48

4.24
3.76
3.26
2.61
2.12

3.66
3.24
2.81
2.25
1.84

2.80
2.48
2.15
1.72
1.41

100 x 100 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

11.7
10.3
8.92
7.11
5.78

351
304
252
188
145

89.2
79.3
67.7
50.9
39.2

39.7
35.2
30.7
23.8
18.5

22.3
19.8
17.3
13.8
10.8

14.3
12.7
11.0
8.89
7.07

9.91
8.81
7.67
6.18
5.00

7.28
6.47
5.64
4.54
3.72

5.58
4.96
4.32
3.47
2.85

4.41
3.92
3.41
2.74
2.25

3.57
3.17
2.76
2.22
1.82

2.95
2.62
2.28
1.84
1.51

2.48
2.20
1.92
1.54
1.27

2.11
1.88
1.63
1.32
1.08

1.82
1.62
1.41
1.13
0.930

1.39
1.24
1.08
0.868
0.712

90 x 90 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

10.5
9.24
7.97
6.37
5.18

256
223
188
140
108

64.0
57.0
49.7
38.3
29.8

28.5
25.3
22.1
17.7
13.9

16.0
14.3
12.4
10.0
8.08

10.2
9.12
7.96
6.43
5.28

7.12
6.34
5.53
4.46
3.66

5.23
4.65
4.06
3.28
2.69

4.00
3.56
3.11
2.51
2.06

3.16
2.82
2.46
1.98
1.63

2.56
2.28
1.99
1.61
1.32

2.12
1.89
1.64
1.33
1.09

1.78
1.58
1.38
1.12
0.916

1.52
1.35
1.18
0.951
0.781

1.31
1.16
1.01
0.820
0.673

1.00
0.891
0.777
0.627
0.515

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

NOTES:

mm

Span, l (m)

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Table 14.12(b)
SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


for beams with full lateral restraint
bending about n- or p-axis (leg down)
DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

DuraGal Equal Angles


DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES
for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

Designation
Nominal

b1

b2

mm

mm

Mass
per
metre

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)

Thickness
mm

75 x 75 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

Span, l (m)
kg/m

0.25

0.5

0.75

1.0

1.25

1.5

1.75

2.0

2.25

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

8.59
7.59
6.56
5.26
4.29

575
513
440
334
261

144
128
112
85.9
66.9

63.9
57.1
49.9
39.9
31.3

35.9
32.1
28.1
22.8
18.2

23.0
20.5
18.0
14.6
11.9

16.0
14.3
12.5
10.1
8.36

11.7
10.5
9.17
7.46
6.14

8.98
8.02
7.02
5.71
4.70

7.10
6.34
5.55
4.51
3.72

5.75
5.13
4.49
3.65
3.01

3.99
3.57
3.12
2.54
2.09

2.93
2.62
2.29
1.86
1.54

2.24
2.01
1.76
1.43
1.18

1.77
1.58
1.39
1.13
0.929

1.44
1.28
1.12
0.913
0.752

65 x 65 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

5.62
4.52
3.69

286
222
174

71.5
57.8
45.6

31.8
26.0
21.1

17.9
14.6
12.1

11.4
9.36
7.73

7.94
6.50
5.37

5.84
4.77
3.94

4.47
3.65
3.02

3.53
2.89
2.39

2.86
2.34
1.93

1.99
1.62
1.34

1.46
1.19
0.986

1.12
0.914
0.755

0.883
0.722
0.596

0.715
0.585
0.483

50 x 50 x 6.0
5.0
4.0
2.5

CA
CA
CA
CA

4.21
3.42
2.79
1.81

124
103
82.1
49.8

30.9
25.6
21.3
13.1

13.7
11.4
9.48
6.09

7.73
6.41
5.33
3.52

4.94
4.10
3.41
2.26

3.43
2.85
2.37
1.57

2.52
2.09
1.74
1.15

1.93
1.60
1.33
0.884

1.53
1.27
1.05
0.699

1.24
1.03
0.853
0.566

0.858
0.712
0.592
0.393

0.631
0.523
0.435
0.289

0.483
0.401
0.333
0.221

0.381
0.317
0.263
0.175

0.309
0.256
0.213
0.141

45 x 45 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

2.50
1.62

60.8
37.0

15.3
9.82

6.81
4.54

3.83
2.55

2.45
1.63

1.70
1.14

1.25
0.834

0.957
0.639

0.756
0.505

0.613
0.409

0.425
0.284

0.313
0.209

0.239
0.160

0.189
0.126

0.153
0.102

40 x 40 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

2.20
1.43

42.2
26.5

10.6
7.07

4.69
3.15

2.64
1.77

1.69
1.13

1.17
0.788

0.862
0.579

0.660
0.443

0.521
0.350

0.422
0.284

0.293
0.197

0.215
0.145

0.165
0.111

0.130
0.0876

0.106
0.0709

30 x 30 x 2.5 CA

1.06

11.6

2.89

1.28

0.722

0.462

0.321

0.236

0.181

0.143

0.116

0.0803

0.0590

0.0451

0.0357

0.0289

NOTES:

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

14-9
Equal Angles

Equal Angles

14-10

Table 14.13(a)
STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


for
beams with full lateral restraint
bending about n- or p-axis (leg up)

DuraGal Equal Angles


DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES
for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

Designation
Nominal

b1

b2

mm

mm

Mass
per
metre

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)

Thickness

(m)
(kN)

Span, l (m)
kg/m

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

5.5

6.0

6.5

7.0

150 x 150 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0

CA
CA
CA
CA

18.0
15.8
13.6
10.8

195
150
118
71.1

97.4
75.0
58.8
35.6

64.9
50.0
39.2
23.7

48.7
37.5
29.4
17.8

38.9
30.0
23.5
14.2

32.5
25.0
19.6
11.9

27.8
21.4
16.8
10.2

24.3
18.8
14.7
8.89

21.6
16.7
13.1
7.90

19.5
15.0
11.8
7.11

17.7
13.6
10.7
6.46

16.2
12.5
9.80
5.93

15.0
11.5
9.05
5.47

13.9
10.7
8.40
5.08

12.2
9.38
7.35
4.44

494
435
423
344

*
*
*
*

125 x 125 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

14.9
13.1
11.3
8.95
7.27

160
125
98.4
59.2
39.0

80.2
62.4
49.2
29.6
19.5

53.4
41.6
32.8
19.7
13.0

40.1
31.2
24.6
14.8
9.74

32.1
25.0
19.7
11.8
7.79

26.7
20.8
16.4
9.86
6.49

22.9
17.8
14.1
8.45
5.57

20.0
15.6
12.3
7.40
4.87

17.8
13.9
10.9
6.57
4.33

16.0
12.5
9.84
5.92
3.90

14.6
11.3
8.95
5.38
3.54

13.4
10.4
8.20
4.93
3.25

12.3
9.60
7.57
4.55
3.00

11.5
8.91
7.03
4.23
2.78

10.0
7.80
6.15
3.70
2.43

402
355
345
283
231

*
*
*
*
*

100 x 100 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

11.7
10.3
8.92
7.11
5.78

117
97.5
78.6
47.4
31.1

58.7
48.8
39.3
23.7
15.6

39.1
32.5
26.2
15.8
10.4

29.3
24.4
19.7
11.9
7.78

23.5
19.5
15.7
9.48
6.23

19.6
16.3
13.1
7.90
5.19

16.8
13.9
11.2
6.77
4.45

14.7
12.2
9.83
5.93
3.89

13.0
10.8
8.74
5.27
3.46

11.7
9.75
7.86
4.74
3.11

10.7
8.87
7.15
4.31
2.83

9.78
8.13
6.55
3.95
2.59

9.02
7.50
6.05
3.65
2.40

8.38
6.97
5.62
3.39
2.22

7.33
6.10
4.91
2.96
1.95

310
274
267
222
182

*
*
*
*
*

90 x 90 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

10.5
9.24
7.97
6.37
5.18

94.1
83.3
70.3
42.7
28.1

47.0
41.6
35.1
21.3
14.0

31.4
27.8
23.4
14.2
9.36

23.5
20.8
17.6
10.7
7.02

18.8
16.7
14.1
8.53
5.61

15.7
13.9
11.7
7.11
4.68

13.4
11.9
10.0
6.10
4.01

11.8
10.4
8.78
5.33
3.51

10.5
9.25
7.81
4.74
3.12

9.41
8.33
7.03
4.27
2.81

8.55
7.57
6.39
3.88
2.55

7.84
6.94
5.85
3.56
2.34

7.24
6.40
5.40
3.28
2.16

6.72
5.95
5.02
3.05
2.00

5.88
5.20
4.39
2.67
1.75

273
242
236
198
162

*
*
*
*
*

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

NOTES:

mm

FLR

8.0

1. Maximum design load WLmax is the LESSER of WL1max and WL2 max .
2.
3.

WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity.

4. FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.
5. * Research is currently in progress to determine the FLR values for angles.
6. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
7. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Table 14.13(b)
STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


for
beams with full lateral restraint
bending about n- or p-axis (leg up)

DuraGal Equal Angles


DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES
for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

Designation
Nominal

b1

b2

mm

mm

Mass
per
metre

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)

Thickness
mm

FLR
(m)
(kN)

Span, l (m)
kg/m

0.25

0.5

1.0

1.25

1.5

1.75

2.0

2.25

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

8.59
7.59
6.56
5.26
4.29

128
114
111
70.6
46.9

64.1
56.8
55.5
35.3
23.4

42.7
37.9
37.0
23.5
15.6

32.0
28.4
27.8
17.7
11.7

25.6
22.7
22.2
14.1
9.37

21.4
18.9
18.5
11.8
7.81

18.3
16.2
15.9
10.1
6.70

16.0
14.2
13.9
8.83
5.86

14.2
12.6
12.3
7.85
5.21

12.8
11.4
11.1
7.06
4.69

10.7
9.47
9.25
5.89
3.91

9.16
8.12
7.93
5.04
3.35

8.01
7.10
6.94
4.41
2.93

7.12
6.31
6.17
3.92
2.60

6.41
5.68
5.55
3.53
2.34

217
194
190
162
132

*
*
*
*
*

65 x 65 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

5.62
4.52
3.69

82.3
60.2
40.5

41.1
30.1
20.3

27.4
20.1
13.5

20.6
15.1
10.1

16.5
12.0
8.11

13.7
10.0
6.76

11.8
8.60
5.79

10.3
7.53
5.07

9.14
6.69
4.50

8.23
6.02
4.05

6.85
5.02
3.38

5.88
4.30
2.90

5.14
3.76
2.53

4.57
3.35
2.25

4.11
3.01
2.03

159
137
113

*
*
*

50 x 50 x 6.0
5.0
4.0
2.5

CA
CA
CA
CA

4.21
3.42
2.79
1.81

47.1
38.2
30.3
10.9

23.6
19.1
15.1
5.46

15.7
12.7
10.1
3.64

11.8
9.56
7.57
2.73

9.43
7.65
6.06
2.19

7.86
6.37
5.05
1.82

6.73
5.46
4.33
1.56

5.89
4.78
3.79
1.37

5.24
4.25
3.36
1.21

4.71
3.82
3.03
1.09

3.93
3.19
2.52
0.911

3.37
2.73
2.16
0.781

2.95
2.39
1.89
0.683

2.62
2.12
1.68
0.607

2.36
1.91
1.51
0.546

112
101
83.1
43.6

*
*
*
*

45 x 45 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

2.50
1.62

25.3
9.80

12.6
4.90

8.42
3.27

6.31
2.45

5.05
1.96

4.21
1.63

3.61
1.40

3.16
1.23

2.81
1.09

2.53
0.980

2.10
0.817

1.80
0.700

1.58
0.613

1.40
0.545

1.26
0.490

73.3
38.8

*
*

40 x 40 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

2.20
1.43

19.7
8.63

9.86
4.32

6.57
2.88

4.93
2.16

3.94
1.73

3.29
1.44

2.82
1.23

2.47
1.08

2.19
0.959

1.97
0.863

1.64
0.719

1.41
0.617

1.23
0.539

1.10
0.480

0.986
0.432

63.4
34.0

*
*

30 x 30 x 2.5 CA

1.06

5.54

2.77

1.85

1.39

1.11

0.924

0.792

0.693

0.616

0.554

0.462

0.396

0.346

0.308

0.277

24.3

75 x 75 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

NOTES:

14-11

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

0.75

Maximum design load WLmax is the LESSER of WL1max and WL2 max .
WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity.
FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.
* Research is currently in progress to determine the FLR values for angles.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

Equal Angles

Equal Angles

14-12

Table 14.14(a)
SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


for beams with full lateral restraint
bending about n- or p-axis (leg up)
DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

DuraGal Equal Angles


DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES
for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

Designation
Nominal

b1

b2

mm

mm

Mass
per
metre

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)

Thickness
1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

5.5

6.0

6.5

7.0

8.0

150 x 150 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0

CA
CA
CA
CA

18.0
15.8
13.6
10.8

779
568
360
198

195
142
105
66.1

92.0
72.5
55.0
34.8

58.0
45.8
34.8
22.0

40.4
32.0
24.4
15.5

30.1
23.9
18.2
11.6

23.4
18.6
14.2
9.06

18.8
15.0
11.5
7.32

15.5
12.4
9.48
6.07

12.6
10.4
7.99
5.13

10.4
8.89
6.85
4.40

8.76
7.70
5.94
3.83

7.47
6.60
5.21
3.37

6.44
5.69
4.62
2.99

4.93
4.36
3.70
2.41

125 x 125 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

14.9
13.1
11.3
8.95
7.27

576
426
273
146
98.0

144
106
76.0
48.0
32.6

65.9
52.3
39.8
25.2
17.2

41.2
32.8
25.1
16.0
10.9

28.5
22.8
17.5
11.2
7.64

19.9
16.9
13.0
8.36
5.71

14.6
13.0
10.1
6.52
4.47

11.2
9.92
8.14
5.26
3.61

8.85
7.84
6.70
4.35
2.99

7.17
6.35
5.51
3.67
2.53

5.92
5.25
4.56
3.14
2.17

4.98
4.41
3.83
2.73
1.88

4.24
3.76
3.26
2.39
1.66

3.66
3.24
2.81
2.12
1.47

2.80
2.48
2.15
1.70
1.18

100 x 100 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

11.7
10.3
8.92
7.11
5.78

357
290
192
103
66.3

89.2
72.6
51.1
32.4
22.1

39.7
34.3
26.5
16.9
11.6

22.3
19.8
16.5
10.7
7.33

14.3
12.7
11.0
7.43
5.13

9.91
8.81
7.67
5.52
3.82

7.28
6.47
5.64
4.29
2.98

5.58
4.96
4.32
3.44
2.40

4.41
3.92
3.41
2.74
1.98

3.57
3.17
2.76
2.22
1.67

2.95
2.62
2.28
1.84
1.43

2.48
2.20
1.92
1.54
1.24

2.11
1.88
1.63
1.32
1.08

1.82
1.62
1.41
1.13
0.930

1.39
1.24
1.08
0.868
0.712

90 x 90 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

10.5
9.24
7.97
6.37
5.18

256
228
161
87.8
55.1

64.0
57.0
42.1
26.8
18.3

28.5
25.3
21.6
14.0
9.61

16.0
14.3
12.4
8.76
6.06

10.2
9.12
7.96
6.08
4.23

7.12
6.34
5.53
4.46
3.14

5.23
4.65
4.06
3.28
2.44

4.00
3.56
3.11
2.51
1.96

3.16
2.82
2.46
1.98
1.62

2.56
2.28
1.99
1.61
1.32

2.12
1.89
1.64
1.33
1.09

1.78
1.58
1.38
1.12
0.916

1.52
1.35
1.18
0.951
0.781

1.31
1.16
1.01
0.820
0.673

1.00
0.891
0.777
0.627
0.515

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

NOTES:

mm

Span, l (m)
kg/m

0.5

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Table 14.14(b)
SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


for beams with full lateral restraint
bending about n- or p-axis (leg up)
DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

DuraGal Equal Angles


DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES
for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

Designation
Nominal

b1

b2

mm

mm

Mass
per
metre

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)

Thickness
mm

75 x 75 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

Span, l (m)
kg/m

0.25

0.5

0.75

1.0

1.25

1.5

1.75

2.0

2.25

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

8.59
7.59
6.56
5.26
4.29

575
513
449
262
159

144
128
112
65.4
40.0

63.9
57.1
49.9
30.5
21.0

35.9
32.1
28.1
19.2
13.2

23.0
20.5
18.0
13.3
9.25

16.0
14.3
12.5
9.87
6.88

11.7
10.5
9.17
7.46
5.36

8.98
8.02
7.02
5.71
4.31

7.10
6.34
5.55
4.51
3.55

5.75
5.13
4.49
3.65
2.98

3.99
3.57
3.12
2.54
2.09

2.93
2.62
2.29
1.86
1.54

2.24
2.01
1.76
1.43
1.18

1.77
1.58
1.39
1.13
0.929

1.44
1.28
1.12
0.913
0.752

65 x 65 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

5.62
4.52
3.69

286
204
127

71.5
51.1
31.7

31.8
23.3
16.2

17.9
14.5
10.2

11.4
9.36
7.07

7.94
6.50
5.24

5.84
4.77
3.94

4.47
3.65
3.02

3.53
2.89
2.39

2.86
2.34
1.93

1.99
1.62
1.34

1.46
1.19
0.986

1.12
0.914
0.755

0.883
0.722
0.596

0.715
0.585
0.483

50 x 50 x 6.0
5.0
4.0
2.5

CA
CA
CA
CA

4.21
3.42
2.79
1.81

124
103
80.7
32.8

30.9
25.6
20.2
8.45

13.7
11.4
9.48
4.42

7.73
6.41
5.33
2.78

4.94
4.10
3.41
1.94

3.43
2.85
2.37
1.44

2.52
2.09
1.74
1.12

1.93
1.60
1.33
0.884

1.53
1.27
1.05
0.699

1.24
1.03
0.853
0.566

0.858
0.712
0.592
0.393

0.631
0.523
0.435
0.289

0.483
0.401
0.333
0.221

0.381
0.317
0.263
0.175

0.309
0.256
0.213
0.141

45 x 45 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

2.50
1.62

61.3
27.7

15.3
7.00

6.81
3.64

3.83
2.28

2.45
1.58

1.70
1.14

1.25
0.834

0.957
0.639

0.756
0.505

0.613
0.409

0.425
0.284

0.313
0.209

0.239
0.160

0.189
0.126

0.153
0.102

40 x 40 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

2.20
1.43

42.2
22.7

10.6
5.67

4.69
2.92

2.64
1.77

1.69
1.13

1.17
0.788

0.862
0.579

0.660
0.443

0.521
0.350

0.422
0.284

0.293
0.197

0.215
0.145

0.165
0.111

0.130
0.0876

0.106
0.0709

30 x 30 x 2.5 CA

1.06

11.6

2.89

1.28

0.722

0.462

0.321

0.236

0.181

0.143

0.116

0.0803

0.0590

0.0451

0.0357

0.0289

NOTES:

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

14-13
Equal Angles

Unequal Angles

14-14

Table 14.21
STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


for
beams with full lateral restraint
bending about n-axis (long leg down)

DuraGal Unequal Angles


DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES
for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

Designation
Nominal

b1

b2

mm

mm

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

mm

FLR

(kN)

Thickness

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA
NOTES:

Mass
per
metre

(m)
(kN)

Span, l (m)
kg/m

0.25

0.5

5.38
4.34
3.54

103
83.3
68.2

51.7
41.6
34.1

0.75
34.5
27.8
22.7

1.0

1.25

1.5

1.75

2.0

2.25

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

25.9
20.8
17.1

20.7
16.7
13.6

17.2
13.9
11.4

14.8
11.9
9.74

12.9
10.4
8.53

11.5
9.25
7.58

10.3
8.33
6.82

8.62
6.94
5.68

7.39
5.95
4.87

6.46
5.20
4.26

5.75
4.63
3.79

5.17
4.16
3.41

190
162
132

Maximum design load WLmax is the LESSER of WL1max and WL2 max .
WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity.
FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.
* Research is currently in progress to determine the FLR values for angles.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
7. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

*
*
*

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Table 14.22
SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


for beams with full lateral restraint
bending about n-axis (long leg down)
DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

DuraGal Unequal Angles


DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES
for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

Designation
Nominal

b1

b2

mm

mm

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)

Thickness
mm

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA
NOTES:

Mass
per
metre

Span, l (m)
kg/m

0.25

0.5

0.75

1.0

1.25

1.5

1.75

2.0

2.25

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.38
4.34
3.54

386
317
251

96.6
79.3
63.7

42.9
35.2
29.1

24.2
19.8
16.4

15.5
12.7
10.5

10.7
8.81
7.27

7.89
6.47
5.34

6.04
4.95
4.09

4.77
3.91
3.23

3.86
3.17
2.62

2.68
2.20
1.82

1.97
1.62
1.34

1.51
1.24
1.02

1.19
0.979
0.808

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

14-15
Unequal Angles

5.0
0.966
0.793
0.654

Unequal Angles

14-16

Table 14.23
STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


for
beams with full lateral restraint
bending about n-axis (long leg up)

DuraGal Unequal Angles


DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES
for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

Designation
Nominal

b1

b2

mm

mm

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

mm

FLR

(kN)

Thickness

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA
NOTES:

Mass
per
metre

(m)
(kN)

Span, l (m)
kg/m

0.25

0.5

5.38
4.34
3.54

103
68.5
46.5

51.7
34.3
23.2

0.75
34.5
22.8
15.5

1.0

1.25

1.5

1.75

2.0

2.25

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

25.9
17.1
11.6

20.7
13.7
9.30

17.2
11.4
7.75

14.8
9.79
6.64

12.9
8.56
5.81

11.5
7.61
5.16

10.3
6.85
4.65

8.62
5.71
3.87

7.39
4.89
3.32

6.46
4.28
2.91

5.75
3.81
2.58

5.17
3.43
2.32

190
162
132

Maximum design load WLmax is the LESSER of WL1max and WL2 max .
WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity.
FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.
* Research is currently in progress to determine the FLR values for angles.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
7. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

*
*
*

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Table 14.24
SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


for beams with full lateral restraint
bending about n-axis (long leg up)
DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

DuraGal Unequal Angles


DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES
for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

Designation
Nominal

b1

b2

mm

mm

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)

Thickness
mm

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA
NOTES:

Mass
per
metre

Span, l (m)
kg/m

0.25

0.5

0.75

1.0

1.25

1.5

1.75

2.0

2.25

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.38
4.34
3.54

386
239
150

96.6
59.7
37.7

42.9
28.0
19.5

24.2
17.5
12.2

15.5
12.1
8.49

10.7
8.81
6.30

7.89
6.47
4.88

6.04
4.95
3.91

4.77
3.91
3.21

3.86
3.17
2.62

2.68
2.20
1.82

1.97
1.62
1.34

1.51
1.24
1.02

1.19
0.979
0.808

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

14-17
Unequal Angles

5.0
0.966
0.793
0.654

Unequal Angles

14-18

Table 14.25
STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


for
beams with full lateral restraint
bending about p-axis (short leg down)

DuraGal Unequal Angles


DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES
for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

Designation
Nominal

b1

b2

mm

mm

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

mm

FLR

(kN)

Thickness

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA
NOTES:

Mass
per
metre

(m)
(kN)

Span, l (m)
kg/m

0.25

0.5

0.75

1.0

1.25

1.5

1.75

2.0

2.25

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

5.38
4.34
3.54

50.2
40.4
33.0

25.1
20.2
16.5

16.7
13.5
11.0

12.5
10.1
8.25

10.0
8.09
6.60

8.36
6.74
5.50

7.17
5.78
4.72

6.27
5.05
4.13

5.57
4.49
3.67

5.02
4.04
3.30

4.18
3.37
2.75

3.58
2.89
2.36

3.13
2.53
2.06

2.79
2.25
1.83

2.51
2.02
1.65

112
101
83.1

Maximum design load WLmax is the LESSER of WL1max and WL2 max .
WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity.
FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.
* Research is currently in progress to determine the FLR values for angles.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
7. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

*
*
*

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Table 14.26
SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


for beams with full lateral restraint
bending about p-axis (short leg down)
DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

DuraGal Unequal Angles


DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES
for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

Designation
Nominal

b1

b2

mm

mm

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)

Thickness
mm

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA
NOTES:

Mass
per
metre

Span, l (m)
kg/m

0.25

0.5

0.75

1.0

1.25

1.5

1.75

2.0

2.25

2.5

5.38
4.34
3.54

140
109
85.3

35.5
29.0
23.2

15.8
12.9
10.7

8.87
7.28
6.04

5.67
4.66
3.87

3.94
3.24
2.69

2.89
2.38
1.97

2.22
1.82
1.51

1.75
1.44
1.19

1.42
1.16
0.967

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

0.985
0.809
0.671

0.724
0.594
0.493

0.554
0.455
0.378

0.438
0.360
0.298

0.355
0.291
0.242

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

14-19
Unequal Angles

Unequal Angles

14-20

Table 14.27
STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


for
beams with full lateral restraint
bending about p-axis (short leg up)

