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Wireless roaming with WDS and MESH

Uldis Cernevskis MikroTik

2006

MikroTik MUM

Overview
Seamless wireless roaming MESH like network support Secured and dynamic data communication between APs

2006

MikroTik MUM

Requirements for MESH


RouterOS v2.9.x with RSTP package enabled One or more Atheros chipset wireless cards for each router Antennas (Omni, sector, directional) for each band 2.4Ghz and 5Ghz

2006

MikroTik MUM

AP-AP communication
Ethernet

Ethernet

Client1

AP1

WDS link

AP2

Client2

Mode=ap-bridge Band=2.4ghz-b/g Freqency =2437 Mhz SSID =MESH Wds-mode=dynamic Wds-default bridge=bridge1 Bridge=Ethernet ,Wireless

2006

MikroTik MUM

Simple MESH
AP-Client link
AP- Client link

Client1

WDS link

AP1

AP2

Client2

Mode=ap-bridge Band=2.4ghz-b/g Freqency =2437Mhz SSID=MESH Wds-mode=dynamic Wds-default -bridge =bridge 1 Bridge =Wireless

2006

MikroTik MUM

Dual band MESH


AP- Client link

AP-C lient link

Client1

WDS link

Mode=ap-bridge Band =2.4ghz-b/g Freqency=2437 Mhz SSID=MESH

AP1

AP2

Client2

Mode=ap-bridge Band =5ghz Freqency =5600Mhz SSID=MESH Wds-mode=dynamic Wds-default -bridge =bridge 1 Bridge =Wireless,Wireless

Mode=ap-bridge Band =2.4ghz-b/g Freqency =2437 Mhz SSID=MESH

2006

MikroTik MUM

Creating MESH system 1

Internet
Switch

AP1

Client1

Path

AP-Client 2.4Ghz link

2006

MikroTik MUM

Creating MESH system 2


Client1 Client2

AP1

Internet
Switch

AP-Client 2.4Ghz link

2006

MikroTik MUM

Creating MESH system 3


Client1 Client2

AP2

AP1

Internet
Switch Path

AP-Client 2.4Ghz link

AP-AP 5Ghz link

2006

MikroTik MUM

Client3

Creating MESH system 4


Client1 Client2

AP2

AP1

Internet
Switch Path

AP3
AP-Client 2.4Ghz link

AP-AP 5Ghz link

2006

MikroTik MUM

Client3

10

Creating MESH system 5


Client1 Client2

AP2

AP1

60

Internet
Switch Path

50

AP3
AP-Client 2.4Ghz link

AP-AP 5Ghz link

2006

AP4 MikroTik MUM

Client3

11

Creating MESH system 6


Client1 Client2

120

AP2

AP1
50
1
60

Internet
Switch Path

50

AP3
AP-Client 2.4Ghz link

AP-AP 5Ghz link

2006

AP4

MikroTik MUM

Client3

12

Mixed band MESH


Client1 Client2

AP2

AP1
Client4

Internet
Switch

AP5

AP-Client 2.4Ghz link

AP3

AP-AP 5Ghz link

AP4

2006
AP-AP 2.4Ghz link

MikroTik MUM

Client3

13

Advanced options
Encryption (WPA-PSK/EAP) for AP-AP communication Segmentation of the MESH different band/frequency for each MESH segment Use of WDS-Slave mode for automatic adjusting the operating frequency to match Main APs frequency Using Static mode for WDS instead Dynamic to make specific MESH network layout
2006 MikroTik MUM 14