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January 2012

Series 10, Number 252

Summary Health Statistics


for U.S. Adults: National
Health Interview Survey,
2010

Copyright information
All material appearing in this report is in the public domain and may be
reproduced or copied without permission; citation as to source, however, is
appreciated.

Suggested citation
Schiller JS, Lucas JW, Ward BW, Peregoy JA. Summary health statistics for
U.S. adults: National Health Interview Survey, 2010. National Center for Health
Statistics. Vital Health Stat 10(252). 2012.

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Series 10, Number 252

Summary Health Statistics for


U.S. Adults: National Health
Interview Survey, 2010

Data From the National Health


Interview Survey

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
National Center for Health Statistics
Hyattsville, Maryland
January 2012
DHHS Publication No. (PHS) 20121580

National Center for Health Statistics


Edward J. Sondik, Ph.D., Director
Jennifer H. Madans, Ph.D., Associate Director for Science
Division of Health Interview Statistics
Jane F. Gentleman, Ph.D., Director

Contents

Abstract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data Source . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Estimation Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transition to 2000 Census-based Weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sample Size Changes in NHIS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Income and Poverty Status Changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data Limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Variance Estimation and Significance Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2
2
3
3
3
3
4
4
4

Further Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Selected Highlights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selected Circulatory Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selected Respiratory Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selected Cancers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diabetes, Ulcers, Kidney Disease, Liver Disease, and Arthritis and Chronic Joint Symptoms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hearing and Vision Trouble and Absence of Natural Teeth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Feelings of Sadness, Hopelessness, Worthlessness, or That Everything Is an Effort. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Feelings of Nervousness or Restlessness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Work-loss Days and Bed Days . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Difficulties in Physical Functioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Health Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Current Health Status Relative to 1 Year Ago . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Current Cigarette Smoking Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Alcohol Drinking Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leisure-time Physical Activity Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Body Mass Index. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Usual Place of Health Care. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Number of Office Visits to Doctor or Other Health Professional in Past 12 Months . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Length of Time Since Last Contact With Doctor or Other Health Professional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Length of Time Since Last Contact With Dentist or Other Dental Health Professional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HIV Testing Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5
5
5
6
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
10
10
11
11
12
12
13
13
14

References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

14

Detailed Tables (141) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

16

Appendix I. Technical Notes on Methods (with Tables IIII) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

139

Appendix II. Definitions of Selected Terms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

143

Appendix III. Tables of Unadjusted (Crude) Estimates (Tables IVXXIII) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

149

iii

List of Detailed Tables


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.

18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.

iv

Frequencies of selected circulatory diseases among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age-adjusted percentages of selected circulatory diseases among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected
characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Frequencies of selected respiratory diseases among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age-adjusted percentages of selected respiratory diseases among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected
characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Frequencies of cancer among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010. . . . . . . .
Age-adjusted percentages of cancer among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States,
2010. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Frequencies of selected diseases and conditions among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age-adjusted percentages of selected diseases and conditions among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected
characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Frequencies of migraines and pain in neck, lower back, face, or jaw among persons aged 18 years and over, by
selected characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age-adjusted percentages of migraines and pain in neck, lower back, face, or jaw among persons aged 18 years and
over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Frequencies of hearing trouble, vision trouble, and absence of teeth among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected
characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age-adjusted percentages of hearing trouble, vision trouble, and absence of teeth among persons aged 18 years and
over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Frequencies of feelings of sadness, hopelessness, worthlessness, or that everything is an effort among persons aged
18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age-adjusted percentages of feelings of sadness, hopelessness, worthlessness, or that everything is an effort among
persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Frequencies of feelings of nervousness or restlessness among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected
characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age-adjusted percentages of feelings of nervousness or restlessness among persons aged 18 years and over, by
selected characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Frequencies of work-loss days among employed persons aged 18 years and over in past 12 months, and numbers of
work-loss days per employed person; and frequencies of bed days among all persons aged 18 years and over in past
12 months, and numbers of bed days per person, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Frequencies of difficulties in physical functioning among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age-adjusted percentages of difficulties in physical functioning among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected
characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Frequency distributions of health status among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age-adjusted percent distributions of health status among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Frequency distributions of current health status relative to 1 year ago among persons aged 18 years and over, by
selected characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age-adjusted percent distributions of current health status relative to 1 year ago among persons aged 18 years and
over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Frequency distributions of current cigarette smoking status among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected
characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age-adjusted percent distributions of current cigarette smoking status among persons aged 18 years and over, by
selected characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Frequency distributions of alcohol drinking status among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age-adjusted percent distributions of alcohol drinking status among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected
characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Frequency distributions of participation in leisure-time aerobic and muscle-strengthening activities that meet 2008
federal physical activity guidelines among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

16
19
22
25
28
31
34
37
40
43
46
49
52
55
58
61

64
67
70
73
76
79
82
85
88
91
94

97

29.

30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.

Age-adjusted percent distributions of participation in leisure-time aerobic and muscle-strengthening activities that meet
2008 federal physical activity guidelines among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Frequency distributions of body mass index among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age-adjusted percent distributions of body mass index among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected
characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Frequency distributions of having a usual place of health care, and of type of place, among persons aged 18 years and
over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age-adjusted percent distributions of having a usual place of health care, and of type of place, among persons aged
18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Frequency distributions of number of office visits to doctor or other health care professional in past 12 months among
persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age-adjusted percent distributions of number of office visits to doctor or other health care professional in past
12 months among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Frequency distributions of length of time since last contact with doctor or other health care professional among
persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age-adjusted percent distributions of length of time since last contact with doctor or other health care professional
among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Frequency distributions of length of time since last contact with dentist or other dental health professional among
persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age-adjusted percent distributions of length of time since last contact with dentist or other dental health professional
among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Frequency distributions of human immunodeficiency virus testing status among persons aged 18 years and over, by
selected characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age-adjusted percent distributions of human immunodeficiency virus testing status among persons aged 18 years and
over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100
103
106
109
112
115
118
121
124
127
130
133
136

List of Appendix Tables


I.

Age distributions and age-adjustment weights used in age adjusting data shown in Tables 141: Projected 2000 U.S.
standard population . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
II.
Weighted counts and weighted percentages of persons aged 18 years and over with unknown health information:
National Health Interview Survey, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
III.
Weighted counts and weighted percentages of persons aged 18 years and over with unknown information on selected
sociodemographic characteristics: National Health Interview Survey, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
IV.
Crude percentages of selected circulatory diseases among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
V.
Crude percentages of selected respiratory diseases among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VI.
Crude percentages of cancer among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010. .
VII. Crude percentages of selected diseases and conditions among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected
characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VIII. Crude percentages of migraines and pain in neck, lower back, face, or jaw among persons aged 18 years and over, by
selected characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
IX.
Crude percentages of hearing trouble, vision trouble, and absence of teeth among persons aged 18 years and over, by
selected characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
X.
Crude percentages of feelings of sadness, hopelessness, worthlessness, or that everything is an effort among persons
aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
XI.
Crude percentages of feelings of nervousness or restlessness among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected
characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
XII. Crude percentages of difficulties in physical functioning among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected
characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
XIII. Crude percent distributions of health status among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
XIV. Crude percent distributions of current health status relative to 1 year ago among persons aged 18 years and over, by
selected characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
XV. Crude percent distributions of current cigarette smoking status among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected
characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

140
141
142
149
152
155
158
161
164
167
170
173
176
179
182
v

XVI. Crude percent distributions of alcohol drinking status among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected
characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
XVII. Crude percent distributions of participation in leisure-time aerobic and muscle-strengthening activities that meet the
2008 federal physical activity guidelines among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
XVIII. Crude percent distributions of body mass index among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
XIX. Crude percent distributions of having a usual place of health care, and of type of place, among persons aged 18 years
and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
XX. Crude percent distributions of number of office visits to doctor or other health care professional in past 12 months
among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
XXI. Crude percent distributions of length of time since last contact with doctor or other health care professional among
persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
XXII. Crude percent distributions of length of time since last contact with dentist or other dental health professional among
persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
XXIII. Crude percent distributions of human immunodeficiency virus testing status among persons aged 18 years and over,
by selected characteristics: United States, 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

vi

185

188
191
194
197
200
203
206

Objectives
This report presents health statistics
from the 2010 National Health Interview
Survey (NHIS) for the civilian
noninstitutionalized adult population,
classified by sex, age, race and
Hispanic origin, education, family
income, poverty status, health
insurance coverage, marital status, and
place and region of residence.
Estimates are presented for selected
chronic conditions and mental health
characteristics, functional limitations,
health status, health behaviors, health
care access and utilization, and human
immunodeficiency virus testing.
Percentages and percent distributions
are presented in both age-adjusted and
unadjusted versions.

Data Source
NHIS is a household, multistage
probability sample survey conducted
annually by interviewers of the U.S.
Census Bureau for the Centers for
Disease Control and Preventions National
Center for Health Statistics. In 2010, data
were collected on 27,157 adults in the
Sample Adult questionnaire. The
conditional response rate was 77.3%, and
the final response rate was 60.8%. The
health information for adults in this report
was obtained from one randomly selected
adult per family. In very rare instances
where the sample adult was not able to
respond for himself or herself, a proxy was
used.

Highlights
In 2010, 61% of adults aged 18 years
and over had excellent or very good
health. Twelve percent of adults had been
told by a doctor or health professional that
they had heart disease, 25% had been
told on two or more visits that they had
hypertension, 9% had been told they had
diabetes, and 22% had been told they had
some form of arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis,
gout, lupus, or fibromyalgia. Twenty-one
percent of adults were current smokers,
and 21% were former smokers. Based on
estimates of body mass index, 35% of
adults were overweight and 27% were
obese.
Keywords: chronic conditions
health behavior health utilization
mental health

Summary Health Statistics for


U.S. Adults: National Health
Interview Survey, 2010
by Jeannine S. Schiller, M.P.H.; Jacqueline W. Lucas, M.P.H.; Brian
W. Ward, Ph.D.; and Jennifer A. Peregoy, M.P.H., Division of Health
Interview Statistics

Introduction
This report is one in a set of reports
summarizing data from the 2010
National Health Interview Survey
(NHIS)a multipurpose health survey
conducted by the Centers for Disease
Control and Preventions (CDC)
National Center for Health Statistics
(NCHS). This report provides national
estimates for a broad range of health
measures for the U.S. civilian
noninstitutionalized population of adults.
The other two reports in this set provide
estimates of selected health measures for
the U.S. population and for children
under age 18 years (1,2). These three
volumes of descriptive statistics and
highlights are published for each year of
NHIS (35) and, since 1997, have
replaced the annual, one-volume Current
Estimates series (6).
Estimates are presented here for
selected chronic conditions, selected
mental health characteristics, functional
limitations, health status, health
behaviors, health care access and
utilization, and human
immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing
status, and are derived from the Sample
Adult Core component of the annual
NHIS Basic Module. These health
estimates are shown in Tables 141 for
various population subgroups, including
those defined by sex, age, race and
Hispanic origin, education (for persons
aged 25 and over), family income,
poverty status, health insurance
coverage, marital status, place of
residence, and region of residence.
Appendix I contains brief technical

notes on methods and detailed


information about age adjustment and
unknown values (Tables IIII). Appendix
II contains definitions of selected terms
used in this report, and Appendix III
contains tables of unadjusted health
estimates.
NHIS has been an important source
of information about health and health
care in the United States since it was
first conducted in 1957. Given the
ever-changing nature of the U.S.
population, the NHIS questionnaire has
been revised every 1015 years, with
the latest revision occurring in 1997.
The first design changes were
introduced in 1973 and the first
procedural changes in 1975 (7). In 1982,
the NHIS questionnaire and data
preparation procedures of the survey
were extensively revised. The basic
concepts of NHIS changed in some
cases; in other cases, the concepts were
measured differently. A more complete
explanation of the 1982 changes is
given in Appendix IV of Series 10, No.
150 (8). In 1985, a new sample design
for NHIS and a different method of
presenting sampling errors were
introduced (9,10). In 1995, another
change in the sample design was
introduced, including the oversampling
of black and Hispanic or Latino
persons (11).
The 1997 NHIS featured both a
substantially revised instrument (in terms of
questionnaire content) and a new means of
administration (i.e., computer-assisted
personal interviewing). This new design
improves the ability of NHIS to provide
important health information. However,
comparisons of NHIS data collected
Page 1

Page 2 [ Series 10, No. 252

before and after the beginning of 1997


should not be undertaken without a
careful examination of the changes
across survey instruments (6,8,10).
In response to the changing
demographics of the U.S. population, in
1997 the Office of Management and
Budget (OMB) issued new standards for
the collection of data on race and
Hispanic or Latino origin (12). Most
notably, the new standards allow
respondents to the census and federal
surveys to indicate more than one group
in answering questions on race.
Additionally, the category Asian or
Pacific Islander is now split into two
distinct categories, Asian and Native
Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
(NHOPI), for data collection purposes.
Although NHIS had allowed
respondents to choose more than one
race group for many years, NHIS
became completely compliant with all of
the new race and ethnicity standards
with the fielding of the 1999 survey.
The tables in this report reflect these
new standards. The text in this report
uses shorter versions of the new OMB
race and Hispanic or Latino origin terms
for conciseness, but the tables use the
complete terms. For example, the
category Not Hispanic or Latino, black
or African American, single race in the
tables is referred to as non-Hispanic
black in the text.
The NHIS sample is redesigned and
redrawn about every 10 years to better
measure the changing U.S. population
and to meet new survey objectives. A
new sample design for NHIS was
implemented in 2006. Its fundamental
structure is very similar to the previous
19952005 NHIS sample design,
including state-level stratification. The
new sample design reduced the NHIS
sample size by about 13% compared
with the 19952005 NHIS.
Oversampling of the black and Hispanic
populations has been retained in 2006
and beyond to allow for more precise
estimation of health characteristics in
these growing minority populations. The
new sample design also oversamples the
Asian population. In addition, the
sample adult selection process has been
revised so that when black, Hispanic, or
Asian persons aged 65 and over are in
the family, they have an increased

chance of being selected as the sample


adult.
Additionally, beginning with the
2003 NHIS, editing procedures were
changed to maintain consistency with
U.S. Census Bureau procedures for
collecting and editing data on race and
ethnicity. As a result of these changes,
in cases where Other race was
mentioned along with one or more
OMB race groups, the Other race
response is dropped, and the OMB race
group information is retained on the
NHIS data file. In cases where Other
race was the only race response, it is
treated as missing and the race is
imputed. Although this change has
resulted in an increase in the number of
persons in the OMB race category
White, which numerically is the
largest group, the change is not expected
to have a substantial effect on the
estimates in this report. More
information about the race and ethnicity
editing procedures used by the Census
Bureau is available from: http://www.
census.gov/popest/data/historical/files/
MRSF-01-US1.pdf.

Methods
Data Source
The main objective of NHIS is to
monitor the health of the U.S.
population through the collection and
analysis of data on a broad range of
health topics. The target population for
NHIS is the civilian noninstitutionalized
population of the United States. Persons
excluded are patients in long-term care
institutions (e.g., nursing homes for the
elderly, hospitals for the chronically ill
or physically or intellectually disabled,
and wards for abused or neglected
children), correctional facilities (e.g.,
prisons or jails, juvenile detention
centers, and halfway houses),
active-duty Armed Forces personnel
(although their civilian family members
are included), and U.S. nationals living
in foreign countries. Each year, a
representative sample of households
across the country is selected for NHIS
using a multistage cluster sample design.
Details on the sample design used for

the 19952005 NHIS can be found in


Design and Estimation for the National
Health Interview Survey, 19952004
(11). A new report providing a complete
description of the 2006 NHIS sample
design is being developed. Trained
interviewers from the U.S. Census
Bureau visit each selected household
and administer NHIS in person. Detailed
interviewer instructions can be found in
the NHIS field representatives
manual (13).
The annual NHIS questionnaire
(also called the Basic Module or Core)
consists of three main components:
Family Core, Sample Adult Core, and
Sample Child Core. The Family Core
collects information for all family
members regarding household
composition and sociodemographic
characteristics, along with basic
indicators of health status, limitation in
activities, and utilization of health care
services. One responsible family
member whose age is equal to or over
the age of majority for a given state
responds to questions about all family
members in the Family Core. In most
states, this age is 18 years, but in
Alabama and Nebraska it is 19 years,
and in Mississippi it is 21 years.
Although considerable effort is made to
ensure accurate reporting, information
from both proxies and self-respondents
may be inaccurate because the
respondent is unaware of relevant
information, has forgotten it, does not
wish to reveal it to an interviewer, or
does not understand the intended
meaning of the question.
The Sample Adult and Sample
Child cores obtain additional
information on the health of one
randomly selected adult (sample
adult) and child (sample child) in
the family. The sample adult responds
for himself or herself; a knowledgeable
adult in the family provides proxy
responses for the sample child. In rare
instances when the sample adult is
mentally or physically incapable of
responding, proxy responses are
accepted for this person. The Sample
Adult Core, the primary source of data
for this report, collects information on
health conditions, activity limitations,
health behaviors, and access to and
utilization of health care services from

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 3

one randomly selected adult per family.


Information regarding demographic
characteristics in this report is obtained
from the Family Core.
The interviewed sample for 2010
consisted of 34,329 households, which
yielded 89,976 persons in 35,177
families. A total of 35,153 adults were
eligible for the Sample Adult
questionnaire. Data were collected for
27,157 adults, a conditional response
rate of 77.3% (the number of completed
Sample Adult interviews divided by the
total number of eligible sample adults).
The unconditional or final response rate
for the Sample Adult Core component
was calculated by multiplying the
conditional rate by the overall family
response rate of 78.7%, yielding a final
Sample Adult component response rate
of 60.8% (14).

Estimation Procedures
The Sample Adult weights were
used to produce the national health
estimates contained in this report. For
each health measure, both weighted
frequencies and percentages (or rates)
for all adults and for various subgroups
of the adult population are shown. All
counts are expressed in thousands.
Counts for persons of unknown status
with respect to health characteristics of
interest are not shown separately in the
tables, nor are they included in the
calculation of percentages (or rates), to
provide a more straightforward
presentation of the data. For all health
measures in this report, the percentages
with unknown values are typically small
(generally less than 1%) and are shown
in Appendix I, Table II. Nevertheless,
these unknown cases are included in the
total population counts shown in
selected tables. Therefore, slightly
different percentages than those shown
in the tables may be obtained if
percentages are calculated based on the
frequencies and population counts
presented in the tables.
In addition, some of the
sociodemographic variables that are
used to delineate various population
subgroups have unknown values. For
most of these variables, the percentage

unknown is small. However, in the case


of family income, no income
information is available for about 3% of
sample adults in the 2010 survey, and
about 15% of sample adults provided
only a broad range for their family
income (see Income and Poverty
Status Changes section). Poverty status,
which is based on family income, has a
high nonresponse rate as a result
(Appendix I, Table III) (15). Missing
data on family income and personal
earnings in NHIS have been imputed by
NCHS analysts using multipleimputation methodology. Five ASCII
data sets containing imputed values for
the survey year and additional
information about the imputed income
files can be found at http://
www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis.htm. However,
income and poverty estimates in this
publication are based only on reported
income and may differ from other
measures that are based on imputed data
(which were not available when this
report was prepared). Health estimates
for sample adults with these unknown
sociodemographic characteristics are not
shown in the tables. Appendix I,
Table III, provides more information on
the extent of unknown data for income
and poverty status.

Transition to 2000
Census-based Weights
In Summary Health Statistics
reports prior to 2003, weights for NHIS
data were derived from 1990
census-based postcensal population
estimates. Beginning with 2003 data,
NHIS transitioned to weights derived
from 2000 census-based population
estimates. The impact of this transition
was assessed for the 2002 NHIS by
comparing estimates for selected health
characteristics using the 1990
census-based weights with those using
the 2000 census-based weights.
Although the effect of new population
controls on survey estimates differed by
type of health characteristic, the effect
of this change on health characteristic
rates was small but was somewhat
larger for weighted frequencies (16).

Age Adjustment
Beginning with the 2002 Summary
Health Statistics report, estimates have
been provided in two sets of tables.
Unless otherwise specified, percentages
in the first set (Tables 141) were age
adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S.
standard population. Age adjustment
was used to permit comparison among
various sociodemographic subgroups
that may have different age structures
(17,18). The age groups used for age
adjustment in this report are 1844,
4564, 6574, and 75 years and over,
unless otherwise noted (Appendix I,
Table I). Health insurance and education
are restricted to certain age groups and
are therefore adjusted accordingly (see
relevant table footnotes for age groups).
Age-adjusted estimates shown in the
tables may not match age-adjusted
estimates for the same health
characteristic in other reports if different
age groups were used for age
adjustment. Tables IVXXIII in
Appendix III provide unadjusted
estimates so that current estimates may
be compared with those published in the
19972001 Summary Health Statistics
reports to determine the effects of age
adjustment on the 2010 estimates (see
Appendix I for details on age
adjustment). Frequency tables have been
removed from the set of unadjusted
tables in Appendix III to eliminate
redundancy.

Sample Size Changes in


NHIS
The size of the NHIS sample was
reduced due to budget shortfalls in
20022004 and 20062008. Following a
reduction of approximately 50% during
JanuaryMarch 2009, newly available
funding later in 2009 permitted an
expansion during OctoberDecember to
expand that quarters normal sample
size by approximately 50%. The net
effect of the JanuaryMarch reduction
and the OctoberDecember expansion
was that the 2009 NHIS sample size
was approximately the same as it would
have been if the sample had been
maintained at a normal level during the
entire calendar year.

Page 4 [ Series 10, No. 252

In 2010, the NHIS sample was


increased by approximately 25% during
JanuaryMarch. No further increases or
reductions were made in the remaining
months of that year, resulting in a 2010
NHIS sample size that was slightly
larger than the 2009 NHIS sample size.

Income and Poverty Status


Changes
Starting with the 2007 NHIS, the
income amount follow-up questions that
had been in place since 1997 were
replaced with a series of unfolding
bracket questions. This decision was
based on the relatively poor
performance of the 19972006 versions
of the follow-up income amount
questions and on the results of a 2006
field test that compared unfolding
bracket follow-up questions with the
income amount follow-up questions
used since 1997. Further information
about the 2006 field test is available in
Appendix I.
The unfolding bracket method
utilized a series of closed-ended income
range questions (e.g., Is it less than
$50,000?) for respondents who failed
to provide the exact amount of the
family income. The closed-ended
income range questions were
constructed so that each successive
question established a smaller range for
the amount of the family income in the
last calendar year.
Based on results from the 2006
field test, the unfolding bracket
follow-up income questions performed
better than the follow-up income
questions used from 1997 to 2006. For
example, the percentage of unknown
responses for a three-category poverty
status variable was 17% using the
income bracket follow-up questions
compared with 31% using the income
follow-up questions used from 1997
through 2006.
Because of these positive results,
the unfolding bracket income follow-up
questions were implemented during the
first quarter of the 2007 NHIS. Due to
differences in the income follow-up
questions between 19972006 and
20072010, income and poverty status

estimates from 20072010 may not be


comparable with those from prior years.

Variance Estimation and


Significance Testing

Data Limitations

Because NHIS data are based on a


sample of the population, the data are
subject to sampling error. Standard
errors are reported to indicate the
reliability of the estimates. Estimates
and standard errors were calculated
using SUDAAN software (19), which
takes into account the complex sampling
design of NHIS. The Taylor series
linearization method was used for
variance estimation in SUDAAN.
Standard errors are shown for all
rates and percentages in the tables (but
not for the frequencies). Estimates with
a relative standard error greater than
30% and less than or equal to 50% are
indicated with an asterisk (*) and should
be used with caution because they do
not meet standards of reliability or
precision. Estimates with a relative
standard error greater than 50% are
indicated with a dagger () and are not
shown. The statistical significance of
differences between point estimates was
evaluated using two-sided t tests at the
0.05 level and assuming independence.
Terms such as greater than, less
than, more likely, less likely,
compared with, or opposed to
indicate a significant difference between
estimates, whereas similar, no
difference, or comparable indicate
that the estimates are not significantly
different. A lack of commentary about
any two estimates should not be
interpreted to mean that a t test was
performed and the difference was found
to be not significant. Furthermore, these
tests did not take into account multiple
comparisons. Estimates for population
subgroups with small sample sizes may
fluctuate considerably from year to year
due to sampling variability.

The redesigned NHIS is quite


different in content, format, and mode
of data collection from earlier versions
of the survey. These changes can make
it complex to compare 19972010 NHIS
estimates with those of earlier years.
The 20062010 NHIS is based on a
different sample design, including the
oversampling of the Asian population
and of Hispanic, black, or Asian sample
adults at least 65 years of age, as well
as a permanent sample reduction of
13%, compared with the 19972005
NHIS. The change in sample design
should be considered when comparing
estimates from the 20062010 NHIS
with those from earlier years. Beginning
in 2003, NHIS uses weights derived
from the 2000 census-based population
estimates. Those who compare NHIS
frequencies across this transition (e.g.,
comparing 2005 with 2002) must
recognize that some of the observed
differences may be due to the change in
population estimates. Unadjusted
percentage estimates shown in the
Appendix III tables may be compared
with those published in Summary Health
Statistics reports of 19972001, which
did not contain age-adjusted estimates.
Age-adjusted estimates in this report
should not be compared with earlier
unadjusted estimates unless it can be
demonstrated that the effect of age
adjustment is minimal.
It is important to note that
frequencies are underestimates due to
item nonresponse and unknowns, both
of which are excluded from the tables
(with the exception of the All persons
or Total columns shown in each
table). Appendix I, Tables II and III,
provide more information about the
number of unknowns with respect to
each health characteristic.
Estimates should be interpreted only
after reviewing Appendix I, which
contains important information about the
methods used to obtain the estimates,
changes in the survey instrument, and
measurement issues currently being
evaluated.

Further Information
The latest information about NHIS
is available from: http://www.cdc.gov/
nchs/nhis.htm. This website features
downloadable public-use data and
documentation for NHIS, as well as
important information about any

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 5

modifications or updates to the data or


documentation.
Readers may also wish to join the
NHIS listserv by visiting: http://
www.cdc.gov/subscribe.html. Complete
the appropriate information and click the
National Health Interview Survey
(NHIS) researchers box, followed by
the Subscribe button at the bottom of
the page. The listserv consists of
approximately 4,000 NHIS data users
worldwide who receive e-news about
NHIS data (e.g., new releases of data or
modifications to existing data),
publications, conferences, and
workshops.

Selected Highlights
This section presents brief bulleted
summaries of the estimates shown in
Tables 141. Estimated percentages were
age adjusted by the direct method using
the 2000 U.S. population as the standard
population. In most cases, the age
groups used to adjust estimated
percentages are the same age groups
presented in the tables (see table notes
for age adjustment groups). All
estimates were calculated using the
Sample Adult weight variable, which is
calibrated by NCHS staff to produce
numbers consistent with estimates of the
adult civilian noninstitutionalized
population of the United States by sex,
age, and race and ethnicity, based on
projections from U.S. Census 2000.

Selected Circulatory
Conditions (Tables 1 and 2)
+ Overall, 12% of adults aged 18
years and over had ever been told
by a doctor or other health
professional that they had heart
disease, 6% had ever been told they
had coronary heart disease, 25% had
been told on two or more visits they
had hypertension, and 3% had ever
been told they had experienced a
stroke.
+ Among adults aged 18 years and
over, men were more likely to have
ever been told they had coronary
heart disease than women. The
prevalence of hypertension in men

and women was similar.


+ A positive relationship was observed
between age and the presence of
heart disease (including coronary
heart disease), hypertension, and
stroke: As age increased, the
percentages of adults with these
conditions also increased.
+ When results are considered by
single race without regard to
ethnicity, Asian adults were less
likely to have ever been told they
had coronary heart disease or
hypertension than white adults.
Asian adults and white adults were
less likely to have been told they
had hypertension compared with
black adults.
+ When results are considered by
single race and ethnicity, Hispanic
adults were less likely to have been
told they had any type of heart
disease than non-Hispanic white
adults. Thirty-four percent of
non-Hispanic black adults had ever
been told they had hypertension
compared with 23% of Hispanic
adults and 24% of non-Hispanic
white adults.
+ Education was inversely associated
with coronary heart disease,
hypertension, and stroke: As
educational level increased, the
percentages of adults with these
conditions decreased.
+ Poverty level was inversely
associated with heart disease (any
type), hypertension, and stroke.
Adults in families that were poor or
near poor were more likely to have
ever been told they had these
conditions than were adults in
families that were not poor.
+ Among adults under age 65 years,
those covered by Medicaid were
more likely to have been told they
had heart disease (any type) than
those with private insurance or who
were uninsured. Among adults aged
65 years and over, those covered by
Medicaid and Medicare were more
likely to have been told they had
hypertension than those with either
Medicare alone or private insurance.
+ Thirty-seven percent of nonHispanic black women had
hypertension compared with 23% of
non-Hispanic white women and 23%

of Hispanic women. Thirty-one


percent of non-Hispanic black men
had hypertension compared with
25% of non-Hispanic white men and
21% of Hispanic men. Non-Hispanic
white men had the highest
percentage of heart disease (any
type) compared with other
single-race sex and ethnicity groups.

Selected Respiratory
Conditions (Tables 3 and 4)
+ Overall, 2% of adults aged 18 years
and over had ever been told by a
doctor or other health professional
that they had emphysema. Thirteen
percent had ever been told they had
asthma, and 8% still had asthma.
Eight percent of adults had been
told in the past 12 months that they
had hay fever, 13% had been told
they had sinusitis, and 4% had been
told they had chronic bronchitis.
+ Women were more likely to have
been told they had asthma, hay
fever, sinusitis, or chronic bronchitis
than men. Men were more likely to
have been told they had emphysema
than women.
+ When results are considered by
single race without regard to
ethnicity, Asian adults were less
likely to have been told in the past
12 months that they had sinusitis,
chronic bronchitis, or asthma (ever
or still) than either black or white
adults.
+ Hispanic adults had lower rates of
asthma, hay fever, emphysema, and
chronic bronchitis than non-Hispanic
white adults and non-Hispanic black
adults. Hispanic adults also were
less likely to have been told in the
past 12 months that they had
sinusitis than were non-Hispanic
black adults.
+ Adults with a bachelors degree or
higher were less likely to have been
told they had emphysema or chronic
bronchitis compared with other
education groups.
+ Adults in poor families had higher
percentages of emphysema, asthma,
and chronic bronchitis than adults in
families that were not poor.

Page 6 [ Series 10, No. 252

+ Among adults under age 65 years,


those insured by Medicaid had
higher percentages of emphysema,
asthma, and chronic bronchitis than
those with private insurance or who
were uninsured. Similarly, among
adults aged 65 and over, those
insured by Medicaid and Medicare
had higher percentages of
emphysema, asthma, and chronic
bronchitis than those with only
Medicare health care coverage or
those with private insurance.
+ The percentage of adults with
sinusitis was higher in the South
than in any other region of the
United States.
+ Compared with other single-race sex
and ethnicity groups, white
non-Hispanic women and black
non-Hispanic women were most
likely to have sinusitis. NonHispanic white women were most
likely to have been told in the past
12 months that they had hay fever
compared with other single-race sex
and ethnicity groups.

Selected Cancers (Tables 5


and 6)
+ Overall, 8% of adults aged 18 years
and over had ever been told by a
doctor or other health professional
that they had some form of cancer.
+ As age increased, the percentage of
adults who had ever been told by a
doctor or other health professional
that they had cancer increased.
+ When results are considered by
single race without regard to
ethnicity, white adults were more
likely to have ever been told they
had cancer compared with black
adults and Asian adults.
+ Nine percent of non-Hispanic white
adults had ever been told they had
some form of cancer compared with
5% of non-Hispanic black adults
and 4% of Hispanic adults.
+ When considering single-race sex
and ethnicity groups, non-Hispanic
white women and men had the
highest overall percentages of ever
having been told by a doctor or
other health professional that they
had cancer.

Diabetes, Ulcers, Kidney


Disease, Liver Disease, and
Arthritis and Chronic
Joint Symptoms (Tables 7
and 8)
+ Overall, 9% of adults aged 18 years
and over had ever been told by a
doctor or other health professional
that they had diabetes, 6% had ever
been told they had an ulcer, 2% had
been told in the past 12 months that
they had kidney disease, and 1%
had been told in the past 12 months
that they had liver disease.
+ Twenty-two percent of adults had
ever been told by a doctor or other
health care professional that they
had some form of arthritis,
rheumatoid arthritis, gout, lupus, or
fibromyalgia, and 28% had chronic
joint symptoms (e.g., pain or
stiffness in or around a joint in the
past 30 days that began more than 3
months ago).
+ Women were more likely to be
diagnosed with arthritis or to have
chronic joint symptoms than men.
+ Age was positively associated both
with arthritis diagnosis and the
presence of chronic joint symptoms.
Fifty-four percent of adults aged 75
years and over had an arthritis
diagnosis compared with 7% of
adults aged 1844 years, and 45%
of adults aged 75 years and over
had chronic joint symptoms
compared with 17% of adults aged
1844 years.
+ When results are considered by
single race without regard to
ethnicity, Asian adults were less
likely to have arthritis or chronic
joint symptoms than white adults,
black adults, and American Indian or
Alaska Native (AIAN) adults.
+ When results are considered by
single race and ethnicity, Hispanic
adults and non-Hispanic black adults
were more likely to have been told
by a doctor or other health
professional that they had diabetes
compared with non-Hispanic white
adults. Hispanic adults were less
likely to have arthritis or chronic
joint symptoms compared with

non-Hispanic white adults and


non-Hispanic black adults.
Diabetes was inversely related to
level of education: 15% of adults
with less than a high school diploma
had diabetes compared with 7% of
adults with a bachelors degree or
higher.
Adults in poor families were more
likely to have ever been told by a
doctor or other health professional
that they had diabetes, ulcers,
kidney disease, liver disease,
arthritis, or chronic joint symptoms
than adults in families that were not
poor.
Among adults under age 65 years,
those covered by Medicaid had
higher percentages of diabetes,
ulcers, kidney disease, liver disease,
arthritis, and chronic joint symptoms
than those covered by private
insurance or who were uninsured.
Among adults aged 65 years and
over, those covered by Medicaid and
Medicare had higher percentages of
diabetes, kidney disease, and liver
disease than those with private
insurance or who had only Medicare
health care coverage.
When results are considered by sex
and ethnicity, non-Hispanic white
men and women were less likely to
have been told they had diabetes
than Hispanic or non-Hispanic black
men and women. Hispanic men and
women and non-Hispanic black men
were less likely to have chronic
joint symptoms than non-Hispanic
white men and women and
non-Hispanic black women.

Pain (Tables 9 and 10)


+ During the 3 months prior to the
interview, 17% of adults had
experienced a migraine or severe
headache, 15% had experienced pain
in the neck area, 29% had
experienced pain in the lower back,
and 5% had experienced pain in the
face or jaw area.
+ Women were more likely to
experience pain (in the form of
migraines, neck pain, lower back
pain, or face or jaw pain) than men.
Women were about twice as likely
to experience migraines or severe

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 7

headaches, or pain in the face or


jaw, than men.
Adults aged 1844 years and 4564
years were more likely to have
experienced a migraine or severe
headache in the 3 months prior to
the interview compared with adults
aged 6574 years and 75 years and
over.
Adults aged 1844 years were less
likely to have experienced pain in
the lower back during the 3 months
prior to the interview compared with
older adults.
When results are considered by
single race without regard to
ethnicity, Asian adults were less
likely to have pain in the lower back
compared with white adults, black
adults, and AIAN adults.
Adults with a bachelors degree or
higher were less likely to have
migraine headaches, neck pain,
lower back pain, or pain in the face
or jaw compared with adults who
did not graduate from high school.
Adults in poor families were more
likely to experience migraine
headaches, neck pain, lower back
pain, or pain in the face or jaw in
the 3 months prior to the interview
than adults in families that were not
poor.
Among adults under age 65 years,
those covered by Medicaid were
more likely to have migraine
headaches, neck pain, lower back
pain, or pain in the face or jaw than
those with private insurance or who
were uninsured. Among adults aged
65 years and over, those covered by
Medicaid and Medicare were more
likely to have migraine headaches,
neck pain, lower back pain, or pain
in the face or jaw than those with
private insurance or only Medicare
health care coverage.

Hearing and Vision


Trouble and Absence of
Natural Teeth (Tables 11
and 12)
+ Overall, 16% of adults aged 18
years and over experienced some
hearing difficulty without a hearing
aid (defined as a little trouble

hearing, moderate trouble, a lot


of trouble, or deaf). Men were
more likely to have experienced
hearing trouble than women.
Nine percent of the adult population
experienced vision trouble (defined
as trouble seeing, even with glasses
or contact lenses). Women were
more likely to have experienced
vision trouble than men.
Eight percent of the adult U.S.
population had lost all of their
natural teeth.
Age was positively associated with
hearing difficulties (without a
hearing aid), vision trouble (even
with glasses or contact lenses), and
the loss of all natural teeth. As age
increased, the percentages of adults
with these conditions also increased.
When results are considered by
single race without regard to
ethnicity, Asian adults and black
adults were less likely to have
experienced some form of hearing
difficulty (without a hearing aid)
than white adults.
When results are considered by
single race and ethnicity, 18% of
non-Hispanic white adults
experienced some form of hearing
difficulty (without a hearing aid)
compared with 10% of non-Hispanic
black adults and 11% of Hispanic
adults.
Absence of all natural teeth was
inversely associated with
education16% of adults with less
than a high school diploma had lost
all of their natural teeth compared
with 4% of adults with a bachelors
degree or higher.
Fifteen percent of adults in poor
families experienced vision trouble
(even with glasses or contact lenses)
compared with 8% of adults in
families that were not poor. The
poor and near poor were more likely
to have lost all of their natural teeth
than those who were not poor.
Among adults under age 65 years,
those covered by Medicaid were
more likely to have hearing trouble,
vision trouble (even with glasses or
contact lenses), or absence of all
natural teeth compared with those
with private insurance or no
insurance. Among adults aged 65

years and over, those covered by


Medicaid and Medicare were more
likely to have vision trouble (even
with glasses or contact lenses), or
absence of all natural teeth, than
those with only Medicare health
care coverage or private insurance.
+ Adults not living in a metropolitan
statistical area (MSA) were more
likely to have hearing difficulty
(without a hearing aid), vision
trouble (even with glasses or contact
lenses), or absence of all natural
teeth compared with those living in
a large MSA.
+ When results are considered by sex
and ethnicity, non-Hispanic white
men were more likely to have had
hearing trouble compared with other
men or women.

Feelings of Sadness,
Hopelessness,
Worthlessness, or That
Everything Is an Effort
(Tables 13 and 14)
+ Overall, 12% of adults experienced
feelings of sadness for all, most, or
some of the time during the 30 days
prior to the interview; 7% felt
hopeless; 5% felt worthless; and
16% felt that everything was an
effort for all, most, or some of the
time during the same time period.
+ Fourteen percent of women felt sad
for all, most, or some of the time
during the 30 days prior to the
interview compared with 10% of
men. Women were also more likely
to have feelings of hopelessness,
worthlessness, or that everything is
an effort during the 30 days prior to
the interview than men.
+ When results are considered by
single race and ethnicity, nonHispanic white adults were less
likely to have feelings of sadness
all, most, or some of the time during
the 30 days prior to the interview
than either non-Hispanic black
adults or Hispanic adults.
Non-Hispanic black adults were
more likely to feel that everything is
an effort all, most, or some of the
time during the 30 days prior to the

Page 8 [ Series 10, No. 252

interview than either non-Hispanic


white adults or Hispanic adults.
Level of education was inversely
associated with feelings of sadness,
hopelessness, worthlessness, or that
everything is an effort: The highest
percentage of adults with these
feelings was for adults with less
than a high school diploma, and
those least likely to have these
feelings were those with a
bachelors degree or higher.
Adults in poor families were at least
twice as likely as adults in families
that were not poor to feel sad,
hopeless, or worthless for all, most,
or some of the time during the 30
days prior to the interview.
Among adults under age 65 years,
26% of those who had Medicaid
health care coverage experienced
feelings of sadness for all, most, or
some of the time during the 30 days
prior to the interview compared with
16% of those who were uninsured
and 8% of those who had private
health insurance. Adults under age
65 years who had Medicaid health
care coverage were nearly twice as
likely to feel hopeless, worthless, or
that everything is an effort for all,
most, or some of the time during the
30 days prior to the interview than
were adults under age 65 years who
had private health insurance.
Among adults aged 65 years and
over, 22% of those who had
Medicaid and Medicare health care
coverage experienced feelings of
sadness for all, most, or some of the
time during the 30 days prior to the
interview compared with 13% of
those who had only Medicare health
care coverage and 11% of those who
had private health insurance.
Divorced or separated adults were
more likely to have feelings of
sadness, hopelessness, worthlessness,
or that everything is an effort
compared with adults who were
married or adults who have never
married.

Feelings of Nervousness or
Restlessness (Tables 15
and 16)
+ Overall, 18% of adults experienced
feelings of nervousness and 19% of
adults experienced feelings of
restlessness for all, most, or some of
the time during the 30 days prior to
the interview.
+ Twenty percent of women felt
nervous for all, most, or some of the
time during the 30 days prior to the
interview compared with 15% of
men. Similarly, women were more
likely to feel restless all, most, or
some of the time during the 30 days
prior to the interview than men.
+ Adults with less than a high school
diploma were at least three times
more likely to have experienced
feelings of nervousness or
restlessness all or most of the time
during the 30 days prior to the
interview than those with a
bachelors degree or higher.
+ Adults in poor families were more
likely than adults in families that
were not poor to feel nervous or
restless for all, most, or some of the
time during the 30 days prior to the
interview.
+ Among adults under age 65 years,
28% of those who had Medicaid
health care coverage experienced
feelings of nervousness for all, most,
or some of the time during the 30
days prior to the interview compared
with 21% of those who were
uninsured and 16% of those who
had private health insurance. Adults
under age 65 years who had
Medicaid health care coverage were
more likely to experience feelings of
restlessness for all, most, or some of
the time during the 30 days prior to
the interview than those adults under
age 65 years who were either
uninsured or had private health
insurance.
+ Among adults aged 65 years and
over, 26% of those who had
Medicaid and Medicare health care
coverage experienced feelings of
nervousness for all, most, or some

of the time during the 30 days prior


to the interview compared with 13%
of those who had only Medicare
health care coverage and 12% of
those who had private health
insurance. Adults aged 65 years and
over who had Medicaid and
Medicare health care coverage were
more likely to experience feelings of
restlessness for all, most, or some of
the time during the 30 days prior to
the interview than were adults aged
65 years and over who had only
Medicare health care coverage or
private health insurance.
+ Adults who were married were the
least likely to have feelings of
nervousness or restlessness
compared with adults who were
divorced or separated, never
married, or living with a partner.
+ Adults who did not live in an MSA
were more likely to have feelings of
restlessness compared with adults
who lived in a large MSA.