DuraGal Unequal Angles


DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES
for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

Designation
Nominal

b1

b2

mm

mm

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

mm

FLR

(kN)

Thickness

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA
NOTES:

Mass
per
metre

(m)
(kN)

Span, l (m)
kg/m

0.25

0.5

0.75

1.0

1.25

1.5

1.75

2.0

2.25

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

5.38
4.34
3.54

50.2
40.4
31.5

25.1
20.2
15.7

16.7
13.5
10.5

12.5
10.1
7.87

10.0
8.09
6.30

8.36
6.74
5.25

7.17
5.78
4.50

6.27
5.05
3.94

5.57
4.49
3.50

5.02
4.04
3.15

4.18
3.37
2.62

3.58
2.89
2.25

3.13
2.53
1.97

2.79
2.25
1.75

2.51
2.02
1.57

112
101
83.1

Maximum design load WLmax is the LESSER of WL1max and WL2 max .
WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity.
FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.
* Research is currently in progress to determine the FLR values for angles.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
7. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

*
*
*

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Table 14.28
SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


for beams with full lateral restraint
bending about p-axis (short leg up)
DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

DuraGal Unequal Angles


DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES
for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

Designation
Nominal

b1

b2

mm

mm

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)

Thickness
mm

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA
NOTES:

Mass
per
metre

Span, l (m)
kg/m

0.25

0.5

0.75

1.0

1.25

1.5

1.75

2.0

2.25

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

5.38
4.34
3.54

142
116
89.3

35.5
29.1
22.3

15.8
12.9
10.7

8.87
7.28
6.04

5.67
4.66
3.87

3.94
3.24
2.69

2.89
2.38
1.97

2.22
1.82
1.51

1.75
1.44
1.19

1.42
1.16
0.967

0.985
0.809
0.671

0.724
0.594
0.493

0.554
0.455
0.378

0.438
0.360
0.298

0.355
0.291
0.242

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

14-21
Unequal Angles

Channels

14-22

Table 14.31
STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


for
beams with full lateral restraint
bending about x-axis

DuraGal Channels
DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES
for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

Designation
Nominal

bf

mm

mm

Mass
per
metre

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)

Thickness
mm

FLR
(m)

Span, l (m)
kg/m

1.0

1.25

2.0

2.5

3.0

300 x 90 x 8.0 CC
7.0 CC
6.0 CC

28.5
25.1
21.6

848
728
669

678
582
535

565
485
446

1.5

484
416
382

424
364
334

339
291
267

283
243
223

242
208
191

212
182
167

170
146
134

250 x 90 x 6.0 CC

19.2

513

411

342

293

257

205

171

147

128

103

230 x 75 x 6.0 CC

16.9

428

342

285

245

214

171

143

122

107

200 x 75 x 6.0 CC
5.0 CC

15.5
12.4

351
258

281
206

234
172

200
147

175
129

140
103

117
85.9

100
73.6

127

111

180 x 75 x 5.0 CC

11.6

222

177

148

150 x 75 x 5.0 CC

10.5

171

137

114

1.75

3.5

4.0

5.0

6.0
141
121
111

9.0

10.0

94.2
80.9
74.3

84.8
72.8
66.9

988
871
846

1.40
1.40
1.31

1.0

85.5

73.3

64.1

57.0

51.3

691

1.33

71.3

61.2

53.5

47.6

42.8

628

1.11

87.7
64.4

70.2
51.5

58.5
42.9

50.1
36.8

43.8
32.2

39.0
28.6

35.1
25.8

535
445

1.12
1.10

88.7

73.9

63.3

55.4

44.3

36.9

31.7

27.7

24.6

22.2

396

1.11

98.0

85.7

68.6

57.2

49.0

42.9

34.3

28.6

24.5

21.4

19.1

17.1

323

1.12

13.8

12.1

10.7

7.23

96.7

77.4

64.5

55.3

48.4

38.7

32.2

27.6

24.2

19.3

16.1

100 x 50 x 4.0 CC

5.59

65.3

52.2

43.5

37.3

32.6

26.1

21.8

18.6

16.3

13.1

10.9

75 x 40 x 4.0 CC

4.25

39.4

31.6

26.3

22.5

19.7

15.8

13.1

11.3

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

8.0
106
91.0
83.6

Cb

85.6

125 x 65 x 4.0 CC

NOTES:

7.0
121
104
95.5

(kN)

9.86

7.89

6.57

Maximum design load WLmax is the LESSER of WL1max and WL2 max .
WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity.
FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.
Beam spans to the right of the solid line must be braced at intervals equal to or less than the FLR value to have full lateral restraint.
All supports are assumed to provide full lateral restraint.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 (for t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

9.67

216

0.968

9.32

8.16

7.25

6.53

166

0.762

5.64

4.93

4.38

3.94

117

0.641

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

Table 14.32
SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


for beams with full lateral restraint
bending about x-axis
DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

DuraGal Channels
DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES
for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

Designation
Nominal

bf

mm

mm

Mass
per
metre

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)

Thickness
mm

Span, l (m)
kg/m

1.0

1.25

1.5

300 x 90 x 8.0 CC
7.0 CC
6.0 CC

28.5
25.1
21.6

250 x 90 x 6.0 CC

19.2

1.75

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

2710
2360
1970

1740
1510
1260

1210
1050
874

886
769
642

678
589
491

434
377
315

301
262
221

221
195
165

1260

808

561

412

316

205

145

108

107

4.0

5.0

6.0

7.0

8.0

9.0

109
96.2
83.3

75.4
66.8
58.1

55.4
49.1
42.7

42.4
37.6
32.7

33.5
29.7
25.8

27.1
24.1
20.9

83.6

53.9

37.5

27.5

21.1

16.6

13.5

11.9

170
150
128

10.0

230 x 75 x 6.0 CC

16.9

945

605

420

309

236

154

78.9

60.4

38.7

26.9

19.7

15.1

200 x 75 x 6.0 CC
5.0 CC

15.5
12.4

674
514

432
329

300
229

220
168

171
130

110
85.4

76.7
60.5

56.4
45.1

43.1
35.0

27.6
22.6

19.2
15.7

14.1
11.5

10.8
8.82

8.52
6.97

6.90
5.64

180 x 75 x 5.0 CC

11.6

399

256

178

132

102

67.2

47.6

35.5

27.5

17.6

12.2

6.87

5.43

4.40

150 x 75 x 5.0 CC

10.5

259

166

117

17.9

11.5

125 x 65 x 4.0 CC

7.23

123

87.4

68.0

44.7

31.6

23.4

79.6

56.6

42.4

33.0

21.7

15.3

11.3

21.7

16.6

10.6

100 x 50 x 4.0 CC

5.59

64.5

42.3

29.6

75 x 40 x 4.0 CC

4.25

28.1

18.0

12.5

NOTES:

9.16

7.01

4.49

8.98

9.67

7.97

5.86

4.48

3.54

2.87

8.65

5.54

3.85

2.83

2.16

1.71

1.38

7.39

5.43

4.16

2.66

1.85

1.36

1.04

0.821

0.665

3.12

2.29

1.75

1.12

0.779

0.572

0.438

0.346

0.281

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 (for t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

14-23
Channels

[ BLANK ]

14-24

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

15

CONTINUOUS BEAMS
CONTENTS
15.1

Page

SCOPE........................................................................................................... 15-1

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOAD ............................................................................ 15-2


General .......................................................................................................... 15-2
Strength Limit State........................................................................................ 15-2
Serviceability Limit State ................................................................................ 15-2

15.4

ADDITIONAL DESIGN CHECKS .................................................................. 15-2

15.5

BEAM DEFLECTION CALCULATIONS ....................................................... 15-3

15.6

EXAMPLE ...................................................................................................... 15-3

TABLES
Equal Angle Beams with Full Lateral Restraint
15.11
15.12
15.13
15.14

Strength Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Leg Down ............................. 15-4
Serviceability Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Leg Down ..................... 15-6
Strength Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Leg Up ................................. 15-8
Serviceability Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Leg Up ....................... 15-10

Unequal Angle Beams with Full Lateral Restraint


15.21
15.22
15.23
15.24
15.25
15.26
15.27
15.28

Strength Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Long Leg Down .................. 15-12
Serviceability Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Long Leg Down .......... 15-13
Strength Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Long Leg Up ...................... 15-14
Serviceability Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Long Leg Up .............. 15-15
Strength Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Short Leg Down ................. 15-16
Serviceability Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Short Leg Down ......... 15-17
Strength Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Short Leg Up ..................... 15-18
Serviceability Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Short Leg Up .............. 15-19

Channel Beams with Full Lateral Restraint


15.31 Strength Limit State Maximum Design Loads - bending about x-axis .......... 15-20
15.32 Serviceability Limit State Maximum Design Loads - bending about x-axis .. 15-21

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

15

15.3
15.3.1
15.3.2
15.3.3

CONTINUOUS
BEAMS

15.2
DESIGN ASSUMPTIONS .............................................................................. 15-1
15.2.1 Full Lateral Restraint ...................................................................................... 15-1
15.2.2 Loading Through the Shear Centre ................................................................ 15-1

CONTINUOUS BEAMS

15

15.1 SCOPE
The tables in this section apply to two span continuous beams
with full lateral restraint and with a uniformly distributed
load. Separate tables are provided for the strength limit state
and the serviceability limit state (deflection limit = span / 250).
Tables are provided for the following cases:

Angles bending about the n- and p-axes with:


long leg down
long leg up
short leg down
short leg up

Channels bending about the x-axis

15.2 DESIGN ASSUMPTIONS


15.2.1 Full Lateral Restraint
The beam span tables in this section assume that the beam has full lateral restraint. Full lateral
restraint means that the beam is restrained continuously or at such close spacing that flexuraltorsional buckling of the beam will not occur, and the design section moment capacity may be
used to calculate the maximum design load.
Full lateral restraint is automatically provided for channels when the compression flange is
firmly connected to floor decking, roof sheeting, floor joists or roof trusses or rafters, provided
the spacing of the connections does not exceed the full lateral restraint (FLR) value given in the
strength limit state tables. Research is in progress at The University of Sydney to determine the
FLR values for angles.

15.2.2 Loading Through the Shear Centre


The tables assume the load is applied through the shear centre of the beam. In practice this
does not always occur with angles and channels, but if the beam has full lateral restraint as
assumed in these tables, twisting due to the load being eccentric to the shear centre may be
prevented. In such cases these tables may be used, but caution should be taken to ensure that
the lateral restraints are capable of preventing twisting of the beam.

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

15-1

15.3 MAXIMUM DESIGN LOAD


15.3.1 General
The strength limit state design load (WL ) and the serviceability limit state design load (WS ) are
determined from the load combinations given in AS 1170.1 SAA Loading Code[6]. These design
loads must not exceed the strength limit state maximum design load (WLmax ) and the
serviceability limit state maximum design load (WS max ), which are provided in the tables.
For strength:

WL (calculated) WLmax (tabulated)

For serviceability:

WS (calculated) WS max (tabulated)

BEAM SELF WEIGHT: For all tables, the self weight of the beam has NOT been deducted.
The designer must include the self weight of the beam as part of the dead load when
calculating the design load WL or WS .

15.3.2 Strength Limit State


The strength limit state maximum design load (WLmax ) is equal to the maximum design load
(WL1 max ) based on the design section moment capacity (fbMs) and the combined moment and
shear capacity of the beam.
Values of WL1 max are given in the strength limit state design tables.

15.3.3 Serviceability Limit State


The serviceability limit state maximum design load (WS max ) given in the tables is the load that
will cause an elastic deflection in the beam of span / 250. In the tables provided, the maximum
compressive stress under service load used to calculate the maximum design load (WS max ) is
limited to the yield stress (fy).
For beams with deflection limits smaller than span / 250, e.g. span / 500, these tables can
be used conservatively to pro rata the maximum serviceability design load (WS max ). For beams
with deflection limits larger than span / 250, e.g. span / 125, these tables can not be used to
pro rata the maximum serviceability design load (WS max ). For such cases refer to Section 10 for
deflection calculations of the beam.

15.4 ADDITIONAL DESIGN CHECKS


The following design action effects have not been taken into account in the tables, and should
also be checked if appropriate.

Web Bearing (Section 8)


Combined bending and bearing (Section 13)
Shear lag effects - short spans (Appendix A4)

15-2

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

15.5 BEAM DEFLECTION CALCULATIONS


The deflection calculations of beams subject to load configurations not covered in this manual
can be performed using standard deflection formulae. Some of the frequently used deflection
formulae are given in Figure 14.5(2). A more comprehensive set of beam deflection formulae is
published by the AISC[9].
The second moment of area (I ) to be used in these deflection calculations can be determined
using the method given in Section 10.3.

15.6 EXAMPLE
Design a DuraGal channel floor joist spaced at 600 mm centres
and two equal continuous spans of 6.0 m to support a timber
floor in a domestic house where the floor loads are:
Dead load G = 0.4 kPa
Live load Q = 1.5 kPa
The desired deflection limit for serviceability loads is span / 250.

Solution:
Design loads and load combinations:
1.25G + 1.5Q = 1.25 x 0.4 + 1.5 x 1.5 = 2.75 kPa

Strength:

WL = 2.75 x 6.0 x 0.6


= 9.90 kN

Design load

Serviceability:

G + 0.7Q = 0.4 + 0.7 x 1.5 = 1.45 kPa


WS = 1.45 x 6.0 x 0.6
= 5.22 kN

Design load

Select a channel size:


Strength: (Table 15.31)
Select 100 x 50 x 4.0 CC DuraGal

WLmax = WL1 max = 10.8 kN > WL = 9.90 kN

Serviceability: (Table 15.32)


Check 100 x 50 x 4.0 CC DuraGal

WS max = 4.45 kN < WS = 5.22 kN


Select 125 x 65 x 4.0 CC DuraGal

WS max = 9.06 kN > WS = 5.22 kN

Strength: (Table 15.31)


Check 125 x 65 x 4.0 CC DuraGal
WLmax = WL1 max = 16.0 kN > WL = 9.90 kN

The 125 x 65 x 4.0 CC DuraGal is satisfactory for these strength and serviceability limit states.
Note that the size selected is smaller than that for the single span example in Section 14.6.
Additional checks may be required as listed in Section 15.4 and to include the self-weight of the
beam.

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

15-3

15-4

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

125 x 125 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

100 x 100 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

90 x 90 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

NOTES:

18.0
15.8
13.6
10.8

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

9.40
8.32
7.02
4.27
2.81

11.7
9.74
7.86
4.74
3.11

16.0
12.5
9.84
5.91
3.89

19.4
15.0
11.8
7.11

5.5

8.55
7.56
6.38
3.88
2.55

10.7
8.86
7.14
4.31
2.83

14.6
11.3
8.94
5.38
3.54

17.7
13.6
10.7
6.46

6.0

7.84
6.93
5.85
3.55
2.34

9.77
8.12
6.55
3.95
2.59

13.3
10.4
8.20
4.93
3.25

16.2
12.5
9.80
5.92

3.

1.

Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

10.4
9.24
7.80
4.74
3.12

13.0
10.8
8.73
5.27
3.46

17.8
13.8
10.9
6.57
4.33

21.6
16.7
13.1
7.90

Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).

11.7
10.4
8.77
5.33
3.51

14.6
12.2
9.82
5.92
3.89

20.0
15.6
12.3
7.39
4.87

24.3
18.7
14.7
8.88

7.

13.4
11.9
10.0
6.09
4.01

16.7
13.9
11.2
6.77
4.45

22.8
17.8
14.0
8.45
5.56

27.7
21.4
16.8
10.2

* Research is currently in progress to determine the FLR values for angles.

15.6
13.8
11.7
7.10
4.67

19.5
16.2
13.1
7.89
5.19

26.6
20.7
16.4
9.85
6.49

32.3
25.0
19.6
11.8

6.

18.8
16.6
14.0
8.52
5.61

23.4
19.4
15.7
9.47
6.22

31.9
24.9
19.6
11.8
7.78

38.8
29.9
23.5
14.2

FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.

23.4
20.7
17.5
10.6
7.01

29.1
24.2
19.6
11.8
7.77

39.8
31.0
24.5
14.8
9.73

48.3
37.3
29.3
17.7

5.

31.0
27.5
23.2
14.2
9.33

38.6
32.2
26.0
15.7
10.4

52.7
41.1
32.6
19.6
13.0

64.0
49.5
38.9
23.6

4.

46.0
40.7
34.5
21.1
14.0

57.1
47.6
38.7
23.5
15.5

77.8
60.9
48.4
29.3
19.4

94.5
73.4
57.9
35.3

Maximum design load WLmax is equal to WL1 max .


WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity only.

86.4
76.5
65.9
41.2
27.4

106
89.1
73.8
45.8
30.4

143
114
92.7
57.2
38.1

175
138
111
68.8

Span, l (m)

(kN)

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

2.

10.5
9.24
7.97
6.37
5.18

11.7
10.3
8.92
7.11
5.78

14.9
13.1
11.3
8.95
7.27

kg/m

CA
CA
CA
CA

mm

mm

mm

Nominal

Thickness

Mass
per
metre

150 x 150 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0

b2

b1

Designation

DuraGal Equal Angles

bending about n- or p-axis (leg down)

for
beams with full lateral restraint

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

Table 15.11(a)

6.5

7.23
6.40
5.40
3.28
2.16

9.02
7.50
6.05
3.65
2.39

12.3
9.59
7.57
4.55
3.00

15.0
11.5
9.04
5.47

7.0

6.72
5.94
5.02
3.05
2.00

8.37
6.96
5.61
3.39
2.22

11.4
8.91
7.03
4.23
2.78

13.9
10.7
8.40
5.08

8.0

5.88
5.20
4.39
2.67
1.75

7.33
6.09
4.91
2.96
1.95

10.0
7.79
6.15
3.70
2.43

12.2
9.38
7.35
4.44

218
194
189
158
130

248
219
214
178
145

321
284
276
227
185

395
348
338
275

(kN)

Equal Angles

*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*

(m)

FLR

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

15-5

4.21
3.42
2.79
1.81

2.50
1.62

2.20
1.43

1.06

CA
CA
CA
CA

50 x 50 x 6.0
5.0
4.0
2.5

45 x 45 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

40 x 40 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

30 x 30 x 2.5 CA

5.33

18.4
8.23

23.2
9.35

41.7
34.5
27.6
10.4

69.0
52.8
37.0

103
91.6
89.6
62.0
42.9

0.25

2.74

9.68
4.26

12.3
4.84

22.8
18.6
14.8
5.40

39.1
29.0
19.8

60.1
53.3
52.1
34.1
22.9

0.5

1.84

6.52
2.86

8.33
3.25

15.5
12.6
9.98
3.62

26.8
19.7
13.4

41.5
36.8
36.0
23.2
15.5

0.75

1.38

4.91
2.15

6.28
2.44

11.7
9.49
7.52
2.72

20.3
14.9
10.1

31.5
27.9
27.3
17.5
11.6

1.0

1.11

3.93
1.72

5.03
1.96

9.38
7.61
6.03
2.18

16.3
12.0
8.07

25.4
22.5
22.0
14.0
9.34

1.25

0.922

3.28
1.44

4.20
1.63

7.83
6.35
5.03
1.82

13.6
9.99
6.74

21.2
18.8
18.4
11.7
7.79

1.5

0.692

2.46
1.08

3.15
1.22

5.88
4.77
3.78
1.37

10.2
7.51
5.06

16.0
14.1
13.8
8.81
5.85

2.0

2.25

0.615

2.19
0.958

2.80
1.09

5.23
4.24
3.36
1.21

9.12
6.68
4.50

14.2
12.6
12.3
7.83
5.20

Span, l (m)

0.791

2.81
1.23

3.60
1.40

6.72
5.45
4.32
1.56

11.7
8.58
5.78

18.2
16.1
15.8
10.1
6.68

1.75

(kN)

0.554

1.97
0.863

2.52
0.980

4.71
3.82
3.03
1.09

8.21
6.01
4.05

12.8
11.3
11.1
7.05
4.68

2.5

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

0.462

1.64
0.719

2.10
0.817

3.92
3.18
2.52
0.910

6.84
5.01
3.38

10.7
9.45
9.24
5.88
3.90

3.0

0.396

1.41
0.616

1.80
0.700

3.36
2.73
2.16
0.780

5.87
4.30
2.89

9.14
8.11
7.92
5.04
3.35

3.5

0.346

1.23
0.539

1.58
0.613

2.94
2.39
1.89
0.683

5.14
3.76
2.53

8.00
7.10
6.93
4.41
2.93

4.0

0.308

1.10
0.479

1.40
0.544

2.62
2.12
1.68
0.607

4.57
3.34
2.25

7.11
6.31
6.16
3.92
2.60

4.5

0.277

0.986
0.432

1.26
0.490

2.36
1.91
1.51
0.546

4.11
3.01
2.03

6.40
5.68
5.55
3.53
2.34

5.0

19.4

50.7
27.2

58.6
31.0

89.6
80.5
66.5
34.9

127
110
90.1

174
155
152
129
106

(kN)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Equal Angles

*
*

*
*

*
*
*
*

*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*

(m)

FLR

Maximum design load WLmax is equal to WL1max .


WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity only.
FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.
* Research is currently in progress to determine the FLR values for angles.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
7. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

5.62
4.52
3.69

65 x 65 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

NOTES:

8.59
7.59
6.56
5.26
4.29

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

75 x 75 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

Thickness

kg/m

b2

Mass
per
metre

mm mm mm

b1

Nominal

Designation

DuraGal Equal Angles

bending about n- or p-axis (leg down)

for
beams with full lateral restraint

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

Table 15.11(b)

15-6

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

90 x 90 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

10.5
9.24
7.97
6.37
5.18

11.7
10.3
8.92
7.11
5.78

14.9
13.1
11.3
8.95
7.27

18.0
15.8
13.6
10.8

kg/m

Mass
per
metre

0.5

617
538
389
211
127

845
700
463
249
149

1390
1030
657
352
211

1880
1370
868
468

1.0

154
137
97.2
52.9
31.7

215
175
116
62.3
37.3

347
256
164
88.0
54.7

469
342
217
117

1.5

68.6
61.0
43.2
23.7
16.2

95.5
77.7
51.5
28.5
19.4

154
114
73.1
42.2
28.7

208
152
96.5
58.1

2.0

38.6
34.3
24.3
15.0
10.2

53.7
43.7
28.9
18.1
12.3

86.7
64.1
42.4
26.8
18.2

117
85.5
58.3
36.8

2.5

24.7
22.0
16.4
10.5
7.18

34.4
28.0
20.0
12.7
8.64

55.5
41.0
29.8
18.8
12.8

75.0
54.7
40.9
25.9

3.0

17.1
15.3
12.2
7.82
5.37

23.9
19.4
14.9
9.47
6.47

38.5
29.2
22.3
14.1
9.57

52.1
40.5
30.7
19.4

3.5

12.6
11.2
9.47
6.10
4.20

17.5
15.0
11.6
7.40
5.06

28.8
22.8
17.4
11.0
7.50

40.2
31.7
24.0
15.2

9.64
8.58
7.49
4.92
3.39

13.4
11.9
9.32
5.97
4.09

23.2
18.4
14.0
8.91
6.07

32.4
25.6
19.4
12.3

4.0

Span, l (m)

7.62
6.78
5.92
4.06
2.81

10.6
9.43
7.68
4.94
3.39

19.1
15.2
11.6
7.39
5.03

26.8
21.2
16.1
10.2

4.5

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)
5.0

6.17
5.49
4.79
3.42
2.37

8.60
7.64
6.46
4.17
2.87

16.1
12.8
9.82
6.25
4.26

22.7
17.9
13.6
8.62

5.5

5.10
4.54
3.96
2.93
2.03

7.11
6.32
5.50
3.57
2.46

13.8
11.0
8.42
5.37
3.66

19.4
15.4
11.7
7.41

6.0

4.29
3.82
3.33
2.54
1.76

5.97
5.31
4.62
3.10
2.14

11.9
9.53
7.31
4.67
3.19

16.9
13.4
10.2
6.46

6.5

3.65
3.25
2.84
2.22
1.55

5.09
4.52
3.94
2.73
1.88

10.2
8.36
6.43
4.11
2.81

14.8
11.8
8.95
5.69

7.0

3.15
2.80
2.44
1.97
1.37

4.39
3.90
3.39
2.42
1.67

8.81
7.40
5.70
3.65
2.50

13.2
10.4
7.95
5.05

8.0

2.41
2.15
1.87
1.51
1.11

3.36
2.99
2.60
1.94
1.35

6.75
5.94
4.58
2.95
2.02

10.6
8.41
6.42
4.09

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

100 x 100 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

NOTES:

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

125 x 125 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

mm

CA
CA
CA
CA

mm

mm

Nominal

Thickness

150 x 150 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0

b2

b1

Designation

DuraGal Equal Angles

DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

for beams with full lateral restraint


bending about n- or p-axis (leg down)

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

Table 15.12(a)

Equal Angles

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

15-7

Nominal

4.21
3.42
2.79
1.81

2.50
1.62

2.20
1.43

1.06

CA
CA
CA
CA

50 x 50 x 6.0
5.0
4.0
2.5

45 x 45 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

40 x 40 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

30 x 30 x 2.5 CA

27.7

102
54.7

145
66.6

298
247
194
78.9

689
492
306

1380
1240
1060
630
383

0.25

6.96

25.4
13.7

36.9
16.7

74.4
61.8
48.6
19.7

172
123
76.4

346
309
265
158
95.8

0.5

3.09

11.3
6.08

16.4
7.40

33.1
27.5
21.6
8.77

76.5
54.7
33.9

154
137
120
70.0
42.6

0.75

1.74

6.36
3.42

9.22
4.16

18.6
15.4
12.1
4.93

43.1
30.7
19.1

86.5
77.3
67.7
39.4
24.0

1.0

1.11

4.07
2.21

5.90
2.74

11.9
9.88
7.78
3.31

27.6
19.7
12.2

55.4
49.5
43.3
25.2
15.7

1.25

0.773

2.83
1.64

4.10
2.04

8.27
6.86
5.55
2.47

19.1
13.7
9.07

38.5
34.4
30.1
17.5
11.7

1.5

0.568

2.08
1.28

3.01
1.59

6.08
5.04
4.19
1.93

14.1
10.2
7.08

28.3
25.2
22.1
13.3
9.17

1.75

0.435

1.59
1.02

2.31
1.28

4.65
3.86
3.21
1.56

10.8
8.20
5.71

21.6
19.3
16.9
10.8
7.41

2.0

Span, l (m)

0.344

1.26
0.843

1.82
1.06

3.68
3.05
2.54
1.29

8.51
6.75
4.72

17.1
15.3
13.4
8.89
6.13

2.25

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)

0.278

1.02
0.683

1.48
0.892

2.98
2.47
2.05
1.09

6.89
5.63
3.98

13.8
12.4
10.8
7.49
5.18

2.5

0.193

0.706
0.475

1.02
0.661

2.07
1.72
1.43
0.809

4.78
3.91
2.95

9.61
8.59
7.52
5.56
3.86

3.0

0.142

0.519
0.349

0.753
0.502

1.52
1.26
1.05
0.629

3.51
2.87
2.29

7.06
6.31
5.52
4.32
3.01

3.5

0.109

0.397
0.267

0.576
0.385

1.16
0.965
0.803
0.505

2.69
2.20
1.82

5.41
4.83
4.23
3.44
2.42

4.0

0.0859

0.314
0.211

0.455
0.304

0.919
0.763
0.634
0.416

2.13
1.74
1.44

4.27
3.82
3.34
2.72
2.00

4.5

0.0696

0.254
0.171

0.369
0.246

0.744
0.618
0.514
0.341

1.72
1.41
1.16

3.46
3.09
2.71
2.20
1.68

5.0

Equal Angles

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

5.62
4.52
3.69

65 x 65 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

NOTES:

8.59
7.59
6.56
5.26
4.29

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

75 x 75 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

Thickness

kg/m

b2

Mass
per
metre

mm mm mm

b1

Designation

DuraGal Equal Angles

DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

for beams with full lateral restraint


bending about n- or p-axis (leg down)

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

Table 15.12(b)

15-8

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

100 x 100 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

90 x 90 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

125 x 125 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

NOTES:

18.0
15.8
13.6
10.8

0.5

86.4
76.5
74.6
59.1
47.2

106
93.7
91.3
71.5
55.4

161
142
136
105
69.3

223
194
185
126

1.0

46.0
40.7
39.7
31.2
24.9

57.1
50.4
49.1
38.1
27.7

89.6
78.8
75.1
52.6
34.6

128
111
105
63.2

1.5

31.0
27.5
26.8
21.0
16.6

38.6
34.1
33.2
25.7
18.5

61.0
53.7
51.1
35.1
23.1

87.6
76.2
69.7
42.1

2.0

23.4
20.7
20.2
15.8
12.5

29.1
25.7
25.1
19.4
13.8

46.1
40.6
38.6
26.3
17.3

66.4
57.7
52.3
31.6

2.5

18.8
16.6
16.2
12.7
9.98

23.4
20.6
20.1
15.6
11.1

37.1
32.6
31.0
21.0
13.9

53.4
46.4
41.8
25.3

3.0

15.6
13.8
13.5
10.6
8.32

19.5
17.2
16.8
13.0
9.23

30.9
27.2
25.9
17.5
11.5

44.6
38.8
34.8
21.1

3.5

13.4
11.9
11.6
9.08
7.13

16.7
14.8
14.4
11.1
7.91

26.6
23.4
22.2
15.0
9.89

38.3
33.3
29.9
18.1

11.7
10.4
10.1
7.95
6.24

14.6
12.9
12.6
9.74
6.92

23.3
20.5
19.5
13.1
8.66

33.6
29.2
26.1
15.8

4.0

Span, l (m)
4.5

5.0

9.40
8.32
8.11
6.36
4.99

11.7
10.4
10.1
7.80
5.54

18.6
16.4
15.6
10.5
6.93

26.9
23.4
20.9
12.6

5.5

8.55
7.56
7.37
5.79
4.54

10.7
9.42
9.17
7.09
5.03

16.9
14.9
14.2
9.56
6.30

24.5
21.2
19.0
11.5

6.0

7.84
6.93
6.76
5.30
4.16

9.77
8.63
8.40
6.50
4.61

15.5
13.7
13.0
8.77
5.77

22.4
19.5
17.4
10.5

6.5

7.23
6.40
6.24
4.90
3.84

9.02
7.97
7.76
6.00
4.26

14.3
12.6
12.0
8.09
5.33

20.7
18.0
16.1
9.72

7.0

6.72
5.94
5.80
4.55
3.56

8.37
7.40
7.21
5.57
3.95

13.3
11.7
11.1
7.51
4.95

19.2
16.7
14.9
9.03

8.0

5.88
5.20
5.07
3.98
3.12

7.33
6.48
6.31
4.88
3.46

11.7
10.2
9.75
6.57
4.33

16.8
14.6
13.1
7.90

218
194
189
158
130

248
219
214
178
145

321
284
276
227
185

395
348
338
275

(kN)

FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.
* Research is currently in progress to determine the FLR values for angles.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

10.4
9.24
9.01
7.07
5.54

13.0
11.5
11.2
8.66
6.15

20.7
18.2
17.3
11.7
7.69

29.9
25.9
23.2
14.0

(kN)

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

Maximum design load WLmax is equal to WL1max .


WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity only.

10.5
9.24
7.97
6.37
5.18

11.7
10.3
8.92
7.11
5.78

14.9
13.1
11.3
8.95
7.27

kg/m

CA
CA
CA
CA

mm

mm

mm

Nominal

Thickness

Mass
per
metre

150 x 150 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0

b2

b1

Designation

DuraGal Equal Angles

bending about n- or p-axis (leg up)

for
beams with full lateral restraint

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

Table 15.13(a)

Equal Angles

*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*

(m)

FLR

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

15-9

4.21
3.42
2.79
1.81

2.50
1.62

2.20
1.43

1.06

CA
CA
CA
CA

50 x 50 x 6.0
5.0
4.0
2.5

45 x 45 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

40 x 40 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

30 x 30 x 2.5 CA

5.33

18.4
9.44

23.2
11.8

41.7
34.5
28.4
14.4

69.0
56.6
46.3

103
91.6
89.6
73.3
59.2

0.25

2.74

9.68
4.95

12.3
6.27

22.8
18.6
15.3
7.68

39.1
31.7
25.9

60.1
53.3
52.1
42.1
33.8

0.5

1.84

6.52
3.33

8.33
4.23

15.5
12.6
10.4
5.19

26.8
21.6
17.6

41.5
36.8
36.0
28.9
23.2

0.75

1.38

4.91
2.51

6.28
3.19

11.7
9.49
7.81
3.91

20.3
16.3
13.3

31.5
27.9
27.3
21.9
17.6

1.0

1.11

3.93
2.01

5.03
2.55

9.38
7.61
6.27
3.14

16.3
13.1
10.7

25.4
22.5
22.0
17.6
14.2

1.25

0.922

3.28
1.68

4.20
2.13

7.83
6.35
5.23
2.62

13.6
11.0
8.95

21.2
18.8
18.4
14.7
11.8

1.5

0.692

2.46
1.26

3.15
1.60

5.88
4.77
3.93
1.97

10.2
8.24
6.73

16.0
14.1
13.8
11.1
8.89

2.0

2.25

0.615

2.19
1.12

2.80
1.42

5.23
4.24
3.49
1.75

9.12
7.33
5.99

14.2
12.6
12.3
9.86
7.91

Span, l (m)

0.791

2.81
1.44

3.60
1.83

6.72
5.45
4.49
2.25

11.7
9.41
7.68

18.2
16.1
15.8
12.6
10.2

1.75

(kN)

0.554

1.97
1.01

2.52
1.28

4.71
3.82
3.14
1.57

8.21
6.60
5.39

12.8
11.3
11.1
8.88
7.12

2.5

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

0.462

1.64
0.839

2.10
1.07

3.92
3.18
2.62
1.31

6.84
5.50
4.49

10.7
9.45
9.24
7.40
5.94

3.0

0.396

1.41
0.719

1.80
0.915

3.36
2.73
2.25
1.12

5.87
4.72
3.85

9.14
8.11
7.92
6.35
5.09

3.5

0.346

1.23
0.629

1.58
0.801

2.94
2.39
1.97
0.984

5.14
4.13
3.37

8.00
7.10
6.93
5.56
4.46

4.0

0.308

1.10
0.559

1.40
0.712

2.62
2.12
1.75
0.875

4.57
3.67
3.00

7.11
6.31
6.16
4.94
3.96

4.5

0.277

0.986
0.503

1.26
0.640

2.36
1.91
1.57
0.787

4.11
3.31
2.70

6.40
5.68
5.55
4.45
3.57

5.0

19.4

50.7
27.2

58.6
31.0

89.6
80.5
66.5
34.9

127
110
90.1

174
155
152
129
106

(kN)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Equal Angles

*
*

*
*

*
*
*
*

*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*

(m)

FLR

Maximum design load WLmax is equal to WL1max .


WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity only.
FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.
* Research is currently in progress to determine the FLR values for angles.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
7. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

5.62
4.52
3.69

65 x 65 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

NOTES:

8.59
7.59
6.56
5.26
4.29

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

75 x 75 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

Thickness

kg/m

b2

Mass
per
metre

mm mm mm

b1

Nominal

Designation

DuraGal Equal Angles

bending about n- or p-axis (leg up)

for
beams with full lateral restraint

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

Table 15.13(b)

15-10

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

90 x 90 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

10.5
9.24
7.97
6.37
5.18

11.7
10.3
8.92
7.11
5.78

14.9
13.1
11.3
8.95
7.27

18.0
15.8
13.6
10.8

kg/m

Mass
per
metre

0.5

617
538
389
211
127

845
700
463
249
149

1390
1030
657
352
211

1880
1370
868
468

1.0

154
134
97.2
57.1
39.0

211
175
116
68.9
46.9

347
256
164
102
69.3

469
342
222
140

1.5

68.6
60.9
46.8
29.9
20.5

94.7
77.7
56.9
36.1
24.7

154
114
84.9
53.6
36.5

208
154
117
73.8

2.0

38.6
34.3
29.2
18.8
12.9

53.7
46.2
35.7
22.8
15.6

88.7
70.4
53.6
34.0
23.1

124
97.6
74.0
46.8

2.5

24.7
22.0
19.2
13.1
9.05

34.4
30.6
24.8
15.9
10.9

61.7
49.1
37.5
23.8
16.2

86.6
68.4
51.9
32.8

3.0

17.1
15.3
13.3
9.73
6.75

23.9
21.2
18.3
11.9
8.17

45.7
36.5
28.0
17.8
12.1

64.6
51.1
38.8
24.6

3.5

12.6
11.2
9.78
7.56
5.26

17.5
15.6
13.6
9.25
6.38

35.2
28.4
21.8
13.9
9.51

50.3
39.9
30.3
19.3

9.64
8.58
7.49
6.05
4.23

13.4
11.9
10.4
7.44
5.15

27.0
22.8
17.6
11.2
7.69

40.5
32.1
24.5
15.6

4.0

Span, l (m)

7.62
6.78
5.92
4.78
3.49

10.6
9.43
8.21
6.14
4.26

21.3
18.8
14.5
9.31
6.38

33.4
26.6
20.3
12.9

4.5

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)
5.0

6.17
5.49
4.79
3.87
2.94

8.60
7.64
6.65
5.16
3.59

17.3
15.3
12.2
7.86
5.39

28.1
22.4
17.1
10.9

5.5

5.10
4.54
3.96
3.20
2.51

7.11
6.32
5.50
4.41
3.08

14.3
12.6
10.4
6.74
4.63

24.1
19.2
14.7
9.38

6.0

4.29
3.82
3.33
2.69
2.18

5.97
5.31
4.62
3.72
2.67

12.0
10.6
9.03
5.86
4.03

20.8
16.7
12.8
8.17

6.5

3.65
3.25
2.84
2.29
1.88

5.09
4.52
3.94
3.17
2.34

10.2
9.05
7.86
5.15
3.54

18.0
14.6
11.2
7.19

7.0

3.15
2.80
2.44
1.97
1.62

4.39
3.90
3.39
2.73
2.08

8.81
7.81
6.78
4.56
3.15

15.5
12.9
9.94
6.38

8.0

2.41
2.15
1.87
1.51
1.24

3.36
2.99
2.60
2.09
1.67

6.75
5.98
5.19
3.67
2.54

11.9
10.4
8.00
5.15

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

100 x 100 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

NOTES:

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

125 x 125 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

mm

CA
CA
CA
CA

mm

mm

Nominal

Thickness

150 x 150 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0

b2

b1

Designation

DuraGal Equal Angles

DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

for beams with full lateral restraint


bending about n- or p-axis (leg up)

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

Table 15.14(a)

Equal Angles

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

15-11

Nominal

4.21
3.42
2.79
1.81

2.50
1.62

2.20
1.43

1.06

CA
CA
CA
CA

50 x 50 x 6.0
5.0
4.0
2.5

45 x 45 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

40 x 40 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

30 x 30 x 2.5 CA

27.7

102
54.7

145
66.6

298
247
194
78.9

689
492
306

1380
1240
1060
630
383

0.25

6.96

25.4
13.7

36.3
16.7

74.4
61.8
48.6
19.7

172
123
76.4

346
309
265
158
95.8

0.5

3.09

11.3
6.28

16.4
7.80

33.1
27.5
21.6
9.43

76.5
54.7
34.6

154
137
118
70.0
44.7

0.75

1.74

6.36
3.93

9.22
4.91

18.6
15.4
12.8
5.95

43.1
31.4
21.8

86.5
77.3
66.7
41.1
28.3

1.0

1.11

4.07
2.72

5.90
3.42

11.9
9.88
8.22
4.16

27.6
21.8
15.2

55.4
49.5
43.3
28.7
19.8

1.25

0.773

2.83
1.90

4.10
2.53

8.27
6.86
5.71
3.10

19.1
15.7
11.3

38.5
34.4
30.1
21.3
14.8

1.5

0.568

2.08
1.39

3.01
1.97

6.08
5.04
4.19
2.41

14.1
11.5
8.79

28.3
25.2
22.1
16.6
11.5

1.75

0.435

1.59
1.07

2.31
1.54

4.65
3.86
3.21
1.94

10.8
8.80
7.05

21.6
19.3
16.9
13.3
9.27

2.0

Span, l (m)

0.344

1.26
0.844

1.82
1.22

3.68
3.05
2.54
1.60

8.51
6.96
5.75

17.1
15.3
13.4
10.9
7.66

2.25

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)

0.278

1.02
0.683

1.48
0.984

2.98
2.47
2.05
1.34

6.89
5.63
4.66

13.8
12.4
10.8
8.80
6.45

2.5

0.193

0.706
0.475

1.02
0.684

2.07
1.72
1.43
0.947

4.78
3.91
3.23

9.61
8.59
7.52
6.11
4.78

3.0

0.142

0.519
0.349

0.753
0.502

1.52
1.26
1.05
0.695

3.51
2.87
2.38

7.06
6.31
5.52
4.49
3.70

3.5

0.109

0.397
0.267

0.576
0.385

1.16
0.965
0.803
0.532

2.69
2.20
1.82

5.41
4.83
4.23
3.44
2.83

4.0

0.0859

0.314
0.211

0.455
0.304

0.919
0.763
0.634
0.421

2.13
1.74
1.44

4.27
3.82
3.34
2.72
2.24

4.5

0.0696

0.254
0.171

0.369
0.246

0.744
0.618
0.514
0.341

1.72
1.41
1.16

3.46
3.09
2.71
2.20
1.81

5.0

Equal Angles

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

5.62
4.52
3.69

65 x 65 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

NOTES:

8.59
7.59
6.56
5.26
4.29

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

75 x 75 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

Thickness

kg/m

b2

Mass
per
metre

mm mm mm

b1

Designation

DuraGal Equal Angles

DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

for beams with full lateral restraint


bending about n- or p-axis (leg up)

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

Table 15.14(b)

15-12

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

mm

Thickness

NOTES:

5.38
4.34
3.54

kg/m

Mass
per
metre

85.5
60.5
42.6

0.25

48.9
33.1
22.7

0.5
33.6
22.5
15.3

0.75
25.5
17.0
11.6

1.0
20.5
13.6
9.26

1.25
17.1
11.4
7.73

1.5
14.7
9.76
6.63

1.75
12.9
8.55
5.80

2.0

2.25
11.5
7.60
5.16

Span, l (m)

(kN)

10.3
6.84
4.64

2.5

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

8.60
5.70
3.87

3.0
7.38
4.89
3.32

3.5

6.46
4.28
2.90

4.0

5.74
3.80
2.58

4.5

5.17
3.42
2.32

5.0
152
129
106

(kN)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

*
*
*

(m)

FLR

Maximum design load WLmax is equal to WL1max .


WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity only.
FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.
* Research is currently in progress to determine the FLR values for angles.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
7. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

b2

mm

b1

mm

Nominal

Designation

DuraGal Unequal Angles

bending about n-axis (long leg down)

for
beams with full lateral restraint

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

Table 15.21

Unequal Angles

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

15-13

mm

mm

Nominal

mm

Thickness

NOTES:

5.38
4.34
3.54

kg/m

Mass
per
metre

931
575
362

0.25

233
144
90.4

0.5
103
63.9
40.2

0.75
58.2
36.0
22.6

1.0
37.2
23.0
14.7

1.25
25.9
16.0
11.0

1.5
19.0
12.3
8.54

1.75
14.5
9.85
6.87

2.0

Span, l (m)

11.5
8.12
5.68

2.25

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)

9.31
6.82
4.78

2.5

6.46
5.04
3.55

3.0

4.75
3.90
2.75

3.5

3.64
2.98
2.21

4.0

2.87
2.36
1.82

4.5

2.33
1.91
1.53

5.0

Unequal Angles

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

b2

b1

Designation

DuraGal Unequal Angles

DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

for beams with full lateral restraint


bending about n-axis (long leg down)

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

Table 15.22

15-14

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

mm

Thickness

NOTES:

5.38
4.34
3.54

kg/m

Mass
per
metre

85.5
70.0
57.3

0.25

48.9
39.6
32.5

0.5
33.6
27.1
22.2

0.75
25.5
20.6
16.8

1.0
20.5
16.5
13.5

1.25
17.1
13.8
11.3

1.5
14.7
11.8
9.70

1.75
12.9
10.4
8.50

2.0

2.25
11.5
9.23
7.56

Span, l (m)

(kN)

10.3
8.31
6.81

2.5

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

8.60
6.93
5.68

3.0
7.38
5.94
4.87

3.5

6.46
5.20
4.26

4.0

5.74
4.62
3.79

4.5

5.17
4.16
3.41

5.0
152
129
106

(kN)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

*
*
*

(m)

FLR

Maximum design load WLmax is equal to WL1max .


WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity only.
FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.
* Research is currently in progress to determine the FLR values for angles.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
7. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

b2

mm

b1

mm

Nominal

Designation

DuraGal Unequal Angles

bending about n-axis (long leg up)

for
beams with full lateral restraint

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

Table 15.23

Unequal Angles

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

15-15

mm

mm

Nominal

mm

Thickness

NOTES:

5.38
4.34
3.54

kg/m

Mass
per
metre

931
575
362

0.25

233
144
90.4

0.5
103
63.9
41.9

0.75
58.2
37.8
26.3

1.0
37.2
26.2
18.3

1.25
25.9
19.4
13.6

1.5
19.0
15.0
10.6

1.75
14.5
11.9
8.48

2.0

Span, l (m)

11.5
9.43
6.98

2.25

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)

9.31
7.64
5.87

2.5

6.46
5.30
4.33

3.0

4.75
3.90
3.22

3.5

3.64
2.98
2.46

4.0

2.87
2.36
1.95

4.5

2.33
1.91
1.58

5.0

Unequal Angles

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

b2

b1

Designation

DuraGal Unequal Angles

DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

for beams with full lateral restraint


bending about n-axis (long leg up)

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

Table 15.24

15-16

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

mm

Thickness

NOTES:

5.38
4.34
3.54

kg/m

Mass
per
metre

43.8
36.1
28.5

0.25

24.1
19.6
15.3

0.5
16.4
13.3
10.4

0.75
12.4
10.0
7.82

1.0
9.97
8.05
6.27

1.25
8.32
6.72
5.23

1.5
7.14
5.76
4.49

1.75
6.25
5.04
3.93

2.0

Span, l (m)

5.56
4.49
3.49

2.25

(kN)

5.01
4.04
3.14

2.5

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

4.18
3.37
2.62

3.0
3.58
2.89
2.25

3.5

3.13
2.53
1.97

4.0

2.79
2.25
1.75

4.5

2.51
2.02
1.57

5.0
89.6
80.5
66.5

(kN)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

*
*
*

(m)

FLR

Maximum design load WLmax is equal to WL1max .


WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity only.
FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.
* Research is currently in progress to determine the FLR values for angles.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
7. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

b2

mm

b1

mm

Nominal

Designation

DuraGal Unequal Angles

bending about p-axis (short leg down)

for
beams with full lateral restraint

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

Table 15.25

Unequal Angles

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

15-17

mm

mm

Nominal

mm

Thickness

NOTES:

5.38
4.34
3.54

kg/m

Mass
per
metre

335
259
205

0.25

85.4
68.1
53.8

0.5
38.0
31.2
23.9

0.75
21.4
17.5
13.5

1.0
13.7
11.2
8.61

1.25
9.49
7.80
6.04

1.5
6.97
5.73
4.70

1.75
5.34
4.38
3.64

2.0

Span, l (m)

4.22
3.46
2.88

2.25

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)

3.42
2.81
2.33

2.5

2.37
1.95
1.62

3.0

1.74
1.43
1.19

3.5

1.33
1.10
0.910

4.0

1.05
0.866
0.719

4.5

0.854
0.702
0.582

5.0

Unequal Angles

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

b2

b1

Designation

DuraGal Unequal Angles

DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

for beams with full lateral restraint


bending about p-axis (short leg down)

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

Table 15.26

15-18

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

mm

Thickness

NOTES:

5.38
4.34
3.54

kg/m

Mass
per
metre

43.8
36.1
29.6

0.25

24.1
19.6
16.0

0.5
16.4
13.3
10.9

0.75
12.4
10.0
8.19

1.0
10.0
8.05
6.57

1.25
8.32
6.72
5.48

1.5
7.14
5.76
4.70

1.75
6.25
5.04
4.12

2.0

Span, l (m)

5.56
4.49
3.66

2.25

(kN)

5.01
4.04
3.30

2.5

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

4.18
3.37
2.75

3.0
3.58
2.89
2.36

3.5

3.13
2.53
2.06

4.0

2.79
2.25
1.83

4.5

2.51
2.02
1.65

5.0
89.6
80.5
66.5

(kN)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

*
*
*

(m)

FLR

Maximum design load WLmax is equal to WL1max .


WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity only.
FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.
* Research is currently in progress to determine the FLR values for angles.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
7. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

b2

mm

b1

mm

Nominal

Designation

DuraGal Unequal Angles

bending about p-axis (short leg up)

for
beams with full lateral restraint

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

Table 15.27

Unequal Angles

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

15-19

mm

mm

Nominal

mm

Thickness

NOTES:

5.38
4.34
3.54

kg/m

Mass
per
metre

335
259
205

0.25

83.8
64.8
51.2

0.5
38.0
29.8
23.5

0.75
21.4
17.2
13.7

1.0
13.7
11.2
8.97

1.25
9.49
7.80
6.34

1.5
6.97
5.73
4.72

1.75
5.34
4.38
3.64

2.0

Span, l (m)

4.22
3.46
2.88

2.25

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)

3.42
2.81
2.33

2.5

2.37
1.95
1.62

3.0

1.74
1.43
1.19

3.5

1.33
1.10
0.910

4.0

1.05
0.866
0.719

4.5

0.854
0.702
0.582

5.0

Unequal Angles

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

b2

b1

Designation

DuraGal Unequal Angles

DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

for beams with full lateral restraint


bending about p-axis (short leg up)

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

Table 15.28

15-20

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

NOTES:

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

36.4

58.6

84.3

143

182

271
209

326

376

578
503
476

1.0

29.9

48.6

70.6

121

155

235
178

283

329

515
447
420

1.25

25.3

41.3

60.4

105

134

205
155

248

291

460
398
372

1.5

21.9

35.9

52.6

91.6

118

182
136

220

259

413
357
333

1.75

19.3

31.7

46.6

81.4

105

162
121

197

233

374
323
300

2.0

15.6

25.6

37.7

66.3

85.4

133
99.0

162

192

312
269
249

2.5

13.0

21.5

31.7

55.8

71.9

113
83.5

137

163

266
229
212

3.0

11.2

18.5

27.3

48.1

62.1

97.6
72.1

119

142

232
199
184

3.5

Span, l (m)
4.0

9.81

16.2

23.9

42.3

54.6

85.9
63.4

105

125

205
176
162

(kN)

7.86

13.0

19.2

34.0

43.9

69.2
51.0

84.4

101

166
142
131

5.0

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

6.56

10.8

16.0

28.4

36.7

57.9
42.6

70.6

84.5

139
120
110

6.0

5.62

9.30

13.8

24.4

31.5

49.8
36.6

60.7

72.7

120
103
94.6

7.0

Maximum design load WLmax is equal to WL1max .


WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity only.
FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.
Beam spans to the right of the solid line must be braced at intervals equal to or less than the FLR value to have full lateral restraint.
All supports are assumed to provide full lateral restraint.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 (for t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

4.25

75 x 40 x 4.0 CC

10.5

150 x 75 x 5.0 CC

7.23

11.6

180 x 75 x 5.0 CC

5.59

15.5
12.4

200 x 75 x 6.0 CC
5.0 CC

100 x 50 x 4.0 CC

16.9

230 x 75 x 6.0 CC

125 x 65 x 4.0 CC

19.2

kg/m

250 x 90 x 6.0 CC

mm

28.5
25.1
21.6

mm

mm

Nominal

Thickness

Mass
per
metre

300 x 90 x 8.0 CC
7.0 CC
6.0 CC

bf

Designation

DuraGal Channels

bending about x-axis

for
beams with full lateral restraint

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

Table 15.31

Channels

4.92

8.14

12.1

21.4

27.6

43.6
32.1

53.2

63.7

105
90.2
83.0

8.0

4.38

7.24

10.7

19.0

24.6

38.8
28.5

47.4

56.7

93.5
80.3
73.9

9.0

3.94

6.52

9.66

17.1

22.1

35.0
25.7

42.7

51.1

84.3
72.4
66.5

10.0

93.6

133

172

258

317

428
356

503

552

790
697
677

(kN)

0.641

0.762

0.968

1.12

1.11

1.12
1.10

1.11

1.33

1.40
1.40
1.31

1.0

Cb

(m)

FLR

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

15-21

NOTES:

67.6

153

296

624

962

1620
1240

2280

3040

6540
5680
4740

1.0

43.2

98.0

190

399

616

1040
793

1460

1950

4180
3630
3030

1.25

30.0

68.1

132

277

428

722
551

1010

1350

2900
2520
2100

1.5

22.1

50.0

96.7

204

314

530
405

744

993

2130
1850
1550

1.75

16.9

38.3

74.0

156

241

406
310

569

760

1630
1420
1180

2.0

10.8

25.0

47.4

99.8

154

260
198

364

486

1050
908
758

2.5

7.51

17.7

33.3

69.3

107

180
138

253

338

726
631
526

3.0

5.52

13.1

24.9

51.4

78.6

133
101

186

248

533
463
387

3.5

Span, l (m)

4.22

10.0

19.4

40.0

60.3

102
77.4

142

190

408
355
296

4.0

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)

2.70

6.41

12.8

26.3

39.6

66.1
50.4

91.4

122

261
227
189

5.0

1.88

4.45

9.06

18.7

28.1

46.2
35.7

64.5

85.5

182
158
132

6.0

1.38

3.27

6.77

13.9

21.0

33.9
26.7

47.5

63.8

133
116
97.5

7.0

Channels

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 (for t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

5.59

4.25

10.5

150 x 75 x 5.0 CC

75 x 40 x 4.0 CC

11.6

180 x 75 x 5.0 CC

100 x 50 x 4.0 CC

15.5
12.4

200 x 75 x 6.0 CC
5.0 CC

7.23

16.9

230 x 75 x 6.0 CC

125 x 65 x 4.0 CC

19.2

kg/m

250 x 90 x 6.0 CC

mm

28.5
25.1
21.6

mm

mm

Nominal

Thickness

Mass
per
metre

300 x 90 x 8.0 CC
7.0 CC
6.0 CC

bf

Designation

DuraGal Channels

DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

for beams with full lateral restraint


bending about x-axis

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

Table 15.32

1.06

2.50

5.21

10.8

16.3

26.0
20.7

36.4

49.5

102
89.7
75.6

8.0

0.834

1.98

4.12

8.53

13.0

20.5
16.6

28.7

39.5

80.7
71.5
60.4

9.0

0.676

1.60

3.34

6.91

10.6

16.6
13.5

23.3

32.3

65.4
58.0
49.4

10.0

[ BLANK ]

15-22

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

16

FIXED ENDED BEAMS


CONTENTS
16.1

Page

SCOPE........................................................................................................... 16-1

16.2
DESIGN ASSUMPTIONS .............................................................................. 16-1
16.2.1 Full Lateral Restraint ...................................................................................... 16-1
16.2.2 Loading Through the Shear Centre ................................................................ 16-1
16.3
16.3.1
16.3.2
16.3.3

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOAD ............................................................................ 16-2


General .......................................................................................................... 16-2
Strength Limit State........................................................................................ 16-2
Serviceability Limit State ................................................................................ 16-2

16.4

ADDITIONAL DESIGN CHECKS .................................................................. 16-2

16.5

BEAM DEFLECTION CALCULATIONS ....................................................... 16-3

16.6

EXAMPLE ...................................................................................................... 16-4

TABLES
Equal Angle Beams with Full Lateral Restraint

Unequal Angle Beams with Full Lateral Restraint


16.21
16.22
16.23
16.24
16.25
16.26
16.27
16.28

Strength Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Long Leg Down .................. 16-14
Serviceability Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Long Leg Down .......... 16-15
Strength Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Long Leg Up ...................... 16-16
Serviceability Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Long Leg Up .............. 16-17
Strength Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Short Leg Down ................. 16-18
Serviceability Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Short Leg Down ......... 16-19
Strength Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Short Leg Up ..................... 16-20
Serviceability Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Short Leg Up .............. 16-21

Channel Beams with Full Lateral Restraint


16.31 Strength Limit State Maximum Design Loads - bending about x-axis .......... 16-22
16.32 Serviceability Limit State Maximum Design Loads - bending about x-axis .. 16-23

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

FIXED ENDED
BEAMS

Strength Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Leg Down ............................. 16-6
Serviceability Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Leg Down ..................... 16-8
Strength Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Leg Up ............................... 16-10
Serviceability Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Leg Up ....................... 16-12

16

16.11
16.12
16.13
16.14

FIXED ENDED BEAMS

16

16.1 SCOPE
The tables in this section apply to fixed ended beams with full
lateral restraint and with a uniformly distributed load.
Separate tables are provided for the strength limit state and
the serviceability limit state (deflection limit = span / 250). Tables
are provided for the following cases:

Angles bending about the n- and p-axes with:


long leg down
long leg up
short leg down
short leg up

Channels bending about the x-axis

16.2 DESIGN ASSUMPTIONS


16.2.1 Full Lateral Restraint
The beam span tables in this section assume that the beam has full lateral restraint. Full lateral
restraint means that the beam is restrained continuously or at such close spacing that flexuraltorsional buckling of the beam will not occur, and the design section moment capacity may be
used to calculate the maximum design load.
Full lateral restraint is automatically provided for channels when the compression flange is
firmly connected to floor decking, roof sheeting, floor joists or roof trusses or rafters, provided
the spacing of the connections does not exceed the full lateral restraint (FLR) value given in the
strength limit state tables. Research is in progress at The University of Sydney to determine the
FLR values for angles.

16.2.2 Loading Through the Shear Centre


The tables assume the load is applied through the shear centre of the beam. In practice this
does not always occur with angles and channels, but if the beam has full lateral restraint as
assumed in these tables, twisting due to the load being eccentric to the shear centre may be
prevented. In such cases these tables may be used, but caution should be taken to ensure that
the lateral restraints are capable of preventing twisting of the beam.

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

16-1

16.3 MAXIMUM DESIGN LOAD


16.3.1 General
The strength limit state design load (WL ) and the serviceability limit state design load (WS ) are
determined from the load combinations given in AS 1170.1 SAA Loading Code[6]. These design
loads must not exceed the strength limit state maximum design load (WLmax ) and the
serviceability limit state maximum design load (WS max ), which are provided in the tables.
For strength:

WL (calculated) WLmax (tabulated)

For serviceability:

WS (calculated) WS max (tabulated)

BEAM SELF WEIGHT: For all tables, the self weight of the beam has NOT been deducted.
The designer must include the self weight of the beam as part of the dead load when
calculating the design load WL or WS .

16.3.2 Strength Limit State


The strength limit state maximum design load (WLmax ) is equal to the maximum design load
(WL1 max ) based on the design section moment capacity (fbMs) and the combined bending and
shear capacity of the beam.
Values of WL1 max are given in the strength limit state design tables.

16.3.3 Serviceability Limit State


The serviceability limit state maximum design load (WS max ) given in the tables is the load that
will cause an elastic deflection in the beam of span / 250. In the tables provided, the maximum
compressive stress under service load used to calculate the maximum design load (WS max ) is
limited to the yield stress (fy).
For beams with deflection limits smaller than span / 250, e.g. span / 500, these tables can
be used conservatively to pro rata the maximum serviceability design load (WS max ). For beams
with deflection limits larger than span / 250, e.g. span / 125, these tables can not be used to
pro rata the maximum serviceability design load (WS max ). For such cases refer to Section 10 for
deflection calculations of the beam.

16.4 ADDITIONAL DESIGN CHECKS


The following design action effects have not been taken into account in the tables, and should
also be checked if appropriate.

Web Bearing (Section 8)


Combined bending and bearing (Section 13)
Shear lag effects - short spans (Appendix A4)

16-2

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

16.5 BEAM DEFLECTION CALCULATIONS


The deflection calculations of beams subject to load configurations not covered in this manual
can be performed using standard deflection formulae. Some of the frequently used deflection
formulae are given in Figure 16.5(1). A more comprehensive set of beam deflection formulae is
published by the AISC[9].
The second moment of area (I ) to be used in these deflection calculations can be determined
using the method given in Section 10.3.

NOTE:

D is the elastic deflection

Fig. 16.5(1) Deflection Formulae

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

16-3

16.6 EXAMPLE
A fixed ended beam of 2.0 m span with full lateral restraint is
required to support the following loads:
Dead load G = 4.0 kN/m
Live load Q = 7.0 kN/m
What size DuraGal equal angle with leg up is required for a
desired deflection limit of span / 250.

Solution:
Design loads and load combinations:
1.25G + 1.5Q = 1.25 x 4.0 + 1.5 x 7.0
= 15.5 kN/m

Strength:

WL = 15.5 x 2.0
= 31.0 kN

Design load

Serviceability:

G + 0.7Q = 4.0 + 0.7 x 7.0


= 8.9 kN/m
WS = 8.9 x 2.0
= 17.8 kN

Design load

Select an angle size:


Strength: (Table 16.13(a))
Select 100 x 100 x 6.0 CA DuraGal

WLmax = WL1 max = 37.5 kN > WL = 31.0 kN

Serviceability: (Table 16.14(a))


Check 100 x 100 x 6.0 CA DuraGal

WS max = 68.5 kN > WS = 17.8 kN


The 100 x 100 x 6.0 CA DuraGal is satisfactory for these strength and serviceability limit states.
Additional checks may be required as listed in Section 16.4 and to include the self-weight of the
beam.

16-4

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

[ BLANK ]

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

16-5

16-6

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

100 x 100 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

90 x 90 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

125 x 125 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

NOTES:

18.0
15.8
13.6
10.8

0.5

125
111
96.3
60.9
40.7

153
129
108
67.7
45.2

206
166
136
84.7
56.6

251
200
163
102

1.0

68.3
60.5
51.4
31.6
20.9

84.6
70.7
57.6
35.1
23.2

115
90.5
72.2
43.8
29.0

140
109
86.3
52.7

1.5

46.4
41.0
34.7
21.2
14.0

57.6
48.0
38.9
23.6
15.5

78.6
61.4
48.7
29.4
19.4

95.5
74.0
58.2
35.4

2.0

35.0
31.0
26.2
15.9
10.5

43.6
36.3
29.3
17.7
11.7

59.5
46.4
36.7
22.1
14.6

72.2
55.8
43.9
26.6

2.5

28.1
24.8
21.0
12.8
8.41

35.0
29.1
23.5
14.2
9.33

47.8
37.2
29.4
17.7
11.7

58.0
44.8
35.2
21.3

3.0

23.4
20.7
17.5
10.7
7.01

29.2
24.3
19.6
11.8
7.78

39.9
31.1
24.5
14.8
9.73

48.4
37.4
29.3
17.8

3.5

20.1
17.8
15.0
9.13
6.01

25.1
20.8
16.8
10.1
6.67

34.2
26.7
21.1
12.7
8.34

41.6
32.1
25.2
15.2

17.6
15.6
13.2
7.99
5.26

21.9
18.2
14.7
8.88
5.84

30.0
23.3
18.4
11.1
7.30

36.4
28.1
22.0
13.3

4.0

Span, l (m)
4.5

15.7
13.9
11.7
7.11
4.68

19.5
16.2
13.1
7.90
5.19

26.7
20.8
16.4
9.86
6.49

32.4
25.0
19.6
11.8

(kN)

14.1
12.5
10.5
6.40
4.21

17.6
14.6
11.8
7.11
4.67

24.0
18.7
14.7
8.87
5.84

29.2
22.5
17.6
10.7

5.0

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

5.5

12.8
11.3
9.57
5.82
3.83

16.0
13.3
10.7
6.46
4.24

21.8
17.0
13.4
8.06
5.31

26.5
20.4
16.0
9.69

6.0

11.8
10.4
8.78
5.33
3.51

14.6
12.2
9.82
5.92
3.89

20.0
15.6
12.3
7.39
4.87

24.3
18.7
14.7
8.88

6.5

10.8
9.60
8.10
4.92
3.24

13.5
11.2
9.07
5.47
3.59

18.5
14.4
11.3
6.82
4.49

22.4
17.3
13.6
8.20

7.0

10.1
8.91
7.52
4.57
3.01

12.6
10.4
8.42
5.08
3.34

17.2
13.4
10.5
6.34
4.17

20.8
16.1
12.6
7.62

8.0

8.82
7.80
6.58
4.00
2.63

11.0
9.14
7.37
4.44
2.92

15.0
11.7
9.22
5.55
3.65

18.2
14.1
11.0
6.66

273
242
236
198
162

310
274
267
222
182

402
355
345
283
231

494
435
423
344

(kN)

*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*

(m)

FLR

Maximum design load WLmax is equal to WL1max .


WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity only.
FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.
* Research is currently in progress to determine the FLR values for angles.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

10.5
9.24
7.97
6.37
5.18

11.7
10.3
8.92
7.11
5.78

14.9
13.1
11.3
8.95
7.27

kg/m

CA
CA
CA
CA

mm

mm

mm

Nominal

Thickness

Mass
per
metre

150 x 150 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0

b2

b1

Designation

DuraGal Equal Angles

bending about n- or p-axis (leg down)

for
beams with full lateral restraint

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

Table 16.11(a)

Equal Angles

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

16-7

4.21
3.42
2.79
1.81

2.50
1.62

2.20
1.43

1.06

CA
CA
CA
CA

50 x 50 x 6.0
5.0
4.0
2.5

45 x 45 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

40 x 40 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

30 x 30 x 2.5 CA

7.86

26.8
12.1

33.7
13.7

59.8
49.8
39.9
15.3

97.4
75.4
53.5

144
128
125
88.6
62.1

0.25

4.10

14.4
6.36

18.3
7.22

33.7
27.6
21.9
8.06

57.5
42.9
29.3

87.9
78.0
76.3
50.3
34.0

0.5

2.75

9.74
4.28

12.4
4.86

23.1
18.8
14.9
5.42

39.8
29.4
19.9

61.5
54.5
53.3
34.5
23.1

0.75

2.07

7.35
3.22

9.39
3.66

17.5
14.2
11.3
4.08

30.3
22.3
15.1

46.9
41.6
40.7
26.1
17.4

1.0

1.66

5.89
2.58

7.54
2.93

14.0
11.4
9.03
3.27

24.4
17.9
12.1

37.9
33.6
32.8
21.0
14.0

1.25

1.38

4.92
2.15

6.29
2.45

11.7
9.51
7.54
2.73

20.4
15.0
10.1

31.7
28.1
27.5
17.6
11.7

1.5

1.19

4.22
1.85

5.40
2.10

10.1
8.17
6.47
2.34

17.5
12.8
8.66

27.2
24.2
23.6
15.1
10.0

1.75

1.04

3.69
1.62

4.73
1.84

8.81
7.15
5.67
2.05

15.3
11.3
7.58

23.9
21.2
20.7
13.2
8.77

2.0

Span, l (m)

0.923

3.28
1.44

4.20
1.63

7.84
6.36
5.04
1.82

13.7
10.0
6.74

21.3
18.9
18.4
11.7
7.80

2.25

(kN)

0.831

2.96
1.29

3.78
1.47

7.06
5.73
4.54
1.64

12.3
9.01
6.07

19.2
17.0
16.6
10.6
7.02

2.5

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

0.692

2.46
1.08

3.15
1.22

5.88
4.77
3.78
1.37

10.3
7.52
5.06

16.0
14.2
13.8
8.82
5.85

3.0

0.594

2.11
0.924

2.70
1.05

5.05
4.09
3.24
1.17

8.80
6.44
4.34

13.7
12.2
11.9
7.56
5.02

3.5

0.519

1.85
0.809

2.37
0.919

4.42
3.58
2.84
1.02

7.70
5.64
3.80

12.0
10.6
10.4
6.62
4.39

4.0

0.462

1.64
0.719

2.10
0.817

3.93
3.18
2.52
0.911

6.85
5.01
3.38

10.7
9.46
9.24
5.88
3.90

4.5

0.416

1.48
0.647

1.89
0.735

3.53
2.87
2.27
0.819

6.16
4.51
3.04

9.60
8.52
8.32
5.29
3.51

5.0

24.3

63.4
34.0

73.3
38.8

112
101
83.1
43.6

159
137
113

217
194
190
162
132

(kN)

*
*

*
*

*
*
*
*

*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*

(m)

FLR

Equal Angles

Maximum design load WLmax is equal to WL1max .


WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity only.
FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.
* Research is currently in progress to determine the FLR values for angles.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

5.62
4.52
3.69

65 x 65 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

8.59
7.59
6.56
5.26
4.29

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

75 x 75 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

NOTES:

kg/m

Thickness

Mass
per
metre

mm

b2

mm

b1

mm

Nominal

Designation

DuraGal Equal Angles

bending about n- or p-axis (leg down)

for
beams with full lateral restraint

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

Table 16.11(b)

16-8

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

90 x 90 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

10.5
9.24
7.97
6.37
5.18

11.7
10.3
8.92
7.11
5.78

14.9
13.1
11.3
8.95
7.27

18.0
15.8
13.6
10.8

kg/m

Mass
per
metre

0.5

1280
1120
807
439
263

1750
1450
961
517
310

2880
2130
1360
730
439

3890
2840
1800
972

1.0

320
283
202
110
65.9

441
363
240
129
77.4

720
532
341
183
110

974
710
451
243

1.5

142
127
89.6
48.8
29.3

198
161
107
57.5
35.2

320
236
152
81.2
52.1

433
315
200
108

2.0

80.1
71.3
50.4
27.4
18.6

112
90.7
60.1
32.8
22.3

180
133
85.3
48.5
33.0

243
177
113
66.8

2.5

51.2
45.6
32.3
19.1
13.0

71.4
58.1
38.5
23.0
15.7

115
85.1
54.6
34.1
23.2

156
114
74.3
46.9

3.0

35.6
31.7
22.5
14.3
9.76

49.6
40.3
27.2
17.2
11.7

80.0
59.1
40.5
25.5
17.4

108
78.8
55.6
35.1

3.5

26.1
23.3
17.5
11.2
7.64

36.4
29.6
21.2
13.5
9.20

58.8
43.4
31.7
20.0
13.6

79.5
57.9
43.6
27.5

20.0
17.8
14.1
9.00
6.17

27.9
22.7
17.1
10.9
7.44

45.0
33.7
25.6
16.2
11.0

60.8
46.5
35.3
22.3

4.0

Span, l (m)

15.8
14.1
11.6
7.45
5.12

22.0
18.4
14.1
9.02
6.17

35.5
27.9
21.2
13.4
9.13

49.0
38.6
29.2
18.5

4.5

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)
5.0

12.8
11.4
9.74
6.28
4.32

17.8
15.4
11.9
7.62
5.22

29.6
23.5
17.9
11.4
7.73

41.4
32.6
24.7
15.6

5.5

10.6
9.43
8.22
5.39
3.71

14.7
13.1
10.2
6.54
4.48

25.4
20.2
15.4
9.76
6.64

35.5
28.0
21.3
13.4

6.0

8.90
7.92
6.91
4.68
3.23

12.4
11.0
8.85
5.69
3.90

22.0
17.5
13.4
8.50
5.79

30.9
24.4
18.5
11.7

6.5

7.58
6.75
5.89
4.11
2.84

10.6
9.39
7.76
5.00
3.43

19.3
15.4
11.8
7.48
5.10

27.2
21.5
16.3
10.3

7.0

6.54
5.82
5.07
3.64
2.52

9.11
8.09
6.86
4.44
3.05

17.1
13.6
10.4
6.65
4.53

24.1
19.1
14.5
9.18

8.0

5.00
4.45
3.89
2.92
2.03

6.97
6.20
5.39
3.57
2.46

13.7
11.0
8.42
5.37
3.67

19.4
15.4
11.7
7.42

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

100 x 100 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

NOTES:

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

125 x 125 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

mm

CA
CA
CA
CA

mm

mm

Nominal

Thickness

150 x 150 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0

b2

b1

Designation

DuraGal Equal Angles

DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

for beams with full lateral restraint


bending about n- or p-axis (leg down)

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

Table 16.12(a)

Equal Angles

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

16-9

5.62
4.52
3.69

4.21
3.42
2.79
1.81

2.50
1.62

2.20
1.43

1.06

65 x 65 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

CA
CA
CA
CA

50 x 50 x 6.0
5.0
4.0
2.5

45 x 45 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

40 x 40 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

30 x 30 x 2.5 CA

57.4

211
113

302
138

618
513
403
164

1430
1020
634

2870
2570
2200
1310
795

0.25

14.4

52.8
28.4

76.6
34.6

155
128
101
40.9

357
255
159

718
642
550
327
199

0.5

6.42

23.5
12.6

34.0
15.4

68.7
57.0
44.8
18.2

159
113
70.5

319
285
248
145
88.4

0.75

3.61

13.2
7.09

19.1
8.64

38.6
32.1
25.2
10.2

89.4
63.8
39.6

180
160
140
81.7
49.7

1.0

2.31

8.45
4.54

12.3
5.53

24.7
20.5
16.1
6.55

57.2
40.8
25.4

115
103
89.9
52.3
31.8

1.25

1.61

5.87
3.15

8.51
3.84

17.2
14.2
11.2
4.55

39.7
28.4
17.6

79.8
71.3
62.4
36.3
22.1

1.5

1.18

4.31
2.35

6.25
2.91

12.6
10.5
8.23
3.52

29.2
20.8
12.9

58.6
52.4
45.9
26.7
16.7

1.75

0.903

3.30
1.89

4.79
2.35

9.66
8.01
6.39
2.84

22.3
16.0
10.4

44.9
40.1
35.1
20.4
13.5

2.0

Span, l (m)

0.713

2.61
1.56

3.78
1.94

7.63
6.33
5.26
2.36

17.7
12.6
8.64

35.5
31.7
27.7
16.3
11.2

2.25

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)

