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Project: Location: Contract: Engineer:

ETAP PowerStation
4.0.0C

Page: Date: SN:

1 10-17-2012 KLGCONSULT Chiller-Plant

Study Case: GRD1

Filename:

Electrical Transient Analyzer Program ETAP PowerStation Ground Grid Systems

IEEE Std 80-2000

Number of Ground Conductors: Number of Ground Rods:

34 10

Total Length of Ground Conductors: Total Length of Ground Rods:

2265.00 m 30.00 m

Frequency: Unit System: Project Filename: Output Filename:

60.0 Metric Chiller-Plant C:\ETAP 400\PowerStation\Chiller-Plant\Chiller Plant.GR1

Project: Location: Contract: Engineer:

ETAP PowerStation
4.0.0C

Page: Date: SN:

2 10-17-2012 KLGCONSULT Chiller-Plant

Study Case: GRD1

Filename:

Ground Grid Input Data System Data:


Short-Circuit Current Abmient Temp. C
40.00

Fault Duration (Seconds) Cp Projection Factor %


100.0

Freq. Hz
60.0

Weight kg
50

Total Fault Current kA


1.500

X/R
1.00

Sf Division Factor %
100.0

Tf for Total Fault Duration


0.50

Tc for Sizing Ground Conductors


0.50

Ts for Available Body Cuttent


0.50

Soil Data:
Surface Material Material Type
Clean limestone

Upper Layer Soil Depth m


0.1

Lower Layer Soil Depth m


5.0

Resistivity W.m
200.0

Material Type
Dry soil

Resistivity W.m
200.0

MaterialType
Dry soil

Resistivity W.m
200.0

Material Constants:
ar Factor

Conductivity Conductor/Rod
Conductor & Rod

@ 20 C 1/C
0.00378

K0 @ 0 C
245.0

Fusing Temperature C
1084.0

Resistivity of Ground Conductor @ 20C


mW.cm
4.40

Thermal Capacity Per Unit Volume J/(cm.C)


3.85

Type
Copper-clad steel wire 1

%
40.0

Rod Data:
Diameter cm
20.0

Length m
3.0

No. of Rods
10

Arrangement
Rods along Grid Perimeter

Cost $/Rod
100.0

Grid Configuration:
Grid Length (m) Depth (m)
0.8

Conductor Size mm
120

Number of Conductors in X Direction


15

Separation (m) in X Direction


4.2

Lx
75.0

Ly
60.0

in Y Direction
19

in Y Direction
4.3

Cost $/m
10.00 Shape: Rectangular

Cost:
Conductor Total No.
34

Rod Cost
$22,650

Total Length m
2,265.0

Total No.
10

Total Length m
30.0

Cost
$1,000

Total Cost
$23,650

Project: Location: Contract: Engineer:

ETAP PowerStation
4.0.0C

Page: Date: SN:

3 10-17-2012 KLGCONSULT Chiller-Plant

Study Case: GRD1

Filename:

Ground Grid Summary Report


Rg Ground Resistence Ohm
1.387

GPR Ground Potential Rise Volts


2085.6

Touch Potential Tolerable Volts


213.3

Step Potential Calculated %


99.8

Calculated Volts
212.8

Tolerable Volts
360.9

Calculated Volts
184.6

Calculated %
51.2

Total Fault Current: Maximum Grid Current:

1.500 kA 1.504 kA

Reflection Factor (K): Surface Layer Derating Factor (Cs): Decrement Factor (Df):

0.000 1.000 1.003