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SUMMARY ON BRAND AUDIT OF PEPSI

The Research is particularly carried for finding out the brand potency of Pepsi Co. with respect to its competitors like Coca cola etc.

But before getting to the actual research work, the Brand and its related terms must be known. So Brand, Brand Identity, Image, Equity, Valuation has been explained in the following project.

A brief about the Pepsi Co. has been given starting with the company profile, its mission, history and activities has been highlighted in the project.

Coming to the research part, according to the information gained, Pepsi Co. holds various brands in food products, as well as beverages, but the beverage products of Pepsi were banned in India as it contained high level of pesticides but it was soon corrected with the time.

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The main rival of Pepsi Co. in Indian market was found out to be Coca cola. Large number of issues and tough competition was seen amongst the both companies.

Different marketing strategies were used by the companies to gain the large market share. With time, it also introduced a variety of products under its mother brand like, Coca cola introduced Sprite, Fanta, Thums up were as at the same time Pepsi introduced slice, Pepsi, 7up, Tropicana in order to provide a tough competition

The Later part of the project includes the methods and analytical tools with various brands have been shown for comparison purpose and hence it has been concluded that PepsiCo in Mumbai that it holds the third position and market leader is thumps up.

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BRAND

BRAND as defined by Philip Kotler as, "a name, term, symbol or design or a combination of them which is intended to identify the goods and services of one teller or a group of sellers and to differentiate them from those of competitors." Brand is a specific term and includes a name, symbol, sign or design given to a product for easy identification. It provides distinct identity to a product. Many products such as soaps, detergent powder and cosmetics are known in the market by their brand names e.g. Lux, Rexona, Colgate, etc. In the present marketing system where identical products are quite common branding is quite essential. A manufacturer can separate

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his product from other identical products by giving special name called as brand. The word brand has continued to evolve to encompass identity it affects the personality of a product, company or service. It is defined by a perception, good or bad, that your customers or prospects have about you.

Characteristics of a Good Brand Name


A good brand name should have the following characteristics: 1) Distinctive: A unique and distinctive symbol is not only easy to remember but also a distinguish feature. 2) Suggestive: A chosen name or symbol should be suggestive of quantity, or may be associated with superiority or a great personality. 3) Appropriate: Many of the products are surrounded by a certain mystique in the minds of the customers. The name carefree is an appropriate brand name of a sanitary towel. 4) Adaptable: It should be adaptable to new products. L.G is a good brand name for TVs and VCRs, but when it is extended to refrigerators and washing machines some of the sales appeal is lost.

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5) Easy to remember: A brand should be easy to remember. It should be easy to read, spell and pronounce. 6)Registrable: A brand should be registrable under the laws of trademarks and copyrights.

BRAND IMAGE
Brand Image means the impression which the consumer develops about a particular brand used by manufacturer. It is a mental picture of the product developed among the consumers over a period of time.

BRAND IDENTITY
Brand identity is a unique set of brand associations that the brand strategist aspires to create or maintain. These associations represent what the brand stands for and imply a promise to consumers from the organization members.

BRAND EQUITY

Brand Equity is different from brand image and brand personality. According to Edward Tauber brand equity means, "The

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incremental value of a business above the value of its physical assets due to the market position, achieved by its brand and the extension potential of the brand" Factors Determining Brand Equity:

Introduction
Research Objective

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The sole objective of making of this research report is to know about the present BRAND potency of PEPSI in comparison to other brands of soft drinks competing in the Indian market and by the help of a research to know that which soft drink brand has highest brand potency. This report will further put a spotlight on the various soft drinks competitors in the Indian Market and the attitude and choice of the customers about their preferred soft drinks.

BRAND VALUATION
In the current competitive environment, brand is assuming importance as a commercial and institutional asset. It has become a critical success factor for most organizations, from commercial companies to professional firms.

WHY FIND THEIR VALUE


Brands may need to be valued for a variety of reasons, calculating an amortization deduction, bidding for an acquisition, and estimating damages in an infringement case etc. Because so many

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occasions call for their valuation, understanding how they are valued can be useful. When valuing a brand, it is particularly important "for whom" that value is being determined for, since the brands value is not the same for the company that owns the brand as for a company with a competing brand or for another company operating in the industry with a brand that does not compete directly with it, etc.

Industry/Company Background
Soft drink market size for FY09 was around 270 million cases (6480mn bottles). The market witnessed 5- 6% growth in the early90s. Presently the market growth has growth rate of 7- 8% per annum compared to 22% growth rate in the previous year. The market size for FY10 was expected to be 7000 million bottles.

Soft Drink Production area


The market preference is highly regional based. While cola drinks have main markets in metro cities and northern states of UP, Punjab, Haryana etc. Orange flavored drinks are popular in

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southern states. Sodas too are sold largely in southern states besides sale through bars. Western markets have preference towards mango flavored drinks. Diet coke presently constitutes just 0.7% of the total carbonated beverage market.

Growth promotional activities


The government has adopted liberalized policies for the soft drink trade to give the industry a boast and promote the Indian brands internationally. Although the import and manufacture of international brands like Pepsi and Coke is enhanced in India the local brands are being stabilized by advertisements, good quality and low cost. The soft drinks market till early 1990s was in hands of domestic players like campa, thumps up, Limca etc but with opening up of economy and the incoming of Multinational players like Pepsi and Coca Cola the market has come totally under their control. The distribution network of Coca cola had 6.5 lakhs outlets across the country in FY09, which the company is planning to increase to 8 lakhs by FY11. On the other hand Pepsi Co's distribution network had 6 lakh outlets across the country during FY09 which it is planning to increase to 7.5 Lakh by FY11.

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Types
Soft drinks are available in glass bottles, aluminum cans and PET bottles for home consumption. Fountains also dispense them in disposable containers Non-alcoholic soft drink beverage market can be divided into fruit drinks and soft drinks. Soft drinks can be further divided into carbonated and non-carbonated drinks. Cola, lemon and oranges are carbonated drinks while mango drinks come under non carbonated category. The market can also be segmented on the basis of types of products into cola products and non-cola products. Cola products account for nearly 61-62% of the total soft drinks market. The brands that fall in this category are Pepsi, Coca- Cola, Thumps Up, Diet Coke, Diet Pepsi etc. Non-cola segment which constitutes 36% can be divided into 4 categories based on the types of flavors available, namely: Orange, Cloudy Lime, Clear Lime and Mango.

About PepsiCo & Its Products

PepsiCo Mission "To be the world's premier consumer Products Company focused on convenience foods and beverages. We seek to produce healthy financial rewards to investors as we provide opportunities for

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growth and enrichment to our employees, our business partners and the communities in which we operate. And in everything we do, we strive for honesty, fairness and integrity."