Work-loss Days and Bed


Days (Table 17)
+ Employed adults aged 18 years and
over experienced an average of 4
work-loss days per person due to
illness or injury in the past 12
months, for a total of approximately
588 million work-loss days.
+ Adults aged 18 years and over
experienced an average of 5 bed
days per person due to illness or
injury in the past 12 months, for a
total of 1.1 billion bed days.
+ Women experienced an average of 6
bed days per person due to illness or
injury in the past 12 months
compared with an average of 4 bed
days per person for men.
+ When results are considered by
single race and ethnicity, nonHispanic black adults had an
average of 6 bed days per person
due to illness or injury in the past
12 months compared with an
average of 5 bed days per person for
non-Hispanic white adults and an
average of 3 bed days per person for
Hispanic adults.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 9

+ Adults with less than a high school


diploma had an average of 8 bed
days per person due to illness or
injury in the past 12 months
compared with 3 bed days per
person for adults with at least a
bachelors degree.
+ Adults in poor families averaged 10
bed days per person due to illness or
injury in the past 12 months
compared with 4 bed days per
person among adults in families that
were not poor.
+ Among adults under age 65 years,
those who had Medicaid health care
coverage averaged 14 bed days per
person due to illness or injury in the
past 12 months compared with 3
bed days per person for those who
had private health insurance and 4
bed days per person for those who
were uninsured. Among adults at
least 65 years of age, those with
Medicaid and Medicare health care
coverage had 15 bed days per
person compared with 6 bed days
per person for both those with
private insurance and those with
only Medicare health care coverage.
+ Adults who were divorced or
separated had 9 bed days per person
due to illness or injury in the past
12 months compared with 4 bed
days per person for those who were
married and 4 bed days per person
for those who were never married.
Employed adults who were divorced
or separated also had higher rates of
work-loss days than employed adults
who were married or never married.

Difficulties in Physical
Functioning (Tables 18
and 19)
+ Overall, 15% of adults had great
difficulty with at least one of nine
physical activities performed without
help and without the use of special
equipment (responding very
difficult to do or cant do at all
to walking a quarter of a mile;
climbing 10 steps without resting;
standing for 2 hours; sitting for 2
hours; stooping, bending, or
kneeling; reaching over their head;
using their fingers to grasp or

handle small objects; lifting or


carrying a 10-pound object; or
pushing or pulling large objects).
Only 2% of adults had difficulty
grasping or handling small objects;
9% had difficulty standing for 2
hours; 9% had difficulty stooping,
bending, or kneeling; 7% had
difficulty walking a quarter of a
mile; 6% had difficulty pushing or
pulling large objects; and 5% had
difficulty climbing 10 steps without
resting.
Eighteen percent of women had at
least one physical difficulty
compared with 12% of men.
Age was positively associated with
the presence of at least one physical
difficulty; as age increased, the
percentage of adults finding at least
one of these activities very difficult
or impossible to do also increased.
The percentage of adults with this
level of difficulty in each of the nine
activities increased sharply both at
age 65 years and at age 75 years
and over.
When results are considered by
single race without regard to
ethnicity, 19% of black adults had at
least one physical difficulty
compared with 15% of white adults
and 9% of Asian adults.
When results are considered by
single race and ethnicity, a higher
percentage of non-Hispanic black
adults found at least one of the nine
physical activities very difficult or
impossible to do compared with
non-Hispanic white adults and
Hispanic adults.
Level of education was inversely
associated with difficulty in any and
in each of the nine activities: As
level of education increased, the
percentage of adults with difficulty
performing the nine physical
activities decreased.
Adults in poor families were more
than twice as likely to have
difficulty with each of the nine
activities as were adults in families
that were not poor.
For adults under age 65 years, those
with Medicaid health care coverage
were more than three to four times
as likely to have at least one
physical difficulty compared with

adults who had private insurance or


were uninsured. Similarly, for adults
at least age 65 years, 56% of those
with Medicaid and Medicare health
care coverage reported at least one
physical difficulty compared with
35% of those with private insurance
and 39% of those with only
Medicare health care coverage.
+ When results are considered by
single race, sex, and ethnicity,
non-Hispanic black women were
more likely to find at least one of
the nine physical activities very
difficult or impossible to do
compared with Hispanic men,
non-Hispanic white men and
women, and non-Hispanic black
men.

Health Status (Tables 20


and 21)
+ Overall, 61% of adults aged 18
years and over were in excellent or
very good health, 27% were in good
health, and 12% were in fair or poor
health.
+ Health status was inversely
associated with age. As age
increased, the percentage of adults
with excellent or very good health
decreased, and the percentage of
adults with fair or poor health
increased.
+ When results are considered by
single race without regard to
ethnicity, 42% of AIAN adults had
excellent or very good health
compared with 49% of black adults,
63% of white adults, and 64% of
Asian adults.
+ When considering results by single
race and ethnicity, non-Hispanic
white adults were more likely to
have excellent or very good health
and less likely to have fair or poor
health than either non-Hispanic
black or Hispanic adults.
+ Level of education was positively
associated with health status74%
of adults with a bachelors degree or
higher were in excellent or very
good health compared with 38% of
adults with less than a high school
diploma. Twenty-eight percent of
adults with less than a high school

Page 10 [ Series 10, No. 252

diploma were in fair or poor health


compared with 6% of adults with a
bachelors degree or higher.
Adults in families that were not
poor were more likely to have
excellent or very good health
compared with adults in poor and
near-poor families, and adults in
near-poor and poor families were
three to four times as likely to have
fair or poor health compared with
adults in families that were not poor.
Among adults under age 65 years,
73% of those with private health
insurance had excellent or very good
health compared with 55% of adults
without health insurance coverage
and 41% of adults with Medicaid
health care coverage. Only 6% of
adults under age 65 with private
health insurance were in fair or poor
health compared with 13% of those
without health insurance coverage
and 30% of those with Medicaid
health care coverage.
Among adults aged 65 and over,
51% of those who had Medicaid and
Medicare health care coverage had
fair or poor health compared with
24% of those with only Medicare
health care coverage and 19% of
those with private health insurance.
Married adults were less likely to
have fair or poor health compared
with adults who were widowed,
divorced or separated, never
married, or living with a partner.
Adults who did not live in an MSA
were more likely to have fair or
poor health than adults who lived in
a large or small MSA.
Sixty-four percent of non-Hispanic
white women were in excellent or
very good health compared with
47% of non-Hispanic black women
and 50% of Hispanic women.
Conversely, only 11% of nonHispanic white women were in fair
or poor health compared with 18%
of Hispanic women and 21% of
non-Hispanic black women.
Similarly, 65% of non-Hispanic
white men were in excellent or very
good health compared with 56% of
Hispanic men and 51% of
non-Hispanic black men. Only 10%
of non-Hispanic white men were in
fair or poor health compared with

15% of Hispanic men and 19% of


non-Hispanic black men.

Current Health Status


Relative to 1 Year Ago
(Tables 22 and 23)
+ Among adults with excellent or very
good health in 2010, the health of
78% was about the same as a year
ago, and the health of 19% had
improved. Among adults with good
health in 2010, the health of 71%
was about the same as a year ago,
the health of 19% had improved,
and the health of 9% was worse
than in 2009. Among adults with
fair or poor health in 2010, the
health of 53% was about the same
as a year ago, the health of 16% had
improved, and the health of 31%
was worse than last year.

Current Cigarette Smoking


Status (Tables 24 and 25)
+ Overall, 19% of adults aged 18
years and over were current
cigarette smokers, 21% were former
smokers, and 60% had never
smoked at least 100 cigarettes in
their lifetime. Twenty-one percent of
men were current smokers compared
with 18% of women. Sixty-five
percent of women had never smoked
compared with 53% of men.
+ As age increased, the percentage of
current smokers decreased. Adults
aged 1844 years and 4564 years
were more likely to be current
smokers than adults aged 65 years
and over.
+ When results are considered by
single race without regard to
ethnicity, 9% of Asian adults were
current smokers compared with 27%
of AIAN adults and 20% each of
black adults and white adults.
+ Fifty-five percent of non-Hispanic
white adults had never smoked
compared with 66% of non-Hispanic
black adults and 71% of Hispanic
adults.
+ Hispanic adults were about half as
likely to be every-day smokers
compared with non-Hispanic white
and non-Hispanic black adults.

+ Adults with at least a bachelors


degree were less likely than adults
with less education to be current
smokers and more likely to have
never smoked.
+ Adults in families that were not
poor were less likely to be current
smokers and more likely to be
former smokers than adults in
families that were near poor or poor.
+ Among adults under age 65 years,
16% with private health insurance
coverage were current smokers
compared with 32% who were
uninsured and 31% who had
Medicaid health care coverage. In
addition, adults under age 65 years
who had private health insurance
coverage were more likely to have
never smoked than adults in this age
group who were uninsured or had
Medicaid health care coverage.
+ Adults living in the West were more
likely to have never smoked
compared with adults living in other
regions.
+ Nine percent of Hispanic women
were current smokers compared with
17% of non-Hispanic black women
and 21% of non-Hispanic white
women. Eighty percent of Hispanic
women had never smoked compared
with 72% of non-Hispanic black
women and 60% of non-Hispanic
white women. Among men, 15% of
Hispanic men were current smokers
compared with 23% each of
non-Hispanic white men and
non-Hispanic black men; 62% of
Hispanic men and 58% of
non-Hispanic black men had never
smoked compared with 50% of
non-Hispanic white men.

Alcohol Drinking Status


(Tables 26 and 27)
+ Overall, 51% of adults aged 18
years and over were current regular
drinkers, 14% were current
infrequent drinkers, 6% were former
regular drinkers, 8% were former
infrequent drinkers, and 21% were
lifetime abstainers.
+ Fifty-nine percent of men were
current regular drinkers compared
with 43% of women. Men were also

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 11

more likely to be former regular


drinkers than women. Women were
more likely to be current or former
infrequent drinkers or lifetime
abstainers than men.
As age increased, the percentage of
adults who were current regular
drinkers decreased.
Asian adults were more likely to be
lifetime abstainers compared with
other single-race groups (excluding
NHOPI).
When results are considered by
single race and ethnicity, 57% of
non-Hispanic white adults were
current regular drinkers compared
with 39% each of Hispanic adults
and non-Hispanic black adults.
Hispanic adults and non-Hispanic
black adults were almost twice as
likely as non-Hispanic white adults
to be lifetime abstainers.
Educational attainment and family
income were positively associated
with current regular drinking status
and inversely associated with being
a lifetime abstainer.
Among adults under age 65 years,
60% of those who had private health
insurance coverage were current
regular drinkers compared with 50%
of those who were uninsured and
31% of those who had Medicaid
health care coverage.
Among adults aged 65 years and
over, 37% of those who had private
health insurance coverage were
current regular drinkers compared
with 31% of those who had only
Medicare health care coverage and
14% of those who had Medicaid and
Medicare health care coverage.
Adults who were living with a
partner were more likely to be
current regular drinkers compared
with adults who were married,
divorced or separated, widowed, or
never married.
Regionally, 47% of adults living in
the South were current regular
drinkers, in contrast to 52% in the
West and 54% each in the Midwest
and Northeast.
Nineteen percent of non-Hispanic
white women were lifetime
abstainers compared with 36% of
non-Hispanic black women and 43%
of Hispanic women. Conversely,

50% of non-Hispanic white women


were current regular drinkers
compared with 32% of non-Hispanic
black women and 27% of Hispanic
women. Among men, 12% of
non-Hispanic white men were
lifetime abstainers compared with
21% of Hispanic men and 23% of
non-Hispanic black men; 64% of
non-Hispanic white men were
current regular drinkers compared
with 51% of Hispanic men and 48%
of non-Hispanic black men.

Leisure-time Physical
Activity Status (Tables 28
and 29)
+ According to the 2008 federal
physical activity guidelines for
aerobic activity only, 33% of adults
were inactive, 20% of adults were
insufficiently active, and 47% were
sufficiently active based on their
participation in leisure-time physical
activity.
+ According to the 2008 federal
physical activity guidelines for
aerobic and strengthening activity
combined, 49% of adults met neither
the aerobic nor muscle-strengthening
guideline, 4% met the musclestrengthening guideline only, 26%
met the aerobic guideline only, and
21% met the full guidelines for both
aerobic and muscle-strengthening
activity, based on their participation
in leisure-time physical activity.
+ Women were more likely than men
to be inactive or insufficiently active
and less likely to be sufficiently
active in terms of aerobic
leisure-time physical activity. Men
were more likely than women to
have met the full guidelines for both
aerobic and muscle-strengthening
activity based on their participation
in leisure-time physical activity.
+ When leisure-time physical activity
is considered by single race and
ethnicity, non-Hispanic white adults
were more likely to have met the
full guidelines for both aerobic and
muscle-strengthening activity based
on their participation in leisure-time
physical activity than Hispanic
adults or non-Hispanic black adults.

+ As level of education increased, the


percentage of adults who were
sufficiently active based on their
participation in aerobic leisure-time
physical activity also increased.
+ Adults living in an MSA were more
likely to have met the full guidelines
for both aerobic and musclestrengthening activity based on their
participation in leisure-time physical
activity than adults who did not live
in an MSA.

Body Mass Index


(Tables 30 and 31)
+ Based on their body mass index, 2%
of adults aged 18 years and over
were underweight, 36% were at a
healthy weight, 34% were
overweight (but not obese), and 28%
were obese.
+ Forty-two percent of women were at
a healthy weight compared with
30% of men. Forty-one percent of
men were overweight (but not
obese) compared with 28% of
women. Women were at least twice
as likely to be underweight than
were men. Obesity percentages were
similar for men and women.
+ When results are considered by
single race without regard to
ethnicity, 55% of Asian adults were
at a healthy weight compared with
37% of white adults, 30% of AIAN
adults, and 28% of black adults.
Black adults and AIAN adults were
more than three times as likely to be
obese as Asian adults. White adults
were more than twice as likely as
Asian adults to be obese.
+ When results are considered by
single race and ethnicity, 37% of
non-Hispanic black adults were
obese compared with 32% of
Hispanic adults and 26% of
non-Hispanic white adults. Hispanic
adults were more likely to be
overweight (but not obese) than
either non-Hispanic white or
non-Hispanic black adults.
+ Adults with at least a bachelors
degree were more likely to be a
healthy weight than adults with
lower educational attainment.

Page 12 [ Series 10, No. 252

+ Thirty-five percent of adults under


age 65 years who had Medicaid
health care coverage were obese
compared with 27% of those who
had private health insurance and
28% of those who were uninsured.
+ Adults who did not live in an MSA
were more likely to be obese than
adults who lived in an MSA.
+ Obesity percentages were highest in
the Midwest and the South.
+ Forty-six percent of non-Hispanic
white women were at a healthy
weight compared with 31% of
Hispanic women and 27% of
non-Hispanic black women; 31%
of non-Hispanic white men, 30% of
non-Hispanic black men, and 24%
of Hispanic men were at a healthy
weight. Forty-one percent of
non-Hispanic black women were
obese compared with 33% of
Hispanic women and 25% of
non-Hispanic white women; 31% of
Hispanic men, 32% of non-Hispanic
black men, and 28% of nonHispanic white men were obese.

Usual Place of Health Care


(Tables 32 and 33)
+ Overall, 17% of adults aged 18
years and over were without a usual
place of health care. Of those with a
usual place of care, 76% considered
a doctors office or HMO to be their
usual place of health care, 20%
considered a clinic or health center
to be their usual place of health
care, and 3% considered a hospital
emergency room or outpatient
department to be their usual place of
health care.
+ Twenty-two percent of men were
without a usual place of health care
compared with 13% of women. Of
those with a usual place of care,
men were more likely to consider a
hospital emergency room or
outpatient department to be their
usual place of health care than
women.
+ Among adults, not having a usual
place of health care was inversely
related to age: As age increased, the
percentage of adults without a usual
place of health care decreased.

+ When results are considered by


single race and ethnicity, 27% of
Hispanic adults did not have a usual
place of health care compared with
17% of non-Hispanic black adults
and 15% of non-Hispanic white
adults. Of those adults with a usual
place of health care, 80% of
non-Hispanic white adults
considered a doctors office or an
HMO to be their usual place of
health care compared with 69% of
non-Hispanic black adults and 61%
of Hispanic adults. Two percent of
non-Hispanic white adults who had
a usual place of health care
considered a hospital emergency
room or outpatient department their
usual place of health care, compared
with 4% of Hispanic adults and 7%
of non-Hispanic black adults.
+ Adults with higher educational
attainment and higher family income
were more likely to have a usual
place of health care and to consider
a doctors office or HMO as their
usual place of health care than those
with lower educational attainment
and family income.
+ Among adults under age 65 years,
51% of those who were uninsured
did not have a usual place of health
care compared with 11% of those
adults with private health care
coverage and 10% of those adults
with Medicaid health care coverage.
+ Among adults aged 65 years and
over with a usual place of health
care, 22% of those who had
Medicaid and Medicare health care
coverage considered a clinic or
health center their usual place of
health care compared with 12% of
those who had private health
insurance and 14% of those who
had only Medicare health care
coverage.
+ Of those adults with a usual place of
health care, adults who did not live
in an MSA were more likely to
consider a health center or clinic
their usual place of health care than
adults living in an MSA.
+ Nineteen percent of adults living in
the West and 20% of adults living in
the South were without a usual
place of health care compared with

14% in the Midwest and 13% in the


Northeast.
+ Thirty-two percent of Hispanic men
did not have a usual place of health
care compared with 22% of
non-Hispanic black men and 19% of
non-Hispanic white men.
Twenty-two percent of Hispanic
women were without a usual place
of health care compared with 13%
of non-Hispanic black women and
11% of non-Hispanic white women.

Number of Office Visits to


Doctor or Other Health
Professional in Past 12
Months (Tables 34 and 35)
+ Overall, 20% of adults aged 18
years and over had not made an
office visit to a doctor or other
health professional in the past 12
months, 16% had 1 office visit, 26%
had 23 visits, 25% had 49 visits,
and 14% had 10 or more visits.
+ Twenty-seven percent of men and
14% of women had no office visits
to a doctor or other health
professional in the past 12 months.
+ When results are considered by
single race and ethnicity, 30% of
Hispanic adults had no visits to a
doctor or other health professional
in the past 12 months compared
with 22% of non-Hispanic black
adults and 17% of non-Hispanic
white adults.
+ Office visits to a doctor or other
health professional in the past 12
months were inversely related to
level of education31% of adults
with less than a high school diploma
had no office visits compared with
13% of adults with at least a
bachelors degree.
+ Adults in families that were not
poor were more likely to have had
23 office visits to a doctor or other
health professional in the past 12
months compared with other adults.
Adults in families that were poor
were more likely to have made 10
or more office visits to a doctor or
other health professional in the past

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 13

12 months than adults who were not


poor.
Among adults under age 65 years,
49% who were uninsured had no
visits to a doctor or other health
professional in the past 12 months
compared with 16% with private
health care coverage and 16% with
Medicaid health care coverage.
Adults in this age group who were
covered by Medicaid or other forms
of insurance were more likely to
have 10 or more office visits in the
past 12 months than those with
private insurance or who were
uninsured.
Eight percent of adults aged 65
years and over with only Medicare
health care coverage had no visits to
a doctor or other health professional
in the past 12 months compared
with 5% of those with private health
insurance coverage. Adults in this
age group who were covered by
Medicaid and Medicare were more
likely to have 10 or more office
visits in the past 12 months than
those with private insurance or only
Medicare health care coverage.
Twenty-three percent of adults who
lived in the West had no visits to a
doctor or other health professional
in the past 12 months compared
with 21% of adults in the South,
18% of adults in the Midwest, and
17% of adults in the Northeast.
Thirty-eight percent of Hispanic
men did not visit a doctor or other
health professional in the past 12
months compared with 31% of
non-Hispanic black men and 23% of
non-Hispanic white men.
Twenty-one percent of Hispanic
women did not visit a doctor or
other health professional in the past
12 months compared with 15% of
non-Hispanic black women and 12%
of non-Hispanic white women.

Length of Time Since Last


Contact With Doctor or
Other Health Professional
(Tables 36 and 37)
+ Overall, 66% of adults aged 18
years and over last contacted a
doctor or other health professional

within the previous 6 months; 15%


last contacted a doctor or other
health professional more than 6
months ago, but not more than 1
year ago; 8% last contacted a doctor
or other health professional more
than 1 year ago, but not more than 2
years ago; 6% last contacted a
doctor or other health professional
more than 2 years ago, but not more
than 5 years ago; and 3% last
contacted a doctor or other health
professional more than 5 years ago.
One percent of adults had never
contacted a doctor or other health
professional.
Seventy-three percent of women and
59% of men last contacted a doctor
or other health professional within
the previous 6 months. Men were
more likely to have last contacted a
doctor a year or more ago, as well
as to have never contacted a doctor,
than women.
Older adults (aged 65 years and
over) were more likely to have had
more recent contact (within the past
6 months) with a doctor or other
health professional than younger
adults (under age 65 years).
When results are considered by
single race and ethnicity, Hispanic
adults were less likely to have had
more recent contact (within the past
6 months) with a doctor or other
health professional than either
non-Hispanic white adults or
non-Hispanic black adults. Hispanic
adults were more than 3 times as
likely to have never had contact
with a doctor or other health
professional as non-Hispanic black
adults, and 4 1/2 times as likely to
have never had contact with a
doctor or other health professional
as non-Hispanic white adults.
Adults with an educational
attainment of a high school diploma
or less were less likely to have last
seen a doctor within the last 6
months and more likely to have
never seen a doctor than adults with
more education.
Adults in families that were not
poor were more likely to have had
more recent contact (within the past
6 months) with a doctor or other

health professional than adults in


poor or near-poor families.
+ Adults under age 65 years who were
uninsured were much less likely to
have last contacted a doctor or other
health professional within the
previous 6 months than insured
adults.
+ Hispanic men were less likely to
have seen a doctor or other health
professional within the previous 6
months compared with non-Hispanic
black and non-Hispanic white men;
4% of Hispanic men had never seen
or talked to a doctor or other health
professional compared with 1% each
of non-Hispanic black and
non-Hispanic white men. Among
women, Hispanic women were less
likely to have had contact with a
doctor in the last 6 months
compared with non-Hispanic black
and non-Hispanic white women.

Length of Time Since Last


Contact With Dentist or
Other Dental Health
Professional (Tables 38
and 39)
+ Overall, 43% of adults aged 18
years and over last contacted a
dentist or other dental health
professional within the previous 6
months; 17%, more than 6 months
ago, but not more than 1 year ago;
and 13% each for the categories
more than 1 year ago, but not more
than 2 years ago; more than 2 years
ago, but not more than 5 years ago;
and more than 5 years ago. One
percent of adults had never
contacted a dentist or other dental
health professional.
+ Forty-six percent of women last
contacted a dentist or other dental
health professional within the
previous 6 months compared with
40% of men.
+ When results are considered by
single race and ethnicity, nonHispanic white adults were more
likely to have contacted a dentist or
other dental health professional
within the previous 6 months (48%)
than either non-Hispanic black

Page 14 [ Series 10, No. 252

adults (31%) or Hispanic adults


(30%). Three percent of Hispanic
adults had never contacted a dentist
compared with 1% of non-Hispanic
black adults and less than 1% of
non-Hispanic white adults.
Adults with higher educational
attainment and higher family income
were considerably more likely to
have contacted a dentist or other
dental health professional in the last
6 months than those with lower
educational attainment and lower
family income.
Among adults under age 65 years,
53% of adults with private health
care coverage had contact with a
dentist or other dental health
professional within the past 6
months compared with 31% of
adults with Medicaid health care
coverage and 18% of adults who
were uninsured.
Among adults aged 65 years and
over, 51% of adults with private
health care coverage had contact
with a dentist or other dental
professional within the past 6
months compared with 39% of
adults who had only Medicare
health care coverage and 18% of
adults who had Medicaid and
Medicare health care coverage.
Married adults were more likely to
have had more recent dental contact
(6 months or less) compared with
other marital status categories.
Adults who did not live in an MSA
were less likely to have had contact
with a dentist or other dental health
professional within the past 6
months than adults who lived in an
MSA.

HIV Testing Status


(Tables 40 and 41)
+ Overall, 40% of adults aged 18
years and over had ever been tested
for HIV.
+ Women were more likely to have
ever been tested for HIV than men.
+ HIV testing status was inversely
related to age51% of adults aged
1844 years had ever been tested for

HIV compared with 37% of those


aged 4564 years, 17% of those
aged 6574 years, and 8% of those
aged 75 years and over.
When considering results by single
race without regard to ethnicity,
58% of black adults had ever been
tested for HIV compared with 41%
of AIAN adults, 38% of white
adults, and 34% of Asian adults.
When considering results by single
race and ethnicity, 58% of
non-Hispanic black adults had ever
been tested for HIV compared with
41% of Hispanic adults and 37% of
non-Hispanic white adults.
A higher percentage of adults who
had some college and those with at
least a bachelors degree had ever
been tested for HIV compared with
adults having less education.
Among adults under age 65 years,
57% of those who had Medicaid
health care coverage had ever been
tested for HIV compared with 45%
who were uninsured and 44% of
those who had private health
insurance.
Fifty-two percent of those who were
divorced or separated and 54% of
those who were living with a partner
had ever been tested for HIV
compared with 40% of married
adults and 36% of never-married
adults.
Adults who did not live in an MSA
or resided in a small MSA were less
likely to have ever been tested for
HIV than adults who lived in a large
MSA.
Adults who lived in the Midwest
were less likely to have ever been
tested for HIV than adults who lived
in other regions.
Sixty-one percent of non-Hispanic
black women had ever been tested
for HIV compared with 48% of
Hispanic women and 42% of
non-Hispanic white women.
Fifty-five percent of non-Hispanic
black men had ever been tested for
HIV compared with 35% of
Hispanic men and 33% of
non-Hispanic white men.

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Page 16 [ Series 10, No. 252


Table 1. Frequencies of selected circulatory diseases among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010
Selected circulatory diseases1
All persons
aged
18 years
and over

Selected characteristic

Heart disease2
All types

Coronary3

Hypertension4

Stroke

Number in thousands5
6

Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

229,505

27,066

15,262

59,259

6,226

110,929
118,576

13,705
13,361

8,872
6,391

28,018
31,241

3,002
3,223

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age
1844 years . . . .
4564 years . . . .
6574 years . . . .
75 years and over

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110,615
80,198
21,291
17,401

4,897
10,568
5,173
6,428

1,494
5,803
3,508
4,457

10,303
27,531
11,485
9,940

664
2,403
1,302
1,856

One race7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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.

226,314
185,330
27,807
1,795
11,096
284
3,191
625
1,394

26,664
22,903
2,798
224
696

402

253

15,008
12,829
1,577
104
458

254

181

58,575
46,999
8,973
482
2,040
*81
684
*58
399

6,130
4,912
951
*72
180

*96

*72

Race

Hispanic or Latino origin9 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

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.

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32,094
19,712
197,411
156,119
26,689

2,020
1,178
25,046
21,066
2,737

1,235
708
14,027
11,719
1,524

5,681
3,395
53,578
41,857
8,742

590
321
5,636
4,383
938

Education10
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED11 .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

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28,159
53,058
56,710
61,185

5,066
7,592
7,181
6,074

3,350
4,740
3,939
2,910

10,310
17,808
16,686
13,305

1,542
2,001
1,622
945

Family income12
. . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . .

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74,281
141,904
31,868
38,780
26,379
44,877

11,300
14,082
3,921
4,034
2,304
3,823

7,110
7,086
2,299
2,049
1,144
1,593

21,996
33,583
8,280
9,860
6,144
9,299

3,278
2,544
849
946
448
301

Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

28,677
36,390
145,271

3,696
4,875
15,525

2,208
3,084
8,063

6,920
10,026
36,235

1,126
1,549
2,792

Less than $35,000 . .


$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

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.

Poverty status13

See footnotes at end of table.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 17


Table 1. Frequencies of selected circulatory diseases among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010Con.
Selected circulatory diseases1
All persons
aged
18 years
and over

Selected characteristic

Heart disease2
All types

Health insurance coverage14


Under 65 years:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 years and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

Coronary3

Hypertension4

Stroke

Number in thousands5

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.
.

123,257
18,030
8,012
40,684

8,944
2,488
1,317
2,696

3,755
1,377
820
1,346

24,064
4,608
3,217
5,858

1,308
789
475
495

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20,579
2,633
12,633
2,406
379

6,571
971
3,259
722

4,387
748
2,216
556

11,322
1,690
6,880
1,359
156

1,455
333
1,090
260

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124,307
13,676
26,083
49,249
15,915

15,198
3,834
3,969
2,812
1,237

8,617
2,632
2,308
1,091
608

33,960
7,786
8,781
5,754
2,925

3,115
1,207
1,004
570
329

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

121,307
71,921
36,277

12,503
9,146
5,417

7,029
4,997
3,236

28,794
18,790
11,675

2,764
1,873
1,589

.
.
.
.

40,577
53,316
81,721
53,891

4,757
6,686
10,321
5,302

2,734
3,680
6,018
2,831

10,694
13,807
23,155
11,603

946
1,578
2,424
1,278

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

16,529
15,565

964
1,055

656
579

2,685
2,996

251
339

.
.
.
.

75,723
80,396
11,959
14,730

10,993
10,073
1,151
1,586

7,049
4,670
722
802

20,651
21,206
3,369
5,373

2,210
2,173
401
537

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

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Place of residence15

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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Hispanic or Latino origin9, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

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* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
Quantity zero.
1
In separate questions, respondents were asked if they had ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that they had: hypertension (or high blood pressure), coronary heart disease, angina
(or angina pectoris), heart attack (or myocardial infarction), any other heart condition or disease not already mentioned, or a stroke. A person may be represented in more than one column.
2

Includes coronary heart disease, angina pectoris, heart attack, or any other heart condition or disease.
Includes coronary heart disease, angina pectoris, or heart attack.
4
Persons had to have been told on two or more different visits that they had hypertension or high blood pressure to be classified as hypertensive.
5
Unknowns for the columns were not included in the frequencies (see Appendix I), but they are included in the All persons aged 18 years and over column. The numbers in this table are rounded.
6
Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.
7
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.
Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the
category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The
tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the
category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.
3

8
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies
for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.
9

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,
regardless of race.

10

Shown only for persons aged 25 years and over.


GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.
12
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see
Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be
comparable with those from earlier years.
11

Page 18 [ Series 10, No. 252


13

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
14
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Persons under age 65
years and those aged 65 years and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type
of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for persons aged 65 years and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in
combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that
paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II).
15
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTE: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2010.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 19


Table 2. Age-adjusted percentages of selected circulatory diseases among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010
Selected circulatory diseases1
Heart disease2
Selected characteristic

All types

Coronary3

Hypertension4

Stroke

Percent5 (standard error)


6

Total (age-adjusted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total6 (crude) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

11.5 (0.21)
11.8 (0.23)

6.4 (0.17)
6.7 (0.19)

24.7 (0.29)
25.9 (0.35)

2.6 (0.11)
2.7 (0.11)

12.7 (0.32)
10.6 (0.28)

8.2 (0.28)
5.0 (0.20)

24.8 (0.42)
24.5 (0.39)

2.8 (0.17)
2.5 (0.14)

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age7
1844 years . . . .
4564 years . . . .
6574 years . . . .
75 years and over

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4.4
13.2
24.3
37.1

(0.23)
(0.43)
(0.94)
(1.11)

1.4
7.3
16.5
25.8

(0.13)
(0.32)
(0.85)
(1.00)

9.3
34.4
54.2
57.3

(0.31)
(0.60)
(1.11)
(1.20)

0.6
3.0
6.1
10.7

One race8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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11.4
11.7
10.9
12.5
7.2
20.2
16.6
11.7
19.0

(0.21)
(0.24)
(0.51)
(2.61)
(0.76)
(5.79)
(2.23)
(2.65)
(3.82)

6.4
6.4
6.3
5.9
4.9
19.7
11.7

(0.17)
(0.18)
(0.42)
(1.74)
(0.65)
(5.82)
(1.91)

14.5 (3.50)

24.7
23.6
33.8
30.0
20.5
40.8
25.6
25.5
29.5

(0.29)
(0.32)
(0.73)
(3.63)
(1.04)
(4.41)
(2.54)
(5.06)
(4.22)

2.6
2.5
3.9
*5.9
2.0
10.6
*3.4

(0.08)
(0.19)
(0.55)
(0.76)

Race
(0.11)
(0.12)
(0.32)
(1.81)
(0.50)
(2.48)
(1.05)

*4.6 (1.84)

Hispanic or Latino origin10 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

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.

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.
.

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.

.
.
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.
.

8.1
8.3
11.9
12.2
11.0

(0.48)
(0.68)
(0.23)
(0.27)
(0.53)

5.2
5.2
6.5
6.6
6.3

(0.40)
(0.57)
(0.18)
(0.20)
(0.43)

22.5
23.0
25.1
23.9
34.1

(0.72)
(1.00)
(0.32)
(0.36)
(0.75)

2.6
2.6
2.6
2.5
3.9

(0.29)
(0.39)
(0.11)
(0.13)
(0.33)

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15.1
12.9
13.2
11.1

(0.67)
(0.47)
(0.47)
(0.44)

9.8
7.9
7.4
5.6

(0.52)
(0.36)
(0.38)
(0.34)

31.7
30.3
29.6
22.7

(0.84)
(0.61)
(0.63)
(0.55)

4.3
3.4
3.0
1.8

(0.35)
(0.26)
(0.23)
(0.19)

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14.1
10.6
11.7
11.0
10.4
10.1

(0.38)
(0.29)
(0.59)
(0.54)
(0.76)
(0.65)

8.7
5.5
6.7
5.7
5.7
5.0

(0.30)
(0.23)
(0.46)
(0.41)
(0.63)
(0.52)

27.8
23.7
24.4
25.5
24.5
21.3

(0.48)
(0.40)
(0.73)
(0.73)
(0.94)
(0.75)

4.1
2.0
2.5
2.6
2.3
0.9

(0.22)
(0.14)
(0.28)
(0.32)
(0.39)
(0.20)

Education11
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED12 .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Family income13
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000-$49,999. .
$50,000-$74,999. .
$75,000-$99,999. .
$100,000 or more .

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.
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Poverty status14
Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
See footnotes at end of table.

15.1 (0.65)
13.4 (0.56)
10.7 (0.26)

9.4 (0.58)
8.4 (0.45)
5.6 (0.20)

28.7 (0.75)
27.5 (0.75)
23.6 (0.37)

4.8 (0.40)
4.2 (0.36)
2.0 (0.13)

Page 20 [ Series 10, No. 252


Table 2. Age-adjusted percentages of selected circulatory diseases among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010Con.
Selected circulatory diseases1
Heart disease2
Selected characteristic

All types

Coronary3

Health insurance coverage15


Under 65 years:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 years and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

Hypertension4

Stroke

Percent5 (standard error)

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.
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6.5
14.8
11.4
7.1

(0.25)
(0.87)
(1.08)
(0.46)

2.6
8.4
6.5
3.6

(0.16)
(0.67)
(0.78)
(0.32)

17.2
27.5
30.8
15.7

(0.37)
(0.99)
(1.86)
(0.64)

0.9
4.8
4.6
1.4

(0.09)
(0.53)
(0.82)
(0.19)

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32.3 (1.09)
37.5 (2.62)
26.2 (1.14)
30.5 (2.72)
*20.6 (10.20)

21.6
28.8
17.9
23.5

(0.97)
(2.54)
(1.00)
(2.69)

55.3
64.7
54.7
57.0
39.3

(1.18)
(2.63)
(1.42)
(3.29)
(8.90)

7.2
12.8
8.8
10.9

(0.61)
(1.78)
(0.78)
(1.76)

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11.4
13.2
14.1
9.5
13.0

(0.30)
(1.66)
(0.66)
(0.66)
(1.46)

6.4
8.5
8.0
5.0
8.4

(0.24)
(0.98)
(0.54)
(0.54)
(1.32)

24.6
36.3
28.9
23.7
27.8

(0.43)
(3.36)
(0.76)
(0.81)
(1.29)

2.3
5.3
3.6
2.8
4.0

(0.14)
(1.34)
(0.36)
(0.42)
(1.01)

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

10.4
12.3
13.3

(0.29)
(0.40)
(0.54)

5.9 (0.23)
6.6 (0.31)
7.7 (0.42)

23.5 (0.39)
24.9 (0.58)
28.5 (0.75)

2.3 (0.15)
2.5 (0.18)
3.7 (0.30)

.
.
.
.

10.7
12.2
12.3
10.1

(0.48)
(0.44)
(0.35)
(0.44)

6.1
6.6
7.2
5.4

24.0
24.7
27.1
21.7

2.0
2.9
2.9
2.5

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

7.9
8.2

(0.70)
(0.62)

6.0 (0.64)
4.7 (0.48)

21.3 (1.03)
23.4 (0.91)

2.4 (0.46)
2.8 (0.42)

13.6
11.1
10.9
11.2

(0.41)
(0.36)
(0.88)
(0.65)

8.6
4.9
6.9
5.8

24.9
22.8
30.7
36.9

2.7
2.3
4.0
3.9

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

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Place of residence16

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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(0.40)
(0.36)
(0.28)
(0.32)

(0.73)
(0.61)
(0.50)
(0.56)

(0.19)
(0.24)
(0.19)
(0.21)

Hispanic or Latino origin10, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

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(0.33)
(0.25)
(0.72)
(0.51)

(0.52)
(0.48)
(1.23)
(1.01)

(0.20)
(0.17)
(0.54)
(0.42)

* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
Quantity zero.
1
In separate questions, respondents were asked if they had ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that they had: hypertension (or high blood pressure), coronary heart disease,
angina (or angina pectoris), heart attack (or myocardial infarction), any other heart condition or disease not already mentioned, or a stroke. A person may be represented in more than one column.
2

Includes coronary heart disease, angina pectoris, heart attack, or any other heart condition or disease.
Includes coronary heart disease, angina pectoris, or heart attack.
4
Persons had to have been told on two or more different visits that they had hypertension or high blood pressure to be classified as hypertensive.
5
Unknowns for the columns were not included in the denominators when calculating percentages (see Appendix I). Percentages may not add to totals due to rounding.
6
Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.
7
Estimates for age groups are not age adjusted.
3

8
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.
Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the
category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The
tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the
category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.
9
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies
for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.
10

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,
regardless of race.

11
Shown only for persons aged 25 years and over. Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using four age groups: 2544 years, 4564 years,
6574 years, and 75 years and over.
12

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

13

The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see
Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be
comparable with those from earlier years.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 21


14

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
15
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Persons under age 65
years and those aged 65 years and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type
of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for persons aged 65 years and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in
combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that
paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II). Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using two age groups for
persons under age 65 (1844 years and 4564 years), and two age groups for persons aged 65 years and over (6574 years and 75 years and over).
16
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTES: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Unless otherwise specified, estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S.
population as the standard population using four age groups: 1844 years, 4564 years, 6574 years, and 75 years and over. For crude percentages, refer to Table IV in Appendix III.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2010.

Page 22 [ Series 10, No. 252


Table 3. Frequencies of selected respiratory diseases among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States,
2010
Selected respiratory conditions1
All persons
aged
18 years
and over

Selected characteristic

Asthma
Emphysema

Ever had

Still has

Hay
fever

Sinusitis

Chronic
bronchitis

Number in thousands2
3

Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

229,505

4,314

29,057

18,734

17,937

29,821

9,883

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

110,929
118,576

2,248
2,066

11,869
17,188

6,418
12,316

7,513
10,424

11,021
18,800

3,399
6,484

Age
1844 years . . . .
4564 years . . . .
6574 years . . . .
75 years and over

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110,615
80,198
21,291
17,401

361
1,703
1,153
1,097

15,020
9,723
2,492
1,822

8,902
6,704
1,849
1,279

6,656
8,638
1,684
958

11,584
13,025
3,240
1,973

3,265
4,247
1,279
1,092

One race4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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.

226,314
185,330
27,807
1,795
11,096
284
3,191
625
1,394

4,214
3,822
281

*88

*100

*61

28,406
22,837
4,285
234
1,014
*36
651
150
299

18,235
14,528
2,950
202
546

499
*112
239

17,600
14,969
1,802
87
724

336
*42
163

29,309
24,261
3,929
238
862

511
*63
316

9,656
8,324
1,115
*73
137

227
*32
*125

Race

Hispanic or Latino origin6 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

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32,094
19,712
197,411
156,119
26,689

231
112
4,083
3,600
279

3,289
1,686
25,768
19,926
4,118

2,224
1,173
16,510
12,552
2,841

1,440
804
16,497
13,659
1,744

2,783
1,545
27,038
21,752
3,833

878
509
9,005
7,525
1,074

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28,159
53,058
56,710
61,185

1,239
1,308
1,099
582

3,264
5,451
7,927
7,410

2,307
3,877
5,449
4,267

1,441
3,491
5,112
6,627

3,272
6,950
8,802
8,735

1,756
2,720
2,723
1,802

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74,281
141,904
31,868
38,780
26,379
44,877

2,321
1,700
652
499
261
289

10,397
17,479
3,999
4,656
2,944
5,880

7,267
10,709
2,572
2,929
1,820
3,389

4,519
12,426
2,421
2,817
2,350
4,838

9,108
19,107
4,268
5,237
3,152
6,451

4,544
4,770
1,226
1,346
924
1,274

Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

28,677
36,390
145,271

653
1,194
2,025

4,398
4,900
17,673

3,102
3,262
10,944

1,532
2,420
12,703

3,159
4,502
19,845

1,795
1,951
5,281

Education7
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED8 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

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Family income9
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

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Poverty status10

See footnotes at end of table.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 23


Table 3. Frequencies of selected respiratory diseases among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States,
2010Con.
Selected respiratory conditions1
All persons
aged
18 years
and over

Selected characteristic

Asthma
Emphysema

Health insurance coverage11


Under 65 years:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 years and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

Ever had

Still has

Hay
fever

Sinusitis

Chronic
bronchitis

Number in thousands2

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123,257
18,030
8,012
40,684

819
466
426
353

15,657
3,229
1,318
4,446

9,396
2,450
1,014
2,667

11,225
1,141
973
1,897

17,387
2,181
1,467
3,435

4,061
1,380
777
1,274

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20,579
2,633
12,633
2,406
379

1,141
245
641
171

2,204
558
1,235
300

1,563
447
907
193

1,492
163
804
183

2,973
479
1,396
325

1,116
314
678
201

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124,307
13,676
26,083
49,249
15,915

2,156
747
812
303
296

13,676
1,751
3,908
7,446
2,236

8,600
1,266
2,857
4,577
1,422

11,010
864
2,190
3,095
771

16,873
2,010
4,231
5,049
1,600

4,684
1,146
1,576
1,791
675

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

121,307
71,921
36,277

1,594
1,564
1,157

15,236
9,314
4,507

9,540
6,068
3,125

9,583
5,867
2,487

14,667
9,624
5,530

4,520
3,363
2,000

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40,577
53,316
81,721
53,891

759
1,298
1,607
650

5,110
6,542
9,965
7,441

3,487
4,363
6,342
4,541

3,390
3,791
5,932
4,824

4,892
6,994
13,083
4,851

1,632
2,602
3,972
1,678

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

16,529
15,565

124
108

1,331
1,958

810
1,414

599
841

1,048
1,735

312
566

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75,723
80,396
11,959
14,730

1,848
1,753
170
109

8,286
11,639
1,547
2,571

4,317
8,236
901
1,941

5,886
7,773
635
1,110

7,994
13,757
1,422
2,411

2,644
4,881
313
760

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

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Place of residence12

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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Hispanic or Latino origin6, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

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Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
Quantity zero.
1
Respondents were asked in two separate questions if they had ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that they had emphysema or asthma. Respondents who had been told they had
asthma were asked if they still had asthma. Respondents were asked in three separate questions if they had been told by a doctor or other health professional in the past 12 months that they had hay
fever, sinusitis, or bronchitis. A person may be represented in more than one column.
2

Unknowns for the columns were not included in the frequencies (see Appendix I), but they are included in the All persons aged 18 years and over column. The numbers in this table are rounded.
Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

4
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.
Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the
category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The
tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the
category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.
5
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies
for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.
6

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,
regardless of race.

Shown only for persons aged 25 years and over.


GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.
9
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see
Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be
comparable with those from earlier years.
8

10

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.