0.578

2.11
1.31

3.06
1.64

6.18
5.13
4.27
1.99

14.3
10.5
7.29

28.7
25.7
22.5
13.7
9.44

2.5

0.401

1.47
0.972

2.13
1.22

4.29
3.56
2.96
1.48

9.93
7.78
5.43

20.0
17.8
15.6
10.2
7.06

3.0

0.295

1.08
0.724

1.56
0.948

3.15
2.62
2.18
1.16

7.30
5.97
4.23

14.7
13.1
11.5
7.97
5.51

3.5

0.226

0.825
0.554

1.20
0.761

2.41
2.00
1.67
0.931

5.59
4.57
3.40

11.2
10.0
8.78
6.41
4.44

4.0

0.178

0.652
0.438

0.945
0.627

1.91
1.58
1.32
0.769

4.41
3.61
2.80

8.87
7.92
6.94
5.28
3.67

4.5

0.144

0.528
0.355

0.766
0.511

1.55
1.28
1.07
0.647

3.57
2.92
2.36

7.18
6.42
5.62
4.44
3.10

5.0

Equal Angles

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

8.59
7.59
6.56
5.26
4.29

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

75 x 75 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

NOTES:

kg/m

mm

mm

Nominal

Thickness

Mass
per
metre

mm

b2

b1

Designation

DuraGal Equal Angles

DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

for beams with full lateral restraint


bending about n- or p-axis (leg down)

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

Table 16.12(b)

16-10

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

100 x 100 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

90 x 90 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

125 x 125 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

NOTES:

18.0
15.8
13.6
10.8

0.5

125
111
108
86.0
68.8

153
135
132
104
82.6

230
202
194
151
117

313
273
261
203

1.0

68.3
60.5
59.0
46.4
37.0

84.6
74.8
72.8
56.6
44.9

132
116
111
85.3
58.4

187
163
154
107

1.5

46.4
41.0
40.0
31.4
25.0

57.6
50.9
49.6
38.4
30.5

90.8
79.9
76.1
58.4
39.0

130
113
107
71.1

2.0

35.0
31.0
30.2
23.7
18.9

43.6
38.5
37.5
29.0
23.0

68.9
60.6
57.7
44.2
29.2

99.0
86.1
81.4
53.3

2.5

28.1
24.8
24.2
19.0
15.1

35.0
30.9
30.1
23.3
18.5

55.4
48.8
46.4
35.5
23.4

79.8
69.4
65.6
42.7

3.0

23.4
20.7
20.2
15.9
12.6

29.2
25.8
25.1
19.4
15.4

46.3
40.7
38.8
29.6
19.5

66.8
58.0
54.8
35.6

3.5

20.1
17.8
17.3
13.6
10.8

25.1
22.1
21.6
16.7
13.2

39.8
35.0
33.3
25.4
16.7

57.4
49.8
47.1
30.5

17.6
15.6
15.2
11.9
9.48

21.9
19.4
18.9
14.6
11.6

34.8
30.7
29.2
22.2
14.6

50.3
43.7
41.3
26.7

4.0

Span, l (m)
4.5

15.7
13.9
13.5
10.6
8.43

19.5
17.2
16.8
13.0
10.3

31.0
27.3
25.9
19.7
13.0

44.7
38.9
36.7
23.7

(kN)
5.5

12.8
11.3
11.1
8.68
6.90

16.0
14.1
13.7
10.6
8.43

25.4
22.3
21.2
16.1
10.6

36.7
31.8
30.1
19.4

6.0

11.8
10.4
10.1
7.95
6.33

14.6
12.9
12.6
9.75
7.73

23.3
20.5
19.5
14.8
9.74

33.6
29.2
27.6
17.8

6.5

10.8
9.60
9.36
7.34
5.84

13.5
12.0
11.6
9.00
7.13

21.5
18.9
18.0
13.7
8.99

31.0
27.0
25.5
16.4

7.0

10.1
8.91
8.69
6.82
5.43

12.6
11.1
10.8
8.36
6.62

20.0
17.6
16.7
12.7
8.35

28.8
25.0
23.7
15.2

8.0

8.82
7.80
7.61
5.97
4.75

11.0
9.71
9.46
7.31
5.80

17.5
15.4
14.6
11.1
7.30

25.2
21.9
20.7
13.3

273
242
236
198
162

310
274
267
222
182

402
355
345
283
231

494
435
423
344

(kN)

*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*

(m)

FLR

FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.
* Research is currently in progress to determine the FLR values for angles.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

14.1
12.5
12.2
9.54
7.59

17.6
15.5
15.1
11.7
9.27

27.9
24.6
23.4
17.7
11.7

40.3
35.0
33.1
21.3

5.0

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

Maximum design load WLmax is equal to WL1max .


WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity only.

10.5
9.24
7.97
6.37
5.18

11.7
10.3
8.92
7.11
5.78

14.9
13.1
11.3
8.95
7.27

kg/m

CA
CA
CA
CA

mm

mm

mm

Nominal

Thickness

Mass
per
metre

150 x 150 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0

b2

b1

Designation

DuraGal Equal Angles

bending about n- or p-axis (leg up)

for
beams with full lateral restraint

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

Table 16.13(a)

Equal Angles

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

16-11

4.21
3.42
2.79
1.81

2.50
1.62

2.20
1.43

1.06

CA
CA
CA
CA

50 x 50 x 6.0
5.0
4.0
2.5

45 x 45 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

40 x 40 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

30 x 30 x 2.5 CA

7.86

26.8
13.8

33.7
17.2

59.8
49.8
41.0
20.8

97.4
80.4
65.8

144
128
125
103
83.3

0.25

4.10

14.4
7.37

18.3
9.33

33.7
27.6
22.7
11.4

57.5
46.6
38.1

87.9
78.0
76.3
61.7
49.6

0.5

2.75

9.74
4.98

12.4
6.32

23.1
18.8
15.5
7.75

39.8
32.1
26.3

61.5
54.5
53.3
42.9
34.5

0.75

2.07

7.35
3.75

9.39
4.77

17.5
14.2
11.7
5.85

30.3
24.4
19.9

46.9
41.6
40.7
32.7
26.2

1.0

1.66

5.89
3.01

7.54
3.82

14.0
11.4
9.38
4.70

24.4
19.6
16.0

37.9
33.6
32.8
26.3
21.1

1.25

1.38

4.92
2.51

6.29
3.19

11.7
9.51
7.83
3.92

20.4
16.4
13.4

31.7
28.1
27.5
22.0
17.7

1.5

1.19

4.22
2.15

5.40
2.74

10.1
8.17
6.72
3.36

17.5
14.1
11.5

27.2
24.2
23.6
18.9
15.2

1.75

1.04

3.69
1.89

4.73
2.40

8.81
7.15
5.89
2.95

15.3
12.3
10.1

23.9
21.2
20.7
16.6
13.3

2.0

Span, l (m)

0.923

3.28
1.68

4.20
2.13

7.84
6.36
5.23
2.62

13.7
11.0
8.97

21.3
18.9
18.4
14.8
11.9

2.25

(kN)

0.831

2.96
1.51

3.78
1.92

7.06
5.73
4.71
2.36

12.3
9.89
8.08

19.2
17.0
16.6
13.3
10.7

2.5

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

0.692

2.46
1.26

3.15
1.60

5.88
4.77
3.93
1.97

10.3
8.25
6.74

16.0
14.2
13.8
11.1
8.91

3.0

0.594

2.11
1.08

2.70
1.37

5.05
4.09
3.37
1.69

8.80
7.08
5.78

13.7
12.2
11.9
9.52
7.64

3.5

0.519

1.85
0.944

2.37
1.20

4.42
3.58
2.95
1.48

7.70
6.19
5.06

12.0
10.6
10.4
8.33
6.69

4.0

0.462

1.64
0.839

2.10
1.07

3.93
3.18
2.62
1.31

6.85
5.51
4.50

10.7
9.46
9.24
7.41
5.94

4.5

0.416

1.48
0.755

1.89
0.961

3.53
2.87
2.36
1.18

6.16
4.96
4.05

9.60
8.52
8.32
6.67
5.35

5.0

24.3

63.4
34.0

73.3
38.8

112
101
83.1
43.6

159
137
113

217
194
190
162
132

(kN)

*
*

*
*

*
*
*
*

*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*

(m)

FLR

Equal Angles

Maximum design load WLmax is equal to WL1max .


WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity only.
FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.
* Research is currently in progress to determine the FLR values for angles.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

5.62
4.52
3.69

65 x 65 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

8.59
7.59
6.56
5.26
4.29

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

75 x 75 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

NOTES:

kg/m

Thickness

Mass
per
metre

mm

b2

mm

b1

mm

Nominal

Designation

DuraGal Equal Angles

bending about n- or p-axis (leg up)

for
beams with full lateral restraint

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

Table 16.13(b)

16-12

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

90 x 90 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

10.5
9.24
7.97
6.37
5.18

11.7
10.3
8.92
7.11
5.78

14.9
13.1
11.3
8.95
7.27

18.0
15.8
13.6
10.8

kg/m

Mass
per
metre

0.5

1280
1120
807
439
263

1750
1450
961
517
310

2880
2130
1360
730
439

3890
2840
1800
972

1.0

320
279
202
110
74.3

438
363
240
131
89.4

720
532
341
194
132

974
710
451
267

1.5

142
124
89.9
57.1
39.0

195
161
109
68.9
47.0

320
236
162
102
69.4

433
315
223
141

2.0

80.1
70.8
56.2
36.0
24.7

110
90.7
68.5
43.6
29.8

180
135
102
64.7
44.0

243
186
141
89.1

2.5

51.2
45.6
39.0
25.1
17.3

71.4
61.8
47.7
30.5
20.9

119
94.1
71.7
45.4
30.9

166
130
98.9
62.6

3.0

35.6
31.7
27.6
18.7
12.9

49.6
44.0
35.4
22.8
15.6

88.1
70.1
53.5
34.0
23.1

124
97.6
74.0
46.9

3.5

26.1
23.3
20.3
14.6
10.1

36.4
32.4
27.5
17.7
12.2

68.5
54.6
41.8
26.6
18.1

96.4
76.2
57.9
36.7

20.0
17.8
15.5
11.7
8.13

27.9
24.8
21.5
14.3
9.85

54.9
43.9
33.7
21.5
14.7

77.7
61.5
46.8
29.7

4.0

Span, l (m)

15.8
14.1
12.3
9.64
6.72

22.0
19.6
17.1
11.8
8.15

44.1
36.2
27.8
17.8
12.2

64.2
50.9
38.8
24.6

4.5

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)
5.0

12.8
11.4
9.95
7.98
5.66

17.8
15.9
13.8
9.94
6.88

35.8
30.5
23.5
15.0
10.3

54.1
43.0
32.8
20.8

5.5

10.6
9.43
8.22
6.64
4.84

14.7
13.1
11.4
8.51
5.90

29.6
26.0
20.1
12.9
8.84

46.3
36.8
28.1
17.9

6.0

8.90
7.92
6.91
5.58
4.20

12.4
11.0
9.59
7.37
5.13

24.9
22.0
17.4
11.2
7.69

40.2
32.0
24.5
15.6

6.5

7.58
6.75
5.89
4.75
3.68

10.6
9.39
8.17
6.46
4.50

21.2
18.8
15.3
9.87
6.77

35.2
28.1
21.5
13.7

7.0

6.54
5.82
5.07
4.10
3.26

9.11
8.09
7.05
5.64
3.99

18.3
16.2
13.5
8.76
6.01

31.2
24.9
19.1
12.2

8.0

5.00
4.45
3.89
3.14
2.57

6.97
6.20
5.39
4.34
3.21

14.0
12.4
10.7
7.06
4.86

24.5
20.0
15.4
9.85

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

100 x 100 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

NOTES:

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

125 x 125 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

mm

CA
CA
CA
CA

mm

mm

Nominal

Thickness

150 x 150 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0

b2

b1

Designation

DuraGal Equal Angles

DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

for beams with full lateral restraint


bending about n- or p-axis (leg up)

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

Table 16.14(a)

Equal Angles

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

16-13

5.62
4.52
3.69

4.21
3.42
2.79
1.81

2.50
1.62

2.20
1.43

1.06

65 x 65 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

CA
CA
CA
CA

50 x 50 x 6.0
5.0
4.0
2.5

45 x 45 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

40 x 40 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

30 x 30 x 2.5 CA

57.4

211
113

302
138

618
513
403
164

1430
1020
634

2870
2570
2200
1310
795

0.25

14.4

52.8
28.4

75.4
34.6

155
128
101
40.9

357
255
159

718
642
550
327
199

0.5

6.42

23.5
12.6

33.5
15.4

68.7
57.0
44.8
18.2

159
113
70.5

319
285
244
145
88.4

0.75

3.61

13.2
7.56

19.1
9.40

38.6
32.1
25.6
11.4

89.4
63.8
41.8

180
160
137
81.7
53.9

1.0

2.31

8.45
5.25

12.3
6.56

24.7
20.5
17.0
7.96

57.2
42.0
29.2

115
103
87.9
54.9
37.8

1.25

1.61

5.87
3.89

8.51
4.88

17.2
14.2
11.8
5.93

39.7
31.1
21.7

79.8
71.3
62.0
40.9
28.2

1.5

1.18

4.31
2.90

6.25
3.79

12.6
10.5
8.70
4.63

29.2
23.7
16.9

58.6
52.4
45.9
31.9
22.0

1.75

0.903

3.30
2.22

4.79
3.05

9.66
8.01
6.66
3.73

22.3
18.3
13.6

44.9
40.1
35.1
25.6
17.8

2.0

Span, l (m)

0.713

2.61
1.75

3.78
2.50

7.63
6.33
5.27
3.08

17.7
14.4
11.2

35.5
31.7
27.7
21.1
14.7

2.25

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)

0.578

2.11
1.42

3.06
2.04

6.18
5.13
4.27
2.59

14.3
11.7
9.42

28.7
25.7
22.5
17.8
12.4

2.5

0.401

1.47
0.985

2.13
1.42

4.29
3.56
2.96
1.92

9.93
8.12
6.71

20.0
17.8
15.6
12.7
9.21

3.0

0.295

1.08
0.724

1.56
1.04

3.15
2.62
2.18
1.44

7.30
5.97
4.93

14.7
13.1
11.5
9.32
7.16

3.5

0.226

0.825
0.554

1.20
0.798

2.41
2.00
1.67
1.11

5.59
4.57
3.77

11.2
10.0
8.78
7.13
5.74

4.0

0.178

0.652
0.438

0.945
0.631

1.91
1.58
1.32
0.873

4.41
3.61
2.98

8.87
7.92
6.94
5.64
4.63

4.5

0.144

0.528
0.355

0.766
0.511

1.55
1.28
1.07
0.707

3.57
2.92
2.42

7.18
6.42
5.62
4.57
3.76

5.0

Equal Angles

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

8.59
7.59
6.56
5.26
4.29

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

75 x 75 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

NOTES:

kg/m

mm

mm

Nominal

Thickness

Mass
per
metre

mm

b2

b1

Designation

DuraGal Equal Angles

DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

for beams with full lateral restraint


bending about n- or p-axis (leg up)

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

Table 16.14(b)

16-14

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

mm

Thickness

NOTES:

5.38
4.34
3.54

kg/m

Mass
per
metre

120
86.7
61.7

0.25

71.8
49.0
33.7

0.5
49.9
33.5
22.9

0.75
38.0
25.4
17.3

1.0
30.6
20.4
13.9

1.25
25.6
17.0
11.6

1.5
22.0
14.6
9.93

1.75
19.3
12.8
8.70

2.0

Span, l (m)

17.2
11.4
7.73

2.25

(kN)

15.5
10.3
6.96

2.5

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

12.9
8.55
5.80

3.0

11.1
7.33
4.98

3.5

9.68
6.42
4.36

4.0

8.61
5.71
3.87

4.5

7.75
5.14
3.49

5.0
190
162
132

(kN)
*
*
*

(m)

FLR

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Maximum design load WLmax is equal to WL1max .


WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity only.
FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.
* Research is currently in progress to determine the FLR values for angles.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450
MPa).
7. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

b2

mm

b1

mm

Nominal

Designation

DuraGal Unequal Angles

bending about n-axis (long leg down)

for
beams with full lateral restraint

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

Table 16.21

Unequal Angles

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

16-15

mm

mm

Nominal

mm

Thickness

NOTES:

5.38
4.34
3.54

kg/m

Mass
per
metre

1930
1190
750

0.25

483
299
188

0.5
215
133
83.4

0.75
121
74.7
46.9

1.0
77.3
47.8
30.0

1.25
53.7
33.2
20.8

1.5
39.4
24.4
15.7

1.75
30.2
18.7
12.6

2.0

Span, l (m)

23.9
15.0
10.4

2.25

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)

19.3
12.6
8.79

2.5

13.4
9.36
6.54

3.0

9.86
7.25
5.08

3.5

Unequal Angles

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 (for t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

b2

b1

Designation

DuraGal Unequal Angles

DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

for beams with full lateral restraint


bending about n-axis (long leg down)

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

Table 16.22

7.55
5.81
4.09

4.0

5.96
4.78
3.37

4.5

4.83
3.96
2.83

5.0

16-16

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

mm

Thickness

NOTES:

5.38
4.34
3.54

kg/m

Mass
per
metre

120
98.8
81.0

0.25

71.8
58.3
47.7

0.5
49.9
40.3
33.0

0.75
38.0
30.7
25.1

1.0
30.6
24.7
20.2

1.25
25.6
20.6
16.9

1.5
22.0
17.7
14.5

1.75
19.3
15.5
12.7

2.0

Span, l (m)

17.2
13.8
11.3

2.25

(kN)

15.5
12.5
10.2

2.5

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

12.9
10.4
8.51

3.0
11.1
8.91
7.30

3.5

9.68
7.80
6.39

4.0

8.61
6.93
5.68

4.5

7.75
6.24
5.11

5.0
190
162
132

(kN)
*
*
*

(m)

FLR

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Maximum design load WLmax is equal to WL1max .


WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity only.
FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.
* Research is currently in progress to determine the FLR values for angles.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450
MPa).
7. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

b2

mm

b1

mm

Nominal

Designation

DuraGal Unequal Angles

bending about n-axis (long leg up)

for
beams with full lateral restraint

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

Table 16.23

Unequal Angles

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

16-17

mm

mm

Nominal

mm

Thickness

NOTES:

5.38
4.34
3.54

kg/m

Mass
per
metre

1930
1190
750

0.25

483
299
188

0.5
215
133
83.4

0.75
121
74.7
50.5

1.0
77.3
50.5
35.2

1.25
53.7
37.4
26.1

1.5
39.4
29.0
20.3

1.75
30.2
23.3
16.3

2.0

Span, l (m)

23.9
19.1
13.5

2.25

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)

19.3
15.9
11.3

2.5

13.4
11.0
8.38

3.0

9.86
8.09
6.49

3.5

7.55
6.19
5.11

4.0

5.96
4.89
4.04

4.5

4.83
3.96
3.27

5.0

Unequal Angles

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450
MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

b2

b1

Designation

DuraGal Unequal Angles

DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

for beams with full lateral restraint


bending about n-axis (long leg up)

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

Table 16.24

16-18

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

mm

Thickness

NOTES:

5.38
4.34
3.54

kg/m

Mass
per
metre

62.4
51.9
41.1

0.25

35.7
29.0
22.7

0.5
24.5
19.8
15.5

0.75
18.5
15.0
11.7

1.0
14.9
12.0
9.38

1.25
12.5
10.1
7.84

1.5
10.7
8.63
6.72

1.75
9.37
7.56
5.89

2.0

Span, l (m)

8.34
6.72
5.24

2.25

(kN)

7.51
6.05
4.71

2.5

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

6.26
5.05
3.93

3.0
5.37
4.33
3.37

3.5

4.70
3.79
2.95

4.0

4.18
3.37
2.62

4.5

3.76
3.03
2.36

5.0
112
101
83.1

(kN)
*
*
*

(m)

FLR

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Maximum design load WLmax is equal to WL1max .


WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity only.
FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.
* Research is currently in progress to determine the FLR values for angles.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450
MPa).
7. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

b2

mm

b1

mm

Nominal

Designation

DuraGal Unequal Angles

bending about p-axis (short leg down)

for
beams with full lateral restraint

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

Table 16.25

Unequal Angles

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

16-19

mm

mm

Nominal

mm

Thickness

NOTES:

5.38
4.34
3.54

kg/m

Mass
per
metre

696
538
425

0.25

177
138
109

0.5
78.8
64.0
49.6

0.75
44.3
36.4
27.9

1.0
28.4
23.3
17.9

1.25
19.7
16.2
12.4

1.5
14.5
11.9
9.12

1.75
11.1
9.10
6.98

2.0

Span, l (m)

8.76
7.19
5.75

2.25

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)

7.09
5.82
4.83

2.5

4.93
4.05
3.36

3.0

3.62
2.97
2.47

3.5

2.77
2.28
1.89

4.0

2.19
1.80
1.49

4.5

1.77
1.46
1.21

5.0

Unequal Angles

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450
MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

b2

b1

Designation

DuraGal Unequal Angles

DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

for beams with full lateral restraint


bending about p-axis (short leg down)

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

Table 16.26

16-20

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

mm

Thickness

NOTES:

5.38
4.34
3.54

kg/m

Mass
per
metre

62.4
51.9
42.5

0.25

35.7
29.0
23.7

0.5
24.5
19.8
16.2

0.75
18.5
15.0
12.2

1.0
14.9
12.0
9.83

1.25
12.5
10.1
8.21

1.5
10.7
8.63
7.05

1.75
9.37
7.56
6.17

2.0

Span, l (m)

8.34
6.72
5.49

2.25

(kN)

7.51
6.05
4.94

2.5

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

6.26
5.05
4.12

3.0
5.37
4.33
3.53

3.5

4.70
3.79
3.09

4.0

4.18
3.37
2.75

4.5

3.76
3.03
2.47

5.0
112
101
83.1

(kN)
*
*
*

(m)

FLR

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Maximum design load WLmax is equal to WL1max .


WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity only.
FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.
* Research is currently in progress to determine the FLR values for angles.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450
MPa).
7. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

b2

mm

b1

mm

Nominal

Designation

DuraGal Unequal Angles

bending about p-axis (short leg up)

for
beams with full lateral restraint

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

Table 16.27

Unequal Angles

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

16-21

mm

mm

Nominal

mm

Thickness

NOTES:

5.38
4.34
3.54

kg/m

Mass
per
metre

696
538
425

0.25

174
135
106

0.5
77.3
59.8
47.3

0.75
44.3
34.6
27.3

1.0
28.4
22.7
18.0

1.25
19.7
16.0
12.7

1.5
14.5
11.9
9.51

1.75
11.1
9.10
7.38

2.0

Span, l (m)

8.76
7.19
5.89

2.25

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)

7.09
5.82
4.81

2.5

4.93
4.05
3.36

3.0

3.62
2.97
2.47

3.5

2.77
2.28
1.89

4.0

2.19
1.80
1.49

4.5

1.77
1.46
1.21

5.0

Unequal Angles

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450
MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

b2

b1

Designation

DuraGal Unequal Angles

DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

for beams with full lateral restraint


bending about p-axis (short leg up)

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

Table 16.28

16-22

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

NOTES:

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

52.8

84.4

120

201

255

375
292

449

514

780
681
647

1.0

43.9

70.8

102

174

221

331
254

398

460

709
617
582

1.25

37.4

60.7

88.2

151

193

293
223

354

412

643
558
525

1.5

32.5

53.0

77.4

134

171

262
198

317

371

585
507
475

1.75

28.7

46.9

68.7

119

153

236
177

286

336

535
463
431

2.0

23.2

38.1

56.0

98.0

126

196
146

238

281

452
390
363

2.5

19.4

32.0

47.2

82.9

107

167
124

203

240

390
336
311

3.0

16.7

27.6

40.7

71.7

92.4

145
107

176

210

341
294
271

3.5

4.0

14.7

24.2

35.8

63.1

81.3

128
94.4

156

185

303
260
240

Span, l (m)

(kN)

11.8

19.4

28.8

50.8

65.6

103
76.2

126

150

246
212
195

5.0

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

9.83

16.2

24.0

42.5

54.9

86.5
63.7

106

126

207
178
164

6.0

8.43

13.9

20.6

36.5

47.2

74.4
54.8

90.8

109

179
154
141

7.0

Maximum design load WLmax is equal to WL1max .


WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity.
FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.
Beam spans to the right of the solid line must be braced at intervals equal to or less than the FLR value to have full lateral restraint.
All supports are assumed to provide full lateral restraint.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 (for t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

4.25

75 x 40 x 4.0 CC

10.5

150 x 75 x 5.0 CC

5.59

11.6

180 x 75 x 5.0 CC

7.23

15.5
12.4

200 x 75 x 6.0 CC
5.0 CC

100 x 50 x 4.0 CC

16.9

230 x 75 x 6.0 CC

125 x 65 x 4.0 CC

19.2

kg/m

250 x 90 x 6.0 CC

mm

28.5
25.1
21.6

mm

mm

Nominal

Thickness

Mass
per
metre

300 x 90 x 8.0 CC
7.0 CC
6.0 CC

bf

Designation

DuraGal Channels

bending about x-axis

for
beams with full lateral restraint

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

Table 16.31

Channels

7.38

12.2

18.1

32.0

41.3

65.3
48.0

79.6

95.3

157
135
124

8.0

6.56

10.9

16.1

28.5

36.8

58.1
42.7

70.9

84.9

140
120
110

9.0

5.91

9.77

14.5

25.6

33.1

52.4
38.5

63.9

76.5

126
108
99.6

10.0

117

166

216

323

396

535
445

628

691

988
871
846

(kN)

0.641

0.762

0.968

1.12

1.11

1.12
1.10

1.11

1.33

1.40
1.40
1.31

1.0

Cb

(m)

FLR

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

16-23

NOTES:

140

318

615

1300

2000

3370
2570

4730

6310

13600
11800
9830

1.0

89.8

203

393

829

1280

2160
1650

3020

4040

8680
7540
6290

1.25

62.3

141

273

576

888

1500
1140

2100

2800

6030
5240
4370

1.5

45.8

104

201

423

652

1100
840

1540

2060

4430
3850
3210

1.75

35.1

79.5

154

324

499

843
643

1180

1580

3390
2950
2460

2.0

22.4

50.9

98.3

207

320

539
412

756

1010

2170
1880
1570

2.5

15.6

35.4

68.3

144

222

375
286

525

701

1510
1310
1090

3.0

11.4

26.5

50.2

106

163

275
210

386

515

1110
962
802

3.5

Span, l (m)

8.77

20.6

38.7

81.0

125

211
161

295

394

848
736
614

4.0

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)

5.61

13.3

25.5

52.5

79.9

135
103

189

252

543
471
393

5.0

3.90

9.24

18.1

37.3

56.2

94.0
71.5

131

175

377
327
273

6.0

2.86

6.79

13.6

27.9

42.0

70.0
53.4

96.9

129

277
240
201

7.0

Channels

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 (for t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

5.59

4.25

10.5

150 x 75 x 5.0 CC

75 x 40 x 4.0 CC

11.6

180 x 75 x 5.0 CC

100 x 50 x 4.0 CC

15.5
12.4

200 x 75 x 6.0 CC
5.0 CC

7.23

16.9

230 x 75 x 6.0 CC

125 x 65 x 4.0 CC

19.2

kg/m

250 x 90 x 6.0 CC

mm

28.5
25.1
21.6

mm

mm

Nominal

Thickness

Mass
per
metre

300 x 90 x 8.0 CC
7.0 CC
6.0 CC

bf

Designation

DuraGal Channels

DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

for beams with full lateral restraint


bending about x-axis

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

Table 16.32

2.19

5.20

10.5

21.7

32.7

53.9
41.5

75.1

99.4

212
184
154

8.0

1.73

4.11

8.43

17.4

26.2

42.6
33.2

59.7

79.5

167
145
122

9.0

1.40

3.33

6.90

14.2

21.4

34.5
27.2

48.3

65.1

136
118
99.5

10.0

[ BLANK ]

16-24

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

17

CANTILEVER BEAMS
CONTENTS
17.1

Page

SCOPE........................................................................................................... 17-1

17.2
DESIGN ASSUMPTIONS .............................................................................. 17-1
17.2.1 Full Lateral Restraint ...................................................................................... 17-1
17.2.2 Loading Through the Shear Centre ................................................................ 17-1
17.3
17.3.1
17.3.2
17.3.3

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOAD ............................................................................ 17-2


General .......................................................................................................... 17-2
Strength Limit State........................................................................................ 17-2
Serviceability Limit State ................................................................................ 17-2

17.4

ADDITIONAL DESIGN CHECKS .................................................................. 17-2

17.5

BEAM DEFLECTION CALCULATIONS ....................................................... 17-3

17.6

EXAMPLE ...................................................................................................... 17-4

TABLES
Equal Angle Beams with Full Lateral Restraint
17.11
17.12
17.13
17.14

Strength Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Leg Down ............................. 17-6
Serviceability Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Leg Down ..................... 17-8
Strength Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Leg Up ............................... 17-10
Serviceability Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Leg Up ....................... 17-12

Unequal Angle Beams with Full Lateral Restraint


17.21
17.22
17.23
17.24
17.25
17.26
17.27
17.28

Strength Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Long Leg Down .................. 17-14
Serviceability Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Long Leg Down .......... 17-15
Strength Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Long Leg Up ...................... 17-16
Serviceability Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Long Leg Up .............. 17-17
Strength Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Short Leg Down ................. 17-18
Serviceability Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Short Leg Down ......... 17-19
Strength Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Short Leg Up ..................... 17-20
Serviceability Limit State Maximum Design Loads - Short Leg Up .............. 17-21

17

17.31 Strength Limit State Maximum Design Loads - bending about x-axis .......... 17-22
17.32 Serviceability Limit State Maximum Design Loads - bending about x-axis .. 17-23

CANTILEVER
BEAMS

Channel Beams with Full Lateral Restraint

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

CANTILEVER BEAMS

17

17.1 SCOPE
The tables in this section apply to cantilever beams with full
lateral restraint and with a uniformly distributed load.
Separate tables are provided for the strength limit state and
the serviceability limit state (deflection limit = span / 250). Tables
are provided for the following cases:

Angles bending about the n- and p-axes with:


long leg down
long leg up
short leg down
short leg up

Channels bending about the x-axis

17.2 DESIGN ASSUMPTIONS


17.2.1 Full Lateral Restraint
The beam span tables in this section assume that the beam has full lateral restraint. Full lateral
restraint means that the beam is restrained continuously or at such close spacing that flexuraltorsional buckling of the beam will not occur, and the design section moment capacity may be
used to calculate the maximum design load.
Full lateral restraint is automatically provided for channels when the compression flange is
firmly connected to floor decking, roof sheeting, floor joists or roof trusses or rafters, provided
the spacing of the connections does not exceed the full lateral restraint (FLR) value given in the
strength limit state tables. Research is in progress at The University of Sydney to determine the
FLR values for angles.

17.2.2 Loading Through the Shear Centre


The tables assume the load is applied through the shear centre of the beam. In practice this
does not always occur with angles and channels, but if the beam has full lateral restraint as
assumed in these tables, twisting due to the load being eccentric to the shear centre may be
prevented. In such cases these tables may be used, but caution should be taken to ensure that
the lateral restraints are capable of preventing twisting of the beam.

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

17-1

17.3 MAXIMUM DESIGN LOAD


17.3.1 General
The strength limit state design load (WL ) and the serviceability limit state design load (WS ) are
determined from the load combinations given in AS 1170.1 SAA Loading Code[6]. These design
loads must not exceed the strength limit state maximum design load (WLmax ) and the
serviceability limit state maximum design load (WS max ), which are provided in the tables.
For strength:

WL (calculated) WLmax (tabulated)

For serviceability:

WS (calculated) WS max (tabulated)

BEAM SELF WEIGHT: For all tables, the self weight of the beam has NOT been deducted.
The designer must include the self weight of the beam as part of the dead load when
calculating the design load WL or WS .

17.3.2 Strength Limit State


The strength limit state maximum design load (WLmax ) is equal to the maximum design load
(WL1 max ) based on the design section moment capacity (fbMs) and the combined bending and
shear capacity of the beam.
Values of WL1 max are given in the strength limit state design tables.

17.3.3 Serviceability Limit State


The serviceability limit state maximum design load (WS max ) given in the tables is the load that
will cause an elastic deflection in the beam of span / 250. In the tables provided, the maximum
compressive stress under service load used to calculate the maximum design load (WS max ) is
limited to the yield stress (fy).
For beams with deflection limits smaller than span / 250, e.g. span / 500, these tables can
be used conservatively to pro rata the maximum serviceability design load (WS max ). For beams
with deflection limits larger than span / 250, e.g. span / 125, these tables can not be used to
pro rata the maximum serviceability design load (WS max ). For such cases refer to Section 10 for
deflection calculations of the beam.

17.4 ADDITIONAL DESIGN CHECKS


The following design action effects have not been taken into account in the tables, and should
also be checked if appropriate.

Web Bearing (Section 8)


Combined bending and bearing (Section 13)
Shear lag effects - short spans (Appendix A4)

17-2

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

17.5 BEAM DEFLECTION CALCULATIONS


The deflection calculations of beams subject to load configurations not covered in this manual
can be performed using standard deflection formulae. Some of the frequently used deflection
formulae are given in Figure 17.5(1). A more comprehensive set of beam deflection formulae is
published by the AISC[9].
The second moment of area (I ) to be used in these deflection calculations can be determined
using the method given in Section 10.3.

NOTE: D is the elastic deflection

Fig. 17.5(1) Deflection Formulae

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

17-3

17.6 EXAMPLE
A cantilever beam 1.0 m long with full lateral restraint is required
to support the following loads:
Dead load G = 4.0 kN/m
Live load Q = 7.0 kN/m
What size DuraGal equal angle with leg up is required for a
desired deflection limit of span / 250.

Solution:
Design loads and load combinations:
1.25G + 1.5Q = 1.25 x 4.0 + 1.5 x 7.0
= 15.5 kN/m

Strength:

WL = 15.5 x 1.0
= 15.5 kN

Design load

Serviceability:

G + 0.7Q = 4.0 + 0.7 x 7.0


= 8.9 kN/m
WS = 8.9 x 1.0
= 8.9 kN

Design load

Select an angle size:


Strength: (Table 17.13(a))
Select 125 x 125 x 6.0 CA DuraGal

WLmax = WL1 max = 19.4 kN > WL = 15.5 kN

Serviceability: (Table 17.14(a))


Check 125 x 125 x 6.0 CA DuraGal

WS max = 14.3 kN > WS = 8.9 kN


The 125 x 125 x 6.0 CA DuraGal is satisfactory for these strength and serviceability limit states.
Additional checks may be required as listed in Section 17.4 and to include the self-weight of the
beam.

17-4

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

[ BLANK ]

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

17-5

17-6

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

125 x 125 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

100 x 100 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

90 x 90 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

NOTES:

18.0
15.8
13.6
10.8

2.35
2.08
1.76
1.07
0.702

2.93
2.44
1.97
1.19
0.778

4.01
3.12
2.46
1.48
0.974

4.87
3.75
2.94
1.78

5.0

2.14
1.89
1.60
0.970
0.638

2.67
2.22
1.79
1.08
0.708

3.64
2.84
2.24
1.34
0.885

4.42
3.41
2.67
1.62

5.5

1.96
1.73
1.46
0.889
0.585

2.44
2.03
1.64
0.988
0.649

3.34
2.60
2.05
1.23
0.812

4.06
3.13
2.45
1.48

6.0

3.

1.

Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

2.61
2.31
1.95
1.19
0.780

3.26
2.71
2.18
1.32
0.865

4.45
3.47
2.73
1.64
1.08

5.41
4.17
3.27
1.97

4.5

Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).

2.94
2.60
2.20
1.33
0.877

3.66
3.05
2.46
1.48
0.973

5.01
3.90
3.08
1.85
1.22

6.08
4.69
3.67
2.22

4.0

7.

3.36
2.97
2.51
1.52
1.00

4.19
3.48
2.81
1.69
1.11

5.72
4.45
3.51
2.11
1.39

6.95
5.36
4.20
2.54

3.5

* Research is currently in progress to determine the FLR values for angles.

3.92
3.47
2.93
1.78
1.17

4.89
4.06
3.28
1.98
1.30

6.68
5.20
4.10
2.46
1.62

8.11
6.25
4.90
2.96

3.0

6.

4.70
4.16
3.51
2.13
1.40

5.86
4.87
3.93
2.37
1.56

8.01
6.23
4.92
2.96
1.95

9.73
7.50
5.88
3.55

2.5

FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.

5.88
5.20
4.39
2.67
1.75

7.32
6.09
4.91
2.96
1.95

10.0
7.79
6.15
3.70
2.43

12.2
9.37
7.35
4.44

2.0

5.

7.83
6.93
5.85
3.55
2.34

9.76
8.11
6.55
3.95
2.59

13.3
10.4
8.19
4.93
3.24

16.2
12.5
9.79
5.92

1.5

4.

11.7
10.4
8.76
5.33
3.50

14.6
12.1
9.80
5.92
3.89

19.9
15.5
12.3
7.39
4.87

24.2
18.7
14.7
8.88

1.0

Maximum design load WLmax is equal to WL1 max .


WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity only.

23.2
20.5
17.4
10.6
6.99

28.8
24.0
19.4
11.8
7.76

39.3
30.7
24.4
14.7
9.70

47.8
37.0
29.1
17.7

0.5

Span, l (m)

(kN)

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

2.

10.5
9.24
7.97
6.37
5.18

11.7
10.3
8.92
7.11
5.78

14.9
13.1
11.3
8.95
7.27

kg/m

CA
CA
CA
CA

mm

mm

mm

Nominal

Thickness

Mass
per
metre

150 x 150 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0

b2

b1

Designation

DuraGal Equal Angles

bending about n- or p-axis (leg down)

for
beams with full lateral restraint

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

Table 17.11(a)

1.81
1.60
1.35
0.820
0.540

2.26
1.88
1.51
0.912
0.599

3.08
2.40
1.89
1.14
0.749

3.74
2.89
2.26
1.37

6.5

1.68
1.49
1.25
0.762
0.501

2.09
1.74
1.40
0.847
0.556

2.86
2.23
1.76
1.06
0.696

3.48
2.68
2.10
1.27

7.0

1.47
1.30
1.10
0.667
0.439

1.83
1.52
1.23
0.741
0.487

2.51
1.95
1.54
0.924
0.609

3.04
2.35
1.84
1.11

8.0

136
121
118
99.0
81.0

155
137
134
111
90.8

201
177
173
142
115

247
218
212
172

(kN)

Equal Angles

*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*

(m)

FLR

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

17-7

4.21
3.42
2.79
1.81

2.50
1.62

2.20
1.43

1.06

CA
CA
CA
CA

50 x 50 x 6.0
5.0
4.0
2.5

45 x 45 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

40 x 40 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

30 x 30 x 2.5 CA

1.38

4.87
2.14

6.22
2.43

11.5
9.39
7.45
2.71

19.9
14.7
9.97

30.7
27.3
26.6
17.3
11.5

0.25

0.692

2.46
1.08

3.15
1.22

5.86
4.76
3.77
1.36

10.2
7.48
5.05

15.9
14.1
13.7
8.78
5.84

0.5

0.461

1.64
0.719

2.10
0.816

3.92
3.18
2.52
0.910

6.83
5.00
3.37

10.6
9.43
9.21
5.87
3.90

0.75

0.346

1.23
0.539

1.58
0.612

2.94
2.39
1.89
0.683

5.13
3.76
2.53

7.99
7.08
6.92
4.41
2.93

1.0

0.277

0.986
0.431

1.26
0.490

2.35
1.91
1.51
0.546

4.11
3.01
2.03

6.40
5.67
5.54
3.53
2.34

1.25

0.231

0.822
0.360

1.05
0.408

1.96
1.59
1.26
0.455

3.42
2.51
1.69

5.33
4.73
4.62
2.94
1.95

1.5

0.198

0.704
0.308

0.902
0.350

0.173

0.616
0.270

0.789
0.306

1.47
1.19
0.946
0.341

2.57
1.88
1.27

4.00
3.55
3.47
2.21
1.46

2.0

Span, l (m)

1.68
1.36
1.08
0.390

2.94
2.15
1.45

4.57
4.06
3.96
2.52
1.67

1.75

0.154

0.548
0.240

0.701
0.272

1.31
1.06
0.841
0.304

2.28
1.67
1.13

3.56
3.16
3.08
1.96
1.30

2.25

(kN)

0.139

0.493
0.216

0.631
0.245

1.18
0.956
0.757
0.273

2.06
1.51
1.01

3.20
2.84
2.78
1.77
1.17

2.5

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

0.115

0.411
0.180

0.526
0.204

0.982
0.796
0.631
0.228

1.71
1.25
0.844

2.67
2.37
2.31
1.47
0.976

3.0

0.352
0.154

0.451
0.175

0.842
0.683
0.541
0.195

1.47
1.08
0.724

2.29
2.03
1.98
1.26
0.837

3.5

0.308
0.135

0.395
0.153

0.737
0.597
0.473
0.171

1.29
0.941
0.633

2.00
1.78
1.74
1.10
0.732

4.0

0.274
0.120

0.351
0.136

0.655
0.531
0.421
0.152

1.14
0.836
0.563

1.78
1.58
1.54
0.981
0.651

4.5

0.247
0.108

0.316
0.123

0.589
0.478
0.379
0.137

1.03
0.753
0.507

1.60
1.42
1.39
0.883
0.586

5.0

12.1

31.7
17.0

36.6
19.4

56.0
50.3
41.6
21.8

79.3
68.6
56.3

109
96.8
94.9
80.8
66.2

(kN)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Equal Angles

*
*

*
*

*
*
*
*

*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*

(m)

FLR

Maximum design load WLmax is equal to WL1max .


WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity only.
FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.
* Research is currently in progress to determine the FLR values for angles.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
7. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

5.62
4.52
3.69

65 x 65 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

NOTES:

8.59
7.59
6.56
5.26
4.29

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

75 x 75 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

Thickness

kg/m

b2

Mass
per
metre

mm mm mm

b1

Nominal

Designation

DuraGal Equal Angles

bending about n- or p-axis (leg down)

for
beams with full lateral restraint

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

Table 17.11(b)

17-8

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

90 x 90 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

10.5
9.24
7.97
6.37
5.18

11.7
10.3
8.92
7.11
5.78

14.9
13.1
11.3
8.95
7.27

18.0
15.8
13.6
10.8

kg/m

Mass
per
metre

0.5

26.7
23.8
18.7
12.0
8.23

37.2
30.2
22.8
14.5
9.92

60.0
44.9
34.1
21.6
14.7

81.1
62.0
47.0
29.7

1.0

6.67
5.94
5.18
3.90
2.71

9.29
8.26
7.19
4.77
3.28

18.3
14.6
11.2
7.16
4.89

25.9
20.5
15.6
9.90

1.5

2.97
2.64
2.30
1.86
1.40

4.13
3.67
3.20
2.46
1.71

8.30
7.35
5.81
3.74
2.56

13.4
10.7
8.15
5.20

2.0

1.67
1.48
1.30
1.05
0.859

2.32
2.07
1.80
1.45
1.07

4.67
4.13
3.59
2.35
1.62

8.21
6.67
5.12
3.28

2.5

1.07
0.950
0.829
0.669
0.550

1.49
1.32
1.15
0.926
0.742

2.99
2.65
2.30
1.64
1.13

5.26
4.62
3.56
2.30

3.0

0.741
0.660
0.576
0.465
0.382

1.03
0.918
0.799
0.643
0.527

2.07
1.84
1.60
1.21
0.843

3.65
3.23
2.64
1.71

3.5

0.545
0.485
0.423
0.341
0.280

0.759
0.674
0.587
0.473
0.388

1.52
1.35
1.17
0.938
0.656

2.68
2.37
2.05
1.34

0.417
0.371
0.324
0.261
0.215

0.581
0.516
0.450
0.362
0.297

1.17
1.03
0.897
0.718
0.528

2.05
1.82
1.57
1.07

4.0

Span, l (m)

0.329
0.293
0.256
0.207
0.170

0.459
0.408
0.355
0.286
0.234

0.922
0.817
0.709
0.567
0.435

1.62
1.43
1.24
0.887

4.5

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)
5.0

0.267
0.238
0.207
0.167
0.137

0.372
0.330
0.288
0.232
0.190

0.747
0.662
0.574
0.460
0.366

1.31
1.16
1.01
0.747

5.5

0.221
0.196
0.171
0.138
0.114

0.307
0.273
0.238
0.191
0.157

0.617
0.547
0.475
0.380
0.311

1.09
0.960
0.832
0.638

6.0

0.185
0.165
0.144
0.116
0.0954

0.258
0.229
0.200
0.161
0.132

0.519
0.459
0.399
0.319
0.261

0.913
0.807
0.699
0.553

6.5

0.158
0.141
0.123
0.0990
0.0813

0.220
0.196
0.170
0.137
0.112

0.442
0.391
0.340
0.272
0.222

0.778
0.688
0.596
0.475

7.0

0.136
0.121
0.106
0.0854
0.0701

0.190
0.169
0.147
0.118
0.0969

0.381
0.338
0.293
0.234
0.192

0.671
0.593
0.514
0.409

8.0

0.104
0.0928
0.0809
0.0654
0.0537

0.145
0.129
0.112
0.0905
0.0742

0.292
0.258
0.224
0.180
0.147

0.513
0.454
0.393
0.314

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

100 x 100 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

NOTES:

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

125 x 125 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

mm

CA
CA
CA
CA

mm

mm

Nominal

Thickness

150 x 150 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0

b2

b1

Designation

DuraGal Equal Angles

DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

for beams with full lateral restraint


bending about n- or p-axis (leg down)

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

Table 17.12(a)

Equal Angles

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

17-9

Nominal

4.21
3.42
2.79
1.81

2.50
1.62

2.20
1.43

1.06

CA
CA
CA
CA

50 x 50 x 6.0
5.0
4.0
2.5

45 x 45 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

40 x 40 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

30 x 30 x 2.5 CA

1.20

4.40
2.52

6.38
3.13

12.9
10.7
8.52
3.79

29.8
21.3
13.9

59.9
53.5
46.8
27.2
18.0

0.25

0.301

1.10
0.739

1.60
1.02

3.22
2.67
2.22
1.24

7.45
6.09
4.53

15.0
13.4
11.7
8.54
5.93

0.5

0.134

0.489
0.328

0.709
0.473

1.43
1.19
0.987
0.639

3.31
2.71
2.24

6.65
5.94
5.20
4.23
3.07

0.75

0.0752

0.275
0.185

0.399
0.266

0.805
0.668
0.555
0.368

1.86
1.52
1.26

3.74
3.34
2.93
2.38
1.91

1.0

0.0482

0.176
0.118

0.255
0.170

0.515
0.427
0.355
0.236

1.19
0.975
0.805

2.39
2.14
1.87
1.52
1.25

1.25

0.0334

0.122
0.0821

0.177
0.118

0.358
0.297
0.247
0.164

0.828
0.677
0.559

1.66
1.49
1.30
1.06
0.871

1.5

0.0246

0.0898
0.0603

0.130
0.0869

0.263
0.218
0.181
0.120

0.608
0.497
0.411

1.22
1.09
0.955
0.777
0.640

1.75

0.0188

0.0687
0.0462

0.0997
0.0665

0.201
0.167
0.139
0.0921

0.465
0.381
0.315

0.935
0.836
0.731
0.595
0.490

2.0

Span, l (m)

0.0149

0.0543
0.0365

0.0788
0.0526

0.159
0.132
0.110
0.0728

0.368
0.301
0.249

0.739
0.660
0.578
0.470
0.387

2.25

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)

0.0120

0.0440
0.0296

0.0638
0.0426

0.129
0.107
0.0889
0.0589

0.298
0.244
0.201

0.599
0.535
0.468
0.381
0.313

2.5

0.00836

0.0306
0.0205

0.0443
0.0296

0.0894
0.0742
0.0617
0.0409

0.207
0.169
0.140

0.416
0.371
0.325
0.264
0.218

3.0

0.00614

0.0224
0.0151

0.0326
0.0217

0.0657
0.0545
0.0453
0.0301

0.152
0.124
0.103

0.305
0.273
0.239
0.194
0.160

3.5

0.00470

0.0172
0.0115

0.0249
0.0166

0.0503
0.0417
0.0347
0.0230

0.116
0.0952
0.0786

0.234
0.209
0.183
0.149
0.122

4.0

0.0160
0.0106

0.0322
0.0267
0.0222
0.0147

0.0745
0.0609
0.0503

0.150
0.134
0.117
0.0951
0.0784

5.0

0.00372 0.00301

0.0136
0.0110
0.00912 0.00739

0.0197
0.0131

0.0397
0.0330
0.0274
0.0182

0.0919
0.0752
0.0621

0.185
0.165
0.144
0.117
0.0968

4.5

Equal Angles

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

5.62
4.52
3.69

65 x 65 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

NOTES:

8.59
7.59
6.56
5.26
4.29

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

75 x 75 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

Thickness

kg/m

b2

Mass
per
metre

mm mm mm

b1

Designation

DuraGal Equal Angles

DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

for beams with full lateral restraint


bending about n- or p-axis (leg down)

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

Table 17.12(b)

17-10

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

125 x 125 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

100 x 100 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

90 x 90 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

NOTES:

18.0
15.8
13.6
10.8

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

2.35
2.08
2.03
1.59
1.27

2.93
2.59
2.52
1.95
1.55

4.66
4.10
3.90
2.98
2.35

6.74
5.85
5.53
4.19

5.5

2.14
1.89
1.84
1.45
1.15

2.67
2.36
2.29
1.77
1.41

4.24
3.73
3.55
2.71
2.13

6.12
5.32
5.03
3.81

3.