Corporate Profile
PEPSICO IN INDIA

PepsiCo entered India in 1989 and has grown to become one of the countrys leading food and beverage companies. One of the largest multinational investors in the country, PepsiCo has established a business which aims to serve the long term dynamic needs of consumers in India. PepsiCo India and its partners have invested more than U.S. $1 billion since the company was established in the country. PepsiCo provides direct and indirect employment to 150,000 people including suppliers and distributors. PepsiCo nourishes consumers with a range of products from treats to healthy eats, which deliver joy as well as nutrition and always, good taste. PepsiCo Indias expansive portfolio includes iconic refreshment beverages Pepsi, 7 UP, Mirinda and Mountain Dew, in addition to low calorie options such as Diet Pepsi, hydrating and nutritional beverages such as Aquafina drinking water, isotonic sports drinks - Gatorade, Tropicana100% fruit juices, and juice

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based drinks Tropicana Nectars, Tropicana Twister and Slice. Local brands Lehar Evervess Soda, Dukes Lemonade and Mangola add to the diverse range of brands

PepsiCos foods company, Frito-Lay, is the leader in the branded salty snack market and all Frito Lay products are free of trans-fat and MSG. It manufactures Lays Potato Chips; Cheetos extruded snacks, Uncle Chips and traditional snacks under the Kurkure and Lehar brands. The companys high fiber breakfast cereal, Quaker Oats, and low fat and roasted snack options enhance the healthful choices available to consumers. Frito Lays core products, Lays, Kurkure, Uncle Chips and Cheetos are cooked in Rice Bran Oil to significantly reduce saturated fats and all of its products contain voluntary nutritional labeling on their packets. The group has built an expansive beverage and foods business. To support its operations, PepsiCo has 43 bottling plants in India, of which 15 are company owned and 28 are franchisee owned. In addition to this, PepsiCos Frito Lay foods division has 3 state-ofthe-art plants. PepsiCos business is based on its sustainability vision of making tomorrow better than today. PepsiCos commitment to living by this vision every day is visible in its contribution to the country, consumers and farmers.

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Performance With Purpose


Performance with Purpose articulates PepsiCo India's belief that its businesses are intrinsically connected to the communities and world that surrounds it. Performance with Purpose means delivering superior financial performance at the same time as we improve the world. To deliver on this commitment, PepsiCo India will build on the incredibly strong foundation of achievement and scale up its initiatives while focusing on the following 4 critical areas that have a business link and where we believe that we can have the most impact. REPLENISHING WATER PepsiCo India continues to replenish water and aims to achieve positive water balance by 2009, which means it is committed to saving and recharging more water than it uses in its beverage plants. WASTE TO WEALTH PepsiCo India continues to convert Waste to Wealth, to make cities cleaner. This award winning initiative has established

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Zero Solid Waste centers that benefit more than 2,00,000 community members throughout the country. PARTNERSHIP WITH FARMERS PepsiCo Indias Agri-partnerships with farmers help more than 22,000 farmers across the country earn more. HEALTHY KIDS PepsiCo India will stay committed to the health and well-being of children. It will continue to provide children with a healthy and fun portfolio while simultaneously tackling the calories out side of the equation by expanding its Get Active programme for kids, especially for school going children. PepsiCo will also launch and distribute products directly aimed at addressing nutritional deficiencies and will launch a pilot program that directly delivers against the United Nations Millennium Development Goal to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger by 2015.

PepsiCos global commitment to Performance with Purpose

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PepsiCo believes that its performance is fundamentally connected to its purpose agenda which represents the commitment to give back as the company grows. It is a continuing journey that spans three major areas of focus human, environmental and talent sustainability. Human Sustainability reflects PepsiCos goal of nourishing consumers with products that range from treats to healthy eats. PepsiCos products have always offered consumers nutrition as well as great taste. The progress that PepsiCo has made under the Human Sustainability pillar includes reformulating some of its products to improve their nutritional profile while launching products that reflect consumer demand for healthier nutritious snacks and beverages. PepsiCo partners with Governments, health officials and Non Governmental Organizations to help address obesity concerns and it continues to provide consumers with new product choices and innovations. Environmental Sustainability is based on PepsiCos commitment to strive to replenish the resources used where possible, and minimize the impact on the environment. PepsiCo continues to work to further reduce its water and electricity consumption and improve its packaging sustainability. Across the world, PepsiCo has re-used water from its processing plants and has worked with local communities to provide access to clean water, while supporting farmers to deliver more crop per drop.

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Talent Sustainability is founded on PepsiCos belief that cherishing its extraordinary group of people is crucial to building an empowered workforce. PepsiCo pursues diversity and creates an inclusive environment which encourages associates to bring their whole selves to work. PepsiCo has increased female and minority representation in the management ranks and has encouraged employees to participate in community service activities while continuing to create rewarding job opportunities for people with different abilities. Together, PepsiCo associates across the world are building on the platform of Human, Environment and Talent Sustainability, while delivering great financial results. PepsiCo Indias Performance with Purpose To deliver on the commitment of Performance with Purpose, PepsiCo India continues to build on its strong foundation of achievements and scale up its initiatives while focusing on the following 4 critical areas that are linked to its business and where it can have the most impact.

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Pepsi is a soft drink that is produced and manufactured by PepsiCo. It is sold in retail stores, restaurants, cinemas and from vending machines. The drink was first made in the 1890s by pharmacist Caleb Bradham in New Bern, North Carolina. The brand was trademarked on June 16, 1903. There have been many Pepsi variants produced over the years since 1898, including Diet Pepsi, Crystal Pepsi, Pepsi Twist, Pepsi Max, Pepsi Free, Pepsi AM, Pepsi Samba, Pepsi Blue, Pepsi Gold, Pepsi Holiday Spice, Pepsi Jazz, Vanilla Pepsi, Pepsi X (available in Finland and Brazil), Pepsi Next (available in Japan and South Korea), Pepsi Raw, Pepsi Retro in Mexico, Pepsi One, Pepsi Ice Cucumber and Pepsi White in Japan. In October 2008, Pepsi announced they would be redesigning its logo and re-branding many of its products by early 2009. In 2009, Pepsi, Diet Pepsi and Pepsi Max began using all lower-case fonts

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for name brands, and Diet Pepsi Max was re-branded as Pepsi Max. The brand's blue and red globe trademark became a series of "smiles," with the central white band arcing at different angles depending on the product. As of January 2009, Pepsi's newer logos have only been adopted in the United States. Currently, Pepsi Wild Cherry and Pepsi ONE are the only two products that still use their previous design. Diet Pepsi Wild Cherry, Diet Pepsi Lime, and Diet Pepsi Vanilla received the redesign.