Page 24 [ Series 10, No. 252


11
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Persons under age 65
years and those aged 65 years and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type
of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for persons aged 65 years and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in
combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that
paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II).
12
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTE: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2010.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 25


Table 4. Age-adjusted percentages of selected respiratory diseases among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010
Selected respiratory diseases1
Asthma
Selected characteristic

Emphysema

Ever had

Still has

Hay fever

Sinusitis

Chronic
bronchitis

Percent2 (standard error)


3

Total (age-adjusted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total3 (crude) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1.8 (0.09)
1.9 (0.10)

12.7 (0.27)
12.7 (0.26)

8.2 (0.21)
8.2 (0.21)

7.6 (0.21)
7.8 (0.21)

12.7 (0.27)
13.0 (0.27)

4.2 (0.15)
4.3 (0.15)

2.1 (0.15)
1.6 (0.12)

10.8 (0.35)
14.5 (0.38)

5.8 (0.27)
10.3 (0.32)

6.6 (0.29)
8.5 (0.29)

9.8 (0.35)
15.5 (0.38)

3.0 (0.20)
5.3 (0.23)

0.3
2.1
5.4
6.3

(0.06)
(0.17)
(0.50)
(0.61)

13.6
12.1
11.7
10.5

(0.38)
(0.43)
(0.72)
(0.74)

8.1
8.4
8.7
7.4

(0.27)
(0.41)
(0.63)
(0.55)

10.5
16.3
15.2
11.4

(0.35)
(0.49)
(0.75)
(0.71)

3.0
5.3
6.0
6.3

1.8 (0.09)
1.9 (0.11)
1.2 (0.18)

1.0 (0.30)

4.2 (1.21)

*3.8 (1.43)

12.6
12.4
15.3
12.3
9.0
*10.6
19.5
17.5
21.1

8.0
7.8
10.5
10.5
5.0

(0.21)
(0.24)
(0.42)
(1.21)
(0.70)

10.5 (1.80)
*10.0 (4.32)
10.7 (2.94)

12.6
12.8
14.1
14.3
7.8

(0.27)
(0.31)
(0.66)
(2.83)
(0.91)

17.6 (2.37)
18.2 (5.10)
24.4 (4.17)

4.2
4.3
4.0
*3.2
1.3

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age4
1844 years . . . .
4564 years . . . .
6574 years . . . .
75 years and over

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One race5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white . .

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(0.30)
(0.36)
(0.62)
(0.65)

6.0
10.8
7.9
5.5

(0.27)
(0.30)
(0.72)
(2.39)
(0.83)
(4.22)
(2.13)
(4.48)
(3.80)

(0.21)
(0.24)
(0.62)
(2.30)
(0.62)

15.1 (2.06)
14.0 (3.99)
17.3 (3.63)

7.5
7.8
6.3
4.5
6.4

(0.19)
(0.27)
(0.49)
(0.64)

Race
(0.15)
(0.18)
(0.31)
(1.11)
(0.28)

7.8 (1.64)
*9.8 (4.70)
8.2 (2.29)

Hispanic or Latino origin7 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

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1.0
0.8
1.9
2.0
1.2

(0.20)
(0.23)
(0.10)
(0.12)
(0.18)

10.1
8.8
13.2
12.9
15.3

(0.56)
(0.72)
(0.30)
(0.35)
(0.74)

6.9
6.2
8.4
8.0
10.6

(0.49)
(0.62)
(0.24)
(0.27)
(0.63)

4.8
4.7
8.0
8.4
6.3

(0.37)
(0.48)
(0.24)
(0.28)
(0.43)

9.1
8.4
13.3
13.5
14.3

(0.51)
(0.64)
(0.30)
(0.36)
(0.68)

3.0
2.9
4.4
4.6
4.0

(0.32)
(0.38)
(0.17)
(0.21)
(0.32)

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.
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3.6
2.2
2.0
1.2

(0.32)
(0.21)
(0.21)
(0.18)

11.1
10.3
13.9
12.1

(0.66)
(0.47)
(0.53)
(0.49)

7.7
7.2
9.6
7.0

(0.55)
(0.40)
(0.46)
(0.37)

5.0
6.3
8.7
10.6

(0.43)
(0.37)
(0.41)
(0.46)

11.1
12.8
15.1
14.0

(0.63)
(0.54)
(0.50)
(0.52)

5.9
4.9
4.8
3.1

(0.47)
(0.32)
(0.31)
(0.26)

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2.9
1.4
1.9
1.4
1.5
0.9

(0.19)
(0.12)
(0.24)
(0.22)
(0.45)
(0.21)

14.1
12.4
12.7
12.1
10.9
13.2

(0.43)
(0.35)
(0.68)
(0.64)
(0.77)
(0.68)

9.9
7.6
8.1
7.6
6.8
7.7

(0.37)
(0.28)
(0.54)
(0.53)
(0.61)
(0.54)

6.1
8.4
7.5
7.0
8.7
10.5

(0.30)
(0.28)
(0.53)
(0.46)
(0.68)
(0.61)

12.2
13.1
13.2
13.2
11.6
13.9

(0.41)
(0.35)
(0.69)
(0.65)
(0.72)
(0.69)

6.1
3.4
3.7
3.6
3.6
3.0

(0.28)
(0.20)
(0.39)
(0.35)
(0.55)
(0.40)

Education8
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED9 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

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Family income10
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

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Poverty status11
Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
See footnotes at end of table.

2.8 (0.34)
3.3 (0.31)
1.4 (0.11)

15.4 (0.65)
13.5 (0.64)
12.3 (0.35)

11.2 (0.57)
9.0 (0.52)
7.6 (0.27)

5.6 (0.44)
6.8 (0.51)
8.3 (0.27)

11.6 (0.61)
12.5 (0.64)
13.2 (0.34)

6.7 (0.48)
5.5 (0.41)
3.6 (0.19)

Page 26 [ Series 10, No. 252


Table 4. Age-adjusted percentages of selected respiratory diseases among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010Con.
Selected respiratory diseases1
Asthma
Selected characteristic

Emphysema

Ever had

Health insurance coverage12


Under 65 years:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 years and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

Still has

Hay fever

Sinusitis

Chronic
bronchitis

Percent2 (standard error)

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0.6
2.9
4.1
1.0

(0.07)
(0.38)
(0.84)
(0.19)

13.0
18.1
15.5
10.8

(0.38)
(0.95)
(1.37)
(0.56)

7.7
13.9
11.3
6.6

(0.30)
(0.85)
(1.23)
(0.45)

8.7
6.6
10.7
5.0

(0.32)
(0.68)
(1.28)
(0.38)

13.6
12.5
14.3
8.6

(0.38)
(0.81)
(1.44)
(0.49)

3.1
8.1
8.4
3.3

(0.20)
(0.63)
(1.34)
(0.33)

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5.6
9.0
5.0
7.1

(0.53)
(1.56)
(0.65)
(1.62)

10.7
21.0
9.8
12.5

(0.70)
(2.01)
(0.89)
(2.07)

7.6
16.7
7.2
7.9

(0.59)
(1.89)
(0.80)
(1.53)

7.2
6.1
6.4
7.6

(0.62)
(1.27)
(0.69)
(1.74)

14.4
18.0
10.9
13.5
*7.9

(0.78)
(2.06)
(0.79)
(2.07)
(3.59)

5.4
11.7
5.4
8.4

(0.52)
(1.76)
(0.66)
(1.77)

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1.6
2.4
2.6
1.4
3.4

(0.13)
(0.32)
(0.29)
(0.28)
(0.90)

11.0
14.9
14.9
13.7
13.4

(0.35)
(2.69)
(0.70)
(0.63)
(1.15)

6.8
11.0
10.7
8.9
8.4

(0.27)
(2.35)
(0.59)
(0.55)
(0.87)

8.4
7.5
7.1
7.9
5.2

(0.30)
(1.58)
(0.45)
(0.58)
(0.77)

12.9
13.0
15.2
11.9
11.0

(0.39)
(1.94)
(0.74)
(0.63)
(1.10)

3.6
5.6
5.2
4.6
4.7

(0.20)
(0.66)
(0.43)
(0.45)
(0.86)

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

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Place of residence13
Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1.3 (0.12)
2.1 (0.18)
2.7 (0.26)

12.6 (0.35)
13.0 (0.50)
12.4 (0.65)

7.9 (0.29)
8.4 (0.40)
8.5 (0.55)

7.7 (0.28)
7.9 (0.39)
6.5 (0.50)

11.9 (0.33)
13.0 (0.50)
14.7 (0.82)

3.7 (0.19)
4.6 (0.30)
5.1 (0.42)

1.7
2.3
1.9
1.2

12.8
12.3
12.3
13.9

8.7
8.2
7.7
8.4

8.1
6.9
7.0
8.8

11.7
12.8
15.6
8.9

3.8
4.7
4.7
3.1

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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(0.22)
(0.24)
(0.15)
(0.16)

(0.72)
(0.56)
(0.41)
(0.53)

(0.60)
(0.45)
(0.33)
(0.43)

(0.54)
(0.44)
(0.33)
(0.44)

(0.67)
(0.58)
(0.47)
(0.46)

(0.33)
(0.34)
(0.28)
(0.26)

Hispanic or Latino origin7, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

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. . . . . . . .
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*1.0 (0.31)
0.9 (0.24)
2.2
1.8
1.8
0.8

(0.19)
(0.15)
(0.36)
(0.18)

7.6 (0.75)
12.7 (0.78)
11.3
14.5
12.8
17.3

(0.46)
(0.50)
(1.03)
(0.97)

4.7 (0.64)
9.2 (0.70)
5.7
10.1
7.5
13.0

(0.33)
(0.42)
(0.87)
(0.87)

4.0 (0.52)
5.7 (0.56)

6.7 (0.65)
11.5 (0.76)

2.0 (0.43)
3.9 (0.45)

7.5
9.2
5.0
7.3

10.2
16.7
11.9
16.2

3.3
5.7
2.8
5.1

(0.40)
(0.38)
(0.62)
(0.61)

(0.45)
(0.52)
(0.97)
(0.90)

(0.25)
(0.32)
(0.44)
(0.47)

Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
Quantity zero.
1
Respondents were asked in two separate questions if they had ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that they had emphysema or asthma. Respondents who had been told they had
asthma were asked if they still had asthma. Respondents were asked in three separate questions if they had been told by a doctor or other health professional in the past 12 months that they had hay
fever, sinusitis, or bronchitis. A person may be represented in more than one column.
2

Unknowns for the columns were not included in the denominators when calculating percentages (see Appendix I). Percentages may not add to totals due to rounding.
Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

3
4

Estimates for age groups are not age adjusted.


In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix I), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.
Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the
category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The
tables in this report use the complete new OMB race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the category One race, Black or
African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.
5

6
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies
for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.
7

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,
regardless of race.

8
Shown only for persons aged 25 years and over. Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. standard population using four age groups: 2544 years, 4564 years, 6574 years, and 75
years and over.
9

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.


The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see
Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be
comparable with those from earlier years.
10

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 27


11

Based on family income and family size using the Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
12
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Persons under age 65
years and those aged 65 years and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type
of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for persons aged 65 years and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in
combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that
paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix I). Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using two age groups for
persons under age 65 (1844 years and 4564 years), and two age groups for persons aged 65 years and over (6574 years and 75 years and over).
13
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTES: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Unless otherwise specified, estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S.
population as the standard population using four age groups: 1844 years, 4564 years, 6574 years, and 75 years and over. For crude percentages, refer to Table V in Appendix III.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2010.

Page 28 [ Series 10, No. 252


Table 5. Frequencies of cancer among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010
All persons
aged 18
years and
over

Selected characteristic

Males aged
18 years
and over

Females
aged 18
years and
over

Selected type of cancer1


Any
cancer

Breast
cancer

Cervical
cancer

Prostate
cancer

Number in thousands2
3

Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

229,505

110,929

118,576

19,441

3,169

1,448

2,457

110,929
118,576

110,929
...

...
118,576

8,470
10,971

*41
3,128

...
1,448

2,457
...

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age
1844 years . . . .
4564 years . . . .
6574 years . . . .
75 years and over

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110,615
80,198
21,291
17,401

55,156
39,006
9,817
6,951

55,460
41,193
11,474
10,450

2,427
7,939
4,343
4,732

*91
1,387
803
888

675
581
*108
*85

634
679
1,138

One race4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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.

226,314
185,330
27,807
1,795
11,096
284
3,191
625
1,394

109,498
90,748
12,570
795
5,271
114
1,431
273
592

116,815
94,583
15,237
1,000
5,825
170
1,761
353
802

19,217
17,476
1,291
164
285

224

177

3,128
2,691
309

101

*40

1,422
1,288
114

*9

2,454
2,086
269

Race

Hispanic or Latino origin6 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

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32,094
19,712
197,411
156,119
26,689

16,529
10,049
94,400
75,723
11,959

15,565
9,663
103,011
80,396
14,730

965
512
18,476
16,625
1,257

205
111
2,964
2,501
307

142
83
1,306
1,171
96

*97
*42
2,360
2,029
269

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28,159
53,058
56,710
61,185

14,039
25,504
25,519
30,619

14,120
27,553
31,190
30,566

2,474
5,197
5,694
5,789

420
950
910
869

206
402
550
233

335
644
663
809

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74,281
141,904
31,868
38,780
26,379
44,877

33,530
71,118
15,438
19,431
13,325
22,924

40,751
70,787
16,429
19,350
13,054
21,953

6,505
11,490
2,974
2,926
2,189
3,400

1,110
1,753
454
546
400
353

592
835
200
320
*127
189

715
1,578
440
379
274
484

Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

28,677
36,390
145,271

12,296
17,346
72,811

16,381
19,044
72,460

1,526
2,876
12,909

239
439
2,085

160
350
859

104
282
1,841

Education7
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED8 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
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.
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.
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.
.

Family income9
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

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Poverty status10

See footnotes at end of table.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 29


Table 5. Frequencies of cancer among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010Con.
All persons
aged 18
years and
over

Selected characteristic

Males aged
18 years
and over

Health insurance coverage11


Under 65 years:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 years and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

Females
aged 18
years and
over

Selected type of cancer1


Any
cancer

Breast
cancer

Cervical
cancer

Prostate
cancer

Number in thousands2

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123,257
18,030
8,012
40,684

60,321
6,516
4,299
22,614

62,936
11,514
3,713
18,070

7,352
1,069
802
1,122

1,141
155
*71
*111

742
259
*47
208

549

*42

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20,579
2,633
12,633
2,406
379

8,751
883
5,377
1,523
208

11,828
1,750
7,256
883
171

5,189
481
2,692
680

946
112
551
*81

*102

*56

1,067
*69
524
157

Marital status
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .

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.

124,307
13,676
26,083
49,249
15,915

62,806
2,804
10,651
26,642
7,916

61,501
10,872
15,433
22,607
7,998

11,694
2,699
2,899
1,353
786

1,605
773
572
134
*85

656
152
338
197
*105

1,909
245
154
*92
*57

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

121,307
71,921
36,277

59,464
34,312
17,152

61,843
37,608
19,125

9,427
6,351
3,664

1,753
856
560

664
463
322

1,284
813
361

.
.
.
.

40,577
53,316
81,721
53,891

19,622
25,559
39,314
26,434

20,955
27,756
42,408
27,457

3,435
4,841
7,231
3,934

594
700
1,121
754

204
386
586
272

454
642
876
486

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

16,529
15,565

16,529
...

...
15,565

319
646

205

...
142

*97
...

.
.
.
.

75,723
80,396
11,959
14,730

75,723
...
11,959
...

...
80,396
...
14,730

7,505
9,120
491
766

*41
2,460

307

...
1,171
...
96

2,029
...
269
...

Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

Place of residence12

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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Hispanic or Latino origin6, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

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. . . Category not applicable.


* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
Quantity zero.
1
Respondents were asked if they had ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that they had a cancer or malignancy of any kind. They were then asked to name the kind of cancer they
had. A person may be represented in more than one column.
2
Unknowns for the rows or columns are not included in the frequencies (see Appendix I), but they are included in the All persons aged 18 years and over column. The numbers in this table are
rounded.
3

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.
Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the
category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The
tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the
category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.
5
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies
for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.
6

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,
regardless of race.

Shown only for persons aged 25 years and over.


GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.
9
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see
Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be
comparable with those from earlier years.
8

10

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.

Page 30 [ Series 10, No. 252


11
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Persons under age 65
years and those aged 65 years and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type
of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for persons aged 65 years and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in
combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that
paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II).
12
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTE: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2010.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 31


Table 6. Age-adjusted percentages of cancer among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010
Selected type of cancer1

Selected characteristic

Any cancer

Breast
cancer

Cervical
cancer

Prostate
cancer

Percent2 (standard error)


3

Total (age-adjusted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total3 (crude) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8.2 (0.18)
8.5 (0.20)

1.3 (0.07)
1.4 (0.08)

1.2 (0.10)
1.2 (0.10)

2.4 (0.15)
2.2 (0.15)

7.9 (0.27)
8.6 (0.24)

*0.0 (0.02)
2.4 (0.13)

...
1.2 (0.10)

2.4 (0.15)
...

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age4
1844 years . . . .
4564 years . . . .
6574 years . . . .
75 years and over

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2.2
9.9
20.4
27.2

One race5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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8.1
8.8
5.3
11.0
3.1

(0.15)
(0.37)
(0.90)
(1.03)

*0.1
1.7
3.8
5.1

(0.03)
(0.14)
(0.43)
(0.48)

1.2
1.4
*0.9
*0.8

(0.15)
(0.18)
(0.29)
(0.31)

1.6 (0.25)
6.9 (0.78)
16.4 (1.46)

Race
(0.18)
(0.20)
(0.36)
(2.06)
(0.51)

10.0 (1.87)
8.7 (0.61)
13.5 (2.76)

1.3 (0.07)
1.3 (0.08)
1.2 (0.17)

1.1 (0.29)

*1.7 (0.72)
8.1 (0.00)

1.2 (0.10)
1.4 (0.13)
0.7 (0.17)

*0.2 (0.07)

2.5
2.4
3.3
*9.3
*1.3

(0.15)
(0.17)
(0.48)
(3.98)
(0.58)

Hispanic or Latino origin7 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

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3.9
3.7
8.6
9.4
5.3

(0.36)
(0.47)
(0.19)
(0.23)
(0.37)

0.9
0.8
1.3
1.4
1.2

(0.17)
(0.23)
(0.08)
(0.08)
(0.17)

0.9
0.8
1.3
1.5
0.6

(0.19)
(0.24)
(0.11)
(0.14)
(0.16)

1.2
*1.1
2.5
2.5
3.3

(0.34)
(0.50)
(0.17)
(0.19)
(0.49)

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7.1
8.6
10.7
10.4

(0.43)
(0.37)
(0.40)
(0.44)

1.2
1.5
1.7
1.6

(0.17)
(0.15)
(0.19)
(0.16)

1.6
1.5
1.8
0.7

(0.34)
(0.28)
(0.23)
(0.15)

1.9
2.5
3.8
3.2

(0.31)
(0.32)
(0.41)
(0.39)

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7.9
8.6
8.6
8.0
9.2
8.7

(0.28)
(0.26)
(0.45)
(0.46)
(0.69)
(0.57)

1.3
1.3
1.3
1.5
1.4
0.9

(0.11)
(0.10)
(0.20)
(0.21)
(0.26)
(0.17)

1.5
1.1
1.2
1.7
*0.9
*0.8

(0.19)
(0.14)
(0.28)
(0.32)
(0.29)
(0.24)

2.0
2.8
2.6
2.6
3.3
2.9

(0.21)
(0.24)
(0.36)
(0.42)
(0.66)
(0.55)

Education8
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED9 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
.
.
.

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.
.
.

.
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.
.

.
.
.
.

Family income10
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

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.
.

Poverty status11
Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
See footnotes at end of table.

6.5 (0.46)
7.8 (0.43)
8.7 (0.25)

1.1 (0.18)
1.2 (0.16)
1.4 (0.10)

1.0 (0.19)
1.9 (0.35)
1.2 (0.14)

1.6 (0.42)
1.7 (0.30)
2.8 (0.21)

Page 32 [ Series 10, No. 252


Table 6. Age-adjusted percentages of cancer among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010Con.
Selected type of cancer1

Selected characteristic

Any cancer

Health insurance coverage12


Under 65 years:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65 years and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Breast
cancer

Cervical
cancer

Prostate
cancer

Percent2 (standard error)


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5.1
6.4
8.1
3.0

(0.21)
(0.56)
(1.11)
(0.27)

0.7
1.0
*0.5
*0.3

(0.07)
(0.22)
(0.17)
(0.09)

1.1
2.3
*1.9
1.1

(0.14)
(0.47)
(0.82)
(0.24)

0.7 (0.13)

*0.5 (0.22)

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25.3
18.4
21.6
28.4
*7.9

(0.97)
(2.19)
(1.16)
(2.55)
(3.94)

4.6
4.4
4.4
*3.4

(0.46)
(1.14)
(0.58)
(1.19)

*0.9 (0.28)

*0.8 (0.31)

12.6
*8.9
10.4
10.7

(1.19)
(3.03)
(1.33)
(2.26)

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8.7
11.3
9.4
6.7
8.1

(0.27)
(2.07)
(0.54)
(0.60)
(1.25)

1.1
2.0
1.5
1.0
*1.1

(0.10)
(0.30)
(0.23)
(0.24)
(0.52)

1.1
*3.9
2.5
0.8
*1.2

2.7
1.9
1.3
*1.9
*3.1

(0.21)
(0.38)
(0.31)
(0.62)
(1.47)

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

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.

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.
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.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

(0.15)
(1.94)
(0.46)
(0.18)
(0.41)

Place of residence13
Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7.8 (0.25)
8.5 (0.32)
8.8 (0.43)

1.5 (0.11)
1.1 (0.11)
1.3 (0.15)

1.1 (0.14)
1.2 (0.19)
1.7 (0.29)

2.7 (0.23)
2.5 (0.26)
1.8 (0.31)

7.6
8.7
8.6
7.4

1.3
1.2
1.3
1.4

0.9
1.4
1.4
1.0

2.3
2.8
2.4
2.3

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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.
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.
.

(0.41)
(0.37)
(0.30)
(0.37)

(0.15)
(0.14)
(0.12)
(0.16)

(0.18)
(0.22)
(0.20)
(0.17)

(0.36)
(0.33)
(0.24)
(0.32)

Hispanic or Latino origin7, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

3.3 (0.53)
4.8 (0.48)

.
.
.
.

9.1
9.9
5.5
5.4

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.
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.
.

(0.34)
(0.32)
(0.63)
(0.49)

1.6 (0.32)

...
0.9 (0.19)

1.2 (0.34)
...

*0.0 (0.02)
2.5 (0.16)

2.1 (0.29)

...
1.5 (0.14)
...
0.6 (0.16)

2.5 (0.19)
...
3.3 (0.49)
...

* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
. . . Category not applicable.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
Quantity zero.
1
Respondents were asked if they had ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that they had a cancer or malignancy of any kind. They were then asked to name the kind of cancer they
had. A person may be represented in more than one column.
2

Unknowns for the columns were not included in the denominators when calculating percentages (see Appendix I). Further, the denominators for calculating cervical cancer and prostate cancer
percentages are sex-specific, while the denominators for calculating breast cancer percentages encompass all adults. Percentages may not add to totals due to rounding.

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

Estimates for age groups are not age adjusted.


In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.
Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the
category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The
tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the
category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.
5

6
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies
for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.
7

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,
regardless of race.

8
Shown only for persons aged 25 years and over. Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. standard population using four age groups: 2544 years, 4564 years, 6574 years, and 75
years and over.
9

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.


The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see
Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be
comparable with those from earlier years.
10

11

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 33


12
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Persons under age 65
years and those aged 65 years and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type
of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for persons aged 65 years and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in
combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that
paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II). Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using two age groups for
persons under age 65 (1844 years and 4564 years), and two age groups for persons aged 65 and over (6574 years and 75 years and over).
13
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTES: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Unless otherwise specified, estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S.
population as the standard population using four age groups: 1844 years, 4564 years, 6574 years, and 75 years and over. For crude percentages, refer to Table VI in Appendix III.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2010.

Page 34 [ Series 10, No. 252


Table 7. Frequencies of selected diseases and conditions among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010
Selected diseases and conditions
All persons
aged
18 years
and over

Selected characteristic

Diabetes

Ulcers

Kidney
disease2

Liver
disease2

Arthritis
diagnosis3

Chronic
joint
symptoms3

Number in thousands4
Total5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

229,505

20,974

14,992

3,931

3,288

51,948

67,024

110,929
118,576

10,804
10,170

6,703
8,289

1,775
2,156

1,721
1,567

21,152
30,796

30,141
36,883

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age
.
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.

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.
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.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

110,615
80,198
21,291
17,401

3,022
9,676
4,563
3,713

4,591
6,418
2,241
1,742

804
1,578
740
809

978
1,835
309
167

7,838
24,292
10,426
9,391

18,794
30,801
9,572
7,857

One race6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
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.

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.

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.

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.
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.
.
.
.
.
.

226,314
185,330
27,807
1,795
11,096
284
3,191
625
1,394

20,640
16,180
3,257
266
891

335

260

14,701
12,449
1,620
170
449

291

224

3,904
3,093
704
*23
85

*27

3,263
2,615
426
*47
175

51,203
43,703
5,855
429
1,186
*31
744
*82
460

65,868
56,151
7,364
598
1,717
*38
1,156
160
640

1844 years . . . .
4564 years . . . .
6574 years . . . .
75 years and over

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
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.

.
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.

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.

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.

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.

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.

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.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Race

Hispanic or Latino origin8 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
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.

.
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.
.

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.

.
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.
.
.

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.
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.

.
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.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

32,094
19,712
197,411
156,119
26,689

3,178
1,977
17,796
13,269
3,144

1,510
898
13,482
11,110
1,541

549
369
3,382
2,574
686

569
342
2,720
2,141
363

3,774
2,100
48,173
40,316
5,682

6,033
3,603
60,991
50,806
7,099

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

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.
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.

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.
.

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.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

28,159
53,058
56,710
61,185

4,816
6,082
5,780
3,977

2,994
4,021
4,530
2,776

992
1,041
1,189
525

605
878
896
680

8,326
15,563
15,718
11,582

9,518
18,710
19,865
15,104

.
.
.
.
.
.

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.
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.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

74,281
141,904
31,868
38,780
26,379
44,877

8,733
10,934
3,148
3,396
1,932
2,457

6,313
8,103
2,277
2,444
1,321
2,061

2,090
1,672
648
469
356
199

1,378
1,845
476
393
376
599

19,606
29,029
7,368
8,712
4,931
8,019

24,153
39,183
9,832
10,916
7,171
11,263

Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

28,677
36,390
145,271

2,859
4,065
11,812

2,178
2,961
8,632

941
774
1,858

627
613
1,836

6,191
8,765
31,851

8,403
11,334
41,719

Education9
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED10 .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

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Family income11
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

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Poverty status12

See footnotes at end of table.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 35


Table 7. Frequencies of selected diseases and conditions among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010Con.
Selected diseases and conditions
All persons
aged
18 years
and over

Selected characteristic

Diabetes

Ulcers

Health insurance coverage13


Under 65 years:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 years and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

Kidney
disease2

Liver
disease2

Arthritis
diagnosis3

Chronic
joint
symptoms3

Number in thousands4

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123,257
18,030
8,012
40,684

7,342
1,983
1,340
2,022

6,403
1,681
832
2,085

905
667
284
527

1,436
611
348
391

20,839
3,974
2,945
4,305

31,867
5,121
3,488
8,937

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20,579
2,633
12,633
2,406
379

4,070
749
2,770
641
*37

2,042
397
1,169
359

670
272
475
124

191
*90
126
*56

10,875
1,524
6,042
1,258
87

9,291
1,327
5,637
1,062
*84

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124,307
13,676
26,083
49,249
15,915

12,282
2,752
3,206
1,896
812

8,192
1,568
2,579
1,668
957

1,851
556
685
582
251

1,667
186
590
581
259

30,059
7,071
8,006
4,308
2,472

37,520
6,315
9,819
8,948
4,349

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

121,307
71,921
36,277

10,136
6,488
4,350

6,803
4,779
3,411

1,776
1,260
895

1,790
841
657

24,382
16,915
10,651

31,528
22,279
13,218

.
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.
.

40,577
53,316
81,721
53,891

3,130
4,922
8,498
4,425

1,903
4,063
5,624
3,402

583
928
1,661
759

515
750
1,144
879

9,086
13,915
18,879
10,068

10,871
17,724
24,214
14,215

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

16,529
15,565

1,469
1,709

650
860

236
313

290
278

1,371
2,403

2,677
3,357

.
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.
.

75,723
80,396
11,959
14,730

7,239
6,030
1,434
1,710

5,019
6,090
671
870

1,182
1,392
327
358

1,135
1,006
195
168

17,129
23,187
1,807
3,875

23,822
26,984
2,460
4,639

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

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Place of residence14

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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Hispanic or Latino origin8, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

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* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
Quantity zero.
1
In separate questions, respondents were asked if they had ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that they had: an ulcer (including a stomach, duodenal, or peptic ulcer) or diabetes
(or sugar diabetes; female respondents were instructed to exclude pregnancy-related diabetes). Responses from persons who said they had borderline diabetes were treated as unknown with
respect to diabetes. A person may be represented in more than one column.
2
In separate questions, respondents were asked if they had been told in the last 12 months by a doctor or other health professional that they had: weak or failing kidneys (excluding kidney stones,
bladder infections, or incontinence) or any kind of liver condition.
3
Respondents were asked if they had ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that they had some form of arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, lupus, or fibromyalgia. Those who answered
yes were classified as having an arthritis diagnosis. Respondents were also asked: During the past 30 days, have you had pain, aching, or stiffness in or around a joint? (excluding back and neck)
and, if yes, Did your joint symptoms first begin more than 3 months ago? Respondents with symptoms that began more than 3 months ago were classified in this table as having chronic joint
symptoms.
4

Unknowns for the columns were not included in the frequencies (see Appendix I) but they are included in the All persons aged 18 years and over column. The numbers in this table are rounded.
Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.
6
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.
Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the
category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The
tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the
category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.
5

7
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies
for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.
8

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,
regardless of race.

Shown only for persons aged 25 years and over.


GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

10

Page 36 [ Series 10, No. 252


11
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see
Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be
comparable with those from earlier years.
12

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
13
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Persons under age 65
years and those aged 65 years and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type
of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for persons aged 65 years and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in
combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that
paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II).
14
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTE: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2010.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 37


Table 8. Age-adjusted percentages of selected diseases and conditions among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010
Selected diseases and conditions

Diabetes1

Selected characteristic

Ulcers1

Kidney
disease2

Liver
disease2

Arthritis
diagnosis3

Chronic joint
symptoms3

Percent4 (standard error)


Total5 (age-adjusted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total5 (crude) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8.8 (0.19)
9.3 (0.20)

6.4 (0.18)
6.5 (0.18)

1.7 (0.08)
1.7 (0.08)

1.4 (0.08)
1.4 (0.08)

21.6 (0.28)
22.7 (0.33)

28.2 (0.33)
29.2 (0.36)

9.8 (0.31)
8.0 (0.25)

6.0 (0.26)
6.7 (0.24)

1.6 (0.12)
1.7 (0.12)

1.5 (0.13)
1.2 (0.10)

18.8 (0.41)
24.1 (0.38)

26.7 (0.49)
29.5 (0.45)

(0.22)
(0.32)
(0.71)
(0.74)

0.7
2.0
3.5
4.7

(0.09)
(0.16)
(0.38)
(0.47)

0.9
2.3
1.5
1.0

(0.10)
(0.18)
(0.24)
(0.21)

7.1
30.3
49.0
54.1

(0.28)
(0.59)
(1.07)
(1.16)

17.0
38.4
45.0
45.3

(0.42)
(0.65)
(1.09)
(1.20)

(0.18)
(0.20)
(0.42)
(2.43)
(0.55)

10.7 (2.19)

15.8 (4.01)

1.7
1.6
2.8
*1.1
0.9

(0.08)
(0.09)
(0.30)
(0.51)
(0.23)

*1.0 (0.47)

1.4
1.3
1.5
*2.6
1.6

(0.08)
(0.09)
(0.23)
(0.85)
(0.33)

21.5
21.8
22.4
25.5
12.1
17.2
29.4
23.3
33.8

(0.28)
(0.31)
(0.70)
(3.95)
(0.86)
(3.90)
(2.54)
(4.77)
(3.83)

28.0
28.8
27.4
33.0
16.3
19.7
41.0
28.4
46.1

(0.33)
(0.37)
(0.86)
(4.40)
(1.11)
(4.25)
(2.75)
(6.39)
(4.39)

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age6
1844 years . . . .
4564 years . . . .
6574 years . . . .
75 years and over

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2.8
12.3
22.0
21.7

(0.17)
(0.39)
(0.93)
(0.97)

4.2
8.0
10.5
10.0

One race7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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8.8
8.2
12.9
16.3
9.1
*23.7
14.7
20.1
19.6

(0.19)
(0.21)
(0.51)
(3.38)
(0.83)
(7.45)
(2.18)
(5.77)
(3.56)

6.3
6.4
6.0
9.9
4.4

Race

Hispanic or Latino origin9 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

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13.2
14.3
8.4
7.6
12.9

(0.60)
(0.84)
(0.20)
(0.22)
(0.52)

5.4
5.6
6.5
6.7
6.0

(0.40)
(0.54)
(0.20)
(0.23)
(0.43)

2.1
2.5
1.6
1.5
2.9

(0.25)
(0.37)
(0.09)
(0.10)
(0.31)

1.9
1.9
1.3
1.3
1.4

(0.25)
(0.30)
(0.09)
(0.10)
(0.22)

15.6
15.4
22.4
22.9
22.5

(0.58)
(0.76)
(0.31)
(0.35)
(0.71)

22.0
22.3
29.3
30.4
27.4

(0.72)
(0.98)
(0.36)
(0.42)
(0.87)

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14.7
10.6
10.3
7.1

(0.61)
(0.42)
(0.42)
(0.39)

9.7
7.3
7.9
4.7

(0.59)
(0.41)
(0.39)
(0.32)

3.1
1.8
2.2
1.0

(0.29)
(0.18)
(0.21)
(0.13)

2.2
1.5
1.5
1.1

(0.26)
(0.18)
(0.17)
(0.15)

24.6
26.4
27.7
20.2

(0.76)
(0.61)
(0.61)
(0.55)

30.6
33.2
34.6
25.2

(0.90)
(0.74)
(0.66)
(0.59)

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11.2
7.9
9.4
9.0
7.8
6.0

(0.34)
(0.26)
(0.52)
(0.47)
(0.71)
(0.51)

8.3
5.7
6.9
6.3
5.2
4.9

(0.32)
(0.22)
(0.49)
(0.42)
(0.58)
(0.46)

2.7
1.2
1.9
1.2
1.7
0.6

(0.17)
(0.10)
(0.25)
(0.17)
(0.33)
(0.19)

1.9
1.2
1.5
1.0
1.3
1.3

(0.16)
(0.11)
(0.22)
(0.17)
(0.23)
(0.25)

24.6
20.6
21.6
22.6
19.7
18.8

(0.49)
(0.37)
(0.71)
(0.70)
(0.91)
(0.70)

31.6
27.1
29.8
27.9
26.5
25.3

(0.56)
(0.44)
(0.87)
(0.80)
(1.05)
(0.85)

Education10
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED11 .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Family income12
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

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.

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.

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.
.
.
.

Poverty status13
Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
See footnotes at end of table.

12.4 (0.59)
11.5 (0.53)
7.8 (0.24)

8.5 (0.53)
8.2 (0.48)
5.8 (0.22)

3.8 (0.36)
2.1 (0.23)
1.3 (0.10)

2.4 (0.28)
1.8 (0.22)
1.2 (0.10)

25.7 (0.84)
24.1 (0.68)
20.7 (0.35)

32.6 (0.86)
31.5 (0.83)
27.4 (0.42)

Page 38 [ Series 10, No. 252


Table 8. Age-adjusted percentages of selected diseases and conditions among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010Con.
Selected diseases and conditions

Diabetes1

Selected characteristic

Ulcers1

Health insurance coverage14


Under 65 years:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 years and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

Kidney
disease2

Liver
disease2

Arthritis
diagnosis3

Chronic joint
symptoms3

Percent4 (standard error)

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.
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5.3
12.3
12.8
5.6

(0.22)
(0.80)
(1.39)
(0.40)

4.9
9.8
8.4
5.3

(0.21)
(0.74)
(1.03)
(0.39)

0.7
3.9
2.6
1.4

(0.08)
(0.49)
(0.66)
(0.19)

1.1
3.7
3.4
1.0

(0.11)
(0.47)
(0.68)
(0.16)

14.7
23.7
27.0
11.7

(0.34)
(1.04)
(1.70)
(0.62)

23.9
30.1
35.7
23.1

(0.46)
(1.11)
(2.08)
(0.74)

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.

.
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.

.
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.
.

.
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.
.

.
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.
.

.
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.
.

.
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.
.

.
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.

.
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.

.
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.

.
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.

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.

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.

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20.2
28.6
22.5
27.4
*8.2

(0.92)
(2.28)
(1.25)
(2.79)
(3.31)

9.9
14.9
9.2
14.9

(0.70)
(1.91)
(0.82)
(2.35)

3.3
10.2
3.8
5.2

(0.36)
(1.48)
(0.51)
(1.41)

0.9
3.3
1.0
*2.3

(0.21)
(0.97)
(0.24)
(0.85)

53.0
58.2
48.2
52.4
20.1

(1.14)
(2.61)
(1.31)
(3.32)
(5.72)

45.2
50.4
44.8
44.4
17.5

(1.12)
(2.50)
(1.44)
(3.48)
(4.56)

Marital status
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .

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.
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9.0
13.2
10.5
7.8
8.9

(0.29)
(2.06)
(0.56)
(0.55)
(1.20)

6.3
7.2
9.6
4.7
6.8

(0.27)
(1.19)
(0.56)
(0.40)
(0.91)

1.4
*2.3
2.3
2.0
1.9

(0.11)
(0.74)
(0.32)
(0.30)
(0.35)

1.2
*1.5
1.7
1.4
1.6

(0.11)
(0.67)
(0.22)
(0.23)
(0.38)

21.5
29.8
26.7
18.6
23.5

(0.40)
(3.51)
(0.82)
(0.79)
(1.53)

27.7
36.7
33.9
26.7
32.5

(0.49)
(3.75)
(0.95)
(0.89)
(1.58)

Place of residence15
Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8.4 (0.27)
8.7 (0.35)
10.5 (0.48)

5.5 (0.23)
6.4 (0.31)
8.9 (0.50)

1.5 (0.11)
1.7 (0.15)
2.2 (0.23)

1.4 (0.12)
1.1 (0.12)
1.7 (0.22)

19.9 (0.39)
22.4 (0.52)
25.6 (0.68)

25.6 (0.46)
29.9 (0.62)
33.6 (0.91)

7.1
8.9
10.1
8.3

4.4
7.4
6.7
6.3

1.3
1.7
2.0
1.4

1.2
1.3
1.3
1.6

20.2
24.8
22.0
18.8

25.3
32.0
28.6
26.2

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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(0.45)
(0.40)
(0.33)
(0.37)

(0.36)
(0.38)
(0.30)
(0.39)

(0.18)
(0.17)
(0.16)
(0.14)

(0.21)
(0.17)
(0.13)
(0.17)

(0.65)
(0.64)
(0.43)
(0.57)

(0.86)
(0.72)
(0.52)
(0.67)

Hispanic or Latino origin9, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

12.9 (0.87)
13.6 (0.78)

4.8 (0.60)
6.0 (0.58)

2.0 (0.37)
2.3 (0.35)

2.0 (0.41)
1.9 (0.30)

11.8 (0.85)
19.1 (0.83)

19.2 (1.06)
24.6 (0.99)

.
.
.
.

8.8
6.5
14.0
12.3

6.3
7.2
6.1
5.9

1.5
1.6
3.4
2.5

1.4
1.1
1.7
1.1

20.5
25.1
17.1
26.9

30.0
30.6
21.6
31.8

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.

(0.37)
(0.29)
(0.85)
(0.69)

(0.33)
(0.31)
(0.71)
(0.53)

(0.14)
(0.16)
(0.53)
(0.35)

(0.17)
(0.12)
(0.38)
(0.24)

(0.53)
(0.48)
(0.87)
(0.98)

(0.63)
(0.58)
(1.18)
(1.07)

* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
Quantity zero.
1
In separate questions, respondents were asked if they had ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that they had: an ulcer (including a stomach, duodenal, or peptic ulcer) or diabetes
(or sugar diabetes; female respondents were instructed to exclude pregnancy-related diabetes). Responses from persons who said they had borderline diabetes were treated as unknown with
respect to diabetes. A person may be represented in more than one column.
2
In separate questions, respondents were asked if they had been told in the last 12 months by a doctor or other health professional that they had: weak or failing kidneys (excluding kidney stones,
bladder infections, or incontinence) or any kind of liver condition.
3
Respondents were asked if they had ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that they had some form of arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, lupus, or fibromyalgia. Those who answered
yes were classified as having an arthritis diagnosis. Respondents were also asked: During the past 30 days, have you had pain, aching, or stiffness in or around a joint? (excluding back and neck)
and, if yes, Did your joint symptoms first begin more than 3 months ago? Respondents with symptoms that began more than 3 months ago were classified in this table as having chronic joint
symptoms.
4

Unknowns for the columns were not included in the denominators when calculating percentages (see Appendix I). Percentages may not add to totals due to rounding.
Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.
6
Estimates for age groups are not age adjusted.
7
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.
Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the
category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The
tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the
category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.
5

8
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies
for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.
9

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,
regardless of race.

10
Shown only for persons aged 25 years and over. Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. standard population using four age groups: 2544 years, 4564 years, 6574 years, and 75
years and over.
11

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 39


12
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see
Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be
comparable with those from earlier years.
13

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
14
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Persons under age 65
years and those aged 65 years and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type
of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for persons aged 65 years and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in
combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that
paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II). Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using two age groups for
persons under age 65 (1844 years and 4564 years), and two age groups for persons aged 65 years and over (6574 years and 75 years and over).
15
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTES: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Unless otherwise specified, estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S.
population as the standard population using four age groups: 1844 years, 4564 years, 6574 years, and 75 years and over. For crude percentages, refer to Table VII in Appendix III.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2010.

Page 40 [ Series 10, No. 252


Table 9. Frequencies of migraines and pain in neck, lower back, face, or jaw among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected
characteristics: United States, 2010
All persons
aged
18 years
and over

Selected characteristic

Migraines
or severe
headaches1

Pain in
neck2

Pain in
lower back3

Pain in
face or jaw4

Number in thousands5
6

Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

229,505

37,529

36,177

66,106

11,460

110,929
118,576

12,171
25,358

14,796
21,381

29,577
36,529

3,792
7,667

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age
.
.
.
.

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.

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.

.
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.
.

.
.
.
.

110,615
80,198
21,291
17,401

22,580
12,485
1,578
886

14,459
16,002
3,292
2,425

27,811
26,007
6,923
5,365

5,460
4,779
725
496

One race7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

.
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.
.

226,314
185,330
27,807
1,795
11,096
284
3,191
625
1,394

36,815
30,106
5,168
355
1,151
*35
713
126
429

35,537
30,434
3,725
306
1,061

640
79
393

65,046
54,857
7,536
543
2,054
*55
1,060
164
583

11,298
9,834
1,063
102
298

161
*29
*76

1844 years . . . .
4564 years . . . .
6574 years . . . .
75 years and over

.
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.

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.

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.
.

Race

Hispanic or Latino origin9 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

.
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.

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.

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.

.
.
.
.
.

32,094
19,712
197,411
156,119
26,689

5,475
3,274
32,053
25,135
4,999

4,595
2,722
31,583
26,277
3,577

8,429
4,970
57,677
47,256
7,223

1,411
859
10,048
8,562
1,024

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.