1.

Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

2.61
2.31
2.25
1.77
1.41

3.26
2.88
2.80
2.17
1.72

5.18
4.56
4.34
3.31
2.61

7.48
6.50
6.14
4.66

Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and

2.94
2.60
2.54
1.99
1.58

3.66
3.24
3.15
2.44
1.93

5.83
5.13
4.88
3.73
2.93

8.42
7.31
6.91
5.24

7.

3.36
2.97
2.90
2.27
1.81

4.19
3.70
3.60
2.79
2.21

6.66
5.86
5.57
4.26
3.35

9.62
8.36
7.90
5.99

* Research is currently in progress to determine the FLR values for angles.

3.92
3.47
3.38
2.65
2.11

4.89
4.32
4.20
3.25
2.58

7.77
6.83
6.50
4.97
3.91

11.2
9.75
9.21
6.98

6.

4.70
4.16
4.06
3.18
2.53

5.86
5.18
5.04
3.90
3.09

9.32
8.20
7.80
5.96
4.69

13.5
11.7
11.0
8.38

FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.

5.88
5.20
5.07
3.98
3.16

7.32
6.47
6.30
4.87
3.86

11.6
10.2
9.74
7.45
5.86

16.8
14.6
13.8
10.5

5.

7.83
6.93
6.75
5.30
4.22

9.76
8.62
8.39
6.49
5.15

15.5
13.6
13.0
9.92
7.81

22.4
19.4
18.4
13.9

4.

11.7
10.4
10.1
7.93
6.31

14.6
12.9
12.6
9.72
7.70

23.2
20.4
19.4
14.8
11.7

33.4
29.0
27.4
20.8

Maximum design load WLmax is equal to WL1 max .


WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity only.

23.2
20.5
20.0
15.7
12.5

28.8
25.5
24.8
19.2
15.2

45.4
40.0
38.1
29.2
23.0

65.0
56.5
53.5
40.7

Span, l (m)

(kN)

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

2.

10.5
9.24
7.97
6.37
5.18

11.7
10.3
8.92
7.11
5.78

14.9
13.1
11.3
8.95
7.27

kg/m

CA
CA
CA
CA

mm

mm

mm

Nominal

Thickness

Mass
per
metre

150 x 150 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0

b2

b1

Designation

DuraGal Equal Angles

bending about n- or p-axis (leg up)

for
beams with full lateral restraint

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

Table 17.13(a)

6.0

1.96
1.73
1.69
1.33
1.06

2.44
2.16
2.10
1.63
1.29

3.89
3.42
3.25
2.48
1.96

5.61
4.88
4.61
3.49

6.5

1.81
1.60
1.56
1.22
0.974

2.26
1.99
1.94
1.50
1.19

3.59
3.15
3.00
2.29
1.81

5.18
4.50
4.25
3.23

7.0

1.68
1.49
1.45
1.14
0.905

2.09
1.85
1.80
1.39
1.10

3.33
2.93
2.79
2.13
1.68

4.81
4.18
3.95
2.99

8.0

fu = 450 MPa).

1.47
1.30
1.27
0.995
0.792

1.83
1.62
1.58
1.22
0.966

2.91
2.56
2.44
1.86
1.47

4.21
3.66
3.46
2.62

136
121
118
99.0
81.0

155
137
134
111
90.8

201
177
173
142
115

247
218
212
172

(kN)

Equal Angles

*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*

(m)

FLR

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

17-11

4.21
3.42
2.79
1.81

2.50
1.62

2.20
1.43

1.06

CA
CA
CA
CA

50 x 50 x 6.0
5.0
4.0
2.5

45 x 45 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

40 x 40 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

30 x 30 x 2.5 CA

1.38

4.87
2.49

6.22
3.16

11.5
9.39
7.73
3.87

19.9
16.1
13.1

30.7
27.3
26.6
21.4
17.2

0.25

0.692

2.46
1.26

3.15
1.60

5.86
4.76
3.92
1.96

10.2
8.21
6.70

15.9
14.1
13.7
11.0
8.85

0.5

0.461

1.64
0.838

2.10
1.07

3.92
3.18
2.62
1.31

6.83
5.49
4.48

10.6
9.43
9.21
7.38
5.93

0.75

0.346

1.23
0.629

1.58
0.800

2.94
2.39
1.96
0.983

5.13
4.13
3.37

7.99
7.08
6.92
5.55
4.45

1.0

0.277

0.986
0.503

1.26
0.640

2.35
1.91
1.57
0.787

4.11
3.30
2.70

6.40
5.67
5.54
4.44
3.57

1.25

0.231

0.822
0.419

1.05
0.534

1.96
1.59
1.31
0.656

3.42
2.75
2.25

5.33
4.73
4.62
3.70
2.97

1.5

0.198

0.704
0.360

0.902
0.457

0.173

0.616
0.315

0.789
0.400

1.47
1.19
0.983
0.492

2.57
2.07
1.69

4.00
3.55
3.47
2.78
2.23

2.0

Span, l (m)

1.68
1.36
1.12
0.562

2.94
2.36
1.93

4.57
4.06
3.96
3.17
2.55

1.75

0.154

0.548
0.280

0.701
0.356

1.31
1.06
0.874
0.437

2.28
1.84
1.50

3.56
3.16
3.08
2.47
1.98

2.25

(kN)

0.139

0.493
0.252

0.631
0.320

1.18
0.956
0.787
0.394

2.06
1.65
1.35

3.20
2.84
2.78
2.22
1.78

2.5

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

0.115

0.411
0.210

0.526
0.267

0.982
0.796
0.656
0.328

1.71
1.38
1.12

2.67
2.37
2.31
1.85
1.49

3.0

0.352
0.180

0.451
0.229

0.842
0.683
0.562
0.281

1.47
1.18
0.964

2.29
2.03
1.98
1.59
1.27

3.5

0.308
0.157

0.395
0.200

0.737
0.597
0.492
0.246

1.29
1.03
0.843

2.00
1.78
1.74
1.39
1.12

4.0

0.274
0.140

0.351
0.178

0.655
0.531
0.437
0.219

1.14
0.918
0.750

1.78
1.58
1.54
1.24
0.992

4.5

0.247
0.126

0.316
0.160

0.589
0.478
0.393
0.197

1.03
0.827
0.675

1.60
1.42
1.39
1.11
0.893

5.0

12.1

31.7
17.0

36.6
19.4

56.0
50.3
41.6
21.8

79.3
68.6
56.3

109
96.8
94.9
80.8
66.2

(kN)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Equal Angles

*
*

*
*

*
*
*
*

*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*

(m)

FLR

Maximum design load WLmax is equal to WL1max .


WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity only.
FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.
* Research is currently in progress to determine the FLR values for angles.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
7. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

5.62
4.52
3.69

65 x 65 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

NOTES:

8.59
7.59
6.56
5.26
4.29

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

75 x 75 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

Thickness

kg/m

b2

Mass
per
metre

mm mm mm

b1

Nominal

Designation

DuraGal Equal Angles

bending about n- or p-axis (leg up)

for
beams with full lateral restraint

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

Table 17.13(b)

17-12

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

90 x 90 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

10.5
9.24
7.97
6.37
5.18

11.7
10.3
8.92
7.11
5.78

14.9
13.1
11.3
8.95
7.27

18.0
15.8
13.6
10.8

kg/m

Mass
per
metre

0.5

26.7
23.8
20.7
16.3
12.7

37.2
33.0
28.7
21.7
16.8

73.6
63.4
53.0
39.1
29.9

121
103
85.7
62.4

1.0

6.67
5.94
5.18
4.18
3.43

9.29
8.26
7.19
5.79
4.58

18.7
16.5
14.3
10.8
8.29

32.7
28.2
23.5
17.4

1.5

2.97
2.64
2.30
1.86
1.53

4.13
3.67
3.20
2.57
2.11

8.30
7.35
6.38
5.01
3.89

14.6
12.9
11.0
8.18

2.0

1.67
1.48
1.30
1.05
0.859

2.32
2.07
1.80
1.45
1.19

4.67
4.13
3.59
2.87
2.27

8.21
7.26
6.29
4.77

2.5

1.07
0.950
0.829
0.669
0.550

1.49
1.32
1.15
0.926
0.760

2.99
2.65
2.30
1.84
1.49

5.26
4.65
4.03
3.13

3.0

0.741
0.660
0.576
0.465
0.382

1.03
0.918
0.799
0.643
0.527

2.07
1.84
1.60
1.28
1.04

3.65
3.23
2.80
2.21

3.5

0.545
0.485
0.423
0.341
0.280

0.759
0.674
0.587
0.473
0.388

1.52
1.35
1.17
0.938
0.767

2.68
2.37
2.05
1.64

0.417
0.371
0.324
0.261
0.215

0.581
0.516
0.450
0.362
0.297

1.17
1.03
0.897
0.718
0.587

2.05
1.82
1.57
1.25

4.0

Span, l (m)

0.329
0.293
0.256
0.207
0.170

0.459
0.408
0.355
0.286
0.234

0.922
0.817
0.709
0.567
0.464

1.62
1.43
1.24
0.991

4.5

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)
5.0

0.267
0.238
0.207
0.167
0.137

0.372
0.330
0.288
0.232
0.190

0.747
0.662
0.574
0.460
0.376

1.31
1.16
1.01
0.803

5.5

0.221
0.196
0.171
0.138
0.114

0.307
0.273
0.238
0.191
0.157

0.617
0.547
0.475
0.380
0.311

1.09
0.960
0.832
0.663

6.0

0.185
0.165
0.144
0.116
0.0954

0.258
0.229
0.200
0.161
0.132

0.519
0.459
0.399
0.319
0.261

0.913
0.807
0.699
0.557

6.5

0.158
0.141
0.123
0.0990
0.0813

0.220
0.196
0.170
0.137
0.112

0.442
0.391
0.340
0.272
0.222

0.778
0.688
0.596
0.475

7.0

0.136
0.121
0.106
0.0854
0.0701

0.190
0.169
0.147
0.118
0.0969

0.381
0.338
0.293
0.234
0.192

0.671
0.593
0.514
0.409

8.0

0.104
0.0928
0.0809
0.0654
0.0537

0.145
0.129
0.112
0.0905
0.0742

0.292
0.258
0.224
0.180
0.147

0.513
0.454
0.393
0.314

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

100 x 100 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

NOTES:

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

125 x 125 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

mm

CA
CA
CA
CA

mm

mm

Nominal

Thickness

150 x 150 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0

b2

b1

Designation

DuraGal Equal Angles

DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

for beams with full lateral restraint


bending about n- or p-axis (leg up)

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

Table 17.14(a)

Equal Angles

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

17-13

Nominal

4.21
3.42
2.79
1.81

2.50
1.62

2.20
1.43

1.06

CA
CA
CA
CA

50 x 50 x 6.0
5.0
4.0
2.5

45 x 45 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

40 x 40 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

30 x 30 x 2.5 CA

1.20

4.40
2.96

6.38
4.17

12.9
10.7
8.89
5.56

29.8
24.4
19.4

59.9
53.5
46.8
36.6
28.6

0.25

0.301

1.10
0.739

1.60
1.06

3.22
2.67
2.22
1.47

7.45
6.09
5.03

15.0
13.4
11.7
9.51
7.73

0.5

0.134

0.489
0.328

0.709
0.473

1.43
1.19
0.987
0.655

3.31
2.71
2.24

6.65
5.94
5.20
4.23
3.48

0.75

0.0752

0.275
0.185

0.399
0.266

0.805
0.668
0.555
0.368

1.86
1.52
1.26

3.74
3.34
2.93
2.38
1.96

1.0

0.0482

0.176
0.118

0.255
0.170

0.515
0.427
0.355
0.236

1.19
0.975
0.805

2.39
2.14
1.87
1.52
1.25

1.25

0.0334

0.122
0.0821

0.177
0.118

0.358
0.297
0.247
0.164

0.828
0.677
0.559

1.66
1.49
1.30
1.06
0.871

1.5

0.0246

0.0898
0.0603

0.130
0.0869

0.263
0.218
0.181
0.120

0.608
0.497
0.411

1.22
1.09
0.955
0.777
0.640

1.75

0.0188

0.0687
0.0462

0.0997
0.0665

0.201
0.167
0.139
0.0921

0.465
0.381
0.315

0.935
0.836
0.731
0.595
0.490

2.0

Span, l (m)

0.0149

0.0543
0.0365

0.0788
0.0526

0.159
0.132
0.110
0.0728

0.368
0.301
0.249

0.739
0.660
0.578
0.470
0.387

2.25

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)

0.0120

0.0440
0.0296

0.0638
0.0426

0.129
0.107
0.0889
0.0589

0.298
0.244
0.201

0.599
0.535
0.468
0.381
0.313

2.5

0.00836

0.0306
0.0205

0.0443
0.0296

0.0894
0.0742
0.0617
0.0409

0.207
0.169
0.140

0.416
0.371
0.325
0.264
0.218

3.0

0.00614

0.0224
0.0151

0.0326
0.0217

0.0657
0.0545
0.0453
0.0301

0.152
0.124
0.103

0.305
0.273
0.239
0.194
0.160

3.5

0.00470

0.0172
0.0115

0.0249
0.0166

0.0503
0.0417
0.0347
0.0230

0.116
0.0952
0.0786

0.234
0.209
0.183
0.149
0.122

4.0

0.0160
0.0106

0.0322
0.0267
0.0222
0.0147

0.0745
0.0609
0.0503

0.150
0.134
0.117
0.0951
0.0784

5.0

0.00372 0.00301

0.0136
0.0110
0.00912 0.00739

0.0197
0.0131

0.0397
0.0330
0.0274
0.0182

0.0919
0.0752
0.0621

0.185
0.165
0.144
0.117
0.0968

4.5

Equal Angles

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

5.62
4.52
3.69

65 x 65 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

NOTES:

8.59
7.59
6.56
5.26
4.29

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

75 x 75 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

Thickness

kg/m

b2

Mass
per
metre

mm mm mm

b1

Designation

DuraGal Equal Angles

DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

for beams with full lateral restraint


bending about n- or p-axis (leg up)

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

Table 17.14(b)

17-14

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

mm

Thickness

NOTES:

5.38
4.34
3.54

kg/m

Mass
per
metre

24.9
16.8
11.4

0.25

12.8
8.52
5.79

0.5
8.58
5.70
3.87

0.75
6.45
4.28
2.90

1.0
5.16
3.42
2.32

1.25
4.30
2.85
1.94

1.5
3.69
2.45
1.66

1.75
3.23
2.14
1.45

2.0

Span, l (m)

2.87
1.90
1.29

2.25

(kN)

2.58
1.71
1.16

2.5

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

2.15
1.43
0.968

3.0

1.85
1.22
0.830

3.5

1.62
1.07
0.726

4.0

1.44
0.951
0.646

4.5

1.29
0.856
0.581

5.0
94.9
80.8
66.2

(kN)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

*
*
*

(m)

FLR

Maximum design load WLmax is equal to WL1max .


WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity only.
FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.
* Research is currently in progress to determine the FLR values for angles.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
7. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

b2

mm

b1

mm

Nominal

Designation

DuraGal Unequal Angles

bending about n-axis (long leg down)

for
beams with full lateral restraint

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

Table 17.21

Unequal Angles

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

17-15

mm

mm

Nominal

mm

Thickness

NOTES:

5.38
4.34
3.54

kg/m

Mass
per
metre

40.3
24.9
16.8

0.25

10.1
7.75
5.45

0.5
4.47
3.67
2.79

0.75
2.52
2.06
1.70

1.0
1.61
1.32
1.09

1.25
1.12
0.917
0.757

1.5
0.822
0.674
0.556

1.75
0.629
0.516
0.426

2.0

Span, l (m)

0.497
0.408
0.337

2.25

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)

0.403
0.330
0.273

2.5

0.280
0.229
0.189

3.0

0.205
0.169
0.139

3.5

0.157
0.129
0.106

4.0

0.124
0.102
0.0841

4.5

0.101
0.0826
0.0681

5.0

Unequal Angles

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

b2

b1

Designation

DuraGal Unequal Angles

DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

for beams with full lateral restraint


bending about n-axis (long leg down)

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

Table 17.22

17-16

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

mm

Thickness

NOTES:

5.38
4.34
3.54

kg/m

Mass
per
metre

24.9
20.2
16.5

0.25

12.8
10.3
8.46

0.5
8.58
6.91
5.66

0.75
6.45
5.19
4.25

1.0
5.16
4.16
3.41

1.25
4.30
3.47
2.84

1.5
3.69
2.97
2.43

1.75
3.23
2.60
2.13

2.0

Span, l (m)

2.87
2.31
1.89

2.25

(kN)

2.58
2.08
1.70

2.5

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

2.15
1.73
1.42

3.0
1.85
1.49
1.22

3.5

1.62
1.30
1.07

4.0

1.44
1.16
0.947

4.5

1.29
1.04
0.853

5.0
94.9
80.8
66.2

(kN)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

*
*
*

(m)

FLR

Maximum design load WLmax is equal to WL1max .


WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity only.
FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.
* Research is currently in progress to determine the FLR values for angles.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
7. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

b2

mm

b1

mm

Nominal

Designation

DuraGal Unequal Angles

bending about n-axis (long leg up)

for
beams with full lateral restraint

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

Table 17.23

Unequal Angles

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

17-17

mm

mm

Nominal

mm

Thickness

NOTES:

5.38
4.34
3.54

kg/m

Mass
per
metre

40.3
33.0
27.0

0.25

10.1
8.26
6.81

0.5
4.47
3.67
3.03

0.75
2.52
2.06
1.70

1.0
1.61
1.32
1.09

1.25
1.12
0.917
0.757

1.5
0.822
0.674
0.556

1.75
0.629
0.516
0.426

2.0

Span, l (m)

0.497
0.408
0.337

2.25

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)

0.403
0.330
0.273

2.5

0.280
0.229
0.189

3.0

0.205
0.169
0.139

3.5

0.157
0.129
0.106

4.0

0.124
0.102
0.0841

4.5

0.101
0.0826
0.0681

5.0

Unequal Angles

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

b2

b1

Designation

DuraGal Unequal Angles

DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

for beams with full lateral restraint


bending about n-axis (long leg up)

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

Table 17.24

17-18

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

mm

Thickness

NOTES:

5.38
4.34
3.54

kg/m

Mass
per
metre

12.2
9.91
7.73

0.25

6.23
5.03
3.92

0.5
4.17
3.36
2.62

0.75
3.13
2.52
1.97

1.0
2.51
2.02
1.57

1.25
2.09
1.68
1.31

1.5
1.79
1.44
1.12

1.75
1.57
1.26
0.984

2.0

Span, l (m)

1.39
1.12
0.874

2.25

(kN)

1.25
1.01
0.787

2.5

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

1.04
0.842
0.656

3.0

0.896
0.722
0.562

3.5

0.784
0.632
0.492

4.0

0.697
0.562
0.437

4.5

0.627
0.505
0.394

5.0
56.0
50.3
41.6

(kN)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

*
*
*

(m)

FLR

Maximum design load WLmax is equal to WL1max .


WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity only.
FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.
* Research is currently in progress to determine the FLR values for angles.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
7. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

b2

mm

b1

mm

Nominal

Designation

DuraGal Unequal Angles

bending about p-axis (short leg down)

for
beams with full lateral restraint

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

Table 17.25

Unequal Angles

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

17-19

mm

mm

Nominal

mm

Thickness

NOTES:

5.38
4.34
3.54

kg/m

Mass
per
metre

14.8
12.1
9.31

0.25

3.69
3.03
2.52

0.5
1.64
1.35
1.12

0.75
0.924
0.758
0.629

1.0
0.591
0.485
0.403

1.25
0.410
0.337
0.280

1.5
0.302
0.248
0.206

1.75
0.231
0.190
0.157

2.0

Span, l (m)

0.182
0.150
0.124

2.25

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)

0.148
0.121
0.101

2.5

0.103
0.0843
0.0699

3.0

0.0754
0.0619
0.0514

3.5

0.0577
0.0474
0.0393

4.0

0.0456
0.0375
0.0311

4.5

0.0369
0.0303
0.0252

5.0

Unequal Angles

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

b2

b1

Designation

DuraGal Unequal Angles

DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

for beams with full lateral restraint


bending about p-axis (short leg down)

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

Table 17.26

17-20

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

mm

Thickness

NOTES:

5.38
4.34
3.54

kg/m

Mass
per
metre

12.2
9.91
8.09

0.25

6.23
5.03
4.11

0.5
4.17
3.36
2.74

0.75
3.13
2.52
2.06

1.0
2.51
2.02
1.65

1.25
2.09
1.68
1.37

1.5
1.79
1.44
1.18

1.75
1.57
1.26
1.03

2.0

Span, l (m)

1.39
1.12
0.917

2.25

(kN)

1.25
1.01
0.825

2.5

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

1.04
0.842
0.688

3.0

0.896
0.722
0.589

3.5

0.784
0.632
0.516

4.0

0.697
0.562
0.458

4.5

0.627
0.505
0.413

5.0
56.0
50.3
41.6

(kN)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

*
*
*

(m)

FLR

Maximum design load WLmax is equal to WL1max .


WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity only.
FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.
* Research is currently in progress to determine the FLR values for angles.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
7. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

b2

mm

b1

mm

Nominal

Designation

DuraGal Unequal Angles

bending about p-axis (short leg up)

for
beams with full lateral restraint

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

Table 17.27

Unequal Angles

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

17-21

mm

mm

Nominal

mm

Thickness

NOTES:

5.38
4.34
3.54

kg/m

Mass
per
metre

14.8
12.1
9.84

0.25

3.69
3.03
2.52

0.5
1.64
1.35
1.12

0.75
0.924
0.758
0.629

1.0
0.591
0.485
0.403

1.25
0.410
0.337
0.280

1.5
0.302
0.248
0.206

1.75
0.231
0.190
0.157

2.0

Span, l (m)

0.182
0.150
0.124

2.25

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)

0.148
0.121
0.101

2.5

0.103
0.0843
0.0699

3.0

0.0754
0.0619
0.0514

3.5

0.0577
0.0474
0.0393

4.0

0.0456
0.0375
0.0311

4.5

0.0369
0.0303
0.0252

5.0

Unequal Angles

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

b2

b1

Designation

DuraGal Unequal Angles

DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

for beams with full lateral restraint


bending about p-axis (short leg up)

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

Table 17.28

17-22

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

NOTES:

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

9.72

16.0

23.6

41.4

53.4

83.3
61.9

101

120

195
168
155

1.0

7.82

12.9

19.0

33.6

43.3

67.9
50.2

82.6

98.4

160
138
128

1.25

6.53

10.8

15.9

28.1

36.3

57.1
42.2

69.6

83.0

136
117
108

1.5

5.61

9.26

13.7

24.2

31.3

49.3
36.3

60.0

71.7

118
101
93.2

1.75

4.91

8.12

12.0

21.2

27.4

43.3
31.9

52.8

63.1

104
89.1
82.0

2.0

3.94

6.51

9.63

17.1

22.0

34.8
25.6

42.4

50.8

83.6
71.8
66.0

2.5

3.28

5.43

8.04

14.2

18.4

29.1
21.4

35.4

42.4

69.9
60.1
55.2

3.0

2.81

4.65

6.89

12.2

15.8

24.9
18.3

30.4

36.4

60.1
51.6
47.5

3.5

Span, l (m)
4.0

2.46

4.07

6.03

10.7

13.8

21.9
16.1

26.7

31.9

52.7
45.2
41.6

(kN)

1.97

3.26

4.83

8.56

11.1

17.5
12.9

21.4

25.6

42.2
36.3
33.3

5.0

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

1.64

2.72

4.03

7.14

9.22

14.6
10.7

17.8

21.3

35.2
30.3
27.8

6.0

1.41

2.33

3.45

6.12

7.91

12.5
9.19

15.3

18.3

30.2
25.9
23.8

7.0

Maximum design load WLmax is equal to WL1max .