Origins
Pepsi was originally named "Brad's Drink", after its creator, a pharmacist in New Bern, North Carolina. It was created in the summer of 1893 and was later renamed Pepsi Cola in 1898, possibly due the digestive enzyme pepsin and kola nuts used in the recipe. Bradham sought to create a fountain drink that was delicious and would aid in digestion and boost energy. Another theory is that Bradham and his customers simply thought the name "Pepsi" sounded good and reflected the fact that the drink had some kind of "pep" in it because it was a carbonated drink. And another theory is that the word Pepsi was chosen because it reflected phonetically the sound of a can being opened, the sound "pop" "schi", was condensed and simplified in the name "Pepsi". This theory can be considered folklore only, since at the time of the naming of the drink, Pepsi was sold in glass bottles and not metal

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cans; and the pop top lid producing Pepsi's oddly phonetic sound wouldn't be invented for another forty years. In 1903, Bradham moved the bottling of Pepsi-Cola from his drugstore into a rented warehouse. That year, Bradham sold 7,968 gallons of syrup. The next year, Pepsi was sold in six-ounce bottles, and sales increased to 19,848 gallons. In 1929, Pepsi received its first logo redesign since the original design of 1905. In 1926, the logo was changed again. In 1929, automobile race pioneer Barney Oldfield endorsed Pepsi-Cola in newspaper ads as "A bully drink...refreshing, invigorating, a fine bracer before a race" In 1931, the Pepsi-Cola Company went bankrupt during the Great Depression- in large part due to financial losses incurred by speculating on wildly fluctuating sugar prices as a result of World War I. Assets were sold and Roy C. Megargel bought the Pepsi trademark. Eight years later, the company went bankrupt again. Pepsi's assets were then purchased by Charles Guth, the President of Loft Inc. Loft was a candy manufacturer with retail stores that contained soda fountains. He sought to replace Coca-Cola at his stores' fountains after Coke refused to give him a discount on syrup. Guth then had Loft's chemists reformulate the Pepsi-Cola syrup formula.

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Rise
During the Great Depression, Pepsi gained popularity following the introduction in 1936 of a 12-ounce bottle. Initially priced at 10 cents, sales were slow, but when the price was slashed to five cents, sales increased substantially. With a radio advertising campaign featuring the jingle "Pepsi cola hits the spot / Twelve full ounces, that's a lot / Twice as much for a nickel, too / Pepsi-Cola is the drink for you," Pepsi encouraged price-watching consumers to switch, obliquely referring to the Coca-Cola standard of six ounces a bottle for the price of five cents (a nickel), instead of the 12 ounces Pepsi sold at the same price. Coming at a time of economic crisis, the campaign succeeded in boosting Pepsi's status. In 1936 alone 500,000,000 bottles of Pepsi were consumed. From 1936 to 1938, Pepsi-Cola's profits doubled. Pepsi's success under Guth came while the Loft Candy business was faltering. Since he had initially used Loft's finances and facilities to establish the new Pepsi success, the near-bankrupt Loft Company sued Guth for possession of the Pepsi-Cola company. A long legal battle, Guth v. Loft , then ensued, with the case reaching the Delaware Supreme Court and ultimately ending in a loss for Guth.

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Brands of PEPSI Food


Cheetos Kurkure Lays Lehar Namkeen Quaker Oats Uncle Chips

Beverages
Pepsi 7UP Aquafina Gatorade Mountain Dew Nimbooz Slice Tropicana Tropicana Twister Mirinda

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Food Products

Cheetos

Kurkure

Uncle Chips

Lehar Lays

Quaker Oats

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Beverages
Pepsi Aquafina 7UP

Gatorade

Mountain Dew

Slice

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Tropicana

Nimbooz

Mirinda

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Marketing

A bottle of Pepsi with its 2003-2008 logo. This Pepsi logo is still used with Pepsi Wild Cherry, Pepsi ONE, and in many countries. In 1975, Pepsi introduced the Pepsi Challenge marketing campaign where PepsiCo set up a blind tasting between Pepsi-Cola and rival Coca-Cola. During these blind taste tests the majority of participants picked Pepsi as the better tasting of the two soft drinks. PepsiCo took great advantage of the campaign with television commercials reporting the test results to the public. In 1976 Pepsi, RKO Bottlers in Toledo, Ohio hired the first female Pepsi salesperson, Denise Muck, to coincide with the United States bicentennial celebration. In 1996, PepsiCo launched the highly successful Pepsi Stuff marketing strategy. By 2002, the strategy was cited by Promo Magazine as one of 16 "Ageless Wonders" that "helped redefine promotion marketing."

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In 2007, PepsiCo redesigned their cans for the fourteenth time, and for the first time, included more than thirty different backgrounds on each can, introducing a new background every three weeks. One of their background designs includes a string of repetitive numbers 73774. This is a numerical expression from a telephone keypad of the word "Pepsi." In late 2008, Pepsi overhauled their entire brand, simultaneously introducing a new logo and a minimalist label design. The redesign was comparable to Coca-Cola's earlier simplification of their can and bottle designs. Due to the timing of the new logo release, some have criticized the logo change, as the new logo looked strikingly similar to the logo used for Barack Obama's successful presidential campaign, implicating a bias towards the President. Also in 4th quarter of 2008 Pepsi teamed up with Google/Youtube to produce the first daily entertainment show on Youtube for Youtube. This daily show deals with pop culture, internet viral videos, and celebrity gossip. Poptub is refreshed daily from Pepsi. Since 2007, Pepsi, Lay's, and Gatorade have had a "Bring Home the Cup," contest for Canada's biggest hockey fans. Hockey fans were asked to submit content (videos, pictures or essays) for a chance at winning a party in their hometown with The Stanley Cup and Mark Messier. In 2009, "Bring Home the Cup," changed to "Team Up and Bring Home the Cup." The new installment of the campaign asks

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for team involvement and an advocate to submit content on behalf of their team for the chance to have the Stanley Cup delivered to the team's hometown by Mark Messier.

Bans in India
Pepsi arrived on the black market in India in 1988. In 2003 and again in 2006, the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), a non-governmental organization in New Delhi, claimed that soda drinks produced by manufacturers in India, including both Pepsi and Coca-Cola, had dangerously high levels of pesticides in their drinks. Both PepsiCo and The Coca-Cola Company maintain that their drinks are safe for consumption and have published newspaper advertisements that say pesticide levels in their products are less than those in other foods such as tea, fruit and dairy products. In the Indian state of Kerala, sale and production of Pepsi-Cola, along with other soft drinks, were banned in 2006 following partial bans on the drinks in schools, colleges and hospitals in five other Indian states. On September 22, 2006, the High Court in Kerala overturned the Kerala ban ruling that only the central government can ban food products.

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Rivalry with Coca-Cola


Main article: Cola Wars According to Consumer Reports, in the 1970s, the rivalry continued to heat up the market. Pepsi conducted blind taste tests in stores, in what was called the "Pepsi Challenge". These tests suggested that more consumers preferred the taste of Pepsi (which is believed to have more lemon oil, less orange oil, and uses vanillin rather than vanilla) to Coke. The sales of Pepsi started to climb, and Pepsi kicked off the "Challenge" across the nation. This became known as the "Cola Wars." In 1985, The Coca-Cola Company, amid much publicity, changed its formula. The theory has been advanced that New Coke, as the reformulated drink came to be known, was invented specifically in response to the Pepsi Challenge. However, a consumer backlash led to Coca-Cola quickly introducing a modified version of the original formula (removing the expensive Haitian lime oil and changing the sweetener to corn syrup) as Coke "Classic".