28,159
53,058
56,710
61,185

4,815
8,652
10,220
7,959

5,464
9,033
11,137
7,994

9,869
17,185
18,899
14,228

1,522
2,492
3,398
2,467

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74,281
141,904
31,868
38,780
26,379
44,877

14,559
21,291
5,365
6,164
3,568
6,195

14,112
20,440
5,382
5,528
3,489
6,041

25,143
37,467
9,655
10,629
6,753
10,430

4,770
6,274
1,749
1,671
971
1,883

Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

28,677
36,390
145,271

6,843
7,128
21,103

5,665
6,706
21,366

9,805
11,902
38,754

2,272
2,145
6,325

Education10
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED11 .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

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Family income12
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

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Poverty status13

See footnotes at end of table.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 41


Table 9. Frequencies of migraines and pain in neck, lower back, face, or jaw among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected
characteristics: United States, 2010Con.
All persons
aged
18 years
and over

Selected characteristic

Migraines
or severe
headaches1

Health insurance coverage14


Under 65 years:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 years and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

Pain in
neck2

Pain in
lower back3

Pain in
face or jaw4

Number in thousands5

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123,257
18,030
8,012
40,684

19,901
5,130
1,942
7,952

18,370
3,684
2,077
6,176

32,099
6,780
3,341
11,431

5,858
1,460
693
2,140

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20,579
2,633
12,633
2,406
379

1,188
323
808
118

2,820
669
1,807
388

6,654
1,007
3,731
799
*89

672
172
319
*57

Marital status
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .

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124,307
13,676
26,083
49,249
15,915

18,617
1,284
5,092
8,984
3,514

19,764
2,356
5,582
5,803
2,638

36,253
4,492
9,248
11,077
4,972

5,967
553
1,704
2,245
961

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

121,307
71,921
36,277

18,546
12,561
6,421

17,661
11,700
6,817

32,045
21,527
12,533

5,381
3,902
2,177

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.
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40,577
53,316
81,721
53,891

5,954
8,795
14,602
8,177

6,142
8,693
12,297
9,046

11,612
15,167
23,453
15,873

1,636
2,827
4,261
2,735

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

16,529
15,565

1,606
3,870

1,718
2,876

3,855
4,573

504
907

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.
.

75,723
80,396
11,959
14,730

8,567
16,568
1,459
3,541

11,247
15,029
1,172
2,405

21,859
25,397
2,605
4,618

2,837
5,725
298
726

Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

Place of residence15

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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Hispanic or Latino origin9, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

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* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
Quantity zero.
1
Respondents were asked, During the past three months, did you have a severe headache or migraine? Respondents were instructed to report pain that had lasted a whole day or more, and
conversely, not to report fleeting or minor aches or pains. A person may be represented in more than one column.
2
Respondents were asked, During the past three months, did you have neck pain? Respondents were instructed to report pain that had lasted a whole day or more, and conversely, not to report
fleeting or minor aches or pains. Persons may be represented in more than one column.
3
Respondents were asked, During the past three months, did you have low back pain? Respondents were instructed to report pain that had lasted a whole day or more, and conversely, not to report
fleeting or minor aches or pains. Persons may be represented in more than one column.
4
Respondents were asked, During the past three months, did you have facial ache or pain in the jaw muscles or the joint in front of the ear? Respondents were instructed to report pain that had
lasted a whole day or more, and conversely, not to report fleeting or minor aches or pains. Persons may be represented in more than one column.
5

Unknowns for the columns were not included in the frequencies (see Appendix I) but they are included in the All persons aged 18 years and over column. The numbers in this table are rounded.
Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.
7
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.
Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the
category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The
tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the
category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.
6

8
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies
for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.
9

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,
regardless of race.

10

Shown only for persons aged 25 years and over.


GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.
12
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see
Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be
comparable with those from earlier years.
11

Page 42 [ Series 10, No. 252


13

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
14
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Persons under age 65
years and those aged 65 years and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type
of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for persons aged 65 years and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in
combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that
paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II).
15
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTE: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2010.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 43


Table 10. Age-adjusted percentages of migraines and pain in neck, lower back, face, or jaw among persons aged 18 years and over, by
selected characteristics: United States, 2010
Migraines or
severe
headaches1

Selected characteristic

Pain in
neck2

Pain in
lower back3

Pain in
face or jaw4

Percent5 (standard error)


6

Total (age-adjusted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total6 (crude) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

16.6 (0.28)
16.4 (0.27)

15.4 (0.27)
15.8 (0.28)

28.5 (0.36)
28.8 (0.37)

4.9 (0.17)
5.0 (0.17)

11.0 (0.36)
22.0 (0.41)

13.1 (0.37)
17.6 (0.40)

26.4 (0.51)
30.4 (0.47)

3.3 (0.20)
6.4 (0.26)

(0.37)
(0.51)
(0.81)
(0.77)

25.2
32.4
32.5
30.9

(0.49)
(0.61)
(1.02)
(1.07)

4.9
6.0
3.4
2.9

4.9
5.3
3.7
5.4
2.8

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age7
1844 years . . . .
4564 years . . . .
6574 years . . . .
75 years and over

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20.4
15.6
7.4
5.1

(0.45)
(0.44)
(0.58)
(0.52)

13.1
20.0
15.5
14.0

One race8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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16.5
16.7
18.1
18.7
10.1
*9.8
20.9
15.2
28.9

(0.28)
(0.32)
(0.73)
(2.81)
(0.90)
(4.25)
(2.10)
(3.42)
(4.09)

15.4
16.0
13.3
17.0
9.6

(0.27)
(0.32)
(0.56)
(2.97)
(0.83)

22.0 (2.02)
18.4 (5.44)
26.2 (3.25)

28.4
29.2
27.2
33.6
19.1
25.5
36.0
30.9
42.0

(0.37)
(0.41)
(0.80)
(3.53)
(1.10)
(6.53)
(2.79)
(4.88)
(4.62)

(0.25)
(0.31)
(0.40)
(0.34)

Race
(0.17)
(0.20)
(0.30)
(1.50)
(0.51)

4.7 (0.97)
*4.7 (1.94)
*5.3 (1.90)

Hispanic or Latino origin10 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

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16.2
15.7
16.7
17.0
18.3

(0.62)
(0.77)
(0.31)
(0.37)
(0.75)

15.1
14.7
15.6
16.4
13.3

(0.65)
(0.88)
(0.30)
(0.36)
(0.57)

27.4
26.5
28.7
29.7
27.1

(0.80)
(1.06)
(0.40)
(0.47)
(0.82)

4.4
4.3
5.1
5.5
3.7

(0.35)
(0.47)
(0.19)
(0.23)
(0.31)

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18.1
17.4
17.8
12.6

(0.78)
(0.61)
(0.54)
(0.47)

18.9
16.9
19.1
12.8

(0.80)
(0.54)
(0.57)
(0.48)

34.6
32.0
33.0
23.5

(1.00)
(0.73)
(0.69)
(0.62)

5.5
4.7
5.8
3.9

(0.47)
(0.31)
(0.34)
(0.28)

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20.4
14.9
17.4
15.7
13.1
13.7

(0.50)
(0.36)
(0.78)
(0.66)
(0.77)
(0.68)

19.1
13.9
16.9
14.1
12.5
13.0

(0.50)
(0.33)
(0.72)
(0.66)
(0.75)
(0.68)

33.9
26.2
30.0
27.3
25.3
23.4

(0.64)
(0.45)
(0.87)
(0.79)
(1.02)
(0.84)

6.6
4.3
5.6
4.2
3.5
4.1

(0.30)
(0.21)
(0.49)
(0.36)
(0.40)
(0.39)

Education11
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED12 .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Family income13
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

.
.
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.
.
.

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.

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.

Poverty status14
Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
See footnotes at end of table.

23.3 (0.78)
19.8 (0.76)
14.7 (0.34)

20.8 (0.80)
18.7 (0.69)
14.2 (0.33)

35.4 (0.94)
33.1 (0.82)
26.3 (0.44)

8.1 (0.52)
6.0 (0.45)
4.2 (0.20)

Page 44 [ Series 10, No. 252


Table 10. Age-adjusted percentages of migraines and pain in neck, lower back, face, or jaw among persons aged 18 years and over, by
selected characteristics: United States, 2010Con.
Migraines or
severe
headaches1

Selected characteristic

Pain in
neck2

Health insurance coverage15


Under 65 years:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 years and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

Pain in
lower back3

Pain in
face or jaw4

Percent5 (standard error)

.
.
.
.

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.
.
.
.

16.7
28.5
26.8
19.4

(0.40)
(1.11)
(2.11)
(0.67)

14.4
21.2
23.3
15.6

(0.37)
(1.08)
(1.82)
(0.65)

25.5
38.6
38.1
28.6

(0.46)
(1.21)
(2.07)
(0.84)

4.7
8.3
7.6
5.3

(0.23)
(0.68)
(1.17)
(0.41)

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.
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5.8
12.0
6.2
4.9

(0.57)
(1.60)
(0.67)
(1.18)

13.7
25.4
14.3
16.1

(0.75)
(2.33)
(0.96)
(2.56)

32.3
37.8
29.5
33.7
*24.3

(1.09)
(2.46)
(1.25)
(3.18)
(8.31)

3.3
6.6
2.5
*2.4

(0.38)
(1.23)
(0.39)
(0.84)

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.
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15.7
20.4
21.3
15.7
19.5

(0.41)
(3.77)
(0.84)
(0.63)
(1.11)

15.4
19.1
20.1
13.6
17.1

(0.39)
(3.42)
(0.83)
(0.64)
(1.22)

28.7
29.7
34.8
25.3
31.1

(0.51)
(3.32)
(0.98)
(0.80)
(1.54)

4.7
4.4
6.9
4.6
5.5

(0.23)
(1.19)
(0.54)
(0.36)
(0.66)

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

.
.
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.
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.

Place of residence16
Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

15.3 (0.37)
17.8 (0.50)
18.6 (0.74)

14.3 (0.37)
16.0 (0.50)
18.2 (0.77)

26.2 (0.49)
29.7 (0.62)
33.9 (0.96)

4.4 (0.22)
5.4 (0.32)
5.9 (0.52)

15.3
16.8
18.1
15.1

14.9
16.0
14.7
16.5

28.1
28.2
28.3
29.3

4.1
5.3
5.1
5.0

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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(0.70)
(0.64)
(0.46)
(0.51)

(0.75)
(0.53)
(0.45)
(0.54)

(0.83)
(0.81)
(0.58)
(0.76)

(0.39)
(0.39)
(0.28)
(0.34)

Hispanic or Latino origin10, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

9.0 (0.69)
23.8 (0.96)

11.4 (0.86)
19.0 (0.94)

24.1 (1.16)
30.5 (1.09)

3.0 (0.46)
5.8 (0.52)

.
.
.
.

11.7
22.1
11.9
23.6

14.4
18.2
10.0
16.0

28.3
31.0
22.3
31.0

3.8
7.2
2.4
4.8

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.

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.
.

(0.48)
(0.56)
(0.96)
(1.00)

(0.50)
(0.54)
(0.78)
(0.85)

(0.65)
(0.63)
(1.18)
(1.07)

(0.28)
(0.36)
(0.39)
(0.49)

* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
Quantity zero.
1
Respondents were asked, During the past three months, did you have a severe headache or migraine? Respondents were instructed to report pain that had lasted a whole day or more, and
conversely, not to report fleeting or minor aches or pains. A person may be represented in more than one column.
2
Respondents were asked, During the past three months, did you have neck pain? Respondents were instructed to report pain that had lasted a whole day or more, and conversely, not to report
fleeting or minor aches or pains. Persons may be represented in more than one column.
3
Respondents were asked, During the past three months, did you have low back pain? Respondents were instructed to report pain that had lasted a whole day or more, and conversely, not to report
fleeting or minor aches or pains. Persons may be represented in more than one column.
4
Respondents were asked, During the past three months, did you have facial ache or pain in the jaw muscles or the joint in front of the ear? Respondents were instructed to report pain that had
lasted a whole day or more, and conversely, not to report fleeting or minor aches or pains. Persons may be represented in more than one column.
5

Unknowns for the columns were not included in the denominators when calculating percentages (see Appendix I). Percentages may not add to totals due to rounding.
Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.
7
Estimates for age groups are not age adjusted.
8
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.
Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the
category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The
tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the
category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.
6

9
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies
for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.
10

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,
regardless of race.

11

Shown only for persons aged 25 years and over. Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. standard population using four age groups: 2544 years, 4564 years, 6574 years, and 75
years and over.
12

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 45


13
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see
Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be
comparable with those from earlier years.
14

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
15
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Persons under age 65
years and those aged 65 years and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type
of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for persons aged 65 years and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in
combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that
paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II). Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using two age groups for
persons under age 65 (1844 years and 4564 years), and two age groups for persons aged 65 years and over (6574 years and 75 years and over).
16
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTES: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Unless otherwise specified, estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S.
population as the standard population using four age groups: 1844 years, 4564 years, 6574 years, and 75 years and over. For crude percentages, refer to Table VIII in Appendix III.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2010.

Page 46 [ Series 10, No. 252


Table 11. Frequencies of hearing trouble, vision trouble, and absence of teeth among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected
characteristics: United States, 2010
All persons
aged
18 years
and over

Selected characteristic

Selected sensory problems


Hearing
trouble1

Vision
trouble2

Absence of
all natural
teeth3

Number in thousands4
Total5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

229,505

37,117

21,516

17,539

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

110,929
118,576

21,083
16,035

8,816
12,700

7,923
9,616

Age
. . .
. . .
. . .
. . .

1844 years . . . .
4564 years . . . .
6574 years . . . .
75 years and over

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
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.
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.

.
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.

.
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.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

110,615
80,198
21,291
17,401

7,448
15,193
6,630
7,846

6,825
9,298
2,591
2,802

2,322
5,817
4,096
5,304

Race
One race6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
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.
.
.
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.
.

.
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.
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.

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.

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.

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.

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.
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.
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.
.
.

226,314
185,330
27,807
1,795
11,096
284
3,191
625
1,394

36,471
32,714
2,632
350
770

646
*73
403

21,168
17,072
3,277
242
552

348
*57
183

17,367
14,610
2,132
*112
506

173

*125

Hispanic or Latino origin8 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
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.
.

.
.
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.
.

.
.
.
.
.

32,094
19,712
197,411
156,119
26,689

2,711
1,684
34,407
30,243
2,549

2,577
1,488
18,939
14,769
3,184

1,516
645
16,023
13,229
2,055

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
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.
.

.
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.
.

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.

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.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

28,159
53,058
56,710
61,185

6,632
10,531
10,322
7,911

4,310
5,892
5,760
3,701

5,556
5,775
3,753
1,957

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
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.
.

.
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.

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.

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.
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.
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.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

74,281
141,904
31,868
38,780
26,379
44,877

14,079
20,638
5,474
6,014
3,692
5,458

9,991
10,560
3,452
3,134
1,532
2,443

9,290
7,061
2,712
2,191
1,094
1,066

Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

28,677
36,390
145,271

4,179
6,563
22,357

3,980
4,498
11,193

3,050
4,157
7,874

Education9
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED10 .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Family income11
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
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.
.
.

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.
.

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.
.
.

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.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

Poverty status12

See footnotes at end of table.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 47


Table 11. Frequencies of hearing trouble, vision trouble, and absence of teeth among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected
characteristics: United States, 2010Con.
All persons
aged
18 years
and over

Selected characteristic
Health insurance coverage13
Under 65 years:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65 years and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Selected sensory problems


Hearing
trouble1

Vision
trouble2

Absence of
all natural
teeth3

Number in thousands4
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

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.
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.

123,257
18,030
8,012
40,684

13,904
2,426
1,851
4,434

8,331
2,635
1,155
3,990

3,774
1,545
995
1,801

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.
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.

20,579
2,633
12,633
2,406
379

7,955
930
4,507
999
*62

2,660
703
1,606
357
*47

4,259
1,144
3,208
671
88

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.
.

124,307
13,676
26,083
49,249
15,915

21,059
5,013
5,181
3,742
2,093

10,257
2,411
3,603
3,718
1,516

8,496
3,966
2,651
1,641
784

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

121,307
71,921
36,277

16,334
12,524
8,260

9,730
7,257
4,529

7,456
5,754
4,328

.
.
.
.

40,577
53,316
81,721
53,891

6,158
9,698
13,571
7,691

3,304
4,969
8,910
4,332

2,957
4,726
6,558
3,298

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

16,529
15,565

1,528
1,182

1,144
1,432

641
875

.
.
.
.

75,723
80,396
11,959
14,730

17,627
12,616
1,163
1,386

5,967
8,802
1,312
1,871

6,186
7,043
798
1,256

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

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Place of residence14

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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.

Hispanic or Latino origin8, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

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* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50%, and should be used with caution as they do not meet the standards of reliability or
precision.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
1
Respondents were asked, These next questions are about your hearing WITHOUT the use of hearing aids or other listening devices. Is your hearing excellent, good, [do you have] a little trouble
hearing, moderate trouble, a lot of trouble, or are you deaf? For this table, a little trouble hearing, moderate trouble, a lot of trouble, and deaf are combined into one category. Data analysts
should note that this question contains more response levels than the 2006 version, which had the following categories: good, a little trouble, a lot of trouble, and deaf. In 2006, hearing trouble
was defined by the following categories: a little trouble, a lot of trouble, and deaf. Estimates of hearing trouble for 2007 may not be comparable with earlier years. A person may be represented in
more than one column.
2
Regarding their vision, respondents were asked, Do you have any trouble seeing, even when wearing glasses or contact lenses? Respondents were also asked, Are you blind or unable to see at
all? For this table, any trouble seeing and blind are combined into one category. A person may be represented in more than one column.
3

Respondents were asked, Have you lost all of your upper and lower natural (permanent) teeth? A person may be represented in more than one column.
Unknowns for the columns were not included in the frequencies (see Appendix I) but they are included in the All persons aged 18 years and over column. The numbers in this table are rounded.
5
Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.
6
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.
Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the
category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The
tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the
category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.
4

7
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies
for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.
8

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,
regardless of race.

Shown only for persons aged 25 years and over.

10

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.


The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see
Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be
comparable with those from earlier years.
11

Page 48 [ Series 10, No. 252


12

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
13
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Persons under age 65
years and those aged 65 years and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type
of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for persons aged 65 years and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in
combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that
paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II).
14
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTE: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2010.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 49


Table 12. Age-adjusted percentages of hearing trouble, vision trouble, and absence of teeth among persons aged 18 years and over, by
selected characteristics: United States, 2010
Selected sensory problems
Hearing
trouble1

Selected characteristic

Vision
trouble2

Absence of
all natural
teeth3

Percent4 (standard error)


Total5 (age-adjusted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total5 (crude) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

15.7 (0.26)
16.2 (0.29)

9.1 (0.22)
9.4 (0.22)

7.5 (0.19)
7.6 (0.20)

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

19.1 (0.40)
12.7 (0.32)

7.9 (0.29)
10.3 (0.31)

7.4 (0.28)
7.6 (0.25)

(0.29)
(0.53)
(1.03)
(1.12)

6.2
11.6
12.2
16.1

9.1
8.9
12.2
15.1
5.3

1844 years . . . .
4564 years . . . .
6574 years . . . .
75 years and over

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Age6
. . . .
. . . .
. . . .
. . . .

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.
.

6.7
18.9
31.2
45.2

(0.26)
(0.41)
(0.72)
(0.88)

2.1
7.3
19.3
30.5

Race
One race7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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.

15.6
16.7
10.4
20.7
8.0

(0.26)
(0.30)
(0.49)
(3.25)
(0.74)

24.3 (2.58)
7.9 (2.35)
29.4 (3.61)

(0.22)
(0.25)
(0.60)
(2.72)
(0.62)

13.2 (1.90)
*8.8 (3.49)
14.2 (3.12)

7.5
7.4
9.1
6.6
5.4

(0.17)
(0.31)
(0.90)
(1.14)

(0.19)
(0.22)
(0.45)
(1.75)
(0.64)

8.2 (1.92)
12.2 (3.13)
*9.0 (2.71)

Hispanic or Latino origin9 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

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10.9
11.5
16.4
17.6
10.4

(0.58)
(0.82)
(0.29)
(0.34)
(0.49)

9.1
9.0
9.2
8.9
12.2

(0.52)
(0.70)
(0.24)
(0.28)
(0.62)

6.8
5.3
7.6
7.6
9.1

(0.45)
(0.57)
(0.21)
(0.24)
(0.46)

Education10
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED11 .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

Less than $35,000 . .


$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

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.
.
.
.

19.8
18.2
18.7
14.2

(0.76)
(0.56)
(0.55)
(0.51)

14.2
10.5
9.9
6.4

(0.72)
(0.44)
(0.45)
(0.37)

15.6
9.5
7.1
3.7

(0.63)
(0.40)
(0.38)
(0.28)

Family income12
. . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . .

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17.6
15.1
16.3
16.0
15.5
13.7

(0.46)
(0.34)
(0.65)
(0.65)
(0.86)
(0.71)

13.3
7.6
10.6
8.2
5.9
6.4

(0.43)
(0.26)
(0.61)
(0.50)
(0.55)
(0.51)

11.1
5.6
7.9
6.0
5.3
3.4

(0.33)
(0.25)
(0.48)
(0.44)
(0.63)
(0.46)

Poverty status13
Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
See footnotes at end of table.

16.7 (0.69)
17.8 (0.65)
15.1 (0.33)

15.4 (0.69)
12.6 (0.62)
7.6 (0.25)

13.5 (0.62)
11.2 (0.52)
5.6 (0.23)

Page 50 [ Series 10, No. 252


Table 12. Age-adjusted percentages of hearing trouble, vision trouble, and absence of teeth among persons aged 18 years and over, by
selected characteristics: United States, 2010Con.
Selected sensory problems
Hearing
trouble1

Selected characteristic
Health insurance coverage14
Under 65 years:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 years and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

Vision
trouble2

Absence of
all natural
teeth3

Percent4 (standard error)

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.

10.2
14.4
17.7
11.7

(0.32)
(0.88)
(1.45)
(0.59)

6.4
15.4
11.9
10.3

(0.26)
(0.93)
(1.39)
(0.52)

2.8
9.4
8.2
4.8

(0.19)
(0.68)
(1.05)
(0.38)

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39.0
35.6
36.2
41.8
*16.5

(1.13)
(2.52)
(1.32)
(3.03)
(5.45)

13.0
26.6
12.9
14.8
*9.4

(0.79)
(2.34)
(0.92)
(2.21)
(3.62)

20.9
43.7
25.8
28.2
*26.5

(0.93)
(2.58)
(1.25)
(3.13)
(8.07)

Marital status
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .

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.
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.

.
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.
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.

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.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

15.6
16.4
17.5
13.3
18.4

(0.36)
(1.82)
(0.72)
(0.70)
(1.42)

7.8
12.5
12.5
10.3
9.8

(0.31)
(2.05)
(0.69)
(0.62)
(0.89)

6.5
12.8
9.0
7.4
8.3

(0.26)
(1.92)
(0.58)
(0.61)
(1.17)

Place of residence15
Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

13.6 (0.34)
16.8 (0.49)
20.3 (0.80)

7.9 (0.27)
9.9 (0.38)
11.7 (0.70)

14.0
17.6
16.1
14.5

7.8
9.1
10.6
8.0

6.4 (0.25)
7.7 (0.37)
10.4 (0.52)

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
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.

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.

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.

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.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

(0.61)
(0.59)
(0.43)
(0.51)

(0.52)
(0.43)
(0.40)
(0.40)

6.7
8.6
7.9
6.3

(0.43)
(0.44)
(0.32)
(0.37)

Hispanic or Latino origin9, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

12.7 (0.93)
9.3 (0.69)

8.4 (0.70)
10.0 (0.74)

6.0 (0.63)
7.5 (0.62)

.
.
.
.

21.8
13.9
11.2
9.9

7.5
10.3
11.8
12.7

7.6
7.5
8.4
9.5

.
.
.
.

.
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.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

(0.52)
(0.41)
(0.79)
(0.68)

(0.36)
(0.41)
(0.93)
(0.79)

(0.35)
(0.31)
(0.69)
(0.62)

Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
1
Respondents were asked, These next questions are about your hearing WITHOUT the use of hearing aids or other listening devices. Is your hearing excellent, good, [do you have] a little trouble
hearing, moderate trouble, a lot of trouble, or are you deaf? For this table, a little trouble hearing, moderate trouble, a lot of trouble, and deaf are combined into one category. Data analysts
should note that this question contains more response levels that the 2006 version, which had the following categories: good, a little trouble, a lot of trouble, and deaf. In 2006, hearing trouble
was defined by the following categories: a little trouble, a lot of trouble, and deaf. Estimates of hearing trouble for 2007 may not be comparable with earlier years. A person may be represented in
more than one column.
2
Regarding their vision, respondents were asked, Do you have any trouble seeing, even when wearing glasses or contact lenses? Respondents were also asked, Are you blind or unable to see at
all? For this table, any trouble seeing and blind are combined into one category. A person may be represented in more than one column.
3

Respondents were asked, Have you lost all of your upper and lower natural (permanent) teeth? A person may be represented in more than one column.
Unknowns for the columns were not included in the denominators when calculating percentages (see Appendix I). Percentages may not add to totals due to rounding.
5
Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.
6
Estimates for age groups are not age adjusted.
7
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.
Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the
category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The
tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the
category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.
4

8
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies
for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.
9

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,
regardless of race.

10

Shown only for persons aged 25 years and over. Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. standard population using four age groups: 2544 years, 4564 years, 6574 years, and 75
years and over.
11

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 51


12
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see
Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be
comparable with those from earlier years.
13

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
14
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Persons under age 65
years and those aged 65 years and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type
of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for persons aged 65 years and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in
combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that
paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II). Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using two age groups for
persons under age 65 (1844 years and 4564 years), and two age groups for persons aged 65 years and over (6574 years and 75 years and over).
15
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTES: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Unless otherwise specified, estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S.
population as the standard population using four age groups: 1844 years, 4564 years, 6574 years, and 75 years and over. For crude percentages, refer to Table IX in Appendix III.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2010.

Page 52 [ Series 10, No. 252


Table 13. Frequencies of feelings of sadness, hopelessness, worthlessness, or that everything is an effort among persons aged 18 years
and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010
Selected mental health characteristic1
Sadness

Hopelessness

Selected characteristic

All persons
aged
18 years
and over

All or
most of
the time

Some of
the time

All or
most of
the time

Total3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

229,505

7,343

20,161

5,060

10,549

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

110,929
118,576

2,992
4,351

7,925
12,236

2,237
2,823

Age
. . .
. . .
. . .
. . .

Worthlessness

Some of
the time

All or
most of
the time

Some of
the time

4,164

8,000

14,300

21,820

4,221
6,327

1,778
2,386

3,181
4,819

6,304
7,995

9,436
12,384

Some of
the time

All or
most of
the time

Everything is an effort

Number in thousands2

1844 years . . . .
4564 years . . . .
6574 years . . . .
75 years and over

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

110,615
80,198
21,291
17,401

3,195
3,101
527
520

8,855
7,621
2,032
1,653

2,221
2,309
316
214

4,927
4,254
782
586

1,755
1,817
310
281

3,519
3,371
583
527

6,900
5,364
973
1,062

11,125
7,661
1,633
1,400

Race
One race4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

226,314
185,330
27,807
1,795
11,096
284
3,191
625
1,394

7,176
5,707
1,205
*49
208

167
*24
*72

19,740
15,378
3,279
214
824

421
*119
173

4,924
4,049
697
*36
143

136

*46

10,357
8,309
1,504
130
405

192

*116

4,052
3,313
610
*52
78

*111

*54

7,813
6,336
1,106
*64
278

187
*36
*93

13,872
10,452
2,779
202
431

428
*87
193

21,358
17,102
3,170
213
863

462
*50
218

Hispanic or Latino origin6 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

32,094
19,712
197,411
156,119
26,689

1,350
739
5,993
4,499
1,136

3,252
1,867
16,909
12,356
3,210

966
492
4,094
3,165
670

1,806
1,125
8,743
6,655
1,468

673
363
3,490
2,738
572

1,142
646
6,858
5,268
1,095

2,065
1,139
12,235
8,688
2,683

2,784
1,644
19,036
14,553
3,107

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

28,159
53,058
56,710
61,185

1,868
2,188
1,818
837

4,063
5,796
4,961
2,837

1,233
1,271
1,505
619

2,124
3,121
2,492
1,590

941
1,281
1,165
383

1,861
2,117
2,130
1,109

2,964
4,107
3,602
1,596

3,273
5,296
5,622
4,562

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

74,281
141,904
31,868
38,780
26,379
44,877

4,395
2,614
873
868
398
475

10,264
9,127
3,016
2,863
1,537
1,711

3,127
1,723
605
530
168
420

5,149
5,004
1,551
1,564
948
940

2,659
1,429
541
480
188
220

4,049
3,690
1,152
1,079
696
763

7,977
5,743
2,098
1,739
858
1,048

8,917
11,894
2,898
3,390
2,436
3,170

Poverty status10
Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

28,677
36,390
145,271

2,268
1,630
2,800

4,549
4,358
9,387

1,598
1,149
1,981

2,520
2,426
4,890

1,321
951
1,678

1,834
1,918
3,670

3,766
3,287
6,033

3,885
4,242
12,124

Education7
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED8 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Family income9
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

See footnotes at end of table.

.
.
.
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.
.

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.
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.
.

.
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.
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.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 53


Table 13. Frequencies of feelings of sadness, hopelessness, worthlessness, or that everything is an effort among persons aged 18 years
and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010Con.
Selected mental health characteristic1
Sadness
All persons
aged
18 years
and over

Selected characteristic

All or
most of
the time

Some of
the time

Health insurance coverage11


Under 65 years:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 years and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

Hopelessness
All or
most of
the time

Some of
the time

Worthlessness
All or
most of
the time

Everything is an effort

Some of
the time

All or
most of
the time

Some of
the time

Number in thousands2

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

123,257
18,030
8,012
40,684

2,211
1,413
589
2,052

7,545
3,048
1,185
4,547

1,449
1,020
434
1,606

3,921
1,663
726
2,833

1,209
876
428
1,060

2,885
1,275
562
2,117

4,991
2,645
1,086
3,511

10,438
2,530
993
4,735

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

20,579
2,633
12,633
2,406
379

482
169
336
*60

1,756
390
1,260
221
*48

204
135
156
*30

609
171
474
89

223
126
205
*37

434
168
398
*75

942
278
633
151

1,571
346
910
158
*48

Marital status
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

124,307
13,676
26,083
49,249
15,915

2,851
694
1,586
1,759
448

8,472
1,968
3,411
4,684
1,610

1,959
341
1,166
1,243
351

4,502
851
1,775
2,546
856

1,692
353
884
959
276

3,511
645
1,440
1,766
624

5,674
1,096
2,506
3,624
1,400

10,491
1,354
2,955
5,110
1,863

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

121,307
71,921
36,277

3,579
2,411
1,353

10,095
6,545
3,521

2,464
1,689
907

5,104
3,591
1,854

1,908
1,390
866

3,742
2,639
1,619

6,999
4,534
2,767

11,260
6,802
3,758

.
.
.
.

40,577
53,316
81,721
53,891

1,500
1,358
2,897
1,589

3,806
4,312
7,503
4,540

849
1,091
1,841
1,279

1,904
2,222
3,885
2,537

768
908
1,502
986

1,314
1,761
3,083
1,841

2,125
3,222
5,878
3,074

3,551
5,110
8,018
5,141

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

16,529
15,565

583
767

1,442
1,810

435
531

748
1,058

323
350

393
749

1,019
1,047

1,264
1,520

.
.
.
.

75,723
80,396
11,959
14,730

1,904
2,594
365
771

4,699
7,657
1,215
1,995

1,458
1,708
246
424

2,683
3,972
482
986

1,207
1,530
202
370

2,167
3,101
355
740

3,734
4,955
1,124
1,558

6,330
8,223
1,256
1,851

Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

Place of residence12

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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Hispanic or Latino origin6, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

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* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
Quantity zero.
1
In four separate questions, respondents were asked how often in the past 30 days they felt: so sad that nothing could cheer them up, hopeless, worthless, or that everything was an effort.
Respondents could choose from among five response categories: All of the time, Most of the time, Some of the time, A little of the time, or None of the time. For this table, All and Most
are combined, and Some is shown separately.
2

Unknowns for the columns were not included in the frequencies (see Appendix I) but they are included in the All persons aged 18 years and over column. The numbers in this table are rounded.

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.
Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the
category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The
tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the
category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.
4

5
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies
for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.
6

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,
regardless of race.

Shown only for persons aged 25 years and over.


GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

9
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see
Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be
comparable with those from earlier years.

Page 54 [ Series 10, No. 252


10

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
11
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Persons under age 65
years and those aged 65 years and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type
of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for persons aged 65 years and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in
combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that
paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II).
12
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTE: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2010.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 55


Table 14. Age-adjusted percentages of feelings of sadness, hopelessness, worthlessness, or that everything is an effort among persons
aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010
Selected mental health characteristics1
Sadness
All or most
of the time

Selected characteristic

Hopelessness

Some of
the time

All or most
of the time

Worthlessness

Some of
the time

All or most
of the time

Everything is an effort

Some of
the time

All or most
of the time

Some of
the time

Percent2 (standard error)


3

Total (age-adjusted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total3 (crude). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3.2 (0.13)
3.2 (0.13)

8.8 (0.21)
8.8 (0.21)

2.2 (0.10)
2.2 (0.11)

4.6 (0.15)
4.6 (0.15)

1.8 (0.10)
1.8 (0.10)

3.5 (0.14)
3.5 (0.14)

6.3 (0.18)
6.3 (0.18)

9.6 (0.23)
9.6 (0.22)

2.7 (0.18)
3.6 (0.18)

7.2 (0.28)
10.2 (0.30)

2.0 (0.15)
2.3 (0.14)

3.8 (0.20)
5.3 (0.22)

1.6 (0.14)
2.0 (0.13)

2.8 (0.18)
4.0 (0.19)

5.7 (0.25)
6.7 (0.24)

8.6 (0.33)
10.5 (0.30)

(0.14)
(0.21)
(0.23)
(0.22)

4.5
5.3
3.7
3.4

(0.21)
(0.29)
(0.37)
(0.41)

1.6
2.3
1.5
1.6

(0.13)
(0.18)
(0.23)
(0.29)

3.2
4.2
2.8
3.1

(0.18)
(0.26)
(0.34)
(0.39)

6.3
6.7
4.6
6.2

(0.26)
(0.31)
(0.47)
(0.61)

10.1
9.6
7.7
8.2

(0.10)
(0.12)
(0.26)
(0.90)
(0.30)

4.3 (1.12)

*3.3 (1.48)

4.6
4.5
5.4
7.3
3.7
10.3
5.4

(0.15)
(0.17)
(0.39)
(1.82)
(0.50)
(1.38)
(1.30)

*8.4 (2.70)

1.8
1.8
2.2
*2.6
0.8

(0.10)
(0.11)
(0.26)
(1.15)
(0.21)

*3.5 (1.11)

*3.4 (1.66)

3.4
3.4
3.9
*3.5
2.6

(0.14)
(0.16)
(0.36)
(1.11)
(0.42)

5.4 (1.10)

*6.5 (2.27)

6.2
5.6
9.8
11.0
4.0

(0.18)
(0.20)
(0.53)
(2.58)
(0.56)

12.6 (1.80)
*9.3 (3.12)
13.6 (3.39)

9.5
9.4
11.3
13.3
7.8

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age4
1844 years.
4564 years.
6574 years.
75 years and

. . . .
. . . .
. . . .
over .

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2.9
3.9
2.5
3.0

(0.18)
(0.23)
(0.31)
(0.38)

8.0
9.6
9.6
9.6

(0.29)
(0.37)
(0.65)
(0.67)

2.0
2.9
1.5
1.2

One race5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white. . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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3.1
3.0
4.3
*2.7
1.9

(0.13)
(0.15)
(0.34)
(0.98)
(0.36)

5.3 (1.16)
*3.4 (1.55)
*5.2 (1.91)

8.7
8.2
11.8
14.3
7.8
*14.5
13.0
21.4
13.3

(0.21)
(0.24)
(0.60)
(3.53)
(0.76)
(6.76)
(1.92)
(6.03)
(3.22)

2.1
2.1
2.4
*2.0
1.3

(0.33)
(0.39)
(0.57)
(0.65)

Race
(0.22)
(0.25)
(0.55)
(2.99)
(0.75)

15.0 (2.45)
*9.1 (3.62)
16.6 (3.94)

Hispanic or Latino origin7 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

.
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.
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4.6
4.0
3.0
2.8
4.2

(0.37)
(0.48)
(0.14)
(0.16)
(0.34)

10.6
9.9
8.5
7.8
12.0

(0.54)
(0.67)
(0.23)
(0.27)
(0.62)

3.3
2.7
2.1
2.0
2.4

(0.31)
(0.39)
(0.11)
(0.13)
(0.27)

5.8
5.8
4.4
4.2
5.5

(0.37)
(0.50)
(0.17)
(0.19)
(0.40)

2.3
2.1
1.7
1.7
2.1

(0.25)
(0.32)
(0.11)
(0.12)
(0.26)

3.7
3.5
3.4
3.3
4.1

(0.31)
(0.40)
(0.15)
(0.18)
(0.38)

6.5
6.0
6.2
5.6
9.9

(0.45)
(0.57)
(0.20)
(0.23)
(0.55)

8.8
8.5
9.8
9.5
11.5

(0.49)
(0.61)
(0.25)
(0.29)
(0.57)

Education8
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED9 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
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.
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.
.
.

6.8
4.2
3.2
1.3

(0.51)
(0.29)
(0.25)
(0.15)

14.4
10.9
8.8
4.7

(0.70)
(0.48)
(0.40)
(0.30)

4.5
2.4
2.6
1.0

(0.41)
(0.22)
(0.23)
(0.14)

7.7
6.0
4.3
2.6

(0.52)
(0.37)
(0.28)
(0.23)

3.3
2.4
2.0
0.6

(0.36)
(0.23)
(0.20)
(0.11)

6.6
4.0
3.7
1.8

(0.53)
(0.30)
(0.27)
(0.19)

10.9
7.8
6.3
2.7

(0.67)
(0.41)
(0.33)
(0.23)

11.5
10.2
9.9
7.4

(0.61)
(0.47)
(0.44)
(0.36)

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.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

6.1
1.8
2.7
2.3
1.4
1.0

(0.29)
(0.13)
(0.32)
(0.27)
(0.26)
(0.20)

14.0
6.5
9.6
7.4
5.9
4.0

(0.42)
(0.25)
(0.59)
(0.52)
(0.57)
(0.43)

4.4
1.2
1.9
1.3
0.6
0.9

(0.25)
(0.10)
(0.26)
(0.21)
(0.15)
(0.19)

7.2
3.5
5.0
4.0
3.4
2.4

(0.31)
(0.19)
(0.43)
(0.37)
(0.42)
(0.34)

3.7
1.0
1.7
1.2
0.6
0.5

(0.23)
(0.10)
(0.25)
(0.20)
(0.17)
(0.15)

5.6
2.6
3.7
2.8
2.5
1.9

(0.30)
(0.15)
(0.34)
(0.31)
(0.37)
(0.29)

11.1
4.1
6.7
4.5
3.2
2.6

(0.40)
(0.20)
(0.50)
(0.40)
(0.42)
(0.37)

12.3
8.5
9.3
8.8
9.1
7.6

(0.40)
(0.28)
(0.58)
(0.52)
(0.66)
(0.56)

Family income10
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

.
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.

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.
.

Poverty status11
Poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
See footnotes at end of table.

8.1 (0.51)
4.6 (0.38)
1.9 (0.13)

16.6 (0.72)
12.2 (0.58)
6.5 (0.23)

5.7 (0.43)
3.3 (0.30)
1.3 (0.11)

9.0 (0.55)
6.9 (0.48)
3.3 (0.18)

4.7 (0.38)
2.7 (0.27)
1.1 (0.10)

6.6 (0.50)
5.4 (0.43)
2.5 (0.15)

13.3 (0.65)
9.2 (0.52)
4.2 (0.19)

13.8 (0.61)
11.9 (0.58)
8.5 (0.28)

Page 56 [ Series 10, No. 252


Table 14. Age-adjusted percentages of feelings of sadness, hopelessness, worthlessness, or that everything is an effort among persons
aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010Con.
Selected mental health characteristics1
Sadness
All or most
of the time

Selected characteristic

Hopelessness

Some of
the time

All or most
of the time

Health insurance coverage12


Under 65 years:
Private. . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid . . . . . . . . .
Other . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured. . . . . . . . .
65 years and over:
Private. . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured. . . . . . . . .

Some of
the time

Worthlessness
All or most
of the time

Everything is an effort

Some of
the time

All or most
of the time

Some of
the time

Percent2 (standard error)

.
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.
.

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.
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.

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.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

1.7
8.1
6.7
5.1

(0.12)
(0.66)
(1.07)
(0.38)

6.0
17.6
13.9
11.3

(0.25)
(0.91)
(1.49)
(0.53)

1.1
5.9
5.5
4.0

(0.10)
(0.57)
(1.05)
(0.36)

3.1
9.6
7.6
7.1

(0.18)
(0.71)
(0.99)
(0.45)

0.9
5.0
5.6
2.7

(0.09)
(0.51)
(1.10)
(0.29)

2.3
7.4
5.8
5.3

(0.14)
(0.66)
(0.84)
(0.39)

4.1
15.2
12.2
8.7

(0.20)
(0.85)
(1.30)
(0.48)

8.6
14.5
12.1
11.7

(0.31)
(0.88)
(1.43)
(0.57)

.
.
.
.
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.

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.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
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.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
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.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

2.4
6.6
2.7
*2.6

(0.34)
(1.31)
(0.42)
(0.79)

8.6
14.9
10.2
9.3
*9.5

(0.64)
(1.93)
(0.84)
(1.55)
(3.56)

1.0
5.0
1.3
*1.3

(0.20)
(1.00)
(0.25)
(0.54)

3.0
6.6
3.8
3.8

(0.37)
(1.22)
(0.52)
(1.01)

1.1
4.7
1.7
*1.6

(0.23)
(0.98)
(0.33)
(0.62)

2.1
6.8
3.2
*3.1

(0.32)
(1.39)
(0.47)
(0.99)

4.6
10.7
5.2
6.4

(0.47)
(1.76)
(0.65)
(1.59)

7.7
13.2
7.4
6.6
*9.6

(0.61)
(1.71)
(0.67)
(1.48)
(3.78)

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
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.
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.

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.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

. 2.2 (0.15)
. 11.0 (2.73)
. 6.1 (0.50)
. 3.5 (0.31)
. 2.6 (0.45)

6.7
15.0
13.0
10.5
9.9

(0.27)
(2.64)
(0.66)
(0.60)
(0.92)

1.5
5.7
4.5
2.6
2.0

(0.13)
(1.65)
(0.42)
(0.27)
(0.41)

3.6
7.7
6.7
5.6
5.0

(0.20)
(2.02)
(0.49)
(0.44)
(0.59)

1.3
*4.7
3.3
2.1
1.6

(0.13)
(1.93)
(0.36)
(0.24)
(0.38)

2.8
5.7
5.1
3.7
3.9

(0.17)
(1.33)
(0.43)
(0.34)
(0.56)

4.6
9.8
9.5
7.3
8.2

(0.23)
(2.09)
(0.57)
(0.46)
(0.73)

8.5
12.5
11.6
10.3
12.0

(0.31)
(3.11)
(0.62)
(0.56)
(1.17)

Marital status
Married. . . . . . . . . .
Widowed. . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated
Never married . . . . .
Living with a partner. .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

Place of residence13
Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2.9 (0.17)
3.3 (0.24)
3.7 (0.34)

8.4 (0.27)
9.1 (0.38)
9.6 (0.59)

2.0 (0.14)
2.3 (0.20)
2.4 (0.27)

4.2 (0.20)
5.0 (0.28)
5.2 (0.40)

1.5 (0.12)
1.9 (0.18)
2.3 (0.30)

3.1 (0.17)
3.7 (0.26)
4.4 (0.42)

5.8 (0.25)
6.4 (0.31)
7.5 (0.48)

9.3
8.2
9.1
8.4

2.1
2.0
2.2
2.3

4.7
4.2
4.7
4.7

1.9
1.7
1.8
1.8

3.3
3.3
3.7
3.4

5.3
6.1
7.3
5.7

9.4 (0.31)
9.5 (0.39)
10.5 (0.65)

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
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.
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.