WL1max = Maximum design load based on design moment capacity and combined moment and shear capacity.
WL2 max = Maximum design load based on design shear capacity.
FLR is the maximum unbraced segment length for full lateral restraint.
Beam spans to the right of the solid line must be braced at intervals equal to or less than the FLR value to have full lateral restraint.
All supports are assumed to provide full lateral restraint.
Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 (for t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

4.25

75 x 40 x 4.0 CC

150 x 75 x 5.0 CC

5.59

11.6

10.5

180 x 75 x 5.0 CC

7.23

15.5
12.4

200 x 75 x 6.0 CC
5.0 CC

100 x 50 x 4.0 CC

16.9

230 x 75 x 6.0 CC

125 x 65 x 4.0 CC

19.2

kg/m

250 x 90 x 6.0 CC

mm

28.5
25.1
21.6

mm

mm

Nominal

Thickness

Mass
per
metre

300 x 90 x 8.0 CC
7.0 CC
6.0 CC

bf

Designation

DuraGal Channels

bending about x-axis

for
beams with full lateral restraint

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

STRENGTH LIMIT STATE

Table 17.31

Channels

1.23

2.04

3.02

5.36

6.92

11.0
8.05

13.4

16.0

26.5
22.7
20.9

8.0

1.10

1.81

2.69

4.76

6.15

9.74
7.15

11.9

14.2

23.5
20.2
18.6

9.0

0.986

1.63

2.42

4.29

5.54

8.76
6.44

10.7

12.8

21.2
18.2
16.7

10.0

58.5

83.1

108

162

198

267
222

314

345

494
435
423

(kN)

0.641

0.762

0.968

1.12

1.11

1.12
1.10

1.11

1.33

1.40
1.40
1.31

1.0

Cb

(m)

FLR

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

17-23

NOTES:

2.92

6.93

14.0

28.9

43.6

71.9
55.4

100

133

283
245
205

1.0

1.87

4.43

9.20

19.0

28.6

46.0
36.3

64.4

86.8

181
157
133

1.25

1.30

3.08

6.41

13.3

20.2

32.0
25.7

44.8

61.4

126
111
93.7

1.5

0.954

2.26

4.71

9.76

15.0

23.5
19.1

32.9

45.7

92.3
81.8
69.8

1.75

0.730

1.73

3.61

7.47

11.5

18.0
14.7

25.2

35.1

70.7
62.7
54.1

2.0

0.468

1.11

2.31

4.78

7.33

11.5
9.41

16.1

22.5

45.2
40.1
34.8

2.5

0.325

0.770

1.60

3.32

5.09

7.99
6.53

11.2

15.6

31.4
27.9
24.2

3.0

0.239

0.566

1.18

2.44

3.74

5.87
4.80

8.22

11.5

23.1
20.5
17.8

3.5

Span, l (m)

0.183

0.433

0.901

1.87

2.86

4.49
3.67

6.29

8.78

17.7
15.7
13.6

4.0

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS


(kN)

0.117

0.277

0.577

1.20

1.83

2.88
2.35

4.03

5.62

11.3
10.0
8.71

5.0

0.0812

0.192

0.401

0.830

1.27

2.00
1.63

2.80

3.90

7.85
6.96
6.05

6.0

0.0596

0.141

0.294

0.610

0.935

1.47
1.20

2.06

2.87

5.77
5.12
4.44

7.0

Channels

1. WS max = Maximum design load based on the effective second moment of area with the stress limited to a maximum of fy in the extreme compression fibres.
2. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 (for t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and fu = 450 MPa).
3. Maximum design loads are based on capacities calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

5.59

4.25

10.5

150 x 75 x 5.0 CC

75 x 40 x 4.0 CC

11.6

180 x 75 x 5.0 CC

100 x 50 x 4.0 CC

15.5
12.4

200 x 75 x 6.0 CC
5.0 CC

7.23

16.9

230 x 75 x 6.0 CC

125 x 65 x 4.0 CC

19.2

kg/m

250 x 90 x 6.0 CC

mm

28.5
25.1
21.6

mm

mm

Nominal

Thickness

Mass
per
metre

300 x 90 x 8.0 CC
7.0 CC
6.0 CC

bf

Designation

DuraGal Channels

DEFLECTION LIMIT = SPAN / 250

for beams with full lateral restraint


bending about x-axis

MAXIMUM DESIGN LOADS

SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

Table 17.32

0.0457

0.108

0.225

0.467

0.716

1.12
0.918

1.57

2.19

4.42
3.92
3.40

8.0

0.0361

0.0855

0.178

0.369

0.566

0.888
0.726

1.24

1.73

3.49
3.09
2.69

9.0

0.0292

0.0693

0.144

0.299

0.458

0.719
0.588

1.01

1.40

2.83
2.51
2.18

10.0

[ BLANK ]

17-24

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

18

TRUSS WEB MEMBERS


CONTENTS

Page

18.1

SCOPE ........................................................................................................... 18-1

18.2

DESIGN METHOD ......................................................................................... 18-1

TABLES
Axial Compression Force (Nc*max)
18.11 Equal Angles with One Leg Connected
- SAME side of the Truss Chord ..................................................................... 18-2
18.12 Equal Angles with One Leg Connected
- OPPOSITE sides of the Truss Chord ........................................................... 18-4

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

18

DCT DP/01
JULY 2001

TRUSS WEB
MEMBERS

18.21 Unequal Angles with Long Leg Connected


- SAME side of the Truss Chord ..................................................................... 18-6
18.22 Unequal Angles with Short Leg Connected
- SAME side of the Truss Chord ..................................................................... 18-7
18.23 Unequal Angles with Long Leg Connected
- OPPOSITE sides of the Truss Chord ........................................................... 18-8
18.24 Unequal Angles with Short Leg Connected
- OPPOSITE sides of the Truss Chord ........................................................... 18-9

TRUSS WEB MEMBERS

18

18.1 SCOPE
Tables are provided in this section for eccentrically loaded single angles under compression
used as web members in trusses. The angles are assumed to be bolted or welded to one leg
only. Tables in Section 12 may be used for angles in tension connected to one leg only.
Tables are provided for angles connected on the same side of the truss chord, and connected
on opposite sides of the chord as shown in figure 18.1(1). For angles connected on opposite
sides of the truss chord, the thickness of the gusset plate or element of the chord to which the
angle web members are connected is assumed to be 10 mm.

Figure 18.1(1) Single angles as truss web members

18.2 DESIGN METHOD


A value of maximum design axial compression force (N c max ) is obtained from tables 18.11 to
18.24 depending upon the effective length and end connection arrangement as shown in
figure 18.1(1). For unequal angles the option of short or long leg connected is also included.
The maximum design axial compression force (N c max ) for angle web members connected to
the same side of the chord is independent of the thickness of the gusset plate or truss chord.
The value given in the tables for angles connected on the opposite side of the chord assume a
gusset plate / chord thickness of 10 mm. If the actual thickness of the gusset plate or chord is
less than 10 mm, the value in the table can be conservatively used. Alternatively, the design
procedure for angles as compression web members in trusses outlined in Appendix A8 may be
used.

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

18-1

18-2

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

125 x 125 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

100 x 100 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

90 x 90 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

NOTES:

18.0
15.8
13.6
10.8

CA
CA
CA
CA

150 x 150 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0

0.5

0.75

454
374
319
203
139

481
390
329
207
141

521
417
345
214
145

547
434
355
219

123
106
92.6
60.0
37.7

136
114
96.1
59.3
36.3

155
124
97.6
55.2
32.6

164
126
92.8
50.6

121
104
91.2
59.4
37.5

134
112
95.2
58.9
36.2

154
123
97.2
55.1
32.6

163
125
92.6
50.6

118
102
89.0
58.4
37.0

131
110
93.6
58.2
35.8

152
122
96.4
54.9
32.4

162
125
92.3
50.5

112
97.7
85.9
56.8
36.2

127
107
91.2
57.1
35.3

150
121
95.3
54.3
32.2

161
124
91.8
50.2

1.0

102
90.5
81.7
54.8
35.3

121
103
88.0
55.6
34.7

147
119
93.6
53.7
31.9

159
123
90.9
49.8

1.25

90.9
80.7
74.1
52.4
34.2

111
96.9
84.2
54.0
33.9

143
116
91.7
52.9
31.5

157
121
89.9
49.4

1.5

79.5
70.6
64.0
49.4
32.9

99.1
87.1
78.2
52.1
33.1

139
113
89.4
52.1
31.1

154
119
88.7
48.9

1.75

68.5
60.9
54.9
43.7
31.5

87.5
77.2
69.5
50.0
32.1

132
109
86.9
51.1
30.7

151
117
87.4
48.4

2.0

59.3
52.7
47.4
38.4
29.3

76.5
67.6
60.6
46.5
31.1

123
104
84.2
50.1
30.2

147
115
86.0
47.9

2.25

2.5

51.7
46.0
41.3
33.5
26.3

67.3
59.5
53.2
41.9
30.0

112
96.4
81.2
49.0
29.7

143
112
84.5
47.3

Web Member Unbraced Length, l (m)

0.25

cNs

kN

DESIGN AXIAL COMPRESSION FORCE


N c* max (kN)

Design
Section
Capacity

40.2
35.7
31.9
26.0
20.7

52.9
46.8
41.7
33.5
25.7

90.7
79.4
69.6
46.4
28.5

131
106
81.0
46.0

3.0

31.9
28.4
25.3
20.6
16.5

42.5
37.6
33.4
26.8
21.3

74.6
65.4
57.8
42.8
27.2

113
96.0
77.1
44.4

3.5

25.9
23.1
20.5
16.7
13.4

34.7
30.8
27.2
21.9
17.4

62.2
54.6
48.0
36.9
25.8

96.2
83.8
70.6
42.7

4.0

1. The web member unbraced length exceeds 200ry for values to the right of the solid line.
2. Values are not listed when the effective length exceeds 300ry.
3. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
4. Axial compression forces are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

10.5
9.24
7.97
6.37
5.18

11.7
10.3
8.92
7.11
5.78

14.9
13.1
11.3
8.95
7.27

kg/m

Thick.

Mass
per
metre

mm

b2

mm

b1

mm

Nominal

Designation

DuraGal Equal Angles

One Leg Connected same side of truss chord

TRUSS WEB MEMBER


AXIAL COMPRESSION FORCE

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

Table 18.11(a)

Equal Angles

21.4
19.1
16.9
13.8
11.1

28.9
25.6
22.6
18.2
14.5

52.5
46.1
40.4
31.7
23.5

82.5
71.9
62.0
40.9

4.5

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

18-3

Nominal

4.21
3.42
2.79
1.81

2.50
1.62

2.20
1.43

1.06

CA
CA
CA
CA

50 x 50 x 6.0
5.0
4.0
2.5

45 x 45 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

40 x 40 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

30 x 30 x 2.5 CA

0.5

0.75

39.2

107
43.8

116
45.2

205
166
121
46.3

274
186
131

372
329
299
194
135

10.4

28.1
12.9

31.7
13.5

53.6
44.5
34.5
13.7

72.3
54.7
38.6

101
88.7
83.1
58.1
39.2

8.48

24.4
12.2

29.4
12.9

48.3
41.7
32.6
13.4

69.7
53.1
37.8

98.8
86.5
81.0
57.0
38.7

5.74

18.1
10.6

23.3
12.0

39.4
34.5
28.3
12.7

63.9
50.5
36.2

93.0
82.9
77.5
55.2
37.6

3.94

12.8
7.92

17.1
10.2

30.0
26.5
21.9
11.8

54.3
45.3
34.0

83.4
74.4
70.7
52.5
36.2

1.0

2.84

9.42
5.97

12.8
7.87

22.8
20.2
16.7
9.89

44.2
37.4
29.9

72.7
64.9
60.7
48.5
34.4

1.25

2.13

7.18
4.62

9.90
6.19

17.8
15.8
13.1
7.94

35.7
30.3
24.5

61.6
55.0
50.5
41.6
32.1

1.5

5.63
3.67

7.84
4.97

14.2
12.6
10.4
6.44

29.2
24.8
20.2

51.5
46.0
42.0
34.8
27.8

1.75

4.52
2.97

6.34
4.06

11.5
10.3
8.50
5.31

24.2
20.7
16.8

43.5
38.9
35.3
29.3
23.6

2.0

2.45

5.22
3.37

9.55
8.49
7.04
4.44

20.4
17.4
14.2

37.2
33.2
30.0
25.0
20.2

2.25

2.5

4.37
2.84

8.03
7.14
5.92
3.76

17.4
14.8
12.1

32.0
28.6
25.8
21.5
17.4

Web Member Unbraced Length, l (m)

0.25

cN s

kN

DESIGN AXIAL COMPRESSION FORCE


N c* max (kN)

Design
Section
Capacity

13.0
11.1
9.06

24.4
21.8
19.5
16.3
13.2

3.0

10.0
8.58
7.02

19.1
17.1
15.2
12.8
10.3

3.5

15.3
13.7
12.2
10.2
8.30

4.0

Equal Angles

4.5

1. The web member unbraced length exceeds 200ry for values to the right of the solid line.
2. Values are not listed when the effective length exceeds 300ry.
3. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
4. Axial compression forces are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

5.62
4.52
3.69

65 x 65 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

NOTES:

8.59
7.59
6.56
5.26
4.29

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

75 x 75 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

Thick.

kg/m

b2

Mass
per
metre

mm mm mm

b1

Designation

DuraGal Equal Angles

One Leg Connected same side of truss chord

TRUSS WEB MEMBER


AXIAL COMPRESSION FORCE

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

Table 18.11(b)

18-4

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

0.25

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

90 x 90 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

10.5
9.24
7.97
6.37
5.18

11.7
10.3
8.92
7.11
5.78

14.9
13.1
11.3
8.95
7.27

454
374
319
203
139

481
390
329
207
141

521
417
345
214
145

56.5
50.2
46.3
33.1
23.0

64.9
56.0
50.5
34.7
23.5

80.8
67.5
57.6
36.6
23.6

92.1
74.7
60.5
36.6

0.5

56.0
49.7
45.9
32.8
22.9

64.4
55.6
50.2
34.5
23.4

80.4
67.2
57.4
36.5
23.6

91.9
74.5
60.3
36.6

0.75

55.1
48.9
45.1
32.4
22.5

63.6
55.0
49.6
34.2
23.2

79.8
66.8
57.1
36.4
23.4

91.5
74.3
60.2
36.5

1.0

53.6
47.9
44.1
31.6
22.0

62.4
54.1
48.7
33.6
22.7

79.0
66.2
56.5
35.9
23.1

90.9
73.9
59.8
36.2

50.9
45.8
42.6
30.7
21.5

60.7
52.9
47.4
32.8
22.3

78.0
65.4
55.6
35.4
22.8

90.2
73.3
59.1
35.8

1.25

1.5

47.7
42.8
40.1
29.7
20.8

57.5
50.8
46.0
31.9
21.8

76.6
64.1
54.5
34.8
22.5

89.2
72.4
58.4
35.4

1.75

43.9
39.4
36.6
28.4
20.1

53.8
47.6
43.7
31.0
21.2

74.9
62.8
53.3
34.2
22.1

87.9
71.3
57.6
35.0

2.0

39.9
35.8
33.0
26.1
19.4

49.8
44.1
40.5
29.9
20.6

72.6
61.3
52.1
33.5
21.7

86.4
70.2
56.7
34.5

2.25

36.2
32.4
29.8
23.9
18.3

45.5
40.4
36.9
28.4
19.9

69.2
59.5
50.7
32.8
21.3

84.8
69.0
55.8
34.0

2.5

32.9
29.4
27.0
21.6
16.8

41.7
37.0
33.7
26.3
19.2

65.0
56.4
49.2
32.0
20.8

83.1
67.7
54.7
33.5

3.0

27.3
24.4
22.2
17.8
14.0

35.0
31.1
28.1
22.2
16.9

56.5
49.4
44.0
30.4
19.7

78.1
64.8
52.5
32.3

3.5

22.8
20.4
18.4
14.8
11.6

29.6
26.4
23.7
18.7
14.5

49.1
43.0
38.3
28.2
18.7

70.6
60.1
50.1
30.9

4.0

19.3
17.2
15.5
12.5
9.81

25.3
22.5
20.1
15.9
12.3

42.8
37.5
33.2
25.0
17.6

62.8
54.4
46.6
29.5

4.5

16.5
14.7
13.1
10.6
8.37

21.7
19.3
17.2
13.6
10.6

37.5
32.9
28.9
22.1
16.2

55.9
48.5
42.0
28.1

1. The web member unbraced length exceeds 200ry for values to the right of the solid line.
2. Values are not listed when the effective length exceeds 300ry.
3. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
4. Axial compression forces are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

100 x 100 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

NOTES:

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

125 x 125 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

547
434
355
219

kN

18.0
15.8
13.6
10.8

kg/m

mm

CA
CA
CA
CA

mm

mm

Web Member Unbraced Length, l (m)

cNs

Nominal

Thick.

150 x 150 x 8.0


7.0
6.0
5.0

b2

b1

DESIGN AXIAL COMPRESSION FORCE


N c* max (kN)

Mass
per
metre

Design
Section
Capacity

Designation

DuraGal Equal Angles

One Leg Connected opposite sides of truss chord

TRUSS WEB MEMBER


AXIAL COMPRESSION FORCE

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

Table 18.12(a)

Equal Angles

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

18-5

Nominal

4.21
3.42
2.79
1.81

2.50
1.62

2.20
1.43

1.06

CA
CA
CA
CA

50 x 50 x 6.0
5.0
4.0
2.5

45 x 45 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

40 x 40 x 4.0 CA
2.5 CA

30 x 30 x 2.5 CA

0.5

0.75

39.2

107
43.8

116
45.2

205
166
121
46.3

274
186
131

372
329
299
194
135

3.92

11.1
5.62

13.2
6.29

21.0
18.4
15.1
6.85

31.6
25.5
19.4

43.6
39.3
38.4
29.1
21.4

3.56

10.4
5.43

12.7
6.13

20.1
17.9
14.6
6.72

30.9
25.0
19.1

43.0
38.7
37.8
28.7
21.2

2.88

8.85
5.01

11.2
5.83

18.2
16.2
13.5
6.45

29.6
24.3
18.5

41.7
37.8
36.9
28.1
20.7

2.27

7.17
4.23

9.34
5.27

15.6
13.9
11.6
6.11

27.1
22.8
17.7

39.4
35.8
35.0
27.2
20.0

1.0

1.80

5.82
3.52

7.71
4.48

13.1
11.7
9.78
5.46

23.9
20.3
16.3

36.6
33.2
32.0
25.7
19.2

1.25

1.45

4.77
2.94

6.41
3.80

11.1
9.87
8.24
4.72

20.8
17.7
14.3

33.2
30.0
28.5
23.4
18.3

1.5

3.96
2.47

5.37
3.24

9.39
8.37
6.98
4.07

18.2
15.5
12.5

29.7
26.8
25.2
20.8
16.5

1.75

3.32
2.10

4.54
2.77

8.02
7.15
5.95
3.52

15.9
13.5
11.0

26.5
23.9
22.3
18.4
14.8

2.0

1.79

3.88
2.39

6.91
6.16
5.12
3.06

13.9
11.9
9.64

23.7
21.3
19.8
16.4
13.1

2.25

2.5

3.34
2.08

6.00
5.34
4.43
2.68

12.3
10.5
8.51

21.3
19.1
17.7
14.6
11.7

Web Member Unbraced Length, l (m)

0.25

cN s

kN

DESIGN AXIAL COMPRESSION FORCE


N c* max (kN)

Design
Section
Capacity

9.72
8.30
6.72

17.3
15.5
14.2
11.8
9.42

3.0

7.83
6.67
5.42

14.2
12.7
11.6
9.63
7.69

3.5

11.8
10.6
9.56
7.97
6.39

4.0

Equal Angles

4.5

1. The web member unbraced length exceeds 200ry for values to the right of the solid line.
2. Values are not listed when the effective length exceeds 300ry.
3. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
4. Axial compression forces are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

5.62
4.52
3.69

65 x 65 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

NOTES:

8.59
7.59
6.56
5.26
4.29

CA
CA
CA
CA
CA

75 x 75 x 8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

Thick.

kg/m

b2

Mass
per
metre

mm mm mm

b1

Designation

DuraGal Equal Angles

One Leg Connected opposite sides of truss chord

TRUSS WEB MEMBER


AXIAL COMPRESSION FORCE

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

Table 18.12(b)

18-6

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

mm

mm

mm

Thick.

NOTES:

5.38
4.34
3.54

kg/m

Mass
per
metre
0.5

0.75

252
180
128

72.0
53.0
37.6

66.4
49.9
35.8

56.6
44.4
32.6

45.1
36.9
27.9

1.0
35.0
29.1
23.1

1.25
27.7
23.3
18.7

1.5
22.4
18.9
15.3

1.75
18.3
15.5
12.6

2.0
15.3
13.0
10.6

2.25

2.5
12.9
11.0
9.00

Web Member Unbraced Length, l (m)

0.25

cNs

kN

DESIGN AXIAL COMPRESSION FORCE


N c* max (kN)

Design
Section
Capacity

3.0
9.56
8.16
6.69

3.5

4.0

4.5

1. The web member unbraced length exceeds 200ry for values to the right of the solid line.
2. Values are not listed when the effective length exceeds 300ry.
3. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
4. Axial compression forces are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

b2

b1

Nominal

Designation

DuraGal Unequal Angles

Long Leg Connected same side of truss chord

TRUSS WEB MEMBER


AXIAL COMPRESSION FORCE

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

Table 18.21

Unequal Angles

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

18-7

mm

mm

Nominal

mm

Thick.

NOTES:

5.38
4.34
3.54

kg/m

Mass
per
metre
0.5

0.75

252
180
128

52.6
40.7
30.2

49.9
39.0
29.1

44.5
35.8
27.1

37.2
31.0
23.9

1.0
30.1
25.3
20.4

1.25
24.5
20.8
16.9

1.5
20.2
17.2
14.1

1.75
16.9
14.4
11.7

2.0
14.3
12.1
9.87

2.25

2.5
12.1
10.3
8.40

Web Member Unbraced Length, l (m)

0.25

cNs

kN

DESIGN AXIAL COMPRESSION FORCE


N c* max (kN)

Design
Section
Capacity

9.05
7.69
6.27

3.0

3.5

4.0

Unequal Angles

4.5

1. The web member unbraced length exceeds 200ry for values to the right of the solid line.
2. Values are not listed when the effective length exceeds 300ry.
3. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
4. Axial compression forces are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

b2

b1

Designation

DuraGal Unequal Angles

Short Leg Connected same side of truss chord

TRUSS WEB MEMBER


AXIAL COMPRESSION FORCE

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

Table 18.22

18-8

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

mm

mm

mm

Thick.

NOTES:

5.38
4.34
3.54

kg/m

Mass
per
metre
0.5

0.75

252
180
128

27.2
21.9
16.9

26.2
21.2
16.4

24.2
19.9
15.5

21.5
18.0
14.2

1.0
18.5
15.6
12.6

1.25
15.9
13.5
11.0

1.5
13.7
11.7
9.51

1.75
11.9
10.2
8.28

2.0
10.4
8.87
7.24

2.25

Web Member Unbraced Length, l (m)

0.25

cNs

kN

DESIGN AXIAL COMPRESSION FORCE


N c* max (kN)

Design
Section
Capacity

9.12
7.79
6.37

2.5

7.14
6.11
5.01

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

1. The web member unbraced length exceeds 200ry for values to the right of the solid line.
2. Values are not listed when the effective length exceeds 300ry.
3. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
4. Axial compression forces are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

b2

b1

Nominal

Designation

DuraGal Unequal Angles

Long Leg Connected opposite sides of truss chord

TRUSS WEB MEMBER


AXIAL COMPRESSION FORCE

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

Table 18.23

Unequal Angles

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

18-9

mm

mm

Nominal

mm

Thick.

NOTES:

5.38
4.34
3.54

kg/m

Mass
per
metre
0.5

0.75

252
180
128

23.5
19.4
15.3

22.9
18.9
15.0

21.6
18.0
14.4

19.6
16.6
13.3

1.0
17.3
14.7
12.0

1.25
15.1
12.9
10.6

1.5
13.2
11.3
9.34

1.75
11.6
9.93
8.10

2.0
10.2
8.66
7.05

2.25

2.5
8.93
7.58
6.15

Web Member Unbraced Length, l (m)

0.25

cNs

kN

DESIGN AXIAL COMPRESSION FORCE


N c* max (kN)

Design
Section
Capacity

6.99
5.91
4.78

3.0

3.5

4.0

Unequal Angles

4.5

1. The web member unbraced length exceeds 200ry for values to the right of the solid line.
2. Values are not listed when the effective length exceeds 300ry.
3. Steel grade C450L0 / C400L0 / C350L0 (for t 2.5 mm fy = 350 MPa and fu = 400 MPa, for 2.5 mm < t 6.0 mm fy = 450 MPa and fu = 500 MPa, and for t > 6.0 mm fy = 400 MPa and
fu = 450 MPa).
4. Axial compression forces are calculated in accordance with AS/NZS 4600.

75 x 50 x 6.0 CA
5.0 CA
4.0 CA

b2

b1

Designation

DuraGal Unequal Angles

Short Leg Connected opposite sides of truss chord

TRUSS WEB MEMBER


AXIAL COMPRESSION FORCE

LIMIT STATE DESIGN

Table 18.24

[ BLANK ]

18-10

DuraGal DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES


for STRUCTURAL STEEL ANGLES, CHANNELS & FLATS

DCT DP/01/REV 3
JULY 2001