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In the U.S., Pepsi's total market share was about 31.7 percent in 2004, while Coke's was about 43.1 percent. Overall, Coca-Cola continues to outsell Pepsi in almost all areas of the world. However, exceptions include Saudi Arabia; Pakistan (Pepsi has been a dominant sponsor of the Pakistan cricket team since the 1990s); the Dominican Republic; the Canadian provinces of Quebec, Newfoundland and Labrador and Prince Edward Island; and Guatemala.. Pepsi had long been the drink of Canadian Francophones and it continues to hold its dominance by relying on local Qubcois celebrities (especially Claude Meunier, of La Petite Vie fame) to sell its product. PepsiCo use the slogan "here, it's Pepsi" (Ici, c'est Pepsi) to answer to Coca-cola publicity "Everywhere in the world, it's Coke" (Partout dans le monde, c'est Coke). By most accounts, Coca-Cola was India's leading soft drink until 1977 when it left India after a new government ordered The CocaCola Company to turn over its secret formula for Coke and dilute its stake in its Indian unit as required by the Foreign Exchange Regulation Act (FERA). In 1988, PepsiCo gained entry to India by creating a joint venture with the Punjab government-owned Punjab Agro Industrial Corporation (PAIC) and Voltas India Limited. This joint venture marketed and sold Lehar Pepsi until 1991 when the use of foreign brands was allowed; PepsiCo bought out its partners and ended the joint venture in 1994. In 1993, The Coca-Cola

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Company returned in pursuance of India's Liberalization policy. In 2005, The Coca-Cola Company and PepsiCo together held 95% market share of soft-drink sales in India. Coca-Cola India's market share was 52.5%.

A sticker from a USSR-produced Pepsi bottle. The logo shown is a version used from 197391. In Russia, Pepsi initially had a larger market share than Coke but it was undercut once the Cold War ended. In 1972, Pepsico company struck a barter agreement with the then government of the Soviet Union, in which Pepsico was granted exportation and Western marketing rights to Stolichnaya vodka in exchange for importation and Soviet marketing of Pepsi-Cola. This exchange led to PepsiCola being the first foreign product sanctioned for sale in the U.S.S.R.. Reminiscent of the way that Coca-Cola became a cultural icon and its global spread spawned words like "coca colonization", PepsiCola and its relation to the Soviet system turned it into an icon. In the early 1990s, the term "Pepsi-stroika" began appearing as a pun on "perestroika", the reform policy of the Soviet Union under Mikhail Gorbachev. Critics viewed the policy as a lot of fizz

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without substance and as an attempt to usher in Western products in deals there with the old elites. Pepsi, as one of the first American products in the Soviet Union, became a symbol of that relationship and the Soviet policy. This was reflected in Russian author Victor Pelevin's book "Generation P". In 1989, Billy Joel mentions the rivalry between the two companies in the song We Didn't Start The Fire. The line "Rock & Roller Cola Wars" refers to Pepsi and Coke's usage of various musicians in their advertising campaigns. Coke used Paula Abdul,while Pepsi used Michael Jackson. They then continued to try to get other musicians to advertise their beverages. Whilst filming the Pepsi advert Michael Jackson burned his hair. In 1992, following the Soviet collapse, Coca-Cola was introduced to the Russian market. As it came to be associated with the new system, and Pepsi to the old, Coca-Cola rapidly captured a significant market share that might otherwise have required years to achieve. By July 2005, Coca-Cola enjoyed a market share of 19.4 percent, followed by Pepsi with 13 percent.

Ingredients

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Pepsi-Cola contains basic ingredients found in most other similar drinks including carbonated water, high fructose corn syrup, sugar, colorings, phosphoric acid, caffeine, citric acid, and natural flavors. The caffeine-free Pepsi-Cola contains the same ingredients minus the caffeine. The original Pepsi-Cola recipe was available from documents filed with the court at the time that the Pepsi-Cola Company went bankrupt in 1929. The original formula contained neither cola nor caffeine.

Competitors

Coca-Cola R. C. Cola

Brands Under PepsiCo (used in research)


Miranda Slice Mountain Dew 7 Up

MIRANDA

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Mirinda is a brand of soft including "citrus" orange. flavour is A also

drink available in fruit varieties

available in certain areas of the Middle East. It is part of a beverage area often referred to as the flavor segment, carbonated carbonated beverages. flavor of comprising and The nonorange Mirinda fruit-flavored

represents the majority of Mirinda sales worldwide. Mirinda is owned by PepsiCo and is primarily commercialized outside of North America. It competes with Coca-Cola's Fanta and Cadbury-Schweppes's Orange Crush brand, with flavor brands local to individual countries. As with most soft drinks, Mirinda is available in multiple formulations depending on the taste of individual markets.

History

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Mirinda was originally produced in Spain. It became available in the United States in late 2003 in bilingual packaging, and initially sold at a reduced price, presumably to become a competitor against Coca-Cola's Fanta brand. Since 2005, Mirinda flavors have largely been sold under the Tropicana Twister Soda brand in the United States except in Guam, where Pepsi began selling it under the Mirinda brand in 2007 (replacing Chamorro Punch Orange). Pepsico also tried to sell Mirinda in Brazil in late 1996, but the brand was discontinued in 1997 after weak sales, keeping the local brand Sukita under production.

Recent events
Mirinda campaigns over the years have included the Mirinda Woman campaign in the 1970s and a campaign in the 1994-1996 time frame with a campaign using the tag-line 'The Taste is in Mirinda' with the Blue Man Group. In some markets, including Mexico, the Blue Man Group campaign re-launched Mirinda away from a multi-flavor positioning to a brand solely focused on the orange flavor. The Blue Man Group campaign showed the Blue Man Group competing to drink orange Mirinda and celebrating a successful drink with an open-mouth exclamation of 'Mirindaaaa'. Also in this same country Mirinda launch a campaign with the

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Pokmon anime series to the children with a promotion of many gadgets with the characters of the manga series. A recent, highly successful advertising campaign was launched in India featuring a handsome young gentleman, Stefan Persson, gallivanting about town in hunt of his sweet sweet Mirinda. Stefan's credible portrayal of the Mirinda-obsessed youth earned the campaign accolades in Brand Equity, the advertising section of a leading financial newspaper. Mirinda advertising campaigns over the last fifteen years have been handled by Pepsi's stable of creative agencies, including BBDO and J Walter Thompson. Mirinda also regularly introduces special movie-themed editions in Asia. Recent ones included Batman (Blueberry) and Superman (Fruit punch). Mirinda has also recently released a new flavour of drinks called Mirinda Sorbet. They come in two flavours: Raspberry and Lime.

Facts
Pepsi and Mirinda (orange flavor) with Arabic labels (bottled, left to right).

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Mirinda is available in most continents of the world with other PepsiCo products. It is also in the Middle Eastern markets, but the name is commonly mispronounced as "Miranda" due to its Arabic spelling. The name "Mirinda" means "amazing" in Esperanto. There is a claim that the original manufacturer of Mirinda, which later sold the brand to PepsiCo, was an Esperanto-speaking individual. Spanish-speaking consumers may also associate it with merienda or afternoon (teatime) snack. Mirinda's primary formulation is as an artificially flavored beverage; however, it has been produced in the past with a percentage of fruit juice, usually due to local tax benefits tied to non-artificial juice ingredients. Mirinda was sold in a distinctive ribbed glass bottle in Australia and parts of Southeast Asia, when originally released there.