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.

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.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

3.7
2.6
3.5
2.9

(0.36)
(0.25)
(0.22)
(0.24)

(0.55)
(0.39)
(0.37)
(0.43)

(0.25)
(0.23)
(0.16)
(0.22)

(0.38)
(0.29)
(0.26)
(0.31)

(0.27)
(0.21)
(0.16)
(0.19)

(0.32)
(0.32)
(0.24)
(0.25)

Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

.
.

3.8 (0.51)
5.3 (0.53)

9.2 (0.77)
12.0 (0.74)

2.8 (0.46)
3.7 (0.41)

4.7 (0.52)
6.9 (0.56)

2.0 (0.36)
2.5 (0.35)

2.7 (0.42)
4.9 (0.49)

.
.
.
.

2.5
3.2
3.0
5.2

6.2
9.3
10.1
13.5

1.9
2.1
2.0
2.8

3.5
4.9
4.0
6.6

1.6
1.9
1.8
2.5

2.8
3.8
3.1
4.9

(0.44)
(0.38)
(0.32)
(0.33)

8.7
9.8
9.9
9.6

(0.54)
(0.51)
(0.38)
(0.43)

Hispanic or Latino origin7, race, and sex

(0.23)
(0.23)
(0.44)
(0.49)

(0.34)
(0.38)
(0.88)
(0.81)

(0.20)
(0.19)
(0.34)
(0.40)

(0.26)
(0.27)
(0.53)
(0.59)

(0.18)
(0.16)
(0.34)
(0.39)

(0.24)
(0.24)
(0.49)
(0.54)

6.2 (0.62)
6.9 (0.58)
4.9
6.1
9.2
10.4

(0.33)
(0.31)
(0.80)
(0.70)

7.5 (0.69)
9.9 (0.67)
8.7
10.3
10.5
12.4

(0.42)
(0.38)
(0.83)
(0.78)

* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
Quantity zero.
1
In four separate questions, respondents were asked how often in the past 30 days they felt: so sad that nothing could cheer them up, hopeless, worthless, or that everything was an effort.
Respondents could choose from among five response categories: All of the time, Most of the time, Some of the time, A little of the time, or None of the time. For this table, All and Most
are combined, and Some is shown separately.
2

Unknowns for the columns were not included in the denominators when calculating percentages (see Appendix I). Percentages may not add to totals due to rounding.
Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.
4
Estimates for age groups are not age adjusted.
5
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.
Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the
category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The
tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the
category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.
3

6
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies
for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.
7

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,
regardless of race.

8
Shown only for persons aged 25 years and over. Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. standard population using four age groups: 2544 years, 4564 years, 6574 years, and 75
years and over.
9

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.


The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see
Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be
comparable with those from earlier years.
10

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 57


11

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
12
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Persons under age 65
years and those aged 65 years and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type
of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for persons aged 65 years and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in
combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that
paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II). Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using two age groups for
persons under age 65 years (1844 years and 4564 years), and two age groups for persons aged 65 years and over (6574 years and 75 years and over).
13
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTES: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Unless otherwise specified, estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S.
population as the standard population using four age groups: 1844 years, 4564 years, 6574 years, and 75 years and over. For crude percentages, refer to Table X in Appendix III.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2010.

Page 58 [ Series 10, No. 252


Table 15. Frequencies of feelings of nervousness or restlessness among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010
All persons
aged
18 years
and over

Selected characteristic

Nervousness1
All or most
of the time

Restlessness1

Some of
the time

All or most
of the time

Some of
the time

Number in thousands2
Total3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

229,505

10,593

29,436

14,301

30,088

110,929
118,576

4,261
6,332

12,263
17,172

6,450
7,850

13,521
16,567

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age
1844 years . . . .
4564 years . . . .
6574 years . . . .
75 years and over

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

110,615
80,198
21,291
17,401

5,179
4,254
682
477

15,552
10,196
2,140
1,548

7,231
5,535
849
686

15,267
10,912
2,412
1,497

One race4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

226,314
185,330
27,807
1,795
11,096
284
3,191
625
1,394

10,410
9,012
1,079
125
193

183

*108

28,809
24,402
3,136
183
1,079

627
152
295

13,965
11,426
2,067
*193
256

336
*54
201

29,564
24,541
3,865
230
900

524
134
165

Race

Hispanic or Latino origin6 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

32,094
19,712
197,411
156,119
26,689

1,661
897
8,931
7,495
1,030

3,686
2,342
25,750
21,022
3,025

1,786
939
12,514
9,810
2,026

3,213
2,007
26,876
21,631
3,791

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

28,159
53,058
56,710
61,185

2,286
2,803
2,727
1,395

3,813
6,415
7,601
6,796

2,733
3,877
3,833
1,802

3,980
7,008
7,817
6,835

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

74,281
141,904
31,868
38,780
26,379
44,877

5,443
4,724
1,401
1,373
904
1,046

10,937
17,410
4,415
4,741
3,154
5,101

7,098
6,648
2,060
2,066
943
1,579

11,165
17,684
4,344
4,779
3,252
5,309

Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

28,677
36,390
145,271

2,789
2,194
4,973

4,492
5,401
17,459

3,425
2,936
7,088

4,792
5,226
17,888

Education7
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED8 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Family income9
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

Poverty status10

See footnotes at end of table.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 59


Table 15. Frequencies of feelings of nervousness or restlessness among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010Con.
All persons
aged
18 years
and over

Selected characteristic
Health insurance coverage11
Under 65 years:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65 years and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Nervousness1
All or most
of the time

Restlessness1

Some of
the time

All or most
of the time

Some of
the time

Number in thousands2
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

123,257
18,030
8,012
40,684

4,162
1,779
762
2,690

15,299
3,062
1,322
5,941

5,560
2,494
997
3,588

15,778
3,197
1,350
5,738

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

20,579
2,633
12,633
2,406
379

510
243
344
*63

1,825
429
1,258
133
*42

718
243
462
100

1,925
430
1,323
194

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124,307
13,676
26,083
49,249
15,915

4,750
647
1,780
2,507
903

14,131
1,580
3,915
7,098
2,693

6,126
782
2,392
3,395
1,583

14,535
1,594
3,969
7,276
2,678

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

121,307
71,921
36,277

5,119
3,401
2,073

15,422
9,475
4,539

6,817
4,671
2,813

15,152
9,500
5,436

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.
.
.

40,577
53,316
81,721
53,891

1,863
2,352
3,974
2,404

5,536
7,038
9,863
6,999

2,535
3,411
5,448
2,907

5,476
6,937
10,769
6,907

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

16,529
15,565

726
935

1,701
1,985

835
951

1,432
1,781

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.
.
.

75,723
80,396
11,959
14,730

3,046
4,449
350
680

8,795
12,228
1,046
1,979

4,569
5,241
733
1,293

10,010
11,621
1,445
2,347

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

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Place of residence12

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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Hispanic or Latino origin6, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

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* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
Quantity zero.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
1
In two separate questions, respondents were asked how often they felt nervous or restless in the past 30 days. Respondents could choose among five response categories: All of the time, Most of
the time, Some of the time, A little of the time, or None of the time. For this table, All and Most are combined, and Some is shown separately.
2

Unknowns for the columns were not included in the frequencies (see Appendix I) but they are included in the All persons aged 18 years and over column. The numbers in this table are rounded.
Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.
4
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.
Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the
category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The
tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the
category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.
3

5
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies
for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.
6

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,
regardless of race.

Shown only for persons aged 25 years and over.


GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.
9
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see
Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be
comparable with those from earlier years.
8

10

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.

Page 60 [ Series 10, No. 252


11
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Persons under age 65
years and those aged 65 years and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type
of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for persons aged 65 years and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in
combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that
paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II).
12
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTE: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2010.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 61


Table 16. Age-adjusted percentages of feelings of nervousness or restlessness among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected
characteristics: United States, 2010
Nervousness1
All or most
of the time

Selected characteristic

Restlessness1
Some of
the time

All or most
of the time

Some of
the time

Percent2 (standard error)


Total3 (age-adjusted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total3 (crude) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4.6 (0.16)
4.6 (0.16)

13.0 (0.27)
12.9 (0.27)

6.2 (0.19)
6.3 (0.19)

13.2 (0.26)
13.2 (0.26)

3.8 (0.22)
5.4 (0.22)

11.2 (0.36)
14.6 (0.38)

5.8 (0.28)
6.6 (0.25)

12.2 (0.37)
14.0 (0.35)

(0.24)
(0.28)
(0.37)
(0.33)

14.1
12.8
10.1
9.0

(0.38)
(0.44)
(0.67)
(0.62)

6.6
6.9
4.0
4.0

(0.28)
(0.30)
(0.43)
(0.47)

13.9
13.7
11.4
8.7

(0.39)
(0.45)
(0.67)
(0.66)

(0.16)
(0.19)
(0.31)
(1.57)
(0.33)

5.7 (1.27)

*7.9 (2.54)

12.9
13.4
11.3
9.6
9.6
10.3
19.7
21.9
21.6

(0.27)
(0.32)
(0.57)
(2.09)
(0.82)
(1.38)
(2.42)
(5.52)
(3.93)

6.2
6.2
7.2
10.1
2.4

(0.19)
(0.22)
(0.46)
(2.92)
(0.41)

10.8 (1.75)
*7.5 (3.19)
13.8 (3.21)

13.1
13.4
13.9
13.4
8.0
*8.5
16.0
16.8
12.7

(0.27)
(0.31)
(0.64)
(2.54)
(0.79)
(4.05)
(2.29)
(4.72)
(3.11)

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age4
1844 years . . . .
4564 years . . . .
6574 years . . . .
75 years and over

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4.7
5.3
3.2
2.8

One race5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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4.6
4.9
3.9
6.6
1.8

Race

Hispanic or Latino origin7 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

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5.4
4.7
4.6
4.9
3.8

(0.42)
(0.52)
(0.18)
(0.22)
(0.31)

11.6
12.1
13.3
13.9
11.3

(0.53)
(0.73)
(0.31)
(0.37)
(0.59)

5.6
4.8
6.4
6.4
7.4

(0.41)
(0.52)
(0.21)
(0.25)
(0.47)

10.3
10.6
13.8
14.2
14.2

(0.52)
(0.71)
(0.30)
(0.35)
(0.66)

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8.3
5.4
4.8
2.2

(0.54)
(0.34)
(0.31)
(0.22)

13.3
12.4
13.2
11.0

(0.66)
(0.53)
(0.48)
(0.47)

10.1
7.5
6.7
2.9

(0.63)
(0.40)
(0.38)
(0.26)

13.7
13.5
13.6
11.0

(0.70)
(0.55)
(0.50)
(0.44)

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.
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7.6
3.3
4.5
3.5
3.2
2.4

(0.32)
(0.18)
(0.43)
(0.33)
(0.44)
(0.31)

15.0
12.3
14.2
12.1
11.9
11.4

(0.44)
(0.35)
(0.70)
(0.62)
(0.81)
(0.62)

9.9
4.7
6.6
5.2
3.4
4.0

(0.36)
(0.23)
(0.54)
(0.39)
(0.39)
(0.47)

15.4
12.4
13.9
12.3
12.2
11.6

(0.43)
(0.35)
(0.72)
(0.64)
(0.79)
(0.65)

Education8
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED9 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

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Family income10
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

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Poverty status11
Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
See footnotes at end of table.

9.9 (0.54)
6.2 (0.42)
3.4 (0.19)

16.1 (0.72)
15.1 (0.68)
12.2 (0.34)

12.0 (0.61)
8.4 (0.51)
4.9 (0.23)

17.1 (0.71)
14.6 (0.64)
12.4 (0.34)

Page 62 [ Series 10, No. 252


Table 16. Age-adjusted percentages of feelings of nervousness or restlessness among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected
characteristics: United States, 2010Con.
Nervousness1
All or most
of the time

Selected characteristic
Health insurance coverage12
Under 65 years:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65 years and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Restlessness1
Some of
the time

All or most
of the time

Some of
the time

Percent2 (standard error)


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3.4
10.3
9.1
6.7

(0.20)
(0.70)
(1.28)
(0.44)

12.7
17.4
15.6
14.7

(0.38)
(0.96)
(1.50)
(0.67)

4.5
14.3
11.6
8.9

(0.23)
(0.87)
(1.39)
(0.50)

13.0
18.2
16.3
14.3

(0.37)
(1.01)
(1.41)
(0.62)

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2.5
9.2
2.8
*2.7

(0.34)
(1.46)
(0.40)
(0.85)

9.0
16.3
10.0
5.5
*8.4

(0.62)
(1.95)
(0.87)
(1.26)
(3.54)

3.5
9.3
3.7
4.3

(0.46)
(1.65)
(0.50)
(1.27)

9.4
16.2
10.5
8.1

(0.65)
(1.80)
(0.86)
(1.56)

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3.8
6.6
6.9
5.3
4.9

(0.22)
(1.65)
(0.52)
(0.41)
(0.58)

11.5
16.2
15.5
14.1
15.7

(0.37)
(3.07)
(0.76)
(0.65)
(1.04)

4.9
9.4
9.1
6.6
9.0

(0.26)
(2.63)
(0.58)
(0.42)
(0.84)

11.6
18.0
15.8
14.3
16.5

(0.34)
(3.35)
(0.79)
(0.65)
(1.20)

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

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.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

Place of residence13
Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4.2 (0.21)
4.7 (0.31)
5.7 (0.41)

12.8 (0.35)
13.3 (0.49)
12.8 (0.83)

5.6 (0.24)
6.6 (0.34)
8.0 (0.59)

12.5 (0.36)
13.3 (0.50)
15.2 (0.66)

4.5
4.4
4.9
4.4

13.9
13.6
12.1
13.0

6.3
6.5
6.7
5.3

13.5
13.3
13.2
12.8

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

.
.
.
.

.
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.
.

.
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.

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.
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.

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.
.

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.
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.
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.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

(0.39)
(0.34)
(0.29)
(0.29)

(0.81)
(0.60)
(0.42)
(0.49)

(0.50)
(0.39)
(0.33)
(0.34)

(0.64)
(0.55)
(0.44)
(0.53)

Hispanic or Latino origin7, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

4.6 (0.60)
6.2 (0.58)

10.3 (0.76)
13.0 (0.75)

5.2 (0.62)
6.2 (0.55)

8.8 (0.71)
11.8 (0.73)

.
.
.
.

4.1
5.7
3.0
4.6

12.0
15.6
8.8
13.4

6.2
6.6
6.0
8.6

13.6
14.7
12.3
15.8

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

(0.30)
(0.31)
(0.41)
(0.48)

(0.48)
(0.50)
(0.82)
(0.85)

(0.36)
(0.33)
(0.63)
(0.66)

(0.50)
(0.47)
(0.92)
(0.94)

Quantity zero.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
1
In two separate questions, respondents were asked how often they felt nervous or restless in the past 30 days. Respondents could choose among five response categories: All of the time, Most of
the time, Some of the time, A little of the time, or None of the time. For this table, All and Most are combined, and Some is shown separately.
2

Unknowns for the columns were not included in the denominators when calculating percentages (see Appendix I). Percentages may not add to totals due to rounding.
Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.
4
Estimates for age groups are not age adjusted.
5
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.
Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the
category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The
tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the
category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.
3

6
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies
for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.
7

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,
regardless of race.

8
Shown only for persons aged 25 years and over. Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. standard population using four age groups: 2544 years, 4564 years, 6574 years, and 75
years and over.
9

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

10

The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see
Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be
comparable with those from earlier years.
11

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 63


12
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Persons under age 65
years and those aged 65 years and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type
of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for persons aged 65 years and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in
combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that
paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II). Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using two age groups for
persons under age 65 (1844 years and 4564 years), and two age groups for persons aged 65 and over (6574 years and 75 years and over).
13
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTES: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Unless otherwise specified, estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S.
population as the standard population using four age groups: 1844 years, 4564 years, 6574 years, and 75 years and over. For crude percentages, refer to Table XI in Appendix III.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2010.

Page 64 [ Series 10, No. 252


Table 17. Frequencies of work-loss days among employed persons aged 18 years and over in past 12 months, and numbers of work-loss
days per employed person; and frequencies of bed days among all persons aged 18 years and over in past 12 months, and numbers of bed
days per person, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010
Employed persons
All employed
persons aged
18 years and over

Selected characteristic

Work-loss
days in the
past 12 months1

Number in thousands2
Total3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

All persons
Work-loss
days per
person
Mean
(standard
error)

All persons
aged 18 years
and over

Bed days in
the past
12 months1

Number in thousands2

Bed days
per person
Mean
(standard
error)

155,262

587,578

3.8 (0.16)

229,505

1,125,191

4.9 (0.17)

81,412
73,850

274,839
312,739

3.4 (0.23)
4.2 (0.22)

110,929
118,576

438,793
686,398

4.0 (0.25)
5.8 (0.26)

(0.15)
(0.35)
(0.61)
(1.38)

110,615
80,198
21,291
17,401

369,372
508,547
112,560
134,712

3.4
6.4
5.3
7.8

4.9
4.9
5.6
*4.0
2.9

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age
1844 years . . . .
4564 years . . . .
6574 years . . . .
75 years and over

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

88,540
59,041
6,131
1,550

272,997
285,502
24,435
*4,644

3.1
4.9
4.0
*3.0

One race . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

152,946
126,282
17,629
1,175
7,655
204
2,316
517
909

579,510
479,113
77,178
5,272
17,222

8,068
1,308
2,803

3.8
3.8
4.4
4.5
2.3

(0.16)
(0.19)
(0.41)
(1.07)
(0.43)

3.5 (0.52)
2.5 (0.55)
3.1 (0.78)

226,314
185,330
27,807
1,795
11,096
284
3,191
625
1,394

1,100,820
907,658
153,689
*7,056
31,411

24,372
*3,531
15,067

(0.18)
(0.35)
(0.65)
(1.06)

Race
4

(0.18)
(0.20)
(0.42)
(1.20)
(0.64)

7.7 (1.44)
*5.6 (2.37)
11.0 (2.99)

Hispanic or Latino origin6 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

22,273
13,739
132,989
106,033
16,822

74,308
37,273
513,270
412,108
73,616

3.3
2.7
3.9
3.9
4.4

(0.35)
(0.35)
(0.18)
(0.21)
(0.42)

32,094
19,712
197,411
156,119
26,689

102,694
57,631
1,022,497
818,603
149,569

3.2
2.9
5.2
5.3
5.7

(0.29)
(0.33)
(0.20)
(0.23)
(0.44)

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

13,049
32,164
39,755
48,309

57,477
147,054
180,038
148,955

4.4
4.6
4.5
3.1

(0.59)
(0.42)
(0.36)
(0.20)

28,159
53,058
56,710
61,185

221,316
305,829
332,516
192,402

7.9
5.8
5.9
3.2

(0.65)
(0.45)
(0.38)
(0.28)

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

38,123
109,490
21,363
28,827
21,436
37,865

165,660
395,712
64,560
108,728
90,371
132,053

4.4
3.6
3.0
3.8
4.2
3.5

(0.34)
(0.19)
(0.22)
(0.32)
(0.53)
(0.34)

74,281
141,904
31,868
38,780
26,379
44,877

610,239
476,753
136,393
146,324
71,861
122,175

8.3
3.4
4.3
3.8
2.7
2.7

(0.40)
(0.19)
(0.46)
(0.41)
(0.29)
(0.34)

Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

13,584
21,003
110,776

46,411
80,481
423,919

3.4 (0.50)
3.8 (0.36)
3.8 (0.20)

28,677
36,390
145,271

279,672
241,911
534,288

9.9 (0.66)
6.7 (0.51)
3.7 (0.20)

Education7
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED8 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Family income9
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
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.
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.

.
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.

.
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.
.

.
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.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

Poverty status10

See footnotes at end of table.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 65


Table 17. Frequencies of work-loss days among employed persons aged 18 years and over in past 12 months, and numbers of work-loss
days per employed person; and frequencies of bed days among all persons aged 18 years and over in past 12 months, and numbers of bed
days per person, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010Con.
Employed persons
All employed
persons aged
18 years and over

Selected characteristic

Health insurance coverage11


Under 65 years:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 years and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

Work-loss
days in the
past 12 months1

Number in thousands2

All persons
Work-loss
days per
person
Mean
(standard
error)

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
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.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

106,043
7,869
3,488
29,519

402,005
47,166
13,180
95,545

3.8
6.1
3.8
3.2

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
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.
.

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.

.
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.
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.
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.

.
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.
.

.
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.
.
.

.
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.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

4,850
75
2,161
468
110

18,033

*8,888

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

86,431
2,902
17,626
35,565
12,564

316,572
16,014
95,075
111,311
48,315

3.7
5.6
5.4
3.1
3.9

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

84,107
48,741
22,414

.
.
.
.

All persons
aged 18 years
and over

Bed days in
the past
12 months1

Number in thousands2

Bed days
per person
Mean
(standard
error)

(0.19)
(1.24)
(0.80)
(0.29)

123,257
18,030
8,012
40,684

340,320
242,612
129,357
164,107

2.8
13.7
16.4
4.1

(0.14)
(1.02)
(1.96)
(0.41)

3.7 (0.66)

4.2 (1.24)
*3.1 (1.55)

20,579
2,633
12,633
2,406
379

123,860
38,889
69,100
*14,684

6.0
15.0
5.5
*6.2

(0.85)
(2.85)
(0.97)
(2.07)

(0.23)
(0.84)
(0.56)
(0.23)
(0.49)

124,307
13,676
26,083
49,249
15,915

505,393
113,114
231,149
187,544
87,444

4.1
8.4
9.0
3.8
5.5

(0.23)
(1.03)
(0.65)
(0.31)
(0.82)

317,352
182,824
87,402

3.8 (0.23)
3.8 (0.28)
3.9 (0.31)

121,307
71,921
36,277

538,996
348,825
237,370

4.5 (0.24)
4.9 (0.29)
6.6 (0.51)

27,043
36,932
54,415
36,873

114,605
139,602
207,512
125,858

4.3
3.8
3.8
3.4

(0.51)
(0.36)
(0.25)
(0.25)

40,577
53,316
81,721
53,891

175,110
272,266
427,483
250,333

4.3
5.1
5.3
4.7

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

13,273
9,000

39,647
34,661

3.0 (0.44)
3.9 (0.56)

16,529
15,565

43,611
59,083

.
.
.
.

55,501
50,532
7,525
9,298

198,149
213,959
27,052
46,564

3.6
4.2
3.6
5.0

75,723
80,396
11,959
14,730

327,906
490,697
49,923
99,646

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

Place of residence12

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

(0.39)
(0.39)
(0.31)
(0.31)

Hispanic or Latino origin6, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

(0.31)
(0.28)
(0.58)
(0.60)

2.7 (0.43)
3.8 (0.38)
4.3
6.1
4.2
6.9

(0.34)
(0.34)
(0.53)
(0.67)

* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
1
Respondents who had worked during the past year were asked, During the past 12 months, about how many days did you miss work at a job or business because of illness or injury (do not include
maternity leave)? In addition, all respondents were asked, During the past 12 months, about how many days did illness or injury keep you in the bed more than half of the day (include days while an
overnight patient in a hospital)?
2
Unknowns for the columns Work-loss days in past 12 months and Bed days in past 12 months were not included in the denominators when calculating rates in the columns for days per person
(see Appendix I). They are, however, included in the columns All employed persons aged 18 years and over and All persons aged 18 years and over. The numbers in this table are rounded.
3
Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.
4
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.
Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the
category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The
tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the
category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.
5
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies
for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.
6

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,
regardless of race.

Shown only for persons aged 25 years and over.


GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see
Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be
comparable with those from earlier years.
8
9

Page 66 [ Series 10, No. 252


10

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
11
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Persons under age 65
years and those aged 65 years and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type
of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for persons aged 65 years and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in
combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that
paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II).
12
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTE: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2010.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 67


Table 18. Frequencies of difficulties in physical functioning among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010
Physical activities that are very difficult or cannot be done at all1
All persons
Climb up
aged
Any
Walk
10 steps
Stoop, Reach
Grasp or
Lift or
Push or
18 years
physical quarter
without Stand for Sit for bend, or over
handle
carry
pull large
2
and over difficulty of a mile resting
2 hours 2 hours
kneel
head small objects 10 pounds objects

Selected characteristic

Number in thousands3
Total4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

229,505

35,847

16,747

11,855

21,319

7,350

21,033

6,131

3,965

10,132

14,532

110,929
118,576

13,345
22,502

6,438
10,309

4,101
7,754

8,304
13,015

3,018
4,331

8,062
12,971

2,264
3,867

1,597
2,368

2,754
7,379

4,716
9,816

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age
1844 years.
4564 years.
6574 years.
75 years and

. . . .
. . . .
. . . .
over .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

110,615
80,198
21,291
17,401

6,019
15,331
6,470
8,027

1,984
6,581
3,318
4,864

1,270
4,757
2,413
3,415

3,189
9,027
3,951
5,152

1,697
3,930
898
825

3,030
9,637
3,834
4,531

922
2,703
1,053
1,453

595
1,824
703
843

1,093
4,457
1,782
2,799

1,918
6,551
2,670
3,393

One race5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white. . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

226,314
185,330
27,807
1,795
11,096
284
3,191
625
1,394

35,300
29,331
4,757
292
865
*54
547

378

16,505
13,592
2,435
156
309

242

182

11,641
9,275
1,912
*124
302

213

183

20,976
17,275
2,959
189
542

343

243

7,217
5,732
1,102
155
216

133

89

20,679
17,194
2,802
158
512

354

264

6,001
4,968
791
*44
187

130

*101

3,900
3,235
529
*26
110

*65

*54

9,956
7,812
1,585
123
429

177

143

14,262
11,490
2,154
121
489

270

196

Race

Hispanic or Latino origin7 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

32,094
19,712
197,411
156,119
26,689

3,581
2,037
32,266
26,065
4,623

1,443
797
15,304
12,274
2,372

1,367
767
10,488
8,004
1,872

1,958
1,134
19,361
15,505
2,881

837
438
6,512
5,026
1,049

2,056
1,145
18,976
15,308
2,717

694
424
5,436
4,311
772

414
235
3,551
2,853
507

1,207
705
8,925
6,701
1,540

1,545
881
12,987
10,047
2,092

Education8
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED9 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

28,159
53,058
56,710
61,185

8,296
11,591
9,643
5,154

4,467
5,562
4,290
2,060

3,535
3,938
2,891
1,263

5,183
6,744
5,858
2,921

1,953
2,428
1,974
805

4,853
7,004
5,768
2,912

1,586
2,016
1,603
778

1,124
1,290
1,058
406

2,996
3,130
2,525
1,206

3,981
4,599
3,881
1,705

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

74,281
141,904
31,868
38,780
26,379
44,877

18,361
15,374
5,175
4,619
2,479
3,101

9,670
6,093
2,306
1,871
837
1,078

7,183
4,106
1,610
1,352
485
659

11,740
8,387
2,855
2,720
1,318
1,494

4,341
2,740
963
846
409
522

10,667
9,136
3,088
2,686
1,474
1,888

3,416
2,339
990
597
361
392

2,416
1,323
491
404
239
*189

6,065
3,497
1,233
1,065
510
690

8,452
5,363
2,030
1,605
782
946

Poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

28,677
36,390
145,271

6,820
7,778
17,287

3,563
4,028
7,153

2,705
2,976
4,780

4,415
4,897
9,644

2,030
1,640
3,013

3,836
4,595
10,292

1,325
1,667
2,486

990
1,011
1,530

2,524
2,481
3,969

3,371
3,523
6,042

Family income10
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

Poverty status11

See footnotes at end of table.

Page 68 [ Series 10, No. 252


Table 18. Frequencies of difficulties in physical functioning among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010Con.
Physical activities that are very difficult or cannot be done at all1

Selected characteristic

All persons
Climb up
aged
Any
Walk
10 steps
Stoop, Reach
Grasp or
Lift or
Push or
18 years
physical quarter
without Stand for Sit for bend, or over
handle
carry
pull large
2
and over difficulty of a mile resting
2 hours 2 hours
kneel
head small objects 10 pounds objects

Health insurance coverage12

Number in thousands3

Under 65 years:
Private. . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid . . . . . . . . .
Other . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured. . . . . . . . .
65 years and over:
Private. . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured. . . . . . . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

123,257
18,030
8,012
40,684

9,779
4,963
2,803
3,701

3,111
2,627
1,530
1,256

2,022
1,964
1,160
846

4,776
3,317
2,032
2,051

1,942
1,554
948
1,135

5,957
2,920
1,843
1,887

1,409
912
709
545

925
664
445
377

1,914
1,782
987
834

3,180
2,576
1,437
1,236

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

20,579
2,633
12,633
2,406
379

7,052
1,489
4,894
957
85

3,886
995
2,730
498
*52

2,716
836
1,880
327
*48

4,321
1,074
3,063
578
*52

622
296
623
148

4,144
996
2,576
585
*50

1,080
417
857
122

565
330
526
108

2,040
774
1,470
243
*40

2,734
871
2,021
391

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

124,307
13,676
26,083
49,249
15,915

17,401
6,259
6,330
3,937
1,882

7,540
3,704
3,052
1,667
774

5,229
2,769
2,233
1,134
479

9,766
4,151
4,101
2,247
1,042

3,413
802
1,623
963
550

10,535
3,613
3,725
2,010
1,138

2,935
1,205
1,065
583
322

1,871
720
734
442
*197

4,499
2,395
1,838
1,038
357

6,720
2,884
2,740
1,581
600

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

121,307
71,921
36,277

16,205
11,590
8,052

7,282
5,429
4,036

5,296
3,749
2,810

9,394
7,060
4,865

3,136
2,424
1,789

9,515
6,709
4,808

2,566
1,992
1,572

1,809
1,230
926

4,704
2,989
2,439

6,642
4,372
3,518

Marital status
Married. . . . . . . . . .
Widowed. . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated
Never married . . . . .
Living with a partner. .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

Place of residence13

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

40,577
53,316
81,721
53,891

5,748
8,695
13,897
7,507

2,629
4,177
6,648
3,293

1,668
2,623
4,951
2,613

3,260
5,077
8,538
4,444

1,139
1,659
3,016
1,536

3,383
4,904
8,342
4,404

1,012
1,443
2,463
1,212

583
954
1,682
746

1,579
2,216
4,011
2,326

2,377
3,151
6,038
2,967

Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

.
.

16,529
15,565

1,365
2,217

500
943

446
921

724
1,234

329
508

773
1,283

231
463

174
239

259
948

464
1,082

.
.
.
.

75,723
80,396
11,959
14,730

9,963
16,102
1,523
3,100

4,957
7,318
758
1,613

2,844
5,160
604
1,269

6,222
9,283
1,003
1,878

2,107
2,919
376
673

6,014
9,294
920
1,797

1,599
2,711
268
503

1,178
1,675
170
337

2,045
4,657
293
1,248

3,485
6,562
545
1,547

Hispanic or Latino origin7, race, and sex

* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
Quantity zero.
1
In a series of separate questions, respondents were asked the degree of difficulty they experienced performing nine physical activities by themselves and without using any special equipment. The
activities included walking a quarter of a mile (or three city blocks); standing for 2 hours; stooping, bending, or kneeling; climbing 10 steps without resting; sitting for 2 hours; reaching over ones head;
using ones fingers to grasp or handle small objects; lifting or carrying a 10-pound object (such as a full bag of groceries); and pushing or pulling a large object (such as a living room chair). The
response categories consisted of not at all difficult, only a little difficult, somewhat difficult, very difficult, cant do at all, or do not do this activity. For this table, response categories very
difficult and cant do at all are combined and shown in the columns.
2

Consists of a very difficult or cant do at all response to at least one of the nine physical activities shown in columns 412.
Frequencies of persons reporting no difficulty in physical functioning, only a little or some difficulty, or that they do not do this activity, and those for whom the information is unknown (see
Appendix I), are not shown separately but are included in the All persons aged 18 years and over column. Numbers in this table are rounded.
3

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.
In accordance with the 1997 Standards for Federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.
Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the
category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The
tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the
category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.
5

6
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies
for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.
7

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,
regardless of race.

Shown only for persons aged 25 years and over.


GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.
10
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see
Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be
comparable with those from earlier years.
9

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 69


11

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
12
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Persons under age 65
years and those aged 65 years and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type
of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for persons aged 65 years and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in
combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that
paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II).
13
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTE: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2010.

Physical activities that are very difficult or cannot be done at all1


Any
physical
difficulty2

Selected characteristic

Walk
quarter
of a mile

Climb up
10 steps
without resting

Stand
for
2 hours

Sit for
2 hours

Stoop,
bend,
or kneel

Reach
over
head

Grasp or
handle
small objects

Lift or
carry
10 pounds

Push or pull
large
objects

Percent3 (standard eror)


4

Total (age-adjusted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total4 (crude) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

15.1 (0.27)
15.6 (0.29)

7.1 (0.17)
7.3 (0.19)

5.0 (0.15)
5.2 (0.16)

9.0 (0.20)
9.3 (0.21)

3.0 (0.13)
3.2 (0.13)

8.8 (0.20)
9.2 (0.22)

2.6 (0.11)
2.7 (0.11)

1.7 (0.08)
1.7 (0.09)

4.2 (0.13)
4.4 (0.14)

6.1 (0.17)
6.3 (0.18)

12.1 (0.35)
17.7 (0.38)

5.9 (0.24)
8.0 (0.23)

3.8 (0.20)
6.0 (0.21)

7.6 (0.27)
10.2 (0.28)

2.6 (0.18)
3.4 (0.17)

7.3 (0.27)
10.1 (0.29)

2.0 (0.14)
3.0 (0.16)

1.4 (0.12)
1.9 (0.12)

2.5 (0.15)
5.7 (0.21)

4.2 (0.20)
7.7 (0.25)

(0.12)
(0.28)
(0.68)
(0.90)

2.9
11.3
18.6
29.6

(0.18)
(0.37)
(0.80)
(1.07)

1.5
4.9
4.2
4.7

(0.14)
(0.26)
(0.41)
(0.46)

2.7
12.0
18.0
26.0

(0.17)
(0.41)
(0.85)
(1.02)

0.8
3.4
4.9
8.4

(0.11)
(0.22)
(0.48)
(0.63)

0.5
2.3
3.3
4.8

(0.15)
(0.17)
(0.40)
(1.70)
(0.47)

9.6 (1.87)

14.4 (3.30)

8.9
8.7
11.6
11.2
5.8
11.4
14.4

(0.20)
(0.23)
(0.48)
(2.62)
(0.59)
(2.48)
(1.88)

18.9 (2.99)

3.0
2.9
4.1
*9.6
2.2
11.4
4.7

(0.13)
(0.15)
(0.32)
(2.89)
(0.41)
(2.48)
(0.86)

5.9 (1.52)

8.7
8.6
10.7
8.9
5.5
12.2
14.8

(0.20)
(0.23)
(0.49)
(1.97)
(0.59)
(2.76)
(2.00)

19.3 (3.38)

2.5
2.5
3.2
*2.4
2.0

(0.11)
(0.12)
(0.29)
(1.01)
(0.41)

4.5 (1.12)

*6.7 (2.18)

1.6
1.6
2.1
*1.1
1.2

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age5
1844 years . . . .
4564 years . . . .
6574 years . . . .
75 years and over .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

5.4
19.1
30.4
46.1

(0.25)
(0.51)
(0.98)
(1.14)

1.8
8.2
15.6
28.0

(0.14)
(0.33)
(0.82)
(1.02)

1.1
5.9
11.3
19.6

(0.18)
(0.20)
(0.44)
(1.92)
(0.47)
(1.77)
(1.90)

14.4 (3.29)

4.9
4.7
7.8
6.6
3.3

(0.09)
(0.17)
(0.39)
(0.44)

1.0
5.6
8.4
16.1

(0.10)
(0.26)
(0.60)
(0.88)

1.7
8.2
12.5
19.5

(0.08)
(0.09)
(0.27)
(0.48)
(0.29)

*2.7 (0.91)

*3.8 (1.33)

4.2
3.9
6.3
6.3
4.7
9.8
8.4

(0.14)
(0.15)
(0.40)
(1.70)
(0.56)
(0.86)
(1.83)

10.9 (2.74)

6.0
5.7
8.4
6.3
5.4
9.9
12.9

(0.13)
(0.35)
(0.73)
(0.92)

One race . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American. . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . . .
Asian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander .
Two or more races7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white . .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

15.0
14.8
18.5
16.3
9.1
25.6
22.3
*7.0
27.8

(0.26)
(0.31)
(0.60)
(3.05)
(0.75)
(5.80)
(2.18)
(3.33)
(3.59)

7.0
6.8
9.8
7.9
3.5
11.3
10.9

Hispanic or Latino origin8 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race . .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

14.8
14.7
15.2
14.9
18.6

(0.59)
(0.77)
(0.29)
(0.34)
(0.61)

6.6
6.4
7.2
6.9
9.8

(0.45)
(0.58)
(0.19)
(0.22)
(0.45)

6.3
6.3
4.9
4.5
7.8

(0.45)
(0.64)
(0.16)
(0.19)
(0.41)

8.3
8.4
9.1
8.8
11.7

(0.48)
(0.65)
(0.21)
(0.25)
(0.48)

3.2
2.9
3.1
2.9
4.1

(0.30)
(0.37)
(0.14)
(0.17)
(0.31)

8.6
8.5
8.8
8.6
10.7

(0.49)
(0.65)
(0.22)
(0.25)
(0.50)

3.0
3.3
2.5
2.5
3.2

(0.30)
(0.44)
(0.12)
(0.14)
(0.29)

1.8
1.7
1.7
1.6
2.1

(0.23)
(0.30)
(0.09)
(0.11)
(0.27)

5.5
5.8
4.2
3.8
6.3

(0.39)
(0.57)
(0.14)
(0.16)
(0.40)

6.8
6.9
6.0
5.7
8.5

(0.46)
(0.64)
(0.18)
(0.20)
(0.42)

Race
6

(0.17)
(0.19)
(0.41)
(1.73)
(0.61)
(1.07)
(2.04)

16.1 (3.36)

Education9
Less than a high school diploma .
High school diploma or GED10 . .
Some college. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

24.9
19.8
17.4
9.5

(0.78)
(0.55)
(0.55)
(0.41)

12.9
9.3
7.9
4.1

(0.61)
(0.38)
(0.38)
(0.29)

10.1
6.6
5.3
2.5

(0.49)
(0.33)
(0.32)
(0.24)

15.4
11.4
10.4
5.6

(0.60)
(0.43)
(0.45)
(0.33)

6.5
4.3
3.3
1.4

(0.47)
(0.31)
(0.25)
(0.16)

14.4
11.9
10.3
5.3

(0.60)
(0.44)
(0.44)
(0.33)

4.6
3.4
2.8
1.5

(0.36)
(0.26)
(0.25)
(0.18)

3.3
2.2
1.8
0.8

(0.32)
(0.21)
(0.20)
(0.12)

8.6
5.2
4.5
2.3

(0.45)
(0.28)
(0.32)
(0.23)

11.9
7.7
6.9
3.2

(0.57)
(0.38)
(0.37)
(0.24)

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

23.3
11.5
15.3
12.5
10.5
8.7

(0.52)
(0.30)
(0.62)
(0.58)
(0.73)
(0.58)

12.1
4.9
6.7
5.2
4.2
4.0

(0.38)
(0.20)
(0.42)
(0.36)
(0.56)
(0.45)

8.9
3.3
4.7
3.7
2.6
2.3

(0.33)
(0.18)
(0.39)
(0.34)
(0.45)
(0.35)

14.9
6.4
8.4
7.4
5.7
4.5

(0.41)
(0.24)
(0.51)
(0.45)
(0.61)
(0.45)

5.9
1.9
2.9
2.1
1.4
1.3

(0.30)
(0.13)
(0.33)
(0.25)
(0.27)
(0.21)

13.5
6.7
9.1
7.1
5.9
5.4

(0.40)
(0.24)
(0.52)
(0.47)
(0.57)
(0.51)

4.3
1.8
2.9
1.6
1.7
1.2

(0.22)
(0.14)
(0.32)
(0.23)
(0.38)
(0.24)

3.1
1.0
1.4
1.0
1.0
*0.5

(0.20)
(0.09)
(0.20)
(0.18)
(0.25)
(0.17)

7.6
2.7
3.6
3.0
2.2
2.6

(0.29)
(0.17)
(0.30)
(0.32)
(0.39)
(0.39)

10.8
4.1
6.0
4.3
3.4
3.2

(0.36)
(0.19)
(0.42)
(0.37)
(0.47)
(0.40)

Family income11
Less than $35,000 .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

Poverty status12
Poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
See footnotes at end of table.

27.7 (0.85)
21.4 (0.68)
11.7 (0.29)

15.0 (0.66)
11.0 (0.50)
5.0 (0.19)

11.5 (0.61)
8.1 (0.46)
3.3 (0.16)

18.2 (0.69)
13.5 (0.57)
6.6 (0.23)

7.9 (0.51)
4.7 (0.36)
1.9 (0.12)

15.8 (0.67)
12.7 (0.56)
6.8 (0.23)

5.7 (0.45)
4.7 (0.36)
1.7 (0.13)

4.1 (0.38)
2.8 (0.26)
1.0 (0.09)

10.7 (0.56)
6.8 (0.40)
2.7 (0.16)

14.0 (0.64)
9.8 (0.49)
4.1 (0.18)

Page 70 [ Series 10, No. 252

Table 19. Age-adjusted percentages of difficulties in physical functioning among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010

Table 19. Age-adjusted percentages of difficulties in physical functioning among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010Con.
Physical activities that are very difficult or cannot be done at all1
Any
physical
difficulty2

Selected characteristic

Walk
quarter
of a mile

Climb up
10 steps
without resting

Stand
for
2 hours

Health insurance coverage13


Under 65 years:
Private . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid . . . . . . . . .
Other . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . .
65 years and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . .

Sit for
2 hours

Stoop,
bend,
or kneel

Reach
over
head

Grasp or
handle
small objects

Lift or
carry
10 pounds

Push or pull
large
objects

Percent3 (standard eror)

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

6.9
29.4
27.2
9.9

(0.25)
(1.06)
(2.04)
(0.53)

2.1
15.7
13.2
3.4

(0.14)
(0.88)
(1.17)
(0.32)

1.4
11.8
9.9
2.3

(0.12)
(0.76)
(1.12)
(0.28)

3.3
19.7
19.4
5.5

(0.18)
(0.94)
(1.85)
(0.40)

1.4
9.2
9.2
3.0

(0.11)
(0.69)
(1.21)
(0.31)

4.2
17.5
16.6
5.1

(0.21)
(0.92)
(1.36)
(0.39)

1.0
5.5
6.9
1.5

(0.11)
(0.54)
(1.10)
(0.23)

0.6
4.0
3.7
1.0

(0.08)
(0.47)
(0.66)
(0.17)

1.3
10.8
8.1
2.3

(0.10)
(0.68)
(0.93)
(0.27)

2.2
15.4
13.2
3.4

(0.14)
(0.87)
(1.25)
(0.34)

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34.6
56.3
39.4
39.7
*22.4

(1.06)
(2.72)
(1.35)
(2.94)
(6.77)

19.1
37.4
22.2
20.8
*11.7

(0.85)
(2.63)
(1.15)
(2.64)
(4.50)

13.4
31.6
15.3
13.5
*12.8

(0.74)
(2.43)
(1.01)
(2.03)
(5.54)

21.2
40.6
24.7
24.0
*13.0

(0.90)
(2.44)
(1.18)
(2.57)
(4.78)

3.0
11.2
5.0
6.0

(0.39)
(1.51)
(0.54)
(1.44)

20.3
37.7
20.8
24.0
*11.3

(0.91)
(2.52)
(1.17)
(2.61)
(4.49)

5.3
16.2
6.9
5.0

(0.52)
(2.05)
(0.67)
(1.23)

2.8
12.4
4.3
4.4

(0.35)
(1.78)
(0.53)
(1.09)

10.0
29.6
12.0
10.2
*11.1

(0.69)
(2.35)
(0.90)
(1.86)
(5.27)

13.4
33.0
16.4
16.0

(0.76)
(2.43)
(1.01)
(2.25)

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12.9
23.5
20.6
14.8
16.1

(0.33)
(2.31)
(0.75)
(0.74)
(1.46)

5.7
10.7
10.0
7.3
7.8

(0.22)
(0.92)
(0.52)
(0.56)
(1.15)

3.9
8.9
7.2
5.5
4.9

(0.20)
(1.07)
(0.43)
(0.53)
(0.92)

7.2
13.6
13.0
8.6
8.9

(0.25)
(1.33)
(0.60)
(0.59)
(1.16)

2.5
3.8
5.1
2.8
4.4

(0.16)
(0.65)
(0.44)
(0.30)
(0.77)

7.6
14.8
11.8
8.0
9.5

(0.27)
(2.15)
(0.62)
(0.55)
(1.12)

2.2
3.2
3.4
2.2
2.8

(0.15)
(0.37)
(0.37)
(0.29)
(0.70)

1.4
2.5
2.4
1.9
1.4

(0.11)
(0.38)
(0.30)
(0.27)
(0.41)

3.2
7.6
5.8
4.6
3.5

(0.16)
(0.87)
(0.40)
(0.45)
(0.81)

4.9
8.7
8.5
6.2
5.3

(0.21)
(0.61)
(0.51)
(0.52)
(0.91)

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated
Never married . . . . .
Living with a partner .

.
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Place of residence14
Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

13.4 (0.35)
15.5 (0.52)
19.8 (0.80)

6.1 (0.22)
7.3 (0.33)
9.7 (0.53)

4.5 (0.21)
5.0 (0.27)
6.7 (0.46)

7.8 (0.26)
9.4 (0.40)
11.8 (0.56)

2.5 (0.15)
3.2 (0.24)
4.6 (0.47)

12.9
15.7
16.4
14.1

5.8
7.5
7.9
6.3

3.7
4.7
5.9
5.0

7.3
9.2
10.1
8.4

2.5
3.0
3.5
2.8

7.8 (0.28)
8.9 (0.39)
11.5 (0.50)

2.1 (0.14)
2.7 (0.19)
3.8 (0.32)

1.5 (0.11)
1.6 (0.15)
2.3 (0.27)

3.9 (0.19)
4.0 (0.25)
5.8 (0.37)

5.5 (0.23)
5.8 (0.29)
8.5 (0.51)

2.3
2.6
2.9
2.3

1.3
1.7
2.0
1.4

3.5
4.0
4.7
4.5

5.2
5.6
7.1
5.6

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . .
West . . .

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(0.61)
(0.59)
(0.45)
(0.52)

(0.37)
(0.40)
(0.31)
(0.32)

(0.30)
(0.28)
(0.27)
(0.35)

(0.42)
(0.45)
(0.34)
(0.39)

(0.29)
(0.24)
(0.25)
(0.24)

7.6
8.8
9.7
8.3

(0.50)
(0.40)
(0.34)
(0.42)

(0.23)
(0.20)
(0.20)
(0.22)

(0.20)
(0.17)
(0.15)
(0.17)

(0.31)
(0.25)
(0.23)
(0.31)

(0.41)
(0.33)
(0.28)
(0.33)

Hispanic or Latino origin8, race, and sex


. . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . .

11.5 (0.87)
17.7 (0.82)

. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
race, male . .
race, female .

12.2
17.5
14.6
21.7

.
.
.
.

(0.42)
(0.50)
(0.88)
(0.89)

4.7 (0.59)
8.1 (0.59)
6.0
7.7
7.8
11.4

(0.30)
(0.29)
(0.68)
(0.62)

4.2 (0.58)
8.0 (0.62)

6.2 (0.64)
10.1 (0.67)

2.6 (0.42)
3.7 (0.44)

6.6 (0.68)
10.4 (0.68)

2.0 (0.38)
3.9 (0.46)

1.6 (0.36)
1.9 (0.31)

2.6 (0.45)
8.1 (0.60)

3.5
5.4
6.4
9.0

7.6
10.0
10.0
13.2

2.6
3.3
3.5
4.5

7.2
10.0
8.8
12.4

1.9
2.9
2.7
3.6

1.4
1.8
1.8
2.4

2.4
4.9
3.2
8.7

(0.23)
(0.27)
(0.64)
(0.54)

(0.33)
(0.36)
(0.73)
(0.66)

(0.23)
(0.22)
(0.48)
(0.44)

(0.32)
(0.37)
(0.72)
(0.71)

(0.17)
(0.21)
(0.44)
(0.41)

(0.16)
(0.16)
(0.38)
(0.35)

(0.18)
(0.25)
(0.43)
(0.63)

4.4 (0.61)
8.9 (0.63)
4.1
7.1
5.4
10.8

(0.24)
(0.31)
(0.54)
(0.63)

* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or precision.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
Quantity zero.
1
In a series of separate questions, respondents were asked the degree of difficulty they experienced performing nine physical activities by themselves, and without using any special equipment. The activities included walking a quarter of a mile (or three city
blocks); standing for 2 hours; stooping, bending, or kneeling; climbing 10 steps without resting; sitting for 2 hours; reaching over ones head; using ones fingers to grasp or handle small objects; lifting or carrying a 10-pound object (such as a full bag of
groceries); and pushing or pulling a large object (such as a living room chair). The response categories consisted of not at all difficult, only a little difficult, somewhat difficult, very difficult, cant do at all, or do not do this activity. For this table,
response categories very difficult and cant do at all are combined and shown in the columns.
2

Consists of a very difficult or cant do at all response to at least one of the nine physical activities shown in columns 311.

Persons who respond do not do this activity, as well as those for whom the information is unknown, are not included in the denominator when calculating percentages. Percentages in this table are rounded.
Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 71

Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . .


Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male. . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . .
Black or African American, single
Black or African American, single

Estimates for age groups are not age adjusted.

In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group. Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups
shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons
of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness.
For example, the category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.
7
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies for the category Two or more races will be greater
than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.
8

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin, regardless of race.
Shown only for persons aged 25 years and over. Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. standard population using four age groups: 2544 years, 4564 years, 6574 years, and 75 years and over.
10
GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.
11
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see Appendix I). The indented categories include only those
persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
9

12
Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the
poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
13
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Persons under age 65 years and those aged 65 years and over were classified
separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for persons aged 65 years
and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only
a private plan that paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II). Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using two age groups for persons under age 65 (1844 years
and 4564 years), and two age groups for persons aged 65 years and over (6574 years and 75 years and over).
14

MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTES: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Unless otherwise specified, estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using four age
groups: 1844 years, 4564 years, 6574 years, and 75 years and over. For crude percentages, refer to Table XII in Appendix III.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2010.

Page 72 [ Series 10, No. 252

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 73


Table 20. Frequency distributions of health status among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010
All persons
aged
18 years
and over

Selected characteristic

Current health status among persons aged 18 years and over1


Excellent or
very good

Good
Number in thousands

Total3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Fair or poor

229,505

138,432

61,740

29,186

110,929
118,576

68,613
69,818

29,102
32,638

13,169
16,018

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age
1844 years . . . .
4564 years . . . .
6574 years . . . .
75 years and over

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.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

110,615
80,198
21,291
17,401

77,659
44,127
9,874
6,772

25,806
22,864
7,041
6,029

7,127
13,132
4,363
4,564

One race4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

.
.
.
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.
.
.
.
.

.
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.

.
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.
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.
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.
.

226,314
185,330
27,807
1,795
11,096
284
3,191
625
1,394

136,665
114,683
13,820
759
7,258
*145
1,767
417
643

60,803
48,499
8,770
645
2,808
*81
937
157
427

28,702
22,035
5,194
392
1,023
*59
484
*51
321

Race

Hispanic or Latino origin6 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

.
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.

.
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.
.

.
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.
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.

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.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

32,094
19,712
197,411
156,119
26,689

18,024
10,743
120,407
98,286
13,212

9,593
6,288
52,146
39,793
8,413

4,463
2,681
24,723
17,934
5,039

.
.
.
.

.
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.
.

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.
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.
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.

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.

.
.
.
.

28,159
53,058
56,710
61,185

10,042
26,284
33,914
45,848

9,645
17,530
15,934
12,049

8,472
9,212
6,856
3,216

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.
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.
.
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.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

74,281
141,904
31,868
38,780
26,379
44,877

33,857
96,473
18,058
24,833
18,586
34,996

23,522
34,576
9,791
10,428
6,154
8,203

16,836
10,836
4,012
3,519
1,626
1,678

Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

28,677
36,390
145,271

12,688
17,357
98,351

8,638
11,798
35,406

7,318
7,223
11,470

Education7
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED8 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Family income9
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

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.
.
.
.
.

Poverty status10

See footnotes at end of table.

Page 74 [ Series 10, No. 252


Table 20. Frequency distributions of health status among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010Con.
All persons
aged
18 years
and over

Selected characteristic
Health insurance coverage11
Under 65 years:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65 years and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Current health status among persons aged 18 years and over1


Excellent or
very good

Good

Fair or poor

Number in thousands2
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

123,257
18,030
8,012
40,684

87,934
7,644
3,005
22,677

27,726
5,321
2,476
12,947

7,571
5,050
2,526
5,029

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

20,579
2,633
12,633
2,406
379

9,743
558
5,169
1,002
148

6,916
745
4,412
827
153

3,879
1,330
3,044
577
79

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

124,307
13,676
26,083
49,249
15,915

78,011
5,318
12,719
32,039
10,166

32,446
4,731
7,912
12,545
4,030

13,783
3,603
5,423
4,652
1,703

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

121,307
71,921
36,277

75,967
43,197
19,268

31,754
19,346
10,640

13,507
9,339
6,341

Region
. . . . .
. . . . .
. . . . .
. . . . .

.
.
.
.

40,577
53,316
81,721
53,891

25,034
32,316
47,107
33,974

10,897
14,644
22,384
13,814

4,605
6,319
12,175
6,087

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

16,529
15,565

9,813
8,211

4,736
4,857

1,969
2,494

.
.
.
.

75,723
80,396
11,959
14,730

48,384
49,902
6,326
6,887

18,946
20,847
3,600
4,813

8,359
9,575
2,033
3,006

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

.
.
.
.
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.
.
.
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.
.
.
.
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.
.
.
.
.

Place of residence12

Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

.
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.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Hispanic or Latino origin6, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

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.
.
.
.

* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
1
Based on a question in the survey that asked respondents, Would you say [subject names] health in general was excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor? This information was obtained during a
part of the interview that allowed proxy responses, such that a knowledgeable adult family member could respond on behalf of adults not taking part in the interview; however, the sample in this table
is based on the reported health status (possibly by proxy) for the Sample Adult only. Excellent and very good are combined in this table, as are fair and poor.
2
Unknowns for the columns were not included in the frequency distributions (see Appendix I). They are, however, included in the All persons aged 18 years and over column. Numbers may not add
to totals due to rounding.
3

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.
Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the
category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The
tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the
category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.
4

5
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies
for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.
6

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,
regardless of race.

Shown only for persons aged 25 years and over.


GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.
9
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see
Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be
comparable with those from earlier years.
8

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 75


10

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
11
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Persons under age 65
years and those aged 65 years and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type
of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for persons aged 65 years and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in
combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that
paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II).
12
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTE: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2010.

Page 76 [ Series 10, No. 252


Table 21. Age-adjusted percent distributions of health status among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010
Current health status among persons aged 18 years and over1

Selected characteristic

Total

Excellent or
very good

Good

Fair or poor

Percent distribution (standard error)


Total3 (age-adjusted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total3 (crude) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0

61.0 (0.40)
60.4 (0.41)

26.7 (0.33)
26.9 (0.33)

12.3 (0.23)
12.7 (0.25)

Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0

62.1 (0.55)
60.0 (0.53)

26.2 (0.48)
27.1 (0.45)

11.7 (0.33)
12.9 (0.31)

Age4
. . . .
. . . .
. . . .
. . . .

Sex

1844 years . . . .
4564 years . . . .
6574 years . . . .
75 years and over

.
.
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.
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.

.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

70.2
55.1
46.4
39.0

(0.52)
(0.67)
(1.12)
(1.09)

23.3
28.5
33.1
34.7

(0.47)
(0.56)
(1.07)
(1.02)

6.4
16.4
20.5
26.3

(0.26)
(0.48)
(0.83)
(1.00)

One race5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

.
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.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

61.2
62.9
48.6
41.8
64.0
41.9
52.2
45.1
45.8

(0.40)
(0.45)
(0.89)
(4.31)
(1.30)
(5.66)
(2.78)
(4.16)
(4.87)

26.6
25.8
31.6
35.3
25.6
31.0
29.3
46.7
30.7

(0.34)
(0.37)
(0.84)
(4.08)
(1.21)
(7.10)
(2.52)
(4.74)
(4.26)

12.2
11.2
19.7
22.9
10.4
27.1
18.4
*8.2
23.5

(0.24)
(0.27)
(0.66)
(3.63)
(0.86)
(5.53)
(2.31)
(3.39)
(3.91)

Race

Hispanic or Latino origin7 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

.
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.

.
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.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

52.8
50.4
62.3
64.7
48.6

(0.89)
(1.14)
(0.43)
(0.50)
(0.91)

30.6
32.8
26.0
24.8
31.6

(0.86)
(1.14)
(0.36)
(0.41)
(0.86)

16.6
16.8
11.8
10.5
19.8

(0.65)
(0.88)
(0.25)
(0.29)
(0.68)

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.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

38.2
51.2
59.8
74.1

(1.05)
(0.73)
(0.70)
(0.63)

34.2
32.6
28.2
20.1

(0.95)
(0.71)
(0.62)
(0.57)

27.6
16.1
12.0
5.9

(0.82)
(0.51)
(0.47)
(0.32)

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.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

46.3
67.8
57.6
63.9
69.8
76.3

(0.63)
(0.48)
(0.93)
(0.92)
(1.13)
(0.86)

31.5
24.3
30.3
26.7
23.8
19.1

(0.56)
(0.43)
(0.89)
(0.86)
(1.04)
(0.79)

22.3
7.9
12.1
9.4
6.3
4.6

(0.48)
(0.26)
(0.62)
(0.52)
(0.63)
(0.45)

Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0
100.0

41.1 (0.92)
47.3 (0.88)
68.4 (0.46)

Education8
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED9 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Family income10
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 . .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

.
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.
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.
.

Poverty status11

See footnotes at end of table.

30.5 (0.89)
32.5 (0.86)
23.9 (0.42)

28.4 (0.84)
20.2 (0.68)
7.7 (0.23)

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 77


Table 21. Age-adjusted percent distributions of health status among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010Con.
Current health status among persons aged 18 years and over1

Selected characteristic

Total

Excellent or
very good

Health insurance coverage12


Under 65 years:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 years and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

Good

Fair or poor

Percent distribution2 (standard error)

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.
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.

.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

72.7
40.9
45.6
54.6

(0.48)
(1.25)
(2.21)
(0.88)

21.7
29.3
28.7
32.2

(0.43)
(1.19)
(2.08)
(0.85)

5.6
29.8
25.7
13.2

(0.23)
(1.05)
(1.96)
(0.59)

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.
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.

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.

.
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.

.
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.

.
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.

.
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.
.

.
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.
.

.
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.

.
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.

.
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.

.
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.

.
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.

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.

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.

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.

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.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

47.3
21.3
40.7
41.7
34.8

(1.14)
(2.28)
(1.31)
(3.45)
(7.29)

33.7
28.2
35.1
34.2
44.7

(1.05)
(2.30)
(1.35)
(3.11)
(8.97)

19.0
50.5
24.2
24.1
*20.5

(0.88)
(2.80)
(1.13)
(2.60)
(6.29)

Marital status
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .

.
.
.
.
.

.
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.

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.

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.

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.
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.

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.

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.
.

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.
.
.

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.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

64.3
46.6
52.0
57.6
60.0

(0.52)
(4.18)
(0.98)
(0.94)
(1.69)

25.5
32.8
30.0
28.7
25.9

(0.45)
(3.98)
(0.87)
(0.88)
(1.60)

10.3
20.6
18.0
13.7
14.1

(0.31)
(2.59)
(0.73)
(0.66)
(1.39)

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0
100.0

62.8 (0.53)
60.9 (0.73)
55.3 (1.12)

26.1 (0.46)
26.6 (0.62)
28.8 (0.85)

11.1 (0.32)
12.5 (0.41)
15.8 (0.73)

.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

63.2
61.4
58.5
63.1

26.1
27.2
27.1
25.7

10.6
11.4
14.4
11.3

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0

55.8 (1.26)
49.9 (1.19)

29.4 (1.19)
31.8 (1.11)

14.8 (0.91)
18.3 (0.91)

.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

65.3
64.2
51.0
46.5

24.6
24.9
30.3
32.7

10.2
10.8
18.7
20.8

Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

Place of residence13

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

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.

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.

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.

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.
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.

.
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.

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.
.
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.

.
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.

.
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.

.
.
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.

.
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.

.
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.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

(0.88)
(0.83)
(0.71)
(0.80)

(0.81)
(0.69)
(0.56)
(0.67)

(0.52)
(0.50)
(0.42)
(0.44)

Hispanic or Latino origin7, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

(0.69)
(0.68)
(1.46)
(1.21)

(0.60)
(0.57)
(1.37)
(1.12)

(0.39)
(0.40)
(1.05)
(0.88)

* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
1
Based on a question in the survey that asked respondents, Would you say [subject names] health in general was excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor? This information was obtained during a
part of the interview that allowed proxy responses, such that a knowledgeable adult family member could respond on behalf of adults not taking part in the interview; however, the sample in this table
is based on the reported health status (possibly by proxy) for the Sample Adult only. Excellent and very good are combined in this table, as are fair and poor.
2

Unknowns for the columns were not included in the denominators when calculating percentages (see Appendix I). Percentages may not add to totals due to rounding.

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.
Estimates for age groups are not age adjusted.
5
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.
Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the
category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The
tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the
category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.
4

6
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies
for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.
7

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,
regardless of race.

8
Shown only for persons aged 25 years and over. Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. standard population using four age groups (2544 years, 4564 years, 6574 years, and 75
years and over).
9

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

10

The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see
Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be
comparable with those from earlier years.

Page 78 [ Series 10, No. 252


11

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
12
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Persons under age 65
years and those aged 65 years and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type
of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for persons aged 65 years and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in
combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that
paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II). Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using two age groups for
persons under age 65 (1844 years and 4564 years), and two age groups for persons aged 65 and over (6574 years and 75 years and over).
13
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTES: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Unless otherwise specified, estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S.
population as the standard population using four age groups: 1844 years, 4564 years, 6574 years, and 75 years and over. For crude percentages, refer to Table XIII in Appendix III.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2010.

Table 22. Frequency distributions of current health status relative to 1 year ago among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010
Current health status among persons aged 18 years and over1
Excellent or very good
All persons
aged
18 years
and over

Selected characteristic

Better
than
last year

About the
same as
last year

Good
Worse
than
last year

Better
than
last year

About the
same as
last year

Fair or poor
Worse
than
last year

Better
than
last year

About the
same as
last year

Worse
than
last year

Number in thousands2
3

Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

229,505

26,997

106,799

4,577

11,492

44,208

5,851

4,133

15,475

9,390

110,929
118,576

13,147
13,850

53,282
53,517

2,162
2,416

4,944
6,548

21,527
22,681

2,510
3,341

1,913
2,219

7,051
8,424

4,157
5,233

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age
1844 years . . . .
4564 years . . . .
6574 years . . . .
75 years and over

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

110,615
80,198
21,291
17,401

16,245
8,517
1,535
701

59,018
34,066
8,024
5,691

2,387
1,519
298
373

5,818
3,960
1,121
593

17,622
16,409
5,386
4,791

2,327
2,379
518
627

1,321
1,795
597
420

3,808
6,542
2,470
2,654

1,976
4,727
1,280
1,407

One race4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

226,314
185,330
27,807
1,795
11,096
284
3,191
625
1,394

26,577
21,819
3,109
261
1,334
*55
420
115
147

105,554
89,020
10,243
476
5,729
*86
1,245
290
422

4,476
3,803
456
*22
191

*101

*74

11,252
8,703
1,929
103
486

240

*142

43,574
34,825
6,119
505
2,079
*46
634
132
260

5,788
4,834
673

240

*63

4,032
2,976
834
*72
138

101

*59

15,317
11,391
3,110
147
631

158

*102

9,175
7,524
1,225
*167
250

215

150

Race

Hispanic or Latino origin6 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

32,094
19,712
197,411
156,119
26,689

4,073
2,645
22,924
18,160
3,003

13,372
7,706
93,427
76,807
9,754

579
393
3,998
3,277
445

2,226
1,525
9,266
6,748
1,775

6,626
4,335
37,582
28,776
5,933

720
417
5,131
4,152
657

911
585
3,221
2,187
785

2,547
1,507
12,928
8,986
3,026

988
575
8,402
6,629
1,203

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

28,159
53,058
56,710
61,185

1,656
4,457
6,756
9,044

7,901
21,042
25,830
35,439

477
759
1,318
1,350

1,547
2,866
2,945
2,524

7,219
12,983
11,344
8,268

871
1,606
1,580
1,220

1,233
1,063
953
560

4,601
5,218
3,390
1,569

2,572
2,865
2,461
1,083

Education7
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED8 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 79

See footnotes at end of table.

.
.
.
.

Current health status among persons aged 18 years and over1


Excellent or very good
All persons
aged
18 years
and over

Selected characteristic

Better
than
last year

About the
same as
last year

Good
Worse
than
last year

Family income9
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

Better
than
last year

About the
same as
last year

Fair or poor
Worse
than
last year

Better
than
last year

About the
same as
last year

Worse
than
last year

Number in thousands2
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

74,281
141,904
31,868
38,780
26,379
44,877

6,673
18,963
3,264
5,066
3,940
6,694

25,829
74,459
14,128
18,896
13,962
27,474

1,340
3,013
634
865
685
829

4,301
6,429
1,651
2,027
1,231
1,520

16,749
24,843
7,247
7,423
4,273
5,901

2,412
3,211
860
972
596
782

2,329
1,627
404
592
265
365

8,782
5,769
2,294
1,928
879
668

5,650
3,356
1,278
993
466
619

Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

28,677
36,390
145,271

2,677
3,271
19,227

9,426
13,382
76,133

586
699
2,940

1,704
2,116
6,562

5,981
8,613
25,306

936
1,046
3,437

1,109
907
1,689

3,654
4,023
5,967

2,541
2,272
3,717

Poverty status10

Health insurance coverage11


Under 65 years:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 years and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

123,257
18,030
8,012
40,684

17,829
1,878
596
4,343

67,541
5,481
2,321
17,331

2,537
280
*87
1,003

5,793
1,139
522
2,290

19,365
3,601
1,649
9,267

2,465
571
298
1,372

1,202
911
309
658

3,970
2,349
1,251
2,759

2,365
1,763
949
1,611

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

20,579
2,633
12,633
2,406
379

1,294
70
695
154

8,098
447
4,241
795
111

337

222
*53

831
100
655
119

5,445
587
3,359
644
*132

634
*52
378
*64

510
106
286
88

2,102
795
1,810
359
*49

1,222
422
907
125

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
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.
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124,307
13,676
26,083
49,249
15,915

14,442
794
2,767
6,825
2,092

61,130
4,308
9,387
24,291
7,589

2,407
215
547
917
485

5,490
768
1,752
2,685
782

23,812
3,465
5,254
8,872
2,745

3,028
487
861
972
503

1,912
364
790
809
258

7,282
2,004
2,712
2,632
837

4,491
1,184
1,900
1,194
608

Place of residence12
Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

121,307
71,921
36,277

15,339
8,447
3,212

58,139
33,349
15,311

2,463
1,384
731

6,094
3,619
1,779

22,698
13,991
7,519

2,856
1,671
1,324

2,017
1,404
712

7,363
4,872
3,240

4,037
2,988
2,365

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

.
.
.
.
.

See footnotes at end of table.

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Page 80 [ Series 10, No. 252

Table 22. Frequency distributions of current health status relative to 1 year ago among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010Con.

Table 22. Frequency distributions of current health status relative to 1 year ago among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010Con.
Current health status among persons aged 18 years and over1
Excellent or very good
All persons
aged
18 years
and over

Selected characteristic

Better
than
last year

About the
same as
last year

Good
Worse
than
last year

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About the
same as
last year

Worse
than
last year

Better
than
last year

About the
same as
last year

Worse
than
last year

Number in thousands2

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

Better
than
last year

Fair or poor

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40,577
53,316
81,721
53,891

4,220
6,001
9,295
7,481

20,075
25,274
36,254
25,197

727
1,020
1,543
1,287

1,605
2,459
4,488
2,941

8,303
10,771
15,601
9,533

975
1,393
2,213
1,270

545
850
1,664
1,074

2,573
3,413
6,471
3,018

1,439
2,022
3,987
1,942

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

16,529
15,565

2,144
1,929

7,415
5,958

255
324

1,007
1,219

3,440
3,186

271
449

437
474

1,109
1,437

420
568

.
.
.
.

75,723
80,396
11,959
14,730

8,700
9,460
1,423
1,580

38,108
38,700
4,684
5,069

1,556
1,721
218
227

2,866
3,882
770
1,004

14,181
14,595
2,545
3,388

1,809
2,343
274
384

963
1,224
407
378

4,298
4,688
1,179
1,847

3,059
3,570
444
759

Hispanic or Latino origin6, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

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* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or precision.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
Quantity zero.
1
Based on a survey question that asked respondents, Would you say [subject names] health in general is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor? Proxy responses were allowed for adults not taking part in this portion of the interview; however, the
sample in this table is based on the reported health status (possibly by proxy) for the Sample Adult only. Excellent and very good are combined in this table, as are fair and poor. All sample adult respondents were also asked, Compared with twelve
months ago, would you say your health is better, worse, or about the same?
2

Unknowns for the columns were not included in the frequency distributions (see Appendix I). They are, however, included in the All persons aged 18 years and over column. Numbers may not add to totals because of rounding.
Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.
4
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group. Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups
shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons
of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness.
For example, the category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.
3

5
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies for the category Two or more races will be greater
than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.
6

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin, regardless of race.
Shown only for persons aged 25 years and over.
8
GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.
9
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see Appendix I). The indented categories include only those
persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
7

10
Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the
poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.

12

MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTE: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2010.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 81

11
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Persons under age 65 years and those aged 65 years and over were classified
separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for persons aged 65 years
and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only
a private plan that paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II).

Current health status among persons aged 18 years and over1


Excellent or very good
Better
than
last year

Selected characteristic

About the
same as
last year

Good
Worse
than
last year

Better
than
last year

About the
same as
last year

Fair or poor
Worse
than
last year

Better
than
last year

About the
same as
last year

Worse
than
last year

Percent distribution3 (standard eror)


Total3 (age-adjusted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total3 (crude) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

19.1
19.5

(0.38)
(0.39)

77.5
77.2

(0.41)
(0.41)

3.4 (0.18)
3.3 (0.18)

19.4
18.7

(0.59)
(0.55)

71.2
71.8

(0.67)
(0.64)

9.4 (0.42)
9.5 (0.41)

16.0 (0.95)
14.3 (0.70)

53.3
53.4

(1.17)
(0.92)

30.8 (1.09)
32.4 (0.88)

18.7
19.6

(0.57)
(0.53)

78.1
77.0

(0.61)
(0.55)

3.3 (0.27)
3.5 (0.25)

17.7
21.0

(0.83)
(0.82)

73.8
68.7

(0.93)
(0.89)

8.5 (0.57)
10.3 (0.57)

17.2 (1.65)
15.2 (1.11)

53.6
53.0

(1.84)
(1.56)

29.2
31.8

(1.68)
(1.49)

20.9
19.3
15.6
10.4

(0.54)
(0.70)
(1.15)
(1.10)

76.0
77.2
81.4
84.1

(0.56)
(0.75)
(1.25)
(1.40)

3.1
3.4
3.0
5.5

22.6
17.4
16.0
9.9

(0.95)
(0.88)
(1.40)
(1.12)

68.4
72.1
76.7
79.7

(1.04)
(1.04)
(1.67)
(1.49)

9.0
10.5
7.4
10.4

(0.62)
(0.66)
(0.99)
(1.13)

18.6
13.7
13.7
9.4

53.6
50.1
56.8
59.2

(2.04)
(1.45)
(2.22)
(2.13)

27.8
36.2
29.4
31.4

(1.91)
(1.37)
(2.06)
(2.05)

77.6 (0.41)
77.9 (0.45)
74.9 (1.23)
61.0 (5.34)
78.7 (1.51)
59.3 (13.93)
67.3 (3.69)
65.1 (10.13)
65.6 (6.07)

3.3
3.4
3.2
*2.7
3.5

71.2 (0.68)
71.1 (0.79)
70.4 (1.56)
79.1 (5.14)
73.5 (2.41)
55.3 (16.51)
67.0 (5.53)
86.1 (6.53)
63.5 (8.87)

9.5 (0.42)
10.0 (0.50)
7.5 (0.90)

8.7 (1.42)

*6.8 (2.69)

15.8
15.3
17.2
24.7
12.8

53.7 (1.16)
51.9 (1.40)
61.0 (2.33)
39.7 (7.88)
58.1 (5.41)
78.6 (7.66)
34.3 (6.65)
*45.1 (16.88)
34.6 (8.90)

30.4
32.8
21.8
35.5
29.1
13.5
43.3

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age4
1844 years . . . .
4564 years . . . .
6574 years . . . .
75 years and over

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One race5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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(0.23)
(0.32)
(0.59)
(1.02)

(1.66)
(0.99)
(1.66)
(1.46)

Race
19.1 (0.38)
18.8 (0.42)
22.0 (1.17)
36.4 (5.26)
17.9 (1.44)
*25.9 (7.99)
24.2 (3.43)
*33.0 (10.08)
21.1 (5.09)

(0.18)
(0.20)
(0.46)
(1.26)
(0.76)

8.5 (2.53)

*13.4 (4.43)

19.4 (0.60)
19.0 (0.69)
22.0 (1.41)
15.8 (4.44)
17.8 (2.12)
*39.4 (17.31)
26.2 (5.00)
*13.9 (6.53)
31.2 (8.72)

(0.95)
(1.09)
(2.17)
(6.88)
(3.38)

22.4 (6.29)

*19.1 (7.62)

(1.08)
(1.35)
(1.66)
(7.72)
(5.00)
(3.46)
(7.39)

46.4 (10.03)

Hispanic or Latino origin7 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

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22.4
23.8
18.7
18.4
22.2

(1.05)
(1.42)
(0.41)
(0.46)
(1.20)

74.4
72.5
77.9
78.3
74.6

(1.09)
(1.52)
(0.44)
(0.50)
(1.25)

3.2
3.7
3.4
3.4
3.2

(0.43)
(0.69)
(0.20)
(0.22)
(0.48)

22.6
23.7
18.7
18.1
21.2

(1.28)
(1.63)
(0.68)
(0.82)
(1.44)

69.7
69.3
71.5
71.3
71.1

(1.42)
(1.84)
(0.76)
(0.93)
(1.61)

7.7
7.0
9.9
10.6
7.7

(0.77)
(0.97)
(0.50)
(0.61)
(0.93)

21.5
22.3
14.6
13.6
16.8

(2.01)
(2.57)
(1.06)
(1.28)
(2.21)

57.6
56.9
52.3
49.7
61.1

(2.36)
(3.03)
(1.34)
(1.71)
(2.38)

20.9
20.7
33.1
36.6
22.2

(1.84)
(2.50)
(1.28)
(1.68)
(1.71)

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16.3
17.0
19.3
19.1

(1.18)
(0.83)
(0.71)
(0.65)

79.0
80.1
76.7
77.8

(1.32)
(0.86)
(0.77)
(0.72)

4.7
2.9
4.0
3.1

(0.72)
(0.34)
(0.38)
(0.35)

16.7
17.2
18.8
21.3

(1.24)
(1.01)
(1.01)
(1.27)

74.4
73.6
71.5
68.4

(1.36)
(1.19)
(1.19)
(1.46)

8.9
9.2
9.8
10.3

(0.96)
(0.78)
(0.82)
(0.92)

16.7
13.0
14.6
17.7

(1.60)
(1.47)
(1.66)
(2.47)

53.7
57.0
51.0
51.1

(2.07)
(2.04)
(2.25)
(3.53)

29.6
30.0
34.4
31.2

(1.92)
(1.85)
(2.11)
(3.23)

Education8
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED9 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .
See footnotes at end of table.

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Page 82 [ Series 10, No. 252

Table 23. Age-adjusted percent distributions of current health status relative to 1 year ago among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States,
2010

Table 23. Age-adjusted percent distributions of current health status relative to 1 year ago among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States,
2010Con.
Current health status among persons aged 18 years and over1
Excellent or very good
Better
than
last year

Selected characteristic

About the
same as
last year

Good
Worse
than
last year

Better
than
last year

Family income10
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

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About the
same as
last year

Fair or poor
Worse
than
last year

Better
than
last year

About the
same as
last year

Worse
than
last year

Percent distribution3 (standard eror)


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.
.

19.6
19.2
17.9
19.9
20.8
17.9

(0.69)
(0.47)
(0.95)
(0.94)
(1.21)
(0.81)

76.3
77.6
78.5
76.3
74.9
79.8

(0.73)
(0.52)
(1.03)
(1.05)
(1.35)
(0.86)

4.1
3.2
3.6
3.8
4.2
2.3

(0.33)
(0.26)
(0.58)
(0.52)
(0.80)
(0.34)

19.1
19.3
18.1
19.7
21.5
18.4

(0.80)
(0.83)
(1.52)
(1.50)
(2.10)
(1.84)

70.5
71.5
73.5
70.9
68.6
71.4

(0.98)
(0.93)
(1.67)
(1.68)
(2.42)
(2.15)

10.5
9.2
8.4
9.5
9.8
10.2

(0.68)
(0.59)
(0.93)
(1.04)
(1.53)
(1.53)

16.1
15.8
11.3
18.1
18.0
19.5

(1.19)
(1.57)
(2.00)
(2.93)
(4.94)
(4.25)

52.2
54.0
56.9
55.8
57.8
39.2

(1.51)
(1.98)
(3.26)
(3.61)
(6.15)
(5.43)

31.7
30.2
31.8
26.1
24.2
41.3

(1.35)
(1.91)
(3.17)
(2.98)
(6.22)
(5.78)

Poverty status11
Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

21.4 (1.37)
18.0 (1.03)
19.1 (0.46)

73.2 (1.48)
77.4 (1.19)
77.8 (0.50)

5.4 (0.84)
4.6 (0.73)
3.1 (0.23)

19.1 (1.22)
18.4 (1.25)
19.6 (0.83)

70.0 (1.48)
72.7 (1.40)
70.7 (0.93)

11.0 (1.09)
8.9 (0.87)
9.7 (0.61)

15.9 (1.57)
14.9 (1.78)
15.9 (1.57)

51.2 (1.97)
55.1 (2.31)
53.6 (2.07)

32.8 (1.77)
30.1 (2.24)
30.6 (1.91)

Health insurance coverage12


Under 65 years:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 years and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

.
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.
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.
.
.
.

20.3
24.4
21.4
18.9

(0.50)
(2.10)
(2.55)
(0.96)

76.8
71.9
76.4
76.6

(0.52)
(2.20)
(2.57)
(1.02)

2.9
3.7
*2.2
4.5

(0.21)
(0.66)
(0.74)
(0.53)

22.0
21.0
24.8
17.6

(1.01)
(1.79)
(4.00)
(1.16)

69.3
67.8
63.5
71.8

(1.09)
(2.07)
(4.47)
(1.41)

8.7
11.2
11.6
10.6

(0.63)
(1.46)
(3.02)
(0.97)

17.6
19.4
10.9
14.5

(1.96)
(2.14)
(2.80)
(1.84)

52.7
47.0
59.5
55.7

(2.32)
(2.60)
(4.96)
(2.67)

29.7
33.6
29.5
29.8

(2.10)
(2.39)
(4.33)
(2.60)

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.

.
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.

.
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.
.

.
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.
.

.
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.
.

.
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.
.
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.
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.
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12.9
12.4
13.2
15.2

(1.14)
(3.25)
(1.41)
(3.46)

83.5
80.4
82.2
79.4
84.4

(1.31)
(4.40)
(1.69)
(4.09)
(6.42)

3.6
*7.1
4.6
*5.4

(0.72)
(3.52)
(1.08)
(2.17)

11.9
13.7
14.9
14.4

(1.18)
(2.81)
(1.71)
(3.67)

78.8
79.2
76.5
77.4
87.1

(1.51)
(3.44)
(1.97)
(4.37)
(6.82)

9.2
*7.1
8.6
*8.2

(1.11)
(2.28)
(1.24)
(2.99)

13.4
8.0
9.4
15.6
*18.7

(1.91)
(1.70)
(1.51)
(4.25)
(9.06)

54.4
59.7
60.3
62.6
71.7

(2.58)
(3.46)
(2.52)
(5.07)
(9.01)

32.2
32.3
30.3
21.7

(2.54)
(3.26)
(2.46)
(4.59)

Marital status
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .

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.
.
.
.
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18.2
11.9
22.0
19.3
19.6

(0.51)
(3.16)
(1.14)
(1.02)
(1.53)

78.6
83.3
74.0
77.3
76.1

(0.56)
(3.81)
(1.17)
(1.09)
(1.63)

3.2
*4.7
4.0
3.4
4.3

(0.26)
(2.32)
(0.50)
(0.47)
(0.75)

18.3
19.9
23.6
20.3
17.8

(0.86)
(5.36)
(1.60)
(1.36)
(2.11)

72.5
72.5
63.9
71.9
68.4

(0.96)
(5.79)
(1.83)
(1.54)
(3.05)

9.2
*7.6
12.6
7.8
13.8

(0.59)
(2.42)
(1.30)
(0.90)
(2.60)

14.4
*17.6
18.8
16.7
14.2

(1.43)
(7.51)
(2.39)
(1.82)
(3.15)

53.0
56.5
45.3
57.2
51.7

(1.93)
(8.77)
(2.48)
(2.33)
(4.37)

32.6
25.9
35.9
26.2
34.1

(1.83)
(6.41)
(2.49)
(2.13)
(4.05)

Place of residence13

See footnotes at end of table.

19.7 (0.53)
19.2 (0.69)
16.6 (0.87)

77.0 (0.56)
77.6 (0.73)
79.5 (0.99)

3.4 (0.26)
3.2 (0.31)
3.8 (0.49)

19.8 (0.85)
19.6 (1.01)
18.0 (1.43)

71.3 (0.95)
71.7 (1.16)
69.4 (1.61)

8.9 (0.59)
8.7 (0.77)
12.6 (1.10)

16.4 (1.34)
17.4 (1.76)
13.0 (2.10)

54.8 (1.65)
50.9 (2.15)
54.0 (2.82)

28.8 (1.50)
31.7 (2.17)
33.1 (2.39)

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 83

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Current health status among persons aged 18 years and over1


Excellent or very good
Better
than
last year

Selected characteristic

About the
same as
last year

Good
Worse
than
last year

Better
than
last year

.
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.

Worse
than
last year

Better
than
last year

About the
same as
last year

Worse
than
last year

Percent distribution3 (standard eror)

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

About the
same as
last year

Fair or poor

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.
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16.6
18.1
19.3
21.6

(0.89)
(0.84)
(0.61)
(0.79)

80.4
78.7
77.4
74.5

(0.92)
(0.90)
(0.65)
(0.87)

3.0
3.2
3.3
3.9

(0.40)
(0.35)
(0.30)
(0.44)

16.3
17.6
20.6
21.8

(1.41)
(1.29)
(1.02)
(1.14)

75.3
72.9
69.4
69.1

(1.70)
(1.43)
(1.12)
(1.29)

8.3
9.5
10.0
9.1

(1.12)
(0.83)
(0.70)
(0.84)

14.8
13.7
16.1
19.2

(2.37)
(1.95)
(1.50)
(2.14)

55.8
53.9
52.9
51.4

(3.13)
(2.17)
(1.90)
(2.51)

29.4
32.3
31.0
29.4

(2.97)
(2.18)
(1.78)
(2.18)

Hispanic or Latino origin7, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

21.2 (1.45)
23.8 (1.47)

76.7 (1.47)
71.9 (1.57)

2.2 (0.45)
4.3 (0.73)

20.2 (1.69)
24.8 (1.75)

73.7 (1.94)
65.9 (1.94)

.
.
.
.

17.7
19.0
22.0
22.4

79.0
77.5
75.1
74.3

3.3
3.4
2.9
3.3

16.1
20.0
21.9
20.8

74.3
68.4
71.0
71.2

.
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.

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.
.

.
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.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

(0.67)
(0.66)
(1.82)
(1.58)

(0.72)
(0.71)
(1.87)
(1.61)

(0.33)
(0.31)
(0.71)
(0.64)

(1.16)
(1.16)
(2.41)
(1.75)

(1.33)
(1.25)
(2.56)
(1.98)

6.1 (1.07)
9.3 (1.20)
9.6
11.6
7.1
8.0

(0.83)
(0.85)
(1.23)
(1.31)

23.5 (3.25)
19.7 (2.31)

56.4 (3.57)
58.6 (2.97)

20.1 (2.86)
21.7 (2.34)

12.0
15.0
24.6
11.7

53.3
47.4
54.9
65.1

34.8
37.6
20.6
23.2

(1.89)
(1.71)
(4.33)
(1.54)

(2.58)
(2.31)
(4.42)
(2.47)

(2.57)
(2.29)
(3.28)
(2.13)

* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or precision.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
Quantity zero.
1
Based on a survey question that asked respondents, Would you say [subject names] health in general is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor? Proxy responses were allowed for adults not taking part in this portion of the interview; however, the
sample in this table is based on the reported health status (possibly by proxy) for the Sample Adult only. Excellent and very good are combined in this table, as are fair and poor. All sample adult respondents were also asked, Compared with twelve
months ago, would you say your health is better, worse, or about the same?
2

Unknowns for the columns were not included in the denominators when calculating percentages (see Appendix I). Percentages may not add to totals due to rounding.
Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.
4
Estimates for age groups are not age adjusted.
5
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group. Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups
shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons
of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness.
For example, the category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.
3

6
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies for the category Two or more races will be greater
than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.
7

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin, regardless of race.
Shown only for persons aged 25 years and over. Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. standard population using four age groups (2544 years, 4564 years, 6574 years, and 75 years and over).
9
GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.
10
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see Appendix I). The indented categories include only those
persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
8

11
Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the
poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
12
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Persons under age 65 years and those aged 65 years and over were classified
separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for persons aged 65 years
and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only
a private plan that paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II). Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using two age groups for persons under age 65 (1844 years
and 4564 years), and two age groups for persons aged 65 and over (6574 years and 75 years and over).
13

MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTES: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Unless otherwise specified, estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using four age
groups: 1844 years, 4564 years, 6574 years, and 75 years and over. For crude percentages, refer to Table XIV in Appendix III.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2010.

