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Globalisation Positive & Negative Impact on Environment

Globalisation has brought about more NEGATIVE IMPACT on the environment.

Destroys natural environment. TNCs used natural resources rapidly eg timber, oil, metals Developing countries suffered more (abundant natural resources). Depended on primary industries Less Developed Countries (LDCs) interested in profits and markets rather than the environmental protection. LDC lack resources, expertise to implement and enforce environmental regulations. Deforetation Developments of industries, agriculture, housing and transportation. Economic activities. Forestry, mining and cattle ranching can generate revenue Indonesia, small- scale farming replaced with plantations Soil erosion reduced productivity. Flooding destroyed properties. Plants and animals extinction Haze problems affected many countries. All types of pollution Transportation produces greenhouse gases. Increase global temperature. Hence globalisation has increased rate of negative impact on environment especially in LDCs where resources are used up due faster rate of economic development and higher demand from DCs

Globalisation has brought about POSITIVE IMPACT on the environment. Increase awareness of environmental management and degradation Discussions, forums and meetings at different levels are organized by countries ASEAN countries met to discuss how to deal with forest fires. UN and industrialized countries met to sign international agreement on how to reduce emission and save mother earth. More countries are aware of sustainable development. Set up nature reserves or protected areas. Singapore conserved natural heritage such as Sungei Buloh Bird Park and other natural areas School implemented the Clean and Green week as well as competitions such as Green Award Government encouraged investors and manufacturers to use Green energy and Green cars (for consumers) Public education and campaigns organized to reduce waste. Campaign on 3 Rs reuse, reduce, recycle Countries source for alternative and renewable energy (wind and solar energy). Globalisation has improved communications among countries and this facilitates efforts to cooperate and coordinate programmes to manage our environment more efficiently and effectively

In conclusion More harm than benefit. Globalisation increased rate of use of resources from environment resulting in greater damage. More economic activities in LDCs resulted in more pollution, deforestation and damage to the land. Higher demand for goods and services by DCs and improved transport and communications also increased the rate of

environmental destruction. Environmental benefits are mainly found in DCs because awareness to protect environment is limited to fewer countries in the DCs