SLICE
Slice is a line of fruit-flavored soft drinks manufactured by PepsiCo and introduced in 1984, with the lemon-lime flavor replacing Teem.

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Varieties of Slice have included Apple, Fruit Punch, Grape, Passion fruit, Peach, Mandarin Orange, Pineapple, Strawberry, Cherry Cola, "Red", Cherry-Lime, and Dr Slice. Originally, the drink was known for containing 10% fruit juice, but that was discontinued by 1994. The original design of the can was a solid color, related to the flavor of the drink. These were replaced around 1994 with black cans, with a colorful burst (once again, related to the flavor of the drink), along with slicker graphics. Around 1997, the cans became blue with color-coordinated swirls. The original orange flavor was reformulated at this time with an infiltration marketing campaign led by Danieli. The new flavor's slogan was "it's orange, only twisted." Orange Slice has since been changed back to its original flavor. Lemon Lime Slice was replaced by Sierra Mist in most markets in the summer of 2000. Sierra Mist became a national brand in 2003. The rest of the Slice line was replaced in most markets by Tropicana Twister Soda in the summer of 2005, although the Dr Slice variety can still be found in some fountains. It has been discontinued in more and more markets though.

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In early 2006, the Slice name was resurrected for a new line of diet sodas from Pepsi, called Slice ONE. Initially, Slice ONE was available exclusively at Wal-Mart stores, in orange, grape, and berry flavors. All three flavors are sweetened with Splenda.

In 2009 Slice (Orange, Diet Orange, Grape, Strawberry, Peach) will be sold only in Wal-Mart Stores.

MOUNTAIN DEW

Mountain Dew (also known as Mtn Dew as of late 2008) is a soft drink distributed and manufactured by PepsiCo. The main formula was invented in Knoxville, Tennessee, named and first marketed in Knoxville and Johnson City, TN in the 1940s, then by Barney and

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Ally Hartman, in Fayetteville, North Carolina and across the United States in 1964. When removed from its characteristic green bottle, Mountain Dew is bright yellow-green and translucent. As of 2007, Mountain Dew was the fourth-best-selling carbonated soft drink in the United States, behind only Coca-Cola Classic, Pepsi-Cola, and Diet Coke. Diet Mountain Dew ranked ninth in sales in the same year. On October 15, 2008, it was announced that Pepsi would be redesigning their logos and re-branding many of their core products by the end of 2008. At the same time they registered the name "mtn dew" and a related logo with the United States Patent and Trademark Office. This also announced the re-launch of Mountain Dew in the UK, which was released by Pepsi in 1996 but was dropped in 1998 due to low sales. As of April 2009, the flavors "Code Red" and "Live Wire" continue to use the previous Mountain Dew design.

Ingredients
Mountain Dew lists its ingredients as:

Carbonated water Sugar (replaced by High fructose corn syrup (HFCS) in much of the United States) Concentrated orange juice

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Citric acid Natural flavors Sodium benzoate (preserves freshness) Caffeine (54 mg per 12 US fluid ounces (350 ml)) Sodium citrate Erythorbic acid (preserves freshness) Gum arabic Calcium disodium EDTA (to protect flavor) Brominated vegetable oil Thiamin hydrochloride

7 UP

7 Up is a brand of a lemon-lime flavored non-caffeinated soft drink. The rights to the brand are held by Dr Pepper Snapple Group in the United States, and PepsiCo (or its licensees) in the rest of the world. The 7 Up logo includes a red spot between the '7' and 'Up'; this red spot has been animated and used as a mascot for the brand as Cool Spot.

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Name
According to Professor Donald Sadoway (MIT) the name is derived from the atomic mass of Lithium, 7, which was originally one of the key ingredients of the drink (as lithium citrate). However, there are numerous myths explaining the name. One popular myth is that its creator named the soft drink after seeing a cattle brand with the number 7 and the letter U. Other theories suggest that the drink was formulated with seven flavors plus the bubbles from the drink's carbonation (the bubbles go up). Other ideas include the original bottle contained seven ounces; its creator came up with the name while playing dice; that it was the 7th large commercial lemonade brand that tasted the same. Another rumor has it that the name was created because the company had previously failed six times, hence the name "7 Up". Before the formula change in 2006, a can of 7 Up included seven ingredients. The "Up" in the drink's name might refer to the original inclusion of lithium citrate, when it was marketed as a patent medicine to cure hangovers. Some people mistakenly believe that the name 7 Up comes from the belief that its pH is 7.0 and therefore neutral. This is not the case at all: the pH of 7 Up is comparable to many other soft drinks. At a pH of 3.67, Diet 7 Up is less acidic than lemon juice (pH 2.3), vinegar (pH 2.9) or wine (pH 3.5).

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History
7 Up was created by Charles Leiper Grigg who launched his St. Louis-based company The Howdy Corporation in 1920. Grigg came up with the formula for a lemon-lime soft drink in 1929. The product, originally named "Bib-Label Lithiated Lemon-Lime Soda", was launched two weeks before the Wall Street Crash of 1929. It contained lithium citrate, a mood-stabilizing drug. It was one of a number of patent medicine products popular in the late19th and early-20th centuries; they made claims similar to today's health foods. Specifically it was marketed as a hangover cure. The product's name was soon changed to 7 Up. The Great Depression was just the beginning of the business challenges the product would face. In its early years, there were around 600 lemon-lime beverage brands being sold in the US. 7 Up was able to survive and become the market leader in the category by being one of the first to be nationally distributed as well as being marketed as more healthy than other soft drinks. The success of 7 Up led Grigg to rename his company to "The Seven Up Company" in 1936. Lithium citrate was removed from 7 Up's formula in 1950.

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Expanding the brand beyond a niche market, major competitors began to set their sights on it such as The Coca-Cola Company with its Sprite brand introduced in 1961. Sprite would not challenge 7 Up's position seriously until the 1980s when Coke forced its major bottlers, then distributing 7 Up, to drop the beverage in deference to Sprite. 7 Up challenged Coke's actions in court as "anti-competitive", a challenge they eventually lost.

Formula

7 Up has been reformulated several times since its launch in 1929. In 2006, the version of the product sold in the U.S. was reformulated so that it could be marketed as being "100% Natural". This was achieved by eliminating the preservative calcium disodium EDTA, and replacing sodium citrate with potassium citrate in order to reduce the beverage's sodium content. This reformulation contains no fruit juice and is still sweetened with high fructose corn syrup (HFCS). The manufacturing process used in the production of HFCS has led some public health and special interest groups to challenge the ad campaign's "natural" claims. In 2007,

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after the Center for Science in the Public Interest threatened to sue 7 Up, it was announced that 7 Up would stop being marketed as "100% natural". Instead, It is now promoted as having "100% Natural Flavors". The controversy does not extend to other countries, such as the United Kingdom, where high fructose corn syrup is not generally used in foods, including 7 Up.

Methods used during my research:-

Interview method During the research I used the personal interview method. I asked the questions generally face to face. Sometime only for the appointment I used the telephonic method. Questionnaire method

Mostly I used the proper sequencing of the questions I used rating scale method Reason: - I think that this type of question is very easy and attractive to give the answer for respondent.