Page 84 [ Series 10, No. 252

Table 23. Age-adjusted percent distributions of current health status relative to 1 year ago among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States,
2010Con.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 85


Table 24. Frequency distributions of current cigarette smoking status among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010
All persons
aged
18 years
and over

Selected characteristic

Smoking status among persons aged 18 years and over1


All current
smokers2

Every day
smokers2

Some day
smokers2

Former
smokers3

Nonsmokers4

Number in thousands5
Total6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

229,505

44,114

34,508

9,606

49,473

134,406

110,929
118,576

23,725
20,389

18,439
16,069

5,286
4,320

28,075
21,398

58,466
75,940

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

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.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

110,615
80,198
21,291
17,401

23,693
16,793
2,748
880

17,581
13,879
2,352
696

6,113
2,914
396
184

14,007
20,357
8,361
6,749

72,403
42,382
10,046
9,575

One race7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
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.
.

.
.
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.
.

.
.
.
.
.
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.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
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.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
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.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

226,314
185,330
27,807
1,795
11,096
284
3,191
625
1,394

43,343
36,196
5,596
440
1,050
*61
771
117
403

33,902
28,579
4,163
318
793
*49
606
93
327

9,441
7,617
1,434
*122
257

165
*23
*76

48,713
43,031
3,877
406
1,370

760
*96
428

132,765
104,992
18,092
854
8,633
194
1,641
413
545

1844 years . . . .
4564 years . . . .
6574 years . . . .
75 years and over

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.
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.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Race

Hispanic or Latino origin9 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
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.
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.

.
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.
.
.

32,094
19,712
197,411
156,119
26,689

3,977
2,401
40,137
32,650
5,440

2,376
1,327
32,131
26,417
4,082

1,600
1,074
8,006
6,233
1,358

4,670
2,689
44,803
38,774
3,692

23,225
14,502
111,181
83,798
17,317

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.
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.
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.
.

28,159
53,058
56,710
61,185

7,005
13,738
12,107
5,204

5,940
11,479
9,518
3,297

1,066
2,259
2,589
1,908

6,551
13,113
14,728
13,084

14,334
25,747
29,488
42,630

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.
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.

74,281
141,904
31,868
38,780
26,379
44,877

19,518
22,582
6,946
7,107
4,227
4,302

15,752
17,204
5,431
5,589
3,150
3,034

3,765
5,378
1,514
1,518
1,077
1,269

14,373
31,710
6,860
8,658
5,806
10,385

39,848
86,908
17,844
22,853
16,226
29,986

Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

28,677
36,390
145,271

8,232
9,302
23,124

6,582
7,524
17,674

1,650
1,778
5,450

4,032
6,929
33,907

16,200
19,894
87,448

Education10
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED11 .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Family income12
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

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.

Poverty status13

See footnotes at end of table.

Page 86 [ Series 10, No. 252


Table 24. Frequency distributions of current cigarette smoking status among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010Con.
All persons
aged
18 years
and over

Selected characteristic
Health insurance coverage14
Under 65 years:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65 years and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Smoking status among persons aged 18 years and over1


All current
smokers2

Every day
smokers2

Some day
smokers2

Former
smokers3

Nonsmokers4

Number in thousands5
.
.
.
.

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.
.

123,257
18,030
8,012
40,684

19,667
5,449
2,231
12,972

14,725
4,573
1,881
10,210

4,942
876
350
2,762

24,776
2,229
1,908
5,269

78,116
10,207
3,843
22,160

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20,579
2,633
12,633
2,406
379

1,630
458
1,225
267

1,360
403
1,043
197

270
*54
182
*70

8,227
773
4,806
1,151
129

10,618
1,371
6,434
958
202

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.

124,307
13,676
26,083
49,249
15,915

18,229
1,705
7,215
10,963
5,949

14,447
1,361
5,885
8,016
4,753

3,783
344
1,329
2,947
1,197

31,114
4,096
6,654
4,894
2,649

74,292
7,720
11,887
33,091
7,266

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

121,307
71,921
36,277

20,582
14,114
9,418

15,286
11,143
8,079

5,296
2,971
1,339

24,888
16,184
8,401

75,014
41,108
18,284

.
.
.
.

40,577
53,316
81,721
53,891

7,005
11,545
17,072
8,492

5,552
9,127
13,571
6,258

1,453
2,418
3,501
2,234

9,402
11,784
16,986
11,302

23,937
29,606
47,152
33,710

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

16,529
15,565

2,585
1,392

1,492
885

1,093
507

3,079
1,591

10,739
12,486

.
.
.
.

75,723
80,396
11,959
14,730

17,023
15,628
2,946
2,494

13,774
12,643
2,242
1,840

3,249
2,985
704
654

21,596
17,178
2,026
1,665

36,738
47,061
6,917
10,401

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

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Place of residence15

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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.

Hispanic or Latino origin9, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

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.

* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
1

Based on two survey questions: Have you smoked at least 100 cigarettes in your entire life? and Do you now smoke cigarettes every day, some days, or not at all?
Current smokers have smoked at least 100 cigarettes in their lifetime and still currently smoke; every day smokers are current smokers who smoke every day; and some day smokers are current
smokers who smoke on some days.
2

Persons who have smoked at least 100 cigarettes in their lifetime but currently do not smoke at all.
Persons who have never smoked at least 100 cigarettes in their lifetime.
5
Unknowns for the columns were not included in the frequency distributions (see Appendix I), but they are included in the All persons aged 18 years and over column. Numbers may not add to totals
due to rounding.
4

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.
Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the
category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The
tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the
category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.
7

8
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies
for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.
9

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,
regardless of race.

10

Shown only for persons aged 25 years and over.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 87


11

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.


The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see
Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be
comparable with those from earlier years.
12

13

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
14
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Persons under age 65
years and those aged 65 years and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type
of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for persons aged 65 years and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in
combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that
paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II).
15
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTE: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2010.

Page 88 [ Series 10, No. 252


Table 25. Age-adjusted percent distributions of current cigarette smoking status among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected
characteristics: United States, 2010
Smoking status among persons aged 18 years and over1

Selected characteristic

Total

All current
smokers2

Every day
smokers2

Some day
smokers2

Former
smokers3

Nonsmokers4

Percent distribution5 (standard error)


Total6 (age-adjusted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total6 (crude) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0

19.3 (0.32)
19.3 (0.32)

15.0 (0.29)
15.1 (0.29)

4.3 (0.15)
4.2 (0.15)

21.1 (0.29)
21.7 (0.32)

59.6 (0.40)
59.0 (0.40)

100.0
100.0

21.2 (0.46)
17.5 (0.40)

16.4 (0.42)
13.7 (0.36)

4.8 (0.23)
3.8 (0.20)

25.5 (0.45)
17.3 (0.35)

53.3 (0.57)
65.2 (0.49)

(0.26)
(0.22)
(0.27)
(0.23)

12.7
25.6
39.5
39.2

(0.35)
(0.56)
(1.12)
(1.19)

65.8
53.3
47.5
55.7

(0.55)
(0.67)
(1.11)
(1.20)

(0.16)
(0.18)
(0.40)
(2.21)
(0.40)

4.5 (0.98)
*3.0 (1.30)
*5.1 (1.88)

21.0
22.4
14.8
22.8
12.9
17.1
28.5
*17.0
31.5

(0.29)
(0.33)
(0.62)
(3.48)
(0.98)
(4.17)
(2.59)
(5.35)
(4.27)

59.7
57.8
65.6
50.6
77.8
63.2
48.4
60.6
41.0

(0.40)
(0.46)
(0.85)
(4.01)
(1.20)
(6.59)
(2.78)
(5.70)
(4.74)

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age7
1844 years . . . .
4564 years . . . .
6574 years . . . .
75 years and over

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

21.5
21.1
13.0
5.1

(0.49)
(0.52)
(0.71)
(0.54)

16.0
17.5
11.1
4.0

(0.43)
(0.49)
(0.66)
(0.48)

5.6
3.7
1.9
1.1

One race8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

19.3
19.8
19.5
26.6
9.3
*19.6
23.1
22.4
27.4

(0.33)
(0.38)
(0.69)
(3.56)
(0.81)
(6.38)
(2.28)
(6.21)
(4.00)

15.0
15.5
14.5
18.5
7.1
*16.3
18.5
*19.4
22.3

(0.29)
(0.34)
(0.61)
(3.22)
(0.69)
(6.13)
(2.00)
(6.21)
(3.60)

4.3
4.3
5.0
8.1
2.2

Race

Hispanic or Latino origin10 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

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.

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.
.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

12.2
12.0
20.7
21.7
19.8

(0.57)
(0.76)
(0.37)
(0.45)
(0.70)

7.6
7.0
16.5
17.4
14.8

(0.45)
(0.60)
(0.34)
(0.40)
(0.63)

4.7
5.0
4.3
4.3
5.0

(0.35)
(0.47)
(0.17)
(0.21)
(0.40)

16.5
16.0
21.7
23.4
14.6

(0.69)
(0.89)
(0.32)
(0.38)
(0.63)

71.2
72.0
57.6
54.9
65.5

(0.81)
(1.07)
(0.44)
(0.53)
(0.87)

.
.
.
.

.
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.
.
.

.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

27.1
27.1
21.2
8.3

(0.92)
(0.72)
(0.62)
(0.39)

22.8
22.5
16.6
5.2

(0.88)
(0.67)
(0.56)
(0.30)

4.2
4.6
4.6
3.1

(0.38)
(0.36)
(0.27)
(0.24)

20.7
23.4
26.2
22.1

(0.81)
(0.62)
(0.66)
(0.57)

52.2
49.5
52.6
69.6

(1.06)
(0.79)
(0.73)
(0.65)

.
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.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

27.6
15.6
22.4
18.0
15.2
9.1

(0.59)
(0.37)
(0.84)
(0.71)
(0.85)
(0.58)

22.3
11.8
17.4
14.1
11.3
6.5

(0.57)
(0.33)
(0.76)
(0.66)
(0.76)
(0.49)

5.3
3.8
5.0
3.9
3.9
2.6

(0.26)
(0.19)
(0.43)
(0.36)
(0.45)
(0.30)

18.4
22.6
20.7
22.5
23.2
23.7

(0.42)
(0.41)
(0.74)
(0.75)
(0.98)
(0.83)

54.0
61.8
56.9
59.6
61.6
67.1

(0.63)
(0.50)
(0.98)
(0.95)
(1.15)
(0.92)

Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0
100.0

28.4 (0.87)
26.2 (0.80)
15.8 (0.36)

Education11
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED12 .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Family income13
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

.
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.

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.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

Poverty status14

See footnotes at end of table.

22.9 (0.83)
21.3 (0.76)
11.9 (0.32)

5.5 (0.39)
4.9 (0.40)
3.9 (0.20)

16.0 (0.65)
19.1 (0.71)
22.9 (0.39)

55.6 (0.98)
54.7 (0.88)
61.3 (0.48)

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 89


Table 25. Age-adjusted percent distributions of current cigarette smoking status among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected
characteristics: United States, 2010Con.
Smoking status among persons aged 18 years and over1

Selected characteristic

Total

Health insurance coverage15


Under 65 years:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65 years and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

All current
smokers2

Every day
smokers2

Some day
smokers2

Former
smokers3

Nonsmokers4

Percent distribution5 (standard error)


.
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.
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.
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.
.
.

.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

16.1
30.7
26.0
32.4

(0.40)
(1.16)
(1.96)
(0.82)

11.9
25.8
21.2
25.7

(0.35)
(1.11)
(1.77)
(0.78)

4.2
4.9
4.8
6.7

(0.22)
(0.50)
(0.95)
(0.42)

18.9
13.1
20.3
13.5

(0.40)
(0.81)
(1.71)
(0.61)

65.0
56.2
53.7
54.1

(0.53)
(1.19)
(2.24)
(0.90)

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.
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.
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.
.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

7.9
16.9
9.4
11.0

(0.63)
(2.04)
(0.80)
(1.89)

6.5
14.9
8.0
8.0

(0.57)
(1.92)
(0.74)
(1.61)

1.3
*2.0
1.4
*2.9

(0.23)
(0.66)
(0.29)
(1.06)

40.2
29.4
38.6
48.3
30.5

(1.15)
(2.50)
(1.41)
(2.99)
(6.68)

52.0
53.7
51.9
40.8
52.1

(1.13)
(2.67)
(1.38)
(2.93)
(9.71)

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.

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.

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

14.6
25.4
28.2
21.7
34.2

(0.41)
(4.21)
(0.93)
(0.72)
(1.49)

11.4
20.6
22.8
16.3
28.0

(0.38)
(3.66)
(0.88)
(0.65)
(1.45)

3.2 (0.20)

5.4 (0.46)
5.3 (0.36)
6.1 (0.63)

23.9
18.9
23.5
15.6
21.9

(0.45)
(2.55)
(0.82)
(0.75)
(1.55)

61.5
55.7
48.4
62.7
44.0

(0.54)
(4.32)
(1.04)
(0.92)
(1.68)

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0
100.0

16.9 (0.41)
19.7 (0.62)
26.9 (1.00)

12.5 (0.36)
15.5 (0.55)
23.0 (0.94)

4.4 (0.21)
4.2 (0.28)
3.9 (0.35)

20.5 (0.39)
22.0 (0.55)
21.2 (0.86)

62.5 (0.53)
58.3 (0.75)
51.9 (1.08)

.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

17.5
21.9
20.9
15.7

13.8
17.2
16.5
11.5

3.7
4.7
4.4
4.2

22.0
21.6
20.4
21.2

60.5
56.6
58.7
63.1

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0

15.2 (0.89)
9.0 (0.63)

.
.
.
.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

23.0
20.5
23.4
16.7

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

.
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.

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.
.

Place of residence16

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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.
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.
.

(0.71)
(0.72)
(0.57)
(0.59)

(0.65)
(0.64)
(0.53)
(0.51)

(0.41)
(0.33)
(0.26)
(0.28)

(0.75)
(0.53)
(0.49)
(0.63)

(0.95)
(0.77)
(0.66)
(0.87)

Hispanic or Latino origin10, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

.
.
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.

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.

.
.
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.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

(0.62)
(0.57)
(1.12)
(0.93)

9.2 (0.72)
5.8 (0.53)
18.4
16.4
17.8
12.3

(0.57)
(0.51)
(1.03)
(0.80)

6.0 (0.56)
3.2 (0.39)

22.6 (1.10)
11.1 (0.76)

62.3 (1.30)
79.9 (0.88)

4.6
4.0
5.6
4.4

27.3
20.0
18.8
11.6

49.7
59.6
57.8
71.6

(0.31)
(0.28)
(0.63)
(0.50)

(0.59)
(0.47)
(1.05)
(0.71)

(0.74)
(0.67)
(1.37)
(1.11)

* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
1

Based on two survey questions: Have you smoked at least 100 cigarettes in your entire life? and Do you now smoke cigarettes every day, some days, or not at all?
Current smokers have smoked at least 100 cigarettes in their lifetime and still currently smoke; every day smokers are current smokers who smoke every day; and some day smokers are current
smokers who smoke on some days.
2

Persons who have smoked at least 100 cigarettes in their lifetime but currently do not smoke at all.
Persons who have never smoked at least 100 cigarettes in their lifetime.
5
Unknowns for the columns were not included in the denominators when calculating percentages (see Appendix I). Percentages may not add to totals due to rounding.
6
Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.
7
Estimates for age groups are not age adjusted.
8
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.
Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the
category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The
tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the
category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.
4

9
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies
for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.
10

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,
regardless of race.

Page 90 [ Series 10, No. 252


11
Shown only for persons aged 25 years and over. Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. standard population using four age groups: 2544 years, 4564 years, 6574 years, and 75
years and over.
12

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.


The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see
Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be
comparable with those from earlier years.
13

14

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
15
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Persons under age 65
years and those aged 65 years and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type
of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for persons aged 65 years and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in
combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that
paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II). Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using two age groups for
persons under age 65 (1844 years and 4564 years), and two age groups for persons age 65 and over (6574 years and 75 years and over).
16
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTES: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Unless otherwise specified, estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S.
population as the standard population using four age groups: 1844 years, 4564 years, 6574 years, and 75 years and over. For crude percentages, refer to Table XV in Appendix III.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2010.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 91


Table 26. Frequency distributions of alcohol drinking status among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010
All persons
aged
18 years
and over

Selected characteristic

Alcohol drinking status among persons aged 18 years and over1


Lifetime
abstainer2

Former
infrequent2,3

Former
regular2,3

Current
infrequent2,3

Current
regular2,3

Number in thousands4
Total5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

229,505

46,846

19,398

13,143

30,778

114,977

110,929
118,576

16,265
30,580

8,358
11,040

7,705
5,439

11,257
19,521

64,885
50,092

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
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.
.

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.

.
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.

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.

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.

.
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.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

110,615
80,198
21,291
17,401

23,762
12,570
4,952
5,561

5,225
8,445
3,019
2,709

3,484
5,419
2,275
1,965

14,600
11,552
2,716
1,911

61,469
40,625
8,006
4,878

One race6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
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.

.
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.

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.

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.

.
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.

.
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.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

226,314
185,330
27,807
1,795
11,096
284
3,191
625
1,394

46,242
33,093
8,040
481
4,532
*96
604
142
308

19,168
15,293
2,908
190
734

231

*115

13,026
11,214
1,365
131
281

117

*56

30,264
24,661
3,914
219
1,444

514
*93
258

113,285
97,733
10,886
660
3,927
*78
1,692
348
639

1844 years . . . .
4564 years . . . .
6574 years . . . .
75 years and over

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
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Race

Hispanic or Latino origin8 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

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32,094
19,712
197,411
156,119
26,689

9,956
5,999
36,889
23,963
7,745

2,266
1,443
17,132
13,299
2,815

1,830
1,279
11,314
9,494
1,318

4,106
2,435
26,672
21,015
3,718

13,102
8,086
101,875
85,808
10,408

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28,159
53,058
56,710
61,185

8,696
10,606
8,694
8,537

3,876
6,186
5,088
3,364

2,953
3,796
3,368
2,476

3,217
7,798
9,092
7,744

8,779
23,448
29,504
38,199

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74,281
141,904
31,868
38,780
26,379
44,877

20,266
23,568
6,853
7,373
4,060
5,282

8,155
9,937
3,087
2,925
1,868
2,057

5,927
6,627
1,873
2,004
1,022
1,728

9,414
19,865
4,851
5,823
3,579
5,612

28,944
79,855
14,595
20,054
15,478
29,727

Poverty status12
Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

28,677
36,390
145,271

9,121
9,781
22,726

2,919
3,943
10,510

2,075
2,746
7,158

3,746
4,667
19,920

10,091
14,655
82,803

Education9
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED10 .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

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Family income11
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

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See footnotes at end of table.

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Page 92 [ Series 10, No. 252


Table 26. Frequency distributions of alcohol drinking status among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010Con.
All persons
aged
18 years
and over

Selected characteristic
Health insurance coverage13
Under 65 years:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65 years and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Alcohol drinking status among persons aged 18 years and over1


Lifetime
abstainer2

Former
infrequent2,3

Former
regular2,3

Current
infrequent2,3

Current
regular2,3

Number in thousands4
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123,257
18,030
8,012
40,684

18,702
6,151
1,581
9,690

7,933
1,873
995
2,797

4,693
1,294
831
2,034

17,276
2,635
1,245
4,864

72,604
5,561
3,213
20,412

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20,579
2,633
12,633
2,406
379

5,015
1,121
3,746
453
152

3,004
445
1,954
292
*29

1,995
449
1,365
379
*34

2,704
211
1,380
280
*50

7,620
358
3,843
935
114

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124,307
13,676
26,083
49,249
15,915

22,691
4,825
3,918
13,681
1,637

11,382
2,203
2,757
2,271
786

7,371
1,292
2,011
1,515
950

17,692
1,604
4,005
5,087
2,335

63,322
3,409
12,694
25,460
9,990

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

121,307
71,921
36,277

25,138
13,965
7,742

8,721
6,117
4,560

5,772
4,404
2,967

15,014
10,613
5,152

64,228
35,717
15,032

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.
.
.

40,577
53,316
81,721
53,891

8,093
8,730
18,803
11,219

2,875
4,421
8,280
3,822

1,988
3,087
4,665
3,404

5,428
8,011
10,678
6,661

21,501
27,853
37,829
27,793

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

16,529
15,565

3,497
6,460

986
1,280

1,163
667

1,644
2,462

8,670
4,432

.
.
.
.

75,723
80,396
11,959
14,730

8,392
15,571
2,660
5,085

5,758
7,541
1,118
1,697

5,528
3,966
763
555

7,582
13,432
1,240
2,478

47,135
38,673
5,788
4,620

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

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Place of residence14

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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Hispanic or Latino origin8, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

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* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
1
Derived from several source questions: In ANY ONE YEAR, have you had at least 12 drinks of any type of alcoholic beverage?; In your ENTIRE LIFE, have you had at least 12 drinks of any type of
alcoholic beverage?; and In the PAST YEAR, how often did you drink any type of alcoholic beverage?
2
Categories are based on the same definitions used in the Health, United States publications (see Appendix II) and are derived from respondents self-reported responses to a series of questions
about alcohol consumption. A lifetime abstainer had fewer than 12 drinks in his or her lifetime; a former drinker had at least 12 drinks in his or her lifetime or in any 1 year AND had no drink in the past
year; and a current drinker had at least 12 drinks in his or her lifetime or in any 1 year AND had a drink 1365 times in the past year.
3
Former infrequent drinkers had at least 12 drinks in their lifetime but fewer than 12 drinks in any 1 year and no drinks in the last year. Former regular drinkers had at least 12 drinks in any 1 year and
no drinks in the last year. Current infrequent drinkers had at least 12 drinks in their lifetime and fewer than 12 drinks in the past year, and current regular drinkers had at least 12 drinks in the past
year. Former and current drinkers for whom the frequency of consumption or amount consumed was unknown are not included.
4
Unknowns for the columns were not included in the frequency distributions (see Appendix I), but they are included in the All persons aged 18 years and over column. Numbers may not add to totals
due to rounding.
5
Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.
6
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.
Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the
category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The
tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the
category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.
7
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies
for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.
8
Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,
regardless of race.
9

Shown only for persons aged 25 years and over.


GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see
Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be
comparable with those from earlier years.
10
11

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 93


12

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
13
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Persons under age 65
years and those aged 65 years and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type
of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for persons aged 65 years and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in
combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that
paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II).
14
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTE: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2010.

Page 94 [ Series 10, No. 252


Table 27. Age-adjusted percent distributions of alcohol drinking status among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010
Alcohol drinking status among persons aged 18 years and over1

Selected characteristic

Total

Lifetime
abstainer2

Former
infrequent2,3

Former
regular2,3

Current infrequent2,3

Current
regular2,3

Percent distribution4 (standard error)


Total5 (age-adjusted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total5 (crude) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0

21.1 (0.36)
20.7 (0.35)

8.3 (0.19)
8.6 (0.20)

5.7 (0.17)
5.8 (0.18)

13.5 (0.26)
13.6 (0.26)

51.0 (0.44)
50.9 (0.44)

100.0
100.0

15.3 (0.45)
26.2 (0.49)

7.6 (0.28)
9.0 (0.28)

7.0 (0.27)
4.5 (0.21)

10.3 (0.34)
16.7 (0.39)

59.2 (0.60)
43.4 (0.56)

(0.19)
(0.31)
(0.70)
(0.77)

13.4
14.7
12.9
11.2

(0.38)
(0.44)
(0.74)
(0.78)

56.4
51.6
38.1
28.6

(0.60)
(0.65)
(1.11)
(1.16)

(0.18)
(0.20)
(0.42)
(1.97)
(0.40)
(5.52)
(1.33)

*4.5 (1.75)

13.5
13.5
14.0
12.2
13.0
*8.0
17.0
24.3
17.3

(0.27)
(0.30)
(0.66)
(2.60)
(0.96)
(3.79)
(2.14)
(5.06)
(3.19)

51.0
53.9
38.7
38.8
35.0
24.3
50.4
51.1
46.3

(0.45)
(0.50)
(0.94)
(3.62)
(1.33)
(6.94)
(2.90)
(6.67)
(4.68)

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age6
1844 years . . . .
4564 years . . . .
6574 years . . . .
75 years and over

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

21.8
16.0
23.6
32.6

(0.49)
(0.47)
(0.95)
(1.19)

4.8
10.7
14.4
15.9

(0.23)
(0.42)
(0.78)
(0.89)

3.2
6.9
10.8
11.5

One race7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

21.1
18.4
30.3
30.1
41.9
34.7
19.6
16.2
24.6

(0.36)
(0.39)
(0.93)
(4.38)
(1.49)
(6.31)
(2.43)
(3.81)
(4.16)

8.3
8.0
11.1
11.1
7.2
*14.0
8.2

(0.19)
(0.21)
(0.55)
(2.42)
(0.85)
(6.21)
(1.47)

*7.3 (2.21)

5.7
5.9
5.5
7.6
2.7
19.0
4.8

Race

Hispanic or Latino origin9 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

32.0
31.2
19.2
15.6
30.4

(0.82)
(1.04)
(0.38)
(0.43)
(0.96)

8.1
8.5
8.3
7.9
11.2

(0.49)
(0.69)
(0.21)
(0.24)
(0.56)

6.9
8.1
5.5
5.7
5.5

(0.51)
(0.74)
(0.19)
(0.22)
(0.43)

13.0
12.4
13.7
13.7
13.9

(0.58)
(0.76)
(0.29)
(0.35)
(0.68)

39.4
39.1
53.0
56.8
38.6

(0.86)
(1.15)
(0.48)
(0.55)
(0.96)

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

30.9
19.9
16.1
14.8

(1.00)
(0.63)
(0.57)
(0.54)

12.6
11.2
9.0
5.7

(0.67)
(0.47)
(0.39)
(0.33)

9.5
6.9
5.9
4.2

(0.55)
(0.41)
(0.33)
(0.30)

11.9
15.2
16.2
12.7

(0.69)
(0.57)
(0.56)
(0.50)

34.6
46.4
52.5
62.5

(0.98)
(0.82)
(0.78)
(0.78)

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

27.3
17.5
21.7
19.7
16.2
13.1

(0.57)
(0.43)
(0.85)
(0.80)
(0.99)
(0.73)

10.8
7.1
9.4
7.5
7.2
4.8

(0.39)
(0.25)
(0.61)
(0.46)
(0.64)
(0.43)

7.8
4.8
5.7
5.4
4.1
4.0

(0.31)
(0.22)
(0.45)
(0.43)
(0.47)
(0.42)

13.1
14.1
15.5
15.0
13.7
12.6

(0.41)
(0.36)
(0.69)
(0.64)
(0.90)
(0.67)

40.7
56.3
47.2
52.0
58.5
65.4

(0.66)
(0.55)
(1.00)
(0.94)
(1.21)
(1.01)

Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0
100.0

32.9 (0.92)
27.0 (0.83)
16.3 (0.42)

Education10
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED11 .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

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.
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Family income12
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

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Poverty status13

See footnotes at end of table.

11.4 (0.60)
11.0 (0.57)
7.0 (0.23)

8.4 (0.53)
7.7 (0.45)
4.9 (0.20)

12.9 (0.63)
13.1 (0.60)
13.7 (0.35)

33.7 (0.92)
40.9 (0.88)
57.8 (0.53)

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 95


Table 27. Age-adjusted percent distributions of alcohol drinking status among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010Con.
Alcohol drinking status among persons aged 18 years and over1

Selected characteristic

Total

Lifetime
abstainer2

Health insurance coverage14


Under 65 years:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 years and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

Former
infrequent2,3

Former
regular2,3

Current infrequent2,3

Current
regular2,3

Percent distribution4 (standard error)

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

15.8
34.5
21.7
24.1

(0.44)
(1.28)
(2.03)
(0.78)

6.0
11.1
9.6
7.4

(0.25)
(0.77)
(1.15)
(0.50)

3.6
7.8
7.9
5.3

(0.19)
(0.67)
(1.15)
(0.39)

14.0
14.6
15.4
12.3

(0.38)
(0.92)
(1.56)
(0.59)

60.2
31.2
45.0
50.4

(0.58)
(1.19)
(2.36)
(0.91)

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

24.8
44.2
30.9
19.3
47.7

(1.03)
(2.61)
(1.34)
(2.33)
(7.30)

14.8
17.0
16.0
12.5
*8.5

(0.78)
(1.94)
(1.03)
(2.11)
(4.08)

9.8
17.1
11.1
16.0
*10.3

(0.70)
(2.09)
(0.87)
(2.34)
(4.74)

13.3
8.0
11.1
11.8
*9.9

(0.78)
(1.52)
(0.94)
(1.97)
(3.64)

37.2
13.5
30.7
40.0
23.6

(1.13)
(1.96)
(1.33)
(3.05)
(4.85)

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

19.0
29.8
16.0
27.3
10.7

(0.48)
(3.80)
(0.69)
(0.85)
(1.13)

8.7
14.0
9.7
7.7
6.4

(0.28)
(3.43)
(0.58)
(0.57)
(0.99)

5.9
5.6
6.8
5.6
8.1

(0.25)
(1.33)
(0.44)
(0.51)
(1.11)

14.5
16.6
15.4
11.4
13.9

(0.39)
(3.34)
(0.75)
(0.59)
(1.13)

51.6
33.6
51.8
47.5
60.6

(0.61)
(3.88)
(1.00)
(0.96)
(1.81)

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0
100.0

21.6 (0.47)
19.9 (0.67)
21.6 (1.05)

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

20.8
17.0
23.7
21.4

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0

20.8 (1.10)
42.8 (1.15)

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

11.7
19.0
23.3
35.8

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

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Place of residence15
7.2 (0.27)
8.4 (0.35)
11.6 (0.64)

4.9 (0.21)
6.0 (0.32)
7.6 (0.54)

12.5 (0.34)
14.9 (0.51)
14.8 (0.70)

53.5 (0.59)
50.6 (0.85)
43.6 (1.18)

4.6
5.7
5.6
6.4

13.6
15.3
13.2
12.4

54.1
53.5
47.1
52.2

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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(0.84)
(0.63)
(0.63)
(0.76)

6.7
8.2
9.9
7.2

(0.42)
(0.40)
(0.35)
(0.37)

(0.40)
(0.34)
(0.29)
(0.38)

(0.66)
(0.56)
(0.43)
(0.50)

(0.97)
(0.85)
(0.82)
(0.87)

Hispanic or Latino origin9, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

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(0.55)
(0.60)
(1.42)
(1.24)

7.1 (0.66)
9.0 (0.69)
7.2
8.7
10.7
11.8

(0.33)
(0.35)
(0.88)
(0.74)

9.0 (0.81)
4.9 (0.60)

10.8 (0.84)
15.5 (0.82)

51.2 (1.29)
27.4 (1.08)

6.9
4.7
7.6
4.1

10.2
17.1
10.4
16.7

63.6
50.4
47.5
31.5

(0.33)
(0.28)
(0.74)
(0.47)

(0.45)
(0.53)
(0.86)
(0.94)

(0.74)
(0.73)
(1.55)
(1.16)

* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
1
Derived from several source questions: In ANY ONE YEAR, have you had at least 12 drinks of any type of alcoholic beverage?; In your ENTIRE LIFE, have you had at least 12 drinks of any type
of alcoholic beverage?; and In the PAST YEAR, how often did you drink any type of alcoholic beverage?
2
Categories are based on the same definitions used in the Health, United States publications (see Appendix II) and are derived from respondents self-reported responses to a series of questions
about alcohol consumption. A lifetime abstainer had fewer than 12 drinks in his or her lifetime; a former drinker had at least 12 drinks in his or her lifetime or in any one year AND had no drink in the
past year; and a current drinker had at least 12 drinks in his or her lifetime or in any one year AND had a drink 1365 times in the past year.
3

Former infrequent drinkers had at least 12 drinks in their lifetime but fewer than 12 drinks in any 1 year and no drinks in the last year. Former regular drinkers had at least 12 drinks in any 1 year and
no drinks in the last year. Current infrequent drinkers had at least 12 drinks in their lifetime and fewer than 12 drinks in the past year, and current regular drinkers had at least 12 drinks in the past
year. Former and current drinkers for whom the frequency of consumption or amount consumed was unknown are not included.
4

Unknowns for the columns were not included in the denominators when calculating percentages (see Appendix I). Percentages may not add to totals due to rounding.
Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.
6
Estimates for age groups are not age adjusted.
7
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.
Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the
category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The
tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the
category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.
5

8
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies
for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.
9

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,
regardless of race.

10
Shown only for persons aged 25 years and over. Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. standard population using four age groups: 2544 years, 4564 years, 6574 years, and 75
years and over.
11

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

Page 96 [ Series 10, No. 252


12
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see
Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be
comparable with those from earlier years.
13

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
14
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Persons under age 65
years and those aged 65 years and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type
of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for persons aged 65 years and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in
combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that
paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II). Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using two age groups for
persons under age 65 (1844 years and 4564 years), and two age groups for persons aged 65 years and over (6574 years and 75 years and over).
15
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTES: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Unless otherwise specified, estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S.
population as the standard population using four age groups: 1844 years, 4564 years, 6574 years, and 75 years and over. For crude percentages, refer to Table XVI in Appendix III.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2010.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 97


Table 28. Frequency distributions of participation in leisure-time aerobic and muscle-strengthening activities that meet 2008 federal
physical activity guidelines among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010
Federal 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans1
Aerobic guidelines only2

Full guidelines (strengthening and aerobic combined)3

Met neither
Met both
All persons
aerobic nor
Met musclemuscle
aged 18
Sufficiently
musclestrengthening
strengthening
years and
Insufficiently
active
strengthening
guidelines
Met aerobic
and aerobic
over
Inactive
active
(met guidelines)
guidelines
only
guidelines only
guidelines

Selected characteristic

Number in thousands4
Total5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

229,505

73,724

45,866

105,497

111,088

8,347

59,428

45,741

110,929
118,576

32,197
41,527

19,937
25,928

56,640
48,856

47,652
63,436

4,387
3,960

29,350
30,079

27,075
18,666

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age
1844 years . . . .
4564 years . . . .
6574 years . . . .
75 years and over

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110,615
80,198
21,291
17,401

29,551
25,704
8,793
9,676

20,788
17,320
4,545
3,212

58,514
35,463
7,482
4,038

46,764
39,979
12,448
11,898

3,479
2,995
891
983

30,402
21,456
4,618
2,952

27,921
13,903
2,831
1,086

One race6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

.
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226,314
185,330
27,807
1,795
11,096
284
3,191
625
1,394

72,839
57,106
11,469
655
3,547
*63
885
152
492

45,280
37,138
5,346
307
2,423
*66
586
*124
264

103,840
87,645
10,428
738
4,881
*148
1,657
342
606

109,789
87,601
15,622
911
5,528
127
1,299
266
652

8,184
6,530
1,170
*51
430

*163

*104

58,651
49,610
5,572
518
2,887
*64
777
119
330

44,872
37,756
4,821
220
1,991
*84
869
223
270

Race

Hispanic or Latino origin8 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

.
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.

32,094
19,712
197,411
156,119
26,689

13,480
8,206
60,244
44,734
11,014

5,956
3,776
39,909
31,693
5,140

12,292
7,557
93,205
76,568
9,984

18,349
11,359
92,739
70,764
14,994

1,078
620
7,269
5,560
1,137

7,258
4,651
52,170
43,069
5,299

5,005
2,895
40,736
33,249
4,650

Education9
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED10. .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

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28,159
53,058
56,710
61,185

15,758
22,668
16,585
10,928

4,868
10,532
12,696
12,413

6,937
18,650
26,089
36,963

19,692
31,262
26,804
21,243

931
1,926
2,420
2,047

5,061
12,537
15,455
18,195

1,866
6,073
10,526
18,616

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74,281
141,904
31,868
38,780
26,379
44,877

33,476
35,786
11,187
11,248
5,992
7,358

13,735
29,900
6,705
8,608
5,563
9,025

25,552
73,858
13,361
18,333
14,370
27,793

44,382
60,578
16,718
18,151
10,716
14,992

2,777
5,006
1,160
1,676
807
1,362

15,835
40,029
8,036
10,466
7,838
13,689

9,682
33,583
5,258
7,823
6,496
14,005

Poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

28,677
36,390
145,271

13,541
15,658
36,469

4,944
7,195
30,306

9,690
12,825
75,922

17,411
21,611
61,347

1,042
1,224
5,331

5,955
8,260
40,876

3,731
4,527
34,812

Family income11
Less than $35,000 .
$35,000 or more . .
$35,000$49,999
$50,000$74,999
$75,000$99,999
$100,000 or more

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Poverty status12

See footnotes at end of table.

Page 98 [ Series 10, No. 252


Table 28. Frequency distributions of participation in leisure-time aerobic and muscle-strengthening activities that meet 2008 federal
physical activity guidelines among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010Con.
Federal 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans1
Aerobic guidelines only2

Full guidelines (strengthening and aerobic combined)3

Selected characteristic

Met neither
Met both
All persons
aerobic nor
Met musclemuscleaged 18
Sufficiently
musclestrengthening
strengthening
years and
Insufficiently
active
strengthening
guidelines
Met aerobic
and aerobic
over
Inactive
active
(met guidelines)
guidelines
only
guidelines only
guidelines

Health insurance coverage13

Number in thousands4

Under 65 years:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid . . . . . . . . . .
Other . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 years and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid .
Medicare only. . . . . . .
Other . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

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123,257
18,030
8,012
40,684

26,965
8,940
3,370
15,649

25,921
2,991
1,580
7,522

68,262
5,622
2,935
16,788

48,777
11,342
4,500
21,736

4,035
563
435
1,402

36,227
3,834
1,653
9,878

31,808
1,788
1,281
6,842

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20,579
2,633
12,633
2,406
379

8,906
1,784
6,463
1,097
178

4,360
463
2,365
464
*91

6,870
344
3,439
775
*84

12,152
2,132
8,277
1,462
269

1,114
116
544
100

4,487
279
2,213
534
*54

2,364
*66
1,223
231

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124,307
13,676
26,083
49,249
15,915

37,371
7,551
9,753
13,934
5,023

26,359
2,662
5,168
8,590
3,065

58,237
3,166
10,514
25,848
7,587

59,418
9,512
13,792
20,703
7,556

4,226
693
1,113
1,776
532

34,384
2,138
5,974
12,281
4,588

23,734
1,013
4,469
13,479
2,969

Large MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

121,307
71,921
36,277

37,528
21,562
14,634

23,439
15,109
7,318

58,264
33,815
13,418

56,486
34,196
20,406

4,404
2,421
1,523

31,601
19,299
8,528

26,463
14,461
4,816

.
.
.
.

40,577
53,316
81,721
53,891

13,933
16,406
28,799
14,586

7,381
11,827
15,802
10,855

18,254
23,835
35,905
27,503

19,637
25,996
41,915
23,540

1,653
2,147
2,662
1,885

10,392
13,194
21,002
14,840

7,738
10,568
14,828
12,607

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

16,529
15,565

6,305
7,175

2,778
3,178

7,250
5,042

8,399
9,950

680
399

3,835
3,423

3,390
1,615

. . . . .
. . . . .
male. .
female

75,723
80,396
11,959
14,730

19,899
24,835
4,120
6,895

13,679
18,015
2,233
2,907

40,669
35,898
5,349
4,636

30,704
40,060
5,736
9,258

2,809
2,751
600
537

21,494
21,575
2,308
2,990

19,015
14,234
3,017
1,633

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated .
Never married . . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

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Place of residence14

Region
Northeast .
Midwest. .
South . . .
West. . . .

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Hispanic or Latino origin8, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race,
Black or African American, single race,

.
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.

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.
.
.
.

* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
Quantity zero.
1
Starting with Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: National Health Interview Survey, 2010, measures of physical activity shown are changed to reflect the federal 2008 Physical Activity
Guidelines for Americans (available from: http://www.health.gov/PAGuidelines/). This new table shows both frequencies for adults who met the guidelines aerobic component and frequencies for
adults who met the full physical activity guidelines, including strengthening as well as aerobic activities. The 2008 federal guidelines recommend that for substantial health benefits, adults should
perform at least 150 minutes (2 hours and 30 minutes) a week of moderate-intensity or 75 minutes (1 hour and 15 minutes) a week of vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity, or an equivalent
combination. Aerobic activity should be performed in episodes of at least 10 minutes that are preferably spread throughout the week. The guidelines also recommend that adults perform musclestrengthening activities of moderate or high intensity involving all major muscle groups on 2 or more days a week for additional health benefits. NHIS questions ask about frequency and duration of
light- to moderate-intensity and vigorous-intensity leisure-time physical activities, and frequency of leisure-time strengthening activities. Questions are phrased in terms of current behavior and lack a
specific reference period.
2
Inactive is participating in no leisure-time aerobic activity that lasted at least 10 minutes. Insufficiently active is participating in aerobic activities for 10 minutes or more but less than 150 minutes
per week. Sufficiently active, which meets 2008 federal physical activity guidelines, is participating in moderate-intensity leisure-time physical activity 150 minutes or more per week, or in vigorousintensity leisure-time physical activity 75 minutes or more per week, or an equivalent combination.
3
Categories are mutually exclusive. Adults who met neither the aerobic nor muscle-strengthening 2008 federal physical activity guidelines may have engaged in lesser amounts of activity. Meeting only
the strengthening guidelines means participating in leisure-time muscle-strengthening activities 2 or more days per week with either no leisure-time aerobic activity or aerobic activity that did not meet
the guidelines. Meeting only the aerobic activity guidelines means participating in moderate-intensity leisure-time physical activities 150 minutes or more per week or vigorous-intensity activities 75
minutes or more per week, or an equivalent combination, and not meeting the strengthening guidelines. Meeting both aerobic and strengthening guidelines is defined in footnote 1. The sum of
frequencies for adults who met the aerobic-only guidelines and for those who met both the aerobic and strengthening guidelines equals (within rounding error) the frequency of adults identified as
sufficiently active according to the 2008 federal guidelines for aerobic activity.
4
Unknowns for the columns were not included in the frequency distributions (see Appendix I), but they are included in the All persons aged 18 years and over column. Numbers may not add to totals
because of rounding.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 99


5

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.
Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the
category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The
tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the
category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.
6

7
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies
for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.
8

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,
regardless of race.

Shown only for persons aged 25 years and over.


GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.
11
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see
Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be
comparable with those from earlier years.
10

12

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
13
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Persons under age 65
years and those aged 65 years and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type
of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for persons aged 65 years and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in
combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that
paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II).
14
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTE: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2010.