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I also used multiple choice type questions. Reason: - because this type of question is also easy for the respondent to give the answer. This is also helpful for clear and reasonable analysis. Open ended: - this type of question I also used in the form of personal interview.

Research Design
The design that is used in this project is exploratory design. The reason for choosing this design was to get clear response from the customers. I also used descriptive research design.

Research Instrument used


In this research I used mainly the structured questionnaire for getting the different type of information. Sample Size My sample size for this research report was of 50 individuals.

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Fieldwork It includes giving out in the field to collect required information and data from the concerned person. I used to visit major educational institutes, localities, shops, malls usually area wise conducting short interviews & giving awareness and for the promotion about the brand. Under this survey my main objective was to have an interaction with its users and to find out their preferences.

ANALYTICAL TOOLS USED


Different types of charts are used : 1) 2) 3) 4) Pie Cylindrical Charts Column Charts Table of all percentage.

About the Research


Particularly about the project, this research was carried to know the Brand potency about the various brands of soft drinks in Indian Market on the basis of calculations of several values of each brand namely:

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1. Value Of Memorization (VM): this is value of a brand

which states the degree of remembrance of a particular brand. It tells that how much does one individual remember about the brand.
2. Value Of Association (VA): this is the value of the brand

which tells the degree of association of a brand for an individual to his personal life experiences.
3. Value Of Description (VD): this is the value of the brand

which tells the degree of a brand, that how much does it describes its features according to its brand name.
4. Value Of Motivation (VMo): this tells the value of the

brand in the terms of the degree of motivation which the brand gives to the user to buy it.
5. Value Of Reurchase (VR): this tells the value of a brand

according to which it can be calculated and stated that an individual will repurchase the brand. Market Potency = VM*VA*VD*VMo*VR

Soft drink Brands Chosen for Research


1. Pepsi 2. Coca-cola 3. Thums Up 4. Mountain Dew

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5. Sprite 6. 7 Up 7. Maaza 8. Slice 9. Mirinda 10.Fanta

Data Analysis & Interpretation


1. People going for Brand wise or Taste wise in soft drink

brands? (out of 100)

23

Brandwise Tastewise

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Interpretation: According to the above mentioned question, it was asked that whether the user have soft drinks on the basis of Brand or its taste.

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Therefore it can be interpreted from the above graph that 77% of the sample size goes for soft drinks on the basis of its taste whereas 23% of the sample size goes on the basis of its brand.

Brand wise Taste wise 23 77

2. Average, maximum & minimum age of the sample ? (out of 100)

60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Average Age Maximum Age Minimum Age Series1

Interpretation:

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According to the interpretation of this graph we can conclude that the average age of the sample is of 23 years, maximum age of the sample is of 49 years and minimum age of the sample is of 16 years.

Average Age Maximum Age Minimum Age

23 49 16

3. Value of memorization for each soft drink brand.

Value of Memorization Pepsi 8% 9% 12% 10% 11% 10% 12% Coke Thums up Miranda Slice Maaza Mountain Dew Sprite 10% 8% 7 UP Fanta

10%

Interpretation: According to the diagram Brand Pepsi & Coke holds the maximum Value of Memorization among all the other brands i.e. these brands are quickly comes into the mind of the consumers. Whereas Slice & fanta holds the least value of memorization (8%).

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On the scale of 5 Pepsi 4.34 Coke 4.19 Thums Miranda up 4.16 Sprite 3.58 3.48 7 UP 3.29 Slice 3.01 Fanta 2.95

Maaza Mountain 3.62 Dew 3.58

4. Value of Repurchase for each soft drink brand.


Value Of Repurchase Pepsi 8% 9% 11% 10% 11% 10% 11% 10% 9% 11% Coke Thums up Miranda Slice Maaza Mountain Dew Sprite 7 UP Fanta

Interpretation: According to the diagram Brand Pepsi, coke, Maaza & Thums Up holds the maximum Value of Repurchase among all the other brands (11%) i.e. these brands are easily repurchased by the customers. Whereas Fanta holds the least value of repurchase (8%). On the scale of 5

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Pepsi 3.54

Coke 3.56

Thums Miranda up 3.82 Sprite 3.29 3.07 7 UP 2.84

Slice 2.97 Fanta 2.49

Maaza Mountain 3.61 Dew 3.07

5. Value of motivation for each soft drink brand.

Vlaue Of Motivation Pepsi 8% 9% 11% 10% 13% 10% 10% 9% 9% 11% Coke Thums up Miranda Slice Maaza Mountain Dew Sprite 7 UP Fanta

Interpretation: According to the diagram Thums Up holds the maximum Value of Motivation among all the other brands (13%) i.e. this brand easily motivates the customers. Whereas Fanta holds the least value of motivation (8%). On the scale of 5 Pepsi Coke Thums Miranda Slice

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3.43

3.43

up 3.76 Sprite

2.88 7 UP

2.83 Fanta

Maaza Mountain

Dew 3.28 3.27 3.19 2.9 2.37 6. Value of Association for each soft drink brand.

Value Of Association Pepsi 13% 12% 10% 12% 9% 9% Coke Thums up Miranda Slice Maaza 10% Mountain Dew Sprite 8% 7 UP Fanta

7% 10%

Interpretation: According to the diagram Pepsi holds the maximum Value of Association among all the other brands (13%) i.e. this brand is easily associated by the customers to their personal life experiences. Whereas, Fanta holds the least value of Association (7%). On the scale of 5 Pepsi 4.43 Coke 4.33 Thums Miranda up 4.47 3.32 Slice 3

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Maaza Mountain 3.19 Dew 3.59

Sprite 3.54

7 UP 3.43

Fanta 2.63

7. Value of Description for each soft drink brand.


Vlaue Of Description Pepsi 8% 9% 9% 12% 10% 12% 9% 10% 10% 11% Coke Thums up Miranda Slice Maaza Mountain Dew Sprite 7 UP Fanta

Interpretation: According to the diagram Thums up & Maaza holds the maximum Value of Description among all the other brands (12%) i.e. this brand is easily Describes its brands name according to the taste and brand it holds. Whereas, Fanta holds the least value of Description (8%). On the scale of 5 Pepsi 3.2 Coke 3.51 Thums Miranda up 3.96 Sprite 2.86 7 UP Slice 3.32 Fanta

Maaza Mountain

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Dew 3.75 3.29 3.06 2.95 2.56 8. Which brand holds the maximum market potency? This is the original question for which this whole research was carried on, the answer for the maximum market potency holder brand can be interpreted by the following charts:

6% 2% 8% 0% 9%

15%

Pepsi Coke Thums up Miranda 16% Slice Maaza Mountain Dew Sprite

11% 5% 6%

22%

7 UP Fanta

1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 747 778

1058

513 292 252

Series1 424 407 274 117 Series2

Co ke Th um s up M ira nd a Sl ice M M aa ou za nt ai n D ew

Sp rit e

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Fa nt a

Pe ps i

U P

Interpretation

According to the above mentioned bar and chart it can clearly be known that in Indian Soft drink market specifically in Mumbai region Brand Thums Up has a maximum market Potency i.e. the brand Thums Up is very well known, remembered, and demended the most in the market by the consumers. Percentage wise Thums Up holds 22% of the total Brand Potency while Fanta holds the minimum market Potency. It can be noticed thoroughly that both the maximum and the minimum potency brands are owned by COCA COLA. Pepsi holds the third position with 15% of brand potency. Above bar chart also deists the brands with their levels in the analysis.

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Pepsi Advertising

Advertising is a common means used by many organizations or companies all over the world to make their products or services well know and are easier to be sold. Every year many hundreds of advertisements are published through out the mass media such as on billboards, on signs, on radios, ration in newspapers, on television and internet, which are the main instruments, that we use and see everyday. Although, there are not many successful products and not everyone remembers them but PEPSI advertisings are different because most of their customers are repeat consumers. Therefore, this report will discuss the advertising strategies of PEPSI and how it stands as one of the leaders of the cola beverage industry. For several years the main consumers of PEPSI were teenagers and young adults. Most of its advertisings used teenager presenters or superstars who were hero of young people. Nowadays PEPSI wants to gain more market share so it is extending its market by produce many rang of product to suite every groups of consumer such as tea, coffee, water, energy drink and sport drink. Even today Pepsi is the one of leader of beverage industry but it still follow the Coca-Cola so it has to do every way to gain more

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market share and keep its position in the top of cola beverage. As we know the main customer target is teenagers and young adults and they have similarly interested around the world there are sport and music. In fact, the company is recognized worldwide as a leader in advertising, marketing, sales and promotional initiatives. Advertising make fun that is a purpose of Pepsi Other point that Pepsi has to think about it is how can it extend its repeat consumer? In currently a new target group for Pepsi is gay. and people aged 23-29, who worry about their bodies and health and people who like to drink soft drinks but do not like the carbonation and sugar in them. 95 billion of Coca-Cola, Pepsi brand value is far less stronger. com), Pepsi and other Pepsi Cola products including: Diet Pepsi, Caffeine Free Pepsi, Caffeine Free Diet Pepsi, Pepsi Max, Mountain Dew, Slice, Diet Slice, Gotorade, Sobe and Mug brands. a cool and up-to-date so nobody can say they do not know what Pepsi is. However brand value of the Pepsi in 2001 is just evaluate for $6. For example nowadays Pepsi Co has launched a new game called "PEPSI FOOT" for mobile phone, the game is a fantasy soccer game where players build a virtual team based on real life soccer players and challenge each others team to cyber face-offs via SMS. Pepsi is one of the major sponsors of PrideVision, the 24 hours gay TV network in Canada.

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Food Safety Programs

PepsiCo is dedicated to producing the safest, highest quality and best tasting beverages and foods in every part of the world. Developing and maintaining robust Food Safety programs is how we assure safety for every package, every day in every market. PepsiCo has detailed internal programs and procedures for Food Safety. Below is a summary of our policies, programs and actions designed to keep our products safe and meeting high quality standards.

PepsiCo Food Safety


PepsiCo has an excellent track record in delivering safe products through our PepsiCo Food Safety Policy. Our efforts are focused on building a sustainable food safety program and providing the framework to develop and sustain food safety of existing brands and new innovation. The scope covers the design, manufacture and distribution of beverage and food products. Our programs and procedures apply to all current and future divisions in PepsiCo.

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PepsiCo's programs and procedures for Food Safety and Quality address the following key areas:
1. Organizational

Responsibility:

The

food

safety

responsibilities of all individuals at all levels of the organization are outlined and documented in order to ensure that the authority and accountability of all quality and food safety decisions are well understood.
2. Critical Food Safety Elements: Our comprehensive food

safety program ensures compliance with the following critical food safety elements: HACCP, low acid manufacturing, allergen management, crisis management, foreign object control, good manufacturing practices (GMP's) and pest management.
3. Regulatory: PepsiCo ensures that all products and processes

are in compliance with applicable regulatory requirements. These include areas such as ingredients, GMOs, labeling, net weight, pesticide and chemical residues, juice HACCP, flavor regulations and any local or country-specific requirements.
4. Food Security: It is the responsibility of each PepsiCo

operation to plan, design, implement and maintain a comprehensive facility security plan in order to ensure our products are safe for human consumption. A facility security plan is implemented by each plant, facility and distribution center, in accordance with the baseline standards and

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framework

established

by

the

PepsiCo

Security

Organization. It includes an annual review of effectiveness and is updated as necessary.


5. Product

Design:

All

PepsiCo

products,

processing

equipment and facilities are designed, developed and commercialized in a manner that enables manufacturing sites to produce product that is safe, legal and fit for human consumption. The Research and Development and commercialization teams are responsible for ensuring processes and products meet all regulatory requirements and are designed to be safe for human consumption. Equipment design and procurement must meet all standards for GMP compliance and sanitary design.
6. Manufacturing: PepsiCo is committed to the manufacture

of products that are safe and fit for human consumption. We achieve this by ensuring the process is controlled, raw materials are managed appropriately and the finished product is handled correctly. Manufacturing includes the following equipment process controls: Conformance to specification, equipment preventative maintenance, calibration, equipment verification, start-up and change-over operation. The following programs manage ingredients, in-process materials and finished goods: Product traceability, inspection and testing procedures, incoming raw material and packaging controls, water quality, packaging quality, control of nonconforming product, product rework and review and

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approval of variances. Our warehouses are routinely assessed, approved and monitored.
7. Documentation and Records: PepsiCo ensures that all

documentation and records are compliant to government regulations and the Food Safety Policy. This includes a defined master list of documents and assigned responsibility for managing documents. Records are maintained to demonstrate compliance with manufacturing specifications and policies.
8. Supply Quality: All purchased ingredients are procured

against an approved specification from an approved vendor facility. Suppliers must pass a rigorous approval process. Manufacturing facilities only receive raw ingredients from approved suppliers. Supplier performance is routinely monitored, recorded and reassessed.
9. Auditing and Self Assessments: PepsiCo has an established

framework in which it executes yearly food safety audits of manufacturing and suppliers. These audits provide assessments of manufacturing facilities for compliance, effectiveness and improvement in accordance with PepsiCo food safety policies and procedures.
10. Corrective and Preventative Action: Corrective and

preventive

action

is

initiated

in

response

to

non-

conformances that may occur relative to process, product or package specifications. Effectiveness is verified by the prevention of reoccurrences. The corrective action program

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includes effective and timely handling of consumer / customer complaints, root cause analysis, audits for program effectiveness and follow-up investigations.
11. Training: Each functional department identifies training

needs and provides training for all employees including fulltime, part-time, temporary and contractors. This ensures that they have the appropriate level of education, experience and training necessary to effectively perform the required activities specified in the PepsiCo Food Safety Policy. A training business plan must be established to address food safety training for HACCP, allergen management, low acid manufacturing, GMP's, control of nonconforming product, employee safety, food security and specific job applications.
12. Consumer and Customer Satisfaction: PepsiCo ensures

that procedures are in place to monitor consumer and customer satisfaction. The procedures must provide timely and accurate responses to customer complaints and strive for continuous improvement.