Federal 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans1


Aerobic guidelines only2

Selected characteristic

Total

Inactive

Insufficiently
active

Full guidelines (strengthening and aerobic combined)3

Sufficiently
active
(met guidelines)

Total

Met neither
aerobic nor
musclestrengthening
guidelines

Met musclestrengthening
guidelines
only

Met aerobic
guidelines only

Met both
musclestrengthening
and aerobic
guidelines

Percent distribution4 (standard error)


Total5 (age-adjusted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total5 (crude) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0

32.6 (0.48)
32.8 (0.48)

20.2 (0.34)
20.4 (0.34)

47.2 (0.46)
46.9 (0.46)

100.0
100.0

49.2 (0.46)
49.5 (0.46)

3.7 (0.15)
3.7 (0.15)

26.4 (0.39)
26.5 (0.39)

20.7 (0.35)
20.4 (0.35)

100.0
100.0

29.7 (0.60)
35.2 (0.59)

18.2 (0.46)
22.2 (0.44)

52.1 (0.65)
42.6 (0.56)

100.0
100.0

43.9 (0.63)
54.1 (0.57)

4.1 (0.23)
3.3 (0.19)

26.9 (0.54)
26.2 (0.49)

25.1 (0.54)
16.4 (0.41)

(0.20)
(0.25)
(0.48)
(0.57)

28.0
27.4
22.2
17.4

(0.54)
(0.59)
(1.00)
(0.96)

25.7
17.7
13.6
6.4

(0.51)
(0.53)
(0.79)
(0.62)

(0.16)
(0.17)
(0.41)
(1.77)
(0.59)

5.2 (1.39)

*7.4 (3.07)

26.5
27.4
20.1
29.5
26.4
26.3
24.0
20.9
24.4

(0.39)
(0.44)
(0.75)
(4.17)
(1.33)
(6.41)
(2.46)
(5.55)
(4.17)

20.6
21.3
17.2
12.5
17.8
24.9
25.7
26.2
19.3

(0.35)
(0.40)
(0.79)
(2.60)
(1.19)
(6.16)
(2.39)
(5.39)
(3.58)

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age6
1844 years . . . .
4564 years . . . .
6574 years . . . .
75 years and over

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

27.1
32.7
42.2
57.2

(0.58)
(0.68)
(1.24)
(1.31)

19.1
22.1
21.8
19.0

(0.46)
(0.55)
(0.97)
(0.97)

53.8
45.2
35.9
23.9

(0.62)
(0.68)
(1.18)
(1.07)

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

43.1
51.0
59.9
70.3

(0.61)
(0.69)
(1.23)
(1.16)

3.2
3.8
4.3
5.8

One race7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

32.6
31.0
43.2
39.2
33.3
*20.2
30.9
28.2
37.6

(0.48)
(0.53)
(1.04)
(4.47)
(1.39)
(7.22)
(2.92)
(4.66)
(5.26)

20.2
20.2
19.5
18.8
22.5
28.5
19.3
24.8
18.4

(0.34)
(0.38)
(0.77)
(3.43)
(1.25)
(7.89)
(2.14)
(4.79)
(3.30)

47.1
48.8
37.3
42.0
44.2
51.2
49.8
47.1
44.0

(0.46)
(0.51)
(0.95)
(4.53)
(1.46)
(8.61)
(2.81)
(6.00)
(4.75)

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

49.2
47.7
58.5
53.9
51.7
48.1
45.2
51.9
48.9

(0.46)
(0.51)
(0.99)
(4.35)
(1.48)
(8.49)
(2.79)
(6.04)
(4.76)

3.7
3.5
4.3
*4.2
4.1

Race

Hispanic or Latino origin9 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

44.7
44.2
30.6
28.1
43.1

(0.98)
(1.32)
(0.51)
(0.56)
(1.05)

19.1
19.9
20.4
20.5
19.6

(0.72)
(0.95)
(0.38)
(0.44)
(0.79)

36.3
35.9
49.0
51.4
37.3

(0.88)
(1.17)
(0.50)
(0.57)
(0.97)

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

60.1
60.7
47.3
45.1
58.4

(0.92)
(1.23)
(0.50)
(0.56)
(1.01)

3.6
3.4
3.7
3.5
4.3

(0.37)
(0.45)
(0.17)
(0.19)
(0.42)

21.8
22.6
27.1
28.5
19.9

(0.78)
(1.05)
(0.42)
(0.49)
(0.75)

14.4
13.2
21.8
22.8
17.3

(0.65)
(0.77)
(0.38)
(0.45)
(0.82)

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

55.6
42.7
30.3
19.2

(1.11)
(0.91)
(0.72)
(0.61)

17.4
20.1
22.9
20.5

(0.77)
(0.66)
(0.63)
(0.60)

27.0
37.2
46.8
60.4

(0.97)
(0.83)
(0.74)
(0.76)

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

69.9
59.1
48.8
36.1

(1.00)
(0.87)
(0.75)
(0.76)

3.1
3.7
4.5
3.6

(0.34)
(0.31)
(0.30)
(0.28)

19.3
24.6
27.7
30.0

(0.85)
(0.73)
(0.70)
(0.70)

7.7
12.6
19.1
30.3

(0.59)
(0.57)
(0.59)
(0.71)

Education10
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED11 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .
See footnotes at end of table.

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Page 100 [ Series 10, No. 252

Table 29. Age-adjusted percent distributions of participation in leisure-time aerobic and muscle-strengthening activities that meet 2008 federal physical activity guidelines among
persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010

Table 29. Age-adjusted percent distributions of participation in leisure-time aerobic and muscle-strengthening activities that meet 2008 federal physical activity guidelines among
persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010Con.
Federal 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans1
Aerobic guidelines only2

Selected characteristic

Total

Inactive

Insufficiently
active

Full guidelines (strengthening and aerobic combined)3

Sufficiently
active
(met guidelines)

Family income12
Less than $35,000 .
$35,000 or more . .
$35,000$49,999
$50,000$74,999
$75,000$99,999
$100,000 or more

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Total

Met neither
aerobic nor
musclestrengthening
guidelines

Met musclestrengthening
guidelines
only

Met aerobic
guidelines only

Met both
musclestrengthening
and aerobic
guidelines

Percent distribution4 (standard error)


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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

45.3
26.5
35.3
29.7
24.3
18.7

(0.75)
(0.52)
(1.02)
(0.90)
(1.09)
(0.84)

Poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0
100.0

50.4 (1.04)
43.9 (1.00)
25.7 (0.50)

18.8
21.1
21.3
22.3
21.6
19.8

(0.50)
(0.44)
(0.81)
(0.81)
(0.95)
(0.84)

35.9
52.4
43.4
47.9
54.1
61.5

(0.66)
(0.55)
(1.02)
(0.94)
(1.18)
(1.02)

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

60.4
43.9
53.0
47.6
42.3
35.4

(0.67)
(0.55)
(1.04)
(0.98)
(1.19)
(0.99)

3.8
3.7
3.7
4.5
3.6
3.1

(0.23)
(0.20)
(0.37)
(0.43)
(0.46)
(0.39)

22.2
28.4
25.9
27.4
29.4
30.2

(0.54)
(0.48)
(0.84)
(0.86)
(1.10)
(0.94)

13.7
24.0
17.4
20.5
24.8
31.2

(0.47)
(0.46)
(0.75)
(0.73)
(1.03)
(0.95)

17.6 (0.74)
20.2 (0.72)
20.9 (0.43)

31.9 (0.92)
35.9 (0.89)
53.4 (0.54)

100.0
100.0
100.0

64.1 (0.95)
60.7 (0.93)
42.8 (0.53)

3.9 (0.40)
3.5 (0.32)
3.8 (0.20)

20.0 (0.74)
23.2 (0.79)
28.5 (0.48)

12.0 (0.67)
12.6 (0.62)
24.9 (0.45)

Poverty status13

Health insurance coverage14


Under 65 years:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid . . . . . . . . . .
Other . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 years and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid .
Medicare only. . . . . . .
Other . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

21.7
51.7
37.4
39.8

(0.50)
(1.35)
(2.19)
(0.95)

21.1
17.1
17.2
18.9

(0.47)
(0.99)
(1.47)
(0.71)

57.2
31.3
45.4
41.3

(0.58)
(1.20)
(2.25)
(0.91)

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

39.6
65.4
49.1
55.3

(0.57)
(1.22)
(2.25)
(0.93)

3.3
3.3
5.5
3.5

(0.19)
(0.49)
(1.15)
(0.33)

30.0
21.5
22.4
24.6

(0.52)
(1.08)
(1.98)
(0.80)

27.2
9.8
23.0
16.6

(0.52)
(0.75)
(1.92)
(0.66)

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

44.5
69.2
53.2
47.3
58.2

(1.24)
(2.64)
(1.49)
(3.11)
(7.68)

21.6
17.7
19.1
20.0
21.2

(0.98)
(2.08)
(1.16)
(2.55)
(6.13)

33.9
13.1
27.7
32.7
*20.7

(1.15)
(1.89)
(1.36)
(2.86)
(6.33)

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

60.6
82.7
67.8
63.2
79.3

(1.23)
(2.13)
(1.42)
(3.09)
(6.33)

5.6
4.2
4.5
4.3

(0.58)
(1.12)
(0.60)
(1.27)

22.2
10.6
17.9
22.7
*13.4

(0.99)
(1.66)
(1.09)
(2.80)
(5.28)

11.6
*2.5
9.8
9.7

(0.73)
(0.84)
(0.99)
(1.89)

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated . . . . . . . .
Never married . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Living with a partner . . . . . . . . .

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

30.7
46.0
36.8
35.1
35.6

(0.62)
(4.32)
(1.07)
(0.95)
(1.76)

21.3
21.2
19.4
18.4
18.5

(0.48)
(3.30)
(0.80)
(0.76)
(1.38)

48.1
32.8
43.8
46.5
45.9

(0.62)
(3.96)
(1.05)
(0.95)
(1.72)

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

48.6
65.0
52.2
50.0
51.3

(0.62)
(3.96)
(1.04)
(0.96)
(1.73)

3.4
2.2
4.1
3.6
2.8

(0.21)
(0.33)
(0.38)
(0.34)
(0.46)

28.2
18.8
24.5
24.1
28.8

(0.53)
(3.31)
(0.93)
(0.79)
(1.56)

19.9
14.0
19.2
22.3
17.0

(0.48)
(2.94)
(0.80)
(0.67)
(1.05)

Large MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0
100.0

31.8 (0.56)
30.3 (0.98)
40.2 (1.38)

19.5 (0.42)
21.2 (0.67)
21.0 (0.96)

48.7 (0.58)
48.4 (0.92)
38.8 (1.07)

100.0
100.0
100.0

47.6 (0.58)
48.2 (0.91)
57.0 (1.15)

3.7 (0.20)
3.4 (0.24)
4.3 (0.50)

26.4 (0.50)
27.5 (0.71)
24.4 (1.03)

22.3 (0.48)
20.9 (0.67)
14.3 (0.80)

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

34.8
31.3
35.6
27.8

18.4
22.6
19.4
20.4

46.8
46.1
44.9
51.9

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

49.2
49.8
51.8
44.6

4.1
4.1
3.3
3.6

26.4
25.4
26.1
28.0

20.2
20.7
18.8
23.9

Place of residence15

Region
Northeast .
Midwest. .
South . . .
West. . . .

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See footnotes at end of table.

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(1.06)
(0.98)
(0.85)
(0.96)

(0.82)
(0.72)
(0.56)
(0.68)

(1.19)
(0.92)
(0.77)
(0.88)

(1.11)
(0.94)
(0.79)
(0.89)

(0.39)
(0.37)
(0.23)
(0.29)

(0.96)
(0.79)
(0.65)
(0.78)

(0.95)
(0.66)
(0.53)
(0.76)

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 101

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.

Federal 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans1


Aerobic guidelines only2

Selected characteristic

Total

Inactive

Insufficiently
active

Full guidelines (strengthening and aerobic combined)3

Sufficiently
active
(met guidelines)

Hispanic or Latino origin9, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race,
Black or African American, single race,

Total

Met neither
aerobic nor
musclestrengthening
guidelines

Met musclestrengthening
guidelines
only

Met aerobic
guidelines only

Met both
musclestrengthening
and aerobic
guidelines

Percent distribution4 (standard error)

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0

40.5 (1.32)
48.6 (1.25)

18.0 (0.99)
20.4 (0.96)

41.4 (1.28)
31.0 (1.06)

100.0
100.0

54.4 (1.31)
66.1 (1.14)

4.2 (0.53)
3.0 (0.46)

22.6 (1.08)
21.2 (0.99)

18.8 (1.05)
9.8 (0.67)

. . . . .
. . . . .
male. .
female

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

26.1
29.9
36.9
48.3

18.2
22.8
19.1
20.0

55.7
47.4
44.0
31.7

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

40.5
49.4
51.0
64.6

3.8
3.3
5.0
3.7

28.9
28.2
19.3
20.5

26.7
19.1
24.6
11.2

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(0.71)
(0.72)
(1.61)
(1.26)

(0.59)
(0.58)
(1.22)
(0.98)

(0.81)
(0.72)
(1.58)
(1.17)

(0.78)
(0.74)
(1.63)
(1.19)

(0.29)
(0.23)
(0.68)
(0.53)

(0.67)
(0.65)
(1.15)
(0.98)

(0.70)
(0.55)
(1.38)
(0.84)

* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or precision.
Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
Quantity zero.
1
Starting with Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: National Health Interview Survey, 2010, measures of physical activity shown are changed to reflect the federal 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans (available from: http://
www.health.gov/PAGuidelines/). This new table shows both percentages of adults who met the guidelines aerobic component and percentages of adults who met the full physical activity guidelines, including strengthening as well as aerobic activities. The
2008 federal guidelines recommend that for substantial health benefits, adults should perform at least 150 minutes (2 hours and 30 minutes) a week of moderate-intensity or 75 minutes (1 hour and 15 minutes) a week of vigorous-intensity aerobic physical
activity, or an equivalent combination. Aerobic activity should be performed in episodes of at least 10 minutes that are preferably spread throughout the week. The guidelines also recommend that adults perform muscle-strengthening activities of moderate or
high intensity involving all major muscle groups on 2 or more days a week for additional health benefits. NHIS questions ask about frequency and duration of light- to moderate-intensity and vigorous-intensity leisure-time physical activities, and frequency of
leisure-time strengthening activities. Questions are phrased in terms of current behavior and lack a specific reference period.
2
Inactive is participating in no leisure-time aerobic activity that lasted at least 10 minutes. Insufficiently active is participating in aerobic activities for 10 minutes or more but less than 150 minutes per week. Sufficiently active, which meets 2008 federal
physical activity guidelines, is participating in moderate-intensity leisure-time physical activity 150 minutes or more per week, or in vigorous-intensity leisure-time physical activity 75 minutes or more per week, or an equivalent combination.
3
Categories are mutually exclusive. Adults who met neither the aerobic nor muscle-strengthening 2008 federal physical activity guidelines may have engaged in lesser amounts of activity. Meeting only the strengthening guidelines means participating in
leisure-time muscle-strengthening activities 2 or more days per week with either no leisure-time aerobic activity or aerobic activity that did not meet the guidelines. Meeting only the aerobic activity guidelines means participating in moderate-intensity
leisure-time physical activities 150 minutes or more per week or vigorous-intensity activities 75 minutes or more per week, or an equivalent combination, and not meeting the strengthening guidelines. Meeting both aerobic and strengthening guidelines is
defined in footnote 1. The sum of the percentages of adults who met the aerobic only guideline and the percentage who met both the aerobic and strengthening guidelines equals (within rounding error) the percentage of adults identified as sufficiently
active according to the 2008 federal guidelines for aerobic activity.
4

Unknowns for the columns were not included in the denominators when calculating percentages (see Appendix I). Percentages may not add to totals due to rounding.
Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.
6
Estimates for age groups are not age adjusted.
7
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group. Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups
shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons
of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness.
For example, the category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.
5

8
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies for the category Two or more races will be greater
than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.
9

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin, regardless of race.
Shown only for persons aged 25 years and over. Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. standard population using four age groups: 2544 years, 4564 years, 6574 years, and 75 years and over.
GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.
12
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see Appendix I). The indented categories include only those
persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
10
11

13
Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the
poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
14
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Persons under age 65 years and those aged 65 years and over were classified
separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for persons aged 65 years
and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only
a private plan that paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II). Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using two age groups for persons under age 65 (1844 years
and 4564 years), and two age groups for persons aged 65 years and over (6574 years and 75 years and over).
15

MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTES: Unless otherwise specified, estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using four age groups: 1844 years, 4564 years, 6574 years, and 75 years and over. For crude percentages, refer to Table
XVII in Appendix III.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2010.

Page 102 [ Series 10, No. 252

Table 29. Age-adjusted percent distributions of participation in leisure-time aerobic and muscle-strengthening activities that meet 2008 federal physical activity guidelines among
persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010Con.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 103


Table 30. Frequency distributions of body mass index among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010
All
persons
aged 18
years and
over

Selected characteristic

Body mass index among persons aged 18 years and over1

Underweight

Healthy
weight

Overweight

Obese

Number in thousands2
3

Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

229,505

3,920

78,847

76,771

62,026

110,929
118,576

1,071
2,849

32,207
46,640

44,970
31,800

30,868
31,157

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age
1844 years . . . .
4564 years . . . .
6574 years . . . .
75 years and over

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

110,615
80,198
21,291
17,401

2,179
881
281
579

43,445
22,491
5,688
7,223

34,610
28,214
8,080
5,867

27,308
25,208
6,459
3,051

One race4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

226,314
185,330
27,807
1,795
11,096
284
3,191
625
1,394

3,863
3,020
382

425

*57

77,908
64,023
7,476
427
5,916

939
246
341

75,814
63,063
8,986
492
3,194
*79
957
177
462

60,876
48,740
10,039
700
1,275
*121
1,149
168
507

Race

Hispanic or Latino origin6 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

32,094
19,712
197,411
156,119
26,689

404
191
3,517
2,667
365

8,648
5,094
70,199
56,149
7,193

12,239
7,436
64,532
51,740
8,617

9,695
6,257
52,331
40,092
9,615

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

28,159
53,058
56,710
61,185

480
777
768
831

7,908
14,980
16,075
24,082

10,128
18,221
19,655
21,510

8,563
16,982
18,045
12,788

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

74,281
141,904
31,868
38,780
26,379
44,877

1,607
2,056
458
799
371
428

25,646
48,549
10,230
12,382
8,573
17,364

23,331
48,895
10,649
13,407
9,140
15,699

21,106
38,120
9,472
11,181
7,591
9,876

Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

28,677
36,390
145,271

792
553
2,126

10,166
11,898
50,101

8,734
11,514
50,324

8,030
11,290
38,169

Education7
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED8 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Family income9
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

Poverty status10

See footnotes at end of table.

Page 104 [ Series 10, No. 252


Table 30. Frequency distributions of body mass index among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010Con.
All
persons
aged 18
years and
over

Selected characteristic
Health insurance coverage11
Under 65 years:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65 years and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Body mass index among persons aged 18 years and over1

Underweight

Healthy
weight

Overweight

Obese

Number in thousands2
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

123,257
18,030
8,012
40,684

1,645
429
178
768

43,368
5,798
2,251
14,165

41,550
5,156
2,652
13,287

32,517
6,047
2,773
10,965

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

20,579
2,633
12,633
2,406
379

385
113
309
*37

6,875
711
4,292
842
*140

7,580
896
4,480
852
130

5,038
793
3,009
583
84

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

124,307
13,676
26,083
49,249
15,915

1,418
439
430
1,404
229

38,869
4,860
7,571
21,364
6,092

44,752
4,200
9,006
13,468
5,233

34,750
3,607
8,065
11,643
3,911

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

121,307
71,921
36,277

2,177
1,159
585

43,535
24,078
11,233

40,980
24,443
11,348

30,315
19,995
11,716

.
.
.
.

40,577
53,316
81,721
53,891

650
879
1,470
921

14,674
17,626
26,735
19,813

13,599
17,570
26,968
18,635

9,989
15,400
23,758
12,878

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

16,529
15,565

*137
267

3,864
4,784

7,247
4,992

4,877
4,818

.
.
.
.

75,723
80,396
11,959
14,730

671
1,996
*119
246

22,132
34,017
3,549
3,645

30,856
20,884
4,353
4,264

21,055
19,036
3,732
5,883

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
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.

.
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.
.

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.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

Place of residence12

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
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.
.
.
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.
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.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Hispanic or Latino origin6, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
1
Calculated from information that respondents supplied in response to survey questions regarding height and weight. For both men and women, underweight is indicated by body mass index (BMI)
under 18.5; healthy weight is indicated by BMI of 18.5 up to 25.0; overweight is indicated by BMI of 25.0 up to 30.0; and obesity is indicated by BMI of 30.0 or higher. Note that self-reported height and
weight may differ from actual measurements.
2
Unknowns for the columns were not included in the frequency distributions (see Appendix I), but they are included in the All persons aged 18 years and over column. Numbers may not add to totals
due to rounding.
3

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.
Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the
category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The
tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the
category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.
4

5
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies
for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.
6

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,
regardless of race.

Shown only for persons aged 25 years and over.


GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.
9
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see
Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be
comparable with those from earlier years.
8

10

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 105


11
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Persons under age 65
years and those aged 65 years and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type
of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for persons aged 65 years and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in
combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that
paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II).
12
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTE: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2010.

Page 106 [ Series 10, No. 252


Table 31. Age-adjusted percent distributions of body mass index among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010
Body mass index among persons aged 18 years and over1

Selected characteristic

Total

Underweight

Healthy
weight

Overweight

Obese

Percent distribution (standard error)


Total3 (age-adjusted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total3 (crude) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0

1.8 (0.10)
1.8 (0.10)

36.2 (0.38)
35.6 (0.39)

34.4 (0.35)
34.6 (0.35)

27.6 (0.35)
28.0 (0.35)

100.0
100.0

1.0 (0.11)
2.6 (0.17)

30.2 (0.54)
42.0 (0.52)

41.0 (0.53)
28.0 (0.45)

27.8 (0.50)
27.3 (0.44)

2.0
1.1
1.4
3.5

(0.16)
(0.13)
(0.24)
(0.40)

40.4
29.3
27.7
43.2

(0.56)
(0.61)
(0.98)
(1.23)

32.2
36.7
39.4
35.1

(0.51)
(0.62)
(1.05)
(1.15)

25.4
32.8
31.5
18.2

(0.50)
(0.63)
(1.05)
(0.94)

1.8 (0.10)
1.7 (0.12)
1.5 (0.23)

4.0 (0.55)

*1.8 (0.61)

36.3
36.5
28.3
29.6
55.0
*19.1
28.4
33.9
25.0

(0.39)
(0.44)
(0.80)
(3.47)
(1.64)
(6.79)
(2.57)
(4.10)
(3.88)

34.5
34.9
33.4
29.6
29.4
31.7
32.2
32.4
36.7

(0.35)
(0.40)
(0.85)
(4.09)
(1.46)
(7.75)
(2.76)
(5.18)
(4.86)

27.4
26.8
36.9
39.6
11.6
43.5
37.6
30.9
36.6

(0.35)
(0.40)
(0.86)
(4.00)
(0.97)
(7.50)
(2.99)
(5.68)
(5.06)

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age4
1844 years . . . .
4564 years . . . .
6574 years . . . .
75 years and over

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

One race5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

Race

Hispanic or Latino origin7 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.4
1.1
1.9
1.8
1.5

(0.23)
(0.26)
(0.11)
(0.13)
(0.23)

27.4
25.9
37.7
38.4
28.3

(0.77)
(1.01)
(0.43)
(0.51)
(0.83)

39.3
38.9
33.4
33.7
33.3

(0.86)
(1.13)
(0.38)
(0.45)
(0.88)

31.9
34.1
27.0
26.1
36.8

(0.83)
(1.12)
(0.39)
(0.46)
(0.88)

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.6
1.5
1.5
1.5

(0.25)
(0.18)
(0.17)
(0.17)

29.1
29.3
30.2
41.3

(0.97)
(0.70)
(0.66)
(0.75)

37.3
35.9
35.9
36.1

(0.97)
(0.74)
(0.70)
(0.69)

32.0
33.4
32.5
21.1

(0.98)
(0.72)
(0.69)
(0.61)

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2.2
1.6
1.5
2.2
1.5
1.2

(0.16)
(0.13)
(0.22)
(0.31)
(0.30)
(0.23)

35.6
36.0
33.6
33.4
34.3
41.3

(0.57)
(0.49)
(0.91)
(0.86)
(1.22)
(1.05)

32.4
35.3
34.2
35.4
35.2
36.0

(0.56)
(0.46)
(0.94)
(0.86)
(1.16)
(0.94)

29.8
27.0
30.6
29.1
28.9
21.5

(0.54)
(0.46)
(0.94)
(0.85)
(1.14)
(0.83)

Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0
100.0

2.9 (0.31)
1.5 (0.20)
1.6 (0.13)

Education8
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED9 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

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Family income10
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

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Poverty status11

See footnotes at end of table.

35.5 (0.88)
33.3 (0.87)
36.6 (0.49)

32.0 (0.87)
32.7 (0.84)
35.4 (0.45)

29.6 (0.85)
32.4 (0.86)
26.3 (0.43)

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 107


Table 31. Age-adjusted percent distributions of body mass index among persons aged 18 years and over, by selected characteristics:
United States, 2010Con.
Body mass index among persons aged 18 years and over1

Selected characteristic

Total

Underweight

Health insurance coverage12


Under 65 years:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 years and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

Healthy
weight

Overweight

Obese

Percent distribution2 (standard error)

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.5
2.4
2.9
1.9

(0.13)
(0.38)
(0.86)
(0.23)

37.5
32.7
31.8
35.6

(0.55)
(1.18)
(1.97)
(0.83)

34.4
29.5
33.1
34.1

(0.49)
(1.12)
(2.18)
(0.79)

26.6
35.3
32.2
28.3

(0.49)
(1.13)
(2.08)
(0.81)

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2.0
4.7
2.6
*1.7

(0.30)
(1.36)
(0.41)
(0.72)

34.8
29.6
36.1
36.8
45.8

(1.03)
(2.42)
(1.34)
(3.17)
(7.89)

38.1
35.1
36.9
36.7
28.1

(1.06)
(2.77)
(1.40)
(3.38)
(5.89)

25.2
30.6
24.3
24.8
20.7

(0.96)
(2.36)
(1.23)
(2.78)
(5.72)

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.3 (0.12)

1.8 (0.28)
2.8 (0.34)
1.3 (0.35)

33.5
33.6
31.1
40.8
36.7

(0.54)
(4.12)
(0.98)
(0.90)
(1.74)

37.1
27.1
36.2
30.1
36.5

(0.51)
(3.37)
(1.06)
(0.87)
(1.80)

28.2
36.4
30.8
26.3
25.5

(0.50)
(4.16)
(0.94)
(0.80)
(1.51)

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0
100.0

1.9 (0.14)
1.7 (0.19)
1.7 (0.25)

37.7 (0.52)
35.1 (0.71)
33.1 (0.86)

34.9 (0.49)
34.8 (0.63)
31.9 (0.84)

25.5 (0.48)
28.4 (0.64)
33.2 (0.79)

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.7
1.8
1.9
1.8

38.6
34.9
34.5
38.2

34.5
33.8
34.1
35.6

25.1
29.6
29.4
24.4

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0

*0.9 (0.26)
1.9 (0.35)

23.8 (1.11)
31.4 (1.03)

44.6 (1.27)
33.6 (1.14)

30.7 (1.27)
33.1 (1.10)

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.9
2.7
*1.1
1.8

30.9
46.0
30.4
26.5

40.6
26.8
36.9
30.4

27.5
24.5
31.6
41.2

Marital status
Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

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Place of residence13

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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(0.27)
(0.19)
(0.17)
(0.21)

(0.98)
(0.76)
(0.60)
(0.83)

(0.88)
(0.70)
(0.58)
(0.71)

(0.83)
(0.71)
(0.60)
(0.70)

Hispanic or Latino origin7, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

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(0.14)
(0.23)
(0.33)
(0.31)

(0.70)
(0.69)
(1.38)
(1.10)

(0.69)
(0.57)
(1.42)
(1.10)

(0.64)
(0.57)
(1.28)
(1.21)

Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
1
Calculated from information that respondents supplied in response to survey questions regarding height and weight. For both men and women, underweight is indicated by body mass index (BMI)
under 18.5; healthy weight is indicated by BMI of 18.5 up to 25.0; overweight is indicated by BMI of 25.0 up to 30.0; and obesity is indicated by BMI of 30.0 or higher. Note that self-reported height and
weight may differ from actual measurements.
2

Unknowns for the columns were not included in the denominators when calculating percentages (see Appendix I). Percentages may not add to totals due to rounding.
Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.
4
Estimates for age groups are not age adjusted.
5
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.
Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the
category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The
tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the
category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.
3

6
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies
for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.
7

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,
regardless of race.

8
Shown only for persons aged 25 years and over. Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. standard population using four age groups: 2544 years, 4564 years, 6574 years, and 75
years and over.
9

GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.


The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see
Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be
comparable with those from earlier years.
10

11

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.

Page 108 [ Series 10, No. 252


12
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Persons under age 65
years and those aged 65 years and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type
of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for persons aged 65 years and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in
combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that
paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II). Estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population using two age groups for
persons under age 65 (1844 years and 4564 years), and two age groups for persons aged 65 years and over (6574 years and 75 years and over).
13
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTES: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Unless otherwise specified, estimates are age adjusted to the projected 2000 U.S.
population as the standard population using four age groups: 1844 years, 4564 years, 6574 years, and 75 years and over. For crude percentages, refer to Table XVIII in Appendix III.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2010.

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 109


Table 32. Frequency distributions of having a usual place of health care, and of type of place, among persons aged 18 years and over, by
selected characteristics: United States, 2010
Type of place1

All persons
aged
18 years
and over

Selected characteristic

All persons
without a
usual place
of care

All persons
with a
usual place
of care

Doctors
office or
HMO2

Clinic or
health
center

Hospital
emergency
room or
outpatient
department

Some
other
place

Number in thousands3
Total4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

229,505

37,403

189,603

143,690

36,974

4,851

2,086

110,929
118,576

23,188
14,215

86,560
103,043

63,444
80,246

17,585
19,389

2,981
1,870

1,224
862

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age
1844 years . . . .
4564 years . . . .
6574 years . . . .
75 years and over

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
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.

.
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.

.
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.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

110,615
80,198
21,291
17,401

26,987
9,223
761
432

82,626
69,900
20,342
16,735

57,775
55,189
16,715
14,011

19,572
12,061
3,084
2,256

2,672
1,521
354
304

1,227
575
130
154

One race5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
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.
.

.
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.
.
.
.

.
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.

.
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.
.

.
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.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

226,314
185,330
27,807
1,795
11,096
284
3,191
625
1,394

36,628
29,220
4,886
391
2,041
*89
775
173
328

187,221
154,252
22,543
1,304
8,926
195
2,382
452
1,035

142,131
118,988
15,296
633
7,087
*127
1,559
278
647

36,309
29,056
5,142
553
1,494
*64
664
*92
357

4,753
2,964
1,587

142

98
*49

2,047
1,690
252
*48
*57

Race

Hispanic or Latino origin7 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
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.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
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.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

32,094
19,712
197,411
156,119
26,689

9,517
6,281
27,886
20,635
4,606

22,253
13,249
167,350
133,913
21,712

13,223
7,362
130,467
106,980
14,732

7,417
4,957
29,557
22,229
4,953

938
480
3,913
2,096
1,536

282
189
1,804
1,421
244

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
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.
.

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.
.

.
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.
.

.
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.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

28,159
53,058
56,710
61,185

6,380
8,647
7,701
6,484

21,442
43,659
48,368
54,119

13,601
33,077
37,379
45,029

6,263
8,385
9,008
7,652

1,035
1,298
937
651

210
372
583
497

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
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.
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.

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.

.
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.

.
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.
.

.
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.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

74,281
141,904
31,868
38,780
26,379
44,877

17,608
18,087
5,955
5,473
2,815
3,844

55,791
122,511
25,544
33,072
23,291
40,605

35,814
98,542
18,739
25,932
18,862
35,010

15,317
20,139
5,498
5,870
3,921
4,851

2,764
1,848
665
630
293
260

1,013
960
308
312
145
195

Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

28,677
36,390
145,271

7,944
8,777
17,603

20,379
27,256
126,261

11,442
17,867
102,257

6,821
7,358
20,110

1,352
1,126
1,910

374
395
1,078

Education8
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED9 . .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

Family income10
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
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.
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.

.
.
.
.
.
.

Poverty status11

See footnotes at end of table.

Page 110 [ Series 10, No. 252


Table 32. Frequency distributions of having a usual place of health care, and of type of place, among persons aged 18 years and over,
by selected characteristics: United States, 2010Con.
Type of place1

All persons
aged
18 years
and over

Selected characteristic

All persons
without a
usual place
of care

Health insurance coverage12


Under 65 years:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .
65 years and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid
Medicare only . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . .

All persons
with a
usual place
of care

Doctors
office or
HMO2

Clinic or
health
center

Hospital
emergency
room or
outpatient
department

Some
other
place

Number in thousands3

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

123,257
18,030
8,012
40,684

12,615
1,869
522
20,915

109,326
15,932
7,420
19,307

89,850
9,838
4,233
8,717

16,788
5,175
2,307
7,259

1,052
650
618
1,846

886
*85
218
551

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
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.
.
.

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.
.

.
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.

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.
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.

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.
.

.
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.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

20,579
2,633
12,633
2,406
379

405
75
504
*54
149

20,040
2,528
11,908
2,314
230

17,440
1,844
9,894
1,411
*104

2,375
562
1,677
632
*76

158
*104
188
165
*42

*51

*105
106

Marital status
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

124,307
13,676
26,083
49,249
15,915

15,038
732
4,216
12,446
4,904

108,141
12,757
21,355
36,250
10,898

86,153
10,321
15,545
24,628
6,887

18,564
2,026
4,558
8,725
3,071

1,735
289
773
1,503
542

848
85
282
712
159

Large MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

121,307
71,921
36,277

19,742
12,121
5,540

100,106
59,120
30,377

78,097
44,602
20,991

16,777
11,964
8,232

2,898
1,431
523

1,017
713
355

.
.
.
.

40,577
53,316
81,721
53,891

4,696
7,278
15,259
10,171

35,408
45,364
65,687
43,144

30,361
31,716
50,935
30,678

3,735
11,839
11,012
10,387

768
1,038
2,074
972

*227
399
791
668

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .

16,529
15,565

5,863
3,653

10,501
11,752

6,201
7,022

3,397
4,020

500
439

143
*139

.
.
.
.

75,723
80,396
11,959
14,730

13,079
7,556
2,720
1,886

61,932
71,981
9,075
12,638

47,683
59,296
5,869
8,863

11,076
11,153
2,035
2,918

1,475
621
861
676

881
540
140
103

Married . . . . . . . . . .
Widowed . . . . . . . . .
Divorced or separated.
Never married. . . . . .
Living with a partner . .

Place of residence13

Region
Northeast
Midwest .
South . . .
West . . .

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.
.
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.

.
.
.
.

Hispanic or Latino origin7, race, and sex


Hispanic or Latino, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latina, female . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino:
White, single race, male . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race, female . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race, male .
Black or African American, single race, female

.
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.
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.

Estimates with a relative standard error greater than 50% are replaced with a dagger and are not shown.
* Estimates preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error greater than 30% and less than or equal to 50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet standards of reliability or
precision.
Quantity zero.
1
Based on a survey question that asked, Is there a place that you usually go to when you are sick or need advice about your health? and if there was at least one such place, a follow-up question
was asked: What kind of place [is it/do you go to most often]a clinic, a doctors office, an emergency room, or some other place? The choices for this second question are: clinic or health center,
doctors office or HMO, hospital emergency room, hospital outpatient department, some other place, or doesnt go to one place most often. For this table, hospital emergency room and
hospital outpatient department are combined, as are some other place and doesnt go to one place most often.
2

HMO is health maintenance organization.

Unknowns for the columns were not included in the frequency distributions (see Appendix I) but they are included in the All persons aged 18 years and over and All persons with a usual place of
care columns. Numbers may not add to totals because of rounding.
4

Includes other races not shown separately and persons with unknown education, family income, poverty status, health insurance, and marital status characteristics.
In accordance with the 1997 standards for federal data on race and Hispanic or Latino origin (see Appendix II), the category One race refers to persons who indicated only a single race group.
Persons who indicated a single race other than the groups shown are included in the total for One race but are not shown separately due to small sample sizes. Therefore, the frequencies for the
category One race will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific groups shown separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. The
tables in this report use the current (1997) Office of Management and Budget race and Hispanic origin terms, and the text uses shorter versions of these terms for conciseness. For example, the
category One race, Black or African American in the tables is referred to as black persons in the text.
5

6
Refers to all persons who indicated more than one race group. Only two combinations of multiple race groups are shown due to small sample sizes for other combinations. Therefore, the frequencies
for the category Two or more races will be greater than the sum of the frequencies for the specific combinations shown separately.
7

Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race or combination of races. Similarly, the category Not Hispanic or Latino refers to all persons who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin,
regardless of race.

Shown only for persons aged 25 years and over.


GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.
The categories Less than $35,000 and $35,000 or more include both persons reporting dollar amounts and persons reporting only that their incomes were within one of these two categories (see
Appendix I). The indented categories include only those persons who reported dollar amounts. Because of the different income questions used in 2007 and beyond, income estimates may not be
comparable with those from earlier years.
9

10

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 111


11

Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureaus poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor
persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. Not poor persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Because of the different income
questions used in 2007 and beyond, poverty ratio estimates may not be comparable with those from earlier years.
12
Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Persons with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. Persons under age 65
years and those aged 65 years and over were classified separately due to the predominance of Medicare coverage in the older population. The category Private includes persons who had any type
of private coverage either alone or in combination with other coverage. For example, for persons aged 65 years and over, Private includes persons with only private coverage or private in
combination with Medicare coverage. The category Uninsured includes persons who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that
paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care (see Appendix II).
13
MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Large MSAs have a population size of 1 million or more; small MSAs have a population size of less than 1 million. Not in MSA consists of persons not living in
a metropolitan statistical area.

NOTE: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2010.

Page 112 [ Series 10, No. 252


Table 33. Age-adjusted percent distributions of having a usual place of health care, and of type of place, among persons aged 18 years and
over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010
Type of place1

Selected characteristic

Total

Total without
a usual
place of
care

Total with
a usual place
of care

Total

Doctors
office
or HMO2

Clinic or
health center

Hospital
emergency
room or
outpatient
department

Some
other
place

Percent distribution3 (standard error)


Total4 (age-adjusted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total4 (crude) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0

17.1 (0.32)
16.5 (0.32)

82.9 (0.32)
83.5 (0.32)

100.0
100.0

75.7 (0.46)
76.6 (0.45)

20.4 (0.45)
19.7 (0.44)

2.7 (0.13)
2.6 (0.12)

1.2 (0.09)
1.1 (0.09)

100.0
100.0

21.5 (0.48)
12.8 (0.37)

78.5 (0.48)
87.2 (0.37)

100.0
100.0

73.6 (0.67)
77.4 (0.50)

21.3 (0.65)
19.7 (0.48)

3.6 (0.24)
2.0 (0.15)

1.5 (0.15)
0.9 (0.11)

3.3
2.2
1.7
1.8

(0.22)
(0.18)
(0.29)
(0.32)

1.5
0.8
0.6
0.9

(0.16)
(0.12)
(0.17)
(0.20)

2.7 (0.13)
2.0 (0.14)
7.2 (0.50)

1.6 (0.35)

3.8 (1.09)
*6.8 (2.78)

1.2
1.2
1.1
*4.1
*0.7

(0.09)
(0.11)
(0.23)
(1.92)
(0.20)

Sex
Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age5
1844 years . . . .
4564 years . . . .
6574 years . . . .
75 years and over

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

24.6
11.7
3.6
2.5

(0.53)
(0.40)
(0.39)
(0.37)

75.4
88.3
96.4
97.5

(0.53)
(0.40)
(0.39)
(0.37)

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

71.1
79.6
82.4
83.8

(0.67)
(0.60)
(0.95)
(0.90)

24.1
17.4
15.2
13.5

(0.65)
(0.57)
(0.90)
(0.84)

Race
One race6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American . . . . . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Two or more races7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, white . . . . . .
American Indian or Alaska Native, white .

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

17.0
16.8
17.2
22.6
17.9
26.0
21.3
18.6
23.5

(0.32)
(0.37)
(0.71)
(3.40)
(1.16)
(6.42)
(2.21)
(3.66)
(4.14)

83.0
83.2
82.8
77.4
82.1
74.0
78.7
81.4
76.5

(0.32)
(0.37)
(0.71)
(3.40)
(1.16)
(6.42)
(2.21)
(3.66)
(4.14)

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

75.8
76.9
68.8
46.9
80.5
55.6
67.0
75.1
62.4

(0.47)
(0.52)
(1.07)
(5.81)
(1.29)
(8.45)
(3.21)
(5.44)
(5.28)

20.4
19.9
22.9
44.8
17.3
42.5
27.3
*15.2
34.6

(0.46)
(0.51)
(0.92)
(6.37)
(1.26)
(8.65)
(3.05)
(4.64)
(5.42)

Hispanic or Latino origin8 and race


Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexican or Mexican American . . . . .
Not Hispanic or Latino. . . . . . . . . . . .
White, single race . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American, single race

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

26.9
28.6
15.2
14.6
16.9

(0.78)
(1.01)
(0.34)
(0.41)
(0.72)

73.1
71.4
84.8
85.4
83.1

(0.78)
(1.01)
(0.34)
(0.41)
(0.72)

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

61.1
58.1
77.8
79.6
68.7

(1.16)
(1.57)
(0.49)
(0.56)
(1.08)

33.4
36.9
18.6
17.6
22.9

(1.14)
(1.55)
(0.48)
(0.55)
(0.94)

4.3
3.7
2.5
1.7
7.2

(0.41)
(0.50)
(0.14)
(0.14)
(0.52)

1.2
1.4
1.2
1.2
1.1

(0.24)
(0.34)
(0.10)
(0.12)
(0.24)

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

26.6
18.5
13.9
10.4

(0.96)
(0.63)
(0.50)
(0.42)

73.4
81.5
86.1
89.6

(0.96)
(0.63)
(0.50)
(0.42)

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

59.2
74.7
77.7
83.4

(1.36)
(0.85)
(0.70)
(0.67)

33.9
21.0
19.0
14.4

(1.32)
(0.81)
(0.67)
(0.64)

5.8
3.3
2.0
1.3

(0.60)
(0.32)
(0.20)
(0.17)

1.1
0.9
1.3
1.0

(0.32)
(0.16)
(0.16)
(0.14)

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

25.3
13.0
19.9
14.2
10.6
8.6

(0.56)
(0.37)
(0.79)
(0.67)
(0.73)
(0.56)

74.7
87.0
80.1
85.8
89.4
91.4

(0.56)
(0.37)
(0.79)
(0.67)
(0.73)
(0.56)

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

62.5
80.7
73.0
79.0
80.8
86.4

(0.74)
(0.54)
(1.01)
(0.86)
(1.06)
(0.83)

30.0
16.9
22.9
18.1
17.1
12.4

(0.72)
(0.53)
(0.96)
(0.83)
(1.03)
(0.79)

5.6
1.6
2.8
1.9
1.4
0.8

(0.34)
(0.13)
(0.36)
(0.27)
(0.32)
(0.22)

2.0
0.8
1.3
1.0
0.7
0.5

(0.22)
(0.10)
(0.22)
(0.23)
(0.21)
(0.13)

Poverty status12
Poor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not poor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0
100.0
100.0

25.9 (0.83)
24.6 (0.78)
12.9 (0.36)

74.1 (0.83)
75.4 (0.78)
87.1 (0.36)

100.0
100.0
100.0

58.0 (1.20)
65.6 (1.07)
81.0 (0.53)

Education9
Less than a high school diploma
High school diploma or GED10 .
Some college . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelors degree or higher . . .

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Family income11
Less than $35,000 . .
$35,000 or more . . .
$35,000$49,999 .
$50,000$74,999 .
$75,000$99,999 .
$100,000 or more .

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See footnotes at end of table.

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33.6 (1.11)
28.4 (0.99)
16.5 (0.52)

6.6 (0.55)
4.4 (0.43)
1.6 (0.12)

1.8 (0.32)
1.5 (0.25)
0.9 (0.10)

Series 10, No. 252 [ Page 113


Table 33. Age-adjusted percent distributions of having a usual place of health care, and of type of place, among persons aged 18 years
and over, by selected characteristics: United States, 2010Con.
Type of place1

Selected characteristic

Total

Health insurance coverage13


Under 65 years:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicaid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65 years and over:
Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare and Medicaid . . . . . . . . . . . .
Medicare only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uninsured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Total without
a usual
place of
care

Total with
a usual place
of care

Total

Doctors
office
or HMO2

Clinic or
health center

Hospital
emergency
room or
outpatient
department

Some
other
place

Percent distribution3 (standard error)


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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

11.1
10.2
8.9
51.2

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100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

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