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Plant Quality Organization

PepsiCo Quality professionals assess product compliance to the Quality Policy. This program is focused on processes and procedures supporting quality policies and prioritization of critical risk areas. PepsiCo Quality professionals assess product compliance to the Quality Policy. This program is focused on processes and procedures supporting quality policies and prioritization of critical risk areas. Our Quality agenda is lead by quality professionals in various regions who oversee the following areas:

Food Safety Innovation (R&D) Manufacturing Quality Co-manufacturing Quality Supplier Quality

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Quality at every level

At every level of Pepsi-Cola Company, we take great care to ensure that the highest standards are met in everything we do. In our products, packaging, marketing and advertising, we strive for excellence because our consumers expect and deserve nothing less. We promise to work toward continuous improvement in all areas of our organization.

At every step of our manufacturing and bottling process, strict quality controls are followed to ensure that Pepsi-Cola products meet the same high standards of quality that consumers have come to expect and value from us. We also follow strict quality control procedures during the manufacturing and filling of our packages. Each bottle and can undergoes a thorough inspection and testing process. Containers are then rinsed and quickly filled through a high-speed, state-of-the-art process that helps prevent any foreign material from entering the product. Additional quality control measures help to ensure the integrity of Pepsi-Cola products throughout the distribution process, from warehouse to store shelf.

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A recent survey done by THE TIMES OF INDIA


NEW DELHI: A recent consumer survey has ranked Pepsi as the most preferred beverage brand with arch cola rival Coke trailing in all categories except one. In the overall beverage segment, Pepsi topped the chart with 23 per cent aggregate preference in terms of brand association while Coke was ranked second with 20 per cent, 'Indicus Consumer Tracker' research showed. Pepsi was ranked first in the brand recall survey of the top 200 individual brands in the country with five per cent aggregate preference while Coke lagged behind at the ninth position with three percentage points. Across vehicle ownership, luxury car owners preferred Pepsi rather than Coke but mid-size car owners liked Coke over Pepsi. Small car, motorcycle and scooter owners in India showed their penchant for Pepsi. In the eight big cities in India, Pepsi topped the list with reference to brand recall with five per cent while Coke was adjudged at the ninth slot with three per cent. Among students, Pepsi was more popular with seven per cent brand

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recall value while Coke trailed at the 15th position having two per cent brand recall value in the list of top 20 brands. Among young adults (19 to 20 years of age), Pepsi enjoyed the first position with six per cent and Coke stood at the 12th slot with two percent. In terms of brand recall value among teenagers, Pepsi was ranked first with eight per cent. In the list of top 10 popular brands among females, Pepsi ranked second with five per cent while Coke grabbed the 13th slot with two per cent. Among males, Pepsi topped the chart with six per cent and Coke ranked ninth with three per cent. Across the country, Pepsi was ahead of Coke at the first position with five per cent while Coke came ninth with three per cent. "The choice of 'generation next' is the choice of all generations curently. Pepsi comes out as the most top of mind recalled brand of all. It also tops on ad recall. Asia Cup? Toss Ka Boss? It all seems to be working. Pesticides, what's that!" the survey said. 'Indicus Consumer Tracker' , a monthly series, used a sample of 4,000 responses for the survey.

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Suggestions & Recommendations

This research was particularly carried for only knowing the brand name in the soft drink market of Mumbai having the maximum market Potency which is Thums Up. It is suggested to Pepsico in Mumbai that it holds the third position in the research of market potency, which Pepsi brand holds. It is noticeable that the first positions are held by the competitors Coke. The company Pepsico should increase their marketing efforts.

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Limitations of the Study

Though best efforts have been made to make the study fair, transparent, error free, there might be some inevitable and inherent limitations. Though I tried my level best to make this report most accurate, some of the limitations are as follows:
This study is valid for Mumbai city only.

There may be some biased response.


Some of the customers didn't provide full data.

Most of the customers were too busy to meet.

Conclusion
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Soft drink market whether on micro or macro scale, it is vast and full with great opportunities. It is one of the industries which is not adversely affected by the recession process. Demand for soft drink is still at large, which is resulting in the launch of new and more soft drink variants. Due to which also the companies are adopting aggressive market strategies. Although consumers are going for and liking every soft drink brand but definitely some brands have more value and demand in the market than compared to others. This research was carried out for knowing the brand having maximum market potency, which is Thums Up hence objective achieved. Pepsi is bigger than Coke as a brand, but Coke as a company has very smartly introduced other brands that have done very well. At the end of this report we can clearly conclude that Coke had been greatly got success in the local Mumbai market of soft drinks as the first two positions of maximum potency Brands are held by Thums Up (22%) and Coca cola (16%).

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This tells us that cokes marketing strategy is far more clear cut and accurate than its competitors Pepsico, Coke is very well understanding the mind of the local Mumbai Consumers, which is making coke and its other brands more preferred and desired by the consumers in Mumbai market than compared to Pepsicos Brands.

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Annexure
Name : Address :... Mob. No :.......... Occupation :.... E-mail :... Age :..

1: Excellent

2: Good

3: Average

4: Satisfactory

5: Bad

Questn 1: Which soft drink do you drink the most ? Questn 2: You choose your soft drink on what basis ? Brand wise () Taste wise ()

___________

Questn 3: How early and fast can you recall the following brands first? (rate from 1 to 5 for each) Pepsi ( ) Maaza ( ) Coke ( ) Mountain Dew ( ) Thumbs Up ( ) Sprite ( ) Miranda ( ) 7 UP ( ) Slice ( ) Fanta ( )

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Questn 4: Priority wise tell that which brand will you repurchase again ? (rate from 1 to 5 for each)

Pepsi ( ) Maaza ( )

Coke ( ) Mountain Dew ( )

Thumbs Up ( ) Sprite ( )

Miranda ( ) 7 UP ( )

Slice ( ) Fanta ( )

Questn 5: Do you get attracted or feel motivated towards the following brands for the purpose of use ?

Pepsi ( ) Maaza ( )

Coke ( ) Mountain Dew ( )

Thumbs Up ( ) Sprite ( )

Miranda ( ) 7 UP ( )

Slice ( ) Fanta ( )

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Questn 6: Are you aware of the company names of these brands ? (rate from 1 to 5 for each)

Pepsi ( ) Maaza ( )

Coke ( ) Mountain Dew ( )

Thumbs Up ( ) Sprite ( )

Miranda ( ) 7 UP ( )

Slice ( ) Fanta ( )

Questn 7: Do you feel that the following brand names justify their name with their purpose ?

Pepsi ( ) Maaza ( )

Coke ( ) Mountain Dew ( )

Thumbs Up ( ) Sprite ( )

Miranda ( ) 7 UP ( )

Slice ( ) Fanta ( )

BIBLIOGRAPHY

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Websites www.google.com www.pepsicoindia.co.in www.pepsico.com

Books Special Study in Marketing - Romeo Mascarenhas Service Sector Management- Romeo Mascarenhas

Newspaper Times of India

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